Your search returned over 400 essays for "medical research"
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- Scientific evidence demonstrates that vaccine inoculation can cause complications including disability and death. What is causing this shift in immune-prophylaxis, from the initial goal of eradicating contagious diseases, to becoming a killer inoculation. Are we still free to defend and decide for our health, or is there a danger of government actions with mass- vaccination mandates. There is a justified alarming concern on vaccines, not only in the population worldwide, but also in the medical personnel....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Personalized Medicine Model

- If all human beings are individuals with a distinctive genetic signature who are exposed to different environmental influences, the personalized medical model will allow healthcare professionals to customize medical treatments and improve their positive outcomes on the population. However, the personalized approach is a complex model which will require further investments in multidisciplinary studies that will investigate the complex interactions between several factors. Furthermore, there are several possible drawbacks, such as lack of genetic understanding among the population or the potential risk of genetic discrimination development, which could implicate the advantages of scientific de...   [tags: Medical Research]

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Effects of Ultrasounds

- Ultrasounds are an important feature of technology used in our world today. The medical world uses ultrasounds and x-rays on an everyday bases. Ultrasounds are high-frequency sound waves and ultrasounds also produce sound waves that are beamed into the body causing return echoes that are recorded to visualize structures beneath the skin. Ultrasounds have thousands of different types and help doctors and patients see specific diseases and conditions that they cannot see otherwise. However, even though ultrasounds benefit people, many wonder if ultrasounds may have bad effects too....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Alternative Medicine: A Worthy Experiment for “Hippies and Desperados”

- Alternative medicine has long been scoffed at by the mainstream medical community. People who use it, or at least believe in its benefits, are termed “wacky.” Physicians even go so far as to tell curious patients not to bother with the alternative “insanity,” claiming only hippies and desperados use it. Doctors are trusted daily with the lives of their patients, and if a doctor insists on a specific treatment, and advises against another, patients will be more than likely to do as they are told....   [tags: Medical Research]

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- CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY This chapter dealt with methods and procedure in conducting the research on the implementation of Hepatitis B vaccination among the students of School of Allied Medicine. Research Design This study utilized a descriptive method. As noted by Travers (1979) the descriptive method was cited for the investigator to gather information about the present existing condition. The principle aimed to explain the method which described the nature of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to explore the causes of a particular phenomenon....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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Potential Role of Traditional Birth Attendants in Postpartum and Newborn Care

- Objective: To gain an understanding of competency based training of TBAs and its effect on both maternal postpartum and new-born care. To investigate the factors that influence the training programs in different cultures with a focus on a rural Angolan district. Design: The research paper is a descriptive study in which mixed methods have been used. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques are used in this research. Setting: Remote and cultural areas of a rural Angolan district. Participants: 150 participants will be involved in the research study, and will be divided into three groups....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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Hip Rotation Range of Motion in People with and Without Low Back Pain Who Participate in Rotation-Related Sports

- Introduction and background of the study: The study aroused from the previous study on the hypothesis that limitation of the hip range of motion will have effect on the lumbopelvic by transferring the increase in forces. Limitation of the movement in the hip will stress the structures on the lumbopelvic region by an abnormal biomechanics that damages the structure and produce pain in the low back in rotational sports. Previous studies of hip rotation and LBP, the measurement of interest has been either active or passive end range hip rotation with and without low back pain....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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The Impact of the Laboratory on Nineteenth-Century Medicine?

- The laboratory had an influential impact on nineteenth century medicine. It saw technological advances such as the microscope allowing the observation of cells and micro-organisms and the way minute cells were formed and appeared. The practice of medicine allowed hospitals to seek advice and improve diagnosis by the study of body parts and the workings of the body such as the study and discovery of the digestive system. Education was progressed with students having to pass laboratory tests before attending hospitals for clinical training in many parts of Europe by the end of the nineteenth century....   [tags: Medical Research]

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The Effect of Smaller Needle Diameters in Reducing Pain during Immunizations in the Pediatric Population

- The study will be conducted at only one location and may be limited in its size this will be discussed in the description of the setting. Future research may be initiated from this study and a larger sample may be used that would have a larger impact on the pediatric population. The following topics will be discussed in this chapter and how they will impact the study: Design selection and Justification Independent, Dependent, and Extraneous Variables Description of the setting Sample plan Tools, Validity, and Reliability Discussion of Procedure, Human Rights, and IRB Data Analysis Design Selection and Justification Randomized experiment with random selection of sample....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Portable Head CT Scan and its Effect on Intracranial Pressure (ICP), Cerebral Perfusion Pressure (CPP), and Brain Oxygen

- A portable Computed Tomography (CT) is used to manage and diagnose CNS diseases, and acute brain injuries, in the Neuroscience ICU (NICU), for example, Traumatic Brain Injuries(TBI), acute strokes, (transient ischemic attack) TIA’s, and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). CT studies are an important component in the assessment and management of patients with brain injuries. The portable device is designed specifically for head and neck scans for critically ill patients that are at risk for complications and increased morbidity during intrahospital transportation....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Efficacy of Portable Head CT Scan in the Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit

- Introduction: Portable Computed Tomography (CT) studies are an important component used to manage, assess and diagnose CNS diseases, and acute brain injuries, in the Neuroscience ICU (NICU). The portable device is designed specifically for head and neck scans for critically ill patients that are at risk for complications and increased morbidity during intrahospital transportation. Research has found evidence which substantiates that intrahospital transport of patients with brain injuries can impact their outcomes....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Use of Chewing Gum in Reducing Paralytic Ileus

- Introduction Paralytic ileus also referred to as Intestinal volvulus can be termed as a gastro-intestinal obstruction which can either occur as a partial or a complete blockage of the gastrointestinal tract thus blocking the normal flow of the ingested material. Gastrointestinal tract is composed of involuntary smooth muscles which are under hormonal and neural body controls. As a consequence, the flow of materials in the gastrointestinal tract cannot be voluntarily controlled. According to statistical reports from the United States of America, a significant number of American citizens are affected by gastrointestinal obstruction at one time of their life....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Discuss the Beneficial Effects of Activated Protein C in the Treatment of Severe Sepsis

- Sepsis is a potentially fatal medical condition where the blood is overwhelmed by the presence of bacteria; activating the immune response and potentially causing organ dysfunction due to the disruption of homeostasis, tissue perfusion and limited oxygen supply. Systemic inflammatory response syndrome can be a key to the recognition of the illness. This condition can be treated with antibiotics intravenously or by draining the infected fluid. However, treating the infection with appropriate anti-microbial medication does not always cure the illness....   [tags: Medical Research]

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The Present and Future from Human Cloning

- Is the cost of a life worth that of a loved one. Human cloning is a topic that has existed since the 1970’s when Dr. John Gurdon cloned a frog. From cloning a frog in 1970 to cloning a sheep in 1997, the technological advances in cloning have exponentially increased. The concept of human cloning is to retrieve the DNA of a human and place it into the embryo of a woman and the child born 9 months later would be a replica of the original person. This technique would be useful if a person need plasma, blood, or possible organs....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Anxiety and Sleep Disorders in Children and Adolescents

- 3. Describe the study in your own words. a. Why was the study done. What was the purpose of the study. i. The purpose of this study was to examine relationship between sleep-related problems (SRPs) and anxiety disorders among children and adolescents. Previous research indicates a significant association between SRPs and anxiety disorders. However, there is limited research investigating SRPs in children and adolescents and their possible effect on functioning during the day. Therefore, this study attempts to address these discrepancies by means of an introductory inspection of various kinds of SRPs amid an abundant sample of children and adolescents with anxiety disorders....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Improving Evidence-based Medicine in Dietetics: A Non-Traditional Approach

- Improving Evidence-based Medicine in Dietetics: A Non-Traditional Approach According to Sackett, (1996) evidence–based medicine is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about patient care. Straus, Richardson, Glasziou, & Haynes (2005, p. 1) described evidence-based practice (EBP) as “the integration of the best research evidence with clinical expertise and unique patient values and circumstances.” According to Straus et al, (2005, p.3) those practicing evidence based medicine must follow five specific steps: a) Include the need for data into an answerable question, b) Track down the best evidence, c) Critically appraise the evidence for...   [tags: Medical Research]

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The Use of Hypnosis in Pain Management and Related Areas

- Hypnosis can be defined as a form of highly focused concentration with relative suspension perplexed awareness used to lessen pain experience. (King.B, 2001) It can also be used alongside analgesics such as morphine. (Bamford.C, 2006) This paper will be discussing the effectiveness of its use to manage pain and related areas based on the benefits and limitations highlighted by various methodologies. These methodologies include decade long observations of case studies, testing on amputees and cancer patients whilst comparing use of pharmacological medicines to use of hypnosis itself....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Preventing Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections in Intensive Care Units

- Central venous catheters, usually called CVCs, are extremely important for patients in any type of intensive care unit. It is because of their crucial role in the care of these patients that their troublesome risk of catheter-related bloodstream infections, sometimes referred to as CR-BSIs, has developed into such a problem. There are approximately 80,000 CR-BSIs diagnosed each year in the United States alone. These infections lead to nearly 28,000 patient deaths in intensive care units. Not only is this a dreadful loss of life; it is also incredibly expensive....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Prevention of Postoperative Vision Loss: A Case Study

- Prevention of Postoperative Vision Loss: A Case Study Postoperative visual loss (POVL) after nonocular surgery is an infrequent, but destructive problem that has been associated with numerous types of surgeries and patient risk factors (Stoelting & Miller, 2007). Stoelting and Miller estimate the incidence of POVL from 1 in 60,965 to 1 in 125,234 for patients undergoing noncardiac, nonocular surgeries, from 0.06% to 0.113% in cardiac surgery patients with cardiopulmonary bypass and 0.09% of prone spine surgeries....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Chemotherapy: Will There Ever Be an End

- “You have cancer.” Those few words, uttered from a doctor’s mouth, can break hearts and change lives. The century old fear of cancer still survives in the hearts and minds of those whose lives and families have been affected by this tragic disease. With modern medicines more and more people are surviving the many different types of cancer, but the fear of the disease is still very prominent. Surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are just a few of the treatments used to treat cancer. Surgery is used to remove small tumors that have not yet spread through the body....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Therapeutic Hypothermia: Preventing Damage After Cardiac Arrest

- Introduction Hypothermia protocol for the post cardiac arrest patient has been an evidence based practice of this therapy for about a decade now. This intervention, often used in the critical care setting, is now expanding to primary emergency responders as well. This paper will present some of the notable research that has been done on therapeutic hypothermia, and current use of this intervention. Control studies, animal studies, and case studies have been published related to these medical interventions....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Perceptions of Death among Elderly Patients

- Perceptions of Death Although death is readily recognized by medical professionals and laypersons alike, it is difficult to truly define the term. Science and technology blurs the lines between life and death with each new innervation. Not only do scientific efforts challenge human understanding of death, they have allowed for a greater awareness of when death will occur. Along with this awareness are certain common reactions that have been studied by psychologists. Recent research delves further into how death is perceived by elderly patients....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Antiviral Drug Susceptibility of Influenza Viruses

- Descriptive statistics was used in the research studies of the annotated bibliographies below and provides data that can be applied to the treatment of individuals possibly infected with the influenza virus. The data collected from specific populations shows the effects of specific antiviral drugs under certain conditions. Use of the data will enable healthcare providers to select the best course of action and determine proper use of limited resources in today’s cost constrained environment. Hypothesis Using a selected location in the United States with a large population exposed to both seasonal and pandemic influenza strains given antiviral medications, examination of the population’s re...   [tags: Medical Research]

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Evidence Based Medicine and Dietetics

- Evidence- based practice (EBP) is an interesting concept that continues to grow in importance across the United States health care system (Straus, Richardson, Glasziou & Haynes, 2005). According to A.T.Still University, (2011, para 1) evidence–based practice is defined as “doing the right thing for the right people at the right time using the best research evidence”. Straus, et al. (2005, p. 1) described evidence-based practice (EBP) as “the integration of the best research evidence with clinical expertise and unique patient values and circumstances.” According to Straus et al, (2005, p....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Out To Win With Melatonin

- From all of the health-related television shows to the medical based magazine articles, who in fact really knows the truth on melatonin. According to a variety of doctors, scientists, and physiologists, melatonin, which is naturally supplied, is an effective, vigorous aid that is very useful for health purposes. Researchers have said that there are negative claims on the effects of melatonin such as jet lag and type 2 diabetes. Medical studies also explain that the tremendous benefits of melatonin override these accusations because it reduces the risks of headaches, cancers, and behavioral issues with chronic insomnia....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Complementary/ Alternative Medicine (CAM) Education

- There needs to be a closer look at attitudes and education of information on complementary/alternative medicine, also known as CAM. Earlier Americans to the new world came with their own traditions and practices of medicine and treatments that have been passed down from generation to generation. Since most families came to America with no money, they used a lot of natural remedies, and ancient traditions to treat their ailments, which cost little or nothing. This form of medicine and treatment has been forgotten, and more traditional practices have been pushed to the front of mainstream medical community, which is government regulated treatment and medicine....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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Postnatal Effects of Prenatal Music

- Could a mother’s womb be her unborn child’s first concert hall. This literature review explores the effects of prenatal exposure to music and the effect it may have on postnatal development. In accordance with moral standards, parents should strive to provide the best possible environment for their children. If findings are true, regarding the ability for fetuses to recognize and discern different auditory frequencies in the prenatal environment, then the importance of determining its effect in the prenatal and postnatal world is crucial to ensuring the future generation’s intelligence....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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Taking Control of Our Fate

- Through new breakthroughs in technology, we have found new ways of solving life’s biggest problems. Scientists have found that through genetic engineering, many of our body’s imperfections can be eliminated. Through the modification of certain hazardous cells, scientists can reverse the effects of cancer and other illnesses. The concept of altering any life form has brought great controversies throughout our society. This brings a new argument into whether humans have the right to modify any organism....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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Management of Acute Otitis Media

- Acute Otitis Media (AOM), inflammation or infection of the middle ear, is an illness most parents have had experience with. Countless hours of lost sleep and worry secondary to their child’s pain and distress can keep even the most seasoned parents awake at night. Before the age of 36 months, 83% of children will experience 1 or more ear infections and AOM is the most common reason for office visits of preschoolers in the United States (Zhou, Shefer, Kong & Nuorti, 2008). The graphic below serves as a review of evidence and explores the usefulness of the information in relation to the option of watchful waiting in the management of AOM....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Comparing Careers as a Family Physician and a Dentist

- This report explores similarities and contrasts between two career options within the medical field, family physician and dentistry. This study will give the researcher, potentially a prospect student in either of these fields, a chance to investigate and understand the benefits of these two careers in United States focusing on several criteria outlined in the paragraphs below. A family physician is also known by other titles like: Family Doctor, Doctor and Physician. They diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries that commonly occur in the general population....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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How the Body is Conceptualized and How it Relates to our Views on Death

- The concepts we as human beings have developed regarding perspectives of one’s own body have never remained static and universal. Our species is enduring the constant struggle for striving to know the processes of the human body and how they relate to our views of the meaning of life and subsequent death. The contemporary era of modern biomedicine is an amalgamation of the concepts of Cartesian duality proposed by René Descartes (1596 - 1650). According to Sheper-Hughes and Lock (1987) this separation of the palpable, organic body from the intangible, intellectual mind allowed for the pursuit of biomedical study and materialist doctrine adopted by Western medical practice....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Ethical Aspects of Chronic Pain Management with Opioid Analgesics

- Ethical Aspects of Chronic Pain Management with Opioid Analgesics Pain has been identified as the most common reason that patients seek medical attention. It is estimated that nonmalignant chronic pain effects more than 50 million Americans. The World Health Organization has identified pain as a leading health problem in the county (Payne et al., 2010). Repeated studies have identified difficulty on the part of providers to manage pain to meet patient needs. Many patients with severe pain change health care providers at least once in the search of adequate pain relief (Casey, 2011)....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Randomized Trial of Isosorbide Mononitrate for Cervical Ripening before First-Trimester Evacuation of the Uterus

- Introduction Morbidity of surgical abortion depends on gestational age, the method of termination, age and parity. The complications of surgical abortion are infection, cervical laceration, incomplete evacuation, uterine perforation, hemorrhage and anesthetic complications [1, 2]. Surgical methods used for abortion are dilatation and curettage, dilatation and evacuation, hysterotomy and hysterectomy. Suction evacuation of the uterus remains one of the most popular options for termination of first trimester pregnancies....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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HIPAA: Privacy and Security Rules The Computer, the Nurse and You

- HIPAA: Privacy and Security Rules The Computer, the Nurse and You Introduction How would you like to keep track of your personal health information record in your computer at home. The electronic data exchange was one of the goals of the government to improve the delivery and competence of the U.S. healthcare system. To achieve this plan, the U.S. Congress passed a regulation that will direct its implementation. The Department of Health and Human Services is the branch of the government that was assigned to oversee the HIPAA rules....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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Noni and Maalox: A Specific Comparison of Traditional and Industrial Medicine

- FACT: Two in three people are affected by ulcers. The more shocking revelation is that almost all of these people do not experience any symptoms (Pearlstein). It is a silent killer. There are two known ways of curing ulcers. One is the traditional way, which is history based and a scientifically proven remedy for ulcers. The other is the industrial way, which is a controversial issue that is scientifically based and historically inefficient. Noni is a naturally occurring plant that is native to the Pacific islands....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients.

- Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The aim of this study was to further elucidate the association between serum adiponectin levels and the nutritional–inflammation status of hemodialysis patients....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Examining Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) in Professional Boxers

- The competitive nature of professional boxing plays an integral role in the longevity of the sport throughout earlier civilization to the modern-day era. The pivotal key in the success of boxing is the unpredictability of what each match entails, which often triggers excitement to highly devoted fans. Nonetheless, there are serious hazards associated with professional boxing (e.g., brain atrophy, and neurological and cognitive impairments). As a matter of fact, most fatalities in the ring are usually due to brain injuries such as brain hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, and brain contusions (Ryan, 1998)....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Biomedicine: Scientific Medicine Prominent in Western Societies

- Health, how it is defined and how it is maintained, is a reflection of the dominant ideology in a certain society. The medical system of Western countries, including Australia, is based on the biomedical model of health or biomedicine. According to Lord Nigel Crisp, who is a global health reform advocate, former Chief Executive of the National Health Service (NHS) in United Kingdom (UK) and previous Permanent Secretary of the UK Department of Health, Western scientific medicine and the health systems based on them have exhibited spectacular success in improving health over the last century and it has come to dominate medical thinking, habits and institutions globally....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Pediatric Oncology Support Group for Parents and Families

- IX Composition and Structure A. Criteria for member inclusion/exclusion: Correct and detailed composition of the group is necessary for performing the pediatric oncology for the recruited members, and there lies two classes: heterogeneity and homogeneity. The model of homogeneity is the one where members having the similar purpose for being in the group, and have some personal characteristics in common, which helps in communication and bonding that helps members to identify and relate to each other’s concerns....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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Deficiencies in Animal Testing and Drug Formulas

- Animals are tested on for many cosmetic and medical products, but the treatment of the animals and the quality of the test results are often less satisfactory than the consumer realizes. Every person has most likely purchased either a pharmaceutical or cosmetic product in his or her lives, but the careless techniques for making these products may astound individuals that rely on drugs for everyday use. According to the Food and Drug Administration, “every year about fifteen -hundred” drugs are created, but “twelve-hundred” are deemed unusable for people....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Diagnostic Summary Paper on Generalized Anxiety Disorder

- Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorder in the United States. Between 15 - 19% of the population suffers from this disorder, which impairs the quality of life and functioning (Stuart 218). What is anxiety. Abnormal Psychology describes anxiety as “an adaptive emotion that helps us plan and prepare for a possible theat.” The text book further states, “worrying about many different aspects of life becomes chronic, excessive, and unreasonable.” This is also known as generalized anxiety disorder or GAD (Butcher 201)....   [tags: Medical Research]

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- Roger Yeager PHD states “Parenting challenging kids requires that you become a chef, not just rely on a cookbook recipe” (Miller). Approximately 9.5% or 5.4 million children 4-17 years of age have ever been diagnosed with ADHD, as of 2007. As of 2007, 2.7 million youth ages 4-17 years (66.3% of those with a current diagnosis) were receiving medication treatment for the disorder ( The Surgen General lists ADHD, as the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder of childhood. With numbers as these it seems imperative to know what works best for over 2.7 million children in treatment....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Revolutionary Germ Theory: The Great Minds Responsible

- Revolutions happen because of the need to change the present. As a result, the transformation could favor one team or help a group of people in the positive cases. The revolution in medicine, especially the germ theory of disease was a huge wake up call for most people. Germ theory was quite possibly the most important part of the revolution of medicine. It informed the people of the existence of germs and the importance of hygiene. There were many revolutions in history. Most were bloody, but the outcome of this revolution was eternal and the stepping-stone of medicine and surgery....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Detriment of PSA Screening

- Arguably the most essential and indispensable aspect of life is the attainment and preservation of good health. Individuals with health-related complications are often prevented from leading what many would consider to be a normal lifestyle. One of the several ailments that impedes typical human functioning is prostate cancer. The community of experts and professionals who have dedicated their lives to this field of study are, at this time, engaged in a substantive yet divisive and strongly opinionated dispute regarding a test considered by some to aid in the detection of this cancer....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, is a major contributing factor of worldwide deaths (Olendorf, 1999). What causes it to be a main factor of worldwide deaths. The objective of this paper is to address the disease COPD and to evaluate research studies related to this disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease affects nearly sixteen million people in the United States alone (Olendorf, 1999). It is also a wide-ranging name for additional correlated diseases, such as, chronic bronchitis and emphysema (Olendorf, 1999)....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Neurocom Sensory Organization Test

- The concussion rates among high school, collegiate, and professional athletes is increasing at an alarming rate. The United States alone reports 1.6 to 3.8 million cases of sport-related concussions per year2-4, 9, 12. The 1.6 to 3.8 million does not account for the large number of concussions that remain unreported by athletes2-4, 9, 12. According to McCrory et al., a concussion is defined as a complex pathophysiological process that disturbs the brain, which is prompted by traumatic biomechanical forces 10....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Insight of the Decade

- Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) have for a long time stirred heated debate. Ethicists (among others) claim that life begins at conception and that the culturing of embryos for means of generating pluripotent embryonic blastomeres is as immoral as murder. Extremists also fear that the use of hESC paves the path for the laboratory procreation of humans for the sale of body parts. Another compelling argument, which holds scientific ground, is that hESC developed for other individuals may prove to be futile at the exposure to the host’s immune defense....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Struggles of Gene Therapy

- Is there any right way, or wrong way, of wanting what’s best for your child. The parents of Rhys Evans were celebrating his 2nd birthday, which his family thought he’d never reach. Rhys was inherited with a disease that left him without an immune system. The treatment is to find a sibling whose bone marrow can be transplanted, so healthy cells can multiply and spark the immune system. However, Rhys is the only child, and if he did have a sibling it was a one and three chance of affecting the cure....   [tags: Medical Research]

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What Purpose Does the Gallbladder Have?

- Most people who know me know that I had my gallbladder removed, but many don’t know why. Many people in my family have also had theirs removed also. The gallbladder is an organ located under the liver which, may or may not be removed if you suffer from a gallbladder disease. You may be wondering what exactly the gallbladder is. The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped organ about three or four inches in length and one inch wide. It is located under the liver and is connected by the hepatic duct. (Mama’s Health) My doctor told me an easy way of expanding what the gallbladder does, it is a storage system for the liver and helps digest fats....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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The Utilitarian Theory of Organ Donation

- In this paper I will be using the normative theory of utilitarianism as the best defensible approach to increase organ donations. Utilitarianism is a theory that seeks to increase the greatest good for the greatest amount of people (Pense2007, 61). The utilitarian theory is the best approach because it maximizes adult organ donations (which are the greater good) so that the number of lives saved would increase along with the quality of life, and also saves money and time. A utilitarian would argue that organ donations save lives because when citizens continue to donate their organs, more lives are spared....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Marijuana: The Safest Healing Medicine Known

- Marijuana: The Safest Healing Medicine Known There are many medications manufactured today for just about every illness there is. Are these medication really worth taking, or do they actually cause more harm than good. One might argue that pharmaceuticals are safe because the FDA approves them but most of them actually cause more bad side effects than the illness that they are intended to treat. What if there was a treatment for hundreds of ailments with just one medication, and had very few bad side effects....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Novel Triaxial Force Sensorized Tool

- This innovative minimally invasive cutting tool with force sensing functions will be a significant asset to the medical world. The device is not merely limited to transmission of information about forces applied; this design presented is additionally small enough to be utilized within a catheter. Unique design abilities allow for improvements in minimally invasive surgeries (MIS) for both the patient and surgeon. Force feedback will deliver data to the operator to sense what is occurring during a surgical procedure; this is especially critical when visual field information is limited or obscured....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Recent Uses of DNA Technology

- Recent Uses of DNA Technology DNA, Deoxyribonucleic Acid, is the basic structure for all life, it is the blueprint, the instruction manual, on how to build a living organism. DNA is made up of four nitrogen bases, adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine which are connected by sugar-phosphate bonds. Through a process called Protein Synthesis, the nitrogen bases are the code for the creation of amino acids. Essentially, DNA makes amino acids, amino acids make proteins, proteins make organisms. This process has been taking place for much longer than scientists have been able to document....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1014 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

HIV Prevention for Indigent Communities

- Imagine a world where an innocent child is given HIV due to mother to child transmission. Imagine a world where a father cannot play football on an autumn’s afternoon with his son because he constantly feels a lack of energy. Imagine a world where for months straight one has a reoccurring yeast infection. And lastly, imagine a world where one cannot remember one’s very own mother’s name due to short term memory loss. Unfortunately, there is no need to imagine for all of the above are actual possibilities when living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1533 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Debate on Infant Circumcision

- According to a published report in the August 16th 2010 edition of the New York Time’s parents are choosing less and less to circumcise their new born sons. The article states instances of circumcision have declined “to just 32.5 percent in 2009 from 56 percent in 2006. The numbers are based on calculations by SDI Health, a company in Plymouth Meeting, Pa. that analyzes health care data”. Why are so many deciding to not have the elective procedure even though the rate of complication is extraordinarily low....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1452 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Maternal Age and Down Syndrome

- The Influence of Maternal Age on Down syndrome Children born to older parents are at greater risk for genetic abnormalities, such as Down syndrome. No one knows what causes the chromosomal abnormality that results in Down syndrome, a condition according to the National Association for Down syndrome, affects one in 800 to 1,000 babies in the United States. Any woman regardless of her culture, race and socio-economic status can have a baby with Down syndrome. However, a mother’ age seems to be a unifying factor among children with Down syndrome....   [tags: Medical Research]

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2069 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

Diverse Molecular Data Demonstrate That Commercially Available Medicinal Leaches are not Hirudo Medicinalis

- The main focus of this paper (Siddal et al. 2007) was to use various molecular techniques (discussed in detail later) as a means of identifying what Hirudo species are available commercially as medicinal leeches. While at least five species of medicinal leeches have been recognized, they are almost indistinguishable morphologically. Although historically there has been extensive use of leeches medicinally, only Hirudo medicinalis has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA)....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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929 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Clones, Genes, and Stem Cells: For the Good of the People

- Suppose scientists could make enough food for the entire world, bring back long extinct animals, and cure fatal diseases. Scientists are curing fatal diseases through genetic research, and cloning is on its way to bringing back extinct animals. Even though there is opposition to each of these ideas, genetic manipulation/therapy, cloning and stem cells can improve human, animal and plant life, and should be funded because they have the potential to cure fatal diseases and return extinct animals to the planet....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1534 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Application of Microarrays in Diagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

- Introduction Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by clonal malignant hematopoiesis with a differentiation arrest and excessive proliferation of leukemic blasts.6 It is one of the most common types of leukemia among adults. This type of cancer is rare under age 40. The median age of patients with AML is 63 years.2 Clinically, patients present with fever, fatigue, and spontaneous mucosal and cutaneous bleeding, due to abnormalities in red blood cells.1 Opportunistic infections are also common, due to the lack of normal white blood cells.1 Most patients with AML achieve complete remission after chemotherapy and/or stem cell transplantation (SCT)....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1789 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

The Effects of LOP on Implicit and Explicit Memory

- The Effects of LOP on Implicit and Explicit Memory The importance of memory is very high in comparison to the content of the memory. We use memory to recall information such as where you park your car upon arrival at the mall, the time and channel a particular news special is to be aired, or the types of drugs to which your child may be allergic. The former two are processed very shallowly. The information may be needed today but two weeks later, it is not important and most likely not remembered due to the weak memory trace....   [tags: Medical Research]

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The Associations Between ADHD Symptoms and Boredom Proneness, Sleep Disorders, Self-Esteem, and Academic Achievements

- BACKGROUND: Previous tests have revealed associations between ADHD symptoms and boredom proneness, sleep disorders, self-esteem and academic achievements in children. These affects can influence the overall academic achievement dramatically, especially the affect that academic achievement receives from self esteem in particular when a result of ADHD. A test was performed on a group of fifth and sixth graders where it was revealed that the scores on a self-esteem test are able to more accurately estimate the result of the child’s academic achievements, even more so than standardized tests....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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The Contribution of Patient Case Studies on our Understanding of Cognitive Processes

- Although it shares cognitive neuroscience’s roots, cognitive neuropsychology has developed into a discrete discipline. While cognitive neuroscience studies neural organisation of the brain, cognitive neuropsychology concerns itself with the brain’s functional architecture; Coltheart (2010) describes this as a distinction between brain and mind. According to, among others, Coltheart (2002, cited Coltheart, 2010) this makes cognitive neuropsychology a branch of cognitive psychology rather than neuroscience....   [tags: Medical Research]

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2213 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Culturally Competent Strategies that Ameliorate Health Disparities in this Country

- The purpose of this paper is to inform readers on the culturally competent strategies that ameliorate health disparities in this country. Over the years health issues have increase rapidly. There are different ethnic backgrounds shows that their health plays a big role culturally and also diversity. Health disparities are gaps in the quality of health and health care that mirror differences in socioeconomic status, racial and ethnic background, and education level. These disparities may stem from many factors, including accessibility of health care, increased risk of disease from occupational exposure, and increased risk of disease from underlying genetic, ethnic, or familial factors (Natio...   [tags: Medical Research]

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1973 words | (5.6 pages) | Preview

Standard Tracheal Secretion Assessment vs Acoustic Secretion Detector

- Endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation are life-saving procedures in patients with respiratory insufficiency. But this can profoundly impair the defensive mechanisms which keep the lower respiratory tract sterile, increasing the risk of bacterial colonization and ventilator-associated pneumonia. Although endotracheal suctioning is a standard of care in all mechanically ventilated patients, clear guidelines regarding the technique and timing of suctioning are lacking. The applicable American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC) guideline suggests that endotracheal suctioning should be performed at some minimum frequency or when clinically indicated....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1147 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Case of Banning the Use of Dental Amalgam

- Mercury is a unique and important element that has been used by humans since ancient times. Over the years, several combinations with mercury have been found for various uses such as; measuring devices, batteries and fluorescents, medicaments, as well as one of the most important uses dental amalgam. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), dental amalgam is a durable metal alloy composed of 50% mercury, 35% silver, 9% tin, and 6% copper, and trace amounts of zinc. The compound forms into a hard and stable substance....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1264 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Timing of urinary catheter removal following elective cesarean section: A randomized controlled trial

- 1. Introduction Cesarean section is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures in obstetrics [1-6]. Maternal mortality associated with the procedure is becoming rare as a result of improved anesthetic techniques, thromboprophylaxis, and a wider choice of potent antibiotics [7]. However, women who have undergone cesarean sections may still experience some preventable morbidities including urinary tract infections and voiding difficulties. Efforts should be intensified to reduce the occurrence of these morbidities to ensure that the postoperative recovery period is without complication....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1586 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

The Effect of In Vitro Fertilization on the Life of Human Beings

- As defined by the Oxford online dictionary, Ethics are the “moral principles that govern a person's behaviour or the conducting of an activity” . The way by which each individual chooses to live, the decisions each person holds about what is right and what is wrong, and the way the person responds to situations and issues is a reflection of the ethical principles which stand strong to their lives. In relation to this, “bioethics” is identified to be the ethical views on “life sciences and health care, in the light of moral values and principles” ....   [tags: Medical Research]

Research Papers
2647 words | (7.6 pages) | Preview

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Hindering Learning and Brain Structure

- Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Hindering on Learning and Brain Structure In this literary review, research from six peer reviewed journals will be analyzed and summarized to attain a wide-ranging look at fetal alcohol spectrum disorders effects. The majority of the journals have human subjects except for one whose testing was done on rats to indicate that the adverse effects of alcohol consumption during the gestational cycle is not limited to humans. Several areas of the brain are also studied across the journals to give a broader view....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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1690 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

The Legal and Social Issues Surrounding DNA Databanking

- Advances in Science and Genetic Research have significantly impacted the criminal justice system. With the development of programs aimed at utilizing biological or genetic samples collected from potential suspects of a crime, investigators are able to compare the samples against samples collected from the crime scene. One of the most widely-known programs, the Combined Deoxyribonucleic Acid Index System (CODIS), was developed as a law enforcement resource to compare new samples of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) against the registered DNA samples of “convicted offenders, unsolved crime scene evidence, and missing persons across local, State, and national databases” (Office of Justice Programs, 2...   [tags: Medical Research]

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1945 words | (5.6 pages) | Preview

Is Particulate Matter Associated with Cardiovascular Disease Morbidity/Mortality?

- Background There is considerable literature indicating a link between particulate matter and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, especially in elderly individuals (Koken, et al, 2003). Particulate matter defined as any particle that measures less than or equal to ten micrometers (< 10µm PM10) or two point five micrometers(< 2.5µm PM2.5) that form from solid particles and liquid droplets. Most particulate matter forms due to vehicle admissions, industrials processes or wood burnings. Additionally, it has also been suggested that ultra fine particulate matter measuring less than or equal to 2.5 µm is considered more harmful to health than are larger particles in aerodynamic diameter becau...   [tags: Medical Research]

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2122 words | (6.1 pages) | Preview

Albuterol vs. Levalbuterol: The Preferred Treatment for Asthma

- Introduction Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways. It is a reversible airway obstruction, occurring 8 to 10% of the population worldwide. According to a study in 2005, asthma affects over 15 million Americans, with more than 2 million annual emergency room visits. Asthma patients have a hyper-responsiveness in their airways and generally and increase in their airway smooth muscle cell mass. This hyperplasia is due to the normal response to the injury and repair to the airway caused by exacerbations....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1116 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Atypical Childhood Social Behavior and Phthalates, BPA

- The Article describes how endocrine disruptors can produce childhood social impairment and more specifically the effects of bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates exposure during pregnancy produces autistic-like social behaviors in children. The specific social behaviors that occur from phthalates and BPA exposure are difficult interpersonal and social awareness skills. Phthalates and BPA, the independent variable, are endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs). The EDCs interfere with the body’s hormones which are critical to brain development (Braun, 2011)....   [tags: Medical Research]

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The Internet as a Source of Guidance and Information

- ... The expected results are that the young adult population who use the internet to research health related information are not doing so because of their age but because there may have been connection to other medical problems. Results Of the 3959 people who took the HINTS survey, it was found that the largest age group of them was in the 50-64 age category, making up 33.8% of the sample, followed by the 35-49 age category at 23.5% of the sample. The 18-34 group and the 65-74 group were quite nearly evenly matched, both with a sample percentage of 14.7%, the younger age group being larger by just one answer....   [tags: health problems, medical research]

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712 words | (2 pages) | Preview

The Human Body as a Computer Interface

- Interfaces take places into our lives in the form of the various devices, analog or digital, with whom we normally establish some kind of interaction. This means that the interfaces are "tools" extenders for our bodies, such as computers, cell phones, elevators, etc. The concept of interface is applicable to any situation or process where the exchange or transfer of information takes place. Some of the ways of thinking to the interface might be like “the area or place of interaction between two different systems not necessarily a technological system”....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1772 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Pigs: Useful for Something Other Than Bacon

- There are more then 3500 Canadians on a waiting list for an organ transplant. Of that 3500 more then 1500 of them die each year because they do not get the organ ( There is such a high demand in organs that scientist around the globe have been trying to find a way that will help diminish the rate. Scientist from Britain, Korea, United States and other countries around the world been looking into using the organs from genetically modified pigs for human organ transplant. Can pigs be genetically modified so their organs will be accepted by the human body....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1249 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Neural Depths of Our Ever-Changing Cognition

- There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call, Neuroplasticity: this theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we retrieve information has a big effect on how our brain changes for better or worse—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the information age has created a dichotomous effect on...   [tags: Medical Research]

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1334 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Injury

- INTRODUCTION The spinal cord is a major channel in the body where motor and sensory information travels from the brain to the body. It has white matter that surrounds a central gray matter. The gray matter is where most of the neuronal cells are located. Injury to the spinal cord will affect the conduction of information across any part of the spinal cord where the damage is located (Maynard et al., 1997). This will often result in permanent disability of a certain muscle or region of the body (Meletis et al., 2008) and a loss of tissue where the damage is located (Peng et al., 2009)....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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1145 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Video Capsule Endoscopy for Identifying Crohn’s Disease

- Video Capsule Endoscopy for Identifying Crohn’s Disease Crohn’s disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that could occur anywhere from the mouth to the rectum. However, it usually affects the intestines (Longstreth, 2010). Like many illnesses, there is no cure for Crohn’s as the exact cause of it is unknown. There are a number of tests and procedures available that aide in making the diagnosis of Crohn’s disease. Stool cultures and blood work can suggest IBD but may not directly indicate the disease....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1452 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Antiviral Drug Susceptibility of Influenza Viruses

- The topic selected for the Session Long Project is based on antiviral drug research and development and their susceptibility leading to resistance of the influenza virus. Considered a relatively young field with its first major impact in the early 1960’s antiviral drug research continues to expand and attain incredible results (Field & De Clercq, 2004). This project has enabled me to better understand the general process for antiviral and antiretroviral drugs to include safety and efficiency assessments, fielding, antiviral drug resistance and overcoming resistance using multiple drug combinations....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1549 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

How Does Sleep Affect Memory Consolidation?

- Is sleep important for memory consolidation. Past research has found that sleep is an important factor in the consolidation of newly acquired memories; however, this consolidation often depends on the specific memory as well as when (e.g., time after learning) sleep occurs. It is important to note that sleep is not constant, throughout the night. Sleep is a cycle that is broken down into rapid eye movement (REM) and non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep (Stickgold, 2005). Non-REM consists of sleep stages 1 through 4, in which stages 3 and 4 constitute what is known as slow-wave sleep (SWS) (Rasch & Born, 2008)....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1684 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

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