Your search returned over 400 essays for "public opinion"
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The Power of the Media to Influence Public Opinion

- Police officers are an integral part of our society, they exist to establish and maintain stability and safety for the citizens which are in their jurisdiction. However, that great responsibility does not come without a downside, when people are given power there will always be someone who will abuse it. Our law enforcement staff is no exception to this rule; in 2010 there were 4,861 reports of police misconduct in the United States (NPMSRP). Police misconduct can mean anything from fraud or theft, to sexual assault or the use of excessive force....   [tags: Media and Public Opinion]

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Evaluation Of Public Opinion Surveys

- Researchers who conduct public opinion surveys in times of crisis must be sensitive to respondent concerns and ability to answer specific questions. They also must note whether there are any locations where interviewing may be problematic because of the crisis. This can include areas affected by natural disasters and those that have been the sites of military action, terrorist attacks, or other forms of violence. The requirement that no harm come to survey participants is particularly important in these circumstances....   [tags: Opinion poll, Sampling]

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Reflection Paper On Public Opinion

- It is hard to believe that the semester is almost over already. The time has really flown by because it feels like we just started a few weeks ago. This is because of how interesting this class was. The format that this class took was nice being able to interact with the other students through discussions rather that the form I am used to of just doing my assignment and never getting to know the other people in my class. It was nice to be able to see other people’s opinions and how they took in the lesson for that week....   [tags: Government, Public policy]

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Public Opinion Meets the Internet

- The Internet along with other technologies has opened channels of communication. Not only has the Internet played a great role in forming international public opinions regarding the United States throughout the Middle East, Asia, and Western Europe, but it has also helped to democratize the rest of the world by allowing them to voice their own opinions. However, sometimes the incited cyber public opinions would lead to some extremely negative behaviors and cause serious problems like cyber bullying, real life crimes, and even a long time social unrest....   [tags: technology, opinions]

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The American Of Public Opinion On Darwin

- The figures described above can be seriously defined as leading an unquantifiable section of public opinion on Darwin. Where data can be found, sociological readings show American nadirs of trust in Darwin in the 1980s and early 2000s have been partially (if slowly) stemmed by the public resurgence of Neo-Darwinian Positivism1. The amount of Americans accepting the broad materialistic evolutionary thesis rose to c.16% from c.9% between 1982 and 2010 according to Gallup polling2. This rises to closer to c.60% when some form of evolutionary cosmology is considered3....   [tags: Evolution, Charles Darwin, Creationism]

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Influence Of Media On Public Opinion

- Influence on Public Opinion I. Introduction How does media influence politics. Can media outlets change the way voters reason and make rational decisions. The answers to these questions have been highly debated throughout the twentieth and twenty-first century, as media sources have flourished due to rapid technological advancements. Initial studies and political psychology beliefs held that the media had strong, direct, subliminal-like effects, while, more recent research provides convincing evidence that individual political behaviors and beliefs are influenced specific contextual and individual-level factors....   [tags: Mass media, Concentration of media ownership]

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Media's Effect on Public Opinion

- Public opinion regarding politics is a hot-button subject. It can make or break a politicians career or if a bill or initiative passes or fails. In this age of instant access to information we are constantly updated on current affairs by a plethora of outlets such as The Internet on sites like www.foxnews.com or www.msnbc.com or Television for either cable news like Fox News, CNN, MSNBC or CSPAN. There is also smartphone access to news sources via apps that update you on breaking news or Basic Cable news like NBC Nightly News....   [tags: Society, News, Media]

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Morality, Freedom and Public Opinion

- The protagonists in the films Kinsey by Bill Condon and Thank You for Smoking by Jason Reitman are two men who are cut from very different styles of cloth. In Kinsey, the titular character uses logical discourse and gathered statistics in an attempt to remove the shackles of moral prudery from the subject of human sexuality for the betterment of humanity. On the other hand, the central character in Thank You for Smoking is a lobbyist for the tobacco industry who uses logical fallacy and rhetoric to obscure the health risks of tobacco use because he is extraordinarily good at it, and additionally he gets paid handsomely....   [tags: Character Analysis ]

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Media Deliberation And Public Opinion

- Media Deliberation “Ok ladies now let’s get in formation” are the words we heard at this year’s 50th Super Bowl halftime show, sung by singer Beyoncé’. As she sang and danced the crowd went wild and cheered her on as usual. During and after her performance people took to social media discussing how great she looked, the costume she wore, how she almost tripped, and the alleged political stand she was taking. Since her performance there has been a wide spread of conversations on talk shows, news outlets, social media sites, and radio stations discussing what is said to have been a controversial performance....   [tags: Mass media, Concentration of media ownership]

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Argument on Public Opinion

- The maxim above denotes the basis for human society. Prior to the social institution of public opinion, communal living was non-existent. With its gradual inception over time, some semblance of order and society emerged. But considering Rousseau's famous utterance that man is born free but everywhere he is in "chains", humans are now subjected and do not have absolute freedom in a broad sense. In the United States, public opinion is usually taken into consideration and is not completely taken into account....   [tags: Media ]

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Media, Public Policy, And Public Opinion

- Media, Public Policy, and Public Opinion Mass media often play a role in presenting policy conflicts to the public for consideration (Bennett, 1988; Patterson, 1994). While covering policy disputes, journalists use a practice called “issue dualism” to seek a balance between competing competitions (Bennett, 1988; Terkildsen, Schnell, & Ling, 1998; Tuchman, 1972), in which journalists attempt to reduce complex and many-sided issues to two opposition positions upheld by “two familiar, predictable, and legitimate groups or actors” (Bennett, 1988)....   [tags: Illegal immigration]

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Public Opinion Extraction

- 2. Related Work Many of works have been done in the area of public opinion extraction, some works went to find the polarity and others find both polarity and subjectivity. The work has been done for many languages and to serve many of purposes like politics, social services, movie reviews…etc., but unfortunately there is no work has been done for Arabic language. In the following we browsing some of these works: OSVision Opinion Mining [6] is an automatic system which can extract opinions from the Web....   [tags: Research Analysis ]

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Public Opinion On The Representation Of The Representative Democracy

- An essential principle or theory of our representative democracy is that the nominated representative should be quick to react when it comes to everyone’s wishes, needs, and wants. “Although many scholars agree that public opinion plays an important role in the policy process, there is less agreement about the magnitude and circumstance of its actual influence on specific policy outcomes.” Studies that were performed have revealed that there was a strong relationship amongst the public opinion and policies, with the public opinion frequently directing the policies....   [tags: Health care, Health, Health insurance]

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Advertising Is A Powerful Influencer Of Public Opinion

- It’s no secret that advertising is a powerful influencer of public opinion. NPR has already projected that $4.4 billion will be spent on TV advertisements alone for the 2016 election campaign to try and win voters over for the respective Democratic and Republican candidates. There should be a strict limit on how much money is allowed to be spent on political campaign advertisements regardless of if the campaign is funded by grassroots organizations or by multi-million dollar corporations. The limit should be defined by the media, not the average, of the amounts spent on political campaign advertisements across the board....   [tags: Election, Elections, Democracy, Mass media]

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Role Of Mass Media On Public Opinion

- Introduction Since Israel became a state in 1948, protecting it has been a cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy. As with any political issue, the media plays a key role in shaping public opinion, which in turn can affect how policymakers make decisions. With this in mind, it is important to understand how these issues are covered and what effect decisions of the media have on public opinion. H1:People who consume the majority of their news via U.S. television will have a more favorable view of Israel than those who consume the majority of their news via social media....   [tags: News media, Mass media, Media influence, Politics]

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Media, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy

- The matter of public opinion including its influence on policy making has been debated by different scholars throughout the world. There are differences in the way realists including liberals view public opinion. For realists public opinion is unstable, lack consistency also that it does not influence foreign policy making, in contrast realists view public opinion as stable, consistent thus it influences foreign affairs including policy making. Therefore the government or policy makers can take into account the opinions of the public or ignore it when making important decisions....   [tags: Foreign Policy Essays]

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Public Opinion And Supreme Court Decision

- In illustrating that there is a direct link between public opinion and Supreme Court decision an explanation as to why this phenomenon occurs can be found. There are two main schools of thought as to why this occurs. The first was explained by Dahl (1957) which claims that public opinion affects the Court indirectly through political appointments. As previously stated, the Court responds to national economic or political alliances, which dominate the national narrative. Justices respond to this national narrative and the national narrative responds to public opinion....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States]

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The New Public Opinion On Police Officers

- The New Public Opinion on Police Officers Police officers have the responsibility to protect the lives of all Americans. Whether it be a small town a large city or the United States as a whole, police officers are there to protect civilians and to ensure that those who break the law are brought to Justice. However, not so recently, police officer’s authority has been put into question. There are those who believe that police officers abuse their authority and often take matters too far. Within the last year an anti police organization that has become fed up with police officer involvement has become one of the biggest topics in our nation....   [tags: Police, Police officer, Police brutality]

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How Media Influences Public Opinion

- Abstract In our democratic society, mass media is the driving force of public opinion. Media sources such as Internet, newspaper, news-broadcasts, etc, play significant roles in shaping a person’s understanding and perception about the events occurred in our daily lives. As long as the newspapers, internet, network television, etc, continued to be easily accessible to the public, the media will continue to have an influence in shaping its opinions. Factors such as agenda-setting, framing and priming help shape the public opinions....   [tags: Media]

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Same-Sex Marriage and Public Opinion

- “[Same-sex marriage legalization] would be a foolish and tragic choice,” the statement made by Peter Sprigg in 2012, still does echo some Americans feelings about same-sex marriage. Although there is some truth to his statement, the tide is turning in favor of legalization of same-sex marriage. As public opinion polls show, Americans are beginning to accept the idea of same-sex marriage more and more than they have been in the past. Their opinions rely on a variety of differing things, the majority does claim to the belief of religious marriage....   [tags: Legal Issues, Moral Implications]

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Public opinion on Gun Control

- Public Opinion on Gun Control The twentieth century was a time of many political assassinations and violent shootings. A nation in shock mourned the deaths of President John Kennedy and civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. At the end of the twentieth century the nation endured rising rates of violent crime, with young people frequently involved as victims and perpetrators and often armed with guns. Between July 1992, and June 30, 1999, there were 358 school-associated violent deaths in the United States, including 255 deaths of school- aged children, or about 51 such violent deaths each year....   [tags: Second Amendment The Right To Bear Arms]

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Capital Punishment and Public Opinion

- Capital Punishment and Public Opinion What does the public think about capital punishment in various countries around the world. This paper will examine the outcomes of recent surveys and polls. In Guatemala, a poll on the death penalty taken in Guatemala City, the capital, in June, found that 74% of those interviewed were in favour of the death penalty. 78.5% supported the execution of two men the previous week, who had been sentenced to death for kidnapping. However only 20.5% thought that the executions would cause crime rates to fall....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]

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How Public Opinion Changed the Course of the Vietnam War

- The Vietnam War certainly left a distaste in the lives of many who have been affected by the war; scholars have become increasingly interested in the interaction between war and public opinion. There have been many scholarly works published on the Vietnam War, but the issue that will be analyzed here is how public opinion changed the course of the war. The first article by Scott Gartner and Gary Segura is titled, “Race, Casualties, and Opinion in the Vietnam War,” it examined how the diverse races within America in combination with the atrocities in the war led to the formation of opinions that were similar in one race but were different in another race....   [tags: Vietnam War Essays]

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The Five Models Reflecting Public Opinion in Politics

- A belief shared by most people, the voice of the people. The opinion of the public is the popular view. Opinions bring public beliefs to the attention of decision/policy makers. Public opinion is that opinion which government must heed to. Public opinion is reflected by public policy through five models according to Norman Luttbeg. The Rational-Activist Model in which voters use elections as a policy expression. Individual citizens are expected to be informed politically, involved, rational, and above all, active (pg 19)....   [tags: politics]

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The Between Public Opinion And Supreme Court Decisions

- Public opinion surrounding homosexuality has been an extremely controversial and dividing issue in America since the early 20th century. In the 1950s up until the current decade a section of the population viewed homosexuality as sinful and therefore, should not legally be practiced. Homosexuals in the 1950s through 2000 were portrayed as sexual deviants and pedophiles that prey upon innocent women and children. However, the public opinion has changed. Today the majority of Americans view homosexuality as normal and accept it as a part of everyday culture....   [tags: Homosexuality, Same-sex marriage]

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What Drives Public Opinion on the European Union?

- 1 Once upon a Time... As the European Union (EU) has changed from an economic entity to also a political one, so has the public opinion towards the EU. While support for the EU used to prevail among its citizens, Euroskepticism has spread across Europe nowadays. This change in public attitude became most apparent when the referendum on the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe failed in the Netherlands and in France in 2005. Many studies have been conducted to understand the attitude formation towards the EU....   [tags: European Union Essays]

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Reflection of an Interview on Public Opinion of US National Security

- ... For example, I asked: “…should the federal government adopt more transparent practices in regard to the surveillance of citizens?” This question poses, for the first time in the conversation, the idea of transparency within the government which could have given the impression that transparency is needed. My motive in asking relatively specific rather than open-ended questions was found in Chong’s article, “How People Think, Reason, and Feel about Rights and Liberties”. He found that open-ended questions, much like most survey questions, tend to create “top-of-head” responses rather than more thoughtful and insightful answers that better gauge the interviewee’s opinion....   [tags: surveillance, protocol, questions]

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The Determinants of Arab Public Opinion Towards Other Countries

- I am studying international relations and I am specializing in Middle East region. The article I will summarize below is examining the determinants of Arab public opinion towards other countries. Especially after September 11, 2001, many commentators in the United States have speculated on the roots of Arab resentment toward the USA. In fact, academia has long before discussing various and more generalizable hypotheses about enmity and rivalry. Furia and Lucas (2006) are trying to find quantitative proofs for those hypotheses among Arab public....   [tags: attitudes, variables, relationships]

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A Public Opinion Leader Is An Influential Member Of A Community

- A Public Opinion Leader is an influential member of a community, group, or society to whom others turn for advice, opinions, and views (Business Dictionary). I picked Dina at my work to interview; she is very influential at the office. Everyone goes to her when they have questions or if they want to know how things were ran in the past. Dina has worked at the surgery center since it opened and helped create all of the jobs in the business office. She is not a manager although; she is a leader in our organization....   [tags: Want, Need, Regulatory Focus Theory]

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Public Opinion Of Crime And The Criminal Justice System

- Broadchurch and Criminal Justice Policy Public opinion of crime and the criminal justice system is often developed through film and television. Whether through reality shows depicting police activity and crime, crime drama series that lead a viewer through the life of a crime as an omnipresent eyewitness, or during movies that create and solve complicated crimes in two short hours, much of what is learned about crime is done so through media. As a result, movies and television play an important role in shaping society’s view of criminal justice....   [tags: Police, Crime, Criminal justice]

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Policy Memo on Recent French Public Opinion Polls

- PS 361 Policy Brief TO: President Barack Obama FROM: Undersecretary of State for European Affairs, Chad Johnson RE: Requested policy memo on recent French public opinion polls. Mr. President, The National Front (aka. Front National, FN) is Frances largest far-right party. In France's 2002 presidential elections, they surprised that nation by coming in second to Jaque Chirac (RPR party.) This was a surprise because polling at the time indicated that the first round would result in the second round being between Chirac and Jospin (Socialist Party.) This election in 2002 was monumental for France, and perhaps indicative of a larger trend for the country....   [tags: National Front, France, human rights]

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Use Of Pathos Through Addressing Public Opinion

- The Krueger article focuses on using pathos through addressing public opinion. Throughout the paper Krueger addresses statistically found opinion and tries to change public opinion with facts or a contrasting view like here: In the aftermath of the tragic events of September 11, 2001, … the National Defense University have called for increased aid and educational assistance to end terrorism … Instead of viewing terrorism as a direct response to low market opportunities or ignorance, we suggest it is more accurately viewed as a response to political conditions and long-standing feelings of indignity and frustration that have little to do with economics....   [tags: Political philosophy, Politics, Emotion]

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Public Opinion Revolving Around Sustainable Development

- This paper highlights the public opinion revolving around sustainable development and how it has changed over the last 50 years. It incorporates factors like the Brundtland report, Kyoto Protocol and proposed projects to help make a sustainable future. ‘’Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’’ (Purvis and Grainger 2004) is the most common definition of sustainable development. Over the last fifty years there have been many variations on public and government opinion of sustainable development as a worldwide community and there are many factors that have influenced these attitudes....   [tags: Environment ]

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Should Political Polls Influence Political Decision-making?

- “In no country is public opinion so powerful as in the United States” stated British journalist James Brice in 1900 (Erikson, 3). He was very perceptive as the use of polls of the public was increasing. Politicians traditionally have the goal of re-election. Because of this, many politicians are swayed by the results of polls of the public. The question is, of course, are the political polls correct and how much they should effect and influence political decision-making. This has been something that politicians have had to ask themselves for many years, and in the end there is four main lines of thought on political polls....   [tags: public opinion]

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Public Relations Overview Of McDonalds

- McDonald's is the world's leading food service retailer with more than 30,000 restaurants in 118 countries serving 46 million customers each day. It is one of the most well-known and valuable brands and holds a leading share in the globally branded quick service restaurant segment of the informal eating-out market in virtually every country in which it does business. Problems Faced By McDonalds And The Public Opinion Of McDonalds For many years, McDonalds enjoyed worldwide success built on a few well-known, highly standard conditions....   [tags: mcdonalds, public opinion, fast food]

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Public Opinion and Television

- Public Opinion and Television The paper explores how dangerous such an important mass media as TV can be, if too many power is concentrated in just a few hands, and how our perception of reality can be manipulated by the selection and manipulation of information presented on TV. Introduction The following term paper deals with the development of television from its early beginnings in the 1920s up to now. My attention focuses on the powers which influence what is shown on TV and the analysis of methods they use in order to manipulate the public opinion....   [tags: Mass Media Danger Essays]

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Public Opinion and Polling

- Public Opinion and Polling Americans are showing signs of disaffection with a presidential campaign that is just beginning. The public thinks the press and large campaign contributors are having too much influence on who gets nominated, and a 60% majority thinks voters themselves have too little say. The latest Federal Election Commission, conducted on the heels of protracted controversy about coverage of alleged cocaine use by George W. Bush, found public reservations about news coverage of most "character issues" ranging from youthful drug use to psychological counseling....   [tags: Papers]

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The Effects of Public News on Political Knowledge

- This study investigates further the relationship between exposure to specific news media outlets and changes in political knowledge in France. Previous studies have been conducted in the United-States and demonstrated that citizens gain their political knowledge more through reading newspapers than watching television. However, unlike the United-States, France owns a strong public broadcasting system. This paper aims to investigate whether the findings would be the same in France. It provides new insights on political knowledge regarding the use of French news media....   [tags: t.v., news, media, public opinion]

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Health Care Reform: Is Public Opinion In?

- Health Care Reform is a nothing new to Americans. Americans have been fighting this battle for a long time. We have reached the point where we must a change. We must change something at this point it almost doesn’t matter what we do as long as it’s something different than we have. The insurance companies are making huge profits already, yet Americans receive some of the poorest care in the world. We spend twice as much on procedures than other countries spend. Countries like United Kingdom, France or in Canada spend much less on their procedures....   [tags: Health Care Reform, HealthCare, Health Care, Obama]

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The History and Public Opinion of Capital Punishment

- The History and Public Opinion of Capital Punishment The history of the death penalty goes back to the earliest civilizations where it was used to punish all sorts of crimes from robbery, to murder, to different forms of heresy. In the United States it evolved to just punish murder, treason, and some cases of rape. It has been an issue that has sparked a never ending debate that goes back to colonial times. The general public traditionally supported the death penalty in a majority with only a few politicians speaking out against it (i.e., Benjamin Rush, Ben Franklin and later on Horace Greeley)....   [tags: Capital Punishment Death Penalty Ethics Essays]

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American Public Opinion of the Vietnam War

- American Public Opinion of the Vietnam War At the beginning of the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, in 1965, the American Public favored the idea of war because they feared the threat of communism. Polls conducted in 1965, showed 80 percent of the population agreed with President Johnson and were for the war (Rousseau 11). The U.S. got involved with the war to stop communism from spreading throughout South Asia. Americans were afraid if one country on South Asia turned to communism, it would extend to other countries, which is known as the "Domino Theory"....   [tags: Papers]

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A Study of the Impact of Sina Weibo on the Formation of Public Opinion in Mainland China

- ... With the development of Internet since the late 20th century, it is argued by many scholars that the Internet provides the possibility for the existence of a democratic public sphere (Boeder, 2005; Hinderman, 2008; Papacharissi, 2002 and Papacharissi, 2010). Papacharissi(2002) argues that Internet provides an unprecedentedly large quantity of information, which facilitates the public’s discussions over political issues. In addition, via the Internet, geographical constraints of communication are overcome....   [tags: social media, democratization of society]

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Democratic Theory and Public Opinion: How Children Develop Their Political Knowledge

- Public opinion holds special importance in regards to a democratic government due to the different aspects that can influence the decisions of political leaders. For a democratic government to reach its full potential, there must be tolerance among citizens regarding points of view and rules, a basic understanding of values and goals, meaningful participation among citizens, and a sense of trust for their fellow citizens and government. Political actions can only be effective and the government can only provide trust within the American public by providing a response to their interests through public opinion....   [tags: government, democracy, knowledge]

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The Public Opinion of the Japanese American Internment During World War Two:

- A: Plan of Investigation The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 led President Roosevelt to issue Executive order 9066. The order called for war time relocation of Japanese Americans into internment camps without trial. With what justification can it be claimed that the general public opinion in favor of the Japanese American evacuation and internment camps was solely due to the United States government. The role of the United States government will be defined as: accounts of withholding evidence, the use of media, and decisions made by the justice system....   [tags: WWII, US Government, Pearl Harbor, US History]

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To What Extent Did Realism in Photography Impact the Public Opinion of the Civil War

- A. PLAN OF THE INVESTIAGTION This investigation explores to what extent did realism presented by photography impact the public opinion of the Civil War. The Civil War was the pioneer war in terms of actively using photography as a means of recording. The investigation focuses on photography’s role in capturing the war at face value. Photos of major battles and scenes that exposed citizens to the reality of war will be analyzed, as well as how their opinions changed because of it. The motivations behind why photos were taken will be explored, such as propaganda, as well as reactions to them....   [tags: sociological analysis, US history]

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Politics, Media Systems and Governance: The Battle over Public Opinion in Latin America

- ... The majority of governments in the region have enacted laws or rules that regulate the function of the media. Behind such laws or regulations, we could find the political will to limit the actions of the media in the field of politics. The media is seeing like lobbying, either their own interests or those of a sector of the population in particular. People disaffection from the political parties that we found in numerous countries, could explain how the media have come to fill a space of mediation between the population and decision-making centers....   [tags: rights, government, communication]

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Media Bias And Its Influence On Public Opinion On Current Events

- It has become common for the modern day society to rely on different sources for their news. Because of the internet and technological advances over the years, our access to the news has greatly increased. However, along with this comes the familiar issue of media distortion. In the beginning of the year, I decided to study the power of media in depth—specifically media bias and its influence on public opinion on current events. I chose the media as my subject not only because it affects all aspects of our lives, but also because many people can identify themselves with it, like me....   [tags: Journalism, Mass media, Sociology, Propaganda]

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Government’s Role in Long-Term Healthcare Delivery

- The history of long-term health care is just one part of HealthCare. “The Past Present and Future of Managed Long Term Care" website entails a view that has gained acceptance in the country and the states have a responsibility for making sure certain primary social goods are present. Political parts of health care are quality, cost, expenditures, and access to care economic security for the elderly, and that it is available to all. In the past, public policy and public opinion indicate the Federal government - 1 - [no notes on this page] GOVERNMENT’S ROLE IN LONG –TERM HEALTHCARE DELIVERY 2 needs to take responsible for ensuring that societies obligation is to make sure these goods are avail...   [tags: public policy, public opinion]

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The Effects Of Media On Public 's Opinion Of Mental Illness

- Mental illness is extremely prevalent in many different forms of media such as: music, movies, television, newspapers and books. I feel as though several people in the class, including myself, did not necessarily understand or recognize how wide spread the subject – and it’s negatively biased portrayal – actually is. Therefore, I was eager to read about the research that has been done on the effects of media on the public’s opinion of mental illness. I admire how many researchers care and bring forth the potential problems caused by certain types of media....   [tags: Mental health, Mental disorder, Psychiatry]

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Benefits of Incorporating Ethics and Values in a Company

- In the wake of the Madoff Ponzi schemes, the SEC has stepped up investment regulation and fraud detection measures. Additionally, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) was passed as direct result of the Enron and WorldCom ethic violations. SOX has been characterized as "the most far reaching reforms of American business practices since the time of Franklin Delano Roosevelt” mandated a number of changes to improve financial disclosures from corporations and prevent accounting fraud. SOX also created the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) to oversee the activities of the auditing profession....   [tags: public opinion, asset protection]

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International Insecurity and the Use of Force

- International Insecurity and the Use of Force The Media, the People, and Public Opinion There are numerous interest groups who are against the data collection processes of the National Security Agency. While reviewing articles, Reitman wrote, “ Today, a bipartisan coalition of 86 civil liberties organizations and internet companies – including Electronic Frontier Foundation, reddit, Mozilla, Freedom Works and the American Civil liberties Union – are demanding swift action from Congress in light of the recent revelations about unchecked domestic surveillance”(Reitman, 2013, p....   [tags: media, public opinion, nsa]

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Psychological Warfare and Human Behaviors

- Throughout history, war has been used to settle disputes between nations and groups with different beliefs. As a result of the tension and fighting, many have been left dead and disputes, whether settled or unsettled, have been left alone and not discussed of any further after a winner has risen. As long as there is a winner, regardless of ideological change, war is a great strategy to further the winner’s agenda. Though using physical force to settle a dispute seems like the best alternative, a better way to take advantage of a population and have them think a certain way without their own knowledge exists....   [tags: public opinion, ideological change]

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1097 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Use of Polls to Analyze Public Opinion in Politics

- The Use of Polls to Analyze Public Opinion in Politics Public opinion is defined in the text as “the distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy issues” (Edwards, Wattenberg, and Lineberry 150). On paper, it sounds so simple; in reality it is much more difficult to determine. The most common method for ascertaining and consolidating public opinion has been through the widespread use of polls. Their popularity has steadily increased over the years. One reason is that they provide an accurate, reliable representation of the opinions of an entire population and supply decision-makers with valuable insight that may be used to determine a future course of action....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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1526 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Success of the Media's Manipulation on the Public's Opinion of the War

- The Success of the Media's Manipulation on the Public's Opinion of the War Source K suggests the media was more influential to the opinion of ordinary American citizens than the elected politicians of their country, whom many of the public had voted for and trusted. The source implies that the reason for this was because the horrific images of the war made the American public realise that the war was not going well, contrary to the claims of their government. Television coverage of the war meant that any American citizen could turn on the television and see that the war was going badly....   [tags: Papers]

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921 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Survey of Public Opinion Regarding Immigrants and Immigration

- Survey of Public Opinion Regarding Immigrants and Immigration My perspective on the issue of US immigration is different than most Americans because I came to the United States as an immigrant. Firsthand, I know what it's like to stand in long lines at the immigration office, hoping to have my number called to speak with a screening officer. I know how hard it is to survive the jobless 6-month parole period while waiting for an immigration interview. And I know what it's like to have my immigration application denied due to technicality....   [tags: Term Papers Research]

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1508 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Affirmative Action - Public Opinion vs. Policy

- Affirmative Action - Public Opinion vs. Policy When Justin Ketcham, a white college student from the suburbs, thinks about affirmative action, he thinks about what happened when he sent out letters seeking scholarships so he could attend Stanford University after being accepted during his senior year of high school.The organizations that wrote back told him their money was reserved for women or minorities. To Americans like Ketcham, it's a matter of fairness. The average white male will claim that it's not fair to attempt to rebalance scales by balancing them the other way....   [tags: Affirmative Action Racism Discrimination Essays]

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2751 words | (7.9 pages) | Preview

The War on Terror

- The role of the media In Mass-Mediated Terrorism: The central role of the media in terrorism and counterterrorism, Nacos states, ‘The terrorism catastrophe brought Americans and the press closer together, closer than in recent times of normalcy and during previous crises, in particular, the Gulf War.’ This highlights the positive relationship between the media and the people which would mean public opinion was in support of media claims at the time. While researching I found that it was quite clear that the American public’s understanding of the war on terror was directly shaped by mainstream media reports associated with US endeavours in the war....   [tags: Propaganda, Influence, Public Opinion]

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1169 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Says Who?: The Influence of the Government

- In the United States’ modern democratic system, or any political system for that matter which follows the values of popular sovereignty, the government’s ascendancy is derived from the people whom it governs. One way in which policy makers discern the citizenry’s voice is through an assessment of public opinion--the attitudes and opinions the general public forms towards government on issues such as policy or efficiency. Measuring public opinion can be challenging for most political scientists because there are multiple ways to interpret information gathered about the people’s attitudes towards elections or policy....   [tags: citizen, public, opinion, bias, margin]

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907 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Gender Differences in Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity (NGRI)

- Interest and debate have greatly increased over the Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity (NGRI) plea since the 1970s. The legal definition of insanity as understood by Dunn, Cowan, and Downs (2006) is, “a person is thought insane if he or she is incapable of knowing or understanding the nature and quality of his or her act of distinguishing right from wrong at the time of the commission of the offense.” There are several investigations needed in the area of NGRIs plea, especially in the area of gender....   [tags: insanity, culture, public opinion, law]

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1769 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

The Media is a Powerful Actor in Terrorism

- INTRODUCTION The media is a powerful actor in terrorism. How important the media is during terrorist incidents is a matter of constant argument (Atwater, 1987; Jenkins, 2003). The understanding of the connections between terrorism and the media must found through broader analysis of; the power of the media ( Shaw and McCombs, 1972), especially in trouble situations ( Arno, 1984); the way journalists, editors, authorities, and terrorists relate to each other; empirically analyzing the media; and the link between terrorism and public opinion .Since the early 1970s, researchers have examined the role of the news media in connection with terrorism and have found out how the media inte...   [tags: link between terrorism and public opinion]

Research Papers
3094 words | (8.8 pages) | Preview

Neumann's Spiral of Silence Theory

- It is one of the most difficult challenges anyone can face, and one that for some cultures could result in very harsh consequences. Stating an opinion that does not relate to the majority’s opinion can be a very frightening experience, yet at the same time be a very refreshing, calming experience. The Spiral of Silence theory, created by Elizabeth Noelle-Neumann, explains why people fear to express their opinions when their opinion does not match that of the majority’s. Her research and discoveries will be discussed as well as those that did not feel that her theory was adequate to explain such phenomena as the Spiral of Silence Theory consists of....   [tags: Elizabeth Noelle-Neumann, public opinion]

Strong Essays
1258 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Influence of Propaganda

- Introduction The War on Terror was a campaign instigated by the United States as a result of the September 11th 2001 terrorist attacks on the USA and is on-going. The international military campaign was joined by many nations including Great Britain to eradicate the threat of global terrorism, Al-Qaeda and other radical organizations. The term ‘The War on Terror’ was first coined by George Bush in a speech on 20th September and since been used largely by the Western media to denote the battle to find and defeat the terrorists culpable for the attacks on the World Trade Towers now known as 9/11....   [tags: Public Opinion, The War on Terror, Assessment]

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1184 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Role of Indian Cinema in Shaping Public Opinion on 9/11 Attack

- Just as the attacks of September 11 left a tragic mark in the American history, changing the course of its future in more than one ways, it left the rest of the world in shock and dismay as well. The attack, not only initiated Americas involvement in the war against terrorism and affected its international relations, it also greatly affected its people, creating prejudices against the Arabs, Muslims and look-a-likes causing mass hatred, discrimination and racial profiling. The American media and popular culture has made this event the center of its attention innumerable times....   [tags: Media Influence, Racism]

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1833 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

The Impact Of Public Opinion On U.S. Foreign Policy Since Vietnam

- Since the Vietnam War, the public's opinion has played major roles in how policymakers operate. Their opinions may not always support to choices which are best for the country, however they are still factored into the decision making. Richard Sobel discusses several cases on how the public's attitudes have affected policymaker's decisions in his book, "The Impact of Public Opinion on U.S. Foreign Policy Since Vietnam." During the Persian Gulf War, public opinion ultimately shaped policy. How the policy was attained, not the goals of the policy were shaped by the public opinion....   [tags: Richard Sobel Book Analysis Vietnam War]

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1702 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

The Pros and Cons of Media Influence of Public Opinion during War

- Media Influence of Public Opinion during War: A Good or Bad Capability. Introduction “More people get their news from ABC News than from any other source,” ABC News proudly boasts. But what exactly do they get. As America delves deeper into the 21st century with an array of social and technological advancements, one facet that continues to impress, revolutionize, and greatly impact American society as we know it comes from the evolution of communication, most notably the digital media. The manner and speed in which news reaches its audiences is even more remarkable than the saturation of the media on the American public....   [tags: Pro Con Essays]

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4350 words | (12.4 pages) | Preview

The U.S. Public Opinion as a Major Factor in the Withdrawal of American Troops from Vietnam

- The U.S. Public Opinion as a Major Factor in the Withdrawal of American Troops from Vietnam In my opinion, the U.S public was indeed a major factor to the withdrawal of American troops from Vietnam yet not the main reason. The operation in Vietnam was not going as smoothly as the U.S could have hoped. The U.S.A and South Vietnamese armies had a much better equipped and larger army compared to the Communists and Viet Cong. Since the Viet Cong could not beat The U.S troops in open warfare they decided to use guerrilla tactics....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
617 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Whistleblowers on Wikileaks: Criminals or Heroes

- WikiLeaks Criminals or Heroes Many people have heard of the website called WikiLeaks. WikiLeaks is an organization owned and operated by Juliann Assange. This website allows whistle blowers, or people who leak to WikiLeaks, to send confidential information anonymously to the website that then gets reviewed and broadcasted to the public. The website is anonymous so that not even Assange himself knows who is sending the information (Assange 7). Some people believe whistle blowers should be seen and prosecuted as criminals....   [tags: politics, legislation, public opinion]

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874 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

The Negative Portrayal of Women in Hip Hop and Rap Music

- Doug E. Fresh, a popular beat-boxer in rap music today, has been quoted saying, “Hip-hop is supposed to uplift and create, to educate people on a larger level and to make a change.” Although this is the original intention of hip-hop music, public opinion currently holds the opposite view. Since the 1970’s musical artists have changed the face of hip-hop and rap and worldwide, people – mostly teens—have been striving to emulate certain artists and their lyrics, which has created negative stereotypes for hip-hop music and also for those who choose to listen to it....   [tags: music, hip-hop, public opinion, morality]

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1236 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Basic Ways of Determining Electoral Results

- There are two basic ways of determining electoral results: first-past-the-post and proportional representation. First-past-the-post is the British and American way. From Britain, it spread to all the former dependencies of the British Empire. It is a solid system in that it makes the elected representative of a constituency inescapably responsible for his voting record. Every time there is an election the representative or the parliamentarian has to go back to his electors and convince them that he, mainly as an individual (although party performance also affects public perception), deserves to be re-elected....   [tags: vote, voting record, public opinion, democracy]

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1335 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Questions and Answers: What´s Restorative Justice?

- 1. What are the four primary aims of Harris’s model for evaluating restorative justice practices. And what other two factors should a restorative approach incorporate. Harris initially proposes six aims - at least when it comes to restorative justice program with four primary aims as empowerment, restoration, reintegration and emotional/social healing (Doerner & Lab, 2012). Empowerment enables all parties, both offender and victim, to be a part of the process of restoration. But not by the same definition over all as empowerment for the victim is wanting the offender to take responsibility for the offense....   [tags: victim, public opinion, restitution, law suit]

Term Papers
2111 words | (6 pages) | Preview

Who Cares About Gay Rights?

- People seem to have an opinion about everything these days whether it is about the color of another person’s shirt or gay rights. On a personal note, I believe that gay rights should not be affected by public opinion because not everyone is homosexual. Throughout the findings in “Public Opinion and State Action on Same-Sex Marriage” Gregory B. Lewis and Seong Soo Oh have found that most Americans favor opposite-sex marriage rather than same-sex. The major question found within the article lies within the research findings; Are Americans’ opinions so important about same-sex marriage that states must act upon the majority favor....   [tags: same-sex marriage, public opinion, relationships]

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698 words | (2 pages) | Preview

What Factors Influence the Government

- When most people think of government and changes in policies they think institutions or branches of the government. however these are only the final stages in the process. There are many other factors the influence the government and the way in which it functions. Many other factors influence and help to bring about these changes. Some of these are other factors are the media, interest groups, and public opinion. The media in America has evolved since the founding of the country. In the beginning there was only one form of media available, that of newspapers and other print material....   [tags: Government, media, interest groups, public opinion]

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832 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Low Countries in The Simpsons

- The perception of a culture from outside is important for it influences the culture itself as well as economic and political decisions: money is spent on the representation of countries abroad. For example, China is present everywhere through the Confucius Institutes, so is Germany with the Goethe Institutes and Spain with the Institutos Cervantes. However, in everyday life, the perception of a country from abroad is closer to a bundle of stereotypes usually corroborated in popular culture references: Americans eat burgers and drink coke, Brazilians dance on the beach, Japaneses work round the clock, Australians surf all the time, Spaniards are lazy, and so on....   [tags: public opinion, confucius, Kirk Van Houten]

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1540 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Using the Model of Framing in Reality Television to Effectively Promote Projects

- January 6, 1973, famous anthropologist Margaret Mead published an essay in TV Guide in which she addressed her view of PBS’s series “An American Family.” This series was groundbreaking during that time because is followed the Loud’s, a California family who were neither actors nor public figures just average middle-class family, which was unheard of at the time. The Louds were filmed for seven months and the product was twelve one-hour episodes which showed everything from the monotony of their everyday life to the corrosion of Bill and Pat Loud’s marriage....   [tags: One Direction boy band, molding public opinion]

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850 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

The Effects of an Ignorant Public on Democracy

- By definition, democracy is public opinion. In a true democracy, the public decides what the government can and cannot do. They help make the law, decisions, and policies that effect the nation. This sounds great on paper; but what happens when the “public” have no clue what is really going on in the world. How can uninformed people make rational appropriate decisions. Most Americans do not have opinions about current issues (does not affect me attitude), lack of knowledge about issues/policies, or they simply jump on the bandwagon with what their friends or the popular opinion is....   [tags: opinion, politics, religion]

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1701 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

My Opinion On Private Self Governance

- 1. Type of Governance In my opinion, private self-governance is the most appropriate type of governance to describe the photo of Floating House. Private self-governance means that no intervention from the state. The policy formulation and implementation are completely in the hand of private sector, in this case is the family who lives in the Floating House. From the photo, it can be seen that they are free from the state intervention to live in the Floating House. It looks like they are free to build such a house which is look fragile and endanger the occupant, especially children since it has no safety fence that will keep the children fall into the water....   [tags: Goods, Public good, Private good, Public transport]

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1358 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Supporting Public Financed Campaigns

- The government system is consequently very flawed. I want it to change, but I really never wanted to be involved in politics. I did not even really want to write about any of these topics. It is really hard learning all about these writing techniques at my age. I forgot so much and never went to college right after. I finally caught on to sentence structures my last year in high school in 1976. I did not even want to take a government class, but I am somewhat enjoying it. It has been an eye opener and a total challenge....   [tags: position paper, personal opinion]

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713 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Public Policy And Public Administration

- Public Affairs is split into two different concentrations, public policy and public administration. Public policy deals with how government decides, or doesn’t decide, how to fix issues. Public administration is the implementation of these policies made by congress. There are many different components to public administration; concepts I found to be central to my thinking of public affairs is leadership, honor, ethics, accountability, and social equity. Over this course, I have grown personally and intellectually by the different perspectives and concepts shared in this class....   [tags: Ethics, Sociology, Public administration]

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1883 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Public Policy And Public Policies

- Public Policy Public policy is described by Peters (as cited in Shaw & Eichbaum, 2008) as guiding the actions of a government and taking into account the effects of that action or in-action on the lives of people in the community. Dye (as cited in Shaw and Eichbaum, 2008) defines policy as “whatever governments choose to do or not to do”. Shaw and Eichbaum (2008) go on to say that public policy is the most obvious way in which government politics can affect the lives of people. As an example, Shaw and Eichbaum use the interest free loan scheme put into place by the Labour government in 2006....   [tags: Policy, Public policy, Policy analysis]

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1480 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Public Relations in Response to Crisis

- The aim of this report is to discuss an effective PR campaign for the established business Virgo. The report will follow Scott Cutlip’s four-step process as a structure that is important for Virgo in regaining its company’s profile. Defining Cutlip’s four-step process helps in the development of communication for the organisation to its publics. In relation, Virgo will add extension in the rebuilding of reputation through its aims and objectives. Using this process breaks down into situation analysis, planning and programming strategy, implementation, and evaluating the program....   [tags: Public Relations]

Term Papers
3370 words | (9.6 pages) | Preview

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