Your search returned over 400 essays for "jurisdiction"
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A Comprehensive Guide On Singapore Company Registration For Foreign Investors

- A Comprehensive Guide on Singapore Company Registration for Foreign Investors Are you planning to relocate and set up a company in Singapore. This is not surprising because every investor wishing to expand their business abroad can gain easy access to the international market by incorporating a company in Singapore. Having been crowned as the 1st rank holder in 'ease of doing business ' report of the World Bank for 10 straight years, Singapore has become the most sought after destination for global investors....   [tags: Corporation, Company, Limited liability company]

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The Juvenile Court System And The Adult Courts System

- The juvenile court system and the adult court system are two different systems. They work in different was and have different goals when dealing with someone who appears in court. They have different procedures and different rules to go by. The adult court system started before the juvenile court system. History of the Juvenile Court System The adult court system was established before there was a juvenile court system. The adult court system has been around since colonial days. It was pretty much shaped after the Revolutionary war, after the constitution was created....   [tags: Crime, Criminal law, Judge, Law]

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Quattroporte is in a Stage of High Growth

- To come to a recommendation we compared each jurisdiction using the seven risk factors identified in Table 1.1. As such, each factor was assigned a value from 1 thru 5, 1 being very low risk and 5 being very high risk. This risk analysis allowed us to identify which jurisdiction provided the least amount of risks based on the selected criteria. Such data provided valuable insights into the relative stability of the economies as a whole, their ability to keep taxes low, the repatriation of funds back to the head office and highlights known risks associated with each country....   [tags: Organizations, Company, Outsourcing Strategy]

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909 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

The Onset of the Great Recession in 2008

- The onset of the Great Recession in 2008 ushered in an era of fiscal and economic crises worldwide. As the world’s economy suffered, so did its smaller subunits—including cities. In a time of economic hardship, city residents—virtually the sole financers of cities—move from the expensive downtown areas into more affordable suburbs, taking their property taxes with them. When coupled with raised taxes in order to supply the city budget, such a scenario forces a seemingly endless cycle: High taxes result in residents leaving the city, shrinking the tax base....   [tags: fiscal and economic crisis]

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Removing Criminals from the Streets: Three Strikes Laws

- In the wake of the “get tough on crime movement,” several states have adopted extremely stringent sentencing requirements for repeat offenders. Local, state, and federal leaders claim that these laws help prevent crime through deterrence while removing potential dangerous offenders from the streets. While this removes deviants from the streets, it also may result in disproportionate punishment for an otherwise minor crime. This paper seeks to analyze the three strikes law and determine its effectiveness in recidivism and new crimes (Eastvedt, 2008)....   [tags: crime movement, repeat offenders]

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Same Sex Marriage Is A Controversial Social Issue

- Same sex marriage has been a controversial social issue that arose from a few states to nationwide within a few years, but the public opinion on this topic has evolved over the course of time. The originally definition of the word marriage was described as “a socially or ritually recognized union or legal contract between husband that establishes rights and obligations between them, between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws” (Haviland, Prins, McBride, & Walrath, 2010)....   [tags: Same-sex marriage, Marriage, Homosexuality]

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The American Prison System Of The United States

- Brittany Weinstein Today, with only 5% of the world’s population, the U.S. has more than 20% of the world’s prison population; that makes it the world’s largest jailer. One in one hundred ten adults are incarcerated in a prison or local jail in the U.S. One in thirty-five adults are under some form of correctional control, counting prison, jail, parole and probation populations. This marks the highest rate of imprisonment in American history. (American Civil Liberties Union) As much as one would like to think so, the United States no longer has a correctional system that rehabilitates....   [tags: Prison, United States, Crime, Recidivism]

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1806 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Common Law : Common And Civil Law System

- 1.a What is the meaning of the term common law and what are the characteristics of a common law system. Throughout the world there are two types of legal systems; common and civil law. The most prevalent is the Civil law system, which grew from Roman law. The less frequently occurring of the two systems is the Common Law system, with only 27% of the world’s 320 legal jurisdictions using Common Law. Common law can refer to any legal jurisdiction that is using the English system. Common law is case law, a more flexible system of law by contrast to civil law....   [tags: Common law, Law, Civil law, Statute]

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The Supreme Court Case For Indigent Defendants Developed

- History Over a century ago the roots of right to counsel for indigent defendants developed. In the Indiana Supreme Court case in 1853 (Webb v Baird) recognized the right to an attorney at public expense for an indigent persons. The Supreme Court wrote, “It is not to be thought of in a civilized community for a moment that any citizen put in jeopardy of life or liberty should be debarred of counsel because he is too poor to employ such aid…. No court could be expected to respect itself to sit and hear such a trial....   [tags: United States Constitution]

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The Poor Need Pro Bono Legal Services

- Over the years, the practice of law has been left to the regime of a group of people commonly referred to as lawyers. Though the term may vary from place to place or jurisdiction, the same has a general meaning to refer to those who have studied law. Further it is left to the jurisdiction’s discretion to determine how they are to grant one the status of being a lawyer either through education, certification amongst other means that different jurisdictions apply to afford such a status. In the provision of their services, over the years, the lawyers have come to appreciate the fact that some of their potential clients lack the capacity to pay for those services....   [tags: Argumentative, Persuasive]

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The Supreme Court System Of Puerto Rico

- systems that adequately fulfill the need of the state’s interest. In Puerto Rico, the geography creates a special need, therefore, multiple lower courts are imperative. The lower court system will entail a lower municipality court and the small claims court. These courts will be based on the jurisdiction size and location, while still following the standards of the Puerto Rico Constitution. Besides municipal courts the lower courts will also entail small claims courts in order to relinquish the larger caseloads in the intermediate court system....   [tags: Judge, Court, Trial court, Appellate court]

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Retreat Doctrine to Self-Defense in Criminal Law

- Introduction Whether the accused has a duty to retreat before using force in self-defense is an arguable topic in the criminal law. In some jurisdictions, such a duty exists and the burden of proof is on the defense to show his or her conduct was reasonable or necessary. However, in other jurisdictions, the courts are more reluctant to have or even deny having such a requirement. This essay will first examine the retreat doctrine in Hong Kong and then compare it with other jurisdictions which are the U.S....   [tags: Hong Kong, Scottland, USA]

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Procedural Steps in a Criminal Trial

- Every society is faced by a fundamental problem of achieving social control that protects people’s lives and properties as well as establishing desirable levels of order, accord, security and courtesy in the society. Societies, therefore, have developed informal methods of attaining this control where family structures, norms and religious precepts are included. Law is established in contrast as a formal method of social control. Law is then said to be a set of rules that is prescribed and implemented by government to regulate and protect the society....   [tags: Social Control, Protocol]

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The Juvenile Incarceration Of Juvenile Offenders

- The Juvenile Prison System in America One of the most debated topics in our country is that of the American prison system, and where juvenile justice fits into the equation. From that topic, there is one main question that arises; should someone who is under the age of 18 be placed in a formal prison system where they will pay for their poor choices as a child well into adulthood. Many people argue that placing juvenile offenders into a lock down facility like prison only hardens the young into a lifelong pattern of criminal behavior, not to mention the psychological damage done when sexual or physical abuse occurs....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Prison, Childhood]

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Occupational Safety And Health And Safety

- Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health, or workplace health and safety (WHS), is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people at work. The goals of occupational safety and health programs include providing a safe and healthy work environment. OSH may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, and many others who might be affected by the workplace environment....   [tags: Occupational safety and health]

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Gun Control in Canada

-     There has been considerable debate recently in Canada over the issue of gun control. The Canadian parliament enacted the Firearms Act to enforce gun control by requiring gun owners to register their firearms. Just recently, the government of Alberta lead in a charge, including five other provinces and numerous pro-gun groups, complaining that the law is unconstitutional and intrudes on provincial jurisdiction. They also claim that the act infringes on property and civil rights that are guaranteed in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

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Australian Court Hierarchy

- The term “Court Hierarchy” is a very important word in the law world in modern society. It’s definition gives a very clear and concise meaning to the law industry. The phrase can be split into two words to be easily dealt and understood. The word “court” is from a Greek derivative “cohors” or “cohort” meaning courtyard or retinue. It’s definition from the dictionary certainly portrays the law as a very important and distinguished practice. “a. A person or body of persons whose task is to hear and submit a decision on cases at law.” “b....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Unincorporated Entity Registration

- Unincorporated Entity Registration Limited Liability Companies. A limited liability company is an unincorporated association which may be treated as a partnership for tax purposes by providing owners with limited liability similar to that available to shareholders of a stock corporation. A Virginia limited liability company is formed by fi ling articles of organization with the State Corporation Commission and paying a fi ling fee. Foreign limited liability companies may register in Virginia by fi ling an application for registration along with a copy of the articles of organization fi led in the foreign limited liability company’s jurisdiction of formation, duly authenticated by the Secreta...   [tags: Business Law Tax]

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Secure Communities and Illegal Immigration

- Illegal immigration has been a continuing problem in which many people have offered solutions; some have worked better than others. Secure Communities is a program that was implemented in 2008 and has caused serious controversy because of the mandatory nature of the new program policy. This paper will review an article called Federal immigration enforcement is mandatory, memo says. In addition, the pros, cons, and various implications will be reviewed. Article Summary A program in 2008 called Secure Communities was launched with the purpose of focusing on illegal immigration of “serious convicted criminals” (Esquivel, 2012, p....   [tags: Illegal Immigration +]

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2136 words | (6.1 pages) | Preview

Does Racial Profiling Actually Occur

- The concern about racial profiling is erupting throughout the nation. Many cities and states have decided to study racial profiling, or how race and ethnicity may play a part in traffic stops by law enforcement in their jurisdictions. There seems to be a generally accepted understanding of what profiling is. Profiling is the law-enforcement practice of scrutinizing certain individuals based on characteristics thought to indicate a likelihood of criminal behavior. Yet, there are two variations concerning the application of racial profiling....   [tags: law enforcement, police, traffic profiling]

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Law: The Dual Sovereignty Doctrine

- ... Murder is a crime in both state and federal jurisdictions. The state can prosecute the case against Hugh for murder, because murder is prohibited in the state of Georgia. Murder is defined as the unlawful killing of another human being that is neither excused nor justified (Farlex, Inc., 2014). Atlanta is in the state of Georgia and since the murder was committed in Georgia, this gives Georgia the proper jurisdiction to prosecute the case. “Georgia Murder; Felony Murder Statute: § 16-5-1. (a) A person commits the offense of murder when he unlawfully and with malice aforethought, either express or implied, causes the death of another human being....   [tags: crime, court, statues]

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The Human Rights Act 1998

- The Human Rights Act 1998 was introduced to ‘bring rights home’ by the labour party in their general election manifesto in 1997 whereby conventions from ECHR were incorporated in the UK domestic law. The act came in full action in October 2000 after receiving royal assent in November 1998. It was designed to integrate a traditional civil liberties approach to safeguard "effective political democracy", from the strong customs of freedom and liberty in the United Kingdom. My research essay will be divided into two parts....   [tags: Human rights, European Convention on Human Rights]

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2984 words | (8.5 pages) | Preview

Admiralty Outline

- Admiralty Outline Overview Admiralty is federal law, originating in Article III, § 2 of Constitution. i. First Congress included Cases of Admiralty/Maritime in Judiciary Act. ii. Supremacy Clause. b. If say that case is admiralty/maritime case, governed by admiralty law, is to say that substantive admiralty law applies. i. Differences: statute of limitations, comparative laws for recovery, etc. a. Main: trial by judge. From very beginning, admiralty cases are w/o juries. May be why someone brings suit in admiralty – to avoid the jury....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Victorian Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities: Does it Protect and Uphold Human Rights?

- The Victorian Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities: Does it Protect and Uphold Human Rights. Upholding human rights is essential for ensuring a fair and equitable society. In 1966, Australia and a majority of the world’s nations signed on to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). After the atrocities committed in World War II this seemed like a positive step for ensuring acknowledgement and respect for the rights and freedoms of all people. However, the means of enforcing human rights is not a straightforward process....   [tags: Legislative Analysis, Australian Policy]

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Traffic Congestion and the Pollution it Creates is Affecting Air Quality

- ... In order to continue to combat decreasing air quality, this ineffective law in the city needs to be better enforced or revised. This example shows both the lack of enforcement and how ineffective some regulations can be. Similarly, bylaws against blocking an intersection are in place for the city of Toronto (Heisey, 2013, p. 2), but enforcement has been lacklustre and has made this law mostly ineffective. Police Chief Bill Blair expressed his concerns over traffic issues in Toronto and stated that installing traffic enforcement cameras in the busiest parts of the city will help decrease congestion and gridlock and increase enforcement (Davidson, 2013, para....   [tags: greenhouse gases, government policies]

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CyberCrime: Cybersecurity for Cyberspace

- ... This shall be compliant with Executive Order 13636, Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity • Legislation shall be obligated to ensure that federal, state, and local governments IT infrastructures are funded accordingly and that such initiatives shall be prioritized for its critical importance. • Senators shall be authorized to initiate “Cybersecurity” policy creation within his or her jurisdiction based upon the federal framework on IT infrastructures and networking security. Additionally, it shall be the responsibility of the Senators to obtain and allocate adequate funding for their states law enforcement technology investigation process....   [tags: internet crime, networking operations]

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To What Extent did Native American Participation in World War I Affect their Attainment of Status

- This investigation seeks to discover whether World War I was the predominant cause of the United States granting citizenship to Native Americans in the early 20th century, or whether this was effected by an ongoing process of acceptance. Citizenship was granted to Native Americans less than a decade after the end of World War I, however, movements to include people of Native American tribal affiliation as full and equal citizens had begun before World War I and continued long after the end of World War I until 1948....   [tags: native americans rights, citizenship act]

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As Envisioned in the 18th Century: Narrowing the Alien Tort Statute to its Original Application

- In the past thirty years, claims brought under the Alien Tort Statute (ATS) by non-U.S. citizens against U.S. corporations has increased exponentially. The ATS was passed as part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 and allows non-U.S. citizens to bring civil suits in U.S. federal courts for violations of customary international law. The statute has been used to bring claims against corporations and government officials. Beginning with a landmark case, Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain, in 2004, the Court attempted to limit claims allowed under the ATS to those comparable to international law claims envisioned in the 18th century, when the ATS was originally enacted, such as those involving ambassadors, safe...   [tags: judiciary act of 1879, customary international law]

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Legislation That Affects the Use of the Internet in Alberta Public Libraries

- It is difficult to overstate the important role that the Internet plays in public libraries. Patrons can use the Internet to find information, access services, and maintain connections with social media, while library staff can use the Internet to access informational resources, compile and maintain library statistics, stay networked with other libraries, and store files on "the cloud" . The Alberta government is working to make high-speed Internet available in all public libraries across the province; as of 2009, they had nearly reached their goal (just 15 of Alberta's 310 municipal public libraries that were not able to get high-speed Internet access due to problems with their infrastruc...   [tags: Internet Legislation in Alberta]

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The Manifest Normal Mandate Is The Best Description Of A Political Candidate

- Guerrero (2010, p. 298-299) argues that the manifest normal mandate is the best description of a political candidate’s support, wherein the manifest normal mandate (MNM) refers to the amount of support expressed for a candidate through the electoral system in a certain area. While Brennan’s (2009, p. 537) “lesser of two evils” paradigm addresses the fact that voters must sometimes vote for a candidate they don’t wholly support, I think that Guerrero misses another important case: the case in which a voter supports two candidates, but cannot vote for both because they live in a jurisdiction with a one-vote electoral system....   [tags: Voting, Elections, Election, Voting system]

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Community Return to Custody Facilities in Colorado: A Program Evaluation

- Community corrections are an integral part of Colorado’s criminal justice system. Community corrections’ programs not only promote economical practices with state funds but also provide offenders with rehabilitative services in a supervised environment, thus enhancing public safety. Moreover, treatment programs, although effective in penal institutions, are more effective within community settings (Aos, Miller, & Drake, 2006; Lipsey, Chapman, & Landenberger, 2001). Community corrections’ programs generally serve three types of offenders: a) diversion clients, who are under the jurisdiction of the probation department and placed in community corrections’ programs as a diversion from prison; b...   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

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The State Judicial Selection Process of Florida and New Jersey

- Article three, section one of the United States Constitution states “The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office (Cornell University Law School, 2014)”....   [tags: United States Constitution, Supremem Court]

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Louisiana’s Public Policy Regarding Same-Sex Marriage and Legitimacy of Children

- The Current State of the Law in Louisiana Louisiana’s Public Policy Regarding Same-Sex Marriage and Legitimacy of Children Whenever matters of same-sex marriage arise, politicians and conservatives in Louisiana quickly reference Louisiana’s Constitution and the Civil Code, which ban and make it against public policy to enter into or acknowledge same-sex marriage. Louisiana’s public policy argument against same-sex marriage is primarily to protect their civil law tradition of marriage. The consensus from the senate floor was the civil law tradition had to be protected by more than just the Civil Code to continue the historic tradition of marriage existing only between a man and woman, and t...   [tags: civil code, conservatives, public policy]

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Reduce Poverty and Increase Morale by Increasing the Miniumum Wage

- Minimum wage is the lowest compensation that workers can receive from the employers, hourly, daily or monthly. People’s opinions towards the effect of minimum wage differ. Those who are in favor of the implementation of the minimum wage regulations argue that it increases the standard of living of workers, reduces poverty and inequality, increase morale and in turn the efficiency of businesses. Those who disagree judge minimum wage laws against the criterion of reducing poverty. Moreover, they claim that it increases unemployment....   [tags: canada, labor, income]

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Exploring the Purpose of the Indian Gaming Regulation Act

- When the word “Native American” is mentioned, the first thing most people will think of is Indian gaming. As many people know, only Native Americans can conduct gaming while people from other ethnicity cannot. This leads to the belief that it is an indirect way for the American government to repay the tribal government for taking their lands. This is partially true. The right to conduct gaming on reservations begins with the Indian Gaming Regulation Act (IGRA). Since its establishment in 1988, hundreds of tribes are able to negotiate an agreement with the governments to operate casinos on reservation lands....   [tags: culture, native americans, casinos]

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1463 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Extent of affirmative action violating the equal protection clause

- Debate has been firm, and there has been major controversy surrounding affirmative action since its introduction. Affirmative action was first established by President John F. Kennedy on March 6, 1961(WM. Bradford Reynolds,1992,p.39). Controversy surrounding affirmative action is due to its questioning of constitutionality. Affirmative action conflicts with the equal protection clause. The debate is whether Affirmative action (provides opportunities to excluded groups over other groups) conflicts with the equal protection clause (requires all individuals to be treated equally under the law in the same jurisdiction)....   [tags: Constitutionality, Discrimination]

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The Importance of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifthteenth Amendendments

- ... This Amendment states that all persons born or naturalized in the United States , and subject to the jurisdiction thereof are citizens of the United States and of the state where in they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privilidges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of laws. This Amenedment was particulary important during the time period in which it was ratified because even though African Americans were freed from slavery, they were still denied the same rights and liberti...   [tags: US Constitution analysis]

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1488 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

An Example Of Constitutionality And The Rule Of Law

- Legislative Memo Name Institution Legislative Memo: Vexatious Proceedings Act 2005 (Qld) Purpose of legislation The Act is an example of constitutionality and the rule of law. The administration of justice to all irrespective of their social status is a core objective that governs the most courts of law. Ideally, the judicial process ought to be expeditious in a bid to grant all parties a fair trial. However, abuse of the judicial process by the litigants is highly discouraged thereby leading to the formulation of legislations such as the Vexatious Proceedings Act 2005 in a bid to curb such tendencies....   [tags: Court, Law, Judge, Tribunal]

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The Role And Function Of The U.s. Supreme Court

- “Every generation gets the Constitution that it deserves. As the central preoccupations of an era make their way into the legal system, the Supreme Court eventually weighs in, and nine lawyers in robes become oracles of our national identity”- Noah Feldman. The everyday workingman, mother, father, son, and daughter lives under a law that signifies the body of enforceable rules governing relationships among individuals and between individuals and their society. We follow this imaginary law to create a society that allows us to live in safety....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States, United States]

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1140 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Gold Coast after Gaining Independence from Colonialism

- ... Commencing before European colonization, the various chiefdoms fought to gain superior power over the other in efforts to stabilize and develop their status in the region. Muslim merchants that participated in the sub-saharan trade routes bought and sold gold, ivory, and pepper from the region which spread the idea that The Gold Coast contained a rich source of natural resources to Western merchants. The Gold Coast became popular when the Portuguese, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, German, and English traders explored the West Coast of Africa beginning in the fifteenth century during the era of exploration....   [tags: African countries independence]

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1371 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Discipline and Justice in the Military and Navy

- Before 1951, the Army and Navy operated under laws derived directly from the British Articles of War in force prior to the Revolutionary War (Pound 2002). In those days, soldiers and sailors possessed few rights. The old system enforced discipline rather than justice. Punishments ranged from execution, flogging and hard labor with ball and chain. The changes began. In 1850, the Navy outlawed flogging. After World War I, the three levels of courts were introduced and continue to this day. These are the general, special and summary levels, applied according to the seriousness of the charges....   [tags: revolutionary war, soldeirs, laws]

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Policy Recommendation : The State Of North Carolina

- Policy Recommendation The State of North Carolina General Statutes define juveniles as someone “who is not eighteen years old and is not married, emancipated or a member of the armed forces of the United States” (State of NC, 2000, p. 5). These young people have no right to vote, buy alcohol, or join the military without permission from a parent. Although these same young people are protected by child abuse laws, they can be charged as adults in the criminal justice system. This presents concerns for child advocates....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminal justice]

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Custody Of Children During The Pendency Of Trial

- Child Custody laws The courts are asked upon to decide in respect of custody of children during the pendency of trial. The question of custody of children is an important matter which affects the children and parents emotionally, economically and socially. The matrimonial courts have been empowered under the matrimonial enactments to decide such questions and pass orders relating to custody, education and maintenance of the children from time to time. Such orders can be modified, revoked or changed....   [tags: Family, Grandparent, Marriage, Childhood]

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1436 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

The Code Of Hammurabi And The United States

- The formation and history of the judge, tied closely with the rich history of the law, has no clear beginning. The law gradually formed over the centuries into the law that is used in the United States today. In ancient societies, the smartest, wisest, or the most powerful would act as judge and settle disputes among the people. In monarchies, citizens could bring their troubles to the presiding ruler to be settled. Containing rules and punishments, the first official law known is the Code of Hammurabi, formed around 1780 BC (Institute 2) ....   [tags: Judge, Jury, Appellate court, Common law]

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1729 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

The Due Process Clause Serves Two Basic Goals

- “The Due Process Clause serves two basic goals. One is to produce, through the use of fair procedures, more accurate results: to prevent the wrongful deprivation of interests. The other goal is to make people feel that the government has treated them fairly by, say, listening to their side of the story.” (exploring Constitutional Conflicts , n.d.) My case involves a young boy by the name of George Stinney Jr, who at the time of sentencing was 14 years old from Alcolu, South Carolina. Who was accused of murdering two young white girls by beating them over the head with a railroad spike and dumping them in a water-logged ditch....   [tags: Law, Jury, United States Constitution]

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787 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

The Criminal Justice System Within The United States

- [Although the United States is a young country its criminal justice system is steeped in history. It is one of the most civilized and structured countries in the World. Since the early settlers came to the new world and established settlements there has been a need for a method to deal with crime. In this paper, the organization, management, administration and operational functions of policing at the local, state, and federal levels will be compared and contrasted. Essentially, all law enforcement agencies in the United States are based on a military model, this means that they are assembled on a hierarchical system with distinct roles and responsibilities....   [tags: Police, Law enforcement agency, United States]

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987 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

A Study Therapeutic Practice And Domestic Violence Courts

- Relatively recently in history the development of specialized, or problem-oriented, courts have assumed a predominate role in multiple areas. Three of the major ones discussed here include drug, mental health, and domestic violence courts. In 1996, the American Bar Association provided their interpretation of specialization, stating: Traditionally, specialization refers to a specialized subject matter combined with subject matter expertise. With reference to courts, specialization usually signifies that a court has limited and frequently exclusive, jurisdiction in one or more specific fields of the law....   [tags: Law, Domestic violence, Crime, Criminal justice]

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1394 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Education Is A Critical Component Of Our Society

- Education is a critical component of our society. Within the confines of an education system, be it a school, or a in a home, the future generation of our country will learn the skills and concepts needed to contribute to our society in a productive and meaningful way. Just as with any society functioning under a government, there are laws, policies and regulations which must be adhered. These rules which must be followed are, in the United States, rooted in various areas of the US Constitution, as well our individual state constitutions....   [tags: United States Constitution]

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976 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

After the Civil War: The New South

- Was there a New South after the Civil War. What elements marked or did not mark the New South. After the Civil War, the South was in a state of political turmoil, social chaos, and economic decline. Contrary to popular belief, Northerners did not subject Southerners to unethical or inhumane punishment. The time post Civil War was filled with efforts toward reconstructing the South, yet there is the strong question if there even is a New South. Yes, there was somewhat of a New South economically....   [tags: U.S. History ]

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989 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

The United States Department of Justice Analysis

- The federal court system has three main levels: District Courts, Circuit Courts of Appeals and the Supreme Court. Through out the nation there are 94 district courts, 13 circuit courts and one Supreme Court (“The United States Department of Justice - United States Attorney's Office”). During the early days of the Federal Convention in 1787, the delegates all agreed on a plan for the government that will include national judiciary (“History of the Federal Judiciary”). Article III, in the Constitution, is the shortest article that established the institution of the government....   [tags: magistrate judges, supreme court, federal court]

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1491 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Sterelisation of Young Women with Mental Disabilities

- Sterilisations of some young women with mental disabilities have been always involved legal debate and seen to be ethical issues. Recently in Australia, the Federal Disability Commissioner has been alarmed on the increasing numbers of disabled women and girls who are being sterilised. The Commissioner urges all the states and territories about the extent of the practice, where some parents approach medical practitioners about the possibility of sterilisation procedure of their disabled children without the authority of courts and tribunals (ABS News, 2012)....   [tags: legal and ethical issues]

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1243 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Difference between Terrorism and Domestic Terrorism

- ... The author seconds that the FBI definition is the one that she agrees with the most. The FBI definition seems like the only one that doesn’t leave anything out. It is the most descriptive, and unlike the American Heritage definition, it broadens the scope of terrorists from being a certain type of group to the possibility of it being just one man or woman. The FBI also gives a definition of domestic terrorism that is very similar to its definition of terrorism, but has a minor difference. Like terrorism, there are three characteristics that need to be met in order to define an act as domestic terrorism....   [tags: similar concepts, definition]

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1108 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Law: Excess or Abuse of Discretion in

- Law has reached its finest moments when it has freed man from the unlimited discretion of some ruler....Where discretion is absolute man has always suffered. -Justice Douglas “Discretion”, as proclaimed by Coke, is a science or understanding to discern between falsity and truth, between right and wrong, between shadows and substance, between equity and colourable glosses and pretences, and not to do according to their will and private affections. The administrative authorities have acquired vast discretionary powers and generally, exercise of those powers is left to the subjectivity satisfaction of the administration without laying down the statutory guidelines or imposing conditions....   [tags: administrative authorities, power]

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All Prisoners Should Lose Their Voting Rights

- Prisoners in the United Kingdom are currently denied the vote and in order to evaluate whether all prisoners should lose their voting rights we must: see whether is possible to remove a prisoner’s right to vote; if it is, then which criminals should retain the right to vote and what severity should be attached to this sentencing and finally; how useful removing the right to vote is , and whether this has an effect on whether is it removed or not. Before deciding whether all prisoners should lose their right to vote, we must first examine whether or not they are able to lose it, that is to say whether the right to vote is universal and undeniable....   [tags: Human rights, Democracy, Crime, Elections]

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The Fourteenth Amendment Of The United States

- The Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States was the first amendment added to the Constitution immediately after the Civil War. The Thirteenth Amendment officially outlawed slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment was adopted December 18, 1865 which says, “Section 1: Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.” This amendment is the most important amendment of the Reconstruction Amendments....   [tags: United States Constitution, American Civil War]

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822 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

The Legal System Of The United States

- Overview While the overwhelming majority of legal cases cycle through the judicial system by settling out of court, courts remain crucial to the orderly operation of American society (Friedman, 1984). The court system as we know it is not unique to the United States. The American legal system is the result of the synthesis of other legal traditions brought on by early immigration, with elements of Dutch, Spanish, English, French, and even Native American law within the system. Perhaps most definitively, due to English colonial supremacy, the American system to most closely resembles the English legal system (Friedman, 1984) English Example From the English legal system, the American court sy...   [tags: United States, Law, Common law, Appeal]

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1215 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Prescription And Illicit Drugs Should Be Legal

- Prescription and Illicit Drugs There are great problems that every day average Americans face in the United States on a daily basis. One of these problem has grown to epidemic proportions. “The CDC (Centers for Disease Control) has classified Prescription Drug Abuse as an epidemic.” (L Netemeyer) The problem is drug abuse and drug availability. We see the results of drug abuse everyday whether were in Walmart, the corner store or in the workplace. The slang terms used for drug use or drug abusers (tweeking, tweeker, crackhead, stoner, exc.) have even became common words in today’s society....   [tags: Drug addiction, Illegal drug trade, Heroin]

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1073 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Police Enforcement And The Law Enforcement System

- "Police officers play a central role in the law enforcement system. They monitor criminal activity, take part in community patrols, respond to emergency calls, issue tickets, make arrests, investigate crimes and testify in court. A police officer 's first order of business is to serve and protect. Police officers serve their communities by helping citizens in times of crisis and emergency, such as when a natural disaster hits. To protect citizens on the road, they issue tickets to dangerous and careless drivers....   [tags: Police, Constable, Police officer, Crime]

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1011 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Police And The Criminal Justice System

- In the early 1900’s thee was one individual, in the early days of New York City, responsible for directing the criminal traffic through the judicial system that was the magistrate. The position is by appointment but the person who fills it would be put right into the middle of the criminal justice system to deal with the accused citizens, the police and the lawyers who represent both sides of the proceedings. The events in which someone who has broken the law is convicted are first their arrest and finally their sentencing against them proclaiming them guilty of their crime....   [tags: Judge, Crime, Law, Magistrate]

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1028 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Opiate Abuse : The Legal And Illegal

- There is no question that opiate abuse – both legal and illegal is on the rise in all demographics. Congress introduced several laws last year and a rash of laws this year in response to the public awareness of the epidemic. The main thrust of most of the bills is promoting community education, substance monitoring systems, and criminal reform. Two laws and a few provisions in others are aimed at developing “best practices,” practitioner education, including making DEA registration renewal contingent upon mandatory courses....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Opioid, Heroin]

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1912 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Public Policy And The Criminal Justice System

- Public policy plays a major role on the lives of citizens in the United States. It determines many aspects of education, welfare, health care, and even the criminal justice system. When it comes to the criminal justice system, some people may find it frightening due to its image as a ‘life-disrupting’ agency; however, others view it as an opportunity to get revenge or to correct a situation that seems wrong. No matter what the viewpoint is, the criminal justice system is an important part of society because it ties into everyone’s world in one way or another....   [tags: Capital punishment, Crime, Murder]

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1583 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Analysis Of Mcdonald 's ' Food Labeling

- Case Activities 5 Spotlight on McDonald’s – Food Labeling This case focuses on McDonald’s Corp.’s Happy Meal that consists of an entrée, a small order of french fries, a small drink, and a toy. McDonald’s started to direct their marketing of the Happy Meal to children between the ages of one to three in the early 1990’s. Later in 1995, McDonald’s released documents known as “McDonald’s Nutrition Facts” that made the nutritional information for its foods products available. While each document provided a list of food items with a nutritional breakdown that the restaurant serves the Happy Meal was not included amongst the documents....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States, United States]

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1424 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Components of the US Judicial System

- Points I will cover in this essay are :Summery of the US Judicial System,standard organizational system and issues and challenges that faces each component system. The three component of US justice police, courts and corrections organization and administration work diligently and effortless to deliver the optimal fairness to much extent .How the three component of the US justice system deliver fairness is sometimes questionable. The three parts of the criminal justice system operate together under the rule of law and principal means of maintaining the rule of law within society....   [tags: US Government]

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987 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

The Constitution and the U.S. Government

- Introduction After the Constitutional Convention in 1787, the United States Government was reorganized under the Constitution. This gave the federal government far more power than did the Articles of Confederation, which invested power within the states. Basically, the Constitution created three branches of government (Executive, Judicial, and Legislative) which would work together to run the government. To make sure that there was an equal balance of power among the branches, a system of checks and balances was devised so that each branch could limit the power of the others....   [tags: U.S. Government ]

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1757 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Food Safety: Clean, Safety, and Healthy

- Recognition of Bess or “Clean, Safety and Healthy” has been enforced to all food premises trader in Malaysia in 2012 and currently regulated under the enforcement of Food Safety and Quality Department, Ministry of Health and Nutritional Department, Public Health Office, Ministry of Health in which it is fully supported by several related agencies such as Ministry of Domestic Trades, Co-Operatives and Consumerisms (KPDNKK), local authorities, Agricultural Department, FAMA, and Islamic Religion Department etc....   [tags: food, program, customers, quality]

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1050 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The Limited State Governement in Nevada

- Exam 2 1) The framers of the Nevada Constitution intended for the state government to be limited in its power to curtail corruption and the concentration of power. All three branches of the Nevada government are limited by separation of powers and a system of checks and balances. “The framers of the 1864 constitution sought to incorporate into that document limitations and exclusions on the legislature's vast reserve of power” (Bowers Pg.69) Nevada being one of only seven states that uses the biennial session system; this is one of the most limiting checks of the legislature's power, that is they only meet for four months every other year....   [tags: constitution, legislature, checks]

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1321 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Criminal Court Systems : Court System

- CRIMINAL COURT SYSTEMS 1 Criminal Court Systems James M. Hogan Columbus Technical College CRIMINAL COURT SYSTEMS 2 Abstract Through research, time in class, and some general knowledge I have learned that there are 3 main parts to the federal court system of the United States. You have the District Court, Circuit Court, and last but not least the Supreme Court....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States, United States]

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1236 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Rights Of The United States

- In 1839, Portuguese slave hunters abducted Africans from Sierra Leone and send them to Cuba. Fifty-three Africans were purchased and put aboard a ship known as the “Cuban Schooner Amistad” and they were shipped to a plantation in the Caribbean. (Cliffon H. Johnson) The Portuguese slave hunters violated strict treaties that existed during that time period because Africans could only be born into slavery. A couple months later, the Africans took control and began to fight for their freedom....   [tags: Slavery in the United States]

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1277 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Constitution And The Supreme Court

- all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness” those were the elementary principles why United States of America decided to declare its independence displeased of Britain’s crown’s tyranny and looking to act according to its beliefs. Once the independence was declared, there was necessary laws that ensure compliance to their rights and an institution that guarantee them. It is why a group of man, representatives of the 13 states, known as the founding fathers created the US Constitution and the Supreme Court....   [tags: United States Constitution]

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1403 words | (4 pages) | Preview

The Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol Act

- H.R. 1013 The regulate marijuana like alcohol act According to New York Daily News reported the parents of a 16-year-old girl (Genny Barbour of Maple Shade N.J.) who was prescribed medical marijuana for her seizures has filed a lawsuit for her to allow to take her medication in school. Genny was finally seizure free after a doctor prescribed her cannabis oil, which she took multiple times a day. However, the school district determined she could not take the medication on school grounds because that would violate federal laws for drug-free school zones....   [tags: Cannabis, Legality of cannabis by country]

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The Right For Same Sex Marriage

- Kim Davis is a the county clerk for Rowan County, Kentucky, She gained attention after she refusing a court order that would grant her the right to issue marriage licenses. The right for same-sex marriage was issued on June 26, 2015 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Davis did not believe in same sex marriage because she feels strongly about her religion and so she refused to issue any license, same-sex or opposite-sex. Couples started filling lawsuits against. Davis claims she believed she was only standing up for her religion by not issuing these licenses and that it is her right to stand up....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States]

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958 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Puerto Rico And The United States

- Puerto Rico also known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, is an island nestled in between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean. It has a population of Puerto Rico is 3,474,182 (United States Consensus, 2015) and is 13,791 sq. km. This particular island is unique because it encompasses the strong Puerto Rican traditions, but fall under The United States of America’s jurisdiction. This came after Spain relinquished Puerto Rico to the United States under the terms outlined in the Treaty of Paris....   [tags: United States, U.S. state, Puerto Rico]

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802 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Organ Procurement Donation And Transplantation System

- In 1984, Congress passed the National Organ Transplant Act that mandated the establishment of the OPTN (Organ Procurement Transplant Network) and Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients. The purpose of the OPTN is to improve the effectiveness of the nation 's organ procurement, donation and transplantation system by increasing the availability of and access to donor organs for patients with end-stage organ failure. The Act stipulated that the network be a nonprofit, private sector entity whose members are all U.S....   [tags: Organ donation, Organ transplant, Legal death]

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2038 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Juvenile Delinquency And The Juvenile Court

- More than 31 million youth were under juvenile court jurisdiction in 2011. Of these youth, 79% were between the ages of 10 and 15, 12% were age 16, and 8% were age 17. The small proportion of 16- and 17-year-olds among the juvenile court population is related to the upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction, which varies by state. In 2011, youth age 16 in 2 states were under the original jurisdiction of the criminal court, as were youth age 17 in an additional 11 states. (Hockenberry and Puzzanchera) Most of the young people have been involved in driving a car or another vehicle while under the influence, carried a weapon, drunk alcohol or done drugs, attempted suicide, and engaged in sexual...   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology]

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1312 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Federalism Is A System Of Government

- “Federalism is a system of government in which the people are regulated by both federal and state governments ( Hames & Ekert, 2010, p. 16). The American Legal System has three branches of government at both the federal and state level. Each government has specific powers that are either exclusive to that government or concurrent. While these two governing bodies were created to co-exist occasionally conflicts do arise. When this happens the Supremacy Clause is used to resolve the issue. Federalism has many interpretations but cases such as Texas v....   [tags: United States Constitution, United States]

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1035 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The Federal And State Judicial System

- The federal and state judicial systems are alike in their framework. “One of the most immediate consequences of the dual court system is the complexity it adds to the criminal justice system” (Neubaeur & Fradella, 2014). When placed side by side, both the federal and state courts have circuit courts, courts of appeals or court of last resort and a supreme court. “The creation and maintenance of a highly decentralized system of federal and state courts exists by design, not accident” (Krotoszyniski, 2014)....   [tags: Law, Judge, Criminal justice, Jury]

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981 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Authority Over Property By John Locke

- Authority over property, by the law of nature, is given to the individual to which it is owned. Therefore, the premise presented by John Locke, in Second Treatise of Government, in which a government cannot legitimately infringe upon individuals’ property without their consent, is correct. A government may not cease private property, as it is inconceivable for any form of government to be granted such an authority. Locke’s thesis, ‘a government cannot legitimately infringe upon individuals’ property without their consent,’ entails the state of nature....   [tags: Political philosophy, John Locke, Property]

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1046 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The Legacy Of The Emancipation Proclamation

- Emancipation is defined by Merriam Webster as a transitive verb meaning “to free from restraint, control, or the power of another; especially:  to free from bondage”. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln emancipation slaves from their slave-masters, thus former slaves assumed they were “free”. Liberated, yes, but free no. After the Emancipation Proclamation was signed, it created an illusion that slaves were very well free, but in reality their bondage was simply shifted from the slave house to the states. Built on racism, America struggles with the fact that the foundation of America was racism in the fact that racism has existed on American soil longer than America has existed as an independent countr...   [tags: Race, African American, United States]

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1307 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Lake Sturgeon Regulation and Recovery in New York

- Lake sturgeon are listed as threatened and are protected in New York State by the Endangered and Threatened Species of Fish and Wildlife; Species of Special Concern; Incidental Take Permits regulation of the New York State Conservation Regulations Chapter 1 Part 182 (Part, n.d.). This regulation affords the state the ability to list native species from New York as threatened or endangered within the state and its waters for multiple reasons. If the species is listed as threatened or endangered by the federal government, through the Department of the Interior, it will be placed on the states list....   [tags: Conservation ]

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1077 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

- Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) is an autonomous body of the Organization of American States (OAS) and of the bodies for protection of human rights. Its headquarters are in Washington, D.C., United States. Its ranking officers are its seven commissioners who are elected by OAS General Assembly for four years and work in a personal capacity and are not considered to represent their countries of origin. These officers have to be of high moral character and competent in the field of human rights....   [tags: Human Rights Essays]

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1322 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

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