Your search returned over 400 essays for "human existence"
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Human Existence and Human Suffering

- All throughout our history, we humans have constantly evolved and developed to an extent where we can give an account to the world we live in. From Epicurus to Thomas Aquinas, from Aristotle -who taught one of the greatest kings namely Alexander the Great- to Sartre and Camus were all for the search of why we are on this planet. What drives us to live or perhaps to die, even if it is by one’s own hand. When arguing about the meaning of life, one has to take into account that every doctrine, thesis, antithesis, thought and emotion can only be explained and defined through the human perspective....   [tags: Human Existence]

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Human Existence And Human Nature

- The history of humans and how the species was created is a timeless topic of debate. There are many different theories explaining existence. Some individuals believe in supernatural powers while other individuals believe in scientific theories. However, even though the debate is infinite and inevitable, humans have been able to continue studying and researching human nature. In my opinion, there is a definite relationship between human existence and human nature. Individuals have developed their own perspectives which affect their life and understanding....   [tags: Meaning of life, Religion, Personal life]

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Paley's Argument for God's Existence

- Since the beginning of time, society has been plagued by questions stemming past the grasp of human understanding. In attempt to explain such bewilderment, mankind formed a principle belief regarding their presence as the workings of a more capable being, God. As time has progressed, distinguished and scholarly members of society have come forward with ideas regarding some distinct understanding into the complex subject that is god. To this day, students are taught theories that have managed to stand the test of time and interpretation, theories that are highly respected by the top scholars of this century....   [tags: Earthly Inferences, Human Existence]

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Romanticism, The Supernatural and Human Existence

- ... The Romantic movement involved the personification of nature and imagery which are key elements in this movement and in which Shelley is able to successfully provide throughout this poem. He is able to connect nature with emotion and use his imagination to create a beautiful work of Romantic art. The Queen of Spades is a story in which relates to that of the supernatural, but many critics would tend to disagree. The supernatural is defined as of, pertaining to, or attributed to ghosts, goblins, or other unearthly beings....   [tags: artisitic movements]

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Descartes ' Argument For The Existence Of God

- Descartes’ Argument for the Existence of God In Descartes’ second meditation, he offers up an argument for Defective Nature Doubt that brings forth the idea that we can’t be certain of anything we perceive being actual and real (153). Descartes thinks that there is a possibility that we are constantly being deceived due to the fact that we don’t know, with perfect certainty, know where our ideas originate from (154). He tries to describe a method in order to dispel this Defective Nature Doubt by giving an argument for the existence of God....   [tags: Mind, Thought, Human, Existence]

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Human Being Existence

- Since long before Plato philosophers have attempted to accurately describe the ways human being exist in relation to the world around them. Many different systems and meta-narratives were created by numerous philosophers as they used reason to determine what it meant to exist and how knowledge was possible. Most philosophers were acutely aware their philosophical arguments that provided either metaphysical or epistemological descriptive claims would necessarily lay the foundation for normative ethical positions....   [tags: existence, ethical system, Plato, Nietzsche, ]

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The Many Questions Facing the Human Existence

- Philosophy 101 Essay 3 There are many questions that face human existence. Questions that we ask others and ourselves, while we try to find meaning. When there seems to be no clear or true answer then this puzzles humanity as we have a longing to understand and a longing for clarity. There are tons of philosophical questions one can think of or ask but they all seem to boil down to one single question. Does life have meaning. This question has been pondered over since human existence. After searching this world for an answer and not finding a concrete reply, this can be a frustrating experience....   [tags: the meaning of life, philosophy essay]

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The Futility of Human Existence in Waiting for Godot

- We live on a planet revolving around the sun, while there are at least about one septillion other stars in this universe. What is the significance of our existence in this infinite cosmos. What is the purpose of our lives. With the explosion of scientific knowledge and the WWII bombs in the modernity epoch, the insignificance of our lives was realized; Samuel Becket staged the futility of human existence in the play Waiting for Godot. He portrayed nothingness through the use of structure, language, dialogue, and setting....   [tags: existentialism, absurdism]

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Deviance As A Common Part Of Human Existence

- A. Deviance is the sociological concept of behavior which violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society. Functionalists explain deviance as a common part of human existence, interactionist look at everyday behavior to explain deviance, and conflict theorists argue that people with power define deviance. According to functionalists, deviance can lead to social stability by defining the limits of proper behavior through both positive and negative consequences. Approved behavior is learned through punishment or consequences; a failing grade for a student who plagiarizes a paper, or an individual being arrested for committing a crime....   [tags: Sociology, Social status, Sociological terms]

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Multicultural Psychology Is An Aspect Of Human Existence

- “Diversity is an aspect of human existence that cannot be eradicated by terrorism or war or self-consuming hatred. It can only be conquered by recognizing and claiming the wealth of values it represents for all (Aberjhani, 2007).” Over the last 30 years, multicultural counseling has developed tremendously. As America becomes more ethnically diverse, counselors have recognized that clients are dissimilar, firstly by their cultural temperament and secondly by the nature of their troubles. Multicultural psychology is the methodical study of all facets of social behavior as it transpires in surroundings where persons of different cultural backgrounds come across each other....   [tags: Race, Ethnic group, Miscegenation, Nation]

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Gender Identification And Expression Of Human Existence

- The most evident pillar of human existence is the unrelenting and quenchless desire to discover the unknown and uncover the mysteries of reality. In the past century, humans have figured out how to fly, walked on the moon, and begun to use phrases like “gigabits per second” and “nuclear fusion.” The question of if we will figure it out was altered to when will we figure it out, and it seemed like nothing was out of reach for human discernment. For all of these reasons, it is arguably poetic that the one thing it seems we cannot interpret is ourselves....   [tags: Transgender, Gender, Nature versus nurture]

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Three World Views of Human Existence

- According to Edward Wilson, the desire of mankind to explain their origins has led to three dominant worldviews that attempt to explain human existence and present condition. These three worldviews are God-centered religion, political behaviorism, and scientific humanism. However, these views fail to recognize another increasingly popular worldview known as Intelligent Design. Because the theory of Intelligent Design hinges on the premise that human existence is the direct consequence of a supernatural “intelligent designer” who designed the world and all of its complex organisms, that in turn are made up of complex parts designed purposefully by this “intelligent designer”, Wilson has lumpe...   [tags: Creation]

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Human Science And Its Impact On Human Life And Existence

- Nursing is healthcare associated profession which is concern with the wellbeing of clients to help manage and subsequently restore people back to their perfect or most favorable level of health and well-being. Human Science is an aspect of research dedicated to the study of the meaning and experiences that governs human life and existence. Human science is a stem of a broader term known as a Humanism. Humanism can be explained as the prioritization of human needs, values and interests. Humanism also involves theory and enquiry of issues associated with humans and makes the ideas of supernatural, divine being irrelevant....   [tags: Nursing, Human, Interpersonal relationship]

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Sartre and the Meaning of Human Existence

- Where the Meaning of Human Existence is Located According to Sartre The word philosophy comes from Greek and literally means "love of wisdom." The Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines philosophy as "a critical study of fundamental beliefs and the grounds for them." Both explanations of philosophy are correct and concrete. The meaning of human existence has no such concrete answer, but in this paper we will examine where Sartre believes it to be. Sartre's existentialism is a philosophy, which deals with man....   [tags: Sartre's Existentialism, Philosophy]

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Ian Mcewan 's The On The Fragile Equilibrium Of Human Existence

- Alongside a plot that deals with a series of unhappy events, Ian McEwan’s Atonement explores the concept of reality in the fragile equilibrium of human existence. McEwan’s mastery of narration helps to shape his reader’s comprehension that reality is subjective. McEwan’s employment of shifting focalization and presentation of a single event approached from several character perspectives and use of both third and first person narration all contribute to this conclusion. The first three parts of Atonement are written in third person limited omniscient narration....   [tags: Novel, Fiction, Atonement, Grammatical person]

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Political Violence Is Not Illegitimate But Part Of The Human Existence

- The definition of political violence is ‘violence [that is] outside of state control that is political motivated’ (O’Neil 2011, par. 1). One way to study political violence is to interpret the way a group participates in collective action to solve political dilemmas, and why groups choose violence as a means to achieve their political goals. As P. Schmid Alex wrote, “conflict itself is not illegitimate but part of the human existence and can be a positive mechanism of social and political change” (Schmid 2004, 199)....   [tags: Terrorism, Laws of war, Definition of terrorism]

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Tropical Rainforests : Global Ecosystem And Human Existence

- Tropical rainforest covers only a relatively small proportion of our planet, and yet it is considered to be one of the most significant ecosystems, and its loss through deforestation and burning is considered to be of global importance. Explain why. Introduction Tropical rainforests are highly important to the global ecosystem and human existence in the world. Occupying only 6% of the earth’s land areas, tropical rainforests sustain 10-50 million species, which is over half of the world’s biodiversity, far higher than biodiversity in sub-tropical, temperate, and boreal ecosystems (IUCN, 2006)....   [tags: Carbon dioxide, Photosynthesis, Oxygen, Earth]

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A Non-Human Existence

- Winston defines being human as having feelings, following sensory pleasures, and staying true to those two types of emotions because, “only feelings matter”(146). He also asserts that before the Party when people had individual relationships and “members of a family stood by one another” they were human (26). Winston’s deadened senses as well as his social disconnection, and the lack of import in his daily life after he leaves the Ministry of Love indicate that he has not achieved his goal of staying human....   [tags: Analysis, Winston]

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Society: the Bane of Human Existence?

- Herbert Spencer made many astute assessments of the way societies work. He created theories to explain the way they grow and change and interact with one another. Spencer viewed society as an organism, and he referred to society as a super-organic system. He believed that, in both organic and super-organic systems, evolution was the result of the system becoming more differentiated. He emphasized three developmental tendencies shared by societies and organisms: 1) growth in size, 2) an increase in structure, and 3) an increase in functions....   [tags: Sociology]

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Human Nature And Nature 's Existence

- For the entirety of art’s existence, it has reflected the ideas and interactions of the human. Nature, being humans first and permanent acquaintance, is inherently every present throughout all of art’s history. Capturing the relationship between humans and nature is the most prevalent of themes in art and media. There are an endless supply of this visual record, preserved in modern times through the use of photography, restoration, and museums. Currently on display at the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, California, two specific pieces – Mu, by Okura Jiro, and Traveling deep in the mountains, by an unknown Yuan/Ming dynasty artist – highlight the history of human and nature’s relationship...   [tags: Art, Aesthetics, Nature, Panel painting]

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Futility of Human Existence Exposed in The Guest by Albert Camus

- “He who despairs of the human condition is a coward, but he who has hope for it is a fool” (Wyatt). As this quote by Albert Camus suggests, he was not a very optimistic writer. His gloomy look on life itself can be seen all too clearly in “The Guest”. The story itself deals with Camus’s idea of the futility of human existence: the only rational thing anyone can expect is death. Camus’s underlying philosophy is revealed from the very beginning of the story. The French title, “L’hote”, translates to mean both “guest” and “host” simultaneously, which implies that the mutually respectful relationship between the main characters in the story should be applied to mankind everywhere....   [tags: The Guest Albert Camus]

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Biography of Martin Heidegger a Contemporary German Philosopher

- Introduction Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) is a contemporary German Philosopher of the 20 the century. Noted for being a gifted thinker, Heidegger has contributed to more than one field, namely phenomenology, existentialism, hermeneutics, political theory, psychology and theology. ‘Being and Time’, his first work is acknowledged as the most important of all his works. It is in Being and Time that Heidegger introduces the term Dasein to explain ‘being’. Heidegger adopts a non-metaphysical, coherent way of thinking to explain ‘being’ without reducing it to a scientific phenomenon....   [tags: human existence, world, universe]

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The Existence Of A Human Being Is Like A Wild River

- Our future The existence of a human being is like a wild river, we know where starts but we do not know what course will be taking, or where will be ending. For the most part, each individual is born with a “life path” that based on their socioeconomic status and cultural background will dictate their success or failure in life. The one thing that all human beings have in common regardless of socioeconomic status is their life-span, everyone has a beginning and an end. Each person undergoes the same process, they require extra help and support during the first and last years of their life....   [tags: Retirement, Old age, Gerontology]

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Robert Frost's Dark Side

- Robert Frost once said, “By working faithfully eight hours a day you may eventually get to be boss and work twelve hours a day.” This quote of Robert Frost shows how Frost can take something positive, a promotion, and expose the negative aspect, longer hours. In his poetry, Frost, like he did in this quote, exposed something in humans. He wrote poetry to show how there is darkness amongst them. The average reader will quote Robert Frost as being a poet of positivity, yet many of his poems actually point out the dark side of human existence....   [tags: poems, human existence]

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The Definition of Happiness

- Is life really about name brands, having the newest technology, and having an expensive car. Or having a group of loving and caring friends and family. Today everyone defines and looks for happiness in a different way. Many people usually search for happiness in money, material items, and meaningless relationships. None of the things mentioned solely leads to happiness. This is a problem in our society; everyone is on the “pursuit of happiness,” but what if we do not know the correct way on how to pursue it....   [tags: Human Existence, Loving Relationships]

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Analysis Of Eliade 's Human Existence And Sanctified Life And Smith 's Black Liberal Protestants

- In this paper, I will evaluate the tensions outlined in Eliade’s Human Existence and Sanctified Life and Smith’s Black Liberal Protestants, and Black Religious Nationalism between a transcendent religious realm and secularized human pursuits. I will then discuss how I would apply these analytical concerns to contemporary American political activities. In African American Protestants, Political Activism, and “Liberal” Redemptive Hopes, R. Drew Smith speaks about how America’s political system draws so heavily on Christian symbolism that the two realms are virtually inseparable....   [tags: African American, Black people, Nationalism]

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Samuel Beckett and The Theatre of the Absurd

- What is the basic, most fundamental parts, methods, and ideals of human life and existence. Samuel Beckett’s highly viewed works try to answer this question. Beckett’s unusual and often action-less plays lead the reader on “our desperate search for meaning, our individual isolation, and the gulf between our desires and the language in which they find expression,” and determines that Beckett is a master of absurdist literature (Davies). Despite the popularity of Beckett’s works, little scholarly information can be found about them....   [tags: human life, existence, godot]

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Wars Based On Religion And Religion

- In this world, we have countries and religions that try to control the minds of humans. Both countries and religions, try to enforce humans to believe in whatever it is that they want us to believe in. What would this world be like if there were no countries or religions “Imagine there’s no countries . . . And no religion too.” (Lennon 0:59-1:20) that set a boundary or a limit on the many options that we have when exploring the world , in order to come up with our own personal beliefs, independently....   [tags: Religion, Human, God, Existence]

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The Philosophy of Erich Fromm

- Philosopher Erich Fromm was born in the early 20th century and could witness all of its major developments (Cherry). Not only did it bring technological progress and new ideologies, but also bitter fruits of war unseen by mankind before. He contemplated the motives behind aggression and violence which led him to the study of psychology and sociology (Cherry). Fromm’s last work, “To Have or to Be” (1976), is the culmination of his strive to find and explain the purpose of human life. He perceived our existence as being driven by either the having or the being mode and explained this idea by using psychological finds merged with sociological evidence....   [tags: human, study, existence, desire]

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Solution Brief Focused Therapy Analysis

- Existential Psychotherapy is not like any other style of counseling. Existential therapy in its foundations is a philosophy about human nature and gives guidance in how we should exist in this world. Existential therapy is an experimental alternative method of counseling. It is deeply rooted on the basis of a personal vested relationship between counselor and client (Claessens, 2010). According to Yalom, existential psychotherapy is not a specific technique or set of techniques. Yalom states that proponents of existential psychotherapy have not advocated specific training institutes because its presuppositions can underlie any form of therapy....   [tags: existensial therapy,counseling,human existence]

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`` A Riddle Unto ' By Von Balthasar

- The life of each human being is a mystery. The only thing that we know for sure is that we are all going to die at some point in our lives and that everything that happens in between, from the moment that we are born to the moment we die, is uncertain. Many of the readings from Von Balthasar help us understand this mystery, of what it is to be a human being and that there could be something beyond ourselves that gives meaning to our lives. Of all of the readings, there were four passages that stood out to me: “A Riddle unto Itself”, “Course through Time”, “Man and Woman” and “Marriage – Event and Institution”....   [tags: Meaning of life, Personal life, Human, Existence]

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The 's As I Lay Dying

- It is evident in Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying that both of the Bundren women, in their own way, reject typical social norms for women in the south. Firstly there is the common theme of maternity in As I Lay Dying, both Addie and Dewey Dell have to face motherhood, although neither is taken with the idea, Addie refers to to the children as “violating [her] aloneness”(172) while Dewey Dell repeatedly attempts to get an abortion throughout the novel. Motherhood would make life unmistakably harder for Dewey Dell, and Addie when given the chance, reflects upon how maternity changed her “when I knew that I had Cash, I knew that living was terrible and that this was the answer to it”(171), but further...   [tags: Existence, Ontology, Human sexuality, Pregnancy]

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Meditations in First Philosophy

- Rene Descartes was born in 1596. At the age of 10, he began school at College Henri IV. Descartes received a classical education at College Henri IV and learned many subjects, including math, at the Jesuit institution. Many years later, he received his baccalaureate and licentiate degrees in law and then joined the army of Prince Maurice of Nassau. Descartes never served combat, but he did have a life changing moment while in the army. While meditating about the uncertainty and disunity of knowledge, he had an epiphany about how he could make knowledge more certain and unified, such as mathematics....   [tags: human nature,god's existence,rene descartes]

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What Makes One Organized Religion Correct Over Buddhism And Islam?

- What makes one organized religion correct over the others. Is Christianity’s God correct over Buddhism and Islam. The answer is other humans. What organized religion is can be boiled down to God speaking with specific people and telling them what he is like and what he values. In Christianity, it was Jesus Christ; in Buddhism, it was Siddhartha Gautama; in Islam, it was the prophet Muhammad. Thus a belief in a certain God is really just a belief in other humans. For all we know, our superior God could just be a tardigrade that values crumpets....   [tags: Meaning of life, Religion, Existence of God, Human]

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The Existence Of The Earth

- The existence of the earth has been here billions of years ago. All of the natural resources and the hidden secrets remain unknown until a biotic being discovers them. Time passes, and Homo sapiens, casually known as humans, have inhabited the earth. During the billions of years, the evolution of humanity is increasing, which is evident in the several innovations that exist to this day. Closing in the present age, the human population expands exponentially and more people are using the natural resources that come from the earth....   [tags: Human, World population, Earth, World]

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Meaning Of Existence As Taught By The Perception Of Language

- Meaning of Existence as Taught By The Perception of Language Can language on it’s own define the meaning of human existence. Murray argues that language itself cannot know what it means to exist, yet Shakespeare uses his language to directly define what the meaning of life is and how to be successful in this lifetime. However, is it possible that both of these poets are correct in regards to their own viewpoints. Murray was born into the postmodernist period and felt he wasn’t able to use language to define the meaning of existence, but Shakespeare, having lived in a simple period of time, was able to use language to define the meaning of the simple life he experienced....   [tags: Meaning of life, Life, Human, Philosophy of life]

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The Question of God’s Existence

- God is defined as “the Being perfect in power, wisdom, and goodness who is worshipped as creator and ruler of the universe” (“God”). I find it highly unlikely that God exists because if God is perfect in power and perfect in goodness then why are so many human attributes given to god: A perfect being would be one without emotions such as anger, hate, jealousy, sadness, and happiness to influence their decisions (“God”). I believe it stems from people’s innate sense to belong and be loved due to the evolution of society....   [tags: Scientific Theories, Human Creation]

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The Existence Of The Institution Of Government

- In the first section of “Government” political theorist James Mill attempts to answer the question regarding the existence of the institution of government, as he believes that despite the abundance of literature regarding this topic, only few principles are well-established. Mill states that the reason for this is incorrect analysis, and existence of only a generalised conception, leading to endless disputes especially when deliberated upon. Mill begins by stating that government is primarily a means to an end, the latter being described variedly, such as Locke’s “the public good,” and the utilitarian principle “the greatest happiness for the greatest numbers,” which he believes are fair,...   [tags: Political philosophy, John Locke, Human]

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Rene Descartes 's Philosophy On The Existence Of God

- Rene Descartes was born in La Haye in France in March 31, 1596. He was a mathematician, an scientific thinker, and an meta-physician. Descartes was the first major philosopher in the modern era. His views about knowledge, certainty, and relationship between mind and body have been very influential. Being a devout Catholic, Descartes, undeniably believed in God. He believed that the existence of God could be proved via reason. In this paper I will discuss what Descartes provided as a proof for existence of God....   [tags: Ontology, Metaphysics, Theology, Existence]

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The Existence Of God 's Existence

- The existence of God has been an ongoing question that almost everyone has been searching for an answer.Back in the day when the idea of God was the centre of everyones conversation , Philosophers/Scientist began to argue of God’s existence and what God was like.With little knowledge and evidence to study whether God was real or not people came to realize that after years and years there was just not enough to justify either side which is why one should keep an open mind on topics like this.Our minds are still developing and there are such complex things out there that one day we hope to find a definite answer for.There is going to be objections that discuss on why other philosophers don '...   [tags: Existence, God, Theology, Logic]

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The Value of Human Life

- ... These experiences we go through makes us stronger and give our lives meaning. Meaning and value are two completely different things. You may be the richest or most accomplished person to have ever walked the earth but one thing remains true for everyone, we are all built the same. No one persons life should worth more than anyone else. Many say its hard or nearly impossible to calculate someone's life into monetary value. Others beg to differ and we accept it as true. These people are our life insurance companies, when asked the price of human life most will tell you “it is a simple mathematical process based on age, physical health, and income....   [tags: meaningful existence]

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William Paley 's View On The Existence Of God

- William Paley presents a comparison between a stone and a watch to prove his remarks and beliefs concerning the existence of God. He introduces a scenario of himself walking on the beach and bumping into a stone then reflecting verses a scenario of stumbling upon a watch. Starting in Chapter One, Paley explains multiple arguments towards the examination of the watch while the stone would be neglected and believed to have preexisted. He says; “ ignorance of this kind exalts our opinion of the unseen and unknown artists’s skiff, if he be unseen and unknown, but raises no doubt in our minds of the existence and agency of such an artist” (I....   [tags: Existence, Ontology, Existence of God]

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The Ontological Argument For The Existence Of God

- In Meditation V, Descartes presents what is now considered the Ontological argument for the existence of God. Descartes claims that as the idea of a “supremely perfect being [God], is one which I find within me just as surely as the idea of any shape or number”, the essence of this idea itself is evidence of God, as for something to be perfect it must exist. Of course, this argument is open to many attacks from those such as Aquinas, Kant, Leibniz, Gaunilo and Hume. Furthermore, Descartes undermines himself with his previous meditations, for instance, in Meditation II, he claims we must question “what is reasonable”, as we do not already know....   [tags: Ontology, Existence, Metaphysics, Logic]

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The Argument For The Existence Of God

- The argument for the existence of God contains moral arguments that form a family of diverse facts and opinions. There are many arguments disproving His existence. And there are many arguments proving them wrong. Both are quite interesting for the fact that they both contain concrete proof that required attention to essentially all important philosophical issues dealing with metaethics and they’re important because of their prominence in popular arguments for religious belief. Most ordinary people feel as though religion is providing a foundation for morality; however, if someone believes that morality is objective or requires an explanation of some sort, then the moral argument of God’s exi...   [tags: Existence, Ontology, Theology]

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Notes On Existence Of God

- PID : 720528846 PHIL 101 PAPER 2 Existence of God Descartes often referred to as the “Father of Modern Philosophy” acquired his status by methods of reasoning to attain knowledge through one of his most influential philosophical writings Meditations on First Philosophy. One of the most pronounced and skeptical pieces from the mediations is Meditation III: “Of God: that He exist” where he tries to prove the existence of God, and his existence through God. I will be examining Descartes’ proof through its premises and conclusion as well as explain my reasoning for agreeing with the argument on the existence of God....   [tags: Ontology, Existence, Metaphysics, Truth]

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God 's Existence Of God

- God’s existence has been doubted for centuries upon centuries. It has been the topic of discussion by many researchers and scholars. From a philosophy line of sight, there are two main areas from where this argument originates from. The first is the epistemology, and the second is the ontology. Epistemology refers to the knowledge of theory, while ontology refers to the state of nature in which human’s operate from. Until established incorrect David Hume is a logician who has by no means believed that God exists....   [tags: Ontology, Existence, Metaphysics, Logic]

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Was Psychology Really Founded in 1879 or Was It in Existence Before Then?

- ... Although Wundt's institute was not publicized in the book of universities to attend until the year of 1883, word of Wundt's laboratory and the fascinating work being carried out there, caused Wundt to make greater provision in order to host the magnitude of students that were currently in attendance, and those who wanted to attend: with the heaviest of the concentration being from the United States Of America. Wundt's lectures sometimes exceeded over 250 students; 186 graduates were trained by Wundt, a total of 116 from the discipline of psychology and the other 70 came from the discipline of philosophy respectively....   [tags: history of psychology, human sciences]

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The Ontological Argument For The Existence Of God

- One of the most intriguing and admittedly baffling arguments for the existence of God is the ontological argument. It was developed by St Anselm in the 11th century, and the reason said argument is considered unique is because it is an a priori argument rather than an a posteriori argument , which most other arguments for the existence of God tend to take form. It attempts to prove the existence of God, not through any physical evidence, but rather by claiming that the very definition of God is proof enough of his existence; that he is an underlying truth in much the same way mathematical truths are inherently known....   [tags: Ontology, Ontological argument, Existence, God]

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The Existence Of God By Perception, Testimony, Or Observation Of Specific Events

- Is there support for the existence of God by perception, testimony, or observation of specific events here on earth. Trying to justify God’s existence is the most complex work. Conclude something or discover everything about God, is proving that he fits in our understanding that is absolutely limited. There are always two sides when the subject is the existence of God; Ones who believe in his existence, and other who does not believe in it. Both sides want to prove or find possible justifications to defend their beliefs....   [tags: God, Existence, Existence of God, Omnipotence]

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The Ontological Argument For God 's Existence

- Intro Throughout this essay, a question will present itself as to if the ontological argument can be accepted. To accomplish the task at hand, we shall analyze; firstly, the ontological argument from both Anselm and Descartes. Secondly, we shall discuss the argument for the existence of Fido, and why it does and does not look reasonable (which will answer (i)). Afterwards, questions (ii) and (iii) will be answered, followed by a rejection of the ontological argument from Gaunilo, and then an argument in the defence of the ontological argument from the Internet....   [tags: Metaphysics, Ontology, Existence, Reality]

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The Existence Of The Soul

- Among the wide range of controversial concepts, one of the most prominent theories in the field of philosophy and perhaps religion as well, is the question of whether or not the existence of a conscious being or rather the ‘soul’ is a valid ideology. Plato, Socrates and Descartes believed in the existence of a spiritual essence when a body ceases to exist allowing there to be a sense of the afterlife. There are two distinct theories that conflict with this issue of the afterlife known as, materialism and dualism (Vivaessay.org, 2016)....   [tags: Mind, Philosophy of mind, Ontology, Materialism]

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St. Thomas Aquinas 's Theory Of God 's Existence

- St. Thomas Aquinas, a catholic priest, was a philosopher, theologian, and scholar. Along with some of his own ideas, he was also influenced by the previous famous philosopher- Aristotle. Under the influence of Aristotle, Aquinas asked himself the question of whether we can have knowledge of God’s existence or not. Then he forms the argument of the five proofs of God’s existence. In order to prove these five existence he also includes Aristotle’s four causes- material cause, formal cause, efficient cause, and final cause....   [tags: Aristotle, Causality, Metaphysics, Existence]

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The Existence of God

- We go through life drifting from one superficial disagreement to another without truly ever taking the time to ponder about the meaning of life. Such a question will not be easily resolved but by trying to answer it we stop daydreaming and extend our conception of ourselves while gaining knowledge of the external world (Solomon 10). Unfortunately anyone who attempts to answer that question quickly realizes that it isn’t just one broad question but rather it’s the slogan to an overwhelming amount of enquiries....   [tags: Deity, Religion, Atheism]

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The Existence of God

- In the article of Existence of God, the article describes the distinction between existence and essence on weather or not God exists or ever existed. The argument resembles more on cosmological arguments of Thomas Aquinas, then the ontological argument of Anselm. The argument persuades the existence of God can be separated from the essence of God, but the argument goes on to argue if God exists or never existed. The argument clearly states that God exists by giving examples, such mountains and valleys, which cannot in anyway be separated from the other....   [tags: article analysis, theological debate]

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The Irrationality of Existence

- One of the most fascinating traits of humanity is the tendency to reflect and to create art on the basis of that reflection. In the days before writing, cave paintings and the oral tradition of storytelling demonstrated ways that people expressed their feelings – taking the time after winning, even if only briefly, the struggle against the demands of subsistence to leave a product behind, for posterity. Even the earliest recorded examples of literature, such as The Epic of Gilgamesh, poignantly express the struggles that humanity faced when dealing with such abstractions like mortality and grief....   [tags: Literature, Gilgamesh]

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The Existence of Myths

- Human society basically need to seek for sufficient psychological fulfilment. In order to achieve this fulfilment, myths are made as projections of people's deep unconscious will (ex 1. 4). Jung found a fact that myths frequently repeat themselves similarly, even in different parts of the world, which leads him into a conclusion that there are inherited insights in people's unconscious minds (ex 1. 1). These corresponding notions that people have in their mind is further called as collective unconscious (ex 1....   [tags: society, science, spirituality]

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The Existence Of God

- Truth, what is truth. This question itself has a thousand answers, no person can ever be sure of what truth is rather, truth can be justified, it can checked for reliability with strong evidences and logic. If the evidence proves to be accurate then it can be established that a certain answer is the truth. However, have we ever tried to think about what intrigues us to seek the truth. To think about a question and set foot firmly on the path of knowledge. Definitely it has. That was the very cause itself which is why this world has witnessed some of the greatest philosophers like Aristotle, Plato and Socrates etc....   [tags: Does God Exist?]

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A Philoshpical Approach to Proving the Existence of God

- The question of God’s existence has been debated through the history of man, with every philosopher from Socrates to Immanuel Kant weighing in on the debate. So great has this topic become that numerous proofs have been invented and utilized to prove or disprove God’s existence. Yet no answer still has been reached, leaving me to wonder if any answer at all is possible. So I will try in this paper to see if it is possible to philosophically prove God’s existence. Before I start the paper there are a few points that must be established....   [tags: God's Existence Cannot be Proven]

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Existence of God

- In the “Suma Theologica,” by Saint Thomas Aquinas, Aquinas combines the doctrines of Christianity with Aristotelian philosophy, through the assertion that as a result of observation, utilization of the senses, and an empirical mindset, one can substantiate the existence of God. Aquinas holds the conception that in the quest for God’s existence, philosophy and theology are interwoven together and both play complementary roles. He infuses numerous theological doctrines, mainly from Saint Augustine, alongside Aristotelian ideals such as, the first mover, to corroborate his argument for the existence of God....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Suma Theologica]

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Rewriting Histories - A struggle for ‘Self Identity’ as a Human Being: Reading of Untouchable Spring and Outcaste: A Memoir

- Dalit literature contests written histories where the entire life and cultural heritage of these specific set of people have been neglected. Only a literature of their own can express the real life experiences and their history. The movement which began with Mahatma Jyotirao Phule and Dr. Ambedkar with the message, “Don’t let your pen be restricted to your own questions” (Nimbalkar 32 - 33) is genuinely carried out by Dalit writers, to awake, to emancipate and to make them realize that every human being is equal....   [tags: life, culture, ontology, philosophy, existence]

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2538 words | (7.3 pages) | Preview

René Descartes' Argument on the Existence of God

- René Descartes' Argument on the Existence of God The problem with René Descartes' argument about the existence of God has to do with his rationalist deductive reasoning. Descartes deduces that truth about the existence of God lies within his idea of a perfect God and God's essence (as a perfect being who must exist in order to be perfect). A rationalist philosopher, Descartes discounts human knowledge as a product of our sensory data (our senses) but supports the epistemological stance that our knowledge is obtained through the reasoning processes of our own minds....   [tags: Philosophy God Existence Religion Essays]

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Human Rights And The Rights Discourse

- Various approaches have been taken to respond to questions of human rights’ universality, that they are ‘by definition universal and everyone has exactly the same rights, no exceptions.’ While not a single answer has been agreed upon, this essay will argue that human rights are universal in principle, yet relativist interpretations may affect the perception and adoption of human rights in different contexts. There will be three main sections. The first section addresses the concept of human rights exploring the process of ideas’ formulation and development....   [tags: Human rights]

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Ontological Arguments for the Existence of God

- In the fifth Meditation, Descartes presents his second argument for the existence of God. Descartes holds that existence is perfection and so, it can be a predicate for God. I will first explain what is the ontological argument for the existence of God. Next, I will discuss why Descartes decides to bring God into His method of philosophy. I will then try to argue that existence is a perfection and that as a predicate for God, existence reveal certain true about God. Ontological argument tries to prove the existence of God from a priori perspective, i.e., idea implanted in the human mind by God himself....   [tags: Theology ]

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The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

- Human rights are the basic rights, freedoms and protections that people are entitled to simply because they are human beings. They are thirty rights revolves around freedom, equality and justice. These rights should be given to everyone regardless of their race, sexuality, citizenship, gender, nationality, ethnicity, or abilities. The entitlements are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law and other sources of international law. The concept of making human rights is inalienable for every human beings led to create The Universal Declaration of Human Rights which is a document that identifies the basic standards of living to be able to mea...   [tags: Human rights]

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The Existence Of Evil : God Is Omnipotent

- What is omnipotence. The literal meaning of the word “omnipotence” is the quality of having unlimited or very great power. People, who claim to have a religion, believe that God is omnipotent, that is, he is all powerful, and all knowing. However, the existence of evil in the world despite God being Omnipotent challenges this attribute of the God and raises question on his unlimited power. This contradiction gives rise to the argument which is described in the J.L Mackie’s article as problem of evil: God is omnipotent, God is wholly good, and yet evil exists....   [tags: God, Good and evil, Evil, Problem of evil]

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Proof For the Existence of God

- Proof For the Existence of God From the diversity of men and creatures on this earth, there has always been one unifying link. At the root of humanity’s existence, lies the root of all things natural and infinite, a hint of something supreme and purposeful, something incomprehensible; a glimpse of what is real and what is possible. Inspired by wonder one can easily be surprised by the doubts presented as to the existence and identity of this driving force. The Law of Causality properly states, “Anything which begins to exist must have been brought into existence by something distinct from itself.” Therefore, only something outside of the world could have created the world....   [tags: cosmological argument, casuality]

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Revelation Of The True Existence Of God

- Revelation is the attribute of the divine knowledge of our Lord and savior Jesus Christ, the God of the universe. Thus, shaping the true existence of the Lord, has had many who has debated on His existences. But, nevertheless, God is who He say He is (Exodus 3:14), there is special revelation found in non-traditional Christian teachings. Although, some scholars has their different viewpoints on general and special revelation. Whereas there are many forms of revelation that has been discovered in the Religion and Philosophy of theology studies....   [tags: Christianity, Religion, Judaism, Islam]

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The Existence of God and the Meaning of Life

- Canadian author, W.O. Mitchell, is fascinated with the meaning of life. Whether this is a result of growing up during the depression or simply indicative of Mitchell’s deep philosophical thinking, this theme constantly shows up in his work. In both his humorous drama, The Black Bonspiel of Wullie MacCrimmon and the eloquent children’s Canadian classic, Who has Seen the Wind, Mitchell tackles the age-old question with grace, humor, and care. Not only is Mitchell concerned with the minute details of human existence, throughout his work, Mitchell constantly evokes a Canadian persona and creates literature based on the country....   [tags: The Black Bonspiel of Wullie MacCrimmon]

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David Hume on the Existence of Miracles

- In this paper I will look at David Hume’s (1711-1776) discussion from the An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, Section X, Of Miracles regarding whether it is a reasonable assumption to believe in the existence of miracles. I will first discuss why the existence of miracles matters and how miracles relate to our understanding of the laws of nature. Secondly, I will look at how Hume argues that it is never reasonable to believe in miracles. I will then provide objections to this argument which I feel support the idea that belief is not only reasonable but a necessary condition for a faithful life....   [tags: phylosphical analysis]

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The Existence of Mankind is a Wicked Blessing

- The existence of mankind is a wicked blessing with the full capability to uphold good intentions, but human nature drives us to do otherwise, going beyond moral constraints into the depths of corrupt curiosity. The idea can be more crisply summarized in the words of Bill Bryson “It’s an unnerving thought that we may be the living universe’s supreme achievement and its worst nightmare simultaneously.” Bryson obviously sees the aptitude of the human race but still acknowledges the flaws that make people much less than perfect....   [tags: Hitler, World War II]

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God Is The Existence Of God

- Many question what we cannot see, and for many that is the existence of God. Just because we cannot see God does that not make him real. We cannot see love, but we feel the effects just as we feel the effects of the power of God. To understand truly understand faith you must consider the complexity of faith. There is faith in which we have in people meaning we have complete trust in another human. Then, there is faith in religion, which my primarily focus is faith in God. “Because human beings are finite and God is infinite, the gap between humans and God cannot be bridged by human reason....   [tags: Charles Darwin, Evolution, Natural selection]

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Nietzsche 's Theory Of Existence

- Throughout many of Nietzsche’s writings, he advocates for the “perspectival character of existence” [Gay Science §374], a concept that human existence is subject to every individual’s perspective of that existence, and is therefore limited by these singular interpretations from which existence is viewed from. Through his discussion of dream sensations, Nietzsche makes the argument that all existence is subject to an individual’s biased interpretation, and introduces the idea of the possibility for “infinite interpretations” [Gay Science §374] of the universe....   [tags: Perception, Mind, Psychology, Thought]

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Discussion over the Existence of God

- The discussion over the existence of God remains one of the finest pursuits of the human mind to break out of the world and surpass the practical or extraordinary realm of experience. Without a doubt, the question of God's existence is one of the most significant questions of human philosophy. It alters the whole meaning of human life, and it challenges if man is really the Supreme Being in the universe or if man has a greater being that he must love and obey, or possibly defy. So the question is; does God exist....   [tags: religion, philosophy, supreme being]

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Sartre 's Philosophy Of Existence

- One of Sartre’s philosophy is the idea of “existence precedes essence”. In order to understand what this proposal means, we need to define “existence” and “essence”. In my opinion, “existence” is the presence of things, the part that identifies us as who we are, while “essence” is the nature part, the blueprint, the description that we were born. Thus, the Sartre’s philosophy of “existence precedes essence”, in my interpretation, states that we, human first exist and then determine our essence by means of choices and actions....   [tags: Existentialism, Philosophy of life, Ontology]

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The Fundamental Existence Of Consciousness

- It may sound silly and almost ignorant for one to ask if consciousness be active in our daily lives when it is the fundamental fact of human existence. But there are many reasons why most psychologists have avoided discussing consciousness both of which are of complex reasoning and of historical weight. In their research and clinical practice, psychologists have learned a great deal about various aspects of consciousness, such as perception, mental imagery, thinking, memory, and emotion. But when it begins to boil down to it consciousness is one of the most difficult of all scientific problems....   [tags: Consciousness, Mind, Psychology]

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1376 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

The Best Decision Of The Human Race

- The Best Decision of the Human Race The human race is a rare species that is knowing for evolving to fit its surroundings in order to survive and live for a long period of time. Thought years we have seen humans becoming highly more intelligent as a group when times get tough and change is necessary in order to keep extinction from happening. Some may argue that humans today are the final product of trial and error, with a lifestyle that compares to no other in human history. The adoption of a hunting-gathering society to agriculture shows how human beings make a change for the better....   [tags: Agriculture, Human, Personal life]

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The Battle Of Human Rights And The Environment

- The Battle of Human Rights and the Environment is allowing conflicts to up rise between states, and individuals causing a stop in the development in all aspects of a nation. In the process of the growing population, loss of non- replenishable resources, and the ability to cooperate makes this a battle more than anything. As we push through all the bad within the environment we can still fix it for the most part for much damage has been done. We say we want to change the environment but put forth no effort....   [tags: Human, Natural environment, Oxygen]

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The Perception Of The Human Consciousness

- Could a being other than human consciousness ever attain the status of the for-itself. Is the for-itself, as freedom of consciousness, restricted only to human consciousness. Can consciousness in the sense of Sartre’s for-itself ever be attributed to other sentient mammals that are capable of expressing their intelligence, such as cetaceans. Sartre does not explicitly formulate restrictive associations between the for-itself and human beings, but there are also no implications that any other (animal) intelligence could ever attain this status of for-itself as freedom of consciousness....   [tags: Human, Thought, Mammal, Consciousness]

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The Impact Of Globalization On Human Rights

- The effects of Globalization has created the need for international cooperation in the interest of protecting individuals human rights around the globe. This has lead to the existence of multiple international organizations, who’s primary aims are focused on improving the rights of every individual around the world. United Nations The United Nations (UN) established in San Fransico in 1945, was founded by leaders from around the world, to replace the League of Nations which had failed its primary purpose of preventing the Second World War....   [tags: United Nations, Human rights]

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Forbidden Archeology : The Origin Of Human Civilization

- When people think of the history or the timeline of human existence, they reference back to the theory of “mainstream science,” which indicates that the human civilization began approximately 6,000 years ago. Which brings into question, what about the time before that. Were there other homo sapiens like us living on Earth. Archeologists, geologists, and historians who attempt to comprehend human antiquity have conducted research on their ideology of human origin. Professionals refer to this as Forbidden Archeology....   [tags: Human, Human evolution, Anthropology, Archaeology]

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