Your search returned over 400 essays for "literary criticism"
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The Function of Literary Criticism

- Literary criticism is a hard study to grasp because of the numerous explanations that must make sense for the critic’s view to be comprehensible to readers. Understanding the role of the critic is vital. The critic is second most important aspect, next to the author and the work itself. In this course, we have read many critics, that all have valid points. The critic’s prospective is the second most important element of literary criticism, next to the author and the work itself. In this course, we have read many critics’ opinions who all have valid points....   [tags: Literary Criticism]

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Literary Criticism Of The Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman

- Feminist literary criticism is a type of literary criticism that “is concerned with ‘…the ways in which literature (and other cultural productions) reinforce or undermine the economic, political, social, and psychological oppression of women” (Purdue OWL: Literary Theory and Schools of Criticism). This criticism goes into our culture and looks at how certain aspects are male dominated. It is also concerned with the marginalization in our culture. Most theorists believe that there were waves of feminist criticism....   [tags: Feminism, Feminist theory, Literary criticism]

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Literary Criticism - “We Call Them Greasers”

- On a general level, structuralism holds that both individuals and the realities they share are signified and constructed by a series of cultural influences which create meaning. The self is said to be a construct of its environment and selves in combination project meaning onto their experienced reality; a reality which in turn becomes reflective of the shared consciousness. This symbiotic relationship between the formulation of a reality and the nature of a collective allow meaning to be interpreted based on the system of constructed codes which informs it....   [tags: Literary Criticism]

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Literature - Postmodern Literary Criticism

- Postmodern Literary Criticism   Postmodernism attempts to call into question or challenge the notion of a single absolute unified master narrative without simply replacing it with another. It is a paradoxical, recursive, and problematic method of critique.   It encourages transcendence through or in spite of limitation, while simultaneously decentering the concept of absolute transcendence. To this end, it encourages the development of a heightened sense of self in relation to itself and the world around it....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]

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Marxist Literary Criticism

-   While literary critics do attempt to elaborate or develop ideas articulated by Karl Marx, it is important and necessary to make a distinction between Marx's specific socio-economic and political agenda and the body of literary theory which emerged years later. Marxist literary criticism proceeds from the fundamental philosophical assumption that "consciousness can never be anything else than conscious existence...Life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness by life" (Marx 568-9)....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]

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Pragmatic Literary Criticism

- Pragmatic Literary Criticism        Pragmatic criticism is concerned, first and foremost, with the ethical impact any literary text has upon an audience. Regardless of art's other merits or failings, the primary responsibility or function of art is social in nature. Assessing, fulfilling, and shaping the needs, wants, and desires of an audience should be the first task of an artist. Art does not exist in isolation; it is a potent tool for individual as well as communal change. Though pragmatic critics believe that art houses the potential for massive societal transformation, art is conspicuously ambivalent in its ability to promote good or evil....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]

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Biblical Literary Criticism: Higher Criticism

- INTRODUCTION “Biblical criticism” refers to various methods of studying and investigating the textual content of the Bible. In general, it just describes examining the Bible in a scholarly and critical manner. Therefore when the term “critic” or “criticism” is used in this way it does not essentially denote something negative, but rather a close consideration of the authenticity and historicity of the Biblical text. These literary critics also look into the origins and purposes of the books of the Bible....   [tags: Scripture Analysis, Lower Criticism]

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Feminist Literary Criticism and Lysistrata

- Classically, women playwrights are almost completely absent. There were virtually no women writers at all up until at least the seventeenth century. This fact originally led feminist critics to disregard the classical period. In an article titled “Classical Drag: The Greek Creation of Female Parts,” Sue Ellen Case states that because “traditional scholarship has focused on evidence related to written texts, the absence of women playwrights became central to early feminist investigations” (132). Despite this absence of female writers, feminist critics analyze the role of women in ancient Greece in other ways....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Women Characters]

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Archetypal Literary Criticism

- In Literary Criticism, there is an idea that believes that Archetypes make up literature’s meaning. The concept of Archetypes in literature has been the subject of extensive examination in Literary Criticism. “Criticism can be broken down into two broad categories: evaluative and interpretive” (Gardner 1287). The criticism is based on Literary Theory, which is composed of ideas that help interpret, and analyze literature. Everything in literature has a meaning, and many different people came up with strategies to evaluate and interpret it....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism

- I strongly believe that every person who reads a book, listens to the radio, or watches a program on television will make their own assumptions. I know I do. Most of us will ask, “Why did the main character make that decision?” Or “What were they thinking?” Could it be that the author of the story is protruding their own subconscious thoughts and beliefs through their characters. Absolutely, most critics have adapted psychoanalytic literary criticism theory based upon the works of psychoanalysis by famous psychologists Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Jacques Lacan to literary works....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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The Literary Criticism Of Great Expectations

- The literary criticism “Patterns of Communication” in Great Expectations is an effective literary criticism because it proves there is evidently more communication between characters in the novel than most critics let onto. Ruth M. Vande Kieft, who is the author of this piece, suggests that the majority of the characters in Dickens novels have a substantial amount of communication among themselves. But, the dialogue in the novel depicted is not what we typically observe in the majority Victorian novels....   [tags: Charles Dickens, Great Expectations, Literature]

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Narrative “New Literary” Criticism

- Narrative “New Literary” Criticism A good novel is hard to put down. The story in the novel is perfect with a great plot, convincing characters, and a suspenseful build up to the climax. You have been drawn into the story and it is almost like you are there, living along side the characters. You understand their background, their trials, and their joys. The story brings to life something from long ago that may or may not be fictional. It is hard to tell without doing further research. In reality, that further research does not mean much to you at the present moment....   [tags: Literature Criticism]

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Literary Criticism Essay for Beauty and the Beast

- At every moment in the brain, messages travel from neuron to neuron by jumping from terminal branches to dendrites and speeding down axons to create thoughts and ideas that fuel emotions and actions. Fairy tales become messages and float from neuron to neuron in the brain to generate images of unrealistic worlds filled with castles guarded by dragons, Fairy God Mothers who grant your every wish and genies who arrive out of lamps only to cause more problems or to fulfill destiny. Authors designed fairy tales to take the reader away from daily rituals in order to allow the reader to explore unattainable worlds and experience the journey of becoming a desirable, wealthy prince who saves the da...   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Literary Criticism of Wuthering Heights

- Literary Criticism of Wuthering Heights According to the editor Currer Bell, the novel Wuthering Heights may seem rather crude and unintelligible to those who know nothing of the author. Strangers who are unacquainted with the setting where the story takes place, or who are unfamiliar with the customs of the time may also look at Wuthering Heights with a critical eye. "To all such Wuthering Heights must appear a rude and strange production" (Bell 5). Readers may feel that the manners, language, and the very dwellings of the characters are somewhat "repulsive" (Bell 5)....   [tags: Free Essays]

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Literary Criticism of Oliver Twist

- Literary Criticism of Oliver Twist Charles Dickens shows notable amounts of originality and morality in his novels, making him one of the most renowned novelists of the Victorian Era and immortalizing him through his great novels and short stories. One of the reasons his work has been so popular is because his novels reflect the issues of the Victorian era, such as the great indifference of many Victorians to the plight of the poor. The reformation of the Poor Law 1834 brings even more unavoidable problems to the poor....   [tags: Papers]

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Literary Criticism : An Essential Tool For Successful Writing

- The idea of literary criticism was not utilized until Aristotle, renowned philosopher, initiated and supported the idea. Literary criticism still exists in modern day literature proving to be an essential tool for successful writing. The publication of The Poetics left many in the literary world unsatisfied and baffled by the idea that works of literature could even be criticized. The Poetics suggests that literary criticism does not only focus on the aesthetically pleasing side of writing, but also on the social and psychological purpose of a piece of writing, and by doing this Aristotle introduced the concept of catharsis to readers and writers....   [tags: Tragedy, Drama, Poetics, Aristotle]

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Feminist Literary Criticism in Indian Camp By Ernest Hemingway

- Feminist Literary Criticism in Indian Camp By Ernest Hemingway In the short story “Indian Camp”, by Ernest Hemingway, many controversies arise about the idea of feminism in the text. Feminism is a general term used to describe advocating women’s rights socially, politically, and making equal rights to those of men. Feminist criticism is looked through a “lens” along the line of gender roles in literature, the value of female characters within the text, and interpreting the perspective from which the text is written....   [tags: women's right, iceberg theory]

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Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism On Kate Chopin's The Awakening

- A Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism on Kate Chopin's “The Awakening” Did you know that 81% of Americans feel they have a book in them. (Epstein par. 1). That the life they’ve experienced, sprouted, and learned countless lessons from giving them the initiative to write. That is exactly what Kate Chopin had in mind when she wrote the book, “The Awakening.” In, “The Awakening” Chopin writes about the culture she lived in, the situations she went through, and the feelings she felt in the society. “The Awakening” takes place in the setting of Louisiana, or as the book mentions it, Grand Isle, a town in Louisiana, and New Orleans, a city in Louisiana....   [tags: Feeling, The Awakening, Marriage, Grand Isle]

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Scarlet Letter Literary Criticism

- Scarlet Letter Literary Criticism All great stories have thorough reports from several different literary critics, what do they have to say on The Scarlet Letter. The Scarlet Letter in the nineteenth century is comparable to early twentieth century and late twentieth century criticism. Early nineteenth century critics think the story was a tremendous work of art. A “Review of New Books” thought the story is “a genuine native romance” (Ripley 295). This is shown through the struggle of Hester and Arthur to have a secret love affair and find time to see each other periodically throughout the story....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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The Importance of Distinction in Literary Theory and Criticism

- It has been said, From the hour of the invention of printing, books, and not kings, were to rule the world. Weapons forged in the mind, keen-edged, and brighter than a sunbeam, were to supplant the sword and battle-axe. Books. lighthouses built on the sea of time. Books. by whose sorcery the whole pageantry of the world's history moves in solemn procession before our eyes. From their pages great souls look down in all their grandeur, undimmed by the faults and follies of earthly existence, consecrated by time (Whipple 386)....   [tags: Literature]

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Psychoanalytic Vs. Psychoanalytic Criticism

- Works of art such as books, paintings, poems, and sculptures oftentimes are said to express the feelings, personalities, interests, and desires of their creator. One method for interpreting these details from books and other literary works is known as psychoanalytic literary analysis. This analysis seeks to identify the nature of relationships between characters as well as the author’s relationship with the characters. In the analyses the critic will discuss interactions between characters and with the author and often go so far as to make assertions about the author’s conscious and unconscious reasons for telling their story in the way they did....   [tags: Literary criticism, Literary theory]

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Literary Criticism: Frankeinstein by Mary Shelley

- Although each character goes through completely different experiences Alex’s, Meursault’s, and Victor’s moral ambiguity forces them each to make unethical decisions that destroy their own lives and those around them. Due to his lack of morality, Alex acts in a violent and destructive manor that leads to multiple deaths and had the potential to destroy his own life and sanity. Alex feeds off of sex and violence, which in most cases is extremely unethical on its own. Alex has no fear for society’s standards therefore he acts without thinking....   [tags: victor, alex, pete]

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Literary Criticism of Swift’s Poetry

- Literary Criticism of Swift’s Poetry In her article, "Voyeurism in Swift's Poetry," Louise K. Barnett explores the trend of voyeurism m the works of Jonathan Swift. She speaks broadly about the use of this technique in his work and concentrates on a few poems including "The Lady's Dressing Room." Barnett believes that Swift's poetry tends to be more voyeuristic than it is obsessed with excrement and decay. To support this, she maintains that each poem centers around the experience of seeing the obscenity (i.e....   [tags: Swift]

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Literary Works Commands The Reader

- When I first started this semester I felt and truly believed the actual text itself is has much more importance than the author’s intentions. I also felt the reader’s response had very little value. I went to school in California. My last English teacher had put a great emphasis on the text itself. As I was taught the words themselves hold all the power. I felt the author’s intentions were merely not important. It was okay if a reader misconstrued what the author had intended for his or her audience....   [tags: Literary criticism, Literary theory, New Criticism]

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A Marxist Literary Criticism Of William Faulkner 's As I Lay Dying

- In the early 1900s, the American South had very distinctive social classes: African Americans, poor white farmers, townspeople, and wealthy aristocrats. This class system is reflected in William Faulkner’s novel, As I Lay Dying, where the Bundrens a poor, white family, are on a quest to bury their now deceased wife and mother, Addie in the town of Jefferson. Taking a Marxist criticism approach to As I Lay Dying, readers notice how Faulkner’s use of characterization reveals how country folk are looked down upon by the wealthy, upper class townspeople....   [tags: Marxism, Social class, Bourgeoisie, Working class]

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Literary Criticism And Review : Chinua Achebe 's Things Fall Apart

- In Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart, the author poses many perspectives for literary criticism and review. This work emphasizes many different cultural aspects that were considered controversial at the time of publication in both African and American culture. This novel’s focus on feminine roles, religion, and cultural norms give readers a glimpse of life in the village of Umuofia while allowing them to think critically about the thematic topics posed. Feminism is currently a high priority movement in America, however women did not always have the input in matters of any concern....   [tags: Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe, Igbo people]

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Poe, The Narrator and Literary Criticism in Poe’s The Tell-Tale Heart

- Edgar Allen Poe has explored three different themes: His own life, the nameless narrator of “The Tell-Tale Heart”, and the literary criticism on “The Tell-Tale Heart.” The Tell-Tale Heart, is a story, although, not revealed, about father-son incest (Kachur). Throughout the story, the old man was the “eye”, or “vulture’s eye” as the narrator calls it. The “eye” is what kept the narrator unnerved, and was the main reason that drove him to kill the man (Madi and Shadi). In the beginning of the story, the narrator said, “I loved the old man....   [tags: anxiety, visitor, fear]

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In What Ways Has Structuralism Impacted on Literary Criticism?

- In what ways has structuralism impacted on literary criticism. Since the mid twentieth century, the rise of structuralist methodology in literary theory has created seismic shifts opening up the study of text to cultural study and assisting in the development of other theories such as poststructuralism, feminism and postcolonialism. Structuralism challenged the idea of a politically detached study of text, epitomised in the then dominant new/practical criticism approaches. It reinforced the challenge to the tradition of the Leavisite canon already under attack with feminist writers, and encouraged the development of other critical theories which have radically influenced the study of literat...   [tags: Personal Essays]

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The Wrapped Golf Ball: A Marxist Literary Criticism

- The philosopher Karl Marx once said, “It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness” (Marx). Marx argues that social circumstances determine one’s value and belief. Therefore, in his short story “Winter Dreams”, F. Scott Fitzgerald supports this Marxist theory by exposing that the proletariat is oppressed by the bourgeoisie’s ideology that the goal of life lies in status and material success, wrongly leading the middle-class to pursue inappropriate goals and ultimately to lose personal identity as developed through vivid imagery, starting with depicting a proletarian’s dream, followed by his succes...   [tags: Literature, Winter Dreams]

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Literary Criticism of Wollstonecraft's Maria, or The Wrongs of Woman

- Literary Criticism of Wollstonecraft's Maria, or The Wrongs of Woman "Contradictory words seem a little crazy to the logic of reason and inaudible for him who listens with ready-made grids, a code prepared in advance . . . One must listen to her (Maria) in order to hear an "other meaning" which is constantly in the process of weaving itself, the same time ceaselessly embracing words and yet casting them off to avoid becoming fixed, immobilized.' (Iragary) Thus Wollstonecraft's conflation of public, symbolic discourse with private, emotional, semiotic language can be viewed as a strength rather than a weakness of her fiction" (45)....   [tags: Wollstonecraft]

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Satire and Hypocrisy: Literary Criticism of Lewis’ The Monk

- Satire and Hypocrisy: Literary Criticism of Lewis’ The Monk In her essay "Satire in The Monk: Exposure and Reformation", Campbell strives to portray Matthew Lewis' The Monk as a work that is full of and dependent upon satire, yet marks a significant departure from the tradition thereof. Campbell asserts that satire "forcibly exposes an essential quality of an institution, class, etc., which individuals associated with the ridiculed body have concealed either through ignorance, hypocrisy, or affectation." Although satire may be useful in exposing these hypocrisies and false beliefs, it offers no alternatives to these beliefs and is hence a destructive force despite the satirist's pretension...   [tags: Monk]

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Literary Criticism of William Faulkner's A Rose for Emily

- Literary Criticism of William Faulkner's A Rose for Emily In William Faulkner's "A Rose for Emily," Emily becomes a minor legend during her lifetime. After her death, when her secret is revealed, hers becomes a story that no one can forget. "A Rose for Emily" is the story of the old maid who fell in love with a northerner, but resisted being jilted once too often. And only after her death, "When the curious towns people were able to enter her house at last, did they discover that she had kept her dead lover in the bed where she had killed him after their last embrace." (Kazin 162) ....   [tags: Papers]

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Literary Criticism of Matthew Lewis’ Novel, The Monk

- Literary Criticism of Matthew Lewis’ Novel, The Monk Elliot B. Gose's essay "The Monk," from Imagination Indulged: The Irrational in the Nineteenth-Century Novel, is a psychological survey of Matthew Lewis' novel The Monk. Gose uses Freud's and Jung's psychological theories in his analysis of The Monk's author and characters. To understand Gose's ideas, we must first contextualize his conception of Freud's and Jung's theories. According to Gose: According to Freud we must look behind conscious daydreaming, as well as behind unconscious sleep dreaming, for keys to the unsatisfied primitive desires of the self....   [tags: Monk]

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Tuite’s Literary Criticism of Lewis’ The Monk

- Tuite’s Literary Criticism of Lewis’ The Monk I would like to preface this by saying that one of the things I learned from this exercise is that, just because an article exists in published form, does not necessarily mean that it is a good article. This is the conclusion I reached after plowing, dictionary in hand, through two articles that were, respectively, ridiculously elementary after one hacked through the jargon, and entirely absurd and unsupported. Disheartened, I went searching again, and this time, came up with "Cloistered Closets: Enlightenment Pornography, The Confessional State, Homosexual Persecution and The Monk," by Clara Tuite, and it is this article that I am writing about...   [tags: Monk]

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Literary Criticism of Daniel Defoe's Novel, Roxana

- Literary Criticism of Daniel Defoe's Novel, Roxana Most critics agree that Daniel Defoe's novel, Roxana, is his darkest work. Author Malinda Snow, who wrote "Arguments to the self in Defoe's Roxana," quotes author David Blewett saying that "Roxana is Defoe's only protagonist who is passive in the face of disaster" (Snow, 1). Roxana is portrayed as a significant character who is "intensely self-aware, she reasons with herself, judges herself, and ultimately cannot forgive herself' (Snow, l). One of the reasons the novel has such a serious mood and tone is because Roxana seems to constantly be arguing with herself....   [tags: Roxana]

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Literary Criticism of Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights

- Literary Criticism of Wuthering Heights Wuthering Heights is not just a love story, it is a window into the human soul, where one sees the loss, suffering, self discovery, and triumph of the characters in this novel. Both the Image of the Book by Robert McKibben, and Control of Sympathy in Wuthering Heights by John Hagan, strive to prove that neither Catherine nor Heathcliff are to blame for their wrong doings. Catherine and Heathcliff’s passionate nature, intolerable frustration, and overwhelming loss have ruined them, and thus stripped them of their humanities....   [tags: Wuthering Heights Essays]

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An Analysis of the Major Literary Elements in Catch-22

- “There was only one catch and that was Catch-22, which specified that a concern for one's safety in the face of dangers that were real and immediate was the process of a rational mind. Orr was crazy and could be grounded. All he had to do was ask, and as soon as he did, he would no longer be crazy and would have to fly more missions. Orr would be crazy to fly more missions and sane if he didn't, but if he were sane he had to fly them. If he flew them he was crazy and didn't have to, but if he didn't want to he was sane and had to.” This is an iconic passage from Joseph Heller’s Catch-22, a novel set near the end of the Second World War....   [tags: literary devices, literary criticism]

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Jane Austen's Sharper Criticism of Pride in her Novel, Pride and Prejudice

- In my opinion, pride comes in for the sharper criticism by Austen. She has chosen to personify this trait in several characters in "Pride and Prejudice" although it is hard to find one character that portrays prejudice alone, throughout the novel. When prejudice does occur in this novel, Jane Austen has shown it in the hands of a notoriously proud character. Because prejudice is not personified (e.g. depicted as a major characteristic flaw) I believe that it was not to be the object of Jane Austen's sharper criticism....   [tags: literary analysis, literary criticism]

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Literary Devices Used in Pullman's, Golden Compass

- The novel, The Golden Compass by Philip Pullman, is an extraordinary piece of work. The Golden Compass is a story by Philip Pullman. In the book, Lyra must battle her way through deceiving Gobblers, child-taking thieves who cut away their captive’s daemons, which is like the person’s soul. Before she leaves on the trip to find her uncle, the Master gives her a task: to find and give her uncle a compass called an alethiometer, but some people will stop at nothing to take it from her. She also has to prevent people from destroying the Dust, a mysterious substance that is said to unite the universe and kids from Gobblers....   [tags: literary analysis, literary criticism]

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Genetic Engineering: Genetic Criticism

- Genetic Criticism       Source study is a unique approach to a work of literature because it seems to have little to do with the completed work itself. Source study, or genetic criticism, has as its focus all of those things that influenced, or may have influenced, a literary work. By this branch of criticism, Wilfred Guerin explains, "... we mean the growth and development of a work as seen through a study of the author's manuscripts during the stages of composition of the work, of notebooks, of sources and analogues, and of various other influences (not necessarily sociological or psychological) that lie in the background of the work" (292)....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]

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Literary Analysis of To Kill A Mockingbird

- To Kill A Mockingbird Monkey See, Monkey Do – the learning of a process without an understanding of why it works. To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee is about how a small southern1930s family in Maycomb deal with entanglement and ramification situations. The family consisting of Jem and Scout, along with their father Atticus Finch, are to be present of a rape trial in the county. Along the way, Jem obtains life morals that will forever stay marked in his mind. It had been a long while since it had snowed in Maycomb county....   [tags: literary criticism, critical analysis]

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Literary Technique in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

- Mary Shelley genially wrote Frankenstein. A book that has been re-told a countless number of times, a story that almost every child heard as they grew up, becoming almost an American tradition. Various aspects of the story even though fiction were reflections of Mary Shelley’s personal life. Shelley uses tragic and shocking events to develop her characters. The symbolism she uses is that of what happens in the world at all times, mirror images of our true society. Shelley’s writing was odd for her time period....   [tags: literary analysis, literary criticism]

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Literary Analysis Of ' The Outcasts Of Poker Flat '

- Literary Analysis Affiliation Student’s Name The writer of this story is well known and credited for his many literary works. The story is a narration giving a certain group of individuals in a town who are treated as more or less of outcasts without there being specified reasons that can be pointed out for the mistreatment. The condition results to the creation of an armed group being formed and that eventually ends up in misery. There are various aspects or literary elements that are clearly evident in the story the Outcasts of poker Flat (Harte, 1985)....   [tags: Literature, Fiction, Gambling, Literary criticism]

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Literature - Formalism, The Hershey Bar of Criticism

- Formalism - The Hershey Bar of Criticism Formalism means a lot of different things to a lot of different people and refers to many different types of critical work and analysis. But to make a complicated matter simple, we can say pretty safely that formalism refers to critics or criticism that, first and foremost, emphasize the form or structure of a work of art and assume that nothing in that form or structure is really accidental or insignificant. That is, the formal elements in a work of art all mean something, in relation to one another and to us....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]

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Literary Analysis of Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men

- Broken Dreams "In other periods of depression, it has always been possible to see some things which were solid and upon which you could base hope, but as I look about, I now see nothing to give ground to hope—nothing of man.” (Calvin Coolidge) The Great Depression was a period with high inflation and unemployment, where millions of families lost their savings and their livelihoods. During this time many men moved out west to become ranch hands, one of the few jobs available. Many of these ranch hands were fueled by a false dream, to one day own a piece of land, and start a family....   [tags: analytical essay, literary criticism]

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A Literary Criticism of "The Three Little Pigs" Through a Mythilogical Lense

- Every enduring object or idea lasts because ordinary people focused on their goal and ignored the temptation of taking the easy path that leads to failure. History illustrates that great feats require arduous labor and wise preparation. During World War II, the Allies attacked a less than fully prepared German defense in Normandy on D-Day, which became a foothold in Europe for the Allies. The Chinese spent over 1,700 years developing the 3,700 mile-long Great Wall that successfully protected their country from Mongol invaders....   [tags: Fairy Tales]

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Margit Stange’s Literary Criticism of Chopin’s The Awakening

- Margit Stange’s Literary Criticism of Chopin’s The Awakening Margit Stange makes a series of meaningful connections between Kate Chopin’s dramatization of Edna Pontellier’s “awakening” and the historical context of feminist thought which Stange believes influenced the novel. Part of understanding Edna’s motives and Chopin’s thinking are Stange’s well-chosen references to the contemporary ideology that shapes Edna’s thinking and her choices. Stange argues that Edna is seeking the late-nineteenth-century conception of self-ownership, which pivots on “voluntary motherhood.” Edna’s awakening, her acquisition of self-determination, comes from identifying and re-distributing what she owns, which...   [tags: Chopin Awakening Literature Essays]

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Margit Stange’s Literary Criticism of Chopin’s The Awakening

- Margit Stange’s Literary Criticism of Chopin’s The Awakening Kate Chopin created Edna Pontellier, but neither the character nor her creator was divorced from the world in which Chopin lived. As a means to understand the choices Chopin gave Edna, Margit Stange evaluates The Awakening in the context of the feminist ideology of the late nineteenth century. Specifically, she argues that Edna is seeking what Chopin’s contemporaries denoted self-ownership, a notion that pivoted on sexual choice and “voluntary motherhood” (276)....   [tags: Chopin Awakening]

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An Analysis of The Intentional Fallacy, by Wimsatt and Beardsley

- In their essay, ‘The Intentional Fallacy’ (1946), William K. Wimsatt Jr. and Monroe C. Beardsley, two of the most eminent figures of the New Criticism school of thought of Literary Criticism, argue that the ‘intention’ of the author is not a necessary factor in the reading of a text. During the time-period when they authored this essay, the commonly held notion amongst people was that “In order to judge the poet’s performance, we must know what he intended.”, and this notion led to what is termed the ‘Intentional fallacy’....   [tags: Literary Criticism]

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A Feminist Literary Stance, Roles of Women in Henrik Ibsen’s Play A Doll’s House and George Eliot’s Novel Middlemarch

- A feminist literary stance, roles of women in Henrik Ibsen’s play A Doll’s House & George Eliot’s novel Middlemarch Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and George Eliot’s Middlemarch are based on events from their personal experiences. The events that lead Ibsen to feel the need to write A Doll’s House makes his approach on the feminist stance a bit more unusual from other writers. Ibsen shows his realist style through modern views and tones that are acted out by the characters in this infamous story....   [tags: critical analysis, literary criticism]

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Ken Kesey 's One Flew Over The Cuckoo 's Nest

- Since its first publication is 1962, Ken Kesey’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest has endured both an extensive range and wide audience for criticism. Despite being published over 50 years ago, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest has managed to maintain a firm readership due to its adjuration to both high and low literary audiences. While displaying a number of critical literary theories, this shows that Kesey’s novel remains open to a pop culture, yet at the same time provides sophisticated readers with a complex layer to dig beneath....   [tags: Literary criticism, Literary theory]

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Towards A Transactional Theory Of Reading, By Louise M. Rosenblatt

- Reading poetry, not only evokes feelings, it also triggers memories and past experiences. “The reader is paying attention to the images, feelings, attitudes, associations that the words evoke in him” (Rosenblatt, 34) We create our own meaning from a literary work of art when we relate to it; when we can bring our own personal experiences to the table. It’s all about the relationship between the reader and the literary work of art. This is why the reader response criticism is so effective in order to interpret literary works of arts....   [tags: Literary criticism, Literary theory]

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Types of Criticism and Literary Movements in Short Stories

- Types of Criticism and Literary Movements in Short Stories The short story dates back as early as the 14th Century. It offers what a novel or the equivalent would offer but it has a swiftness and completeness about it. According to Ruby Redinger, the short story is most powerful through graphic narration (752). The short story has captured a diverse group of things from the supernatural to an everyday occurrence. Nearly any situation can be worked into a short story if the right writer is managing the idea....   [tags: Free Essay Writer]

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Analysis of J.B. Priestley's An Inspector Calls

- J.B. Priestley, (13 September 1894 – 14 August 1984) was an English novelist, playwright and broadcaster. He published 27 novels. His making included literary and social criticism. One of the reasons why Priestly thought in a social way was because of his childhood, when he was a young boy his father’s friend and Priestly used to discuss political and social ideas. He worked at a wool factory as a junior clerk he obviously felt it wasn’t working for him to be treated badly and getting disrespected....   [tags: literary analysis, literary criticism]

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Thomas More's Utopia and His Context

- Utopia is Sir Thomas More’s seminal work, depicting a fictitious island and its religious, social, and political customs. Working as an advisor to King Henry VIII, More was aware of the issues of his time such as ridiculous inflation, corruption, wars for little or no purpose, courtly ostentation, the abuse of power by the absolute monarchs, and the maltreatment of the poor. Consequently, More used Utopia to contrast some unique and refreshing political ideas with the chaotic politics of his own country....   [tags: literary criticism]

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Limits and Challenges of the Feminist Critical Approach

- Feminist literary criticism is an approach to literary criticism that is most concerned with the role of women within the context of literature. This includes how female characters are created and understood within any given text, in addition to the role of female authors and female readers. This paper shall focus on some of the theoretical concepts which have been contributed to the feminist literary discourse. It shall compare and contrast aspects of theory put forth by three prominent feminist critics, while also considering the arguments raised by three écriture feminine scholars....   [tags: Literary Criticism, Gender Roles]

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Drastic Effects of War in Otsuka's When the Emperor was Divine

- In times of war society tends to exaggerate national security measures by categorizing foreigners and immigrants as threats. During WWII many families were torn apart just for being Japanese-Americans. The excerpt from Julie Otsuka’s “When the Emperor was Divine” illustrates the traumatic events experienced by a young boy, and how his innocent mind attempts to cope with the painful loss of his father. Through literary techniques such as imagery, symbolism, and diction, Otsuka projects the false hope of a boy yearning to once more feel the presence of his father....   [tags: Literary Criticism]

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Literature : An Intricate Art Form

- Literature is an intricate art form. In order to attempt to understand the meanings and ideas within literary work, there are many forms of criticism that propose different approaches to its interpretation. Each criticism is crucial to the understanding of how individuals interpret literary works. Since each criticism has a different approach to enrich the understanding literary works, the question is raised whether one criticism should be used over others, whether a certain combination of criticisms should be used, or whether all criticisms should be taken into account....   [tags: Literary criticism, Literary theory, Literature]

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The Power of Fear in The Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe

- The Power of Fear Fear is an unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something is dangerous, likely to cause pain, or a threat. The power of fear can lead to one’s destruction. In Chinua Achebe’s novel, Things Fall Apart, he uses fear to demonstrate the evolution of the protagonist- Okonkwo. Achebe uses conflict, irony to demonstrate the influential aspect of fear in his well-known novel which is examined by Robert Bennett in a literary criticism. Achebe uses internal conflict within his protagonist to demonstrate the power of fear....   [tags: literary criticism, okonkwo]

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The Ethics Of Close Reading : Close Encounters

- “The Ethics of Close Reading: Close Encounters” is an article written by Jane Gallop for the 2000 Journal of Curriculum. It discusses the topic of close reading itself, the social impact of the concept, the ethical aspect of reading, and the various ways close reading can be applied to daily life. The term “close reading” is used in the article more than fifty-one times, and defined on twelve separate occasions, generally being defined as, “looking at what is actually on the page, reading the text itself, rather than some idea “behind the text.” It means noticing things in the writing, things in the writing that stand out” (Gallop p.7)....   [tags: Writing, Literary criticism]

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848 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart

- Edgar Allen Poe has explored three different themes: His own life, the nameless narrator of “The Tell-Tale Heart”, and the literary criticism on “The Tell-Tale Heart.” Edgar Allen Poe began his life in Boston, MA on the 19th of January in the year 1809 (Kennedy). He was the 2nd son of David Poe, Jr., a famous actor, and the actress known as Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins Poe. David, his father, deserted his family a year after Poe was born, and died the following year, in December (Kennedy). Since his father left, David’s oldest son, Henry was left with some relatives that resided in Baltimore....   [tags: the narrator and literary criticism]

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1467 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Analysis Of The Book ' On Closer Examination '

- In chapter 15 “On Closer Examination” Graff discusses his purpose for writing both in literature and in general. Graff states that his purpose in writing is to respond to others views and writing, the “underlying motivation” helps readers engage and examine why what he say is important(185). Graff suggests that one should take a literature work to a discussion in order to see what people say about it, then this will influence and help one determine what to say about it(185). Graff suggests many templates in order to start the writing about literature....   [tags: Literary criticism, Literature, Literary theory]

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Wise Blood, by Flannery O'Connor

- Wise Blood, by Flannery O’Connor, is an fascinating yet disturbing novel. Wise Blood is a story of Hazel Motes, a twenty-two-year-old soldier who comes home from World War Two and gets trapped in a fight between faith and disbelief. He becomes captivated by a preacher named Asa Hawks and his bastard fifteen-year-old daughter, Lily Sabbath. In a way to prove how much of a pessimist Motes is, he founds The Church of God Without Christ, but is still frustrated that he is unable to lose his faith in a higher power....   [tags: summary, literary criticism]

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1496 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Sherlock Holmes: A Marxist Deconstruction

- Mysteries have always held great fascination for the human mind, not least because of the aura that surrounds them and the realm of the Unknown into which they delve. Coupled with the human propensity of being particularly curious about aspects which elude the average mind, the layer of intrigue that glosses over such puzzles makes for a heady combination of the literary and the popular. In the canon of detective fiction worldwide, no detective has tickled the curious reader’s imagination and held it in thrall as much as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes....   [tags: mystery, literary criticism]

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Angel Perceptions in Gabriel García Márquez’s A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings

- Society has placed an emphasis on perfection in a modern day world where a slight deficiency labels good people as failures. A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings by Gabriel García Márquez demonstrates how mental depictions of past perfections can change an awesome being into merely an aberration. The common conception of angels that has been passed down throughout generations is extremely specific, leaving no room for error. Much as the past can change your expectations of the future to unattainable heights, angels of the past allow a normal man to be the opposite of an angel to everyone around him....   [tags: Literary Criticism]

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664 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Seeing Things from a Different Perspective in Raymond Carver's Story, Cathedral

- In Raymond Carver’s story “Cathedral” the narrator learns what it means to “see” through someone who cannot. To see is to be able to view the things around us while putting aside preconceived notions or fear about these objects or people. In order for this to occur once must overcome what they feel is out of the ordinary and learn to accept things as they are. At first the narrator is doesn’t accept the man and uncomfortable around Robert. The narrator soon comes to understand this when he puts aside his fears, and judgments that he can see more than what meets the eye, and the freedom that comes along with this seeing....   [tags: literary criticism]

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An Analysis of After Dark by Haruki Murakami

- After Dark by Haruki Murakami was a bitter sweet story made up of mysterious and unpredictable moments which lead to an unexpected finally. This takes place in present day Tokyo, Japan where the lives of several individuals with unique personalities and hidden symbolism unfold through out one night. They each contribute to the real meaning behind the author’s point of view in the novel. It will provide an emotional and personal connection in some way to those that read it. Eri Asai and her sister Mari once went to a hotel swimming pool in Shinagawa and meet Takahashi and his friend....   [tags: literary criticism]

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Macbeth's Lust for Power in Shakespeare's Macbeth

- Just before the soliloquy in act 2 scene 1, Macbeth has doubts about Duncan’s murder. He says to himself that if the deed is to be done then it will have to be done quickly. (“If it were done when ‘tis done, then ‘twere well it were done quickly”.) Lady Macbeth then enters the scene and insists that Macbeth continues with Duncan’s murder for if not he is a coward. Macbeth is aware that it is an evil sin as he states “I dare do all that become a man.” This statement shows that Macbeth believes killing Duncan will make him nothing more than a beast....   [tags: Literary Criticism]

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Finding Balance Between Chaos and Order in Woolf's To The Lighthouse

- Regardless if found in reality, both the present or past, or found in comparable literary works, the constant battle and endless war between order and chaos, emotions and thoughts, follows humanity mercilessly. These opposing concepts also take form in ideas such the thesis and the antitheses- that with every idea or concept, sooner or later an opposing force or contradicting theory will rise and ultimately challenge and change the previous state of society, individual or even in the natural world....   [tags: Literary Criticism, Literary Analysis]

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How Does Shakespeare Make Act 1 Scene 5 of Macbeth More Dramatic for the Audience

- The play Macbeth is set in Scotland, where the Scottish are at war with the Norwegians, and the battle has just been won and the thane or Cawdor as just been found to be guilty of treason. The landscape is mountainous and dull and the weather is always cold and miserable. The supernatural is always associated with storms and lighting etc. Which were thought to invoke the forces of evil. Macbeth castle looks very drab also although Duncan referred to it as pleasant “this castle hath a pleasant seat, the air nimbly and sweetly recommends itself unto our gentle senses." Macbeth’s letter to his wife tells her of what the witches foretold, in the letter Macbeth seems to be treating Lady Macbeth...   [tags: literary criticism, literary analysis]

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Leslie Silko's, Yellow Woman: An Old Myth Changed into a Modern Story

- Yellow Woman Introduction: The concept of the change and longevity of the fairy tale (or myth) is well illustrated in the story “Yellow Woman” by Leslie Silko. Not only is the story a modern explanation of a traditional Native American myth, but the style that Silko uses to tell it evokes and adapts the oral communication style that those old myths were passed down with. The story is also very self-consciously aware of its place as a modern revision of a myth, and makes many internal references to this aspect of itself....   [tags: literary criticism, literary analysis]

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Conflict Between the Rich and Poor in Maxim Gorky's Novel, Mother

- Mother by Maxim Gorky Question: Describe the conflict between the rich and poor in “Mother”. Answer: “Mother” is a masterpiece of Maxim Gorky where he depicts a revolution against the bourgeois society. Being greatly influenced by the thoughts and philosophy of Lenin Maxim Gorky is greatly shocked and frustrated by the ignorance, poverty and sufferings of his country people. He wants to establish the equal rights of the people in the society. In this novel “Mother”, we can see the philosophy of Maxim Gorky that lies into the conflict between the rich and the poor, a conflict between the suppressor and suppressed ones and a conflict between the factory owners and the workers....   [tags: literary criticism, literary analysis]

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The Evil of Mankind Illustrated in Golding's Lord of the Flies

- Can we stop the evil within mankind. People always hear about girls getting raped, murdered and kidnapped. The boys in Lord of the Flies by William Golding do practically the same thing by showing how evil man kind can be. In William Golding’s book, Lord of the Flies, a group of young British school boys have crash-landed on an uncharted island without parent authority. They are finding it harder to control the evil that is coming out of them. The boys fall apart politically, psychologically, and spirituality by wanting everything but the right thing (to be civil and respectful boys)....   [tags: literary criticism, literary analysis]

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Analysis of O'Henry's Short Story, The Gift of the Magi

- O’Henry’s “The Gift of the Magi” O. Henry’s short story “The Gift of the Magi,” is about a couple who most unwisely sacrificed for each other the greatest treasures of their house. The story takes place on Christmas Eve in a furnished apartment at eight dollars a week. I feel that the narrator mocks Jim and Della for being poor. “It did not beggar description, but it certainly had that word on the lookout for the mendicancy squad.” (O. Henry 165). Della and Jim’s income shrunk from thirty dollars a week to twenty dollars a week causing them a great deal of financial problems....   [tags: literary criticism, literary analysis]

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Gilgamesh's Lesson in Humility in Foster's The Epic of Gilgamesh

- Gilgamesh was destined to perfection from birth. He was created as a divine mortal, two thirds divine and one third human (5). He was a man destined to live a lavish life with all the riches a man could ever want. Unfortunately his arrogance and superior strength got in the way (Foster5). Gilgamesh was created by the gods to be perfect in every regard. But what the gods couldn't prepare him for was life and human emotions, instinct etc. Gilgamesh built a wall that protected Uruk, his home (3). He was destined to live a life like a god among his people....   [tags: Literary Criticism, Literary Analysis]

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The Role of Courage in To Kill a Mockingbird

- To Kill A Mocking Bird is a book written by Harper Lee, it shows how two children, Jem and Scout, grow up in the town of Maycomb, in the town of Maycomb the people there hated blacks and treated them differently, but their father Atticus disagrees with that and defends Tom Robinson a black man who was accused of raping a white girl. The judges were then racist against Tom Robinson and in the end he died. In the book, Harper Lee illustrated courage in many different ways, but the few people that stand out to me are Atticus, Mrs Dubose and Boo Radley....   [tags: Literary Criticism, Literary Analysis]

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Gene's Jealousy in A Separate Peace by John Knowles

- In the novel, A Separate Peace by John Knowles, the protagonist Gene Forrester constantly battles within himself to find the true emotion towards his friend Phineas and to find out who he really is. Gene and Phineas formed an illusion of companionship, but there was always a silent rivalry between them in Gene’s mind. In the beginning, Gene thought his feeling towards Phineas was completely normal and it will go away in time. However, as the time went on and Gene matured he found out that his feeling was much more than little jealousy but it has turned into hate....   [tags: Literary Criticism, Literary Analysis]

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Civilization Versus Savagery in Golding's Lord of the Flies

- "Man has demonstrated that he is master of everything - except his own nature." This quote from Henry Miller demonstrates that even the best of people can be tempted and twisted by their own nature. Like the symbolic pig’s head stuck in the calm forests clearing, all beauty and innocence can be mutated when order is overthrown by impulse actions. In William Golding’s novel, Lord of the Flies, a central theme exists demonstrating the deterioration of civilization, and the overpowering of savagery, leading to the abandonment of moral thoughts and actions within a person....   [tags: literary criticism, literary analysis]

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1768 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Role of Jane Fairfax in Jane Austen's Emma

- Jane Fairfax plays a significant role as a rival towards Emma in terms of intelligence and beauty in the novel Emma by Jane Austen. Jane Fairfax is born to Mrs. Bates youngest daughter and Lieut. Fairfax. Jane’s father Lieut. Fairfax died and Jane was left with a widow mother who also died when Jane was three years old. After the death of Jane’s parents, Jane was took care by Colonel Campbell who was a good friend to Mr. Fairfax where Mr. Campbell believed that Mr. Fairfax has saved his life (p.128)....   [tags: literary criticism, literary analysis]

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Prejudice and Pride Illustrated in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

- “Life and death appeared to me ideal bounds, which I should first breakthrough, and pour a torrent of light into our dark world. A new species would bless me as its creator and source, many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to me. No father could claim the gratitude of a child so completely as I should deserve theirs.” (Shelley 39). No, there is no Mr. Darcy in this novel, but pride and prejudice are deeply woven into the thematic core of Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus” (Austen)....   [tags: literary criticism, literary analysis]

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1484 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

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