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Irrigation As A Common Irrigation Method

- Irrigation has been around for as long as humans have been cultivating plants. Man 's first invention after he learned how to grow plants from seeds was probably a bucket. Ancient people must have been strong from having to haul buckets full of water to pour on their first plants. Pouring water on fields is still a common irrigation method today -- but other, more efficient and mechanized methods are also used. Flood (furrow) irrigation: Early man would have used this "low-tech" method of irrigating crops -- collect water in a bucket and pour it onto the fields....   [tags: Water, Irrigation, Agriculture, Hydrology]

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The Causes of Waterlogging from Irrigation

- ... As long as the water table remains deep, the salts, imported with the irrigation water, are washed down into the deeper soils with the percolation losses of irrigation water. If the water table becomes more shallow however, excess irrigation can no longer take place, otherwise the land would become flooded with stagnating water. At this point, salt leaching no longer occurs, and the salts brought in with the irrigation water accumulate in the waterlogged areas. A salinity problem becomes worse when irrigation losses from elsewhere are entering lower lying areas as groundwater flow....   [tags: farmland, production, crops, water]

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A Brief History of Irrigation

- In 6000 BCE Irrigation began Mesopotamia (present day Iraq) using the water of the flooding Tigris/Euphrates rivers. The flood of water only occurred once a year From July through December. They used channels to guide the water wherever they want. These pictures will show how it used look like. In 1800 BCE They Egyptian practiced the irrigation system. It was mostly the same idea with Mesopotamia. They used water flood of Nile rive which only occurred once a year same time. Until they developed the shaduf a device that used to raise water above the Nile level....   [tags: agricultural use of water sources]

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Agricultural Effects of the Drip Irrigation System

- The article evaluates the efficiency, effectiveness, social, economic and environmental impacts of the drip irrigation system. The drip irrigation system has the potential to increase the agricultural productivity and also to reduce water usage required for irrigation. It is a system of pipes and tubing located under the soil. Water is passed through these pipes which end at near the roots of the plants. This makes the water loss minimal. Initial stage is designing the system and its installation follows it....   [tags: agriculture, farming, environment]

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The Urban Revolution And Irrigation Were On The Rise

- In 6000 BC farming and irrigation were on the rise. Since there was little rain in Southern Mesopotamia they created irrigation which lead farmers to settle in Southern Mesopotamia. With the large increase in population in Southern Mesopotamia, things quickly changed. There were new inventions and ideas, which led to the exchange of those inventions and ideas- known as trade. Over hundreds of years farmers and inhabitants settled along the Tigris and Euphrates River banks and plains. Some of the villages were religious and will later evolve into Sumerian city states....   [tags: Sumer, Mesopotamia, Sargon of Akkad, Uruk]

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Maharashtra’s maximum irrigation potential

- Challenges faced by many countries in their struggle for economic and social developments are related to water (TAC, GWP 2000: 6) 2. India, too, is a varied country in terms of water availability and Maharashtra is a peculiar State of it. Maharashtra has uneven distribution of water resources. A large area is, therefore, water deficit whereas a small part is bestowed with abundance of water. Maharashtra’s physiography has constraints over the creation of surface water (SW) potential for irrigation purpose....   [tags: Ecology]

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The Effect of Recycled Water Irrigation on Young Olive Trees

- The problem of water shortage is one of the major limiting factors in food production and agriculture development in the arid and semi arid regions. Reclaimed water is one of the most significant available water resources that shall be consumed in agriculture and urban landscape maintenance. In order to investigate the impact of water quality and its application method on olive trees this experiment was carried out during 2010-2012 in the semiarid central part of Iran on young olive trees. The trees were irrigated by a new subsurface-leaky irrigation (SLI) system and surface irrigation in line with irrigation with recycle and clean water for 24 months....   [tags: nutrition, photosynthesis, experiment]

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The Leaching Requirement During Irrigation

- The Leaching Requirement During Irrigation The leaching of soluble salts from the plant rooting zone is a pivotal concern when irrigating cropland. Irrigation water is used to maintain crop productivity, so drought conditions need not occur to induce irrigation measures. Irrigation simply provides supplemental precipitation that may not be achieved through natural processes, i.e. rainfall. Basically, leaching is described as passing additional water through a medium to remove unwanted materials....   [tags: Soil Reclamation Agriculture Essays]

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Drip Irrigation and Soil

- Drip Irrigation and Soil Introduction Irrigation has had a substantial effect on agricultural history, from its use by Egyptian and Iranian farmers over 2500 years ago through modern agriculture (Troth 1980). The most common irrigation techniques of today are furrow, flood, sprinkler and drip. Furrow and flood both flood the irrigated area, while sprinkler and drip are direct applicators. Drip irrigation is gaining popularity for its efficiency of irrigation. Drip Irrigation Drip, or trickle, irrigation is a process of selective water application....   [tags: Agriculture Agricultural Essays]

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Irrigation Systems Of Bangladesh : Drought Risk For Sequential Years

- In the last 50 years, irrigation systems in Bangladesh are vulnerable to drought risk for sequential years. These sequential droughts have occurred once in a period of 5 years: 1965-1966, 1972-1973, 1978-1979, 1983-1984, 1989-1990, 1994-1995, 1999-2000 and 2006-2007. Parvin and Saleh (2013) showed that average frequency of drought is about once in a 5-year return period using probability analysis of rainfall and crop water requirements in northwestern Bangladesh. Therefore, we considered a 5-year return period of a drought as a benchmark for estimating DWR for the design of agricultural water resource systems in Bangladesh....   [tags: Statistics, Normal distribution]

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Surge Irrigation

- Surge Irrigation Surface irrigation is not new technology, but through research and the incorporation of some inventive measures, advances in this area have provided the needed responses to make this type of irrigation increasingly appealing. Not only is water quality a major concern, but current farmers must now monitor water quality and provide adequate crop protection measures to insure a good yield. Water availability is affected by falling water tables, droughts and stressed by the increasing water demand of growing urban populations (Moody 1993)....   [tags: Technology Science Agriculture Essays]

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Seawater Irrigation Is Solution To Water Shortages

- “Agriculture is a major user of ground and surface water in the United States, accounting for 80% of the Nation's consumptive water use and over 90% in many Western States” (“Irrigation and Water Use”). As population grows, our demand for food and agriculture also grows. Therefore, we need a more efficient irrigation system. In “U.S. to tighten tap for farmers”, Bloomekatz mentioned that the government had reduced or even refused to supply water to some agriculture fields in 2009. In Central Valley, the government had refused to provide water for over 200 water districts....   [tags: Drinking Water Scarcity]

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Irrigation as a Tool for Frost and Freeze Protection

- For years now farmers and researchers have understood the value of applying water to crops during periods when the temperature drops below 32oF (0oC). The temperature of 32oF is the freezing point of water and is the temperature at which crops start to become damaged due to the formation of ice crystals in their tissue cells. The point that this starts to occur is considered the crops critical temperature. The critical temperature usually is slightly lower than the freezing point of water and depends on the duration at the temperature....   [tags: Agriculture Crops Farming Papers]

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Nitrogen and Irrigation on Coastal Plains Soils

- Nitrogen and Irrigation on Coastal Plains Soils So why is it important to look at nitrogen in soils. First of all, it is a key element in organic molecules, so it is key to plant growth (Singer and Munns). Nitrogen is useful to plants in the form of nitrate because plants can take in nitrate and form organic molecules (Singer and Munns, 193). However, in soils, nitrogen in the form of nitrate (NO3) is considered a "mobile nutrient" which means that it can move easily through the soil to supply the needs of a plant (Singer and Munns, 221)....   [tags: Agricultural Agriculture Farming Essays]

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Chemical Transport During Surface Irrigation

- Chemical Transport During Surface Irrigation Surface irrigation, the most prominent method used for irrigating agricultural crops, is the flowing of water across the field surface. As the water flows, it infiltrates into the soil. The amount of water applied to the field is regulated by the length of time that the water is allowed to flow. Surface irrigation can be subdivided into following four types based the amount of water flow control; wild flooding, graded boarders, level boarders and furrow irrigation....   [tags: Agriculture Farming Papers]

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A Brief Note On The Agricultural And Food Production

- In Zimbabwe agricultural and food production has been in shambles in both arid and semi-arid regions due to scarce water resources and its efficient use. The lack of micro-irrigation techniques in the smallholder community that effectively promote efficient use of water when compared to other irrigation techniques such as surface irrigation has emerged as the major contributor to this already gloomy situation . One such technique is Drip irrigation. Due to its worldwide popularity, it has been adapted mainly in commercial agriculture and in Africa, specifically Zimbabwe....   [tags: Irrigation, Water, Deficit irrigation]

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Indigenous Irrigation Knowledge and Sustainable Development in Asia

- Indigenous Irrigation Knowledge and Sustainable Development in Asia David Groenfeldt suggests that village communities need to organize and stabilize their own resources, initially, which will strengthen the development capacity of the village and help to establish an independent institution. Groenfeldt argues that the classic development solution of bringing in and applying new ideas is less efficient in the long run because local indigenous ways are already established and being practiced....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]

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Plants And Its Effects On Our Lives Of Animals, Humans, And Earth

- In our ecosystem, plants play a crucial role in the lives of animals, humans, and Earth. For thousands of years, plants have evolved from seedless plants to vascular seed plants and have also adapted to different changes in Earth’s atmosphere. Whether it is the vegetation or oxygen that they produce, plants are main factors in keeping organisms alive. However, in the process of producing vegetation or oxygen, plants depend on water and require a certain amount to mature. In return, humans have experimented different irrigation methods - drip, overhead, surface, subsurface - to help sustain plants....   [tags: Water, Irrigation, Drip irrigation, Plant]

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Impact Of The Agents On Food Production Based On The Data Measured By Using Remote Sensing System

- IMPACT OF THE AGENTS ON FOOD PRODUCTION BASED ON THE DATA MEASURED BY USING REMOTE SENSING SYSTEM Water is a key to organizing all creature’s life and is important in many land surface disciplines such as agriculture, hydrology and environmental science [1]. Especially, soil moisture is vital of importance to plant in order to maintain its life processes biologically. Water constitutes 80 to 90 % of the fresh weight of most herbaceous plant parts and more than 50 % of the fresh weight of woody plants....   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, Water, Deficit irrigation]

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Salinity Of The Central Valley : A Critical Problem

- Salinity in the central valley: A critical problem The Water Education Foundation published an article on excess salinity that is in the water here in the valley. Too much intake of salt can be a problem, and that is what is happening here in the Central Valley. “Excess salinity – that which is greater than the standard set to protect beneficial uses – poses a growing threat to food production and drinking water quality.” If there is no solution to the problem, California will lose significant portions of prime agricultural land....   [tags: Water, Irrigation, California, Deficit irrigation]

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South Africa: Crops, Rainfall and Agriculture

- 1. INTRODUCTION Topographically South Africa has four zones, the Plateau, the Escarpment, the creased Massifs and the Coastal Plain. The Plateau is an incredible plain, interjected here and there by tiny mountains ( .The escarpment varies in emergence according to the elevation and erosion. The most remarkable portion is on the western frontier of KwaZulu-Natal, chiefly on the Lesotho and Free State borders. The Plateau, that embodies the main portion of South Africa, is elevated concerning 1 200 m above marine level, rising to 1 800 m at the tear amid the main drainage systems....   [tags: Irrigation, Grazing]

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Agriculture in the U.S.

- In the past several years, there has been much public interest regarding agricultural practices and irrigation in the western United States. With pressures of climate change mounting in the mind of Americans, the allocation of scarce water resources has become an important political issue. When at first, farmlands in the western U.S. were ideally located to depend heavily on natural water resources or cheap irrigation methods, today these costs are greatly elevated. The marginal cost of irrigation in the West has changed greatly, as have other viable uses for this water....   [tags: Irrigation, Farming]

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Production Of The Cash Crops Grown For California

- Almonds form part of the cash crops grown in California. Almonds are used as ingredients in making pastry and also as a milk supplement. The region is one of the suppliers of the commodity and many other states, and outside countries depend on its almond yield. However, the growing of this crop is currently hindered by the prolonged drought that is entering its fourth year. Both the farmers and the residents are worried of the phenomenon that has led to the shortage of water for the agricultural and domestic activities....   [tags: Irrigation, Water, Agriculture, Hydrology]

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Water Systems And The Ancient World

- Water systems were key to the economical, technological, and political development of ancient societies, which developed water machines to carry water to their lands and use as irrigation and water supply. Water usage was so important that it had a prominent role in laws of many early societies, making control of water more significant than land itself. Irrigation was able to make the land so fertile that the societies became richer and powerful. Successful irrigation could bring glory and power to rulers who controlled it....   [tags: Irrigation, Water, Mesopotamia]

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Water Resources Management Methods For The Water Flow Patterns

- [1] Pressure growth among different uses of water due to increases of water demand, bodies water contamination and changes in the water flow patterns, encourage a constant review of the water resources management methods for an effective coordination and resolution of water use conflict, optimal water release and internalization of economic and environmental externalities. [2] The most typical water use conflict is between hydropower and irrigation, these are the main water users and economic activities in the watersheds worldwide....   [tags: Irrigation, Water, Hydroelectricity, Hydrology]

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Food Security Is A Complex Sustainable Development Issue

- Introduction Food security is a complex sustainable development issue, linked to health through malnutrition, but also to sustainable economic development, environment, and trade[1].The rapid growth in world population, global income and food consumption are the main reason for higher global food insecurity. The global food insecurity challenge can be subside by four options:(i) Increase the area cultivated, thus putting further pressure on the remaining land, including marginal ground and forests;(ii)Increase the productivity of the land currently cultivated; (iii)Improve distribution of agricultural products to ensure they are in the right place at the right time;(iv) and modify the con...   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, Malaria, Rice]

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A Brief Note On Agriculture And Agriculture Practices

- Introduction Although people are becoming aware of the significance of land protection, the amount of arable land is still decreasing at an alarming rate. More specifically, according to a study cited by UNCCD, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, the land degradation costs about $490 billion per year. However, if sustainable actions are taken, there will be $1.4 trillion increase in crop production. Therefore, in order to mitigating the loss of arable land due to modern U.S....   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, Soil, Water]

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The Industrial And Agricultural Revolutions Affected How Much We Rely On God

- Have the industrial and agricultural revolutions affected how much we rely on God. In a word, yes. Going back through history, the progression of the dependency on God for the flourishing of crops, to now depending on pesticides and other man made aids, is evident. The way we depend on God for our food has changed, and along with it, how we depend on God for things in our everyday lives. As a human species, we used to depend more heavily on God for our crop production. We would pray for rain, for crops, for food, and overall for life....   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, God, Water]

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Common Property Water Resource And Its Governance

- The concept of Common property water resource and its governance: According to Singh (1994) all the natural and man-made resources used by the people in common, such as the Grazing Land, the water sources-pond, river, stream, etc. the forest etc. the owner of those resource is a particular group, as mentioned by Chopra and Dasgupta (2002) that the community of a village, a tribe or a particular community are act as an owner of the common resource where the owner consume and manage the resource according to their need....   [tags: Water, Water resources, Irrigation]

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The Use Of Soil And Water Resources For Agricultural Purposes

- Conventional agriculture involves the use of large portions of land and excess amounts water to grow crops. The improper use of soil and water resources for agricultural purposes leads to environmental degradation on many levels . Soil erosion and nutrient depletion have become a widespread result of improper soil care and inefficient irrigation techniques. Hydroponic farming serves as an alternative to conventional agriculture and is a resource efficient and environmentally friendly way to produce crops, in terms of both land and water conservation....   [tags: Soil, Agriculture, Hydroponics, Irrigation]

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The Problems Created by The Current Drought in California

- Are we coping with the current drought in California or are we just postponing the inevitable shortage of water. Californians need to be quick because if scientists are right, the harshness of the current drought is second only to that of the dust bowl. Some agencies have been created to find possible results to the water shortfall, the government has been manipulated to discover solutions to the problem as well as requesting that people conserve water. This could be the beginning of California’s many consecutive years of drought to occur and last spring and summer was one of the worst because it received the lowest amount of rain recorded and California’s reservoirs were at so low that they...   [tags: irrigation, canals, shortage of water]

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New Water Management System

- ... And agriculture plays an important role in our economy, but there is no improvement in the irrigation system used for many years and lead to waste water, and also have an impact on crop growth. I am sure that this system was readily adopted by our customers and can purchase our services, because the system is profitable. Instead of our old smart irrigation system should be favorable by customers and can easily afford. Our suppliers are those who buy the sensors and the system network and wireless zig bee dusting....   [tags: irrigation systems, low cost]

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Rainwater Harvesting: Conserving Water at DHS

- Decatur High School uses water for numerous tasks on a daily basis. Whether its watering schools lawns, washing animals at the Ag building, watering greenhouse plants, or cooking in the cafeteria and washing one’s hands; DHS could not function without the readily available supply of water. Unfortunately, water has become scarcer in Texas over the past few years, because of extreme drought conditions. Due to the limited supply of water in Wise County and surrounding areas, DHS should install a rainwater harvesting system....   [tags: Extreme Drought, Irrigation]

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The Need For Water Supply

- Since the beginning of civilization the need for water supply was imperative. Mesopotamians are the first who invented the irrigation system and after them it was spread to Romans, Egyptians and Chinese. The need for steady water supply affected many fields like economy, technology, political issues and legal too. People should discover smarter ways to carry water and farm. Because of that the production increased, leading to a better economy. At last the privileges on water and the creation of new laws about it became an important part of the society....   [tags: Irrigation, Water, Aquifer, Mesopotamia]

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Water Infiltration And The Transportation Of Contaminants From Anthropogenic Activities

- An ever increasing problem in our society is the introduction of contaminants into our water supply. Water infiltration and the transportation of contaminants from anthropogenic activities into aquifers present a health risk to human populations. This problem is more extreme in areas of poverty wherein proper restrictions are not in place, but is still present in developed nations such as the United States and Canada. Because of agricultural byproducts, landfills, and industrial waste polluting groundwater in fractured rock (Levison, J.K., and Novakowski, K.S) and the vulnerability of aquifer to contaminant transport (Masciopinto, C., Caputo, M.C., De Carlo, L., and Nimmo, J.R.), populations...   [tags: Water, Groundwater, Aquifer, Irrigation]

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Do Almonds Need That Much Water?

- Do Almonds Need That Much Water. Warm air and eighty degrees year around sure does make for excellence agriculture. Too good I must say. 163,696 miles of squared acreage, California is home of the worlds biggest and largest agricultural region. The crops range from native North American foods to exotic fruits and nuts all over the world. One of the exotic nuts is the almond. The almond is native to western Asia and is part of the rose family, which is related to the peach and plum. The only downside to growing almonds in California is the drought that is currently taking place....   [tags: Water, Groundwater, Irrigation, Aquifer]

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A Study On The Change Of Water Deterioration Of The Study Area ( Fig.3 )

- To estimate the changing in water geochemistry, it is necessary to know and reorganize the hydrochemical processes related to it. Normally, Langelier-Ludwig diagram is utilized to recognize water deterioration of the study area (Fig.3). According to Langelier-Ludwig, the source of contamination may be indicated by the interrupted of biologic influences problems. This comes after the discharging untreated domestic, agricultural and domestic wastes directly into water (Hem, 1992). . Fig 3 Langelier-Ludwig diagram From Langelier-Ludwig diagram, it is the fact that the sulfate and chloride concentration raised in El rahawy and Tala drains....   [tags: Water, Sodium, Irrigation, Potassium]

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The Case Of Garetson Brothers V. American Warrior, Inc.

- Introduction In a recent opinion, the Kansas Court of Appeals addressed the meaning and status of Kansas water law. The case of Garetson Brothers v. American Warrior, Inc., 51 Kan. App. 2d 370 (2015), concerns a groundwater dispute between senior water users and junior water users in southwest Kansas. After filing a complaint against the junior users, the senior users sought an injunction to stop the pumping of groundwater. The District Court granted the injunction and the Court of Appeals affirmed their decision....   [tags: Law, Appeal, Water, Irrigation]

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The Environmental Impacts of Drainage Water

- Population growth and increasing demands for food are the major factors to maximize the use of available resources. Water is a vital element of production and industry. Modernization of irrigation techniques has resulted in development of irrigated fields to increase agricultural products .Despite arable area in the semi- arid and amount of enhanced production but some crop land faced water table and salinity problems .Drainage installation whether subsurface or surface with different types can be an appropriate option to manage water table and salinity....   [tags: agriculture, irrigation, pollution]

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Illuminating the Potential of Bioluminescence

- My brother and I ran through the fields full of flickering lights that dotted the night sky. I clasped my hand around any glimpse of light that I could see until finally, I caught a firefly. In my hands, I held a little light that could one day become the light of the world through the usage of bioluminescence. Bioluminescence is the production and emission of light from living organisms. After years of research, scientists have been able to pinpoint the exact mechanism that allows for light to be radiated....   [tags: waste, irrigation, disease]

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Water Sustainability And Sustainable Farming Practices

- This research paper falls into the area of Food and the Environment. I chose this topic realm because water sustainability and sustainable farming practices are extremely important. With such enormous and increasing population growth and economic development numbers. In a list compiled by DoSomething.Org, eleven facts are explained regarding factory farming and the environment. This list contains facts derived from the United States Humane Society, The Natural Resources Defense Council, the National Geographic Society, and an academic journal article written by Gowri Koneswaran and Danielle Nierenberg in the Environmental Health Perspective....   [tags: Agriculture, Livestock, Fertilizer, Irrigation]

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Factors That Affect The Water Chemistry

- 3.2.1 Evaporation Diagram of Na against Cl- and Na/Cl ratio against EC (Fig. 4a and b) demonstrates that evaporation is the main process that controls the water chemistry. Na+ and Cl– fluctuated sharply while unchanged ratio of Na/Cl (Fig. 4a) suggests that the minerals precipitation is due to evaporation process. Also, this indicates that Na+ and Cl− are derived from the same source (Singh et al., 2007). Fig. 4b shows the Na/Cl ratio against EC, it has almost a linear relationship with very little inclination....   [tags: Water, Sodium, Irrigation, Ion]

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The Tragedy Of The Commons

- 1. Go to the textbook and read the section about the Tragedy of the Commons. Summarize, in YOUR own words (do NOT copy-n-paste from the book or article) what the “Tragedy of the Commons” means. This “Tragedy of the Commons” is a concept first put forward by William Forster Loyd but more often is attributed to the ecologist Garett Hardin ("Tragedy of the commons", 2016). The concept can be explained as a situation in which a common resource is shared by many. Each individual attempts to maximise their share of the resource with little regard to others and therefore the resource begins to be over exploited....   [tags: Water, Irrigation, Natural environment]

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The Effects Of Climate Change On The Environment

- As the effects of climate change on the environment become continuously evident a correlating shift in the way society manages our natural resources can also be observed. The global transformation towards more resource efficient methods can particularly be seen in the agricultural industry. Worldwide, agriculture is responsible for 70% of the the planets water consumption through irrigation ( As fresh water scarcity continues to spread, the utilization of non-conventional water sources such as treated wastewater (TWW) has become increasingly popular....   [tags: Water, Irrigation, Soil salinity, PH]

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The Agricultural Innovations Of Ancient Israel

- After migrating from urban centers to nearby mountainous valley regions, Jewish migrants faced arid and semi-arid land that was unsuitable for agriculture. Negligible rainfall and extreme evaporation rendered conventional growing methods impractical and useless. Building on the agricultural innovations of ancient Mesopotamia, those living in the Negev desert region so too developed systems of river and flood management, as well as water conservation, for agricultural use. These ancient farmers faced limited cultivation capabilities as a result of a harsh semi-arid climate, but were able to sustain populations by taking advantage of natural watersheds provided by geologic formations such as h...   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, Water pollution, Water]

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Most Adverse Impacts On The Ground Water

- Most likely adverse impacts in future With increase agricultural activity and irrigation area in the future, there will be a pressure on the ground water resources. Some of the major impacts are: 1) As most ground water regions are over allocated, further abstraction of ground water can cause reduction in the ground water level. This would also affect the reliability of supply in shallow bores and flows in low land streams. 2) Increase agricultural land would increase the intrusion of cattle to the surface water which in turn would further increase the nutrients levels and the bacterial contamination of the surface water.This would cause significant ill-effects on the aquatic life....   [tags: Water, Water pollution, Irrigation, Hydrology]

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Water Is The Most Used Substance

- Water is the most used substance. There is not one person, or industry that could survive without water. Water provides in more ways than just quenching thirst. That is why the most critical issues today, is water loss. It may come as a surprise, but according to Patricia Lefevere, only one percent of the water on earth is useful to humans. The other 99 percent is not accessible or fresh(Lefevere). However, the problem is not as terrible as it seems. According to The Economist the main problems are; how much water is too much, and the way humans use water....   [tags: Water, Water resources, Irrigation, Food]

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Water Is The Most Utilized Substance

- Water is the most utilized substance. There is not one person, or industry that could survive without water. Water provides in more ways than just quenching thirst. This is why the most critical issues today, revolve around water loss. It may come as a surprise, but according to Patricia Lefevere, only one percent of the water on earth is useful to humans. The other 99 percent is not accessible or fresh (Lefevere). However, the problem is not as terrible as it seems. According to The Economist the main problems are; how much water is too much, and the way the water is used (Sin aqua non; Water)....   [tags: Water, Irrigation, Food, Water resources]

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Summary Of ' The Tragedy Of The Commons ' By Garrett Hardin

- NHV Paper 2 “Response to a Debate” Caleb Micho 10 October 2014 Nature and Human Values Section A11 Rose Pass There is no questioning the fact that the world population is increasing without bound, however, there is a debate if this increase is a good thing, or if it will prove catastrophic. In the article “The Tragedy of the Commons” by Garrett Hardin. Hardin discusses how the ever-increasing world population will deplete the world of its natural resources, and thus human’s capability of survival....   [tags: Agriculture, World population, Human, Irrigation]

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The Tragedy Of The Commons By Garrett Hardin

- It is a known fact that the world population is increasing without bound; however, there is a debate if this increase is a good thing or if it will prove catastrophic. The article “The Tragedy of the Commons” by Garrett Hardin discusses how the ever-increasing world population will exhaust the world of its natural resources, and eliminate human’s capability of survival. On the other side of the argument is Julian L. Simon who wrote “More People, Greater Wealth, More Resources, Healthier Environment.” This article proposes the theory that with an increase in population, human’s quality of life is amplified....   [tags: Agriculture, World population, Human, Irrigation]

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The Effects Of Cover Crops On Agriculture

- The use of cover crops in Californian agriculture seems to be a beneficial, as well as creative, method of solving issues relating to the environment. Although Californian culture is based so heavily on technological advancements it seems that in the agricultural sector is lacks behind in innovation. This is especially noted in the high use of gravity irrigation which is essentially the most primitive way of watering crops. These issues in California water rights are so complex that many of the restricting topics that our guest lecturer Claire O’Connor discussed could be the partial cause including access to capital, flawed water delivery systems, and tough law and policy....   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, Crops, Green manure]

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The Allocation Of Water Rights For Agriculture

- In Ontario the allocation of water rights for agriculture is done through regulatory laws and sometimes farmers have to purchase a permit, they do not sell through markets or trade systems. The demand for water in the residential, agricultural, industrial and for environmental uses is continuing to grow. To, Weersink and Loë have said by 2020 their will be a significant demand for water in the agricultural sector as the population continues to grow and relies on food production not only for consumption but, for exporting....   [tags: Irrigation, Water, Agriculture, Water resources]

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Importance Of Water Recycling On Water Resources

- Importance of Water Recycling The Topic Water is one of the most important resource that both human beings and animals use abundantly. The abundant usage has made us to forget that water resource can be exhausted someday. Due to the changing climatic condition and lack of ground water resource, water become scarcer in the world day by day. Another important reason for the high demand of water is the growth in population and extensive water requirement in the field of agriculture and other industrial sectors....   [tags: Water, Water supply, Hydrology, Irrigation]

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Social Media About How Harvesting Rainwater May Be Illegal

- The sky is turning a dark gray, clouds rolling in with a loud thunderous sound, and the raindrops began to fall. The rain falls from the sky, rolls off the roof of a building structure, and into a cistern. Collection of rain into either a cistern or holding tank is known as rainwater harvesting. By harvesting the water, it can then be used for irrigation and plumbing. Since purchasing 15 acres of land, I learned of this process simply by word of mouth. Then, one day I see an article on social media about how harvesting rainwater may be illegal....   [tags: Water, Rain, Irrigation, Water cycle]

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Changing The Aquatic World Through Agricultural Education

- Changing the Aquatic World Through Agricultural Education In physical science class last semester, I learned that nearly three quarters of Earth’s surface is covered in water today, nearly 71 percent to be exact, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Most of it is contained in the world’s oceans as saltwater and polar ice, while much of our freshwater is contained in glaciers as frozen ice, and the remainder of our freshwater is located in lakes, rivers, springs, and aquifers. With water’s presence throughout the earth, and its necessity for our survival, it is definitely important, and it is even more important to care for our aquatic world....   [tags: Water, Earth, Global warming, Irrigation]

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The Water Supply of Florida

- The water supply of Florida is important for a number of reasons. But it is crucial because it not only helped develop human society but it is also continually sustaining it. There are a number of phases and processes that take place to make this happen. There are numerous stages that take place simultaneously in the hydrologic cycle and this includes evaporation. This is when the water alters from a liquid state into a gas. The damp air from the water rises into the atmosphere and when it cools, the vapor condenses and shapes into clouds....   [tags: hydrologic cycle, aquifers, irrigation system]

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Tulare Township

- C??-Irrigation The familiar rural landscape of today’s Tulare Township is the artificial creation of irrigation. The modern eye—accustomed to the regularity of shaded orchards and the linear furrowed fields of row crops—finds it difficult to imagine the countryside before irrigation, much less the arid, barren grassland that existed until the 1860s. One has a tendency to see this landscape as eternal. But the current rural scene is not yet a century old. Although Tulare Township residents had long recognized the need for irrigation, irrigation on a mass scale came late to the district....   [tags: Artificial Irrigation, Northern California]

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2591 words | (7.4 pages) | Preview

Food And Animal Feed Production

- Throughout the last century, we have seen an exponential growth in the transport sector causing a exponential need for fossil fuels, causing problems such as increasing greenhouse gas emissions, growing supply insecurity and major environmental damage. With these increased problems, many governments and policy makers have began to look at alternative energy sources, with one of the more popular alternative approaches being the increase use of biofuels (Ajanovic, 2011). But the efficient and renewable biofuels aren’t without their downfalls, with the preferred feedstock’s (the biological material used to make the fuel) being corn, wheat, sugarcane, soybean, rapeseed and sunflowers....   [tags: Water, Water resources, Greenhouse gas, Irrigation]

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1447 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Drinking Water and Irrigation Water Shortages in the Middle East

- One would think there are enough conflicts to be had in the Middle East. The area is simply a breeding ground for turmoil, and has been for centuries. Of the many conflicts that revolve around the areas history, politics, religion, territory or ethnicity, one more can be added to the group: water. These societies all need water, but not all have the same resources to get to that water. What is the hotbed of vice in this situation is only a few of the countries in the Middle East have total control over their own water, leaving most of the others to depend on the graces of those few countries to manage their water magnanimously enough to supply them with what they need....   [tags: Geography Economics Papers]

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2245 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

The Cbr Test : Using 3 Different Types Of Compaction, Static, Dynamic Or Undisturbed

- The CBR test can be conducted using 3 different types of compaction; static, dynamic or undisturbed. In this report dynamic compaction was used, using a hand compactor. After completing the experiment, the data of penetration and force was collected then produced into a graph of force on the plunger against penetration. Before the graph could be completed the force measured from the dial readings in division needed to be converted into kilo Newton’s, this is shown within the calculations. The graph in figure 4 of force on the plunger against penetration is shown as a smooth curve through all points, as the curve did not become convex no correction is needed....   [tags: Water, Hydrology, Irrigation, Soil]

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Scarcity Of Water Is The Most Critical Constraint For The Development Of Agriculture

- ABSTRACT Scarcity of water is the most critical constraint for the development of agriculture in arid and semi arid climates. Hence, effective use of available water has significant agricultural implication. However, different crops have different requirements and respond differently to soil moisture depletion level under different climatic conditions. Thus, this study was initiated to determine the optimal soil moisture depletion level for the production of vernonia (vernonia galamensis L.) and its effect on growth, yield and yield components at Wondo Genet, Ethiopia....   [tags: Water, Irrigation, Hydrology]

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1544 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

California Agriculture And Its Effects On America

- Its the year 2015, and California faces a record-breaking drought that continues to affect millions of lives in the Golden State and beyond. California is a land of rich resources—, a state that generates nearly 2 trillion USC towards America 's GDP. According to the California Department of Food and Agriculture, “California agriculture is a $42.6 billion dollar industry that generates at least $100 billion in related economic activity” (California Department of Food and Agriculture [CDFA], 2015)....   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, Water, Hydrology]

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Solving the Water Problems in America

- “Water is the driving force of all nature.” Leonardo da Vince once said. Water is a huge part of life, and everything that lives requires water to make it through its days on earth. A lot of people think that the world has massive amounts of water available for use; therefore, most roll their eyes when conserving water is mentioned. After all, 71% of the earth’s surface is made up of water. However, the truth is that only 2.5% of that is clean, drinkable water, and two-thirds of that percentage is unavailable because it is stuck in ice caps and glaciers (water)....   [tags: Irrigation Periods, Global Issues]

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1648 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Afghanistan And Its Effects On Afghanistan

- Afghanistan is located in Asia and close in proximity to the equator which indicates that it’s geography corresponds with the weather and conditions that this area experiences. From data taken from 1900 to 2012, Afghanistan has generally experienced rain around the months of January to April with the most rain in March. A fall in the amount of rainfall is seen as the months go by and starts to rise again around October until April of the next year. As for the temperature of Afghanistan, the coldest months are January and December at around 0 degrees Celsius or 32 degrees Fahrenheit and the hottest months are June to August at around 25 degrees Celsius or 77 degrees Fahrenheit....   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, Food security]

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1469 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

How Technology Has Improve Agricultural Production

- What is the next step in improving agriculture. It has to be in the direction of efficiency in order to accommodate this planet that is running out of resources. There has to be a new kind of tool that need to come into play that can increase production, and that could be the use of drones. One idea is using the efficiency of drones to improve agricultural production. Not only would it improve the efficiency, but it would also result in higher yields each year. The technology that can be used to control these autonomous drones will revolutionize how humans manage crops....   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, Drone music, Better]

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1275 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Mall Of Americ Overview

- Mall of America Introduction Groundwater The Mall of America area is underlain by many aquifers that provide a majority of the water resources for Bloomington, MN. Bloomington’s Groundwater Treatment Plant, treats 6 wells reaching these varying aquifers. In 2011, the city withdrew 3.35 billion gallons of water from these aquifers, providing 79% of the city needs. This number has since decreased to 3.14 gallons, meeting 76% of the city needs. The primary bedrock aquifer of this area is the 200 foot thick Prairie du Chien - Jordan....   [tags: Water, Water pollution, Groundwater, Irrigation]

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1436 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Discomfort, Irritation, and Confusion of The Bath

- Discomfort, Irritation, and Confusion of The Bath People are living robots. They follow the norm. They go with the latest trend. They walk the latest walk and talk the latest talk. Even the "brilliant ideas" that sprout from people's minds are a combination of other people's thoughts and ideas; friends, family and the media are the greatest influences. When a situation that is out of the norm confronts people, they are suddenly caught off guard, and instead of dealing with the situation, they shy away from it in attempt to return to their protective glass case; the norm....   [tags: Wife of Bath Essays]

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1096 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Water Shortage in China

- Water shortage is a growing problem for most countries in the world. For China, which has 20% of world’s population and only 7% of available water resources, this problem may become catastrophic (Hofstedt 2010, 72). Therefore some actions and measures should be performed to avoid or at least to weaken future water crisis in China. In this work the following three solutions will be proposed and analyzed in terms of efficiency and applicability: water usage efficiency improvement; adopting the local agencies on controlling water resources; reasonable water pricing....   [tags: China Water Crisis]

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1105 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Business Adaptabilities Of Fisheries

- Fisheries, the harvesting of wild fish and other aquatic animals, often play a valuable role in livelihood strategies that is not readily replaced by the development of irrigated agriculture. Despite this, the impacts of irrigation development and management on fisheries are seldom considered. Viewing fisheries and irrigation within an integrated and participatory management framework ensures that livelihoods and food security are enhanced rather than hurt by irrigation development. And it provides an opportunity to increase the overall productivity of irrigation systems—at little additional cost....   [tags: Fish Business Analysis]

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Ancient West East : The Land Of The River Basins Of Euphrates And Tigris

- Ancient Near East Millions of years ago the procreant low lands in the river basins of Euphrates and Tigris was probably the home of some animal life, but no great civilizations. However, things change over time, and just a few thousand years ago the same fertile low lands in the river basins of Euphrates and Tigris became the home of a very rich and complex society. This first high society of man was located in what some still call "Mesopotamia". The word "Mesopotamia" is in origin a Greek name meaning "land between the rivers." The name is used for the area watered by the Euphrates and Tigris and its tributaries, roughly comprising modern Iraq and part of Syria....   [tags: Sumer, Mesopotamia, Agriculture, Tigris]

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Water Management in Jordan

- Water shortage is a global problem and the consequences of water deficit can be a future crisis. According to Hasan Ali (2002, 1-3) the world large water deficient region is the Middle East. Jordan is one of the water-scarce countries in this area, Jordan is similarly in the top of ten water-deficient countries. The reasons of this problem are the features of nature such as semi-arid climate, few water sources and low precipitation. Because of that, the country has the lowest per head basis of water in the world....   [tags: Environmental Management Science]

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1348 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

America’s Dwindling Water Supply

- Water shortage in United States is a potential problem. Today almost no one consider how serious the issue is. Water is the main resource of our living; we have it and do not realize how much water we waste. In U.S.A. there are over usage of water in irrigation, agriculture, industry and over usage in residential purposes. According to CBS News report (Strassmann, 2010), average American uses about 150 gallons every day, while Englishmen use 40 gallons, Chinese – 22 and Kenyan - 13 gallons....   [tags: Water Shortages in USA]

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Water Conservation and Agriculture in the Colorado River Basin

- According to Webster’s dictionary, agriculture is defined as the science, art, or practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock and in varying degrees the preparation and marketing of the resulting products. Essentially, agriculture is a key element to a thriving and sustainable community for the seven billion habitants of our planet Earth. A key resource in providing life to necessary agriculture is the Colorado River. From its headwaters in the Rocky Mountains to the Gulf of California in Mexico, the Colorado River spans more than 1400 miles in its entirety....   [tags: Sustainable Community, Agriculture]

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1619 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Australian Sugar Industry Production, Processing, Marketing and Sustainability

- Introduction Sugarcane is the most widely produced agricultural commodity in the world. In 2011, Brazil alone produced over 700 million tonnes of sugarcane eclipsing the second highest producer, India, by close to 400 million tonnes (Queensland Sugar Limited [QSL], 2011). The sugarcane industry has developed rapidly in recent years and is now adapting to a new concept, sustainable development. This has been a welcome change, because in the past, sustainable development was widely viewed as an unachievable ideal rather than a practical basis for production....   [tags: Australian Sugarcane Industry]

Research Papers
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Engineering Jobs and A Outline of Each

- ... Environmental Engineering: Often tied with Civil Engineering., 3 traits of environmental engineering: • Disposal: industrial/residential-discarded products. • Remediation: cleaning of dirty site. • Prevention: working with corporations to decrease or exclude dangerous waste. Aerospace Engineering: Aerospace engineering is related to the science of air and spacecraft. Aerospace engineers deals with different kinds of flights, for example: balloon, solar wind, satellites, etc. moreover in this discipline, engineers must take into consideration the human limitations and the effect of their science on the human body....   [tags: civil, computer, electrial, environment]

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Brazil's Natural Resource Management

- Brazil’s water usage can be divided into three main areas: industrial, domestic, and agriculture. Agriculture is the main facet in Brazil’s economy which makes water their biggest concern. Brazil has three main water basins: Amazons, Tocantins and São Francisco. They also have two other basin systems which comprise many smaller basins. The Amazon River basin is very important; being one of the biggest rivers in the world, its huge output accounts for over half of Brazil’s “Drainage Basin.” Surface water is not Brazil’s only abundance in water; subsurface water is also widely available in Brazil....   [tags: Natural Resources]

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1519 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Apple Production in Kosovo

- Kosovo is a relatively small country, but because of its geographical position and favorable agro-climatic condition it is a very important country for agriculture production. However in agriculture sector fruit respectively apple production with continuing investments can make Kosovo one of the most important countries on the Balkan Peninsula for apple production. Flat valley areas with good soils and also with access to high quality water across the country allow farmers to grow the highest quality fruits....   [tags: good income, farmers]

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The Effects of Secondary Soil Salinization

- Introduction: Irrigation has been used as tool by humans for over 8000 years. Irrigation started in the Nile valley where humans attempted to modify the way that the river seasonally flooded their fields in order to make cropland more productive (van Schilfgaarde, 1994). From 1940 to 1989 the amount of land being irrigated around the world has increased at a rate of 2.7% per year. In 1940 there were 95 M ha in irrigation while by 1989 there were over 280 M ha (van Schilfgaarde, 1994). This large increase in land under irrigation occurred at the same time as an exponential jump in human population, and increases in both are greatest in the arid and sub-arid regions of the Earth....   [tags: Agriculture Agricultural Essays]

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3012 words | (8.6 pages) | Preview

The Influence of Water Accessability on Ancient Civilizations

- Water is one of the most important elements needed to sustain life. Some ancient civilizations struggled to maintain a steady supply of usable water, while others gained consistent access, and those that did, thrived. Nonetheless, these civilizations, whether they failed or succeeded, depended on water to drink and irritate their crops; without it, they suffered food shortages and famine. Ancient civilizations such as China, Egypt, Mesopotamia and Rome were among those whose advancement benefited from the successful cultivation of water....   [tags: usable, floods, economies]

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Biofuels and Their Effects on Water Resources

- Biofuels and Their Effects on Water Resources Due to desires to decrease greenhouse gas emissions, the increasing concerns of trade balances and geopolitics, as well as the growing rise of the price of crude oil, nations worldwide are taking bigger steps in establishing sustainable energy alternatives [1]. In order to meet more sustainable energy needs there has been an increase in the demand of biofuels. With this increase in demand comes the increase demand of water, which is already a limiting factor in food production in many parts of the world....   [tags: Energy, Environmental Management]

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1918 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

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