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The Doctrine of Recollection

- Socrates’ Doctrine of Recollection is invalid because of the flawed procedure that was employed to prove it, its inability to apply to all types of knowledge, and the weakness of the premises that it is based on. In Plato’s Meno, Socrates suggested that knowledge comes from recollection, or, in Greek, anamnesis. He believes that the knowledge is already implanted in the human mind, and by recollection, men can retrieve back knowledge. There are two stages to this: first, a “stirring up” of true, innate opinions, then, a conversion of the knowledge (Gulley)....   [tags: socrates, knowledge, premises]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- In this paper I’ll discuss Plato’s theory of recollection in a close reading of the Phaedo. The theory of recollection (ToR) accepts the following premises: 1. We come into being with knowledge. 2. We must’ve learned this knowledge before birth. 3. Therefore, the soul is immortal (Phaedo 73a). In the forthcoming paragraphs, I’ll clarify exactly what we recollect and what constitutes as a cognitive act as being an act of recollection. Additionally, I’ll present two different interpretations, K and D, on the theory of recollection and argue for D while offering an error theory for K....   [tags: Truth, Plato, Knowledge, Platonism]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- Is Plato’s Theory of Recollection a plausible solution to Meno’s Paradox of Knowledge. The general topic is Plato’s theory of recollection. Is Plato’s Theory of Recollection the plausible solution to Meno’s Paradox of Knowledge. Throughout many of his dialogues Plato often concludes that we cannot know something through our senses. He often concludes that we became acquainted with our knowledge in a previous existence. In Meno, Socrates states that, “As the soul is immortal, has been born often, and has seen all things here and in the underworld, there is nothing which it has not learned; so it is in no way surprising that it can recollect the things it knew before…” In many of Plato’s wo...   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Soul, Phaedo]

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Socrates 's Theory Of Recollection

- In the Meno, Plato addresses the question of virtue, what it is, how to obtain and if virtue can be taught. Meno came to conclusion after a long discussion with Socrates that it is impossible to know what virtue is. The Meno’x paradox states, “if one knows what virtue is, he does not need to search for it. However, if one does not know what virtue is, how can he search for it. He may not know he has it even when he gets it.” Seeing how hopeless Meno is, Socrates propose the theory of recollection as a way to obtain virtue....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Question, Soul]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- Plato Theory of Recollection suggest that the process of learning is just recalling events that happen before we were born. Plato believes all knowledge we have is immortal therefore the knowledge is always there all we have to do is recall that knowledge. This views of Plato could be considerably true due to the vast amounts of knowledge are brains are able to retain. If all those memories pre-existed then our brains could have infinite potential. Since our soul is believe to be non-physical meaning it cannot die then ones our body dies our soul will still continue to live on with all the information we have learned in that life time....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Immortality, Socrates]

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Plato’s Theory of Recollection

- In this paper, I will investigate the basic characteristics and properties of Plato’s “recollection” in Meno. In my opinion, Plato uses “recollection” to refute this argument, “whether people know or do not know, discovering is unnecessary.” He believes there is a state between “do not know” and “know”, he calls it “forget”. Therefore, when people are learning or discovering, they are just recollecting things they already forget. In general, when people are learning, they achieve a state of understanding by learning something they consider they do not know....   [tags: characteristics, properties, Meno]

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Recollection in Plato's Phaedo and Meno

- Recollection in Plato's Phaedo and Meno As the earliest philosopher from whom we have written texts, Plato is often misrepresented as merely reproducing Socratic rhetoric. In Meno, one of the first Platonic dialogues, Plato offers his own unique philosophical theory, infused with his mentor's brilliant sophistry. Amidst discussing whether or not virtue can be taught, Meno poses a difficult paradox: How can one be virtuous, or seek virtue, when one cannot know what it is. "How will you aim to search for something you do not know at all?" (Plato, Meno, 80d)....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

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We Are Made Wise Not By The Recollection Of Our Past

- “We are made wise not by the recollection of our past, but by the responsibility for our future.” Responsibility is a big part I am at college and have a job here today which a reason for everyone but for me that didn’t sit in till freshman year of high school I was care free until football. What I had to do was to work together on the field also in the classroom or I would let the team down. Our coach always told us there is teamwork, hard work, and respectful will follow us around for the rest of your life that’s what we are going to learn....   [tags: American football, Thought, Mind, High school]

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Plato's Doctrine of Recollection

- Plato's Doctrine of Recollection Essay 1: Plato's Doctrine of Recollection (Sept.29,2000) The 'doctrine of recollection' states that all true knowledge exists implicitly within us, and can be brought to consciousness - made explicit - by recollection. Using the Platonic concepts of 'Forms', 'particulars', 'knowledge' and 'true opinion', this essay explains what can or cannot be recollected, why all knowledge is based on recollection, and why the doctrine does not prove the soul to be immortal....   [tags: Free Example Essays]

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Aristotle Vs. Plato Learning Is Recollection

- What alternative does Aristotle offer to Plato’s claim that learning is recollection. Where would Aristotle locate the mistake in Plato’s argument in The Phaedo. In his dialogues The Phaedo and Meno, Plato, through the form of Socrates, puts forth the idea that all learning is recollection. In The Phaedo, to prove that the soul is immortal, Socrates asserts the view that all learning is recollection and we simply need to be reminded of facts that our immortal souls are aware of. In Meno, Socrates attempts to show the truth of this belief by doing complex geometry with a nearby slave boy....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Narrative Recollection in Faulkner’s The Unvanquished

- Narrative Recollection in Faulkner’s The Unvanquished The narrator in William Faulkner’s “The Unvanquished” is an adult looking back on his childhood experiences. This is a powerful technique, because the reader can receive two sets of images through one voice – in this case both the impressions of the young Bayard Sartoris as well as his older (and perhaps wiser) adult self. There are several ways in which the author makes this known, the first being Faulkner’s use of first person, but in the past tense....   [tags: Unvanquished Essays]

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Bias and False Memory Recall

- Memory refers to the “facts, events or other kinds of information we have acquired in the past and the processes involved in the acquisition, retention and retrieval of the this information” (Glisky, 2011). We rely on the validity of our memories everyday to perform basic functions such as recalling our name, age and home address. Our memory also forms an integral part of our personality: our recollection of our life experiences. However, can our memory be trusted. This essay will endeavour to show that, while we may feel as though our memory is certain, it is easily tricked and its accuracy cannot be relied upon....   [tags: recollection of previous experiences, stereotypes]

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To Accept or Not Accept Socrates’ Theory of Recollection as Sufficient Answer to Meno’s Paradox

- ... The problem of circularity in Socrates’ justification is especially problematic because it highlights the weak foundation that his entire theory is built upon. If the basis of ones theory is unsound there is no reason to accept what has been built up from it. If Socrates’ refutation of Meno’s Paradox is that knowledge is simply recollection, it is necessary that he prove the immortality of the soul independently. Since Socrates has failed to do so, then his theory cannot be accepted a sufficient way of overcoming the paradox....   [tags: immortality, slave, interrogation]

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Personal Statement : ' E Are Made Wise Not By The Recollection Of Our Past '

- e are made wise not by the recollection of our past, but by the responsibility for our future.” I would have to say football shaped my life so has my coach with him I don’t if I would be in college or have a job right now. The things he taught me how to push myself to max not giving up when something gets hard or if something challenges me just stay in there it’s your responsibility to finish every job . The man I am talking about is Jared Shaner even if we always didn’t see eye to eye he was definitely a role model and what shaped me in a man....   [tags: American football, Thought, High school, Mind]

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Discuss the Role of Memory and Recollection In Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let me Go (2005)

- It has been stated that the application of memory functions in fictional works which act as a reflective device of human experience. (Lavenne, et al. 2005: 1). I intend to discuss the role of memory and recollection in Kazuo Ishiguro’s dystopian science-fiction novel Never Let Me Go (2005). “Memory, like learning, is a hypothetical construct denoting three distinguishable but interrelated processes: registration, storage and retrieval” (Gross. 2001: 244). Ishiguro’s novel Never Let Me Go represents memory as a backdrop to the storyline and narrative structure, a moral and ethical tale preluding to science fact to the modern and experimental advancements in technology through cloning....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Vivid Recollections in Poetry

- ‘War Photographer’ by Carol Ann Duffy, ‘The Sick Equation’ by Brian Patterson and ‘I Shall Return’ by Claude McKay are all thought provoking poems, which are all similarly conveyed to the reader through the protagonists thoughts and vivid recolections. The authors narrative posture (being the protagonist) gives the reader an insight into the poets authorial stances, making each poem to some degree, autobiographical. When anaylising each poem it becomes apparent that numerous literary techniques have been amalgamated into the poems to add sharp contrasts, rythem, mood and evocative imagery, these litarry techniques help elaborate, emphasize and represent the theme of loss and isolation...   [tags: poetry, memories, Carol Ann Duffy, Brian Patterson]

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My Date Night Experiment

- It’s no secret that I am significantly older than the average college freshman. As a twenty eight year old woman, I have spent many nights eating dinner alone or seeing a movie by myself because none of my friends enjoy horror films. This does not imply that I enjoy eating by myself or watching movies alone. Perhaps it’s because I am a very social extrovert, but I definitely prefer the company of my partner or anyone else that can offer a good conversation over dinner rather than sitting all by myself in silence....   [tags: personal reflections and data recollection]

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Ode : Intimations Of Immortality From Recollections Of Early Childhood

- In this lyrical poem “Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood,” Williams Wordsworth expresses how a child’s view on nature changes and becomes distorted the older the child gets. Wordsworth struggles with comprehending why humanity doesn’t appreciate or perceive nature in all of its glory. Why is it that as time passes, the less we value nature in a spiritual way. “There was a time when meadow, grove, and stream/ The earth, and every common sight/ To me did seem/ Apparelled in celestial light,/ The glory and the freshness of a dream./ It is not now as it hath been of yore;--/ Turn wheresoe’er I may,/ By night or day,/ The things which I have seen I now can see...   [tags: Mind, Soul, Earth, Immortality]

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False Memory

- Memory is one of the most critical parts of cognition. It is important because it is involved in almost every aspect of cognition including problem solving, decision making, attention, and perception. Because of this importance, people rely on one’s memory to make important decisions. The value of one’s memory in this society is so high that it is used as evidence to either save one’s life or kill one’s life during murder trials. But as many of the cognitive psychologists know, human’s memory can cause many errors....   [tags: distorted memory, fabricated recollections]

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Thomas Edison's Recolections of his Life

- Thomas Edison It is extremely hard for most people today – at least those of us in so-called "developed countries" – to remember, or even picture a world without telephones, movie theaters, recorded music or even electric lights. But not very long ago, none of those inventions existed. Some say I was ahead of my time, that I was the wizard of Menlo Park. By now you know who I am, I'm Thomas Edison, I invented the first incandescent electric light bulb, the first motion picture camera, the first industrial research lab, and much more....   [tags: telephone, failures, inventions]

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recolections of ww2

- At the age of about nine, in the year 1939, Alexandra Grochowska (my grandmother) experienced the terrors of World War 2. She lived in a town called Lodz with her parents and two sisters, one, two years older and one, two years younger. On the 1st of September (the day that war broke out) it was warm and sunny Alexandra and her sisters, knowing the war was coming, went for a swim in the nearby dam.As they swam they saw a group of german plains flying overhead, heading for Warszawa (Polands capital city), this meant the war was starting....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Socrates 's Theory Of The Existence Of Learning

- Socrates’s work has laid the foundation for all philosophical thinkers after his time. Although never writing anything down, Plato’s account of Socrates’s fundamental thoughts gives us a direct insight into our own beliefs and helps us question our very core values. Socrates has brought about many theories of existence due to the mere questioning of daily attributes like the existence of learning. In Plato’s dialogue, Meno, Socrates poses a valid argument that we do not learn but seemingly recollect knowledge from a previous life....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Reincarnation, Socrates]

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An Analysis Of Plato 's ' The Phaedo Dialogue '

- Plato is one of the most famous Greek philosophers who has many published works that contributes to the field of ethics. In many of his philosophical debates, Plato claims that the soul never perishes after death and only the body dies. One of Plato 's famous works that argues for the immortality of the soul is the Socratic dialogue, The Phaedo. In this dialogue, Phaedo is telling the story of Socrates ' death, who appears as the main character in the dialogue. Socrates was executed by drinking poison hemlock after the state of Athens accused him of corrupting the youth....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Socrates, Logic]

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The Theory Of Knowledge Is Impossible

- After admitting that he does not know what virtue is almost halfway through Plato’s Meno, Meno states a few premises involving the acquisition of knowledge, which coined the term Meno’s paradox. In this paradox Meno says that virtue or knowledge is impossible to learn because of it. Meno then questions Socrates on how they can find what virtue is if they can’t discover it which I believe Socrates resolves by stating the theory of recollection and how the theory of recollection shows one part of the premise false by conversing with the slave boy....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Ethics, Justice]

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The Current Study On Test Episodic Memory

- The current study tried to test episodic memory, how every day brand experience left a mark in the memory and tried to discover that when these brands were tested, could people to be separated previously shown brands and new brands from each other. Therefore, it determined whether familiarity or recollection would be more superior. Moreover, the source memory was tested using these brand logos. As a conclusion, this study was needed to use recollection to remember details on the source memory to press the correct button during the experiment....   [tags: Memory, Hippocampus, Amplitude, Temporal lobe]

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Wordsworth’s Romantic Style Present in Tintern Abbey

- William Wordsworth’s “Tintern Abbey” is an ideal example of romantic poetry. As the web page “Wordsworth Tintern Abbey” notes, this recollection was added to the end of his book Lyrical Ballads, as a spontaneous poem that formed upon revisiting Wye Valley with his sister (Wordsworth Tintern Abbey). His writing style incorporated all of the romantic perceptions, such as nature, the ordinary, the individual, the imagination, and distance, which he used to his most creative extent to create distinctive recollections of nature and emotion, centered on striking descriptions of his individual reactions to these every day, ordinary things....   [tags: Poetry Analysis]

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Plato 's Theory Of Knowledge And Opinion

- Plato believes there is two types of worlds that are of knowledge and opinion. As he understands, what is an every lasting reality is a true knowledge, which is the heart of what needs to be understood and everything people need to know. As he says for opinion, it will be only successful some times, as knowledge will always be right and successful at all times when implemented. An opinion for him has no base on true knowledge, but pure people’s speculations of their points of views. A true knowledge will never be influenced by any changes and it cannot be affected by anything; it will stand alone without changing....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Socrates, Epistemology]

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Socrates, Meno, And Meno 's Unnamed Slave

- The section 80d-86c of the Meno, which will be the focus of this paper, features the characters Socrates, Meno, and Meno’s unnamed slave. In this section, Plato uses these characters to discuss the paradox of inquiry and propose a possible solution to it. Modern philosophers refer to the proposed three-part solution to the paradox as the ‘theory of recollection’. During Plato’s time, the theory of recollection was a successful solution to the paradox of inquiry, but with modern science there has surfaced a better way to solve the paradox of inquiry....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Knowledge, Brain]

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Immortal Horcrux And Our Memory

- Immortal Horcrux and Our Memory In Plato’s Meno dialogue, Socrates wondered if Meno had understood the paradox that he had proposed by asking: “Do you realize what a debater’s argument you are bringing up, that a man cannot search either for what he knows, or for what he does not know. He cannot search for what he knows – since he knows it, there is no need to search – nor for what he does not know, for he does not know what to look for.” (Socrates, 70) As summarized eloquently, Meno’s belief is that man cannot learn something on their own, because they could not truly recognize a concept that they have never encountered before....   [tags: Soul, Socrates, Plato, Immortality]

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Socrates and Plato in Phaedo

- Socrates a classical Greek philosopher and character of Plato’s book Phaedo, defines a philosopher as one who has the greatest desire of acquiring knowledge and does not fear death or the separation of the body from the soul but should welcome it. Even in his last days Socrates was in pursuit of knowledge, he presents theories to strengthen his argument that the soul is immortal. His attempts to argue his point can’t necessarily be considered as convincing evidence to support the existence of an immortal soul....   [tags: Classical Greek Philosopher, Literary Analysis]

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Night of the Gun: The literature argument

- Literature which comes from the Latin word ‘litterae’ is the art of written works, and is not bound to published sources, although, under circumstances unpublished sources can be exempt. In other words literature refers to writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. David Carr’s memoir, The Night of the Gun, can be considered to be part of literature because he uses his experiences and memories to portray important themes and messages about the effects of addiction....   [tags: Literature]

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Plato's Theory of Knowledge

- “If the truth of all things always existed in the soul, then the soul is immortal” (The Philosophical Journey 89). This states that since the soul has all knowledge integrated, one recollects this knowledge through situations in an individual’s life and use one’s reasoning. With the dialogues of the Meno and Phaedo, Plato discusses the ideas of recollection and immortality of the soul in general. As well, the Republic, through the three different situations shown, Plato shows the ideas of the forms and what is real and what is not....   [tags: Philosophy, Greek]

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Significant Role of the Hippocampus

- ... Specifically, patient with hippocampus damage shows impairment in allocentric memory (Cipolotti and Bird, 2006). Nonetheless, selective bilateral hippocampal and unilateral right hippocampal damage do not affect to patient’s ability to recognize faces (Cipolotti and Bird, 2006). This implies that bilateral and unilateral hippocampus does not contribute majorly to familiarity and recollection of unknown human’s faces. Since hippocampus plays an important function in the brain, it has become a great topic for many conducted research not only on human but also animals, specifically primates and rodents....   [tags: anatomy of the brain]

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Plato's Arguments for Proving the Inmortality and Longevity of the Soul

- ... Everything comes to be from out of its opposite, so that for instance a tall man becomes tall only because he was short before. Similarly, death being the opposite of life, and so living things come to be out of dead things and vice versa. This implies that there is a continuous cycle of life and death, so that when we die we do not stay dead, but come back to life after a period of time. Our soul never dies, however. It is the one thing that continues on after dying for one to become alive again....   [tags: ancient Greek philosophy]

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Analysis Of The Poem ' Phaedo Of Elis '

- Phaedo of Elis, is encountered by Echecrates and urges Phaedo to tell him what happened during Socrates’ final hours before his death. Many of Socrates’ close friends and followers were present and were all interested in what Socrates had to say. It all begins when Socrates mentions that although suicide is adherently wrong, a philosopher should look forward to his death on earth. Socrates’ reason behind this is that the soul is immortal and the duty of a philosopher throughout his whole life is to train himself and detach his soul from the body....   [tags: Soul, Life, Yin and yang, Taoism]

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Phaedo by Plato

- ... Socrates first establishes the existence of an underworld based on an ancient idea that souls that are born come from there; essentially, they are born from the dead. The argument continues that if the living come back from the dead, the souls must be in existence in that realm which for Socrates is proof that the living only come from the dead (Phaedo 70d). He then extends this reason to all plants, animals, and things that come to be. Socrates expounds this logic using the argument that “if something smaller comes to be, it will come from something larger before, which became smaller” (Phaedo 69e)....   [tags: last conversation of Socrates]

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Analysis Of ' Phaedo ' And ' The Last Days Of Socrates '

- Given what Socrates states in the Phaedo through his arguments about the afterlife and the definition of death, I argue, that he would he say, that we are alive when we are no longer in our body. This paper will argue that an individual is not only alive after death, but that we are most alive when we are not in the body, through an outline of premises picked from the book Phaedo, in The Last Days of Socrates by Plato. Socrates defines death as the separation of body and the soul through his dialogue with Simmias, “Is it simply the release of the soul from the body....   [tags: Life, Soul, Death, Plato]

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The Immortality of the Soul

- Plato has roused many readers with the work of a great philosopher by the name of Socrates. Through Plato, Socrates lived on generations after his time. A topic of Socrates that many will continue to discuss is the idea of “an immortal soul”. Although there are various works and dialogues about this topic it is found to be best explained in The Phaedo. It is fair to say that the mind may wonder when one dies what exactly happens to the beloved soul, the giver of life often thought of as the very essence of life does it live on beyond the body, or does it die with it....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Plato's Theory of Human Knowledge

- Plato's Theory of Human Knowledge Plato contended that all true knowledge is recollection. He stated that we all have innate knowledge that tells us about the things we experience in our world. This knowledge, Plato believed, was gained when the soul resided in the invisible realm, the realm of The Forms and The Good. Plato's theory of The Forms argued that everything in the natural world is representative of the ideal of that form. For example, a table is representative of the ideal form Table....   [tags: Papers]

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The Theory of Innate Virtue

- Throughout the dialogue of “Meno”, Socrates inquires what virtue is and whether virtue is innate, acquired through learning, or received as a gift from the gods (Jowett, 1949). After some discussion with Meno, Socrates first proposes the theory that virtue is innate. Subsequently the knowledge of innate virtue is of a priori knowledge, which is in turn contingent on a priori justification (Russell, 2011). A priori knowledge is knowledge that rests on a priori justification. A priori justification is a type of epistemic justification that is, in some sense, independent of experience....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Plato's Meno and Plato's Republic

- 1. In Plato’s Meno, Socrates claims that all learning is actually recollection (80d – 86c). What prompts Socrates to make this claim, and what does he mean by it. As Socrates and Meno were trying to find out the essence of virtues, Socrates said: “The soul, then, as being immortal, and having been born again many times, and having seen all things that exist, whether in this world or in the world below, has knowledge of them all; and it is no wonder that she should be able to call to remembrance all that she ever knew about virtue, and about everything; for as all nature is akin, and the soul has learned all things1.” As he suggested, the soul has already known everything, and thus the acqui...   [tags: Socrate, philosophical analysis]

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Power Relations of the Characters in Pinter's Old Times

- Harold Pinter’s plays reflect most common themes of the 20th century drama such as the loss of meaning and identity. In Pinter’s plays, the characters are depicted as they are in constant struggle for asserting their identity and meaning to their existence. Since they feel insecure about both their existence and identity, they feel the need to dominate others for the sake of asserting sovereignty over what they possess. In that way, they think they can define their existence and identity. Overpowering others is a way of feeling confident about themselves and their surroundings....   [tags: Harold Pinter]

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Meno´s Paradox Presented by Plato

- The critical argument, known as Meno's Paradox, as presented in Plato's “Meno”, questions the very basis of Socrates method of arriving at knowledge of unknown things through inquiry. If Socrates truly wants to gain knowledge of what no one else knows, then the content of that “unknown” thing will produce absolutely nothing. The paradox bases itself in stating that humans can never learn anything that they don't already obtain knowledge of. As identified by Meno, the paradox is this: "And how are you going to inquire about it, Socrates, when you do not at all know what it is....   [tags: socrates, learning, premise]

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A Child Of Hitler By Alfons Heck

- A Child of Hitler by Alfons Heck is an autobiographical account of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945 from his perspective as a member of the Hitler Youth. Heck’s autobiography is abundant with emotional treatise and recollections from his childhood. Published in 1985, the book is targeted toward an adult audience. The overarching theme focuses on repentance and the overwhelming power of propaganda and the resulting passion produced by NSDAP indoctrination. Using this theme as guidance, Heck argues that Nazi propaganda was highly efficient and produced an indoctrinated generation that was consumed with Aryan and Third Reich superiority until the defeat of Germany in 1945....   [tags: Nazi Germany, World War II, Nazi Party]

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Olaudah Equiano And The Slave Trade

- On one unfaithful day, when all the parents of the children in Igbo Africa went to work, Olaudah Equiano and his sister were kidnapped by attackers involved in the slave trade. They were separated for some time and miraculously met again, but these two siblings were separated for the last time. Equiano gave recollections of painful separations that African slaves experienced. This narrative offers insight into where the whole empire of slave trade began, and it also offers many first-hand accounts of a slave who survived many endeavors....   [tags: Slavery, Atlantic slave trade, British Empire]

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The AtkinsonShiffrin Theory Designed by Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin in 1968

- The human mind is genuinely mesmerizing and intriguing when it comes to how it operates and how it perceives the world around us. What it is equally as captivating, is how we manage to store all the information we receive on a day to day basis. Whether its memorizing vocabulary terms for an exam, recollecting a fond childhood memory in great detail, or simply remembering what to purchase on a quick errand, all of these things require an operation in the brain and a designated place for these memories to be stored....   [tags: human mind, equality, memory model]

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Memory and History

- 1. Using the excerpts from Marx, Nietzsche and Freud that we have read in class, please explain one commonality and one salient difference in each on the question of memory. There is a common saying that one must “learn from the past to change the future.” In the context of memory and history, learning from the past causes history to repeat itself, rather than causing change. Marx, Nietzche, and Freud have discussed the question of memory in the context of modernity. Even though there are differences in the way Marx, Nietzche, and Freud approach elements of remembering, they perceived memory as dangerous and problematic....   [tags: philosophy, marx, nietzsche]

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Two Lectures on Inferiority

- This paper will focus on two lectures that were given in class as well presentations that were given on the related material from readings. The first lecture was given on organ inferiority, and the processes that our organs use to compensate and overcompensate for the sake of the organs’ preservation. The second lecture was given on social and economic factors in character development as it addressed the historical prevalence in character building, and the affects that evolutionary development has had on the human race....   [tags: Sociology]

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Child Abuse and it's Role in Bastard Out of Carolina by Dorothy Allison

- While reading the semi-autobiographical, Bastard Out of Carolina, by Dorothy Allison, I was stunned by the explicit nature of the novel. We were introduced to a young narrator and protagonist named, Ruth Anne “Bone” Boatwright. Bone's family, like that of the author, experienced a impoverished life, all the while she tried to find her place in a society that had literally labeled her “illegitimate.” Merriam-Webster defines illegitimate as being: (1) not recognized as lawful offspring; specifically: born of parents not married to each other (2) not rightly deduced or inferred- illogical (3) departing for the regular- erratic (4) not sanctioned by law- illegal (5) not authorized by good usag...   [tags: sexual abuse, glen waddell, depression]

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Memories and Their Role in Character Motivation: An Analysis of Dreams of Home

- ... One such example of this is in the first stanza in which the speaker recalls luxuries that war has denied him, and that one who hasn’t participated in war, may take for granted. “A man can only dream of the many comforts of living back home.” (“Dreams of Home” lines 1-2) and, “A bed nice and warm, lots of things of course when you have been so lengthily apart” (lines 3-4) not only serve to represent the physical distance that has separated the soldier and his luxuries, but it also delivers the idea that these luxuries that are traditionally associated with civilized culture, represent the humanity that has also been long abandoned by the speaker....   [tags: literary analysis, Iain Brooks novel]

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The Third Chapter Of The Buddha Meets Socrates Asks, Is Science A Distraction?

- The third chapter of The Buddha Meets Socrates asks, “Is science a distraction?” To answer this question, the text addresses three major underlying questions: what is science, what is the purpose of science, and can science lead us to truth. The chapter incorporates several Western views, comparing and contrasting them with the Buddhist view elucidated by the Karmapa. The first question as to the identity of science is developed through a traditional Western view, invoking the minds of Socrates, Descartes, and Kant....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Epistemology, Buddhism]

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Are Bernal Diaz’s Accounts of Cortez's Mission Accurate

- ... Diaz’s account is more believable because the objective tone of his account compared to the others. That was noticeable when he describes the events with many details without his emotions. Even, it is difficult to recognize his opinion about the event. For example, when he said “he placed it round the neck of the Great Montezuma and when he had so placed it he was going to embrace him, and those great Princes who accompanied Montezuma held back Cortés by the arm so that he should not embrace him, for they considered it an indignity” (Diaz, P....   [tags: aztecs, letter, indians]

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Joe Smith 's Death Of Robbery And Battery

- In 2015, Joe Smith was falsely convicted of robbery and battery. In the city of Hickory, North Carolina. Joe was perceived as a robber and a thief he was known for robbing a local grocery store. The case happen on May,2015 at Wal-Mart Express. One slow afternoon ‘Peter’ the cashier was working he had approximately two customers in the building. The customers’ names were Brian and Unknown. Suddenly the ‘Unknown’ customer appeared with a guy pointing at the employee demanding for money. The cashier was stun with shock and disbelief, the nervous employee gave the unknown the cash from the register....   [tags: Psychology, Crime, Memory, Sense]

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Police Actions Are Justified Or Unnecessary, Police Authority

- Police use-of-force and allegations of discriminatory behavior continues to be a source of interest and concerns to both citizens and scholars alike. Whether police actions are justified or unnecessary, police authority without accountability has the potential to tarnish police/community relationship. Furthermore, whether police actions are seen as legitimate is based on the public’s perceptions of whether they trust the police. The Body Worn Camera (BWC) is a tool that holds both police and the public accountable for their actions while instantly documenting and collecting evidence....   [tags: Police, Constable, Domestic violence]

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History by Heart: Why Empathy Impedes Accuracy

- Sources are essential when investigating events of the past. However, narrative texts are forces to be reckoned with, in constructing our own memories pertaining to history. We can be trained to analyze every last drop of a source if we are so driven, but the moment it starts to pull at our heartstrings, we may not be so bold. Instead, we often treat narrative texts as binoculars into the past, guiding our educational journey. Doubts of credibility or accuracy are given backseat status, as these sources tap into our empathetic human nature....   [tags: History]

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Omer Fast vs. Gary Hill Video Artist

- ... It displayed images of the World Trade Center, a map of Afghanistan, the subtitles where The Hunt for Bin Laden, Homeland Security and After The Taliban. There’s a historical, personal and recollection of memory that Fast used for the viewer to experience from this video. I believe Fast chose these images giving the historical events of 9/11 and how it can play with the viewer’s memory. As the viewer, these images reminded me of where I was at the time of the attacks. I remember the silence of the classroom and everybody in shock in disbelief of what had just occurred....   [tags: class, problem, reporters, memory]

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Primacy Effect on Super Bowl Commercials

- Summary: Serial position effects have been reviewed extensively in cognitive psychology research (Cowan et al, 2002). When people are shown a list of items, they are more liable to recollect the items presented either at the commencement of the list or at the cessation. This occurrence was termed the primacy and recency effects (Stewart et al., 2004). Serial position effects can alter a consumer’s recollection which in turn can alter their behavior when purchasing items. Although this is true, past research has not investigated or used primacy and recency effects for marketing purposes....   [tags: cognitive psychology research]

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Characters that Reveal the Whole of Reality in Famous Literary Works by Sophocles, Kalidasa, and Shakespeare

- Characters that Reveal the Whole of Reality in Famous Literary Works by Sophocles, Kalidasa, and Shakespeare In Sophocles' Oedipus the King, Kalidasa's Sakuntala and the Ring of Recollection, and Shakespeare's King Lear, there are characters that help the hypothetical figure see the "whole of reality". In Oedipus the King the characters Jocasta and Tiresias allow Oedipus realize his tragic flaw. The same can be said of Kent in King Lear. Also, in Sakuntala and the Ring of Recollection the ring that was given to Sakuntala is the catalyst that allowed King Dusyanta realize that Sakuntala was indeed his wife....   [tags: Papers]

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What is Truth - Comparison of Plato and Peirces Philosophy

- What is Truth.      For thousands of years, mankind has persistently pursued truth, knowledge, and understanding. For most, this pursuit is a driving force which usually doesn’t end until one finds a “truth” that is satisfying to him or her. Even then, however, one may choose to look for an alternate truth that may be even more satisfying to them. This pursuit does not always follow the same path for everyone as there are different ideas as to how truth is actually obtained and which is the best way to obtain it....   [tags: essays research papers]

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973 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

The Immorality of the Soul

- Immorality of the Soul Is the human soul mortal or immortal. With death does one fall into nothingness or does one survive death, passing into another way of existing. This is a question that has agitated thought for ages. There is something within all human beings that lives on forever. Even when death is upon us, the soul of a human being never dies. Thus, we arrive at the statement that the human soul is immortal. The purpose of this paper is to explain how the human soul is immortal through analyzing various philosophies....   [tags: human, soul, life, society]

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Plato Of Harmony And The Soul Between Simmias And Socrates

- Harmony is defined by the Merriam-Webster dictionary as being “a pleasing combination or arrangement of different things.” In this essay I will be discussing the arguments in Phaedo by Plato of harmony and the soul between Simmias and Socrates. Simmias argues that “if the soul is a kind of harmony, when its strings are destroyed it’s (the body) destroyed too. (86a-d)” Through his argument, Simmias is implying that the soul and the body are harmonious to each other, that they are a pleasing arrangement of humanity, and that the body would be nothing without a soul; a body would not be a body....   [tags: Soul, Socrates, Harmony, Psychology]

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The Solitary Reaper

- William Wordsworth’s poem “The Solitary Reaper” has a symbolic recollection of seeing a woman reaping and singing in the Scotland Highlands. He uses four stanzas of eight lines and innate rhyme scheme to perceive the speakers experience. The orator utilizes sophisticated allusions to personify the aftermath of the Highland lass on his lonely heart. In addition, he dictates his reminiscence through the application of multiple detailed literary techniques. Through his experience or inexperience of the situation he uses nature to symbolize the deeper meaning of the poem....   [tags: Poetry Analysis ]

Term Papers
1887 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Visual Analysis of Davis's Photograph

- Memories can be as short-lived as the moments that created them. The recollection of events and the deterioration of memories over time is a constant process that cannot be stopped. This inevitable passing of memory is fused to the inevitable passing of human life. Emily Davis’s still life photograph of wineglasses is reflective and fragmented, allowing the image to act as a metaphor for this fleeting aspect of memory through its own memory-like qualities. The photograph is also symbolic of the transience of human life through the use of the traditional symbol of the wineglass, ultimately serving as memento mori....   [tags: Art Analysis]

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Gender Differences on Memory

- A. Background Research It has been a time-consuming belief that women have better multi-tasking skills than men. Multi-tasking involves doing several tasks at once. Multi-tasking uses short-term memory. If women are better at multi-tasking than men, it would seem that they would have better short term memory as well. “In general, the gender-related differences include a wide range of processing skills. It has been shown that females recall the appearance of others better than males and score higher on tasks involving manipulation of phonological and semantic information, episodic and semantic memory, verbal learning, verbal analytical working memory, object location memory, fine motor skill...   [tags: processing skills, short-term, long-term]

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Alex Nelson’s Poetry Explanation on Wordsworth’s poem Wandered As Lonely As A Cloud

- "I gazed-and gazed-but little thought" Alex Nelson’s Poetry Explanation on Wordsworth’s poem "I Wandered As Lonely As A Cloud" Imagine walking through a field in early summer, around an aqua blue lake that is in the shape of a giant egg. You discover a field of daffodils that is flowing in motion like a grand "dance" full of elegance. This area is full of sublime that can only be fully appreciated by a poet. William Wordsworth has been to this place and it was the subject of his poem "I Wandered As Lonely As A Cloud.” He entered a state of tranquility when he visited here and writes this proficient piece of poetry when he has recollections about the daffo...   [tags: essays research papers]

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799 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

My Childhood Memories of Good and Evil

- My days were happy ones before I started going to school, as I had lots of neighbors to play with from morning till dark. We played games outdoors and rode about on our bicycles happily. The undeveloped woods behind our homes provided endless opportunities for adventure. There were also many other games to occupy our time. My earliest recollection of fear was when I was barely four years old. To this day I can still remember vividly my physical and social surroundings during the event. As I lay on my back in my family room I tossed a rubber ball up and down as I tried to ignore the boring TV program my father was watching: the evening news....   [tags: Personal Narrative, Essay About Myself, 2014]

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On the Extinction of Voluntary Memory

- On the Extinction of Voluntary Memory Absolute certainty is a term that can rarely, if ever, be applied in any realm of human endeavor. In science, there is always a limit of precision to which any measurement can be taken. In literature, the fact that the author's language merely represents his ideas (as opposed to embodying them) leaves such conveyed ideas open to a degree of interpretation. More important than these factors, though, is that the greater part of what we today regard as knowledge is founded in theory....   [tags: Memory Psychology Psychological Papers]

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Analysis Of The Poem ' Building On The ' Of The Satguru '

- Building on the theme from the preceding verse and reinforcing the message therein, this verse conveys a grim reminder of the predominance of ignorance, coupled with utter disregard and neglect of the Light in the entire lifespan of the embodied soul during its earthly sojourn, manifesting as‎ complete lack of discernment in drawing a distinction between the worthy and unworthy. The opening line of the verse reminds man that all through his lifespan, he has remained in a state of blindness, which, as expounded in verses sixteen and thirty-four, depicts ignorance, lack of discernment and perception and above all, the absence of understanding of the ḥaqīqa and true knowledge of the essence of...   [tags: Muhammad, Qur'an, Prophet, Moses]

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The True Nature of the Human Being

- One of the odd yet interesting ideas that philosopher's demand be debated is that of the true nature of the human being. Even though probably each philosopher has his own unique perception of the true nature of the human being, philosophers tend to share some of the same basic attributes in their definition. After reading Plato's five dialogues and Descartes six meditations, I am lead to believe that both philosophers commonly share the idea that the human being is able to exist without the physical body; Plato through the soul and Descartes through the mind....   [tags: Papers]

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Socrates And Socrates About Virtue

- In Meno, by Plato, a question is posed to Socrates whether virtue can be taught, or whether it comes by practice, or is acquired by one’s birth and nature. During this discussion between Meno and Socrates an interesting paradox appears, called Meno’s Dilemma. This paradox is formed in a four statement argument. First, either one knows or does not know X (variable). Secondly, If X is known one cannot learn it, as it is already known. If one does not know X then one cannot learn it because one does not know what you are trying to learn or where to learn it....   [tags: Knowledge, Epistemology, Learning, Plato]

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Confusion in War

- The war in Vietnam is without a doubt an outlier in comparison to every other U.S. war, specifically as the only war that the U.S. has ever lost. Losing the war may have been a direct result of a draft that placed young men in Vietnam, many of whom had absolutely no personal goals other than survival. This sets the scene for Going After Cacciato and its main character Paul Berlin. The book is told in the form of three stories. Sixteen chapters are a narrative of the real war, focusing on the deaths of the men in Berlin’s squadron, another ten chapters depict a single full night when Berlin decides to take the whole watch rather than wake up one of his companions, and the other twenty chapter...   [tags: Vietnam War, US War, World History]

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The Comic Format of Spiegelman's Books Maus I and Maus II

- The books Maus I and Maus II, written by Art Spiegelman over a thirteen-year period from 1978-1991, are books that on the surface are written about the Holocaust. The books specifically relate to the author’s father’s experiences pre and post-war as well as his experiences in Auschwitz. The book also explores the author’s very complex relationship between himself and his father, and how the Holocaust further complicates this relationship. On a deeper level the book also dances around the idea of victims, perpetrators, and bystanders....   [tags: Holocaust, comic book, graphic novel]

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1179 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Alfred Adler 's Theory On Therapeutic / Client Relationship

- Alfred Adler died on May 28, 1937, in Aberdeen Scotland leaving his mark on the psychology world. Through Alfred Adler’s theory, views on therapeutic/client relationship, and main interventions, Adlerian theory or Individual Psychology illustrates how innovative and beneficial this theory is. Also, this theoretical modality best fits my persona because through his theories I learned a lot about myself, my career, and the people around me. Alfred Adler was born in 1870, in Vienna. He was sickly and at the age of 4 almost died of pneumonia....   [tags: Alfred Adler, Adlerian, Psychotherapy]

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Life After Death

- Plausibility of Life After Death The most pondered about question for a lot of people is what happens after we die. Is it a dark abyss, do we fall into a hole of nothingness, or is there an afterlife where our soul lives without our bodies. Although many are quick to respond, the true answer will always be unknown, because although we can think about death as we live, there’s no way of really knowing what will happen outside our mind when we’re gone, if the mind is one of the few things agreed upon that is certain....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Epistemology, Soul]

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"I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud"

- Poetry is not a definite category, we can create a poem with what we have got in our lives from society, nature, humans, reality… to our thought, wishes, future, emotions… even our dreams. So, we don't need many actual experiences to write poems. William Wordsworth -- a greatest nature poet -- said that "Poetry is a spontaneous overflow of emotion, not the emotion of the actual experience, but the emotion recollected in tranquility"; and his poem "I wandered lonely as a cloud" is one of the examples that justifies to this opinion....   [tags: Poetry]

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What 's A Name? By Henry Louis Gates Jr. And Finishing School By Maya Angelou

- There were many aspects in which African Americans were treated with great discord in the United States, pre-civil rights. One of the most common being derogatory names that were used. The writings “What’s in a name?” by Henry Louis Gates Jr. and “Finishing School” by Maya Angelou show how impactful the usage of one’s name or lack thereof is. Similarly, the stories themes are built around the treatment and names used to berate African Americans however; the settings and characters show some striking similarities and differences....   [tags: Black people, White people, African American]

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Degrees of Transcendence: Opposing Views by McKay and Hughes on the Consumption of Art

- Writing during the emergence of the “New Negro” movement, Claude McKay and Langston Hughes work to reconcile black life in white America. The trope used by the two poets within “The Harlem Dancer” and “The Weary Blues” is that of a performance and a single speaker’s recollection of it. While both depict an African-American performer presumably consumed by the isolation and oppression of their condition, the intensity of the performances prove to be vastly disparate. Hughes’ “The Weary Blues” features a much more transcendent performance than that of McKay’s “The Harlem Dancer” not only because of the relationship between the audience and the performer, but the degree of ubiquity in descripti...   [tags: New Negro Movement, Poetry]

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The Types Of Memories That Are An Integral Part Of Our Everyday Lives

- Remembrance is an integral part of our everyday lives. Both pleasant and unpleasant memories shape who we are as human beings. The definition of memory is two fold 1. “the faculty by which the mind stores and remembers information” and 2. “Something remembered from the past; a recollection” (Google Definition). The life of memory has three stages in which it is created. An event occurs in ones life it becomes encoded and stored in the brain. Following the encoding, the brain then has full access to retrieve the memory in a response to any current activity or thought....   [tags: World War II, Nazi Germany, The Holocaust, Ghetto]

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1225 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Great Gatsby: The Past is Forever in the Present

- ... In opposition to Nick’s valuable revelation, the inability to remove oneself from the possibilities of the past may prevent the pleasure of the present. Fitzgerald reveals the detrimental impacts of living in the past, through the character James Gatz and his numerous flashbacks responsible for Gatz’s development into the character of Jay Gatsby. Gatz invented the character of Gatsby, providing a fallacious back-story, in order to convince himself and hopefully Daisy that there remains a possibility of love despite their difference in economic backgrounds....   [tags: F.Scott Fitzgerald, book analysis]

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1124 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Eyewitness Testimony On The Cognitive Processes Of Perception And Attention

- Despite seemingly confident, eyewitness testimony may not be as reliable as is commonly believed; oftentimes perception and attention work on the memory to create inaccurate recollection. The cognitive processes of perception and attention in turn, affect the cognitive process of memory, often influencing the resulting accuracy. Many people equate the confidence level of eyewitness statements as unwavering evidence, yet there are factors that make this a fallacy. Testimony of events after the fact, are often prone to a variety of errors....   [tags: Psychology, Cognition, Cognitive psychology]

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1098 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

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