Your search returned over 400 essays for "jurisdiction"
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Similarities And Differences Between Assault And Battery

- In this research paper it explains the fundamental difference and similarities between assault and battery and how they both affect a person against crime and their victims. Assault and battery are used to indicate an offense or just one.When dealing with the two offense battery has to occur when dealing with assault. Assault and battery are common law crimes that we have in the American jurisdiction system. The history about sex crimes such as rape and sexual assault and harassment goes back to the english days where rape was against property and not the person....   [tags: Human sexual behavior, Sexual intercourse]

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Case Study : Business Law 201

- Final Paper Business Law 201 Keith S. Ferguson This is a complex case, involving multiple parties and several variables that need to be examined thoroughly. The parties mentioned include Knarles operator of the facility maintenance company, his son Barkley, their employee, a licensed plumber, and Mr. Chetum. Although in the end Chetum is suing the facilities maintenance firm for a breach of contract, all factors must be examined to determine proper fault. Knarles’ company is based in Maryland and does business in DC, Maryland, and Virginia....   [tags: Contract, Law, Tort, Breach of contract]

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Trying Juveniles as Adults

- According to Caldwell (1961) the juvenile justice system is based on the principle that youth are developmentally and fundamentally different from adults. According to Mack (1909) the focus of the juvenile justice system has shifted from “was the crime committed” to “why did the child commit the crime”, “how can we help the child”. When performing as it is designed and up to the initial intentions, the juvenile court balances rehabilitation (treatment) of the offender with suitable sanctions when necessary such as incarceration....   [tags: juvenile justice, court systems, judges]

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The Legal Definition Of Crime

- The definition of crime in the social context is "that behavior which violates (goes against) societal norms". This can be somewhat misleading as societal views change over time and therefore such a definition is always susceptible to interpretation. The legal definition of crime is an act or omission that violates the law and is punishable by a sentence of incarceration. Substantive law consists of written statutory rules passed by legislature that govern how people behave. These rules, or laws, define crimes and set forth punishment....   [tags: Police, Crime, United States, U.S. state]

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Usage of Coercive Means

- Usage of coercive means The definition of the concept offered by the UN Charter is the following: “All members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations” . The purpose of this rule was to prevent states from resorting to constraints in the eventuality of a conflict of any kind. Employing the usage of coercive means of force against the jurisdiction and the statal coherence is nowadays prohibited on the grounds of the non-belligerent doctrine , a fundamental concept of contemporary international law; likewi...   [tags: international law, territorial integrity]

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Law: Alternative Dispute Resolutions

- Law is defined as any system of regulations that governs the conduct of the people of a community, society or nation, in response to the need for regularity, consistency and justice based upon collective human experience (dictionary.law.com). This means that laws were created as fair system to help society to keep the peace, shape morals, support social policies, encourage cooperation between different entities, and to maximize individual freedoms. This case in particular involves a breach of a service contract between James’ painting business and Stan....   [tags: regulation system, community, justice]

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The United States Is Vulnerable to Cyberterrorism

- "Information systems are vulnerable and it is possible for terrorists to utilize the vulnerabilities of information systems to attack their adversaries" (Hua & Bapna 2013). Since the events of 9/11 the world has watched as terrorism has slowly began to escalate not only in severity but frequency however, until recently nations including the United States have been more focused on traditional methods of terrorism and paid little effort to the growing concern of cyberterrorism. Hua and Bapta (2013) define cyberterrorism as: ”Attacks implemented by cyber terrorists via information systems to (1) significantly interfere with the political, social or economic functioning of a critically importan...   [tags: Cyberterrorism Essays]

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Insider Trading Is A Public Company 's Stock Or Other Bonds Or Stocks Options?

- Insider trading Insider trading is sharing a public company’s stock or other bonds or stocks options by individuals with access to secret information about the company. This is considered illegal in many countries. The reason behind this is because it is not fair by the investors who don’t have such privileges to access this information as the investor with the inside information may potentially make far larger benefits that an ordinary investor could not make. It is claimed that illegal insider trading will increase the cost of capital for securities issuers and decreases overall economic growth....   [tags: Audit, Auditing, Internal control]

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The World Of Multinational Corporations ( Mncs )

- In the world of multinational corporations (MNCs) whose headquarters are based in the United States, the transfer of intellectual property and profits to tax haven countries has become a common and lucrative business practice. Through the use of foreign holding companies, or so-called “Controlled Foreign Corporation (CFC)”, MNCs have been able to generate higher profits while avoiding high U.S. corporate income tax rates on worldwide earnings. Overall, 83 of the 100 largest publicly traded U.S. corporations have subsidiaries in locations listed as tax havens or financial privacy jurisdictions, according to the Government Accountability Office (Hirsch 1)....   [tags: Taxation in the United States, Tax, Corporation]

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The Creation Of Cellular Back Doors

- On the creation of cellular back-doors; in regard to the Apple and FBI dispute The debate between libertarians and authoritarians regarding the violation of civil liberties to ensure national security is long lasting. It can be traced back to foundation of our country, but a new branch of the debate has just sprouted. This branch regards the breaching of cellular and electronic devices. Within the last 15 years the sale of cellular devices has skyrocket, according to Pew Research, with 91% of Americans now having this form of communications device....   [tags: Law, United States]

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The Voting Rights Act Of 1965

- On June 25th 2013, the United States Supreme Court ruled by a 5-4 vote that section 4(b) of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 is unconstitutional due to the fact the coverage formula is no longer valid because it is based upon 40 year old data and that it no longer responds to current needs. Shelby County v Holder regards the constitutionality of two provisions section 4(b) and section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Section 5, of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 requires certain states to obtain federal preclearance before any state tries to implement any changes to their voting laws or practices....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States, United States]

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The International Financial Reporting Standards

- The International Financial Reporting Standards, or IFRS, are a major set of standards for accounting used outside of the United States. Multiple bodies, made up of accountants from multiple major economic markets, are involved in developing and publishing IFRS standards. Since the initial release of IFRSs every major continent has at least one jurisdiction using IFRS. In order to have one global and competitive market a unified set of financial reporting standards needs to be used. The International Financial Reporting Standards, influenced and accepted by accountants from around the world, are a promising start to a global set of accounting standards and the growth of a global market....   [tags: International Financial Reporting Standards]

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The Law of the Sea

- The Law of the Sea Territorial Sea is established up to 12 miles from the baseline of the coast. This is an extension of the land and the coastal state exerts full sovereignty over the area. It is an area of national jurisdiction. Also establishes a contiguous zone where the coastal State may exercise the control necessary to (1) prevent infringement of its customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws and regulations (2) punish infringement of the above laws and regulations committed within its territory or territorial sea....   [tags: Papers]

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The Case Of The Alien Tort Statute

- There is long history of the Alien Tort Statute pitot to the kiobel’s case. Alien Tort Statute (ATS) is approved by Congress in 1789 to provide the federal courts jurisdiction over tort statement. U.S. made a commitment about human rights and international law. However, George Washington was against the cruel treatment of British soldiers. History describes that during foreign plaintiffs seldom appeal the ATS in the past. However, the precedent prove that in 1980. Around two centuries after the ATS turn into law, Filartiga v....   [tags: United States, Supreme Court of the United States]

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The International Criminal Court ( Icc )

- The International Criminal Court (ICC) is dependent upon ratification from states that are willing to give up their own jurisdiction in order to have a stronger enforcement of international crimes. Without support from major states, the ICC will continue to struggle in following through with its promise to promote its main purposes, “justice, peace, and stability” (Simmons, 226). The International Criminal Court has many merits, but also has many weaknesses, but based on the provided articles, I personally believe that the International Criminal Court is an organization worthy of my support....   [tags: Human rights, Law, International Criminal Court]

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Creating A Better Status Of Force Agreement

- Solution 2: Creating A Better Status of Force Agreement During instances where the troop contributing country does not follow up on the allegation of abuses, the United Nations should focus on creating a model Status of Force Agreement (SOFA) that would be automatically applicable to all missions. This Status of Force Agreement would not include immunity to offenses that could be regarded as crimes that are deemed severe to humanity such as sexual abuse. The model Status of Force Agreement would include primary and subsidiary jurisdiction that is enforced over select crimes committed in the territory of the hosting state....   [tags: United Nations, Human rights, Peacekeeping]

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Judicial Process of the Supreme Court

- Nature’s Judicial Process in the Supreme Court consists of decision-making; based on the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. Although the Supreme Court has the capability to decide all extended cases; it also has the power to ascend under the Constitution, which allows the Supreme Court its jurisdiction in the Judicial Branch of government. The Judicial Process interpret the laws that are established in the Supreme Court; thus, allowing the Court to exercise its power by shifting its system under the Constitutional laws of the United States....   [tags: American Government, Supreme Court]

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The Violation Of Criminal Justice System

- The law is one of the fundamentals in a country or state to ensure there is a peaceful existence among all people across all levels in a society. Our criminal justice system provides a system of practices that have the sole duty and responsibility of upholding social control, deterring and mitigating any form of crime. The criminal procedures with that system are the safeguards against indiscriminate application of criminal laws and the protection of suspects from malicious behavior from initial contact with police, to being arrested, trial, sentencing, and appeals....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States]

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The Appropriate Court For This Lawsuit

- The appropriate court for this lawsuit depends upon several factors. Three important considerations include personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction and minimum contacts. Personal jurisdiction is the power the courts have over parties involved. Minimum contact is the contact required between a party and a state in order for the courts of that state to constitutionally assert power of that party within specific boundary (Kubasek, p. 42). Because Funny Face promoted their product over the internet and sold to customers worldwide this would apply to them....   [tags: Dispute resolution, Mediation]

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Newborn Twins Zoe And Thomas Quaid

- During the month of November 2007, newborn twins Zoe and Thomas Quaid was hospitalized due to a staph infection at the Cedars-Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles, California. November 18, 2007, the physicians who prescribed 10 unit/ml of Hep-lock to ensure that the IV line was clear, although hospital staffs made a “medical error” and gave 10,000 unit/ml of Heparin as an alternative. On December 4, 2007, plaintiffs filed a two-count grievance against Baxter asserting stringent liable and negligent. Plaintiffs purported that the 10 unit/ml vials of Hep-lock and 10,000 unit/ml vials of Heparin manufactured by defendant was in a arbitrarily dangerous state due to the labels of both vials consisted of...   [tags: Appeal, United States, Court, Plaintiff]

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Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act

- In 1965, at a time of racial discrimination in America and the emergence of a strong Civil Rights Movement, congress enacted the Voting Rights Act (VRA), which prohibits discrimination in voting. Congress could not end racial discrimination in voting by suing one jurisdiction, state, etc. at a time. Rather, Congress passed Section 5 of the VRA, which required states and local governments with a history of racially discriminating voting practices to get the approval of the U.S. Attorney General or a three-judge panel for the U.S....   [tags: civil rights, racial discrimmination]

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New Zealand Courts Should Use International Law

- Law 131 Essay New Zealand courts should use international law to develop the common law where there is a lack of understanding in specific areas. Through an increasingly global world, New Zealand is able to compare its own laws with other jurisdictions which help it to consider other opportunities when attempting to create new common law. Furthermore, international law can give New Zealand with interpreting certain laws when there is a gap in New Zealand law. Rather than thinking from the beginning, we can use international law to give us a framework for approaching novel situations....   [tags: Law, Common law, Human rights, Judge]

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New Zealand Courts Should Use International Law

- New Zealand courts should use international law to develop the common law, where there is a lack of understanding in specific areas. Through an increasingly global world, New Zealand is able to compare its own laws with other jurisdictions when attempting to create new common law. Furthermore, international law can aid courts in interpreting certain laws when there is a gap in New Zealand law. Rather than beginning with nothing, international law to offers us a framework for approaching novel situations....   [tags: Law, Common law, Human rights, Judge]

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The National Labor Relations Board

- The ability for the federal government to regulate businesses’ activity is given in the Constitution. Article 1, Section 8 is known as the commerce clause; it states, “Congress shall have the Power…to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes” (Reed, 173). Through the commerce clause, the government is able to regulate business activity by the use of administrative agencies, which is defined as “a governmental regulatory body that controls and supervises a particular activity or area of public interest and administers and enforces a particular body of law related to that activity or interest” (Administrative Agency, 1)....   [tags: Government]

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The Law Has Over Citizens

- Jurisdiction the Law has over Citizens What would the world be like is there as absolutely no law. A recent movie, The Purge, clearly depicted the total anarchy a world without law would create. The Purge allowed people to see what a night without order, control, or protection from the government services would look like. The movie included mass destruction of property, murder, theft, and other examples of total anarchy. In order to prevent such mishap, we, as citizens, allow the Law to have jurisdiction over us based on certain grounds....   [tags: Law, Human rights, Ten Commandments]

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Shelby County Civil Court System

- The Shelby County Charter became effective September 1, 1986. Shelby County 's government, the Shelby County Charter places the power to operate the government in the hands of the people of Shelby County. Shelby county court system is ran and operated much like any other county court system of Tennessee would. Shelby county court system concise of “Trial courts” that are divided into four different sections. The section includes Criminal, Chancery, Circuit, and Probate court. Shelby County also has a court of general jurisdiction which includes the juvenile court system....   [tags: Judge, Court, Circuit court, Criminal law]

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Marbury V Madison

- Marbury v. Madison (1803) Marbury v. Madison has been hailed as one of the most significant cases that the Supreme Court has ruled upon. In this paper, I will explain the origins and background in the case, discuss the major Constitutional issues it raised, and outline the major points of the courts decision. I will also explain the significance of this key decision. Origins and background of the case In the late 1700's, John Adams was President. Adams was a member of the Federalist Party....   [tags: Court Supreme History Precedent Constitution]

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Customary International Law

- According to Article 38 of the 1946 Statute of the International Court of Justice, the Court shall apply “international custom, as evidence of a general practice accepted as law” in its decisions (Kritsiotis 123). In other words, the International Court of Justice cites customs as a formal source of law. According to Roberto Unger, author of Law in a Modern Society, customary international law is best defined as “any recurring mode of interaction among individuals and groups, together with the more or less explicit acknowledgement of these groups and individuals that such patterns of interaction produce reciprocal expectations of conduct that out to be satisfied (Shaw 72-73)....   [tags: Law]

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Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution by A.V. Dicey

- The "rule of law" is an English concept which formulated in the 1500s as a means of describing whom had the authority to govern over another. Since its initial creation, the "rule of law" phrasing became more universal thanks largely to the work of A.V. Dicey in his 1885 work "Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution." In this writing, the rule of law concept was further defined with three essential principles: -No man can be punished via goods or body unless a distinct breach of the laws is established in the court system where they are established....   [tags: rule of law, power]

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The United States And The Federal Court System

- The federal government consist of three branches for each one has a specific role that protects and serves each person in the United States. The Constitution established these branches to enhance a stronger federal government as well as to make sure the states worked as one instead as individuals. The method in which it is used goes by Judicial, Legislative, and Executive, these branches go from creating the laws, to implementing laws, to finally interpreting the law. It became known as checks and balances, so that no branch would over power another....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States]

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English Law’s Approach to Same Sex Marriage

- Introduction The phenomenon of same sex marriages is relatively new but is gaining popularity day by day. The notion has already been welcomed and enacted as law in different jurisdictions. However it lacks proponents within the UK legal system which is reluctant to allow such relationships to be regulated into marriages. There are two topical situations faced by English law which need to be considered: the right of same sex people to marry and the right of the transsexuals to marry a person of the opposite sex post their gender reassignment....   [tags: Law Legal Same Sex Marriage]

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Essay On Juvenile Delinquency

- Juvenile delinquency is antisocial and criminal behavior committed by persons under the age of 18. Once adolescents reach adulthood, antisocial and criminal behavior is known as a crime. Juvenile delinquency is made up of two general types of behaviors, status and delinquent offenses. Status offenses are behaviors that are considered unhealthy for children and the behaviors are prohibited because of the age of the offender. Thus, if these behaviors are committed by adults, it is not illegal. Examples of status offenses, includes smoking or using tobacco, drinking or possessing alcohol, running away from home, truancy or nonattendance at school, and violating curfew....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Juvenile delinquency]

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The Case For The Death Penalty

- After the arrest of Jesse James for killing a police officer, the case is ready to take off. The prosecutor is at the center point of the case together with the defendant who action is put before a court of law for the hearing. In this case, Jesse James is the defendant and who is required to face the court for the hearing of the charges that involves killing a police officer. The case qualifies for the for death penalty but in a way or the other there is no need to move the case to the death penalty despite the provision by the state law to move the case under special circumstances as a processes of death penalty....   [tags: Jury, Court, Judge, Appeal]

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The Round House By Louise Erdrich

- The Legal Entanglements and Damaging Effects of Sexual Assault The publication of The Round House by Louise Erdrich serves as a literary feat and national victory for sexual assault survivors and activists through the author 's realistic depiction and exploration into the brutal effects that domestic violence has on a victim, family, and community. In The Round House, Geraldine 's traumatic assault during the summer of 1988 is not to be treated as an isolated incident, but a common occurrence that has affected millions of Americans and evolved into a national domestic violence crisis....   [tags: Rape, Family, Domestic violence, Violence]

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Legal Frameworks Of The Trinidad And Tobago Sexual Offences Act 1986

- In the Trinidad and Tobago Sexual Offences Act 1986 “prostitution” means the offering of the body by a person of either sex for the purpose of arousing or gratifying the sexual desire of another for payment in return. However, definitions can range from specifying sexual acts and goods that can be exchanged to broader definitions referring to a business transaction that involve, helping the person paying to attain sexual gratification . The optimal legal framework for dealing with the problems associated with prostitution is currently involved in a heated debate....   [tags: Prostitution, Sex industry, Decriminalization]

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Case Study 4.2 The Supremacy Clause

- In case study 4.2 the supremacy clause was put to the courts. On one side of the argument stood the South Coast Air Quality Management District and on the other side stood the Engine Manufacturers Association. The Engine Manufacturers Association, which I will refer to as EMA from now on, argued that the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) did not have the ability to regulate the air quality of Los Angeles, California due to the Supremacy Clause. Ultimately the U.S. Court of Appeals upheld SCAQMD’s rules....   [tags: United States, United States Constitution, Appeal]

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The Constitution Of The State

- The Constitution of the State 1 The President 2 The Governors 3 The Executive Bureau The Executive Bureau of the State consists of three principal Ministers of the State, each equal in rank. 4 The Legislative Congress The Legislative Congress of the State consists of a single assembly of Legislators of the State elected from the Provinces of the State. 5 The Judicial Fiduciaries The Judicial Fiduciaries of the State consists of eleven Justices of the Supreme Court, each equal in rank....   [tags: United States, President of the United States]

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Virtual Organization E-Business

- Virtual Organization E-Business Marshall Industries has been making its mark as one of the first company to provide distribution of electronic components by conducting e-business on an international basis. Like many other company in its century, technology have played an important part and changing the way and giving many options on marketing and service a business. Countless businesses have taking a piece of the pie by taking advantage of the world wide web to conduct their business to a broader list of clients and taking their business out of the box....   [tags: Marshall Industries Case Study Analysis Virtual]

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Legal Aspects of Supply Chain Management

- Legal Aspects of Supply Chain Management Internet has definitively changed the relationships of the company with the different business partners of the supply chain. E-Commerce/E-Business is any ‘net’ business activity that transforms internal and external relationship to create values and exploit market opportunities driven new rules of the connected economy.”(Damanpour 2001). It refers to all forms of business activities conducted across the internet. This can include E-tailing, B2B, intranets and extranets, online advertising (e.g....   [tags: Papers]

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Did William Marbury Have a Right to the Commision as Justice of Peace?

- At the end of President John Adam's term, his secretary of state, John Marshall, failed to deliver documents commissioning William Marbury as the new Justice of Peace. Thomas Jefferson claimed the commissions as invalid and denied Marbury the right of Justice of Peace. Marbury then sued Jefferson's Secretary of State, James Madison asking the supreme court to demand the delivery of the documents. Did Marbury have a right to the commission. Marbury had the right of the commission due to the fact that "The order granting the commission takes effect when the Executive's constitutional power of appointment has been exercised, and the power has been exercised when the last act required from th...   [tags: documents, deliver, invalid]

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The Ethics Codes And Guidelines And Use An Ethical Decision Making Model

- applications do not diminish the counsellor 's responsibility to act in accordance with the CCPA Code of Ethics” (p. 10). However, face-to-face counselling is not risk-free and records could be inadvertently accessed as well (Chester & Glass, 2006). Counsellors should thoroughly review the ethics codes and guidelines and use an ethical decision-making model, such as the one offered by the CPA Code of Ethics (2000), to weigh the importance of any conflicting principles and standards before deciding on a course of action with online counselling....   [tags: Ethics, Informed consent, Counseling]

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The Impact of Technology on Law Enforcement and Organized Crime

- Organized crime involves the illicit flow of goods and services in one direction and the flow of the profits of crime in the other. Technology has created much change in the way organized crime groups conduct operations. It has also caused law enforcement organizations to evolve and use a variety of techniques and methods to effectively combat organized crime groups. In order for law enforcement to effectively target and prosecute these groups they must adapt as the organized crime groups have in their use of technology....   [tags: Law Enforcement, technology, criminal justice]

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ADJUDICATION MACHINERY UNDER THE INDUSTIRAL DISPUTES ACT: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS

- The system of adjudication or compulsory arbitration has come to stay in India as a part of the Industrial Disputes Act. In India this system of adjudication is supposed to fill in the void created by the weak trade union movement historically which was not strong enough to negotiate with the employer on an equal footing. This system however has been criticized for its unfavourable effects on the trade union movement. Undue dependence on the trade union movement has deprived the trade unions of the incentive to organize itself on a strong and effective basis and has rendered the unions mere petitioning and litigant organizations arguing their case before tribunals ....   [tags: Government]

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The History of Traditional and Same-Sex Marriage in the US

- According to the federal government of the United States, the definition of the word “marriage refers only to a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife, and the word spouse refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife” (1 U.S. Code, 2013, p. 1), However, there is no national law prohibiting or allowing gay marriage. Because America shares its government power equally between the national and state government, gay marriage is being legally allowed on a state by state basis, with 18 out of the 50 states now having laws allowing same sex couples get married (CNN, 2014, p....   [tags: legislature, politics, federal policies]

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Examination of The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) of 1978

- Each year, there are thousands of children that are misplaced from their families and are seeking a permanent living placement. Their permanent placement may be found with family members or friends, or even through a private adoption. There are federal laws and state mandates that are implemented to ensure that the best interests of all children involved in an adoption or placement proceedings are heard. The best interests and needs of a child may include educational needs, medical needs, housing/placement preferences, or finding a family that reflects the ethnic and cultural heritage of the child in question....   [tags: Indian Child Welfare Act]

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The 's Treatment Of Lavonan Citizens Breaks Current International Law

- Issue: The problem that exists is whether Dastil’s treatment of Lavonan citizens breaks current international law. Lavona wish to take Dastil to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to gain a ruling on this matter. There are two ways in which Lavona could bring the dispute to the court. They could rely on the Agreement of Friendship they have with Lavona, in which Art 4 states disputes can be brought to the ICJ. Or they could aim to use the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as both parties are UN members to argue international customary law, and bring the dispute to the court under Art 38(1) of the Statute of the Court and have the court come to a conclusion around any facts presen...   [tags: Human rights, Law, United Nations]

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Of the People, By the People, For the People

- A defining attribute of America’s system of government is the participation of the citizens in decisions. Unlike many countries in the world today, one dictator does not decide the path for the whole nation. People from ordinary backgrounds have the opportunity to have an affect on laws passed in our country. While voting is the more common form of exhibiting this privilege of participation, citizens also have the ability to run for offices in our government. The structure of our government is unique in that there are numerous offices to be held within our government which are relatively equal in power....   [tags: U.S. Government ]

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Analysis Of The Article ' Anchor Babies '

- Nichole Tavenner Political Science 2201.101 S. O’Sullivan June 26, 2014 “Anchor Babies” “Birthright Citizenship” and the Fourteenth Amendment All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws....   [tags: United States, Immigration to the United States]

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A Brief Note On Tourists With American Children

- Tourists with American Children These days all over the news, we can hear about the immigration issues in the United States of America. The issue that had been mentioned by most of the 2016 Presidential candidate especially Republican candidate, Donald Trump. The 14th amendment grants citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” (US Cons.), and that is what causes the birth tourism or in other word anchor baby. As definition “"Birth Tourism,"[is] the practice by which foreign women travel to the US to give birth to their babies and grant them the American citizenship.” (Quintana), and the term “"Anchor baby" has become a term used by anti-immigration propo...   [tags: United States, United States Constitution]

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Union Unions And Its Effect On The Workplace

- According to Fergerson, (2012) unions are typically based on the idea that the sum of a group is greater and stronger than an individual hence workers come together with the aim of making collective decisions concerning their jobs as well as their working conditions. The result of which yields great benefits that the workers enjoy such a minimum wage, healthcare, overtime, workplace safety among others. It also goes without saying that members of unions do receive better benefits and even higher pays as compared to non-unionized workers....   [tags: Collective bargaining, Trade union, Employment]

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The Supreme Court And The Court System

- “If the Supreme Court rules a certain way, then it must be law.” Many Americans have this concept of the federal court system; they believe that the Supreme Court has immense power over all the court systems, yet that is far from the truth. In today’s society, the Supreme Court has the highest approval rating compared to all of the other branches of government. Now the question is what actions does the Supreme Court take that affect my life directly, for me to believe it that it has such great power....   [tags: United States, Separation of powers, U.S. state]

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International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers(STCW)

- Introduction Maritime trade and transport can be construed to be the oldest forms of globalisation and has since then grown into an industry. Currently over 90% of the world trade has been done by the maritime industry. Nations such as UK, US, China, Greece and the like have thrived on their maritime strength to become world powers. In order to make the industry, with its large scale and complexity, as efficient as possible there is a necessity for policy and governance. The industry spans over multiple jurisdictions where each jurisdiction have their own impact on the industry....   [tags: Maritime Industry, Rules & Regulations]

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The White Collar Nature of Environmental Crimes

- Corporations, through guidance of new laws, in the future in the United States, should be held more accountable for environmental crimes, because without these new laws corporations will continue to pay meniscal fines and serve little to no time in prisons for destroying the environment in which we have to live and survive. Corporations throughout history have lived within the protection of the government. The reason I say this is because throughout history corporations got away with literally murdering our environment by following weak laws and having very few standards....   [tags: accountability, waste, health]

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Computer Software Protection Act Of 1980

- Computer software is a set of instructions that runs on a computer. It does not consist solely on programming language. Rather, from a technical perspective, software is defined as a program and all of the associated information and materials needed to support its installation, operation, repair, and enhancement. It also includes written programs, procedures, rules, and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system, which are stored on digital medium. Indeed, because computer software instructs a computer how to perform actions, in the broadest sense, it includes everything that is not hardware....   [tags: Copyright, Intellectual property, Internet]

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The Case Of The Speluncean Explorers

- It has been said that there is no greater way to understand the law than to analyze different cases pertaining to legal philosophy and there is no better way to understand legal philosophy than to see how these different theories contradict one another. A famous legal case “the case of the Speluncean Explorers,” Harvard Law Review, 62 (4) (1948- 1949) pp.616-645, written by Lon L. Fuller describes an allegory of a group of spelunkers in the Commonwealth of Newgarth. Fuller uses various opinions written by fictional judges in order to illustrate a combination of various theories about the nature of law and legal reasoning....   [tags: Law, Natural law, Harvard Law Review, Justice]

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The Modern Of Modern Judicial System

- The modern judicial system was first introduced to Korea in July 1894. However, Koreans had a well-defined legal system even before that time, although the functions of the judiciary were not separate from the executive branch before modernization, which meant the latter played the role of the former as well ("Supreme Court of Korea," 2012). The first period was the Three Kingdoms Period where all judicial operations were held to the tribal councils or the head of the clan. One of the kingdoms was Goguryeo which was the top of the judicial organization....   [tags: Law, Judge, Court, Appeal]

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The Powers Of The Judicial Branch

- How are the powers of the judicial branch unique among the three branches of government. The Judicial Branch was written to have very little power, it originally had a federal court and then had to be divided into lower. The President is in charge of appointing the justices, and all of the decision from congress and the executive branch have to go through the judicial branch in order for them to decide if it constitutional or unconstitutional. How does the principle of federalism work in the judicial branch....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States]

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The Genocide Of The Former Yugoslavia

- Jurisdiction. Although Taylor was never convicted of genocide, through the application of Universal Jurisdiction, the SCSL was able to convict Charles Taylor on 11 charges arising from war crimes, crimes against humanity, and other violations of international humanitarian law. In this case, the state of his citizenship, along with all other states cooperated in his conviction. Liberia agreed to extradite Taylor and the British government agreed to hold him in a UK jail. The SCSL unanimously ruled that Taylor was guilty of all 11 charges and sentenced him to 50 years in a UK prison....   [tags: Human rights, United Nations]

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1629 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

The Fathers Of The Canadian Government

- The fathers of confederation in Canada’s beginning stages had a very specific mindset while creating the country in which we know today; to create an empire without following in the same footsteps as our neighbours the United States of America. Throughout this essay this statement will be proven by delving into the relations these both countries hold with their predecessor; England, by discovering their constitutional differences, and by analyzing matters surrounding the different uses of division of power....   [tags: United States, United States Constitution, Canada]

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1140 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Arrival By Sea Of Refugees

- A. FREEDOM OF NAVIGATION The arrival by sea of refugees presents us with a challenge when interpreting and applying the principle of non-refoulement. It also leads to confusion about how to understand the relevant rules relating to the freedom of the high seas. One of those freedoms mentioned in UNCLOS is the freedom of navigation. This freedom comprises two principles, namely; 1. The vessel sailing under the flag of any state has the right to navigate through the high seas. 2. The navigation of vessels which are sailing under the flag of any state should not be hampered by any other state....   [tags: Law, Obligation, Australia, State]

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Canadian Charter Of Rights And Freedoms

- The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms The repatriation of the Constitution and the addition of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982 have had a tremendous influence on federalism in Canada. While this was created by the Canadian government, enforcing it and holding people accountable to it is the role of the judicial system. Of course, this means that much like the rest of the Constitution, the Charter is able to be interpreted by judges. Going back to the living tree doctrine of judicial decision making mentioned earlier, judges are given the leeway to make their own decisions based on numerous factors instead of just on the laws themselves and what the authors initiall...   [tags: Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Canada]

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International Criminal Law

- Introduction The establishment of International Criminal Tribunals greatly impacts both monist and dualist states reshaping their national law. The affect on national law directly affects the behavior of states. This new and evolving legal dynamics substantially alters the landscape of international relations and it is of vital importance that its impact is inspected. The fact that nationals and non-state actors are becoming agents in shaping international legal process touches upon very nature of states sovereignty and their role in international law....   [tags: tribunals, judicial court, ]

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Questions On Online Dispute Resolution

- WEEK 4 – DISCUSSION. Online Dispute Resolution What do you see as the advantages and disadvantages in applying online Dispute Resolution. Please provide the details of your reasoning for your response. Doing online business is a very convenient way to buy products with just a click of the mouse. However, when we click that mouse, do we know what organization we are purchasing from. When purchasing online, you cannot see the condition of the product. Such as the quality, size, and is it actually what you are purchasing....   [tags: Dispute resolution, Mediation]

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Taking a Look at Cyberstalking

- Cyberstalking is a form of electronic crime by way of internet to harass or stalk their victim. Such acts can target an individual, groups, and even organizations.Cyberstalking can be carried out by a number of different electronic and digital threats. Most commonly cyberstalking is known for its malicious intent to attack a victim through email, online chat forums and social media. However, “It may include the making of false accusations or statements of fact (as in defamation), monitoring, making threats, identity theft, damage to data or equipment, the solicitation of minors for sex, or gathering information that may be used to harass.” ”Cyberstalking shares important characteristics wit...   [tags: electronic crimes, using the internet to harass]

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The Issue Of Juvenile Crime

- The ultimate goal of the jurisdiction of the Missouri Courts and the practices discussed in the readings was to decrease the amount of juvenile crime that has been taking place. The jurisdiction of the Missouri courts to hear juvenile cases presumes adolescence “seventeen years of age or younger dealing with guardianship, delinquency, abuse/neglect and protection” (Missouri Revised Statues, 2015). Under the Convention of the Rights for Children, there are articles in which children have the rights to “protection, parental guidance, freedom of expression, right to education, and juvenile justice” (UNICEF)....   [tags: Crime, Criminal law, Criminal justice]

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Cooperative Enforcement: The Tainan Example

- 5.2 Cooperative Enforcement: The Tainan Example As analysed above, Taiwan’s environmental criminal law enforcement faces some common problems. Since 2005, there has been a new cooperative enforcement model run by the Tainan Local Prosecutors’ Office voluntarily. Three prosecutors in the Tainan Local Prosecutor Office were interviewed and it was realised that this model may provide many solutions to the problems identified in this research. Figure 5.2 A Successful Cooperative Enforcement Model in Tainan City, Taiwan Tainan, an old cultural centre in the southern part of Taiwan, has increasing industrial pollution....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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The Legalization of Gay Marriage

- Ask any American what values founded this country and you will get very similar responses: Liberty, Freedom, or justice. These values are instilled in each American and come as naturally to us as the air we breath, or do they. Just as women fought for suffrage, and African Americans in the civil rights movement, homosexuals battle for the right to marry. This issue is affecting Americans on several levels. Politically, gay marriage is one of the 'hot' issues that public officials are asked to take a position on....   [tags: Government, Rights, Constitution]

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court system

- The basic role of the Canadian court system is to deliver justice between two individuals or two individuals and the state. There are four levels of court in Canada. Provincial courts are the lowest in terms of power. They handle most of the day to day cases. The next court in terms of power is the provincial and territorial superior courts. These courts take care of the more serious crimes that are admitted into the system, and can also take appeals from provincial court judgments. Another that has the same amount of power as the provincial and territorial superior courts is the Federal Court....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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I Am An American

- Since the 1800s, immigration has been considered a problem that is out of control in the United States. Government officials have claimed that the issue of birthright citizenship is the core of the dispute over immigration. To try and remedy this situation, holders of public office have held hearings and debates in an attempt to “redefine” what it means to be an American citizen. Birthright citizenship is the term used to refer to the citizenship that is granted to an individual who is born on the associated territory....   [tags: Immigration ]

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Three Trials for Murder

- Three Trials for Murder Police found Katie Eastburn and two out of three of her daughters stabbed repeatedly with their throats slit. Mr. Cone, a janitor the night the Eastburn woman was murdered, positively identified Timothy Hennis as the suspect. Hennis is a United States army sergeant who recently bought the Eastburn’s dog the night the girls were murdered. An eye wittiness identified Hennis as the man leaving the Eastburn’s home the night in question. Upon receiving a warrant, law enforcement searched Hennis’ home in search for any evidence....   [tags: katie eastburn, testimony, double jeopardy]

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How Final Should Dispute Resolution Be

- ... Take a case which would not have got off the ground, yet if the arbitrator explained everything, the court would see it his way (Uff, 2010). The principle still holds well in the background of both arbitration and adjudication decisions, where natural justice requires that the parties have the opportunity to deal with all the material which the tribunal intends to take into account. The case is also relevant to the issue of whether and to what extent an arbitrator or adjudicator can make use of his own expertise in a specialist field (Uff, 2010)....   [tags: rules, industry, technology, restrictions]

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Legal and Geographic Issues on the Internet

- Legal and Geographic Issues on the Internet   Abstract    Many states and nations have conflicting laws regarding what type of digital content is legal.  When content is legal at its place of origin but illegal where it is downloaded the laws become unenforceable because no single jurisdiction applies.  International cooperation and Internet fragmentation are potential solutions, but neither is currently viable.  This paper discusses how the transfer of content across geographic boundaries on the Internet impacts the legal system....   [tags: Technology Research Papers]

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The Absence of the Concept of Transferred Malice in Irish Tort Law

- The Absence of the Concept of Transferred Malice in Irish Tort Law Introduction The title of this assignment, which i propose that i shall be revisiting for the purposes of this tort project is that: “the concept of transferred malice is not accepted in Irish tort law” In dealing with this topic I will inevitably be looking at what a battery is, what is transferred malice, cases in other jurisdictions which have accepted the concept of transferred malice in tort law, transferred malice in crime and why it is accepted in criminal law, and finally my arguments as to why I believe it should be adopted into our jurisdiction....   [tags: Tort Law]

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1887 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Courts

- The jurisdiction of the federal courts is defined in Article III, Section 2, of the Constitution, as extending in law and equity to all cases arising under the Constitution and federal legislation; to controversies to which the U.S. shall be a party, including those arising from treaties with other governments; to admiralty and maritime cases; to controversies between states; to controversies between a state, or its citizens, and foreign governments or their subjects; and to controversies between the citizens of one state and citizens of another state....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Federal Bureau of Investigation

- The Federal Bureau of Investigation The agency now known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) was founded in 1908 when Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte appointed an unnamed force of Special Agents to be the investigative force of the Department of Justice (DOJ). Prior to that time, DOJ borrowed Agents from the U.S. Secret Service to investigate violations of federal criminal laws within its jurisdiction. By order of Attorney General George W. Wickersham, the Special Agent force was named the Bureau of Investigation in 1909....   [tags: Papers FBI]

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The History of Police Agencies and Different Types of Law Enforcement

- ... Generally, modern policing in the United has been shaped by the early English police styles (“The History of the Police”, n.d.). This is primarily because the first organized policing agencies were witnessed in the early 1800s but experienced many challenges. During these early years of policing in England and colonial America, citizens were in charge of law enforcement in their communities. The early English police styles were known as kin police where citizens were responsible for looking after their relatives or kin....   [tags: suty, service, society, crime]

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Community Expectations On The Delivery, Sustainability And Effectiveness Of Policing Services

- COMMUNITY EXPECTATIONS ON THE DELIVERY, SUSTAINABILITY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF POLICING SERVICES Police leaders do not have to look far to see that the current political landscape in Ontario, across the country and internationally is having a significant impact on the delivery of policing services. During a time of greater government pressures for fiscal restraint and enhanced public expectations, police services must find new and innovative ways to deliver and sustain core policing services outside of traditional policing models....   [tags: Police, Crime, Constable, Change management]

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Elray Gaming Makes Record Revenues On The Back Of Steady Growth

- Elray Gaming makes Record Revenues on the Back of Steady Growth Elray Resources Inc has announced record breaking 271% increase in revenue by its subsidiary, Elray Gaming and online gaming and turnkey solutions. The results show a phenomenal increase in revenues from quarter to quarter. According to a report appearing on PRNewswire, revenues for the second quarter of 2015 were 271% higher compared to those of the first quarter of 2015. The company also announced that the operating expenses for the second quarter of 2015 were 14% lower compared to those of the second quarter of 2015....   [tags: Gambling, Casino, Online gambling, Casinos]

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Incarceration Has Been The Center Of The United States Justice System

- Incarceration has been the center of the United States justice system ever since the opening of the nation’s first prison. In order to understand how the aspects of the first corrections institutions correlate to later correctional practices seen today. Whether it was temporary or permanent, there has always been some form of detainment for offenders, and they were always held against their will. Imprisonment of offenders in earlier times was done primarily to hold the accused until the authorities determined the offender’s actual punishment....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

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804 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

A Comprehensive Guide On Singapore Company Registration For Foreign Investors

- A Comprehensive Guide on Singapore Company Registration for Foreign Investors Are you planning to relocate and set up a company in Singapore. This is not surprising because every investor wishing to expand their business abroad can gain easy access to the international market by incorporating a company in Singapore. Having been crowned as the 1st rank holder in 'ease of doing business ' report of the World Bank for 10 straight years, Singapore has become the most sought after destination for global investors....   [tags: Corporation, Company, Limited liability company]

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701 words | (2 pages) | Preview

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