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Rhetorical Analysis: The Argument Culture

- “We have new arrivals for spring season. What about this new style checked sweater. This sweater is vastly popular nowadays because many popular actresses are wearing this in several TV dramas. I think this sweater would be great for you because it matches with your sky-blue skirt. Also we are making an allowance of 40% for this item. It would be good for you, ma’am.” You can often see this situation in every shop, but this shop assistant gives prominence to that new style sweater by saying that it is a low risk of trend style, considering guest’s figure, and also letting guest know that it’s on sale....   [tags: persuasion, ethos, pathos, logos]

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Rhetorical Devices Used in Queen Elizabeth's Speech

- Through her speech, Queen Elizabeth inspired her people to fight for the country of England against the Spaniards. Queen Elizabeth persuaded the English troops to defend their country with rhetoric devices such as diction, imagery, and sentence structure to raise their morale and gain loyalty as a woman in power. Queen Elizabeth skillfully used diction throughout her speech to motivate the troops. In the speech, Queen Elizabeth used the word “we” four times to underscore her feeling of unity between her and her country....   [tags: diction, imagery, structure]

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State and Federal objectives of punishment

- For centuries governments have acted on behalf of society removing and punishing criminals with the goal of protecting its citizens. Criminals were arrested and locked-up in jails awaiting their sentencing. Once sentenced, they were publically humiliated, tortured, or killed. Early forms punishments were cruel and mostly focused on retribution. State and Federal objectives of punishment Today punishment is the most dominant correctional goal of both the state and federal government in response to criminality....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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What Does It Mean?

- We are reminded in class that our brains do amazing things. It is capable of taking in input and then providing an output. It does not matter if it the input or output is in the written or spoken form or if we are reading it or hearing it our brain is able to understand and process all the information extremely fast. We are able to determine if words have meaning or are meaningless. We can understand when a word has two meanings and when a two words have the same meaning. We are also able to tell the difference between words that refer to the real world, meaning or if they relate to the imagination....   [tags: Semantics, Linguistics, Pragmatics, Paul Grice]

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Isolation in the Writing Styles of Camus

- The writing style of Albert Camus in The Stranger shows the topic of isolation. Camus uses very short, straight to the point sentences, using very simple vocabulary to convey his message. In The Stranger, Meursault will give a complete thought in one sentence but the sentence after that will be completely different than what he was talking about in the previous sentence. The diction, syntax, and the organization of the novel all aid the readers to understand the topic of isolation and its purpose in the novel which is how Meursault, through his isolation from everyone and society, realizes that he has the ability to choose what he desires....   [tags: Albert Camus, The Stranger, Isolation, Analysis]

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Prison Overcrowiding and the Laws that Made Them that Way

- One of the major reasons that prisons have overcrowded is that crime control strategies and legislative changes have meant longer sentencing (Mcshane, 2008). A study in 2006 showed the change in the State and Federal prison population from 1990 to 2005. In 1990 there was a total of 773,124 inmates. In 2005, that number increased to 2,186,230 (Harrison & Beck, 2006). The three- strikes laws has a great impact on the overpopulation of our prison systems because it means more life sentencing with a lesser possibility of parole for most offenders....   [tags: three-strikes law, crime control strategies]

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Sentencing Models and The Correctional System

- How have sentencing models impacted corrections. Be sure to address the four types of sentencing models and the issues surrounding them (equity, truth-in-sentencing and proportionality). Sentencing models are plans or strategies developed for imposing punishment for crimes committed. During the 19th century these punishments were normally probation, fines and flat sentences. When someone was given a flat sentence, he or she had to serve the entire sentence without parole or early release. However, by the end of the 19th century the new models were developed....   [tags: Crime & Punishment]

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The Passive Voice

- The Passive Voice The English language has two voices--the active and the passive. The active voice and the passive voice differ in that a passive verb phrase has an additional auxiliary BE followed by an EN participle. In a sense, the English passive is "inflexible" when compared to the passive formation of other languages. For example, some languages use word order, verb inflections, and impersonal constructions to form the passive voice. In their book, The Grammar Book: ESL/EFL Teacher's Course, Celce-Murcia and Larson-Freeman demonstrate how the Bantu passive voice differs from the English passive voice....   [tags: Research Paper Language Papers]

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Pros and Cons of Plea Bargaining

- An agreement made in a criminal case between a prosecutor and its defendant, before reaching a trial is a plea bargain. The prosecutor offers an opportunity to the defendant to plead guilty. By agreeing to plead guilty to a crime the defendant would in exchange get a prosecutor’s promise to convince the judge to reduce the sentence. It is really impossible to predict what a jury is going to decide in a trial. I personally think that plea bargaining is being used as an easy way out; instead of having the person who committed the crime pay for what they did by serving the whole time....   [tags: judicial system, criminal justice]

Term Papers
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Writing Persuasive or Argumentative Essays

- Everyone needs to know how to write a persuasive essay. It's actually not as difficult as it seems. Give yourself time. Trying to cram an entire 5 paragraph persuasive essay within 100 minutes is not a good idea. Allow yourself enough time to brainstorm, write, and proofread. Put as much effort into your paper as you can in the time period you are given, including the steps below. Brainstorm. Writing a persuasive essay is very much like writing an ordinary paper. Of course, before you begin, you have to come up with a good solid view, a foundation which you can base your entire paper on....   [tags: Writing an Essay]

Free Essays
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Spatial Proximity During Virtual Communications: Emoticons

- In an effort to alleviate the lack of spatial proximity during virtual communication, emoticons are becoming increasingly prevalent in the realm of instant messaging. Emoticons can be utilized in many different contexts due to their correspondence with spoken and written English. When used appropriately, emoticons will bridge the gap between online and face-to-face communication, and possibly add a new element to the way people converse. Emoticons, or emotion icons, conveys the facial features of one person to another when dialogue is constricted by distance....   [tags: instant messaging, smiley face]

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The Is The Smallest Sound Units That Have A Distinct Sounds Within Different Languages

- Phonemes are the smallest sound units that have a distinct sounds within different languages. It is the basic foundation of the English writing system because of segmenting. Segmenting refer to breaking down words into sound groups, which allows us to hear each phonemes. Take the word “pat” for example, segmenting the word pat would result to /p/ /a/ /t/. The combining of sound to create a small units of word that carry meaning is refer to morpheme. Phonetic segmenting allows people of all ages to better communicate, to learn new words, to write and to spell efficiently....   [tags: Linguistics, Semantics, Phonology, Phrase]

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The Tonal Language: Chinese

- ... In English, most of the word made up of more than one syllables and distinguished by stress. General characteristic and overall voice quality which interfere with intelligibility or make the accent sound especially non-native is transsegmentals. Retrieved from: http://web.mit.edu/~jinzhang/www/pinyin/tones/ Chinese pinyin uses either numbers or tone marks to indicate the tones. Here are the four tones: first tone, na1 or nā; second tone, na2 or ná; third tone: na3 or nǎ, and fourth tone: na4 or nà....   [tags: intonation, patterns, feelings, stress]

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Corrections: Rehabilitation Is More Effective Than Retribution vs

- Today our criminal justice system has a multitude of options when dealing with those who are convicted of offenses; fines, probation, community service, short term sentences in jail or longer sentences in a variety of different level prisons and the ultimate punishment is still death. Our goals are clear and direct, stop the behavior, make restitution, teach new skills and for many rehabilitate through therapy, drug and/or alcohol counseling. Unfortunately there are those that are deemed unredeemable and unfit to ever return to society and they are either confined in prison until their natural death or sentenced to die by the order of the state or government....   [tags: Pro Criminal Rehabilitation Essays]

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Sentencing Of The State Of Texas

- Sentencing in the State of Texas Over the years sentencing in the United States has undergone several dramatic changes. In the eighteenth century, the sentencing of criminal defendants was left to juries. If a defendant was convicted, the jury decided the facts that would affect sentencing, and a predetermined sentence was imposed based on those findings. In the late eighteenth century, legislatures began to prescribe imprisonment as punishment, replacing such punishments as public whipping and confinement in stocks....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Murder, Life imprisonment]

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Restorative Justice Gaining Support in South Africa

- 1 Introduction Punishment is central to any legal proceeding where the accused is found guilty. It falls directly under criminal law and is determined by punishment theories. Whether South Africa is moving towards restorative justice approaches influences many aspects: it allows protection of society and results in more crime-free life for the offender. Consequently, it gives offenders the chance to learn from their experiences, gain insight into their behaviour and allows victims to handle their injustice....   [tags: punishment theories]

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The Rights Of The United States

- Part A 1. Voting was once a privilege granted only to wealthy white men. The right to vote is now a basic right that is held as well by the poor and working classes, racial minorities, women and young adults. As of today, all mentally competent adults have the right to vote with one exception: convicted criminal offenders. In forty-six states and the District of Colombia, criminal disenfranchisement laws deny all convicted adults in prison the right to vote. Thirty-two states also deny felons on parole the right to vote; twenty-nine deny those on probation....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Democracy, Law]

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1168 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Is Reading A Key Role For Academic Success?

- Changing the beginning of the introduction was essential to make a stronger statement of how important reading is for our personal growth and even our social and economic advancement. Reading also widens the horizon of thinking, and as I read authors like Rick Moody and Alberto Manguel, it widens my horizon on the all the possibilities of what reading means. On the third sentence of the introduction I stated that reading, “plays a key role to academic success” and this a very important aspect of reading for a student like me....   [tags: Writing, Essay, Umberto Eco, Kate Winslet]

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The Sentencing Reform Act Of 1984

- “Most modem sentencing systems in the United States express an explicit commitment to ensuring that a defendant 's sentence is not affected by the defendant 's race or gender (Hessick, 2010).” Even though individuals are protected through the Bill of Rights and Sentencing Reform Acts, there are still disparities in sentencing within the criminal justice systems. Often, race and gender bias negatively affects sentencing. “The Federal Sentencing Guidelines Manual states that one of the three objectives Congress sought to achieve in enacting the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 was “reasonable uniformity” in sentencing by narrowing the wide disparity in sentences imposed for similar criminal offen...   [tags: Crime, Prison, Gender, Discrimination]

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Cruel and Unusual? Exploring JLWOP Sentencing

- The JLWOP sentence (or juvenile life without parole) has been the topic of controversy lately. Many have battered the issue back and forth, based on the morality level of American society. Should juveniles be sentenced to life without parole. In some cases people are viewing children in our society as less than competent, despite the majority of countries around the world that view adulthood as beginning shortly after puberty. It is impossible to deny the emotional and physiological differences between adolescents and adults....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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The Crimes Of The Criminal Justice System

- Repeat offenders are perhaps the most difficult offender population for the system to manage, and “protecting communities from these types of offenders may be the most emotionally and politically charged challenge for the criminal justice system”, even today (Dickey & Hollenhorst, 1999). As a result, harsher punishment geared towards repeat offenders had become increasingly supported by policy makers and the public during the 1980’s and 1990’s (Dickey & Hollenhorst, 1999). More Accurately, Washington was the first state to implement three strikes legislation in 1993; and shortly after, in 1994, 13 states and a federal version of three strikes had been imposed; the subsequent year, 9 addition...   [tags: Crime, Criminal law, Felony, Prison]

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Capital Punishment Should Be Banned

- Capital Punishment should be banned 1.0 Death Punishment Not Worth the Cost Capital Punishment has always been one of the long-lasting controversial ethical debates in modern history. Many said it has a positive effect for preventing violent crimes and should exist in the country. (Cass R. Sunstein & Adrian Vermeule, 2006). However, in my perspective, capital punishment should be banned since the cost of death penalty is relatively high but it doesn’t lead to increase in benefits compare to life sentence....   [tags: Murder, Capital punishment, Crime, Prison]

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The case for and against capital punishment

- Capital punishment, also known as death penalty or execution, is the sentence that a criminal must fulfil preceding committing a capital crime. Capital crimes consist of mass murders, treachery and other offenses. The English word ’Capital’ is derived from Latin ‘Capitalis’ meaning the head – ‘caput’ as the sentence was normally served by decapitating the criminal. The sentence has been in practise for thousands of years, used in almost every society in the world at some point. However, it is used less in retentionist countries – for example, China is suspected to have executed around one thousand seven hundred people but could be up to six thousand in 2009, Iran executed at least three hund...   [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]

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The Effectiness of Sentencing and the Jury's Credibility

- For Defendant: Snooki P. Based on the facts provided, defendant Snooki P. will not be charged under the three strikes law. Since it is her third offense, the court finds the defendant guilty and she will be sentenced to 20 years according to the sentencing guidelines; parole is contingent. Previously, the defendant was sentenced to 10 years with parole eligibility in two years. After reviewing the sentencing guidelines, the most reasonable sentence would be the maximum 20 years as previously requested by the prosecutors....   [tags: court, criminal justicce, federal system]

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Analysis of Edgar Allan Poe's Writing Style

- ... With a period instead of a semicolon, the relationship between the first clause and second isn’t emphasized as much as it could be. A semicolon stresses the narrator’s insistence in his sanity. Last of all, his use of exclamation marks shows the narrator’s state of mind, thoughts, and emotions. Without the exclamation mark in the first line, the impact of the narrator’s statement wouldn’t be as great. Yet, in observing punctuation, one can hardly fail to notice the relationship it plays in sentence structure and length....   [tags: punctuation, dark, language]

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The Best Bite: The Stories of Army Hempel and Annie Beattie

- The Best Bite: The Stories of Amy Hempel and Anne Beattie An amuse-bouche is an hors d'oeuvre served to shock the taste buds. Chefs are meticulous in their choice of ingredients for an amuse-bouche, as this one bite proclaims who they are and what they create. The bite must be just right. The writing of Amy Hempel and Anne Beattie is a lot like an amuse-bouche. Their opening sentences are immediately engaging, a unique and deliberate diction allows for maximum intensity in a limited space, and their stories are about the moment, rather than a prolonged succession of cause and effect events....   [tags: short fiction, restraint, details, amuse-bouche]

Research Papers
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How Syntax Is Distinguished Or Comparable?

- For this experiment, we are going to use a combination of the p-600 comprehension technique and the new neuroimaging method Fmri. Our goal will be to find how syntax is distinguished or comparable to other linguistic properties. For this experiment, however, we choose to compare syntax with semantics as it is by far the two most related components in speech production and comprehension. Therefore, for this experiment we will give our participants sentences and see how they respond to each stimulus by measuring their brain activity....   [tags: Linguistics, Grammar, Cerebral cortex, Semantics]

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The Complexity of Language in Modern Society

- The history of language probably started when our earliest ancestors had the need to communicate with each other. Since beginning that era, language had evolved into this ever-growing and seemingly governed system of that same communicative property our ancestors used. But is language really rule-governed. Is the current evolutionary status of language really comparable to that of our ancient brethren. Is the level of complexity of our ancestors’ language, disregarding the difference in level of language if there is, is the same as ours in current society....   [tags: language, communication]

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Creating a Feeling, Establishing a Mood

- Set a mood. The tools that can be used are detailed descriptions and accuracy in structuring sentences. The author who wrote Of Mice and Men (the story regarding George Milton, Lennie Small, their dreams of one day owning land, and what they do to try to achieve that dream) does just that. One of the book’s key features is the method in which the various settings are written and described. In his novel, Of Mice and Men, John Steinbeck sets a mood with each setting by the use of eloquent and vivid, or simple and plain descriptions, and different types of sentence structures....   [tags: Of Mice and Men, Analysis]

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Using Effective Methods to Teach Grammar to the Adult ESL Learners

- Using Effective Methods to Teach Grammar to the Adult ESL Learners Language is one of the fundamental traits distinguishing human beings from the lower orders of life on earth. Most people agree that the ability of language use has helped mankind to climb the evolutionary ladder; therefore, language use is an essential component to people's life in society. Grammar is a part of language and it plays an important role in language use. According to Weaver (1979: 3), the study of grammar will not only help people become better language users, but also effective listeners, speakers, readers, and writers....   [tags: Economics]

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Should Teens Be Tried As Adults For Serious Crimes?

- There have always been people who commit crimes, which is the reason why we set up laws. If a criminal breaks a law and is caught, their sentence in jail or prison would be determined by the seriousness of the crime. Some crimes are more serious than others. Petty crimes such as stealing from the store or loitering do not deserve such a heavy sentence, but criminals who commit serious crimes such as rape and homicide deserve a much heavier sentence, whether it is an adult or an adolescent. Some argue that teens should be given a lighter sentence for the serious crimes they commit because they did not know any better while the family of the victim is suffering greatly....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Capital punishment]

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Racial Sentencing Disparity And The Underlying Issue

- Introduction Possibly the most striking about the discussion of race is how frequently national attention to racial issues revolve around race and the criminal justice system. Over the past year alone, significant national events have had wide-spread media coverage involving race that has affected large portions of the nation. Although the United States is the most racially diverse nation in the world, a defendant’s race and/or ethnicity can affect the severity of their sentencing. This purpose of this paper is to examine racial sentencing disparity and the underlying issues contributing to this concern....   [tags: Crime, United States, Criminal justice]

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Language Analysis: The Brothers Grimm and Fairy Tales

- Every person on earth knows a language, rather it be spoken or signed. According to the Linguistic Society of America’s website, ("Linguistic Society of America," 2012) linguistics is the systematic study of language. The study of linguistics includes the study of the sub-fields of language. These subfields include; phonetics, phonology, morphology, and syntax. The English language is a Germanic language, which is branch of the Indo-European language family. Other languages on the Germanic language branch include; German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian....   [tags: phonetics, phonology, linguistics]

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Capital Punishment Should be Terminated

- The death penalty, also known as capital punishment, is exactly how it sounds. The convicted is sentence to death because of the heinous crimes they have committed by the legal process. “Most death penalty cases involve the execution of murderers although capital punishment can also be applied for treason, espionage, and other crimes” (ProCon, 2014, para1). The eighth amendment protects people from excessive bail, excessive fines imposed, or cruel and unusual punishments. The courts would have to find the death sentence to be proportional to the crime they had committed....   [tags: Argument Against Death Penalty]

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Wittgenstein: Independent Logic

- Profound ideas often arise out of the most uncanny situations. Ludwig Wittgenstein composed what may be the most influential philosophical work of the twentieth century as a prisoner of war during the First World War. His poignant writings included many propositions that flew in the face of contemporary philosophers at the time, unveiling a new perspective from which to consider the study of logic. While peers struggled with the rules governing the logic of semantics, Wittgenstein sought to emphasize the whimsical nature of language....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Difficulties Of Offender Re Entry

- Difficulties of Offender Re-entry Introduction. The new sentencing philosophy: Every prisoner receives a life sentence for their crimes. Since Americans began incarcerating prisoners, thousands of offenders have been sentenced to life sentences, many without the possibility of parole. According to the Sentencing Project, "As of 2012, there were 159,520 people serving life sentences (1 out of 9 prisoners). " This number may seem like too much; However, what if the reader was told that every prisoner would get a life sentence....   [tags: Prison, Life imprisonment, Murder, Burglary]

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The Death Penalty Is An Act Of Grace

- 1. The Objective Since 1978 over 280 death row inmates have been granted clemency. Most of the reasons someone is granted clemency is because of doubt about the guilty or judgments about the death penalty by the governor. Clemency is an act of grace, based on the policy of fairness, justice, and forgiveness. Clemency is a privilege and is not a right, and one who is granted clemency does not have the crime forgotten, as in amnesty, but is forgiven and treated more leniently for the criminal acts....   [tags: Capital punishment, Prison, Murder]

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The Importance of Learning to Write Proficiently

- You have been writing ever since you learned your first letters. From writing a sentence in first grade to five page essays your senior year. It feels like your pen has never left the paper, and the reality of it is, is that it will not be leaving anytime soon. Most occupations will require you to write - whether it be an expense report or an e-mail, ergo, it would be in your best interest to be knowledgable of how to write well and all the rules that come along with that. Writing is and always will be important because you will always be writing, regardless of if you enjoy to or not....   [tags: education, writing]

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662 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Japanese And Japanese : Japanese Politeness

- 3.1. Japanese politeness Before observing some results of experiments with MT between Japanese and English, it must be mentioned that Japanese has its characteristic that strongly distinguishes it from other languages, the Japanese honorifics or politeness system. Every time, when Japanese people speak or write Japanese, they have to determine which style they should apply, a “polite style” or a “flat style”, to their utterance or writing. Of course, this decision is made unconsciously and then with no time lag according to a situation they are in....   [tags: Translation, Source text, Machine translation]

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An Examination of The Death Penalty

- The death penalty is a very controversial topic, and the passion of its supporters and naysayer runs high in opinions. The people’s opinion of the death penalty are formed over the years, or in a quick judgment off of what they heard and can be based of a basis upbringing, personal, cultural and peer pressure. The supporters are unwavering with their opinion. The options ranges from executions are in humane, there is a risk that an innocent can be executed, and is the death penalty really a deterrent for future crime....   [tags: capital punishment, death penalty]

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The Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

- Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. Eighth Amendment, 1791 The Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution limits the punishments that may be imposed by the government on American citizens. These limits are compulsory among the states by way of the Fourteenth Amendment. The English Bill of Rights of 1689 expressed concern with arbitrary and disproportionate sanctions, giving way to the Founders inclusion of the prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment....   [tags: U.S. Law]

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How Do We Justify Killing?

- Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is defined as the pre-meditated or planned taking of a human life by a government in response to a crime committed by that legally convicted person. It has been discussed extensively over the years by many people. There are many reasons to agree or disagree with capital punishment, but the reasons against it completely outweigh the ones that support it. Many of the justifications for affirming the death penalty either do not apply wholly to our justice system, are misunderstood, or just do not make sense....   [tags: Ethics ]

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Reading a Passage in Balzac’s Père Goriot

- Reading a Passage in Balzac’s Père Goriot This passage in Honorè de Balzac’s novel Père Goriot describes the ultimatum Rastignac gives to himself after experiencing a harsh transition of luxury to filth, as he sees it. Before Rastignac enters his meek lodgings he has a life altering discussion with Madame de Beausèant. They talked about the price he would have to pay to gain acceptance into Parisian high society. The contrast he experiences ultimately fuels his greed and reckless behavior. This drives him further on to his mission of making his fortune....   [tags: Literary Analysis]

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1109 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

An Investigation Discharged Toward The Urban Foundation For Walk 6

- An investigation discharged Toward the urban foundation for Walk 6, 2008 conjecture that the lifetime cosset should taxpayers to those capitally-prosecuted situations to Marya Sklodowska since 1978 will make $186 million. That interprets with $37. 2 million for each of the state’s five executions since those state reenacted the capital punishment. The consider estimates that the normal expense with Marya Sklodowska taxpayers for arriving at a single passing sentence may be $3 million - $1. 9 million more than the cosset of a non-death punishment situation....   [tags: Prison, Capital punishment, Crime, Murder]

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Hide and Seek by Vernon Scannell and Half Past Two by U.A. Fanthorpe

- "Hide and Seek" by Vernon Scannell and "Half Past Two" by U.A. Fanthorpe Task: Compare two poems of the same theme in detail. In this essay I will be looking at two poems, which are similar in theme and discussing their similarities. I will be using the poems "Hide and Seek" by Vernon Scannell and "Half Past Two" by U A Fanthorpe. These poems are similar to each other because their main theme is growing up, as the poems are set in the mind of a child. The first poem called "Hide and Seek" by Vernon Scannell is an unusual poem as it takes a lot of imagination to fully understand the poem....   [tags: Vernon Scannell U.A. Fanthorpe Poems Essays]

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Societal Regulations in a Modern Society

- Societal regulations have been made since a long time, whether it is making smoking illegal in public places or setting a minimum age for teenage workers. In the short story, “Welcome to the Monkey House”, the government has set a few regulations for their society in order to control overpopulation in the world. To highlight what problems these regulations could cause, Vonnegut uses tropes and sentence variation. Kurt Vonnegut, author of Welcome to the Monkey House, uses rhetorical strategies such as sentence structure and figurative language in his short story, “Welcome to the Monkey House”, to scrutinize the problems of societal regulations in a modern society....   [tags: Literary Review]

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Canadian Justice: The Youth Criminal Justice Act

- Youth within the Canadian justice system lose their identities. Their age places them under the jurisdiction of the Youth Criminal Justice Act. The criminal charges identify them as criminals and their “’character traits’ … label [them] for society” (1957:45). Such procedures as pre-sentencing reports, encapsulate their history and reduce the youth to “object[s] of a more or less easy absorption” (1957:45). It is this pre-sentencing report compiled by a probation worker that gives direction to the judge in determining a sentence....   [tags: probation officer, identities, myths]

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The War on Drugs: Drug Sentencing Reform

- Drug Sentencing Reform The Judiciary Branch of the United States government is responsible for interpreting the law. Those involved with this branch determine the meaning of the laws and decide what to do with those who break them. Because of a drug movement that took place through the 1980s, the courts have severely punished those who break laws associated to drugs; Congress is now trying to step in to change the way the Judiciary Branch is forced to punish such criminals. Congress has been busy the past couple of years evaluating the proper sentencing of those convicted of drug crimes....   [tags: nixon, sentencing, warrant]

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1180 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Writing A Self Reflective Essay For A Class On Arab American Feminism

- For my protocol analysis, I decided to record myself writing a self-reflective essay for a class on Arab American Feminism. This assignment asks each student to look at their personal history and identify moments that connect to this class and explain how these moments shape their personal perspective on themes that are relevant to the course. While the self-reflective nature of this essay made it difficult to reflect on my own writing, certain themes consistently appeared through my writing process....   [tags: Thought, Cognition, Psychology, Mind]

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Charter Case Analysis: R.v.Latimer

- Charter Case Analysis: R.v.Latimer Case Summary This case was about a father by the name of Bob Latimer, this man had a daughter who was suffering with a disease called cerebral palsy. The disease was unfortunately entrenched with his daughter since her birth and was caused by brain damage. The disease made her immobile with the exception of the rare movements she showed through facial expressions or head movements. Twelve year old Tracey Latimer was in continuous pain every moment of her life and she was incapable of taking care of herself despite her age....   [tags: cerebral palsy, murder, justice, equality]

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The Criminal Code Of Canada

- Before a sentencing decision is made, factors surround the case and offender must be considered. As Goff (2014) mentioned sentence disparity occurs when different sentences are given out for similar types of crimes (p. 308). Not all similar cases will be treated in a similar manner because various circumstances can determine the way the case is approached. This section will review how specific factors can influence the sentencing process. Criminal Code of Canada The Canadian Criminal Code was established in 1970 and 1985, it sets out the laws of Canada as well as guiding punishments if those laws are broken. The Criminal Code outlines the procedures to be followed during the sentencing...   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Victim impact statement]

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Saying and Meaning

- Saying and Meaning The burden of this essay will be to see how the words we utter bear meaning. We use speech to communicate our intentional attitudes to others. On this basis, I propose to treat meaning as that which is conveyed from a speaker to a listener. A simple model of the communication process will be used as follows. First, a speaker frames a sentence to convey an intentional attitude. Second a listener attends to the sounds and comes to a meaning. The essence of human communication is that the listener comes to understand the speaker’s meaning....   [tags: Philosophy of Language]

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Jails, Prisons, and Rehabilitation

- Prisons and jails are both referred to as incarcerations. A prison is where people get physically confined and lack personal freedom, and also those awaiting trails and those serving a term exceeding one year are confined here, while a jail is where inmates are housed prior to their trials on local level and those serving a term of one year or less. The society is protected from the offenders by them being confined in prisons, where their behaviors can be monitored, or they can be placed in community-based facilities which are secured and also offer an opportunity for the prisoners to acquire skills and knowledge through work related activities....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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The Death Penalty Is A Better Choice

- When you are young and you looked to your parents for advice, never would they have said murder is a good option for any reason. When the country and states give the sentence to put someone to death because they did something wrong, that is just what we are teaching our country. We are saying, this person did something unforgiving so now we are going to put them to death because that is okay. The death penalty is arguably one of the most controversial topics out there because there’s so many pros and cons....   [tags: Capital punishment, Murder]

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The Early Modern English Period

- ... For example they use prepositions at the end of sentence and they make mistakes while they are using plurals. John Evenly proposes some French and Italian loans in his works. John Hart is an example of using phonetic spelling system. On the other hand Richard Mulcaste uses very little phonetic spelling which is similar to Modern English. In the 17th century there is scientific movement that impresses English language. In this study, I will try to compare Early Modern English and Modern English by analyzing The Prince by Nicolo Machiavelli and its translation by W....   [tags: modern period writers, rethoric]

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Criminal Justice Process

- When a crime is committed against another person, then justice must be served to those who committed the crime. In some cases the crimes involve sexual attacks on grown adults while some offenses are against minors. In these examples the underling connection is the committed crimes of sexual abuse or sexual assault on adults and minors. When these crimes are brought before the justice system they are processed and the convicted are given a sentence to carry out but sometimes those sentences may not provide efficient time to produce the required outcome of correcting the individual or may be determined that there is no fixing the convicted disorder....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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Just Say No to the Death Penalty

- In this paper, I will be arguing for the following position that the death penalty should be abolished for all crimes in the United States as it is not a proven deterrent, it is not cost effective and there is a chance an innocent person could be out to death. The capital punishment for all crimes should be a life sentence in prison as it deters, it’s a cheaper option and it would save innocent lives. I think that some of the best arguments for my position should start off with the basis that the death penalty is not a proven deterrent....   [tags: capital punishment]

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Rehabilitation is More Effective than Imprisonment

- The United States corrections system is a complicated system with many different ways of handling certain situations. There is not just one set criminal justice system that covers nationwide, each state is different but all follow the same set of laws and rules set forth by the United States Constitution. (Bureau Justice of Statistics, 2013). The state goes through many different sets of obligations before convicting a suspect. They are "punished" by many different ways once they are initially arrested....   [tags: Punishment V. Rehabilitation]

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The Death Penalty Should Be Abolished

- The Death Penalty Should be Abolished Capital punishment has been established at prisons for years now, but recently it has been removed from many states in The United States. Capital punishment is also known as the “death penalty.” This is the maximum punishment for offenders who have committed extremely serious crimes. The death penalty comes in a few different forms; for example, some of the methods are execution by lethal injection, execution by a firing squad, and execution by the gas chamber....   [tags: Prison, Capital punishment, Murder, Penology]

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Notes On Stress And Stress

- Syllables can be stressed in words, and this can happen in many languages. When there is a stressed syllable it can be marked by an accent mark (`), and there can be multiple words that are stressed, but there is always one stressed vowel that is stronger the other stressed vowels. “Stress, pitch, and juncture work together to create intonation. Stress is the emphasis to certain syllables, pitch is the musicality of a spoken language, and juncture is a pause between words of sentences” (Phonology lecture, 2016)....   [tags: Phonology, English language]

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The Adventures of Curzon in Chains by Laurie Halse Anderson

- ... Kempe “Chains” Character Essay The Adventures of Curzon Throughout the Book In the novel Chains, one of the main characters that goes by the name Curzon makes his first appearance as a real risk taker when he comes forward when in the book, Grandfather calls him and he replies, “‘I say I’m an American. [...] An American soldier” (pg. 164). In the beginning of the book, Curzon offers to take Isabel up to the Tea Water Pump. This is the first minor risk taken by Curzon in the book. At first, we would think of him as any other slave, just like Isabel, but later we find out he is treated a bit differently than Isabel and Ruth....   [tags: slave, change, freedom]

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Gripping More Varieties On My Essays

- Gripping More Varieties On My Essays “Don 't tell me the moon is shining; show me the glint of light on broken glass,” said Anton Chekhov, a famous Russian realist and modern playwright. Personally, I perceive his idea as a demand to infuse writings with grace, imagination and creativity, and also a refusal to compose blandly without any varieties. When I started taking my college writing class this semester, I had to face with my weakness of lacking varieties on writing assignments: I need to inspire my reader, who is my college writing professor, with the “glint of light” by producing more varieties on vocabularies, sentences, and first paragraphs....   [tags: Writing, Paragraph, Typography, Essay]

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A Course Of English As A Foreign Language

- Introduction A course of English as a Foreign Language is usually assumed to be based on a text book, possibly on a few units where the stress is on the listening and a few other units looking in details at grammar improvement. However, what happens if the school lacks one of the above tools. Maybe the school does not provide some of those and the teacher is required to develop from scratch a method to teach a specific topic. How many times it has happened that, for example, the modern tool do not want to work....   [tags: Grammatical tense, Past tense, Grammatical aspect]

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Importance Of Language And Its Effect On Human Behavior

- Our species has fine-tuned communication to a degree that is far more complex than any other species on Earth. What we call “language” is a system unique to us; no other animal has all of the qualities that constitute a language. According to Hockett, there are certain requirements that need to be met in order for a system of communication to be defined as a language. These requirements include: semanticity, arbitrariness, discreteness, displacement, productivity, and duality of patterning. While animals can use semanticity, (their utterances have meanings), and arbitrariness (no logical connection from signified to signifier), they lack the rest of these parameters, such as productivity: th...   [tags: Linguistics, Noam Chomsky, Grammar, Phonology]

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Quine's Physicalist Epistemology

- Quine's Physicalist Epistemology Quine, in his article "In Praise of the Observational Sentence," claims to establish naturalized epistemology and the work of science as a realist mapping of the world. Invoking Rorty's criticisms of foundationalism from Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, this paper analyzes Quine's observational sentence by discussing the unresolved issue of justification. It discusses whether a causal explanation can be a justified true belief and adequate "grounding" of knowledge....   [tags: Philosophy Theories Papers]

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Experiences in the Writing Center

- Experiences in the Writing Center When I started to work at the Writing Center, I had about eleven years of experience in tutoring English as a foreign language to non-native English speakers in Germany. The experience I had gained from that proved to be very helpful. Before you can address the problems in writing, like any other problem, it is very important to get to know the writer. If you can build a bridge between the two individuals, who should work together in a tutoring session, it is a lot easier to discuss problems and find solutions....   [tags: Personal Narrative Writing]

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The United States Correctional System

- ... Felony charges are most likely to carry a prison sentence for a set amount of year. Parole for a felony charge is possible based on the crime. For example someone charged with murder would most likely not be granted parole. Misdemeanor charges would be driving under the influence (DUI), petty theft and vandalism. Offender’s charges with a misdemeanor would most likely be granted with parole after a short sentence. There are times an offender may never see a jail cell. For some misdemeanor charges the offender may be given probation for a set number of years....   [tags: crime, punishment, offender]

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Determinate Sentencing: Last Chance in Texas

- For Determinate Sentencing Determinate sentencing is becoming more popular in juvenile courts. It is a special statute that allows for the possibility of a juvenile serving a sentence beyond the age of 21. It specifically covers certain violent offenses and drug cases, like murder, capital murder, sexual assault, and indecency with a child. Aggravated controlled substances cases are also covered (TYC website). The alternative to determinate sentencing is blended sentencing, which allows judges to issue delinquent offenders both juvenile and adult dispositions....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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Nonviolent Drug Crimes And The United States Of America

- “More than half of federal prisoners are incarcerated for drug crimes…” (Branson, 2012). Nonviolent drug offenses in America are unrightly over punished, causing more harm than good to those charged and all American citizens. Drug arrests and imprisonments are far too common and are taking focus off of more important crimes. The sentences for nonviolent drug crimes are far too long and harsh for the crime. Punishment against nonviolent drug crimes are not working and is causing more harm than good....   [tags: Prison, United States, Crime, Criminal justice]

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How to Write an Expository Essay

- How to Write an Expository Essay When writing an essay, follow these eight basic steps: Select a topic: Be sure the topic is narrow enough to make it manageable within the space of an essay Write a thesis sentence: Be sure the thesis statement(or sentence) expresses a controlling idea that is neither too broad nor too specific to be developed effectively Select a method of development: Check through all the methods before you finally settle on the one which will best serve your thesis: definition example compare and contrast cause and effect classification process analysis Organize the essay: Begin by listing the major divisions which the body paragraphs in your essay will disc...   [tags: Expository Essay]

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US v Moreno

- United States vs. Carlos Alfonso Moreno On July 12, 2004, Carlos Alfonso Moreno appeared before the United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit. He brought before the court an appeal challenging the district court’s calculation of his sentencing under the United States Sentencing Guideline. The panel determined after reviewing his case that an oral argument would not be necessary. They were able to look at the details of his case and make their decision. Mr. Moreno was charged in district court with various drug offenses and with being a felon in possession of a firearm....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Role of Capital Punishment in Modern Criminal Punishment

- Role of Capital Punishment in Modern Criminal Punishment Capital punishment has continued to be used as the major punishment for convicted felons for a long time now. However, it has been a subject of controversy in recent years and has been seen as an inhuman mode of punishment in the modern era. This is because of the various legal challenges it faces and the methods used in executing the punishment, which include the use of a firing squad, lethal injections and the electric chair among others....   [tags: Capital Punishment, Death Penalty]

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Penalties for White Collar Crime

- White collar crime has been discussed more frequently in the last few years. The news has made society aware that white collar crime occurs almost as often as other criminal activity. In fact, white collar crime is one of the most costly crimes. It is a billion dollar criminal industry. White collar criminals seem to continue to engage in the criminal practices because there is no set standard in the penalties given to those that are caught. A look into the public’s perception on whether the penalties given is harsh enough for white collar criminals since most types of crimes have a set of standard penalties for those convicted....   [tags: criminal activity, NWCCC, judicial system]

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What is the Death Penalty

- What is the death penalty. The answer is very simple; it is a punishment that someone receives if they do something really bad, such as murder, rape, etc. This answer, however, is leaning towards the side that the death penalty should still exist. How can this definition be paraphrased to fit the death penalty more accurately. An accurate definition would be: the government killing people that killed other people to stop people from killing other people. The question now is, is that logical. Is it logical to kill someone to prevent others from killing....   [tags: Morals, Ethics, Life in Prison, Crime, Prison]

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The Death Penalty Should Be Abolished

- “Treat others how you want to be treated.” This common mantra is a favorite of mothers everywhere. These wise words are meant to encourage kindness not retaliation but retaliate is exactly what the government does in cases of murder where the death penalty is sought. Death as a punishment has been a part of the United States Criminal Justice system since the county’s beginning, for crimes ranging from treason to murder. Though these crimes are heinous and still considered grounds for execution today, they do not justify killing a person as punishment for killing....   [tags: Capital punishment, Crime, Prison]

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A Brief Note On Serial Killer And The Death Penalty

- An Eye for an Eye Gary Alvord. Serial killer. Sentenced to death in 1974 in the state of Florida. Where is he now. He isn’t buried in the ground like the three women that he killed and raped.... he is sitting all alone in his solitary cell while the government continues to feed and house him, at the expense of the taxpayers. For almost 40 years the state of Florida has kept this monster alive; he is a waste of space and should be executed immediately (Sullivan). The death penalty is a topic that many people feel indecisive on....   [tags: Capital punishment, Crime, Prison, Murder]

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The Use of Series in The Big Sleep by Raymond Chandler

- The Use of Series in The Big Sleep by Raymond Chandler In The Big Sleep, Raymond Chandler writes items in a series in almost every paragraph that does not include dialogue, occasions, in the text where Marlowe watches the other character do something like open and close a book or light a cigarette and flick the ash into a tray. When Chandler stops the dialogue to creates a space for Marlowe to record elements in the environment, he constructs sentences that indicate how Marlowe assimilates the information: characters perform three or more acts successively and Marlowe notices every movement, recording it at once....   [tags: sleep]

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Rising Tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and How it Changed America, by John M. Barry

- In a passage from his book, Rising Tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and How It Changed America, author John M. Barry makes an attempt use different rhetorical techniques to transmit his purpose. While to most, the Mississippi River is only some brown water in the middle of the state of Mississippi, to author John M. Barry, the lower Mississippi is an extremely complex and turbulent river. John M. Barry builds his ethos, uses elevated diction, several forms of figurative language, and different styles of syntax and sentence structure to communicate his fascination with the Mississippi River to a possible audience of students, teachers, and scientists....   [tags: Complexities, Literary Analysis]

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How an Offender's Race, Ethnicity and Race May Influence the Likelyhood of Pretrial Detention

- Numerous studies have been done to see how race and crime correlate with each other. Although the results are somewhat changeable, some studies mostly demonstrate that certain categories of racial minorities—males, the young, and the unemployed—are singled out for harsher treatment. Other studies find that each of these offender characteristics had a direct effect on sentence outcomes, but that the combination of race or ethnicity and one or more of the other characteristics were more powerful predictors of sentence severity than any characteristics individually....   [tags: correlation betwween race and crime]

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Roper v. Simmons: The Juvenile Death Penalty

- Over the past 400 years over 360 juveniles have been executed for the particularly heinous crimes they committed. The death penalty in juvenile cases had developed greatly in the past 400 years, starting with Thomas Granger execution in 1642 and progressing to the Roper v. Simmons trail in 2005 where juvenile execution was outlawed in the United States. “Death penalty” and “capital punishment” have the same meaning. They mean the punishment of execution administered to a person or juvenile legally convicted of a capital crime....   [tags: Capital Punishment Essays]

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