Juliet Meet

  • Romeo and Juliet Meet for the First Time

    1126 Words  | 5 Pages

    Romeo and Juliet Meet for the First Time This part of the play is very important because this is where Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time. The scene starts off with the servants preparing for the party that Lord Capulet is having. The words of the servants show that they are very busy. 'You are looked for and called for, asked for and sought for, in the great chamber.' That they are also quite excited and that are doing a lot of rustling and bustling

  • Baz Luhrmann and Franco Zeffirelli's Interpretation of Act I Scene VI When Romeo and Juliet Meet

    2945 Words  | 12 Pages

    Baz Luhrmann and Franco Zeffirelli have both made productions of Romeo and Juliet. Baz Luhrmann's version is very modern but still uses the old text. This film was made in 1997. Franco Zeffirelli sets his film with old looking sets and uses the old text. This film was made in the 1970's. Both films are set in Verona but the sets are very different. Franco Zeffirelli's seems to be set in Italy, with small stone roads. Baz Luhrmann's version however has large open spaces

  • Transformation of Juliet in Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet

    965 Words  | 4 Pages

       In William Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet, love transforms Juliet. Early in the play, Juliet is a young girl who is very faithful to her family. After this young girl meets Romeo Montague, she begins to change. By the end of the play, Juliet is changed into a woman who is now very faithful to her husband, instead of her family. In the beginning of the play The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet when Juliet is first introduced, she is introduced as a young girl who is very faithful

  • Theme of Fate in Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare

    1318 Words  | 6 Pages

    Romeo and Juliet has fate as an exceptionally crucial element which makes fate as important as any character in the production. The events leading up to and during the party were definitely caused by fate. The moment that Romeo and Juliet meet is the exact incident that leads to their death, however unaware these "star-crossed lovers" are to that fact. Thus, fate is undoubtedly the most responsible influence for the couple's tragedy. It is not merely a coincidence that Romeo and Juliet meet in the

  • Comparison of Two Love Stories: Pyramus and Thisbe and Romeo and Juliet

    551 Words  | 3 Pages

    and The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet are a great example of how similar two love stories can be. There are many affinities between these stories that make them almost identical. The stories both are not only love, but tragedy as well! You can see this from the title of Romeo and Juliet, but not as much in Pyramus and Thisbe. So when you read these stories, you will not be expecting them to be so much alike! In the two great love stories The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet and Pyramus and Thisbe, there

  • Compare and Contrast Gnomeo and Juliet with Romeo and Juliet

    831 Words  | 4 Pages

    The movie Gnomeo and Juliet (directed by Kelly Asbury) is based on the story of Romeo and Juliet written by Shakespeare. It tells the tale of a boy and a girl from warring families who meet and fall in love. In both stories, Romeo and Juliet come from two different families with extreme hatred towards one another, both characters fall in love with each other at first sight, and both characters sneak around to see each other. Firstly, Gnomeo and Juliet come from two opposing families: the Montague’s

  • Romeo and Juliet

    567 Words  | 3 Pages

    Romeo & Juliet - The essay Essay- Romeo & Juliet Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet shows us the different beliefs about love. These beliefs are shown through various characters in the play. He mainly shows it through Romeo, Juliet, and Mercutio. Therefore, Mercutio is a physical lover, and Romeo is a Romantic lover. In the beginning of the play, Romeo is a physical lover too, but after his relationship with Juliet, he turns into a romantic lover. Juliet, daughter

  • A Comparison of Scenes From West Side Story and Romeo and Juliet

    793 Words  | 4 Pages

    A Comparison of Scenes From West Side Story and Romeo and Juliet Cinematography The scene before the meeting scene in West Side Story Maria spins around in her dress the camera then carries on spinning which creates a colourful blurred effect on the screen. The effect makes her look like she is almost spinning into the next scene. When Tony and Maria meet, all the other characters that were dancing, slow down and fade behind Tony and Maria. The room becomes dark

  • Romeo & Juliet Appearance vs. Reality Essay

    933 Words  | 4 Pages

    Romeo & Juliet Appearance vs. Reality Essay Shakespeare was a very fine play writer, who examined human nature and exposed it through literature. One of his famous plays, Romeo and Juliet, depict many different themes such as, fate vs. freewill, duty vs. self, feuds, appearance vs. reality, parents choose who we marry, love at first sight and confidante. Appearance vs. reality is one of the themes that are portrayed through out the play. It means, things aren’t always what they seem to be. Something

  • Juliet as Brave and in Love or Irresponsible and Rebellious in Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare

    892 Words  | 4 Pages

    Juliet as Brave and in Love or Irresponsible and Rebellious in Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare In Shakespeare’s tragedy Romeo and Juliet, the character of Juliet Capulet is just thirteen years old. She is at an age where she stands on the border of maturity and immaturity and this sometimes shows in her actions. It could be argued that her behaviour in the play is either brave because she is desperately in love with Romeo, or that it is irresponsible and she is just

  • The Reasons for the Death of Romeo and Juliet

    769 Words  | 4 Pages

    The Reasons for the Death of Romeo and Juliet For hundreds of years people have argued over the reason for the death of Romeo and Juliet. I think it has got something to do with fate, chance, adolescent passion, feud and their fathers and a few other factors. There are many suggestions in the play that the deaths were destined by fate. At the time the play was written people believed and praised the stars just as people today use modern day horoscopes to predict

  • Fate in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    935 Words  | 4 Pages

    Romeo and Juliet - Fate   Some people may not believe that fate is something that truthfully exists in the world. This portion of the population doubts that there is anything that is actually meant to be or supposed to happen thinking that there is always a way around troubling predicaments, knowing that it isn't necessary to turn out just one certain way. They trust that whatever occurs in their lives comes as a result of the decisions that they make with their own free will. Others

  • Romeo And Juliet Fate Essay

    1076 Words  | 5 Pages

    determined by ones self. In Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, fate is a very prevalent theme that has a mass effect on the outcomes of the play. Fate is foreshadowed through the characters consistently throughout the play showing the reader that destiny is not in the hands of the character, but instead in the hands of fate. The timing of certain actions in the play will impact the results of said actions hence showing fates prevalence. Fate is present when Romeo meets the nameless servant. It is because

  • William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    842 Words  | 4 Pages

    William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet Dramatic Tension is the feeling established within an audience on the obstacle courses of a character within a play. It is created in many ways such as personification, speaking metaphorically, talking with alliteration etc. In Romeo and Juliet’s case dramatic tension is the feeling of tension created in the audience by the challenges faced by both of them in their efforts to stay together. Dramatic Tension is used so that the audience

  • The Role of Act 1 of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet in the Entire Play

    1804 Words  | 8 Pages

    The Role of Act 1 of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet in the Entire Play ‘Romeo and Juliet’ is an example of a Shakespearean tragedy, which is the polar opposite of a comedy (This means its totally different in every way). In other words, it is a drama with an unhappy ending. The play was also intended for the Elizabethan theatre, which was arranged in a different way to our theatres nowadays. The stage used to be set out with three different levels, which was perfect

  • Romeo and Juliet Performance Review

    579 Words  | 3 Pages

    The original Romeo and Juliet play, written by William Shakespeare, is set in the 1300's. Scene 2, Act 2 is set in the Capulet's orchard behind Juliet's room and a balcony overlooked the garden. During the scene, Romeo ditches his friends to go visit Juliet, who is strolling on the balcony while she is secretly daydreaming about Romeo. When Juliet realizes Romeo is in her company, they begin to tell each other how much they love the other in a very professional, sophisticated, respectful way. Romeo

  • Excitement and Suspense in Act 1 Scene 5 of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    668 Words  | 3 Pages

    Excitement and Suspense in Act 1 Scene 5 of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet In this assignment, I'm studying the play Romeo and Juliet, by William Shakespeare. I'm looking at Act 1 Scene 5. Where Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time. This play was written between 1593 and 1596. The story is about two rival families in Verona, each family has a child each, Juliet and Romeo. These young people meet accidentally and fall in love. They marry in secret, without parent's

  • Pyramus and Thisbe & Romeo and Juliet

    613 Words  | 3 Pages

    has to be back by 12:00 so her stepmother does not find out. The girl goes to the dance, meets her true love who just happens to be the guy every other girl is dying to have. She runs out before the clock strikes 12:00 and loses an item of hers that her true love just so happens to find. He uses it to find the girl and they live happily ever after. The well known stories of Pyramus and Thisbe and Romeo and Juliet are similar by two young people falling outrageously in love, the miscommunication, and

  • The Dramatic Effect of Act One Scene Five of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    1243 Words  | 5 Pages

    The Dramatic Effect of Act One Scene Five of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet In this essay I will explain how Act 1, Scene 5 is dramatically effective. Act 1, Scene 5 is the most important scene in the play because it is the scene where Romeo and Juliet first meet. This play is essentially about two families that are enemies, The Capulet’s and the Montague’s, Juliet is the daughter of Capulet and Romeo son of Montague during the play they fall in love. Right from

  • Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare

    575 Words  | 3 Pages

    Most likely no, people change all the time they grow up and mature. If you have ever heard of the story of Romeo and Juliet you know it’s not the happiest of stories. As soon as Romeo and Juliet meet you can see that Juliet’s character shapes and develops more when she is around Romeo, but is this for the better, Did Juliet falling in love cause her to draw away from her family? Juliet is a sweet obedient young girl who has been taken care of by her nurse all her life. In the beginning of the play

  • The Love of Romeo and Juliet

    1218 Words  | 5 Pages

    The Love of Romeo and Juliet "It is primarily the love between Romeo and Juliet that makes the play so enduringly popular" The play Romeo and Juliet is about how two people fall in love with one another. I think that this is a good basis for a play and probably one of the most important reasons why the play is so enduringly popular. However

  • Romeo And Juliet Techniques Essay

    812 Words  | 4 Pages

    create Romeo and Juliet using many different methods. Modernizing this will give the audiences a better way of learning what Shakespeare wanted to express in his piece. For this process, we will be focusing on the scene where Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time. It will be a film production, which highlights the character Juliet at a high school dance. At this school there are distinct popularity groups that say they are not allowed to socialize with people outside their group. Juliet is a geek and

  • Romeo And Juliet Fate Vs Free Will Analysis

    988 Words  | 4 Pages

    Romeo and Juliet: Fate Vs Free Will The play Romeo and Juliet is a classic love story written by William Shakespeare, well known around the world. The play tells the fatal love story of two young star-crossed lovers from two different feuding families. In Romeo and Juliet, we get a definite sense of fate over free will, as fate is an unavoidable force beyond a person's control, destined to happen. No matter what we do, fate still holds the final judgment of our lives. The resultant events of

  • Timing is Everything

    736 Words  | 3 Pages

    Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. Timing is responsible for many of the tragedies that occur in the play. In the story, Romeo is heartbroken because the girl, he ‘loves’ doesn’t love him back. During this time his friends and him crash a party thrown by the Capulets, Juliet’s family, and Romeo is in hopes of seeing the girl. At this party, Romeo meets Juliet and falls in love. Later in the play, Romeo kills Juliet’s cousin, and is banished. At the same time, the Capulets want Juliet to marry

  • Romeo And Juliet Thesis

    1113 Words  | 5 Pages

    Shakespeare’s iconic tragic play Romeo and Juliet, many characters secretly go against society in order to fulfill their personal needs. 2. As the book progresses, we see the characters make decisions based on the motives of love. B. Thesis Statement: Romeo and Juliet’s need to rebel against society is expressed by their love of night and darkness and the abundant use of symbol, metaphor and imagery depicting secrecy. II. First Body Paragraph A. Romeo and Juliet must find a way to be together, breaking

  • William Shakespeare 's Romeo And Juliet

    1450 Words  | 6 Pages

    Romeo and Juliet was written in the late 1500’s, but it does not take place during that time period. The play takes place in the 1300’s it has a few situations that don 't make sense in our time or in Shakespeare’s time. An example of a situation is Paris who is thirty wants to marry Juliet who is only thirteen. In the 1300’s that is normal but, at this time of age it’s not right. William Shakespeare married an older woman which, might of have caused his way of thinking while writing Romeo and

  • Romeo And Juliet Fate Essay

    882 Words  | 4 Pages

    people’s lives, the theme of fate plays a crucial role in the main characters off the play, Romeo and Juliet, by William Shakespeare. Romeo and Juliet share a destiny that dooms them to tragic deaths immediately after the exchange of their love. Despite their resolute attempts to change their destiny, the lovers still succumb to the relentless power of fate. In the Shakespearean play, Romeo and Juliet, the principle of fate propels the lovers together with infatuation tears them apart through a bitter

  • The Dramatic Significance of Act 1 Scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet

    1330 Words  | 6 Pages

    1 Scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet This scene is very important to the whole play of " Romeo and Juliet." Mainly because its where Romeo and Juliet first meet and fall in love, we also see tybalts anger which shows us the obstacles that will become a problem in Romeo and Juliet's relationship. In a usual Shakespeare tragedy the main character that is noble of birth has a flow, which brings about their downfalls and death of others. " Romeo and Juliet" kind of fits in to this

  • Comparing Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet versus the West Side Story

    601 Words  | 3 Pages

    Comparing Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet versus the West Side Story These stories are similar and different in many ways and they aren't the only stories in the category of romance. Romeo and Juliet is a classic story of love, hate, and conflict. Same thing with West Side Story, the conflicts are a little different but the love part of the story is basically the same. If you were to watch West Side Story after you watch Romeo and Juliet you might even think it is some kind of a sequel or an

  • Romeo And Juliet Essay

    1176 Words  | 5 Pages

    from their ancestors. Children are lying to their parents, they are sneaking out at night to be with a boy that is “the one”, children are going back into the age of Shakespeare. In the play “Romeo and Juliet” which was written by William Shakespeare in 1597, there are two teenagers, Romeo and Juliet, who fall in love with each other. These two teenagers try to do everything that they can to live the rest of their lives together, except their families despise each other, so there is no way that they

  • Romeo And Juliet Character Analysis

    673 Words  | 3 Pages

    Romeo and Juliet, the two cross lovers, who brought raging commotion to their families, finally saved the feud peacefully by their own death. Romeo and Juliet, lovers by fate, change importantly due to love's grievousness; with their families at war both decided to keep their love secretly for the sake of rivalry, but however, their love for one another causes a tragic incident at the end of the book. The two “star-crossed” lovers change significantly throughout the book from young and slow to full

  • William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    770 Words  | 4 Pages

    William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet Romeo & Juliet is an Elizabethan style tragedy, with two star crossed lovers held back by a long standing family feud. Romeo & Juliet are passionately in love after they meet at Juliet’s house, at a house party. Which Romeo and his friends, the Montague’s gate crashed and this is where they met. This happened in Act 1, Scene 5 which I am going to analyse. The plot of Romeo and Juliet was taken from a whole range of other

  • Juliet as Assertive and Rebellious in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    654 Words  | 3 Pages

    Juliet as Assertive and Rebellious in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet Works Cited Missing William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet in 1595. Queen Elizabeth was on the throne at this time. During Elizabethan times young women were expected to get married at the age of about 12-14, which today would be illegal in England. Women had very few rights, they weren't even allowed to act. When the play Romeo and Juliet was first performed the character of Juliet was

  • Fate in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    518 Words  | 3 Pages

    Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet The phrase “a pair of star-crossed” lovers first appears in the prologue of the story so you immediately get the impression of a love story. The Elizabethans were big fans of astrology and horoscopes and the idea of fate was a big part of the Elizabethan lifestyle. Throughout the story the characters mention fate, or how its God’s choice to make there decisions. The reader knows immediately that Romeo and Juliet are going to die after

  • Analysis of Act Three Scene Five of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    1535 Words  | 7 Pages

    Analysis of Act Three Scene Five of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare's 'Romeo and Juliet' is a dramatic tragedy, and was first performed in 1595. The novel is about two young lovers, Romeo & Juliet and the struggle with their relationship. Romeo and Juliet are from opposing families, the Montagues and the Capulets. The conflict between their two families causes problems for their love of one another. Shakespeare's main themes throughout the play are of love, conflict

  • The Deaths of Romeo and Juliet

    685 Words  | 3 Pages

    The Deaths of Romeo and Juliet In this essay I will discus how far Romeo and Juliet are responsible for there own deaths. I will first explain about fate and destiny. And then how this is linked with Romeo and Juliet. Then I will conclude this essay. What is fate? I believe that fate is an event that cannot be changed, it is an event that is going to happen and that it cant be changed. In the play Romeo and Juliet there is many references to the "stars" and

  • Fate, Traits, And Choices in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    1212 Words  | 5 Pages

    Romeo and Juliet, written by William Shakespeare, is a story of two young lovers. These two hearts, Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet belong to feuding families. The family feud causes them to keep their love a secret and therefore only Romeo, Juliet, Benvolio, the Nurse and Friar Lawrence know of their love. Romeo and Juliet are able to look past the feud and let themselves fall in mad love with the other. They let themselves do almost anything for the other and at times it seems like too much

  • Tragic Love in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    1052 Words  | 5 Pages

    Tragic Love in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet Tragedy was very popular in Shakespeare’s day. The majority had a climax at the end involving many dead bodies finishing on stage. Most other play writers at this time also wrote tragedies like John Webster who wrote “the witch devil”. Romeo and Juliet was the first major tragedy. It was before “the big four” which was Macbeth, Othello, Hamlet and King Lear which were written between (1600-1606).All of Shakespeare

  • Romeo And Juliet Balcony Scene Essay

    714 Words  | 3 Pages

    the English language. Romeo and Juliet is one of his most famous plays, a story of two star crossed lovers who die due to the two families’ feud. The balcony scene in Act2 Scene2 is also known as one of the most recognizable and memorable scenes in all of literature. After Romeo and Juliet meet at the Capulet’s ball, they instantly fall in love. Romeo later hides in the Capulet’s orchard and overhears Juliet speak her emotions, he learns of her love for him. Juliet doesn’t know that Romeo is listening

  • Act 2 Scene 5 of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    471 Words  | 2 Pages

    Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet In this essay I am going to describe how I want characters to dress and act in Act 2 Scene 5, I will also describe the setting e.g. lighting, stage, objects, etc. I will also briefly go over the story up to Act 2 Scene 5 then I will explain how I want Act 2 Scene 5 to be acted out and what I want the actors to wear. The origin of the feud is not made clear but has no relevance to the events in the play Romeo and Juliet are a pair of star crossed

  • William Shakespeare 's Romeo And Juliet

    1068 Words  | 5 Pages

    chance and coincidence. In Romeo and Juliet, a play by William Shakespeare, this theme of chance and coincidence is relevant throughout the duration of the story. The two lovers, Romeo and Juliet, are each impacted by this, drastically. Chance and coincidence impact many things between them, including how they meet, why they cannot be together, and ultimately their deaths. Chance and coincidence is first seen largely impacting Romeo and Juliet in how they meet one another. After Juliet’s father

  • Love: A Blessing and a Curse in Shakespeare´s Romeo and Juliet

    983 Words  | 4 Pages

    Romeo and Juliet written by William Shakespeare is a love story in which Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet experience the highs and lows of a relationship in five days. Romeo Montague is son to Lord and Lady Montague. Romeo’s family is feuding with Juliet’s family, specifically her parents Lord and Lady Capulet. County Paris is the man that is chosen by Lord Capulet to marry Juliet. Paris is excited to marry Juliet but does not truly know Juliet for who she truly is. Romeo and Juliet meet at a Capulet

  • Romeo And Juliet Infatuation Essay

    1481 Words  | 6 Pages

    A Study of Teenage Infatuation in William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet Love and infatuation are both strong emotions that most will encounter within their lifetime. The two feelings are often misunderstood, but are differentiated through their outcomes and stability. True love does not only rely on physical attraction, but also on one’s personality. When one is truly in love, they accept their partner’s flaws and perfections. There is a connection between two people, in which they can make compromises

  • Romeo And Juliet By William Shakespeare

    1315 Words  | 6 Pages

    The story takes place in Verona, where they live two families are rivals, the Montagues and the Capulets. Romeo, sole heir of the Montagues, coming in uninvited to dance mask Capulet, which meets Juliet, only daughter of the Capulets; both fall in love at first sight. Knowing that their parents never allow their union, they marry in secret, with the help of Friar Laurence. The day of the ceremony, Tybalt insults Romeo, nevertheless the latter refuses to fight. But Mercutio, the best friend of the

  • William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    1044 Words  | 5 Pages

    William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet For the purposes of this essay I shall be examining two different versions of Romeo and Juliet, one of which is set in the usual time period, directed by Franco Zefferelli, and the other is set in modern times, directed by Baz Luhrmann. The first scenes in which we see the main characters of Romeo and Juliet give us a fairly accurate idea of the type person they each are. Romeo retains his initial personality throughout the play

  • Fate In Romeo and Juliet

    1165 Words  | 5 Pages

    Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, is a famous tragic love story that bases on a young couple from the rival families, the Montagues, and the Capulets, in which the death of the young couple finally end the ‘ancient grudge’ between the two families. Their result of death is believed to be cause mostly by the fate, which brings them closer and closer to their inevitable destiny, death. In many places in the play Shakespeare also uses words like ‘fortune’, ‘sail’, ‘stars’ to reveal that fate

  • Shakespeare's Romeo and Juiliet Shows the Forcefulness of Love and Fate

    772 Words  | 4 Pages

    our toil shall strive to mend.” The “star-cross’d lovers” spoken of in the monologue of Romeo and Juliet, are, of course, Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet. It is fate which seems to bring these two lovers from rival families together. The eventually fatal attraction between these two lovers contributes strongly to Shakespeare’s overall theme of love. The strong connection between Romeo and Juliet help to show the forcefulness of both love and fate. Romeo and Juliet’s relationship is very strong

  • Romeo and Juliet Persuasive Essay

    1099 Words  | 5 Pages

    famous play Romeo and Juliet. In this play the person who is trying to help Romeo and Juliet throughout the story is the person that is most responsible for their deaths. That person is Friar Laurence, the man who devised a plan for Romeo and Juliet to converge one last time before Romeo is banished from Verona. His plan goes horribly wrong, causing the deaths of the two lovers. The friar not only made one mistake, but rather three mistakes that led to the deaths of Romeo and Juliet. Friar Laurence

  • Essay

    1056 Words  | 5 Pages

    Fate is the power which predetermines inevitable events that are destined by its force. What has destined by fate cannot be changed whether it is love, hatred, or any other part of life. Romeo and Juliet, a play written by William Shakespeare, is based on the tragic love story of two lovers, Romeo and Juliet. All throughout the play, fate fights against their will to live together happily. Love, coincidences, and timing were all factors of fate which doomed the lives of the star crossed lovers. Love

  • The Effectiveness of Act 1 Scene 5 on Stage of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

    1358 Words  | 6 Pages

    The Effectiveness of Act 1 Scene 5 on Stage of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet An analysis of the dramatic qualities of this scene related to the performance issues and related to the text as a whole, showing how these may be influenced by social and historical factors. Shakespeare was born on the 23rd April 1564 and grew up in Stratford-Upon-Avon. He got married when he was eighteen to Anne Hathaway and had three children. He wrote thirty-seven plays overall.