Your search returned 244 essays for "nihilism":
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Two Brands of Nihilism

- Two Brands of Nihilism As philosopher and poet Nietzsche's work is not easily conformable to the traditional schools of thought within philosophy. However, an unmistakable concern with the role of religion and values penetrates much of his work. Contrary to the tradition before him, Nietzsche launches vicious diatribes against Christianity and the dualistic philosophies he finds essentially life denying. Despite his early tutelage under the influence of Schopenhauer's philosophy, Nietzsche later philosophy indicates a refusal to cast existence as embroiled in pessimism but, instead, as that which should be affirmed, even in the face of bad fortune....   [tags: Nietzsche Nihilism Philosophy Essays]

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Nietzsche on Nihilism and Christianity

- Religion has always played a fundamental role in society. Indeed, up to the sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church benefitted of its temporal power. This temporal power allowed the Popes to have sovereign authority over the papal State, thus they did not exercise their authority only in the religious sphere but also in the public one. Therefore, the situations created were contradictory. The Popes could, indeed, start a war against other States, mainly for territorial and political aims, using their religious authority, such as excommunication or interdiction to achieve certain purposes of political and “earthly” nature....   [tags: church, society, chuch reform]

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The Human Condition: Existentialism in Nihilism and Morality

- Prior to the events of the twentieth century and the emergence of existentialism as a true school of thought, the Enlightenment from 1650 to 1800, brought about the first modern philosophers. Among them, metaphysician Rene Descartes, more than a century before his time, most famously coined his maxim, “Cogito ergo sum”, translated from the original Latin “I think, therefore, I am”, which was the first answer to the first inquiry of human existence and “sums up perfectly the philosophical underpinnings of existentialist thought” (Existentialism)....   [tags: phylosophy, enlightment]

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Turgenev and Nihilism

- Turgenev and Nihilism Nihilism comes from the Latin “nihil,” meaning nothing. Its definitions include the “rejection of all distinctions in moral value, constituting a willingness to refute all previous theories of morality,” and “a doctrine among the Russian intelligentsia of the 1860s and 1870s, denying all authority in favor of individualism” (The American Heritage Dictionary, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1973). Turgenev introduces Bazarov as a nihilist and mentor to his young friend, Arkady....   [tags: Papers]

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Nihilism in Turgenov's Fathers and Sons

- Nihilism in Turgenov's Fathers and sons Turgenov’s Fathers and Sons has several characters who hold strong views of the world. Pavel believes that Russia needs structure from such things as institution, religion, and class hierarchy. Madame Odintsov views the world as simple so long as she keeps it systematic and free from interference. This essay will focus on perhaps the most interesting and complex character in Fathers and Sons: Bazarov. Vladimir Nabakov writes that "Turgenov takes his creature [B] out of a self-imposed pattern and places him in the the normal world of chance." By examining Bazarov this essay will make this statement more clear to the reader....   [tags: Fathers and Sons Essays]

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Crime and Punishment: Dostoevsky's Portrayal of Anti-Nihilism

- ... For one life, thousands of lives saved from ruin and collapse. One-death and a hundred lives--there's arithmatic for you. What does the life of this sickly, stupid, bad-tempered old woman mean anyway in the balance of existance. No more than the life of a louse or a cockroach" (Dostoyevsky, 73). Raskolnikov feels compelled to kill beyond conventional morality, that he is a great man like Napoleon, that he has transcended, gone beyond, oversome. He believes that Christian morality is for slaves; he aspires to be a master....   [tags: Russian literature]

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nihilism

- 6. Nihilism is the philosophical doctrine that life is meaningless and that there is no deep order or purpose to the universe. What are the nihilistic elements of the film. Are there any contrary elements of the film that undermine a general nihilistic theme. What, if any, are the political implications of the film’s treatment of nihilism. The film “The Atomic Café” brilliantly portrays the habitual life in U.S. society during the Cold War. The Cold War was a period of tension between the United States and the Soviet Union, the two main superpowers at the time....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Exposing Nihilism in Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky

- A paragon of realist literature, Fyodor Dostoevsky deftly exposes nihilism in his novel, Crime and Punishment, published in 1866. Its protagonist, Rodion Raskolnikov, is intelligent yet bitter and unfeeling, having denounced his morality and bonds with society. He embodies the qualities of nihilism, the desertion of all emotional and ethical concerns. This philosophical doctrine is historically ubiquitous, particularly with the Nihilist Movement, one of Imperial Russia’s Great Reforms, and the growing apostasy and atheism of postmodernity; both instances aptly highlight the abandonment of virtue, individual and societal....   [tags: utilitarianism, ethics, society]

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From Nihilism to Kingdom Come

- The Final Stage of Mankind’s Education — From Nihilism to Kingdom Come ABSTRACT: I give reasons to believe that our present situation is not as bleak as some would have it. I show how the historical process can be understood in terms of a Premodernity (Aquinas), Modernity (Hegel), and Postmodernity (Nietzsche) division of human history. I argue that both Hegel and Nietzsche were fully aware that Modernity was over and that a negative Postmodern condition was to necessarily precede a consummatory positive one....   [tags: Philosophy Theology Religion Papers]

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My Personal Philosophy

- Nihilism appears to be a singularity that is driving my perception and opinion in regards to every other philosophy. It is with a nihilist foundation that I find myself picking segments of other philosophies concerning dualism, idealism, rationalism, empiricism, truth, and tailoring these theories to fit my existential nihilist self. However, the development of nihilism obviously took different paths, and so while I agree with the existential views, there are certain aspects of this philosophy that I don’t view as being in accordance with true nihilism—but fascinate me and are accordance with my general outlook....   [tags: Nihilism Essays]

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Nihilism- Original Writing

- Nihilism- Original Writing Nihilism as a philosophical position is the view that the world, and especially human existence, is without meaning, purpose, comprehensible truth, or essential value. It is more often a charge leveled against a particular idea than a position to which someone is overtly subscribed. Movements such as Dada, Deconstructionism, and punk/black metal/ death metal/ metal/goth have been described by various observers as "nihilist". Nihilism is also a characteristic that has been ascribed to time periods: for example, Baudrillard has called postmodernity a nihilistic epoch, and some Christian theologians and figures of authority assert that...   [tags: Papers]

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Nihilism and Existentialism in Cormac McCarthy's The Crossing

- Nihilism and Existentialism in Cormac McCarthy's The Crossing Cormac McCarthy's second book in The Border Trilogy offers an impressive array of worldviews all competing together in the larger narrative framework of the novel. These are not only expressed through the life of the protagonist Billy Parham and his brother Boyd, but also in the narratives of the many people they encounter on their horseback journeys through the hot desert sands of Mexico. Critic Robert L. Jarrett, associate professor of English at the University of Houston-Downtown, suggests the same in Cormac McCarthy, noting that "Despite the claims of the ex-priest [in The Crossing] that all men's tales are one, such visions...   [tags: Cormac McCarthy Crossing Essays]

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Nihilism in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness

- Nihilism in Heart of Darkness       Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness (1899) challenges readers to question not only society's framework but more importantly the existence of being. Through the events involving Marlow and Kurtz, Conrad communicates a theme of the destruction of Being, "including that way of being which we call 'human' and consider to be our own" (Levin, 3). This theme is more clearly defined as nihilism, which involves the negation of all religious and moral values. The philosophy behind nihilism is extensive and in its completeness connotes humanity's inescapable fate of meaninglessness....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]

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Nihilism in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness

- Nihilism in Heart of Darkness       In Joseph Conrad's novel Heart of Darkness (1899), Conrad explores existential nihilism, which defines a belief that the world is without meaning or purpose. Through Marlow, Conrad introduces a story for civilization, for those on board the Nellie that are unaware for their own meaninglessness. The voyage through the African Congo depicts the absurdity of man's existence and human ideals disintegrate in the immensity of the Jungle atmosphere. The ominous Jungle is the setting which Conrad uses to develop the reader's consciousness of man's falseness in contrast to an obscure world....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]

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The Threat of Nihilism: New Educational Opportunities?

- The Threat of Nihilism: New Educational Opportunities. ABSTRACT: If the educator is characterized by a willingness to stand for something and simultaneously willing to care for someone, then the philosophy of authenticity should help the educator out of the problems that the Enlightenment project and some of its critics have created. While our integrative authenticity should rescue us from despair, it should also correct the possible immobilism occasioned by the interpretation of some postmodernist authors....   [tags: Education Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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The Prevelence of Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- One of the ways existentialism is created in The Stranger is through the use of the philosophical idea of nihilism that the main character, Mersault, holds true to. Nihilism is the dismissal of all religious beliefs and essentially is the belief that life is meaningless. Mersault is of nihilist thought in that he puts no meaning to life through the total concentration of the physical and virtually believes in nothing. Rejecting any consideration of being thoughtful towards any potential meaning is an obvious point being made in Camus' attempt to convey this perspective of existentialism throughout the novel....   [tags: nihilism, fatalism, value]

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Marxism and Existential Nihilism: An Analysis of Political Intention in Samuel Beckett’s Endgame

- Samuel Beckett’s Endgame is a complex analysis of politics in a seemingly apolitical and empty world. As Hamm and Clov inhabit the aftermath of Marxism, they display characteristics of the bourgeoisie and proletariat respectively, but only retain them so they can define themselves as something. The work implicitly argues- through the setting, and by defining Hamm and Clov as the bourgeoisie and proletariat- that political platforms are simply human rationalizations in futile opposition to a meaningless world, pointing towards Beckett’s ideological message of existential nihilism....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Immunity to Nihilism in Turgenev's "fathers and Sons"

- Immunity to Nihilism in Turgenev's Fathers and Sons Whenever reform or revolution is possible, it is because a new, progressive ideal has been quickly and widely perpetuated among the people of a particular nation. It is often a country's youth population that most readily accepts such new ideals, since they, being in the process of education and the development of their personal beliefs, tend to be malleable to new ideas and standards, and ready for change and development. The older generation is thus an opponent to change, or at least, not passionately motivated towards any revolution, being older and accustomed to certain ways of life....   [tags: European Literature]

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Mercault and the Apples

- Morality, Nihilism, and Absurdism Albert Camus’ novels, The Stranger and The Fall, compare the philosophical theories of nihilism and absurdism, claiming that even though life may lack meaning, morality is still important and everyone, regardless of their philosophical believes, should value it. In this paper, morality is the code of conducts accepted by an individual for his own behaviour. Nihilists believe that life is entirely meaningless, but absurdists believe that even though life is meaningless, a person will spend his entire life searching for meaning....   [tags: morality, Nihilism, Absurdism, Albert Camus]

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Nihilism and Racism

- I recalled this experience when in class one day; we discussed a story about a white man slapping a one year old African American boy on a plane. The baby was crying because of the jerking on the plane and the white man looked at the mother and child in disgust and whispered a racial slur in the mother’s ear. After that, he smacked the baby in his face. The smack in the face resulted in a couple of marks and bruises. That man was arrested and charged which would result in 8 months of imprisonment (Beasley, 2014)....   [tags: marginalization, discrimination]

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How does Kafka use “The Great Wall” to question the purpose of Christianity and demonstrate Nihilism’s role in its destruction.

- During Kafka’s writing career he was likely heavily influenced by the philosophies of his day. As the Great War raged in Western Europe, many lost their belief in Christianity and God. Nihilist belief in the purposelessness of life further eroded popular belief in Christianity. Nihilists saw religion as providing a false purpose in life and ideologically condemned religion, believing it should be destroyed (Pratt). In 1917, toward the War’s end, Kafka wrote “The Great Wall.” He uses the story to allegorically question the purpose of Christianity and demonstrates Nihilism’s role in its destruction....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Nihilism in O’Connor's Good Country People

- One’s attitude toward the world and life in general often proves self-destructive. Flannery O’Connor, in her short story, “Good Country People,” uses a variety of rhetoric devices such as symbolism, characterization, and irony to portray how a nihilistic philosophy of life can ultimately lead to ruin. She depicts how people tend to stereotype in ways that prevent them from thinking or seeing clearly, and how it can ultimately lead to devastating consequences. The short story focuses on the expectations of Hulga Hopewell and the irony of her encounter with a traveling Bible salesman....   [tags: literary analysis]

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Nihilist Philosophy

- Ivan Turgenev’s Fathers and Sons takes place in midnineteenth century Russia. Throughout the text Turgenev explores the pros and cons of the nihilist philosophy and how nihilism, coupled with the presence of generational and class based animosities, affects the greater Russian identity. Properties of nihilism are examined and tested as the characters encounter aristocratic lifestyles and the redeeming power of love. The female characters in Fathers and Sons represent a wide range of socioeconomic positions and temperaments, these women test the thinking of the nihilists by their propensities towards emotion, order, feminism, shyness, and propriety....   [tags: Analysis, Ivan Turgenev]

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Utilitarian vs Nihilist

- The Batman versus The Joker, your typical good versus evil, a conflict that has long held humanity’s interest. It raises the question, though, of what defines goodness and what makes something evil. Often the differentiation is based on morals, which prove to be the subject of discussion for philosophers when they’re going over ethics. This differentiation is also what can be given credit for why good versus evil is so compelling, in media the line between good and evil is often blurred in some places, requiring the viewer to make their own judgement on the ethics of characters, their actions, and their motivations....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Christian Vs Nihilist interpretations of King Lear

- Christian Versus a Nihilist Interpretation of King Lear Traditional, orthodox or dominant views are opposed by resistant, variant, dissident, divergent, subversive, aberrant or niche ones. King Lear arouses dialectical or polemic interpretations because it, like most of Shakespeare’s tragedies is a problematic play raising complex questions without providing neat pat solutions. Until 1962, the play was presented in either the sanitised and now totally discredited Nahum Tate’s version with a fairy tale "everyone lived happily ever after" ending or a traditional Aristotelian interpretation attempting to engender audience empathy, identification, "arousing pity and fear", leading to the pur...   [tags: William Shakespeare]

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Gorgias: The Father of Sophistry

- Gorgias, was a Greek sophist, Sicilian philosopher, orator, and rhetorician. He is known as the first and original Nihilist, famously saying, “Nothing exists. If anything did exist it could not be known. If it was known, the knowledge of it would be incommunicable” (Gorgias), for this reason he earned the nickname, “The Nihilist.” He is known as the father of sophistry. According to The Encyclopedia of Philosophy contributor, Francis Higgins, sophistry is, “a movement of philosophy that emphasizes the real-world use of rhetoric concerning civic and political life” (Higgins)....   [tags: The Nihilist]

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Existential Philosphy

- Nihilism originated somewhere around the mid-1800s, it was a shift from the social philosophy around that time which viewed life with purpose and meaning which was found usually though God, or some religious doctrine, however Nihilism is the philosophy that dictates the meaninglessness in life; it leaves an empty and void existence. Nihilism is usually associated with German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is often although not a Nihilist himself Nietzsche wrote a considerable amount concerning Nihilism and its implications as a philosophy....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Fathers and Songs by Ivan Turgenev

- Fathers and Sons is a novel written by Russian author Ivan Turgenev and originally published in 1862. Emerging in tsarist Russia during the realism period of literature, Turgenev examines the subject of changing generations in his novel. In Fathers and Sons the new generation is represented by the characters Arkady Nikolaevich Kirsanov and Evgeny Vasilich Bazarov, recent university graduates and self-proclaimed nihilists. Nihilism, a term popularized by Turgenev himself, is a broad philosophical school of thought that debases traditional values of life....   [tags: realism, russian author, changing generations]

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Philosophy: Nietzsche and Heidegger

- Nietzsche and Heidegger In this assignment, I will discuss what I have learned to perceive is the relevance of Nietzsche and Heidegger for theorizing religion. I will place great emphasis on Nietzsche's concept of the "Death of God," and how this concept is a challenge to modernity and religious consciousness. With the rise of science and empiricism, Nietzsche argues that it is practically impossible for a modern person to realistically believe in a Christian conception of God. However, the morality of Christianity lingers in the background, and, while still influencing people, Nietzsche predicts that the Europe of his time was soon to see a nihilistic sickness....   [tags: death of god, religion, power]

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Emerging as a Servant Leader

- Traditional theories of leadership include the great man, power bases, skills approach, style approach, contingency, and path-goal theories. Those are all very objectively based, not looking at the individual’s experiences, wants, needs, and idiosyncrasies. Then the emerging leadership theories came along, viewing leaders as unique individuals, instead of positions within an organization. These theories are relationship-heavy, focusing on the interactions between the leaders and the followers as something fragile, instead of surface-level....   [tags: Leadership]

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Philosophy: The Three Choices

- Life’s purpose remains as a variable for mankind. There are three possible choices for this variable: no purpose, a purpose, or the purpose. These choices can be analogous to nihilism, existentialism, and belief in a divine being respectively. But how should one live. From a nihilistic viewpoint, an existentialistic perspective, or just in plain faith. The answer: the latter. However, humans tend to believe their thinking is rational, but one can only say one’s thinking is rational if one knows everything....   [tags: philosophy essay]

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What Happens When We Die

- What Happens When We Die What happens when we die. A very good question, which I have pondered most of my life along with the rest of humanity. I would categorize myself as a Christian theist as I do believe in the afterlife and that our bodies transform and we either enter into eternal existence with God, or eternal separation from him (Sire, 2009, p. 41). Although I personally cannot find the Catholic Doctrine of Purgatory in Scripture (Akin, n.d., para. 1), I keep an open mind to the possibility that it, indeed, exists....   [tags: Deism, afterlife, purgatory]

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Nihilsmo, Fin de la Metafisica y Secularizacion en el Pensamiento de Nietzsche, Heidegger y Vattimo

- Nihilsmo, Fin de la Metafisica y Secularizacion en el Pensamiento de Nietzsche, Heidegger y Vattimo ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to articulate Nietzsche's criticism of morality which is centered in his experience of the death of God and the end of the subject of Modernity. Nietzsche considers nihilism as a nihilism of morality, not of metaphysics: it is morality and its history that has given rise to nihilism in the Occident. That is why Nietzsche separates himself from metaphysics as well as from morality and science, which differs from Heidegger's reasons....   [tags: Spanish Essays]

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The Harsh Reality: Crime and Punishment

- ... The conflict was between the new generation, the Nihilists or “New People”, and their parent’s generation. In response to the Crimean War of the 1850’s, The New People blatantly defied the regime and sought to subvert the Tsarist monarchy, aristocracy, and Eastern Orthodox Church. They rejected all conventions in an effort to transform society. The Nihilists “advocated a social arrangement based on rationalism and materialism as the sole source of knowledge and individual freedom as the highest goal” (Pratt 1)....   [tags: Dostoevsky novels, great Russian literature]

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Ivan Turgenev's Fathers and Sons

- Ivan Turgenev is one of the greatest Russian writers of the nineteenth century. In his pieces, Turgenev shows deep concern for the tangible problems of Russia at that particular time, such as the evolution of peasants and intellectuals, the women question and the hierarchy of Russian population. In his masterpiece Fathers and Sons, Turgenev emphasizes the enormous difference between subsequent generations by describing their distinctive philosophical views and life ideologies. The protagonists of the novel, Arkady and Bazarov, are two graduates who return to their homes wrapped up in new, inflexible philosophical views meant to give sense to their meanings and to bring enlightenment to the “...   [tags: Generations and Ideologies, Analysis]

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New Theistic Natural Existentialism

- ... Every human is interconnected with each other and God but not all are aware of it. After death humans go to either heaven or hell. “For each person death is either the gate to life with God and his people or the gate to eternal separation from the only thing that will ultimately fulfill human aspirations” (Sire, 41).This depends on if they believe in the teachings of God and lived by them. It does not matter if an individual was never aware of the religion itself, just that they followed the same path....   [tags: philosophical perspective, god]

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Symbols and Symbolism in A Clean Well-Lighted Place, By Hemingway

- Symbolism in A Clean Well-Lighted Place   Symbolism, may be defined as a non-superficial representation of an idea or belief that goes beyond what is "seen."  Earnest Hemingway's "A Clean Well-Lighted Place" uses symbolism to help convey the theme of Nihilism, the philosophy that there is nothing heavenly to believe in.  It discusses that there is no supernatural reason or explanation of how the world is today.  Three symbols: the soldier, the café, and the shadows of the leaves, found in Hemingway's short story clearly displays this Nihilistic theme....   [tags: A Clean Well-Lighted Place Essays]

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Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction

- In Pulp Fiction, directed by Quentin Tarantino, Tarantino uses quirky dialogue, vivid visuals, and nihilism to mirror postmodern pop culture in western society in the early 1990’s. The film artfully portrays the 1990’s as a time where action granted meaning instead of performing moral actions; where there was a social hierarchy held by mob bosses to control those who attempted to search for meaning through action, doing outrageously violent and horrible things without the slightest scruples. Pulp Fiction contains specifically existential nihilism, which is the belief that life has no true purpose or value....   [tags: film analysis, cinematography]

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Synthesis of Ivan Turgenev's Fathers and Sons

- Fathers and Sons by Russian author, Ivan Turgenev, is set in the Russian countryside in the mid 1900’s. The novel tells the story of a new coming belief and religion that causes a lot of tumult between the age generations in the country. The older individuals continue to follow tradition, while most of the younger generation starts believing a new belief: nihilism. We generally define nihilism as “the rejection of all religious and moral principles, often in the belief that life is meaningless” (Oxford Dictionary)....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Russian Literature]

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Grendel a Philisophical Point of View

- Grendel a Philisophical Point of View Grendel follows the philosophical evolution, from solipsism to nihilism, of a socially isolated creature, a monster. It is an examination of human supernatural curiosity and its many dangers, specifically the tendency toward blind cynicism. Grendel is a censure of the rapid growth of this cynicism in twentieth century society and the consequent widespread distrust of abstract ideals. In investigating his own nature, the monster in the story destroys himself....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Hazel Mote's Spiritual Struggle

- Flannery O’Connor once noted that all good stories are ones of conversion (Wood, 217), and Wise Blood is no exception. The central spiritual struggle of the book is that of the character Hazel Motes. The protagonist goes through not simply one but several conversions throughout the book. His spiritual quest is his realization of the Church Without Jesus, and his search for a new jesus. As analysis in this paper will elucidate, Hazel spiritual arc is a critique of approaches to knowing God. The first such method, nihilism, is a belief in nothing....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Reason for the Weak

- The concept of blind faith is often difficult for rational people to comprehend. Rational people believe that every aspect of life must be able to be explained with logic. However, rationalism and faith often come in conflict with each other, creating an exceptional strife in the minds of those unable to accept that which cannot be viewed. In such divergence, the concept of nihilism is often planted into the mind of those who are incapable of acknowledging human nature and the spiritual and natural laws of life....   [tags: Informative, Blind Faith, God]

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Gangsta Rappers: Nihilistic Villains?

- As the hip-hop battle rages on in the background somewhere between the black literati, consumers and observers, I stand objectively nodding religiously to Lupe Fiasco as he creates a narrative surrounding personified life of a housing complex each component, the legs, the chest, a different facet of living in the hood. Some would pose Lupe as a Hip-Hop alternative, glorifying his intellectualism and political consciousness, at the expense of demonizing other less academically articulate rap artists....   [tags: Lupe Fiasco, Hip Hop, Drugs]

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Nietzsche And Platonism

- In Twilight of the Idols Nietzsche writes, "My objection against the whole of sociology in England and France remains that it knows from experience only the forms of decay, and with perfect innocence accepts its instincts of decay as the norm of sociological value-judgments. The decline of life, the decrease in the power to organize, that is to tear open clefts, subordinate and super-ordinate -- all this has been formulated as the ideal in contemporary sociology." (p 541). The culture of Europe at the time of Nietzsche’s writing was experiencing a general decline in vitality which was exemplified in Christianity (Platonism) and anarchy or nihilism....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Evolution of the Existential Psyche of Raskolnikov through Crime and Punishment

- The introspective and self-scrutinizing nature of Raskolnikov from Crime and Punishment, allows for us to delve into the existential rationales that warrant and influence the decisions and courses of action that he carries out. It is crucial to explore the workings of Raskolnikov’s mind, to understand the motives by which he is compelled by to perform the heinous murder of Alyona the pawnbroker. By examining Raskolnikov’s psyche, characterization, and decision making processes, which are characterized by his constant schisms and dichotomies, we can gain an understanding of how the portrayal of existentialist ideals as represented by Raskolnikov, evolve through the plot of the novel....   [tags: Raskolnikov, Literary Analysis]

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Zarathustra's Three Metamorphoses, Applied to Modernism

- The 1859 publication of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species had dramatic consequences, among them the creation of doubt about God’s place in a world where species independently evolve and continually change. Darwin had not merely questioned God; he had shaken one of the core Christian beliefs: that God had created a flawless and unchanging earth. When Darwin’s ideas were not scientifically disproven, the basis of Christianity itself was called into question. That questioning continued as scientific discovery advanced....   [tags: God, Godlessness, Values, Darwin]

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John Gardner's Grendel

- John Gardner's Grendel The archeologist's eyes combine the view of the telescope and the view of the microscope. He reconstructs the very distant with the help of the very small. - Thornton Wilder These words, uttered by Thornton Wilder regarding his play Our Town express the antithesis of nihilism, a philosophy which stresses the lack of objective truth. Nihilism, as well as existentialism and a host of other philosophies are boldly explored in Grendel, a novel by John Gardner....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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Analysis of Bazarov in Fathers and Sons

- Critical analysis of Bazarov Bazarov is a model of the "new man" of the 1860s. He is a representative of the sons mentioned in the title. These sons are in revolt against the principals of their fathers, the "men of the forties." This projection of the "new man" embodies the views of nihilism. This is the rejection of any values created by society. Bazarov rejects liberal reformism, any attempt to idealize the peasantry, divine faith, and all social customs. He attempts to be totally independent and live a life based on science....   [tags: European Literature]

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Good Peoples Country

- Choose three or four characters from Cat’s Cradle and Good Country People and discuss them in terms of existentialism and nihilism. 	In both Cat’s Cradle by Kurt Vonegut and Good Country People by Flannery O’Connor the authors show how a character is corrupted and changed from an existentialist to a nihilist. The existentialist ends up losing their faith in life, and is left believing in nothing. They then turn to being nihilist after having the only thing they believed destroyed. In both stories the author uses both existentialist which is corrupted by nihilist....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Existentialist Views on Death

- Existentialist Views on Death What is Existentialism. Existentialism is a philosophy developed chiefly in the 20th century that attempts find meaning in a seemingly meaningless world. The central theme of existentialism is that an individual must assume all responsibilities for his or her acts of free will without any absolute knowledge of what is right or wrong. Existentialism analyzes this somewhat dismal situation mankind has been thrown into, and produces a model for how an individual should live his or her life....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

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Nietzsche On Buddhism

- Nietzsche repeatedly refers to Buddhism as a decadent and nihilistic religion. It seems to be a textbook case of just what Nietzsche is out to remedy in human thinking. It devalues the world as illusory and merely apparent, instead looking to an underlying reality for value and meaning. Its stated goals seem to be negative and escapist, Nietzsche sometimes seems to praise certain aspects of Buddhist teaching—and some of his own core ideas bear a resemblance to Buddhist doctrine. What exactly is Nietzsche’s evaluation of Buddhism....   [tags: Religion]

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1686 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Human Being Existence

- Since long before Plato philosophers have attempted to accurately describe the ways human being exist in relation to the world around them. Many different systems and meta-narratives were created by numerous philosophers as they used reason to determine what it meant to exist and how knowledge was possible. Most philosophers were acutely aware their philosophical arguments that provided either metaphysical or epistemological descriptive claims would necessarily lay the foundation for normative ethical positions....   [tags: existence, ethical system, Plato, Nietzsche, ]

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Analysis of the Movie Crimes and Misdemeanors

- Released in 1989, Crimes and Misdemeanors outlines the lives of two men; Cliff Stern and Judah Rosenthal. Cliff Stern, a small time film-maker, struggles to succeed in both his career and marriage. While Judah Rosenthal, a wealthy ophthalmologist, faces moral dilemmas after having an affair with a young mistress. Judah's mistress expects him to leave his wife and when he doesn't she threatens to expose the secret relationship. Unsure Judah contemplates whether or not killing the mistress, to protect his comfortable lifestyle, is morally comprehensible....   [tags: moral, succeed, love]

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Changes in the First 15 Years of the 20th Century Europe

- First 15 years of the 20th century show the changes in the theory, and practice art, among the modern artiest in western world. First 15 years were remarkable, they compare with great and advance science and technology of same time. It was time of growing instance in western culture, and continued rapid industrial of imperial aboard, and rivalry in the Europe. During the 20th century Paris was focus of modernism. In the 19th century scientist discover the theory, which were not just question of our way of seeing things, but show the very natural reality itself....   [tags: European History, 1900s]

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Biography of Dr. Cornel West

- Dr. Cornel West is one of most brilliant intellectuals of our time. He is popularly known as a philosopher, activist, and academic. He was born June 2, 1953 in Tulsa Oklahoma, but was raised in Sacramento, California with his three other siblings. His mother was an elementary school teacher, and father was a civilian administrator for the U.S. Air Force. As a Young man, he found great interest in the social and economic restoration of African Americans; he participated in civil rights marches and fought against the egregious cavity that was present in his high school and among many other schools, which was the absence of black studies courses....   [tags: pleasure, comfort]

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The view of God from the Bible's Perspective

- The biblical standpoint on the view of God may be summed up in two verses, “The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.” (Exodus 34:6-7) This clearly indicates the attributes of God as merciful and just, forgiving and stern....   [tags: Religion, Bible, God]

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William Shakespeare's King Lear

- Although referred to as a distinct philosophy, it seems nearly impossible to find an exact definition for the term “existentialism.” This is primarily true because existentialist thinkers, such as Friedrich Nietzchse, Søren Kierkegaard, and Fjodor Dostoyevsky, never agree on what the definition of existentialism is or its terms. However, according to a definition provided by St. Aslem College, existentialist thought can be defined as being “thrown into existence first without a predetermined nature and only later do we construct our nature or essence through our actions (Banach).” This means several things....   [tags: existencialism, character analysis]

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Match Point & Crime and Punishment

- The murder scenes in both Match Point and Crime and Punishment, represent the constant struggle between fantasy and reality, nihilism and faith. Nihilism is the rejection of traditional views, there is no God; therefore, there is no meaning to life.  Whether an individual believes in God or a higher power, determines their relationship to moral behavior. If there is no God, then one can get away with anything: murder, bend and break rules, satisfy urges, give in to dark desires, live a double life, and smooth over problems....   [tags: Murder Cases, Reality, Fantasy, Faith]

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European Realism Final

- Section I B. Hard Times by Charles Dickens Fact. Fact. Fact. In a world of fact, is love, or the absence there of, overlooked. The grinding gears of Coketown bring a product down the assembly line. A worker, doing his job, sees that it is defective. Without thought, he removes it from the line, and then continues inspecting the products. When a marriage proposal comes down the conveyer belt to Louisa, she is faced with a decision. Her childhood was devoid of fancy. Raised by the excessively logical Gradgrind, Louisa never had a chance to discover her emotions....   [tags: Literary Analysis]

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Crime and Punishment, Fathers and Sons, We

- Brilliance surely comes with a price. Often a protagonist is, in his own right, an absolute genius, but for this gift of vision, he must remain isolated for eternity. Crime and Punishment (1886), by Fyodor Dostoevsky, depicts a poverty stricken young man who discovers a revolutionary theory of the mind of a criminal. Despite his psychological insight, Raskolnikov is alienated from society, and eventually forced to test his theory upon himself. Ivan Turgenev’s Bazarov, in Fathers and Sons (1862), pioneers the anarchistic philosophy of nihilism, depending entirely on science and reason, but ends up falling passionately in love and then cast out, through death, from the rigidity of though...   [tags: essays research papers]

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1554 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Rationalizing Radicalism in "Crime and Punishment" vs. "Demons" by Dostoevsky

- Crime and Punishment and Demons by Dostoevsky are two novels that are directly reflective of the time that he spent in exile. Crime and Punishment was a precursor to Demons and laid the foundation for the psychological novel that would characterize these and a later novel by Dostoevsky. Dostoevsky was made aware of the problems with Nihilistic ideas while he was exiled in Siberia. Crime and Punishment was Dostoevsky’s first attempt at a psychological analysis of a person’s inner struggles to rationalize this radicalism....   [tags: Crime and Punishment, Demons, Dostoevsky, ]

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1375 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Collective Human Thought has a Tendency to be Faux Original

- In order to give Nietzsche’s quote credibility, it is imperative to understand the many modes of thoughts of society which, frankly, at best can be called random. Yes, social behavior, expectations, and justifications are capricious and erratic, but so is the human mind, or more appropriately, minds that collectively form this social consciousness. This approach is tautological in nature and also,on another note of frankness, Nietzsche’s premise itself implies a very mordacious assumption – collective human thought has a tendency to be faux original (thought)....   [tags: friederich nietzsche, social behavior, human mind]

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The Legal History and Ethics of Stem Cell Research

- An interesting aspect of stem cell research is how politically charged it was from its very beginning. Originally born into a conservative playing field, the bounds on stem cell research were never as open as they are now, having been suppressed by political opinion for several decades. Numerous accounts of voting to support stem cell research were blocked by individual opinions of people with the influence to do so. Today, stem cell research is more open and accepted, due to technological advancements, but I think more importantly, a changing political mood....   [tags: Stem Cell Research Paper]

Research Papers
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Assimilation inThings Fall Apart and Fathers and Children

- Throughout the world there are many societies and cultures with different customs and beliefs. Despite the vast differences, almost all of these societies demand conformity from those who take part in them. This can clearly be displayed by examining the novels Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe and Fathers and Children by Ivan Turgenev. Though these two novels demonstrate extreme differences between both the culture and locations they are set in, they still exemplify a form of assimilation....   [tags: Ivan Turgenev, Chinua Achebe ]

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1183 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Commentary on Nietzche´s Philosophy about God and Humanity

- In this essay we will embrace Nietzsche’s philosophy for the sake of the fact that he proposed that God is dead, life is worthless, and fate ultimately surpasses faith. In the end, he provided for many, an alternative philosophy of life that became life affirming. On the other end, the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche has many diversions, for a countless number of reasons. Undoubtedly, most of those in disagreement to Nietzsche’s philosophy base their objections on a misperceived threat to their unwavering doctrine of religious faith....   [tags: Philosophy, Symbols]

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845 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

A Doll’s House and Fathers and Sons

- Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and Turgenev’s Fathers and Sons reflect two unique societal struggles. While both texts deal with a main character attempting to overcome society’s resistance to progress, they delineate from each other in the characters’ relative successes as well as divergent societal implications. The formal cause of these differences is ultimately societal mores as well as contrasting aims: Ibsen deals with feminism, whereas Turgenev discusses nihilism. However, both novels were written in the 19th century and dealt with local issues, where the implications beyond their respective societies were disregarded....   [tags: Comparative, Ibsen, Turgenev]

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1490 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Saving Morality: The Implications of Hard Determinism

- Hard determinism, the acceptance of determinism and the rejection of libertarian free will, results in some serious consequences for moral responsibility. At its most extreme interpretation a form of moral nihilism arises. ”Without God ... everything is permitted now.”[1] That is, if determinism holds true, then there is no free choice, and without free choice there can be no moral responsibility. By taking hard determinism to its logical conclusion, and evaluating the results of a steadfast adherence to the theory this paper serves to show that moral nihilism is not the inevitable end to morality in a hard determinist framework....   [tags: rejection of libertarian free will]

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Life Value vs. Existentialism in Grendel

- A main theme in John Gardner’s Grendel, is the constant competition of the ideas of meaning in life versus existentialism. Throughout the novel, Grendel makes a steady spiritual decay to the point of denying any value or significance in life itself. He believes the world is nothing more than “a mechanical chaos of casual, brute enmity on which we stupidly impose our hopes and fears”(16). This progression starts at a young age, and through out the twelve years of Grendel’s life, he grows closer to a total commitment to this theory....   [tags: meaning, existentialism, John Gardner]

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Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot and The Theatre of the Absurd

- Samuel Becket is a famous writer who introduced the concept of absurdity, nothingness, nihilism and meaninglessness of life in the art of drama. He corresponded to the absurdity in the day today life of the common people. He believed that life is circle, from where it starts, it ends at the same point. There is no concept of religion, no moral values, no concept of time and space in this life. Absurdity is a word that can be explained by reasoning however the fault is a familiar world that in the universe that is suddenly deprived of illusion, end of light, man feels as stranger....   [tags: Theater of the Absurd]

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Farewell To Arms

- “You are all a lost generation” -Gertrude Stein This quotation’s importance on author Earnest Hemmingway is reflected in his modern Romeo and Juliet novel entitled A Farewell to Arms. The recurring tone of the novel suggests that the only reality is the harsh truth which is anything but romantic and proves that in the end, all is futile. This generation in which Stein spoke of to Hemingway is the generation of romantic war times. This idea is symbolized in the character Catherine Barkley’s vision of her wartime love where she states “ ‘ I remember having this silly idea he might come to the hospital where I was....   [tags: essays research papers]

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1436 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Influences on Grendel’s Life

- Influences on Grendel’s Life The epic poem Beowulf was the first ever poem wrote down on paper in English. In this poem Grendel has been attacking Hrothgars kingdom for 12 years. Every night Grendel goes to the mead hall and eats 30 men. Beowulf hears of the troubles and decides being the epic hero he is that he will take care of the problem himself. So he and 14 other men get on a ship and travel to where Grendel is. When he gets there he does not want to seem to Hrothgar that he thinks Hrothgar can’t handle the problem alone....   [tags: Classic English Literature]

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The Stain of Cain

- Epic poems are usually black and white; there is a superhuman good-guy and a powerful but doomed villain that he will defeat. As readers, we have always assumed that the hero is the person with the good values and unwavering morals while the enemy is the strong and seemingly undefeatable spawn of pure evil. John Gardner had other ideas when he wrote Grendel based on the antagonist of the classic epic “Beowulf.” Quickly, the reader is immersed in Grendel’s thoughts and sees that he too is fighting inner demons....   [tags: Poetry Analysis]

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Comparison of Philosophies of Friedrich Nietzsche and the Dalai Lama

- Science versus religion has always been a very controversial topic in this world and even more so in the United States. It seems that this topic in some way, shape, form, or fashion always finds its way into one's life through government, jobs, and most certainly in politics. When looking at the lives of two men who embody the two controversial ideals of science and religion one can look at the lives and views of His Holiness the Dalai Lama (views on compassion surrounding religion) and Friedrich Nietzsche (views on "Morality as Anti-Nature" surrounding science)....   [tags: Philosophy]

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1019 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Moral Relativism in Fyodor Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment

- Moral Relativism in Crime and Punishment At the close of Crime and Punishment, Raskolinkov is convicted of Murder and sentenced to seven years in Siberian prison. Yet even before the character was conceived, Fyodor Dostoevsky had already convicted Raskolinkov in his mind (Frank, Dostoevsky 101). Crime and Punishment is the final chapter in Dostoevsky's journey toward understanding the  forces that drive man to sin, suffering, and grace. Using ideas developed in Notes from Underground and episodes of his life recorded in Memoirs of the House of the Dead, Dostoevsky puts forth in Crime in Punishment a stern defense of natural law and an irrefutable volume of evidence condemning Raskolnikov'...   [tags: Crime and Punishment Essays]

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Reports of God's Death Are a Bit Premature

- The Reports of God's Death Are a Bit Premature        Arguing the death of God is a debate that will last until eternity. Regardless of exploration or religious zeal there are far too many human viewpoints leaning towards the idea of and the strong need for faith. Believing in God for some is as natural as walking upright and it would seem that through such unquestionable faith God would somehow still be alive. But perhaps He is only surviving with the help of life support.   For example, it would be difficult to tell a passionate Fundamentalist Christian that God was not alive in his or her heart....   [tags: Philosophy essays]

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1351 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Shakespeare in the Sound and the Fury

- Shakespeare in the Sound and the Fury   The "Tomorrow" soliloquy in Act V, scene v of the Shakespearean tragedy Macbeth provides central theme and imagery for The Sound and the Fury.  Faulkner may or may not agree with this bleak, nihilistic characterization of life, but he does examine the characterization extensively.               Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow             Creeps in this petty pace from day to day             To the last syllable of recorded time;             And all our yesterdays have lighted fools             The way to dusty death.  Out, out brief candle....   [tags: Sound and the Fury Essays]

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Violent Femmes - Add it up

- Violent Femmes - Add it up The disc player drones on as I recline peacefully on the pure white sands of my very own desert island. I am the only human being on this island. Ah, peace at last, but as the days turn into weeks and the weeks to months and the months to years I wonder; why have I not gone completely insane. Sentenced indefinitely to solitary confinement on my paradise prison. Yes, it has been a struggle to maintain my sanity, but I have one very special companion; the Violent Femmes album Add it up....   [tags: Music]

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Literary Minimalism and Jean François Lyotard

- Literary Minimalism and Jean François Lyotard 1. Anne Beattie has been called a writer of minimalist fiction. Jean François Lyotard’s theories concerning postmodern expression have many similarities to this style. In this paper some of Lyotard’s philosophical contributions to postmodernism will be presented as mission statements for, and/or an explanations of, the minimalist style. 2. First, minimalism as a style will be explained through examples from Anne Beattie’s story "Girl Talk" along with other commentary....   [tags: Free Essays Online]

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1774 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Nietzsches The Will to Power

- Friedrich Nietzsche was on the cutting edge of sociological and philosophical theory when he lived in the latter part of the Nineteenth century. His ideas and theories about the world around him inspired some of the most recognized schools of thought in the modern world(or post-modern as it is seen). His post-humous work The Will to Power is the culmination of his life's work and allows for all who read it to understand the genius behind one of the greatest thinkers of all time. In The Will to Power, Nietzsche explains how the will is the controlling device each of us, and that the true will should only be used on oneself and not to take advantage of or injure another....   [tags: Papers]

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Free Essays on Crime and Punishment - Suffering, Death, and Resurrection

- Crime and Punishment -  Suffering, Death, and Resurrection Fyodor Dostoevsky wrote the novel, Crime and Punishment, during a turbulent time in Russian history. Yet his work will speaks to any age. Dostoevsky  wrote to warn against what he considered the negative effects of the trend of nihilism and rational egoism. He advances this objective by employing themes of suffering, resurrection, and death--all of these currents running through a surprisingly benevolent universe.             If Dostoevsky's fellow Russian Marx was correct in stating that religion is the opiate of the people, then suffering is the proverbial needle that injects it into a person....   [tags: Dostoevsky Crime and Punishment]

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