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In Vitro Fertilization

- What is in-vitro fertilization. How does it work. For those who have tried but not succeeded to have children in-vitro fertilization is a good procedure that can make having children possible. In-vitro fertilization has its risks and its benefits both of which must be considered. Doctor’s have identified a few different procedures and things to consider before undergoing these procedures. In-vitro fertilization, although there are arguments against it, also has a fairly good success rate. In-vitro fertilization like any other procedure can be dangerous and has many risks....   [tags: In Vitro Fertilization Analysis Medical Reproducti]

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In Vitro Fertilization

- Introduction: “In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most common and most effective type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) to help women become pregnant” (Medical News Today). In Vitro Fertilization is a process where an egg is fertilized by a sperm outside the body, in the laboratory. Immediately after the embryo is produced, it is then positioned in the uterus. The process has 5 steps and takes about 4-6 weeks. The first step in the process is the ovarian stimulation. This step involves drugs....   [tags: technology, pregnancy, laboratory]

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In Vitro Fertilization

- In vitro fertilization (IVF) as its name suggests is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) used to allow couples facing infertility to be bestowed with a child. Garcia (2005) defines infertility as the inability of a couple to become pregnant (regardless of cause) after 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse. About 90 million of couples globally are affected by infertility. More than 250,000 babies have been born by the method of IVF till now and they are referred to as test tube babies. An infertile couple can either have a biologically or non-biologically related child through IVF....   [tags: Health, Reproductive Technology]

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Fertilization and Growth

- In people in order to make a new baby people must have sex and this has advantages over just being clones like bacteria does its process if reproduction. When two people have sex and the egg gets fertilized and becomes a baby they make completely different offspring, so they do not have the same immune system. If every one was just a clone then we could all be wiped out by one virus. Once the sperm come through the penis into the vagina they have to start swimming or they will die because of the acidic nature of the vagina....   [tags: baby making and growing, genetics, DNA]

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In Vitro Fertilization and Infertitlity

- In Vitro Fertilization and Infertility “In Vitro Fertilization or artificial fertilization is the fertilization of an ovum by sperm outside the body when normal conception is not achievement because of a woman’s low fertility” (http://www.medterhttp://history1900s.about.com/od/medicaladvancesissues/a/testtubebaby.htmms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=7298). In virto is a Latin word that means, in the glass. This is very meaningful because, the laboratory dish used to create the offspring is glass....   [tags: external aid in conception]

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The Risks of In Vitro Fertilization

- ... Female’s eggs gathered and frozen, Males sperms are also collected, located in a testing tube and the process of fertilization begins. Then they place in a woman’s womb. The Surrogate Mother "I can't describe what that was like after finding out you have cancer, after finding out your chance of ever carrying a baby is gone." (Staff, 2012). Reaching out to a Surrogate mother can be of great advantage. Surrogate mothers can be searched through an agency, through a relative, friends, or assigned by your doctor....   [tags: stillborn, birth defects]

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Taking a Look at In Vitro Fertilization

- Imagine this thought, there are two soul mates, they are happily married and they try to have kids but they cannot. Yes, these people may adopt, but the feeling may just not be the same. Well for a lot of people this is the struggle that accompanies their lives. Although people do not seem to recognize this as a major problem, according to Bradley Voorhis, an in vitro fertilization specialist, approximately “10 percent of couples have difficulty conceiving a child”. To make up for the feeling of a biological child of their own, there is a process called In Vitro Fertilization....   [tags: solutions to dificulties getting pregnant]

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Literature Review of In Vitro Fertilization

- Can anybody or anything claim to be a god—the supreme entity that governs all moral authority. Since Gregor Mendel first tinkered with plants for genes to the time of great evolutionists like that of Lamarck and Darwin who proposed their individual theories of evolution; there has been much more technological advancement, debate, controversy, and understanding on the “origin” of humans through scientific fields like that of genetics, genetic engineering, etc. There has always been an assumption and belief of a higher power governing the physical world that scientists and metaphysicists cannot answer; however, there has been great insight into how did we come to be....   [tags: ethics, morality, technology, parenthood, IVF]

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Infertitily and In Vitro Fertilization

- In ancient times, men and young women, usually around 14, 15, or 16, would get married because the goal was to have children, specifically a son, who could inherit the wealth and property of the family. A marriage was not even valid if it was not consummated through sexual intercourse leading to a birth of a unique, wonderful child. When parents did not give birth to a son, they had to keep trying until they did, and some never had a son- only daughters. Other women were infertile, and would have loved to have had a child....   [tags: ancient times, human life]

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In-Vitro-Fertilization: Should it be Used?

- ... Karen Matayka (2013), Staff Sargent Matayka had been gravely injured during a tour in Afghanistan, losing both of his legs above the knee, spinal injuries in two places, and brain trauma. Because of this incident, after Staff Sargent’s recovery, leaving him without his legs and a partly paralyzed arm, the two sought out fertility treatment, something that Tricare, their insurance, did not cover. The two had pressed on, and Sargent Karen Matayka had gotten pregnant with twin boys. (Tan 2013)....   [tags: infertility services]

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Reproductive Techniques: In Vitro Fertilization

- ... For instance the actress Nicole Kidman recently had a daughter, but you’d never know it, because Kidman was never actually pregnant. She and her husband, country star Keith Urban, were unable to conceive, so they hired a surrogate to have the baby for them. There is a big misconception which, I think needs to be stressed out. From the social point of view, it could be somewhat problematic for people to figure out the reason and motive why surrogate performing this duty for. Majority of them believe that it is only for the money, but there are tons of reasons why surrogates would want to help infertile couples to have a baby....   [tags: surrogate parenthood, pregnancy]

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Infertility and In Vitro Fertilization

- The thought of having a child or children usually begins either before marriage or shortly thereafter for most couples. Many couples begin to ask each other how many children they would like to have together; whether they will be boys or girls; where will they go to school; will they become active in sports; and many other questions. For some couples these dreams begin to diminish over time when they do not conceive a child. They try for many years – following the ovulation cycle of the wife, but conception is never achieved from their efforts....   [tags: genetics, embryos, church]

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Ocean Fertilization

- What is ocean fertilization. Ocean fertilization is characterized as a way to use to ocean as a carbon sink through the introduction of iron to the water, theoretically reducing the release of carbon into the atmosphere and therefore reducing global warming. This theory of iron fertilization has been around since the 1920’s and was made popular by John Martin of WHOI in the 1980’s. Martin proposed two hypotheses with the first being that high nutrient, low chlorophyll (HNLC) areas are that way due to inefficient amounts of iron concentrations....   [tags: Environment, Global Warming]

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Designing the Human Race: Vitro Fertilization

- There is an idea in the world that is taking rise amongst society. It is slowly growing and becoming mainstream as it works its way into the minds and heart of the people. Clinics are preparing and scientists are also working towards a solution. It is an idea of a “Designer Baby”. The idea of a designer baby is that a mother or father can initially choose what traits they want for their child. This phenomenon is exciting parents everywhere, giving them ideas of the perfect child and a desire to control every aspect....   [tags: designer baby, future society]

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In Vitro Fertilization

- Current Status of IVF Many individuals are looking to alternatives in child bearing, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) being one of the most popular. IVF in the United States is a costly procedure. It can cost up to $12,000 for one attempt and that is not adding the cost of additional attempts should the first one fail. There are individuals who are in debt for $60,000 in attempting to get pregnant through IVF. Fertility treatments are now a hot commodity, especially in the global marketplace. Many women are looking to oversea options in having IVF done....   [tags: essays research papers]

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In Vitro Fertilization

- The Process and Ethics Involving In Vitro Fertilization On July 25, 1978 the first successful in vitro fertilization baby was born in Kershaw’s Cottage Hospital in Lancashire England. Louise Brown as she was named brought forth a new hope and era for making babies especially for people who had been diagnosed infertile or sterile. This marked the first time that a human offspring had been created outside the body from the union of an egg and a sperm. The people responsible for this medical breakthrough were Dr....   [tags: essays research papers]

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In Vitro Fertilization

- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a procedure that offers hope to couples who otherwise are unable to conceive. This process is important to infertile couples because it gives them another chance of conceiving a child. In order for normal pregnancy to occur, an egg is released from an ovary and unites with a sperm in a fallopian tube. However, during the process of IVF, this union occurs in a laboratory after both eggs and sperm have been collected. The fertilized egg is then transferred into the uterus to continue growth....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Hidden Dangers of In Vitro Fertilization

- The Hidden Dangers of In Vitro Fertilization   In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)involves giving a woman drugs to induce ovulation and then harvesting (collecting) those mature eggs through a laparoscope. The man masturbates to collect the semen. Then, the semen and ova are mixed in a dish, where fertilization may occur. Then the tiny, new embryonic human(s) are put into the cavity of the woman's uterus with the hope that they will plant and grow. Other sophisticated techniques having the same purpose, employ a diversity of approaches to producing a pregnancy....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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The High Price of In Vitro Fertilization

- The High Price of In Vitro Fertilization MAKE A DREAM COME TRUE. GIVE THE GIFT OF LIFE. BE AN EGG DONOR. $6,500 STIPEND AND EXPENSES PAID. When twenty-year-old Maria Slone first saw the ad in her college newspaper, she remembers thinking, “Damn, that’s a lot of money!” She called up immediately, envisioning an egg-plucking process that would be as quick and effortless as sperm donation. Disappointingly, the receptionist at Woman to Woman Fertility Clinic didn’t give her the time of day, mostly because that was last spring and Maria wasn’t twenty-one yet, but also because she seemed a tad too money-hungry for the well-to-do clinic....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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Ethics of In Vitro Fertilization

- In Vitro Fertilization “The unexamined life is not worth living.” With these words, Socrates stated the creed of reflective men and women and set the task for ethics: to seek, with the help of reason, a consistent and defensible approach to life and its moral dilemmas (Walters 22). Ethical inquiry is important to us when we are unsure of the direction in which we are heading. “New philosophy calls all in doubt,” wrote John Donne in the wake of the Copernican Revolution and of Charles I’s violent death, suggesting that new thoughts had challenged old practices (Donne)....   [tags: Biomedical Pregnancy Bioethics]

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The Effect of In Vitro Fertilization on the Life of Human Beings

- As defined by the Oxford online dictionary, Ethics are the “moral principles that govern a person's behaviour or the conducting of an activity” . The way by which each individual chooses to live, the decisions each person holds about what is right and what is wrong, and the way the person responds to situations and issues is a reflection of the ethical principles which stand strong to their lives. In relation to this, “bioethics” is identified to be the ethical views on “life sciences and health care, in the light of moral values and principles” ....   [tags: Medical Research]

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What´s In Vitro Fertilization

- ... Loss of normal ovarian function before age 40. If your ovaries fail, it does not produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or have eggs to release regularly. When the uterine tissue implants and grows outside of the uterus, often affecting the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes. Benign tumours in the wall of the uterus and are common in women in their 30s and 40s. Fibroids can interfere with implantation of the fertilised egg. A type of sterilisation in which the fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy....   [tags: pregnancy, reproductive technology]

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In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

- IVF Research Report Introduction: In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) is a ‘test tube’ technique used for couples that are infertile and also women that decide to have a child through this process. The process of IVF starts with a course of hormonal therapy to stimulate the development of many follicles within the ovary. After this course has taken place, the follicles are collected as eggs and then fertilised in test tubes. Between two to five days in an incubator, the eggs that were fertilised create embryos, which a selected few are transferred into the vagina, up to the uterus....   [tags: infertility treatments, health]

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IVF - In Vitro Fertilization

- 10, 000 Australian couples are treated with IVF each year. The expensive and rather risky program (costing around $4000 excluding overheads) allows infertile couples to achieve pregnancy when conventional therapy has failed or is unacceptable. The procedure involves placing eggs that have been fertilised in a cultured dish directly into the uterus. A successful procedure will go as follows: - Couples are counselled about their situation and informed on the procedure, their obligations and rights....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Cellular Event Ranging from Fertilization to Death

- Changes in cytosolic calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]) form the basis of a ubiquitous signalling pathway responsible for regulating a multitude of disparate cellular events ranging from fertilisation to cell death (Berridge et al., 2000). Specificity is realised through temporal and spatial complexities in the Ca2+ signals, which can be achieved by controlled mobilisation of not only endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores, but also those in acidic organelles such as lysosomes (Patel and Docampo, 2010)....   [tags: organelles, mitochondria, plasma membran]

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Rights and Issues of Procreation

- Issues of Procreation: The right to procreate and bear children is a constitutional protection for every individual in addition to the right to marry. However, procreation is a subject that has attracted huge concerns and debates in the recent past, especially because of the development of modern reproductive assistance technology. This advancement has contributed to the emergence of several issues on this topic because it has made procreation to be an increasingly instant and practical process....   [tags: insemination, abortion, fertilization]

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The Future of Genetic Engineering in Babie Is in Our Hands

- ... How far will we advance technology just to help humans design babies. The debates rages between the moral and ethical limits, how safe the new technology is, and the required limits on what to allow enhancements upon. Simple breakdown of genetic concepts allow us to understand the debate further. Genes are the hard working code within DNA, and each gene carries sets of instructions or rules for their function. Together, all separate genes work as one with DNA to create our genome. The human genome involves more than 25 thousand genes....   [tags: designer babies, invitro fertilization]

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Technological and Ethical Concerns of Cloning

- Before the discovery of Deoxyribonucleic acid, what scientists consider genotype and phenotype, or respectively innate and observable traits, inheritable traits were thought to be encoded by proteins. However, with the discovery of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and the understanding of its structure by Watson and Crick, the possibilities of cloning and even altering DNA become reality. Most notably, the successful cloning of a sheep, popularly known as Dolly, poses questions of what constitutes ethical standards of genetic alteration and copying....   [tags: Human Genome, Vitro Fertilization]

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Is it Ethical to Have a Child for the Purpose of Saving another Child´s Life?

- ‘Is it ethical to have a child for the purpose of saving another child’s life?’ Recent high profile cases, films and books all around the world including the UK, Australia and the United States have brought to the public’s attention a new type of IVF. ‘Embryo Selection’ meaning ‘Embryos are fertilised outside the body and only those with certain genes are selected and implanted in the womb.’ Henceforth meaning that doctors are now able to select specific embryo’s and implant them into the mother of who may have another sick child in order to gain genetic material such as bone marrow which will match the ill-fated child and therefore hopefully be able to save their life....   [tags: embryo selection, in vitro fertilization]

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Stem Cells May Have The Answer to Cure Cancer

- Stem Cells: An Answer to Our Problems It’s projected that there could be over a million new reports of cancer along with over five hundred thousand deaths as a result this year.(“Cancer Facts and Figures”) Imagine that there is a way to change these terrifying statistics. We’re actually only a couple steps away from this accomplishment due to stem cell research. Stem cells have the ability to not only cure cancer and other diseases but to also fix defects in the human body like blindness. These cells can do so by a process called differentiation, where unspecialized stem cells produce particular cells needed in the body such as muscle, red blood or brain cells....   [tags: defects, human body, fertilization]

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Designer Babies: Shopping for your Perfect Child

- Designer Babies: Shopping for your perfect child The birth of a baby. One of the most pure, innocent and natural events in life. The excitement of gender. Is it a boy. Girl. Does it matter. Most parents will treasure their creation no matter their appearance or abilities. However for some people, the knowledge that their offspring is a product of them is not enough. With advances in genetic research, technology is now being developed that could allow specific genes to be selected to create a child with desired traits....   [tags: genetic research, vitro fertilization]

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Gender Acquisition in Early Childhood

- ... There are different environmental factors that affect gender development. Social, cognitive, and cultural influences have a strong role in an individual’s gender acquisition by providing the norms for children. Social Learning Theory The social learning approach suggests that children acquire their gender identity through observations of their environment. A study on preschool children’s attitudes about deviating from gender-role behaviors displayed that children’s knowledge about gender increased between the ages of 3 to 7....   [tags: fertilization, identity, sperm]

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The Ethics of Human Cloning

- Imagine this, it is a beautiful sunny afternoon so you decide to go for a walk, as you are walking, you see a woman holding the hand of her small daughter, but there seems to be something odd about the child. She’s a miniature version of her mother. You wonder how that could be, how can a child turn out to be just the same as her mother. The simple answer, you have just seen a clone. According to the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs of the American Medical Association, cloning is defined as, “the production of genetically identical organisms via somatic cell nuclear transfer.” This, in simpler terms, means that cloning is the creation of identical organisms by taking the nucleus of an...   [tags: in vitro fertilization, god, embryos]

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The Female Reprodcutive System

- ... The clitoris is a female sex organ. It looks like a little button and is near the labia minora. It is covered with a layer of skin and is sensitive.(webmd.com) Clitoral priapism is a condition where swelling and pain is cause from a prolonged erection. Another part of the this system is the uterus which is the womb.(webmd.com) It is a hollow area that a fetus develops inside of. The urethra is divided into two sections. It is located between the bladder and the rectum. The cervix is the lower part that opens into the vagina and the corpus which is the main area of the uterus....   [tags: ovum eggs, zygote, fertilization]

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The Stages of Fertilization, Embryo, and Childbirth

- ... The placenta produces hormones such as oestrogen and progesterone, which have the ability to prevent premature contractions before the baby’s birth and prepare the uterus for labour, the placenta also produces a hormone called placental lactogen, which enables the mother to have more glucose in her circulation to supply her baby. 3. The placenta serves as a protective barrier, ensuring disease causing microorganisms, cannot cross to the baby. 4. The Placenta serves as an effective filter by keeping maternal blood separate from the fetal blood....   [tags: baby, placenta, hormones]

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Bull Sperm Fertility Factors and Testing Options

- Introduction A lot of attention is directed towards the female’s side of reproduction. If human couples can’t conceive children, most people think, “What is wrong with her?” Little do they know, there are a lot of potential fertility problems on the male side as well. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013) conducted a national study in 2002 with data showing that approximately 11% of 15 – 44 year old women in the U.S. have some sort of pregnancy difficulties. That same report also shows that 7.5% of men under the age of 45 have fertility problems as well....   [tags: fertilization, semen, bull, motility rate]

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In Vitro Fertilization: Ethical Problems of Mitochondrial DNA and Three Biological Parents

- In vitro fertilisation: ethical problems of mitochondrial DNA and three biological parents Mitochondria are essential for the cell energy production through the citric acid cycle. In order for the cycle to work in a best way possible, the mitochondria are equiped with their own DNA that primarily codes for proteins vital to the energy production and oxidative metabolism of the cells. Mitochondrial DNA has several differences to nuclear DNA. Unlike the ”regular” nuclear DNA, mitochondrial DNA in circular like most bacterial DNA and unlike nuclear DNA, mitochondrial DNA is more prone to possible mutations....   [tags: energy, cell, mitochondrila, dna]

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When Does Life Begin

- Birth is the only way which will preserve the human species from extinction and for the continuity of life. Although, the pregnancy and birth processes are complex, we need to know them and learn about them because of their importance. In this process the reproductive systems in the male and female are involved. They produce sex cells or gametes: the egg and the sperm. These systems are very essential to make almost identical new embryo cells to the parents, but each one of them differs from the other....   [tags: medical ethics, abortion, in vitro fertilization, ]

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Should Gender Selection Be Legalized in Australia for Non-Medical Reasons?

- ... If gender selection becomes legal in Australia there will be many questions as to who will get access to the IVF process. Most families will turn to it as an opportunity to finally balance the amount of one gender they have in their family or even to get their family balance perfect (Wilkinson, 2014). Many people believe that gender selection is just human experimentation and should not be allowed as it is unfair on the unborn child being chosen by the parents when it should be loved whether it was a male or female....   [tags: in-vitro fertilization, genetic engineering]

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Medical Antropology

- Medical anthropology addresses the symbolic, narrative, and ethical dimension of healing, medicine and medical technology in many ways. One way anthropologists address these dimensions is by exploring how local and international communities view wellness, illness, disease and healing through different perspectives. Their goal is to examine how communities are able to function individually as well as to look for themes within the structure and systems of separate communities and cultures. Anthropologists spend a lot of time observing and discussing the theme of treatment within various communities....   [tags: Medicine, Vitro Fertilization]

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Anonymous Sperm and Egg Donation

- ... Others think that the problems they might have medically are not as serious as they potentially could be, so they do not think it is a big deal. They do not understand that the medical problems could be life threatening. It should be that donors should not be allowed to be anonymous because their children need to be able to find them in order to ask them about their genetic make-up. Wendy Kramer, the Donor Sibling Registry owner, mentions that, "With DNA testing and Google, there’s no such thing as anonymity anymore” (qtd in Lehmann-Haupt)....   [tags: in vitro fertilization]

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The Transition to Parenthood

- The Transition to Parenthood Section 1: The case study Today, in western industrialized nations, the decision whether or not to have children is, as Berk (2004) describes it a “….matter of individual choice” (p.460). This contrasts with many non western nations where what Michaels (1988, cited in Berk, 2004) describes childbearing as, “…an unavoidable cultural demand” (p.460). Research on the New Zealand population suggests that couples are having children at a much later phase of life. The median age for a woman to give birth is now 30.3 years, compared with her counterpart in the early 1970’s who gave birth at 24.9 years....   [tags: Parenthood Pregnancy Fertilization Process Essays]

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Stages of In Vitro Ferlization

- ... 6 Developments in IVF have enabled the use of donor eggs that have been fertilised and ‘frozen’ to keep the embryo viable. This can be implanted if a couple is unable to use their own eggs for IVF. Donor eggs have been used in approximately 10% of assisted reproductive technology. For women under 35, the success rate using fresh embryos is 46.3% whereas the success rate of frozen embryos is 39.3%. As women age, there is lower the chance of a successful pregnancy in both fresh and frozen embryos.(Figure 2) 7 When concerning the health of IVF children, studies have reported an elevated blood pressure and problems with cardio metabolic health due to the hormone regimen used to...   [tags: superovulation, pregnancy rates]

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Embryonic Research: A Battle of Fallacies

- Many women are eager to become a mother, but infertility prevents some women from satisfying this need. To counter this widespread problem, we develop reproductive choices. One of the most important choices is in vitro fertilization. Even though this method significantly increases pregnancy rate in infertile women, it comes with the problem. Underlying in vitro fertilization is research on living human embryos. We need to research on countless living embryos in order to develop clinical in vitro fertilization....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Traits and Genetics

- We have known for centuries that traits are passed from parents to offspring. What has not always been understood is how traits are determined. One explanation that appealed to scientist for many centuries was that traits of parents were blended, or mixed in offspring. The blending hypothesis accounted for many observable traits and was widely accepted for many years. However, the idea of blending could not account for the appearance of unexpected traits in some offspring. It was not until scientist discovered the cellular basis of life that the inheritance of traits was better understood....   [tags: essays research papers]

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To In-Vitro or End Vitro

- To In-Vitro or End Vitro As stated by Dr Grossman of Xavier University “In the United States, infertility is an issue of great concern to many couples of childbearing age. More than 15 percent of all such couples are estimated to be infertile (Grossman, 2003). The medical definition of in vitro fertilization: IVF is a laboratory procedure in which sperm are placed with an unfertilized egg in a Petri dish to achieve fertilization. The embryo is then transferred into the uterus to begin a pregnancy or cryopreserved (frozen) for future use.(retrieved on June 12, 2011, from www.medterms.com) IVF was originally devised to permit women with damaged or absent Fallopian tubes to have a baby....   [tags: Medical Ethics ]

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Biotechnology and the Modern World

- Advances in biotechnology can be looked at two ways; both positive and negative. People can also differ in what would qualify as positive and negative. Some may think that tinkering with Deoxyribonucleic acid also know as DNA, should not be allowed at all for any reason. Others believe that manipulating human DNA can have many different benefitial outcomes. Biotechnology or genetic engineering, can be be potentially misused and result in negative outcomes. Misuse can consist of manipulating or exploiting for gender selection, the creation of “designer babies” or the creation of “super babies;” two related but dissimilar potential misusses....   [tags: Genetic Engineering, DNA]

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Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Technology

- “COMMUNITY, IDENTITY, STABILITY”: this is the World State's motto in a science fiction novel “Brave New World” written by Aldous Leonard Huxley in 1932. Huxley predicts the future world ironically, and I assume everyone hopes his prediction will not come true. Fortunately, Huxley’s brave new world is just a fictional world; no one knows whether Huxley’s brave new world will become a reality or not. However, technology improves rapidly and scares people that their world is gradually approaching to Huxley’s brave new world....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Community, Identity]

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Debates Over Reproductive Technology in the Jewish Community

- During the last two decades there has been an increase in discoveries about reproductive technologies. These new scientific break-trough’s, for example, conceiving a child outside a mother’s uterus; brings question to religious, legal and ethical morals. The Orthodox community in particular have many concerns regarding the new developments associated with reproductive technologies. Although there are many questions, not all the answers are readily available as many of the prominent Orthodox rabbis disagree on how to answer these concerning questions....   [tags: IVF, infertility, rabbanim]

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IVF and the New Eugenics

- The addition of a child into a family’s home is a happy occasion. Unfortunately, some families are unable to have a child due to unforeseen problems, and they must pursue other means than natural pregnancy. Some couples adopt and other couples follow a different path; they utilize in vitro fertilization or surrogate motherhood. The process is complicated, unreliable, but ultimately can give the parents the gift of a child they otherwise could not have had. At the same time, as the process becomes more and more advanced and scientists are able to predict the outcome of the technique, the choice of what child is born is placed in the hands of the parents....   [tags: Infertility]

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Importance of Stem Cell Research

- Stem Cell Research Stem cell research is a highly debated, controversial, sensitive topic. Too many people have skewed perceptions of stem cell research simply due to their lack of knowledge on the topic. The ignorant conception of stem cell research is human cloning, test tube babies, and mindless murder of helpless infants. This is not the case. The United States should be utilizing and funding stem cell research; it has miraculous benefit and is morally justifiable. With federal funding stem cell research could achieve its full potential....   [tags: Scientific Benefits, Advances]

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The Ethics of Stem Cells

- David Vetter, was born with a disease known as severe combined immune deficiency syndrome. His body did not have the ability to resist any germ or sickness. Most children do not survive form the minute they are born. David was isolated in a bubble literally. He lived in a plastic bubble with a room for a bed, toys, playroom and eating facilities. On the sides of the bubble were thick rubber gloves so his parents to reach him, never any skin to skin contact. He was never able to experience the affection from his parent that other children got to experience....   [tags: bioengineering, genetics]

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Cause and Effect Essay - Emergency Contraception Causes Abortion

- Emergency Contraception Causes Abortion       Brown University associate professor of medicine, Ralph Miech, M.D., Ph.D., stated the abortive nature of EC in the Providence Journal on August 3, 1998: "This type of pill causes an abortion. From a pharmacologic perspective, this type of pill should be called an 'abortion-after pill'."   The question must be asked: "How is this contraception?" Women are being falsely led to believe that these pills are contraceptive in nature. But one of their common and intended modes of action is to prevent the development of the embryo, resulting in his or her death....   [tags: Expository Cause Effect Essays]

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Assisted Reproductive Technology

- Assisted Reproductive Technology One Word Essay Infertility is a serious problem affecting millions of couples around the world. In the developing world alone about 186 million couples are unable to conceive their offspring (Geoffrey, In Vitro Fertilization 24). Infertility can be defined as the inability to conceive after one full year of regular, normal sexual intercourse without the use of any contraception. As shown in the fig.1, it is clearly showed that in recent years, the pregnancy rate has fallen as the infertility rate has increased up to 48% due to various factors, which could have affected resulting this data....   [tags: infertility, embryo, ivf]

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The Genetic Engineering Debate

- In recent discussions of genetic engineering, a controversial issue has been whether genetic engineering is ethical or not. In “The Person, the Soul, and Genetic Engineering,” JC Polkinghorne discusses about the moral status of the very early embryo and therapeutic cloning. J. H. Brooke’s article “Commentary on: The Person, the Soul, and Genetic Engineering” comments and state opinions that counter Polkinghorne’s article. On the other hand John Harris’s ““Goodbye Dolly?” The Ethics of Human Cloning” examines “the possible uses and abuses of human cloning and draw out the principal ethical dimensions, both of what might be done and its meaning, and of public and official response” (353)....   [tags: Ethical Dilemma, Embryos With Dignity]

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Human Cloning Should be Illegal

- Human Cloning Should be Illegal Can you imagine a world where everyone looked the same and had the same DNA. This could become true due to the advances in science in the field of cloning. We are coming into an age where scientists have started cloning non-human mammals as well as fish. Soon, they will want to start cloning humans. Since human cloning is so dangerous, unethical, and too expensive for reproductive purposes, it should be illegal. Human cloning is dangerous. It is estimated that between 95 and 98 percent of cloning experiments have failed (Genetics and Society)....   [tags: Opposing Perspective Essays]

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Should Scientists Be Allowed to Perform DNA Tests on Selecting Human Embryos?

- ... For example, people with conditions that are not life-threatening, such as Down's syndrome, can be categorized as unworthy of life. However, Gregor Wolbring, a bioethicist at the University of Calgary in Alberta, Canada replies, "If there was nothing wrong with Down's syndrome or disabilities, there would be no need for PGD" (qtd. in"Genetic Testing."). In addition, an eventual discrimination for women can occur in such countries as China and India, known through history for their preference for a male child....   [tags: genetics, religious beliefs]

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Abortion: A Woman Has to Right to Choose

- One of the most controversial situations in the United States is abortion. A couple of decades ago when abortion was illegal, thousands of woman died for attempting to terminate the child’s life themselves or with unprofessional help. On January 22, 1973, in the Roe v. Wade case, Supreme Court legalized abortion in all 50 states. This has saved thousands of woman’s lives and should remain legal. There are different definitions for this issue. “Abortion is the forcible removal of a developing baby from the womb of his or her mother sing surgical, mechanical or chemical means.” (“Abortion” par....   [tags: Abortion, Argumentative, Pro-Choice]

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Should Embryonic Stem Cell Research Be Federally Funded?

- The possibility to cure Alzheimer, Parkinson’s, AIDS, spinal injuries, and many more diseases and conditions is received by many in the medical world with excitement and anticipation. The discoveries of embryonic stem, ES, cells in 1998 by James A. Thomson, a biologist at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, was a great breakthrough for the medical world, showing great promise in the field of stem cell research. This is because they have the capacity to become any type of cell tissue in the body....   [tags: Science, Medicine, Government]

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Stem Cells, a Titanic Debate of Bioethics

- Scientists around the world are determined to find answers to the most challenging questions in life. Stem cell research is the product of striving to find answers to severe medical conditions. There’s strong evidence to support this research as a viable option for regenerative medicine in treating the nervous system and neurological disorders. Stem cells have proved to be beneficial for finding the cures needed to treat cancers and diseases such as diabetes, AIDS, Parkinson’s disease, and heart disease (stemcyte)....   [tags: genetic engineering, medical conditions, dna]

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The Debate over Steem Cell Research

- Looking for a Cure The debate over stem cell research has split people into two sides. There are people who support and the other side opposes. Mona Charen, a mother of a ten year old son with diabetes, voices her position on embryonic stem cell research in an article called “The Misleading Debate on Stem-Cell Research” (Rottenberg, 335-336). Her position is that she opposes research on embryonic stem cells. She believes the research is immoral and should not be researched by scientists. Most people who oppose embryonic stem cell research are religious because they believe killing an embryo is immoral....   [tags: embryonic cells, finding a cure]

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Playing God in Medicine Continues to be Acceptable

- ... You do not have to stop there. Advanced reproductive procedures unite the sperm and egg in a laboratory, in-vitro fertilization. Advanced reproductive techniques involve using InVitro Fertilisation or IVF to fertilise eggs with sperm in 'test-tubes' outside the mother's body in a laboratory. These techniques allow doctors and parents to reduce the chance that a child will be born with a genetic disorder. At the moment it is only legally possible to carry out two types of advanced reproductive technologies on humans....   [tags: embryos, genetic modification, disease]

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It Takes Three: Gestational Surrogacy

- It Takes Three: Gestational Surrogacy Gestational surrogacy is when a woman, referred to as a surrogate, is pregnant with and gives birth to a baby that is not genetically related to her. A gestational surrogacy usually takes place when a couple is unable to get pregnant and or carry a baby. In most cases it is because a woman has an unhealthy or nonexistent uterus. Gestational surrogacy is also some times used by gay couples who want to start a family. The pregnancy is created with a medical procedure called in vitro fertilization where fertilized eggs are transferred into the surrogate’s uterus using a needle....   [tags: Family Issues]

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Fertility: The Right to Conceive

- Fertility: A Right to Take From No One As a society, the world wants to fix its problems, especially when it comes to the future population of the world. While many people have no second thoughts on infertility, a fare percentage of the population bares the ghastly side effects of this. However, in recent years, new techniques have been designed to relieve families of this burden. Fertility treatments have a miracle effect on many couples that suffer from a variety of injuries or illness. The following facts and scenarios such as male infertility, women infertility, and how the treatment works showcase the key justifications that prove why all fertility treatments should be allowed....   [tags: all fertility treatments should be allowed]

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Investigation Of Reproduction And Development In Animals

- Investigation of Reproduction and Development in Animals Cycles, Conception and Contraception Fertility is the condition of being fertile. The aim of contraception is to inhibit fertility in individuals, hence, slowing population growth. The system by which all female contraception must operate: the menstrual cycle. What is the menstrual cycle. and what hormones are involved in controlling it. After puberty, the female produces an egg each month. Other changes take place on a cyclic basis including the uterus lining and hormone levels....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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The Heated Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research

- In present days of life in The United States, research has become a viable tool for sustaining and prolonging human life. As research evolves, it brings along with it much controversy, especially where stem cell research is involved. Stem cell research can bring new insight to today’s medical field. This may be the way of finding solutions concerning many health injuries and diseases which would diversely be thought of as implausible. Thoughts can be influenced by Deborah White, in Pros & Cons of Embryonic Stem Cell Research, “Embryonic stem cells are thought by most scientists and researchers to hold potential cures for spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, Parkinson's disea...   [tags: Medical Research]

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis Program

- Approximately 490,000 babies are born every day worldwide. About 11,000 babies are born each day in the United States alone, which means that at least eight babies are born every minute. Whether a pregnancy is planned for or not, the size, physical characteristics, and intellectual capabilities of a baby are predetermined by the chromosomes that combine in the mother during fertilization. The possibility and probability of a baby having any number of genetic diseases is also determined by genes and the embryo that is fertilized....   [tags: Genetics]

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Fraternal or Identical Twins

- There are more twin babies conceived now than there used to be since the eighties. “One in every 30 babies born in 2009 was a twin (a 76 percent hike since 1980),” (Goldman, L. Web source). Twins are born in different varieties. They can be fraternal or they can be identical. Identical twins can be either both brothers or they can be both sisters. If they are sister and brother they are said to be fraternal. Fraternal twins are twins who do not look alike. Another term for fraternal twins is dizygotic....   [tags: alike, fingerprint, superfecundation]

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Bryophyte And Pteropyte Life Cycles

- Although Bryophytes and Pterophytes are both plant divisions with a common ancestor, they have little in common. While Bryophytes (mosses) are generally nonvascular and very short in height, Pterophytes (ferns) are vascular plants that usually grow much taller than mosses. While the dominant generation in mosses is the gametophyte, ferns exhibit the sporophyte generation. The details of their alternations of generation vary as well, although both have diploid and haploid stages. Alteration of generations is defined as a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid form, the sporophyte, and a multicellular haploid form, the gametophyte....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

- Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis In the United States, an estimated 2.3 million couples are considered infertile [Wekesser, 1996]. This creates a large need for infertility specialists and clinics specializing in fertility treatments. With the quickly advancing field of rep roductive services and the quest for creating better, healthier babies, a new service called Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is being offered in conjunction with In vitro fertilization. PGD is a procedure that combines In vitro fertilization and genetic screening....   [tags: Fertility Chemistry Chemical Paper]

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The Human Knowledge

- The knowledge human kind has attained and developed since we started learning continues to grow rapidly today. In the last 100 years, we have been able to expand our knowledge and improve the way we live through various inventions in the areas of technology, communication, health, creativity and much more. The arts, such as film, music, visual arts and literature, can be defined as the display of skill and expression of human emotion and perspective. It can be used as a tool to capture and record specific settings, to criticize, to evoke thought and to persuade, to name a few of many purposes, while still being open for interpretation and highly subjective....   [tags: evidence, reason, science]

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1109 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Should Parents be Allowed to Select the Sex of Their Baby?

- The ability for parents to select the sex of their baby has been made possible by the advancement of technology with fertility procedures. Today’s parents want the option to select the sex of their baby and there are a plethora of reasons why a couple would want to take this route. John A. Robertson from Extending Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis mentions, one main reason is there are serious diseases that could be prevented by sex selection using preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Conversely, Marcy Darnovsky from Revisiting Sex Selection: The Growing Popularity of New Sex Selection Methods Revives and Old Debate; believe parents should not have the right to select the sex of their baby....   [tags: Health, Fertility, Sex]

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What is a Designer Baby and How are They Made?

- DESIGNER BABIES There have been many social views on the topic of designer babies, which include a scientist point-of-view. Designer babies are those of which parents can make the rash decision to genetically alter their child so that they do not develop the genetic disorders that many of us have today. By using IVF or InVitro Fertilization as the method of altering the genes, doctors have been able to “custom make” unborn babies to portray or eliminate certain characteristics. What is a Designer Baby and How Are They Made....   [tags: Genetically Modified, Genes, Alterations]

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The Deceptive Pollination Practice in Plants and Flowers: Nutritive Mimicry

- Despite the popular belief that all flowers have an equal opportunity when it comes to attracting pollinators the competition over the basic needs of angiosperms causes the practice of deceptive pollination to be very common. Pollination is in most cases a mutualistic relationship that requires some form of benefit to both the pollinator and the flowering plant. The pollinator is attracted to a flower that looks like they can offer food or shelter. However if the flower lacks the benefit of a reward there is a low chance that the pollinator would find the flower desirable enough to pollinate....   [tags: pollinators, benefits, competition]

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Choosing Deafness for your Child Through IVF is Wrong

- Choosing Deafness for your Child In vitro fertilization can be a way for two people, whom are unable to have children together, to have a child. With in vitro fertilization pre implantation genetic diagnostic testing is done to determine which embryos are to be implanted. Weijer, Anthony and Brennan (2013) say on page 37 that many people want to implant only the healthiest embryos. Unhealthy embryos could be labeled as those with a disability. The embryos that are considered to be unhealthy are not used for in vitro fertilization....   [tags: Genetic Testing, Test Tube Baby]

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1863 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

The Advancement of Technology and Techniques in Human Cloning

- Technology and techniques in human cloning are advancing every day. The future of human cloning could hold great promise in solving some of society's most troubling issues such as solving infertility, curing fatal and non-fatal diseases; healing, discovering new and easier ways to transplant organs, and much more. With the breakthroughs in science achieved by scientists in the past and present; human cloning could one day be accepted by society. Human cloning could not only help provide a larger range of diversity, but also help to improve the well-being of society in many ways....   [tags: transplants, religion, organisms]

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1793 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Genetic Engineering: The Negative Impacts of Human Manipulation

- The scenes of a science fiction movie show presumably unrealistic scientific inventions. In today's world, time travel and cloning are only two of the countless topics that are seemingly unattainable ideas of the imagination. Saying that these events are within reach would be completely absurd. However, with recent scientific advancements, science fiction is now becoming more of a reality rather than a fantasy. Nevertheless, only about twenty-five years ago, genetic engineering fell into this same, idealistic category....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]

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Overview of the Formation of Babies During Pregnancy

- Table of Contents Introduction Page 3 Cleavage and blastulation Page 5 Morula and blastocyst Page 6 Implantation and placentation Page 7 Placentation Page 8 Formation of the three primary germ layers Page 9 Embryonic acquisition of external form Page 11   Introduction Initiation of pregnancy: another new individual is made when the components of a powerful sperm combine with those of a fruitful ovum, or egg. Various motile sperms are saved in the vagina, pass through the uterus, and attack the uterine (fallopian) tube, where they encompass the ovum....   [tags: Maternal Blood, Developmental Progressions]

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Embryonic Stem Cell Research Can Save Lives

- One of the most controversial topics in the field of biomedicine has been the research of embryonic stem cells. Stem cells are extremely fascinating to what they can do they have the potential to develop into many different cell types in the body during early life and growth. In many tissues they serve as a sort of internal repair system, dividing without limit to replace other cells as along as the person is still alive. When stem cells divide they could become specialized cells such as muscle cells, red blood cells, brain cells, and etc....   [tags: ethics, biomedicine, medicine]

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1630 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Genetic Engineering: The Impact of Human Manipulation

- The scenes of a science fiction movie show presumably unrealistic scientific inventions. In today's world, time travel, cloning, and even light sabers are some of the countless topics that are seemingly unattainable and just ideas of the imagination. Saying that these events are feasible would be completely absurd. However, with recent scientific advancements, science fiction is now becoming more of a reality rather than a fantasy. Nevertheless, only about twenty-five years ago, genetic engineering fell into this same, idealistic category....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]

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1725 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

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