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A Discourse On Inequality By Jacques Rousseau

- ... The invention of tools became a necessity for his existence, and soon man left the state of nature. This brings into question whether or not man lived in the state of nature since as soon he is in the state of nature, nature forces man to leave it. In the end, this new knowledge, the creation of technology, made man superior over animals only until he became conscious of it. The first movement of the emergence of a society was due to the building of huts. According to Rousseau, “men who had previously been wandering around the woods, having once adopted a fixed settlement, come gradually together, unite in different groups, and form in each country a particular nation, united by customs...   [tags: Human, State of nature, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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The Social Contract By Jean Jacques Rousseau

- The Social Contract was written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Rousseau was a philosopher, writer, and composer during the 18th century. In his book, The Social Contract, he theorized the best way to create a political community. The “social contract” is an agreement in the way an individual enters society; people place restraints on their behavior to be able to live in a community. As a result, people gain the freedom of thinking rationally and morally. He believes the only way to become fully human is by entering the “social contract”....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Political Philosophy : By Jean Jacques Rousseau

- ... The coercion of the many to one is only acceptable if there is a threat to others, but he primarily believes that, “Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign” (Mill, 259). Mill takes a hard look at the sphere of liberty as it falls into three categories: the domain of conscience, planning one’s life and protection of tastes and pursuits, and uniting with any consenting individuals. These liberties facilitate the true freedom to choose one’s path, instead of being coerced by the public....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Thomas Hobbes And Jean Jacques Rousseau

- ... Ultimately, the sole objective of any state is to survive. Security is more important than power, and states will engage in any means available to ensure its survival. The seventeenth century philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, sought to establish a social-political theory which would enable society to live in peace and not descend into a state of civil war. In order to accomplish this task, Hobbes’ goal is to create a political institutions which would be able to socialize people so that the accumulation of knowledge and points of difference between individuals could be disseminated....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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John Locke And Jean Jacques Rousseau

- In The Social Contract philosophers John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau discuss their differences on human beings’ place of freedom in political societies. Locke’s theory is when human beings enter society we tend to give up our natural freedom, whereas Rousseau believes we gain civil freedom when entering society. Even in modern times we must give up our natural freedom in order to enforce protection from those who are immoral and unjust. In The Social Contract, John Locke explains his social contract theory....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Comparison of Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Human nature and its relevance in determining behaviors, predictions, and conclusions has caused dispute among philosophers throughout the ages. Political philosophy with its emphasis on government legitimacy, justice, laws, and rights guided the works of the 17th and 18th century philosophical writings of Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Through Thomas Hobbes world-renowned publication Leviathan and Rousseau’s discourses on basic political principals and concepts, each man validated their thoughts on human nature and what is required for a successful society within their respective government confines....   [tags: Hobbes vs Rousseau]

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Comparison of Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- While Hobbes and Rousseau address many of the same issues and topics in both The Leviathan as well as The Discourses, the way that Hobbes and Rousseau look at these issues such as, human nature, the state, and inequality are extremely different from each other. In some cases Hobbes and Rousseau’s opinions on these certain ideas are completely contradicting and opposite of each other. While it is tough to say which viewpoint, Hobbes’ or Rousseau’s is correct, one or the other can be considered sounder by their logic and reasoning....   [tags: Hobbes vs Rousseau]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau and The Essence of Human Nature

- Rousseau starts his discourse with the quote, “What is natural has to be investigated not in beings that are depraved, but in those that are good according to nature” (Aristotle. Politics. II). It is this idea that Rousseau uses to define his second discourse. Rousseau begins his story of human nature by “setting aside all the facts” (132). Rousseau believes the facts of the natural state of humanity are not necessary to determine the natural essence of human nature, and adding facts based on man’s condition in society does not show man’s natural condition....   [tags: Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau : A Brief Summary

- ... Therefore, it allowed a lot of unbridled freedom with the hopeful notion that people, when given the opportunity, would make virtuous choices for the betterment of society (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014). As history has taught us, referring to Cain and Abel as a prime example, humans are apt to make immoral choices. In Rousseau’s work titled The Social Contract, he began it with the statement “man is born free and yet we see him everywhere in chains” which, I believe depicted the time he lived in (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014)....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Human]

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The Freedom of Men in Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Work

- Out of the many philosophers of his time, Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s ideas were the most enlightened. His ideas were extremely controversial and he has influenced political and social change for over two hundred years. His ideas were enlightened by thinking ahead of the people of his time by talking about general will, liberty and the corruption of society, and how freedom was essential to being human. We find the Rousseau argued about the freedoms of men quite a bit in his work The Social Contract....   [tags: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, philosophy, freedom,]

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Rousseau, Hobbes, and Locke : Interpretations of Human Nature

- Through time people have always wondered what it is that makes us who we are. It has been our human nature that has kept us intrigued with ourselves, and our relationships with others. With this curiosity came various interpretations as to our human nature, each changing the way we see the societal world we live in. With each interpretation came a new understanding of people and the relationship they hold with each other. Human nature has been one of the most studied elements of the world we live in....   [tags: Rousseau, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke]

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Comparing Rousseau And Mill On Liberty

- The term “civil or social liberties” is one that garners a lot of attention and focus from both Rousseau and Mill, although they tackle the subject from slightly different angles. Rousseau believes that the fundamental problem facing people’s capacity to leave the state of nature and enter a society in which their liberty is protected is the ability to “find a form of association that defends and protects the person and goods of each associate with all the common force, and by means of which each one, uniting with all, nevertheless obeys only himself and remains as free as before” (Rousseau 53)....   [tags: Rousseau vs Mill]

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General Will and Rousseau's Social Contract

- When Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote the Social Contract, the concepts of liberty and freedom were not new ideas. Many political theorists such as Thomas Hobbes and John Locke had already developed their own interpretations of liberty, and in fact Locke had already published his views on the social contract. What Rousseau did was to revolutionize the concepts encompassed by such weighty words, and introduce us to another approach to the social contract dilemma. What would bring man to leave the state of nature, and enter into an organized society....   [tags: Papers Politics Rousseau]

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Machiavelli and Rousseau's Views on Human Nature and Government

- Machiavelli and Rousseau, both significant philosophers, had distinctive views on human nature and the relationship between the government and the governed. Their ideas were radical at the time and remain influential in government today. Their views on human nature and government had some common points and some ideas that differed. Machiavelli’s views were drastically different from other humanists at his time. He strongly promoted a secular society and felt morality was not necessary but stood in the way of a successfully governed state....   [tags: Machiavelli, Rousseau, Human Nature, Government, p]

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Freud And Rousseau 's Theory Of Self Awareness

- ... The superego develops from the aggressiveness that all humans possess towards their fathers and authority figures around them, but since they cannot act on this aggression, “…it is interjected, internalized…it is directed towards his own ego” (Freud, 114). Humans fear the guilt their superego will give them, so they abide by what is good. To Rousseau, the state of nature exists before humans enter into the social contract. The state of nature for humans is like that of dumb animals, always following our instincts....   [tags: Political philosophy, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Id]

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Morality On Social Contract By Jean Jacques Rousseau

- ... The knowledge of different ways of life affects the behavior of every unique individual regarding their activities in the society. Varying individuals are not able to hide the truth of how they got their personal laws concerning moral values around society. Even though certain few may be unaware of the morality of the society, it is seen to be that actions become trends, therefore most will blindly accept what is common. Religious morals in the society are the best in controlling the behavior of people, as the bulk of the participants follow the religious law, and never have to questions their decisions in what is right or wrong (Guzmen-Carmeli & Sharabi 294)....   [tags: Religion, Morality, Ethics, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Freedom for Rousseau and Individual Liberties

- Freedom for Rousseau and Individual Liberties The purpose which Rousseau ostensibly gives his social contract is to free man from the illegitimate chains to which existing governments have shackled him. If this is his aim, then it follows that he should be most concerned with the preservation of freedom in political society, initially so that savage man might be lured out of nature and into society in the first place, and afterwards so that Rousseau’s framework for this society will prevent the present tyranny from reasserting itself....   [tags: Jean Jacques Rousseau Philosophy Essays]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau's The State of War

- Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "The State of War" Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "The State of War" elegantly raises a model for confederative peace among the states of Europe, and then succinctly explains its impossibility. Rousseau very systematically lays out the benefits of such a "perpetual peace" through arguments based only in a realism of pure self-interest, and then very elegantly and powerfully turns the inertia of the self-interest machinery against the same to explain why it can never come to be....   [tags: Rousseau The State of War]

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Comparing Locke´s Natural Law with Rousseau´s Discourse on Inequality

-   The relationship between nature, the state and individuals is a complex one; political philosophers have been studying these relationships ever since the dawn of time, with the goal being to determine the best way in which the people relate to nature. Based on the ideas of philosopher John Locke, the state does not have the ability to infringe upon the right of people to determine their own destiny; he believes that mankind’s best state is to bring the best parts of their natural instincts into society, collecting together into a “state of perfect freedom.” Conversely, philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that mankind was at its best in its natural state, behaving like an animal and...   [tags: John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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On the Virtues of Private Property in Locke and Rousseau

- On the Virtues of Private Property in Locke and Rousseau John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau, following their predecessor Thomas Hobbes, both attempt to explain the development and dissolution of society and government. They begin, as Hobbes did, by defining the “state of nature”—a time before man found rational thought. In the Second Treatise[1] and the Discourse on Inequality[2], Locke and Rousseau, respectively, put forward very interesting and different accounts of the state of nature and the evolution of man, but the most astonishing difference between the two is their conceptions of property....   [tags: Locke Rousseau Philosophical Essays]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau 's Work Discourse On The Origin And Foundations Of Inequality

- Imagine a time were humans lived in a primitive state were they were free and independent. A time before humans became civilized and everything was peaceful. Would we be able to revert back to a time were we wouldn’t be highly dependent on electricity, industrialization, infrastructure, the food industry, and most importantly the dependency on other people. Would we be able to survive and thrive. In this paper, I will be writing about Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s work Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men, where he extensively wrote about the State of Nature....   [tags: Human, State of nature, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Rousseau Social Contract

- Rousseau Social Contract The social pact comes down to this; “Each one of us puts into the community his person and all his powers under the supreme direction of the general will; and as a body, we incorporate every member as an indivisible part of the whole (Rousseau: 61)”. The general will can itself direct the forces of the state with the intention of the whole’s primary goal - which is the common good. The general will does not allow private opinions to prevail. The union of the people, in its passive role is known as the State and is referred to as the Sovereign in its active state....   [tags: Natural Rights Equality Rousseau Essays]

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Rousseau's Critique on Natural Man vs. Modern Man

- Rousseau's Critique on Natural Man vs. Modern Man in Second Discourses Rousseau, in the Second Discourses, examines the differences between natural and modern man. As used in his writing, natural man refers to mankind unfettered by social norms, morals, obligations, and duties. Modern man, however, is bound by these factors. Conformity with these factors allows modern man to experience virtue, whereas non-conformity results in vices. In the passage in question, Rousseau explores how natural man is better for himself and society because natural man has no moral relationship or obligations to other men and no subjugated inequality....   [tags: Philosophy Rousseau Philosophical Essays]

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Force, Right, and Freedom in Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Philosophy

- In the Social Contract Rousseau discusses the best way to run a state and uses philosophical arguments to argue his case. He also uses the ideas of force, right and freedom to support his argument. He feels we require a civil state, as opposed to living in the state of nature, as ‘it substitutes justice for instinct….and gives his actions a moral quality’ and describes the civil state as having ‘transformed him from a stupid, limited animal into an intelligent being and a man’ (Unit, p109)....   [tags: Jean-Jacques Rousseau]

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Sir Isaac Newton, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Thomas Hobbes

- Isaac Newton Isaac Newton was born in 1642, the same year Galileo died, in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England on Christmas Day. He is considered one of the greatest scientists in history. As an English mathematician and physicist, Newton made important contributions to many fields of science. His discoveries and theories laid the foundation for much of the progress in science since his time. The three most important offerings of Newton are solving the mystifications of light and optics, formulating his three laws of motion, and deriving from them the law of universal gravitation....   [tags: Jean-Jacques Rousseau Essays]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Jean-Jacques Rousseau      “I was born to a family whose morals distinguished them from the people.” (Josephson 9) Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva, Switzerland on June 28, 1712. He became the son of Isaac Rousseau, a plebian class watchmaker, and Suzanne Bernard, the daughter of a minister who died shortly after giving birth to him. Rousseau’s baptism ceremony was a traditional one held at St. Peter’s Cathedral on July 4, 1712 by the reverend senebies. He had an elder brother who had a “loose character”, but Rousseau loved him anyway....   [tags: Jean Jacques Rousseau Biographies Essays]

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Locke and Rousseau

- Locke and Rousseau present themselves as two very distinct thinkers. They both use similar terms, but conceptualize them differently to fulfill very different purposes. As such, one ought not be surprised that the two theorists do not understand liberty in the same way. Locke discusses liberty on an individual scale, with personal freedom being guaranteed by laws and institutions created in civil society. By comparison, Rousseau’s conception portrays liberty as an affair of the entire political community, and is best captured by the notion of self-rule....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Locke And Rousseau On The State Of Nature

- ... Rousseau believes that the state of nature was “prior to reason” (14). He thinks reason is subsequent of society, and would not be in the state of nature, therefore reason would be unnatural. Thus Rousseau poses two principles he believes were present in the state of nature; “of which one makes us ardently interested in our well-being and our self-preservation, and the other inspires in us a natural repugnance to seeing any sentient being, especially our fellow man, perish or suffer” (14). Rousseau thinks concern for our lives and witnessing pain are natural instincts men feel and that these principles are the beginning, primitive concerns man has....   [tags: State of nature, Political philosophy, John Locke]

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Rousseau and Marx: Property and Inequality

- Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx both had the similar notion that property was the root of inequality, even though they both lived in different eras. Rousseau, who lived during the 18th century, was a staunch proponent of the idea that property gave rise to inequality, due to its unequal distribution. Similarly, Marx, who lived during the 19th century, contended that property gave rise to inequality because it created a class conflict between that of the upper class bourgeoisie, and the working class proletariat....   [tags: amour propre, private property, bourgeoisie]

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Rousseau and the Positive Theory of Liberty

- Liberty impacts two main areas of political thought; the state of nature and the social contract. This essay will examine wither or not it is proper to characterize Jean Jacque Rousseau as holding a positive theory of liberty. To determine to what extends this is true the following areas must be taken into account and explored; the definitions of liberty and freedom, Isaiah Berlin’s concept of positive and negative liberty, Rousseau understands of Liberty and also why Rousseau’s theory can be characterised as positive liberty....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Marx (The Communist Manifesto) and Rousseau

- The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx examined the role that the state played and its relationship to its citizen’s participation and access to the political economy during different struggles and tumultuous times. Rousseau was a believer of the concept of social contract with limits established by the good will and community participation of citizens while government receives its powers given to it. Karl Marx believed that power was to be taken by the people through the elimination of the upper class bourgeois’ personal property and capital....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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2059 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

Aristotle, Rousseau and Descartes on Technology

- While it is relatively easy to confuse the ideas of Aristotle, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and René Descartes, ancient philosophy, eighteenth century politics, and mathematics all appear to be considerably disconnected subjects. Associated with these divisions are three different opinions on a common subject matter: technology. It appears that Rousseau directly opposes technology, Aristotle’s opinion rests in the middle but also shares similarities with Rousseau, and Descartes favors technology. After reading Rousseau’s Discourse On the Origin of Inequality, Aristotle’s The Nicomachean Ethics and Descartes’s The Discourse on Method, one can draw these conclusions....   [tags: phylosophical ideas]

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Thomas Hobbes And J. Rousseau

- ... Eventually, the new citizens would be inspired by the legislation to transform themselves into good citizens of a civil society. Nevertheless, Leviathan, as Hobbes depicted, is an absolute power that guarantees an internal stability and an external protection, avoiding the state of war to emerge.[ Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (London: Wordsworth, 1988), Part II-Ch.16.] For Hobbes, laws are designed to ensure the execution of the social contract, and Leviathan, thus, prevents human attacks and keeps the state unified....   [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract]

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Hobbes And Rousseau 's Theory

- ... He believed that private property was the root of the evil in humans, and the reasons why humans were selfish. “Although we were better off in the idyllic state of nature, we cannot return to it. So, we build a new social contract, not based on protecting private property (though that may be tolerated) but as a means of “giving the law to ourselves” and thereby elevating us from mere men to the morally noble status of citizens, a compromise that leads to the situation where no one is the master and no one is slave” (Pojman, 114)....   [tags: Political philosophy, Government, Thomas Hobbes]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau on Liberalism

- Rousseau had many ideas about how society as a whole should work. His main ideas involve man requiring freedom. With this freedom we theoretically will not compare ourselves to one another, or strive towards being better than others. His other main ideas include the general will and the idea of a collective sovereignty. These suggest that society and government should please the general will and work together as a cohesive unit. Rousseau has several famous books, one of which is The Social Contract....   [tags: The Social Contract, philosophical analysis]

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Rousseau

- Rousseau starts his discourse with the quote, “What is natural has to be investigated not in beings that are depraved, but in those that are good according to nature” (Aristotle. Politics. II). It is this idea that Rousseau uses to define his second discourse. Rousseau begins his story of human nature by “setting aside all the facts” (132). The facts of the natural state of humanity are not necessary to determine the natural essence of human nature, and adding facts based on man’s condition in society does not show man’s natural condition....   [tags: Psychology]

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Rousseau And Constant On Freedom

- ... He states that under modern liberty we as the citizens want the minimal participation as possible in a government activity just as an insurance policy; which only involves voting, electing and tracking the people who represent us, if we don’t like our representative then we have the power to vote them out of office. As a citizen, we are given certain rights; for instant, freedom to speak their mind, freedom to choose their own professions, freedom of property, freedom of association, freedom of religion, commerce and some political influence....   [tags: Political philosophy, Liberalism]

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Rousseau's Concept of Democracy

- Rousseau describes democracy as a form of government that “has never existed and never will” ; yet twenty-six countries in the world are considered to be full democracies. How can this be possible. Rousseau’s concept of democracy supports the most fundamental and basic premise of democracy – one in which all citizens directly participate. While his idea of democracy cannot be considered an effective indictment of what passes for democracy today, it is not Rousseau’s account which is flawed but that in modern society is would be practically impossible to achieve this idea of democracy....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Rousseau's Discourse on Inequality

- The writers of the social contract characterize humans in the state of nature by observing the traits that people display in political society and making assumptions as to what would happen to these traits in the absence of political society, but Rousseau makes the point that this method ignores the possibility that the traits people display in society are due to living together with others and would not appear in a pre-social existence. To prove his points, Rousseau takes on the task of trying to imagine what human life would have been like in a pre-social form of existence....   [tags: philosophical analysis]

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Differentiating Marx and Rousseau

- Political philosophers Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx dreamt up and developed unique theories of total revolution. Although similar in their intention to dissolve dividing institutions such as religion and class structure, as well as their shared reluctance to accept the rather less hopeful conclusions of government and man that had been drawn by their predecessors Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, the blueprints Rousseau and Marx had printed were cited to two very different sources. Rousseau approached the problem of oppression from a political standpoint, focusing on the flawed foundation of liberal individualism that has been continually adopted by democracies....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Rousseau 's Views On The State Of Nature

- ... People give up all their rights to each other and they’ll receive all their rights back through the general will and that 's how they become equal. Locke had stated that natural freedom is obtained when the natural law is obeyed. Unlike Lock, Rousseau argued that freedom and authority don 't contradict each other since the general will of the citizens are the rules and laws of the legislator. Therefore, by obeying the law the individual is obeying himself. Locke and Rousseau both agree that in order for the social contract to accurately insure the rights of the general will, everyone needs to participate in collecting the general will....   [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau

- Philosophy 4: Paper Two (Prompt #2) Rousseau believes that even when one votes in the minority they can obey the law and still be free. But, “how can the opposing minority be both free and subject to laws to which they have not consented?” (Rousseau, pg. 153) Rousseau’s response is that citizens must consent to all the laws because “ to inhabit the territory is to submit to the sovereign.”(Rousseau, p.153) In accordance with the social contract, when a citizen votes they should completely surrender their personal interest and vote for what they believe to be the general will....   [tags: sociopolitical phylosophy]

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Golding vs. Rousseau

- There has been a long lasting argument about the two views on life of two men, Golding, and Rousseau. Golding’s view on life is that man is naturally evil at any age. He also believes that civilization makes man good due to the excessive amount of rules that makes man enter a state in which they are no longer in their natural states. Rousseau has an opinion in which man is naturally pure but instead of civilization making man good, it makes man bad due to all of the schemes involved in civilization....   [tags: Lord of the Flies, philosophy]

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A Phenomenal Figure: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- A Phenomenal Figure: Jean-Jacques Rousseau The enlightenment era was a time where many philosophers lived. Their works helped benefit society and the bewilderment the state lived in. In this era, enlightenment thinkers were identified to give basis to philosophy that was independent from tradition, culture and religion. These philosophers were known to have written theories on politics, education, society, nature, nurture, etc. A critical philosopher from that era who attacked all these ideas and many more was Jean Jacques Rousseau....   [tags: Philosohpy]

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Rousseau’s Second Discourse

- The last paragraph of the prelude to the Second Discourse is an impassioned appeal whose scope transcends the boundaries of time and space alike, calling for readers to pay attention to the history of man and society that Rousseau is on the verge of putting forth. Beginning with this authorial intrusion—a form of literary apostrophe—the essay adopts historical writing as its primary narrative mode. This method stands in direct contrast with the approach Thomas Hobbes takes in his Leviathan, in which the Englishman sets out to prove propositions as one might do geometrically, by preceding from valid arguments and sound premises....   [tags: Time, Space]

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Modern Political Theory: Rousseau and Machiavelli

- ... In “The Prince” Machiavelli viewed citizens as untrustworthy and encourages the leader to be heedful in trusting them. He says as their Prince people would do anything to protect him but when he is in danger they turn away. He understood that most people act for self interest and not for the interest of others. He saw that political success would not depend on chance or luck but through the eyes of fear. Machiavelli says, “The Prince must none the less make himself feared in such a way that, if he is not loved, at least he escapes being hated.” (10)....   [tags: the prince, state of nature, free]

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The Natural Ways of Locke, Hobbes, and Rousseau

- In today’s society, human nature is a commonly used term. On the other hand, there is not just one concept of human nature, but rather a plethora of concepts surrounding the idea. With the rise of capitalism, social structure is reformed; it is during this rise in the early seventeenth and eighteenth century, that John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau introduce their varying opinions surrounding man in nature. The western philosophers mainly concern themselves with the concept of the social contract....   [tags: philosophy, discourses]

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William Golding and Jean Jacques Rousseau

- William Golding was the author of The Lord of The Flies, a book that is today still very controversial in the fact that Golding displayed British school boys resorting to complete savagery and barbarism, feasting on near raw pig’s meat and fighting one another; His display of how humankind has an evil inside everyone, no matter how deeply hidden it is. Jean Jacques Rousseau was the author of Dissertation on The Origin and Foundation of The Inequality of Mankind. Both of these controversial books displayed the author’s views on humanity and society....   [tags: human nature, comparison]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau's The Social Contract

- The problem is to find a form of association … in which each, while uniting himself with all, may still obey himself alone, and remain as free as before.’ Does Rousseau have a convincing solution to the problem he poses. The opening line of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's influential work 'The Social Contract' (1762), is 'man is born free, and he is everywhere in chains. Those who think themselves masters of others are indeed greater slaves than they'. These are not physical chains, but psychological and means that all men are constraints of the laws they are subjected to, and that they are forced into a false liberty, irrespective of class....   [tags: Sociology Essays]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Political Powers

- The proper use and limits of governmental power have different implications for each theorist that we have studied. Some see its power as all-encompassing, while others see it as more narrow, controlled and regulated. For this essay, I chose to examine the philosophies of the theorists with whom I disagree with the least: Rousseau, Locke, and Rawls. One can always recall Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s famous line: “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.” This sentence expressed his opposition to the idea that individual should be forced to give up their natural rights to a king....   [tags: natural rights, democracy]

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Rousseau and Totalitarianism

- Rousseau and Totalitarianism Rousseau clearly promotes totalitarianism in The Social Contract, and hints at it in a few passages from his Second Discourse. He desperately attempts to lay down a form of government that eliminates any chance for the people to be victims. Rousseau specifically shows us the faults in the other types of government and tries to prevent them in his ideas. He wants to create a political situation where people have as much sovereignty as possible. In order to reduce the chance of victimhood among the peoples there must be equality between them all....   [tags: Papers]

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Letter from Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Letter to the Editor Assignment Letter From Jean-Jacques Rousseau After reading an article written in The Globe and Mail describing Toronto’s current Mayor, Rob Ford’s latest scandal, there were various statements that caught my attention. It shocks me that such behaviour is tolerated by the community after receiving what I believe to be a disingenuous apology. I believe that Mayor Ford encapsulates everything that is wrong with our political system. His actions prove that he believes to be above the will of the people, taking advantage of his freedom when he should be putting the needs of the community first....   [tags: letter to the editor assignment]

Term Papers
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Rousseau's Discourse on the Arts and Sciences

- Rousseau's Discourse on the Arts and Sciences Jean-Jacques Rousseau has been called both the father of the French Revolution and a rascal deserving to hunted down by society (Boswell, The Life of Samuel Johnson, p. 462). His works, controversial in his lifetime, have lost little of their ability to inspire debate in the seceding two hundred years. Although much of this debate has focused on Rousseau's political theories, his works on morality have not been exempted from the controversy. Much of the controversy surrounding his Discourse on the Arts and Sciences relates to Rousseau's self-proclaimed role of societal critic....   [tags: Papers]

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Rousseau’s Natural Man Favors his Sustenance

- ... For as prey is almost the unique subject of fighting among carnivorous animals, and as frugivorous ones live among themselves in continual peace, if the human race were of this latter genus it clearly would have had much greater ease subsisting in the state of nature, and less need and occasion to leave it. (Rousseau 188) Had man been a true part of the frugivorous genus, they would not have had to leave the state of nature, since they would have had no complications in sustaining life. Whether or not man was compelled to leave his original state of nature for a variety of alternate reasons holds little validity, because of such evidence mentioned previously....   [tags: vegetarianism, environment, animals]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau's Influence on Mary Shelley's Creature

- Manufactured Monster® Who or what decides what makes one person better than another. Why should anyone or anything decide in the first place. The only thing that differentiates people is society. Whether it’s sports, school, or even getting hired for a job, someone is always the best. The most athletic, the smartest, the most qualified. Society puts these classifications on people. Things were not always this way though. Before humans were so “advanced” and before any society, there was a time when nothing mattered except self preservation....   [tags: Frankestein, literature, novel]

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The Social Contract And Discourses By Jean Jacques Rousseau

- What kind of nobility does Rousseau attribute to the ‘savage’, and what variety of means does he think this to be corrupted by civilisation. Jean–Jacques Rousseau in ‘The Social Contract and Discourses’ examines the inequality created among men in society (civilisation.) Rousseau attempts to demonstrate the fundamental attributes of human beings in the ‘state of nature’ and how inequality arises and corrupts the ‘savage’ through the process of civilisation. What he terms moral inequality is deemed unnatural and only occurs in societies where man has become more ‘civilised.’ The ‘savage’ on the other hand, described is like an animal acting as nature dictates, “being destitute of every specie...   [tags: Political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes]

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Compare and Contrast Locke and Rousseau

- Compare and Contrast Locke and Rousseau The turmoil of the 1600's and the desire for more fair forms of government combined to set the stage for new ideas about sovereignty. Locke wrote many influential political pieces, such as The Second Treatise of Government, which included the proposal for a legislative branch of government that would be selected by the people. Rousseau supported a direct form of democracy in which the people control the sovereignty. (how would the people control the sovereignty??) Sovereignty is the supremacy or authority of rule....   [tags: European History]

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The Influence of Jean Jacques Rousseau

- Eighteenth-century philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau influenced many French revolutionaries with his ideas. In the time of the Enlightenment, people believed that humankind could progress and improve through the use of reason and science. One of them was French artist Jacques-Louis David, who was official artist to the French revolution (p158, Blk 3). Just as Rousseau had used his publications to reflect on his ideas, David had used art as a media to reflect the ideas and values of the society in the eighteenth century....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Rousseau and The Republican Party

- Rousseau and The Republican Party     The Republican Party, since its first convention in Michigan in 1854, has had a philosophy that has remained relatively unchanged. Its oath entices Americans to believe that "good government is based on the individual and that each person's ability, dignity, freedom and responsibility must be honored and recognized"   In this essay, I will examine the Republican's main philosophies and will describe how Rousseau would agree or disagree with their position....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]

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Hobbes And Rousseau 's Views On Human Nature

- ... Humans are in a situation where everything is unstable and unpredictable pushing them to opt for a necessary leviathan. In the social contract, people collectively agree to relinquish certain natural rights, with the security that everyone else involved in the creation of this contract has surrendered their rights as well, accordingly giving up their freedoms and power to a sovereign ruler. Hobbes elaborates on the renouncing of certain freedoms in the following sentence, “For he that renounceth, or passeth away his Right, giveth not to any other man a Right which he had not before.” (p....   [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract]

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Impact of Rousseau and Smith on The Declaration of the Rights of Man

- The philosophy of both Rousseau and Smith highly influenced the French document The Declaration of the Rights of Man. Rousseau's theory on the natural rights of man – freedom and equality – comprises the basis of the document. His concepts of the general will to decide law and the intrinsic sovereignty of the people, as well as Smith's stress that government need not play a large role in order for the nation to thrive, also lie at the essence of the Declaration. The emphasis of Smith's The Wealth of Nations on progress and productivity also played a large role in shaping the document....   [tags: The Wealth of Nations, freedom and equality]

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Jean Jacques Rousseau And The Declaration Of The Rights Of Man

- The Age of Revolutions was a period from approximately 1776 to 1848 that greatly changed the world and how it runs. During this period, the old monarchies began to weaken and new governments, built on constitutions by the people, began to rise. Many important texts and ideas came about during, or greatly influenced, this period in history. Two such texts are Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s The Social Contract, and The Declaration of the Rights of Man, along with its sister text, The Declaration of the Rights of Women....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

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Rousseau

- Rousseau Rousseau's claim that "men cannot create new forces, but merely unite and direct existing ones (Rousseau 147)." In view of that, Rousseau believed that what simply at some point man realized that there were some obstacles, which became harmful to their maintenance in the state of nature and eventually, these obstacles were strong enough to fight off the forces that each individual used to preserve himself in that state. And accordingly Rousseau emphasized that because of this it became clear to all men that there were advantages to seeming to be what one actually wasn't....   [tags: Papers]

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Questionaire: Jean- Jacques Rousseau and The Social Contract

- Ques: “The problem is to find a form of association… in which each, while uniting himself with all, may still obey himself alone, and remain as free as before.” Does Rousseau have a convincing solution to the problem he poses. In the 1700’s Jean- Jacques Rousseau wrote The Social Contract. During this time, the social contract was fairly new theory. It stated in order to have a democracy laws were needed which caused everyone to give up some rights in order to do so. Rousseau makes a convincing solution to the problem of being able to be free while united with everyone else through his philosophy on how the social contract works....   [tags: equality, power, association]

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Aristotle, Locke, And Rousseau 's Social Contract

- ... Not only must the ruler be virtuous for an Aristotle city, but the citizens are as well. They are an important piece of the political association. He says “Similarly, then, even though citizens are dissimilar, the safety of the association is their work, and their form of government is the association they share. Hence the virtue of a citizen is necessarily related to the form of government.”(70) Aristotle implies the government is very dependent on the people of the city. Even the form of government is based on the citizens....   [tags: Political philosophy, State of nature]

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Rousseau and Duty to the State

- It is generally agreed that the great philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the artist Jacques-Louis David had played a great role in serving and supporting the French Revolution, in addition to, showing their devotion to their state and explore the notion of duty to the state each one by his own special way. The great philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau had inspired the revolution by his argument and ideas that was based on Reason. He played a great role in exploring the notion of duty to the state by providing the public with his argument in the social contract,which was frequently quoted and referred to during the early stages of the Revolution....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Rousseau and the two main forms of civil freedom

- In his writing, Rousseau describes two main forms of freedom— the absolute liberty we enjoy in the state of nature and the freedom we preserve in civil society. The former freedom is fundamentally unattractive, and the latter can be achieved only with the concept of the general will. While this democracy is seemingly equitable, it ultimately suffers from numerous flaws that cause the freedom achieved in this state to be rather unappealing. In the state of nature, freedom is described as the condition where mankind is allowed to do virtually anything....   [tags: Political Science]

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Rousseau's View of Humanity

- Jean Jacques Rousseau in On Education writes about how to properly raise and educate a child. Rousseau's opinion is based on his own upbringing and lack of formal education at a young age. Rousseau depicts humanity as naturally good and becomes evil because humans tamper with nature, their greatest deficiency, but also possess the ability to transform into self-reliant individuals. Because of the context of the time, it can be seen that Rousseau was influenced by the idea of self-preservation, individual freedom, and the Enlightenment, which concerned the operation of reason, and the idea of human progress....   [tags: European History]

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Rousseau

- Rousseau In all of the “general will’s” different manifestations, it is what governs and preserves a society. One problem may be that people are simply unable to say what they really desire, or what they ought to desire, despite Rousseau’s distinctions between private and public will. Any group of people in its natural state, before the organization of society, will find itself caught up in disagreements between the general and the private will. No agreement appears to exist between the two in a "state of nature”....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Machiavelli

- Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Machiavelli The thirteenth through the eighteenth century brought profound changes in the political realm of Western civilization. Beginning with the Scientific Revolution and only advancing during the Renaissance, secularization and skepticism lead to changes in not only the intellectual life of Westerners, but also to their politics. At the forefront of the political debate were well-versed men such as Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. The influences of these men, though often criticized, can clearly be seen in the centuries and decades following their noted works....   [tags: Politics Philosophy Sociology]

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Rousseau's Critique of Moliere

- In Rousseau’s critique of Moliere, he sees Moliere as being a perfect author. Moliere incorporates betrayal and distortion to stir the emotions and gain our interest, as well as sympathy. Rousseau feels that Moliere doesn’t help society, instead, he harms it. The reason is because Moliere is bringing down the value of society by using politics and comedy together. People are starting to see their flaws as being acceptable due to the content they see in Moliere’s work. If the first thing that one learns about Rousseau is that he was a supporter of community, the second is almost always that that he was moralistically opposed to theater as destructive of community morals....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Hobbes And Rousseau 's Views On Human Nature

- Thomas Hobbes and Jean Jacques Rousseau were both influential philosophers with two completely different theories about the nature of human beings. While Hobbes’s’ theory was based upon the assumption that human nature was naturally born competitive, violent, and seeking power, Rousseau viewed human nature as good and pure, only until society corrupts it. Although Hobbes and Rousseau both viewed the state of nature quite differently, both their theories were similarly based on the image of how society was, before political government existed....   [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract]

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Biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- Biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau MAN is born free; and everywhere he is in chains. One thinks himself the master of others, and still remains a greater slave then they. How did this change come about. I do not know. How can it be legitimate. That question I think I can answer. (Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 1997) Jean- Jacques Rousseau was born on the 25th of June 1712 in Geneva, Switzerland....   [tags: Papers]

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1352 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

The Social Contract Theory: Hobbes, Locke & Rousseau

- The Social Contract is an attempt to explain the reason why individuals agree to form organized governments. The idea that a person is willing to abandon the freedoms previously enjoyed under the State of Nature in which no government interfered with their pursuits, are believed to correspond to the individual’s attempt to protect what is on their best interest. Under this condition, moral and political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement among the people to form the society in which they live. Philosophers who advocated the Social Contract Theory believed that because individuals existed before the government did, governments arose exclusively to meet and satisfy the s...   [tags: Political Philosophy Sociology]

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Rousseau on Civil Religion

- Rousseau on Civil Religion Religion is a component of almost every society. Knowing this, one might look at the function it serves. For Jean-Jacques Rousseau, religion, specifically a civil religion established by the Sovereign, is an instrument of politics that serves a motivating function. In a new society people are unable to understand the purpose of the law. Therefore, civil religion motivates people to obey the law because they fear some divine being. For a developed society, civil religion motivates people to maintain the habit of obedience because they grow to understand and love the law....   [tags: social issues]

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Rousseau's Approach to Law

- Rousseau's Approach to Law Rousseau was the presenter of challenging idea about human beings, nature, politics and history. Whether he was found interesting or disturbing, it is impossible not to be affected by his ideas. In this essay it is necessary to explore whether these ideas make him radical as some would suggest or merely makes him , like other thinkers a renowned philosopher, with ideas that he believed would make the world a better place. Rousseau was very definitive about his views of how the world should have been, which is why he was most likely labelled a radical thinker, he heavily attacked the new science of politics that was headed by the lik...   [tags: Papers]

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Politics and Jean Rousseau

- Politics and Jean Rousseau I think that the social theorist, Jean Rousseau, would have been the strongest supporter of equal rights. In the "The Social Contract," wrote that man was naturally good but becomes corrupted by the pernicious influence of human society and institutions. He preached a mankind improved by returning to nature and living a natural life at peace with his neighbors and himself. He claims to be in favor of democracy, but what he really favors is social equality. In a civil society there is an agreement among such men in the state of nature which sets the conditions for doing so, an agreement which every man must enter into before becoming a member of society thereafte...   [tags: Papers]

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9/11 and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- 9/11 and Jean-Jacques Rousseau L'Etat C'est Moi : Absolutism in the Age of Reason By analyzing the Taliban regime and their motives, Jean-Jacques Rousseau's ideas, and by comparing the two, it will be made evident that Jean-Jacques Rousseau's ideas of government rule over people's lives is true in this specific case. On September 11, 2001 the heart of the United States of America was ripped out in a matter of 10 minutes by Islamic extremists who follow the Taliban Regime. The first attack was at 8:45 am when two planes were hijacked and crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Centre in New York City....   [tags: American America History]

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

- The concepts of liberty and individuality experienced a critical change in meaning and understanding as Europe shifted from the 18th century Enlightenment era to the age of political economy and utilitarianism of the 19th century. This clear distinction can be seen when comparing the works of enlightenment thinker Jean-Jacques Rousseau to authors of the 19th century, including utilitarian John Stuart Mill and communist Karl Marx. The fundamental differences in the ideas of liberty and individuality between the two centuries can be attributed to the political, economic, and social climates of each author’s time....   [tags: Philosophy, Political Science]

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Rousseau’s Nonexistent Co-existing State

- The idea of a utopian state is one many people have hoped for or thought of, a place where all people are treated equal and free. Jean Jacques Rousseau developed the theory of sovereign government and the ‘le volante general’, meaning the general will, in his book The Social Contract. There are certain problems with his theory such as, citizens will not be in similar situations, and so if the law was decided on, it will have different impacts on different people, leaving the minority at a disadvantage....   [tags: Free State, Equal Citizens]

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1629 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

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