Your search returned over 400 essays for "international relations"
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Globalization's Influence on Contemporary International Relations

- Globalization is a social process independent of man’s will. It is also a dynamic development process with inner contradictions and a dual nature. Although it provides a rare historic opportunity for many countries to develop, it also creates differences, competition and conflicts of interest. Globalization’s contradictions and dual nature also exert a complicated influence on contemporary international relations. While globalization deepens mutual dependence and further promotes this era’s trend toward peace and development, its nature of imbalance has led to the rise of power politics in the same period, complicating the process of multipolarization....   [tags: International Relations]

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International Relations And Global Politics

- Perhaps one of the most frequently discussed topics in international relations today is the diminishing power of the nation state and subsequent growth of a global economy. Traditionally, the state is considered to play a leading role in global affairs; however, due to advances in communications technology and the expansion of international trade following the Cold War, the world has seen the establishment of an increasing number of non-state actors in global politics. The shift away from a state-centric model of international government has produced many positive changes to global politics, but has also highlighted many issues and challenges....   [tags: International relations, United Nations]

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International Relations Theory: Changes in the Hierarchy of International Politics

- "Should international relations theory be held accountable for explaining fundamental changes in the hierarchy of international politics and the emergence of new actors?" It seems absurd to answer that international relations theory should not be in the business of explaining fundamental changes in international politics. However, this response paper will argue on both edges of the question. First, it actually does make sense to attempt to hold as many things as possible constant, or as "givens" in attempting to craft explanations for events in international politics....   [tags: International Relations]

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Gender in International Relations

- Does A Gendered Approach Give Us A Significantly Different Understanding Of International Relations. By the late 1980s, academic scholars in the field of International Relations began to investigate how gender affected International Relations theory and practice. Gender is significant in International Relations because they are ‘essential to understanding the world ‘we’ live in’ (Young, 2004:75). One must emphasise on the term, ‘we’ (Young, 2004:75) as allusions of a world where men and women live in unison and that they shape the world we live in today together....   [tags: Feminism and International Relations]

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International Relations And World Politics

- While much of the discussion on shifting world order is framed by debates on the decline of international power held by the West and the rise of developing countries as new players, the conceptualization of ‘world order’ used in this argument will not be concerned with changes to the position or power of individual states. Rather, the concept is used in a broader way in that the analysis instead focuses on general arrangements of power in international relations and world politics in a structural sense....   [tags: International relations, United States, Superpower]

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Understanding International Relations Through Level of Analysis

- Level of analysis discloses three different ways of understanding international relations. The System-level analysis considers "top-down" approach to study world politics (Rourke, 2007, p. 91). It emphasises that international actors, countries, operate in a global social-political-economic-geographic environment and the explicit characteristics of the system outlines the mode of interaction among the actors. The State-level analysis stresses the national states and their domestic practices such as national interests, interest groups, government, and domestic economy as the key determinants of the state of world affairs (Mingst, 2008)....   [tags: International Relations]

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Theory Of International Relations And Foreign Policy

- What is theory. Theories are statements that explain facts, events, laws, etc. Theories are invented to provide an explanation for a bounded realm of reality. Its assumptions are neither true nor false, but are judged on the theories explanatory power. Theories of international relations provides an abstract context upon which international relations can be studied. They are a means of answering the big question in international relations and foreign policy: Why do states behave the way they do in the international system....   [tags: International relations, United Nations]

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Neo-Realism and Liberalism: Comparing These Two Different Frameworks Used in International Relations

- In order for countries to cohesively overcome international barriers, frameworks of ideal political standards must be established. Two of these frameworks constantly discussed in international relations are the theories of Neo-realism and Liberalism; two theories with their own outlook at the way politicians should govern their country as well as how they should deal with others. Neo-realism lies on the structural level, emphasizing on anarchy and the balance of power as a dominant factor in order to maintain hierarchy in international affairs....   [tags: International Relations]

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The Nation State Actor : International Relations Theory

- The Nation-State Actor International relations as a field of political studies are primarily concerned with interaction among sovereign nations. For Shiraev & Zubok (2014), a nation can be defined in legal terms or as a community having the same identity (p. 11). Increasingly in a globalized society, non-state actors – non-government and inter-governmental organizations and multinational corporations – play an important role. However, the foundation of the oldest international relations theory, realism, assumes that states are the main actors....   [tags: International relations, Sovereignty]

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International Relations: Japan’s Engagement with China, 1990-2010

- Introduction The study of international relations rests on the premise that there is always a sensible way of explaining a nation’s grand strategy, for they would not survive otherwise. From the Classical Period to the Middle Ages, from the Renaissance to the twenty-first century, historians, statesman, and political theorists have attempted to provide reason and understanding behind the decisions made by nation-states. More often than not, whether through realism or liberalism, through social constructivism or even Marxism, the theories of international relations have been able to define the guidelines for decision-making....   [tags: Diplomacy, international relations]

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Critical Review: Bradley A. Thayer, Bring in Darwin: Evolutionary theory, Realism, and International Relations

- In Thayer’s article, he makes an attempt to incorporate Darwin’s Evolutionary Theory into the international security studies. The article tries to answer a central question that what are the implications of Evolutionary theory to realist theory of international security and in what way can peace be achieved if warfare is part of human nature. This paper agrees with Thayer that Evolutionary theory provides a scientific theory foundation for realism and is an ultimate cause for war and ethnic conflicts, as well as the assumption that origin of war is intrinsic in human nature as part of their evolution history....   [tags: International Relations]

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The United States : Hegemonic Status Under Organski And Kugler 's Theory On International Relations

- The United States qualifies for hegemonic status under Organski and Kugler’s definition when considering the superiority of U.S. military (Thomson et al.). However, America may now need to consider transformative policies that encourage cooperation rather than domination in effort to prevent future concerns of decline as well as increase stability. In encouraging transformation, the U.S. can aid in a system of peaceful interactions and security more similar to the ideas of Ikenberry’s theory on international relations....   [tags: International relations, Policy, United States]

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The Civil War in Sudan its Historical Background and its Effects on Comparative Politics and International Relations

- On January 1st, 1959 Sudan finally became its own independent country, and it looked as if it’s history of conflict would soon come to an end. But this was not to be, throughout most of Sudan’s independent status as a country it has been in constant turmoil. For the first thirteen years, 1959-1969, an elected government ran Sudan, but in that year, 1969, the elected government would be toppled by a military coup. Ever since this incident, Sudan has been in a civil war almost indefinitely. This rule would last for about 20 when a leader in that government rose up against them....   [tags: international relations, africa]

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International Soccer's Influence on Diplomatic, Social, and Political Relations

- To what extent has international soccer influenced the world politically and socially. This research question will be investigated using different books pertaining to the subject. The investigation will cover the impacts of soccer in the 1930s during the First World War, the 1940s during the Second World War and the 1970s during the Cold War. The effect of soccer on a country’s nationalism will be researched as well. Soccer had a great impact on people’s lives socially; it gave people hope when in a time of need....   [tags: Soccer and International Relations]

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Sovereignty is of declining significance in international relations

- Carl Schmitt once stated, “The protego ergo oblige” (n.d); meaning I protect therefore I oblige. This is the basis of a key aspect of International Relations: Sovereignty. Theoretically, it can be defined as the supreme power or authority. Sovereignty as a concept plays a critical role in maintaining international order however has been interpreted in several different ways; its context in theory and in reality. In order to appreciate Sovereignty, defining the term ‘state’ is essential. A state is essentially a structured political society, existing under a government....   [tags: Foreign Relations]

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Power and International Relations

- In this essay, am going to covering why power is the most important factor in international relations, and why power has changed throughout the years, is power or isn’t power the primary factor in international relations. There are several ways that power can be defined, it cannot be categorised in one area, as power is defined in many aspects. When discussing power in terms of international relations, this concept is described as very complicated as many aspects need to be considered. One definition of power in IR is one actor exerting influence over another, this is also known as hard power, or power can be described as having the most control over resources for example oil, gold or food....   [tags: international politics, infuence on others]

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Malaysia's International Relations

- Perhaps the assignment uses an opportunity to address the case of Malaysian particularly on the aspect of international relations in order to analyze the behavior pattern of the characteristics of international politics, utility diverse historical junctures in which shifting bases of state power, paths of growth, and official manipulation of social identities join in the regulation of social order that facilitates capital accrual while maintaining state legitimacy in a multi-ethnic context. Therefore the term international relations can be describe in various dimensions such as political economy that basically looking into way of discovering how politics generates power over economics as wel...   [tags: International Government ]

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International Relations Relating to Humanitarian Intervention

- In the following essay I will discuss aspects of international relations relating to humanitarian intervention and how they affect a nation’s responsibilities in the international arena. I will be drawing parallels to historical examples of intervention and to recent world events. I will inspect the classical realist notion of non-intervention and sovereignty and another newer line of thought, more adapted to the modern system. What I hope to bring forth in this paper is a clearer understanding of the situation and the responsibilities of the actors in current international relations in regard to humanitarian rights and intervention....   [tags: humanitarian intervention and international law]

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Concept of Security in the Context of International Relations

- The most commonly used definition by scholars is the definition of Barry Buzan in his book People, States, and Fear says that: "Security, in any objective sense, measures the absence of threat to acquired values, in a wiki sense, the absence of fear that such values will be attacked" (Buzan, 1991:4). Then from the definitions that have been mentioned by the penstudi HI can be seen that the security threat is the lack of values needed to live a human life. While the concept of a threat to its own security Ullman defined as: "An action or sequence of events that (1) Threatens drastically and over A relatively brief span of time to degrade the quality of life for the inhabitants of a state or (...   [tags: international security, security system, military]

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The Impact of Liberalism on International Relations

- Liberalism has contributed to the understanding of International Relations as an academic discipline and through organizations such as the United Nations, the European Union, the League of Arab States, and others in what many consider to be a very influential manner. To start, Liberalism traces its roots back to the Enlightenment period (Mingst, 2008) where many philosophers and thinkers of the time began to question the established status quo. Such as the prevailing belief in religious superstition and began to replace it with a more rational mode of thinking and a belief in the intrinsic goodness of mankind....   [tags: Liberalism and the United Nations]

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The United Nations And International Relations

- The state is one of the major actors in International Relations, but cannot always claim to be the major actor. The issues that a state might face in claiming the position as the major actor in international relations include non-state violent actors, international bodies, and ethnic groups. However, one must recognise that the state will still be a major actor, and this is to be expected in a world where certain countries are the powerhouses of the world. The United Nations is an international body where many states are represented, and it can take action as a body on many different issues....   [tags: United States, Sovereign state, Terrorism]

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Idealism and Realism in International Relations

- In regards to the recent events in Ukraine, international relations (IR) have become a popular topic among people again. However, not many truly understand what the term ‘international relations’ entails. Unlike what we usually see in TV dramas, it is more than just people sending representatives to different countries to visit or negotiation about debatable agreements. International relation, sometimes known as ‘world politics’, began after the First World War. This field of academic study concentrates on the, as its name suggests, the politics on the global level with states as the units, relations between states, and maintaining peace in the international system....   [tags: league of nations, ukraine, world politics]

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Intervention Of International Relations : Intervention

- Intervention in International Relations If you saw a person being murdered, would you intervene. Would you try and save that person’s life or sit aside and just let things happen. What if it was thousands of people. This is a common problem in international relations on whether to intervene in other sovereign states if human rights are being abused or just let that state deal with it on its own. In international relations, a sovereign state has the right to non-intervention, and to be free from unwanted external states regrading to internal affairs....   [tags: Human rights, United States, Sovereignty]

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International Relations As A Moral Compass

- International relations initially had marginal consideration for morality concerning the actions of sovereign states. The main principals of international relations such as realism had inhospitable consideration for ethical Judgments. Realists believe that morality is a relatively unimportant and is only understood in terms of national interest and power. Therefore from a realist perspective, power is the centrifugal force in dictating state behavior. However, this does not mean that there is absolutely no place for ethical reflection in the study of international relations....   [tags: Al-Qaeda, United States, Iraq War, Iraq]

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The Realist Approach to International Relations

- Realism is one of the important perspectives on global politics, it is a notion about the conservative society and political philosophy (Heywood 2011: 54; Shimko 2013: 36). Besides, Gilpin (1996) claims that “realism…, it is not a scientific theory that is subject to the test of falsifiability, therefore, cannot be proved and disproved.” (Frankel 1996: xiii). The components of the realist approach to international relations will be discussed. Firstly, the state is an important component in the concept of realism....   [tags: power, anarchical, survival]

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The United States And International Relations

- Political icons of both major political parties have brought this nation and others together to achieve a common goal. The policies that have been the product of these coalitions have promoted more stable international relations. When the United States plays an active role in international affairs there is an increase in humanitarian work, freedom around the world and global peace. United States hegemony is a net-beneficial method of achieving international stability. The United States has brought about an the largest amount of human rights work in the global community....   [tags: World War II, Cold War, Franklin D. Roosevelt]

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The Structural Theory Of International Relations

- There are two sets of theories that provide explanations on how the international system works. The structural theory also known as realism and the institutional theory also know as liberalism are the two major theories of international relations. These two set of concepts help explain the behaviors of major powers. Both of these theories have a first premise and first deduction along with a second premise and second deduction. In order to apply structural and institutional explanations to the behavior of Austria- Hungary, it is necessary to understand each of their core values....   [tags: Decision making, Flipism, Decision theory]

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Human Nature in International Relations

- Human nature is that quality that sets us apart from other living things; it is the definition of what we are. The concept of human nature in international relations is embedded in the theories of international relations. Every International relations theory has its specific assumptions about human nature. The basic premise of these theories has its roots in human nature because in understanding the world and how it works, human nature is first considered. Philosophers maintain that in order for a political theory to hold any weight, it must first explain the concept of human nature....   [tags: theory, realism, constructism, human nature]

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My Fascination With International Relations

- My fascination with International Relations stems from my family experiences. My great grandparents were immigrants from Russia and lived through the Pogroms. My close family currently lives on the border between Gaza and Israel, so Middle Eastern politics and security particularly interests me. My father’s bookshop was randomly blown up by the IRA in 2001, so learning about terrorism and the IRA at GCSE was particularly relevant to me. I am currently studying Economics, Government and Politics and History, which I feel will complement my further studies in International Relations....   [tags: Iraq War, 2003 invasion of Iraq, Canada]

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Different Theories Of International Relations

- Different theories of international relations seek to best explain and predict the whole spectrum of international relations. Some theories are better than others, if one wants to fully understand the spectrum of international relations. The Reductionist theory and the Structural theory both seek to predict the outcomes of international relations, however each leads to a different level and approach of explaining states behavior and ambitions in international relations. When studying and expanding the two theories to its full potential one can conclude as does Kenneth Waltz that one theory is better than the other overall in explaining I.R., this theory being the structural theory in that it...   [tags: Theory, Scientific method, Soviet Union]

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International Relations, Realism And Liberalism

- This paper concerns the two main paradigms in international relations, realism and liberalism. It will first define the terms separately, then discuss the origins of each theory, then examine the strengths and weaknesses of each theory and demonstrate how the theories work on their own. At the same time, this essay will investigate the most convincing theory of the both as it incorporates the presumptions into the case study of the United Sates’ invasion of Iraq in regards to realism and liberalism....   [tags: United States, Political philosophy, Realism]

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International Relations: Liberalism and Realism

- Liberalism and Realism How to Liberals view conflict. To define any perspective in International Relations, one must understand its’ origin and primary authors, including the context in which they were writing in. Liberalism is one of the more loosely defined perspectives as it has had a number of authors throughout history. Primarily, liberalism relies on the positive aspects of human nature. One of the most prominent liberal authors was Kant- who often wrote of the anarchical nature of international relations- referring to it as “the lawless state of savagery.” He also wrote of three primary routes to obtaining peace within this system, namely treating all aspects of human life with human...   [tags: imperialism, conflicts, security]

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The Problem Of International Relations

- In 1994, Rwanda experienced one of the greatest crisis’s the continent of Africa has ever seen. Upwards of 800 thousand people were killed in this genocide that tore this nation apart. Racial divisions between ethnic groups in Rwanda, the Hutu and the Tutsi caused mass killings by conflicting ideological groups. By the end of this era of mass murder, a great number of the population had been wiped out. In the years after this genocide, women came together to run the country and gain more rights, the country had to stabilize it’s government and unite to fight the many issues including mass refuge displacement, water scarcity, and poverty....   [tags: Rwandan Genocide, Rwanda, Hutu, Tutsi]

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Is International Relations And Politics?

- In this essay, it will be argued that international relations and politics cannot be studied scientifically because experimental research cannot be conducted under the given circumstances. Since the issue is part of a bigger, ongoing debate of epistemology and methodology within the discipline, a brief introduction will be given to contextualize this argument and to assert its position within the debate. Next, two conditions of the international system will be discussed that pose obstacles to experimental research- namely, (1) There are too many extraneous variables within the international scene for it to be controlled or manipulated; and (2) There is no accurate system to measure social co...   [tags: Sociology, Social sciences, Science]

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The Globalization Of International Relations

- The Globalization of International Relations The discourse as regards to effects of globalization and global entities on cultural diversity presents a challenging debate. Advanced technology dissolves the international boundaries while opening cultures to an entire new arena where globalization can occur. Globalization empowers entities as it connects the world, supports economic developments, and enables information availability. Cultural diversity and globalization forms two different perspectives: globalization can enable mobilization and empowerment of people through self-representation, provide employment opportunities, and support collective identity by socialization; globalization has...   [tags: Economics, Economic development, Culture]

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Political Science And International Relations

- Kawkareik, a small town of Kayin state of Burma, surrounding by Dawna Range, is the place where I was born and had to flee. Civil wars, military rules, and religious conflicts are part of her misfortunes and, for sure, I had witnessed some of her pain. Other portion of my childhood had also associated with the experience of living in Mae Sot district and Nu Poe refugee camp in Thailand before I settled in the United States. When I first arrived to the America, I had observed the difference of societies in term of peace, prosperity, and harmony....   [tags: Political science, Politics]

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Negotiations in International Relations

- Negotiations in International Relations Introduction In international law, diplomatic negotiations are the primary means of peaceful settlement of disputes between states, which consists of direct discussions. In this research paper we are presenting these negotiations to reach to a fully understanding of the concept as well as its importance and the way things work in international politics. Diplomacy is the practice of conducting negotiations between parties, more specifically between diplomats, representatives of states and it is mainly used to conduct international relations on subjects such as peace-making, trade, war, economics, culture, environment, and human rights....   [tags: compromise, diplomacy]

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Why Is Power Central to Realist Perspectives of International Relations?

- Introduction Historically, realism has been the dominant theory of International Relations which explains the fundamental features of international politics, inevitably associated with conflict and war (Chiaruzzi, 2012, pp. 36). Basically, there are two approaches of realism; classical realism and neorealism. Classical realists strongly emphasize on historical reality and takes its principles, orientations and practice from the account of history (Chiaruzzi, 2012, pp. 37). In contrast, neorealism is based on a scientific method by examining economic theory and philosophy of science rather than historical reflection (Chiaruzzi, 2012, pp....   [tags: international politics, conflict and war]

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Analysis of the Importance of Domestic Policies to International Relations

- The American drone attacks to Iraq in 2002, China’s refusal to cooperate with former US President Richard Nixon in 1989, and India’s rejection of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 2005, were said to be a quest to protect national interest. Events in the international environment can be unclear, especially when they do not correspond to the ideologies the countries involved claim to advocate. Domestic politics comes before international relations, and countries typically would not risk national interest over a foreign policy....   [tags: domesic policies, international policies]

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The New Sovereignty in the International System

- THE NEW SOVEREIGNTY IN THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM THE NEW SOVEREIGNTY IN THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM How have connections that have formed below the level of the state influenced the Westphalia notion of sovereignty. Westphalian sovereignty as defined in the classical model cannot remain anymore in the international system because of the changes that have occurred in international relations. Nowadays the anarchic states are connected to each other. Any move by one of them, is felt by all the others....   [tags: International Relations]

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Dynamics of Change in International Relations

- Dynamics of Change in International Relations The Oxford dictionary defines the act of migrating as meaning: “to move to settle to a new area in order to find work.”1 This seems to be presupposing that the primary motivation of migrants is employment. However, as I will go on to highlight, economic social and political factors in various combinations have always affected the various constant waves of migration throughout history2. I will look at how past and modern flows compare and their effects on global society....   [tags: International Employment Migration Essays]

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What Does It Mean For Study? International Relations?

- What does it mean to 'study ' international relations. When it comes to the meaning of studying International Relations many people have different views on this concept. To me the designation of studying IR is to better help me to understand the study of an international system which is made up of different states that have knowledge of higher command over matters which they might consider as being valuable of interest. These studies deal with altering cognations between states and non-states. When studying IR you become more aware of the different international systems that are in play and how the composed developments of these systems play a bigger part overall....   [tags: International Monetary Fund, United States]

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International Relations Theories, Liberalism, Supports Free Trade

- One of international relations theories, liberalism, supports free trade. Liberals believe that free trade benefits everyone, increases efficiency, and raises productivity. A famous liberal thinker, Adam Smith, believes that free trade enhances national economic capacity through the increase of connection between countries. He believes that free trade provides states not only to play an important role in international economic affairs, for example division of labour, property and justice, but also to promote self-interests and national defence....   [tags: International trade, Economics, Free trade]

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International Relations

- The first paradigm of international relations is the theory of Realism. Realism is focused on ideas of self-interest and the balance of power. Realism is also divided into two categories, classical realism and neo-realism. Famous political theorist, Hans Morgenthau was a classical realist who believed that national interest was based on three elements, balance of power, military force, and self interest (Kleinberg 2010, 32). He uses four levels of analysis to evaluate the power of a state. The first is that power and influence are not always the same thing....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Realism, Neo-Realism]

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International Relations

- Introduction: At the end of WWII in 1945, Western Europe and arguably the entire world looked to the United States for a recovery plan. Great Britain was loosing control over its colonies, France and Germany had been destroyed by the war, and the Soviet Union was gaining power. This put the United States in a position of power, the question that arises with this is, does the United States try to gain control as the hegemonic power in the international system. Is there a real necessity in the region of the Middle East to gain the hegemonic power in terms of U.S national interest/security....   [tags: Political Science]

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Understanding International Relations

- Understanding International Relations Through Liberalism and Realism To understand the international relations of contemporary society and how and why historically states has acted in such a way in regarding international relations, the scholars developed numerous theories. Among these numerous theories, the two theories that are considered as mainstream are liberalism and realism because the most actors in stage of international relations are favouring either theories as a framework and these theories explains why the most actors are taking such actions regarding foreign politics....   [tags: liberalism, realism, contemporary society]

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International Relations Midterm

- 1. To ‘study’ international relations is to undertake a very broad concept that is both multifaceted and multidisciplinary. International relations involves analysis of the world and its actors to determine why events occur and how they might develop. I will explain the study of international relations in three parts. First, I will discuss the players or actors that international relations scholars study. Second, I will discuss what these scholars seek to achieve. Last, I will cover how the viewpoints of scholars might affect their analysis....   [tags: politics, economics, history]

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International Relations Theorists

- “A state is a legal entity that enjoys a permanent population, a well defined territory, and a government capable of exercising sovereignty” (Kegly Jr & WittKopf, 2001). International Relations can be seen as the study of the roles of state and non- state actors with regards to the international political system. This system is made up of sovereign states, nations and nation-states as well as non-state actors such as Multinational Corporations, Inter-Governmental Organizations, International Non-Governmental Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations....   [tags: government, sovereignty]

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International Relations Perspectives

- International Relations Perspectives Realist Perspective The basis for the realist perspective focuses on the struggle for power; and, proposes that this is the central cause of events in international affairs. This perspective “sees the world largely in terms of a struggle for power in which strong actors seek to dominate weak ones and weak actors resist strong ones to preserve their interests and independence…There is no overarching or universal center of power in the world that is recognized by all actors as legitimate…[It} emphasizes power: human nature at the individual level, aggressive states at the domestic level, leaders pursuing domestic and international power at the foreign polic...   [tags: political science]

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Study of History and Theory of International Relations

- To study international relations means to study the history of international relations, theory, practical application of those theories and the outcome after the practical application of the theory was applied. Smith spoke about international relations and said that international relations importance of not just theory, but history to understanding The politics of today (Smith 2006). So when you study international relations you should understand the theory but you need to know the history because a states history contributed the how and why the countries politics are the way they are today....   [tags: politics, anarchy, liberalism]

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Colonial International Relations

- In the year 1492, a vast swath of land, cutting from the Atlantic Ocean to The Pacific was discovered, whether he understood its implications or not, by a man by the name of Christopher Columbus. With abounding fish, hundreds of miles of dense forests, precious metals, and a prodigious amount of unclaimed territory awaiting settlers to this New World, many hoped to start a new, prosperous life in the Americas. Whether one feared religious persecution, debtor’s jail, or starvation, thousands of men, women, and children sailed to North America for a chance to start over....   [tags: France, Britain, Spain]

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The Second Industrial Revolution and International Relations

- The Second Industrial Revolution and International Relations Thru-out the last century, technical innovations have enabled people to live better and more productive lives. Humans have evolved thru time, and as we have evolved, so must or technology. Things would be quite difficult in 2012 if we were still relying on the technology from 1812. Innovation is part of the human spirit but is often oppressed due to the political situations one may be under. Edward Gibbon (n.d.), an English historian of Rome said it best with one of his famous quotes; “All that is human must retrograde if it does not advance” Today, business is conducted on a global scale....   [tags: Technology]

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Gender And International Relations, Men And Masculinities

- Despite the important work on gender to add the feminist critique to the analyses of International Relations, men and masculinities in the study of gender and International Relations have become invisible. The difficulty of the embodied women is of focus throughout, while there is a tendency to either ignore men as gendered subjects and even considering the idea of even giving men and masculinity a separate entity is deemed unnecessary. It is obvious that a more balanced and adopted portrait of men remains to be drawn....   [tags: Masculinity, Gender, Male, Sociology]

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The Skeptic Theory of Morality in International Relations

- ... (Forde, 15) In the international arena, there is no hierarchical rule to keep states in line or behaved; meaning that the international system is constantly in anarchy, aka the state of nature. This lack of rule enforcement puts states in a constant state of war, in a constant state where they need to stay on guard and in a tactical advantage otherwise the safety and well being of their state will be in jeopardy. In this scenario, the state’s number one priority is to protect itself and act in its self interest when need be, despite if it would typically be deemed immoral....   [tags: skeptics, foreign, political]

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International Relations and Its Three Theories

- Having a strong understanding of the global political environment is foundational and a perfectly necessary element of being a college educated person in the 21st century. In current 24-hour news cycle where the CNN effect has changed that form of media forever, persons to day are saturated in information about international systems, political and social ideality and more as they move through the day. In order to better understanding this global environment, I enrolled in a course entitled International Relations (IR)....   [tags: realism, liberalism, marxist, socialist]

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1466 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Marxism's Tools for Contemporary International Relations

- ... This union of ideologies, be them at the national, economical, or individual level, do not take place in isolated regions. Rather, they are widely adopted, and its spread is accelerating under globalization. In the contemporary globalizing world economy that is converging on capitalist principles, various issues arise in the realm of international relations. One of them is capitalist imperialism. Given the power of capitalists enhanced by technological advances, mobility, and easing of regulations, they are able to extend their power to almost every corner of the world....   [tags: capitalist, globalizing, production]

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Long Term Interests And International Relations

- Broad Long-term Interests in KEYWORDS: Among the broader issues I hope to explore are transnational movements and contemporary circulations of people, religious practices, and political orientations located within long-term, historical connections through circulation of scholars, migration of students to seminaries, pilgrimage, mass education, increased literacy, and the spread of new media technologies. Iranian Shi’ism/Islam and its contributions to domestic/foreign policy and international relations: I am curious as to how religious leaders in Iran have reached out to the outside world, how their efforts such as in the form of constructive dialogue have/ will influence peacebuilding and i...   [tags: Islam, Iran, Sharia, Iraq]

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International Relations Theory Of Structural Realism

- In this essay, I will be examining both interstate and intrastate conflict. I find that there are three sources that contribute the most to the rise of conflict within the international system: power transition, commitment problems and democratization (nationalism). Among these three factors, commitment problems are the most important for international politics. First, the international relations theory of structural realism best examines the role of power transition through powerful countries such as Britain and China in comparison to less developed countries such as Mexico or Chad as argued by A....   [tags: Soviet Union, Cold War]

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International Trade : A Cornerstone For The Advancement Of Geopolitical Stability And International Relations

- For centuries, international trade has been a cornerstone for the advancement of geopolitical stability and international relations, but, now more than ever, the importance of free trade is rising. But what precisely is free trade, and what exactly is its purpose in the grand scheme of things. Is it necessarily a good thing, or is it actually doing more harm then good. The answers to these questions are what we need to know to make sure we truly understand the significance of free trade in this increasingly globalized world....   [tags: International trade, Globalization]

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1535 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Impact of International Relations between China and Zambia

- The history of Zambia includes a long and distressing journey, filled with disputing political practices over a newly independent government, economic troubles, and disease (Zambia Profile 2011). Despite these troubles, Zambia currently has an abundant variety of natural resources which provides hope for a country suffering from these despairs. Located centrally within Southern Africa, surrounded by Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Namibia, one would not think of Zambia as a top exporter of copper (considering most trades occur on the coast), along with an important investment for Chinese geopolitical conquests....   [tags: International Government ]

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1833 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

International Relations Questions and Answers

- 1. There are some fundamental differences and similarities between IGOs and NGOs. To begin with, one definition of IGO is, “International/ transnational actors that are composed of member-countries” (Rourke and Boyer 2010, G–6). A few good examples of IGOs are the E.U., NATO, and the U.N. A definition of NGOs would be, “International (transnational) organizations with private memberships” (Rourke and Boyer 2010, G–8). A few examples of NGOs are Amnesty International, the Red Cross, and Saving the Children....   [tags: IGO, NGO, human rights, global warming]

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2211 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Terrorism and International Relations

- ... Rather, the “tolerant, virtual environment of the Internet offers them a semblance of unity and purpose. Theirs is a scattered, decentralized social structure—a leaderless jihad (emphasis added).” It is important to note the italics. The words are “social” and “movement,” which are in juxtaposition to anything like ‘disciplined’, ‘ideologically committed’, and possibly even ‘desensitized.’ Sageman notes that whereas previous generations did not have the luxury of cyberspace to communicate, the Internet is virtually the nimbus and the nexus which animates and connects “hopeful young jihadists.” According to Sageman, they are bound in a world of fantasies mediated by the Internet, drawn...   [tags: Al-Qaeda and US Military]

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2048 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

History using in the bilateral relations

- Looking at Russia-Estonia bilateral relations and the political use of history, one cannot start before examining the Soviet occupations in Estonia and how the two parties see that history. Developments such as the end of the Cold War, the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, and the re-emergence there of pre-Communist and pre-Soviet conflicts, as shown by Karlsson (n.d.), have certainly stimulated historical consciousness since 1990. After the collapse of the Soviet Union Russian population faced a comprehensive identity crisis (Bagger, 2007, p....   [tags: International Relations, Russia-Estonia]

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The International Community And Individual Nations

- There is a litany of problems that pertain to societal issues, which plague the international community and individual nations. In the effort to define the parameters of Proposal B, there are a few issues that we will not address in the overall proposal set. The developing world and developed world alike struggle with infrastructure both initial establishment and maintenance. It is generally understood that the societal issues decrease with better infrastructure and services available, such as health care, communications, running water, and electricity....   [tags: International relations, United Nations]

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1014 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

International Politics Of The Twentieth Century

- The twentieth century brought about a huge increase in the involvement of non-state actors (NSAs) within international politics. Non-state actors are defined as an individual or organization that has significant political influence but is not allied to any particular country or state (Love 2007, 75). The differentiating factor of an NSA is that it is not aligned with any state but rather a political issue. Therefore, NSAs still participate in international relations but on their own accord rather than following in line with the policies of a particular state....   [tags: International relations, United States]

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1650 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Relations Between Iran and US

- In 1979, protests erupted across the nation against the government of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. This was triggered by the domination of foreign policy, the exploitation of Iran’s resources and wealth by foreign firms, corruption and oppressive regime. The Shah’s government’s close ties with the United States and Israel, his oppressive methods and his program of Westernization were unpopular with the Iranian people. They therefore turned to the ‘ulama as an alternative. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, in exile in Paris, distributed cassette tapes of his speeches to many of the partakers in the protests....   [tags: International Relations, World Politics]

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1831 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

The Threat Of International Terrorism

- During the first presidential debate, the Democratic and Republican candidates took standpoints on topics regarding ISIS and how to deal with the threat of international terrorism. Currently, ISIS is a prominent point in international relations. While Clinton wants to continue with airstrikes, Trump believes that pulling the troops out of Iraq occurred too early which then lead to the rise of ISIS. In order to solve the situation, Trump calls for a direct intervention of NATO taking physical actions to remove the roots of ISIS....   [tags: United Nations, International relations]

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International Relations of Djibouti

- Many Americans have never heard of Djibouti, and many less are able to locate it on a map. While this small African country may have eluded the American population, it has not gone unnoticed to US policy makers. This country’s location, social situation and cultural dynamics, establish it as key terrain in the US’s long term strategic plan to eliminate terrorism. The purpose of this paper is to provide cultural information for the country of Djibouti, while examining how the country’s unique culture and social structure can influence the region....   [tags: Foreign Policy ]

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1077 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Weaknesses And Weaknesses Of The International Political Administration

- What are the aspects, strengths and weaknesses of one theoretical approach to global governance. Global governance deals with world politics or foreign administration therefore compelling the performance of actors (state and non-state) in the international political system’s administration. It is an important field in the study of international relations and been defined differently but ultimately geared towards the sense of international political administration. The World Health Organisation defines Global Governance can be defined as the different ways organisations, institutions, businesses, and governments manage their affairs, further explaining that it refers to the way in which globa...   [tags: International relations, Political philosophy]

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The United States Agency Of International Development

- Woodrow Wilson was the 28th President of the United States and held the office from 1913-1921. He became known as “the Crusader” due to his foreign policy theory that America should be a beacon of liberty and aggressively pursue the spread of democracy throughout the world. His policy would enable America to prosper economically and develop an international security community through the promotion of democracy in other nations. While former Secretary of State Kissinger writes in his book Diplomacy that 20th century American foreign policy has been driven by Wilsonian idealism, an analysis of 21st century US foreign policy reveals that, in fact, US foreign policy has been influenced by ideals...   [tags: International relations, United Nations]

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Relevance between Feminist Theories and International Relations

- Today, many international scholars consider that the topics over the relevance between feminist theories and international relations are one of the most heated topics during the course of discovering new ideas and strategy proposals when challenges emerge. In her book, Feminist Theory and International Relations in postmodern era, Christine Sylvester gives examples such as the evidence draw from case studies base on “realist versus idealist” “scientific versus traditional”, “modernist versus postmodernist”, to elaborated the problematic situations many scholars face when they suffered from a significant amount of female figures being missing from the picture....   [tags: Christine Sylvester, debates about emmancipation]

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A Brief Note On The International Relations ( Ir ) Model Rests

- A Feminist Contribution to the study of Security in International Relations Under the International Relations(IR) model rests, a major focus, security. There are different theories on how security should be perceived. The majority defines security as the protection of the state. However, the Feminist method values security in the form of human interest over the state’s and also recognizes gender concerns within International Relations. The Feminist theory gives a very different perspective with various strengths but also holds weaknesses....   [tags: Gender, Feminism, Human security, Feminist theory]

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984 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

South Afric and Its Participation in International Relations

- Tables of contents 1. Introduction 2. South Africa as a liberal country 3. Elements of liberalism in South Africa 4. The hegemony of South Africa in its relations to the SADC 5. International Relations theories in South Africa in its relations with the SADC region 6. Conclusion Bibliography  1. Introduction South Africa has being disadvantaged in the past and it never participated international activities, but since it won its independence against colonial influence its position and status in the international interactions changed and it has been playing a role in the international interactions, especially in Africa....   [tags: liberalist, SADC region, hegemony]

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1340 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

International Relations Can Be Viewed Under Realism Or Liberalism

- International relations can be viewed under realism or liberalism. Since Brexit relates to international relations among European countries, it can be analyzed using either realism or liberalism. To clarify, Brexit is a short name for “British exit,” which was a reference to the public vote of Britain’s citizens to exit the European Union. In short, European Union is an international organization forming an environment for the European member states solve internal or external political or environmental issues, increase job availability, and create other economic opportunities....   [tags: United Kingdom, European Union, Europe, Slovakia]

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886 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Why I Want to Study International Relations

- ... The repetition of analyzing and thinking logically upon this global issues made crave me some more. That is the reason I wanted to international relations, to tackle international issues. In the end, I studied International Relations in Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia as my bachelor study. Basically, we study a little bit of everything in the social and political studies sphere such as: economy, politics, communication, security, communication, development, culture. In the 144 credits, some courses that are significant in shaping my academic interest are Globalizations, Diplomacy, Theory and Issues of Development, International Organization, International Regime, Environment in Inter...   [tags: debat, academic, organizational, social]

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625 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Security And International Relations Between The Us And India

- Cases that the article focuses on. The article by Jarrod Hayes focused mainly on security and international relations between the US and India. The core argument is based on the 1971 Pakistan crisis. In this case, Pakistan experienced internal unrest following their first ever democratic polls. India, their neighbor, received millions of refugees because of the turmoil. The Indian Prime Minister condemned the actions of the Pakistani president; however, the US top leadership machinery tolerated these activities....   [tags: George W. Bush, President of the United States]

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808 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

The Role of Diplomacy and International Relations in the 19th Century

- The international relations theory of realism represented the why and how the domination by certain powers occurred in the nineteenth century. Control of land during this time was directly proportional to the allocation of wealth among European states. This made the states that controlled the most land the dominate powers, and created the international environment that influenced states interaction with each other. Centuries before, states utilized international diplomacy within power politics that featured their militaries to ensure a national security....   [tags: World History ]

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1016 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Long Cycle Theory Of International Relations Theory

- In modern history, our world system has been controlled by states, actors, and organizations which theoretically exist in an anarchical system. Today we use fundamental international relations theories such as realism, liberalism, and constructivism to help us explain the international system. Realism, which in many was popularized by Thucydides in his The Melian Dialogue argues that states are the most important actors in the international system [1]. Realism also explains that states relentlessly seek to maximize their power (usually in the form of the military) to guarantee their security (since states exist in an anarchical self-help system)....   [tags: Peloponnesian War, Ancient Greece]

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How Does Nationalism Shape China's International Relations?

- ... It was bolstered by the resentment of European imperialists, with their own ignorant and ruthless interference in the Chinese imperium, economy and culture and hostility towards the Japanese indulgence in similar behaviour...” (Bosworth, 2007:48). Du, (2012), states that there are two sides to Chinese nationalism. The first is the “international society's ostracising policies towards China after the Tiananmen crackdown and the later mistreatment by the United States” (Du, 2012:5). The other side of Chinese nationalism is brought on by the CCP and the introduction of the patriotic education campaign and the national humiliation narrative....   [tags: Chinese history, Japan, United States]

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North Korea International Relations: A Realistic Interpretation

- The negotiations talking on the nuclear threaten and the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula has recently shaped the agenda of North Korean system of international relations, thus affecting the patterns of foreign policy of the DPRK. This issue has gained such a priority to lead to the establishment of the 6PT experiment, thus proving to stand at the core of the debate on the stability and safety debate in the Northeast Asia region. The theory of Realism provides reasons why North Korea has positioned the nuclear weapon debate at the centre of its policy....   [tags: Foreign Policy ]

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878 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

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