Your search returned over 400 essays for "scientific explanation"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

Scientific Explanation of Paranbormal Phenomena

- I've always been fascinated with the paranormal world, In fact many of my relative claim to have witnessed encounters. I understand there are skeptic out there but as for me I'm A believer. After a long day of family oriented activities, at nightfall my family would gather and exchange stories. Each one sharing unique other worldly experience, which taught them a life lesson, frightened them, or just gave them another good story to share. I’ve done extensive research on the paranormal and I have to say it gives a sense of hope and security....   [tags: ghost hunters, skeptics]

Better Essays
878 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Problems about Scientific Explanation

- Problems about Scientific Explanation Have you ever thought about the way your car works. The inner works of the engine, how does the fuel make it work, how does combustion lead to movement and is then passed to the wheels. If you have, what are you going to answer an 8-year-old kid when he asks: 'Why does the car move?'; Are you going to start explaining high school physics, mechanics, chemistry of combustion and the concept of friction. Or are you just going to say: 'Well, the car eats up gas, and that makes the engine move the wheels.'; Granted, the latter doesn't explain much about what a car is....   [tags: Van Fraassen Scientific Explanations Essays]

Strong Essays
1584 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

A Scientific Explanation of Stem Cells and Stem Cell Research

- In general, a cell can be defined as a stem cell if two basic criteria are met. First, stem cell is capable of self renewal for indefinite period throughout life while maintaining undifferentiated state, i.e., the cell can divide and produce two identical daughter cells and thereby maintains the stem cell pool. Second, stem cell possesses capacity for differentiate into specialised and functional progeny under the right conditions, or given the right signals. It may divide asymmetrically to yield an identical cell and a daughter cell that acquires a particular cell type’s properties, such as morphology, phenotype and functional physiology that classified it belongs to a particular tissue (Bu...   [tags: Science, Stem Cells, Stem Cell Research, ]

Better Essays
610 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Yin and Yang: the Nature of Scientific Explanation in a Culture

- Yin and Yang: the Nature of Scientific Explanation in a Culture ABSTRACT: I explore the nature of scientific explanation in a culture centering on the doctrine of yin and yang combined with that of five phrases, wu-hsing (YYFP). I note how YYFP functions as an alternative to the causal way of thinking, as well as the meaning of scientific explanation in a culture. I also consider whether a scientific concept becomes metaphorical when it is superseded by an alternative organizing concept. To a Western eye, or even to a contemporary Eastern eye, many explanations given under the doctrine of yin and yang combined with that of five phases (wu-hsing), apparently intended to be scientific, would...   [tags: Technology Technological Essays]

Term Papers
3153 words | (9 pages) | Preview

ADHD and My Family: Searching for a More Scientific Explanation

- ADHD and My Family: Searching for a More Scientific Explanation My father, like many Asian immigrants, left India to pursue his educational goals in America in order to provide a better life for his family. He arrived in the U.S. with fourteen dollars in his coat pocket, a suitcase in his hands, and a will to succeed. For my father, in a place like America where opportunities were plentiful and where hard work actually paid off there was no excuse not to succeed. The practical translation of this belief meant that if his children worked hard in school there was nothing they too could not achieve....   [tags: Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder]

Free Essays
1605 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Theories behind the Disappearance of Dinosaurs

- ... I would think that lots of animals died off because they didn't have much food or anything to live off of unless they started eating each other,that could of happened but we don't know for sureHere is more on what I said before in the last paragraph not all the animals died,in fact lots of animals survived because most of the animals back then where flying animals like birds and other flying animals. Then you have all the ground moles and things that and all the animals that where under the ground.To say that mammals survived the extinction doesn’t do justice to the history of life either....   [tags: biblical explanation, scientific view, asteroid]

Strong Essays
727 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean

- On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean ABSTRACT: Given the great historical distance between scientific explanation as Aristotle and Hempel saw it, I examine and appraise important similarities and differences between the two approaches, especially the inclination to take deduction itself as the very model of scientific knowledge. I argue that we have good reasons to reject this inclination. In his recent studies showing Galileo's knowledge of and adherence to the deductive standards of explanation in science set forth by Aristotle, Wallace (1) remarks that this Aristotelean theory must not be confused with the contemporary deductive-nomological theory of Hempel and Oppenheim....   [tags: History Science Scientific Papers]

Free Essays
2763 words | (7.9 pages) | Preview

Evaluating Kuhn´s Theory of Scientific Development

- ... Kuhn claims that the new paradigm cannot build on the one that precedes it but can only supplant it. It therefore explains how Einstein's theory of relativity could challenge Newton's concepts of physics, Lavoisier's discovery of oxygen could erase earlier ideas about phlogiston, the imaginary element believed to cause combustion and also Galileo's supposed experiments with wood and lead balls dropped from the Leaning Tower of Pisa could banish the Aristotelian theory that bodies fell at a speed proportional to their weight (Kuhn, 1996)....   [tags: scientific revolution, theoretical anomalis]

Term Papers
1534 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

History of the Scientific Method

- Scientific method is the way scientists learn and study the world around them. It is the process by which scientists work over a period of time to construct an accurate (i.e. reliable, consistent and non-arbitrary) representation of the world. In the study of natural phenomenon, personal and cultural beliefs strongly influence our interpretations and perceptions. Scientific method relies on standard procedures to minimize these influences when developing a theory. Scientific method consists of four steps: (1)- Making an observation of a phenomenon....   [tags: Origin of the Scientific Method]

Better Essays
686 words | (2 pages) | Preview

The Scientific Method

- To support the theory of continental drift is through topography, surveying the floors of oceans, charts of rock magnetism, and statistics on rock ages (Trefil & Hazen, 2010). At one time scientist believed that the deep ocean floors were flat; accumulating the sediment that progressively wore away from the prehistoric landmasses (Trefil & Hazen, 2010). However, they discovered steep-walled valleys and elevated highlands. This was evidences that just as the continents are transformed and are active, so to is the seafloor (Trefil & Hazen, 2010)....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Term Papers
2226 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

Kitcher’s Account is of Accepted Explanation but not Correct Explanation

- In his paper Explanatory Unification, Kitcher argues that the theory of unification is a better explanatory theory than the covering law model. Where unification represents the purpose of scientific explanation as having an objective insight, the covering law model proposes a subjective insight. I will first summarize Kitcher’s argument for unification. I will then assert that unification is vulnerable to the metaphysical problem of causal theory and correct explanations. I will show how this objection challenges unification in two ways by using David Lewis’ example of the non-unified world....   [tags: theory of unification vs covering law model]

Research Papers
1117 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Scientrific Explanations from Psychologist

- In Hempel’s essay (1962) he defined the different types of scientific explanations. First he explains the rules of deductive-nomological explanation which are based on particular facts or general laws. This type of explanation explains the occurrence of an ‘explanandum event’ by showing that the event resulted from the particular circumstances in accordance with the laws. Probabilistic explanation also accounts for a given phenomenon by reference to general laws or theoretical principles, but these are of probabilistic-statistical form....   [tags: explanations, psychologist, model]

Better Essays
615 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Explanation, Understanding, and Subjectivity

- Explanation, Understanding, and Subjectivity ABSTRACT: Many theorists of explanation from Hempel onward have worked with the explicit or implicit assumption that considerations of the subjective sense of understanding should be kept out of the formulation of a proper theory of explanation. They claim that genuine understanding of an event comes only from being in an appropriate cognitive relation to the true explanation of that event. I argue that considerations of the subjective sense of understanding cannot be completely removed from the process of formulating and justifying an acceptable theory of explanation....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

Powerful Essays
3341 words | (9.5 pages) | Preview

Theory of Scientific Development

- Introduction The scientific revolution started in the 16th and 17th century with development of the scientific theories (Hatch, n.d.). These Scientific theories are detailed explanation of some aspect of the natural world, based on knowledge that has been repeatedly duplicated through observation and experimental procedures. The understanding or the attempt to understand the human’s perspective of the world through scientific theories is the birth to the philosophy of science (Okasha, 2002). Several perspectives of scientific theories have been postulated by many on the history and philosophy of science....   [tags: Science, Kuhn]

Powerful Essays
1533 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Comparing Scientific Theories

- Carl G. Hempel was of the most influential proponents of what is now regarded as the classic view of explanation in science. In his work, Philosophy of Natural Science, he created the deductive-nomological model which is the following account of scientific explanation, where an explanation is set out as a formalized argument. This is the principle format for works such as Aristotle’s Physica, Ptolemy’s Almagest, Newton’s Principia and Opticks, Franklin’s Electricity, Lavoisie’s Chemistry, and Lyell’s Geology....   [tags: Science]

Powerful Essays
1458 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Contributions of Isaac Newton to The Scientific Revolution

- The Scientific Revolution was a period when new scientific ideas where introduced into society. The Scientific Revolution laid down a foundation in which modern science is heavily based on. An influential figure of the Scientific Revolution is Sir Isaac Newton. He made many advancements in the field of science and mathematics, he discovered Gravity, developed the three basic laws of motion, and co-development of Calculus. Isaac Newton did several thing that positively affected the scientific community during the Scientific Revolution and still affect society today, he recognized the three laws of motion, discovered gravity, and co-developed calculus....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]

Strong Essays
1058 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The Cognitive Revolution and Scientific Study of Psychology

- The cognitive revolution in psychology was a period during the 1950’s and 1960’s which involved radical changes to two major concepts in psychology which are consciousness and causality. It was also a period that saw to the abolishment of traditional science values of dichotomy and the worship of atomisation in science, replacing reductive micro deterministic views of personhood with holistic top-down view (Overskeid, 2008) The aim of this essay is to give an account of what constitutes the cognitive revolution, and also assess the contributions that the cognitive revolution has made to the scientific study of psychology....   [tags: Psychology]

Powerful Essays
1735 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Scientific Materalism v. Crime and Punishment

- Author of Crime and Punishment, Feodor Dostoevsky, uses the text to subtly exhibit factors which aid in disproving the idea of scientific materialism. He aims to prove that there must be another explanation for our complexities, unlike the opposing one in which everything is believed to be made or conducted by matter. Regardless of extensive scientific experimentation, there are still many aspects of the human mind and body that remain unclear. Crime and Punishment relays some extreme qualities possessed by humans which are argued by many to be valid proof of our creation by a higher power....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

Term Papers
2185 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

The Scientific Method

-      The scientific method is a process that outlines a number of principles for answering questions. Many people in day-to-day situations use the scientific method. For example, if I were to try to start my car and it doesn’t work, my first reaction would be to think of reason my car is not starting. This is just a brief example of scientific method. The principles in Scientific method should be used in an orderly manner to answer your questions. Scientific method lets people research true things as well as false....   [tags: Observation Hypothesis Experiment Conclusion]

Good Essays
689 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Explanation of Human Behavior

- Psychology as the article states is “it is a broad discipline, essentially spanning subject matter from biology to sociology. Psychologists have doctoral degrees. They study the intersection of two critical relationships: one between brain function and behavior, and another between the environment and behavior. As scientists, psychologists follow scientific methods, using careful observation, experimentation and analysis. But psychologists also need to be creative in the way they apply scientific findings.”(APA, 2014) How psychology developed into science is when Wilhelm Maximillian Wundt whom a German physician philosopher, physiologist and professor and also the founder of modern...   [tags: psychology, science, theories]

Better Essays
877 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

A Broad Explanation about Social Psychology

- This assignment aims to give a broad explanation about social psychology; establishing what the topic covers, its contribution to psychological research, what questions social psychologists set out to answer and how it is different to other psychological fields. The history of social psychology will be explored with reference to the social psychological ‘crises”. In the later part of this assignment influential research into obedience will be explored and evaluated with reference to its impact on social psychology....   [tags: history, difference to other psychology fields]

Strong Essays
1362 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Habits and Explanation

- Habits and Explanation Habits form a crucial part of the everyday conceptual scheme used to explain normal human activity. However, they have been neglected in debates concerning folk-psychology which have concentrated on propositional attitudes such as beliefs. But propositional attitudes are just one of the many mental states. In this paper, I seek to expand the debate by considering mental states other than propositional attitudes. I conclude that the case for the autonomy and plausibility of the folk-psychological explanation is strengthened when one considers an example from the non-propositional-attitude mental states: habits....   [tags: Psychology Science Papers]

Powerful Essays
3168 words | (9.1 pages) | Preview

Rene Descartes' Impact on the Scientific Method

- Rene Descartes' Impact on the Scientific Method People have always thought about the world around them. Through the centuries they have wondered about what their surroundings were made of. Modern science has proven to be most effective in explaining our environment. What makes modern science superior to the ancient schools of thought is the employment of the scientific method. The man credited to a great extent with the development of the scientific method is René Descartes, a French philosopher who lived from 1596 to 1650....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]

Better Essays
914 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

The Phlogistion Theory as a Scientific Theory

- A scientific theory is defined as “a supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain something, especially one based on general principles independent of the thing to be explained"(Oxford). Scientific theories of which the average person may be aware include the universal laws of gravitation and the laws of thermodynamics. For something to become a scientific theory, a) the idea must have the evidence to support such a claim, b) experimental results supporting the idea must be replicable by others, and c) the idea should be able to explain the results it obtains....   [tags: system of ideas, layered earth]

Strong Essays
1346 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Phantom Limbs: A Neurobiological Explanation

- Phantom Limbs: A Neurobiological Explanation Severely injuring a digit or limb can result in unrepentant damage and amputation. However, the painful sensations experienced in regard to that limb do not necessarily cease after amputation. The concept of feeling sensations in a limb that is no longer attached to the body is referred to as feeling a "phantom limb." This phenomenon is experienced by approximately 80%-100% of all patients who have lost a limb (1), and has therefore sparked wide interest in scientific community....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

Strong Essays
997 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism

- ... The first argument that he addresses is Grover Maxwell’s views on the theory/observation distinction. The points he makes in his argument against Maxwell is based out of theory-infected language that does not constitute our belief in something; that a continuum between observation and inference exists; that distinctions between theory/distinction are kept to preserve empirical adequacy; and that we set the rules that define what is considered observable and what is not. Van Fraassen then critiques the Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE)....   [tags: Van Fraassen, technology]

Better Essays
1080 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Scientific Research in Psychology

- Research is to find information and solve problem systematic and logically. In psychology, scientific research method is implemented to approach and reveal knowledge in better understanding of our human mind and behaviour. This research is known as basic research. Applied research is to solve and analysis on psychological problem. Psychology research is needed to identify the problem and find solution to solve problem encounter. These two researches are main category of research have done in psychology field....   [tags: literature, data, analysis]

Strong Essays
1002 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Scientific Revolution

- Nearing late 17th Century, towards the end of the Protestant Reformation movement in much of Europe, a new revolution was about to begin. Now-a-days dubbed the “Scientific Revolution” – it began primarily as a result of a combination of two major factors. First, the notable revolution before-hand, the Reformation, illustrated that it’s not peculiar to question popular opinion, sometimes it’s even welcoming to do so. Second, with the advancements in technology Europeans had access to at the time – specifically, advancements made to telescopes, allowing observers to peer further into the night sky – individual scientists had more tools at their disposal to observe the world around him....   [tags: protestant reformation, catholic church]

Powerful Essays
1503 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Discussion on Classical Conditioning as an Explanation of Learning

- Discussion on Classical Conditioning as an Explanation of Learning We use the term "classical conditioning" to describe one type of associative learning in which there is no contingency between response and reinforcer. This situation resembles most closely the experiment from Pavlov in the 1920s, where he trained his dogs to associate a bell ring with a food-reward. In such experiments, the subject initially shows weak or no response to a conditioned stimulus (CS, e.g. the bell), but a measurable unconditioned response (UCR, e.g....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1627 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

What is it about theories in the human sciences and natural sciences that makes them convincing?

- Theories in both natural and human sciences have been very controversial throughout history such as evolution. Although some stand as correct and some have been proven wrong, most of them tend to have enough evidence to be considered correct. Most of these theories have endured a process for them to be rectified and considered as correct. The process depends on long observations, large amount of empirical prove and the interpretation of this prove. The difference in which these two areas of knowledge reach a specific conclusion is what makes them have a difference in their capability to convince people....   [tags: Scientific Theory ]

Strong Essays
1237 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Science and Religion: Our Attitudes Today Are Tomorrow's Future

- There are many scientific fields of study, or branches of science. Science itself is knowledge about a topic. There are physics science (interactions of physical science and natural), astronomy and space science, math science, chemistry science, medicine science, and measurements and weight science. Natural science, also known as scientific method is a more disciplined way of studying the world. This is also known as social science. Fields of study under natural and/or social science are physics, geology, biology, chemistry, political science, anthropology, sociology, criminology, economics, philosophy, psychology and many more....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Term Papers
3007 words | (8.6 pages) | Preview

Comparison of a Popular and Academic Scientific Article

- Comparison of a Popular and Academic Scientific Article Retinitis Pigmentosa, (RP) is currently an incurable, degenerative sight disease in which cells located in the retina of an eye die prematurely. Progressively these dead retinal cells lead to complete and irreversible vision loss. Recent scientific breakthroughs and studies involving gene therapy lend support to the fact that it may be possible to heal the blind through nonparticle gene therapy. Two articles published in the spring of 2010 suggests that gene replacement therapy, the modification of genes by means of addition, removal, or alteration, may provide answers and treatment options for patients suffering from RP....   [tags: Health, Retinitis Pigmentosa]

Strong Essays
2093 words | (6 pages) | Preview

My Journal Entry: Scientific Thinking

- Carl Sagan once said, “Science is a way of thinking much more than it is a body of knowledge.” This statement would help to understand why people believe in astrology because it is a way of thinking. Astrology not supported by scientific studies but has many followers why might that be. Because astrology gives, people who believe a glimpse into their future whether this is true or not depends on what one believes. Astrology can offer a desirable forecast for the future especially for those who are experiencing a rough time....   [tags: Astrology, Kirby and Goodpaster]

Better Essays
640 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Socrates Elenchus Verses Scientific Theory

- The Socrates Elenchus was Socrates way of questioning a proposal. His method is tested and explained in Plato’s Euthyphro and Meno. Socrates’ method is a series of steps that are meant to test or challenge a claim. The scientific method is a modern day method used to test a theory. Both Socrates’ Elenchus and the Scientific method have similarities and differences. Socrates’ method is very alike to the scientific method however; Socrates’ method seems to be less effective than the scientific method....   [tags: Euthyphro, Meno, Plato, Socrates]

Strong Essays
1312 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Scientific Revolution

- The Scientific Revolution When comparing the views presented by both Aristotle and Copernicus, one must consider the circumstances under which these men lived to understand the differences. The most obvious of these is the time in history. Aristotle came almost 2000 years earlier in the astronomy field. While Copernicus had set out to glorify the great religion of his time, Aristotle's views came 200 years before Christ was even born. Although the book gives the impression nothing of significance in astronomy happened in the time between Aristotle and Copernicus, professional astronomy was a developing institution during that time....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
1172 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Evidence for Evolution

- Evolution and Diversity
 Evolution and Diversity The foundation for the theory of evolution was laid by Charles Darwin (Rose, n.d.). He developed hypotheses about natural selection which helped scientists develop the theory. Evolution is a theory and not a hypothesis because evolution has been proven by vast amounts of scientific data, research, and testing. The definition of a hypothesis is an educated explanation that needs to be researched and tested but has not yet been proven (Earman, 1984)....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Better Essays
916 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Comparing Freud's Explanation of Dreams and Davidson's Theory of Action

- Comparing Freud's Explanation of Dreams and Davidson's Theory of Action In The Interpretation of Dreams (henceforth ID) Freud claims that "the dream is a wish-fulfilment" (der Traum ist eine Wunscherfüllung) - an assertion which constitutes not only the title of one of the central chapters of the book, but also one of its main theses. But what exactly does defining the dream as the fulfilment of a wish imply. What relation do dreams bear to desires. And how can a wish be fulfilled in (or through) a dream....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
2660 words | (7.6 pages) | Preview

Charles Darwin and the Scientific Revolution

- In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, a new way of thinking resulted from the Scientific Revolution. It was an important time in which many people turned away from the church and looked towards logic and reason for the answers to questions about life, death, and the universe. The Scientific Revolution was the key to new discoveries and it allowed many scientists such as Charles Robert Darwin to continue thinking and striving for the truth as other scientists, such as Galileo and Newton, had done before him....   [tags: Natural Selection, Evolution Essays]

Strong Essays
1076 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Astounding and Indisputable Surrounding Scientific Evidence Global Warming

- ... A statement released by 18 renowned scientific associations stated “Observations throughout the world make it clear that climate change is occurring, and rigorous scientific research demonstrates that the greenhouse gasses emitted by human activities are the primary driver.” (Consensus, n.d., para. 2) Global warming is a very controversial topic in that many are simply non-believers. Global warming exists because of greenhouse gasses being produce via human activities, rising earth and ocean temperatures as well as sea levels are just the tipping point to how global warming is affecting our planet....   [tags: environmental concerns and possible solutions]

Strong Essays
928 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Scientific Thinking, Economic Reasoning and Their Applications in the Caribbean

- The Caribbean has had celebrated economists who, in their works, always sought to define the Caribbean experience and produce solutions to the region’s problems. Their achievements arose out of a need for a Third World economic story that was separate from that developed in more advanced nations. Economics, however, has been regarded as a “dismal science” (Carlyle 1849) and some have questioned if it is a science at all. For this essay, we assume that economics is a science and ask “Is and was scientific reasoning a part of economic reasoning in the Caribbean?” The analysis for this paper therefore considers both the publications based on the Caribbean from the 1960s and 1970s and the recen...   [tags: caribbean, induction, abduction]

Powerful Essays
1752 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Scientific Achievements of Galileo Galilei

- Scientific Achievements of Galileo Galilei From an early age Galileo Galilei manifested his aptitude for mathematical and mechanical pursuits, but his parents, wishing to turn him aside from studies that promised no substantial return, destined him for the medical profession. But all was in vain, and at an early age the youth had to be left to follow the bent of his native genius, which speedily placed him among the most renowned natural philosophers. Galileo's great achievements are magnified by the fact that, happily combining experiment with calculation, he opposed the prevailing system....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
999 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Effect of the Social Context of Scientific Work on the Methods and Findings of Science

- The Effect of the Social Context of Scientific Work on the Methods and Findings of Science The world society is in a constant state of fluidity regarding everything from social customs and slang to technology and inventions. With even more abundance, scientific understanding and questioning evolve as time progresses. As the human race changes and grows, scientific knowledge of the world and universe must expand to accommodate the growth. To a large extent, the social situations surrounding the scientific work affect the specific sciences that are investigated....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
646 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Theories in the Human Sciences and Natural Sciences

- What it is about the theories of human sciences and natural sciences that make them so convincing. When focusing on the human sciences and natural sciences, one might wonder why we believe what we believe. In general, human science can be defined as a social science, or anything that deals with human behavior in its social and cultural aspects (Bastian 190). Natural science is more often thought of as "regular" science. It is an organized undertaking that focuses on gathering knowledge about the world and condensing that knowledge into scientific laws and theories that can be tested (Bastian 153)....   [tags: Scientific Theory, Psychology]

Powerful Essays
1589 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Scientific Controversies

- Facts and reasons cannot in most circumstances settle scientific controversies. The main issue is a matter of interpretation. One person can interpret data and observations differently from another person. This is where the problem lies. Pride and scientific interpretation can keep a controversy going even when facts and reasons may seem to prove one side false. Also, if there is more than model and those models each have some kind of positive evidence, then they each have a point to argue from....   [tags: Chemistry]

Free Essays
859 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

The Scientific Revolution: A New View of the World

- The Scientific Revolution: A New View of the World Herbert Butterfield stated that, "Since the Scientific Revolution overturned the authority in science not only of the middle ages but of the ancient world...it outshines everything since the rise of Christianity." During the scientific revolution Nicholas Copernicus, Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton all voiced their opinions that contradicted the views of the church. Before the Scientific Revolution, the Bible or Greek philosophers such as Aristotle or astronomers like Claudius Ptolemy, whose ideas were sanctioned by the church, answered any questions regarding the natural world....   [tags: Expository Essays Research Papers]

Free Essays
513 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Humans and Nature during the Scientific Revolution

- Humans and Nature during the Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution took place in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. It was not a "revolution" in the classic sense as it did not involve rapid political changes nor large numbers of people, but it was revolutionary in the sense that it completely changed people's way of thinking and their outlook on the world we live in. It was definitely one of the most important events in history as it marked the birth of modern science. With the Scientific Revolution, man became more curious about nature....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Strong Essays
1321 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Revoluational Aspects of the Scientific Revolution and the Reformation

- The Revoluational Aspects of the Scientific Revolution and the Reformation What does it mean to be revolutionary. To be revolutionary is to be, as defined by dictionary.com as “markedly new or introducing radical change”. It is my educated opinion to believe that the scientific revolution and the reformation were both revolutionary without a doubt. A revolution involves change, mass amounts of change which affects nearly everything. It’s not a change of wardrobe, or a new car, it is much, much greater than that....   [tags: Science Reformation]

Free Essays
1483 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Reincarnation: Do you Believe?

- Reincarnation Introduction Reincarnation channels through many cultures and experiences which are examined by skeptics. In this research paper I will examine what is reincarnation, the evidence of people’s experiences of this, some of the views of the skeptics on this issue, and my own beliefs with reincarnation. Reincarnation can’t be given a concert scientific explanation, can’t be fully proven to humans, but there are assumptions and beliefs that make up the idea of reincarnation. This paper will give an analysis on reincarnation and the possibilities of this phenomenon to be true....   [tags: Physical Lifetime, Scientific Proof]

Powerful Essays
1749 words | (5 pages) | Preview

The Bayesian Theory of Confirmation, Idealizations and Approximations in Science

- The Bayesian Theory of Confirmation, Idealizations and Approximations in Science ABSTRACT: My focus in this paper is on how the basic Bayesian model can be amended to reflect the role of idealizations and approximations in the confirmation or disconfirmation of any hypothesis. I suggest the following as a plausible way of incorporating idealizations and approximations into the Bayesian condition for incremental confirmation: Theory T is confirmed by observation P relative to background knowledge where I is the conjunction of idealizations and approximations used in deriving the prediction PT from T, PD expresses the discrepancy between the prediction PT and the actual observation P, and...   [tags: Scientific Papers]

Free Essays
3797 words | (10.8 pages) | Preview

Scientific View of Creation and the Big Bang

- Scientific View of Creation and the Big Bang A common question among people is why are things the way they are. How was our world created. There are many different theories, from a variety of views. In this paper I will discuss the scientific view of the creation theory. The theory that I will be discussing is the Big Bang Theory, this is currently the theory of creation accepted by most scientists as the explanation of the beginning of the universe. The big bang theory suggests that the universe was once extremely compact, dense, and hot....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1441 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

The Philosophical and Scientific Methods of René Descartes

- The Philosophical and Scientific Methods of René Descartes René Descartes (1596 – 1650) is one of the most widely known philosophers in history and he is frequently discussed as an inventor of the modern scientific method. Rene Descartes was born on March 31, 1596, in La Haye of Touraine. He came from a wealthy family, and thus did not have any real financial worries. At age ten, his father sent him to the College Henri IV at La Fleche. This was a newly established Jesuit school, which was considered one of the best in Europe in terms of academic quality....   [tags: Biography Biographies]

Free Essays
5184 words | (14.8 pages) | Preview

Durkheim's Success in Using the Scientific Method

- Durkheim's Success in Using the Scientific Method In this essay I will discuss some of the approaches to the study of suicide and its social causes described by Durkheim. I will then present a few alternative theories or critiques of Durkheim; and finally conclude with a Personal reflection on Durkheim`s analysis. Durkheim believed that society is a part of nature, and a science of society has to be based upon the same logical principles as those which obtain in natural science....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1318 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

SOLVING THE DEMARCATION PROBLEM USING THREE THEORIES

- In this paper, I will explain three theories on how to solve the demarcation problem, or the problem of distinguishing between science and non-science, and how all three of them need to be combined in order to truly solve this problem. First, I will explain each of the three different theories proposed by A.J. Ayer, Karl Popper, and Paul Thagard, these philosopher’s arguments for each of these theories, and an example of using each theory. Then, I will explain why all three of these theories need to be combined by showing examples of how each individual theory incorrectly categorizes something as scientific....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Term Papers
2236 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

Creationism in Public School Science Class

- Should history teachers teach that the Holocaust happened and that it didn't happen. If not, then why should science teachers teach that life evolved over billions of years, and that it was created as it is now just six thousand years ago. Creationism should not be taught in science class because it has no supporting evidence, it is not equal to evolution, and religious myths can not be taught in public schools in an officially non religious nation. "...[I]ndividual scientists and philosophers of science have provided substantive critiques of "intelligent design," demonstrating significant conceptual flaws in its formulation, a lack of credible scientific evidence, and misrepresentati...   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Good Essays
932 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

TOK Essay: What is it About Theories in the Human Sciences and Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

- Ever since the beginning of the Revolution of science, the western world has valued the scientific improvement over any other, placing scientific theories and leaders on the base above their equals in lower sectors of society such as leaders within the business sector or governmental leaders, which leads to the question: Why is it that the Sciences and theories are held in such as great respects. With the two different areas of knowledge what results and consequences, do these two different sciences utilize methods such as observation, empirical evidence and the scientific method, in the development of theories....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Powerful Essays
1473 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Scientific Mystery of Dreams

- Since the beginning of time, people have been trying to understand the different functions of the human body, how we move, talk, act, and for the most part many of these physiological behaviors have been explained on some level. However, one area of the human body that has had researchers and scientist confused for a long time is the mind. Many things go on inside the mind that don’t make sense and so far have no tangible explanation of why it occurs and how. One of the most fascinating and mysterious sections of psychology is that of dreaming....   [tags: dreams, psychology,]

Better Essays
865 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

The Role of Mental Variation in Cognitive Science

- The Role of Mental Variation in Cognitive Science ABSTRACT: What is the role of mental variation in cognitive science. I will attempt to answer this question by dividing it into two separate questions: (1) what role does mental variation already (or implicitly) play in cognitive science. and (2) would cognitive science benefit by inquiring (explicitly) into the role of mental variation. I will attempt to show that mental variation already plays an important (though not always explicit) role in cognitive science....   [tags: Cognitive Sciences Scientific Essays]

Free Essays
5602 words | (16 pages) | Preview

Creation vs. Evolution

- Creationists have locked themselves into a country-wide battle against science for the minds of our youth and control of the intelligentsia. Why are they fighting. Over the last decade, the Theory of Evolution has reared its head with a vengeance, and creationists fear that it erodes the moral integrity of our society while promising to deliver us into a dark age. Nothing could be further from the truth, and the truth is, in fact, quite the opposite. The Theory of Evolution is supported by vast amounts of empirical evidence, and the dismissal of such can only cause harm to our society in a world where innovation and progress beget survival....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Strong Essays
1023 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Biology Cannot Be Reduced to Chemistry and Physics

- Since the introduction of reductionism, science has greatly changed. Reductionism has captured the attention of many scientists, as well as philosophers of science for the reason that it seeks to accomplish such a large goal. However, we are posed with the question of whether or not reductionism is capable of sufficing enough information for all scientific inquiry. I will argue that biology is not capable of effectively being reduced to physics and or chemistry mainly because it cannot provide the sufficient quantities of information needed, mainly due to issues caused by incommensurability due to varying scientific meanings (which will be discussed with reference to Kuhn and Feyerabend) as...   [tags: scientific terminology, reductionism]

Powerful Essays
1548 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Light: Newton's Particle Theory vs Huygens' Wave Theory

- In the early eighteenth century, a vital question aroused in the scientific community that triggered arguments among scientists and the question was ‘what is the light made up of?’. Sir Isaac Newton, one of the greatest scientist and mathematician of all time, proposed that the light is made up of tiny particles called corpuscles. But around the same time, Newton’s corpuscular theory of light was challenged by Christian Huygens. According to Huygens, light was made up of waves and not particles (Spring and Davidson)....   [tags: physics, scientific analysis of light]

Better Essays
651 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Separation of Church and State: Creation and Evolution in Public Schools

- Creation and Evolution in the Public Schools On October 28, 2010, Christine O’Donnell, the Delaware U.S. Senate Candidate, posed the question “Where in the Constitution is ‘Separation of Church and State’?” O’Donnell was making a point in a debate that took place in front of a law school audience (Madison). The law students laughed at her seemingly silly question but the joke was on them. The term “separation of church and state” never appears in the Constitution. In many court cases relating to teaching creation in public schools, the First Amendment is always cited, the separation of church and state is often questioned, and creation is ruled as unconstitutional (Raloff)....   [tags: science classrooms, scientific theory]

Powerful Essays
1494 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Should People Believe in Global Warming?

- It is very easy to get the information from the media in this current society, but it is difficult to distinguish that whether it is right or wrong. There are many different perspectives and thoughts on the same issue, such as global warming. To choose which argument is true is up to the people. These days, many people take on a very serious subject, global warming, and they argue whether it is worth to worry about future or not. While many people consume an excess of energy that produces carbon dioxide, the issue of global warming becomes more critical....   [tags: media, scientific evidence, climate]

Better Essays
1125 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Human Consciousness - A Portrait of the Brain

- Human Consciousness A Portrait of the Brain Through Theories and Discussion A hemispherectomy is a surgical process in which the brain of a patient is halved and one of these parts is then removed. The procedure is only ever carried out on individuals who are very young, as their brains are still flexible, pliable enough that the remaining portion will then take on the functions of the half that had been removed. Though this process is rather rare, only carried out when the child in question is experiences dramatic seizures that can only be halted in this way, it brings a crucial element to the table, far beyond the medical benefit for one....   [tags: scientific theories, hemispherectomy]

Powerful Essays
1414 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Explanation for the Existence of God, by Using Aquina's Second Way: Efficient Causation

- Does God exist. Since the appearance of mankind on the earth and up until today--would probably continue in the future--this question brought people to think, reason, and come up with the evidence, to present the best satisfactory answer. Back in 1200s, St. Thomas Aquinas has provided "five ways" to prove for the existence of God, which I am persuaded by, and hopefully others would see the same 'light' in this argument--unfortunately, it does not provide sufficient answers regarding the 'nature of God' (Bailey and Martin, 2011, 37)....   [tags: god, bible, christianity]

Strong Essays
1109 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Models Are Basic Guidelines That Help Lay Out An Explanation Or Illustration

- According to the Oxford Learners Dictionary, a model is: i) Small scale representation of sth ii) Person or thing exactly like another Commonly models are generated to have a realistic and much more simplified illustration of something mentioned above. Models are highly used in architecture. It allows investors to select from a range of models according to what suits them the best, which is definitely better than investing large sums of money and then determining that the product does not fit the needs....   [tags: expository essat]

Strong Essays
1068 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Modern Science and Christianity

- In the past centuries scientific innovations have occupied people’s mind. People have been looking for answers about their existence with the help of science and the scientific method. But nothing has changed with people’s culture or behavior. However, something happened two thousand years ago that influenced and changed how some people perceive the world and self existence. It was the beginning of Christianity. Christianity and science are seen to conflict with each other because people approach both views the same way; instead, they should be taken differently....   [tags: Existance, Scientific Method, Scientism]

Strong Essays
1115 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Hypothetico-Deductive Modeling to Q&A

- Hypothetico-Deductive Modeling to Q&A The Hypothetico-Deductive model is considered by some to be the hallmark of scientific research methods. The model is predicated on obtaining information in an effort to confirm or reject the hypothesis developed. This methodology requires the researcher to ask questions, hone in on the issue through preliminary research, formulate hypothesis and measurements, test, draw conclusions, refine and report. In order for the model to be effective the question being addressed by the researcher must be testable....   [tags: Scientific Research Methods, Charles Darwin]

Strong Essays
1274 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Abduction and Hypothesis Withdrawal in Science

- Abduction and Hypothesis Withdrawal in Science ABSTRACT: This paper introduces an epistemological model of scientific reasoning which can be described in terms of abduction, deduction and induction. The aim is to emphasize the significance of abduction in order to illustrate the problem-solving process and to propose a unified epistemological model of scientific discovery. The model first describes the different meanings of the word abduction (creative, selective, to the best explanation, visual) in order to clarify their significance for epistemology and artificial intelligence....   [tags: Scientific Science Essays]

Powerful Essays
3331 words | (9.5 pages) | Preview

The Posivist Approach

- Research Question 2 Philosophy The positivist approach will be used for the second research question. Such an approach is viewed to be a scientific method that aims to gain information with the objective of discovering laws that may be generalised within similar conditions. Since the research is tackling the issue of foreign aid and sustainability, it has used the example of the effect of foreign aid in countries of Africa in order to contrast similarities in Palestine. Because the researcher is independent, and will adopt a traditional and scientific approach, it results in a concrete finding of similarity in the related situations, which would allow a more comprehensive conclusion and prov...   [tags: Scientific Method, Gaining Information, Research]

Powerful Essays
1456 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Ptolemaic Theory vs Copernican Theory

- During the Age of Galileo, people believed in the existence of only one truth. This guiding principle would prove to be a problem when the Copernican theory rose to challenge the Ptolemaic theory as the true model of the universe. The two rival theories were contradictory; either the earth was at the center of the universe or it wasn’t. The task at hand was to decide which theory was the true one, and this is when the scientific stalemate between the two theories began. The scientific stalemate that Cardinal Bellarmine referred to when he wrote his letter to Foscarini in 1615 was due to the inability of anyone to prove the superiority of either the Copernican or Ptolemaic/Aristotelian theo...   [tags: Science History Scientific Papers]

Powerful Essays
1908 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Popper and Kuhn: Two Views of Science

- Popper and Kuhn: Two Views of Science In this essay I attempt to answer the following two questions: What is Karl Popper’s view of science. Do I feel that Thomas Kuhn makes important points against it. The two articles that I make reference to are "Science: Conjectures and Refutations" by Karl Popper and "Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Research?" by Thomas Kuhn. In the article, "Science: Conjectures and Refutations", Karl Popper attempts to describe the criteria that a theory must meet for it to be considered scientific....   [tags: Science Scientific Essays Popper Kuhn]

Powerful Essays
1441 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

The Discovery of the Electron

- There are many different experiments which can give varying intelligence about the makeup of matter, in different ways and with different conclusions. In this instance I will be looking at the discovery of the electron, how our understanding of it has changed over the years, and measure how it has contributed to where we are today. Joseph John Thomson (J. J. Thomson, 1856 - 1940) is widely recognized as the discoverer of the electron. Thomson was a Professor of Experimental Physics at Cambridge University, and Director of its Cavendish Laboratory, from 1884 until 1919....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Strong Essays
999 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

A Comparison of Biological and Psychological Explanations of Schizophrenia

- A Comparison of Biological and Psychological Explanations of Schizophrenia Both the biological and the psychological explanations of schizophrenia are supported by empirical evidence which justify their explanations. However ,within the biological explanation there is the genetic explanation which is used largely based on scientific research such as that of Gottesman’s research using meta-analysis which looked at the family (including twin) relationships and concordance rates of schizophrenia....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
544 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

The Justification of Science

- The Justification of Science What does the average person think when they hear that an idea is supported by science. Often, it makes people assume that this idea must be objectively true, and will necessarily be more right than a theory that doesn’t have the backing of “science.” While in many cases, objective science really does produce better results than mere conjecture, there have also been influential movements in history that were justified by “science,” but which we see today as unjustifiable....   [tags: Science Scientific Racism Physiognomy Essays]

Free Essays
4838 words | (13.8 pages) | Preview

The Discovery of GFAJ-1

- NASA Writing Assignment The six main elements of life are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur. (NASA) According to biologist, life cannot exist without all six elements. Biologist were suddenly confused when NASA released a study in December of 2010. It was the discovery of a microorganism that could sustain life with close to no phosphorous. This unique microorganism’s name is GFJ-1 and is from the Halomonadaceae family. What sets apart GFAJ-1 is its ability to make cellular components out of arsenic instead of phosphorous....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Powerful Essays
1452 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Calculus, Leibniz and Newton

- It is interesting to note that the ongoing controversy concerning the so-called conflict between Wilhelm Gottfried Leibniz and Isaac Newton is one that does not bare much merit. Whether one came up with the concepts of calculus are insignificant since the outcome was that future generations benefited. However, the logic of their clash does bear merit. In proposing that he was the first inventor, Leibniz states that "it is most useful that the true origins of memorable inventions be known, especially of those that were conceive not by accident but by an effort of meditation....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Term Papers
2305 words | (6.6 pages) | Preview

Conceptualizing Neurological and Cultural Explanations of Synesthesia

- Tangled Wires: Conceptualizing Neurological and Cultural Explanations of Synesthesia Synesthesia - a mixing or combination of senses - is a concept relatively familiar in the Western world. History is littered with descriptions of people tasting words and seeing sounds; the folklore of creative and expressive arts, in particular, filled with stories of famous "synesthetes." Russian author Vladimir Nabokov, German painter Wassily Kandinsky, American artist David Hockney, and Russian composer Alexander Scriabin have all been labeled as such, and books on the topic were published as early as 1890 ....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

Free Essays
2036 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Overview of Social Structural Explanations and Cultural Explanations

- Something we have discussed in our course over the past few class sessions, is a major debate between typically liberals and conservatives. How do we best explain and correct the major societal issues of today, such as inequality or education. On one side, we have many believing that these issues are caused by social structural factors that create an unequal playing field created by certain institutions and laws within our society. However, this is in direct contrast with what many conservatives see as the root cause of societal programs, and that is they see certain cultural norms within our society which they believe lead to said societal issues....   [tags: education, cultural explanation, social structure]

Strong Essays
1391 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Darwin and History

- Following 1859, The Origin of Species had at last entered public consciousness. While the theories presented by Darwin were simultaneously being celebrated, condemned or challenged, it triggered a new form of self-awareness. Because Darwin initially avoided addressing the ultimate question of human evolution until The Descent of Man published in 1871, it would lead others to pursue the matter with diverse explanations. Known as the father of German Darwinism, Ernst Haeckel’s Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte (The History of Creation) was first published in German in 1868 and translated into English in 1876....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Strong Essays
1149 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Protein Folding Theory

- Proteins are essential to organisms and many processes that keep people functioning and living every day. Proteins are comprised of polypeptides that are folded into different forms to fulfill a biological function. Each polypeptide is part of a single, linear chain of amino acids that are bonded by peptide bonds. The amino acid sequence of these polymer chains encodes the sequence of genes. These different genes can code for proteins that make enzymes, muscle structure, and even mechanical functions....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Strong Essays
967 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.


Your search returned over 400 essays for "scientific explanation"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>