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The Humanization of Grendel

- John Gardner’s Grendel is the retelling of the heroic epic poem Beowulf; however, the viewpoint has shifted. Grendel is told from the viewpoint of one of Beowulf’s antagonists and the titular character of Gardner’s work—Grendel. In Grendel, Gardner humanizes Grendel by emphasizing parallels between Grendel’s life and human life. Through Gardner’s reflection of human feelings, human development, and human flaws in Grendel, this seemingly antagonistic, monstrous character becomes understood and made “human.” Grendel exhibits human feelings and characteristics in many ways....   [tags: Humanization, Grendel, John Gardner, ]

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Grendel Vs. Grendel 's The Death Of A Loved One

- Despite her evil actions, it is evident that there is less malice in her than Grendel and she is less of a symbol of pure evil than he is. For example, her attack on Heorot is somewhat appropriate and could be considered honorable by the standards of warrior culture, as it marks an attempt to avenge one’s son’s death. In fact, the motive for her attack is similar to Beowulf’s motive for his attack on her: avenging the death of a loved one. One of the most interesting aspects of Grendel’s mother’s attachment to this vengeance-demanding code that the warriors follow is that she is depicted as not entirely alien or monstrous....   [tags: Beowulf, Heorot, Hroðgar, Grendel]

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Compare and Contrast: Beowulf and Grendel

- There are many similarities and differences between the movie "Beowulf and Grendel", to the poem. Major differences between the movie and the poem would be Grendel himself. In the poem, he is described as an evil monster born from two demons. In the movie, Grendel is actually human, but known as a troll to the warriors and Danes. The poem doesn’t give the background of Grendel or show how the Danes killed his father and the possible reason of his revenge, like in the movie. If the witch, Selma, was not included in the storyline of the movie, the audience would not have known key information that she was used to show from more flashbacks....   [tags: beowulf, grendel, poem]

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Grendel and Beowulf

- Living life as a human being is a very difficult task for us humans to accomplish, yet we are doing so. Many works of literature have a character that portrays something on or about life. Three characters of well known novels will carry on with this function. On John Gardners, Grendel the main character Grendel is very confused of the life he is living. He is in search of his purpose in life, what he doesn’t realize at the beginning is his purpose is to be the villain. The humans in the novel are terrified of Grendel because to them he is a beast....   [tags: Epic Poems, Grendel, Anglo-Saxon]

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Beowulf, Grendel, And The Dragon

- Throughout the Old English poem Beowulf, Grendel, Grendel’s mother, and the dragon were better known as the antagonists/monsters. The saying is “beauty is only skin-deep”, but in this case, it was more than their appearances that confirmed the definition of their behaviors. Much has been written on the roles, functions, descriptions, and underlying motivations and sources of the "monsters" presented in Beowulf. With a brief overview of the three, readers will be able to identify the nature of the monsters in the poem and compare their characteristics to the narrative....   [tags: Beowulf, Grendel, Beowulf, Hroðgar]

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The Characters' Personalities in "Grendel" and "Beowulf"

- The book Grendel, written by John Gardner, and the poem Beowulf, translated by Seamus Heaney, both have very distinct opinions on what role each character plays. The translator of Beowulf and the writer of Grendel follow the idea that everyone has a story. A story is the writer’s perspective on a character’s personality, the way people in the story see and treat the character, and the way it ties the ideas together. There are many examples in these two writings of this concept, but the main instances connect with the lives of Grendel, Beowulf, and Unferth....   [tags: Epic Poems, Grendel, Anglo-Saxon]

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Similarities Between Beowulf And Grendel

- Written sometime between 400-700 AD, Beowulf, the basis for the novel Grendel, was rooted in historical fact. When Gardner decided to write Grendel over 1200 years later, he kept some of these themes, twisted some, and omitted others. There are many characteristics of Anglo-Saxon culture exhibited by Gardner in Grendel, however due to the nihilistic view Grendel holds, they are sometimes warped. One common theme throughout Beowulf and Grendel is the idea of wyrd, or fate. In Grendel, the dragon explains to Grendel the lack of free will in the world, saying everything is determined for you....   [tags: Beowulf, Epic poetry, Hroðgar, Grendel]

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Bravery and Character Flaws Exposed in Beowulf and Grendel

- The various adaptations of the Beowulf legend provide a form of courageousness. The following are sources concerning the Beowulf myth: Grendel, a novel by John Gardner, and Beowulf and Grendel, a film directed by Sturla Gunnarson. These pieces contain acts of genuine bravery, but they also depict instances where lack of courage is shown. The prevalence of bravery juxtaposed with cowardice within the novel and the film suggests that acts of heroism are situational and dependent upon one’s exhibited characteristics at any given occasion....   [tags: Beowulf, Grendel]

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The Metamorphosis of Grendel

- The Metamorphosis of Grendel The majority of John Gardner's Grendel revolves around a monster-like character named Grendel. The reader is allowed access to Grendel's subconscious and inner monologue, giving one the sense of a very close relationship with the main character. This tends to beguile one into sympathizing with him and thinking of him as a protagonist because historically in literature the main character of a novel has always been the "good guy." However, he proves himself to be very much the anti-hero in the novel many times over....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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The Meaningless Life of Grendel in John Gardner's Grendel

- The Meaningless Life of Grendel in John Gardner's novel, Grendel   "People say that what we're all seeking is a meaning for life. I don't think that's what we're really seeking. I think that what we're seeking is an experience of being alive...." Joseph Campbell made this comment on the search for meaning common to every man's life. His statement implies that what we seem bent on finding is that higher spark for which we would all be willing to live or die; we look for some key equation through which we might tie all of the experiences of our life and feel the satisfaction of action toward a goal, rather than the emptiness which sometimes consumes the activities of our existence....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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Archetypes in Grendel

- Consistent in literature throughout every era and culture, archetypes represent a recurring image, pattern, or motif mirroring a typical human experience. An idea developed by Carl Jung, archetypes in literature exist as representations reflecting vital perceptions of the human psyche expressing the manner in which individuals experience the world. Using Jung’s concept, writers of all epochs embeds archetypes in structures, characters, and images of their narratives. John Gardner, in his novel Grendel, integrates several of Jung’s archetypes into his epic tale derived from the early story Beowulf....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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Beowulf As A Hero That Battles With A Monster By The Name Of Grendel

- Beowulf was written in England, a classic poem that tells of the exploits of a hero that battles with a monster by the name of Grendel. This is one of the longest surviving Anglo-Saxon poems. This poem was telling of the time of societies progression of converting from the Paganism religion to the Christianity religion. The Christian influences in the poem were combined with the early folk tales and heroic legends of the Germanic tribes. You can see that Beowulf believes in GOD, however, the mention of pagan practices are throughout the poem....   [tags: Beowulf, Grendel, Heorot, Paganism]

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Beowulf & Grendel vs. Beowulf, the Epic Poem

- Many different works of literature are later remade into a visual piece. The visual versions, however, do not usually tell the story the same as exact as their written counterparts. In the case of the epic poem, Beowulf, this is also true. There are many similarities between the movie and the poem, and there are also many differences. In the opening seconds of the film you are already able to see differences from the poem. The poem begins with Grendel, who is a demon of pure evil which has spawned from hell, attacking Danes in the mead hall, killing all of them....   [tags: beowulf, grendel, danes]

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Grendel and the Importance of Human Values

- Grendel and the Importance of Human Values In Grendel, by John Gardner, there is considerable disquietude, but there are also moments of pleasure as well. The cause of these contrasting feelings is most often Grendel himself. As he changes from a purposeful and almost kind creature to a very cruel monster that scorns hope, we find ourselves feeling both pleased and upset at different times. In this element, though, lies a much greater purpose than simply good literature - it helps the reader understand the importance of human values....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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The Misunderstanding of Art in Grendel

- The Misunderstanding of Art in Grendel            Humans have used art for centuries as a response to their environments. The use of icons, perspective, and cubism have all reflected the cultures and societies of those times. However, art has often been mistaken as a substitution or creation of reality, rather than a reflection. John Gardner has taken up this attitude in his novel Grendel. While Grendel is a provocative and innovative work, John Gardner's views on art, as reflected in Grendel, are based upon a misunderstanding of art and are therefore unfounded....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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John Gardner's Grendel as Hero?

- John Gardner's Grendel as Hero. "'I cry, and hug myself, and laugh, letting out salt tears, he he. till I fall down gasping and sobbing."1  With these words the reader is introduced to the "hero" of Gardner's Grendel, and the mood is set for the coming pages. How is one to interpret this ambiguous, melodramatic narrator, whose phrases mix seemingly heartfelt emotional outbursts with witty (if cynical) observations, and ideological musings with ironic commentaries. Perhaps this is what makes Grendel such an extremely engaging narrator....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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Two Different Philosophical Views in Grendel and Beowulf

- “Beowulf” and Grendel are two tales similar in many ways, yet different from each other. These stories are like a coin; you cannot have one side without the other. Just as the sides of a coin share the same coin, these stories share a similar plot, a setting, and tell of the same events. The sides of a coin also have differences as do “Beowulf” and Grendel. In the case of these two tales this difference is in their respective philosophical views. “Beowulf” portrays the philosophical views of life that many people still regard today....   [tags: Epic Poems, Grendel, Anglo-Saxon]

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Do the Evil Deserve Sympathy in Grendel or Beowulf?

- According to Dictionary.com Sympathy can be defined as “the fact or power of sharing the feelings of another, esp. in sorrow or trouble; fellow feeling, compassion, or commiseration.” (dictionary.reference.com/browse/Sympathy) Pertinently this definition, as well as the information provided after reading both, The Poem Beowulf translated by Burton Raffel. and the novel Grendel by John Gardner, it appears evident that the character Grendel gains more sympathy from the reader than that of the character Beowulf....   [tags: Epic Poems, Grendel, Anglo-Saxon]

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Grendel the Existentialist Monster

- Grendel the Existentialist Monster The monster Grendel is the ironic eye through which the action is viewed and from this perspective he provides the reader with never-ending examples of buffoonery and self-parody. Often his claims reveal the Sartrean component in his makeup: "I create the whole universe, blink by blink"(Gardner 22). Gardner,of course,wants to make a point here about solipsism. There is more to the objective world than Grendel's ego. Naturally the universe still exists when Grendel closes his eyes....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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John Gardner's Grendel and the Greater Power

- John Gardner's Grendel and the Greater Power Many of the characters in Grendel have direction and purpose in their lives. Wealtheow is self- sacrificing, and Hrothgar is out for personal glory. Unferth and Beowulf spend their lives trying to become great heroes so that their names may outlast their flesh. The dragon believed in nihilism, and the Shaper used his imagination to create something to believe in. Some of the characters’ philosophies may not have been commendable, but Grendel could not find any direction or purpose for his life whatsoever....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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Comparing Beowulf, Grendel, And The Dragon Representing Greed

- “Every person has negative character traits that they struggle with and should continue to improve. That’s part of being human (Thomas). Every person who has lived has had to battle against human character flaws like anger, jealously, wrath, and greed, over the span of their life. Nations, world leaders, down to the average person has had their downfall due to these negative character flaws. The three monsters in Beowulf each represent a specific flaw in human character with Grendel representing envy, Grendel’s mother representing wrath, and the dragon representing greed, and each show the consequences of said character flaws....   [tags: Beowulf, Grendel, Hroðgar, Seven deadly sins]

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Free Grendel Essays: Social Commentary

- Authors often have to choose between concentrating on either plot or social commentary when writing their novels; in John Gardener's Grendel, the plot becomes is a secondary consideration. Grendel's exploits provide the reader with a clear understanding of the strong opinions the author carries and can be seen clearly as a narrative supporting nihilism in its many forms. The reader easily perceives the blatant religious subtext in the guise of corrupt priests and the foolish faithful. The notion of the old being wise is unacceptable to Gardener along with any notion of hero idolization....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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Satire in John Gardner's Grendel

- Satire in Grendel "The state is an organization of violence, a monopoly in what it is pleased to call legitimate violence (Gardner, 119)." This excerpt from John Gardner's Grendel shows one of the many issues he deals with in his satire of man, and that is the issue of the use of violence in society. Gardner shows this throughout the book, but most prominently in chapter eight, in which we learn of the arrival of Hrothulf, Hrothgar's nephew, at Herot. Hrothgar recognizes the evil in Hrothgar's kingdom....   [tags: John Gardner Grendel ]

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John Gardner's Grendel

- John Gardner's Grendel The archeologist's eyes combine the view of the telescope and the view of the microscope. He reconstructs the very distant with the help of the very small. - Thornton Wilder These words, uttered by Thornton Wilder regarding his play Our Town express the antithesis of nihilism, a philosophy which stresses the lack of objective truth. Nihilism, as well as existentialism and a host of other philosophies are boldly explored in Grendel, a novel by John Gardner....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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Good vs. Evil in John Gardner's Grendel

- Good vs. Evil in John Gardner's Grendel John Gardner's novel Grendel gives the reader a new perspective on the classic "good vs. Evil" plot. From the start of the book the reader can tell that there is something very unique about the narrator. It is evident that the narrator is a very observant being that can express himself in a very poetic manner. The story is one the reader has most likely seen before, the battle between the glorious thanes and the "evil" beast....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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Free Grendel Essays: Good Requires Evil

- Good Requires Evil in Grendel The classic struggle of good versus evil is taken from a different perspective in Grendel, a story in which John Gardner demonstrates that neither one can exist without the other. As in the parallel comparison of beauty to ugliness, it can be seen that good and evil are only identifiable in their contrast of one another. If there was nothing defined as beautiful, for instance, nothing could be ugly. There would be no such concept. Similarly, having no definition of good would make evil, too, a non-existent idea....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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Grendel's Mother's Attack

- Grendel's Mother's Attack In Beowulf, we see a number of elements throughout the poem. First, we see a pagan warrior society. In this society the relationship between a king and his thanes is key. It is a symbiotic relationship in which the thanes defend the king and his land and fight his wars. In return, the king provides for his men. He offers them such items as mailcoats, swords, helmets, gold rings, mead, beer, shelter and companionship. This society also places great value on kinship. If one's kin is killed, it is the remaining relative's duty to make the killer pay for the death, either with his own life or the payment of wergild (the "man price")....   [tags: Beowulf Grendel Mother Essays]

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Analysis Of Grendel 's ' Grendel '

- In the novel Grendel the title character works throughout his whole life to understand his purpose and place in a world that constantly makes him feel like an outcast, yet gives him a role to fulfill through being the outcast, the Cain to man’s Abel, the antagonist to humanity. It is no surprise, then, that throughout Grendel’s journey he encounters serious questions about his and humanity 's existence, the meaning or lackthereof in life, and what will come of his perceived misery and tribulation experienced in life....   [tags: Meaning of life, Existentialism]

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Grendel Vs. Grendel Comparison

- Grendel vs. Grendel: The differences The differences and similarities between the traditional version of the Epic Beowulf and the modern version, Beowulf and Grendel, makes passages for characters such as Grendel to be changed due to the time frame in between the film and the epic.There are several characters that stood out from the film, as they are portrayed in the epic as something completely different than in the movie. Grendel is one of the few that stood out the most. Grendel as a character in both the epic and the film were changed severely, his appearance has changed dramatically....   [tags: Beowulf, KILL, Hroðgar, Epic poetry]

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Grendel Is Not Evil?

- Evil. It’s a concept that has baffled philosophers, religious figures, and the common man alike for thousands of years. In this millennium, people may exemplify evil as terrorism, genocide, or, perhaps, placing an empty milk carton back in the refrigerator. However, many remain conflicted about the exact definition of evil, as the dispute over the character Grendel, from the John Gardner novel, makes evident. To conclude that Grendel is not evil, readers must first operate under the assumption that the beast is unequivocally and thoroughly evil....   [tags: Good and evil, Evil, Emotion, Tupac Shakur]

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A Modern Grendel

- In the epic poem Beowulf, the monster Grendel is depicted as a villainous beast with an unquenchable thirst for human flesh and blood. Grendel, written by John Gardner, though, offers a more nuanced depiction of the beast by describing the events in Beowulf through Grendel's narration. Throughout the story, Grendel adopts various romantic characteristics and beliefs including isolation, individualism, and mysticism. These romantic characteristics, though, foster Grendel's murderous intentions and in turn gives him an anti-hero persona....   [tags: Literature, Beowulf]

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Grendel and Astrology

- The zodiac calendar is an astrological theory that divides the path that the sun seems to follow around the earth into twelve equal sections, each of which are associated with a sign, a symbol and a personality type. John Gardner embraces this astrological theme in his parallel novel, Grendel, by connecting each of the twelve chapters to its coinciding zodiac. Grendel’s astrological journey starts out with Aires. The beginning of this new Zodiac cycle disturbs Grendel because of how cyclical. Aires’s symbol, the ram, disgusts Grendel because it repeats the same motions that it had repetition without even realizing that fate is repeating itself....   [tags: Astrology, Zodiac Calendar]

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Grendel: The Outcast

- Archetypes refer to the persistently recurring symbols or motifs in literature. The term itself has its origins in ancient Greek and continues to play a prominent role in analyzing literature. Archetypal images and story patterns encourage readers to participate ritualistically in basic beliefs, fears, and anxieties of their age. These archetypal features not only constitute the eloquence of the text but also tap into a level of desires and concerns of civilization. The Anglo-Saxon poem, Beowulf, translated by Seamus Heaney, integrates many of the common archetypes that still exist today....   [tags: literary analysis, archetypes]

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Grendel, Grendel’s Mother, and the Dragon in Beowulf

- Grendel, Grendel’s mother, and the dragon are all Beowulf’s enemies who all wreck havoc on innocent people. This causes the Geat warrior Beowulf, to come and fight them up until his death in battle. When Beowulf is at a young, strong age, all he wants to do is fight and seem larger than life to everyone around him and to those who hear his story. The first monster he encounters is a demon named Grendel. Grendel wreaks havoc on Danish warriors being jealous that he is a spawn of Cain which causes him to be forced to drift around the world with no companions and be alone forever (Bodek)....   [tags: medieval British literature, poetry]

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Grendel: The Creation of a Monster

- Grendel is a monster. Although it’s not exactly “ethical” to judge one by their appearance, and as shown in other stories such as Frankenstein, one knows a monster when they see one. Grendel has trouble finding his place in the world, because he doesn’t feel different than the humans; however they see him as different. Throughout the story Grendel cycles through a variety of beliefs in an attempt to discover who he really is. Growing up, Grendel had to assemble his own beliefs. After the meeting with the ram, he felt that he was alone in the world....   [tags: Beowulf Essays]

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A Comparison of Beowulf and Grendel

- The story of Beowulf is a heroic epic chronicling the illustrious deeds of the great Geatish warrior Beowulf, who voyages across the seas to rid the Danes of an evil monster, Grendel, who has been wreaking havoc and terrorizing the kingdom. Beowulf is glorified for his heroic deeds of ridding the land of a fiendish monster and halting its scourge of evil while the monster is portrayed as a repugnant creature who deserves to die because of its evil actions. In the epic poem, Beowulf the authors portrays Grendel as a cold-hearted beast who thrives on the pain of others....   [tags: Compare, Contrast, Comparative]

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Analysis Of ' Grendel ' By John Gardner

- T.S. Eliot, a poet, playwright, and literary critic, once stated, “People exercise an unconscious selection in being influenced.” Naturally, every experience people have and every person they meet leaves an impact on their lives. Whether positive or negative, outside influences can alter the way one thinks, acts, and even views the world. In John Gardner’s novel, Grendel, Grendel encounters numerous characters who play vital roles in the shaping and development of his overall persona. Though much of Grendel’s time was spent in his cave or spying in the woods, what minimal public contact he actually shared spurred major lasting impressions....   [tags: Life, Meaning of life, John Gardner]

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Grendel's Mother: Monster or Not?

- In the poem “Beowulf,” Grendel’s mother, a monstrous creature, is one of the three antagonists Beowulf, the main character, fights against. The battle against Grendel’s mother appears to be the strangest of the three battles. The main reason for its strangeness is that Grendel’s mother is the mother of the monster Grendel, who was killed by Beowulf in the first battle. Another reason for its strangeness is that Grendel’s mother is the only female-type creature. An alternative reason for this strangeness in the battle is due to the fact that Grendel’s mother is not a true monster, aside from her physical form....   [tags: strange, kinship, kill, mother]

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The Epic Of Beowulf And Grendel

- Beowulf essay Beowulf, the first epic poem recorded in the English language, is believed to have been told by word of mouth for centuries before finally being written down around 1000 A.D, and the poem is believed to have taken place in modern day Sweden and Denmark. The epic poem Beowulf was originally told and recorded for the same reason all epic poems were born, to display the strength and dominance of a culture, and Beowulf was the Anglo-Saxon’s method of showing their superiority. The epic poem birthed several movies based off of the hero Beowulf; one of those movies is Beowulf and Grendel....   [tags: Beowulf, Epic poetry, God, Christianity]

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Grendel 's Mother Is A Woman

- Most readers know of the tale of the hero Beowulf, who successfully slayed Grendel and took the monster’s arm home as a trophy for celebration. However, many readers’ knowledge of the tale ends there. The character of Grendel’s mother is rarely mentioned and often glossed over. However, her character provides substantial information into the author’s struggle between Christian and Pagan beliefs and showcases the conflict in delivering these messages accurately. How is Grendel’s mother portrayed as a character, and how much does morality motivate her actions....   [tags: Beowulf, KILL, Hroðgar, Heorot]

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Analysis Of ' Grendel 's Mother

- She’s Without a Name Grendel’s mother was fierce, combative, monster that had to seek revenge on Beowulf for her son’s death. Grendel’s mother was never given a name. She was referred as the other one, “and now this powerful other one arrives, this force for evil “, spoken from the mouth of Beowulf. In this character analysis, I will describe to you Grendel’s mother appearance, her personality, as well as how other characters in the work view or interact with her. Her nasty appearance will be described by the other characters....   [tags: Beowulf, Heorot, Epic poetry, Hroðgar]

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Anaylsis of Grendel by John Gardner

- Most authors, occasionally uses their characters to guide their personal views they want to emphasize to their audience. In the novel, Grendel written by John Gardner, Gardner uses Grendel as an agent to portray his perspective of the evil and corrupt world of humans and their place in the universe. Gardner not only uses Grendel as a vehicle, but also uses the Dragon as another source to express his opinions of people in the world. Gardner can be considered as an isolated human being, who is kept away from the affection of others; Grendel and Gardner can be closely related due to the fact that Gardner is embodied as Grendel in a more dimensional aspect....   [tags: evil, corrupt, dragon, text]

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Analysis Of Grendel, By John Gardner

- When a child is asked what a hero is, they often respond with saying that they’re a person who has powers and beats up bad guys. But then when asked what a ‘bad guy’ is, they say that it would be someone who hurts people. But then heroes and villains are the same. So the hero is described by perspective. A villain might commit horrible acts yet still think that he is a hero who is helping a city. In John Gardner, author of Grendel, plays with the gray area between a hero and a villain throughout his novel, provoking ideas about what the essence of a hero is....   [tags: Meaning of life, Beowulf, Nihilism, Hroðgar]

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Beowulf As A Hero And Grendel

- The deeds one does leave an impression on the people for a lifetime, a person is remembered by what he did, no matter what the situation is. Thus, in the same way Beowulf is defined as being a hero and Grendel as a monster. For instance, Grendel killed a lot of men in the kingdom of Hrothgar but, on the other hand Beowulf killed Grendel for the sake of his people and his honor. Furthermore, this tells us that a person is defined by the deeds he does for his people. And as we can say Without defeating Grendel, Beowulf would have never been considered a hero....   [tags: KILL, Beowulf, Hroðgar, Heorot]

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Grendel, the Villain of Beowolf

- Most poems written in the early 9th century to the late 14th century were about immortal things trying to take over a countries civilization. In every society, there are demons or monsters that the members of that society are fearful of. In those types of poems, a hero usually comes along and saves the day. In the poem Beowulf, we see that the hero, Beowulf, is religion protection and a hero to his society. In the poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, we see that the villain, the Green Knight, is envious and dangerous to his society....   [tags: outcast, society, nobility]

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Influences on Grendel’s Life

- Influences on Grendel’s Life The epic poem Beowulf was the first ever poem wrote down on paper in English. In this poem Grendel has been attacking Hrothgars kingdom for 12 years. Every night Grendel goes to the mead hall and eats 30 men. Beowulf hears of the troubles and decides being the epic hero he is that he will take care of the problem himself. So he and 14 other men get on a ship and travel to where Grendel is. When he gets there he does not want to seem to Hrothgar that he thinks Hrothgar can’t handle the problem alone....   [tags: Classic English Literature]

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Grendel

- In 1971, American author John Gardner wrote Grendel. With a mastermind of creativity, John Gardner successfully retells the classic epic poem, Beowulf. He captures the reader by giving an interesting view of order and chaos, good and evil, hero and monster, allowing the monsters point of view to be seen. On July 21, 1933 John Gardner was born in Batavia, New York. He was the son of a preacher and diary, and his mother taught English. They were very fond of Shakespeare and loved to recite literature....   [tags: Literary Analysis, John Garner]

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Grendel's Journey of Self-Discovery

- A monster is a creature that deviates from normal or acceptable behavior; a threatening fore; something of unnatural deformity, malevolence, and cruelty. A hero, on the other hand, is one idealized for courage, bravery, and strength. While fusing the evermore different qualities of both would seem impossible, John Gardner’s Grendel does just that. Gardner creates an ambiguous character that possess aspects of both a monster and a hero – it is a force of evil, yet admired; it causes pain yet urges sympathy; and it is of irregular ugliness yet beloved....   [tags: monster, behavior, malevolence, hero]

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A Comparison of the Grendel of Beowulf and Gardner's Grendel

- A Comparison of the Grendel of Beowulf and Gardner's Grendel The novel Grendel by John Gardner portrays a significantly different picture of Grendel than the epic poem Beowulf paints. Grendel is a non-human being who posses human qualities. In either story it is not specified what type of being Grendel is, nor does it tell of what exactly Grendel looks like. The only idea the reader has of the sight of Grendel is the small hints either author gives. We know he stands on two feet as humans do, we know he is covered in hair, and we know he is monstrous....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Text Connections in Grendel

- Text to Self: In Grendel, Grendel has a keen hatred for the human race. This detestation stems from the abuse Grendel received from people for simply for being himself, a putrid, yet innocent, monster. Everyone has experienced cruel judgment from others, and I am certainly no exception. School, being the social contest that it is, makes it easy for the lines of who we are and who others think we are to not only become blurred, but interfere with our perception of ourselves. Take me for example....   [tags: human race, monster, symbolism]

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Curiosity in Grendel by John Gardner and Beowulf and Grendel, by Sturla Gunnarsson

- The book Grendel by John Gardner and the movie Beowulf and Grendel directed by Sturla Gunnarsson both portray the theme of curiosity. In both the book and the movie there are characters that have the trait of intellectual curiosity, and there are also those who lack this trait. In the book, Grendel’s personality contains this trait and Beowulf’s character does not, but in the movie Beowulf is the one with this trait, not Grendel. Grendel’s character in the book and Beowulf’s character in the movie both have an intellectual curiosity which seems to drive them to find out the truth....   [tags: Movie, Film]

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Depictions of Grendel in Beowulf by Seamus Heaney

- In the story Beowulf by Seamus Heaney, Grendel is a slimy green swamp monster that has human emotions but is portrayed as a hideous beast and an outcast of the Anglo-Saxon society. Although Grendel is depicted as a hideous bloodthirsty beast because he eats the Danes at Heorot continuously, he has some characteristics of a human gone wild. Grendel possesses the ability to feel human emotions such as envy and fear. When the Danes were having a feast in Heorot, Grendel “had dwelt for a time in misery among the banished monsters, Cain’s clan, whom the creator outlawed and condemned as outcasts”(104-106)....   [tags: monster, emotions, human]

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Analysis Of ' The Novel ' Grendel ' By John Gardner

- Curiosity Kills Various people know that “curiosity killed the cat” but that is not the initial statement. In 1598, during Every Man in His Humour by English playwright Ben Jonson, the expression was first known as “care’ll kill a cat” (1). This phrase doesn’t implicate care as to nurture or tend to, but rather worry or sorrow. The remark “curiosity killed the cat” is commonly used when one wants another to stop asking nonessential questions. Much like the cat in the play, the 1971 novel Grendel by John Gardner, also holds a beast curious about his life and surroundings....   [tags: Human, Meaning of life, Life, Question]

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Analysis Of John Gardner 's Grendel

- As children, we were taught that good and evil were black and white terms. The fairy tales that our parents would read to us have conditioned us to believe that characters such as the princess in distress or the prince in shining armour were nothing but friendly and good, while the troll guarding his own bridge or the fire-breathing dragon were the most frighteningly evil creatures of all. However, as we grew up, we learned that these distinctions are never so easily black and white, but more-so different shades of grey....   [tags: Good and evil, God, Evil, Beowulf]

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Life Value vs. Existentialism in Grendel

- A main theme in John Gardner’s Grendel, is the constant competition of the ideas of meaning in life versus existentialism. Throughout the novel, Grendel makes a steady spiritual decay to the point of denying any value or significance in life itself. He believes the world is nothing more than “a mechanical chaos of casual, brute enmity on which we stupidly impose our hopes and fears”(16). This progression starts at a young age, and through out the twelve years of Grendel’s life, he grows closer to a total commitment to this theory....   [tags: meaning, existentialism, John Gardner]

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Comparison: Beowulf, Grendel, and Robin Hood

- Has someone ever went out of their way to help you. In the summer of 2012, I won a calf in the Snake River Stampede Calf Scramble. I decided to buy a heifer from Bill and Beverly White of Hyde Angus Ranch. They had excellent cattle and seemed very eager to help me in any way possible. They gave all the help and support I needed in raising my heifer, including breeding her and raising the calf. I was very amazed at the White’s generosity. They went out of their way to help me, and were in no way obligated to do so....   [tags: True Hero, Eagerness, Selflessness]

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GRENDEL THE SAVAGE

- GRENDEL THE SAVAGE Portraying adolescents as false tragic heroes has been a theme explored in literature throughout the twentieth century. In John Gardner’s Grendel, the protagonist Grendel, portrayed as a parentless adolescent seeking guidance, finds happiness in violence. Grendel continually commits the ultimate act of evilness, murder on Hrothgar’s mead hall. Gardner creates a character and an environment in, which the reader must feel sorrow for Grendel, in order to have fulfillment by the end of the resolution....   [tags: essays papers]

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Beowulf and Grendel

- Beowulf and Grendel Beowulf and Grendel are actually the same stories in the fact that they are based on the same epic "Beowulf." "Beowulf", that is told of here is translated by Kevin Crossley-Holland, and there are many different translations which makes Beowulf the epic so interchangeable. Although "Beowulf" and "Grendel" seem very similar they do have many differences as well. Reading the two stories back to back gives you the impression of how many differences there are. For example, "Beowulf" is written from an outsider's point of view....   [tags: Papers]

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Existentialism In Grendel

- Existentialism In Grendel The debate between existentialism and the rest of the world is a fierce, albeit recent one. Before the "dawn of science" and the Age Of Reason, it was universally accepted that there were such things as gods, right and wrong, and heroism. However, with the developing interest in science and the mechanization of the universe near the end of the Renaissance, the need for a God was essentially removed, and humankind was left to reconsider the origin of meaning. John Gardner’s intelligently written Grendel is a commentary on the merits and flaws of both types of worldview: the existentialist "meaning-free" universe, and the heroic universe, where every action is...   [tags: essays papers]

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GRENDEL & FRANKENSTEIN

- GRENDEL & FRANKENSTEIN AN ANALYSIS OF THE TWO "MONSTERS" AND THEIR SUPERIORITY TO MANKIND GRENDEL & FRANKENSTEIN AN ANALYSIS OF THE TWO "MONSTERS" AND THEIR SUPERIORITY TO MANKIND In the desert I saw a creature, naked, bestial, Who, squatting upon the ground, Held his heart in his hands, And ate of it. I said, "Is it good friend?" "It is bitter-bitter," he answered; "But I like it Because it is bitter And because it is my heart." -Stephen Crane This reflects how both Grendel and Frankenstein must have felt during their lonely lives....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Is Grendel Evil?

- In a world of chaos, he who lives, lives by his own laws and values. Who is to say that the death of millions is any worse or better, for that matter, than injuring a cockroach. And in the case of an existing power in the form of God, who is presumed to be all which is good, presiding and ruling an organized universe, why then does evil exist. The prosaic response of “without evil, there is no good” no longer holds any validity in this argument as the admitted goal of good is to reach an existence without evil....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Beowulf and Grendel: The Hall Heorot Is Attacked By Grendel

- Beowulf and Grendel: The Hall Heorot Is Attacked By Grendel Beowulf is one of the greatest surviving epic poems. It was composed by Germanic people more than twelve hundred years ago. Although it is written in Old English, it deals with the Scandinavian forebears of the Anglo-Saxons, the Danes and the Geats. This epic poem concerns itself with Christianity, internal and external evils, and the warriors defeating monsters. The first passage of this story basically describes the building of Heorot....   [tags: Beowulf Epic Poem Poems Essays]

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A Comparison of Grendel in Beowulf and John Gardner's Grendel

- In both works, Beowulf and Grendel, Grendel himself is generally given the same connotations. He is given kennings, called names, referred to as the evil spawn of Cain, and even viewed as a monster; but why. Why in both books is he a wicked, horrible, person who is harshly excluded from everyone. After stumbling upon John Gardner's book, it was halfway expected that some excuse would be made for Grendel; that he wasn't really the inexorable monster the thanes in Beowulf portrayed him as. But all it really did was make him worse....   [tags: John Gardner Beowulf]

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Point Of View In Grendel And Beowulf

- Contrasting points of view in Grendel and Beowulf significantly alter the reader’s perception of religion, good and evil, and the character Grendel. John Gardner’s book, Grendel, is written in first person. The book translated by Burton Raffel, Beowulf, is written in third person. Good and evil is one of the main conflicts in the poem Beowulf. How is Grendel affected by the concepts of good and evil. Grendel is an alienated individual who just wants to be a part of something. His desire to fit in causes him to do evil things....   [tags: Epic of Beowulf Essays]

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Grendel a Philisophical Point of View

- Grendel a Philisophical Point of View Grendel follows the philosophical evolution, from solipsism to nihilism, of a socially isolated creature, a monster. It is an examination of human supernatural curiosity and its many dangers, specifically the tendency toward blind cynicism. Grendel is a censure of the rapid growth of this cynicism in twentieth century society and the consequent widespread distrust of abstract ideals. In investigating his own nature, the monster in the story destroys himself....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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The Importance of Grendel and the Dragon in Beowulf

- The Importance of Grendel and the Dragon in Beowulf “In my youth I engaged in many wars”, Beowulf boasts to his warriors, which is certainly true. Throughout his life, he faces many deadly foes, all of which he handily defeats, save one. His story focuses on the most challenging, as well as morally significant of foes, Grendel and the dragon. These creatures reveal much about society as well as Christian virtue at the time. Even after Grendel and the dragon are defeated physically, the two monsters pose a new threat to the hero on a higher plane....   [tags: Epic of Beowulf]

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Comparing Grendel and Oedipus Rex

- Parallels between Grendel and Oedipus Rex        A messenger hurriedly arrives at a palace to tell king Oedipus, that his father, Polybus, the king of another town, has died at an old age of natural causes. The message's receptor and his queen, therefore, assume that Oedipus has escaped his fate as told by the oracle at Delphi that he should murder his father and marry his mother. There is reprieve of worry until it is revealed that the man who died was merely Oedipus' adoptive father and that Oedipus had indeed once killed his father and was married to his mother....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]

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Beowulf: Grendel is Pure Evil

- Grendel is the embodiment of all that is evil and dark. He is a descendant of Cain and like Cain is an outcast of society. He is doomed to roam in the shadows. He is always outside looking inside. He is an outside threat to the order of society and all that is good. His whole existence is grounded solely in the moral perversion to hate good simply because it is good. He is described as a monster, demon, and a fiend. Grendel has swift, hard claws, and enormous teeth that snatch the life out of his victims, which are numerous....   [tags: Epic of Beowulf Essays]

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Grendel

- The clash between good and evil has been a prominent theme in literature. The Bible presents the conflict between good and evil in the story of Adam and Eve. Many authors use the scene in the Bible in which the snake taunts and tempts Adam and Eve to take a bite of the apple of knowledge to demonstrate the frailty of humankind. John Gardner provides these same biblical allusions of good and evil in his novel, Grendel. One of Grendel’s archenemies is the human. Humans refuse to look beyond Grendel’s unattractive exterior, and spend most of their days trying to kill Grendel....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Analysis Of Grendel And Beowulf

- Point of View in Grendel and Beowulf Contrasting points of view in Grendel and Beowulf significantly alter the reader’s perception of religion, good and evil, and the character Grendel. John Gardner’s book, Grendel, is written in first person. The book translated by Burton Raffel, Beowulf, is written in third person. Good and evil is one of the main conflicts in the poem Beowulf. How is Grendel affected by the concepts of good and evil. Grendel is an alienated individual who just wants to be a part of something....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Comparing Beowulf And John Gardner 's Grendel

- Throughout the classical poem Beowulf and John Gardner 's Grendel, society’s treatment of Beowulf and Grendel distorted two otherwise fundamentally similar characters into different monsters. While both characters suffered through the same passion of wanting to belong in the human society, the treatment of Beowulf widely differed from the abuse inflicted on Grendel out of fear. Beowulf was shunned as a youth for seeming weak, but was still treated as human. He grew to be a courageous warrior with enough insecurity to continue his ambitions of obtaining fame through boasting, defending, and killing....   [tags: Beowulf, KILL, Hroðgar, Murder]

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Grendel : Heroes Become Villains And Beast Become Heroes

- In the novel Grendel, heroes become villains and beast become heroes. Grendel has a strong heroic behavior in the novel by John Gardner. Heroes are typically brave, noble and strong, just the same as Grendel’s character is in this story. He disliked the outlook he had amongst the humans as the “Ruiner of the Meadhall’s or Wrecker of Kings”. Grendel was misunderstood by the humans and simply wanted to belong. Grendel was first tormented by the Danes and becomes vengeful. He was not the first to torment according to this novel....   [tags: Meaning of life, Human, Purpose, Distraction]

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The Individual Versus His Environment in The Stranger and Grendel

- The Individual Versus His Environment in The Stranger and Grendel Due to the multifaceted nature of literature, analysis thereof is prone to generalization. One of the most grievous generalizations oft encountered involves failing to distinguish between a character and the novel it inhabits. Take John Gardener’s Grendel and Albert Camus’s The Stranger, for instance. It’s far too easy, when analyzing for dominant ideologies, to slap them both with the label of existentialism and be done with it....   [tags: existential, generalization, humanism]

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Grendel

- Authors often have to choose between concentrating on either plot or social commentary when writing their novels; in John Gardener's Grendel, any notion of a plot is forgone in order for him to share his thoughts about late sixties-early seventies America and the world's institutions as a whole. While Grendel's exploits are nearly indecipherable and yawn inducing, they do provide the reader with the strong opinions the author carries. This existentialistic novel can be seen clearly as a narrative supporting nihilism in its many forms....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Beowulf: The History of Grendel

- Grendel was the embodiment of all that was evil and dark. Before Grendel was a monster, his name was Lednerg. He was described as a monster, demon, and a fiend. Terrible events occurred to Grendel to transform him into a horrible monster. Lednerg had a very weird childhood. He did not have any siblings. Throughout his childhood, Lednerg endured many insults directed to him and his family. His parents were also second cousins. He was always the last to finish his homework. During his early years, sports were not very kind to Lednerg....   [tags: Epic of Beowulf Essays]

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The World versus Grendel

- The World versus Grendel I noticed that there was a switch in emphasis on the Christian notion of god rather than the pagan ideals of multiple gods as we saw in earlier stories. In this world of early Christianity, as well as in the stories where pagan gods were worshipped, there is favoritism, and most importantly a “just” victor and this is attributed to god’s favoritism upon the hero. In this case, Beowulf defeated -Grendel not only because Grendel was “evil,” but also because “Beowulf was granted/ the glory of winning.” (Lines 817-818) In this story, Grendel is cursed from the beginning and he has no chance of being a useful contributing member of a society that does not accept him, s...   [tags: Papers]

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Grendel By John Gardner

- Grendel lives in a dark and gruesome underground cave with his mother and dozens of cold, unmoving creatures. He is very curious and, in his early years, finds a way to escape this terrible place and enter the world. Every night he wanders outside his cave, exploring the land around him. One night, he gets trapped in a tree. A band of human beings led by King Hrothgar approaches and, after some hesitation, attacks Grendel. They close in for the kill, but Grendel's mother arrives just in time to save him....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Isolation Theme in Grendel

- Isolation Have you ever felt as though you’re alone in the world, even though you are not. In the book Grendel, the main character is the last of his species, excluding his mother who might as well be non-existent in the novel. Grendel is a monster who speaks a language very similar to that of the humans he watches almost constantly. He feels a certain attachment to them throughout the whole novel, but he is unable to become close to any of them due to his horrifying form. The humans are terrified of Grendel, and attack him whenever he comes near....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Beowulf Attacks Grendel's Mother

- Beowulf Attacks Grendel's Mother (A Short Description of the Passage) Beowulf sees Grendel's mother in a cave. He tries to hit her with his sword, Unferth's Hrunting, but it fails to pierce her skin. So he throws the sword away and attacks the mother with his bare hands. He trusts "in his strength, his mighty hand-grip." Beowulf manages to throw Grendel's mother down; however, she quickly retaliates and is soon sitting on top of him. She tries to kill him with a dagger, but Beowulf's armor protects him this time....   [tags: Epic of Beowulf Essays]

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Grendel and Beowulf Heroism

- Intentions and Heroism A building is ablaze and a crowd of people stare helplessly from the streets, listening to screams coming from within. A single person runs in to rescues whomever he or she can find. Whether or not that person emerges with a child in their arms, empty handed, or not at all, does nothing to alter our society’s perception of their heroism. Today’s society would classify such an action as heroic, regardless of outcome, for one reason: intentions. During Anglo-Saxton times the interpretation of such an act, based on the tale Beowulf, would not be so understanding of what was intended, but rather of the outcome....   [tags: Epic of Beowulf Essays]

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