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Mental Retardation And Its Effects On Children

- Mental retardation is present in about 2 to 3 percent of the population. It can be defined as cognitive ability that is below average level and a decreased ability to adapt to one’s environment. The onset of the condition occurs during the developmental period, gestation through the age of 18. Mental retardation comprises five general categories: borderline, mild, moderate, severe and profound. Categories are based on scores obtained through use of age-standardized tests of cognitive ability. Mental retardation may occur as part of a syndrome or broader disorder but is most commonly an isolated finding....   [tags: Mental retardation, Developmental disability]

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Mental Retardation in American Society

- Mental Retardation in American Society Mental retardation is a very serious illness, and most of the American population is ignorant regarding the subject. Approximately 3 percent of people in the U.S. are considered mentally retarded. With a percentage like this, the ignorance on the subject is bizarre. The nation has adopted slang terms such as “retard”, to insult others. Using this term is a way to call someone stupid. But there is a lot that people do not understand about mental disabilities....   [tags: Mental Retardation Disabilities Essays]

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Variations and Characteristics of Mental Retardation

- ... Trisomy 21 means that each cell in the body has three copies of the chromosome 21, instead of the normal 2 copies received, one from each parent (NLM, 2012). Most cases of Down Syndrome are not hereditary but occur as random events, affecting the genes when the egg and sperm connect (Sue, Sue, & Stanley, 2010). The prevalence is 1 in approximately 800 children born, and the rate goes up expenentially in women age 39 and over who have children. While screening processes are available to women when they are pregnant, the process is considered high risk to both mother and child, and cannot alway detect the presence of Down Syndrome (Sue, Sue, & Stanley, 2010)....   [tags: fragile X, Down and Alcohol Fetal Syndromes]

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The Best Ways Of Mental Retardation

- Mental retardation is significantly sub average intellectual functioning existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period that adversely affects educational performance as defined in IDEA (Overton, 2009). One issue students with mental retardation have is acquisition, generalization and maintenance of any learned skill. In the present paper, the best ways of teaching specific skills to students with mental retardation is explored. It is hypothesized that students with mental retardation will acquire and maintain a skill if it is reinforced by using a token economy and used in a setting that they would naturally use the skill....   [tags: Education, Skill, Applied behavior analysis]

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Mental Retardation in Flowers for Algernon

- ... Charlie always talks about his family and the Memories he had with them he recalls how his mother used to beat him and bully him for being retarted and not being able to read and his father Matt Gordon used to protect his son Charlie from his mother. His mother refused to accept that Charlie was retarted and abnormal. Charlie talks about Norma his younger sister the most but Charlie only remembers bad memories with his sister for example Norma use to become jealous of he brother because she thought he was getting special treatment....   [tags: intelligence, animals, drug, treatments]

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Mental Retardation And Intellectual Disability

- Mental Retardation/ Intellectual Disability and ADHD There are many neurological disorders that affect the development of an individual. Mental retardation is one of the many disorders that I will discuss. Mental Retardation is also known as Intellectual Disability. Intellectual Disability/Mental Retardation is a developmental delay in one’s brain where one’s thinking process does not function as a normal brain would. In addition, someone with Intellectual Disability is limited with in life where he or she could do basic things such as bathing, feeding, clothing, toileting, walking, talking…....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

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Mental Retardation

- 1. L. L. Thurston’s theory of intelligence identifies seven recognizable intellectual abilities: spatial ability, memory, perceptual speed, word fluency, numerical ability, reasoning, and verbal meaning. Thurman argued multiple factors go into making up intelligence and although there may be some correlation between mental abilities, each ability is relatively independent of each other. A person having remarkable spatial ability or the ability to rotate an object and estimate horizontal and vertical dimensions might be deficient in word fluency or the ability to generate words rapidly....   [tags: Intellectual Abilities, Tests]

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Individuals with Mental Retardation

- Introduction Many individuals with mental retardation (MR) have mental health disorders that are undiagnosed and untreated (Reiss & Valenti-Hein, 1994). Individuals with MR experience the full range of emotional, psychiatric and behavioral disorders at higher frequencies than the general population (Kishore, Nizamie & Nizamie, 2010; Prout, 1993). Prevalence studies have shown that individuals with MR are three to four times at higher risk for psychopathology than are individuals without MR (Matson & Bamburg, 1998; Prout, 1993)....   [tags: Mental Health Disorders]

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Ivy Retardation : Elite Schools Causing Narrow Mindedness

- “Ivy Retardation”: Elite Schools Causing Narrow-Mindedness “Ivy retardation” (1) as said by one of William Deresiewicz’s friends in Deresiewicz’s essay, “The Disadvantages of an Elite Education”, means that people of a higher education believe that they are smarter than the average person due to the fact that they have become experts in their specific field of studies. Deresiewicz’s personal example for this was that he was having trouble talking to a plumber who was in his house and that even though he has an Ivy League education; Deresiewicz couldn’t talk to the plumber with less education than himself....   [tags: Education, Critical thinking, Ivy League]

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Assessing the Education and Cognitive Needs of Individuals with Mental Retardation

- Assessing the educational and cognitive needs of individuals with mental retardation is a very complex process. An appropriately chosen assessment can be a highly effective tool that can be used to measure the progress of our students. The teacher must select assessment procedures carefully and make judgments regarding the main areas to assess and then determine which areas of performance need to be tested further. Effective use of the results will allow teachers to design instruction and lessons specifically to fit the needs of their students....   [tags: Special Education ]

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Mental Retardation Does Not Always Slow People Down

- People who are born with Mental Retardation (MR) often have many gifts to give. I have an aunt with MR who is one of the most remarkable people at remembering names and events. As I was recently delving into our family history for a genogram assignment, my aunt was one of our only family members who could quickly recall that names of my cousin’s second husband’s children. Despite the intellectual capabilities of the other family members in the room, we fell short of remembering names while my aunt who was diagnosed with MR at the age of 12 months did not....   [tags: Mental Illness ]

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Mental Retardation

- Mental Retardation Mental retardation is defined as, an individual with limitations in cognitive ability and adaptive behaviors that interfere with learning. Individuals with mental retardation learn at a slower pace, have low IQs, and may reach a level where learning stops. There are no exact causes for mental retardation but some things are associated with the disability. Prenatal development problems, childbirth difficulties, and a childhood brain injury can all lead to mental retardation....   [tags: Papers]

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Speech: Mental Retardation

- Speech: Mental Retardation MR/DD INDIVIDUALS PLACE IN FAMILY, AND COMMUNITY I HAVE WORKED WITH MRDD FOR 7 YEARS, SENSE I WAS 16 IN THE PAST -- EARLY 1900'S *****1970s MRDD PLACED IN STATE INSTITUTIONS WHOLE SEGMENT OF POPULATION IN THE USA THAT WAS FOR THE MOST PART RAISED WITHOUT FAMILYS MOST FAMILYS THAT GAVE BIRTH TO MRDD -- WERE TOLD THAT PLACEMENT IN A STATE HOSPTIAL WAS THE BEST THING THEY COULD DO FOR THE CHILD TYPES OF CHILREN- MENTALLY RETARDED, BRAIN INJURY, EPILEPTIC, SPINA BIFFIDA, MENTALLY ILL, EVEN SOMETIMES CHILDREN OF UNWED MOTHERS, POOR CHILDREN, ORPHANS, ESP IMMIGRANTS MENTAL ILLNESS AND DISABLITYS BLAIMED ON MORAL CAUSES- OTHER PREVAILING THEORIES THOUGHT T...   [tags: Papers]

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Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation) Explored in What’s Eating Gilbert Grape

- In the 1993 film “What’s Eating Gilbert Grape”, a young boy (Gilbert) has to care for his younger brother (Arnie) who suffers from mental retardation, while also caring for their obese mother. Arnie is very dependent on his brother who bathes him and keeps an eye on him at all times. Arnie’s symptoms are very clear throughout the film including communication, health, safety, self-care, and home living (Grohol, 2013). Taking care of a younger sibling on your own has to be hard enough without them having a mental disorder....   [tags: What’s Eating Gilbert Grape Essays]

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The Neurobiology of Mental Retardation: Fragile X Syndrome

- The Neurobiology of Mental Retardation: Fragile X Syndrome In my previous paper, I wrote on the topic of the nature-nurture debate and the ways it related to the brain-equals-behavior dilemma. In this paper, I will continue this investigation into the link between genes and neurobiology, but I will focus in on a particular aspect of the relationship: neurological disease caused by genetic aberration. There are many well studied and well documented (thought not necessarily well understood) disorders associated with the X chromosome, and a large number of these have neurobiological roots and behavioral manifestations....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Capital Punishment Essay: Retardation and Capital Punishment

- Retardation and Capital Punishment       One can agree (or not) with the recent ruling by the Supreme Court that the death penalty should not apply to retarded citizens because it violates the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against "cruel and unusual punishment," and still be troubled by the twisted road the court took to reach its destination. Reading the history of the Eighth Amendment shows that it proceeded from concerns over the methods the state could use to take the life of a convicted criminal -- not the intelligence level of the criminal....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]

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Understanding Adults With Dd ( Developmental Disabilities ) Ages 18 And Older

- The focus of this paper will discuss and define adults with DD (developmental disabilities) ages 18 and older. It will touch bases on how to provide appropriate and affective treatment when dealing with this specific population of individuals. Furthermore, it will discuss different approaches and interventions compared to the use of medication as a form of treatment. What is Developmental Disability. There is the legal definition of Developmental disability: “A diverse group of chronic conditions that are due to mental or physical impairments....   [tags: Disability, Mental retardation]

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The Essential Role of Iodine in Thyroid Health

- Iodine is an essential element playing important roles in thyroid health, and bone and brain development. It is not as often mentioned by healthcare professionals as an iodine deficiency tends to be a rare occurrence, especially here in the United States. This, however, has not always been the case as worldwide efforts began as early as the 1920s to supplement iodine through dietary means. This is most commonly seen through iodized salt, dairy foods, and baked breads as the food industry has made efforts to incorporate iodine in its manufacturing process.1 However, even with such efforts to eliminate iodine deficiency, there are still countries which remain iodine deficient and at risk for...   [tags: deficiency, mental retardation, nutrition]

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Uner Tan Syndrome: The Ulas Family

- ... Although Uner Tan Syndrome is described as a collection of symptoms, the implications of the quadrupedal locomotion has caused it to receive the greatest amount of attention since its discovery. In 2008, Turkish scientists claimed to have found one of the genes responsible, at least in part, to this particular phenotype. Affected individuals in families A and D were homozygous for either deletions or nonsense mutations in the VLDLR gene on chromosome 9. This gene transcribes a very low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) that is involved in the reelin pathway....   [tags: quadrupedalism, mental retardation]

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Consuming Alcohol During Pregnancy Causes Significant Damage to the Fetus

- The ingestion of alcohol during pregnancy can significantly damage the developing foetal brain and result in a number of disorders grouped under the term foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), it is characterised by stunted growth, a number of physical and physiological abnormalities and often, mental retardation (Leman, 2012). This damage can vary due to the pattern of consumption, the dose and the duration of exposure to ethanol (Brocardo, Gil-Mohapel, & Christie, 2011). Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that are found in high concentrations in neuronal membranes and that have antioxidant properties (Simopoulos, 2009)....   [tags: abnormalities, retardation, deficits]

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Dr. Howard Gardner and Dr. Edward Zibler, 2 Developmental Psychologists

- The paper talks about two developmental psychologists Dr Howard Gardner and Dr. Edward Zigler . Dr Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence (Gardner 1993b)has opened avenues for thinking about human intelligence in different ways which has widened the concept of mind by including arts and creative thought and has had a lot of impact in the field of education . His contribution to project zero “which aims to understand and enhance learning, thinking, and creativity in the arts, as well as humanistic and scientific disciplines at the individual and institutional levels’’ (http://pzweb.harvard.edu) has been commendable involving performance-based assessments and making his theory and i...   [tags: education, mental retardation, psychopathology]

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Analysis Of ' The House Of D '

- Disability is more than just a dictionary definition. Many types of disabilities are portrayed in “The House of D”, but only one character is truly disabled by definition. The incapacities of the characters are much more than a physical or mental condition that reduces the use of the body or mind. The disabilities are also very intertwined between each character, and Tommy is the center. Being in the center of the handicaps Tommy develops a noose around his neck, which will slowly tighten with time and the happening of events....   [tags: Disability, Mental retardation]

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Role of the Disabled in Today's Society

- As stated by C.Dave Hingsberg “For hundreds of years, western society regarded the mentally retarded as sad accidents of nature to be closeted behind walls of secrecy and silence. Thousands were forcibility sterilized in an attempt to erase the genetic stain of their misfortune. But scientists now know that barely 10%of mental retardation is passed on genetically” (Hingsberg, Dave C.2001). This section came directly from the video “Is Love Enough”. Throughout history, there was the belief that the disabled would produce offspring that would be burdensome to society....   [tags: mental retardation, intellectual disabilities]

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A Worker With Hospice Of Springville

- Kathy Scott is a hospice social worker with Hospice of Springville. She is a thirty-three year old Caucasian woman from a middle-class family. Kathy has a master’s degree in both theology and social work. Kathy Scott is an experienced social worker with eight years of hospice work and two years of pediatric team. Kathy is a respected colleague that is thoughtful and reflective. Evelyn Brampton is a twice married single parent currently facing her second divorce. The first divorce is connected to Timmy’s birth and illness....   [tags: Medicine, Hospital, Mental retardation]

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Just Mercy, By Bryan Stevenson

- In Bryan Stevenson book Just Mercy, Stevenson exposed many things about the justice system. He explain to his audience that the justice system are treated minorities wrong. Bryan Stevenson influences on the readers’ thoughts about the justice system. He makes the readers question if we are being treated right. Stevenson does this by using logos effectively by providing the readers with the cases he dealt with. There are four cases that stuck out to readers are the Walter, Charlie, Horace, and Joe....   [tags: Mental retardation, Disability]

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Intellectual Disability

- Intellectual disability is one of the most common disabilities in the United States. Once known as mental retardation, in 2010 a bill was signed by President Obama changing the name from mental retardation to intellectual disability. Though they name change had occurred, the description of intellectual disability had not change but the level of respect and awareness for those with the disability did. Currently, according to the reading, 1 out of 10 or 6.5 million people are living with a form of intellectual disability in the United States....   [tags: Mental Retardation]

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Fragile X Syndrome

- One term that I have heard used out of context a numerous amount of times, which is very misused, is the term “retarded”. This term has been used by your average Joe and is used in terms of joking matters, or has even been used in movies as a joke. The meaning behind this term is actually nowhere near joking matters and someone who is considered in “mental retardation” conditions lives a dysfunctional life compared to your average Joe that is using this term out of its actual use. Mental retardation comes in different forms to different extents varying across different conditions....   [tags: mental retardation, mutation, health]

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The Congenital Disorder Arising From A Chromosome Defect

- Down syndrome (DS) is “congenital disorder arising from a chromosome defect” (Oxford Dictionaries). When the syndrome was first introduced, people were very misinformed about what will happen to their baby and their life once diagnosed. The doctors would tell the parents not to expect much from their child born with DS and list all the possible issues one might have as if that person would have them. The expectations for a person with DS were very low. However, as time went on, society saw all the wonderful things people with DS were accomplishing, and new programs that work with people with DS were becoming more common....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Mental retardation]

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The Controversy Of Sterilization Of The Disabled

- The Controversy of the Sterilization of the Intellectually Disabled Contraceptives have been practiced in the United states since the late 1800s giving men and women their own choice of determining if or when they would conceive and create a family. This right to reproduce is one of the many free rights given to the citizens of the United States. Unfortunately, not all people that live in the United States have this opportunity. The intellectually disabled community was once sterilized without consent to control the chances that they would have offspring....   [tags: Mental retardation, Disability, Down syndrome]

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Fragile X Syndrome

- Background (576 words) The most common cause of inherited mental impairment is Fragile X Syndrome. Fragile X Syndrome is a mental retardation that affects social, learning and intellectual disabilities. It is a result of a change and mutation in a single gene, which can be pasted on to future generations. Symptoms arise when the mutated gene, FMR1, cannot produce enough of the protein, FMRP, that the body’s cells need to function. The symptoms can vary from each affected individual depending on how severe the gene mutation is....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Mental Retardation]

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Nuclear Weaponry

- Dexter Gordon once said, “In nuclear war all men are cremated equal”. Since the era when the first bow and arrow was created, humanity has been treading on the fine path of incessant vehemence. There are a countless number of reasons why people participate in altercations, from petty issues such as who lost the keys to more momentous disagreements such as those of Civil Rights or rightful independence. Today in the 21st century, not only have the disagreements evolved but so has the artillery that is used for defense and offense during a battle....   [tags: radiation, cancer, mental retardation]

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Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome People with Down syndrome are first and foremost human beings who have recognizable physical characteristics due to the presence of an extra chromosome 21. The estimated incidence of Down syndrome is between 1 in 1,000 to 1 in 1,100 live births. Each year approximately 3,000 to 5,000 children are born with this chromosome disorder. It is believed there are about 250,000 families in the United States who are affected by Down syndrome. Children with Down syndrome are usually smaller, and their physical and mental developments are slower, than youngsters who do not have Down syndrome....   [tags: chromosome disorders mental retardation]

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A Conversation Amongst Critics ' Flowers For Algernon '

- A Conversation Amongst Critics Moderator: Hello, everyone and welcome to a new addition of the roundtable, where experts converge on topics deemed most pressing to them as of late. Freshly back from Winter Break, our contributors for today’s discussion - Plato, Aristotle, Samuel Johnson, William Wordsworth, and Benjamin Arnold - have plenty to say concerning our topic of the day. These worthy gentlemen have convened, and informed me that their topic of discussion will be the literary worthiness of popular novel, Flowers for Algernon, by the esteemed Daniel Keyes....   [tags: Emotion, Feeling, Mental retardation]

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Should We Watch Our Profanity?

- Should We Watch Our Profanity. There are many concepts to critique when evaluating an argumentative essay based on a claim of value. In this essay, two articles called “A Movie, a Word, and My Family’s Battle,” by Patricia Bauer and “The Case against Banning the Word Retard,” by Christopher Fairman, will be evaluated based upon how convincing each argument is. The decision on whether or not to make the word retard banned is the main focus presented in these essays. I believe that “The Case against Banning the Word Retard,” was the most persuasive due to the fact that Faiman had very logical based information as well as more support....   [tags: Mental retardation, Disability]

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Accessing The Community Mental Health

- Accessing the Community According to Gail Goldsmith, BSW, Northern Lakes Community Mental Health, NLCMH is authorized by the Michigan Department of Community Health to provide mental health services and services to those with developmental disabilities. A developmental disability is generally defined as a chronic condition, with an onset before age 22, that cause impairment in one or more areas that impact day-to-day functioning such as learning, communication (expressive and receptive language), mobility, cognitive function (information processing), self-help, health/physical functioning and independent living....   [tags: Disability, Mental retardation]

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The Examination Of Disabilities Taught On Children 's Books

- It’s easy to only pay attentions to the charming illustrations and infectious stories found in children’s books. But the most important quality of these stories is not their ability to entertain. Beneath their clever syntax and simple rhymes, these stories often portray important life lessons and morals. These messages are often not noticed and only become apparent after reading the story a couple times. It is this repeated reading of a story that can make these ideas quite influential. Children’s literature can help children better understand the world around them, offer insight into their own emotions, and demonstrate positive character traits to be an example by....   [tags: Disability, Down syndrome, Mental retardation]

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Disabilities Of Disabled Children And Their Families

- Disabilities in the Family All families go through a similar life cycle and experience similar challenges, but how can the presence of a disabled child in the home create challenges or intensify typical family challenges. Many times when investigating disabilities and how to improve the lives of these individuals, the focus is on the child and the parents, but siblings can also be impacted by the disability, so how can the whole family dynamic differ when dealing with disabilities. How effective are the services available to disabled children and their families....   [tags: Disability, Down syndrome, Mental retardation]

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My Work with Children with Disibilities

- Quite often, people with disabilities are treated as if they are retarded, child-like, or incapable of taking care of themselves. This is incorrect almost all the time. Most people with disabilities have or would like at least some degree of independence, and many disabilities have little or no effect on mental processing. There is a severe stereotyping problem with people with disabilities. During this summer semester, I’ve worked with children with and without disabilities at the Early Learning Center in Pullman, Washington....   [tags: Special Needs, Disabled, mental retardation]

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My Experience With An Disabled Child

- Reflecting back on and thinking about my my experiences working with individuals with exceptionalities, I cannot say that I am an expert by any means. I do have some experience, yes, but not enough to feel experienced enough to be comfortable working with and being around these individuals. I am hoping that this class will allow me to grasp a better understanding of an intellectually disabled child and gain more insight on how to approach teaching them in my future classroom. I believe that all kids should be collaboratively working together in a classroom setting as much as possible, no matter the exceptionalities that a particular student may have....   [tags: Education, Teacher, Classroom, Mental retardation]

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My Day With An Open Mind

- On September 21st 2016, I decided to wake up and start my day with an open mind, observing the world around me while looking for any indication in relation to the broad theme of disability. At first I thought it would be fairly difficult, considering the amount of days that I have experienced, none of which disability played a role in. Even with the doubts I possessed, I cleared my mind of any pre-conceived expectations and began my day as I normally would. As I was eating breakfast, I began browsing through the paper and came across a particular story titled “A father who discovered a heartbreaking detail within his autistic son’s worksheet”....   [tags: Mental retardation, Disability, I Decided]

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Segregation Of The Mentally Disabled

- Stupid, retarded, crazy, insane; throughout time, these words are used to explain the behaviors of the mentally ill. These are just words, right. Actually, these words can have hurtful connotations. Since the first individual with a mental illness walked this earth until now, hurtful labels have been assigned to them. But society does not stop with just words, there are also unfavorable mannerisms used to explain visually, stupid, retarded, crazy, or insane. These descriptive words and mannerisms used in jest amongst friends can cause distress to anyone who bears witnesses to include an individual who is intellectually disabled or mentally fragile....   [tags: Disability, Mental disorder, Mental retardation]

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Down Syndrome

- Down syndrome Down syndrome takes its name from Dr. Langdon Down. He was the first person to describe the syndrome in 1866. The earliest recorded incident of someone having Down syndrome dates back to an altar piece painted in a church in Aachen, Germany in 1504. Although the syndrome is named after Dr Langdon Down, he did not understand the condition, as we know it today. The syndrome was referred to as having mongolism. This was because people who have Down syndrome have similar physical characteristics to those people of oriental heritage....   [tags: Mental Retardation Mentally Retarded]

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NYPD Whistleblower Retaliation – Detective Labeled A Rat

- ... Ironically, in this instance the “whistleblower” information that may have effected one unit exposed a much larger issue of retribution and bad acts by several units. “...while few indulge themselves in outright evil and fewer still in righteousness, people are evidently influenced by authority, by apathy, by thoughtlessness, and by their environment (Geuras & Garofalo, 2011, p. 112).The immediate supervisors at every post Griffith was assigned or escaped to participated in the retribution by instigating and allowing the personal slurs, destruction of property, the withholding or denial of benefits, and the refusal of other officers to work with Griffith diminishing his ability to do his...   [tags: investigation, retaliation, police]

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Punishment and Retaliation

- Retaliation and punishment are some of the core themes involved in researching acts of violence among ancient cultures. In these cultures the killing of a family member by an individual may result in either the killing of the original murderer or the killing of one of their family members in retaliation. Often, this is deemed as a justified reaction. Even today the punishing of someone due to wrongdoing is often believed to be justified. The existence of the death penalty in the United States is proof of such a mentality....   [tags: judgement, mental state, wrongdoing]

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The Sox Anti Retaliation Provision

- 3. The Statute’s Purpose is at Odds With the Definition Section Finally, the act’s overall purpose can be used to ascertain the intent of the statute. Berman discusses the extreme tension that exists between this act’s purpose to expand whistleblower protections and the effects of only allowing for external reporting. Berman notes that limiting protections to external whistleblowers only would provide very limited coverage since most people “feel that reporting only to their employer offers the prospect of having the wrongdoing ended, with little chance of retaliation, whereas reporting to a government agency creates a substantial risk of retaliation.” This argument is very true from...   [tags: Statutory law, Law, Audit, External auditor]

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Complaint Of Contract And Violations Of The Sox Anti Retaliation Statute

- This case is based on Mrs. Jennifer Sharkey, who sued J.P. Morgan & Co. (JCMC), Mr. Kenny, Mr. Green, and Mrs. Lassiter, alleging breach of contract and violations of the SOX anti-retaliation statute. The facts started when Mrs. Sharkey was assigned to a Suspect Client 's account where members of JPMC expressed to her their concern regarding to this account because they suspected that the Suspect Client was involved in illegal activities. After Mrs. Sharkey’s investigation, she claimed that she informed her conclusions to superiors Mr....   [tags: Pleading, Complaint, Plaintiff, Defendant]

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An Aggressive, Offensive Strategy within Massive Retaliation

- An Aggressive, Offensive Strategy within Massive Retaliation During the Truman administration, the United States’ strategy towards the Soviet Union and its communist sphere of influence focused on “containment” through conventional military build up that illustrated a defensive outlook. President Eisenhower called for a comprehensive reevaluation of this existing American policy due to cost pressures from the public about peacetime military spending and a growing desire among his National Security advisors for a more proactive approach....   [tags: US History War Cold War Communism]

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Factors Increasing the Rate of Hate Crimes

- Previous studies into the cause of hate crime offending have for the most part been cross-sectional in nature, emphasizing ecological factors associated with higher rates of offending. Lyons’ (2007) study into Chicago neighbourhoods along with Green et al.’s (1998) investigation into communities in New York argued persuasively that demographic change in an area, usually an influx of immigrants or an ethnic minority, is a crucial explanatory factor when investigating why certain regions experience more hate crimes than others....   [tags: minority, retaliation, violence]

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Mental Illness

- Unfortunately there are people who are born less fortunate than other's. Some are slower than others, and there are some who pick up. Sadly some are made fun of because of the condition. This is when mental retardation comes into place. In my report I will be talking about mental retardation and the different kids of mental illnesses. Mental retardation is often thought of a disease ( Mental retardation 1 ). Disease would be the wrong term. Mental retardation is a term for wide range or conditions ( Mental retardation 1 )....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Attacks on the US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania

- ... There were many victims all together from both of these attacks. In the Kenya bombing, 247 people were killed including 12 Americans. More than 4,000 others were wounded. The bombing of the embassy in Tanzania killed 12 people, none of which were American, and injured 85 others. Hundreds of people volunteered to pull victims out of the rubble. Even people with barely any medical expertise were asked to help stitch people up on the sidewalks and streets. Some of the victims include guards and employees that worked at the embassies....   [tags: bombings, retaliation, victims]

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United States Supreme Court in the Case of McCarve v. North Carolina in Accordance with the Eight Amendment

- Does the motion filed in 2001 by the U.S. Supreme Court in the case of McCarver v. North Carolina address the concerns of the Eighth Amendment. Does it properly demonstrate that the execution of mentally retarded individual who has been convicted of capital crime is a direct violation of this amendment. Does the motion filed in 2001 by the U.S. Supreme Court in the case of McCarver v. North Carolina address the concerns of the Eighth Amendment. Does it properly demonstrate that the execution of mentally retarded individual who has been convicted of capital crime is a direct violation of this amendment....   [tags: mentally retarded, punishment, crime]

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How Inhibitory Conditioning Involves The Reinforcement Of A Stimulus

- Inhibitory conditioning involves the reinforcement of a stimulus (i.e. A) and non-reinforcement of a compound stimulus (i.e. AB) in which two stimuli are presented together (Cole, Barnet & Miller, 1997). To assess the presence of inhibitory conditioning, Rescorla (1969) proposed the two-test strategy (summation and retardation tests). The importance of these two experimental procedures has been recognised by numerous researchers who claim that when used together, eliminate alternative explanations (Rescorla, 1969; Williams, Overmier & Lolordo, 1992)....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov]

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Special Education

- Introduction Since the passing of The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), schools are required to serve all students regardless of their disability in a least restrictive environment. Due to increase in the number of students being identified and placed in general education classrooms, educators can expect to serve students with disabilities. It is important to understand the different types of disabilities, the characteristics of these disabilities, and causes; in order to ensure the success of students....   [tags: Education Teaching]

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Death Penalty: The Case Wood Versus Alabama

- The case Wood v. Alabama is a perfect example of how not having a set way to define what actually qualifies a person as mentally retarted, and not being able to assist his counsel on his own defense is an issue that still exists in our criminal justice system. Norman Abele is a psychologist who decided to review the case of Wood v. Allen Capital Case of 2009 in the American Psychologist Journal. Holly Wood was sentenced to death for the murder of his girlfriend by a jury of his peers in the state of Alabama....   [tags: justice system, attorneys, sentencing]

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Intellectual Disabilities

- In reading chapter 8 on intellectual disabilities, I found that the field of intellectual disabilities has developed throughout the years. The term intellectual disabilities and mental retardation are used interchangeably. The term “mental retardation” is the federal definition used by IDEA, however many states today do not use the term. Many people do not use the term mental retardation because of its history. Long ago, students who were known to have “mental retardation” were put in special schools or kept at home....   [tags: Mental Disorders]

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Vietnam Retaliation In The U.S

- “Vietnam was the first war ever fought without any censorship. Without censorship, things can get terribly confused in the public mind.” - Gen William C Westmoreland, US Army (http://www.encyclopedia.com/articles/13476.html) It is said that a war cannot be fought without the support of the people. Much so was this related to the Vietnam conflict. I say the “Vietnam Conflict” in that the United States never actually declared war on North Vietnam after its communist split-up in 1960....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Mentally Retarded Criminals Should Face the Death Penalty

-     On June 26, 1989, the United States Supreme Court, in the case of Penry v. Lynaugh, upheld the imposition of the death penaklty on a mentally retarded offender, John Penry (Chan 1211). The Court, also, held that the Federal Constitution's eighth amendment's cruel and unusual punishment clause is not violated by the execution of mentally retarded defendants (Cook 869). I strongly concur with the United States Supreme Court's decision. I do not believe that mentally retarded defendants should be categorically exempt from the death penalty because of their retardation....   [tags: Capital Punishment Essays]

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Community Based Instruction and Intellectual Disability

- There are many disabilities, such as intellectual disability, that affect the process and progress of students’ learning. But with the collaborative help from the school, parents, and community; these students can achieve a positive outcome. Intellectual disability is a term used when a person has certain limitations in mental functioning and in skills such as communicating, taking care of him or herself, and social skills. These limitations will cause a child to learn and develop more slowly than a typical child of the same age (NICHCY)....   [tags: collaborative education]

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Capital Punishment : The Justification For Murder

- When society’s justification for murder is yet another senseless act of murder, how can we, as members of society, say that we truly cherish human life. Capital punishment is hypocritical and promotes hatred, retribution and fury as a method to resolve one 's issues. It enables ordinarily rational individuals to succumb to their dark desires of retaliation and bloodlust; that will ultimately lead to the destruction of civilized society. Although efficient in its ultimate purpose, it is not as adequate in saving money, deterring crime, consistency, and most importantly choosing its victims; not to mention immorally wrong....   [tags: Capital punishment, Death row, Crime]

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome The Effects of Alcohol on a Fetus During Pregnancy

- Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is caused by fetal exposure to alcohol during pregnancy and is characterized by specific patters of fetal deformities. Researchers are unsure at what stage in the pregnancy these malformations occur or the amount of alcohol consumed to cause these deformities. FAS is the leading cause of mental retardation that is preventable. There are usually three factors pertaining to a diagnosis of FAS: “the presence of prenatal/postnatal growth retardation, craniofacial anomalies, and central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities.” (Pinto & Pravikoff, 2008)Other disorders including fetal alcohol effects (FAE) and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), and alcohol...   [tags: Pediatrics]

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The And Moral Status Of A Long Time By Peter Singer

- Men have thought themselves to be the superior species for a long time, but Peter Singer brings a new perspective on the topic in his essay entitled Speciesism and Moral Status. Singer’s new way of thinking of it states that determining morals status requires the comparison between the cognitive abilities of humans and nonhumans. The main points he focusses on in his essay are cognitive capacities between animals and humans with severe mental retardation, religion affecting human’s beliefs of superiority, and finally the ability to suffer and how similar humans and nonhumans are....   [tags: Thought, Psychology, Mind, Human]

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Certiorari to the Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas

- ... The defense compared him to Penry since he had a low IQ and a learning and speech disorder. The defense tried to argue how the Texas death penalty was unconstitutional according to the Eighth Amendment, but the Judge and Jury did not change their minds and the death penalty still stood (Kennedy). III Discussion LaRoyce Lathair Smith got convicted of capital murder and was given the death penalty by a jury in Dallas County, Texas. Before the jury made its decision, the judge added a “nullification instruction.” The instruction that the trial judge gave instructed that the jury to give effect to mitigation evidence, but the jury was allowed to do this by negating what would have been a pos...   [tags: jury, death penalty]

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Fragile X Syndrome

- There are many forms of mental retardation. Webster’s New World Dictionary defines mental retardation as “a condition, usually congenital, characterized by subnormal intelligence” (Agnes, p404). Mental retardation can be caused by a certain birth defect due to a traumatic event during the mother’s pregnancy, or mental retardation can also be inherited. The most common inherited form of mental retardation is Fragile X Syndrome. Fragile X Syndrome was identified in the year 1991. This disability affects more males than females....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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Hall v. Florida

- Facts and lower court procedural disposition of the case Defendant Freddie Lee Hall filed a motion to declare Florida Statute 921.137 (Florida Statute) as contrary to Atkins v. Virginia (2002) and, thus, unconstitutional. Hall, convicted in 1981 for the murder of Karol Hurst, was initially sentenced to death in September 1982. For three years, he fought his sentence, filing “a motion to vacate, a petition for writ of habeas corpus and an application for a stay of execution, all of which were denied” ....   [tags: Atkins v. Virginia ]

Research Papers
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Factors Associated With Fetal Health

- Factors Associated With Fetal Health Why is it so important for people to watch what they eat, and what they do when they’re pregnant?. To understand the answer to this question we must realize that everything we do when we’re pregnant may affect our baby for the bad or for the good. What were looking for is to have a healthy pregnancy, thus leading to (hopefully) a healthy, normal infant, and later on a healthy adult. Expectant mothers must know what affects the pregnancy. Nutrition is a very important factor for a healthy pregnancy....   [tags: Fetal Health]

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1337 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Mental Illnesses And Intellectual Disabilities

- As a young adult, growing up with multiple social media accounts is nothing new. People all across the world are connected with a free app and this technology has both positive and negative sides. Mental illnesses and intellectual disabilities are something that people all around the world suffer from each day. Those affected often have difficulty with simple, everyday activities and looking at social media might just add to the feeling of being different. To me, the media poorly portrays the effects of these disorders, illnesses, and disabilities more often than they show what they truly are....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Disability]

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A Reflection On Pregnant Women

- Reflection Paper #2 SPH-F345 Yuchan Hu In the previous course, I mastered a lot of new knowledge. Also, pregnant women should avoid teratogens during pregnancy effects me the most. Viruses, drugs, chemicals, stress, environmental hazards are the factors, which harm the fetus. Prevention of fetal malformations should start from pre-pregnancy check. The pregnant women use medication during pregnancy should follow doctor 's guidance, diet should be balanced, and they also need to far from radiation....   [tags: Pregnancy, Infant, Fetus, Breastfeeding]

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Ethical Issues in Psychology

- We are going to explore the world of ethical issues in psychology. As in any medical or mental health fields there are rules we all must follow as professionals. In this essay today we will be exploring a case study where we have a young lady who has been stricken by a mental disability. We will be looking at the facts in which her disability was handled by a professional in the field of psychology. We also will be discussing the rights and wrongs that are presented in her case study. We will also be discussing the APA ethical codes and gain a clearer understanding of where some things went wrong and why shall we begin....   [tags: Psychology ]

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The Reproductive Rights of the Developmentally Disabled

- The Reproductive Rights of the Developmentally Disabled Sterilization of the developmentally disabled or the mentally retarded is an issue that has long been debated in America. Mental retardation is defined as the inability to learn normally and develop mentally. Traditionally in America if a mentally retarded person was born to a family, that family had 2 choices- take care of the child at home, or it was strongly recommended that the child was sent to a state run institution or hospital....   [tags: Papers]

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Teratogens and Developmental Psychology

- To put a definition plainly, teratogens are agents responsible for countless birth defects. Research found suggests over eight hundred known teratogens. In this paper, you will find interesting facts based on research, the relationship between teratogens and developmental psychology and some personal views based on the information and research found for this piece. Teratogens are easily classified in three different groups, these being drugs, disease and environmental. These three classifications are very broad....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Psychological Disorders And Its Effects On The Person 's Life And Create Distress

- In simple terms, a psychological disorder is a pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that effect several parts of the person’s life and create distress. There are more than 200 classified forms of psychological disorders which are broken down into five major categories; anxiety disorders, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, dementia, and eating disorders. When people hear eating disorder they often think of the most commonly known disorders of anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating. While those disorders effect more than 5 million American’s a year, there are several lesser known disorders which also fall into this category, such as pica....   [tags: Psychiatry, Mental disorder]

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Death Penalty : How Society 's Perception Affects The Amount Of Executions

- Death Penalty: How Society’s Perception Affects the Amount of Executions Completed Each Year The whole concept of the death penalty has been having a continual battle over whether the death penalty should be enforced on the mentally disabled or mentally ill. The same battle is also being fought over the death penalty process for executing the condemned. Some feel that the process of using chemicals involved is not a safe, painless, or humane way to put someone to death. Over time, the death penalty has been evolving with the current society point of views....   [tags: Prison, Capital punishment, Crime, Murder]

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Alcohol And Drug Use And Their Impact On Fetal Development

- Alcohol and Drug Use and Their Impact on Fetal Development Trang Pham MS Guided Research Professor Wildburger 24 October 2014 Trang Pham Professor Wildburger MS Guided Research 24 October 2014 Alcohol and Drug Use and Their Impact on Fetal Development Recent decades witness the increasing consumption of alcohol and drug use, together with their related diseases, among adults, especially women. Many studies on the impact of alcohol and drug use on fetal development have been conducted....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetal alcohol syndrome, Fetus]

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2155 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Mosaicism Down Syndrome

- The sign and symptoms vary from mild to severe according to types of Down syndrome. For example; mosaicism Down syndrome will have less sign and symptoms because only few cells have extra copies of chromosome 21 and other cells are normal. The most common physical features include flattened face, a short neck, small ears, small hands, and feet, short in height (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). Moreover, all children with this birth defect are affected with mental retardation. Wiseman, Alford, Tybulewicz, and Fisher (2009) stated chromosome 21 is responsible for mental retardation and health problems in Down syndrome because Trisomy of 21 has a significant impact on the deve...   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Prenatal diagnosis]

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1639 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Mental Illnesses And Its Effects On Society

- Mental Illnesses are some of the most misunderstood illnesses there are. People have preconceived notions of what they are and it is in these ways that they are shown in the media which does not help the situation. These incorrect understanding of mental illnesses have had effect on those with mental illnesses and their (wrong there) being accepted in society. Mental Illnesses are widely misunderstood, and if they were understood more (not needed), they could become more accepted in society. In society, mental illnesses are viewed in a bad light....   [tags: Mental disorder, Suicide, Mental illness]

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Ghost Boy by Ian Lawrence

- Prejudice is an issue that cannot be easily avoided in today's society. It has and always will have a huge impact on the discrimination that some people face based on religion, appearance, background, mental/physical disabilities and etc. In the novel Ghost Boy, written by Ian Lawrence, prejudice plays an important role in the society built within the pages and cover of the book. Harold Kline, the fourteen year old protagonist of the novel, faces many problems with the members of the society in which he lives based on his appearance because he is an albino....   [tags: Lawrence Ghost Boy Analysis Review]

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The Genetic Factors of Learning Disabilities

- The National Institute of Neurologic Disorders defines learning disorders as a; condition that either prevents or significantly hinders somebody from learning basic skills or information at the same rate as most people of the same age. It is important to note that this does not mean that the individual has less intelligence; it means that their brain or body is wired in a way that hinders or prevents development of a certain tasks. Many people often confuse learning disabilities with mental retardation but while both words describe similar conditions, the term learning disability and learning disorder are used to describe conditions that affect development in certain cognitive areas in other...   [tags: Special Education]

Term Papers
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Analysis Of `` Silly Things ``

- . Lauren (16) and Chris (17) have been dating for approximately a year and a half. Their relationship could best be described as “rocky”. Although they love each other very much, they constantly engage in arguments surrounding “silly things”. Recently, Lauren tells you that their arguments have gotten “really bad” and she expresses concern regarding their relationship. You have been seeing Lauren in therapy for a few months, and are aware that her mood often fluctuates. Sometimes she is sad, presents with psychomotor retardation, and expresses feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness....   [tags: Major depressive disorder, Abnormal psychology]

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Causes and Treatment of Phenylketonuria

- Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a genetic disorder that can cause mental retardation if not treated at an early age, the causes for its permanent effect on the brain according to Keith F. Widaman occurs when, “the metabolism of phenylalanine into tyrosine is disrupted. If the diet of an infant with PKU is not restricted, blood phenylalanine levels are elevated, leading to irremediable brain damage” (48). The first person who discovered Phenylketonuria genetic disorder is the Norwegian biochemist, Folling in 1934, he achieved it by testing many of his patients who were mentally ill, and founded that phenylalanine presented in many of their test results (Widaman, 48)....   [tags: Genetic Disorder, Diet Control]

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1278 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Human Intelligence: Raising Intelligence Level

- One of the most common definitions of intelligence is one’s ability to learn, and apply their knowledge (Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences). Humans use their brains and intelligence every day, and the human ability to think and create is what allows us to be the dominant species on Earth. However, there has always been a gap of intelligence levels within our species. There are geniuses, and they can solve complex math equations without hesitation. On the other hand, we have a great percentage of people who have learning disabilities, like mental retardation....   [tags: dna, knowledge, brain]

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989 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

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