Your search returned 200 essays for "existentialism":
1  2  3    Next >>

Existentialism

- Existentialism 'Existence precedes essence'. These are the few words that many people live by. These words describe a philosophy called Existentialism. The philosophical term, Existentialism, came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. Jean Paul Sartre wrote 'No Exit', where he portrayed his philosophy negatively. On the other hand, Albert Camus, who wrote The Stranger, portrayed Existentialism positively through his characters. Each author uses the characteristics of Existentialism positively or negatively to define their own story as well as their characters as true Existentialists or not      Existentialism has been described as a philosophical movement especially of the 20th cent...   [tags: Philosophy Sartre Existentialist Essays]

Free Essays
1272 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis

- Existentialism in Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis In Franz Kafka’s short story, Metamorphosis, the idea of existentialism is brought out in a subtle, yet definite way. Existentialism is defined as a belief in which an individual is ultimately in charge of placing meaning into their life, and that life alone is meaningless. They do not believe in any sort of ultimate power and focus much of their attention on concepts such as dread, boredom, freedom and nothingness. This philosophical literary movement emerged in the twentieth-century, when Kafka was establishing his writing style in regards to alienation and distorted anxiety....   [tags: Kafka Literature existentialism]

Free Essays
1489 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism is the title of the set of philosophical ideals that emphasizes the existence of the human being, the lack of meaning and purpose in life, and the solitude of human existence. Existentialism maintains existence precedes essence: This implies that the human being has no essence, no essential self, and is no more that what he is. He is only the sum of life is so far he has created and achieved for himself. Existentialism acquires its name from insisting that existence precedes essence....   [tags: Existence]

Free Essays
481 words | (1.4 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism Thrown into the world, and condemned from freedom, Existentialists believe that every action they make they will have some kind of action returned. Therefore, the person must be accountable without excuse. Existentialism is not its own philosophy but a vast world in itself. A world filled with many philosophies sharing many of the same traits. Existentialism is the world of existence. Existentialists believe that a personality will develop best if left alone. Existence consists of basically two types of being, the authentic being, and the inauthentic being....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
387 words | (1.1 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism has been defined as a philosophical movement or tendency, emphasizing individual existence, freedom and choice that influences many diverse writers in the 19th and 20th centuries. The philosophical term existentialism came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. He combined the theories of a select few German philosophers, the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl, the metaphysics of G.W.F. Hegel and Martin Heidegger, and the social theory of Karl Marx. This philosophy became a worldwide movement....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
409 words | (1.2 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism In our individual routines, each and every one of us strive to be the best that we are capable of being. How peculiar this is; we aim for similar goals, yet the methods we enact are unique. Just as no two people have the same fingerprint, no two have identical theories on how to live life. While some follow religious outlines to aspire to a level of moral excellence, others pursue different approaches. Toward the end of the Nineteenth-Century and on through the mid-Twentieth, a movement followed "existentialism," a philosophical theory of life, in order to achieve such a level....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
900 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism is perhaps one of the world’s oldest philosophies. It has been dated back to nineteenth-century Danish and Greek philosophers. It is a simple idea, yet it has so many different ideals within it that it is almost impossible to define. There are many parts that make up one whole, basic idea. The many parts have been defined by famous existentialist artists and writers such as, Nietzsche, Chamfort, Sartre, and Kafka. These works have all proven many points about existentialism; however, even the pros cannot decide on one basic idea....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
574 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

existentialism

- The modern conception of man is characterized, more than anything else, by individualism. Existentialism can be seen as a rigorous attempt to work out the implications of this individualism. The purpose of this lecture is to makes sense of the Existentialist conception of individuality and the answers it gives to these three questions: (1) What is human freedom. What can the absolute freedom of absolute individuals mean. (2) What is human flourishing or human happiness. What general ethic or way of life emerges when we take our individuality seriously....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
415 words | (1.2 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- God is an entity that exists everywhere in any way, shape, or form, as is the concept of a god that so many people have set in stone their beliefs; and is a false belief that can not possibly be true. Personification takes a role in the disproof of a god, signaling that God is merely a word. Also, the very definition of morals, which is a condemning factor that ‘god’ is based off of, blows the fish out of the water. So then, to a perfect being of all loving and compassionate understanding, option, or choice, refers to the many choices God has made; thus proving that to a being who has created all choices is a contradiction within itself....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
2016 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Christian Existentialism

- Christian Existentialism Webster's Dictionary defines Existentialism to be, "the philosophical movement centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for his acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad." This seems to be the very antithesis of Christian doctrines in that it asserts the autonomy and independence of man rather than views them as subjects to a supreme being, however, Existentialism and Christianity can coexist....   [tags: Philosophy, Religion, Faith]

Free Essays
319 words | (0.9 pages) | Preview

History of Existentialism

- This paper will explore all the aspects of the literary movement first present in the 19th century, existentialism. It will discuss the different climates, including social, political, and economic, that the literary movement was present during. Combining the basic dictionary definition and the numerous interpretations writers grasp from existentialism, the information provided will deepen the understanding of the origins, popularity, and breadth of the topic. Touching upon the works of famous existentialistic writers, including Jean-Paul Sartre, Franz Kafka, Luigi Pirandello, and Albert Camus, this paper will cover the whole existentialism period....   [tags: Literary Movement, World Climate]

Free Essays
441 words | (1.3 pages) | Preview

Philosophy of Existentialism

- Philosophy of Existentialism From what I understand reading Jean-Paul Sartre's work the Existentialism is philosophy that places emphasis on individual existence, subjectivism, and freedom of making choice. According to Sartre, Existentialism is philosophy that states that "if God does not exist, there is at least one being in whom existence precedes essence." It seems that Sartre's theory rests on this thesis that 'existence precedes essence' and therefore it should be basis for any further discussion or understanding of this philosophy....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
345 words | (1 pages) | Preview

Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism

- Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism ABSTRACT: I attempt to show the similarities between the viewpoints of Radhakrishnan and the existentialist thinkers. The philosophy of Radhakrishnan is an attempt to reinterpret and reconstruct the Advaita Vedanta of Sankara in the light of scientific knowledge and techniques of modern time. Existentialism is an attitude and outlook that emphasizes human existence. For Radhakrishnan, the human is essentially subject, not object. The existentialists assert that the human is not an object to be known, but a subject....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

Free Essays
1618 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Comparing Existentialism in The Trial and Nausea

- Existentialism in The Trial and Nausea   The Trial and Nausea   Webster's Dictionary defines Existentialism as a "philosophic doctrine of beliefs that people have absolute freedom of choice and that the universe is absurd, with an emphasis on the phenomena of anxiety and alienation." As Existentialism was coming to the foreground of the philosophical world during the 1940's, a group of Existentialist philosophers became well-known public figures in America. Their philosophies were commonly discussed in magazines, and their concepts of man's ultimate freedom of choice were quite intriguing to readers....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

Free Essays
559 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in The Stranger (The Outsider)

- Existentialism in The Stranger Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a few main points, such as the freedom to choose and the choices you make should be made without the assistance of another person or standard. From the existentialist point of view you must accept the risk and responsibility of your choices and follow the commitment to wherever it leads. Someone that is put in a particular situation understands it far more than someone looking in on that same situation, one commonly used situation that appears often in existentialist writing is that of death....   [tags: Camus Stranger Essays]

Free Essays
549 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism In The Early 19th Century

- Existentialism in the Early 19th Century Major Themes Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, the term is impossible to define precisely. Certain themes common to virtually all existentialist writers can, however, be identified. The term itself suggests one major theme: the stress on concrete individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice. Moral Individualism Most philosophers since Plato have held that the highest ethical good is the same for everyone; insofar as one approaches moral perfection, one resembles other morally perfect individuals....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
1641 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- In defining existentialism the responsibility of the free being is essential to define what one is although the actions taken by the individual are self imposed and are not the fault of the environment. The Stranger by Albert Camus is in relation to the existential philosophy of the individuals deviating thoughts towards their actions are in relation with protagonist Meursault in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Existentialism and its definition of mans self determination reflects life during the world war two era....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
547 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

The Idea of Existentialism in The Stranger

- Existentialism is defined as "a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining his or her own development through acts of the will”. In other words, existentialism it emphasizes individual freedom. Throughout The Stranger, the amount of existentialism views is abundant. The use of Mersault’s experiences covey the idea that human life has no meaning except for simple existence. The idea of existentialism in Albert Camus' The Stranger reflects through Mersault's life experiences with his relationship with Marie, the death of his mother Maman, the murdering of the Arab, and Mersault's trial and execution, all t...   [tags: Literary Analysis, Albert Camus]

Free Essays
965 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Kafka's Metamorphosis

- Existentialism in Kafka's Metamorphosis         The book Metamorphosis, written by Franz Kafka, is based on the views of existentialism.  One of these main views is alienation or estrangement which is demonstrated by Gregor's relationship with his family, his social life, and the way he lives his life after the metamorphosis.         Although Gregor doesn't realize it, the relationship between him and his family is not good. Gregor is taking over his father's responsibilities leaving nothing for Gregor's father to be responsible for....   [tags: Metamorphosis essays]

Free Essays
406 words | (1.2 pages) | Preview

Jean-Paul Sartre's No Exit and Existentialis

- No Exit and Existentialis Jean-Paul Sartre's portrayal of Hell in No Exit is fueled with dramatic irony, implemented in order to amuse the reader. Sartre's illustration of Hades is very psychological, and instead of Satan agonizing you, three roommates take to the task. They each in turn irritate and aggravate one another, thus making themselves hysterical, and thus producing dramatic irony. In addition to a door that will not open, and living in a windowless room, all three characters possess no eyelids, and thus are unable to sleep....   [tags: essays papers]

Free Essays
981 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- In his 1946 essay Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre undertakes the task of defending existentialism against what he defines as “charges” (341) brought against it. Sartre begins to outline the “charges” brought against existentialism and further, existentialists. Following the medieval quaestio-form, Sartre begins with the statement of the objection, a short discussion, and then his reply to each. The first of the charges is that of quietism. “First, it has been charged with inviting people to remain in a kind of desperate quietism because, since no solutions are possible, we should have to consider action in this world as quite impossible” (341)....   [tags: Analysis, Jean-Paul Sartre]

Good Essays
1364 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism is a philosophy about life that says being is more important than the indispensable everyday occurrences. It acknowledges an individuals freedom to choose and says with this knowing there comes an immense sense of responsibility. Despair, hopelessness and anxiety are characteristic of a person struggling with existential thoughts. Nihilism sums up this condition by stating that all values are baseless, nothing is foreseeable and that life itself is meaningless. The characters in A Clean Well Lighted Place and A Day’s Wait show signs of being both aware and unaware of these elements of existentialism....   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
723 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

Existentialism In No Exit

- In his play, No Exit, Jean-Paul Sartre examines basic themes of existentialism through three characters. The first subject, Garcin, embraces existentialist ideas somewhat. The second character, Inez, seems to fully understand ideas deemed existential. Estelle is the third person, and does not seem to understand these ideas well, nor does she accept them when they are first presented to her. One similarity amongst the three is that they all at some point seem to accept that they are in Hell for a reason....   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
645 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Existentialism Vs. Determinism

- Free Will Analyzing our individual free will can be very intriguing and can almost reach the point of being paradoxical. Ultimately, free will determines the level of responsibility we claim for our actions. Obviously, if outside forces determine our choices, we cannot be held responsible for our actions. However, if our choices are made with total freedom than certainly we must claim responsibility for our choices and actions. The readings I chose offered two quite opposite theories on individual human freedom, determinism vs....   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
768 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

- ... The novel's elements of authenticity, absurdity, and alienation of the narrator prove its stance as an existential novel. Throughout the novel, the narrator explores the existential theme of authenticity, as seen in the “I yam what I am” scene in Chapter 13 where he reaffirms his black roots and does not care of the stereotypical image that is perceived about black people. He ends up buying more yams because it reminds him of where he came from and who he really identifies as. But then again, there is also the racial authenticity of it all....   [tags: authenticity, absurity, alienation, humanity]

Good Essays
567 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Educational Philosophies: Idealism, Realism, Pragmatism, and Existentialism

- Educational philosophy is no doubt a matter that has changed over the decades, and still today not everyone is in total agreement on the subject. However, one thing is certain philosophy is the foundation of educational styles. Today, four basic educational philosophies exist including idealism, realism, pragmatism, and existentialism. All four philosophies are very different, but all strive for the same goal, to better our education system. Although every teacher has a different style of teaching that can be considered their own, they all adhere to one of the four basic philosophies....   [tags: Philosophy on Education Statement Teaching]

Good Essays
466 words | (1.3 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Soldier’s Home by Ernest Hemingway

- ... “In ‘Soldier’s Home,’ Hemingway uses conflict to show how society demands conformity and the unfair struggles of those who do not fit the mold” (Comtois). Harold Krebs did not fit the mold, so he struggled to keep the attention of others. In striving to please the people around him, Krebs fed into the ways of society, making him a conformist. In order to become himself again, Krebs needed to separate himself and forget what others wanted him to say and do. Krebs needed to be selfish so he could do what was right for him....   [tags: harold krebs, soldier]

Good Essays
544 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

The Myth of Sisyphus

- The Myth Of Sisyphus      The myth of Sisyphus was a paper written by Albert Camus to show that life has no ultimate meaning. This goals of men and woman are false and in the end humans really accomplish nothing. Camus represented his idea of existentialism through the use of Sisyphus. This allows us to see a comparison of a mythical tale and the real world.      Albert Camus feeling towards existence was that humans were not supposed to be living in the world. Camus believed that there was a sense of absurdity for human existence....   [tags: Camus Existentialism Philosophy Essays]

Good Essays
691 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Understanding Existentialism

- Do we matter. Do we seek personal happiness in life. These are questions from existentialism. The dictionary defines existentialism as an individual’s experience filled with isolation in a hostile universe where a human being attempts to find true self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility. Hamlet is an existentialist character who believes that he is forced to avenge his father’s death and the hatred builds in his heart because of the many betrayals which direct him towards a senseless life and constant thoughts about suicide; this ultimately leads to his demise and he is left with naught....   [tags: Existentialism]

Better Essays
872 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Meaning and Existentialism in My Life

- Existentialism is a phiosophy which revolves around the central belief that we create ourselves. External factors are not important. It is the way that we let external factors affect us that determines who we are. As individuals we all have the freedom to choose our own path and that is what life is all about. Along with the freedom of choice comes the responsibilty of one's actions which can make some people anxious but give others meaning to their lives. To overcome this anxiousness and accept responsibilty is to meet the challenges of life and to truly live it....   [tags: Existentialism, ]

Better Essays
675 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Existentialism Is A Defining Point Of Existentialism

- Existentialism is just one of the many philosophies that attempt to determine the meaning of life. This idea that the world is meaningless developed in Europe around the time of World War II. Many writers and authors in the forties and fifties were affected by the horrors of war and this new philosophy, namely, Albert Camus. Existentialism is greatly reflected in Camus’ time period, culture, and works such as The Stranger. To truly understand how existentialism is reflected in Camus’ time and works, it must first be defined....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus]

Better Essays
1197 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Movie Existentialism

- Existentialism, as defined by Luke Mastin, “...is a philosophy that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice.”(2008). There are multiple occasions in which an individual can encounter an existentialist situation without acknowledging it. For example, choosing to go to school one day or not would be considered freedom of choice, which connects with the philosophy of existentialism. In the context of existentialism, Søren Kierkegaard’s theory correlates to the movie, Before I Fall directed and adapted by Ry Russo-Young from the novel written by Lauren Oliver, due to the many movie scenes that involve an existentialist moment as exemplified through the main character in relation to K...   [tags: Existentialism, Philosophy, Søren Kierkegaard]

Better Essays
859 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Existentialism : I Heart Huckabees

- The universe we inhabit seems to be an atypical one; some individuals deal with its foolishness by surrounding themselves with faith, while others neglect all its significance. Existentialism, however, ushers us down a unique course that obscures these views toward one unique belief structure. Even though we can encounter circumstances that are out of our control, we do have the ability to control how we deal with said circumstances and whether or not we choose to develop importance from them. The hunt for our true meaning is primitive and so are the answers that have maintained it throughout history....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre]

Better Essays
1106 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Existentialism : The Ideas Of Life And Death

- The ideas of life and death are often questioned and it’s hard to find a way to explain what happens, but the theory of Existentialism and the practice of Absurd Theatre take a look at these ponderings. Existentialism is a philosophical idea that was focused on trying to find life’s purpose and while answering the questions about death and meaning to life that was explored by Tom Stoppard, in his absurd play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. Existentialism is a philosophy centered on the analysis of why humans exist and what their purpose is to life through trying to look at things such as the ideas of death and the meaning of life (Existentialism 1)....   [tags: Meaning of life, Existentialism]

Better Essays
1258 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism : A Philosophical Idea

- Existentialism is a philosophical idea which would inform ideologies and struggles during the post-war period following World War II. In depth explanations of existentialism are given by Jean-Paul Sartre in “Existentialism is a Humanism,” and Simone de Beauvoir’s “The Second Sex.” Sartre counters the incorrect popular definitions to formalize a concrete concept. Beauvoir places an emphasis on gender, existentialism in correlation to women. Both authors and their ideology formulated essential principles to society....   [tags: Jean-Paul Sartre, Existentialism]

Better Essays
1210 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Existentialism, By Jean Paul Sartre

- In life humans have to make several different choices based on different circumstances, some decisions you make you regret and some you do not. Many kids parent encourage their kids to go to college for a better life but sometimes a child does not always listen to what their parents want, in the end hurting their parent’s feelings. In the Continental Ethics Reader Sartre describes four ways in which the student is forsaken. Focusing on the four different ways hoping to explain how one is forsaken, what does this mean for humanity and whether I agree or disagree with the four different ways....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre]

Better Essays
978 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Existentialism : A Philosophical Perspective

- Existentialism is a philosophical perspective that explains the idea behind human existence. This approach is based on the ideology that humans have the authorship over their destiny which is a reflection of one’s own experiences. Many writers and scholars have proposed a theory that each person has a life story filled with different experiences and personal growth. The connection between each individual is the fact that the knowledge of existence is always a part of the subconsciousness that can never be left alone despite the situation(s) a person may be facing in his or her own life....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre]

Better Essays
1697 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Martin Heidegger : Phenomenology And Existentialism

- Martin Heidegger was a German philosopher who’s main thoughts points to phenomenology and existentialism. Included in his theories about freedom and resoluteness all points back to how Heidegger’s twist on Edmon Hurssel original viewpoint on phenomenology made a huge impact on theorist who came after him later down the line. Phenomenology for Heidegger relates to our human existence and can be defined as the logos of what appears. According to Heidegger, phenomenology is the proper way to respond to the question of being....   [tags: Existentialism, Martin Heidegger, Ontology]

Better Essays
936 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Existentialism, By Jean Paul Sartre

- Existentialism is one of the most argued subject of Philosophy. Existentialism is the belief that having awareness, free will, and personal responsibility of the world that individual may obtain a view unique to the average person. This meaning within a world that intrinsically has none of its own. Existentialism started to appear in early Buddhist and Christian writing. In Jean-Paul Sartre’s eyes Existentialism means in the beginning of the human life humans are nothing. It is everyone 's individual choice to make something of themselves....   [tags: Meaning of life, Human, Existentialism, Jews]

Better Essays
1730 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Existentialism, By Jean Paul Sartre

- Existentialism Is a Humanism is philosophical writing by Jean-Paul Sartre and its goal is to defend his philosophical theory of existentialism against many reproaches put forward by many different critics. Sartre is a firm believer that we have no greater purpose, no pre-determined plans, no ultimate meaning. We have, in Sartre’s words, no human nature, since there is nothing outside of us in which would conceive of it for us. We are simply here, and it is up to us to define ourselves. As Sartre states, “Man is nothing else but what he makes of himself.” One of the main critiques of Sartre’s view is that it is overly pessimistic and gloomy....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre, Philosophy]

Better Essays
722 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

Sartre 's Theory Of Existentialism

- It was in the 19th centuries where a French writer Jean-Paul Sartre who popularized the concept of existentialism during his play No Exit. The play was published in 1943. Sartre explained Existentialism, which states in the belief that life has no meaning. Reynolds stated that, “People should be responsible for themselves rather than make excuses for the occurrences in their life, the belief that humans have free will” ( ). Each is separate from all other individuals, so each person has the power to place himself in the position he wishes, that every individual is responsible for his actions....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre, Psychology]

Better Essays
885 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

The Theory : Existentialism I Have Freedom

- Adjustment Bureau Maya Roberts Theory: Existentialism I have freedom. Philosopher(s): Sartre and Kierkegaard Definition: A reaction to the idea that an objective knowledge of the human can be attained by applying the scientific method of sociology and psychology. We are our own choices, we have freedom. Character and Title of film: David and Elise, Adjustment Bureau David said to his audience that we have freedom, our “future is about your choices, not theirs”. We see existentialism giving him, and us, freedom to make our own choices; just as Sartre believed, we are on our own....   [tags: Free will, Determinism, Existentialism]

Better Essays
1102 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Existentialism As The Bridge Of Modernism And Post Modernism

- Regarded as the bridge of modernism and post-modernism in western modern philosophy, existentialism tends to explore the value of people’s being and power of people’s irrational strengths in creating value in the meaningless life. Including theism existentialism, atheism existentialism, and humanism existentialism, existentialism considers that life is meaningless, which is constructed by nothingness. In the meantime, claiming that human’s irrational initiative can create meaning and values in the meaningless life, existentialism substantially takes isolated irrational consciousness activities as the most real being in the world....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre, Ontology]

Better Essays
1741 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Sartre 's Moral Relativism And Existentialism

- Jean-Paul Sartre was a notable French philosopher and writer of the 20th century whose literary works have strongly influenced the world of academia and spurred intellectual contest in the Modern era. In Sartre’s 1945 publication, “Existentialism and Humanism,” Sartre had argued extensively about the notion of abandonment – the notion that we live freely in this world without purpose, and his stance on atheistic existentialism. His main argument was that existence precedes essence so humans acquire meaning through lived experiences since humans are free to choose and decide for themselves....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre, Ontology]

Better Essays
1258 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism In 13 Going On Thirty By Jean-Paul Sartre

- In his lecture, Existentialism is a Humanism, Jean-Paul Sartre discusses common misconceptions people, specifically Communists and Christians, have about existentialism and extentanitalists (18). He wants to explain why these misconceptions are wrong and defend existentialism for what he believes it is. Sartre argues people are free to create themselves through their decisions and actions. This idea is illustrated in the movie 13 Going on Thirty, where one characters’ decision at her thirteenth birthday party and her actions afterwards make her become awful person by the time she turns thirty....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre]

Better Essays
1391 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Existentialism And Human Emotions By Jean Paul Sartre

- Another famous philosopher in support with my idea of the good life is Jean Paul Sartre, he spends the majority of his book, Existentialism and Human Emotions, expressing his disapproval of the generalization of humans. Each man or woman is their own person and contains the ability to choose his or her values. He believes the way of living is for each individual to choose, and that any person has the right to change their job, where they live or even their way of living. Sartre looks upon humans as intelligent beings, able to make rash choices and take responsible for their actions....   [tags: Human, Existentialism, Meaning of life]

Better Essays
1113 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Existentialism : The Father Of Existentialism

- The majority of existentialists believe that there is no god or a supreme being who reigns over the earth and all of it’s inhabitants. However, there are theistic existentialists. Existentialists have the freedom to choose between believing in a god or not.1 The famous existentialist philosopher Søren Kierkegaard, regarded as “the father of existentialism”, was very religious and was a Lutheran.2 Existentialism doesn’t exactly teach how the world was created. It is left up to the specific person to determine what they believe about it....   [tags: God, Holy Spirit, Christian terms, Christianity]

Better Essays
1750 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Rejection of Existentialism

- In his defense of existentialism, Sartre first defines the unifying factor of existentialism, (for both atheist and deist alike), as the belief that existence precedes essence. To help illustrate his point he presents the example of a paper knife, an object that possess a set of qualities that enable it to carry out its purpose. He states that it would not have been created without a particular purpose, therefore its essence precedes its existence. (Sartre) Sartre rejects this idea when it comes to mankind and declares that humans in themselves have no nature and define themselves after coming into existence....   [tags: Sartre, atheistic worldview]

Better Essays
823 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Existentialism : A Corresponding Contradiction

- Existentialism: A Corresponding Contradiction Throughout time and space, every culture’s ideas of human nature have shaped how they live, what they work toward, and the culture they leave behind as a legacy. To begin with, the idea that humans have a nature is disconcerting. As philosophers attempt to answer the question once and for all, none seem as multifaceted as existentialism. Existentialism deems that there is no human nature that applies to every human being. Humans are what they make themselves out to be, and, therefore, are free (74)....   [tags: Human, Psychology, Thought, Human brain]

Better Essays
933 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Existentialism, By Jean Paul

- Jean-Paul Sartre was a renowned French intellectual whose views of Existentialism arose in the newly liberated Paris after WWII. Sartre’s most well-known essay Existentialism is Humanism introduces main points of his reflections on intellectual thought discussing humans’ radical freedom. In his essay Existentialism is a Humanism, Sartre illustrates what existentialism is by acknowledging to what others have mistakenly accused this philosophy of being. Sartre begins by identifying that the key starting point for existentialism is that human existence precedes human essence....   [tags: Human, Meaning of life, Philosophy of life]

Better Essays
1154 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Catcher in the Rye

- Existentialism in Catcher in the Rye The Catcher in the Rye creates an existentialist out of Holden Caulfield by giving him a strong personal opinion, a different sense of view, and isolation. Holden's individuality and his different way of thinking creates within him an Existentialist that refuses to accept weakness but holds sympathy for the weak and vulnerable. The basis for these beliefs lies within the most commonly identifiable theme of existentialism, which states that the philosophy stresses the concrete individual existence along with the individual freedom and choice....   [tags: Catcher Rye Essays]

Better Essays
615 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Existentialism Impacts the Meaning of Life

- Imagine living in a world that was black, white, apathetic, and just overall meaningless. Take in the consideration that life right now, was utterly different. Think how humans would represent life and how individuals would appear to society. The existentialists believe in the theory of existentialism which can be depicted as life has no meaning until it is given a purpose. Though everyone has a purpose in life; it is just a matter of discovering what the purpose is. Throughout literature authors use the theory of existentialism to urge humanity to consider the human condition that life has no meaning without purpose....   [tags: The Human Condition]

Better Essays
1468 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

My Philosophy : Progressivism And Existentialism

- The two philosophies that I have chosen to write about for my Education Philosophy Paper includes progressivism and existentialism. Progressivism focuses on the child rather than the subject matter. Due to society always changing, new ideas are important to make the future better than the past for students learning. This educational philosophy stresses that students should test ideas by active experimentation. Learning is rooted in the questions of learners that arise through experiencing the world....   [tags: Education, Psychology, Learning]

Better Essays
835 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- Originally released in French, The Stranger by Albert Camus (published in 1942) follows the story of Meursault whom is a French man living in Algeria prior to the 2nd World War and gives his own unique perspective of the events between when he receives a telegram stating that his mother had recently pass away to when he is executed for the murder of a man only referred to as “The Arab” whom he had shot. Meursault had an interesting outlook on life and it is unclear why he feels the way he does but his tone is constantly detached, plain, and at times subtly ironic....   [tags: Dettachment, Reality]

Better Essays
529 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Existentialism : The Common Definition

- What is existentialism. The common definition is, “existentialism is a highly subjective philosophy that stresses the importance of the individual and emotional commitment to living authentically.” The way I view existentialism is, every human possess free will, and every individual is unique. Individuals have to take responsibility for their own actions and shape their own destinies. Relation to teaching, an individual is the sole judge of his or her own actions. Choice is vital and inevitable to human existence and growth....   [tags: Education, Teacher, School, History of education]

Better Essays
939 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Existentialism And Physical Therapy

- From the moment I graduated high school and entered college, my heart’s desire was to become a physical therapist. As I journeyed through my education at Temple, I met and overcame dozens of obstacles and hardships, as all college students do. Over the past year, I have had to make several decisions regarding my post-undergraduate education as my original career goals seem to be unattainable. Recently, I decided to continue my education with a degree in nursing. I was skeptical given that I wanted to be a physical therapist for so long....   [tags: Therapy, Pragmatism, Nursing, Physical therapy]

Better Essays
957 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis

- Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis is a masterfully written short story about Gregor Samsa, a man who devotes his life to his family and work, for nothing in return. Only when he is transformed into a helpless beetle does he begin to develop a self-identity and understanding of the relationships around him. The underlying theme of The Metamorphosis is an existential view that says any given choice will govern the later course of a person's life, and that the person has ultimate will over making choices....   [tags: Metamorphosis essays]

Better Essays
615 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

The Grief of Existentialist in Albert Camus’s Work of Fiction, "The Stranger"

- Albert Camus’s work of fiction, The Stranger, explores the life of a French man known as Meursault after his mother dies of old age. Meursault does not feel grief for his mothers death as he believes that doing so is pointless since he, as well as Camus himself, is an atheist and an existentialist. As such, he doesn’t concern himself with traditional emotions and beliefs and is instead only concerned with the physical world around him and his physical interactions with it. This is best exemplified when comparing the novels opening paragraph, “Maman died today....   [tags: Albert Camus, Stranger, Grief, Existentialism, ]

Better Essays
707 words | (2 pages) | Preview

How Existentialism and Psychoanalysis Influenced Frankl

- Before an in-depth look at how existentialism and psychoanalysis influenced Frankl, let take a look at what each of these theories mean. Existentialism became identified with a cultural movement that blossomed in Europe during the forties and fifties; this term adopted by Jean-Paul Sartre as a self-description in Sartre and his associates postwar literary and philosophical writings. “By the mid 1970s the cultural image of existentialism had become a cliché, parodized in countless books and films by Woody Allen.” (123 Help me) According one website I researched, all about philosophy states the definition of Existentialism is: “Existentialism is a 20th century philosophy concerned with human...   [tags: Frankl]

Better Essays
816 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

My Philosophy Of Education : Progressivism And Existentialism

- My philosophy of education would be progressivism and existentialism. I would use progressivism because I like the hands-on learning style. Also, because I want to teach at a preschool or kindergarten. Children learn better if they have more hands-on learning then just sitting and listening to you talk. With progressivism, the education is child centered so your focus is your children and not a test. You have more freedom to teach them what they want to learn. You can make the learning more interactive, or shaped to the child’s learning style....   [tags: Education, Teacher, Philosophy]

Better Essays
987 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

The Prevelence of Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- One of the ways existentialism is created in The Stranger is through the use of the philosophical idea of nihilism that the main character, Mersault, holds true to. Nihilism is the dismissal of all religious beliefs and essentially is the belief that life is meaningless. Mersault is of nihilist thought in that he puts no meaning to life through the total concentration of the physical and virtually believes in nothing. Rejecting any consideration of being thoughtful towards any potential meaning is an obvious point being made in Camus' attempt to convey this perspective of existentialism throughout the novel....   [tags: nihilism, fatalism, value]

Better Essays
630 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Comparing Existentialism in Crime and Punishment and Invisible Man

- Existentialism in Crime and Punishment and Invisible Man       The works of Dostoevsky and Ellison are both obvious existential novels, but they exist on two different levels of existentialism. In Invisible Man the invisible narrator has to deal with the enemy of a chaotic and prejudice world around him. In contrast, Roskolnokov, in Crime And Punishment, is his own enemy, and struggles with his two separate identities. One which feels he is superior to ordinary men and the other which is kind, caring and sensitive to those around him....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

Better Essays
923 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Albert Camus' The Plague and Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot

- All of the characters in The Plague and Waiting For Godot exist in their fictional worlds. However, none is able to explain why. Neither work gives the reader an explanation of human existence except to say that humans exist. Providing an answer to the question of existence would constitute a paradox. To an existentialist, if you answer the question, then you've missed the whole point. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts (Bigelow 134)....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

Better Essays
956 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

What My Philosophy Is Based On Different Philosophies, They Are Progressivism And Existentialism

- In this paper, I will demonstrate what my teaching philosophy is based on two different philosophies; they are progressivism and existentialism. Using these two philosophies, I will focus on the student rather than myself as the teacher. The focus is to create a flexible, responsible, and understandable environment for my students. In order to follow the Olivet’s School of Education slogan, “Professionals Influencing Lives”, I need to uncover my virtues in order to give students the best learning experience when I teach Math, Sunday school, or other subjects....   [tags: Education, Learning, Philosophy, Knowledge]

Better Essays
885 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

The Life of Jean-Paul Sartre

- Existentialism could be defined as a philosophical theory that focuses on the individual person being a free and responsible person who determines his or her own development through acts of will. Existentialism is a thesis that has been discussed by some of the greatest philosophical minds ever to live. Minds such as Kierkegaard and Nietzsche all had their own view on what existentialism was and major impact on the development of this thesis. Each of these philosophies played a huge influence on a great mind that would come later on in history....   [tags: philosophy, existentialism]

Better Essays
860 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Simone De Beauvoir 's All Men Are Mortal

- Martha Nussbaum makes an important point when she suggests that literature is useful when it comes to understanding philosophy and philosophical concepts. In particular, Simone de Beauvoir’s All Men Are Mortal is useful in the way that Nussbaum describes because the treatment of existential concepts in the book allow the reader to gain insight into the life of a committed existentialist and into the desirability of this type of life. The book does so by being more accessible to readers and reaches a wider audience since it is not written using jargon like many dense philosophic writings....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre]

Better Essays
1647 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Sartre and the Meaning of Human Existence

- Where the Meaning of Human Existence is Located According to Sartre The word philosophy comes from Greek and literally means "love of wisdom." The Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines philosophy as "a critical study of fundamental beliefs and the grounds for them." Both explanations of philosophy are correct and concrete. The meaning of human existence has no such concrete answer, but in this paper we will examine where Sartre believes it to be. Sartre's existentialism is a philosophy, which deals with man....   [tags: Sartre's Existentialism, Philosophy]

Better Essays
849 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Why The Hell Are We Here

- Why the Hell Are We Here Why the hell are we here. What an impossible question to answer, seeing as it is open to an extremely extensive magnitude of answers depending on who you ask. An individual’s sex, race, religion, and even their sexual orientation can issue their stance on what exactly their meaning of life is. Is it essentialism, a belief that things have a set of characteristics that make them what they are and are predetermined before your existence, or is it existentialism, a belief that there is no objective or absolute meaning to life, and that the meaning of a person’s life must be invented or chosen by said person in full awareness....   [tags: Meaning of life, Existentialism]

Better Essays
1889 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Jean-Paul Sartre’s Play No Exit

- Jean-Paul Sartre’s Play “No Exit” Existentialism is a very confusing concept to understand. Existentialism is a school of thought, so to speak, where people believe that for every action there is a reaction. Moreover, most of the time, the reaction is a negative one. There is the basic understanding that humans have free will. They have the choice to do whatever they feel in life, which in turn makes life very stressful. Our choices obviously result in some other consequence, and as I said, the consequences, though we may not notice, are negative ones....   [tags: Existentialism Sartre No Exit Essays]

Better Essays
957 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Existence Precedes Essence

- Dead rats filled the streets of Oran in the beginning of Albert Camus’ novel The Plague. The plague was rapidly spreading throughout Oran, despite the town’s effort to constrain it. Oran was soon quarantined, letting no one in and no one out. Dr. Rieux, a local physician, organizes a team of volunteers to fight the plague. The team plans to control sanitation and properly transport infected individuals to Dr. Rieux’s hospital. The character qualities of Dr. Rieux and his team of volunteers throughout the novel are consistent with Jean-Paul Sartre’s characteristics of an existentialist....   [tags: existentialism, Camus, Sartre]

Better Essays
741 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

A Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

- A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Existential Therapy (ET) will be utilized in this case study to assist M’Lynn through the counseling process to acknowledge that she is the one making the choices in her life, and deciding what course her life takes. In Existential Therapy (ET), there are numerous incarnations and techniques because the emphasis is on individuality, recognizing that each therapeutic relationship is unique (Jones & Butman, 2011)....   [tags: Existentialism, Psychotherapy, Søren Kierkegaard]

Better Essays
918 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

The Philosophical Movement Of Hamlet From Shakespeare 's Tragedy

- What is mankind. Who am I. What is the meaning of life. These are multifaceted existential questions that ancient and modern philosophies have yet to adequately answer. Countless philosophers have spent their lifetimes in search of answers to these questions but died before finding a suitable answer. Certainly, the philosophy of existentialism is an interesting phenomenon. The dictionary defines existentialism as a "philosophical movement . . . centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for acts of free will" ("Existentialism")....   [tags: Hamlet, Existentialism, Characters in Hamlet]

Better Essays
1130 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Clean Well Lighted Place By Ernest Hemingway

- Ernest Hemingway 's use of existentialism in "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" Existentialism is a philosophical term that comes from the 19th century and at the time used to describe philosophers such as Jean-Paul Sarte 's and Simone de Beauvoir 's writing themes. It is a term of many vague definitions but does not contain synonyms. It is a unique concept, but could define as one 's reaction to human existence as a whole, and the difficulty finding/lacking a purpose in the world. Without experience and walking in one another 's shoes, no one will ever fully understand someones complications or situations in life....   [tags: Meaning of life, Existentialism]

Better Essays
1141 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Human Life Expectancy And The Viewpoint Of One

- Human Life Expectancy and the Viewpoint of One As an astronaut working on the international space station, I imagine that making contact with an alien spacecraft would be the single most significant and exciting moment of my life. At the same time, it would be a terrifying moment in my life, calling into question all that up to this point I have believed to be true. Knowing what I know of the current state of affairs on earth I believe one response to alien condemnation is humans will decide to beg for mercy and essentially enslave ourselves, learning what we can about this new species and actively searching for ways to coexist....   [tags: Human, Psychology, Existentialism, Humans]

Better Essays
872 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Summary Of Cordwainer Smith 's Story ' Alpha Ralpha Boulevard '

- This essay will argue that the statement “Cordwainer Smith’s story, ‘Alpha Ralpha Boulevard’, is an existentialist text,” is incorrect because Alpha Ralpha Boulevard exhibits elements that do not correlate with existentialist philosophy. The term existentialist, according to Sartre, means existence precedes essence. This means that an individual first exists, and then they exercise free will over themselves to do things that define themselves, thus their essence. For this ideology to work for Sartre, an atheistic stance needs to be taken....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre]

Better Essays
1125 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Humanistic Psychology And Existential Psychology

- Humanistic and Existential Psychology are influential of each other, both include the “meaning of our existence, the role of free will, and the uniqueness of each human” (Burger, 2015) This paper will review three articles written by influential psychologists of their time, Maslow, Rogers, and Frankl. The review of each will include a summary, how well the contents connects to the humanistic or existential psychology, and if their ideas still have a relevant application in today’s environment. The first article for review by Viktor Frankl, an existential psychologist, Logotherapy and Existentialism, was written in 1967....   [tags: Psychology, Psychotherapy, Existentialism]

Better Essays
1040 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The Existential Position Toward Susan Orlean 's ' Sunday Night '

- +The existential position toward Susan Orlean’s essay “Saturday Night” is one that rejects the dehumanizing state of “Saturdayness” and man being defined solely as the hedonistic Being-for-St. Elsewhere (Man as Future-State Man). Her guidelines for Saturday night directly contrast the existentialist ideals of freedom, the individual, and living in the present, and the philosopher Jean-Paul Satre surely would agree. *Even Orlean herself admits “chronological time is a sort of an anachronism these days”: the “Fun Imperative” has been replaced by the “Fear Imperative” (AIDS); and the living-for-the-future syndrome is a Satrian act of “bad faith” and must be acknowledged as such....   [tags: Jean-Paul Sartre, Existentialism]

Better Essays
808 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Sartre 's Philosophy Of Existence

- One of Sartre’s philosophy is the idea of “existence precedes essence”. In order to understand what this proposal means, we need to define “existence” and “essence”. In my opinion, “existence” is the presence of things, the part that identifies us as who we are, while “essence” is the nature part, the blueprint, the description that we were born. Thus, the Sartre’s philosophy of “existence precedes essence”, in my interpretation, states that we, human first exist and then determine our essence by means of choices and actions....   [tags: Existentialism, Philosophy of life, Ontology]

Better Essays
931 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The, Sartre, And Voltaire 's Views On The Self And The Stages Of Life

- One of the most common struggles that every person on this globe faces is figuring out who they are, finding their ‘self’. This is a stage that often occurs more than once in your lifetime and can sometimes last relatively long. It is not easy to find yourself and to create a life based around that self. Often times, the individuals that have the hardest time with discovering themselves are college students. When experiencing doubt and despair, one might look up to a guiding figure, such as a parent, professor, or mentor....   [tags: Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre]

Better Essays
709 words | (2 pages) | Preview

A Suicide, An Execution, And Many Conscious Murders

- A suicide, an execution, and many conscious murders. The fate of existentialism seems lacking in hope and peace. This is because many existentialists believe that life is meaningless, but also that one must be responsible for his or her actions and decisions as well as accept the consequences of those actions. Macbeth in the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, Antigone in the play “Antigone” by Jean Anouilh, and Meursault in the novel The Stranger by Albert Camus all are characters who have taken the responsibility for their actions head on and have gone until death to deal with their own consequences....   [tags: Absurdism, Albert Camus, Existentialism]

Better Essays
1435 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

These results are sorted by color rating. You may also sort these by relevance or essay length.


Your search returned 200 essays for "existentialism":
1  2  3    Next >>