Your search returned 108 essays for "surrogacy":
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The Light and Dark Side of DNA Technology

- The Light and Dark Side of DNA Technology As with most modern advances, DNA technology has opened the door to a vast new world of discovery. On the positive side, DNA aids us in the fight against disease, such as cancer, and many genetic disorders, such as muscular dystrophy. Yet many in society are concerned with the ethical issue of using DNA in matters such as cloning, genetic tampering, and the irratication of less than perfect fetuses resulting selective human reproduction. Most diseases have a genetic basis, therefore if scientists are able to locate the genes that are responsible for diseases, it would aid in the treatment and prevention of disease....   [tags: Papers]

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Christian Attitudes and the Attitudes of Islam to Help Infertile Couples Have Children

- Christian Attitudes and the Attitudes of Islam to Help Infertile Couples Have Children The responses to these treatments such as IVF, AID, AIH, Surrogacy, Fertility drugs and a few more have a varied response between different types of Christians and different types of Muslims. Some are for it, others against it, and others are only for certain types of infertility treatments. There are no specific teachings in the Bible about infertility treatments, however the Bible was written before knowledge of medical science....   [tags: Papers]

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The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples Have Children

- The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples Have Children For many people the purpose of marriage is procreation. However for some people this is difficult. One in ten women have problems conceiving children today in Britain and two million people are infertile. Infertility is when a man or women is unable to conceive a baby. There are many different reasons why some women can’t conceive children naturally such as genetic reasons that have been passed down though their genes....   [tags: Papers]

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Christian Attitudes To Treatments that Help Couples Who Are Infertile

- Christian Attitudes To Treatments that Help Couples Who Are Infertile Many Christians believe that a child is a gift from God and many Christians will accept the different treatments such as IVF as long as only the infertile couple is involved and not a third party, so for IVF, just the woman’s’ egg and the man’s sperm. AIH (artificial insemination by husband), maybe the preferred fertility treatment for Christians because it safeguards the sanctity of marriage. Christians believe that God is the creator not man/animals were given for mans benefit, but not to be abused/created and sustains all life/man made in his image/ each soul is unique and Christ died for the...   [tags: Papers]

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Religious Attitudes Toward Fertility

- Religious Attitudes Toward Fertility Religious attitudes towards fertility treatments can determine whether a couple can have children. Different faiths have different attitudes towards these treatments. Within the Christian faith, there are two very different views on this matter. Roman Catholics believe that there are none of these treatments that should be used because they think that life is a gift from god, and we must not tamper with life. They think that no one has the right to have children, and children are not ‘merchandise’....   [tags: Papers]

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Surrogacy

- Surrogacy In today's society, couples with breeding problems and homosexual couples have been increasing. There are a lot of reason which causes them not to be able to breed any child. There can by body problems, or other problems. Those couples will feel lonely and isolated, it will make them envy other parents who have a group of children. There are many alternatives that would allow these couples to have a child. There is Adoption, Fostering, etc. But the main particular method this essay is chosen to discuss is Surrogacy....   [tags: social issues]

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Rights and Issues of Procreation

- Issues of Procreation: The right to procreate and bear children is a constitutional protection for every individual in addition to the right to marry. However, procreation is a subject that has attracted huge concerns and debates in the recent past, especially because of the development of modern reproductive assistance technology. This advancement has contributed to the emergence of several issues on this topic because it has made procreation to be an increasingly instant and practical process....   [tags: insemination, abortion, fertilization]

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Christianity And Infertility

- Christianity And Infertility In this coursework (essay) I will be talking about the Christian attitudes towards infertility treatments and explain that there are different views on this subject and why. But because there is nothing in the Bible specifically about these treatments, I will have to do some research about it and try to get different Christian views on this subject. However there some teachings in the Bible that can help us to understand Christian views on these treatments....   [tags: Papers]

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Effects of Same-sex Parenting

- Since the 1970s, studies on the effect of same-sex parenting on children have been conducted in the United States. Sociological debates have occurred from the idea of allowing same-sex couples to parent. Some groups feel that allowing this would undermine the traditional ideology of marriage and skew the perception of gender roles for their children. Sociologists continue to produce empirical research that studies samples of the approximately 125,000 same-sex couples raising nearly 220,000 children and comparing their roles as parents and the adult personalities of their children to children raised by heterosexual couples....   [tags: relationships, children, gay]

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Islam And Infertility

- Islam And Infertility In this essay I will be talking about the Islamic attitudes towards infertility treatments and explain that there are different views on this subject and why. But because there is nothing in the Qur'an specifically about these treatments, I will have to do some research about it and try to get different Islamic views on this subject. However there some teachings in the Qur'an that can help us to understand Islamic views on these treatments. I will try to get two different views on these treatments....   [tags: Papers]

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Commercial Surrogacy in India

- ... Allowing Indian women to provide for the education of their children empowers them and promotes gender equality. Significantly higher income through commercial surrogacy allows them to contribute to the family in a way that is generally inaccessible to them otherwise. Doctor Nayna Patel asserts that, "with the money, [surrogate mothers] are able to buy a house, educate their children and even start a small business. These are things they could only dream of before. It's a win-win situation” (Bhalla, Mansi)....   [tags: mothers, pregnancy, moral]

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An Ideal Concept Of A Free Market, Determining Ethics And Morality

- In an ideal concept of a free market, determining ethics and morality must be examined through philosophical concepts. In this particular instance of a free market, analyzing a surrogacy contract and its details will assist in proving if it is morally right. Defining surrogacy contract in India, discussing objections to it, and scrutinizing particular authors have all impact how I view surrogacy contracts. I know believe that they are morally wrong. Before getting into the moral questions raised, it is first essential to define a surrogacy contract....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Sharia]

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Intervention Programs: What are Social Parents?

- The aims of Good Beginnings is to build better outcomes for children in vulnerable communities through effective early intervention programs. The support that is provided is a national children’s charity building with better outcomes for children and their families in vulnerable communities through effective early intervention and practical parenting programs, so that every Australian child has the opportunity for a good beginning in life. When this organisation work with families and communities, they listen....   [tags: genetic materials, children, australia]

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Same-Sex Parents and Their Children

- Same-sex parents and their children Nowadays, the question of gay marriage is one of the most heated and controversial. Over the years, same-sex couples are fighting for the legal recognition for their marriages and their right as parents. Parenthood is one of the most valuable experiences in a human life. After finding a partner, it is natural for people to want to raise children. Homosexual parent are the same in ability and commitment to raised healthy children. It would be a big step for improvement in our society to provide necessary support and rights for same-sex couples and their children....   [tags: Homosexuality, argumentative, persuasive]

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Surrogacy Should be Banned in All States

- An article titled “Baby M and the Question of Surrogate Motherhood,” discusses the oldest court case involving surrogacy. In this case, the surrogate mother, Mary Beth Whitehead, decided that she did not want to give away the baby she had carried the past nine months. The couple that had hired Whitehead as a surrogate went to court to get their baby back and their case prevailed. The author of the article, Clyde Haberman seems to be unbiased and takes no stance on the issue. He does however bring up that although it is banned in some states, there is no national policy in place regarding surrogacy....   [tags: motherhood, moral, donor]

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India: A Destination for International Surrogacy

- ... The price structure and the convenience will also be discussed later on in the paper. DESTINATION is a term which literally means a place or location where someone or something is going or being sent. India as mentioned above has become the place which has become a place where couples are going and fetuses are being sent and transferred, and uteruses are being taken on rent. Readymade babies are got and hence, it has become very easy for any couple to get children. INTERNATIONAL term has been used because around the world, its got recognized....   [tags: embryo, delivery, genes]

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Human Trafficking Is A Worldwide Issue

- Over the years, Human Trafficking has become a worldwide issue. Human Trafficking defined by Google as the illegal movement of people, typically for the purposes of forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation. According to the Huffington Post, it is considered the world’s fastest growing enterprise, it has estimated to be a 32 billion a year industry. An estimated 27 million people are victims of human trafficking. “As of 2012 (the latest available data on human trafficking), 40,177 cases of trafficking were reported in the 2010-2012 period—and these are only the known cases....   [tags: Human trafficking, Slavery, Prostitution]

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The Process of Surrogacy and Its Different Types

- Surrogacy is an international practice. The use of other women to carry people’s babies is a common and legal practice in many countries. To fully understand why this is a moral issue, you need to understand what it is. A surrogate is a woman who is carrying a baby for another person. Surrogacy is used for many reasons by different couples. The crowd drawn to surrogacy is couples who are infertile and cannot have kids. Such couples include: couples who are too old, couples who are in a homosexual relationship and people who just want a baby by themselves and can’t have one....   [tags: surogracy laws, adoption, surograte]

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Gay or Lesbian Parenting and the Psychological Effects on Their Adoptive Children

- ... Same-sex couples do not raise their children any differently than heterosexual couples raise their children. Throughout the adoptive child’s life, the adoptive parents must explain to the child why he/she was adopted, but for gay adoptive parents, explanation of their sexual orientation must also be explained using “age appropriate language” (Gateway Child Wellfare Information). Recently, research has shown that gay and lesbian parents share the parental characteristics of support, protection, and stability that children need....   [tags: same-sex couples, non-traditional households]

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Changing Family Structure in America from a Functionalist Perspective

- “Leave it to Beaver” was a popular sitcom about a traditional nuclear family played out through the perspective of an adolescent boy whose curiosity and antics often got him into trouble (TV.com). Despite the show promoting positive family values, it also inadvertently shed light on a historically dark period of time in American history. One such instance was the lack of diversity on the show. Nearly 100% of the show’s characters were white throughout the six-season, 234 episode series. In the single episode that depicted an African-American, the character was a servant, further a reflection of the times when African-Americans where predominantly seen and treated as second-class citizens (L...   [tags: Leave it to Beaver, Popular Sitcom, Nuclear Family]

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Paid Parental Leave

- Parental Leave: Paid parental leave should be equal and for both parents once a child is born Recently women’s rights and women’s equality in the workplace has come back to the fore as a topic for discussion in government agencies and the United Nations. Whilst this is a very important topic, when it comes to time off from work when a new child is born, women in the US have some provision, whereas men have none. The Family and Medical Aid Act (FLMA), of 1993, provides for 12 weeks of unpaid, job protected leave for certain specified events (8)....   [tags: Children, Parents, Parental Leave]

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The Ethical Debate Over Cloning

- Of the many complex scientific processes, cloning is perhaps the most well known. But it is also arguably the most commonly misunderstood of those same processes. Cloning is the process of replicating the DNA of cells and then allowing the new cells to grow. Portrayal of cloning in the media is almost never even close to the actual process. Many people have used the lack of knowledge caused by the media to convince people of their anti-cloning standpoints. Cloning has been deeply opposed on the grounds of its immorality, but human cloning is moral and extremely helpful for enhancing human lives....   [tags: misconception, Tay-Sachs disease]

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Surrogate Motherhood

- Surrogate Motherhood is something that not many people actually support, even though it “is one of the many reproductive techniques that have enabled infertile couples to have children” (qtd. in Freedman). There are two types of surrogacy, traditional and gestational. The traditional type of surrogacy involves the surrogate mother being (AI) artificially inseminated with the sperm of the intended father or sperm from a donor when the sperm count is low. In either case the surrogate’s own egg will be used....   [tags: Women's Health]

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The Need For an Educational Background on Cloning

- Clones would also have an increased risk of birth defects, if they survived to term. It would be obligatory for doctors and nurses to care for these children. The care that a cloned child might need, would be focusing on physiological and psychological needs. Nurses could also assist the clones and their family with identity crises, by counseling them. This would help them develop a close bond, and would convey acceptance. This bond would help the child develop security as well. This makes education on developmental abnormalities and cloning crucial for the medical society....   [tags: nuclear transfer, genetically identical, dna]

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A Brief Note On Gay And Lesbian Families

- What is a family. To many people, this question is easy. People that are blood related and share the same beliefs. Now a day a family is a group of people that love and care for one another. There are many different types of families in America. One of the types of families is same-sex parent families. Gay and lesbian families are when two people of the same-sex starting a family. Some usually were married to the opposite sex before. Gay and lesbian families are more growing than people think. There are many more gay and lesbian partners and they are starting families....   [tags: Homosexuality, Sexual orientation, LGBT]

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Delaying Childbearing: Why it is Important to Have Children While in College

- Like many other women, I was raised in a family that repetitively told me that I needed to finish school before thinking about getting married, and definitely before having kids. This made sense when I became an adult, why not put all my focus into my schooling. Yet, for me that would mean that I would be in my early thirties when I finished school. This has become the norm for women to marry and have children in there 30s, then in years past, where they were in their early to mid-twenties. After completing my first bachelor’s degree, I got engaged; I was in a perfect place, and I was not going to hold off just so I could finish school....   [tags: obstacle, personal experience, medical school]

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Native American Lacrosse

- Native American Lacrosse Lacrosse was one of many varieties of indigenous stickball games being played by American Indians at the time of European contact. Almost exclusively a male team sport, it is distinguished from the others, such as field hockey or shinny, by the use of a netted racquet with which to pick the ball off the ground, throw, catch and convey it into or past a goal to score a point. The cardinal rule in all varieties of lacrosse was that the ball, with few exceptions, must not be touched with the hands....   [tags: Papers]

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Having a Baby Through Assisted Reproductive Technology

- ... The sperm needs to meet the eggs and then need to be implanted into the surrogate’s uterine wall. This process is usually done by artificial insemination which means that no sexual intercourse is needed. However, surrogacy is very controversial since it involves some legal issues as well as payment issues. For instance, some countries do not allow you to pay a surrogate since it’s considered to be illegal. As far as the legal issues, Sarah needs to be well prepared to make the appropriate legal arrangements in order to be recognized as the mother of the child....   [tags: ethics, surogacy, fertility]

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The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples to Have Children

- The Treatments Available to Help Infertile Couples to Have Children There are a variety of treatments available to help infertile couples to have children as infertility is increasingly becoming a recognised problem. Infertility is the term used to describe the inability to conceive or the inability to carry a pregnancy to a live child after regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraception. If you continue to have sexual intercourse without contraception for a year or more and still cannot have a child you are generally deemed infertile....   [tags: Papers]

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Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder

- Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder Each year in the United States, about 13 out of every 10,000 babies are born with Down syndrome, also called trisomy 21 (Johnson). Being the “most common chromosome disorder and genetic cause of intellectual disability”, Down syndrome equally affects males and females as well as all different races (Johnson). In other words, Down syndrome does not show any preference for a specific gender or race. Unfortunately, those who are affected by Down syndrome experience a number of problems throughout their lives which limit their quality of life and health....   [tags: trisomy 21, chromosome disorder]

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Religion and Medicine

- Religion and Medicine In the UK every one in eight couple is affected with infertility, leaving about 2 million infertile couples, of which about 25% of males, 45% of female and 30% unknown are the causes of infertility. With the help of treatments so far there have been 21 000 test tube babies born so far, A quarter of which have been born in the last two years. The treatment costs about £2 000 per cycle and over 300 000 embryos have so far been produced, of these about 280 000 have been used for research or have died before birth....   [tags: Papers]

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Should Surrogate Motherhood be Allowed?

- Surrogate Motherhood is when one women carries to term the fertilized egg of another woman. This procedure is chosen by married couples who can not conceive a child in the “natural way”. In some occasions the mother may be able to produce an egg, but has no womb or some other physical problem which prevents her from carrying a child. Whether or not the husband can produce a large amount of sperm is not a problem. Once the egg and sperm are combined in a petri dish fertilization is very likely to occur....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Infertility Treatments: Is it Ethical?

- In this day and age several factors have changed the definition of a family. We live in a time where careers, education, and work are now put before starting a family, making it more difficult to have children. The traditional family archetype has changed with a rise in single and homosexual parenting. This change, even though it is a positive one, can result in several people being unable to have children. Infertility treatments have become a popular option for these people who cannot have children....   [tags: fertility medications, hormones ]

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Discrimination Against Homosexuality

- Homosexuality is term to describe a person who is sexually attracted to those of the same gender. Homosexuality can be used to refer both gay and lesbian. Discrimination against homosexuality has been an important issue that has produced a number of victims and it is crucial to stop this unnecessary death. Although homosexuality might be considered a blasphemy in a religious point of view, discrimination against homosexuality can lead to bullying, depression and suicidal tendencies which is against humanity....   [tags: same gender, gays, lesbians]

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Ethical Concerns of Assisted Reproduction

- The advancement and continued developments of third-party assisted reproductive medical practices has allowed many prospective parents, regardless of their marital status, age, or sexual orientation, to have a new opportunity for genetically or biologically connected children. With these developments come a number of rather complex ethical issues and ongoing discussions regarding assisted reproduction within our society today. These issues include the use of reproductive drugs, gestational services such as surrogacy as well as the rights of those seeking these drugs and services and the responsibilities of the professionals who offer and practice these services....   [tags: medical practices, fertility drug]

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Is Women 's Labor A Commodity?

- A woman enters into a contract that consists on her getting pregnant with a strangers sperms, and after the baby is born, to give up the baby. The stranger is going to pay the medical expenses and $10,000 in exchange of claiming all the parental rights when the baby is born. The stranger is a good person who has not been able to have children on his own. Why does the morality of the action may seem doubtful. Philosopher Elizabeth Anderson wrote an essay called “is Women’s Labor a Commodity?” to explain in detail the reasons of commercial surrogacy being morally wrong....   [tags: Property, Ownership, Ownership society, Law]

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Surrogate Mothers and Parenting

- According to the National Health Statistics Reports published in 2013, 11% of women age 15-44 reported impaired fecundity while 12% of men aged 25-44 reported some form of infertility. Until new scientific intervention guarantees a cure for both male and female fertility troubles, couples will continue to rely on Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and surrogates as viable avenues to establish families and bear biological children. Theoretically, an individual or a couple who solicit the services of a surrogate and the woman who consents to the arrangement of serving as the surrogate both benefit; the employing party is not barred from parenthood due to infertility and the surrogate will...   [tags: bioethics, infertility]

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Should Surrogacy Be A Surrogate?

- Would you consider surrogacy. Or being a surrogate. Surrogacy is becoming a surrogate mother and arranging a pregnancy to give someone a baby who can’t have one. A surrogate is the person who carries the baby for the couple who cannot have one. Surrogacy is used when someone cannot bear children either because of medical reasons or old age. The full surrogacy process is when an embryo is implanted into the woman’s body using either the egg and sperm of the future parents, a donated egg and sperm of the future father, or using a donated egg and donor sperm....   [tags: Pregnancy, Surrogacy, In vitro fertilisation]

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Treatments for Infertile Couples

- Treatments for Infertile Couples There are many people in the UKwho are infertile. To be infertile means to be unable to produce offspring. These people all have different medical problems which fortunately have many solutions however with disadvantages as well as advantages. However some people choose to stay infertile no matter how much they want a child. They might believe in a particular religion where it teaches that only God has the right to decide matters of life and death and he would be the one to decide whether they should have a child or not....   [tags: Papers]

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Same-Sex Parenting and Child Development

- Same-Sex Parenting In the last ten years, many established gay men and lesbians have been increasingly undertaking parenthood through donor insemination, surrogacy, or fostering and adoption (McCann, 2005). Thus, a new type of family formation in American society has been generated. Due to the formation of same-sex households, gay and lesbian parenting is no longer a concept. This type of parenting has become a reality which society as a whole is struggling to accept (McCann, 2005). In 2010, the U.S....   [tags: Sociology]

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Stages of In Vitro Ferlization

- ... 6 Developments in IVF have enabled the use of donor eggs that have been fertilised and ‘frozen’ to keep the embryo viable. This can be implanted if a couple is unable to use their own eggs for IVF. Donor eggs have been used in approximately 10% of assisted reproductive technology. For women under 35, the success rate using fresh embryos is 46.3% whereas the success rate of frozen embryos is 39.3%. As women age, there is lower the chance of a successful pregnancy in both fresh and frozen embryos.(Figure 2) 7 When concerning the health of IVF children, studies have reported an elevated blood pressure and problems with cardio metabolic health due to the hormone regimen used to...   [tags: superovulation, pregnancy rates]

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Infertility Treatments

- What does infertility mean. Women who are infertile cannot get pregnant after trying for one year, or 6 months if they are over the age of 35. Women are also said to be infertile if they can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant. Men who are infertile have a problem called varicosele, which is when the veins on the man’s testicles are too large and overheat the sperm (Blonna, Carter, and Levitan, 2010). Men who produce sperm that is unable to move properly, or if they are not the right shape, may have trouble reproducing (www.medicinet.com/infertility/article.htm)....   [tags: Medical Research]

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surrogate mothers

- A Surrogate Mother is defined as “an adult woman who enters into an agreement to bear a child conceived through assisted conception for intended parents.” The couple is usually referred to as intended parents who enter into an agreement providing that they will be the parents of a child born to a surrogate through assisted conception, using an egg or sperm of at least one parent. 1 RIGHT - Surrogate motherhood is a right entitled to those who are ready and able to take on the responsibility of parenthood....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Surrogacy : A Form Of Child Selling

- Arguments against commercial surrogacy typically revolve around the idea that surrogacy is a form of child-selling. Critics believe that commercial surrogacy violates both women’s and children’s rights. In addition, by making surrogacy contracts legally enforceable, courts will follow the contract rather than choose what is best for the child. However, in her article “Surrogate Mothering: Exploring Empowerment” Laura Pudry is not convinced by these arguments. Pudry disclaims surrogacy as child-selling, instead she believes that the practice is a service that a surrogate is provided....   [tags: Pregnancy, Surrogacy, Parent, Family]

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Treating Infertility

- Infertility is the inability to naturally concieve a child, or to carry a pregnancy full term. This could be down to the male in the partnership, the female, or in some cases, both. Infertility affects approximately 10% of people of reproductive age. Roughly 40% of cases involve a male contribution or factor, 40% involve a female factor, and the remainder involve both sexes. There are several different reasons why a couple may be unable to concieve naturally, if a woman is unable to concieve it may be down to general factors - for example, significant liver disease, Ovarian Factors such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Cervical factors such as Insufficient cervical mucus, Vaginal factors such...   [tags: essays research papers]

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Over-Doing Surrogate Mother

- There are many women who are not able to carry children or birth them. The good thing about this that there are other women that can carry them babies for them until birth. This is a relationship in which one woman bears and gives birth to a child for a person or a couple who then adopts or takes legal custody of the children; also called mothering by proxy. In surrogate motherhood, one woman acts as a surrogate, or replacement, mother for another woman, sometimes called the intended mother, who either cannot produce fertile eggs or cannot carry a pregnancy through to birth, or term....   [tags: babies, relationship, birth]

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Modern Surrogacy: Choosing between Traditional or Gestational

- ... Some people, like Charles Dougherty of the Center for Health Policy and Ethics, believe that “it might cause future generations, for example, to think of the human embryo or fetus as interchangeable parts, reproduction as a mechanical process, wombs as organs for rent, etc.” (Dougherty par. 4). Dougherty is mistaken in his view of surrogacy and reproduction technologies because he overlooks the fact that many people view the birth of children as a gift, a miracle. Like physician Elvonne Whitney says, “once embryos, eggs, or sperm are [placed] in the uterus, we have no more control over their further development…God is still in control, and every conception is a miracle” (Whitney 105)....   [tags: morality, parents, donors]

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Reproductive Techniques: In Vitro Fertilization

- ... For instance the actress Nicole Kidman recently had a daughter, but you’d never know it, because Kidman was never actually pregnant. She and her husband, country star Keith Urban, were unable to conceive, so they hired a surrogate to have the baby for them. There is a big misconception which, I think needs to be stressed out. From the social point of view, it could be somewhat problematic for people to figure out the reason and motive why surrogate performing this duty for. Majority of them believe that it is only for the money, but there are tons of reasons why surrogates would want to help infertile couples to have a baby....   [tags: surrogate parenthood, pregnancy]

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Treatments for Infertile Couples

- Treatments for Infertile Couples There are many different types of treatments available to help infertile couples have children. Some of theses treatments are Artificial insemination and GIFT. Artificial insemination is when the partner or husbands sperm count is low. Some samples of the sperm are taken and inserted into the women’s womb. This method has been available for over 50 years however it has a low success rate. GIFT or gamete intra – fallopian transfer is when the sperm and the egg are fertilised by an air bubble in a fine tube....   [tags: Papers]

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Should Marriage for Same Sex Couples be Legal in United States?

- Marriage as generally define is the union between one man and one woman. However a recent debate over same-sex marriage has stirred a nationwide debate reverberating in the halls of Congress, at the White House, in dozens of state courtrooms and legislatures, and is also becoming a speech-making topic for election campaigns at both the national and state levels. As the debate for this controversial topic rages on, the American religious community view on the topic remains deeply divided over the matter and over the morality of homosexuality in general....   [tags: Same Sex Marriage, argumentative, persuasive]

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Issues Related to Surrogacy

- Issues Related to Surrogacy The general notions with regards to the possibility of surrogacy seem to have old origins.(LT) The history of Surrogacy goes way back to the beginning of time; in the Holy Bible and in Roman history. Surrogacy has been a controversial medical process that has faced authorized issues since its arrival. Because surrogacy is used to help an infertile couple have a child, many people are overlooking the fact that there are risks and difficult choices to go along with this issue....   [tags: Surrogate, Child Bearing]

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Surrogates

- The year is 2017 and a new technology has changed the way humans live their lives. Most people now spend their lives at home, going about their business as usual, using remote-controlled robotic bodies called surrogates. Commonly designed to resemble idealized versions of their operators, these surrogates have superhuman strength and agility and allow their operators freedom from pain and damage while they remain safely at home in their operator's chairs. The leading manufacturer of surrogates is a company called VSI or Virtual Self Industries....   [tags: Film Review]

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The Fight for Gay Rights

- The fight to legalize gay marriage has won many battles in recent years. It has become available in Canada, England, New Zealand, and here in the United States it is now legal in 13 states (religioustolerence.org). Gay couples have become more prominently accepted in modern society, appearing in popular TV shows such as “Modern Family” and “The New Normal”. Gay marriage is even the inspiration for popular songs such as “Same Love” by Macklemore & Ryan Lewis. Even with same sex couples being more commonly accepted, there are still conservative and religious leaders that remain opposed....   [tags: Gay Marriage, Legalization]

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Ethical and Professional Implications

- Ethical and Professional Implications The autonomy of a competent patient is an issue not often debated in medical ethics. Refusal of unwanted treatment is a basic right, likened to the common law of battery, available to all people capable of a competent choice. These fundamental rules of medical ethics entered a completely new forum as medical technology developed highly effective life-sustaining care during the 20th century. Several watershed cases elucidated these emerging issues in the 1960’s and 70’s, none more effectively than that of Karen Ann Quinlan....   [tags: Physician Assisted Suicide Medical Ethics Essays]

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1249 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Weighing the Right to Own an Embryo by Mike McKee

- Writing to a Legal Audience Mike McKee’s article, "Weighing the Right to Own an Embryo," made the front page of the Recorder, a daily legal newspaper published in San Francisco reporting on legal advice and interests of attorneys and legal practitioners. How did he make his article such a success. What made it front page worthy in the eyes of this legal audience. McKee’s article, "Weighing the Right to Own an Embryo," appeals to a legal audience by presenting an unbiased framework and evidence....   [tags: Legal Audience Article]

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Medical Benefits Of Fertility Treatments

- The human ability to conceive subsists as a natural process that many individuals take for granted, as it remains as our biological purpose. Because of its commonality, our society fails to acknowledge individuals who cannot conceive. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Some 7.3 million Americans, or 12 percent of the population in their reproductive years, are infertile” (Christiano, 2011). Although some individuals cannot conceive on their own, hope is not lost, due to the medical advantages of fertility treatments....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fertility, In vitro fertilisation]

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Surrogate Motherhood: Comparing Two Articles

- “Time to Ban Surrogate Motherhood,” written by Lynda Hurst and “Surrogate Motherhood: Why it Should Be Permitted,” written by Allan C. Hutchinson, are persuasive texts where the authors’ attempts to influence the audience to agree with their side of the argument on surrogate motherhood. According to The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, surrogate motherhood is defined as, “a woman who bears a child for another person, often for pay, either through artificial insemination or by carrying until birth another woman's surgically implanted fertilized egg.” Since the persuasive works are published in different newspapers, one being The Toronto Star and the other being The Glob...   [tags: Surrogate Motherhood, ]

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Should You Donate Sperm So That A Good Friend?

- One of the hardest questions in life “Would you donate sperm so that a good friend of yours could be inseminated, to hopefully lead to pregnancy?”, probably right after “Would you die for someone you love?” is a very difficult and intrusive question to ask, let alone answer. Many people have a different perspective on this and don’t see it as a problem, but see it is as a calling to help a friend through a difficult time. Now before I start giving my own opinion and reason to why I could or couldn’t give my friend my sperm I have to say is I have nothing against this nor do I have anything against surrogacy....   [tags: Parent, Mother, Family, Pregnancy]

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Surrogacy Is The Carrying Of A Pregnancy For Intended Parents

- A surrogacy is the carrying of a pregnancy for intended parents. There are two kinds of surrogacy: “Gestational”, in which the egg and sperm belong to the intended parents and is carried by the surrogate, and “traditional”, where the surrogate is inseminated with the intended father’s sperm. Regardless of the method, I believe that surrogacy cannot be morally justified. Surrogacy literally means “substitute”, or “replacement”. A surrogate is a replacement for a mother for that 9-month period of pregnancy, and therefore is reducing the role of the surrogate mother to an oversimplified and dehumanizing labor....   [tags: Pregnancy, Surrogacy, Baby M]

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1362 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Gay Marriage Should Be Legal

- Gay Couple Adoption “There is so much work to be done to treat gays and lesbians and gay and lesbian couples with the respect that they 're entitled to. They deserve, in my judgment, partnership benefits. They deserve to be treated fairly when it comes to adoption and immigration” (John Edwards). Gay couples already have it tough in the world, and they should have the same rights as adopting children just as heterosexual couples do. I really don’t want to write this paper but I Within the last couple decades, it has been socially acceptable to be openly gay....   [tags: Adoption, Foster care, Homosexuality, LGBT]

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What is a Surrogate

- A surrogate is a woman who gestates a fetus for others, often times it is for another couple or a mother. She carries the pregnancy and let them adopt the baby legally after it is born. Surrogate arrangements are generally complex: it takes different arrangements and contacts in order to start the surrogacy. Some women are getting paid to fulfill the job of being a surrogate mother, ranging from $10,000 to $30,000 (p. 398), while others do not expect any kind of payment. Some states had outlawed surrogacy, for they believe that it is illegal to involve the buying and selling of children (baby-selling) for it is a “blatant affront to human dignity” (p....   [tags: mother, carries pregnancy for others]

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Abortion : Abortion And Abortion

- This paper will argue that those who advocate abortion do not actually advocate the termination of life, and in the near future artificial wombs could end the current moral debate on abortion. In order to understand this argument we need to break down the concept of abortion, or the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, into two currently linked yet intrinsically distinct concepts-extraction and termination. The right to abortion can be accepted as the right to not be pregnant, or the right to extraction....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Abortion, Uterus]

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Roman Catholic Natural Law On Surrogacy

- Roman Catholic Natural Law on Surrogacy I believe that surrogacy is morally suspicious and that surrogacy contracts should not be enforceable. I am persuaded by the arguments of Lisa S. Cahill and her stance on surrogacy. Cahill follows the doctrine of the Roman Catholic Natural Law. According to RCNL, sex is a conjugal act with purpose of unity and procreation, and procreation is collaborative. Also, treating a person as a means to an end is always morally wrong. The unity of marriage is intended for reproduction, conceived between two people within the marriage....   [tags: Marriage, Family, Reproduction, Surrogacy]

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Surrogate Mothers Must Not be Allowed to Profit

- Surrogate Mothers Must Not be Allowed to Profit       Infertility affects an estimated 6.1 million people in the United States, or 10% of the reproductive age population (1). For many couples, infertility carries a stigma with serious personal and social ramifications. Infertile couples face social rejection by friends and family with children and must also come to terms with the loss of lifelong dreams of rearing children. The psychological trauma associated with infertility has created a great demand for a solution, and the medical industry has responded with eagerness....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

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Vitro Fertilization : A Natural And Necessary Actions

- One of the most natural and necessary actions in life is that of reproduction. For many families it is not just a natural process, but also a deep desire to have children and raise a family. For those that experience problems with reproduction, because of the development of new medical technologies, there are options like adoption and reproductive assistance. Due to the desire of many to have biological children, these families turn to the option of Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART), including In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), and Third Part Assisted ART (sperm donation, egg donation, or surrogacy) (Assisted)....   [tags: Pregnancy, In vitro fertilisation, Reproduction]

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The Principle of Substituted Judgment

- The Principle of Substituted Judgment Traditionally, the physician was expected to use all of their talents and training in an effort to save the life of their patient, no matter the odds. More recently, the physician’s role has been redefined to preserve the autonomy of the patient. Now physicians must give life saving care only in so far and to the degree desirous of the competent patient. Until this century, it was rare that brain-dead patients could be kept alive for long periods of time....   [tags: Medical Ethics Physician Assisted Suicide Essays]

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Surrogacy: What Would You Stop at for Your Family?

- Surrogacy is a very controversial topic. Some people are believers, yet some think no matter how desperate someone is to start a family that it’s just not right. Using a surrogate mother, a women who bears a child for another women, makes it possible for couples to have a child with DNA from one or both of the intended parents. Often couples turn to surrogacy if one or both are infertile (unable to reproduce), gay couples, or other medical conditions that cause the mother to be unable to conceive....   [tags: child, infertile, laws, religion, opinon]

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A Comparison of the Themes of Blade Runner and Brave New World

- A Comparison of the Themes of Blade Runner and Brave New World ‘Humanity likes to think of itself as more sophisticated than the wild yet it cannot really escape its need for the natural world’ Despite different contexts both Aldous Huxley within his book Brave New World and Ridley Scott in the film Blade Runner explore the idea that humans feel themselves more sophisticated than the natural world, yet are able to completely sever relations between humanity and the nature....   [tags: Papers]

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The Surrogate Mother - Womb For Rent

- The Surrogate Mother - Womb For Rent        In 2000 the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) defined reproductive rights as "the basic rights of couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children; to have the information and means to do so; and to have the right to make decisions concerning reproduction, free of discrimination, coercion or violence."[1] Traditionally society defines reproductive rights in the context of one's being able to make decisions about his or her own reproduction; other individuals, unrelated to that person, were not considered as being involved in the decision....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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1489 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

The Discovery Of America From Latin America

- The discovery of America produced an encounter between two worlds that shaped modern history. The Spaniard conquerors were not alone, all along their side, the presence of Christianity was a companion aimed to spread the word of God in Earth. A matter of controversy is the role that the church played in the conquest and colony of Latin-America. In fact, previous evidence has proved that conversion to the catholic faith within the Indigenous communities of Latin-America was carried out through a process of imposition....   [tags: Christianity, Religion, Roman Catholic Church]

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The Case of Commercial Surrogacy

- Surrogacy is a scientific alternative of the natural capability of women to procreate. It has turned into an appealing substitute for new couples because of adoption troubles, fertility issues, or high pregnancy risks. However, many still question the efficiency of surrogacy as an alternative to natural reproduction. Proponents mention the advantage of providing couples with an offspring. In fact, commercial surrogacy is deemed to be mutually beneficial; the surrogate earns money while a baby is given to the other contracting party....   [tags: Women, Pregnancy, Fertility Issues]

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1527 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Australian Family Law: Surrogacy

- FAMILY LAW: SURROGACY Many Australians are turning to surrogacy as their last resort to have a child today. It is a process that has become more recognised popularly used over the years. Surrogacy is an arrangement for a woman to carry and deliver a child for another couple or individual. When the child is born, the birth mother permanently gives up the child to the intended parents. There are many legal issues surrounding surrogacy. Laws regarding this controversial process differ across Australia, and have changed dramatically overtime in Queensland....   [tags: pregnancy, child, birth]

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Surrogacy Should Not Be Legal

- Most young people envision their future in the realm of getting married and creating a family. One of the most devastating things that can happen to a young couple is to be told they cannot have children. There are several options the couple can pursue, and one of those options available is surrogacy. Society today is torn on whether or not surrogacy should be legal in today’s world. Surrogacy is very controversial for many people around the world, and opinions are strong on the subject. Surrogacy is defined as the utilization of a third party female in order for a infertile family to create a biological child for their family....   [tags: Pregnancy, Surrogacy, Family]

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1561 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

The Stigma Of Same Sex Parenting

- By trying to compare the results from the aforementioned study, it weakens the confidence of it and is labeled as suspect science which relies heavily on a subjective set of participants. In spite of doing well (according to this study) many of these children experience a certain shame which can be linked to lower scores on a number of scales. Thus, there is in fact a “catch 22” to this study, which is that when children perform well it can be attributed to same-sex parenting and when they do not it is because of the stigma of same-sex parenting....   [tags: Homosexuality, Same-sex marriage, Marriage]

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Analysis of Child Prostitution over the World

- Forced child prostitution is all over the world. However, I am talking specifically about human trafficking overseas. This is one of the most known places for Child Prostitution. Children are being snatched and forced to do drugs and sell their bodies to make money for the pimp’s. This is an issue to our country because our children are being kidnapped. We really can’t do much here because they are extremely hard to find. When you’re running a business like this you have to make sure you never get caught because if they find you, there will be hell to pay....   [tags: human trafficking, prostitution, sex traffick]

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1628 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Commodification and Exploitation of Surrogacy

- A discussion about surrogacy could result in many different arguments, but one of the most important would be that which deals with the ethical and moral relevance of surrogacy as it relates to both the surrogate and the contracting parents. In terms of ethical and moral relevance, we might consider whether the parties involved are being denied any negative rights and furthermore, how that could produce an unwanted outcome, for example commodification or exploitation. In what follows I will argue that full gestational surrogacy commodifies and exploits women and children; however, I question the negative connotation of the word “exploit” when the surrogate is fully educated about the process...   [tags: wombs for hire, ethical and moral dilemas]

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The Gay Liberation Movement Of The 1960s

- Lesbians, gay men and people who are bisexual could be of any culture, religion, social class, and age. Although America is very diverse, the American society believe that relationships of opposite sex (heterosexism) are better than relationships that consist of lesbians, gay men and bisexuals. For many years being attracted to your same sex was looked down upon, because it simply wasn’t normal. Due to the World War II, homosexuals were volunteered to be soldiers, war workers and the females basically took over the men’s job, while they were at war....   [tags: Homosexuality, Same-sex marriage, Bisexuality]

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It Takes Three: Gestational Surrogacy

- It Takes Three: Gestational Surrogacy Gestational surrogacy is when a woman, referred to as a surrogate, is pregnant with and gives birth to a baby that is not genetically related to her. A gestational surrogacy usually takes place when a couple is unable to get pregnant and or carry a baby. In most cases it is because a woman has an unhealthy or nonexistent uterus. Gestational surrogacy is also some times used by gay couples who want to start a family. The pregnancy is created with a medical procedure called in vitro fertilization where fertilized eggs are transferred into the surrogate’s uterus using a needle....   [tags: Family Issues]

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Infertility And Its Effects On Women

- First, let’s define Infertility. Infertility is the inability to conceive from unprotected sex within a year. According to National Infertility Association(NIA), approximately 1 in 8 couples in the U.S-about 10-15% experience infertility. Infertility doesn’t discriminate against gender or race, therefore, it impacts both men and women equally, and that range from ages 15-50. In addition, any fertile individual could experience this condition, therefore, one can develop it later in life. This condition is shared by about 6 + million women in the U.S....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fertility, Surrogacy]

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Surrogacy Should Be Legal Or Not?

- It is raining about four million babies in America each year on average and that’s not including the rest of the world. Granting, most of these baby’s conception is from the natural way, but surrogacy is gaining popularity among the American people. Surrogacy is an act in which another woman will carry and deliver a other couples baby that are not able to bear children of their own due to medical issues or simply don’t want to go through the labors of being pregnant and delivering a child of their own....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

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1656 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

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