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Life Cycle of the Malaria Parasite

- What is the disease: Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease to humans and other animals which is caused by parasitic protozoans. You develop it by a female infected mosquito with parasites transmitting its bite through the skin. This can cause severe redness on the area and continuous itching which can cause the bite to inflame. Malaria is quite rare in countries such as the United States, but it is most commonly found in countries such as Southern Asia and Africa. It is said that there is 20 species around the world but there are 4 most common species that cause the disease in humans a few are known as: Plasmodium falciparum, this is the most deadly out of all 4 to humans this lies...   [tags: mosquito, parasitic protozoans]

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The Protozoan Parasite Trypanosoma Brucei

- The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma Brucei is the caused of Human African Trypanosomiasis, also known as HAT or sleeping sickness. The two subspecies of protozoa that caused the sleeping sickness are T.b gambiense and T.b rhodesiene. The T.b gambiense parasites responsible for more than 95% of the cases and with over 60 million people are at risk and more than 50,000 infected (1). The parasites are transmitting by the tsetse flies. These flies founded mostly on the Africa continent South of Sahara....   [tags: protozoan, tyrpanosomiasis, sleeping sickness]

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Parasite Resistance to Malaria

- Increasing concerns about the effectiveness of artemisinin against malaria has been raised. Plasmodium falciparum malaria increased resistance to most antimalirial drugs is becoming a global challenge in regard to the fight against malaria. Parasite resistance refers to the ability of a disease causing parasite to thrive, survive and reproduce regardless constant application of drugs aimed to suppress it action in the human body. Most antimalarial drugs has become ineffective causing wide human suffrage and increased social costs worldwide....   [tags: Drugs, Disease, Artemisinin]

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Mistletoe: The Curious Parasite

- Throughout time and the existence of man, many great and wonderful things have been discovered and studied very precisely by scientist and powerful thinkers, such as Leonardo da vinci, Gregor Mendel , or even one of our founding fathers Benjamin Franklin. The many wonderful scientists in our history have also found vast information and great uses of before seemingless plants, fungi, and parasites through study and perseverance. It was the work of these great people that we have unlocked the secrets of items here on earth....   [tags: plants, haustoria, Dwarf mistletoe]

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The Parasite and the Host

- Parasitical relationships are commonplace in nature. A parasite attaches itself to a host and gradually benefits while the host's assets are drained. When the initial host's assets are completely depleted, the parasite moves on to another to leech off of while the host is left to gradually lose its life. This type of parasitical relationship is highlighted in Franz Kafka's short story, The Metamorphosis, in the relationships of members of the Samsa family. Gregor Samsa is a traveling salesman, whose family is completely dependent on his salary....   [tags: American Literature]

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The Adaptive Parasite

- The Adaptive Parasite Viruses are molecular sharks, a motive without a mind. They have sorted themselves into tribes, and they infect everything that lives. . . . Unknown viruses are coming out of the equatorial wildernesses of the earth and discovering the human race. . . . You might call AIDS the revenge of the rainforest. (Preston 160-61) After reading Richard Preston's ominous and threatening portrayal of viruses in his article "Crisis In The Hot Zone," one may be alarmed enough to invest in surgical scrubs and a space suit to wear as a permanent precaution against these evidently vengeful creatures....   [tags: Viruses Virus Essays]

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The Schistosomiasis Parasite in Contaminated Water

- The Schistosomiasis Parasite in Contaminated Water Ever wonder what kind of parasites are in your water, or how they can enter in to your body to make you very sick. Well it is most definite that no on want to get sick. The information found in this paper was collected over the past month, either by going to the library or by accessing information off the Internet at home, almost every night. The point that will be given to you is a little in information about the infectious disease called Schistosomiasis....   [tags: Papers]

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Mycoplasma Haemofelis: Feline Tiny Blood Parasite

- ... FeLV is concurrent in approximately 20% of all feline hemotropic mycoplasma patients, so FHM positive felines should also be tested for FeLV (Feline Infectious Anemia). Diagnosis can be made based on the presence of organisms on Wright-stained blood films, but may be difficult to confirm by this method; confirmation should be made by DNA specific laboratory tests for the pathogen (Allison, “New: IDEXX…”). Fresh blood (without anti-coagulant) is best for smears where mycoplasma is suspected (Cowell, 271)....   [tags: feline infectious anemia]

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Malaria Parasite Plasmodium and the Epidemiology of the Disease

- The Malaria Parasite Plasmodium and the Epidemiology of the Disease Abstract For ages malaria has affected mankind in almost all parts of the world. It has left a deep imprint on people who have been affected with the disease, and even today in countries where epidemics are common, malaria is a constant threat to people's daily lives. Malaria is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium (phylum Apicomplexa), and there are four species in the genus that cause the disease in humans. Their primary hosts and transmission vectors are female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles; humans act as intermediate hosts....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease]

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How Malaria Is Passed from Person to Person

- Because the malaria parasite exists in human red blood cells which form part of blood, it is possible for malaria to be passed on from one person to the next via organ transplant, shared use of sharp objects that come in contact with blood such as knives, needles and syringes; it can also be passed on through blood transfusion. An infected mother can also card malaria on to her unborn baby during the process of birth (delivery).Malaria passed on in this matter is called congenital malaria. Because malaria can only be passed on through blood, a person cannot “latch" malaria from others just by being near an infected person....   [tags: parasite, blood, endemic]

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Clonazepam: Review of Uses, Benefits, Abuse Potential, and the Future of its Place in Medicine

- Parasite Control An interesting use for clonazepam is in the treatment of schistosomiasis, a disease caused by a parasite found in the fecal matter of snails. When it comes in contact with the skin, the parasite boroughs into the body and finds its way to the intestines and stomach, causing fever, aches, chills, muscle spasms, and death. The death rate for this subtropical disease is around 280,000 a year. Currently, praziquantel is the only therapeutic drug in use, but this can lead to permanent risk of parasite resistance in future, genetically evolved generations....   [tags: pharmaceutical drugs, parasite control]

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Human African Trypanosomaisis a.k.a. African Sleeping Sickness

- The Human African Trypanosomiasis, more commonly referred to as African sleeping sickness, is a biological vector-borne parasitic ("Trypanosomiasis, human african," 2014). The communicable infection is caused by protozoan parasite of the genus Trypanosoma. Transmission occurs to humans by tsetse flies bites. The tsetse flies acquire infection when feeding on blood containing trypomastigotes from infected humans or animals. The parasite will go through asexual reproduction in the fly gut, evolving from a procyclic trypomastigotes to epimastigotes....   [tags: parasite, disease, blood]

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Malaria, Caused by Mosquitos, Can Cause Death

- There are millions of diseases around the world today, all in wide varieties of viruses, protozoa, and parasites. Some diseases are treatable, preventable, and manageable while other diseases are much more complicated than that. Malaria for instance is a serious disease and if left untreated, it could cause further complications resulting in death. Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite, Mosquitos. The female Anopheles mosquito becomes infected by ingesting blood that is infected with the sexual forms of the parasite plasmodium and then bites a human that then transmits it to another....   [tags: parasite, blood, plasmodium]

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Giarda Lamblia: The Cause for Traveler's Diarrhea

- Introduction Giardia lamblia is a flagellated protozoa parasite, which was observed by Antony van Leeuwenhoek in 1681 (Lujan, 2001). Giardia lamblia was named after Professor A. Giard and Dr. F. Lambl, because they were the first people to describe this disease (CDC, 2012). Giardia lamblia is a parasitic gastrointestinal disease; it is estimated that 20,000 cases occur every year in the U.S., and 20% to 30% occurrence worldwide (Marks, 2014). G. lamblia is a diarrheal disease that is known worldwide....   [tags: flagellated protozoa parasite]

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The Common Diarrheal Disease: Amebiasis

- One of the most common diarrheal diseases is amebiasis, caused by the parasitic protist Entamoeba histolytica that affects 50 million people leading to 100,000 deaths world wide a year. One of the most common diarrheal diseases is amebiasis, caused by the parasitic protist Entamoeba histolytic. Transmitted by the fecal-oral route, ingestion of infected cyst form occurs through contaminated food and water. Casual Agent E. histolytica is a protozoan parasite responsible for a disease called amoebiasis....   [tags: amebiasis, parasite, transmission]

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Disease: Taenia Saginata Tapeworm

- ... The mode of transmission of Taenia Saginata first start in animals, the definitive hosts, that feed off of plants found in soil that has Taenia Saginata eggs wind up being infected. After the infected meat has been ingested by humans, the intermediate hosts, the eggs begin to grow into adult tapeworms found inside the intestines of humans. Whether it is animals or humans that get infected, the transmission is rather very similar. It has to be ingested, whether the eggs are found in feces or meat, the mode of transmission is usually by consuming the eggs....   [tags: parasite, undercooked beef]

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Belly-Busting Parasites

- Are you one of those adventurous animal- loving people. Well, this might change your feelings quite a bit. Some creatures look adorable and something to take home, but they’re not so adorable after all. We might even want to flee to our homes and get our catching jars, but once you feel that racing pain, you’d never want to play with these “things” again. Many parasites and creatures that roam this earth are not known to man and/or can be deadly. People may think they know all about the deadly creatures and parasites, but I am sure they do not know about Giardia Intestinailis, Taenia Solium, Leishmaniasis, and the Guinea Worm, which indeed enjoy your insides....   [tags: parasites]

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Call Of Duty is a Parasite in the Gaming Industry

- Call of Duty, also known as “Cod” has, as many know it as, has become one of todays most popular video games. So popular, that Cod has raked in more money than the highest grossing movie in America. However, despite it’s popularity, Cod is killing the gaming industry. Many may be puzzled why a game so popular could possibly be ruining the gaming industry, but it is. Cod is affecting the gaming industry through it’s popularity and influence. First however, One must know the reasons for Call of Duties popularity and how it achieved it’s fame....   [tags: CoD, video games, popularity, FPS]

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The Parasite Called Man

- Erza Pound says that, “man is the superior animal”. Superior or not, we all have the same basic habits. When humans are scared they seek shelter, when we are hungry we eat, and when is right, we wish to pass on our genes. So how is it that man is so superior when all our instincts and urges are so primitive. Erza Pound is puzzled by why humans are superior. I think the only reason why humans are superior is because of ignorance. Humans are the only animals that don’t come to equilibrium with the environment they live in....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Autoparasitoid Wasps

- A parasite lives in a close relationship with another organism, its host, and causes it harm. The parasite is dependent on its host for its life functions. For example, viruses are common parasites. The parasite has to be in its host to live, grow, and multiply. Parasites rarely kill their hosts. A common, well-known type of a parasite is a hookworm. It is possible for humans or their pets to get them. Hookworms attach themselves in the lining of the small intestine, and cause diseases, and malnutrition as well, as they eat the nutrients and keep them from going to the host....   [tags: Biology Encarsia Pergandiella Parasite]

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Parasites and Horses

- Parasites have been a major problem in horses for years. It is generally agreed upon that they should be treated against and removed, but there is a growing debate on how this should be done. While some feel preventive treatment is better, others prefer the reservation of medication for infected horses. This debate stems from recent proof that parasites are becoming resistant to the medications used to treat them. While this issue may seem unimportant to many people, it is prevalent not only in equine parasites, but with other animals and even human medications....   [tags: Major Problem, Preventive Treatment, Horses]

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Immunity to Parasites and Apoptosis

- IMMUNITY TO PARASITES AND APOPTOSIS. Humoral and cellular immunity are the two sides of immunity turn on during parasitic infections and ideally are aimed to fight infection. However, in some cases immunity to parasites can exacerbate the disease and induce tissue injury. Cellular Immunity Animal models have been most useful to better understand mechanisms of immunity to parasites. Athymic mice that lack T cells are unable to control several parasite infections. This clearly indicates that T cells play an important role during the development of these infections (39,40)....   [tags: Biology, Cellular Immunity]

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Parasites and their Virulence

- Parasites and their Virulence Why do some parasites kill the host they depend upon while others coexist with their host. Two prime factors determine parasitic virulence: the manner in which the parasite is transmitted, and the evolutionary history of the parasite and its host. Parasites which have colonized a new host species tend to be more virulent than parasites which have coevolved with their hosts. Parasites which are transmitted horizontally tend to be more virulent than those transmitted vertically....   [tags: Papers]

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Helminthes and Worms: Parasites

- Helminthes or parasites, often called “worms” are among the most prevalence of chronic human infections worldwide. Soil-transmitted infections are caused by different species of parasitic worms. There are over 340 species of helminthes; most are rare in humans but may infect animals that can serve as a reservoir for infection but there are four main nematodes species of human soil-transmitted helminthes infections. Ascaris lumbricoides (round worm), trichuris trichura (whipworm), Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus (hookworm)....   [tags: Soil, Disease, Hygiene]

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Evolutionary Dynamic of Parasites Associated with Social Insect Colonies

- Sociality has been one of the most common strategies and specialized form of life. Social insects, in particular those that live in large nest environments, have evolved complex interaction systems when millions of individuals cooperate for the benefit of the whole colony. However, large insect colonies confront public health problems similar to large human societies. For example, food storage and limitation, waste management and disease transmission. Disease transmission has received little attention in large colonies of insects....   [tags: disease, proximity, transmission ]

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Different Methods as to which Parasites Enter the Body

- This paper tells about different methods as to which parasites enter the body. Each parasite is unique as to what problems they cause or diseases they carry. Some of these parasites can prove fatal unless treated, and if they are not treated carefully, they could still complicate an individual’s health. This paper also includes the places these parasites thrive and as to how to treat these parasites. Although most of these parasites are treatable, the treatment required is completely dependent upon what stage the parasites have progressed to....   [tags: parasitic infections, health problems]

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Granuloma Formation during Parasitic Infections

- Granuloma Formation during Parasitic Infections Once parasites start an infection, they can effectively resist the lethal effects of macrophages and produce chronic infection that can lead to inflammation. Parasites can induce granulomatous inflammation that serves to insulate the pathogens that resist destruction (58). These granulomas are regulated by T cells that recognize parasite-released antigens. In the tissues macrophages accumulate and secrete chemicals that induce fibrosis and stimulate the formation of granulomatous tissue and provoke fibrosis....   [tags: Biology, Parasites]

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Creators and Parasites in Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead

- Creators and Parasites in The Fountainhead "The creators concern is the conquest of nature. The parasites concern is the conquest of men," Howard Roark states in his dramatic courtroom speech defending himself after the Cortlandt Homes incident. This quote sums up the two categories of people in rather graphic form. The creator, or non-conformist, being glorified in his attempt to better the very earth itself, independent of the constraints of humanity. The parasite, or conformist, being reduced to the lowest of all species, with a selfish goal of ruling man....   [tags: Ayn Rand Fountainhead Essays]

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Background Research on the Goldenrod Gallfly Eurosta Solidaginis

- Basic Scientific Knowledge on the Topic: Before exploring further research into the topic of the goldenrod gallfly Eurosta solidaginis, the current knowledge on the research topic must be explored. The goldenrod gallfly Eurosta solidaginis is a parasite on goldenrod plants (D. Crowe, personal communication, 2013). Very small (approximately five millimeters), the adult flies are very clumsy and are very poor fliers. Adult goldenrod gallflies live for approximately two weeks, making their life all about reproduction....   [tags: parasaite, goldenrod plants, larba]

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It is Still Killing: The Contunued Prevalence of Malaria

- “It is still killing,” These are the words of Dr. Margaret Chan, the head of the World Health Organization; The wing of the United Nations tasked with directing and coordinating on international health work. - Dr. Chan made this comment during a recent televised trip to the east African country of Ethiopia where there has been an increase in the Malaria infection rate. It is estimated that 300 million people are affected by malaria, and also less than one percent of the 300 million affected people die, there are still an estimated 1.5 million deaths recorded per year....   [tags: infection, parasites, mosquito]

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Parasitic Abundance in Snake Head Fish (channa striata) Collected from Rawang Region, Malaysia and Molecular Characterization of the Recovered Parasit

- ABSTRACT This study was conducted in order to determine the parasitic infestations in snake head fish (channa striata) collected from Rawang region, Malaysia. In addition to the morphological data, molecular determinations was also done as to verify the parasites species. The intensity and prevalence of parasitic infestations was determine by examining all the fish collected. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was conducted to amplify the DNA of parasites. The primer used in this study, showed a proper amplified sequence which correlates to the morphological data....   [tags: Ecology ]

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Life Cycle, Anatomy, and Physiology of Tapeworms

- A. “Humans are hosts to nearly 300 species of parasitic worms and over 70 species of protozoa, some derived from our primate ancestors and some acquired from the animals we have domesticated or come in contact with during our relatively short history on Earth”(Cox,2002). B. I first learned about tapeworms while taking by microbiology class and I felt so shocked how easily you can be infected with this parasite. C. So today, I am here to inform you about tapeworms so you can eliminate the risk of obtaining tapeworms yourself....   [tags: tapeworms, protozoa, worms, parasites]

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Malaria Disease and Hepatitis C

- Malaria is a common disease in a hot tropical area and it affects about 300 million people worldwide. There are four types of parasites that cause malaria in humans. Among the types of species Plasmodium falciparum is most common in Africa region and it can cause deadly form of disease. The Plasmodium vivax which is the second type of species is not life-threatening form of malaria. Plasmodium ovale also causes malaria. The system malaria affect most is the immune system. Malaria undergoes a complex life cycle, which involves two separate asexual reproductive stages in the vertebrate host which include humans and sexual reproduction as well as multiplication in the insect vector of all human...   [tags: parasites, human, host]

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Humans and Parasites

- Charles Darwin’s theories on evolution state that all life on earth developed gradually through natural selection over millions of years. By tracing two organism’s branching biological lineage backwards, at some point the two organisms would have been related to each other in one way or another. William McNeill contends that at a basic level that all living things behave alike and that humans are actually “macroparasites.” Well, we all know old habits are hard to change and there should be no doubt that humans and other organisms act like one another in order to continue their lives and species....   [tags: Charles Darwin, McNeill, organisms, environment]

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Helminthes and Parasites

- Soil transmitted helminthes (STHs)are group of multicellular parasites belonging to a family of nematode (worms)which are pathogenic in nature and are known to causeinfections for human when they accidentally swallow the eggs or touch infected feces of animals. They usually transmitted through contaminated soil and they are known to survive best and reproduce in the tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Important contextual determinants for human infection are poverty, lack of sanitation, and inadequate hygiene (e.g., absence of hand washing with soap after defecation and before eating, and walking barefoot....   [tags: Worms, Disease]

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Problelms Poised by Helminths and Parasites

- INTRODUCTION Helminths from the Greek word “helmins” meaning “worms” are intestinal vermiform parasites, primarily consisting of nematodes , cestodes, and acanthocephalans. Soil transmitted helminths (STHs) refers to a group of parasitic diseases in humans caused by intestinal roundworms such as hookworms, whipworm, and ascaris, collectively called STHs, which are transmitted through contaminated soils. This is one of the most parasitic infections that has worldwide distribution....   [tags: Worms, Transmission, Sanitation]

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Biology: Flatwroms

- Platyhelminthes are mainly known as flatworms. These flatworms are bilaterally symmetrical and are triploblastic. Platyhelminthes are also acoelomates and participate in gaseous exchange through diffusion in the tegument layer. Platyhelminthes are subcategorized into two classes; Trematoda and Cestoidea. Clonorchis sinensis, a trematode parasite and Echinococcus granulosus, a cestoidean parasite are similar in the fact that they both are Platyhelminthes but these parasites differ in terms of their lifecycles and abilities to cause infection in humans....   [tags: life cycle, parasites]

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The Parasites of Atlas Shrugged

- The Parasites of Atlas Shrugged   In this world, and in the world of Ayn Rand’s imagination, there are two kinds of people: those who live to create, and those who wish to live as parasites feeding off the benefits of those creations. In Atlas Shrugged, she explores what might happen when the creators of the world stop creating; the parasites are left to try to live on their own. The novels that Miss Rand writes always reflect this sort of thing. She writes of the battle between the two types of people as some write of the battles between good and evil....   [tags: Atlas Shrugged]

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Kinetics of Parasitic Load in Different Tissues of Murine Toxoplasmosis after Immunization by Excretory Secretory Antigens Using Real Time Q-PCR

- Among different antigens, it has been demonstrated that T. gondii tachyzoites ESAs are highly immunogen and in different studies depending on a mouse model, used adjuvant, method of antigen administration, intraperitoneal dose of injected antigen, and method of antigen preparation, different and sometimes conflicting results have been reported [6, 12, 14]. ESAs are released by three secretory organelles including micronemes (MIC), rhoptries (ROP), and dense granules (GRA). Host cell invasion is mediated by the sequential secretion of the content of all three organelles [20]....   [tags: medical research]

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Class and Identity Flexibility in Ben Jonson’s Volpone

- Upon first impression, Ben Jonson’s Volpone has the most authority out of all the characters in the play. Indeed Volpone’s initial high social rank provides him the privilege to morph into various identities without tangible social consequences. On the contrary, Mosca’s rank confines him to the role of Volpone’s parasite. He constantly aids Volpone in transformation, but he can never partake in transformation himself. However, when Volpone finally falls, the parasite usurps Volpone’s master identity and seemingly gains the benefits of his rank....   [tags: Character Analysis, Social Transgression]

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Human Fears of Biological Science

- Biology, genetic engineering, research, humans and animals all have one thing in common; they all will potentially start the spread of the worst viral disease known to humanity. AIDS, a viral disease of the human, is spreading rapidly across the world. Also, parasites, rabies, and toxoplasma gondii are all potential factors in the human body takeover. Zombie films today help show how the world will be when this happens. Blood, saliva, and biting will all be known as curse words to society. Society in one’s eyes will never be the same....   [tags: Health]

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Analysis of Malaria

- Malaria is one of the most prevalent and serious illnesses that affects a majority of the world’s population. The disease spreads through a specific type of mosquito, belonging to the genus anopheles, which has the ability to transmit the malaria parasite into human body while feeding on the human blood. Malaria is caused by the single celled, protozoan parasite called plasmodium. Plasmodium has a complex life cycle and is able to get into the human cells at a very fast rate. It is able to evade immune responses as it produces multiple surface proteins that keep varying in type and signals....   [tags: Vaccines, Affected Areas, WHO]

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Predator - Prey Relationships

- Predator - Prey Relationships The relationship between predators and their prey is an intricate and complicated relationship; covering a great area of scientific knowledge. This paper will examine the different relationships between predator and prey; focusing on the symbiotic relations between organisms, the wide range of defense mechanisms that are utilized by various examples of prey, and the influence between predators and prey concerning evolution and population structure. Symbiosis is the interaction between organisms forming a long term relationship with each other....   [tags: Predators Animal Kingdom Biology Essays]

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I Want to Pursue My Doctoral Studies in Biological Studies

- The cell, technically defined as the structural and functional unit of life is an enigma in itself; as enigmatic as life, which is the manifestation of its interaction with its comrades. Ranging from a size that is microscopic to being macroscopic (as big as the ostrich egg!), it leaves us with no doubt that this single unit is much more than it meets the eye. Nestled safely inside the cell is its genetic material which is the blueprint of all that is considered alive, even for viruses which are the mavericks swinging between the living and the non-living....   [tags: statement of purpose]

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How People Are Infected with Malaria

- According to the Welcome-trust, an organization that is involved in the study and research of Malaria, there are over 120 known species of the genus Plasmodium parasite, but only four of these 120 species infect humans to cause malaria. Humans can be infected by four species of Plasmodium parasites: Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium ovale. The main difference between the different species is that the Plasmodium falciparum, can cause severe and life-threatening malaria, while the others cannot “Malaria lifecycle - mosquito stages | Wellcome Trust") In most cases of malaria the patient feels well and the infection is only detected by a b...   [tags: patients, blood, ]

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Signs and Symptoms of Malaria

- Malaria Introduction to Malaria Malaria is a deadly disease, responsible for 300,000,000 malaria-infected people and over a million deaths annually. It is caused by malaria parasites that have infected mosquitoes, so the disease is transferred into a person’s blood when the mosquito bites us. Malaria-diseased people experience fevers and chills that lingers every few days. The diagnosis of malaria is identified in their blood along with the symptoms. Malaria requires different treatment for mild cases or more severe ones, like mild circumstances usually need an oral medication, but serious conditions need a hospital visit....   [tags: Disease, Deaths]

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New Treatments for Malaria

- ... The largest amount of malaria infections are a result of Plasmodium vivax; however, Plasmodium falciparum generates the 90% of deaths due to malaria. Certain types of mosquitos transfer these infections to humans, with female mosquitos from the genus Anopheles being the main transmitter. When they drink the blood of a human with the malaria infection, female mosquitos then become infected with the malaria parasite. The parasite then goes through certain stages of life while it is inside the mosquito, causing the newly developed parasite to be transferred through the female mosquito’s salvia when she feeds on a new host....   [tags: global health crisis]

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Soil-transmitted Helminthes: Parasitic Worms

- INTRODUCTION: Soil-transmitted helminths group of infectious parasite intestinal worms e.g. hook worm (Ancylostoma duodenale Necator americanus), ascaris (Ascaris lumbricoides), and whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), that cause Soil-transmitted helminthiasis diseases. They are human parasites, it is transmitted through contaminated soil, it has a worldwide distribution mostly human. Discussion These helminths parasite are transmitted by ingestion of helminths eggs in the soil. These helminths are found in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene management also places with warm climates like sub-Saharan Africa Southeast Asia and Latin America....   [tags: Disease, Infection, Prevention]

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Americans Are the Heaviest in the World

- Death. The number one killer. America is considered the heaviest nation in the world, and that’s a problem that can be easily fixed. By simply eating healthier, and one way to start that is by eating a healthy breakfast. Anna Hodgekiss states that “people who eat a healthy breakfast with eggs, toast, O.J, and things with a high nutrition content, have lost more weight throughout a year period, than those who don’t eat or eat an unhealthy sugary breakfast. Certain foods that are considered a necessity in today’s society are unhealthy to consumers because they contain large amounts of sugar and calories leading to health problems....   [tags: obesity, healthy, nutrition]

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Disease Organisms

- Disease Organisms By Section 1 Part A: i) Disease: A disease is an impairment of normal bodily functions caused by infection or stress. It produces symptoms such as illness or general sickness. Parasitism: A symbiotic relationship between a parasitic organism and its host. The parasite benefits from the relationship but the host is usually harmed. The parasite will derive nutrition from their host and may gain other benefits such as shelter. Parasititism differs from parasitoidism in that the host is never deliberately killed by the parasite....   [tags: Pathology Definitions]

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Transmission of Schistosomiasis

- Transmission of Schistosomiasis - mediated by chemical communication Living organisms use a variety of cues to find their prey, to mate, to move and to hide from their predator. These cues can be visual, auditory or olfactory. Olfactory cues often require a release of chemical from a source towards which an organism could be attracted to or be repelled from. From single celled bacteria to large chordates like sharks use chemical communication for different purposes. However, the most prevalent role of chemical communication is disease transmission....   [tags: Living Organisms, Prey and Predator]

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Common Diseases of Dogs and Cows

- Contents Introduction 2 Diseases in Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) 3 Parvovirus 3 Hookworm 3 Fleas 4 Diseases in Domestic Cattle (Bos Tauris) 4 Bovine Tuberculosis 4 Roundworm 4 Cattle Tick 5 Diseases of the Mountain Chicken (Leptodactylus fallax) 5 Chytrid Fungus 5 Metabolic Bone Disease 6 Diseases of the Superb Starling (Lamprotornis superbus) 6 Avian Salmonellosis 6 Hyperkeratosis 7 Conclusion 7 References 8 Introduction This assessment will cover a range of diseases that affect dogs, cows, the superb starling and the mountain chicken....   [tags: Animal Diseases]

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The Mircobiology Department: What is Studied, Tested, and Used

- Microbiology Department Introduction A Microbiology department deals with micro-organisms. These microorganisms are too small and they can only be seen by microscopes. A micro-organism is smaller than a red blood cell and they are the oldest form of life on earth. Pathogen is a biological agent that causes disease to its host and pathogen. Pathogen can pass disease to unicellular organisms that belong to biological kingdoms. There are some organisms that can cause infectious diseases. Infectious disease is a disease that caused by a micro-organism (viruses, bacteria and fungus) that enters the body of an organism....   [tags: mircoorganisms, infectious, sample types, health]

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Malaria is a Deadly Disease

- Malaria is a Deadly Disease Malaria is a disease and deadly infection that is most common in hot and tropical areas of the world. It can also happen in temperate climates, specially in the stagnant water in the canals where the mosquitoes can stay. Malaria is an ancient organisms and has infected humans since the beginning of human race (Davis). The term name “mal aria” as in meaning “bad air” in Italian and was first used in 1740 in English by Walpole (Davis). This was combined to “malaria” in 1880 and the parasite was first identified in human blood (Davis)....   [tags: Infection, Temperate Climates, Disease]

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Optimizing Chloroquine to Make a Better Drug to Fight Malaria

- Optimizing Chloroquine to Make a Better Drug to Fight Malaria Abstract: Malaria has haunted man for centuries. Humanities experiments in drugs allowed for the discovery of chloroquine, perhaps the most successful cure against the parasitic infection. However, a new strain of malaria, plasmodium falciparum, has proven to be resistant against chloroquine and other cures we have for this virulent disease. Should man then cast aside this antique drug. Not before trying to optimize it to once again combat malaria....   [tags: Biology Medical Malaria Disease]

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Sleeping Sickness

- Imagine you have just returned from a safari to Africa. You soon develop a fever, swollen lymph nodes, and as time goes on you begin to have trouble sleeping. Eventually you cannot stay awake during the day or sleep at night, you begin to lose coordination, and if left untreated you could go into a coma and die within six months. While in Africa, you contracted African Trypanosomiasis, better known as sleeping sickness. You contracted this disease from one of the smallest animals you encountered on your safari, the tsetse fly....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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Echinococcosis or Hydatid Cyst

- Echinococcosis or Hydatid cyst is a parasitic disease caused by an infection of tiny tapeworms (Image 1). This infection can be naturally transmitted between humans and other animals. It can be transmitted by digesting feces, contaminated meat or other products. It is considered one of the most significant groups of communicable diseases. There are three different types of echinococcosis which can affect both human and animals; but only two are most commonly seen in humans and animals. The two are cystic echinococcosis and alveolar echinococcosis....   [tags: tapeworm, Echinococcal alveolar ]

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The Life Threatening Disease of Malaria

- Malaria is a preventable and treatable, yet life-threatening disease. It is an infection of the blood that is spread to humans by pregnant Anopheles mosquitos (“What is Malaria?” 2014). According to Medical News Today, “The word malaria comes from 18th century Italian mala meaning ‘bad’ and aria meaning ‘air.’ Most likely, the term was first used by Dr. Francisco Torti, Italy, when people thought the disease was caused by foul air in marshy areas” (“What is Malaria?” 2014). Symptoms include chills, fatigue, headache, high temperature, nausea, sweats, tiredness and vomiting....   [tags: Preventable, Treatable, Blood]

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Developing Countries Healthcare Issues and Charitable Organizations that Address Their Needs

- Here in America, having the privilege to go to the doctors even when you are not ill is taken for granted. While you’ve been comfortably impatient waiting in a doctors office, have you ever taken the time to think about the millions of people around the world who die merely because they do not have the medicine, the care, and the knowledge to even help themselves prevent these easily preventable diseases and illnesses. Every sixty seconds, malaria claims life of another precious child. Maybe this is news to you or maybe this is your opportunity to let this problem resonate, while taking into account the health issues others around the world face on a daily basis....   [tags: International politics, developing countries]

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The Dangers of Using Teratogens

- Teratogens, are substances such as drugs, chemical compounds, pollutants, certain illnesses and emotional disorders, capable of interfering with the development of an embryo and fetus. The effects of teratogens vary depending on the type, for example Stress which is the brains response to stressors (certain life events), that one perceives as challenging or threatening. During the Stress response, hormones such as cortisol are released and it is these hormones that can at the chronic level have toxic effects....   [tags: embryo, fetus, development]

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Taking a Look at Cryptosporidiosis

- A microscopic parasite named Cryptosporidium is invading our swimming pools, wells, streams, lakes, rivers and more, and is responsible for causing one of our most common waterbourne illnesses, Cryptosporidiosis. Cryptosporidiosis, also referred to as Crypto, is an intestional disease that causes severe diarrhea illness in both animals and humans. And the parasitic culprite behind this disease,Cryptosporidium, has proven to be quite a challenge in destroying, as it can survive in many environments....   [tags: common waterbourne illnesses]

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ABO Blood System and Malarial Infections

- Malarial infections are an ongoing epidemic that millions contract globally. According to the recently published World Malaria Report by the World Health Organization (2013), during the year 2012, the number of known cases totaled 207 million with about 627,000 deaths. This number, fortunately, is decreasing over the years due to numerous interventions and education in endemic regions. The life cycle of the Plasmodium parasites has been understood for years; however, recent studies have shown that some individuals are more susceptible to infections while others are more resistant....   [tags: drug resistant, antigens, anopheles mosquito]

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Symptoms and Diagnosis of Plasmodium

- Symptoms and Diagnosis of Plasmodium Malaria is a disease caused by a protozoan parasite and transported by the Anopheles mosquito. Fever is the most common symptom of malaria. Other symptoms include arthralgia and vomiting. The most common diagnosis process for this disease is looking at the patient’s blood under a microscope. If microscopy is not available, antigen detection tests can be used. In a year, there can be as many as five hundred million new cases of malaria, and of those five hundred million, 2.7 million die....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Malaria]

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Toxoplasma Gondii

- Toxoplasma gondii are deadly parasites that infect millions of unknowing people around the world while causing anything from schizophrenia to abortions. An article in the Emerging Infectious Disease Journal relates that “T. gondii is an intracellular parasite in the phylum Apicomplexa” (Torrey and Yolken 1375). About ten thousand years ago humans started utilizing agriculture. The population density increased, creating opportunities for epidemic transmission of many kinds of parasites, including T....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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Malaria: A Leading Cause of Death and Disease Worldwide

- ... There are fossils that show the malaria mosquito has existed for approximately 30 million years. The first recorded treatment dates back to 1600. In 1820, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran discovered that quinine, purified from tree bark, a common treatment for fever, could be used to treat what was later identified as malaria. In 1880, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran identified malaria and its cause. When his opinion that blood parasites caused malaria was first confirmed, it was received with scepticism, but was gradually accepted by all scientists....   [tags: history, vaccine, africa]

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Malaria : Treatment and Prevention

- Malaria: Treatment and Prevention Malaria treatment is different for different patients. For severe cases, patients get blood transfusions. Others get various drugs to help get rid of the parasite. Many of these drugs are also used for prevention. Mosquito eradication and nets are also ways of preventing malaria. Unfortunately, there are many difficulties with creating malaria vaccines, so they are currently still under development. Every 30 seconds, at least one person dies of malaria. About 350-500 million people are infected with malaria each year, and about 1.3-3 million of these result in death....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease]

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Review of Horticulture Literature related to Pest Infestation of Plants and Trees

- REVIEW OF LITERATURE Avidov (1970) mentioned that a total of 38 species of parasites and 10species of predator were found in Israel, associated with Aonidilla aurantii , Parlatoria pergandii, Coccus hesperidum, Sassetia olea and Ceroplastis floridensis Martino (1982) in Italy stated that scale insects infesting citrus cultural were attacked by natural enemies such as Aphytis sp. Merleir (1984) mentioned that ornamental maples, limes and chestnuts in Reims, France, jointly ifested by Eupulvinaria hydrageae and Pulvinaria regalis canard in the post few years....   [tags: horticulture, botany]

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Genetically Modified Organisms, Not Genetically Modified People

- Genetic engineering is the process of transferring a gene from one living organism to another living organism. The objective is to add one or more desirable traits that the organism doesn’t originally have. An example is to transfer insect resistance traits occurring naturally in one plant to another that doesn’t have this trait. (reference 1) Example of how genetic engineering is carried out. Genetic engineering works by physically removing a gene from one organism with the desirable trait and inserting it into an other organism....   [tags: GMOs]

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Men, What Are We

- Men, what are we. Men, is described as a mammal, a vertebrates. Rabbit, cow, are also mammals but they follow a rule. They exist with the ecosystem in a unique balance, food web that is determined from producers to 1st order consumer, to 2nd . 1st orders being the herbivore like rabbit. 2nd the predators, fox. Because of the food web the population of a species are well balanced. They now how and when to stop, in growth of a population. But men deny the term mammal. We cry havoc into the world of order and destroy anything that gets in our way....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Evaluating the Effect of Garlic Extract on L. Major

- Leishmaniasis is a parasitic zoonosis transmitted by arthropods, which is addressed as a public health problem in tropical and subtropical countries. Based on clinical symptoms in patients, there are three forms of cutaneous, visceral (kala-azar) and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (spondia).Endemic cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in Iran is among the most important health problems, causing numerous annual losses in the society. According to WHO reports, it is estimated that there are 12 million cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis in 88 countries worldwide, and 350 million individuals are at risk for this disease....   [tags: leishmaniasis, iran, endemic cutaneous]

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The Causes of Malaria and Treatment Options

- Did you know that every 30 seconds a child who is infected with Malaria dies. (Malaria, World Health Organization) Over 20% of the world population is at risk at getting Malaria each day. If you want a better idea on what 20% of the world population is, it’s over 1.3 billion people. Hundreds of millions of people are infected with Malaria right now, and it can lead to millions of deaths each year. (Malaria: Past and Present) However you cannot get this disease in certain places. Some of the countries such as Australia and North America are some of the areas you cannot get Malaria in, unless you travel to areas that have Malaria and come back infected....   [tags: medical]

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Infectious Diseases Endangering Amphibians

- The emergences of infectious diseases represent one of the greatest threats confronting amphibians. One third of the world’s amphibian population is facing extinction. Frog populations have also been steadily declining. Amphibian populations are faced with invasive environmental problems including infectious diseases. (Holland et al. 2007). Ribeiroia ondatrae, a trematode parasite, is suggested to be linked to the rise in frog mutations during development. Mutations include: missing, extra, and/or malformed limbs....   [tags: Infectuous Diseases, Frogs, Tadpoles]

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Malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa

- Malaria is blood disease caused by a parasite called Plasmodium. This disease occurs widely in poor, subtropical and tropical regions of the world. One subtropical region that has been greatly affected by this disease is Sub-Saharan Africa. According to Olowookere, Adeleke, Kuteyi, and Mbakwe (2013) malaria is one of the leading causes of death and illness in sub-Saharan Africa. It is important to be aware of the impacts this disease carries and how it has greatly affected millions of people. This paper will explain the impacts of Malaria and discuss, compare, and contrast the malaria research conducted by various researchers and reflect on the issue....   [tags: blood disease, plasmodium, mortality, impact]

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Taking a Look at Malaria

- Malaria is an extremely deadly parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of a mosquito called plasmodium. This pathogen was discovered a long time ago and since then, a profound study has been made. From the studies made, scientists discovered that plasmodium vivax, plasmodium malariae, plasmodium ovale and falciparum are the four types responsible of human malaria. However, plasmodium vivax and falciparum are the most common (CDC). Malaria has been an issue in many African countries, such as Angola, while in United States it was completely eradicated....   [tags: deadly parasitic diseases]

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Seasonal Abundance of Ceroplastes Cirripediformis Stages Infesting Guava Trees at Qaliobiya Governorate Euring the Two Studied Years

- B-Seasonal abundance of Ceroplastes Cirripediformis stages infesting guava trees at Qaliobiya governorate during the two studied years (from mid January 2005 -1st January2007) are shown in tables (XIII &XIV) and figures (81-84): Seasonal fluctuation of the pre-adult: Data in the previous tables and figure (81) illustrated the dynamic curve of Cer. cirripediformis nymphs, it had only two peaks. Whereas the first peak occurred at mid February, with an average of (118-150 pre-adult / leaf) and the second peak was (114-358 pre-adult / leaf) at mid November during the two studied years respectively....   [tags: Environmental Biology]

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A Study on the Effectiveness of Biurets and Glucantime Against Leighmania

- Background: Leishmaniasis is a complex protozoan disease comprises a wide range of clinical manifestations that is usually divided into visceral leishmaniasis, cutaneous leishmaniasis, and muco-cutaneous leishmaniasis depending on leishmania parasite strains and host's immune system responses. Most of the drugs produced for the treatment of leishmanial, from the first used (Glucantime and pentostam) to the lately accepted (miltefosine), are toxic, resistance issues and poorly tolerated. The purpose of this In Silico and In vitro study is evaluating the effectiveness of some novel experimental biurets and Glucantime against Leishmania tropica promastigotes....   [tags: treatment, disease, resistance]

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Cryptosporidium Parvum: Transmission and Infection

- Cryptosporidium Parvum: Transmission and Infection Cryptosporidium parvum is a protozoan intestinal parasite causing a short-term enteric illness in individuals with functioning immune systems, and can cause a potentially fatal infection in immunosuppressed individuals. Because of C. parvum’s resistance to many of the procedures used to process drinking water and food, and the parasite’s extremely high fecundity, the potential for a large scale outbreak is very high. In fact, C. parvum was responsible for an outbreak in Milwaukee in 1993 when an estimated 403,000 people became ill....   [tags: Health Biology Disease]

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Airplanes; The Invention of and How They Fly

- A pilot does not have to be an aeronautical engineer to learn to fly an airplane. However, it is a good idea to have good knowledge of aerodynamics and flight theory to be able to fly safely. There are four basic components in making an airplane fly, lift, drag, thrust, and weight. All of these work in unison to make a plane stay in the air. If one of the first three is taken out of the equation, gravity and weight will take over and cause the plane to descend. It is up to the pilot to understand how to make them equal in order to keep the airplane in flight or descend at an acceptable rate, in order to safely land the airplane....   [tags: Transportation]

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Taking a Look at Trichomonas Vaginalis

- Trichomonas Vaginalis T. vaginalis is a pear-shaped organism that moves itself with four whip-like flagellas that protrude from its front end. A fifth flagellum attached to a flowing membrane that extends rearward. T. vaginalis is a non civilized eukaryotic organism that is in most respects similar to other eukaryotes, but its energy metabolism bears a stronger resemblance to that of anaerobic bacteria. Trichomoniasis is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by infection with the protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis....   [tags: sexually transmitted disease]

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Pathogens in Water

- In the modern world, there are many pathological dangers that humans have to be constantly aware of. One of these is pathogens in water which is crucial to human civilization. However, security of water is limited and has allowed pathogens to reproduce. Non toxic methods of cleansing water is required and one of the best methods is radiation. This eradicates the pathogens and leaves no harmful material in the water rendering it safe to drink. There are many types of microbes that very frequently contaminate drinking water....   [tags: E. coli, Cryptosporidium, Giardia and Salmonella]

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