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H. Pylori and its Interactions with Humans in “An Endangered Species in the Stomach” by Martin J. Blaser

- In the article, “An Endangered Species in the Stomach” by Martin J. Blaser, he talks about a 60,000 year old bacterium living in the human stomach, named “Helicobacter pylori”. H. pylori was first isolated for investigation in 1982 by Barry J. Marshall and J. Robin Warren. Later researchers discovered that H. pylori was responsible for developing peptic ulcers, breaks in the lining of the stomach, or could also cause stomach cancer. For the past 100 years, there has been decrease in H. pylori bacteria in humans due to the widespread use of antibiotics and improved hygiene....   [tags: Endangered Species in the Stomach, Martin J. Blase]

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Capsaicin and the Stomach

- Almost everyone is told that consuming capsaicin causes stomach problems, but the opposite is true. What is capsaicin. Capsaicin is found in chili peppers which originated in Latin America; due to it pungent flavor was traded by Spanish and Portuguese explorers during the sixteenth century to Europe and Asia and is now one of the essential spices in the world. Chili peppers have been used for centuries in the seasoning of food, but recently, scientists have started using it for medical purposes....   [tags: Health]

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Stomach and Bladder Cancer

- When a person hears the word, cancer, a sickening feeling comes over them. Cancer is the second cause of death in the United States. I’m sure everyone has known someone who has had cancer before, or may have even experienced it themselves. This illness has taken many lives but there has been an abundance amount of people that have survived and currently living cancer free lives. As of 2010, there has been approximately 13,028,000 cases of cancer of all types. This number includes the 6,079,000 cases of males and 6,949,000 cases found in females ....   [tags: biological therapy, cell carcinomas]

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Stomach Cancer Epidemiology

- Epidemiologic transition is the shift of diseases from infectious diseases to chronic diseases. Factors that led to these transitions included the introduction of vaccines, increased sanitation, and overall improvement of living standards. All these were advocated through Public Health interventions. As a result of the transitions, life expectancy improved not only nationally but also worldwide. People are no longer dying from infectious diseases. Consequently, they live longer and end up suffering from or dying of a chronic disease....   [tags: infectious and chronic diseases, H. Pylori]

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Proton Pump Inhibitors To Protect the Stomach

- Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are the drugs that reduce the secretion of gastric (stomach) acid. These drugs were introduced in the United States in the late 1980s. They have emerged as the standard of treatment for most acid-related disorders which causes dyspepsia. These disorders include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcer disease, and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, which is marked by excessive amounts of gastric acid. “Proton pump inhibitors are also successfully used for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection and upper gastrointestinal bleeding” (Der, 2003, p....   [tags: gastric acid, dyspepsia, lansoprazole]

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Neutralisation of Stomach Acid Investigation

- Neutralisation of Stomach Acid Investigation Aim: To find which tablets are best for neutralising excess stomach acid. Introduction: Prediction: I predict that the indigestion tablet with the most carbonates will need the most acids for it to go neutral. The tablets with the least carbonates will need the least amount of acid for it to go neutral. So the best cure for neutralising a build up of stomach I would think would be the tablets with the least amount of carbonates because if you had a liittle amount of stomach acid and you took a tablet with lots of carbonates instead of making it neutral it would make yr stomach alkaline as with the least amount...   [tags: Papers]

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Stomach Stapling: Surgical Treatment For Obesity

- Stomach Stapling: Surgical Treatment For Obesity In today's society there is an increasing number of obese people despite the growing concerns about leading a healthy lifestyle. There are numerous programs, diets, medications, etc. that have been developed to aid weight loss efforts and weight maintenance. One field that is being rapidly explored is methods of surgical treatment for obesity. This paper will explore these surgical methods. In doing so it is important to also discuss the definition and measurement of obesity, programs that have been established and claim to aid weight loss efforts, candidates for this type of treatment, medical research that has been conducted and the risks...   [tags: Research Medical Obesity Papers]

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Critique of Olaf Breuning's Art Exhibition "Small Brain Big Stomach"

- Olaf Breuning is a Swiss-born artist now living in New York. His exhibition “Small Brain Big Stomach” consist of wall drawings and wood sculptures. The wall drawings are done in broad, black lines painted directly on the walls. The wooden sculptures are painted black and appear as three dimensional drawings. The imagery of these works is cartoonish, childlike, simple and one dimensional. As one walks into the gallery, it feels like one enters a funhouse filled with black and white wall drawings and sculptures....   [tags: art]

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The Helicobacter Pylori's Way of Life

- Helicobacter pylori is a pathogen that thrives in an individual’s stomach. It is spiral in shape and is classified as a unipolar, microaerophilic, gram-negative bacterium. This bacterium was discovered to be the cause of more than eighty percent of all peptic ulcers2. H. Pylori have four to six flagella that help with its motility1. Its flagella also enable it to move into and take up residence in the thick mucus layer of the stomach3. This part of the stomach protects the bacterium from highly acidic contents....   [tags: ulcers, stomach bacterium, amnonia]

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The Chemistry of the Human Digestive System

- Over the course of time there have been many pondering questions and theories about everyday life. Using Chemistry, the study of matter, those questions have been able to be answered. From the mixture of gases in the air we breathe to the organic substance of plastic, chemistry can be seen everywhere. However, most people misunderstand the power of chemistry in our own bodies. How is it that a simple loaf of bread, once consumed, can turn into fuel for the human body. Using the digestive system and its many organs through the process of digestion and metabolism is how our bodies receive the energy it needs to continue....   [tags: Biology, Esophagus, Stomach]

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Over Perscription of Proton Pump Inhibitoras

- Research is showing that the number of prescription proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are being over prescribed and growing during hospital stays. There are studies published that show opportunities for substantial cost savings in relation to PPI presription if there were some clinical guidelines used across the board nationwide. In addition to the hospital costs, discharged patients that continue this course of therapy may end up spending upwards of $100 monthly. In turn, the patients are spending multitudes of money on medications that may be more expensive than the alternative that is not being provided to the patient....   [tags: cost, stomach acid, hospital]

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The Causes and Effects of Typhoid Fever

- In the late 19th century, health officials began to notice an increase of patients with acute stomach conditions, many with abnormal symptoms that are not common with typical digestive problems; populous metropolitan areas, including Chicago experienced high mortality rates, some as high as 174 per 100,000 people. Health officials later determined the cause to be Typhoid fever, a disease that dates back to early Victorian times. Although preventive measures can be taken, over 21.5 million people annually become infected with Typhoid fever....   [tags: stomach, water source, disease]

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Understanding the Digestive System

- The human digestion system is very complex. It starts with the mouth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, small intestine, large intestine, then ends/exits with the anus. Each step is essential to the whole system. For example, the mouth chews food and mixes it with saliva produced by the salivary glands, and then the pharynx swallows chewed food mixed with saliva, this is followed by the food traveling through the esophagus to the stomach where the food gets a bath and mixes with acids and enzymes....   [tags: food, nutrition, stomach]

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The King of Toning Belt Industry: Flex Toning Belt

- ... It requires a single nonstandard battery to operate and weighs just 1.3pound. The belt is available for $166.04 at Amazon with Free Shipping. The box includes : • The Flex Belt. • A belt extension for those with a waist above 44 inches. • 3 medical grade gel pads, 1 for the abs and 2 side pads for the oblique. • A rechargeable power unit. • The instruction manual. Flex belt features a mounting strap and a control system with a on/off power button, program selector and a LCD display .It works on EMS (Electric Muscle Stimulation) and is the first product of its kind cleared by the FDA as a class II medical device for direct to consumer sales....   [tags: stomach belt, strap and control system]

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Why Students Are Addicted To Starbucks?

- Beginning the day with a cup of coffee has become a ritual for many college students. As a college freshmen, I found out that many students from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign were addicted to Starbucks. Most of them consumed two to three cups of coffee per day and spend an average of $16 - $25 dollars per week in Starbucks. This was at stake because students can be drown into debt because of their overspending in Starbucks. Also, drinking too much coffee can lead to stomach problems and other debilitating illnesses that cloud the mind and make the body sluggish....   [tags: coffee, stomach problems, college students]

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Cause of Napoleon Bonaparte's Death

- A. Plan of Investigation Napoleon’s death has been attributed to many causes: stomach cancer, arsenic poisoning, improper medical treatment, hepatitis, and St. Helena’s climate. The purpose is to ascertain the likeliest cause, and if foul play was involved. With each possible cause, there are different implications, i.e., cancer frees everyone from blame, hepatitis incriminates the British, improper medical treatment the doctors, and poisoning implicates the suspected poisoner. The focus is on four causes - cancer, poisoning, improper treatment, and hepatitis - common explanations for Napoleon’s failing health, and evidence that supports or refutes each case....   [tags: medical treatment, hepatitis, stomach cancer]

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Spanx Can Help to Correct Every Woman's Body

- ... The original concept was to create a firmer look. Spanx has transformed from a line of undergarments that created a firmer look to several products that can help you instantly look two sizes smaller. But what are the pros and cons of shapewear. The pros are that it works, you will certainly look two sizes smaller but having to pull, hop, jump and suck yourself into it can make you feel anything but attractive. You wont have the muffin top, the extra skin at the bra line or the awkward tummy fat at the bottom of your shirt but spanx can also serve as a reminder that you wish you looked differently....   [tags: stomach, shapewear, fashion]

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More than Just a Pretty Face, and with the Heart and Stomach of a King

- In a tense political climate, it is difficult for a woman to be elected into a position of power. When she is, it is even more problematic to be seen as efficacious. In order to become a thriving ruler, it is advisable to look to females in the past that have been successful. This is why Elizabeth I should be studied by female leaders as an example of an outstanding queen during a male-dominate society. In order to understand the way she ruled England, we must first understand her as a woman. We must look at her life before she became the Queen of England....   [tags: Royal History]

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Gastric Cancer and Gender, Age and Race

- ... ("Stomach Cancer," 2014) In addition to detection and treatment difficulties, finances can pose a major dilemma to the improvement of the sick patient as well. As Alanna Kennedy, a writer for the American Association for Cancer Research, stated concerning the cost of cancer care, "A diagnosis of cancer is never easy, but it can be even more stressful when you’re struggling to pay for costly treatments and medications. For some patients, the financial burden is apparent at diagnosis, while for others, it builds up over the course of years of treatment" (2011)....   [tags: deadly diseases]

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Diversity in Animal Digestive Systems

- Objectives The purpose of this report is to make a description of the digestive tracts of pigs and sheep and also to explain briefly the process of digestion on ruminant and non-ruminant organisms. Furthermore there will be an analysis of the results that have been observed on the dissection practical. The report will be finalizing with a comparison between the digestive tract of pig and sheep. Introduction Digestion is the process that the food brake down into smaller components in order to be absorbed easier from an organism....   [tags: monogastic organisms, food, nutrients]

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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease that happens when stomach acid, or even bile back flows (refluxes) into the food pipe, which is called the esophagus. The flow back of acid irritates the lining of the esophagus and results in signs and symptoms of GERD (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Signs and Symptoms of GERD includes: Signs and symptoms of GERD includes but not limited to, heartburn- A burning sensation in your chest which often sometimes radiate to the throat, hoarseness or sore throat, Acid reflux -regurgitation of food or sour liquid, and a lump in the throat sensation (Mayo Clinic, 2014)....   [tags: digestive disease, signs, symptoms]

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Food Travels Through the Body

- The esophagus is an eight-inch tube which connects the pharynx to the stomach. This organ is very muscular. After swallowing, chewed masses of food are carried across the length of the esophagus. A muscular ring called the “lower esophageal sphincter” or “cardiac sphincter” is located at the inferior end of the esophagus. Automatically, this sphincter shuts the end of the esophagus to keep stomach contents from traveling backward. Once food travels through the esophagus, it is ready to be transferred to the stomach....   [tags: digestion, ucler, reflux]

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Real Life Uses for Metabolic and Digestive Enzymes

- Enzymes are protein based molecules that help to speed up reactions in other molecules. They cause reactions without being used up or changing after the reaction is completed. Enzymes are the body’s workers and they are produced by all living things. Enzymes are made of chains of amino acids. The amino acids are linked in specific ways to complete whichever job they were made to do. Each enzyme was built for a different job and will only work with a specific substance. The efficiency of enzymes is dependant on the temperatures that enzymes are exposed to....   [tags: metabolic enzymes, digestive enzymes, biology,]

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The fantastic voyage of the digestive system

- Once again we have been miniaturized in the submarine to continue the fantastic voyage of the digestive system. We will be touring a 55-year-old male. The host will be having a hamburger, French fries, and a root beer. We will be tracing lunch through the digestion process. Digestion is the process of turning the food that is ate into energy needed to survive and involves creating waste to be eliminated. (Mohan, 2010). The digestive tract is a long twisting tube that starts at the mouth and ends at the anus, called the alimentary canal....   [tags: Anatomy]

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Nightmare- a 10 year old Quarter Horse Gelding

- Case study #1: Nightmare a 10 year old Quarter Horse gelding HISTORY AND PRESENTATION: Nightmare presented for evaluation of his poor appetite and poor manure production. He has been uninterested in food for three days or more prior to his arrival. He has been treated in the field 2 days or more prior. He was referred for suspected gastric ulcers or mild colic. There was no improvement in appetite despite Banamine, nasogastric intubation with mineral oil and water, and anti-ulcer medication. He had not defecated for 24 hours....   [tags: Poor Appetite, Poor Manure Production]

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The Human Digestive System

- ... The advantage to this reduction in food size, all along the digestive tract, is to maximise surface area and make it easier and faster for our bodies to absorb the nutrients. Mucus also in saliva keep the mouth and upper digestive tract lubricated. As we swallow food, it passes through the mouth and starts its journey down the pharynx and is worked down the oesophagus into the stomach. A small flap of skin called the epiglottis prevents the food from entering our respiratory system by covering the entrance to the larynx, so the food has to travel down the oesophagus....   [tags: food, nutrients, pharynx, oesophagus]

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The Journey of Food Through the Body

- The Journey of Food Through the Body Ever wondered how your body miraculously turn your food into nutrients and energy that your body can use. Here are step by step process on how our human body digest, or turn food into useful nutrients our body could use. Step 1: Mouth Digestion takes place right after your first bite of food. Chewing breaks up the food to aid the digestion process. The food then mixes with saliva to help go down the Esophagus, as well as break down the food. Step 2: The Esophagus The esophagus is a tube that connects your throat to your stomach....   [tags: Digestion, Energy, Nutrients]

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Anatomy: The Gastrointestinal Tract

- ... Doe to enjoy this disgustingly juicy burger. Taste buds are located near the back of the tongue but if you would like me to get technical with words, they are located at the posterior lateral area of the tongue. I can make a bet that some of you never knew that our tongue helps in the chewing, swallowing and ingestion of food while also helping clean our teeth. I know. Very weird right. Momentarily, we will begin accelerating downwards to the alimentary canal colliding in to various juices which actually contain enzymes....   [tags: alimentary canal, unhealthy food]

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Journey Through the Digestive System

- ... Then after the horror of being mechanically digested by the teeth. By squirting through the salivary glands saliva drowns Banana with enzymes such as ptyalin breaking down his nutrients into easier absorbable nutrients by chemical digestion for the child. Next in the line of torture it has moved past the inclosed windpipe by the epiglottis to the esophagus a long tube of darkness lined with slippery mucus. The esophagus has been using the motion of peristalsis a wave of muscle contractions that are so strong it can be done in any position to transfer food to the sphincter that leads into the stomach.The Pancreas disperses these enzymes such as amylase....   [tags: banana, died, mouth, system]

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Pepsin and its Funciont as a Gastric Gland Cell

- A gastric gland is a tubular structure in the vertebrate stomach that secretes gastric juices. The gastric glands have three types of cells that secrete different components of the gastric juice. One of them is being a chief cell, which is a rust color and is an inactive form of the digestive enzyme Pepsin. Pepsin begins the digestion of proteins in food. Pepsin is a Peptidases, which is an enzyme that breaks peptide bonds of proteins. Pepsin is found in the mucosal lining of the stomach that breaks down the protein in the food we eat....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Surgical Treatment of Obesity

- A rising health epidemic that America is currently facing today is obesity. This is becoming very wide spread among all races and class levels due in part to the abundance of inexpensive food available, most notably, fast food restraints . There are literally thousands of diet books available but due to the extreme will power many of these programs demand, more and more people are turning to weight loss surgery as a final solution. The most popular procedures being Gastric Bypass, and Lap Band surgery....   [tags: Health]

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Diverticular Disease and Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease

- ... Most individuals get well by arranging a better diet and the results of this treatment also prevent constipation and the formation of more diverticula. The components of the healthy diet includes fruit, vegetables and grains such as raw apples, peaches, pears, and tangerines, broccoli squash carrots and brussels sprouts, potatoes, baked beans, kidney beans, and lima beans, whole-wheat bread, brown rice, bran flake cereal, and oatmeal (Longstreth). Doctors often advise individuals with diverticulitis to bypass any food that is hard to digest such as: popcorn, corn and seeds, however there is no evidence to coincide with this statement (WebMD)....   [tags: prevention and treatment, good nutrition]

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The Content of Two Antacids

- The purpose of this experiment is to investigate and compare the basic content of two antacids and also compare the prices and thus decide which antacid is more cost effective. This experiment is not hugely significant to the wider scientific community however it can help an uninformed consumer purchase a more cost effective antacid and understand how antacids work. The method used in this experiment is called a back titration. This involves adding HCl to an antacid tablet until an excess of HCl is reached and then titrating that solution against a 0.1mol NaOH solution....   [tags: Antacids, science experiments, ]

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Hiatal Hernia

- A hiatal hernia is a condition where the stomach moves upward into the thoracic cavity. The esophagus joins the stomach just past the opening in the diaphragm. In some instances the stomach can move up through that same opening and become a hiatal hernia. “Pat” is a thirty-five year old female that has come to a hospital because she has had reflux problems recently. Like many hiatal hernias Pats' was discovered after a regular visit to the doctor. From that point, any of the following would be possible for Pat to experience after finding out she has a hiatal hernia....   [tags: Health, Medical, Disease Process]

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Home Remedies for Acidity

- Home Remedies for Acidity The excess secretion of acid in the stomach that aids digestion is called acidity or APD. It is also known as gastritis. The normal amount of acid helps in breaking down the food. The body normally has some protective mechanism that protects against the acid in the stomach as well as proximal intestine. The imbalance between the acid and protective mechanism causes what is known as acidity. The acid the stomach secretes is hydrochloric acid that helps the digestive system to function normally....   [tags: Health ]

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Food and The Digestive System

- Food is defined as a substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue. The process of changing the food as the source of energy for human body is known as the digestive system. Digestive system is also important to take the food nutrient such as protein, vitamin, carbohydrate, minerals and so on. Human digestive system consists of two main digestion systems which are mechanical and chemical digestion. Human digestive system consists of seven crucial stages. The stages are mouth, pharynx and esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and lastly, rectum (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1)....   [tags: Metabolism, Large Intestines]

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The Interesting, Complex Digestive System

- The human digestive system is a bodily process made up of many systems, organs and substances that break down food both physically and chemically for use by the body. But what exactly is human digestion and what happens to food as it moves through the digestive system. “…[digestion] is a group of organs working together to convert food into energy and basic nutrients to feed the entire body” (Tim Taylor). There are three major bodily mechanisms that contribute to the process of digestion. The first mechanism is the breakdown of food, the second mechanism is the process of extracting nutrients from food, and the third mechanism is excretion, or the body’s natural waste system....   [tags: body, enzymes, organs]

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Empacho: Gastrointestinal Problems or simply Indigestion

- What is Empacho. Empacho, when related to gastrointestinal problems is, in a sense, a form of indigestion and one of the most common folk ailments in a Hispanic culture10. By some people it could also be more of a belief and described as a blockage of the stomach and intestines, as a ball of sticky undigested food, or foods that are hard to digest. This can result in symptoms such as pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, etcetera. This being said, there are several different forms of empacho. One of these forms is empacho seco, a “dry” sickness....   [tags: folk ailments in the Hispanic culture]

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The Horse’s Digestive Tract

- The digestive system of the horse is a long and complex system that ensures that a horse gets enough nutrients to different parts of his body. It is also a very delicate system because of its size and complex nature. With all the different twists and turns that are involved in the process of digestion it is easy for this process to go wrong, which could cause a horse to experience extreme discomfort or even the loss of its life. The process of digestion begins with the grass. To survive a horse needs grass, and to grow grass need fertilization, which are provided by the waste products of the horse’s digestive tract....   [tags: Animal Research ]

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Is Dieting Effective or Counterproductive

- Dieting is the practice of restricting oneself to the small amounts of food in order to lose weight. Many people around the world are involved in this practice to lose their weight. Now a question arises, "Dieting is effective or not?" Many people have different views. Some may have find this vital while some are against this practice. According to the various studies ,one third to two thirds of dieters regain more weight than they lost on their diets, and these studies likely underestimate the extent to which dieting is counterproductive because of several methodological problems, all of which bias the studies toward showing successful weight loss maintenance....   [tags: diet, body fat, hunger, lose weight]

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Using Gripe Water as a Treatment for Colic

- Babies who develop colic, which is acute pain in the stomach area, often show these symptoms two to three weeks after birth. This can be agonizing for both the parents and the baby, causing the parents stress levels to become elevated because of their baby’s constant crying. However, seeing their otherwise healthy and happy infant in pain renders them helpless. While there is no cure for colic and babies usually outgrow it, there is a product to help relieve the pain almost immediately. The name of this product is gripe water....   [tags: How Babies Develop Colic]

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Home Remedies for Belching

- Home Remedies for Belching Belching is the expulsion of gas from the digestive tract which involves mainly esophagus and stomach. It is commonly known as burp. In addition to the release of gas, it is sometime accompanied with sound and also a foul odor. In medical terms, it is referred to as eructation. Causes of Belching Swallowing of air while eating or drinking may be a typical cause of belching. Therefore it subsequently expels the gas in the form of burps. There may be some reasons of swallowing such large amount of air (aerophagia) which are listed below: • Gulping of food and drink more rapidly • Anxiety • Carbonated beverages • Chewing gums • Poorly fitted dentures • Mouth breathin...   [tags: Health]

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Noni and Maalox: A Specific Comparison of Traditional and Industrial Medicine

- FACT: Two in three people are affected by ulcers. The more shocking revelation is that almost all of these people do not experience any symptoms (Pearlstein). It is a silent killer. There are two known ways of curing ulcers. One is the traditional way, which is history based and a scientifically proven remedy for ulcers. The other is the industrial way, which is a controversial issue that is scientifically based and historically inefficient. Noni is a naturally occurring plant that is native to the Pacific islands....   [tags: Medical Research]

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The Effects of Esophageal Cancer on the Esophagus

- This report will discuss how esophageal cancer affects the esophagus. I will discuss how the cancer affects the normal operation of the esophagus, what causes esophageal cancer, how the cancer can be detected and how this cancer can be treated, I will conclude with a discussion of how common esophageal cancer is. Firstly, in hopes of understanding what esophageal cancer is, one must first understand what the esophagus is. The esophagus is a muscular tube connecting your throat to your stomach. It’s primary purpose it to transport food to the stomach and is usually between 10 – 13 inches long....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Indigestion Tablets Investigation

- Indigestion Tablets Investigation Aim: My aim of this investigation is to find out the composition of tablets which are for indigestion and compare their prices. I will find out the indigestion tablet which reacts and dissolves quickly with Hydrochloric Acid and produces more bubbles. Introduction: Indigestion, also known as upset stomach or dyspepsia, is discomfort or a burning feeling in the upper abdomen, often accompanied by nausea, abdominal bloating, belching, and sometimes vomiting....   [tags: Papers]

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Surgical Treatment For Morbid Obesity

- According to the World Health Organization, globally there are now more than 1 billion overweight adults, and at least 300 million of them are obese. During the last 40 years, obesity has reached epidemic proportions. There are more obese people each year, and the severity is increasing. In the United States alone, 300,000 deaths are associated with obesity. Thesis: Many obese people fail diet after diet. For them, bariatric surgery is an option even though risks are involved (Flancbaum, et al....   [tags: Overweight Obese Research Papers]

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Lab: Which PH Breaks Down Albumin, a Substrase of the Enzyme Pepsin

- Task 1 Extended Experimental investigation Factors Affecting Enzyme Action Focus Question: This lab will be driven by the research question, which pH level has the most successful effect on the activity of the enzyme Pepsin (protease) in the breakdown of the substrate, albumin. Introduction: Pearson Baccalaureate: Standard Level Biology Developed Specifically for the IB Diploma describes enzymes as “protein molecules which act as catalysts for reactions. As catalysts, the real function of enzymes is to lower the activation energy of the reactions that they catalyze” (Ward, Tosto, McGonegal, & Damon, 2007)....   [tags: Biology, Protein]

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Bacteria are the Causative Agents of Malignancy in a Human

- ... In the case of other viruses and H. pylori, active oxygen and nitrogenic species generated by inflammatory cells may cause DNA damage, induce apoptosis, and modulate enzyme activities and gene expression. Whereas, In cervical cancer, HPV play a role in encoded genes in tumor cell growth. In addition to the stimulation of proliferation of cell the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes, such as p53 may be a pathway leading to malignancy in HPV and hepatitis B virus. H. pylori has been seen to cause apoptosis of damaged epithelial cells....   [tags: gastric cancer, tumourigenesis]

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Comparing the Anatomy of a Rat to a Toad

- Aim The aim is to compare the integumentary systems and the digestive systems of a rat to that of a cane toad. Introduction The Integumentary system is defined by Adam.com, Inc. as an extensive system compromising of skin, hair, nails along with sweat and sebaceous glands. It also includes specialized nerve receptors which alert us to changes around us such as touch, cold, heat, pain, and pressure. These organs help in the way that they protect internal structures, protects against entry of diseases, temperature regulation and excretion through perspiration (2001)....   [tags: anatomy and physiology, biology, veterinary]

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The Endotracheal Tube and the Dual Lumen Combitube

- Airway management is the top priority of any EMT or medical staff. If a patient stops breathing, their airway must be preserved to facilitate artificial respiration. In an emergency and hospital setting, two tools stand above the available options in maintaining a patient’s airway in an respiratory emergency; the endotracheal tube and the dual lumen combitube. The Endotracheal tube is an airway management device used in both emergency and surgical medicine settings. Depending on manufacturer, an ET tube ranges from twenty four to twenty seven centimeters in length and varies in width per patient age, size, and gender....   [tags: EMT, nursing]

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The Digestive System of the Human Body

- The digestive system is a very important system in the human body. It is a group of organs that work together to turn food into energy and nutrients in the entire body. The food that was chewed in a humans’ mouth now passes through a long tube that is inside of the body that is known as the alimentary canal. The alimentary canal is made of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, and large intestines. Those few things are not the only important accessories of the digestive system there is also the teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas....   [tags: turning food to energy]

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The Digestive System

- The Digestive System The digestive system is a group of organs that perform the process by which food, containing nutrients, is eaten and broken down into different components. This breakdown makes it possible for the digested material to pass through the intestinal wall into the blood stream. The digestive process contains many different steps that take place in many different organs.The first step of digestion begins at the mouth, where the food enters the mouth. Saliva is secreted from the salivary glands....   [tags: Anatomy Processes Eating Digestion Essays]

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The Importance of Digestive System

- ... The Process of the Digestive System This complicated process begins in the mouth as soon as you put the food in your mouth. Salivary amylase, which is found in saliva, starts the chemical digestion of starch by converting it from a polysaccharide to the disaccharide maltose. It functions best with a pH 6 or 7 which is slightly acidic. It then enters the pharynx and travels down the esophagus and into the stomach. The stomach is lined with strong muscular walls that contain millions of gastric glands....   [tags: foods, nutrients, waste]

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How the digestive, Cardiovascular and Respiratory System Help to Make the Human Body Work

- ... The food is then swallowed and the food travels the oesophagus to the stomach. While the food is in the stomach, enzymes and the stomach acid break it down into further smaller molecules. The digestive system also provides the cardiovascular system with nutrients and minerals. The cardiovascular system now absorbs the foods nutrients that have been broken down into smaller molecules to the blood. The nutrients that have been absorbed by the cardiovascular system circulated in your blood around the body....   [tags: blood, nutrients, oxygen]

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Connection Between Media, Advertising and Self Image

- The connection between media, advertising, and self image has always been around. Be it the idea of being as skinny as the model on TV, or just drinking name brand Coke to be “cool”. Being like the model usually causes more problems than a simple Coke, but it all happens. The model on TV usually affects people in the way that the men or women may want to be tanned, skinny, strong, or all around good looking. The effects of Coke may only have a person have a different label on their drink to afford it....   [tags: Adverstising]

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The Digestive and Urinary Systems

- Digestive and Urinary System Lesson 1: The Digestive System Terms: q     Digestion: q     Absorption: q     Elimination:      q     Mastication: q     Peristalsis: q     Gastric Juices: q     Bile: Functions of the Digestive System: q     Digestion, Absorption, and Elimination. q     Digestion occurs in the digestive tract which includes: 1.     Mouth: Mastication occurs and enzymes produced by salivary glands starts digesting carbohydrates. 2.     Esophagus: 10 in. long and extends from the pharynx to the stomach....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Which Antacid Works the Best?

- Which Antacid Works the Best. Heartburn is a condition characterized by a burning feeling in the chest and a sour or bitter taste in the mouth. Heartburn usually develops when the acidic contents of the stomach flow back, or regurgitate, into the esophagus, the muscular tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. Approximately one in ten adults experience heartburn once a week. Heartburn is more common in pregnant women because of the pressure the expanding uterus exerts on the stomach....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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1198 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Kurt Donald Cobain

- Kurt Donald Cobain was born on February 20, 1976 in Hoquaim, a small town south-west of Seattle. When he was about six months old he moved to Arberdeen and spent most of his childhood there. His parents divorced when he was seven years old. Cobain did not handle the divorce well. Cobain said that he never felt loved or secure again (Ronson, 1996). He became anti-social and withdrawn after the divorce. Cobain was passed around to several relatives and even lived under a bridge at one point. After Cobain’s parent’s divorced, he lived with his mom in a trailer park for a year....   [tags: Biography]

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Regulation of Food Intake in Obese People: Little Evidence for an Antiobesity Drug

- Regulation of Food Intake in Obese People WHAT IS OBESITY. The most common eating disorder in our society is excessive eating which includes craving and compulsive eating which can quite often result in obesity (http://www.nutramed.com/zeno/addictive.htm#exorphins). Obesity is a body condition where a person's body mass index is greater than 30. Other diseases that can accompany or follow obesity include diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. Also, obese people are at a greater risk of certain kinds of cancer like breast, colon, and uterine cancer....   [tags: Health Obesity Research Papers]

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1145 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Some Information on Herbivores and Carnivores Animals

- ... Their incisors (at the front of their mouths) are paired, curved and are relatively large. Their check teeth have deep grooves on the sides and the width of top and bottom check teeth are unequal. The cheek teeth are relatively small and are used for crushing and grinding leaves, twigs, etc. (Kressin , n.d.) Rabbits do not eat meat and so they do not have canines. The Digestive System’s length and complexity The rabbit’s digestive tract is roughly between 4.5 to 5 m in length. (Johnson-Delaney, 2006)It is a highly complex structure that processes and digests food, largely with the help of bacteria....   [tags: rabbit, the great white shark, giant panda]

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Digestion of Cheetos

- Digestion of Cheetos It’s a typical day. After school you get home and you are starving, but you just want a snack. “What should I eat?,” you ask yourself. Then, after looking through the cabinets for a few minutes, you find Cheetos and decide to eat a few. With just the presence of those Cheetos in your sight, the digestion process begins in your 9 meter long digestive tract. Crunch, Crunch, Crunch. As you munch on those first few Cheetos the digestion process begins in your mouth. Here, mechanical digestion begins to reduce the size of the Cheeto and mixes the food particles with saliva....   [tags: essays papers]

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Anorexia: Portrait of a Hunger Artist by Emily Troscianko

- Article summary: In the article, “Portrait of a Hunger Artist”, author Emily Troscianko chronicles her battle with anorexia. As soon she began to suffer from the disorder, Troscianko couldn’t imagine life without it. To her, the anorexia felt like her closest friend. She didn’t even want to have a life without this “friend”. She longed for control over hunger, and loved the sense of power it gave her. Troscianko begins with the end of her story: what made her finally overcome anorexia. She starts out stating that when her mother was going to be moving to a new home with her partner, her anorexia wasn’t welcome in that new home....   [tags: eating disorder, weight, psychological]

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Weight Loss Surgery Success, Failure and Risks

- Diabetes, heart disease, cancer, and depression are just a few effects of obesity. Being excessively overweight can also come with social stigmas and alienation. Is it so surprising that people who are obese try drastic measures to lose weight. Measures including: Hollywood fad diets, self starvation, unhealthy exercise routines, diet pills or diet shakes, none of which produce long lasting results but can cause further mental and physical stress on an individual. The fact is, 95% of dieters will regain the weight they lost in 1 to 5 years (National association for weight loss surgery paragraph 32)....   [tags: obesity, bariatric surgery, diets, health]

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1280 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Obesity: What Exactly Is Making People Fat?

- Growing up, I struggled with being overweight, even though I was active. As a young boy growing up on a farm somewhere in Northwest Missouri, I worked very hard doing chores the normal urbanized American would not do. My father would have me do chores every day, yet I was still overweight. Reflecting back to what what could have made me that way; many ideas began to appear in my head, so my research on nutrition began. There were many things that were argued to cause childhood obesity, however the most logical and sensible outcome that came from my research was that environmental, political, cultural, and other such factors were not to blame for my obese childhood, but nutrition was....   [tags: overweight, nutrition, apetite]

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The Cause, Therapy, and Prevention of Hiccups

- Hiccups are not always predication so it is annoying and humiliating sometimes - and sometime becomes the topic of laughter. Short attack of hiccups is usually common and innocuous. However, an expanded period of hiccupping or common hiccupping episodes may be a sign of problematic health status. There are numerous distinct reasons for why hiccups take place; it can be due to lifestyle such as eating and drinking habits too much, certain infections and disorders, and troubles with the functioning of nerves controlling the diaphragm....   [tags: hiccups, habits, diaphragm, infection]

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Funcitons of Capillaries and the Digestive System

- Capillaries are very small; in fact, capillaries are the tiniest of all blood vessels. They form the connection between veins and arterioles in the circulatory system. However, capillaries tend to be found everywhere. Unlike veins and arteries, the capillaries main function is not transporting blood. They allow the movement of substances, mainly gases Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide into and out of the capillary. Capillaries have very thin walls that are only one cell thick, which allows substances (such as oxygen) to diffuse through the wall effortlessly....   [tags: transportation, nutrients, metabolism]

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The Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors

- Research is showing that the numbers of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are being over prescribed during hospital stays and subsequently on discharge. There are studies published that show there are opportunities for substantial cost savings in relation to PPI prescription if there were some clinical guidelines used across the board nationwide. In addition to the costs, there are also risks for devastating side effects of continued use. There is a need to have a more defined reason for the administration and continuation of PPI’s....   [tags: step therapy, prescription, hospitals]

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The Effects Alcohol Has On Teens

- Nearly 25 percent of teens drink alcohol because they think it is fun; however the problems it may bring are not so fun (Hyde 22). There over six times more teen deaths per year from alcohol than any other drug (O’Malley 30). Alcohol affects the body of teens as well as all of the developmental processes. A major issue of teens drinking is that it increases the chance of becoming an alcoholic in the future; which leads to lowered self-control, impaired judgment, and lowered inhibition (Heath 12)....   [tags: brain, depressant, adolescent drinking]

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1445 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Symptoms and Treatment Helicobacter pylori Infection

- For over a century now it has been known that there are bacteria present in the human stomach. However, these bacteria were considered to be contaminants from digested food, rather than real GI colonizers. About three decades ago, Robin Warren and Barry Marshall announced the successful culture and isolation of a spiral bacterial species, firstly named Campylobacter pyloridis because of structural similarities to other Campylobacter species. Later, because of its functional and enzymatic properties, it was named Helicobacter pylori....   [tags: feces, bacteria, therapy]

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1273 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Obesity and Gastric Bypass Surgery

- “I found there was only one way to look thin: Hang out with fat people.” Rodney Dangerfield In this research paper we will be looking at obesity, gastric bypass surgery, the cautions that the surgical technologist face working with a bariatric surgery. What is obesity. Obesity is having too much body fat. It’s not the same as being overweight which means that a person weighs too much. A person that is overweight maybe overweight due to extra muscle, bone, water, and having too much body fat....   [tags: cautions for bariatric surgery ]

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1121 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Power of the Tea

- Tradition or not, when someone gets sick you take them to the doctor or in severe cases to the hospital. Unfortunately, this is not the case for my very traditional family. In the Hispanic culture, home remedies are the solution to every medical problem. Normally I wouldn’t mind this, but when you’re terribly ill and in dire need of medical attention, tradition should come second. The appreciation I have for modern medicine grew larger in the summer of 2012. I traveled to Mexico for the summer to embrace the culture and to learn the language....   [tags: home remedies in Hispanic culture]

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539 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Experimental Methods for Treating Cancer

- Cancer is the second leading cause of death in America with the first being heart disease. Most people know someone who has cancer, who has died of cancer, or who survived cancer. Cancer treatment is costly, and it isn’t always effective. The most deadly form of cancer is melanoma. Every year 70,000 Americans develop it and 9,000 die from it. Melanoma kills fast, usually leaving patients with only 6 to 9 months to live after being diagnosed. Doctors are synthesizing antibodies to work towards a cure....   [tags: leading causes of death in America]

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Preditors and Prey in Organisms

- Firstly I will start from explaining words predator and prey. Namely in ecology predators are those animals that survive by quarrying on other animals or plants for food. Many predators hunt and eventually kill their prey for example owls are predators and they prey on mice. Predatory animals may hunt in groups like wolves or may be a lone hunter like leopards. Preys are the organisms hunted by predators. Puffer fish is a great example of an animal which has an anti-predation protection mechanism....   [tags: survive, animals, puffer fish]

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640 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

The Advantages of a Feedlot

- ... Cattle are not designed to constantly consume grain and have to be given antibiotics of health issues. Lot fed cattle have better marbling and tender, taster meat as a result of the grain based diet. However despite the flavour and texture of grain-fed- beef it contains higher bad fat levels as well as growth hormones and antibiotics. Grass fed cattle are more healthy and happy because they undergo less stress and grow in a more natural environment. Grass fed cattle are allowed to roam freely and consume there natural diet....   [tags: cattles, hormones and antibiotics]

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Bariatric Surgery

- Weight loss, in the perspective of medicine, health, or physical fitness, is a decrease of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue and/or lean mass, namely bones mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue. It can occur unintentionally due to an underlying disease or can arise from a conscious effort to improve an actual or perceived overweight or obese state. The search for the ideal weight loss operation began more than 50 years ago because exercise and diet alone is apparently ineffective in treating people with extreme and excessive obesity....   [tags: weight loss, physical fitness, body]

Term Papers
1808 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Surgical Treatments for Obesity and Weight Management

- Surgical Treatments for Obesity and Weight Management Obesity is a growing problem in America. Despite the abundance of diets, weight loss drugs, and miracle exercise products Americans continue to gain weight. Most obese individuals have tried each of these weight loss methods before without any success. What, if any, are their options. This paper will review new surgical treatments for obesity and weight management; gastric banding and vertical banded gastroplasty....   [tags: Health Diet Weight Loss Essays]

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1926 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Sensitive Gut (Harvard Special Health Reports) In consultation with Lawrence S. Friedman, M.D. Stanford, CT In this article, you are informed about a disease that is occurring more often in our society. It is commonly referred to as “heartburn” but is more appropriately named acid reflux disease or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Most people suffer from this disease, but think nothing of it. Perhaps they have felt it after a big meal, lying down after eating, during pregnancy, or even when bending over....   [tags: essays research papers]

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484 words | (1.4 pages) | Preview

The Physiology of Digestion

- Human Physiology is the science of physical, mechanical, biochemical functions of humans, tissues, and human organs. The reason for physiology is the understanding of how the body functions and just knowing your body period. Some references of physiology are the digestive system, transport system, functions of the liver and the absorption of food molecules. Starting off with the digestive system. Humans have a digestive system in order to break down the food that we consume. Sometimes the food we intake is made up of complex molecules that our bodies cannot directly receive nutrients and energy from....   [tags: absorbtion, liver, vili]

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1023 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Moving to Chicago and Learning to Negate Stereotypes

- The blaring noise of taxicabs and buses honking their horns at each other woke me. I looked around in awe, still blinking the sleep in my eyes away. The sheer number of people was astounding, and the noise. This was not Bowling Green, Kentucky. I finally realized that we had arrived to Chicago, the Windy City. It was during the summer of 2005. My family and I were going to move from Bowling Green, Kentucky, a small town in the Bluegrass State. My dad had secured a new job in the large city of Chicago....   [tags: moving, Chicago, Stereotypes]

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581 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Comparing the Typical Chinese and American Breakfasts

- Breakfast is always considered to be the most important meal of the day. By eating a nutritious breakfast, we can produce enough energy for better academic performance as well as a fresh mind. However, breakfast has huge differences between countries, such as China and America. Chinese breakfast always begins with a cup of warm soybean milk. The soybean milk we have in China is slightly different from the soymilk served here, since the soybean milk is made from the freshly ground soy beans instead of the ready-to-eat soymilk powder....   [tags: nutrition]

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640 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

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