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The Suprarenal Gland

- The suprarenal gland (adrenal gland) is located at the top of each kidney; therefore each person has two adrenal glands. Adrenal glands appear to look like triangular shaped objects on top of the kidneys. The adrenal glands are dire in creating different hormones that are necessary for a fully functional body. With each adrenal gland, they are both made up of two different sections. The first section being the adrenal cortex, and that is located on the outer region of the adrenal gland; the second section called the adrenal medulla, and that is located in the inner region of the adrenal gland....   [tags: adrenal cortex, adrenal gland, cortisol]

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Anterior Pituitary Gland, Pituitary Hormones And How They Affect Target Tissues

- The Anterior Pituitary Gland, Pituitary Hormones, and How They Affect Target Tissues Bethany Newbern Lanier Technical College   Abstract The pituitary gland, called the master gland because of its regulatory capacity on other glands, affects much of the body. This paper focuses on the anterior portion of the pituitary gland and its target tissues. The anterior pituitary has six major hormones which play a significant part in controlling the body through endocrine secretions. By looking at the various disorders that result from either hyperfunction or hypofunction of the anterior pituitary gland, the affects of the hormones it controls are clearly seen....   [tags: Hypothalamus, Growth hormone, Pituitary gland]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of The Thyroid Gland

- Graves’ disease is considered an auto immune disorder. It is also a hyperthyroid disorder that leads to the over activity of the thyroid gland. Graves’ disease is a condition that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. Many people suffer from symptoms. This paper will talk about the causes of the disease, research that has been conducted and how it can be treated. The Thyroid Gland The thyroid gland plays a major role in the endocrine, thyroxine, triiodothyronine and metabolism system....   [tags: Thyroid, Hyperthyroidism, Triiodothyronine]

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Diseases Of The Pituitary Gland

- Diseases Of The Pituitary Gland The pituitary gland is a tiny organ the size of a pea located at the base of the brain. Despite its size, it is generally regarded as the master gland of the body, because it produces many hormones that travel throughout the body, as it directs certain processes and/or stimulates other hormones producing glands as well. The pituitary gland also stores many different hormones such as; Prolactin, which stimulates breast milk production after childbirth, and it affects hormone levels in the ovaries in women and in the testes in men, as well as intervening in fertility, Growth...   [tags: Hypothalamus, Growth hormone, Anterior pituitary]

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The Function Of The Thyroid Gland

- Genetics plays a large role in the function of the thyroid gland along with environmental factors. The thyroid is a very important gland in the body that is largely overlooked. It plays an important role in hormone balance and metabolism; and any imbalance largely affects the rest of the body. This paper will address the four major types of thyroid diseases, the autoimmune diseases associated with the thyroid and the genes and environmental influences that play a role in these diseases. First off, where is exactly is the thyroid and what is its purpose....   [tags: Thyroid, Hypothyroidism, Graves' disease]

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Problems With The Thyroid Gland

- Issues with the thyroid gland came about early in medical history. Starting as early as 1600 BC, the Chinese used burnt sponge and seaweed to relieve pain and reduce the swelling of goiters, in which they did not know what a goiter was at that time. The first known bronchocoele, or tumor in the neck, was discovered around 15 AD. The treatment that was used was also burnt sponge and seaweed. Around 150 AD the thyroid gland was thought to lubricate the larynx. Burnt seaweed was the treatment for many more years and in 990 AD was the first discussion of surgery as a form of treatment for goiters....   [tags: Thyroid, Hypothyroidism, Iodine, Thyroid hormone]

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Thyrod Hormone and Gland

- Thyroid hormones are Tyrosine based hormones that require triidothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4). These hormones are produced by the thyroid gland. The Thyroid gland is primarily known for the regulation of metabolism, as well as proper production of T3 and T4. Iodine is the main component that is needed. Dysfunction of Iodine can lead to decreased production of T3 and T4, resulting in enlarged thyroid tissue and even lead to thyroid diseases. In order for the thyroid hormone to function adequate amount of Thyroxine (T4) should be found within the blood....   [tags: Iodine, Metabolism]

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Salivary Gland Tumors

- INTRODUCTION Minor salivary gland tumors constitute a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with great histomorphologic variation1 accounting for 11% of all the salivary gland tumours.2 The ratio of benign and malignant tumours in case of minor salivary gland tumours is closer to 1:1 revealing their aggressive biological behaviour.3 Highly cellular variants accounting for 12-15% of the pleomorphic adenomas4 are more likely to undergo malignant change, with 50% of carcinomas developing in cell-rich variants of pleomorphic adenomas.2 We present here a case report of a longstanding palatal cellular pleomorphic adenoma in a 53 year old male patient which gave misleading results following FNAC....   [tags: Medical Research ]

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Salivary Gland Tumors

- INTRODUCTION: Salivary gland tumors are a morphologically diverse group of neoplasms, which may present considerable diagnostic and management challenges for the pathologist and surgeon. Salivary gland tumors are rare with an overall incidence in the western world of about 2.5 to 3.0 per 100,000 per year. About 80% of all lesions are benign; hence salivary malignancies are particularly rare, comprising less than 0.5% of all malignancies and about 5% of cancers in the head and neck. (1) Most of the studies on salivary gland tumors are in reference to western population and to the best of our knowledge this study is the first of its kind in Indian population....   [tags: Medical Science]

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An Autoimmune Disorder Of The Thyroid Gland ( Hyperthyroidism )

- Alternate Titles Diffuse thyrotoxic goiter Basedow’s Disease Definition “Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder that leads to overactivity of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism). An autoimmune disorder is a condition that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue” (“Graves’ Disease”). Introduction Graves ' Disease affects the endocrine system. The endocrine system is a collection of glands that produce hormones. These hormones regulate metabolism, growth, reproduction, and sleep....   [tags: Thyroid, Hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease]

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Thyroid Gland Disorders of Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

- The thyroid gland is located in the anterior, middle portion of the neck. Many of the bodies’ hormones come from the thyroid. According to Porth 2011, “the thyroid hormone increases the metabolism and protein synthesis in nearly all of the tissues of the body.” (p. 784). When these hormones are not regulated, a thyroid disorder develops such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism develops when the thyroid gland does not produce enough of certain hormones. (“Hypothyroidism”, n.d.)....   [tags: symptoms, graves disease, metabolsim]

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Salivary Gland Tumors and Cell Phones

- A wireless phone is a two way radio, it has a transmitter and a receiver. When a person makes a call then the voice sound is converted to the nearest base station. cell phones have a type of wave called radio waves which carries the information and travels through the air at the speed of light. The waves can be absorbed or reflected by the surrounding objects before it is reached to their nearest base station. The cell phone uses in the past ten years has increased at a really high rate. At the time of 1988 there were approximately 500.000 cell phones established in the USA....   [tags: radiation, damaged DNA]

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Melatonin And The Pineal Gland

- Melatonin And The Pineal Gland Set deep in our brains is a tiny gland called the pineal gland. This tiny gland is in charge of the endocrine system, the glandular system that controls most of our bodily functions. The pineal runs our Œbody clocks', and it produces melatonin; the hormone that may prove to be the biggest medical discovery since penicilin, and the key to controlling the aging process. The pineal gland controls such functions as our sleeping cycle and the change of body temperature that we undergo with the changing seasons....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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History Of The Prostate Gland

- HISTORY OF THE PROSTATE GLAND The prostate is a gland that is located just underneath the bladder. It surrounds the urethra through which a man urinates. The prostate gland is therefore vital to proper bladder control and urine flow-rate. The prostate is also essential for normal sexual function. It is the gland of ejaculation, supplying 95% of the seminal fluid and the power to push it through the urethra and out of the penis. The normal prostate in an adult man is about the size of a walnut....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Compare venom and venom gland sequences for VEGF-F

- Abstract: Snake bite is a major health problem in developing countries. And the recent treatments have many limitations such as: efficiency, side effect and expenses. Designing new antivenom is base on generating a DNA plasmid containing the most immunogenic motifs of the venom toxins in order to generate antibodies to this plasmid; next it is injected to a camel, then the extracted antibodies used as antivenom. The aim of this study to compare between the venom gland and the gland transcriptomes, hoping that using the venom as a source of mRNA will avoid sacrificing the snake....   [tags: Venom Treatment]

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The Thyroid Gland Is Responsible For Producing Hormones That Control A Person 's

- Abstract The thyroid gland is responsible for producing hormones that control a person’s metabolism. This gland consists of two lobes, the left and the right. Thyroid cancer occurs when the cells within the thyroid gland begin to transform. The mutating cells continue to grow out of control until they develop into a tumor. Tumors can be either benign or malignant. Malignant tumors are cancerous. Tumors in the thyroid gland may also be referred to as nodules. Most nodules are not cancerous....   [tags: Oncology, Cancer, Thyroid disease, Thyroid]

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The Ovulation Is Initiated By The Discharge From Pituitary Gland Of Luteinizing Hormone

- The ovulation is initiated by the discharge from pituitary gland of luteinizing hormone (LH), which acts on mature preovulatory follicles to trigger the morphological and biochemical mechanisms important for ovulation (Williams & Erickson 2000). However, the interval between LH stimulation and ovulation varies between species (Zarcula et al. 2014). From the research studies in the past, it is evident that the LH surge triggers the cascade of the regulated gene expression, COC expansion, and rupture of the follicle apex (Russell & Robker 2007; Zarcula et al....   [tags: DNA, Gene, Ovarian follicle, Folliculogenesis]

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Pepsin and its Funciont as a Gastric Gland Cell

- A gastric gland is a tubular structure in the vertebrate stomach that secretes gastric juices. The gastric glands have three types of cells that secrete different components of the gastric juice. One of them is being a chief cell, which is a rust color and is an inactive form of the digestive enzyme Pepsin. Pepsin begins the digestion of proteins in food. Pepsin is a Peptidases, which is an enzyme that breaks peptide bonds of proteins. Pepsin is found in the mucosal lining of the stomach that breaks down the protein in the food we eat....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Sun Gazing, Surviving Off of the Sun: Is It Possible and Is It Safe?

- ... These are the safest times to do it, as you are free from the UV and IR rays that are harmful to your eyes. You can choose whichever time is more convenient for you. Sun Gazing during these times can provide you with Vitamin A and D. Vitamin A is extremely good for the health of the eye, which is actually the only Vitamin that the eye requires. Sun Gazing is said to provide better eyesight. Sun Gazing is usually practiced one time in a person's lifetime, spread out through 9 months or so. You can break it up into three phases: 0-3 months, 3-6 months, and 6-9 months....   [tags: nourishment, spiritual, tradition, gland]

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The Endocrine System: Billy's Case

- ... (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2014) Anterior Pituiatry Hormones The anterior pituitary glands secrete several hormones which have a significant impact on growth and development. The table below provides a summary of the anterior pituitary hormones including the hormones' target tissues, how its secretion is inhibited and released aswell as its principal actions. Table 2 Hormones Target Tissues Regulation of Hormone Secreation Regulation of Inhibiting Hormone Secretion Principal Actions Growth Hormone (GH) Liver Muscle Bone Tissues Secreation of growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) due to low GH blood levels....   [tags: pituitary gland, hormone secretion]

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The Causes of Hyperthyroidism

- The thyroid gland is found in the front of the neck and produces two main hormones. The hormones are called thuroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3). Together these hormones regulate the body’s metabolism by increasing energy use in cells, regulate growth and development, help to maintain body temperature and aid in oxygen consumption. These two hormones are regulated by hormones produced by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. The hypothalamus senses changes in body’s metabolic rate and releases a hormone known as thyropin-releasing hormone (TRH)....   [tags: Anatomy, Thyroid Gland, Hormones]

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The Endocrine System

- The endocrine system is a group of glands distributed throughout the human body. This group of glands secretes substances called hormones. These hormones are dumping into the bloodstream (Shier, Butler & Lewis, 2009). The endocrine system does not have a single anatomic location. It is dispersed throughout the human body. The final purpose of this process is to control, regulate, and coordinate the functioning of the human body. Some body functions can be activated or inhibited by hormones, which are secreted in very small quantities....   [tags: Biology, Pituitary Gland]

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The Endocrine System

- The endocrine system is a group of glands distributed throughout the human body. This group of glands secretes substances called hormones. These hormones discharge into the bloodstream (Shier, Butler & Lewis, 2009). The endocrine system does not have a single anatomic location. It is dispersed throughout the human body. The final purpose of this system is to control, regulate, and coördinate the functioning of the human body (p.291). Some body functions can be activated or inhibited by hormones, which are secreted in very small quantities....   [tags: Biology, Pituitary Gland]

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Diet Related Disease Report - Goitre

- Goitre as defined by the Better Health Channel “is an enlargement of the thyroid gland”. The thyroid gland is located below the larynx, at the front of the throat. Controlled by the pituitary gland, the thyroid gland secretes hormones to control the metabolic process, as well as growth and energy expenditure. It is comprised of two lobes that are situated at either side of the trachea and are linked together by an isthmus. As previously mentioned to secrete its hormones the thyroid must be prompted by the pituitary, which releases thyroid-stimulating hormone, to produce thyroxine (T4) and idothyronine (T3)....   [tags: Enlargement Thyroid Gland, Health Problems]

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The Function Of The Endocrine System

- 1. The general function of the endocrine system is gland based to produce hormones that help with metabolism, growth, tissues, and reproduction. The structure between the nervous system and endocrine system are very similar the basics of both systems involve triggering glands throughout the body from receptors. The function on the other hand is a little different because the nervous system makes a fast response through specific glands and muscles. While the endocrine system is more widespread it also works at a slower pace....   [tags: Hypothalamus, Endocrine system, Pituitary gland]

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The Symptoms, Causes and Remedies for Cystic Fibrosis

- Cystic Fibrosis Anthropology 1 Writing Assignment: Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects the secretory gland. The secretory gland is where mucus and sweat are created. The mucus is a sticky, watery like tissue that lines certain body cavities and organs. It is needed to keep those areas moist and to prevent infection. Rather like the way cars need lubricants to keep all parts moving and functioning properly. However, people whom have this mutated gene produce excessive amounts of a sticky, thick type lubricant....   [tags: genetic disorder affecting secretory gland]

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The Effect Of Electronic Devices On Human Sleep Patterns

- The purpose of this report is to examine the effects of electronic devices on human sleeping patterns. Blue light emitted from electronic devices negatively affects human circadian rhythm. This subject primarily affects electronic device users. The issue is that when device users are exposed to large amounts of blue light, their sleep cycles are affected. Device users may have difficulty falling asleep and the biological clock cannot maintain a regular sleep schedule. Even though this phenomenon affects all electronic device users, this report will primarily focus on studies performed in Western countries....   [tags: Sleep, Circadian rhythm, Melatonin, Pineal gland]

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Embryonic Stem cells

- Introduction Stem cells are undifferentiated cells found in multi-cellular organisms that can proliferate by mitosis to produce either more stem cells or specialized cells that differentiate into the different organs and tissues. In scientific research, stem cells have been obtained and developed from different sources which include: Embryonic Stem cells Embryonic stem cells (ESC) are pluripotent cells that have the potential of proliferating indefinitely into any of the 3 germ layers of cells - endoderm (which differentiate further to specialized cells of the interior stomach lining, gastrointestinal tract, the lungs), mesoderm (which differentiate further to specialized cells of the muscle...   [tags: bone marrow, mammary gland]

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Skin : Your Health, Hygiene, And Appearance

- Skin: Your Health, Hygiene, and Appearance The first thing someone notices about you is your skin. A person cannot hide all their skin, so the way your skin looks says a lot about you. Skin can be a way someone can tell your age or determine your hygiene. Taking care of your skin is very important for your health, but also for your self- esteem. Your skin can make you feel self-conscious, or very confident, all depending on how it looks. Your skin is important in many ways, so taking care of it, knowing the dos and don’ts, and doing up keep on it is essential....   [tags: Skin, Acne vulgaris, Sebaceous gland, Scar]

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How Do Teens Get Acne?

- Teenagers can 't seem to catch a break when it comes to their skin. Hormonal changes from as early as age 11 start to affect boys and girls, and often these changes result in outbreaks of acne on the face, neck, chest and back. In fact, eight in ten teenagers will get acne (goo.gl/YrY41n). It’s hard enough going through these hormonal changes without having to deal with blackheads and spots especially when confidence matters most at this point in a person 's life. Then there are other factors that can aggravate acne such as exam stress, poor diet and life changes – these exacerbate the situation....   [tags: Skin, Acne vulgaris, Sebaceous gland, Medicine]

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The Glands of the Endocrine System

- The Glands of the Endocrine System 5 The Glands of the Endocrine System The endocrine system is vital in maintaining homeostasis in the human body. Each gland of the endocrine system produces and releases hormones that enter the blood stream and travels to specific target organs. It is critical for this system to function properly in order to live a full life. The endocrine systems hormones are the chemical messengers that control many systems of the body. These messengers control metabolism, growth, development, sexual function and reproduction (Boyleston, 1987)....   [tags: Human Body]

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A Good Thyroid Diet For Support Thyroid Health

- A Good Thyroid Diet to Support Thyroid Health Located in your neck below the thyroids cartilage, thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine gland in the body. Via the production of thyroid hormones, thyroid gland is responsible for making protein, how the body uses energy and how the body reacts to other hormones. There are three hormones responsible for producing, storing and releasing thyroid hormones namely, thyroxin or T4, triiodothyronine or T3 and calcitonin. These hormones regulate body’s sensitivity and influence the metabolic rate, mood and body temperature....   [tags: Thyroid, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid hormone]

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The Endocrine System

- The endocrine system is a collection of glands in the body that help to control bodily metabolic activity by producing endocrine secretions. Although there are many glands in the endocrine system the main glands include the pancreas, ovaries, testes, kidneys, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal glands, pineal gland, gastrointestinal tract, hypothalamus and pituitary gland. Functions Hypothalamus – The hypothalamus is located in the brain. It is responsible for direct control over the entire endocrine system through the pituitary gland....   [tags: metabolic activity, pancreas, ovaries, kidneys]

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The Impact of Thyroid Hormone

- Due to many findings of the American Thyroid Association, many Americans suffer from one of many thyroid disorders, and many of them do not even realize they are suffering from it. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, made up of two wings wrapped around a windpipe found below the Adams apple. The thyroid gland can weigh less than an ounce, but crucial for ones health. The thyroid gland can be thought of as the bodys’s metabolism regulator. The task is done by releasing two specific hormones, both including the iodine-containing hormone thyroxine....   [tags: endocrine glands, TSH, T3, T4]

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The Endocrine System

- The endocrine system is a group of glands distributed throughout the human body. This group of glands secretes substances called hormones. These hormones are dumping into the bloodstream (Shier, Butler & Lewis, 2009). The endocrine system does not have a single anatomic location. It is dispersed throughout the human body. The final purpose of this process is to control, regulate, and coordinate the functioning of the human body. Some body functions can be activated or inhibited by hormones, which are secreted in very small quantities....   [tags: Hormones, Glands, Functions]

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Thyroid Cancer Is The Most Rapidly Increasing Endocrine Conditions That Has Been Studied The Past Eight Years

- Abtract Thyroid cancer is the most rapidly increasing endocrine conditions that has been studied the past eight years. With recent studies it is known for women with a 5% greater chance of having thyroid issues that possibly lead to thyroid cancer rather than men. (8) It has yet to be resolved why this issue is more common in women even at a younger age as well. Depending on the persons enviornment and diet there can be an difficulties with the amounts of iodine that the body needs especially the thyroid gland in order to promote the bodys metabolism rate....   [tags: Oncology, Cancer, Thyroid, Thyroid disease]

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Remember and Create Dreams

- Have you ever had a magical dream waking up the next morning and you cannot remember it. Have you ever felt worried about forgetting your dreams. Ever wondered why you cannot remember what happened during your sleep then carried a sensation that it was something important. What if someone gave you the power ball numbers while dreaming, but you cannot remember it. If you cannot remember your dreams, blame it on the toothpaste you are using or practice a magical method that is going to make you dream in a lucid state....   [tags: Hormones, Sleep, Melatonin, Sleep Patterns]

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Heredity and Hormones

- Heredity is properly defined as being the “sum of the characteristics and potentialities genetically derived from one’s ancestors” (Merriam-Webster Dictionary, 2011). At the time of conception, every embryo is given it share of genetics from each parent’s or donor’s gene pool, which allows the process to create another human being; which we call baby. Genetics tells us what kind of traits that the embryo will inherit through the parent’s or donor’s genes. Either way, there is a possibility that the embryo could either get good genes, or bad genes, or both from either of the parent’s or donor’s genes....   [tags: Medical Research]

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The Danger of Fluoridated Water

- The pleasant fact that the an individual will do harmful things to themselves and feel good about it proves the mental state and the mentality of a majority of many. An individual will spend all the time given in order to acquire a certain set of skills but an individual can never truly acquire those skills equally there will always be a weakness yet there will always be a strength. The term individual simply means one or by thyself sure the life of an individual is part of many but the lives of many are individual we live together but we perish alone in the end....   [tags: Brain Function, Hormones]

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Objections to Descartes’ Interactionism

- In the following essay I will be offering some objections to Descartes’ interactionism as is primarily represented in his works The Passions of the Soul, Part I and Correspondence with Princess Elisabeth, Concerning the Union of Mind and Body. I will start by describing the basic features of how Descartes’ notion of interactionism works. Namely, that the pineal gland is the “principle seat” of the mind because it is the only singular part of the brain. The pineal gland also has a range of movements, which correspond to the body and to the soul to the capacity that it can be ‘thrusted’ by either the soul or the animal spirits....   [tags: the pasion of the soul]

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The Endocrine Sysytem

- Introduction The endocrine system is a collaboration of all the glands in the human body and all the hormones produced by those glands1. The glands are controlled by the stimulation of the human nervous system including the chemical receptors in the blood and the hormones produced by other glands. By regulating and controlling the hormone levels in the body the endocrine system controls homeostasis in the body1. The gland system can be divided into two types. Exocrine glands release secretions outside of the bloodstream, mainly to the skin and the mouth....   [tags: Homeostasis, Hormones, Glands, Functions]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Pituitary Adenomas And Carcinomas

- (I)Pituitary adenomas and carcinomas are two types of pituitary tumors that develop when abnormal new growth occurs in the pituitary gland. Cancers of the pituitary gland are referred to as pituitary carcinomas. These types of cancers are very uncommon and mostly seen in adult patients. The causes, treatments, risk factors, and diagnosis are all being examined in studies to identify ways to detect and prevent pituitary carcinomas early. Below the hypothalamus, located at the base of the brain is a small pea-sized structure that sits in the sella turcica known as the pituitary gland....   [tags: Hypothalamus, Growth hormone, Endocrine system]

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The Theory Of Mind And Body Dualism

- An Argument in Support of Renee Descartes Interactive Theory of Mind/Body Dualism This philosophical study will support the theory of interactive mind/body dualism in the writings of Renee Descartes. The distinction between the energy of the mind is typically separated from the function of the body, yet Descartes found that they interacted to form thoughts. Descartes’ theory of dualism also defines how the mind can generate thoughts through the bodily function of the brain. In this context, Descartes found that the pineal gland was an example of a bodily organ, which could transmute the pneuma (aka....   [tags: Mind, Soul, Brain, René Descartes]

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Effects Of Effects On Public Health

- Hypothyroidism Impact on Public Health The thyroid organ, though small, impacts every cell in the body by providing metabolism regulation (endocrine web). This butterfly-shaped, endocrine organ located at the neck, secretes hormones to control the body’s metabolism - or the way the body uses energy that help the body with energy, manage heat, and help organs such as the heart and brain function properly (thyroid.org). When not functioning properly, thyroid dysfunctions occur disrupting the three points of control: the hypothalamus in the brain, the pituitary gland, and the thyroid gland....   [tags: Thyroid, Hypothyroidism, Thyroid hormone]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism

- Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system, and it is controlled by the pituitary which is known as the “master gland” of the endocrine system. The pituitary controls the thyroid by producing Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) which stimulates the production of thyroid hormones. . The thyroid gland secretes two main hormones: Thyroxine (T4) and Tri-Iodothyronine (T3). These hormones increase metabolic rate, heat production, oxygen consumption, appetite, growth hormone secretion, alertness and quicker reflexes....   [tags: Thyroid, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid hormone]

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The Function Of The Endocrine System

- Endocrine system, together with nervous system, is responsible for transmitting information around the body. The hormone is a chemical, composed of specialised cells, which released to the bloodstream becomes a chemical messenger. Communication occurs in two types. First of all, two endocrine glands have impact on each other. Secretion from one gland, stimulates secretion of another hormone by other gland. For example, pituitary gland, located in hypothalamus, stimulates adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulating the production of cortisol in adrenal glands....   [tags: Endocrine system, Pancreas, Metabolism]

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The Functions Of The Endocrine System

- The human body, known for being the most complicated work of cells, tissues, systems and organs is a fascinating masterpiece; inside the human body, we have twelve major organ systems. One of those systems is the Endocrine system; it is responsible for the coordinating many of the bodies’ functions. The endocrine system is made of many organs, one of them is the thyroid gland, it is responsible for manufacturing hormones with help regulate metabolism. Metabolism more commonly known as the chemical process in which an animal or human uses water and food to heal, grow and make energy....   [tags: Thyroid, Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism]

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Disorders of the Endocrine System

- Diabetes Insipidus is the less known form of diabetes. It is often accompanied by excess urine outflow, intake of fluid, and an increased thirst. Bedwetting due to lack of control and frequency, and an unusual concentration of urine is included. There are four types of DI, and each are completely different in treatment and causes. Most commonly, the cause is the lack of vasopressin, which concentrates urine to reduce its output. It is called pituitary DI because it is usually caused by the destruction of the back of the pituitary gland....   [tags: Disease ]

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What´s the Integumentary System

- The integumentary system is responsible for maintaining the homeostasis in your body and enables your senses. Not only does is the integumentary system essential for sustaining life, it includes the largest organ of the human body: the skin. Other structures like hair, nails, glands, and sensory receptors are incorporated into the system as well. Thermoregulation, the regulation of body temperature, is vital for human life. The body must maintain a temperature of 98.6 degrees fahrenheit to operate....   [tags: homeostasis, blood vessels]

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Health Risks At My Mom And Dad Side Deals With Type Two Diabetes

- Health Risks Many health risks run in my family. Multiple family members on both my mom and dad side deals with type two diabetes. I have had a few members already pass away due to heart problem. There are so many health risks that run in my family that I know I have to pay attention to, but there is one health risk that I 'm paying more closely attention too. Throughout my whole life I have watch my mom deal with hypothyroidism, and not only has it affected her, but I soon come to learned that it has also affected many of my family members....   [tags: Thyroid, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid hormone]

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Dessicated Thyroid versus Synthetic Therapies in the Treatment of Hypothyroidism

- Hypothyroidism is an endocrine disorder that effects the lives of many people. In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone, causing an array of symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, depression, swelling of limbs, lack of focus and many more. The current standard of treatment of hypothyroidism is hormone replacement therapy with a synthetic form of thyroxine (T4) called Levothyroxine or T4 Monotherapy. The whole idea behind T4 Monotherapy is that the Levothyroxine (which is a synthetic version of the natural thyroid hormone thyroxine) will mimic what occurs naturally in the body, and be deiodinated in the peripheral tissues to become the more biologically act...   [tags: endocrine disorders]

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The Hormones And Its Effects On The Human Body

- The hypothalamus controls both the anterior and posterior pituitary causing certain hormones to be released which allows growth, nutrition to ones unborn fetus, and body maturation. If such intricate collaboration between the hypothalamus and the posterior and pituitary gland did not exist then certain malfunctions such as pituitary dwarfism would exist. Therefore collaboration between such intricate glands must exist in order to release certain hormones for proper development, but the path the hormones must travel to reach their destination involves a hypothalamo neurohypophyseal tract and a hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal system....   [tags: Hypothalamus, Growth hormone, Endocrine system]

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What Makes Cancer A Cancer?

- What Makes Cancer Cancer. That is a question that has been defined and redefined since it was discovered in ancient Egypt around the year 1500 B.C., at this time 8 cases described as lumps on the breast. (Learn the History of Cancer from Ancient Egypt to the Present). (n.d.). Later in history, around 400 B.C, the Greek philosopher Socrates coined the term Karakinos which happens to be the Greek term for crab. The characteristics of the cancer cells have their own features. These cells constantly signals for the itself to continually grow....   [tags: Cancer, Prostate cancer, Cancer staging]

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What´s Myasthenia Gravis?

- Myasthenia Gravis is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disorder, whereby voluntary muscle groups fluctuate by its level of weakness. While this disease affects multiple areas within the body, it most commonly affects the eyelid muscles, which causes the eyelid to droop, and or have blurred or double vision. Distant from complications within the occipital area, other symptoms include complexity in breathing and swallowing, an alteration in the eminence of one’s voice, increased jeopardy of gagging and choking, a weak cough, and slurred speech....   [tags: neuromuscular disorder, surgery]

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The Effects Of Sleep Deprivation On Today 's Society

- Technology is the main cause of sleep deprivation in today’s society. Sleep deprivation is a major problem in today 's society. According to Farlex, the definition of sleep deprivation is a sufficient lack of restorative sleep over a cumulative period so as to cause physical or psychiatric symptoms and affect routine performances of tasks (Sleep Deprivation). What this is saying is sleep deprivation is a lack of restful sleep that accumulates when not enough restful sleep is achieved, this causes inability to preform daily tasks....   [tags: Sleep, Circadian rhythm, Incandescent light bulb]

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Medical History And Treatment Of The United States

- Debbie was a forty-nine year old woman whose health had begun to get out of control and who had been suffering various symptoms. Her medical history included surgeries for ovarian cysts and for her gall bladder. She was a smoker and was going through one pack of cigarettes daily and she only used alcohol occasionally. Her medical records also showed she had suffered from severe depression at times and had to be hospitalized on two occasions for it. There was no family medical history available for this patient, it was unknown to her physician where to begin in finding out the cause of her health issues....   [tags: Cortisol, Adrenal cortex, Hypothalamus, Cancer]

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The Endocrine System And Central Nervous System

-   Introduction Like a detective who examines criminality, a physician analyzes and identifies illnesses. Most people are unaware of the similarities in symptoms of most diseases, which is why it is important to see a specialist to properly diagnosis any medical conditions. For instance, endocrine system (ES) disorders and central-nervous system disorders display psychological symptoms that most regular civilians would consider to be psychological disorders, such as anxiety or mood swings. However, it is crucial to recognize that a disruption in the functions of both the endocrine system and central nervous system can generate mental disorder-like symptoms, thus it is worth noting the roles...   [tags: Nervous system, Brain, Endocrine system]

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Hormones: Helps with Growth and Development

- ... It helps get rid of undesirable side effects of aging, such as mood swings, hot flashes, the inability to sleep properly, and depression. All hormone replacement therapies are personalized for your body and your hormone levels; no woman or man is given the exact same treatment. The picture above shows how estrogen (a hormone) levels change throughout pregnancy. During the first trimester, estrogen levels do not raise a significant amount. On the contrary, estrogen levels rise dramatically during the second and third trimester....   [tags: glands, growth, mood, change]

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Anatomy, Physiology, And The Digestive System

- The pancreas is one of the essential organs in the human body and belongs in the Digestive system. Out of all the internal organs, the pancreas is unique because the pancreas plays a role in both the endocrine gland and the exocrine gland. This means that the pancreas is a dual function gland in which is the reason why the pancreas is such a vital part of the digestive system. This research paper will talk about the anatomy, physiology, and the important functions the pancreas play to maintain homeostasis....   [tags: Pancreas, Digestion, Insulin, Enzyme]

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The Human Growth Hormone and Its Effects on Our Bodies as We Age

- The Human Growth Hormone and Its Effects on Our Bodies as We Age Abstract In this paper, I will explain what the human growth hormone is; its effects on our bodies as we age. Also, show the benefits received by following a prescribed treatment plant from a qualified physician. The results are amazing, as you will see; this has prompted more research into the benefits of hormone replacement therapy as we age. What is Human growth hormone HGH is a compound protein molecule of 191 amino acids linked in a specific sequence....   [tags: Papers]

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Types Of Mixed Tissue Tumors

- Tumor cells may undergo divergent differentiation, creating so-called mixed tissue tumors. In other words, it composed of several different types of cells. Mixed tissue tumors are uncommon and quite rare. They can be either benign or malignant tumors. There are three types of mixed tissue tumors, and each of them quite displays with different types of mixed tissues. Pleomorphic adenoma of salivary gland is the most known benign mixed tumor of the salivary gland cancers. This neoplasms(tumors) comprised of cells from more than one germ layer but arising from only one germ....   [tags: Cancer, Oncology, Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy]

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Overview of Adrenal Glands

- Adrenal Glands Identification and description of organs which make up the endocrine system The human body comprises of organ systems which distinct but work together as a coordinated single unit (Marieb & Hoehn 1-35). This paper will single out the endocrine system because discussing the organ system in entirety is beyond the scope of this assignment. The adrenaline glands form part and parcel of the endocrine system, thus, the relevance of the topic. The endocrine glands comprise glands which secrete hormones which help to modulate on the functions of the cells and/or organs....   [tags: Biology, Anatomy]

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Iodine Deficiency Diseases

- Iodine deficiency diseases are a group of diseases that are or can be caused by the lack of iodine in the body. Iodine is a dark violet non-metallic element that belongs to a group of halogens but is less reactive than the other halogens. It has a boiling point of 13.5ºc and a melting point of 183ºc, when heated a violet vapor is given out. It can be extracted from seawater, seaweeds, and oil well brines. It is also concentrated in the thyroid gland as a part of the thyroid hormone. Iodine can be found in water more than it can be found on land this is because iodine cycling is very slow and incomplete in most regions so it takes a long time for the soil to regain the iodine (Michael Zimmerm...   [tags: Understanding Thyroid Disorders]

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Cushing’s Disease

- Introduction: Laura Copeland was a twenty four year old Peace Corp representative in Ethiopia. During her work her health seemed to be “off” (Magic Foundation 2014). Some of the odd health effects were extreme weight gain, deep purple stretch marks, slow wound healing, hair loss, “severely depressed with suicidal ideation”, and a ceased menstrual cycle. Her Manager and the other people involved with her care became severely concerned. She was flown out to Washington D.C. to get a medical evaluation, and was placed on suicide watch in the mental ward....   [tags: Nursing Essays]

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Behaviors Caused by Hypothalamic and Thalamic Lesions

- Behaviors Caused by Hypothalamic and Thalamic Lesions In the field of neuropsychology, the area in the brain that includes the hypothalamus, the thalamus, and the subthalamus is referred to as the subcortex diencephalon (Kalat 2004). In the following section, lesions to these specific areas will be discussed. The results of the lesions will be addressed from the perspective of a neuropsychologist. Neuropsychological assessment refers to the objective evaluation of the cognitive, linguistic, perceptual, and psychomotor performances of a person with the aim of relating the status of his/her performances to the structural and functional condition of his/her brain (Steinhauer...   [tags: Neurological Chemistry Chemical Papers]

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Earning a Patch for Weightloss

- Earning a Patch for Weightloss While surfing the net in search of weight loss aids, one may soon come to the dermalife homepage. Here, along with various products for acne, bust firmness, and fat burning, the web site introduces the "NEW Derma Lifepatch" for losing weight. The active ingredient in this patch is taken from a brown alga called fucus vesiculosus or bladder wrack. The main ingredient used from fucus vesiculosus is iodine which stimulates the thyroid gland to speed up metabolism....   [tags: Dieting Health Essays]

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The Theory Of Psychology : The Mind And Physical Behavior Of The Human Body

- Nataly Hill Foundations of Psychology PSY300: General Psychology August 4, 2016 Dr. Pamela Poulos   Foundations of Psychology Psychology is the area of science that studies the mind and physical behavior of the human body. The need for this field of study arose because we cannot physically see mental processes such as memories, thoughts, dreams, and perceptions. There are many schools of thought within the psychology field of study. Some of these schools include structuralism and functionalism, psychoanalysis, and behaviorism (Nordqvist, 2015)....   [tags: Psychology, Nervous system, Mind, Brain]

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Digestive Enzymes And How They Work, And Under Which Conditions They Function Best

- The digestion lab experiment was conducted for the purpose of understanding digestive enzymes and how they work, and under which conditions they function best. Digestive enzymes are present in the body’s gastrointestinal system and mainly function to break down food into nutrients to be absorbed by the body (Oxford Journal, “The Effect of Enzymes on Digestion). The organs that secrete and/or make use of these digestive enzymes are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder....   [tags: Digestion, Stomach, Pancreas, Digestive system]

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Hereditary Colorectal Cancer Syndromes and Genetic Testing

- The adenomatous polyposis syndromes The genetically defined adenomatous polyposis syndromes comprise familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), MYH-associated polyposis (MAP) and the recently described condition polymerase proofreading-associated polyposis (PPAP). Clinically, theses syndromes have significant phenotypic overlap and can be challenging to distinguish. Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) Over 1000 different germline mutations in the tumor suppressor gene Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) located on chromosome 5q21-q22 have been shown to cause FAP....   [tags: adenomatous polyposis syndrome, genetic, mutations]

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Impact of Concussions on NFL Players

- If you have the brains when you start, you are aware that banging your head into people is not the best thing for your body,” stated Chris Cooley, tight end and a 2 time Pro Bowler with the Washington Redskins (Do No Harm, 2). Research over the years has gathered extensive data on the mental and physical illnesses of retired NFL football players. It has proved that players who accumulate numerous concussions are at a higher risk of health problems after their football career than players who’ve sustained fewer....   [tags: brain injuries and professional football]

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Correlation Between Circulating Adult Gonadal Steroids

- Our studies will focus on interactions between circulating adult gonadal steroids (i.e., testosterone, estrogen) and neurotrophin-Trk (tyrosine receptor kinase), particularly Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tyrosine receptor kinase B T1 (TrkB T1) influences on adult sex behavior. Neurotrophin-Trk signaling is essential for mammal health. Numerous amounts of evidence suggest that the expression of neurotrophin-Trk and splice variant signaling regulates synaptic plasticity, neuronal and nonneuronal cells survival and differentiation (1-6)....   [tags: Sex, Male, Gender, Sexual dimorphism]

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The Chernobyl Accident-An Epidemiological Perspective

- INTRODUCTION The world’s worst nuclear accident happened on April 26, 1986. States of Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine has under gone many number of studies of the health effects of radiation from the Chernobyl accident have been conducted in the last 25 years. The main purpose of this report is to analyse the health effects from the invisible radiation. The studies have proven important links between radiation and cancer particularly in relation to the risk of thyroid tumours from exposure to high level radiation....   [tags: Health ]

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The Nervous System

- The Nervous System is comprised of two subdivisions. The central nervous system is the coordinating system for the body. The peripheral nervous system is a very complex network of nerves that extend across the whole body. Both are vital to the human body and without either life would not exist. The nervous system works together with other systems to send signals to the brain. The central nervous is made up of the brain and the spinal cord. The brain is the center of the nervous system and is a crucially complex organ....   [tags: Human Body]

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Insomnia and Alzheimer Disease

- 1. A possible condition for insomnia is Alzheimer disease (AD). There is a risk of circadian rhythm disruption in people that may possibly have AD, because this leads to an increase in beta-amyloid plaques in the brain. This is related to cognitive loss as AD progresses (Kang et al, 2009). AD has no definitive test. Blood and urine samples are tested so other medical cases are ruled out. Doctors usually do various tests based on patient’s memory and thinking and also check family backgrounds. If AD is suspected, the patient is made to undergo brain imaging, most likely a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

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The Functions of the Urinary System

- ... The left kidney sits slightly higher than the right due to the position on the right side of the internal cavity of the liver, and on the apex of both kidneys sits an adrenal gland. The adrenal gland releases a number of different hormones directly into the bloodstream including aldosterone, a hormone which controls electrolyte balance within the body and the ability to control sodium levels. Electrolytes come from the food and fluids we take on board. When the fluid levels within the body change, the electrolyte levels change and this can alter the balance of the blood composition, muscle function and other system processes....   [tags: kidneys, organic substances, waste release]

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The Reproductive System

- The Reproductive System The reproductive system occurs in both male and female. Like in plants it is the male gamete that needs to be transferred to the female gamete. The female gamete is fertilised and develops inside the mother’s body so the reproductive systems of both males and females are highly adapted for this. Production of sperm is called spermatogenesis. It occurs at puberty and for the rest of there life. It takes place in the gonads of the male - the testes. Over 100 million can be made in one day....   [tags: Papers]

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Philosophy: Descartes Views on the Differentiation Between the Mind and the Body

- ... While both being ontologically separate substances, the essential basis of a claim referred to as Cartesian Dualism states that the unextended mind and the extended body still causally interact. Elizabeth had difficulty grasping the concept of this causal interaction as evident in her letter to Descartes whereby she requests an explanation of “how the soul of a human being (it being a thinking substance) can determine the bodily spirits, in order to bring about voluntary actions?” (Elizabeth 1643)....   [tags: brain, cartesian dualism]

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Functions Of The Following Structures Associated With The Human Brain

- Briefly identify and describe the structure and function of the following structures associated with the human brain: external structure (lobes and fissures) of the cerebral hemispheres, ventral aspect, meninges, cranial nerves, and the internal structures (i.e., cerebrum, diencephalon, midbrain, brain stem, and cerebellum). The forebrain (prosencephalon) is divided into two parts the diencephalon (contains the thalamus/hypothalamus which are responsible for functions such as motor, sensory, and autonomic as well as the pineal gland), the telencephalon (contains the cerebrum most information is processed in the cerebral cortex), and the pineal gland (produces the hormone melatonin)....   [tags: Brain, Central nervous system, Neuroanatomy]

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Questions On The Sleep Disorders Experienced By Mrs A

- leep and Dreaming Open Book Assessment 1.Use two approaches to explain the following case study of the sleep disorders experienced by Mrs A. One approach to explain Mrs A’s sleep disorder is by using the Biological approach which believes us to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology. It is the only approach in psychology that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviors from a biological and thus physical point of view. Mrs A. is experiencing Insomnia due to disturbing her Circadian rhythm which are a variety of behavioural and physiological functions synchronised to the 24 cycle of light and dark These include heart rate, breathing, alertness, excretion and a metabolic rae....   [tags: Sleep, Circadian rhythm, Melatonin, Psychology]

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Meditations on First Philosophy by Rene Descartes

- In his work, Meditations on First Philosophy, René Descartes writes to rid pre-conceptions, and disprove all belief in thoughts that are not certain, accepting only what can be known for sure. In his Meditation VI: Of the Existence of Material Things, and the Real Distinction between the Mind and Body of Man, he discusses his belief that the mind and body are two separate substances, claiming that the nonmaterial mind and the material body, while being ontologically distinct substances, causally interact; a belief called Cartesian dualism....   [tags: Mind, Intellect, Thought]

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