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The Use Of Deception Within Psychological Experiments

- Representation of falsehood as the truth, distorting someone’s perception of the truth or even by not telling the whole truth, are all forms of deception. The use of deception within psychological experiments or research is also known as methodological technique which means when researchers don’t tell participants the full truth or omits pertaining details. Methodological deception carries a risk of causing psychological damage. Arguments have been made that fully informing study participants, is an ethical responsibility, while others believe any detriments are outweighed by the benefits....   [tags: Milgram experiment, Stanford prison experiment]

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The Experiments On Obedience Conducted By Stanley Milgram

- The experiments on obedience conducted by Stanley Milgram shed a previously unforeseen light on human nature and the evil tendencies therein. Since it was conducted, many professionals have reviewed Milgram 's work and inserted their own opinions into the work. One of these many is Ian Parker, who, in his article titled "Obedience," critiques Milgram 's experiment with other professionals, thus stating that the experiment is corrupted and false in almost any way conceivable. Later, Parker states that the comparison asserted by Milgram to the Holocaust is quite a stretch, asserting that the Holocaust was nothing even near what was studied by Milgram (Parker 97)....   [tags: Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment]

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The Effect Of Scientific Experiments On Human Behavior

- It is necessary to study human behaviour scientifically because there are many ways to argue the evidence that the results of some experiments conducted by psychologists on the brain and having scientific evidence helps prove they are right. Obviously if it was not conducted scientifically the experimenter would not be able to back up the evidence with fact. Also, people’s behaviour can change within a short time so once an experiment is done, without scientific evidence of what you have found the experimental evidence could change therefore the data collected may be invalid if not backed up scientifically....   [tags: Psychology, Experiment, Brain]

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The Hawthorne Experiments

- In Roethlisberger’s article, he mainly discussed three Hawthorne Experiments, which includes the “illumination” experiments, the “Relay Assembly Test Room” experiment, the interviews about employee satisfaction and dissatisfaction, and the “Bank Wiring Observation Room” experiment. The purpose of the experiments was to study the effect of environment conditions, which include physical environment conditions and psychological factors, on workers’ productivity. Such as the level of illumination, rest breaks, work hours, temperature, and humidity....   [tags: Roethlisberger's article]

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Obedience, And By Stanley Milgram 's Experiments On Obedience

- On numerous accounts, Stanley Milgram’s obedience experiments have proven to be unethical and incomparable to authentic examples of obedience (Baumrind 90; Parker 98-100). So persuade authors Ian Parker and Diana Baumrind in their respective articles, “Obedience” and “Review of Stanley Milgram’s Experiments on obedience.” In “Obedience,” Parker reasons via multiple scenarios that the trials conducted by Milgram do not provide a realistic presentation of the scenarios in which people will obey or disobey (101)....   [tags: Milgram experiment, Stanford prison experiment]

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Comparative Critique Of Milgram 's Experiments On Obedience

- Obedience Comparative Critique In “ Review of Stanley Milgram’s Experiments On Obedience” by Diana Baumrind, and in “Obedience” by Ian Parker, the writers claim that Milgram’s Obedience is ethically wrong and work of evil because of the potential harm that the subjects of the experiment had. While Baumrind’s article focused only on the Subjects of the experiment, Parker’s article talked about both immediate and long term response to experiment along with the reaction of both the general public and Milgram’s colleagues, he also talks about the effect of the experiment on Milgram himself....   [tags: Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment]

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Review Of Stanley Milgram 's Experiments On Obedience

- Stanly Milgram, former psychologist at the prestigious Yale University, writes an article entitled, "The Perils of Obedience." He claims the article was compiled to explain his astounding findings from his psychological experiment that displayed people 's natural tendency to disobey authority. Milgram conducted an experiment to test the obedience of individuals by placing the subjects in stressful situations. To further elaborate on his article, Diana Baumrind, psychologist at the Institute of Human Development University of California, Berkley, reviews Milgram 's experiments on obedience in "Review of Stanley Milgram 's Experiments on Obedience" by critiquing his procedures and experimental...   [tags: Milgram experiment, Stanford prison experiment]

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Experiments with Draize and LD50 on Animals

- Animal experimentation has many ways that they test new drugs or new products on animals. For example, “LD50, forced - fed, forced to breed poison or toxic, and eat poisonous products to find out” what will happen to them (Park 13). Some animals will die quickly while others will take some time, in that period of time they will suffer since there insides are being discomposed. Animal testing is a place where animal bodies are being tortured in the most notorious ways. The Draize and LD50 are the most common use and cruel experiments (Siegel-Maier)....   [tags: animal cruelty and abuse]

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The Life and Experiments of Josef Mengele

- Hungry, beaten, naked, abused, and dehumanized: these are just a few words to describe the prisoners in death camps all around Germany during World War II. Another word that describes these people is, experiments. Prisoners were human test tubes, available in seemingly unlimited amounts. With no rights and no chance of liberation, these people were treated like lab rats. During World War II, there were multiple evil and horrible events; one of the most wicked happenings was Josef Mengele’s medical experiments in the Nazi death camps....   [tags: the angel of death]

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Medical Experiments During the Holocaust

- Medical Experiments In the late 1930s, the United States became involved World War II. This was one of the most memorable wars involving the U. S. Many countries fought for and against the U. S. throughout the few years of hardship. After the Soviet Union became neutral, Germany invaded Poland September 1, 1939 marking the beginning of WWII. Only a couple days later, Britain and France declared war on Germany, and within days, Poland was defeated and portioned between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union....   [tags: twins, hypothermia, torture]

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The Human Cost Of Animal Experiments

- In animal testing, there is a questionable accuracy of these tests. “The Human Cost of Animal Experiments” written by Katrina Fox talks about how some of these tests are not always correct or accurate. About two million Americans become ill from these drugs that were deemed good to release to the public. Out of those two million people, one hundred thousand people die from these drugs being released. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved two-hundred nine new drugs from 1976 to 1985 and those drugs caused severe side-effects....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]

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The Experiments On Great Apes

- Experiments on Great Apes Humans and great apes (including chimpanzees, orangutans, gorillas and bonobos) are part of the family Hominidae (Moyà-Solà). Among them is a shared common ancestor, therefore many similar traits can be found. Chimpanzees specifically, are humans’ closest living genetic relative and they share about 99% of our DNA (Gibbons). Chimpanzees are so similar to humans that they can be infected with nearly all the same humans diseases. This similarity has led many researchers to use chimpanzees and other great apes in biomedical experiments....   [tags: Chimpanzee, Hominidae, Human, Gorilla]

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Ethical Problems in Human Experiments

- I believe there is no straightforward answer about the issue concerning the ethics of performing experiments on humans. There are many factors on both ends to consider when restricting anthropologists of their human experiments. My stance about governmental regulation of research is that there should be changes to loosen the constraints of interview regulations and to slightly strengthen regulations of biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects. In the case of Irb and the Future of Fieldwork by Laurie Essig, I was surprised to see how difficult it is to obtain permission to interview someone for an experiment....   [tags: sex education, vulnerable population]

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Conduction Of Experiments And Procedure

- Conduction of experiments and Procedure: The experiments were carried out on a conventional milling machine (10 HP capacities and a spindle speed of 3000RPM). The cutting forces were measured by a three dimensional dynamometer and a specially designed fixture is properly placed on it. To investigate the effect of cutting conditions on the surface quality, the compression moulding technique was used to make unidirectional of 10mm thick Glass/polyester plates, cured at the pressure of 200Kgf and a temperature of 1200C for four hours....   [tags: Milling machine, Machining, Friction, Roughness]

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Deliberating Experiments on Obedience

- In 1963 Stanley Milgram, a Yale psychologist, created an experiment examining obedience. This experiment has been questioned by many psychology professionals. One psychologist Diana Baumrind transcribes her beliefs in the “Review of Stanley Milgram’s Experiments on Obedience.” Baumrind, when writing the review, was employed at the Institute of Human Development, University of California, Berkeley. In her review Baumrind denounces Milgram for his treatment of his subjects, potentially harming their self image....   [tags: Modern Society, Ethics]

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Stanley Milgram's Obedience Experiments

- The complexities of a human’s willingness to submit to another person’s will have intrigued mankind since the formation of societal groups. Only in recent history has there been any studies conducted which so completely capture the layman’s imagination as the obedience experiments conducted by Stanley Milgram. As one of the few psychological experiments to have such an attention grabbing significance, Milgram discovered a hidden trait of the human psyche that seemed to show a hidden psychotic in even the most demure person....   [tags: Psychology]

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Animals in Medical Experiments

- ... No physical feature that tells you a particular animal feels less or senses less. Rats display sympathy for other rats as do humans which is why mentally disabled individuals have equal rights. Rats display very complex emotions and show instincts to protect each other, rats displaying emotions causes the question of how insensitive we may be acting. Rats show us that they are of senses and are similar to humans, if they weren't we wouldn’t be testing on them, rats aren’t less intelligence to other animals; So they deserve rights just as other animals....   [tags: Speciesism, cruelty]

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Three Experiments Regarding DNA

- Experiment #1 James Watson, Maurice Wilkins, and Francis Crick joined together for the finding of the structure of DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid. Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin used X-ray diffraction to study DNA through its images, and it was on April 1953 that they finally published the discovery of the structure of DNA; they discovered how the hereditary information is coded on the DNA as well as its replication. Watson found out from Franklin’s lectures that DNA existed in two forms of ways, which depended on the humidity of the air....   [tags: Biology, Protein, Bacteriophage]

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Cruel Experiments on Animals

- Animals have been used in testing for over 2,000 years. Animal experimentation was established around the second century. Mice, rabbits, bunny’s, reptiles , guinea pigs and other animals are all victims of animal experimentation . Companies such as Almay, Revlon, Opi and Wet n’ Wild are some of the companies that do not test on animals. According to the website RSPCA, it is estimated that more than 100 million animals are used in experiments each year across the world. Scientists say that animal experimentation is necessary for a variety of things....   [tags: animal experimentation]

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Individual Differences in Experiments

- In the previously mentioned research measures, the experimenters paid little attention to the fact that the individuals participating may differ on their performance in experimental tasks due to a variety of personal differences. A lot has already been said about individual differences in the beginning of this essay, essentially research in individual differences may be able to guide us in making a best guess at who might be better or worse than others on a particular task. Following are some examples of researchers who have looked at individual differences and why they are an important factor....   [tags: Psychology]

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Thought Experiments

- To understand thought experiments the various ideas surrounding the philosophical method must be understood. The connection between the related concepts of logical possibility, causal possibility and conceivability are among the basics which create the foundation for determining the creation and interpretation of a hypothesis that is being analyzed within a thought experiment. Logical possibility is an occurrence that can be present itself so long as the event does not infringe upon the laws of logic....   [tags: Related Concepts, Steps, Hypothesis]

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Unethical Experiments

- Unethical experiments have occurred long before people considered it was wrong. The protagonist of the practice of human experimentation justify their views on the basis that such experiments yield results for the good of society that are unprocurable by other methods or means of study ( Vollmann 1448 ).The reasons for the experiments were to understand, prevent, and treat disease, and often there is not a substitute for a human subject. This is true for study of illnesses such as depression, delusional states that manifest themselves partly by altering human subjectivity, and impairing cognitive functioning....   [tags: human experimentation, Monster Study, Vanderbilt]

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Nazi Human Experiments

- This report is over human experiments conducted by various governments over several decades. The governments involved include, but are not limited to, the Nazis, the soviets and even America. Some of these experiments that were tested on these people were very disgusting and extremely cruel. The Nazis performed some of the most horrific experiments of anyone. The Auschwitz under the direction of Dr. Eduard wirths had inmates selected to certain experiments which were designed to help the Germans....   [tags: Nazi Germany, Soviets, Americans]

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Social Psychological Experiments

- Stanley Milgram, a social psychologist, conducted an experiment in 1963 about human obedience that was deemed as one of the most controversial social psychology experiments ever (Blass). Ian Parker, a writer for the New Yorker and Human Sciences, and Diana Baumrind, a psychologist at the University of California, Berkeley, responded to Stanley Milgram’s experiment. These articles represent how the scientific community reviews and scrutinizes each other’s work to authenticate experiment results. Baumrind focuses on the moral and ethical dilemma while, Parker focuses more on the experiment’s actual application....   [tags: Social Issues, Authority]

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Human-Animal Hybrid Experiments

- Overview The current issue facing societies around the world is human-animal hybrids experiments. These experiments are viewed in two lights, positive and negative. The positive of having these tests are that scientists could rid the world of diseases. However on the other hand people see these studies as inhumane and detrimental to everyone’s well being. This paper will be broken down into 6 areas including (1) a brief history of hybrid experiments dating within the decade, (2) a view of the stakeholders in the issue at hand, (3) how people would interact with humans receiving these treatments, (4) cultural and ethical considerations, (5) problems still at hand, and (6) a conclusion....   [tags: Medical Ethics ]

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Unit 731 and The Horrific Japanese Experiments

- In 1937 some of the most horrific and unforgivable acts in all of mankind’s history were committed. During the Second Sino-Japanese War an ultra-secretive chemical and bio warfare research unit was established by the Imperial Japanese Army. This special unit worked in a facility that was passed off to the public as a water purification and epidemic prevention facility and was kept secret by some of the most powerful Japanese officials of the time. After World War II the unit was shut down and the members of the unit were released without punishment in exchange for the data of their experiments....   [tags: chemical and bio warfare]

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Josef Mengele and The Inhumane Experiments in Auschwitz

- “He cut into me, without anesthetic, . . .The pain was indescribable. I felt every slice of the knife. Then I saw my kidney pulsating in his hand. I cried like a madman, I cried out the prayer; ‘Hear, O Israel: the Lord our God, the Lord is one . . . And I prayed to die, that I might not suffer this agony any more’” (Hall). This was said by a ‘patient’ of Dr. Josef Mengele, Mr.Yitzhak Ganon. Mr. Ganon was of the survivors of the inhumane experiments that took place in Auschwitz by the hand of the abominable man that is Josef Mengele....   [tags: angel of death, evil, eugenics]

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Humans Conducting Experiments on Other Humans

- Human experimentation can be referred to in science as the use of human beings as experimental subjects for the fundamental purpose to develop or contribute to generalize knowledge about the physiological, psychological, or chemical processes involved in human functioning. Unacceptable human experimentation can be defined as experimentation on a human subject in which the subject is an unwilling or uninformed participant and/or the subject of the experiment is exposed to unnecessary pain and misery whether it be physically, mentally, or emotionally....   [tags: human experimentation, ethical standards]

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Should Animals Be Used For Medical Experiments?

- Have you ever thought why medicines work properly on people. Animals are the reason why medicines work the way they do. For many years, animals have been tortured and mistreated. One example is animal testing. Although technology has been advancing and developing, animals are still used for different types of testing. There have been many debates whether animals should be used for medical experiments or not. Animals have been exposed to many toxins, which eventually leads to their death. The animals have been used for different experiments and are kept in laboratories away from their natural habitats....   [tags: Animal rights]

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Animal Experiments And The Human Studies Approach

- Chapters 5 and 7 The premise of KSF’s argument is that “the human studies approach is often wrong and should not be used to discredit plausible animal evidence for hypothesizing human harm” (KSF, 58). Essentially, the reason for hypothesis building in animals is to reduce the amount of harm that could be applied to humans later on. In practice, KSF explains that the human-studies approach has been used by the U.S. chemical industry to reject experimental data from animals, in favor of “human-epidemiological data” to prove that specific pesticides can affect children (KSF, 60)....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Theory, Hypothesis]

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Stop Animal Cruelty in Science Experiments

- Animals are not only bred inside laboratories, but also obtained from special dealers, animal shelters, and directly from the wild. Dogs and cats are usually obtained from Class A or B dealers. Class A dealers specialize in selling purpose-bred animals, or animals bred specifically for experimentation. Class B dealers buy animals at auctions, through newspaper ads, or animal shelters, and then sell them to laboratories. Animals acquired from shelters is known as “pound seizure”.1 In the United States, there are no federal laws prohibiting pound seizure, but Washington D.C....   [tags: Animal Testing, Product Tests]

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Experiments with the Human Voice: Max Mathews

- ... In Sequenza III we experience the voice as the only expressive tool revealing a list of 15 techniques according to Berio. Some of his techniques include, “salvoes of laughter,” “teeth-chattering,” “tongue-trill against the upper lip,” as well as “44 agogic markings” such as “far away,” “dreamy,” “ecstatic,” “extremely intense” and “fading away.” It’s an exploration that give us a perpetual experience, by using such distinctive vocal techniques adjusting volumes tones and pitch so it increases and decreases the space covered....   [tags: noise, auditory history]

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Scientific And Ethical Issues Of Animal Experiments

- As practical and ethical issues play a major role in concerns linked with human experimentation, animal models have since been used in cancer research although the success rate of translation from the animal models to clinical trials have been less than 8%. This meaning the animal models is very limited in their ability to mimic the complex process of human carcinogenesis, physiology and progression where the safety and efficiency is not able to be translated to human trials. Animals can serve a purpose in the information in vivo but alternative techniques have emerged that could eventually replace the link between in vitro studies and clinical applications....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Model organism]

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Solomon Asch Conformity Experiments (1951)

- In 1951, Solomon Asch carried out several experiments on conformity. The aim of these studies was to investigate conformity in a group environment situation. The purpose of these experiments was to see if an individual would be swayed by public pressure to go along with the incorrect answer. Asch believed that conformity reflects on relatively rational process in which people are pressured to change their behaviour. Asch designed experiments to measure the pressure of a group situation upon an individual judgment....   [tags: Social Psychology, Solomon Asch]

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Long Duration Tethered Satellite Experiments

- According to Ruth Netting, the main objectives of the Tethered Satellite System (TSS) experiments were: to test the engineering performance of the TSS, study the electro-magnetic forces at work with the TSS, examine the dynamical forces acting on the TSS, and verify the possibility for the use of tethered satellite systems on future craft, such as the International Space Station (2013). The TSS-1 experiment was flown on the STS-46 mission in 1992, but the satellite only went 840 feet before a protruding bolt caused the reel to jam (Wall, 2011)....   [tags: Spacecraft, Mission, Space]

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Medical Experiments of the Holocaust

- Medical Experiments of the Holocaust As a society we place those in the medical profession on a pedestal. They are people to be looked up to and admired. In many ways they are Gods, right here with us on earth. People put the hope and faith in doctors hoping they can perform miracles. Throughout history, doctors have indeed preformed many wonders. There were, however, some doctors that betrayed this belief and peoples trust. These doctors could be found in concentration camps such as Auschwitz and Dachau....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Experiments on Animals Should Not be Banned

- Experiments on Animals Should Not be Banned (word count includes paper outline) Technology and animal testing have provided the human population with many advancements in the past century. Every opportunity to embrace these advancements should be used for the betterment of the human population. It is often an argument based on personal opinion, but once the facts are analyzed, the affirmatives of animal testing outweigh the rationale for banning animal testing. The study of diabetes, as well as other diseases, have benefited significantly from animal testing....   [tags: Animal Testing]

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Experiments Carried Out on Animals

- Experiments Carried Out on Animals This theme song to a popular cartoon is a farce dealing with experiments carried out on animals. In the cartoon one mouse is made very smart and wants to take over the world while the other is clearly not as smart. While the cartoon makes jokes, the reality is that mice and other animals re being used for medical tests every day. For some people this testing brings up ethical questions. One of the biggest questions: is it really necessary to take the lives of animals in the name of science and for the betterment of humanity....   [tags: Papers]

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The Ethical Concern Of Performing Harsh Experiments On People And Animals

- Psychologists seek numerous ways to employ their research, which consists of probing the human brain to discover the connections between mental processes and behavior, to advance the implementation of certain practices to help mental patients and gain a better perception of how the brain functions. However, there are a variety of issues regarding ethic guidelines stimulated from current and past experiments. A deeper analysis of the studies of B.F. Skinner and William Sargant explain the ethical concern of performing harsh experiments on people and animals along with the justification behind the research to develop effective treatment methods for the mentally ill patients....   [tags: Psychology, Human brain, Brain, Disability]

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Medical Experiments on Animals Create Abuse and Suffering

- ... One of the criteria a vivisection laboratory must follow is to “provide ethologically appropriate facilities (i.e., as would occur in their natural environment) for those chimpanzees…” (NIH to Reduce Significantly the Use of Chimpanzees in Research). The facilities that the chimpanzees are in must match the environment they would be in if they were in the wild. This criteria helps to eliminate the abuse of the animals, however not all facilities are required to have the animals in their own habitat-like area....   [tags: research, laboratories, vivisection]

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Factorial Design Experiments Involvling Combinations of Independent Variables

- ... In the identity-threat condition, their partner held sexist views. For instance, they would strongly agree with statements such as “I could not work for a female boss because women can be overly emotional and sensitive”. In the identity-safety condition, the partner was presented as nonsexist and strongly disagreed with sexist statements. The second independent variable in their 2 x 3 design was word type with three levels: 1) social-identity threatening; 2) illness threatening; and 3) nonthreatening....   [tags: sexism, hypothesis, conditioning]

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Small-Scale Experiments and Large-Scale Predictions

- Introduction: To understand the world’s climate, how it has changed and how it will change is quite a difficult task; a task that is extremely controversial. Scientists have been doing numerous small scale experiments and extrapolating the data to predict future trends in climate and emissions. This paper will show how extrapolating dating from small scale experiments is not always accurate and have a large margin of error. The paper will discuss the various methods that environmental scientists use in attempting to extrapolate data from small scale experiments....   [tags: Scientific Method Climate Change]

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Hawthorne: Experiments Gone Wrong

- Nathaniel Hawthorne is an author whose major fiction writing has influenced the literary world greatly during the course of the nineteenth century. His work during the Romantic period represents his world view through a specific style of writing. While his literature is particularly dark in tone, his short stories show a variety of symbols, themes, and characters. “The Minister’s Black Veil,” “The Birthmark,” and “Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment” are three of Hawthorne’s short stories that illustrate the similar and different nuances in tone and meaning seen in his writing....   [tags: Literature]

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Milgram Experiments

- The Milgram experiments, conducted by Stanley Milgram, focused on obedience to authority, and the lengths to which a subject would go, when prodded by someone in there authority. This may not seem at all a morally significant issue, however, the experiments were carried out in such a way that they would be under sever scrutiny by the courts and by the general population if attempted in western society today. The Milgram experiments, conducted in the U.S. in the 1960's, consisted of a subject, whom either volunteered or was selected, who was lorded by a laboratory official to administer increasingly higher amounts of electric shock to a victim who was sitting behind a screen in front of them...   [tags: Psychology]

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Animal Experiments

- Animal Experiments Animal experimentation by scientists can be cruel and unjust, but at the same time it can provide long term benefits for humanity. Animals used in research and experiments have been going on for 2,000 years and keep is going strong. It is a widely debated about topic all over the world. Some say it is inhuman while others say it’s for the good of human kind. There are many different reasons why people perform experiments and why others total disagree with it. Each year 20 million animals are produce and breed for the only purpose but to be tested on....   [tags: essays papers]

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Equilibrium Experiments

- Equilibrium Experiments Aim: To investigate the theory of equilibrium via the completion of two experiments which rely on the use of equations TPLcosq +TPMcosf, which can be rewritten as (Mass Ag) cosq+(Mass Bg) cosf. For the second part of the investigation I will try to prove the equation (W*x)/d +weight of a ruler. Introduction ============ In this investigation I will carry out two experiments, which in each case will prove a different aspect of the theory of equilibrium....   [tags: Papers]

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Enzyme Experiments

- Enzyme Experiments Central Experiment: The Action Of An Enzyme, e.g., amylase converting starch to reducing sugar. 1. Substrate: starch - use the same volume of the same starch solution each time 2. Enzyme: amylase - use the same volume of the same amylase solution each time 3. Only use starch and amylase solutions that test negative for reducing sugar with Benedict's Reagent 4. Four test tubes individually one third full of (a) starch solution, (b) amylase solution, (c) starch solution and (d) water 5....   [tags: Free Essays]

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Radioactivity Experiments

- Radioactivity Experiments Aim: To determine the penetrating power and the range in air of the three radioactive emissions alpha, beta and gamma. Apparatus: * gm tube, * clamp stand, * the counter thing, * ruler, * set-square Method of penetrating power of Alpha particles, Beta particles & Gamma Rays: The equipment was set up as shown below to measure the penetrating power of each radioactive source. Geiger-Muller Tube Again the measurements were taken without the absorber to measure background radiation....   [tags: Papers]

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Use of Experiments in Natural Sciences and in Sociology

- Use of Experiments in Natural Sciences and in Sociology Experiments are particularly important in natural sciences as they are the device used to either prove or disprove a hypothesis. Sciences such as chemistry or physiology operate in what is known as closed systems, where all the variables can be controlled. This means therefore that such experiments can be carried out, and effectively. Whereas it may be difficult in physical sciences to control the variables, and in sociology to recreate everyday life, natural sciences do not face the same overriding problems....   [tags: Sociology Essays]

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The Methods of Execution and the Medical Experiments at Auschwitz

- The Methods of Execution and the Medical Experiments at Auschwitz My report will deal with the ways the prisoners of the Auschwitz concentration camp were executed, and also the medical experiments that took place. Accurate statistics were not kept, but the estimation of deaths that took place at Auschwitz ranged from 1.5 million to 4 million. Jews were the largest number of people who were killed. Poles and Soviet prisoners were also killed. The principle sites of Auschwitz, were the executions took place, were in the courtyard, and also block 11....   [tags: Papers]

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The Stroop Effect Experiment

- The Stroop experiment can be traced back as far as the nineteen century around the time of some particular works of Cattell and Wundt. The experiment was first written about in 1929 in German. The experiment was name after John Ridley Stroop after he had written the article “Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions,” which was published in 1935.there have been over 700 replications of this experiment The experiment is a demonstration of reaction time of a task . The Stroop experiment employs two basic processes of cognition; attention (“the concentration of mental effort on sensory or mental events”) and automaticity (“a cognitive process that does not require conscious though...   [tags: Stroop Effect, Experiments, science, ]

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Elton Mayo’s Hawthorne Experiments

- Elton Mayo’s Hawthorne Experiments Biography of Elton Mayo George Elton Mayo was born on 26th December 1880 in Adelaide, South Australia. He was brought up by his respected colonial family. His father was a civil engineer who was married to Henrietta Mary nee Donaldson. They wanted their son, Elton Mayo to do well in his education and to succeed something in life. Mayo was looking forward to follow his grandfather’s path in medicine but, he failed his studies at university in Edinburgh, Scotland....   [tags: Business Management Studies]

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Exploring the Logic of Experimental Design

- Introduction “Maximin design maximizes either the minimum efficiency, or the minimum relative efficiency of the design relative to the optimal design, over a range of plausible parameter values, by choosing the design with the highest minimum” (van Breukelen, 2013, p. 154). A project worthy of research requires a logical design with strongly articulated elements, appropriate representative populations, and implemented controls to produce conclusive results to support theories, hypothesis, and the proposed research questions....   [tags: experiments, validity, research, control]

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Exploring Social Influence and the Experiments that Attempt to Explain Social Influence

- We live in a society where each individual has their own set of thoughts and beliefs. Occasionally one will modify their beliefs and behavior to coincide with a group. This is an example of social influence. Social influence has three main components; conformity, compliance and obedience. The concept of compliance is similar to conformity, however there is a slight difference. Compliance only requires a person to perform a task. The person does not have to agree or disagree with the assignment, just simply complete it....   [tags: Psychology, Sociology, Conformity]

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Reproducing Quantitatively and Realistically the Fragmentation Process Documented in Rock Cutting Experiments

- While domestic oil reserves remain plentiful at present, this supply is increasingly concentrated in geologically challenging and operationally complex settings such as deep formations, deepwater offshore, and lower permeability formations. Drilling a well into a reservoir is an expensive and time-consuming operation. In deep wells, the rate of penetration (ROP) is one of the major issues. Low ROP (e.g. 3 to 5 ft/hr) is mainly a result of the elevated compressive strength of the highly overburdened formations encountered at greater depths....   [tags: Research Proposal]

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The Natural Science, Writers Conduct Experiments, Make And Record Observations, And Report On Their Work

- In the natural sciences, writers conduct experiments, make and record observations, and report on their work in an effort to better understand the natural world. The natural sciences include a number of sub fields, including medicine, mathematics, physics and engineering, to name a few. Dr. James Mickle of North Carolina State University has been teaching in the sub field of biology since 1987. His research specializes in "whole-plant” taxonomy of fossil plants, conifer taxonomy and phylogeny, growth and development in fossil plant vegetative organs, and angiosperm fossil fruits taxonomy....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Nature, Writing]

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Photosynthetic Yield Acclimatization Experiments Were Produced By A Reef Flat, Crest And Slope

- Photosynthetic yield acclimatization experiments were conducted on the free-living coralline alga Lithophyllum kotschyanum in-situ during November 2012 on subtidal areas (~1m deep) of Suleman Reef, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt (28°28.79’N, 34°30.83’E). The reef is characterised by a reef flat, crest and slope. The reef flat is 100m in width with a depth of 0.8m at high tide and is dominated by macroalgae including L. kotschyanum. At the edge of the reef flat, the reef crest is predominantly encrusted with Porolithon sp....   [tags: Photosynthesis, Oxygen, Algae]

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A Research Study On The Nazi Experiments During World War II

- After learning about the Nazi experiments during World War II, countries around the world became sensitive to the need to protect human subjects in research. One result of this increased sensitivity is the creation of Institutional Review Boards (IRBs). While IRBs have several responsibilities, the IRBs’ function is to protect the welfare and safety of human beings enrolled as subjects in any type of research. This protection expands even to minimal risks research studies such as interviews. Although, for the most part IRBs are serving their functions, there are some problems with the committees....   [tags: Risk management, Risk assessment, Risk]

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We Must Protect Animals from Needless Experiments

- We Must Protect Animals from Needless Experiments Picture this: Researchers place a dog in a device called a “shuttlebox” which consists of a box divided into two compartments separated by a barrier. Hundreds of intense electric shocks are delivered to the dog’s feet through a grid floor. At first the dog is able to escape the shock by jumping across the barrier, but then the barrier is replaced by a piece of plate glass. The dog is tested again and, as expected, tries to jump over the barrier, but instead he smashes his head into the glass....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]

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An Analysis and Evaluation of Data from Photosynthesis Experiments

- An Analysis and Evaluation of Data from Photosynthesis Experiments Graph analysis This is my analysis for the investigation in to the affect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis to the Canadian pondweed, elodea. In the results the pattern is that when the light intensity is higher the readings are generally higher. On the graph the less the light intensity the lower the gradient of the curve. the equation for the photosynthesis process is; CO2 + 2H2O + Light Energy ========> [CH2O} + O2 + H2O, This shows that when the light intensity is increased the rate of reaction will be more quicker he only anomalous result there was, is the one in the 1...   [tags: Papers]

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-  newspaper  measuring cups  1 cup of dry cornstarch  large bowl or pan  food coloring (if you want)  1/2 cup of water Put newspaper down on your counter or tabletop. Put the cornstarch into the bowl. Add a drop or two of food coloring. (Use whatever colors you like.) Add water slowly, mixing the cornstarch and water with your fingers until all the powder is wet. Keep adding water until the Ooze feels like a liquid when you're mixing it slowly....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Factors Affecting the Rate of Enzyme activity

- Enzymes are efficient proteins which play a part in cellular metabolic processes. Enzymes have the ability to improve the rate of reactions among living organisms. (Phillips, 2009) Although they work as a part of the reaction, they do not go through lasting alterations and therefore remain unchanged by the end of the reaction. They can only alter the rate of reaction. (Royal Society of Chemistry) Enzyme activity was first studied in a test tube in 1833 by Payen and Persoz. Temperature, pH, enzyme concentration, substrate concentration, as well as the presence of any inhibitors or activators are all factors which affect the rate at which enzymatic reactions occur....   [tags: science experiments, ]

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Dangerously Compliant: Yale University's Experiments on Compliance Behavior

- ... The subject thinks he will be the teacher, who will ask questions and send a bolt of electricity through the learner’s body each time he misses a question. The learner will be strapped to an electric chair while asked the series of questions. The voltage will increase each time a question is incorrect. The volts range from 15-450, above each are labels showing the level of severity from least to most amount of pain. Before beginning, the teacher is given a 45-volt shock that helps him to believe in the machine....   [tags: obedient, pain, authority]

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Amnesia in Singular Case Studies and the Experiments Developed Thereof

- Memory storage in the human brain is one of the greatest mysteries of neuroscience. Knowing how and where the brain stores our memories is a much sought after piece of information. Computer scientists want to know so they can make better memory storage devices, philosophers want to know so they can better hypothesize whether or not the mind is separate from the brain, and neuroscientists want to know so they can eradicate, or at least alleviate, amnesia. There are two particularly famous amnesiacs, known as HM and EP, who, in efforts to better understand their condition, scientists developed new tests and procedures to evaluate brain function and attempt to determine what parts of the brain...   [tags: memory storage, neuroscience, brain]

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Vision Correction: Leonardo Da Vinci experiments

- Before 1887, people relied on spectacles as their main source of vision correction. It is unknown when spectacles came to existence, however, the “oldest known lens were found in the ruins of ancient Nineveh” (Drewry, 2001). Spectacles were magnifying glasses, used to make objects appear larger than its actual size. Not only were spectacles magnifying glasses, they were also used by the Chinese to protect your eyes from evil forces (Drewry, 2001). The majority of Europeans were self-conscious about wearing spectacles in public....   [tags: europeans, scleral lenses, contact lenses]

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Classical Conditioning and Behaviorism

- ... Maybe too many people have read this book and that is why America is an obese nation. If we all experienced being hungry and ate until the physical and emotional effects that came with being hungry we’d be in trouble, everyone know if you eat and still feel hungry you should give your body time to process some of the food you have eaten, however if your eating Chinese food that is an entirely different animal altogether. Watson’s experimentations on Albert are now seen by some as gross abuse of his powers as a practitioner of science....   [tags: Watson's experiments]

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Classical Conditioning: Ivan Pavlov

- Ivan Pavlov, a russian behaviorist, is known for his classic conditioning experiments. Classical Conditioning is a type of learning where we associate two stimuli. It is noted that his curiosity aspired when he noticed salivation ran on the tangent of putting food in a dogs mouth. He began noticing that the dog not only salivated to the food in its mouth but with the environment associated with food such as location, sight of the person feeding him, the food dish, even the sound of footsteps. Pavlov considered these “psychic secretions” an annoyance of his study until he realized it all apart of the form of learning....   [tags: Behaviorist, Experiments]

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Investigation Based And Project Based Learning

- Inquiry based and project based learning in my classroom Inquiry instruction has been the cornerstone of my instructional philosophy from the very beginning of my career as an educator. My Science training before becoming an educator, my love for science, and importantly, my teacher training experiences all convinced me long ago that inquiry instruction was vital for success in students learning science. Therefore, no matter what the particular instructional delivery, I have always tried to build inquiry into my lessons....   [tags: Experiment, Design of experiments, Ball]

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Obedience, by Ian Parker and Review of Stanley Milgram’s Experiments on Obedience, by Diana Baumrind

- Stanley Milgram, a social psychologist in 1963, conducted an experiment about human obedience that was deemed as one of the most controversial social psychology experiments ever (Blass). The original intent of the experiment was to determine if the Germans during WWII were simply obeying to authority when carrying out the Holocaust. The test subject, or teacher, would administer electric shocks to the learner, a paid actor, when he incorrectly answered the word pairings. The shocks started at 15v and went up by 15v increments up to 450v for every wrong answer....   [tags: Social Psychology, Comparison]

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Review of Stanley Milgram’s Experiments on Obedience, by Diana Baumrind and Obedience, by Ian Parker

- Upon analyzing his experiment, Stanley Milgram, a Yale psychologist, concludes that people will drive to great lengths to obey orders given by a higher authority. The experiment, which included ordinary people delivering “shocks” to an unknown subject, has raised many questions in the psychological world. Diana Baumrind, a psychologist at the University of California and one of Milgram’s colleagues, attacks Milgram’s ethics after he completes his experiment in her review. She deems Milgram as being unethical towards the subjects he uses for testing and claims that his experiment is irrelevant to obedience....   [tags: Authority, Article Analysis]

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Characteristics Of Conformity And Compliance Based Studies And Experiments By Social Psychologist Dillard, Milgram And Asch

- Have you ever felt the need to be a part of a group to be popular. But realized you don’t meet their standards. In society there comes a point when people are placed in certain situations where they have to conform and comply, in order to feel accepted. Even though, many people have different views, opinions and ideas compliance and conformity are always the two main key factors in an individual’s performance. Social psychologists conducted many experiments to understand compliance and conformity on individuals....   [tags: Conformity, Social psychology]

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Urie Bronfenfrenner's Ecolocial System Presented in the Ecolocy of Human Development Experiments in Nature and Design

- Bronfenfrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory Russian- born American psychologist, Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917 – 2005) developed the ecological systems theory of human development. This paradigm was presented in The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design, (1979). Bronfenbrenner proposed that interactions with others and the environment are key to human development. He described our environment in terms of an “ecological system” which can be divided into four socially organized subsystems, or “layers of environment,” (Bronfenbrenner, 1979) that support and help human growth....   [tags: environment, microsystems, education]

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What Really Happened in the Concentration Camps

- ... He was nice to the children he would soon experiment on. He would befriend them by giving them chocolates and candy. Mengele was kind of like a short term father figure in the children’s eyes. So then the children trusted him and called him “Uncle Mengele.” Mengele got “his” experimental Jews from the selection when the Jews first got to the Concentration Camp. He could do this because part of his job was to help in the selection of the individuals to be selected for the experiments. Whenever a pair of twins came along, most of the time Mengele got them selected for his experiments first....   [tags: medical experiments, Jewish Holocaust]

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The Importance of Lister’s Experiments With Anti Septic in the Development of Safer Surgery

- The Importance of Lister’s Experiments With Anti Septic in the Development of Safer Surgery As well as anaesthetics, antiseptics were the most important discovery of the 19th century in the medical profession. After May 16th 1867, when Lister published his results of using his treatments on eleven compound fracture cases, antiseptics were used much more and the amount of deaths from sepsis decreased dramatically. Lister’s results showed that eight out of the eleven patients he treated with a compound fracture made a full recovery....   [tags: Papers]

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The Thought-experiments in Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse Five or the Children's Crusade: A Duty Da

- The Thought-experiments in Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse Five or the Children's Crusade: A Duty Dance With Death In 1945 Kurt Vonnegut witnessed a horrific series of bombings that led to the destruction of the German city of Dresden, where he was taken as a prisoner of war. The controversial fire-storm raid, carried out by bombers of the Royal Air Force and US Air Force, took casualties of up to a quarter million people (Klinkowitz x-xi). As a prisoner of war, Vonnegut was forced to participate as a corpse miner in the city's cleanup process....   [tags: Slaughterhouse-Five Essays]

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Rates of reaction. Before I carry out my experiments I will have to draw up a plan to ensure that the experiments are carried out properly. Below is a

- Science Coursework Plan I have been set a task to investigate the rates of reaction. Before I carry out my experiments I will have to draw up a plan to ensure that the experiments are carried out properly. Below is a few things that is essential in a plan: 1) Factors: I must have a factor for everything. 2) Explain Factor: I must explain all of the factors. 3) Explain Concentration: I must explain how much concentration I put in to my investment. 4) Preliminary Experiment: This document describes identified hazards of an experiment and the measures taken to eliminate, control or mitigate them....   [tags: Papers]

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The Link Between Time, Money, and Morality

- Money has mould, transformed and created a society where monetary security has triumphed over the essential concept of time and human morality, this correlating relationship has been highlighted in the paper, Psychological Science: Time, money and morality. Freud reinforces this point as ““…money questions will be treated by cultured people in the same manner as sexual matters, with the same inconsistency, prudishness and hypocrisy.” (Richard Trachtman 1998,   [tags: ethics, relationships, experiments]

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The Stanford Prison Experiment : Experiment

- Would you go into prison to get paid. Do you believe that you will come out the same or become different. Do not answer that. The Stanford Prison Experiment was an experiment that was conduct in 1971 by a team of researchers led by psychology professor Philip Zimbardo. Seventy applicants answered the ad and were narrowed down to 24 college students, which half were assigned either to be guards or prisoners by random selection. Those 24 college students were picked out from the of 70 applicants by taking personality tests and given diagnostic interviews to remove any candidates with psychological problems, medical disabilities, or a history of crime or drug abuse....   [tags: Stanford prison experiment, Philip Zimbardo]

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Confirmation of Bacterial Transformation and DNA as the Inducing Material

- Confirmation of Bacterial Transformation and DNA as the Inducing Material   Confirmation of Transformation and DNA as the Inducing Material Introduction The experiments in this report are a recreation the famous Griffith and Avery experiments which discovered the transformation process that bacteria can undertake and that DNA is the genetic material, respectively (Griffth, 1928. Avery 1944). Bacteria can incorporate foreign DNA found in their medium into their genomes in a process known as transformation....   [tags: genetic studies and experiments]

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The Big Squeeze An Artitcle Published by Kenneth Chang

- ... Internally, the cylinder plates push two no greater than quarter to half a carat diamonds together; one diamond has a tip that is notched in the shape of a caldera which helps in the trapping of the substances which is going to be compressed. The other tip of the diamond is shaped with a point. A Carnegie researcher, Timothy A. Strobel, recently has been using a diamond anvil to construct a new structure of silicon that has the possibility and capability to efficiently turn sunlight into electricity....   [tags: experiments, researches at carnegie institution]

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