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The Lack of Usage and Necessity of the Aristotelian Unities in Richard III

- One major purpose of works of fiction, whether they be prose, poetry, or plays, is to transport their audience to another time, to another place, somewhere beyond where they sit or stand or lie. That, after all, is why there is a distinction between fiction and nonfiction. This purpose holds true even in the case of a historical play like Richard III, which is based on actual happenings. However, in seeming contrast to this purpose is the principle of Aristotle’s three unities, which is to “make a plot more plausible, more true-to-life, and thus to follow Aristotle’s concept of mimesis, i.e., the attempt to imitate or reflect life as authentically as possible” by making sure there is a sense...   [tags: richard III, aristotle, shakespeare]

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Lovers’ Declarations in Shakespeare’s Richard III and Austen’s Pride and Prejudice

- Shakespeare’s “Richard III” portrays a ‘serious’ yet passionate declaration of love to Anne greatly contrasting with the more solemn and composed confession given by Mr Collins in Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice”. Where Richard III seems to be unable to hold back his feelings Mr Collins appears to quite calmly lay out his reasoning for his proposed match to Elizabeth Bennet. Thus both extracts could be said to be giving us very different depictions of the idea of a ‘declaration of love’. Shakespeare uses hyperbolic language and melodrama in order to exaggerate the supposed love that Richard feels for Anne as he declares that “[Anne’s] beauty, ...did haunt me in my sleep” which can also be desc...   [tags: Shakespeare, Richard III]

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Richard III: The Tragedy of Isolation

-   The real tragedy of Richard III lies in the progressive isolation of its protagonist.   From the very opening of the play when Richard III enters "solus", the protagonist's isolation is made clear. Richard's isolation progresses as he separates himself from the other characters and breaks the natural bonds between Man and nature through his efforts to gain power. The first scene of the play begins with a soliloquy, which emphasizes Richard's physical isolation as he appears alone as he speaks to the audience....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Richard III and Adolf Hitler

- Richard III and Adolf Hitler In William Shakespeare's Richard III, we see Shakespeare's interpretation of despot rule and the parallels that stem from this interpretation. The character type of Richard has been examined and marveled for thousands of years. From Plato's examination of despot rule in the Republic, we see the motives of what drives despot rulers. A look at the background of Richard and how his upbringing and personal life contributed to his insecurities will help to understand why someone may become a despot....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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The Power of Women in Richard III

- The Power of Women in Richard III In Shakespeare's The Tragedy of King Richard the Third, the historical context of the play is dominated by male figures. As a result, women are relegated to an inferior role. However, they achieve verbal power through their own discourse of religion and superstition. In the opening speech of Act 1, Scene 2, Lines 1-30 Lady Anne orients the reader to the crucial political context of the play and the metaphysical issues contained within it (Greenblatt, 509)....   [tags: William Shakespeare Richard III Richard II]

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Deformity in Richard III

- Richard III and Deformity Some scholars insist that Richard was neither crippled nor humpbacked, and they are passionately dedicated to proving that Shakespeare's portrait of the inhuman monster is based on Tudor propaganda used to bolster Henry VII's weak claim to the throne The only "proof" we have of Richard III's deformity is that which is provided by Sir Thomas More in "The History of King Richard the Third". It is here that modern readers digest the adjectives which forever plague Richard "Little of stature, ill-featured of limbs, crooked-backed, his left shoulder much higher than his right"....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Seduction in Richard III

- Seduction in Richard III Seduction is definitely a dominant theme in Richard III. I noticed another instance of it to go along with the ones discussed in class the other night. Richard's wooing of Lady Anne is more than obvious than the example I've found; but, Act 1 scene 4 definitely contains another instance of seduction. This is Clarence's murder scene and the murderers have to convince one another to actually carry through with the act. Murderer One is the first to exhibit a hint of hesitation....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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William Shakespeare's Richard III

- William Shakespeare's Richard III William Shakespeare’s characterization of Britain’s historical monarch Richard III, formerly Duke of Gloucester, is one of the most controversial in literature. To this day there are arguments upholding Richard III’s villainy and ascertaining his murder of the Princes in the tower, just as there are those who believe that he has been falsely represented by Shakespeare’s play and fight avidly to clear his name of any and all crimes. Because of the uncertainty surrounding his true character, Richard III is an intriguing personality to put into modern culture, which is exactly what Ian McKellen does in his rendition of the infamous ruler....   [tags: William Shakespeare Richard III Essays]

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The Supernatural in Shakespeare's Richard III

- The Supernatural in Shakespeare's Richard III Casting a darkly mythical aura around Richard III, supernatural elements are intrinsic to this Shakespearean history play. The prophetic dreams of Clarence and Stanley blur the line between dream and reality, serving to foreshadow impending doom. The ghosts that appear before Richard III and Richmond before their battle create an atmosphere of dread and suspense, and they also herald Richard's destiny. The curses of three female royalties are fulfilled at the end, serving as reminders that the divine powers are stronger than Richard's malice....   [tags: Richard III William Shakespeare Essays Papers]

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The Evil King in Shakespeare's Richard III

- The Evil King in Shakespeare's Richard III Richard is an actor, a fully evil actor, who through his mastery of the stage has come to appreciate his skill. Richard Moulton, in his Shakespeare as a Dramatic Thinker, proclaims Richard's wonder at his own command of the stage: "Richard has become an artist in evil: the natural emotions attending crime-whether of passionate longing, or horror and remorse-have given place to artistic appreciation of masterpieces" (40). And Robert Weimann, comparing Richard Gloucester to a character in Shakespeare's King John states: "Both characters exemplify a strenuous need to perform, 'toiling desperately' to play a role, 'to find out,' and, for better or wor...   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Sun Imagery in Shakespeare's Richard III

- Sun Imagery in Shakespeare's Richard III      Shakespeare's Richard III is a play pervasive in figurative language, one of the most notable being the symbolic image of the sun and the shadow it casts. In an examination of a short passage from the text, it will be argued that Richard is compared to a shadow in relation to the sun, which has traditionally been held as a symbol of the king. The passage is significant not only because it speaks volumes about the plots of Richard, but also because it is relevant in understanding the overall plot of the play, which in the first few acts is almost indistinguishable from the plot of the scheming Duke of Gloucester....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Richard III - Did Richard Kill the Children?

- Did Richard III Kill the Children. We really cannot know for certain. If there was a cover-up to protect the actual murderers, it was done exceedingly well and so thoroughly that we will never be able to prove beyond a shadow of a doubt what really happened. In spite of what I see as very persuasive evidence that Richard did not kill the children, there are many very intelligent, highly successful, and unquestionably reputable historical scholars out there who believe that they have evidence that the king did commit the murders and that this evidence is equally as compelling as anything I believe....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Shakespeare on Machiavelli: The Prince in Richard III

- Shakespeare on Machiavelli:  The Prince in Richard III     According to many, Shakespeare intentionally portrays Richard III in ways that would have the world hail him as the ultimate Machiavel.  This build up only serves to further the dramatic irony when Richard falls from his throne.  The nature of Richard's character is key to discovering the commentary Shakespeare is delivering on the nature of tyrants.  By setting up Richard to be seen as the ultimate Machiavel, only to have him utterly destroyed, Shakespeare makes a dramatic commentary on the frailty of tyranny and such men as would aspire to tyrannical rule....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays Shakespeare]

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Free College Essays - The Last Act of Richard III

- The Last Act of Richard III In Shakespeare's play Richard III, the main character Richard is developed as an actor - to the degree of morbidity. Richard is forever putting on an act, and playing the part that he thinks will most please whomever he shares the stage with at a given moment. Not that to please is his ultimate goal, it is just a means to get what he wants--which is the tempting role of the king. His acts are from the start plentiful, and for some time almost surprisingly effective....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Free Richard III Essays: The Power of Seduction

- Richard III: The Power of Seduction The word "seduce" according to Webster's Dictionary means to "tempt and draw away from proper conduct." This is exactly what Richard, Duke of Gloucester/King Richard III accomplishes in Richard III. In Richard's life he does not only move from deformed "hedgehog" to husband, but from "beast" to King. One may ask how such deeds were performed. However, a second look may make the deeds look simple. Richard demonstrated a strong power of seduction throughout the play that not only seduced Lady Anne, but many others....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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A Study of the Dramatic Roles of Women in Richard III

- There are five female characters in the play Richard III. Of these five there are four central female characters; the Duchess of York, Richard's mother; Anne who later becomes Richard's wife; Queen Margaret who was the former queen and Richard's arch enemy and Queen Elizabeth, the current queen. The final female character who plays a minor role in the play is Queen Elizabeth's daughter, Elizabeth, but she is merely a pawn in Richard's plan and we never meet her. Each woman has a significant role in Richard III and is vital to the script....   [tags: five female characters in Richard III]

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Shakespeare’s Richard III Essay: Richard's Loss of Self

- Richard's Loss of Self in Richard III         The attack of "conscience" that King Richard suffers in Act 5, Scene 5 of Shakespeare's Richard III (133-157) can be seen as the psychological climax of the drama, one that is critical to both Richard's development as a character and the play's ultimate success. Richard's struggle to reconcile the many different roles he attempts to play into one unified self, reflected in the tone and composition of his speech, adds depth and humanity to his character; at the same time, his ultimate failure to maintain his "self-made" identity simplifies the play in a way that allows the author to satisfy his audience by punishing the villain and reaffirmi...   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Free Richard III Essays: The Seduction of Lady Anne

- Richard III and The Seduction of Lady Anne Richard, Duke of Gloucester, is a great seducer. However, it is easier when the seducee is rather frail in mind and heart, as I believe was the case with Lady Anne. Perhaps Lady Anne's ego was as much engaged as her anger was initially. Gloucester chips away at her resolve masterfully, but let's look at the facts. She knows that Gloucester killed her husband and her father-in-law. This fact is undisputed (within the play). Gloucester admits both murders to her saying, "[y]our beauty was the cause of that effect [the murders]" (I.ii.121)....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Richard III - Ian McKellen Makes Shakespeare Accessible to All

- Richard III - Ian McKellen Makes Shakespeare Accessible to All Shakespeare at the time and even now still seems like a foreign language to many minds. From its deep and complicated plot development, and the archaic English that was its makeup, to the strange and old-fashioned medieval settings and costumes, a Shakespeare film of that time was not something very appealing to the public. McKellen’s approach to making the film Richard III eliminated many of these prejudices people had of Shakespeare movies....   [tags: Film Movies Richard III Ian McKellen]

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Richard III by William Shakespeare

- Written during a time of peace immediately following the conclusion of the War of the Roses between the Yorks and the Lancasters, William Shakespeare’s play Richard III showcases a multi-faceted master of linguistic eloquence, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, a character who simultaneously manages to be droll, revolting, deadly, yet fascinating. Richard's villainy works in a keen, detestable manner, manifesting itself in his specific use or, rather, abuse of rhetoric. He spends a substantial amount of time directly interacting and therefore breaking the fourth wall and orating to the audience in order to forge a relationship with them, to make members not only his confidants of murderous intenti...   [tags: richard, Duke of Gloucester]

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The Scrivener and History in Richard III

- Richard III challenges notions of how history is created and presented. Shakespeare’s play depicts the infamous Richard not only at odds with the other characters, but also fighting for a different interpretation of history. Richard and Margaret function as two characters opposed to each other with regard to history; Richard attempts to cover up the past as Margaret attempts to expose it. However, the creation and acceptance of history is largely predicated on more common figures. In particular the scrivener, a seemingly small side character, becomes an integral figure who creates the documentation of history, cementing the written version as a truth....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Shakespeare]

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Richard III: A Ruthless King

- Richard III is known to this day as a ruthless king, remaining infamous for his alleged murders and nefarious acts. There are many rumors surrounding his rule, telling stories of his horrid temperament and appearance, and how he unscrupulously killed anyone who might oppose his reign. But modern historians are taking another look at his history, and some say he was not as bad as the stories claimed. Despite Richard III’s notoriety and bloody rise to power, he served as a successful king of England because of his skill in battle, unyielding determination, and political prowess....   [tags: edward IV, feudal kings]

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The Downfall Of Richard IIi

- During his reign, King Richard III was considered to be a rather tyrannical ruler; he was accused of multifarious murders. He killed off those that were close to him and were considered blocking figures for his ambition. Although Richard committed various evil deeds, how different is he from the evil rulers later on in time. Richard ruled for a very short time compared to other sadistic dictators, kings, and princes. How is Richard III similar and different compared to other rulers in a more modern time and villains from Stories, novels, movies and television shows....   [tags: Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, The Holocaust]

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Richard III by William Shakespeare

- In Christian philosophy, love is a revered virtue built upon understanding, trust, respect, and compassion. The act of marriage is its ultimate expression: a promise of abundant happiness and fertility. Many poets and authors in classical literature share this idea, depicting righteous resolutions and jubilant atmospheres through successful unions in their works. One such playwright is William Shakespeare, who in the tragedy Richard III uses marriage to end a tyrant’s bloody rule and restore peace to England....   [tags: Play analysis, Tragedy, Love]

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William Shakespeare's Richard III, the Duchess of York

- We often say there is no love other than mothers love, but the character of the Duchess conflict that. In William Shakespeare's Richard III, the Duchess of York seemed vague with her responds, She seems very patient also with Richard III at the being of the play; nonetheless She never explore her hatred throughout the play. She is a widowed mother, of Clarence, King Edward IV and Richard III. The Duchess of York has very bad relationship with her son due to his bad things he do, for example killing anyone that gets on his way to become king....   [tags: clarence, richard, queen elizabeth]

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William Shakespeare's Richard III

- The premise of William Shakespeare’s circa 1597 historic tragedy Richard III relies on the violent struggle between two noble houses, the Lancastrians and the Yorkists, known as the Wars of the Roses. Even though it can stand entirely on its own, the preceding plays of this tetralogy, 1 Henry VI, 2 Henry VI, and 3 Henry VI brilliantly sketch the foreground for Richard III as it picks up directly from the events described in 3 Henry VI. The last Lancastrian king, Henry VI, and his heir, Prince Edward, have been killed and Richard’s eldest brother has been crowned King Edward IV (Greenblatt 541)....   [tags: story, character and historical anaysis]

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Free Richard III Essays: Richard III as a Rapist

- Richard III as a Rapist Yes, King Richard/Duke of Gloucester masters the art of seduction in his wooing of Lady Anne. And when I say, "masters the art," I guess I mean that he achieves his conquest. But is seduction really the prevailing theme throughout Richard III. I propose that we be careful when we say that Richard is a great seducer, for is it seduction or rape when one's consent is not given. For instance, Lord Hastings, the Duke of Clarence, the young princes, Queen Margaret, and other seeming "seducees," were they seduced or forced....   [tags: Free Essay Writer]

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The Contribution of the Supernatural to Richard III

- The Contribution of the Supernatural to Richard III During the Renaissance period people were very superstitious and England on a whole was an extremely religious country; people believed in both God and the Devil and Heaven and Hell. They also believed in prophecies, supernatural and curses. A modern audience would have reacted very differently to the play than a Shakespearean audience. The events contained within Richard III must have seemed very real to a Shakespearean audience as it depicts the historical events of the rise and fall of Richard III....   [tags: Papers]

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The Loss of the Throne by Richard III

- The Loss of the Throne by Richard III There are many views as to whether Richard III lost his throne, or if it was a mainly Tudor advance which secured it. Overall I think that Henry Tudor did not actively gain the throne decisively, in fact Richard III lost it from making key mistakes throughout his reign, and at Bosworth. Richard weakened his grasp on the throne by indulging in a vast plantations policy which gave too much power to Northerners and inevitably made him dependant on these few....   [tags: Papers]

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Richard III and the Stability of England

- Richard III and the Stability of England Richard became King of England on July the sixth 1483 after the heir to the throne was proclaimed illegitimate. Whether this claim was true or not is questionable. During Richards reign, the stability of England has been debated. Was he the ruler England needed to end the 'Wars of the Roses' and bring stability back to the English people. Or did he cause England to be restless and unsettled. Is it a good thing that Henry Tudor defeated him in the Battle of Bosworth....   [tags: Papers]

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Richard III as a Successful Politician

- Richard III as a Successful Politician Shakespeare's Richard III is set in England after the War of the Roses. Richard, the megalomanic eponymous character, is desperate for the throne of England. He tells us that he seeks the crown to compensate for his deformity (he was a hunchback from birth). Richard has his own brother killed and later has former allies and those who still stood in his way killed also. When Richard eventually gains the throne he finds his conscience and begins to feel insecure, he has the two Princes he has locked away killed....   [tags: Papers]

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Richard III a Tyrant as King

- Richard III a Tyrant as King Throughout history, this very title has been disputed and the outcome has remained debatable to this very day. Richard, Duke of York had remained loyal to his brother, Edward IV throughout his years of reign, and had been well rewarded for his support, he became the Duke of Gloucester. In marrying Anne Neville, daughter of Earl of Warwick, he had inherited mass amounts of Neville land in the north of England after both the Earl and Anne died. He was respected within the northern parts of England and provided land for his friends....   [tags: Papers]

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The Director's Notes on Richard III

- The Director's Notes on Richard III I think that the thing which makes this scene so powerful is the fact that Anne gives in to Richard’s ways after she knows that he killed her husband and her father-in-law. What makes it even more powerful is that we, the audience, find it hard to believe a modern woman would give in to Richard that quickly, or at all. Also we know that the only reason he is trying to marry her is to get closer to the crown. We know this because he says: ‘‘The readiest way to make the wench amends Is to become her husband and her father, The which will I, not all so much for love, As for another secret close intent’’ I think that i...   [tags: Papers]

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Comparison/Contrast: The Merchant of Venice and Richard III

- In William Shakespeare’s tale of The Merchant of Venice and Richard III both plays show similar qualities as well as differences between the two plays. The Merchant of Venice and Richard III are similar in that both plays have women that are independent. These women are not afraid to speak up and lash out with hard words towards who they do not prefer. In the Merchant of Venice, Portia never gives up. She is a very strong character and goes as far as to dress as a man and pretends to be a lawyer in order to save Antonio....   [tags: powerful women, death, friendship]

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Stylistic Techniques in "Richard III"

- Throughout the Play Richard III, author William Shakespeare incorporates great uses of stylistic features to aid the overall quality of the story and to help achieve success within the very complicated plot. In an attempt to intensify Richard's plot to gain the throne of England, he uses three specific minor plays, to create an overall production for the audience. The first play which we see involves Richard connecting directly with the audience on the same level in Act 1 Scene 1. He tells us that despite the recent bloodshed and destruction caused by the War of the Roses, he is in full swing in an attempt to take over the throne of England....   [tags: European Literature]

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Henry VII & Richard III

- Henry VII & Richard III Richard the Third had just recently become King of England. But he did not know that soon he would not Henry Tudor was from Wales. His surname was really spelt 'Tewdwr.' It was changed to the English way though when he became King of England. Henry was too to France by his Uncle Jasper in 1471, fourteen years before the Battle of Bosworth. His uncle took him to Brittany. There, Henry learnt a lot. He learnt about warfare, treachery and betrayal. He also learned about court politics and how to keep supporters....   [tags: European Europe History]

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William Shakespeare 's King Richard IIi

- This excerpt of King Richard III by William Shakespeare is from Act 5, Scene 3, and lines 316 to 343. It is right before the Battle of Bosworth, between Richard and Richmond. The two opposing sides have been drawing closer to each other, while the tension builds. The huge contrast in character between the leaders of the two armies is extremely evident. Having just been visited and cursed by ghosts, Richard is feeling extremely unconfident and unsure of himself. As the drum of his enemy sounds in the distance, Richard attempts to give his soldiers a final speech....   [tags: Question, Rhetorical question, Figure of speech]

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Shakespeare's Richard the Third

- All the passions of the irascible rise from the passions of the concupiscible appetite and terminate in them. For instance, anger rises from sadness, and, having wrought vengeance, terminates in joy. -- St. Thomas Aquinas Richard the Third is an intense exploration of the psychology of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and that exploration is centered on Richard’s mind. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened....   [tags: Shakespeare, Richard III]

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Richard the Third as a Hero or a Villain

- A hero is a man who is distinguished by exceptional courage, nobility and strength to carry out tasks that are involving great risks. A hero can also be a person who fights for other people to help or save them from their fears. He opposes the villain- a person who does wicked or evil intentionally to harm others in some way, emotionally or physically. A character that is placed to do badly. He is always opposing the hero to overthrow the hero’s qualities to gain power from the other side to help him or his side....   [tags: Papers Richard III]

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Sir Laurence Olivier's Richard III versus Ian McKellan's Richard III

- Sir Laurence Olivier's Richard III versus Ian McKellan's Richard III INTRODUCTION It seems that modern Hollywood filmmakers are as much in love with Shakespeare's plays as were the 16th century audiences who first enjoyed them. Recent updates of Hamlet (1996) and Romeo and Juliet (1996), both highly successful movies, bear this out, as well as the two best film versions of Richard III; Sir Laurence Olivier's 1954 "period piece", and Ian McKellan's more modern interpretation (1995). In McKellan's Richard III, we see Britain in the late 1930s, at the end of a savage civil war between the House of York and the House of Lancaster....   [tags: Papers]

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The Foreshadow in the Death of Richard III in Shakespeare

- The Foreshadow in the Death of Richard III in Shakespeare Shakespeare’s tragedy of Richard III is a play where death is one of the central themes. It is therefore essential that Shakespeare makes this theme obvious to the audience even before characters die, and his primary way of doing this is through the foreshadowing of these deaths. He does this through dreams, language forms, imagery, curses, character and broken oaths. Due to these devices, the audience is already aware that certain characters will die, enabling Shakespeare to create dramatic irony....   [tags: Papers]

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Essay on the Tyrant in Richard III and Macbeth

- The Tyrant in Richard III and Macbeth   In Richard III and Macbeth Shakespeare used the title characters to reveal the typical characteristics of the tyrant such as limited foresight, mental instability, paranoia, the alienation of allies, and a clearly defined persona of evilness. Both Richard III and Macbeth are noblemen that usurp the crown through treachery, deceitfulness, and murder. Their rule is short-lived, though, because the reign with fear and terror. This clearly sets them up as tyrants, however, Shakespeare elaborated on this subject and revealed the typical characteristics of the tyrant through their actions, their climb to power, and the way they reigned....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Morality in Richard III by William Shakespeare

- Morality in Richard III by William Shakespeare In Richard III, Shakespeare invites us on moral holiday. The early part of the play draws its readers to identify with Richard and thereby to participate in a fantasy of total control of self and domination of others. We begin to be pulled into the fantasy in the play's opening speech, where Richard presents himself as an enterprising, self made villain and offers an elaborate justification for this self he renovation....   [tags: Papers]

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The Short Lived Success of Richard III

- Richard III, by William Shakespeare, is a play based on the amount of power and decisiveness needed to become the king of England. The main character Richard of Gloucester is the brother of the current king. The fact that Richard is evil for no apparent reason troubles readers. Yet overtime, the audience begins to warm up to Richard in part because of his skill with words. Richard's obvious skill of language allows him to successfully manipulate nearly every character in the play. This skill enables him to woo Lady Anne, have Clarence thrown in prison, blame the king for Clarence's death, and achieve Hastings's execution, all without any harm to himself....   [tags: European Literature]

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Comparing the Behavior of Characters in Richard III

- RICHARD III Compare the behavior and reactions of Richard, Anne and Elizabeth in Act One Scene Two and Act Four Scene Four. In the start of both scenes, both Elizabeth and Anne are enraged and verbally attack Richard. Both women did not intend to marry Richard. hard was a very clever man, until he became king. He became over confident and did not even realise when he was losing a battle with the not-so-soft Elizabeth. He was successful with the weak, tenderhearted Anne in Act one Scene Two. He was very ruthless....   [tags: William Shakespeare]

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The Invocation of Moral Codes in Richard III

- Shakespeare's Richard III is from the outset a very moral play. It opens with an introduction to the character of Richard in his "Now is the winter..." speech. In this we are first introduced to the idea of a man becoming evil from his own free will, excused (by him) on the grounds of his inability to fit in with the physical ideals of society, saying, "And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover... I am determined to prove a villain." Although we are not, at this point, given a definite indication of Shakespeare's opinion on this moral position, it is the opening for a discussion on what is morally acceptable, which is continued quite decisively throughout the play....   [tags: European Literature]

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William Shakespeare's Aim in Richard III

- William Shakespeare's Aim in Richard III Richard III, in my opinion, was written to portray Richard as an arch villain, to show him as an evil and even more callous person than he actually was. Although, the dialogue in the play compiles of a large amount of entertaining situations, remarks, asides and conversations. Richard III was based on a true life king who ruled between 1483-1485. Upon the death of his brother, Edward IV, he became guardian to his two nephews, Edward V, the new young king, and his younger brother, Richard....   [tags: Papers]

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Richard III's Usurpation and His Downfall

- Richard III's Usurpation and His Downfall Richards rule was always unstable due to his unlawful usurpation to the throne and his part as far as the public was concerned in the death of the two princes. As a result right from the start he didn't have the trust or support from his country. As soon as he became King people were already plotting against him. After he was crowned he travelled the country trying to raise support by refusing the generous gifts offered to him by various cities....   [tags: Papers]

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Richard Loncraine’s Rendition of William Shakespeare’s Richard III

- Richard Loncraine’s rendition of William Shakespeare’s Richard III is memorable in its appeal to modern viewers partly because it relocates the action of the play to a fantasized Nazi Germany-styled England of the 1940s, rather than keeping fifteenth-century England as the setting as Shakespeare originally intended. But while this approach undoubtedly allows the story of Richard III to be broadcasted to a more diverse audience, its total rejection of historical fact, along with the way in which Loncraine skips around the text, cuts scenes, and adds small but important details to the aesthetics of Shakespeare’s play may mislead the audience and thus distract them from the original piece....   [tags: play, nazi germany, queen margaret]

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The Portrayal of Socially Destructive and Over-Ambitious Richard, in Shakespeare's Richard III

- Richard, the main character of the Shakespeare’s play, Richard III is portrayed as socially destructive and politically over-ambitious. His destructive potential is depicted by the way he relates with the other protagonists in the play and also by what he confesses as his intentions. Richard’s political ambition is revealed through his strategic calculations based on the order of birth in his York family which puts him third away from the throne. Ahead of him is his elder brother, George Clarence, a barrier which will have to eradicate....   [tags: English Literature, Literary Analysis, Analytical ]

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Directing William Shakespeare's Richard III

- Directing William Shakespeare's Richard III Dear Mr Akter, I am writing to congratulate you upon being chosen to play the part of Richard in our forthcoming production of Richard III. This letter is a guide for you for how I would like the part of Richard to be acted. This shall be primarily based upon two key scenes in the play, which are Act 1 Scene I (opening scene) and Act 5 Scene VII (eve of battle scene). This guide covers 3 main aspects of playing the part of Richard....   [tags: Papers]

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Glorifying the Tudor Dynasty: Shakespeare's Richard III and the Perfect Villain

- ... This results in Richard’s actions that lead him to kill his brother and manipulate his family into getting the throne. Additionally, the plot of the play portrays a turning point for English history, the rise of the Tudor dynasty. In combination with Machiavelli’s tenants, the fact that Elizabeth was the patron of the arts also influenced Shakespeare’s piece. Shakespeare evidently courts the Queen with the twisted characterization of Richard that leads to her current role as Queen of England....   [tags: Elizabethan plays, Golden age]

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The Lancastrian Avenger Queen Margaret In Richard III: Chorus, Prophetess, and Conscience

- The premise of William Shakespeare’s circa 1597 historic tragedy Richard III relies on the violent struggle between two noble houses, the Lancastrians and the Yorkists, known as the Wars of the Roses. Even though it can stand entirely on its own, the preceding plays of this tetralogy, 1 Henry VI, 2 Henry VI, and 3 Henry VI brilliantly sketch the foreground for Richard III as it picks up directly from the events described in 3 Henry VI. The last Lancastrian king, Henry VI, and his heir, Prince Edward, have been killed and Richard’s eldest brother has been crowned King Edward IV....   [tags: Wars of the Roses, English Plays]

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Shakespeare 's King Richard IIi And The Problematics Of Tudor Bastardy

- In his article, "Shakespeare 's King Richard III and the Problematics of Tudor Bastardy", Maurice Hunt gives a convincing (dare I say legitimate!) argument for why he believes Shakespeare took a large risk writing and performing his play King Richard III during the life of Queen Elizabeth I. Knowing the challenges Elizabeth faced during her childhood and into her reign because of her father, King Henry VIII 's ever-changing mind whether or not she was a legitimate heir or a bastard, I agree with Hunt in the fact Shakespeare took a huge risk with his performances of Richard III, if in fact she did see the performance which is something I will be touching on later on, but for the sake of the r...   [tags: Henry VII of England, Henry VIII of England]

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Foreign Support Was Vastly Important for Henry Tudor in Richard III's Defeat at Bosworth

- How important was foreign support for Henry Tudor in explaining Richard III’s defeat at Bosworth. Foreign support was instrumental in allowing Henry Tudor to defeat Richard at the battle of Bosworth, if it were not for the support that Henry gained from foreign sources he could not have invaded England. Henry Tudor spent 14 years in exile in Brittany and France, with his chances of claiming the throne of England fading as Edward IV’s second reign proved stable and his heir approached adulthood. However after Richards usurpation of his nephews throne Henry’s court in grew especially after the Buckingham Revolt, but required assistance from the King of France (men and ships) before he could la...   [tags: british history, england history]

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Love and Marriage an Affliction or an Alliance: Deceit and Betrayal in Shakespeare’s Richard III

- During the Middle Ages and Renaissance period marriage and love were idealized, divine and celebrated. Weddings were large events that included the entire families of both the groom and the bride. Reality was different; women were viewed as being fickle, inferior to men and a possession of men. Women had very little, if any, choice in who they would marry. Marriages were arranged so that both families would benefit in gaining wealth or power. Even though the ruler of England for over 4 decades was female, women were still not respected....   [tags: History, Middle Ages, Renaissance]

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Richard II Essay: The Characters of Bolingbroke and Richard II

- The Characters of Bolingbroke and Richard II "What tongue speaks my right drawn sword may prove" is the sentence which concludes a short speech delivered by Henry Bolingbroke to King Richard II (1.1.6). These words are but the first demonstration of the marked difference between the above-mentioned characters in The Tragedy of Richard II. The line presents a man intent on action, a foil to the title character, a man of words. When Bolingbroke first appears in the play, he is accusing Thomas Mowbray of treason and then states that he is ready to act upon his accusations, to draw his sword against Mowbray....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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evilmac Essay on Evil in Shakespeare's Richard III and Macbeth

- Vision of Evil in Richard III and Macbeth   Shakesperae’s play Macbeth is in some respects a relatively simple play. Like Richard III its’ structure follows a standard conventional form: the rise and fall of a great man. The first part of the play follows Macbeth's rise to power. By 3.1 he has assumed the kingship. The rest of the play follows the disintegration of all he has achieved, a process that culminates with his death and the installment of new king. In that sense, there is very little difference in the structure between Richard III and Macbeth....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Essay on Honor in Richard II

- The Importance of Honor in Richard II         The tension-charged exchange between Bolingbroke and Mowbray in the first scenes of Richard II provides exciting action for the audience, and gives a glimpse into trial by combat and the importance of honor in Shakespeare's plays. Trial by combat, or a judicial duel was a traditional way to settle disputes in England and Europe for many generations. People dueled to defend their own honor, and to prove personal claims against the honor of others....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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The Opening Speech of Richard III in William Shakespeare's Play

- The Opening Speech of Richard III in William Shakespeare's Play Richard III is a historical play and we are drawn to this factor from Richard's speech at the opening of the play. Shakespeare uses Richard's character as his main device for setting the scene. As it is a play the audience would see Richard entering on a bare stage and this alone would leave an effect of them which would soon be reinforced by the speech he is about to give. The speech itself is delivered in a soliloquy, a device that is well associated with Shakespeare....   [tags: Papers]

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The Character of Richard III as Shakespeare Presents Him to Us

- The Character of Richard III as Shakespeare Presents Him to Us Shakespeare presents Richard to us in a very negative way. Richard is portrayed as an evil person who is attracted to the power that the throne could bring him and would take whatever risk is necessary. Driven by his need for power he manipulates and murders his way to the throne. Richard shows himself as a manipulator right from the start of the play. He tricks Clarence and makes him think that he has nothing to do with his arrest....   [tags: Papers]

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Clarence's Speech in William Shakespeare's Richard III

- Clarence's Speech in William Shakespeare's Richard III The speech I am going to be examining is from one of Shakespeare's plays, Richard III. It is the part of the play where George, Duke of Clarence is explaining a prophetic nightmare he had whilst being locked in the Tower of London. Richard III was a real king of England, but had been killed in battle, around 100 years prior to when Shakespeare wrote this play. At the time of writing, in 1594, the queen was Elizabeth I, a Tudor....   [tags: Papers]

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The Character of King Richard III in William Shakespeare's Play

- The Character of King Richard III in William Shakespeare's Play In my opinion Richard is definitely not a hero, he is nothing more than an immoral villain. He is a cunning, callous and carefree murderer. However, for much of the play the audience view him as a hero. Throughout my essay I aim to argue why Richard is an immoral villain whilst contrasting why many may perceive him as a hero. For much of the play Richard may be seen as a hero. One reason for this is his dramatic language....   [tags: Papers]

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A Comparison of Evil in Richard III, Titus, and Romeo and Juliet

- Evil Within and Evil External in Richard III, Titus, and Romeo and Juliet      Shakespeare's villains seem to fall into one of two categories: those who are villainous of heart (inherently and genuinely evil or Machiavellian) and those who are circumstantially turned antagonists. Richard III's carefully plotted plans to usurp the throne contrast heavily against Aaron's (of Titus Andronicus) rambling which contrasts with Aaron's lack of action. The motivations of these two characters are different however....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Evaluating the Effectiveness of Richard III as King of England

- Evaluating the Effectiveness of Richard III as King of England In April 1493, Edward IV died suddenly and Richard was appointed ‘protector’ over his son who was too young to govern on his own. Richard gained the throne by he imprisoned the two sons of Edward and may even have had them executed. Like many Kings he murdered nobles (Hastings and Rivers) and their predecessors but the difference is his predecessor was a child. The usurpation was too ruthless and too ambitious that it coloured everything that he did during his reign....   [tags: Papers]

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The Ghost of Richard III Visits William Shakespeare

- The Ghost of Richard III Visits William Shakespeare I was sitting at my desk in my candle-lit room, a gentle breeze made the candle flicker and a chill ran down my spine. I remember having a strange feeling, as if there was another spirit present, it is hard to explain, but it was nothing like I had ever felt before. The breeze was making me shiver and it was getting colder as time passed, I picked up my lantern and walked across to the window and pulled it to, but still left it slightly ajar, I liked the feel of the air, but today it did not feel the same....   [tags: Papers]

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The Importance of the Garden Scene in Shakespeare’s Richard II

- Why is Garden Scene included in Shakespeare’s Richard II. What does it contribute to the overall flow and development of the play.  The Garden Scene (Act III, Scene IV) is an important and pivotal moment, providing plot update, allegory, exposition, and character contrasts. The Garden Scene is important for several reasons, firstly, it occurs between two scenes in which Richard, Bolingbroke, and others are present, but between which some time has passed. This implies a costume change, and this little scene provides just such an opportunity....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Shakespeare’s Richard II Essay: Search for Identity in Richard II

- Search for Identity in Richard II   Shakespeare's Richard II tells the story of Richard's fall from power. Being dethroned by Bolingbroke forces Richard to confront the limitations and nature of his power as king. As audience members, we follow Richard on his journey of self-discovery, which enlightens him even as his life is shattered by Bolingbroke's revolt. Paradoxically, it is in utter defeat that Richard comes closest to understanding what it is to be human. Unfortunately he is unable to accept life as an ordinary subject after having tasted what it means to rule....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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The Complex Character of King Richard II

- The Complex Character of King Richard II A general conclusion of most critics is that Richard II is a play about the deposition of a "weak and effeminate" king. That he was a weak king, will be conceded. That he was an inferior person, will not. The insight to Richard's character and motivation is to view him as a person consistently acting his way through life. Richard was a man who held great love for show and ceremony. This idiosyncrasy certainly led him to make decisions as king that were poor, and in effect an inept ruler....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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History and Tragedy in Shakespeare's Richard II

- History and Tragedy in Richard II         An attempt to sort Shakespeare's plays into neat categories may appear to have its benefits when striving to understand his work, but even a superficial reading of Richard II indicates that this approach is largely futile and sometimes misleading. While it cannot be doubted that the play is of a historical nature, based on events recorded in Holinshed's Chronicles of 1577 and named after an actual king, a sense of true Shakespearean tragedy is also present throughout....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Essay on Narcissism and Metadrama in Richard II

- Narcissism and Metadrama in Richard II      Over the last thirty years, Shakespeare criticism has demonstrated a growing awareness of the self-reflexive or metadramatic elements in his works. Lionel Abel’s 1963 study, Metatheatre: A New View of Dramatic Form, provided perhaps the first significant analysis of the ways in which Shakespeare thematizes theatricality, in the broadest sense of the term, in his tragedies, comedies, and histories. In his discussion of Hamlet, he makes the observation—perhaps a bit commonplace and obvious to us thirty years later—that the famous “play within a play” is only the most blatant example of self-conscious technique found throughout the tragedy: once w...   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Déjà Vu: Motifs of Hitler in Richard III(1995) and How They Help Modern Audience to Understand Shakespeare’s Richard

- It is not terribly odd to see directors adapt Shakespearian plays to a different era. In fact, contemporary elements in films like Baz Luhrmann’s Romeo and Juliet and the most recent Much Ado About Nothing by Joss Whedon have definitely bring valuable new readings to the text. Embracing this trend, Richard III (1995) by Richard Loncraine shifts its background to 1930s Britain. Starring Ian McKellen as Richard, the movie makes an undeniable connection to Nazi Germany; very details include costume design, set and prop, and cinematography choices all closely relate Richard to Hitler, an equivalent villain from modern history....   [tags: background, evil, characteristic, audience]

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Ambiguities Answered in Derek Jacobi's Richard II

- Ambiguities Answered in Derek Jacobi's Richard II   The plain text of a script does not live and breathe as a visual performance must. Both director and actors have to make choices in a production, to interpret and make clear the plot and purpose of the play. The Derek Jacobi Richard II uses the capabilities of film to remove many of the ambiguities that plague interpretation of that text. In doing so, it creates a passionate yet ineffective King Richard who, between his own insecurity and Northumberland's conniving, hurls the crown to the willing if uneasy Bullingbrook....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Shakespeare’s Richard II Essay: The Rape of a Nation

- Richard II  - The Rape of a Nation        By bowing down to the needs of his subjects, a king allows others to dictate his actions and hence compromises the essence of his power. Paradoxically, failing to heed the desires of his subjects transforms a king into a self-indulgent tyrant and propels his kingdom towards ruin and decay. Can a sovereign rule his subjects without considering their general welfare. If a king rules unconscionably, do his subjects have the right to replace him. William Shakespeare's Richard II considers this authoritarian quandary at great length....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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Biblical Figures and Ideals in Shakespeare's Richard II

- Biblical Figures and Ideals in William Shakespeare's Richard II William Shakespeare's Richard II tells the story of one monarch's fall from the throne and the ascension of another, Henry Bullingbrook, later to become Henry IV. There is no battle fought between the factions, nor does the process take long. The play is not action-packed, nor does it keep readers in any form of suspense, but rather is comprised of a series of quietly dignified ruminations on the nature of majesty. Thus, the drama lies not in the historical facts, but in the effects of the situation on the major characters and the parallels drawn by Shakespeare to other tales....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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“Thou Camst on Earth to Make the Earth My Hell”: Richard as a Satanic Hero in Richard III by William Shakespeare

- In mythology, the term “Satan” is defined as the ruler of the underworld. In literature however, that title is associated with the “opposer”, or the arch-rebel. This name originates from the corrupt hero Satan in Milton’s Paradise Lost. Interestingly, Satan is not completely depicted as demonic and repugnant. On the contrary, he is able to deliver exhilarating speeches, evoke pity of the public, and even demonstrate some virtues normally affiliated with a tragic hero. However, Milton is not the only one to use such a figure in his writing....   [tags: Shakespearean Literature ]

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Soliloquies Essay - Self-Realization in Richard II's Final Soliloquy

- Self-Realization in Richard II's Final Soliloquy       William Shakespeare's The Tragedy of King Richard II, first published in a quarto edition in 1597, is the first in a sequence of four history plays known as the second tetrology, which deal with the early phases of a power struggle between the houses of Lancaster and York. The Richard II of the play has been called both mercurial and self-indulgent; however, several sustained soliloquies in the play demonstrate how deeply realized his character is....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

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1487 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Film Review of Richard Loncraine's Adaptation of William Shakespeare's Richard III

- Film Review of Richard Loncraine's Adaptation of William Shakespeare's Richard III "Civil war divides the nation" the first caption we see at the onset of this adaptation of Shakespeare's Richard III sets the tone for scenes to come later in the movie. It starts by focusing on Shakespeare's underlying tone regarding Richard as somewhat an outlandish character to be mocked and amused by. Enter Richard to "stab" Edward in his war room at Tewkesbury in his tank. He then fills Edward full of holes with a gun rather than a sword to start the play on words that Richard is known for throughout the play....   [tags: Papers]

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Women as Authroity Figures in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe and Richard III by William Shakespeare

- One cannot escape one’s fate. The theme of fate and freewill is central to William Shakespeare’s play Richard III, in which Richard III battles with the two in his quest for the crown. Richard seeks to escape his fate as a deformed and unfinished hunchback by using what little power he has to gain more power and respect. Although Richard thinks that he is acting on his own free will, fate still controls him throughout his journey. In addition, Richard’s fate is expressed in the form of a curse that Margaret delivers as punishment for his crimes against her and her family....   [tags: culture, priestess, power]

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The Effectiveness of William Shakespeare's Use of Supernatural in the Final Act of Richard III

- The Effectiveness of William Shakespeare's Use of Supernatural in the Final Act of Richard III Richard III was written by William Shakespeare and tells the story of how Richard III wants to become king and does everything in his power to get there by assassinating members of his family to do so, for example, the Duke of Clarence, Lord Hastings, Lady Anne, Lord Rivers, the Duke of Buckingham, Henry VI, Prince Edward, Prince Edward V and Prince Richard. The last Act contains many supernatural elements such as ghosts of the people Richard III has murdered or got killed and curses, for example, Buckingham remembering Margaret's curse, prophecies and dreams, a message...   [tags: Papers]

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