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Albert Camus and His Views on Existentialism

- Albert Camus is considered one of the greatest existentialist writers of all time. However, although he was considered an existentialist writer, Camus never labeled himself as an existentialist. “No, I am not an existentialist”  (Albert Camus: Lyrical and Critical Essays, Vintage (1970)) Camus rejected in an 1945 interview, however in some of his literary works, some find that his writings are one of a true existentialistic thinker. Although many contrast these thoughts and believe that Camus was anything but a thinker of this philosophy, Camus is one of the main authors that people turn to research and read to understand the thinking of existentialism....   [tags: Existentialist Writer]

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The meaning of the suffering of Meursault from the angle of existentialist crisis

- Existentialism tends to focus on the question of human existence — the feeling that there is no purpose, indeed nothing, at the core of existence. The term itself suggests one major theme: the stress on concrete individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice. Sartre did not believe in God, so there was no place for the essence of humanity to be before human existence. For Existentialists like Sartre, the absence of God has a much larger significance than the metaphysics of creation....   [tags: Existentialism]

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Hamlet, the Existentialist

- Shakespeare’s Hamlet is a tragic play about murder, betrayal, revenge, madness, and moral corruption. It touches upon philosophical ideas such as existentialism and relativism. Prince Hamlet frequently questions the meaning of life and the degrading of morals as he agonizes over his father’s murder, his mother’s incestuous infidelity, and what he should or shouldn’t do about it. At first, he is just depressed; still mourning the loss of his father as his mother marries his uncle. After he learns about the treachery of his uncle and the adultery of his mother, his already negative countenance declines further....   [tags: Shakespearean Literature ]

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The Grief of Existentialist in Albert Camus’s Work of Fiction, "The Stranger"

- Albert Camus’s work of fiction, The Stranger, explores the life of a French man known as Meursault after his mother dies of old age. Meursault does not feel grief for his mothers death as he believes that doing so is pointless since he, as well as Camus himself, is an atheist and an existentialist. As such, he doesn’t concern himself with traditional emotions and beliefs and is instead only concerned with the physical world around him and his physical interactions with it. This is best exemplified when comparing the novels opening paragraph, “Maman died today....   [tags: Albert Camus, Stranger, Grief, Existentialism, ]

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Meaning and Existentialism in My Life

- Existentialism is a phiosophy which revolves around the central belief that we create ourselves. External factors are not important. It is the way that we let external factors affect us that determines who we are. As individuals we all have the freedom to choose our own path and that is what life is all about. Along with the freedom of choice comes the responsibilty of one's actions which can make some people anxious but give others meaning to their lives. To overcome this anxiousness and accept responsibilty is to meet the challenges of life and to truly live it....   [tags: Existentialism, ]

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Jean Paul Sartre's No Exit And Its Existentialist Themes

- Jean Paul Sartre's No Exit And Its Existentialist Themes I would like to take this opportunity to discuss Jean Paul Sartre's philosophy and it's integration into his play "No Exit". Embedded within the character interactions are many Sartrean philosophical themes. Personal attributes serve to demonstrate some of the more dominant ideas in Sartre's writings. Each of the three characters in the play show identifiable characteristics of sexual perversion, bad faith, and interactions of consciousness.This play takes an interesting setting, that of the afterlife....   [tags: No Exit Jean Paul Sartre Essays Existentialism]

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Existentialist Themes Of Anxiety And Absurdity

- Existentialist Themes of Anxiety and Absurdity In a world with such a vast amount of people there exists virtually every different belief, thought, and ideology. This means that for every argument and every disagreement that their exists two sides of relative equal strength. It is through these disagreements that arguments are formed. Arguments are the building blocks in which philosophers use to analyze situations and determine theories of life. For the purpose of this paper I will try and argue my personal beliefs on a specific argument....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Anxiety Essays]

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The Individual’s Existentialist Struggle Rooted in Fear

- The individual is naturally comprised of a conglomeration of cumbersome and distressing emotions, such as fear and distress. It is within inane circumstances that human beings are able to experience inherent fear. In moments of fear, people are able to apply existentialist thought, for it is through fear in which people decide to act. Existentialism is a philosophical theory that is governed by authenticity, which is that the existence of a person is determined through the acts of their own will (“Existentialism”)....   [tags: Power of Fear]

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Calvin and Hobbes: An Existentialist View

- Calvin and Hobbes: An Existentialist View Faster and faster, the slick red wagon slaloms across the rocky terrain, carrying a blonde-headed boy and his stuffed tiger along each turn of the track. Calvin, an imaginative six year old who makes us laugh with his childish antics, and Hobbes, the philosophical stuffed tiger, both make a statement about the world they were created in. Calvin and Hobbes is essentially an existentialist comic strip. Through Calvin’s desperate and unique choices and circumstances, he untraditionally fights against a continually changing world....   [tags: Comics Calvin Hobbes Essays]

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Existentialist View Of Human Condition

- Existentialist View of Human Condition Two of the main principles of Existentialist Human Condition are: That man exists and then creates himself and what man chooses for himself he chooses for everyone else as well. Lets examine the first principle: man exists and then defines himself. What it means is that man is created on this earth and is nothing but a body, blood and guts. What he chooses to do and to be is what makes him a man. If a man comes into this world and chooses to steal, cheat, kill and lie then that is what that man has made himself to be....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Existentialist Views of Hamlet

- The Existentialist Views of Hamlet        Do we matter. Will anything we do endure. These are questions from existentialism. The dictionary defines existentialism as "the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for his acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad" (Merriam Webster). In the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare, Hamlet struggles with the concept that nothing from our lives last and time grinds everything away. Hamlet's major conflict was his existentialist view of the world....   [tags: Essays on Shakespeare Hamlet]

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An Existentialist Meaning of Life

- An Existentialist Meaning of Life Arguably one of the most pondered questions in philosophical thought has been, “What is the meaning of life?” Humans have been put on this earth with the knowledge of self awareness and the ability to manipulate the environments that they inhabit to a greater extent than any other species on the planet. Ultimately one must wonder what purpose there is to one’s own existence and define what it means for them to be. Presupposing the existence of different human beings in the external world, there would undoubtedly be varying opinions regarding the ultimate purpose of existence....   [tags: Papers]

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Sun Related Elements and The Existentialist Philosophy in The Outsider

- From the first few sentences of Albert Camus’ The Outsider, the protagonist, Meursault, is characterized as an amoral man. He is seemingly indifferent to the death of his own mother, despite the fact that societal principles would suggest he be deeply emotionally affected. His thoughts are instead centered upon the sun, which in return dictates his actions. In the novel, the sun is a representation of the societal weight which urges individuals to conform to norms. The presence of the sun indicates the stages of the development of Meursault’s belief in existentialism....   [tags: Absolute Freedom, Societal Pressure]

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Existentialist Views on Death

- Existentialist Views on Death What is Existentialism. Existentialism is a philosophy developed chiefly in the 20th century that attempts find meaning in a seemingly meaningless world. The central theme of existentialism is that an individual must assume all responsibilities for his or her acts of free will without any absolute knowledge of what is right or wrong. Existentialism analyzes this somewhat dismal situation mankind has been thrown into, and produces a model for how an individual should live his or her life....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

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How Does Meursault Become an Existentialist Hero?

- Meursault is the protagonist and narrator in Albert Camus' The Outsider, and at first notice, he is seen to be someone who is rather 'colourless', emitting a very boring and uninteresting aura. It is during his time spent in prison (convicted of a murder which wasn't cold-blooded, but rather one that was due to a chain of events) that he becomes an existentialist hero. Right from the start of the novel, Meursault is introduced to the reader as a person that is distant. For one, he doesn't even know the day his own mother died[1]....   [tags: Literature Review ]

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I Am an Existentialist

- I consider myself an existentialist. There are two basic approaches to this philosophy: either one rejoices in the freedom of the idea that a higher power is not imposing rules and purpose onto our existence, or, one sinks beneath the burden of responsibility that this bequeaths. Existentialists like Sartre, who can only see the bleak and meaningless aspects of living, have missed the opportunity that this philosophy gives to structure and guide their lives based on their own inner moral principles....   [tags: Personal Narrative, essay about myself]

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Grendel the Existentialist Monster

- Grendel the Existentialist Monster The monster Grendel is the ironic eye through which the action is viewed and from this perspective he provides the reader with never-ending examples of buffoonery and self-parody. Often his claims reveal the Sartrean component in his makeup: "I create the whole universe, blink by blink"(Gardner 22). Gardner,of course,wants to make a point here about solipsism. There is more to the objective world than Grendel's ego. Naturally the universe still exists when Grendel closes his eyes....   [tags: Grendel Essays]

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Understanding Existentialism

- Do we matter. Do we seek personal happiness in life. These are questions from existentialism. The dictionary defines existentialism as an individual’s experience filled with isolation in a hostile universe where a human being attempts to find true self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility. Hamlet is an existentialist character who believes that he is forced to avenge his father’s death and the hatred builds in his heart because of the many betrayals which direct him towards a senseless life and constant thoughts about suicide; this ultimately leads to his demise and he is left with naught....   [tags: Existentialism]

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A Clockwork Orange Essay: Existentialist Analysis

- Existentialist Analysis of Burgess' A Clockwork Orange      Freedom and liberalism are catchwords that appear frequently in both philosophical and political rhetoric. A free man is able to choose his actions and his value system, to express his views and to develop his most authentic character. What this kind of idealistic liberalism seems to forget, however, is that liberty does not mean a better society, better life or humanistic values such as equality and justice. In his novel A Clockwork Orange (1962), Anthony Burgess portrays an ultimately free individual and shows how a society cannot cope with the freedom which it in rhetoric so eagerly seeks to promote....   [tags: Clockwork Orange Essays]

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The Importance of Themes in A Clean, Well-Lighted Place by Ernest Hemingway

- ... Once the Old man asked for another glass of brandy the Younger waiter insists that they are closed, the Older waiter asked him why he did not let the Old man stay and have another drink. He replies by explaining yet again that he would like to go home because he is not lonely like the Old man and would like to see his wife. As the waiters are conversing we are witness to the fact that both waiters are in fact very different from eachother. The Older waiter says that he does not like to close the cafe in case someone needs it, because the cafe is much different from a bar, it is a clean well-lighted place....   [tags: despair, existentialist, nothingness]

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The Foundation of Spirituality in Albert Camus' Novel, The Stranger

- The pointlessness of existence is uncovered and expounded upon with an approach such that the foundation of spirituality is disturbed in Albert Camus’ existential novel “The Stranger”. The conception that compels this novel is one Albert Camus named himself, the “absurd”. An absurd person lives simply to fulfill the obligation of existence. In addition, static tools of chance and coincidence govern all action. Camus uses Mersault, as the primary vehicle to relate this concept. Mersault, lives out a seemingly normal life of indifference until the central climax of the novel changes him....   [tags: existentialist works, absurd, shooting]

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The Old Man and the Sea, by Ernest Hemingway

- Some people will go far in order to get what they want, but how many individuals would be willing to die for the sake of creating their own fate. Deciding one’s meaning of life with sincerity and passion is the core of existentialism. This philosophy plays an integral part in Hemingway’s writing, as well as his personal life. Paradigms of existentialism appear often in Hemingway’s book, The Old Man and the Sea, especially when Santiago, the old man, is determined to fell the great marlin he pursues, wants to prove to Manolin how much of a strange old man he is, and contends against the brutal sharks when there is little chance of him succeeding....   [tags: Existentialist Views, Santiago]

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The Glass Menagerie: Existentialist Responsibilities Conveyed Through the Character Tom

- The story of a young Tennessee Williams is poetically portrayed through a 1945 Broadway Play, The Glass Menagerie. The main character, Tom Wingfield, lives in his family’s apartment with his mother, Amanda Wingfield, and sister, Laura Wingfield. Their father left the family, and he remains a silent character appearing as a portrait on the apartment wall. Throughout the seven scenes, the immaturity of each family member is revealed. In search of adventure, Tom has dreams of being a writer and wishes to leave his family and factory job, like his father, to join the Merchant Marines....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Human Relations in Camus' Novel, The Outsider, from an Existentialist View

- Human relations are very important for any human, and differ from one age to another because of the emerging of different movements across time. The human relations with God, love, society, death etc… are relations that human make to live his life. I study in this paper the human relations in The Outsider novel by Albert Camus from an existentialist view. I want to study Meursault relations who is the main character in Albert Camus’s novel The Outsider , Meursault is being executed because he kills an arab person, but the main reason is that he does not cry at his mother’ funeral and lives his life as there is nothing happened, he goes in the next day to swim and he makes love with his fr...   [tags: The Outsider, Philosophy]

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Existentialism

- Existentialism 'Existence precedes essence'. These are the few words that many people live by. These words describe a philosophy called Existentialism. The philosophical term, Existentialism, came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. Jean Paul Sartre wrote 'No Exit', where he portrayed his philosophy negatively. On the other hand, Albert Camus, who wrote The Stranger, portrayed Existentialism positively through his characters. Each author uses the characteristics of Existentialism positively or negatively to define their own story as well as their characters as true Existentialists or not      Existentialism has been described as a philosophical movement especially of the 20th cent...   [tags: Philosophy Sartre Existentialist Essays]

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Existentialist Perception Of The Human Condition: With Special Reference To Sartre

- Existentialist Perception Of The Human Condition: With Special Reference To Sartre ABSTRACT: Existentialism lays stress on the existence of humans; Sartre believed that human existence is the result of chance or accident. There is no meaning or purpose of our lives other than what our freedom creates, therefore, we must rely on our own resources. Sartre thought that existence manifests itself in the choice of actions, anxiety and freedom of the will. In this way the responsibility of building one's future is in one's hands, but the future is uncertain and so one has no escape from anxiety and despair....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

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Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot as an Existentialist Play

- Waiting for Godot as an Existentialist Play           The play, Waiting For Godot, is centred around two men, Estragon and Vladimir, who are waiting for a Mr. Godot, of whom they know little. Estragon admits himself that he may never recognize Mr. Godot, "Personally I wouldn't know him if I ever saw him." (p.23). Estragon also remarks, "… we hardly know him." (p.23), which illustrates to an audience that the identity of Mr. Godot is irrelevant, as little information is ever given throughout the play about this indefinable Mr....   [tags: Waiting for Godot Essays]

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Existentialist Reflection in Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot

- - What you waiting for. -I'm waiting for Godot This little dialogue sums up this piece of Nobel prize winning author Samuel Beckett's most popular absurdist play, Waiting For Godot, which is one of the first examples of Theatre of the Absurd. It begins with two lonely tramps on a roadside who are awaiting the arrival of a figure referred to as Godot and ends with the same scene. The sheer emptiness and randomness of the plot causes the audience (or the reader) to wonder if anything is going to happen, and whether there is any meaning in anything in the play – or in life....   [tags: religion, responsibility, philosophy]

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Hardy's Tess of the d'Urbervilles - Existentialist Failure to Create and Preserve Meaning

- Tess of the d'Urbervilles - Existentialist Failure to Create and Preserve Meaning       When wilt thou awake, O Mother, wake and see‹ As one who, held in trance, has laboured long By vacant rote and prepossession strong‹ The coils that thou hast wrought unwittingly; Wherein have place, unrealized by thee, Fair growths, foul cankers, right enmeshed with wrong, Strange orchestras of victim-shriek and song, And curious blends of ache and ecstasy?‹ (Hardy, "The Sleep-Worker")   Inherent in the ruthless progress of society, there paradoxically lies a growing moral deterioration....   [tags: Tess of the d'Urbervilles Essays]

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Jean Paul Sartre's Existentialist Belief, We Are Completely Free

- ... I support Sartre’s position on that idea that humans are completely free. I believe that we are responsible for our human nature and purpose by the actions we choose to take. I agree with the idea that people are first born and then they choose their existence. Everyone has to be born, but once you are born I feel that you are free to become who you choose to be. There are always options and different paths to take in life; it is just a matter of what one is chosen by you to take. I don’t believe that there is a universal human nature that is shared by all humans in the universe....   [tags: philisophy, actions, agony]

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Questions on Existentialist Authors

- ... People who are living lives to the fullest (most, Heidegger would argue) do not make the right choices in life because they do not understand the world in front of them. This makes them unhappy, but they make no effort to understand their unhappiness. They end up in this crude form of being Heidegger calls everydayness, where people go about their daily lives understanding nothing. Another theme Heidegger connects to everydayness is chatter, in which talk is reduced down to empty words. All of these concepts interact with each other, turning man from the happy and brilliant people they had the prospects of becoming into the alienated and unhappy people they are now....   [tags: Heidegger, Camus, Sartre, modern philosophy]

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Existentialists in the Television Show Spongebob Squarepants

- Children across the world enjoy the television show Spongebob for its loveable characters and humor. The most prominent of these characters is Spongebob Squarepants, a personified sponge who lives in a pineapple under the sea, in a town called Bikini Bottom. He spends the majority of his time working as a chef at the Krusty Krab, a fast food restaurant run by a greedy crab named Mr. Krabs. Spongebob’s neighbor and co-worker, Squidward Tentacles, has a very cynical view of life, constantly complaining about Spongebob and praising the clarinet and other arts....   [tags: Spongebob Squarepants, ]

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Yukio Mishima's The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea -  Existentialist Views On Death

- Yukio Mishima's The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea -  Existentialist Views On Death   Cultures all over the world have different convictions surrounding the final, inevitable end for all humans - death. In the United States, and in most Westernized cultures we tend to view death as something that can be avoided through the use of medicine, artificial respiration machines, and the like. To us, death is not a simple passing, and usually, we do not accept it as a normal part of life. Death, to Westernized folk, is not celebrated, but is rather something to be feared, something that haunts us all in the back of our minds....   [tags: Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea]

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Jean-Paul Sartre's No Exit and Existentialis

- No Exit and Existentialis Jean-Paul Sartre's portrayal of Hell in No Exit is fueled with dramatic irony, implemented in order to amuse the reader. Sartre's illustration of Hades is very psychological, and instead of Satan agonizing you, three roommates take to the task. They each in turn irritate and aggravate one another, thus making themselves hysterical, and thus producing dramatic irony. In addition to a door that will not open, and living in a windowless room, all three characters possess no eyelids, and thus are unable to sleep....   [tags: essays papers]

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The Philosophy of Existentialism

- ‘The most dangerous follower is he whose defection would destroy the whole party: that is to say, the best follower.’ – Friedrich Nietzsche Being recognizable and distinctive nowadays is something most individuals seek after. To become important or standing out in any community is not something today’s individuals have created or whatsoever. Ever since the twentieth century and even before, that belief and eagerness to prove your existence has been noticeably present. Not only between common people has this been there, also philosophers had sincerely thought about that humanly keenness to prove that one is different and essential, and tried to philosophically explain it....   [tags: Philosophy, Nietzsche, Socrates]

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Kierkegaard and Abraham: A Literary Tool and Belief in the Ideal Christian-Existentialist

- Abraham, the father of the Christian, Jewish, and Islamic religions is held up by Kierkegaard as the perfect model for faith in Fear and Trembling. The specific example most strongly used in Kierkegaard’s writing is the unhesitant actions of Abraham to heed God’s call and sacrifice his only son and promised heir to his kingdom, Isaac. Abraham faithfully follows God’s command without remorse, doubt, sadness, or anger. It is only moments before the murder and sacrifice of Isaac that God intervenes and send a ram in his stead....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Rejection of Existentialism

- In his defense of existentialism, Sartre first defines the unifying factor of existentialism, (for both atheist and deist alike), as the belief that existence precedes essence. To help illustrate his point he presents the example of a paper knife, an object that possess a set of qualities that enable it to carry out its purpose. He states that it would not have been created without a particular purpose, therefore its essence precedes its existence. (Sartre) Sartre rejects this idea when it comes to mankind and declares that humans in themselves have no nature and define themselves after coming into existence....   [tags: Sartre, atheistic worldview]

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Life Value vs. Existentialism in Grendel

- A main theme in John Gardner’s Grendel, is the constant competition of the ideas of meaning in life versus existentialism. Throughout the novel, Grendel makes a steady spiritual decay to the point of denying any value or significance in life itself. He believes the world is nothing more than “a mechanical chaos of casual, brute enmity on which we stupidly impose our hopes and fears”(16). This progression starts at a young age, and through out the twelve years of Grendel’s life, he grows closer to a total commitment to this theory....   [tags: meaning, existentialism, John Gardner]

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Existentialism and Its Role today

- The Good Life is an expression representing how one would like to live out their life. In other words, how that person achieves happiness. There are three theories that correlate to the Good Life: daoism, stoicism, and existentialism. Since each person defines their happiness differently, each person has their own opinion as to whether or not what is read to be correct or not. The goal is to at least shine a light onto what everyone seems drawn towards. Existentialism is an important theory to consider in order to achieve the Good Life....   [tags: Jean Paul Sartre, Kierkegarrd]

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Existentialism and its Role Today

- The Good Life is an expression representing how one would like to live out their life. In other words, how that person achieves happiness. The three more relevant theories that correlate to the Good Life are Daoism, Stoicism, and Existentialism. Since each person defines their happiness differently, each person has their own opinion as to whether or not what is read to be correct or not. The goal is to at least shine a light to what everyone seems drawn towards. Existentialism is an important theory to consider in order to achieve the Good Life....   [tags: phylosphy, happiness, life]

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Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- In The Stranger by Albert Camus there are many points where Camus’s personal beliefs in existentialism are found. Camus showed his existentialistic beliefs by using his characters to make social commentaries on multiple different social institution, including marriage, time, and society itself. Camus uses all of his characters to show his social commentaries with specific characters going to show what existentialists believe are bad qualities of social institutions. Some of the social institutions that are shown in this novel are marriage, time, and the idea of a group of people forming a society altogether....   [tags: Marie, Raymond, Perez, and Meursault]

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Existentialism

- In his 1946 essay Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre undertakes the task of defending existentialism against what he defines as “charges” (341) brought against it. Sartre begins to outline the “charges” brought against existentialism and further, existentialists. Following the medieval quaestio-form, Sartre begins with the statement of the objection, a short discussion, and then his reply to each. The first of the charges is that of quietism. “First, it has been charged with inviting people to remain in a kind of desperate quietism because, since no solutions are possible, we should have to consider action in this world as quite impossible” (341)....   [tags: Analysis, Jean-Paul Sartre]

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A Brief Introduction to Existentialism

- Existentialism: A Brief Introduction Existentialism is a philosophical thought that became popular and reached its pinnacle after the world war 2nd “commonly associated with Left-Bank Parisian cafes and the ‘family’ of philosophers Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir who gathered there in the years immediately following the liberation of Paris at the end of World War II.” (Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction ix). The oxford dictionary explains Existentialism as “the theory that humans are free and responsible for their own actions in a world without meaning.” Here the ‘world without meaning’ has to be given more stress as in it the essence of existentialism lies....   [tags: philosophy, truth, human interaction]

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Existentialism in Unknown Places

- ... She sees other women trapped inside of it at certain times of the day and becomes determined to set them free. She even goes as far as saying that she can smell the yellow coming off of the wallpaper (Gilman 7). As both of these previous examples have showcased more of the physical side of the results, the inner side of them is shown more in The Stranger and Hamlet. When Meursault’s mother dies, he doesn’t feel the amount of grief that is expected. After her funeral, his lack of feeling snowballs into some even bigger things....   [tags: The Breakfast Club, Hamlet, Metamorphosis]

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Existentialism

- Rarely in this world does something turn out as an objective or even partially objective matter. One must always assume some set of axioms as true. In math, sixteen axioms exist for one to properly utilize and prove things with merely real numbers, one of the first and simplest tools in a person’s arsenal. Most of these aren’t that hard to agree with, like “for all x and y in the set R, x + y = y + x,” but other principles and ideas contain much more controversial assumptions such as, “God exists.” Within this world, the only truth one can believe resides as one’s consciousness....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Existentialism: Kierkegaard and Nietzsche

- The Merriam – Webster Dictionary defines existentialism as a chiefly 20th century philosophical movement embracing diverse doctrines but centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad (Merriam, 2011). In other words, an existentialist believes that our natures are the natures we make for ourselves, the meaning of our existence is that we just exist and there may or may not be a meaning for the existence, and we have to individually decide what is right or wrong and good or bad for ourselves....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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The Human Condition: Existentialism in Nihilism and Morality

- Prior to the events of the twentieth century and the emergence of existentialism as a true school of thought, the Enlightenment from 1650 to 1800, brought about the first modern philosophers. Among them, metaphysician Rene Descartes, more than a century before his time, most famously coined his maxim, “Cogito ergo sum”, translated from the original Latin “I think, therefore, I am”, which was the first answer to the first inquiry of human existence and “sums up perfectly the philosophical underpinnings of existentialist thought” (Existentialism)....   [tags: phylosophy, enlightment]

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Existentialism In No Exit

- In his play, No Exit, Jean-Paul Sartre examines basic themes of existentialism through three characters. The first subject, Garcin, embraces existentialist ideas somewhat. The second character, Inez, seems to fully understand ideas deemed existential. Estelle is the third person, and does not seem to understand these ideas well, nor does she accept them when they are first presented to her. One similarity amongst the three is that they all at some point seem to accept that they are in Hell for a reason....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Prevelence of Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- One of the ways existentialism is created in The Stranger is through the use of the philosophical idea of nihilism that the main character, Mersault, holds true to. Nihilism is the dismissal of all religious beliefs and essentially is the belief that life is meaningless. Mersault is of nihilist thought in that he puts no meaning to life through the total concentration of the physical and virtually believes in nothing. Rejecting any consideration of being thoughtful towards any potential meaning is an obvious point being made in Camus' attempt to convey this perspective of existentialism throughout the novel....   [tags: nihilism, fatalism, value]

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Existentialism in Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis

- Existentialism in Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis In Franz Kafka’s short story, Metamorphosis, the idea of existentialism is brought out in a subtle, yet definite way. Existentialism is defined as a belief in which an individual is ultimately in charge of placing meaning into their life, and that life alone is meaningless. They do not believe in any sort of ultimate power and focus much of their attention on concepts such as dread, boredom, freedom and nothingness. This philosophical literary movement emerged in the twentieth-century, when Kafka was establishing his writing style in regards to alienation and distorted anxiety....   [tags: Kafka Literature existentialism]

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Existentialism in Night

- Existentialism in Night In his essay “Existentialism”, Jean Paul Sartre discusses the main beliefs of existentialism. Perhaps the most important belief of existentialism is that there is no human nature, and there is no God. This means that each individual man has control of his own destiny. The definition of each individual man is the sum of his life and all he has accomplished in his life. He is also responsible for all the choices and actions he makes in his life. These types of choices and actions can be seen in the book “Night” by Elie Wiesel....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Existentialism in Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

- ... The novel's elements of authenticity, absurdity, and alienation of the narrator prove its stance as an existential novel. Throughout the novel, the narrator explores the existential theme of authenticity, as seen in the “I yam what I am” scene in Chapter 13 where he reaffirms his black roots and does not care of the stereotypical image that is perceived about black people. He ends up buying more yams because it reminds him of where he came from and who he really identifies as. But then again, there is also the racial authenticity of it all....   [tags: authenticity, absurity, alienation, humanity]

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Existentialism In Grendel

- Existentialism In Grendel The debate between existentialism and the rest of the world is a fierce, albeit recent one. Before the "dawn of science" and the Age Of Reason, it was universally accepted that there were such things as gods, right and wrong, and heroism. However, with the developing interest in science and the mechanization of the universe near the end of the Renaissance, the need for a God was essentially removed, and humankind was left to reconsider the origin of meaning. John Gardner’s intelligently written Grendel is a commentary on the merits and flaws of both types of worldview: the existentialist "meaning-free" universe, and the heroic universe, where every action is...   [tags: essays papers]

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Existentialism In The Early 19th Century

- Existentialism in the Early 19th Century Major Themes Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, the term is impossible to define precisely. Certain themes common to virtually all existentialist writers can, however, be identified. The term itself suggests one major theme: the stress on concrete individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice. Moral Individualism Most philosophers since Plato have held that the highest ethical good is the same for everyone; insofar as one approaches moral perfection, one resembles other morally perfect individuals....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Comparing Existentialism in The Trial and Nausea

- Existentialism in The Trial and Nausea   The Trial and Nausea   Webster's Dictionary defines Existentialism as a "philosophic doctrine of beliefs that people have absolute freedom of choice and that the universe is absurd, with an emphasis on the phenomena of anxiety and alienation." As Existentialism was coming to the foreground of the philosophical world during the 1940's, a group of Existentialist philosophers became well-known public figures in America. Their philosophies were commonly discussed in magazines, and their concepts of man's ultimate freedom of choice were quite intriguing to readers....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Hopeless and Absurd - Existentialism and Buddhism

- Hopeless and Absurd - Existentialism and Buddhism Perhaps the most telling symptom of existentialist philosophers is their ever-divergent theories on the fundamental characteristics of human life and their steadfast refusal to assign an explicit meaning or reason to our existence at all. Contrary to criticism which therefore labels the movement cynically nihilistic, existentialism justifies life with reasoning similar to that of Zen Buddhism. Specifically, the notions of hopelessness and absurdity can be gleaned from Buddhism in a manner helpful to the understanding of existentialist viewpoints on the same....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

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Existentialism in The Stranger (The Outsider)

- Existentialism in The Stranger Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a few main points, such as the freedom to choose and the choices you make should be made without the assistance of another person or standard. From the existentialist point of view you must accept the risk and responsibility of your choices and follow the commitment to wherever it leads. Someone that is put in a particular situation understands it far more than someone looking in on that same situation, one commonly used situation that appears often in existentialist writing is that of death....   [tags: Camus Stranger Essays]

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Existentialism and Albert Camus' The Plague

- Existentialism and The Plague    In the mid 1940s, a man by the name of Albert Camus began to write a story. This story he called La Pesté. Written in French, the novel became extremely popular and has since been translated numerous times into many languages. This story has been read over and over, yet it tells more than it seems to. This story tells the tale of a city gripped by a deadly disease. This is true enough, but this is not what the novel is about. The Plague can be read as an allegory of World War II, of the French Resistance against German Occupation....   [tags: Albert Camus Plague Essays]

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Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- In defining existentialism the responsibility of the free being is essential to define what one is although the actions taken by the individual are self imposed and are not the fault of the environment. The Stranger by Albert Camus is in relation to the existential philosophy of the individuals deviating thoughts towards their actions are in relation with protagonist Meursault in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Existentialism and its definition of mans self determination reflects life during the world war two era....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Existentialism in Catcher in the Rye

- Existentialism in Catcher in the Rye The Catcher in the Rye creates an existentialist out of Holden Caulfield by giving him a strong personal opinion, a different sense of view, and isolation. Holden's individuality and his different way of thinking creates within him an Existentialist that refuses to accept weakness but holds sympathy for the weak and vulnerable. The basis for these beliefs lies within the most commonly identifiable theme of existentialism, which states that the philosophy stresses the concrete individual existence along with the individual freedom and choice....   [tags: Catcher Rye Essays]

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Existentialism

- Existentialism is the title of the set of philosophical ideals that emphasizes the existence of the human being, the lack of meaning and purpose in life, and the solitude of human existence. Existentialism maintains existence precedes essence: This implies that the human being has no essence, no essential self, and is no more that what he is. He is only the sum of life is so far he has created and achieved for himself. Existentialism acquires its name from insisting that existence precedes essence....   [tags: Existence]

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The Life of Jean-Paul Sartre

- Existentialism could be defined as a philosophical theory that focuses on the individual person being a free and responsible person who determines his or her own development through acts of will. Existentialism is a thesis that has been discussed by some of the greatest philosophical minds ever to live. Minds such as Kierkegaard and Nietzsche all had their own view on what existentialism was and major impact on the development of this thesis. Each of these philosophies played a huge influence on a great mind that would come later on in history....   [tags: philosophy, existentialism]

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Existentialism

- Existentialism Thrown into the world, and condemned from freedom, Existentialists believe that every action they make they will have some kind of action returned. Therefore, the person must be accountable without excuse. Existentialism is not its own philosophy but a vast world in itself. A world filled with many philosophies sharing many of the same traits. Existentialism is the world of existence. Existentialists believe that a personality will develop best if left alone. Existence consists of basically two types of being, the authentic being, and the inauthentic being....   [tags: Papers]

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Existentialism, Beloved, and The Bluest Eye

- Existentialism, Beloved, and The Bluest Eye                        Toni Morrison has written several novels, many of which show the influence of existentialist thinking; however, Beloved and The Bluest Eye both strongly illustrate all of the major existential themes. Beloved is a novel about a woman, Sethe, who escapes from slavery with her children. She is haunted both physically and psychologically by her experience, as evidenced by the scars she carries on her back from a severe beating, and the scars she carries in her mind from the horrible treatment she suffered....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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The Human Condition: Existentialism in Literature Relates to Religion

- Noam Chomsky firmly believes that novels, as well as other literary works, peer deeper into humanity than scientific theory ever will (Chomsky). Literature being a means of introspection is known to be true; a solitary manuscript contains the lives of countless characters. Slowly unearthing details, and remaining helpless as a plot twist unfolds, the reader discovers truths of not only those who cannot leave the paper bound prison, but begins to formulate who they are and how the world has warped the author....   [tags: Human Condition, Noam Chomsky]

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Existentialism

- Existentialism is perhaps one of the world’s oldest philosophies. It has been dated back to nineteenth-century Danish and Greek philosophers. It is a simple idea, yet it has so many different ideals within it that it is almost impossible to define. There are many parts that make up one whole, basic idea. The many parts have been defined by famous existentialist artists and writers such as, Nietzsche, Chamfort, Sartre, and Kafka. These works have all proven many points about existentialism; however, even the pros cannot decide on one basic idea....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism

- Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism ABSTRACT: I attempt to show the similarities between the viewpoints of Radhakrishnan and the existentialist thinkers. The philosophy of Radhakrishnan is an attempt to reinterpret and reconstruct the Advaita Vedanta of Sankara in the light of scientific knowledge and techniques of modern time. Existentialism is an attitude and outlook that emphasizes human existence. For Radhakrishnan, the human is essentially subject, not object. The existentialists assert that the human is not an object to be known, but a subject....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

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Existentialism

- Existentialism Existentialism refers to the philosophical movement or tendency of the nineteenth and twentyth centuries. Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, a precise definition is impossible; however, it suggests one major theme: a stress on individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice {3}. Existentialism also refers to a family of philosophies devoted to an interpretation of human existence in the world that stresses its concreteness and its problematic character....   [tags: Papers]

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Existentialism

- Existentialism Existentialism is a philosophical movement that stresses individual existence. Human beings are totally free and responsible for their own acts. Another main idea of existentialism is the limitation of reason and the irreducibility of experience to any system. Man is not a detached observer of the world; rather, he "exists" in a special sense - he is "in the world." Stones, trees, and other objects do not share this existence, and man is open to the world and the objects in it....   [tags: Papers Philosophy Essays Papers]

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Existentialism in Bill Watterson’s Comic Strips

- Bill Watterson is an American cartoonist, author of the famous comic strips “Calvin and Hobbes” syndicated from 1985 to 1995. In these short-stories, Calvin is a creative kid full of childish pranks, and together with Hobbes, a deep-thinking stuffed tiger, they both stand as examples of existentialism in comic strips. Through Calvin’s desperate choices and decisions over many circumstances in the stories, he struggles against a continually changing world. The characters’ actions portray the humanity disorder; people who are controlled in a worthless way of life against a ruthless nature, a cruel world, and inevitable death....   [tags: Literature]

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The Rise and Fall of Existentialism

- The Rise and Fall of Existentialism     Existential literature often focuses on the personal journey towards existential awareness. Common themes in existential works, such as alienation and confrontation with death, often lead the "anti-hero" towards a climactic choice that defines whether they have reached true understanding. The themes within existential literature are reflected from the world at large, and the works themselves are a metaphor for a grander shift in Western philosophy.   Intellectualism in post-war Europe had a sort of existential realization of its own, paralleling the experiences of its literary figures....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]

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Existentialism

- Existentialism In our individual routines, each and every one of us strive to be the best that we are capable of being. How peculiar this is; we aim for similar goals, yet the methods we enact are unique. Just as no two people have the same fingerprint, no two have identical theories on how to live life. While some follow religious outlines to aspire to a level of moral excellence, others pursue different approaches. Toward the end of the Nineteenth-Century and on through the mid-Twentieth, a movement followed "existentialism," a philosophical theory of life, in order to achieve such a level....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Existentialism

- Existentialism, which spread rapidly over continental Europe after the First World War, is essentially the analysis of the condition of man, of the particular state of being free, and of man's having constantly to use his freedom in order top answer the ever- changing and unexpected challenges of the day. According to the Existentialists, the starting point of every philosophical investigation is concrete human existence. That means that human personality in itself should point the way to the absolute value of reality....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Christian Existentialism

- Christian Existentialism Webster's Dictionary defines Existentialism to be, "the philosophical movement centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for his acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad." This seems to be the very antithesis of Christian doctrines in that it asserts the autonomy and independence of man rather than views them as subjects to a supreme being, however, Existentialism and Christianity can coexist....   [tags: Philosophy, Religion, Faith]

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Existentialism

- Existentialism has been defined as a philosophical movement or tendency, emphasizing individual existence, freedom and choice that influences many diverse writers in the 19th and 20th centuries. The philosophical term existentialism came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. He combined the theories of a select few German philosophers, the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl, the metaphysics of G.W.F. Hegel and Martin Heidegger, and the social theory of Karl Marx. This philosophy became a worldwide movement....   [tags: essays research papers]

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existentialism

- The modern conception of man is characterized, more than anything else, by individualism. Existentialism can be seen as a rigorous attempt to work out the implications of this individualism. The purpose of this lecture is to makes sense of the Existentialist conception of individuality and the answers it gives to these three questions: (1) What is human freedom. What can the absolute freedom of absolute individuals mean. (2) What is human flourishing or human happiness. What general ethic or way of life emerges when we take our individuality seriously....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Existentialism

- Jean-Paul Sartre says "man is nothing else but what he makes of himself" (762). This existentialist view depicts the idea that one is not based on the essence of a soul, but rather, based on decisions made throughout life. Sartre also believes that every man is responsible for all men. One may choose his marriage partner, however, in choosing to marry, one chooses monogamy. Decisions that individuals make will collectively create a set of principles and beliefs for all of man. Many people believe that a person’s decisions are a reflection of his soul and personality....   [tags: essays research papers]

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New Media Expands Old Philosophy

- ... Within the short story, Jane is cut off from the rest of the world, locked alone in her room, and not allowed to visit anyone except for her husband and sister-in-law. While feeling unconnected to society, Jane is supposed to clear her mind (Gilman 1-2). This leaves her to pick up interest in her room, especially in the wallpaper. As the story progresses, Jane no longer finds interest in human company, but rather in the company of the wallpaper and its imaginary women (Gilman 5). Jane felt alienated from society because they believed, at that time, that in her condition, she would be unable to fit in with the world....   [tags: existentialism, moden philosphical movements]

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Nihilism and Existentialism in Cormac McCarthy's The Crossing

- Nihilism and Existentialism in Cormac McCarthy's The Crossing Cormac McCarthy's second book in The Border Trilogy offers an impressive array of worldviews all competing together in the larger narrative framework of the novel. These are not only expressed through the life of the protagonist Billy Parham and his brother Boyd, but also in the narratives of the many people they encounter on their horseback journeys through the hot desert sands of Mexico. Critic Robert L. Jarrett, associate professor of English at the University of Houston-Downtown, suggests the same in Cormac McCarthy, noting that "Despite the claims of the ex-priest [in The Crossing] that all men's tales are one, such visions...   [tags: Cormac McCarthy Crossing Essays]

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Existentialistic Analysis of the Epilog of The Tempest

- Existentialistic Analysis of the Epilog of The Tempest        One may find it ridiculous to contrast between Shakespeare and existentialism in its 20th century form, however one must keep in mind, that existentialism does not appear as a single philosophical system. It is more an attitude of life, a general vision - existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre is known to have stated that existentialism was never invented, it has always existed as the ultimate foundation. Upon that light, why not seek the foundations from the work of the forefather of all dramatists....   [tags: Shakespeare Tempest]

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