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Struggling to Function with a Neurological Disorder

- When witnessing someone with a Neurological disorder, one counts his/her blessings. People with Neurological disorders struggle to function normally and knowing there is no cure to help them, it is frustrating. Cancer patients do struggle just like the patients with Neurological disorders but there is more patients with Neurological disorders than Cancer patients. The problem is more funding is given to Cancer research as opposed to Neurological research. A Patient with a Neurological disorder can be disabled their whole life without being able to do anything....   [tags: brain, tumor, cancer]

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The Nervous System and Alzheimer’s Disease

- The Nervous System is one of the most important and complex system in the human body, because it works as the main control center. It regulates the sensory, integrative and motor function of the body. Everything we do, feel or think is directly linked to the Nervous System. An error in any of these functions could bring negatives consequences such as degenerative diseases later in life. The Nervous System can be divided into two different categories, the central nervous system (CNS), and the peripheral nervous system (PNS)....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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ALS DISEASE Oral Notes

- ALS- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Lou Gehrig’s disease- Yankee B-Ball player 1903-1941 Neurodegenerative disease- Unknown cause breaks tissue down in nervous system. Motor Neurons- they control muscle movement Affects nerves from the brain to the spinal cord (upper motor neurons) then the lower spinal cord (lower motor neurons) which control muscle movement. With this disease, for unknown reasons, these neurons die, meaning a progressive loss of the ability to move nearly any of the muscles in the body....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Nervous System of the Human Body

- The Nervous System of the Human Body The nervous system of the human body is responsible for sending, receiving and processing nerve impulses. It controls the actions and sensations of all the parts of the human body as well as your thoughts, emotions and memories. The nervous system is a "speedy electrochemical communication system of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous system". The most basic and important part in the usefulness of the Nervous System is the Neuron. The neuron is the functional unit of the Nervous System consisting of 100 billion neurons in 1 human brain alone....   [tags: Papers]

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The Truth about Schizpohrenia

- Schizophrenia, a mental disorder that is linked to genetic and environmental factors, manifests itself in a variety of symptoms over time. Schizophrenia makes telling the difference between reality and non-reality difficult. Schizophrenia also makes it troublesome for sufferers to think clearly or respond normally or appropriately in social situations. There is scientific evidence demonstrating a variety of biological and environmental aspects that contribute to the development of schizophrenia....   [tags: mental disorder, hallucinations, non reality]

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Inhibitory or Excitatory Potential Changes

- Inhibitory or Excitatory Potential Changes "MDMA affects the brain by increasing the activity of at least three neurotransmitters (the chemical messengers of brain cells): serotonin, dopamine, and nor epinephrine" (The Brain's Response to Hallucinogens). This increase in activity can be either excitatory or inhibitory in nature depending on the neurotransmitter involved and which part of the reaction to the drug is taking place. Every area of the brain containing serotonin, dopamine, and/or norepinephrine is affected by MDMA, but the serotonergic and dopaminergic pathways are principally affected....   [tags: Illegal Drugs Ecstasy Essays]

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Correlation Between Gonadal Hormones And Androgen Receptors Between Male And Female Rats

- Sex differences are an integral part of many variations between males and females. Many cortical functions of the prefrontal areas exhibit the differences when it comes to development, adult capacity and dysfunction in certain disorders such as schizophrenia and autism. Observations have been that any interference with prefrontal signaling can induce behavioral changes. There is not a lot of information that is known on how hormone sensitivity and sex differences could affect the mesocortical systems but the correlations between gonadal hormones and cortical processes show some connection to the mesocortical dopamine system....   [tags: Gender, Sex, Dopamine, Male]

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Symptoms And Diagnosis Of Parkinson 's Disease

- A traumatic brain injury; it’s an umbrella term and falling under it are a variety of symptoms and different diagnoses. A brain injury is not like any normal injury. A broken bone can be healed and achieve its previous function – but an injury to the brain can go as far as affecting one’s personality and mental abilities. There is a controversial study out relating traumatic brain injuries to the development of Parkinson’s disease. Below, several scholarly articles will be dissected in hopes of determining a relationship between the two....   [tags: Traumatic brain injury, Brain, Dopamine]

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The Effects of Hallucinogenic Drugs on The Brain

- The Effects of Hallucinogenic Drugs on The Brain Hallucinnogenic Drugs alter a person's perceptions of reality and may cause hallucinations and other alterations of the senses. Drugs classified as hallucinogens include: LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylamphetime(DOM), N,N-dimethyltrptamine(DMT), psilocin, and mescaline. There are two aspects of these drugs that classify then as hallucinogens. They all have common side effects, including distortion of sensory perception, and other psychic and somatic effects....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Phantom Limbs: A Neurobiological Explanation

- Phantom Limbs: A Neurobiological Explanation Severely injuring a digit or limb can result in unrepentant damage and amputation. However, the painful sensations experienced in regard to that limb do not necessarily cease after amputation. The concept of feeling sensations in a limb that is no longer attached to the body is referred to as feeling a "phantom limb." This phenomenon is experienced by approximately 80%-100% of all patients who have lost a limb (1), and has therefore sparked wide interest in scientific community....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System

- The body is a physical structure composed of the skeletal, muscular, endocrine, digestive, circulatory, respiratory, excretory, and the one I am representing, nervous, systems, yet the most priceless and vital one that surely should not be laid off is the nervous system. The nervous system consists of two sections. The first is the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS, which coordinates the activities of the entire nervous system, is composed of the brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, and medulla), and the spinal cord that is connected, via the brain stem, to the brain; nerve cells carry impulses from it....   [tags: brain, control, nerves]

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The Future Of Neuroplasticity : An Overview On The Emerging Field Of Mindfulness Meditation

- The Future of Neuroplasticity An exploration and guide to the emerging field of mindfulness meditation An overview of brain plasticity The traditional belief about the brain was that all neurons were formed in embryonical development, and no neurons developed throughout the rest of the life. New discoveries have shown that neurogenesis does in fact occur throughout the lifetime, and additionally, existing neurons remain flexible. Dendritic branches are able to grow and form new branches, or dendritic spines, allowing the brain to form new connections and pathways for neural impulses....   [tags: Brain, Cerebrum, Limbic system, Meditation]

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The Impact of Neurotransmitters on Physical and Mental Behavior

- Impact of Neurotransmitters on Physical and Mental Behavior The neurons inside of the central and peripheral nervous system are responsible for all human activity. A Neurotransmitter is a chemical that is released by a neuron's terminal button. Neurotransmitters have either an excitatory or an inhibitory effect on the other nearby neurons. Neurotransmitters are a very important part of the Central Nervous System (CNS) because they allow communication to occur inside neurons as well as between neurons....   [tags: Neurology]

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Notes on the Human Brain and its Function

- ... And this is where we will automatically found the implication of the brain to teaching and learning Reading book: the instructional leader and the brain ( Margaret Glick, forwarded by Pat Wolfe) The brain major structure and function • The Human brain is an amazing and complicated organ. In our brain there are some compositions that have specific function; each of the 2 hemispheres specializes in certain ways of intelligent and dealing with the brain surrounding. • It is said that the cortex is the wrapping of the brain, it is where the composed of neurons exist, in our brain there is a structure that controls balances and movements this is called the cerebellum....   [tags: Structure, Function, Organ]

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Biological Workings Of The Head, And The Scalp

- Phrenology was a science in the 1800’s by Francis Gall. A phrenologist believed in examining the shape of the head, and the scalp enabled the phrenologists to determine a person’s character. Phrenology maps divided personality aspects to different parts of the head. Once thought a scientific field; however, today phrenology is a parlor trick. However, its character maps gave important information to the connection between the brain, and behavior. Thomas Willis researched the biological workings of the brain related to behavior....   [tags: Nervous system, Brain, Central nervous system]

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The Ketogenic Diet and How It Helps with Epilepsy

- “Let thy food by thy medicine, and let thy medicine be thy food.” In a time when medical treatment is heavily dominated by prescription drugs that kill over 100,000 people each year, perhaps it is time that we take some advice from Hippocrates, who understood the medicinal power of food. One of the most well-known dietary treatment plans is the Ketogenic diet, which has been implemented to treat children and adolescents with intractable Epilepsy for nearly a century. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurring, unprovoked seizures....   [tags: brain, medicinal, food, diet]

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The Central Nervous System

- Neural development begins early in the embryonic stage but is last to complete, it makes the most complex structures that are in the embryo and take a long time to do so. The central nervous system starts as a simple neural plate which folds to make a groove then a tube which opens at each end. Within the tube stem, cells make two major classes of cells which the nervous system is made up of, neurons and glia. These two classes separate into more types because they have different functions and shapes (Hill, 2013)....   [tags: neural development, embryonic stage]

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Mechanisms of LSD

- Mechanisms of LSD: a Glimpse into the Serotonergic System In 1938, Albert Hoffman discovered, invented a substance that would revolutionize the American drug culture forever and would change how we, as psychologists and biologists, thought about psychosis. That substance was LSD. A simple molecule, LSD has the potency that no other drug has. Only a drop will produce the desired hallucinations and euphoria. In addition, it does not seem to be physically addicting, although tolerance to the drug can develop in as few as three days but disappears after week of abstinence....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Case Study

- Case Study: A thirty six year old male has developed severe muscle weakness throughout the body. The condition began fifteen months ago with a left foot drop and within a year, he described difficulty with speech and swallowing, muscle twitching and cramping, and muscular atrophy throughout the upper and lower limbs. Within the last two months, his breathing has become more difficult, and there has been a noticeable difference in his voice. Prior to the fifteen months, he presented little to no symptoms....   [tags: Case Study]

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How Flexible is the Brain's Circuitry?

- How Flexible is the Brain's Circuitry. The brain is a complicated organ, containing an estimated 100 billion neurons and around 1,000 to 10,000 synapses for each of those neurons (1). This organ has the great responsibility of not only controlling and regulating the functions of the body but also sensing and perceiving the world around it. In humans, it is what we believe makes us the highly adaptive and intelligent organisms that we are, as well as give us our individuality. But with so many parts and connections to it, what happens when the brain's delicate circuitry is disrupted....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Brain Structure and Post Traumatic Brain Injury

- Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) have been shown to have a great impact on several specific structures in the brain of both immediate and long-term damage. Often preoccupation can be focused into the immediate outcomes. The immediate concerns of TBI are without doubt important but this often creates ignorance in terms of the long-term consequences that may follow an individual impacted by TBI into subsequent years. As one will come to recognize, this is of particular concern in terms of children who survive TBI....   [tags: Damage, Development, Pediatrics]

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The Effects Of Prenatal And Early Infancy Exposure On Music

- The Effects of Prenatal and Early Infancy Exposure to Music In normal prenatal development, individualized cells such as blood cells, kidney cells, and nerve cells begin to develop around 5-weeks gestation. This is also when the baby’s brain and spinal cord begin to develop, laying the framework for some of the most essential structures for human life. One week later, at week 6 gestation, the brain begins to form into 5 separate sections and spine tissue grows more rapidly. At week 27 the nervous system is so developed, it is able to control certain functions of the body....   [tags: Pregnancy, Infant, Nervous system, Brain]

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Effect of Inhaling Various Concentrations of CO2 on Electrical Activity of the Heart

- Effect of Inhaling Various Concentrations of CO2 on Electrical Activity of the Heart The human body functions best in a relatively stable environment. Deviations out of the acceptable ranges of tolerance have unpleasant consequences. In such a way, drastic changes in the air humans breathe have calamitous effects of body. Respiration is the basis for gas exchange, as oxygen is inhaled and carbon dioxide is exhaled. In some settings such as in small, enclosed rooms, when oxygen consumption exceeds production, or with diseases such COPD, humans breathe in dangerously high concentrations of CO2....   [tags: cardiopulmonary analysis]

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Parkinson 's Disease ( Pd ) Is A Progressive And Chronic Neurodegenerative Disorder

- Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive and chronic neurodegenerative disorder. The disease is named after English physician James Parkinson, who made a detailed description of the disease in his essay: "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy" (1817). Parkinson 's disease belongs to a group of conditions called movement disorders. It is characterized by muscle rigidity, tremor, a slowing of physical movement (bradykinesia) and, in extreme cases, a loss of physical movement (akinesia) (Sue, Sue, Sue & Sue, 2014)....   [tags: Parkinson's disease, Dopamine, Substantia nigra]

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Theories of Teaching and Learning and their Impact on the Classroom Environment

- Theories of Teaching and Learning and their Impact on the Classroom Environment   Although there are many theories of teaching and learning, this essay will be focusing primarily on professionalism, cognition and language, cognitive views of learning and behaviourism, and how they individually and collectively impact the classroom environment.   A professional teacher encompasses essential characteristics to teach at their highest level. They continue to learn throughout their teaching careers and constantly assess themselves and their students....   [tags: Education]

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Sleep Deprivation Is Essential For The Brain Function

- Sleep deprivation is a condition that many Americans may suffer due to, the hustle and bustle in our society; it has distressed the chronological order of sleep. The National Institute of Health, (NIH) suggests adults should have 7-9 hours of sleep daily. Sleep deprivation is a serious illness that has diverse side effect, with a wide-range of factor and triggers, and various treatments from extensive medical care to home remedies. The importance of having a good night sleep is crucial, because it a basic function necessity of life....   [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Sleep disorder]

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A Brief Note On Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is also referred to Lou Gehrig’s Disease. Lou Gehrig was a famous baseball player who suffered from ALS. Before he was diagnosed with ALS Gehrig was a star on the baseball field, eventually he started becoming week and went into a slump. He was then diagnosed with ALS, when he died in 1941 the disease was brought to national attention, although Lou Gehrig was not the first person with this disease. The disease dates back to 1824, when Charles Bell wrote a description of the disease....   [tags: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lou Gehrig]

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Do Man and Women Think Differently?

- Introduction: There has been great debate that men and women think differently and because of this theory each gender struggles to understand one another. This research project will discuss the different findings and experiments that were done to prove the differences in the male and female brain. It will show evidence of similarities and differences between the two genders and also answer many questions that have been asked, such as why women struggle with directions and why men struggle to remember fine details of a conversation....   [tags: gender, power, hypothalamus]

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Why is Hubel and Wiesel's Description of the Classical Receptive Field Inadequate for an Understanding of Visual Perception?

- Hubel and Wiesel’s research surrounding area V1 of the primary visual cortex provided one of the first descriptions of the receptive fields in mammals. By flashing various lines along the receptive field, Hubel and Wiesel were able to classify cortical neurons into two distinct groups; simple and complex (Hubel & Wiesel, 1963). The use of manually mapping the receptive fields with simple dots, lines and edges meant that they not only discovered orientation tuning in single neurons, but also described the columnar organisation of ocular dominance and orientation preferences in the cerebral cortex (Ringach, 2004)....   [tags: Neurology, Visual Perception]

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The Nervous System

- 1. Throughout this activity, one of the main scientific principles can be related to the nervous system and the concept of having a reaction time through different means of stimuli. Individuals interacting with the board are exposed to a light, sound or touch stimulus. When the stimulus is created, there is a signal that is first formed within the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The PNS is consisted of nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the muscles of the body, sense organs, glands and other tissues (Widmaier et al, 2014, p....   [tags: Nervous system, Central nervous system, Brain]

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Neurocomputers /article Review

- The dream of artificial intelligence that would allow a computer to learn, and thus get really smart, has proven to be something of a nightmare so far. That failure has lead biomedical engineer William Ditto and his team of researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University to look beyond silicon and even beyond light chips. Ditto points out that today’s processors may be a lot faster, but they’re not a bit smarter than they were 40 years ago. Ditto’s processor is designed with living tissue....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Understanding Brain Chemistry

- Understanding Brain Chemistry What is it that makes us human. Is it our actions, our sense of purpose, or our ability to keep our mind on as well as perform complex tasks. Is it that we analyze our own mental processes, as well as the processes of others. What exactly is a mental state, and what creates it. Is it a level of attentiveness, an impulse, or an emotional state. What is it that allows us to experience these things. The answers all lie within our brains. The brain, like the rest of the nervous system, is composed by and large of neuralgia (glial cells), nerve cells (neurons), that are immersed in a constant flow of cerebrospinal fluid....   [tags: Papers]

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Musculoskeletal System versus Nervous System

- The human body is made up of multiple systems that work within each other, but having their own jobs do to. Two examples of such systems are the musculoskeletal system give the body the ability to contract all the muscles. The nervous system is able to send messages through a system of wires in the body. The musculoskeletal system and the nervous system differ from one another yet connect through the process of movement throughout the human body. Musculoskeletal system provides the ability for movement....   [tags: the human body]

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How We Sense The World

- Learning Journal #2 (P. 74-151) How we sense the world: The brain reaches out to the environment via our sense organs, which respond to various stimuli such as light, sound waves, and pressure. The information is transmitted as electrical signals to specialized area of the cerebral cortex (the outer layer of the cerebrum) to be processed into sensations such as vision, hearing and touch. Mixed Senses: Sensory neurons respond to data from specific sense organs. Visual cortical neurons for example are most sensitive to signal from the eyes....   [tags: Nervous system, Brain, Cerebral cortex]

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The Perception Of The Brain

- The myth about the brain is that, it controls the mind. Also people that the mind is the activity of the brain. However, both statements are untrue. I believe that there is a relationship between the brain and the mind forming a triangle of well- being for an individual. In my opinion, the brain is the passive path of existence because every information from the external environment produce a response either internally or externally without analysis. The brain transfers these information into our consciousness, but the active mind which analyzes the information and pays attention to both the benefits and disadvantages of the information before making choices about whether to listen or not....   [tags: Psychology, Mind, Cognition, Brain]

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The Sense of Smell

- I began the research for this paper with several questions about the sense of smell. How are smells identified. How and why are they remembered so vividly, and why are they so emotionally charged. What does it mean that cells in the olfactory system are the only neurons to regenerate - what is retained and what is lost in this process. And what does it mean that o lfactory neurons are the only sensory neurons to synapse directly in the brain. What I know about my own sense of smell is scant and sketchy....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

- 11727 Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a disease that affects the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, specifically the motor neurons. Motor neurons carry signals from the brain and spinal cord to all of the muscles in your body. When a person has ALS, they are not able to generate enough motor neurons, and the brain cannot then initiate and control muscle movement. After some time, when the disease gets progressively worse, the patient has difficulty speaking, swallowing, breathing, etc....   [tags: disease, nerve cells, ALS, brain, spine]

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A Study Of Nervous Systems, Anatomy And Physiology

- Question 6-The approach that fascinates me the most is neuroscience; furthermore, neuroscience is the study of nervous systems, anatomy and physiology. Neuroscience is preoccupied with both the organization of the system in humans, animals and their purposes. Neuroscience proposes a body of information that serves as an infrastructure for comprehending how cognitive operations are conveyed. Cognitive neuroscience focuses on cognitive processes, which are visual, object recognition, attention, memory, problem solving and language (Friedenberg and Silverman, 2012)....   [tags: Human brain, Brain, Nervous system]

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Research Cognitive Raining and Cognitive Decline

- The interplay between the mind and daily functioning can be adversely affected by those suffering with mild cognitive impairment which occurs as one ages or from chronic disease such as Alzheimer’s, dementia, physical trauma, and other physical impairments. Cognitive abilities are measured by a person’s mental ability to logically thinking through an issue, the ability to perceive the outside world as well as their inner world through one’s senses; it is also the brain’s ability to acquire and store new information as well as to retrieve information from the vast reservoir of one’s mind....   [tags: cognitive, ability, sleep]

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The Mind-Body Connection in Learning: Applications to Maximizing Learning

- For many years, the dominant theory of classroom teaching has been “sit and git,” (Jensen, 2005, p. 60) where students are expected to sit quietly, take notes, study material, and then demonstrate mastery of this material on tests and quizzes. As studies of the brain reveal its inner workings, researchers are discovering that learning is a more complex, whole-body process than previously imagined. With better brain imaging techniques, neuroscientists are uncovering the root physical and chemical mechanisms that make up the processes of “learning” and “memory.” Because of this, new techniques are being developed, and old methods vetted, for teaching in ways that maximize the brain’s ability...   [tags: Education]

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How Font and Memory are Connected in Psychology

- In the 1450s, a German goldsmith named Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press, which revolutionized the world of publishing (The Printing Press, 2005). Since then, hundreds of word processing programs have been developed, along with thousands of new fonts, from Times New Roman to Comic Sans. Marketing professionals and scientists around the world have wondered what kinds of fonts stick in a person’s memory over others (Dizikes, 2013). The concepts of how memory functions, how the brain processes information and how font and memory are connected in psychology are essential to better understand this idea....   [tags: nervous system, wordprocessing, hippocampus]

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Interactive Atmosphere : Metaphor And Multi Sensory Experiences

- INTERACTIVE ATMOSPHERE: METAPHOR AND MULTI-SENSORY EXPERIENCES Every experience of architecture is rooted in multi-sensory and embodied interaction with surroundings. Neuroscience studies show that all sensory modalities as well as linguistic paradigms are integrated in the sensory motor cortex of brain where mirror neurons are originated therein. Architectural metaphors, moreover, are contextually grounded and deeply rooted in existential experiences and embodied interactions with the built environment....   [tags: Perception, Sense, Sensory system, Architecture]

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The Effects Food has on the Brain

- Scientists have recently discovered that there are many effects that food has on the brain. Neurons are brain cells. They are connected to circuits and communicate with one another to create feelings, store information, and control behavior. Neurons respond to rewarding food by shooting electrical signals and releasing brain chemicals that then travel to interconnected neurons (Kessler, 2009, p. 35 ). Neurons can be “encoded” for palatability, meaning that they show preference by firing more. For example, a neuron may be “encoded” to the taste, smell or texture of a certain food....   [tags: obesity, opioid circuit, dopamine]

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The Printing Press by Johannes Gutenberg

- In the 1450s, a German goldsmith named Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press, which revolutionized the world of publishing (The Printing Press, 2005). Since then, hundreds of word processing programs have been developed, along with thousands of new fonts, from Times New Roman to Comic Sans. Marketing professionals and scientists around the world have wondered what kinds of fonts stick in a person’s memory over others (Dizikes, 2013). The concepts of how memory functions, how the brain processes information and how font and memory are connected in psychology are essential to better understand this idea....   [tags: memory functions, brain, impression]

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Brain Diseases: Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease

- INTRODUCTION Brain, a complex organ, is vital for all of the body’s function. Any somatic and genetic variation in the brain can lead to various pathological and degenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Pick’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis etc. Injuries to the brain have a high tendency to perturb massive areas of the organ which in turn lead to defects in memory, cognition, learning, personality, and various other fundamental functions of the body. Injury can be a physical damage to the brain or the closed head injuries like the stroke, ischemia, and sudden blow, overdose of various drugs or the neurotoxins....   [tags: drugs, treatment]

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What is Narcolepsy?

- ... These hallucinations are called hypnologic hallucinations. Due to the fact that you may be awake when you're dreaming, these dreams may seem like reality or may be nightmares. Some signs of having a hallucination are vivid dreams when falling asleep, waking up, dozing, and life-like dreams. Finally, sleep paralysis is a symptom of narcolepsy. Sleep paralysis prevents you from moving or speaking while falling asleep and waking up. During this period you are fully conscious. Some signs you have sleep paralysis is you don't sleep well at night, you have trouble falling and staying asleep, nightmares interrupt sleep, having difficulty finishing daily tasks, and being hyperactive....   [tags: brain disorder, poor control of sleep]

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Maximizing Your Brain’s Potential

- Structural plasticity is network connectivity or structure. Network structure decides the flow of electrical activity in every neural system and determines its functional and calculation properties. Electrical activation of the neuron departs along with an intracellular increasing in calcium that induces morphological modification of the neuron on a slower time scale. Morphological changes in numbers of dendritic spine and axonal bouton, as well as elongation, retraction and branching of axons and dendrites have straight impact on network connectivity even in the adult brain....   [tags: Improving Structural Plasticity]

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What is Alzheimer's Disease?

- What is Alzheimer's Disease. Alzheimer's Disease is an existential form of Dementia. Alzheimer's is a gradually crippling disease that affects an individual’s mental and physical capabilities over time. The disease develops predominantly within aged individuals. It is unknown as to what factors contribute to the etiology, or cause, of Alzheimer's Disease. In order to better understand Alzheimer's Disease, medical research and theories have helped shed a light as to how Alzheimer's occurs. By understanding what events lead to the cause of the disease, a specific treatment can then be developed that can hopefully stop or even reverse this debilitating disease that affects the elderly....   [tags: Dementia, Elderly]

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Brain Development in Victims of Child Abuse

- Child abuse is a widespread problem in America and beyond. Every year more than 3 million reports of child abuse are made in the United States involving more than 6 million children(1a). For many years, experts believed that the negative effects of child abuse, such as emotional problems, flashbacks to traumatic events, and even learning problems, were psychological phenomena only, able to be cured with therapy. Now, however, beliefs are being changed with the help of tools such as MRI imaging, able to detect actual changes in brain anatomy, and it appears that what doesn't kill you may still permanently weaken you, at least when it comes to child abuse....   [tags: Neurobiology of Child Abuse]

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How I Become A Better Cheerleader

- How to Become a Better Cheerleader: Its Starts in the Head. Cheerleading could be a very hard sport to grasp, however it is something anyone can accomplish through practice. As a prospective Cheerleader knowing how to focus and prepare for routines will encourage the understanding while also allowing the retention of more information. Throughout the research and videos with our brain being in a healthy state and not being stressed we can potentially do anything we dedicate our self to. Within the brain there are many things that our brain can accomplish if we do the right things to help better oneself....   [tags: Mind, Psychology, Brain, Human brain]

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The Nature and Function of Dreams

- The Nature and Function of Dreams There is a state of consciousness in which one could be or experience anything imaginable. This state encompasses the ability to dream (1). The dream state is quite remarkable and incorporates infinite possibilities for the dreamer within each of us. Nietzsche (1844-1900), a German philosopher, points out that dreams were a puzzle since “the ages of rude beginning of culture” when “man believed that he was discovering a second real world in a dream... (2).” The question that human beings were wrestling with since then is: why do we have dreams and what, if anything, do they mean....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Sixth Sense: The Vomeronasal Organ

- Sixth Sense: The Vomeronasal Organ "We are all more influenced by smell than we know." (Hercule Poirot) ....Murder in Retrospect, Agatha Christie Biologists have long realized that the noses of most vertebrates actually contain two sensory channels. The first is the familiar olfactory system, which humans possess. The second channel is the vomeronasal complex, a system that has its own separate organs, nerves, and connecting structures in the brain. The function of the vomeronasal system is the detection of pheromones, chemical messengers that carry information between individuals of the same species....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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The Dangers of Marijuana

- Marijuana, Cannabis Sativa, has been used for centuries for its medicinal and euphorant properties, and its fibers, to make hemp cloth and paper. Medicinally, between 1850 and 1942, it was prescribed in the United States Pharmacopeia as a remedy for a variety of ailments including gout, tetanus, depression, and cramps (Farthing 1992). Today, it is used for reducing intraocular pressure due to glaucoma, as an antiemetic to relieve nausea associated with chemotherapy, and as an appetite stimulant for AIDS patients....   [tags: 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Plasma Level]

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Interpretation on Scientific Article about Sense of Smell

- Introduction The sense of smell is what informs an organism of the chemical composition of their surrounding environment. The sense of smell is called olfaction and in humans, it is less developed than in most other mammals. The olfactory system contains epithelial cells that are unique because they are capable of regeneration, unlike most other neurons. The receptors for both taste and smell are called chemoreceptors. They are termed chemoreceptors because they respond to chemicals that are in aqueous solution....   [tags: Biology]

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Quantum Neural Network

- ... This has been demonstrated by many quantum 1.2. QUANTUM MECHANICS AND ANN 3 Figure 1.2: Quantum analogies for di erent concepts of arti cial neural networks algorithms such as Grover's search algorithm, Shor's factorisation algorithm etc. We can use this property and our knowledge of classical neural net- works to create a new computing paradigm called quantum neural networks (QNNs). There are many ways of using building a QNN. Figure 1.2 has been taken from [2], which shows various approaches to achieving For the purpose of this chapter will will consider only the Menneer and Narayanan model....   [tags: the human brain, artificial neural networks]

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1015 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Neural Precursor Cells and Neuro-Regenerative Medicine

- Introduction The adult central nervous system (CNS) is comprised of cells from two distinct lineages- neurons and glial cells. Neurons are the basic building block of CNS that responsible for communicating information via eletro-chemical mechanisms. Glial cells (astrocytes and oligodendrocytes) surround the neurons; provide them support and insulation. “No new neuron after birth” or “the adult human brain cannot regenerate” was the dogma of neurosciences for the past century (1). Recently, this principle has been challenged by the discovery of NPC in both embryonic and adult mammalian nervous system (1, 2)....   [tags: Medicine]

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Mechanisms by which a Psychoactive Drug May Exert Influence on Neural Processing

- Psychoactive drugs can be defined as 'chemicals that influence consciousness or behaviour by altering the brains chemical message system' (Schacter et al, 2012). Different drugs can affect the brain in different ways either by intensifying or dulling transmissions. They will alter neural connections by preventing neurotransmitters bonding to the post synaptic neurons in the brain, inhibiting the re-uptake of neurotransmitters or enhancing the bonding and transmission of neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are 'chemical messengers that carry signals between neurons in the body' (Cherry K, 2014)....   [tags: behavior medication, ]

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The Human Body: One of the Most Complex Productions in the World

- ... Smooth muscles are muscles that act automatically without conscious intervention. These are usually found in the internal organs such as the stomach or intestines. These muscles are noticeably slower in their contraction than skeletal muscles. These muscles lack the striations that the skeletal muscles have. Cardiac muscles are the muscle are found in the heart and are the muscles that keep the heart beating. These are completely involuntary and will contract without stimulation of any kind....   [tags: biological and cellular analysis]

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Karl Deisseroth : Optical Tools For Probing Intact Biological Systems

- Karl Deisseroth: Optical tools for probing intact biological systems Dr. Deisseroth’s research focuses on the novel use of optogenetics to visualize certain circuits in the brain. His research has also led to the development of a technique whereby in “intact mammalian neural circuitry” he can either “elicit or ameliorate expression of disease symptom-related phenotypes” (Deisseroth 2012). This method allows him to essentially modulate behaviors in living animals. These findings are especially important for the field of psychiatry because Dr....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Cerebellum, Breast cancer]

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1075 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Sports Related Concussions Are Suffered Each Year By Individuals Ages

- 135,000 sports related concussions are suffered each year by individuals ages 5-18. Thousands of athletes in turn suffer from Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy later in life. With various contact sports popular in society today, many people endure repeated collisions to the head during their youth. So much harm constantly affecting brains today raises the question of, how do repetitive hits to the head affect brain functions immediately after collision and what effects do they have on the brain in the future....   [tags: Brain, Nervous system, Traumatic brain injury]

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1208 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Hearing, Listening and Music's Effect on the Brain

- Hearing and listening may seem like synonyms but they refer to different processes. Hearing is a biological process that involves the ear transferring the physical stimuli of sound to neural impulses. Listening is more difficult to quantify as it takes place within the brain. It is generally thought to occur in the temporal lobe and various other regions of the brain but the exact mechanism by which this occurs is unknown. Music has a lot of impact on the brain. It activates several regions of the brain in order to listen to the sound, interpret it as music, and respond to it....   [tags: neurological analysis, neuro science]

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Parkinson 's Disease : A Progressive Neurodegenerative Disease

- Parkinson’s Disease Introduction Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that mainly affects the elderly, but can also be prevalent in younger generations (“Parkinson’s Disease Foundation,” n.d.). It affects the region of the brain that controls movement, called the substantia nigra (“Parkinson’s Disease Foundation,” n.d.), due to degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in that brain region (“NINDS”, 2015). As the disease progresses, the supply of dopamine that is produced by the brain continues to decrease, leading to the inability of the individual to control their movements (“Parkinson’s Disease Foundation,” n.d.)....   [tags: Parkinson's disease, Dopamine, Basal ganglia]

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Alzheimer’s Disease

- Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder, meaning it attacks the neurons within the brain. Neurons are the areas of the brain that allow for chemical messages, or neurotransmitters, to be transmitted. These neurons are necessary for connections with other nerve cells, and without them, the neuronS ultimately die. Alzheimer’s is a form of, and the most common cause of, dementia, or loss of intellectual capacity and personality. ("Dementia.") Alzheimer’s disease, or AD, is not a normal part of aging, although risk of developing the illness increases with age....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

Research Papers
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Comparing and Contrasting Subunits of Memory Storage

- The study of memory has two primary parts: the systems problem of memory and the molecular problem of memory. Along with these two parts, there are two subunits into which memory falls. Implicit memory is the motor and perceptual aspect of our memory while explicit memory is the recall of facts and events. In this lecture, the systems used for memory storage in these two subunits are explained and contrasted. Implicit memory storage differs from explicit memory storage in the way that it occurs in reflex pathways and the cerebellum of organism rather than in a hippocampus and temporal lobe....   [tags: proteins, explicit, synapses]

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674 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

College Should Require Psychology For College Students

- Psychology has infinite possibilities for learning how to change behavior to become a successful student in college. While the average college freshman may have no interest in the topic of psychology, the benefits of learning psychology extend beyond just studying the brain and the body. Many colleges require or recommend students take psychology before entering higher level courses, so students will have the necessary knowledge to be successful in their work. Psychology also covers the mental processes, the science behind those processes, and how those processes affect everyday life....   [tags: Psychology, Mind, Education, Wilhelm Wundt]

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1260 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Reconsidering Alzheimer’s Pathology and Hippocampal Neurogenesis

- Most investigations using transgenic animal models of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have reported a decrease in hippocampal neurogenesis. Currently, is considered that an impairment in neurogenesis can be an important factor during the onset and progression of AD. Most authors consider hippocampal neurogenesis necessary to maintain hippocampal cognitive abilities, therefore, a damage in the proliferative system has to be functionally detrimental (See references in Mu and Gage, 2011). Most animal models with the familial type mutations that cause AD show that when toxic amyloid beta peptides (Aβ42) are present, hippocampal neurogenesis decreases....   [tags: using transgenic animal models]

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1012 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Clinical Manifestations Of Alzheimer 's Disease

- Unfortunately, I have seen first-hand the devastation Alzheimer’s disease causes in someone’s life. My best friend’s aunt, and my Great Aunt were both diagnosed with Alzheimer’s when I was in grade school. I didn’t know anything about this disease, I only saw the progression and the clinical manifestations of the disease. The second aspect of Alzheimer’s that I didn’t understand was how doctors weren’t able to cure this disease. Our textbook, McCance and Huether state, “Some diseases, such as tuberculosis, identify a highly specific causative or etiologic agent or process....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Acetylcholine]

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The Sophistication of the Brain

- To what extent is it true that the brain is a sophisticated information processor. The human brain is the most important part of the nervous system. The brain along with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system and together they control all of the body’s important functions, such as motor functions, speech, vision, hearing and also involuntary functions like breathing. Many of these functions are localised to a specific area of the cerebrum. The cerebrum is split into four lobes; the frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital lobes, which are specialised to carry out their different roles....   [tags: Neurology]

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1469 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Cerebrum; The Key Organ of Humans

- ... The frontal lobe can also be called the “cerebral cortex”. The cerebral cortex is the seat of emotions and judgment related towards sympathy and empathy. It can understand humor, wordplay, and it recognizes sarcasm and irony. (Hartwig, K. L. (2007, May 27)) Motor Cortex is made up of 3 different areas, the frontal lobe and the central sulcus. The motor cortex is important for coordination and movement. The motor cortex is located in the rear portion of the frontal lobe just before the central sulcus....   [tags: organ, brain, body, lobe]

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Multiple Sclerosis Influences Body Functions Based on Nerve Damage

- Multiple Sclerosis can have influences on different bodily functions depending on the damages done to the nerves. When damage is done to the myelin sheath the brain had difficulty sending singles via the nerves throughout the rest of the body. As a result of this disconnection between the body and the many of the symptoms of MS are created such as memory problems, confusion, and personality changes (http://www.healthline.com/health/multiple-sclerosis/effects-on-the-body#nervous_system). The symptoms at accompany MS are as a result of nerve inflammation, which are caused by the lesion in the central nervous system....   [tags: brain, symptoms, myelin sheath]

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550 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

The Peripheral And Central Nervous System

- The peripheral and central nervous system both becomes sensitized. In both case it means an increase of nociceptors, they react to over stimulation by becoming more sensitive compared to other sensory receptors than become less sensitive. Central sensitization is a condition of the nervous system that is generally associated with the development and maintenance of chronic pain. It’s the hyper excitability of nociceptives neurons in the central nervous system. Once it occurs the nervous system goes through a process called wind up and can produce physical changes in the musculoskeletal system....   [tags: Nervous system, Brain, Axon, Pain]

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718 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

Robotic Human Brain Interfaces

- Missing results graphs This paper was created to explain and inform you of the cutting edge biotechnology of hybrid brain machine interfaces (HBMI) and advances in neurophysiology. This research has given way to a glimpse of its possible applications and use with prosthetic limbs and sensory aids. This research exemplifies our growing knowledge of science through the integration of different scientific fields such as neuroscience, mathematics, biotechnology, neurophysiology, robotics and computer science....   [tags: Biology Robotics]

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2170 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Affects Millions

- Inflammatory bowel diseases affect millions of Americans every year. While their causation has been connected to the nervous system for quite some time, recent research has also suggested that these diseases may be caused by abnormalities in the enteric nervous system. The enteric nervous system is found in the intestines. It has more neurons than the entire spinal cord, and it provides neurological signaling between the central nervous system and the intestines. (Furness, 2011). Inflammatory bowel diseases include ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease....   [tags: enteric nerve system, crohns disease, intestines]

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1514 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Exercise And Ability Of Learning

- Exercise and Ability to Learn Evidence suggests that exercise enhances the ability to learn. Learning is “the activity or process of gaining knowledge or skill by studying, practicing, being taught, or experiencing something: the activity of someone who learns” (Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary, n.d). At times, people are having a hard time retaining or gaining knowledge. Several factors such as nutrition can influence this phenomenon. Meeusen, R. (2014) suggests that, “Nutrition can also substantially influence the development and health of brain structure and function....   [tags: Obesity, Hypertension, Medicine]

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1296 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Neural Networks

- Neural Networks Abstract This paper will provide an introductory level discussion of neural networks within the field of artificial intelligence. This discussion will briefly cover the history of the neural network as well as recent advances within this field. In addition, several real world applications of neural networks will be discussed. Introduction The primary goal in the field of artificial intelligence is to construct a machine with an intellect comparable to that of a human. This pursuit of an artificial intelligence has had a long history....   [tags: Artificial Intelligence Technology]

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1329 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Amyotrophic Later Sclerosis

- There are many known diseases in the world that we live in today affecting a wide range of individuals of different ages, ethnicities, and genders. With each type of disease comes a diagnosis, prognosis, and potential for a cure from one of life’s many ailments. Over the course of time, technology has began to lead the way in discovering as well as treating many disease in which doctors previously knew little about. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), often referred to as Lou Gehrig’s disease, was first described in 1869 by French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot....   [tags: Health, Diseases]

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Pain Proccessing in the brain

- Pain is a sensation felt by all. Whether it is due to an injury or illness, falling down or emotionally scarred inside, majority of humans feel pain. The somatic sensation pain is derived from nociceptors (Bear, Connors & Paradiso, 2007). Nociceptors are liberated unmyelinated nerve endings that acts as an indicator of injury or risk of injury to the body tissue (Bear, Connor & Paradiso, 2007). Selective activation of nociceptors can elicit the conscious occurrence of pain (Bear, Connors & Paradiso, 2007)....   [tags: Health, Diseases]

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1188 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Handling Epilepsy With Science

- Like many medical conditions in the world, epilepsy is dangerous and could possibly lead to death. Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes the victim to have recurring seizures (Bupa, 2010). A seizure happens when there is uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which cause the victims to experience a sudden change in control of their body movements, behavior, awareness, and senses. The main symptom of epilepsy is a seizure; but in order to accurately diagnose whether a patient has epilepsy or not, an electroencephalogram test has to be carried out, in which the patient’s electrical impulses in the brain is monitored over a period of time (Glass, 2009)....   [tags: Medical Condition, Illnesses, Medicine]

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1240 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Epilepsy: A Neurological Disorder

- Being a former epileptic child, I have always wondered what epilepsy is, what caused it and how it affects my body. No one in my family has ever been diagnosed with epilepsy, so why me. I may be the unfortunate one in my family, but I am very fortunate to be one of the lucky few children who have been living epilepsy free for 20 years. But there is still one question, I do often wonder about is, could my epilepsy reoccur as I age. I have seen and known people whom have recovered as a child for over 20 years, just to have it reoccur at an older age, from medication side effects or during pregnancy and childbirth....   [tags: Epilepsy, Seizures, Neurological Disorder]

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1510 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Language and Brain

- 1. Introduction: In the last few decades, the notion of language and brain has been highlighted in different scientific fields such as: neurology, cognitive science, linguistics biology, technology and finally education. Recently, researches findings point out that the brain is a parallel processor which can perform many types of activities at the same time. Therefore, engaging language and brain will help in developing the process of acquiring and learning a second language. In fact, it is important to understand that: "The brain continues to be a new frontier....   [tags: Scientific Fields, Neurology, Second Language]

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1338 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

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