Your search returned over 400 essays for "infectious disease"
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Botulism: An Emerging Infectious Disease

- The disease, botulism, which is caused by Clostridium botulinium, is an emerging infectious disease. Clostridium botulinium is a bacterium that produces a neurotoxin that causes botulism. The bacterium is spore-forming, and anaerobic, meaning it does not need oxygen to grow. There are three main types of illnesses that Clostridium botulinium typically cause: Food-borne botulism, infant botulism, and wound botulism. Unbeknownst to common knowledge, infant botulism is the most common form of the disease, consisting of seventy-five percent of the reported cases of the disease (Chan-Tack, & Bartlett, 2010)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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Infectious Disease Epidemics

- Throughout human history disease has been linked to many facets of life and even the rise and fall of entire civilizations. Biological, social, political and economic forces have all influenced how the outbreak of disease is handled. Epidemics have altered history in how they have developed and the impact that they have had. In turn, epidemic management has been influenced by history and governments as humans have learned to cope with outbreaks and the social and political implications that result from them....   [tags: Disease ]

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Lyme disease: An Emerging Infectious Disease

- Disease and Pathology Lyme disease, or lyme borreliosis, is an emerging infectious disease transmitted by ticks. Lyme disease is considered an emerging infectious disease because it’s incidence has increased over the past 20 years, and it was not identified until 1975 in the United States (CITE). Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vector-borne disease in the United States. Lyme disease causes symptoms similar to that of influenza, and includes headache, chills, fever, lethargy, and muscle pain in the initial stages....   [tags: Disease, Pathology, Symptoms]

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Globalization and Infectious Disease

- “The world is a global village”, is a metaphor that was coined by the Canadian scholar Marshall McLuhan to describe the perceived experience of a smaller world resulting from the effects of modern technology, faster communication and improved transportation, despite geographical boundaries (1). The various processes that have produced this phenomenon can be called globalization. There are many definitions of the term globalization; Delbruck 1993 defined globalization as "a process of denationalization of markets, laws and politics, in the sense of interlacing people and individuals for the sake of common good"(2)....   [tags: Ebola Outbreak]

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Infectious Disease: Meningitis

- Meningitis, also known as spinal meningitis, is a viral or bacterial infection causing inflammation of the membranes, called meninges. Meninges act as a natural protective barrier that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. When the barrier is permeable, infections are able to transmit a disease in or through and cause serious or even fatal effects. There are different causes for the different categories of meningitis resulting in different symptoms and severities in each. One of the four different types of meningitis is bacterial meningitis....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]

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The Issue of Infectious Disease and How They Are Spread with Cholera and Malaria

- The TED talk addressed the issue of infectious disease and the ways in which disease is spread using the examples of cholera and malaria. The speaker Paul Ewald discussed the ways in which humans may have the ability to reduce their exposure and spread of infectious disease through applying the theory of evolution by natural selection. This spread of disease poses a threat to humans as the bacteria that cause the disease evolves with humans and become resistant to the medical interventions. The speaker addressed some key issues and posed some important solutions towards the betterment of human lives....   [tags: disease, spreading, health science]

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Infectious Disease: Malaria

- ... Signs and Symptoms There are a number of symptoms associated with quick detection of malaria they are, being irritable, troubled sleep, poor appetite and drowsiness. Soon after people infected usually get the chills followed by a fever with fast breathing. Over the next 1-2 days the fever will rise suddenly to 40° C. After recovery from the fever, there is intense sweating. This pattern may repeat at intervals of 2-3 days depending on the species of the Plasmodium parasite causing the infection....   [tags: symptoms, detection]

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Climate Change and the Rise of Infectious Disease in Developing Countries

- Her infection began when she was bitten by a mosquito which was seeking her protein-rich blood to nourish its eggs. As part of the process of sucking the droplet of blood from the girl, the mosquito, simultaneously injected saliva to ease the flow of blood into its proboscis. Malaria-causing pathogens gathered in the mosquito’s salivary glands and traveled into the girl’s body. Once in the body, the wormlike parasites moved to the girl’s liver to embed themselves allowing them to feed and multiply....   [tags: global warming, epidemiology, third world]

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Infectious Disease

- Infectious Disease What is the stake of the American People and the Government by International Agencies to control Infectious Disease in Developing Countries. More people are at risk of infectious diseases than at any other time on history. Infectious diseases are worldwide problem requiring worldwide attention. Infectious diseases can weaken the strength of a nation's resources. In developing nations this poses even a greater threat. Diseases are threatening the economic stability of many developing nations....   [tags: science]

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The Decimating Effects of Infectious Disease in the New World

- The Decimating Effects of Infectious Disease in the New World "It is often said that in the centuries after Columbus landed in the New World on 12 October, 1492, more native North Americans died each year from infectious diseases brought by the European settlers than were born." (6) The decimation of people indigenous to the Americas by diseases introduced by European invaders is unprecedented. While it is difficult to accurately determine the population of the pre-Columbian Americas, scholars estimate the number to have been between 40 and 50 million people....   [tags: American America History]

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Infectious Disease and Demise of the Indians in the New World

- Infectious Disease and Demise of the Indians in the New World The European conquest of the New World was not caused by guns, swords, or barbaric type behavior but by the invisible danger- germs. Infectious diseases have played a major role in shaping the conquest of the New World. Vast amounts of people indigenous to the Americas died due to various types of diseases. It is often said that in the centuries after Columbus landed in the New World on 12 October 1492, more native North Americans died each year from infectious diseases brought by the European settlers than were born (Meltzer 38)....   [tags: American America History]

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Rabies Immune Globulin and The First Dose of Rabies Vaccine

- Rabies is the oldest infectious disease that is spread between species. Historical evidence of rabies dates from about 2300 BC. The first written record of rabies is in the Eshnunna code (ca.1930 BC), which states that owners of rabid dogs with symptoms of rabies should take preventative measures to keep their dog away from others. If a person were to be bitten and later become ill or die, the owner would be fined heavily. During this time and for many centuries to follow, it was commonplace to kill any animal or human who showed symptoms of the disease....   [tags: health, infectious disease]

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Vaccines: The Best Choice for Our Children?

- There has long been a debate about whether or not parents should take part in the recommended vaccination schedule for their children. Many parents worry about what they do not know about the vaccines. This can include concepts such as what is in the vaccine and how the vaccines themselves, or giving multiple vaccines within a short span of time, affects their children. How combination vaccines such as DTAP and MMRV affect their children’s immune systems or other body systems could be another worry of parents....   [tags: smallpox, infectious disease]

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The Harmful Effects of Vaccines

- The Harmful Effects of Vaccines Vaccines are becoming increasingly hazardous for many children and parents are not being informed about the safety of their children. Current reports are linking vaccines to serious life-threatening disorders such as asthma, autism, immune system dysfunction, and mental retardation (Williams). These recent revelations are causing an increasing amount of people to claim religious and medical exemptions from vaccines. From 1999 to 2006, exemptions have more than doubled from 9,722 to 24,919 (Cronin)....   [tags: dangerous toxins, infectious disease]

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The Black Death Plague

- “Ring around the rosy pocket full of posy.” Most people think of this as just a childhood rhyme. In reality it is a rhyme about the Black Death. The Black Death was a horrendous and infectious disease that killed millions of people in the 1300’s. This plague affect the people in Europe in such a way that people believed God punished them and they even nursery rhymes up about it. It is probably one of the worst catastrophes that have happened in the history of medicine. The first documented plague was in Justinian, which began in 541 A.D....   [tags: infectious disease, bubonic, justinian]

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Will Vaccines Cure the World's Health?

- Unlike today’s society, people that lived during the 19th century had no protection against infectious diseases due to the lack of research and discoveries in the field of immunizations. However, when the 20th century arrived, Alexander Fleming revolutionized the medical world through the discovery of penicillin in 1928. Although penicillin managed to repel various diseases, it would not protect the world from future diseases. In addition, vaccines are meant to protect us from diseases like influenza, and chicken pox, but they also have life altering risks; therefore, vaccines should be encouraged but not required for school age children....   [tags: infectious disease, human papillomavirus]

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What is Leeprosy?

- What is Leprosy. Leprosy, known since biblical times, also called Hansen’s disease, is a chronic infectious disease that affects the peripheral nerves, skin, upper respiratory tract, eyes and nasal mucosa. It causes skin sores that are disfiguring, nerve damage and muscle weakness that gets worse over time. Caused by the Bacterium; Mycobacterium leprae, was discovered by G.A. Hansen in Norway in 1873. There are 2 types of leprosy: tuberculoid leprosy and lepromatous leprosy. Tuberculoid leprosy is the less severe and less contagious....   [tags: Hansen's Disease, Chronic Infectious Disease]

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The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

- INTRODUCTION HIV/AIDS The Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first identified as a distinct new disease in 1981. In 1983 HIV was identified at the causative agent for AIDS. The mean time from HIV infection to AIDS is approximately 10 years. There is no effective medicine to cure it and the infected individuals do not recover: that is, they continue to be infectious throughout their lives. HIV infection is a complex mix of diverse epidemics within and between countries and regions of the world, and is undoubtedly the defining public health crisis of our time....   [tags: infectious disease, crisis, sexual intercourse]

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The History of Tuberculosis

- INTRODUCTION Tuberculosis also known as ‘Tuber Bacillus’ is a deadly, infectious disease which primarily impacts on the lungs which is called pulmonary TB. TB can also impact on the other parts of the body including the Brain, kidneys and bones which is called non – pulmonary TB. The disease of TB is caused in humans mainly from a bacterium called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Mycobacterium Tuberculosis was first described by Robert Koch as unusual with waxy coating on its cell surface. TB can also affect the cattle from a bacterium called Mycobacterium Bovis....   [tags: tuber bacillus, infectious disease, lungs, health]

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The Black Death

- The nursery rhyme “ Ring Around The Rosy” is more than a popular song little children sing while holding hands, walking around in a circle and then falling down. The nursery rhyme refers to the Black Death, one of the worst plagues of all time (Schladweller). Known as infectious diseases that spread quickly and kill countless people, plagues have had a tremendous affect on people around the world since the beginning of time. The Black Death, also known as the bubonic plague, is a contagious bacterial infection that has killed millions of people....   [tags: plague, infectious disease, bubonic, bacteria]

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Antibiotic Resistant Catastrophe

- Since the 1940’s antibiotics have greatly decreased death and illness due to infectious diseases. These drugs have had a significant impact on patient’s health when used correctly and appropriately. (CDC, 2013) However sometimes they are overused. When these antibiotics are overused, or used for diseases in which they are not necessary the infectious organism could become antibiotic resistant. Antibiotic resistance is defined as, the effect of microbes transforming in ways that decrease or eliminate the efficiency of drugs, chemicals, and other agents that are used to cure or prevent infections....   [tags: Death, Illness, Infectious Disease, Antibiotics]

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Prions : The Infectious Protein Agent

- missing graphs What causes Mad Cow Disease. Prions. Prions are also behind other neurodegenerative diseases such as the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Kuru, Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease and some forms of fatal insomnia. These are all prions diseases that have been found to exist in humans. The prion disease for cattle is what we know as the Mad Cow Disease. Prions also exist in other animals such as sheep, mink, mule deer, elk, cats, and some others. So what's so special about prions. Unlike other neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by the misfolding of proteins, altered proteins, abnormal gene splicing, improper expression, or ineffective clearing of proteins which slowly lea...   [tags: Biology Mad Cow Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease]

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Somalia's Growing Disease Crisis

- Roughly 40 years ago, the blue-green waters along with a strong Mediterranean resemblance, once made Somalia, particularly Mogadishu, the country’s capital, a bustling tourist haven. Mogadishu was considered one the cleanest and safest cities in Africa. Sadly, the Somalia of yesterday is no more. Today, Somalia is considered one the world’s worst humanitarian disasters. Presently, hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced from their homes and are suffering from starvation and disease. Two major factors are contributing toward Somalia growing disease crisis; drought and civil war....   [tags: Disease ]

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Hemophilia: A Bleeding Disease

- According to the Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health, hemophilia also spelled haemophilia, is a genetic disorder of the mechanism of blood clotting that is usually inherited (Fallon 1276). The symptoms of this disease can range from mild to severe which makes prognosis very difficult to determine. Sylvia Mader says, “Hemophilia is called the bleeder’s disease because the affected person’s blood either does not clot or clots very slowly” (489). Hemophilia is a rare genetic disease that affects 1 in 5,000 male births while about 400 babies with hemophilia are born each year (“CDC”)....   [tags: Disease ]

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The Effect of Infectious Diseases on Humanity

- In 1859, Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, a work of literature that not only provided a working framework for the theory of evolution, “descent with modification” by means of natural selection, but also explained how the cumulative impact of natural selection influenced an organism and its environment. Darwin, however, neglected to mention how infectious diseases have served as a pivotal selective force in natural selection (Lederberg, 1999). Since animals first walked the earth, they have had to live with microscopic organism, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Infectious Diseases Endangering Amphibians

- The emergences of infectious diseases represent one of the greatest threats confronting amphibians. One third of the world’s amphibian population is facing extinction. Frog populations have also been steadily declining. Amphibian populations are faced with invasive environmental problems including infectious diseases. (Holland et al. 2007). Ribeiroia ondatrae, a trematode parasite, is suggested to be linked to the rise in frog mutations during development. Mutations include: missing, extra, and/or malformed limbs....   [tags: Infectuous Diseases, Frogs, Tadpoles]

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The Center for Disease Control and Bioterrorism

- The Center of Disease Control and Prevention has an emergency awareness and response page based off of a zombie apocalypse to help inform people on how they should be ready if a major emergency were to occur. The CDC has a range of research and information from heart disease to the worst, infectious, disease-causing agents. The CDC also shares information about how to prepare and what to do if a bioterrorism attack or pandemic were to occur. The Center of Disease and Control is a diversified government organization that has the main purpose of protecting the public against the serious threats of bioterrorism and dangerous pandemics....   [tags: Disease, Disorders]

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Infectious Diseases

- The pharmaceutical industry is developing 256 drugs and vaccines to target infectious diseases ranging from hepatitis to influenza, according to a survey to be released Wednesday by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America. Infectious diseases were responsible for nearly one-third of all worldwide deaths in 1996, the survey said. AIDS is a major contributor to the death toll, but those drugs were considered a separate category and not included in the survey. The industry has 98 drugs in development to fight the disease....   [tags: antibiotics and diseases]

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Exploring Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

- Foot and Mouth Disease Synonym : Aphthous fever,Aftosa,Enzootic apthiae Importance Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease that primarily affects cloven-hooved livestock and wildlife. Although adult animals generally recover, the morbidity rate is very high in naïve populations, and significant pain and distress occur in some species. Sequelae may include decreased milk yield, permanent hoof damage and chronic mastitis. High mortality rates can be seen in young animals....   [tags: highly contagious viral disease]

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Tuberculosis Is Among the Major Infectious Killer Diseases

- ... The most important factors influencing the current TB epidemic in resource poor setting are closely related to malnutrition, overcrowded living conditions and lack of access to free or affordable health care services.9 Early diagnosis of tuberculosis is essential in limiting the spread of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection due to primary route of infection in humans. Sputum smear microscopy has remained the corner stone of TB diagnosis in the global strategy to control the disease. 10 The global targets for TB control, adopted by World Health Assembly, are to cure 85% of the newly detected smear positive TB cases and to detect 70% of the estimated incidence of sputum smear positive TB...   [tags: contagious, epidemic, antibodies]

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Controling Infectious and Contagious Diseases

- The original inception of the public health discipline/field was to control infectious and contagious diseases within the population. Starting with Dr. John Snow in the late 1800s and moving forward, the control and/or eradication of disease has been a chief concern using primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention (UCLA, 2013). Large-scale projects such as widespread water fluoridation and the eradication of smallpox are chapters in the history of public health. Recently however, there has been a significant shift from the scope of contagious disease to lifestyle or behavioral (including mental) diseases....   [tags: public health, lifestyle diseases]

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Pathogens And The Spread Of Disease

- Contents 1.1Introduction 1.2Methodology 2.0 What is a Pathogen. 2.1 Major Categories of pathogens/micro-organism 2.2 Bacteria Fig 2.3 Bacterial Shapes 2.4 Viruses Fig 2.5 Structure of a virus 2.6 Fungi 2.7 Parasites 3.0 Pathogenic Environment 4.0 What is disease. 4.1 How disease spreads 5.0 Conclusion References Pathogens and the spread of disease 1.1Introduction “Health depends on the body maintaining its internal harmony.” (The U205 Course Team, 1985) Health is a momentary condition of ones state of physical and mental well being....   [tags: Disease]

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

- Inflammatory Bowel Disease 1. Describe the pathopysiology of the disease you have chosen – What is the spectrum of disease/pathology the disease. Is the disease characterized by inflammation, etc. Is it an infectious and/or chronic disease. If so what is the agent, its reservoir, mode of transmission etc. Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic illness characterized by inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract (Wolf, CDC, Mayo clinic, health direct, NHS choices). Patients suffering from inflammatory bowel disease usually face with severe chronic pain in their stomach, diarrhea, which may contain blood, loss of appetite, joint pains, skin problems, fever, fatigue, etc....   [tags: Pathopysiology, Disease, Infammation, Chornic Pain]

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infectious diseases

- Illness and death from infectious diseases are particularly tragic because they are preventable and treatable. Not surprisingly, the poorest and most vulnerable are the most severely affected by infectious disease. Infectious diseases are a major cause of death, disability and social and economic turmoil for millions around the world. Poverty stricken countries lack access to health care. Reports show that in nations with the lowest economic status the causes of death are primarily infectious and nutritional diseases....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Finding a Cure for Cholera

- Traveling to different countries can be an exciting experience. However, there are some things you should be aware of as you travel. One thing you should be alert on is capturing an infectious disease such as Cholera. Cholera is an infectious disease, which can make you become severely ill and possibly can lead to death if not taken under care properly. What is Cholera. Cholera was first discovered in 1883 as an infectious disease due to bacterium Vibrio cholera1. It takes place in the small bowel (the small intestine)....   [tags: infectious diseases]

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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

- ... Patients are often treated with corticosteroids in order to reduce airway inflammation and decrease respiratory difficulties. Virally initiated illnesses typically cause a short duration of malaise depending upon the virulence of the pathogen. However, they are usually accompanied by secondary infection which can be from multiple origins, including but not limited to bacteria, fungi, other viruses, or even protozoa. Although there are no medications specifically for the treatment of MERs-CoV infections, antifungals, antibiotics, and antivirals can be used to reduce the incidence of the patient’s developing secondary infections....   [tags: infectious diseases]

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The Decline of Infectious Diseases

- In the 1960s, doctors in the United States predicted that infectious diseases were in decline. US surgeon Dr. William H. Stewart told the nation that it had already seen most of the frontiers in the field of contagious disease. Epidemiology seemed destined to become a scientific backwater (Karlen 1995, 3). Although people thought that this particular field was gradually dying, it wasn’t. A lot more of it was destined to come. By the late 1980s, it became clear that people’s initial belief of infectious diseases declining needed to be qualified, as a host of new diseases emerged to infect human beings (Smallman & Brown, 2011).With the current trends, the epidemics and pandemics we have faced...   [tags: epidemics and pandemics]

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Antimicrobial Resistance, Resistant Nosocomial Pathogens and Molecular Diagnosis of Emerging Infectious Diseases

- Microorganisms form part of our normal flora, however they can become pathogens where their main role is to survive and multiply, often at the expense of the host. Pathogens cause infectious diseases depending on their virulence; this was first realised when Louis Pasteur discovered microbes contaminated wine, causing it to go sour. He wondered how microbes affected humans; however it was Robert Koch that linked the contamination of microbes to the cause of infectious diseases. Between them they discovered and identified many of the microbes that caused diseases....   [tags: biology, microorganisms, pathogens]

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Tuberculosis is A Global Disease

- Abstract Tuberculosis is a deadly disease that is now affecting our world and the people living in it in a horrible way. Due to many factors such as poverty, HIV/AIDS, and lack of health care, many third world and developing countries have been left very vulnerable to tuberculosis. It is affecting a large part of these countries and is leading them deeper into poverty and sickness. The effort to help these countries against tuberculosis has only been slightly effective against this widespread and destructive disease....   [tags: Disease TB International]

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Malaria Parasite Plasmodium and the Epidemiology of the Disease

- The Malaria Parasite Plasmodium and the Epidemiology of the Disease Abstract For ages malaria has affected mankind in almost all parts of the world. It has left a deep imprint on people who have been affected with the disease, and even today in countries where epidemics are common, malaria is a constant threat to people's daily lives. Malaria is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium (phylum Apicomplexa), and there are four species in the genus that cause the disease in humans. Their primary hosts and transmission vectors are female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles; humans act as intermediate hosts....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease]

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The Incident of Mad Cow Disease

- The Incident of Mad Cow Disease Over an incident in a British area when everyone became sick. The government said that there was no connection exists between any human illness and mad cow disease, the incurable dementia that has killed 160,000 British cows since 1985. On March 20, however, a somber secretary Dorrell faced the legislative body, and the nation, and proceeded to eat his every words. A government advisory committee, he explained, had concluded that mad cow disease was indeed the “most likely” cause of a recent outbreak in young British adults of a similar fatal disease....   [tags: Mad Cow Disease Beef Cattle Health Essays]

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Infectious Diseases: Zoonosis

- Zoonosis are infectious diseases that have been transmitted between animals and humans or in its advanced stage from human to human. It also can be transmitted from human to animal, when that happens it is called reverse zoonosis. Emerging zoonosis are infectious diseases that are newly recognized or newly evolved while re-emergence zoonosis have occurred previously but have more recently shown an increase in incidence or expansion into a new geographic, host or vector range. The concept of ‘emerging zoonotic diseases’ developed as health scientists documented and tried to explain the apparent abrupt rise in the number of new and important infectious diseases over the past two decades (Bengi...   [tags: sanitation, bushmeat consumption]

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Infectious Mononucleosis

- Mononucleosis also known as the kissing disease is defined from the American Heritage Stedman's Medical Dictionary as: Abnormally large numbers of mononuclear white blood cells in the blood, especially forms that are not normal. Mono is usually transmitted through saliva and mucus--which is where the "kissing disease" nickname comes from. It is spread by kissing, coughing, sneezing, or sharing glasses, etc. Mono affects your lymphatic system also known as your immune system. The lymph system is made up of tiny tubes, like blood vessels, that carry fluid through the body....   [tags: Health]

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Stress and Cardiovascular Disease

- Although gross medical advancements have allowed the human population to live longer and fuller lives without the threat of death from infectious diseases, it is apparent that we are now dealing with a different phenomenon that may be just as harmful to our health. The impact of psychological, social and environmental factors from our daily lives is having a drastic impression on the mental and physical wellbeing of our society. It has been shown in various studies that psychological and neurological factors influence the immune system and can have an effect on our health (Breedlove, Rosenzweig & Watson, 2010)....   [tags: Heart Disease ]

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Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono)

- Infectious mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It is a double stranded DNA virus indistinguishable from other members of the herpes virus group. It get its’ name from the mononuclear (single nucleus) cells. It is also known as the “kissing disease”, because the most frequent mode of transmission is intimate salivary contact. It can also be transmitted from shared drinking and eating utensils, toothbrushes, etc. Mono is not likely to spread by aerosol (ex. sneezing) or fomites (ex....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Antibiotics Combat Infectious Bacteria

- Introduction: Antibiotics have the ability to kill or hinder the growth of bacteria. Antibiotics contain compounds that are naturally produced by organisms to combat diseases caused by microbes. Discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming became the first stepping stone of many new antibiotics of today’s modern medicine. Antibiotics typically invade the very components that make up bacteria, such as cell walls and metabolic pathways (Sato et al., 2014). However, frequent mutations of bacteria cause today’s strains to become more resistant....   [tags: penicillin, incubation, mutations]

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The Importance of Science and Technology in the Fight Against Infectious Diseases in the Late 19th Century

- The Importance of Science and Technology in the Fight Against Infectious Diseases in the Late 19th Century Infectious disease had posed problems for many people for centuries. The developed knowledge of anatomy and the working of the human body led to more and more understanding of what caused illness and diseases. Many scientists and doctors searched for cures and treatments and from the 18th century onwards there were many discoveries and developments that helped the battle in opposition to infectious diseases....   [tags: Papers]

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The Discovery of Vaccines Prevented The Spread of Infectious Diseases

- The discovery of vaccines prevented the spread of infectious diseases around the world. Vaccines control the spread of diseases such as measles, tuberculosis, smallpox, and the flu. In addition, vaccines increase the overall health of not only individuals, but of populations. Although these benefits prove effective on the world wide scale, the requirement of vaccinations of children to enter the public school system remains a current public health concern. Some argue that vaccines are dangerous for children and can lead to adverse effects....   [tags: measles, tuberculosis, smallpox]

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Social Structure and The Environment of Disease

- Disease has always been a very dynamic unpredictable character. Every time we humans think we have solved the mystery behind disease a new problem always arises. Before we can fully understand disease, we must first ask ourselves what makes disease so dynamic. The answer to that question is very simple; it’s us. Since the beginning of time we have evolved as a species becoming better and more genetically suited to our environments. While we busy becoming all that we can be, disease has been doing the same....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]

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The Civil War and Infectious Diseases

- When the Civil War began in April 1861, people knew nothing about infections and what the cause of infections was. The monumental amount of wounded soldiers presented challenges for the naive medical field. A total of 620,000 soldiers died during the Civil War from combat, starvation, and from disease (Civil War Facts, 2014). For every soldier who died in combat, two others died of disease. The reason was due to unsanitary and filthy conditions, untrained and unprepared medical staff. Medical boards were approving inadequate students due to the demand of help needed to treat wounded soldiers....   [tags: mumps, measles and chickenpox]

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Emerging Infectious Diseases

- Emerging Infectious Diseases Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) are the third leading cause of death in the United States and the first leading cause of death worldwide (3). Thus, should EID's be considered an oncoming threat to human existence or is it God's response to our unbiblical stewardship of the Earth or is it nature's practical solution to overpopulation. Past EIDs Since the beginning of time, human existence has been overwhelmed by threatening diseases. To begin with, leprosy and other highly contagious skin diseases affected humanity as early as in the days of the Old Testament....   [tags: Health Medicine Papers]

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The Communicable Disease: Pertussis

- The Communicable Disease: Pertussis Pertussis is a highly infectious disease. It is also known as whooping cough. For more than a decade, pertussis has become a significant public health problem. CDC reports that since the 1980s, there has been an increase in the number of reported cases of pertussis in the United States (2011a). Worldwide, there are 30-50 million cases of pertussis and about 300,000 deaths per year (CDC, 2011a). Public Health Nurses play an important role in limiting the transmission during outbreaks by educating and ensuring appropriate treatments to the communities....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Whooping Cough]

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A Disease of Concern for Females - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

- As females we are taught to maintain a healthy body by eating the right foods, exercising and scheduling regular checkups with the doctor. However, there are several diseases that affect the human female body. Pelvic inflammatory disease is one of many diseases that affect the female reproductive system, and it is a disease women should be concerned with. Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infectious disease that invades the female reproductive organs such as the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries....   [tags: Health]

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836 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

The Spread of People, Agriculture, and Disease

- The Spread of People, Agriculture, and Disease It is obvious that as humans have traveled and exploited the world for their own purposes, their actions have had drastic effects on the environment as they deforest the land and introduce foreign flora and fauna to different ecosystems that may not be able to cope with them. What is not as obvious is that as humans have affected the environment, so the environment has also affected humans. While humans have settled down and chosen an agriculturalist, sedentary lifestyle over the semi-nomadic life of the hunter-gatherer, they have become susceptible to a barrage of diseases that have adapted specifically to afflict human beings....   [tags: Agricultural Disease Essays]

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Prions: A Novel Infectious Pathogen

- Prions: A Novel Infectious Pathogen Prions are novel, transmissible pathogens that differ from viroids, viruses, parasites, fungi, and bacteria, both with respect to the diseases they cause and their structure . They are capable of causing degenerative diseases of the centra1 nervous system both in animals anal in humans. Kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease (CJD) and Gerstmann-Straussler-Sheinker’s (GSS) syndrome illustrate the acquired, sporadic, and genetic manifestation of the -human prion diseases....   [tags: Medicine Medical Illnesses Papers]

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2176 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

Stomach Cancer Epidemiology

- Epidemiologic transition is the shift of diseases from infectious diseases to chronic diseases. Factors that led to these transitions included the introduction of vaccines, increased sanitation, and overall improvement of living standards. All these were advocated through Public Health interventions. As a result of the transitions, life expectancy improved not only nationally but also worldwide. People are no longer dying from infectious diseases. Consequently, they live longer and end up suffering from or dying of a chronic disease....   [tags: infectious and chronic diseases, H. Pylori]

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Role of Metabolites in Diagnosing Chronic and Infectious Diseases and the Efficacy of Therapeutic Interventions

- These scenarios share the critical need to develop noninvasive, low cost techniques that can help make critical decisions that impact everything from health, quality of life, costs, and public health policy. There has been recent interest in understanding the role that metabolites may play in diagnosing chronic and infectious diseases and the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. Since the metabolites represent the current state of the biochemical processes in the body, they are sometimes more relevant than the genomic and proteomic data in understanding the present status of the disease and intervening appropriately....   [tags: Medical Science]

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The Mircobiology Department: What is Studied, Tested, and Used

- Microbiology Department Introduction A Microbiology department deals with micro-organisms. These microorganisms are too small and they can only be seen by microscopes. A micro-organism is smaller than a red blood cell and they are the oldest form of life on earth. Pathogen is a biological agent that causes disease to its host and pathogen. Pathogen can pass disease to unicellular organisms that belong to biological kingdoms. There are some organisms that can cause infectious diseases. Infectious disease is a disease that caused by a micro-organism (viruses, bacteria and fungus) that enters the body of an organism....   [tags: mircoorganisms, infectious, sample types, health]

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1834 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

The Common Diarrheal Disease: Amebiasis

- One of the most common diarrheal diseases is amebiasis, caused by the parasitic protist Entamoeba histolytica that affects 50 million people leading to 100,000 deaths world wide a year. One of the most common diarrheal diseases is amebiasis, caused by the parasitic protist Entamoeba histolytic. Transmitted by the fecal-oral route, ingestion of infected cyst form occurs through contaminated food and water. Casual Agent E. histolytica is a protozoan parasite responsible for a disease called amoebiasis....   [tags: amebiasis, parasite, transmission]

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Disease: Taenia Saginata Tapeworm

- ... The mode of transmission of Taenia Saginata first start in animals, the definitive hosts, that feed off of plants found in soil that has Taenia Saginata eggs wind up being infected. After the infected meat has been ingested by humans, the intermediate hosts, the eggs begin to grow into adult tapeworms found inside the intestines of humans. Whether it is animals or humans that get infected, the transmission is rather very similar. It has to be ingested, whether the eggs are found in feces or meat, the mode of transmission is usually by consuming the eggs....   [tags: parasite, undercooked beef]

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A Comparison of Tuberculosis Control Between Australia and Vietnam

- 1.0 Introduction Tuberculosis is an infectious disease which is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. There are three types of TB-related conditions: latent TB infection, reactivation of TB and disseminated disease. It has been reported that one third of the world’s population is infected with M. tuberculosis1. Australia is among the countries that have the lowest rate of TB cases while Vietnam is among those that have the highest rate. TB infection is air-borne and can be tested by tuberculin skin test, TB blood test and x-ray....   [tags: Disease ]

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1918 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Controversy About Vaccinations Against Infectious Diseases

- Vaccination Against Infectious Diseases Vaccines are one of the most controversial topics in modern medicine and will continue to attract more attention in the years ahead. Most new parents dutifully take their babies to their doctor to be vaccinated, at the prescribed times. However, over the last few decades, there have been several scares concerning vaccinations, and the possible side effects of them. Some parents have refused to have their child vaccinated because of some of these scares, and the truth is, they have been blown out of proportion by the press and it can be very confusing for the general public....   [tags: Medicine Papers Vaccines]

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1094 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Linking Deforestation to Disease

- Around the world exorbitant amounts of land are cleared for the purpose of human development. Land that was once forested and sloping is now flat and cleared for more humans to settle. This process of clearing forests and trees is known as deforestation. Deforestation occurs all over the globe as the increasing human population needs to expand the amount of land they use for living or farming. Our planet was once covered with trees and forests but now nearly half have disappeared with an estimated 16 million hectares that will continue to disappear each year....   [tags: Deforestation and Malaria ]

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1298 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Curing Viral Disease: Influenza

- Influenza is a highly communicable or contagious acute respiratory infection. Although there are numerous influenza strains; there are 3 main types responsible for causing the flu. These are Influenza A, B, and C. These types can be further categorized by subtypes and strains of the virus. Broken down into the basics are: Influenza type A and B are responsible for respiratory illness; the flu or influenza (WebMD). Type C is actually a milder respiratory illness with little to no symptoms at all....   [tags: Medical Research]

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1139 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

HIV and AIDS: The Epidemic

- HIV and AIDS have affected millions of people throughout the world. Since 1981, there have been 25 million deaths due to AIDS involving men, women, and children. Presently there are 40 million people living with HIV and AIDS around the world and two million die each year from AIDS related illnesses. The Center for Disease Control estimates that one-third of the one million Americans living with HIV are not aware that they have it. The earliest known case of HIV was in 1959. It was discovered in a blood sample from a man in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo....   [tags: Disease ]

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1638 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

The Importance of Vitamin D

- Getting some sun is essential to human health despite the risks of the skin cancer. There is much more benefits that come with the exposure to the sun than harm. Vitamin D that our body produces when we are exposed to the sun is very efficient in curing so many diseases. It protects from arthritis, diabetes, infectious diseases, multiple sclerosis and some kinds of cancer, just to name a few. It has been proven that the Earth’s atmosphere blocks 98.7 percent of the sun’s UV rays. The other 2.3 percent that we are exposed to, have both beneficial and harmful effects....   [tags: Disease ]

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1170 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Exploring Whipple's Disease

- Introduction Whipple's disease is a rare multi system infectious disease that often affects any system in the body including the stomach, small intestines and central nervous system. Whipple’s disease a bacterial disease that can result in neurological or intestinal damage, which depends on how serious or severe signs or symptoms are. If a person is diagnosed with Whipple’s disease many types of treatments may be used to cure the infection, but if left untreated or misdiagnosed it can result in death....   [tags: Medical, Medicine, Nursing]

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857 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Research: Tabacco Control and Road Safety in Australia

- INTRODUCTION By the beginning of 21st century, public health activities over different settings led to growth in healthcare. Improvement in large number of diseases, injuries, infectious diseases, nutrition, sanitation, cancers, & dental health have led to significant growth in Australia’s health population since last 30 years. Improvements grew from advances and technology in medicine and surgery, delivery of quality health care services, and also range of public health programs & promotion via an organized approach (NHMRC, Dec 1996, p.7)....   [tags: diseases, injuries, infectious diseases]

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1577 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI): Syphilis

- Syphilis is one of the earliest describes Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI). It is a STI that is caused by a bacterial infection called Treponema Pallidum. This bacterium needs a warm and moist environment such as the mouth or genitals to grow and reproduce. It is a serious disease that can lead to systemic diseases or even death if it is left untreated. How common is it Rates are highest among 20-24 year old women, and also common in men who have sex with other men. According to the CDC, annually 55,400 people in the United States get new syphilis infections....   [tags: infection, disease, precent]

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839 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Review of Paper on Fitness, Fatness, and Cardiovascular Disease

- Here we will present pertinent background information that will provide a better understanding of the information presented in the paper. These topics will add clarity and help make connections between the information in the paper and he real world. Information is presented on cardiovascular diseases, aerobic exercise, and the impacts of genetics, race, and gender on cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for a multitude of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels such as arteries and veins....   [tags: Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)]

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2981 words | (8.5 pages) | Preview

Legionnaire’s Disease

- Legionnaires disease, characterized as a form of pneumonia, is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Legionella. Legionnaires disease accumulated its name after it spread to more than 4,000 World War II Legionnaires, as well as their family and friends, which all gathered to participate in the 58th American Legion's convention in Philadelphia, about 600 of whom were staying at the hotel this convention was being held at. The day after the convention was being hosted, a great number of the people began feeling ill....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]

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Biological Warfare during the Korean War

- More than 500 million people have died of infectious diseases in the past century. Some of these deaths have been caused by deliberate attempts made by the enemy, and many of these deaths happened during war time. Biological warfare can be traced back all the way to 1346, when it was also knows as germ or bacteriological warfare. It is defined by the United Nations as the use of any living organism or an effective component to cause disease or death in humans, animals, or plants. (Stebbins, 2007) This type of attack has been used in several instances, such as the siege of Caffa, a city in current day Crimea when plague infected corpses were hurled towards the enemy front lines....   [tags: infectious diseases, world history]

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Why Disease Is Predominant in Poor Countries

- Step one: Why do poor countries have a predominance of infectious disease as opposed to the lifestyle-related diseases of wealthy countries. What is your response to the global health inequalities that exist. Step two: I have chosen the question about because I can relate to it the most and also it is a global issue. Since I have spent a reasonable time i both poor/developing and wealthy/developed country. I have lived in India for six years after I have fleet from Tibet with is occupied by communist china, and it has been more than five years since I start my life in Australia....   [tags: lifestyle, vaccination, health]

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843 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Sickle Cell Disease

- Sickle Cell is a disease that affects many people in the world today. It is the number one genetic disorder in the United States. Sickle Cell is deficient hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is what functions in providing oxygen to the cells in the body. The sickle shape comes from the atypical hemoglobin s molecules. Hemoglobin molecules are composed of two different parts called the alpha and beta. The beta subunit of the hemoglobin molecule has a mutation in gene, on chromosome 11 which produces the change in the red blood cell shape causing them to die and not reproduce accurately....   [tags: hemoglobin, ethic, shape]

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1083 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Is Avian Botulism Considered a Contagious Disease?

- What is a disease you may ask yourself at first. Disease can be defined in many ways, but a common definition would be any impairment that would interfere or modify normal functions, with responses to factors such as nutrition, infectious agents, defects, or toxicants (Wobeser 1997). Disease outbreaks follow a simple three way path that involves a host, agent, and the environment. Wide arrays of avian diseases are found throughout the bird world, but much is still unknown about them. According to Karstad, “disease in wildlife populations is rarely a one-cause, one-effect situation....   [tags: Waterfowl, Bacteria Strain]

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1865 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

The Disease Tetanus

- The Disease Tetanus Tetanus: acute infectious disease of the central nervous system caused by the toxins of Clostridium Tetani. This disease, often referred to as lockjaw, is a very serious illness. It is found on almost anything, but is not a common illness. This is because the disease must be transported to the lower layers of the skin and must be sealed there to incubate and grow. Tetanus causes the muscles in the body, often the arms and facial region, to contract but not have the ability to relax....   [tags: Health, Medicine, Informative]

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327 words | (0.9 pages) | Preview

What is Biological Warfare?

- During the past century, more than 500 million people have died due to infectious diseases. Several tens of thousands of these deaths were due to the deliberate release of pathogens or toxins. Two international treaties outlawed biological weapons in 1925 and 1972. Unfortunately, these treaties have failed to stop countries from conducting offensive weapons research and large-scale production of biological weapons. As our knowledge increases on these disease-causing agents, so does our fear of future threats of biological warfare (Frischknecht, 2003)....   [tags: global issues, infectious diseases]

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1115 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Black Death

- In the middle of the fourteenth century, disaster struck Europe. A ravaging pestilence spread at an alarming rate through city and countryside alike. Beginning as a tiny spark in Genoa, the wildfire that was the Black Death enveloped nearly all of Europe, from Italy to Britain, in a span of about three years (C. Kohn, 25). Up to 38 million lives were claimed in less than a decade, distinguishing the Black Death one of the worst pandemics in human history (C. Kohn, 25). The disease behind this catastrophe has seldom been rivaled by another....   [tags: Disease]

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2028 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Hepatitis A Virus

- Introduction: Hepatitis A virus (formerly known as Enterovirus 72) has a long history and it still has a big impact on human populations in the modern world. From time of the ancient Greek doctor Hippocrates, Hepatitis A virus (HAV) was noted for causing jaundice. By the 8th century, it was realized that icteric disease was caused by an infectious agent. Later in the history, in 1885, it was discovered by scientists that hepatitis could be spread through blood transfusions. Now, it is well- known that the virus is mainly transmitted via fecal-oral route which results from contamination of food and water by fecal matter and direct contact with infected individuals....   [tags: Disease]

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1923 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Staphylococcus Aureus and Other Infectious Bacteria

- Staphylococcus aureus also known as the staph infection is a group of bacteria that can cause a number of diseases as a result of infections of various tissues of the body. (Stoppler, 2014) S. aureus has long been recognized as one of the most important bacteria that cause disease in humans. It is the leading cause of skin and soft tissue infections such as abscesses (boils), furuncles, and cellulitis. Although most staph infections are not serious, S. aureus can cause serious infections such as bloodstream infections, pneumonia, or bone and joint infections....   [tags: health, streptococcus, prevention]

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1173 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

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