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Justice and Love in the Iliad

- Simone Weil argues that the way Homer presents war and the use of force in the Iliad, in all of its brutality, violence, and bitterness bathes the work in the light of love and justice (pg 25). The point Weil is making is that by depicting the suffering of all of these men regardless of their side, or strength Homer equalizes them in a “condition common to all men”(pg 25). Because Homer equalizes them the reader can feel empathy, or at least compassion for all of the men. However while Weil is correct about how Homer’s descriptions of war and force reveal justice and love, she is wrong in thinking that justice and love are mere “accents” to the Iliad, and progress through the story “withou...   [tags: Iliad]

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The Epic Of The Iliad

- ... Putting an enormous wall into the scenery of the movie is just to add to the attractiveness to of the city and to make it look like an impenetrable boundary that the Greeks have to conquer. The monumental powers of the wall in the film are just for show and have no historic accuracy in the Iliad. Both Hollywood and the Iliad’s version of the Trojan War have bays in front of the city of Troy, but Hollywood left out an important factor. There was a river in front of Troy on the plains of the battle field....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Achilles, Odyssey]

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Review Of ' The Iliad '

- ... The idea that one can attain honor and later become a hero, is what triggers the Trojan War in the first place; the men join the war so that they can have honor and be glorified by the Gods and the men around them only to, in the end, become heroes. Hektor exemplifies the men 's want for honor when he tells Achilles," Let me at least not die without a struggle, inglorious, but do some big thing first, that men to come shall know of it"(22.304-305). Not only does Hektor believe that, achieving something great in war will grant him honor and make him a hero, but almost all the men fighting in the war think so too....   [tags: Iliad, Trojan War, Achilles, Homer]

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The Iliad And The Inferno

- ... Sarpedon acknowledges that they have been blessed, and then explains why he feels they have been put ahead of most people by asking Glaucus a question. Sarpedon asks Glaucus why have than been blessed, and then answers his own question by saying it is so they will stand in the Lycian front ranks and meet the battle head on. Sarpedon then goes on to say that he wants everyone to see him fighting to think that he is worthy. He wants to be seen as strong and fine. What Sarpedon is saying is that the only reason he feels he has been given food, drink, the most beautiful houses, and the respect of everyone, is so that he can earn them later on the battlefield....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Achilles, Homer]

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Analysis Of ' The Iliad '

- ... Will the individuals who now knew those stories of the trojan war legends (which at of the unique Greek crowd of the epic would), these expressions might a chance to be foreboding ones. They might think that agamemnon required enraged as much wife Klytaimestra (Clytemnestra), by sacrificing their girl to get positive position winds for the endeavor. They might likewise know that The point when agamemnon landed home victorious after the war with Troy, courtesan (Cassandra, not Chryseis) to tow, clytemnestra might homicide him....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Achilles, Agamemnon]

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Analysis Of ' The Iliad '

- ... Having grown up as a mortal man, he understands that changes happen and that he has no power over it—especially death. He even states his acceptance when he says, “Fate is the same for the man who holds back, the same if he fights hard,” (9.318). Still, despite his statement, the fact that he was born of an immortal mother still tears at him. He still questions why he was born to a mortal life rather than immortal. He knew it was easier to accept it but still cringes at the thought of dying just like any other mortal....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, The Immortals, Achilles]

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The Iliad And The Odyssey

- Can two things ever truly be exactly the same. When it comes to epic heroes, I’m not sure. In both the Iliad and the Odyssey, written by Homer and translated by Robert Fagles, the journey of two epic heroes are depicted for us. Achilles, hero of the book The Iliad, is fighting in the Trojan War. Odysseus, hero of the book The Odyssey, is simply fighting to get home. Although both the epic heroes are put through some of the same very tough and difficult situations, it doesn’t mean they are quite the same person....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Achilles, Odyssey]

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The Iliad And The Odyssey

- The Iliad and The Odyssey are epic poems written by Homer, telling the stories of the heroes: Akhilleus, the strongest man in the Akhaian army, fighting in the Trojan War, and Odysseus, the cleverest man in the army, who is trying to get home after that war. The gods often intervene, shaping the lives of the characters. Divine intervention in The Iliad and The Odyssey exists to characterize the statuses of the mortals and the gods. The gods remind the mortals of their power over them through divine intervention, elevating the statuses of the gods and reinforcing their superiority....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Odyssey, Poseidon]

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The Iliad And The Odyssey

- ... A key example of these traits is found in Achilles. Achilles was the son of the King Peleus and Thetis a water goddess. He was also the ruler of the Myrmidons, the land that grew heroes. He was gifted with invulnerability and was a strong skilled warrior. He is direct, passionate, and brave. Homer illustrates Achilles’ skills in his many descriptions of Achilles as “swift-footed”. The other characters frequently comment and describe Achilles’ godlike strength. Achilles’ own dialogue says much about his character as he tells others to “take courage” and directly claims “I’d be a coward, a nobody, if I held back from any action because of something you might say.” Achilles was brave and...   [tags: Trojan War, Achilles, Iliad, Apollo]

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The Iliad And The Odyssey

- ... After reading Book I of the Iliad and Achilles testament to Agamemnon some might feel that his refusal and anger sprung solely from Agamemnon’s threat to take his prize, Briseis. Communal honor was vital to the Homeric hero 's status; his whole world revolved around his relationship with his family and city. If he lost the personal honor or glory that was accorded him by his community, he felt that life had lost its meaning. Achilles, for example, feels that he has lost his honor when Agamemnon takes Briseis from him....   [tags: Iliad, Achilles, Trojan War, Odyssey]

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The Iliad, By Homer

- ... Zeus is not the only god found behaving in such a humanly fashion, Heras lies to Aphrodite in order to manipulate Zeus. When looking at the dishonorable crimes a god has committed they seem unacceptable, but those same crimes committed by a human seem justifiable. Hera is committed to the war and her support to the Trojans which explains her actions in response to Zeus’s interference. This personality switch in the gods help portray and give an explanation for why the humans in The Iliad behave the way they do....   [tags: Iliad, Trojan War, Hera, Zeus]

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The Iliad, By Homer

- The communist government in China has many of the Chinese citizens convinced that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is not controlling them. Some citizens believe that the CCP are honorable leaders, and the people who revolt against the government are foolish. In reality, the people who revolt are the heroes trying to save their country, and the leaders are corrupt, power-hungry, cruel people. The real hero does not always get the acknowledgement he deserves; sometimes the nemesis is mistakenly believed to be the hero....   [tags: Iliad, Achilles, Greek mythology, Apollo]

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Analysis Of ' The Iliad '

- ... In the start of the poem Agamemnon is upset because he has to give his reward Chryseis back. Chryseis and Briseis were both women captured during the war. They were taken as prizes from an earlier battle. Chryseis was Agamemnon’s reward, and Briseis was Achilles. Chryseis father gave sacrifices to Apollo, and Apollo sent plagues until Chryseis was giving back. “Chryses, a priest of Apollo and Chryseis ~ father, comes to Agamemnon with gifts and offerings to ransom his daughter. Against the advice of the army, however, Agamemnon refuses to let Chryseis go, and Chryses prays to Apollo for revenge....   [tags: Iliad, Trojan War, Greek mythology, Achilles]

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The Epic Of The Iliad

- ... But I wouldn’t listen, and now I’ve destroyed Half the army through my recklessness (22.15-119). “Hector’s fear of death is overcome by his greater fear of disgrace” (Redfield, 115). His first impulse is to hide, and attempt to avoid death. He promptly discontinues that train of thought at the potential admonishment from his dear friend Polydamas. Regret wraps itself around Hector for ignoring his friend’s advice and slaughtering the Trojan army in his arrogance. Hector fears anyone’s criticism at this point....   [tags: Iliad, Trojan War, Achilles, Greek mythology]

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The Epic Of The Iliad

- ... Before he departs, Agamemnon declares again that he will go and take Briseis. Athene hears this and comes down from the sky to convince Achilleus that fighting and killing Agamemnon is not the path to take. Achilleus decides to listen to her and go back to his ship. Later, Agamemnon releases Chryses’ daughter and sends two men to collect Briseis from Achilleus. Once she is taken, Achilleus calls upon his mother, Thetis and she comes to him. He asks her to convince Zeus to help the Trojans defeat the Achaians and she agrees to ask him....   [tags: Iliad, Greek mythology, Achilles, Trojan War]

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Honor in the Iliad and Antigone

- The notion of honor is prevalent throughout the Iliad and Antigone. Both texts demonstrate that honor is essential to Greek heroes because honor is the foundation of the society and family. Homer and Sophocles clearly show that honor guides people’s actions and responses and decides the fate of themselves and others. Both authors also place emphasis on the importance of proper burial because it is a strong indication of honor to the deceased and the deceased’s family. As can be seen in the Iliad and Antigone, the aim of every Greek hero is to gain everlasting honor because it ensures his place in the social memory of his society resounding even after death....   [tags: Honor, Iliad, Antigone,]

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My Favorite Simile in "The Iliad" and other Personal Responses to "The Iliad"

- One of my favorite similes in The Iliad is in the beginning of Book Three when the armies are closing in on each other. Paris challenges the Achaeans to send their best warrior to fight him one-on-one. When Menelaus saw him “flaunting before the troops” (III: 25) he “thrilled like a lion lighting on some handsome carcass, lucky to find an antlered stag or wild goat just as hunger strikes--he rips it, bolts it down, even with running dogs and lusty hunters rushing him” (III: 25-29). This is an allusion to animal-like behavior, which shows up quite often in the poem....   [tags: Iliad, Homer, ]

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Gilgamesh, The Iliad, And The Aeneid

- Even though the Aeneid shares many features with the Homeric epic, as an epic it is diverse in significant ways. For this motive, the Aeneid is denoted to as a literary or else secondary epic so as to distinguish it from primeval or primary epics like the Homeric poems. The word "primitive", "primary" besides "secondary" should not be understood as value verdicts, but simply as signs that the inventive character of the epic was improvisational in addition to oral, though that of the Aeneid, collected later in the epic tradition, was fundamentally non-oral and fashioned with the benefit of writing....   [tags: Gilgamesh, The Iliad, And The Aeneid]

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The Iliad And The Holy Bible

- ... On the other hand, we see later in the book that Achilles has two fates: if he stays and fights in the war, he will die but gain eternal glory, but if he goes home, he will live a long life (9. 424-429). Achilles has a choice on which fate he can choose, so he can change his fate in a sense. Once he chooses which path he wishes to take, his path is set from then on and he cannot change anything else. Therefore, the Iliad leans more towards fatalism. Likewise, the Aeneid leans more towards fatalism since Aeneas and Juno (Hera) are helpless to change Aeneas’ fate to found Rome....   [tags: Aeneid, Aeneas, Troy, Iliad]

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The Iliad : The Rage Of Achilles

- ... Where Achilles was quick to anger, Hector was not. Achilles did not accept criticism well, nor did he like having people question him. On the other hand, Hector welcomed criticism and took the concerns and ideas of his men into consideration. He did not always follow his comrade’s advice, but he still listened to them. Due to the circumstances of the war, and how the two men acted, one could say Hector had a more noble reason to fight, yet “Achilles [was the one who hijacked] the Iliad” (qtd....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Achilles, Helen]

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The Tragedy Of The Homer 's Iliad

- ... With all that being said the Iliad will be a great piece of literature to dive into and examine this pure, raw emotion, with the diverse group of characters that which feel as if they had always been inexplicably animated. Rage/anger is one of the most apparent themes in Homer’s The Iliad and the fact that almost every character experiences this emotion in some way shape or form. The most notable character associated with this attribute would be Achilles especially considering the opening lines from Book I of The Iliad, “ Rage:/ Sing; Goddess, Achilles’ rage,/ Black and murderous, that cost the greeks/ incalculable pain...”(1.1-3) notates the stark, hefty emphasis on this characteristic...   [tags: Achilles, Iliad, Trojan War, Hector]

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The Iliad By Robert Fagles

- ... Paris feels that he can make himself more of a man by stealing an innocent girl away from her home, causing the war. Achilles sense of pride is insulted when Agamemnon steals Briseis, and the war is drawn out for years. Even a god such as Ares feels the sting of wounded pride when he is insulted by Athena. The scene in which Poseidon calls his men weaklings is important because the idea of masculinity throughout the Iliad is the reason behind the writing of the entire poem. Without their hubris, the men of the Iliad would have never had a war....   [tags: Homer, Trojan War, Iliad, Achilles]

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Analysis Of Tanakh And The Iliad

- ... Moreover, Dinah’s brothers even make a plan to cheat Shechem and his father and kill all of the people in their city eventually. Again, they do not ask for Dinah’s opinion. The actual victim, Dinah, remains silent during the whole process. In fact, she does not even appear after the “rape”. The author only depicted Dinal as an insignifant figure, so that she does not have a chance to voice. The focus even switched to the men’s violence due to their anger, while Dinah is always passive, complying with her brothers’ will....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Agamemnon, Achilles]

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The Iliad And Oedipus The King

- ... Achilles believes that Achilles defeated Hektor and therefore Achilles should get the glory, but seems to throw in the mention of Athena to seem more thankful. The skillful, strategical slaughter of Hektor was clearly carried out by Achilles and even though he says that it was Athene acting through him, that does not really make sense in light of his other claims. While throughout history and mythology the gods have occasionally been portrayed as using the humans as pawns to accomplish their petty aims, this is almost the opposite....   [tags: Iliad, Greek mythology, Odysseus, Achilles]

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Analysis Of Homer 's ' The Iliad '

- ... This humanization of the enemy side is shown more profoundly through the characterization of Hector. By displaying the emotional interaction between Hector and his wife Andromaché (Book Six; 395-502) along with Hector’s numerous honorable actions throughout the story, Homer creates a sympathetic character that reminds the audience that there is no good or bad side during war and death does not discriminate based on morality. Homer uses ultra-violent depictions of death to show the audience that war is not beautiful....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Homer, Achilles]

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The Iliad Of The Greek Army

- The iliad H.O.M.E.R Number of pages-297 Summary- after nine years of the Trojan War, the Greek army attacks a town that was allied with Troy. During the battle the Greek army captures a pair of beautiful maidens Chryseis and Briseis. The leader of the Greek forces takes Chryseis as his prize, and Achilles takes Briseis. Chryseis’s father, who serves as a priest of the god Apollo and pleads with Apollo for his daughter back from the Greeks, so he offers an enormous reward. but the Greek leader refuses to give back his prize....   [tags: Homer, Iliad, Trojan War, Achilles]

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The Tragic Heroes and their Effect on Humanity in Homer's "the Iliad" and "the Aeneid"

- During their reading of the Iliad and the Aeneid, scores of readers only see the two great poets commenting on the nature of war and destruction. What countless do not see, however, are there passionate outcries on behalf of the tragic heroes and humanity itself. The author of the Iliad, Homer, has been theorized by some to be a collection of writers working in collaboration. Nevertheless, this author had an immeasurable effect on ancient Greek culture. The Aeneid was written by Virgil, who was born in 70 BCE and had two other works in addition to his epic masterpiece....   [tags: Iliad, Aeneid, ]

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Honor as the Theme in Homer’s The Iliad

- There are different forms and examples of exemplary and classic literature which have been deemed as significant works that are highly esteemed worldwide. These examples of literature would awe the world with how much literary skill they entailed when they were composed and written: attention to details as to formation of characters, the most crafty of plots, the most eloquent speeches and lines, the most astounding of twists of scenes, and most of all, the most universal and meaningful of themes....   [tags: Honor, Homer, Iliad]

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Analysis Of Homer 's ' Iliad '

- ... However, Homer introduces Hecuba, Priam’s wife and mother of Hector and Paris, towards the end of the poem. In contrast to Thetis, the Trojan queen appears to be weeping and perturbed at her sons’ situation. As Hecuba bears her breast and wails “If he kills you now, / how can I ever mourn you on your deathbed?” to Hector, she portrays her powerlessness in aiding her son and preventing his death (B. XXII, p. 544, 102). Similarly, Helen of Troy and Andromache represents ideal women and partners to the heroes in the tale....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Achilles, Greek mythology]

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Achilles' Hero Behavior Cycle in the Iliad

- The Ancient Greeks admired their heroes and tried to learn from both their achievements and their mistakes. They believed that most great leaders and warriors followed a predictable behavior cycle, which often ended tragically. In Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad, Achilles is a great warrior who traces the stages of the behavior cycle twice, from arete to hubris to ate and then to nemesis. Achilles is a highly skilled warrior and a great leader who becomes a narcissist and an arrogant person, which leads to selfish and childish behavior resulting in the death of his best friend....   [tags: Ancient Greeks, iliad, heroes,]

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The Iliad Is The First Great Tragedy

- ... (I.409-412) Thetis laments about what she knows will become of Achilleus because of his request but nonetheless agrees to speak with Zeus. Immediately we can recognize a character flaw in Achilleus. Rather than just let Agamemnon, his elder, take the girl, Achilleus immediately does what spoiled children do and throws a tantrum. His enabling mother, a goddess, immediately aids him. Why is this relevant. Had Achilleus not been so accustomed to having his way and receiving whatever he asked or desired, he would not have made such a drastic plea to his mother against his countrymen....   [tags: Iliad, Achilles, Trojan War, Greek mythology]

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The Epic Of Gilgamesh And Iliad

- ... When Agamemnon has taken his beautiful wife from him to keep as a prize, he weeps away since there is nothing he can do at the time. His mother sees that her son is sad and goes to see Zeus, saying, “Agamemnon, king of men, has dishonoured him, for he has taken and keeps his prize by his own arrogant act. But honour him, Olympian Zeus, lord of counsel; and give might to the Trojans, until the Achaeans do honour to my son, and magnify him with recompense." This action from his mother withdrew him from battle and made the Greeks suffer, as they realized that Achilles is very important to them, and they need him in the battle....   [tags: Epic of Gilgamesh, Iliad, Trojan War, Achilles]

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Comparing Homer 's The Iliad

- ... Hector is honored and venerated, Pandarus, Lycaon’s son, even stated “I marched my Trojans hard to your lovely town of Troy, to please Prince Hector” (5.36-37). The willingness of men to prove their loyalty to Hector is great, unlike Agamemnon whose men would “oppose him in his folly” (9.36). Or, as shown in Hector’s demise, when Hecuba chants “You were… a blessing to us all, the men and women of Troy… throughout the city they saluted you like a god” (22.509-511). The Trojans blatantly admired Hector as a prince and as a man of the people....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Ancient Greece, Achilles]

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The Iliad By Homer, The Hero, Shame, And Fate

- ... But Homer paints his own portrait of a classic hero through the brave deeds as well as the human flaws of Hector and Achilles. Shame can be seen in the Iliad which has effect on the actions of the characters. The obvious effect to avoid the affects of shame on the social and moral values for the pursuit of glory and increase their reputation. In the Greeks view the greatest thing one could do and ensure they would live on and increase glory was to die fighting. In the Iliad even begins with the act of feeling shamed, when Agamemnon say he will return his prized girl to her father for Achilles girl Brises....   [tags: Iliad, Achilles, Trojan War, Homer]

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Analysis Of Homer 's ' The Iliad Of Homer '

- ... Latimore shows us here in lines 1-40: And Thetis came to the ships and carried with her the gifts of Hephaistos. She found her beloved son lying in the arms of Patroklos crying shrill, and his companions in their numbers about him mourned. She, shining among divinities, stood there beside them. She clung to her son’s hand and called him by name and spoke to him: “My child, now, though we grieve for him, we must let this man lie dead, in the way he first was killed through the gods’ designing....   [tags: Iliad, Achilles, Trojan War, Hector]

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Comparison between "The Iliad" and "The Women of Troy"

- The Iliad by Homer and the Women of Troy by Euripides are both Greek works of literature that look at the Trojan War from different perspectives. Book 6 of the Iliad illustrates that the ultimate glory is to fight for the city with no regard to the impact on the family. The Women of Troy focuses on the negatives that war causes, especially towards the soldier’s wives and children. Whereas the Iliad focuses on the battle itself and centers on the warriors, the Women of Troy focuses on the wrath the war brings upon the families left behind....   [tags: Iliad, Women of Troy, Homer, Euripides, Trojan War]

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Women of the Iliad

- Women of the Iliad In the Iliad we saw women as items of exchange and as markers of status for the men who possessed them (Chryseis and Briseis, whom Agame mnon and Achilles argue over in Book I). We saw them in their normal social roles as mothers and wives (Hecuba, Andromache in Book VI). We saw stereotypical characterizations of them as fickle (Helen in Book VI), seductive, and deceitful (Hera in Book XIV). We see them as an obstacle that the male hero has to overcome or resist to fulfill his heroic destiny (Andromache's entreaties to Hector in Book VI)....   [tags: Homer Women Iliad]

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Heroes Usually Die Young in the Iliad, but Odysseus has Wit

- In the Iliad the Heroes are the ones who died young on the battle field in the high of their prime. A perfect example of this is Achilles, who choose to go to Troy knowing he will have a story, but glories life. Odysseus, does care about the glory of war. He does everything he can to stay at home with his family. Including faking insanity and sowing his field with salts. Yet he still consider a hero. In fact Odyssey is a story about Odysseus journey home, not about war and battle which is the case with the Iliad....   [tags: Iliad, heroes,]

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The Role Of Zeus in Homer's Iliad

- The Role Of Zeus in Homer's Iliad In the era of Homer, divine intervention was thought to be typical, and one of his foremost works, The Iliad, reflects this. Nearly all of the Greek gods are involved in the outcome of the Trojan War, which happens to be the background story of this epic poem. The gods are used by Homer to add twists on an otherwise standard plot of war. I shall concentrate on Zeus, however, and reflect on his actions and their outcomes on the Trojan War, and more importantly, the story of The Iliad....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Dual Role of Gods in The Iliad

- The Dual Role of Gods in The Iliad      With even a cursory exposure to ancient Greek texts, it is obvious that the gods and goddesses are very important in traditional Greek culture. As literary figures in mythos and specific poetry and drama, the gods dabble in the life of man, predict his fate, and routinely thwart any attempt for him to entirely forge his own future. But for those of us who are not extensively schooled in antiquities, it is hard to pinpoint exactly what the gods are to the ancient Greeks, and what they are to us as readers of literature who live outside the culture....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Character Achilles in Homer's The Iliad

- The Character Achilles in Homer's The Iliad "The first book of The Iliad, appropriately titled the "Rage of Achilles," sets the scene for the remainder of the epic" (selu.edu/Academics/Depts/WritingCenter/The_Growth_of_Achilles.htm). "This rage is invoked by pride, a theme of pivotal importance for the Greeks. Pride is the source of the conflict between Achilles and Agamemnon in Book 1. The incident that provoked Achilles rage took place in the tenth and final year of the Achaean attack on Troy....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Lack of Credibility in Homer's Iliad

-     Much of the criticism of Homer's Iliad is focused on the events of the story: the significance of the images, symbols, the role of the Greek Gods, the characters of the story. It seems that many of the critics have forgotten the very important role of Homer as the narrator of the events. His narration undermines the story. He is the medium through which the story is told.  Perhaps the ambiguity of not knowing exactly who Homer is, and the fact that it was an oral story long before it was written in the form it is today, is the cause of oversight of the narrative qualities of Homer's Iliad by many critics....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Iliad and the Fate Of Patroclus

- The Iliad and the Fate Of Patroclus      Throughout The Iliad Of Homer, the constant theme of death is inherently apparent.  Each main character, either by a spear or merely a scratch from an arrow, was wounded or killed during the progression of the story.  For Zeus' son, Sarpedon, it was a spear through the heart, and for Hector, it was the bronze of the mighty Achilles through his neck which caused his early demise.  It seems that no one could escape an agonizing fate.  Of these deaths, the most interesting and intriguing death of all is that of Achilles' dear friend Patroclus.  Although his life was taken by the mighty Hector's spear, who was truly liable for hi...   [tags: Iliad essays]

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Achilles Respect for Authority in The Iliad

- Achilles Respect for Authority in The Iliad Respect for authority plays an important role in The Iliad. Achilles is a major character in it whose views on authority change throughout the book. In Book One, he seems to have no respect for King Agamemnon. Achilles questions his judgment as well as rebelling against his authority. This is shown best when Achilles says, "What a worthless, burnt-out coward I'd be called if I would submit to you and all your orders." (Pg. 87 line 43-45)....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Role of the Gods in Homer's The Iliad

- The Role of the Gods in Homer's The Iliad "We everlasting gods....Ah what chilling blows we suffer-thanks to our own conflicting wills-whenever we show these mortal men some kindness." This exert clearly states what kind of authority Homer has bestowed on his Gods. John Porter said," their constant interference in the lives of the mortals, which seems to cast them in the role of malicious puppeteers, while reducing Homer's heroes to mere pawns in a selfish and often rather petty divine game of one-upmanship." I found it to be quite disturbing imagining these characters fighting in such a mercilous war, giving every ounce of strength they had, and in an instance, all of their efforts could...   [tags: Iliad essays]

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Private Motivations for War in The Iliad

- Private Motivations for War in The Iliad       Wars are often complex in nature and are fought for diverse reasons. In the Iliad, powerful gods, great nations, and heroic people all fight for different reasons.  Each has private motivations to fight the war.  These private motivations are of special interest, because they help define the consequences and outcomes of the war.  The universal war of the gods, social war of the Greeks and Trojans, and the war for Achilles' honor are private motivations of the Trojan war.  These private motivations seem to influence and shape each other in many distinct ways....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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Homer's Iliad is an Anthropocentric Epic

-       "So the immortals spun our lives that we, wretched men / live on to bear such torments...." (The Iliad bk.24, ln.613-614)      This pessimistic explanation of the human condition was a tradition observed and preserved by the ancient Greeks through the composition of Homer's Iliad. This one statement, made by the godlike Achilles to King Priam in the last chapter of the work, provides the reader a contextual summary of what the Greeks believed was their role in the cosmos. Homer's Iliad, among many other themes contained in the poem, “is an anthropocentric epic exposing the ancient Greek's views about man and his relationships”(Clarke 129)....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Shield of Achilles in Homer's Iliad

- Throughout the Iliad the warriors' dream of peace is projected over and over again in elaborate similes developed against a background of violence and death. Homer is able to balance the celebration of war's tragic, heroic values with scenes of battle and those creative values of civilized life that war destroys. The shield of Achilles symbolically represents the two poles of human condition, war and peace, with their corresponding aspects of human nature, the destructive and creative, which are implicit in every situation and statement of the poem and are put before us in something approaching abstract form; its emblem is an image of human life as a whole....   [tags: Iliad Essays]

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Honor and Glory in Homer's Iliad

- Honor and Glory in Homer's Iliad        Mortality, by its very nature, causes men's lives to be cut short at their primes.The Fates cut our lives short at any time, so the Greeks must have an example, a model mortal, to follow so as to make the "most of their lives."A model mortal is one who lives his life accumulating the most honor and glory: "he pressed for battle now where men win glory" (4: 259).By strictly adhering to the honor/heroic code, a mortal can raise himself to become the model mortal....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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Achilles' Honor in Homer's Iliad

- Achilles' Honor in Homer's Iliad   The Greeks placed great importance on personal honor. Why is this. Is it because to them man I nothing without honor. Or is it that the honor is more important than the man. "Honor to the Greeks is something that is won by a man's prowess, his ability to fight and be victorious on the battle field"(Schein 62). This is just one example of how honor is obtained. A second method of gaining honor is to be a great orator, one must posses the ability to speak in the assembly and express his ideas eloquently, and persuasively to the gathered body....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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Femininity in Homer’s Iliad

- Femininity in Homer’s Iliad In Homer’s Iliad, predominant feminine presence inspires the events of the poem and the destinies of the men involved. This feminine presence is not a product of the actions and decisions of the women in the poem, but rather a conceptual, creative feminine force without which the poem and even human life would not exist. Homer personifies this presence in nature and maintains it through the voice of the Muse, his inspiration. There is a deeper essence of a feminine presence in the poem, however, which lies in the characteristics of life itself....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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William Shakespeare 's The Iliad And The Death Of Ivan

- ... Achilles’ rage is the principal theme, but also his fate and the fate of others is a tool used to propel most of the events in the poem. It is not discussed how fate is set and fate does not determine every action taken in the course of a life, only the final outcomes. Zeus is often concerned with fate and sometimes even seems capable of altering fate, but chooses not to. “My cruel fate… my Sarpedon, the man I love the most, my own son–doomed to die at the hands of Menoetius’ son Patroclus. My heart is torn in two as I try to weigh all this....   [tags: Homer, Iliad, Trojan War, Achilles]

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The Iliad: Achilles' Rage

- `Rage--Goddess, sing the rage of Peleus' son Achilles' The first line of the Iliad describes a human emotion that leads to doom and destruction in Homer's poetic tale of the Trojan War. Achilles' rage is a major catalyst in the action in the Iliad. It is his rage that makes him both withdraw from and, later, rejoin the war with a fury. Why is Achilles enraged. Is his rage ignited solely by his human adversaries or do the gods destine him to the experience. Achilles' rage has many facets....   [tags: The Iliad Essays]

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Human Free Will Vs. Plato 's Iliad

- ... Well to finish summarizing, Alexandro agree to fight Menelaus with one condition; whoever wins will take Helen and end the war. Menelaus agree with the terms and the fight to the death begins. This is where the interesting part starts, as we read Menelaus and Paris(Alexandro) are fighting to the death, in the meantime the gods are watching the duel. Each of them on either the Trojan or the Greek side, if one of them are on the burst of dying, the god who is on their side will join in, and save them from death....   [tags: Iliad, Trojan War, Achilles, Priam]

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The Iliad's Ending

- Homer's Iliad is commonly understood as an epic about the Trojan War, but its meaning goes deeper than that. The Iliad is not only a story of the evolution of Achilleus' persona, but at times it is an anti-war epic as well. The final book proposes many questions to the reader. Why not end with the killing of Hektor. Most stories of war conclude with the triumphant victory of good over evil, but in the Iliad, the final thoughts are inclined to the mourning of the defeated Hektor, which accentuates the fact that good has not triumphed over evil, but simply Achilleus triumphed over Hektor....   [tags: Homer Iliad Analysis]

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Violence, Power, and Goals in the Hebrew Bible and The Iliad

- ... Sacrifices are, in nature, very violent. Innocent blood is spilled to please the vengeful God. In Exodus 12, "the Lord struck down all the first-born in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh who sat on the throne the first-born of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the first-born of the cattle" (Exodus 12:29). God did all that just because the Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let the Israelites leave his country. The immense sacrifice of the first-borns of man and beast was an act of violence that led the exodus of the Israelites....   [tags: the hebrew bible, the iliad, literary analysis]

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The Iliad: Understanding Achilles

- In Homer's The Iliad, we find the greatest, bravest, and most revered warrior of ancient times. Achilles was the son of Peleus, king of the Myrmidones in Phtia, and Thetis, a sea-nymph. As the legend goes, Achilles got his strength and battle skills when his mother dipped him in the river Styx. Achilles was thereby made invincible. However, Thetis forgot to wet the heel by which she held him and because of this grievous error, Thetis destined her son to defeat. It was prophesied that he would be defeated in battle by being pierced in his only vulnerable spot: Achilles' heel (thus the expression)....   [tags: The Iliad Essays]

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God and Man in Homer’s Iliad, Virgil’s Aeneid, and Dante’s Inferno

- God and Man in Homer’s Iliad, Virgil’s Aeneid, and Dante’s Inferno The truest of man’s goals is to create art. Art is a by-product of the gift of man over the animals, creativity. Truly, creativity is a replication of God in man and a very possible interpretation of the Genesis 1:27 phrase “in his own image,” along with others—the possession of an immortal soul or the ability to speak. And creativity’s ultimate end product is art. And art more often than not in the history of man has led man to pay homage to his creator....   [tags: Iliad]

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Various Perspectives on War in Homer's Iliad

- Various Perspectives on War in Homer's Iliad         The Iliad is a story of rages of Achilles and the War of Troy. Thanks to the techniques of the author, Homer, The Iliad is very colorful, romantic, and it makes the readers imagine the ancient Greeks and their times of war. Homer is believed to be the author of epics other than the Iliad, although their authorship remains uncertain. Historian believes that Homer probably lived in the eighth century, B.C.1 (Discovering World History)....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Gods in Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey

- The Gods in Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey The stories told in the Iliad and Odyssey are based on stories handed down over several generations, for they preserve (as we have seen) memories of an already quiet far distant past. The two pomes show clear connection in their language and style, in the manner in which their incidents presented, and in the combination of agreement with level, which distinguish their creation. The work was written by one author but gave two diverse views on the nature of the Olympian Gods, their relationship to humankind, and the general lot of mortals throughout their all too brief lives....   [tags: Homer The Iliad The Odyssey]

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Divine Providence and Destiny in Homer's Iliad

- Divine Providence and Destiny in Homer's The Iliad Destiny is defined as fate. One cannot escape destiny. Divine intervention on the other hand is much different. One can at least beg for mercy or help. Both destiny and divine intervention are intertwined in Homer's The Iliad. In book I Thetis asks a favor of Zeus in order to make her son look good. Zeus decides to help Achilles against the wishes of Hera. In Book II there are two gods trying to accomplish different tasks. In order to make Achilles look good, Zeus must give glory to the Achaeans....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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Free Essays - The Message of Homer's Iliad

- The Message of Homer's Iliad In Homer's Iliad, Homer shows his views on heroes, villains, and war. He shows that heroes have great qualities to them and that villains have evil qualities to them. He also shows that even heroes have villainous qualities. Homer also tries to convey that all warriors have a choice between a life of war and a life of peace. Homer's view of a hero displays bravery, martial skills, and even friendship. Hector is portrayed as the perfect hero in The Iliad....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Epic Education of Achilles in Homer's The Iliad

- The Epic Education of Achilles in Homer's The Iliad Dr. Fly’s comments: This paper was well-organized and developed; the thesis was argued in a logical fashion; material from primary and secondary sources was well-documented and integrated smoothly into the text; the author’s style was clear, with varied and sophisticated sentence structures and concrete vocabulary; and the paper demonstrated excellent command of grammar and mechanics.   Within the annals of epic literature, the celebrated role of "epic hero" has always been present, heralding the poem's themes through the actions of a single, extraordinary protagonist....   [tags: Iliad Essays]

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Religion and Ethics in Homer’s Iliad

- The Importance of Religion and Ethics in The Iliad     Homer clearly and precisely depicts the religion and the ethics of the Achian and Trojan societies in The Iliad. During the time of the Trojan war, religion played an important role in the societies. Sacrifice, prayer, and rituals were all equally significant, and the superiority of the gods and the fates above humans was a standard of society. The gods were sacred deities to whom one had to bestow honor and respect. Within the society, honor, glory, and fame were desperately sought by warriors striving to achieve enduring notoriety....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Pursuit of Honor in Homer’s Iliad

- The Pursuit of Honor in Homer’s Iliad Throughout history, people have pondered the question of human mortality. In examining the issue, the Ancient Greeks, came to the conclusion that there are two spheres of immortality: that which is reserved for the Gods and that which can be attained by mere mortals. The Gods are destined to eternal youth and life; however, for humans who are predestined to die, this existence is impossible to attain. Rather, humans must strive to gain everlasting honor, the only form of immortality available to them....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Metamorphosis of Achilles in Homer’s The Iliad

- The Metamorphosis of Achilles in Homer’s The Iliad Dr. Frost’s comments: With his clear explanation, illustrative quotes, and logical organization, the student easily proves his thesis, recapped and affirmed very well in the final paragraph. From the first pages of Homer’s The Iliad, Achilles is portrayed as vengeful, proud, and petty. As the book progresses, the image of Achilles as a spiteful child is sharpened dramatically. Towards the end of the epic; however, Achilles begins to exhibit qualities that are considered heroic even in today’s society....   [tags: Iliad Essays]

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Free Essays - Victorious Achilleus of the Iliad

- Victorious Achilleus of the Iliad   From reading book twenty two in the Iliad it is clear, from the beginning, that Achilleus will prevail in the battle against Hektor.  The reader is given many hints from the text that Achilleus will succeed.  Homer, the writer of the text, feels he will win, and so gives the reader hints of his victory though his narration, and through the words of Hektor's parents, and the gods.      First, Hektor's father encourages his son to allow other men to fight with him in battle against Achilleus.  He says, "Hektor, beloved child to not wait the attack of this man alone, away from the others.  You might encounter your destiny eaten down by Peleion, since he i...   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Immortal Heroes of Homer’s Iliad

- The Immortal Heroes of Homer’s Iliad In Homer’s Iliad, a warrior can only attain heroism and immortality by embracing an early death. Jean-Pierre Vernant describes this paradox in his essay, “A ‘Beautiful Death’ and the Disfigured Corpse in Homeric Epic.” According to Vernant, heroes accept the fact that life is short and “devote themselves completely and single-mindedly to war, adventure, glory, and death” (53). 1 Curiously, this is because heroes overcome death only when they embrace it (57)....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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Importance of Male Relationships in Homer's Iliad

- Importance of Male Relationships in Homer's Iliad       The most significant relationship in Homer's Iliad is the friendship between Achilles and Patroclus. Other male relationships play major roles in the epic and can be directly related to that of Achilles and Patroclus. The brotherhood of Agamemnon and Menelaos, and of Hector and Paris demonstrate their loyalty. They fight because of love for each other throughout the war. Achilles, however, is not driven to fight or even bother with the war until his friendship with Patroclus is broken....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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Homer’s Iliad - The Shield of Achilles

- Homer’s Iliad - The Shield of Achilles Homer devotes the final passages of Book 18 of The Iliad to the description of the shield of Achilles. Only a quarter of the description concerns warfare, the essential grist of the epic. Instead, the bulk of the description presents a peaceful society and rural idylls, a curious choice for the most ferocious warrior of the Greeks, and an odd thing for both armies to fear. A narrative emerges from the scenes of the shield, and it is this that fits Achilles and repulses everyone else....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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Essay on The Importance of Nestor in Homer's Iliad

- The Importance of Nestor in Homer's Iliad       The role of the character Nestor in Homer's Iliad is one often overlooked. Nestor is not only an Achaian counselor, respected and listened to due to his age, but he also “serves as a link between the peace of home the Achaians are leaving and the barbarism of war to which they are succumbing”(Richardson 24). Nestor incites action, instills values and motivates the characters to keep a balance between this peace and barbarism.   Nestor first appears in book one during an argument between Achilles and Agamemnon over Briseis, a war prize belonging to Achilles....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Horrors of War Exposed in Homer's Iliad

- The Horrors of War Exposed in Homer’s Iliad "There- Harpalion charged Menelaus - King Pylaemenes' son Who'd followed his father into war at Troy But he never reached his fatherland again. He closed on Atrides, spear stabbing his shield Right on the boss but the bronze could not drive through, So back he drew to his ranks, dodging death, glancing Left and right, fearing a lance would graze his flesh. But Meriones caught him in full retreat, he let fly With a bronze-tipped arrow, hitting his right buttock Up under the pelvic bone so the lance pierced the bladder....   [tags: Iliad Essays]

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Free Essays - Changes in Achilles of The Iliad

- Changes in Achilles of The Iliad There are times in my own life in which I realize that a goal that I have been pursuing rigorously is really not worth my time and effort, or that the way I have been pursuing that particular goal is not the most effective way. After I come to these realizations I find it helpful, if not necessary, to step back and analyze the situation. This is what happened to Achilles throughout the first sixteen books of the epic. At first Achilles had a set of clearly defined goals, he was to fight side by side with the Achaeans, sack Troy, and, by doing these things, gain honor and wealth....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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The Paradox of Heroism in Homer’s Iliad

- The Paradox of Heroism in Homer’s Iliad The Iliad presents a full range of valorous warriors: the Achaians Diomedes, Odysseus, and the Aiantes; the Trojans Sarpedon, Aeneas, and Glaukos. These and many others are Homer’s models of virtue in arms. Excelling all of them, however, are the epic’s two central characters, Achilleus, the son of Peleus and, Hector, the son of Priam. In these two, one finds the physical strength, intense determination, and strenuous drive that give them first place within their respective armies....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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Immense Heroism in Homer’s Iliad

- Immense Heroism in Homer’s Iliad The Iliad opens with "the anger of Peleus' son, Achilleus," (1.1) and closes with the "burial of Hektor, breaker of horses" (24.804).1 The bracketing of the poem with descriptions of these two men suggests both their importance and their connection to one another. They lead parallel lives as the top fighters in their respective armies, and, as the poem progresses, their lives and deaths become more and more closely linked. They each struggle to fulfill the heroic ideal, and they both grapple with temptations that lure them away from heroism....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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An Analysis Of Homer 's Iliad And The Trojan War

- ... The traditional view presents her as the reason of the war happening was due to the reason being that she chooses to elope with Paris, leaving her husband behind knowing very well of the outcome, although Homer`s reflection present how genuine Helen really is. Helen really did have an enduring nature, she hated herself for causing this catastrophe. Helen was very well aware of the consequences of her presence in Troy when she knew she belonged in Sparta beside her husband. She is the only character seen in this myth to have a guilty conscience....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Greek mythology, Helen]

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The True Hero of Homer's The Iliad

- The True Hero of Homer's The Iliad The Iliad is a story in which many men should be recognized as great war heroes. They all show a tremendous amount of courage to fight in such a barbaric battle. But this paper?s main focus is between two great leaders of opposing sides. Achilles, who represents the Achaians and Hector, who represents the Trojans. Though both show their bravery during many different instances in the poem, it?s quite obvious to the reader who the better of the two is....   [tags: Home Poetry Poem Iliad Essays]

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An Evaluation Of Three Types Of Violence While Looking At The Iliad By Homer

- Brutality of War (An Evaluation of three types of violence while looking at the Iliad by Homer.) Violence is something that seems to be simple. It is the process of hurting someone else, but how. Of course you see violence when people become physical, but in reality there are so many ways to look at the word violence. The way people speak to each other or treat the people around them is a form of violence. Every day teenage children go to a place, called high school. They enter an area meant to be used for learning, but instead find an environment filled with cruelty....   [tags: Achilles, Trojan War, Homer, Iliad]

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Use of Epithets In Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey

- Use of Epithets In Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey Throughout The Iliad and The Odyssey, Homer’s use of the epithet in describing Odysseus becomes essential as a means of characterizing the hero. Homer uses several epithets, or nicknames, along with the name “Odysseus” as the story unfolds in both tales. Three of these include the descriptive epithet “wily Odysseus,” the laudative epithet “Odysseus, the great tactician,” and the patronymic epithet “Odysseus Laertiades.” Besides their obvious descriptive qualities, each of these epithets function to amplify, enhance, or characterize the hero....   [tags: Iliad Essays]

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Destiny, Fate, Free Will and Free Choice in Homer's Iliad

- Fate and Destiny in The Iliad The Iliad portrays fate and destiny as supreme and ultimate forces. The Iliad presents the question of who or what is finally responsible for a man's destiny, yet the answers to this question are not quite clear. In many instances, it seems that man has no control over his fate and destiny, but at other points, it seems as if a man's fate lies in the consequences of his actions and decisions. Therefore, The Iliad reveals a man sometimes controls his destiny....   [tags: Iliad essays]

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