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The Intake of Potassium

- QUESTION 1 The Extracellular concentration of potassium (K) is between 3.5-5.0 mmol/l. 98% of the total potassium in the body is in the Intracellular fluid (approx 3700mmol for a 70kg man) while only 2% is in ECF (approx 65mmol). The typical daily intake of potassium is 50-150mmol which exceeds total amount of potassium in extracellular compartment. The distribution of potassium between Intracellular and Extracellular compartment is determined by the balance between inward and outward movement of potassium....   [tags: Extracellular Concentration, Intracellular Fluid]

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The Elements and Health Benefits of Potassium

- Potassium is an element on the periodic table that is symbolized by the letter K. The atomic number of this element is 19. At room temperature this element is a solid. Potassium can be found in two forms: either pure or compounds. Pure potassium is described as a soft silvery-white alkali metal that oxidizes rapidly in air and is very reactive in water However, Potassium forms many compounds such as Potassium chloride, which is the most common potassium compound (Gagnon, 1). This form of Potassium is especially used in fertilizers as a salt substitute....   [tags: atomic number, forms, chemistry]

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The Importance of Potassium in Plants

- ... The form of which Potassium is most commonly applied is potassium chloride also known as (0-60-0). 4. Can potassium be applied as a liquid, dry or both Potassium can be applied both as liquid and dry fertilizer. It can be applied as potassium nitrate 13-0-46 otherwise known as water soluble dry fertilizer, which are known as prills or granular form. The liquid is known as potassium sulfate 0-0-50, which is a very important product in a conventional agriculture based cropping system. This potassium sulfate provides 50 units of potassium, and at the same time 17 units of sulfur....   [tags: crops, fertilizing, harvest]

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Potassium, Zinc, And Iron Goals

- On average this week I have met my fat, magnesium, sodium, zinc, and iron goals. However, I have also had surpluses and deficiencies. I have had calcium, phosphorus, potassium, vitamin A, and total calories dediciencines. To fix these I will drink more almond and soy milk to increase my calcium, phosphorus, potassium and total calories. I will also eat carrots or take supplements to increase my Vitamin A intake. To decrease my surpluses in protein, carbs, copper, and vitamin C I will eat less foods with legumes, eat less french fries and tater tots, and eat fewer oranges....   [tags: Nutrition, Eating, Food, Health]

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Hydrogen, Sodium, And Potassium

- 1. Identity the liquid in which lithium, sodium and potassium are stored. Why is it necessary to store these elements in this liquid. Alkali metals need to be stored under mineral oil in order to prevent them from reacting with the oxygen and water in the air. When I reacted alkali metals with water and perform the splint test in experiment #1, they all displayed vigorous reactions, heat being produced, flames coming out, and hydrogen gas being produced. Therefore, alkaline metals must be stored under mineral oil to prevent reaction with the air and moisture in the air....   [tags: Periodic table, Metal, Alkaline earth metal]

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A Brief Note On Potassium And The Concentration Of A Cell

- 4) PK or Potassium’s permeability constant contributes the most to establishing the resting membrane potential of a cell due to its large constant value of 1, where PNa or Sodium’s permeability constant contributes the least due to its small constant value of 0.04. Showing that Potassium’s permeability constant is 25 times larger than Sodium’s. Thus, when returning or keeping the potential across a cells membrane at rest it is more important to regulate the potassium gradient rather than the sodium....   [tags: Action potential, Neuron, Skeletal muscle, Muscle]

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Potassium

- Potassium Potassium is a vital element in the human body. Potassium had never been distinguished between sodium until the eighteenth century. Before potassium was recognized as an element, potassium carbonate was mixed with animal fat to make soap. It was discovered by Sir Humphrey Davy in England, in 1807. Sir Davy was able to isolate potassium using electrolysis. Potassium was the first metal isolated by this procedure. Today, it is still not found free in nature. It is obtained by electrolysis of chloride or hydroxide....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Effect of aggregation status on soil Potassium in Illitic

- He title "illite" allocates to a group of mica-type minerals which is widely distributed in marine shales and related sediments. Illite as the consequence of potassium depletion, has less potassium and has more water molecules than true micas resembling muscovite, but anyhow it has micalike sheet structure, moreover, it possesses interlayer micro pores and is poorly crystallized. Product of muscovite weathering is illite which under humid condition this product alters to montmorillonite. Illite, as an expandable 2:1 clay mineral, is known as source of soil potassium as well accounted as a K bearing minerals (Sharma et al., 2010)....   [tags: NaBPh4,minerals, golestan district]

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History, Mechanics, and Safety Concerns of Gold Potassium Cyanide

- From King Midas’ greed to the treasure of the Incas, gold is easily the most widely treasured metal known throughout history. Nearly every culture or group has placed heavy inherent value on it and includes it in their lore. Even the name for gold was graciously thought out and applied. It is derived from the word “geolo”, the Old English word for “yellow”. The periodic symbol for gold, Au, is from the Latin word aurum, “glowing dawn” . Its uses are both, immeasurable and prehistoric. However, its use in the electrodeposition process, the main discussion in this paper, has only been dated back to roughly 1850....   [tags: Metal, Elements, Electroplating]

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The Solubility of Potassium Nitrate

- The Solubility of Potassium Nitrate Aim To investigate how the solubility of Potassium Nitrate is affected by Temperature. Background Knowledge Potassium Nitrate (KNO3) is an ionic compound. The strong ionic bonds hold the compound in an ionic lattice which gives KNO3 its crystalline structure. These ionic bonds also have other properties which will affect my investigation, I must be aware of these properties for greater accuracy in my method. The ionic bonds give KNO3 high melting and boiling temperatures....   [tags: Papers]

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Correlation Between Methylene Blue And Potassium Permanganate

- All things, living or nonliving, consist of atoms and molecules. These particles are constantly in motion, and this continuous motion allows for the disbursement of molecules, or diffusion. The overall net movement of these molecules will go from areas of higher concentration, to areas of lower concentration. Therefore, following a concentration gradient (Martini). The rate of diffusion of these molecules, in accordance with Fick’s law of diffusion, is directly proportional to the concentration gradient present....   [tags: Diffusion, Osmosis, Molecular diffusion]

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The Standardization Of Potassium Permanganate And The Titration Of Iron Salt

- In last week’s experiment, the standardization of potassium permanganate and the titration of iron salt were utilized in order to figure out the percent of iron within a redox reaction. The examination revealed that the molarity of KMnO4 is indeed .02M and the percent of iron salt in the unknown salt (Tarzan) is around 20.92%. The results were both precise and accurate in both parts of the experiment. This is because the standard deviation and percent RSD in both experiments are very low. This suggests that the numbers obtained are very close to each other which implicates the numbers are precise....   [tags: Redox, Oxidizing agent, Manganese]

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Solubility of Potassium Chlorate

- Solubility of Potassium Chlorate Solubility is the maximum amount of solid that will dissolve in 100g of solvent. The solubility of a substance depends on the type of ionic particles in it. So the solubility of each substance is different. The formula of solubility is: SOLUBILITY(g/100g)= (SOLUTE / SOLVENT) * 100 I did an experiment to prove this and find the solubility of potassium chlorate, an ionic solid. Apparatus: 2g potassium chlorates, some distilled water, a stand, a clamp, two beakers, a thermometer, a test tube, and a measuring cylinder....   [tags: Papers]

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Investigating the Standard Enthalpy of Potassium Nitrate

- Investigating the Standard Enthalpy of Potassium Nitrate Stability --------- Stable. Strong oxidizer - contact with combustible material may cause fire. Incompatible with combustible materials, and strong reducing agents. Toxicology ---------- Harmful if swallowed. May cause reproductive disorders. ------------------------------------------------------- Hazard: oxidizing ----------------- Aim The aim of this experiment is to determine the crystallisation temperature of the solution potassium nitrate at different concentrations and use information to find out the standard enthalpy of potassium nitrate....   [tags: Papers]

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A Stoichiometry Experiment Involving Potassium Chlorate

- Introduction In any science that requires computation, specifically in Chemistry, gathering measurements of various physical and chemical properties need to be strictly accurate and precise for it is in this most crucial phase that either make or break the quality and value of science. No matter how good the experiment was performed, without forethought on how to gather and process data correctly, the collected information would not be reliable enough to draw out a conclusion on it. This experiment is divided into two parts, thus having dipartite objectives for the whole experiment....   [tags: Chemistry]

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How an Acid (Coke) Can React Together with Potassium to Create a Charger for an iPone

- ... The Coke can is used to basically start the chemical reaction by the RCA cables that are put inside it which in return is still connected to the banana. Just like plugging the cables into a television, the red cable is usually used for right analog audio (the red goes in at the top end of the banana which is to the right) and the white cable is usually used for mono analog audio (the white goes in at the end of the fruit which is to the left.) The team used an iPhone because something electronic had to be used in this particular experiment to get the results that we were looking for so an iPhone was the chosen item....   [tags: chemical reactions, chemistry and electricity]

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Percent Composition by Mass of Oxygen in Potassium Chlorate

- % Composition By Mass of Oxygen in Potassium Chlorate Objective: The purpose of this lab was to calculate the percent composition by mass of oxygen in potassium chlorate. Procedure: 1.The mass of the crucible and the cover was measured. 2.KClO3 was added to the crucible. 3.The mass of the crucible, cover and KClO3 was measured. 4.MnO2 was added in the crucible. 5.The mass of the crucible, cover, KClO3 and MnO2 was measured. 6.The Bunsen Burner was lit. 7.The covered crucible was placed over the flame of the Bunsen Burner using a ring stand....   [tags: Chemistry]

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Lab Report on Volumetric Determination of Iron with Potassium Permanganate

- Lab Report on Volumetric Determination of Iron with Potassium Permanganate Principle: This experiment consists of titrating the ferrous ion with permanganate ion to study the oxidation-reduction reaction. The ions react in acidic solution to give ferric ion and a reduced ionic form of manganese. All the reactants and products except permanganate ion are weakly colored, whereas permanganate is a very intensely colored ion. Then a solution of permanganate is removed as long as there is a ferrous ion present to react with it....   [tags: Papers]

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Action Potential and Excitatory Postsynaptic Potential

- Take Home Essay 1: Action Potential There is a series of events that leads to action potential. Neurons can send and receive input from other neurons through a chemical that is called a neurotransmitter, which is stored on the postsynaptic membrane. If the input is powerful enough, the neuron will send the message down downstream neurons from dendrite to axon terminals, and this process stimulates other neurons. Action potential is an electrical excitation that travels along the membrane neuron reaching the synaptic terminal (Inlow, 2013)....   [tags: neurons, neurotransmitters, potassium channels]

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Why Do Athletes Need Electrolytes For Their Muscles

- Why do Athletes Need Electrolytes for Their Muscles. Figure 1: Main Electrolytes in body fluid Source: http://electrolytes4life.weebly.com/the-purpose-of-electrolytes.html Word Count: 988 Liana Perez MYP Chemistry Steinmetz College Prep. 2/22/16 It is commonly known that human beings need substances such as water and food so that our bodies can function properly. Also the human body needs to do certain functions everyday so that it can maintain its health. One example of how the human body can maintain its health is by exercising....   [tags: Blood, Potassium, Sodium, Electrolyte]

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A Study On The Change Of Water Deterioration Of The Study Area ( Fig.3 )

- To estimate the changing in water geochemistry, it is necessary to know and reorganize the hydrochemical processes related to it. Normally, Langelier-Ludwig diagram is utilized to recognize water deterioration of the study area (Fig.3). According to Langelier-Ludwig, the source of contamination may be indicated by the interrupted of biologic influences problems. This comes after the discharging untreated domestic, agricultural and domestic wastes directly into water (Hem, 1992). . Fig 3 Langelier-Ludwig diagram From Langelier-Ludwig diagram, it is the fact that the sulfate and chloride concentration raised in El rahawy and Tala drains....   [tags: Water, Sodium, Irrigation, Potassium]

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Analysis And Identification Of Ionic Compound Using Logic Trees

- Analysis and Identification of an Ionic Compound using Logic Trees Introduction: It is important to be able to analyze and identify compounds especially in industry where even slight changes in compound structure or concentration could have disastrous effects. In this project, comprising of three parts, cation and anion elimination and confirmation tests are performed. Two logic trees are then constructed from the test results. These logic trees are used to identify the anion and cation of an unknown ionic compound....   [tags: Solubility, Ion, Ammonia, Potassium]

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Chemistry: Percent Composition Lab Introduction

- Percent Composition Lab Introduction The percentage of something is very important in everyday life. For example, a farmer would want to know the percentage of nutrients in a fertilizer they are using. In spring, the farmer may want to use a fertilizer that has a high percentage of nitrogen, because it "greens” plants. In the fall, the farmer may want to use a fertilizer that has a higher percentage of potassium, because it strengthens the root systems of plants. A way to find the percentage of nutrients is by using percent composition....   [tags: fertilizer, potassium, molar mass]

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Why Does A Small Amount Of Sodium Leak Into The Cell?

- At resting membrane potential, why does a small amount of sodium leak into the cell instead of out. The reason for this is because there is a different charges when we come across the plasma membrane. The outside of the membrane is positive while the inside has a negative charge. Since sodium is more concentrated on the outside of the membrane and potassium is inside this can cause an imbalance of the charges. On the other hand, when there action potential starts the inside is going to be more positive and then the voltage gated channels will then opening the membrane....   [tags: Action potential, Potassium, Resting potential]

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Comparing the Solubility's of Copper Sulphate, Sodium Chloride and Potassium Nitrate

- Comparing the Solubility's of Copper Sulphate, Sodium Chloride and Potassium Nitrate Comparing the solubility's of copper sulphate, sodium chloride and potassium nitrate Background Information Molecular solids (sugar) and ionic solids (salts) both dissolve in water. However, they both dissolve in different ways. The intermolecular forces holding molecules of sugar together are relatively weak so when sugar is placed in water these bonds are broken and individual C12H22O11 molecules are released into solution....   [tags: Papers]

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An Action Potential Of A Neuron Send Information Down An Axon

- An action potential occurs when a neuron send information down an axon, in which involves two phases depolarization and repolarization (biologymad.com, 2004). This process involves the sodium/potassium pump as sodium goes in the axon it causes a positive charge this is called depolarization (biologymad.com, 2004). As potassium exits the axon the change is brought back to resting potential this is known as repolarization (biologymad.com, 2004). An action potential is caused when different ions cross the neuron membrane, a stimulus causes the sodium channels to open which then causes the sodium ion to rush into the neuron (Faculty.washington.edu, 2010)....   [tags: Action potential, Potassium, Sodium, Myosin]

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Fluid From The Intravascular Space

- Fluid from the intravascular space shifts into the interstitial space surrounding the cells. This shift is caused by increased hydrostatic pressure within capillaries as the result of reduced liver function blocking blood flow. Increased capillary permeability from inflammation pushes albumin into the interstitial space, increasing interstitial osmotic pressure and deceasing capillary osmotic pressure. Due to decreased liver function, albumin is not longer readily made decreasing its presence in body....   [tags: Blood, Potassium, PH, Blood plasma]

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The Effect Of Intracellular Fluids On The Cell Membrane

- Human cells are partially made up of liquids that are both inside and outside of our cells. The water inside the cell is called intracellular fluid (ICF) and makes up about 42% of the total body weight. On the other hand, extracellular fluids (ECF) usually denote all body fluid outside of the cells. In order to define which area the fluids are based, they are determined by its location to the cell membrane. For instance, if the fluids are found to be on the outside of the cell membrane, it would signify that we are viewing ECF....   [tags: Blood, Potassium, Cell membrane, Glucose]

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The Pathway Of A Stimulus

- The moment you step on a tack, the pathway of a stimulus begins. The process starts in the five layers of the epidermis. There are several sensitive cells in the epidermis and dermis called touch receptors. The stimulus then moves to the dermis where there are many blood vessels, nerve endings and a variety of touch receptors. The Meissner 's corpuscles is located in the dermis as well and senses the contact of the tack to the skin. The Pacinian corpuscles is responsible for sensing the pressure from the tack....   [tags: Action potential, Neuron, Axon, Potassium]

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Determining And Synthesizing An Unknown Compound

- Determining and Synthesizing an Unknown White Compound Kalley McMenomy Group Members: Lillie Fehr, Jared Taitt, Sara Funke Abstract: The purpose of this lab was to correctly identify the unknown white compound 341R given in lab. The investigation of the unknown compound required various testing methods such as the ion, flame, conductivity, and solubility test. These tests were used to reveal the chemical properties, while sensual observations such as the compounds white color, odorless smell, and a chalky powdery texture were used to identify the unknown white compounds physical properties....   [tags: Chemistry, Solubility, Ion, Potassium]

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Sodium Chloride As Salt For The Body

- Sodium chloride also known as salt, is a very important nutrient to the body because it can help the body control blood pressure, it also helps the body with the proper functioning of the muscles, and it helps the body with the communication of the nerve impulses (1). Salt is also important because it is used in the daily diets. Salt doesn’t just help the body, but it also helps to bring out the flavors of the meals that people cook. Whenever people are sitting and watching television snacking on potato chips or eating pizza, salt is being consumed whether or not people are aware of it (1)....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Potassium, Salt]

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Experiment Proving Lambert-Eaton Syndrome (LES) Patients Potassium Channels Conduct Electrical Current

- In order to understand Lambert-Eaton Syndrome (LES), it is first necessary to have a general understanding of the nervous system. The human nervous system is composed of the central nervous system (CNS), which consists of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system (PNS), which includes all the neural tissue outside the CNS. PNS is composed of two basic types of neurons (nerve cells): motor neurons and sensory neurons. Motor neurons, the target of LES, are used to send signals from the CNS to the body to stimulate a reaction....   [tags: Biology Central Nervous System Lambert Eaton]

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Mullelr and Glial Cells

- ... It was hypothesized that the endfoot has the biggest impact on the flow of ions across the membrane, and therefore the cell’s resistance and conductance. So, the resistance of the cell was once again measured, but this time with the endfoot removed from the cell. It was expected that if the endfoot of the Muller cell was the region that had the biggest impact on resistance, with the endfoot removed the resistance of the cell would increase. Scientists also decided to cut a part of the cell above the endfoot, without removing the endfoot....   [tags: Brain, Endfoot, Cells]

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Cystic Fibrosis : Regulator Gene ( Ctfr )

- Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a generated from a defect in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator gene (CTFR). A typical individual with a functioning CTFR gene will produce a thin and lubricating mucous, but with a defective gene the individual produces a mucus that is thick and viscous. Organs that rely heavily on secretions of mucus are the lungs, pancreas, and intestines. A person with CF though has trouble with the thickness of the mucus and these organs struggle to function properly. The airways in a normal lung have a light coating of mucus, whereas a person with CF has thick and sticky mucus lining the airway....   [tags: PH, Carbon dioxide, Acid, Bicarbonate]

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The Reaction Of The Cell Membrane

- Neurons primarily communicate by using chemical signals in the form of neurotransmitters, but neurons may also communicate by using electrical signaling. Neurons are able to send information via electrical signaling as a result of a quick change in the concentration of ions found on opposite sides of the cellular membrane, or action potential. This action potential is then transmitted down the axon and is received by the dendrites of another neuron. Before an action potential occurs, there is a high concentration of sodium ions outside of the cell and a low concentration of sodium ions inside of the cell....   [tags: Action potential, Neuron, Postsynaptic potential]

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Disturbances of Acid-Base Balance

- Disturbances of Acid-Base Balance If an acid-base disturbance shifts the pH outside of the physiologic range, various control measures are activated to resist the change in pH. Compensatory mechanisms try to preserve the normal 20:1 ratio of bicarbonate to carbonic acid to keep the pH at normal range. The body works to maintain normal ratios through a compensation mechanism using renal and respiratory methods (Crowley, 2010). Metabolic Alkalosis Metabolic alkalosis is seen by an increase in the concentration of plasma bicarbonate relative to the concentration of carbonic acid, which shifts the pH to the alkaline side of the physiologic range (case study- pH 7.5)....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

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Analysis and Description of Some Elements of the Periodic Table

- The periodic table tells you many things about an element. Essentially it is used as a section divider to elements, each put under a specific row and column to its properties. This includes its mass, number of protons, neutrons and electrons, period, group, valence electrons... Chlorine is a diatomic molecule of Cl2. There are also 24 isotopes of chlorine, 2 of which are stable isotopes. Chlorine 35 and 37 are both stable isotopes of chlorine. The appearance of chlorine is a highly toxic green/yellow gas a room temperature with a pungent odour....   [tags: magnesium, chlorine, titanium]

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The Effect Of Cell And On The Cell

- When a neuron is not transmitting a signal, it is at rest. During resting potential, between the inside and outside of the neuron there is an ion displacement. The inside of the neuron is negative in comparison to the outside. The outside of the cell has a positive charged sodium and negatively charged chlorine, while potassium, positively charged, is more heavily charged inside the cell. This difference in the charge of sodium, chloride, and potassium maintains the dynamic equilibrium in the neuron....   [tags: Action potential, Neuron, Membrane potential]

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The Harcourt Essen Experiment

- The Harcourt Essen Experiment The aim of this investigation is to: 1) find the rate equation for the reaction between hydrogen peroxide, potassium iodide and sulphuric acid by using the iodine stop clock method and plotting graphs of 1/time against concentration for each variable. Then to find the activation energy by carrying out the experiment at different temperatures using constant amounts of each reactant and then by plotting a graph of in 1/t against I/T, 3) to deduce as much information about the mechanism as possible from the rate equation....   [tags: Chemistry, Science, Experiment]

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What Makes A Foods For Food Foods?

- Foods that are seasonal have better style, surface, and flavor than artificially produced food that journeys thousands of mls to attain the supermarket foods. Foods that are chilled and transported lose taste at every step of the true way, i.e. during chilling, during transport and on being stored in warehouses. These could even be injected or artificially ready to meet up with the demand for that food. And winter season is not exclusive. Listed below are Foods For Children In Winter Banana: A berries universally adored by kids, it is delightful and easy to take....   [tags: Vitamin C, Vitamin, Nutrition, Immune system]

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Anatomy: How the Muscles Work

- In order for a skeletal muscle to contract, a signal must be first sent from the primary motor cortex which is located in the precentral gyrus of the cerebral cortex. This is considered to be an Upper motor neuron. These fibers travel through the brain via the internal capsule until they get to the lower portion of the medulla oblongata. At this point, the neuron crosses over to the other side of the body. This means that if a neuron is to inervate the right bicep muscle, it originated in the left side of the precentral gyrus and crossed over to the right side at the medulla oblongata....   [tags: signals, neurons, membrane]

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The Science Of Matter And Energy

- I’m intrigued by your curiosity and zest when it comes on to chemistry, the science of matter and energy. I think, to some extent, that you very much remind me of my previous self, when I was around your age. Now, I am a chemical engineer, obviously, quite a number of years have passed. Oh my. Time flies. To put things in perspective, though, I general I don’t normally take breaks from my already busy schedule to write letters, explaining how processes work. However, I see that you are special, and that you have a tremendous amount of passion for the science, which I greatly admire and encourage by all means....   [tags: Chemical reaction, Hydrogen, Aluminium]

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A Study On A Renal Diet

- The purpose of this paper is to take an in depth look at a renal diet which is designed for people suffering from certain kidney conditions. A renal diet can be described as a nutritional regime which is: “low in sodium, phosphorous and protein... [It] also promotes the importance of consuming high-quality protein and usually limits fluids. Some patients may also need to limit potassium and even calcium” (Nephcure). Throughout the course of this paper various aspects are addressed. these include: the role of the kidneys, the importance of professional guidance, the reasons why people follow a renal diet, monitoring sodium intake, monitoring potassium intake, monitoring phosphorus intake, pro...   [tags: Kidney, Nephrology, Chronic kidney disease]

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The Importance of Electrolyte Balance

- Maintaining proper levels of anything in your body is important for your body to function appropriately. Electrolytes are electrically charged minerals, negative or positive, and run throughout the body’s fluids, blood, and urine. The major electrolytes of the body are Na+ (sodium), K+ (potassium), Cl– (chloride), Ca2+ (calcium), H+ (hydrogen), HCO3– (bicarbonate), and phosphates; these electrolytes can be found in the food and drinks we consume everyday. They are responsible for many body processes such as the transport of water and other fluids within the body, muscle activity, and even metabolism to name a few....   [tags: anatomy, body function]

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Low Sodium Intake Prevents Hypertension

- Hypertension affects approximately 25% of adults worldwide and 16% of US adults and it is estimated to increase in prevalence by 60% over the next 10 to 15 years (1). Hypertension, or increased systemic blood pressure, is directly correlated with many morbidities, such as coronary heart disease (CHD), cardiovascular disease (CVD), congestive heart failure, and chronic renal dysfunction (reference). Essential hypertension, also known as primary hypertension, accounts for 95% of all known cases of hypertension....   [tags: blood pressure, cardiovascular disease]

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Seven Essential Nutrients that You're Not Getting Enough of

- 1. Iron Iron is an essential nutrients that our bodies require to function properly. The human body uses iron to carry oxygen from the lungs throughout the rest of the body. Additionally, iron helps the muscles store and use oxygen. The body needs just the right amount of iron, and it can be detrimental if your body has too much or too little. How to get more: Go see your doctor before you worry about incorporating more iron into your diet. Your pyshican will be able to tell you whether or not you need more iron....   [tags: vitamins, diet, human body]

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A Brief Note On Diabetic Ketoacidosis ( Dka )

- Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA): Knowing that the patient is a type I diabetic and has not eaten in two days, my biggest concern would be DKA. Decreased oral intake can lead to dehydration and cause an electrolyte imbalance (Gosmanov, Gosmanova, & Dillard-Cannon, 2014). The patient demonstrates a low pH indicating acidosis and her bicarbonate, while not significantly low is a cause for concern. Her sodium and chloride are elevated. Potassium is another concern in DKA that may present normal, but it can still be severely depleted (Gosmanov et al., 2014)....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Ketone bodies]

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Question and Answer of Acute Renal Failure

- Acute Renal Failure 1. Explain the pathophysiology of acute renal failure. Include prerenal, intrarenal, and postrenal causes. Acute renal failure is when the kidneys suddenly are unable to filter the blood of the waste products. Acute renal failure is alternatively called acute kidney failure or acute kidney injury. The causes of acute renal failure is divided into three categories based on their point of origin: prerenal, intrarenal, and post renal. The most common type of acute renal failure is prerenal, which can be described as a sudden drop in blood pressure or an interruption in blood flow to the kidneys....   [tags: causes, diagnostic, signs, modifications]

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The Dietary Reference Intakes ( Dris )

- Based on the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), I calculated DV’s daily nutrient consumption and it was adequate for her age and gender. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) is a new tactic in evaluating and measuring food consumption for healthy people. The DRIs are a more established set of standards and embrace more parameters, for choosing healthy food, such as Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL), Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA), Adequate Intakes (AI) and Estimated Average Requirements (EAR) (USDA, 2014)....   [tags: Nutrition, Fat, Vitamin D, Obesity]

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Adverse Effects Of Adverse Drug Reaction

- Introduction : The patient being analyzed for the adverse drug reaction is an 81 year old female , weighing 48.5 kg. The patient has the following health conditions : 1) Hypertension 2) Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) 3) Constipation. The current medication history of the patient is as follows : Colace 100 mg bid Pepcid 20 mg bid Multivitamin with iron once daily Clonidine 0.2 mg bid Minoxidil 2.5 mg daily Zoloft 25 mg every morning PRN meds include : Xanax, Acetaminophen, Zofran, Dulcolax, Midrin....   [tags: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor]

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Discussion And Scientific Explanation Of Results

- Discussion and Scientific Explanation of Results The results of the anion test suggest the presence of a chloride anion in unknown sample 3 (Table 1). When the unknown solution was mixed with nitric acid and silver nitrate, a white precipitate formed. The entire test tube turned a milky white color that was most concentrated at the top of the tube. The milky white test tube also resembled the solid state more than the liquid state. According to Cooper7 in the laboratory manual, this result indicates that a chloride ion is a component of the unknown ionic compound....   [tags: Sodium chloride, Chlorine, Ion, Sodium]

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BioChemistry - Questons an Answers

- 1. Fully explain the role of ATP in the sodium potassium pump. Sodium potassium pump is a primary active type of cell transport where in it pumps ions against the concentration gradient. In the human cell, sodium and potassium are essential ions in maintaining normal fluid volume moreover it is an important ions that maintains the function of excitable cells such as nerve and muscles cells in transmitting impulses or contracting the muscles. The mechanism is that the sodium potassium pump pumps potassium ions from outside the cells to the inside of the cell while at the same time it pumps sodium ions from inside to outside the cell....   [tags: BioChemistry, Queston/Answer]

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The Effects of Artificial Sweeteners

- With more and more artificial sweeteners being used in food products, people are wondering what kind of effects these can have on the world. One kind of sweetener, acesulfame potassium, receives fire from many organizations and people who claim that it is one of the most dangerous sweeteners. Are artificial sweeteners great products that will promote weight loss and lead to a leaner, fitter world, or do artificial sweeteners cause weight gain and health problems. What other effects can artificial sweeteners have on the environment....   [tags: pollution, environment, disease]

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Family Members Should NOT Decide When Life Support is Needed

- Should the decision to keep a person on life support be made by family members only. This question has major impact on many people’s lives, their deaths, and their quality of life. Many other questions can be asked in conjunction with this question. How would you like to be kept on life support. Would you want a doctor to make the decision of ‘life or death’. The questions just keep on coming, and every time we seem to find ourselves divided. This issue is relevant because of the recent media coverage over Terri Schiavo’s right to live or die and the fact that any of us could be in her situation....   [tags: Life Support Essays]

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Analysis of the Genetically-Based Autosomal Recessive Disease, Bartter Syndrome, and Possible Methods of Diagnosis and Treatment

- Introduction to Bartter Syndrome Bartter syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease, which results from defective proteins in the thick ascending limb (TAL) within the loop of Henle in the kidney. The TAL is an important part of the nephron because it contributes to the ion concentration within the urine. It has impermeability to water and reabsorption abilities specific for sodium chloride [16]. Physical indicators for this syndrome can include dehydration, constipation, weakness, and fatigue [3]....   [tags: Defective Proteins, Cochlear Implants]

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Bioassays in Relation to the Growth and Colouration of Tomato Seedlings

- Bioassays in Relation to the Growth and Colouration of Tomato Seedlings Abstract: The objective of the experimental research was to assess how bioassays affect the plant growth, colouration and overall appearance of the plant. To set the experiment up thirty-nine plants were required. Plants were watered with different concentrations of potassium chloride, manganese chloride and copper chloride and compared to the results of the plants being watered with distilled water. Measurements of the plants were taken almost every day to ensure accuracy....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

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Diet Analysis Project : The Energy Requirement Prediction Equation

- Today, many people eat healthy to lose weight and to maintain their figures; however, eating healthy can also help reduce the risk of developing diseases. When I first began this diet analysis project, I believed that I ate extremely healthy. Nevertheless, I knew that I lacked physical activity. To begin the project, I used the estimated energy requirement prediction equation (EER) and the physical activity values to calculate the estimated amount of calories that I need to intake on a daily basis....   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, Low-density lipoprotein]

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Blood Lab Tests For Aspartate Aminotransferase

- S.G.’s blood lab tests for Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) and Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) are higher than the advised reference range as shown above. As S.G. has cirrhosis, which has caused fibrotic scarring of the liver resulting in obstruction to the flow of blood and bile. Elevated AST and ALT usually correlates with liver disease, which causes liver cell injury. The cells die and lysis of the cell occurs. The contents of the cell (including AST) are spewed out and are collected into the blood....   [tags: Liver, Bilirubin, Cirrhosis, Hepatitis C]

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Mutations in KCNQ1 Ion Channel May Cause Jervell and Lange-Nielsen Syndrome

- Mutations in KCNQ1 Ion Channel May Cause Jervell and Lange-Nielsen Syndrome Abstract Jervell and Lange-Nielsen Syndrome is a human disorder that causes deafness and an irregular heartbeat. It is caused by a mutation in a protein that is a potassium ion channel. The mutations lead to a protein that does not serve the purpose it was designed to serve. It is difficult to treat, but there are things that can be done for both the cardiac and auditory aspects of it. Implantation of a device used as a sort of bionic ear can be used as treatment for the deafness characteristic of JLNS....   [tags: Biology Mutation]

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Medical Case Study: Cardiac Catheterization

- Client Profile: Lane Bronson is a 55 year old male with a history of angina, hypertension, Type 2 diabetes, COPD, and sleep apnea. He comes to the physican’s office complaining of worsening shortness of breath. His skin tone is grey, and his angina is worsening. Previously stable, he now does not get relief from rest or nitroglycerin. The physician called 911 and had Mr. Bronson directly admitted to the hospital. Questions: 1. What are the treatment priorities of the registered nurse upon admission....   [tags: Nursing Essays]

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The Benefits Of Drinking Gatorade

- There are a lot of advantages when it comes to drinking Gatorade. According to http://www.livestrong.com/article/280793-what-are-the-benefits-of-gatorade explains the benefits of drinking Gatorade. "Since its introduction to the marketplace in 1965, Gatorade has become the leader of the sports drink industry. It began modestly as a hydration tool for football players struggling to cope with the heat and humidity of practices and has morphed into a beneficial training tool for athletes of all shapes and sizes....   [tags: Fructose, Glucose, Sucrose, Sugar]

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Iodide Ions and Peroxodisulphate Ions

- Investigating Rate of Reaction between Iodide ions and Peroxodisulphate ions with respect to Temperature and use of a Catalyst Introduction The aim of this experiment was to investigate the affect of the use of a catalyst and temperature on the rate of reaction while keeping all the other factors that affect the reaction rate constant. In the reaction, potassium peroxodisulphate and potassium iodide will be used to provide the peroxodisulphate ions and iodide ions respectively. The ionic formula for the reaction is as follows: S2O82- (aq) + 2I- (aq) → 2SO42- (aq) + I2 (aq) However, in order to measure the rates of reaction, sodium thiosulphate and starch are added....   [tags: temperature and Catalysts]

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Superior Flexor Muscle Cells

- Effects of Extracellular Potassium Concentration on Membrane Potentials in Crayfish Superior Flexor Muscle Cells Intracellular measurement of membrane potentials in cells of the crayfish superficial flexor muscle can reveal the effects of varying the extracellular concentrations of potassium ion on the resting potential. Our results suggest that at high extracellular potassium concentrations, the resting potential resembles that of the potassium’s equilibrium potential, and at low potassium concentrations, resting potential is less related to potassium equilibrium potential....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Investigating the Thermal Decomposition Of Metal Carbonates

- Investigating the Thermal Decomposition Of Metal Carbonates Aim: To investigate a range of metal carbonates and see if they thermally decompose. Thermal Decomposition INVESTIGATION [IMAGE] ------- Written By Tauqir Sharif ------------------------ Research: When a metal is thermally decomposed the bond between the metal and its carbonate (carbon and oxygen) is removed and the carbonate is released as carbon dioxide. Metal Carbonate = Metal Oxide + Carbon Dioxide Malachite is an ore of copper....   [tags: Papers]

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Mineral Composition of Seaweed

- The mineral composition of three groups of seaweed under study is shown in Table 3. As an illustration, most of the seaweeds showed high value of Potassium, Magnesium and Iron, but low in Copper and Cobalt that is coincided to those estimated by Krishnaiah et al. (2008), but significantly higher with those results reported by Rupérez (2002). Among minerals, Potassium occurred in the highest proportions in all seaweeds (515.6±35.7-876.6±15.9 mg/100g) which are significantly lower than those results obtained by Matanjun et al., (2009) (8371.2±0.0-13155.2±1.1 mg/100g).The highest content of potassium was detected for brown algae and red algae....   [tags: science experiments,]

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Use Of Electrical Signals Down The Axon And Transmission Of The Signal Across A Synapse

- Compare and contrast the propagation of electrical signals down the axon and the transmission of the signal across a synapse. The nervous system is one of the most intricate and fundamental systems within the human body. It is constructed from specialised cells called neurons (Willmer, et al., 2005). Information from a stimulus is carried by neurons as chemical and electrical signals to the central nervous system or CNS, electrical signals in particular are imperative as they carry “time-sensitive information rapidly and over a long distance” (Kandel, et al., 2000)....   [tags: Action potential, Neuron, Nervous system]

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My Weight Caloric Intake Is Not Only An Eye Opening Experience

- Tracking my diet and being able to see an overview of everything that goes into my body was not only an eye-opening experience, but something that will force me to reconsider my food choices. Although my average caloric intake was lower than its calculated DRI, short for Dietary Reference Intakes, for amount of kilocalories per day, I realized that the calories I consumed were not all advantageous for my health. Looking at my DRI goals versus my actual intakes, there are a few areas I would like to highlight as being positive, and others as negative....   [tags: Nutrition, Fat, Saturated fat, Unsaturated fat]

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The Dietary Analysis Of Foods Consumed From The Dates Friday

- This report is a three day dietary analysis of foods consumed from the dates Friday, April 1, 2016 through Sunday April 3, 2016. All food items were entered into the online software application MyFitnessPal. The foods that were consumed are within a typical diet including two days from the weekend. Some of the foods were eaten at home and some at restaurants. The attached reports include total caloric intake and a breakdown of foods by day for breakfast, lunch and dinner. There are three reports summarized from MyFitnessPal including foods, portions and nutrients....   [tags: Nutrition, Vitamin, Unsaturated fat, Fat]

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The Anatomy And Physiology Of The Human Muscular System

- The Complexity of Muscles The human muscular system, like any other system in the human body, is very complex. All the moving parts (anatomy), and how they work together to perform specific actions (physiology). There is so much that can be done to help the muscles in your body perform strenuous activities before fatigue, before your muscles run out of the fuel required to continue to perform movements. The biggest question most young adults want to know is, how do you get bigger muscles. Or, why do I cramp during workouts....   [tags: Muscular system, Muscle, Muscle contraction]

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746 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

The Importance of Fruit in a Well-Balanced Diet

- An apple a day keeps the doctors away. Is that cliché really that far off. Actually, no; that statement holds truth. Everybody knows the importance of fruit as a part of a well-balanced diet, but most people do not know just how good fruit is for health. Not only does fruit aid in good physical health, but it also provides benefits for good mental health. Fruit makes weight loss more efficient and heightens brain functions. Eating a healthy amount of fruit improves the ability for the body to lose weight....   [tags: Nutrition]

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The Importance of Micronutrients in the Diet

- The human body requires small amounts of nutrients in microgram or milligram quantities in our diet because it cannot synthesize the necessary amounts on its own. These nutrients are considered micronutrients. Micronutrients are a combination of water, vitamins, and minerals. Vitamins are organic compounds that do not provide energy, but are essential to the body in helping “aid in metabolism, as well as the growth, development and maintenance of body tissues” (Byrd-Bredbenner, Moe and Beshgetoor 402)....   [tags: health, nutrition, vitamins, minerals]

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Food for Health Healthy Carbohydrate Sources

- ... Keep in mind also that this type of carbohydrate also provide a stimulus of serotonin in the body, which is a compound that controls emotions and appetite. And what are the food sources of complex carbohydrates for your health. 1. Potato Solanum Tuberosum L is a plant of the Solanaceae tribe that has edible tubers and stems commonly called potato. For European society potato tuber used as a staple food. but initially potato originated in the United States. Potato fruit is naturally low in calories and contains no sodium, fat or cholesterol....   [tags: energy, sugar, potato, carbohydrates]

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Nutrition Of The Food Guide Pyramid

- 1.)How does your diet compare to the recommendations you received from the Food Guide Pyramid. The calories eaten within the days of August 17,2015 until August 19,2015 were based off a 2,400 calorie allowance. On August 17th the total calories consumed were 1,786, August 18th the total calorie intake were 1,077 and on August 19th total calories consumed were 796. In comparison to the recommendations on the food guide pyramid, my diet of nutrients and minerals were based on target ounces instead of daily servings and these targets were below in seventeen, fair in fifteen, and over in one....   [tags: Nutrition, Vitamin, Milk, Dietary fiber]

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1174 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Functions of Osmosis

- The Functions of Osmosis Osmosis is the passive transport of water through a selectively permeable membrane, a membrane that allows certain needed particles to pass through it more easily than others. Pores in this type of membrane are large enough for water to pass effortlessly through it. The flow of water during osmosis depends on the concentration of a solute either within a cell membrane or surrounding the membrane. Water naturally flows from a hypertonic solution, an area of high concentration of solute, to a hypotonic district, a solution containing a lower concentration of solute....   [tags: Papers]

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Microprogration Method for Tomato Plant

- As discussed by Taylor (1986), tomato is a type of plant that has many type and small genus. This plant is from the family of Solanaceae. This family has been found around 90 genera (D’Arcy, 1979). There are many tomato species around the world. At Malaysia, this plant is so important for the citizens even though it is not easy to cultivate tomatoes today (Fruits in Malaysia, 2010). This tomato came from the place which is in dry west coast of tropical south America, which have moderate temperature (minimum 15 degree Celsius during night and average 19 degree Celsius during maximum day) (Cooper, 1972)....   [tags: tomato crops, vegetables, auxin hormone]

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How Does Heroin Cause Addiction?

- How Does Heroin Cause Addiction. Introduction: Heroin is an illegal class A drug that mostly comes as a powder processed form of opium. It is made using the resin of poppy plants. Opium is taken from the pod and than refined into morphine (the synthetic form of heroin) and than heroin. It is estimated that 9.2 million people around the world use heroin. Heroin is extremely addictive. Addiction is when somebody consumes a substance or undertakes an activity that is enjoyable however, after extended use, normal life becomes disrupted and possibly dangerous....   [tags: drug use, addiction, illegal]

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Membrane Ions And The Cell

- Resting membrane potential is when the inside of the neuron is 70 mV less than the outside of the neuron when the cell is at rest. Resting membrane potential can be changed by two factors: differences in ionic composition of the intracellular and extracellular fluids and difference in permeability of ions in the plasma membrane (Marieb and Hoehn 397). Relatively, there are more sodium ions outside the cell than it is inside the cell and there are more potassium ions inside the cell than it is outside of the cell....   [tags: Cerebrum, Brain, Frontal lobe, Cerebral cortex]

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1187 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

A Lab Report On Coordination

- Introduction Coordination complexes are metals that can accept electron pairs to form coordinate bonds without affecting the charge of the metal. The species that donates its paired electrons is called a ligand. Counterions are not part of the compound but balance the charge of the coordination sphere, the metal and ligands. These compounds are known for their very bold colors and their ability to enhance solubility. In this lab a coordination compound will be formed from Equation 1. (Equation 1) From this, the exact formula for the coordination compound can be found using several methods....   [tags: Ligand, Titration, Concentration]

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1107 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Investigating the Optimum pH Bacterial and Mammalian Amylase Digests Starch Solution

- Investigating the Optimum pH Bacterial and Mammalian Amylase Digests Starch Solution [IMAGE] Biology Coursework Monique Noel 12T Finding the Optimum pH Bacterial and Mammalian Amylase Digests Starch Solution. Introduction I am investigating the optimum pH bacterial and mammalian amylase digests starch solution. To do this I will conduct an experiment using bacterial and mammalian amylase, subjecting them to varying pH levels and record at which pH level the enzyme digests starch solution most efficiently....   [tags: Papers]

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Parsley- Petroselinum Crispum

- Introduction Parsley, Petroselinum crispum is an herb used for a large myriad of medical conditions such as urinary tract infections, kidney stones, gastrointestinal disorders, constipations, jaundice, flatulence, indigestion, colic, diabetes, bronchitic cough, asthma, oedema, osteoarthritis, anemia, hypertension prostate and spleen conditions (1, 2). Parsley contains volatile oils, carotenoids, vitamins B1, B2, C and K (1, 2). The volatile oil component could be further broken down into apiole, myristicin, furanocaumarins, phenyl propanoids, phanthalides, tocopherol, ascorbic acid and various terpenoic compounds (1, 3-5)....   [tags: Herb, Large Myriad, Medical Conditions, UTI]

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