Your search returned over 400 essays for "existentialism"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

Meaning and Existentialism in My Life

- Existentialism is a phiosophy which revolves around the central belief that we create ourselves. External factors are not important. It is the way that we let external factors affect us that determines who we are. As individuals we all have the freedom to choose our own path and that is what life is all about. Along with the freedom of choice comes the responsibilty of one's actions which can make some people anxious but give others meaning to their lives. To overcome this anxiousness and accept responsibilty is to meet the challenges of life and to truly live it....   [tags: Existentialism, ]

Better Essays
675 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Understanding Existentialism

- Do we matter. Do we seek personal happiness in life. These are questions from existentialism. The dictionary defines existentialism as an individual’s experience filled with isolation in a hostile universe where a human being attempts to find true self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility. Hamlet is an existentialist character who believes that he is forced to avenge his father’s death and the hatred builds in his heart because of the many betrayals which direct him towards a senseless life and constant thoughts about suicide; this ultimately leads to his demise and he is left with naught....   [tags: Existentialism]

Better Essays
872 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Life Value vs. Existentialism in Grendel

- A main theme in John Gardner’s Grendel, is the constant competition of the ideas of meaning in life versus existentialism. Throughout the novel, Grendel makes a steady spiritual decay to the point of denying any value or significance in life itself. He believes the world is nothing more than “a mechanical chaos of casual, brute enmity on which we stupidly impose our hopes and fears”(16). This progression starts at a young age, and through out the twelve years of Grendel’s life, he grows closer to a total commitment to this theory....   [tags: meaning, existentialism, John Gardner]

Strong Essays
1307 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis

- Existentialism in Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis In Franz Kafka’s short story, Metamorphosis, the idea of existentialism is brought out in a subtle, yet definite way. Existentialism is defined as a belief in which an individual is ultimately in charge of placing meaning into their life, and that life alone is meaningless. They do not believe in any sort of ultimate power and focus much of their attention on concepts such as dread, boredom, freedom and nothingness. This philosophical literary movement emerged in the twentieth-century, when Kafka was establishing his writing style in regards to alienation and distorted anxiety....   [tags: Kafka Literature existentialism]

Free Essays
1489 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Albert Camus and His Views on Existentialism

- Albert Camus is considered one of the greatest existentialist writers of all time. However, although he was considered an existentialist writer, Camus never labeled himself as an existentialist. “No, I am not an existentialist”  (Albert Camus: Lyrical and Critical Essays, Vintage (1970)) Camus rejected in an 1945 interview, however in some of his literary works, some find that his writings are one of a true existentialistic thinker. Although many contrast these thoughts and believe that Camus was anything but a thinker of this philosophy, Camus is one of the main authors that people turn to research and read to understand the thinking of existentialism....   [tags: Existentialist Writer]

Strong Essays
1002 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The meaning of the suffering of Meursault from the angle of existentialist crisis

- Existentialism tends to focus on the question of human existence — the feeling that there is no purpose, indeed nothing, at the core of existence. The term itself suggests one major theme: the stress on concrete individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice. Sartre did not believe in God, so there was no place for the essence of humanity to be before human existence. For Existentialists like Sartre, the absence of God has a much larger significance than the metaphysics of creation....   [tags: Existentialism]

Strong Essays
2072 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

The Philosophy of Existentialism

- ‘The most dangerous follower is he whose defection would destroy the whole party: that is to say, the best follower.’ – Friedrich Nietzsche Being recognizable and distinctive nowadays is something most individuals seek after. To become important or standing out in any community is not something today’s individuals have created or whatsoever. Ever since the twentieth century and even before, that belief and eagerness to prove your existence has been noticeably present. Not only between common people has this been there, also philosophers had sincerely thought about that humanly keenness to prove that one is different and essential, and tried to philosophically explain it....   [tags: Philosophy, Nietzsche, Socrates]

Strong Essays
1066 words | (3 pages) | Preview

History of Existentialism

- This paper will explore all the aspects of the literary movement first present in the 19th century, existentialism. It will discuss the different climates, including social, political, and economic, that the literary movement was present during. Combining the basic dictionary definition and the numerous interpretations writers grasp from existentialism, the information provided will deepen the understanding of the origins, popularity, and breadth of the topic. Touching upon the works of famous existentialistic writers, including Jean-Paul Sartre, Franz Kafka, Luigi Pirandello, and Albert Camus, this paper will cover the whole existentialism period....   [tags: Literary Movement, World Climate]

Free Essays
441 words | (1.3 pages) | Preview

Victorianism and Existentialism

- Victorianism “can be taken to mean the parent of the modern” (Landow). The term Victorianism refers to the attitudes, ways, ideas, changes and events of the Victorian Era. “The Victorian Era is generally agreed to stretch through the reign of Queen Victoria” (Miller), from 1837 to 1901. During this period, which was “sometimes called the Second English Renaissance” (Miller), the Victorians faced many modern problems. However, the Victorian Era was an age of power which allowed the Victorians to come up with modern solutions and ideas....   [tags: Philosophy ]

Powerful Essays
1496 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism 'Existence precedes essence'. These are the few words that many people live by. These words describe a philosophy called Existentialism. The philosophical term, Existentialism, came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. Jean Paul Sartre wrote 'No Exit', where he portrayed his philosophy negatively. On the other hand, Albert Camus, who wrote The Stranger, portrayed Existentialism positively through his characters. Each author uses the characteristics of Existentialism positively or negatively to define their own story as well as their characters as true Existentialists or not      Existentialism has been described as a philosophical movement especially of the 20th cent...   [tags: Philosophy Sartre Existentialist Essays]

Free Essays
1272 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Rejection of Existentialism

- In his defense of existentialism, Sartre first defines the unifying factor of existentialism, (for both atheist and deist alike), as the belief that existence precedes essence. To help illustrate his point he presents the example of a paper knife, an object that possess a set of qualities that enable it to carry out its purpose. He states that it would not have been created without a particular purpose, therefore its essence precedes its existence. (Sartre) Sartre rejects this idea when it comes to mankind and declares that humans in themselves have no nature and define themselves after coming into existence....   [tags: Sartre, atheistic worldview]

Better Essays
823 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

The Grief of Existentialist in Albert Camus’s Work of Fiction, "The Stranger"

- Albert Camus’s work of fiction, The Stranger, explores the life of a French man known as Meursault after his mother dies of old age. Meursault does not feel grief for his mothers death as he believes that doing so is pointless since he, as well as Camus himself, is an atheist and an existentialist. As such, he doesn’t concern himself with traditional emotions and beliefs and is instead only concerned with the physical world around him and his physical interactions with it. This is best exemplified when comparing the novels opening paragraph, “Maman died today....   [tags: Albert Camus, Stranger, Grief, Existentialism, ]

Better Essays
707 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Existentialism and Its Role today

- The Good Life is an expression representing how one would like to live out their life. In other words, how that person achieves happiness. There are three theories that correlate to the Good Life: daoism, stoicism, and existentialism. Since each person defines their happiness differently, each person has their own opinion as to whether or not what is read to be correct or not. The goal is to at least shine a light onto what everyone seems drawn towards. Existentialism is an important theory to consider in order to achieve the Good Life....   [tags: Jean Paul Sartre, Kierkegarrd]

Strong Essays
805 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Existentialism and its Role Today

- The Good Life is an expression representing how one would like to live out their life. In other words, how that person achieves happiness. The three more relevant theories that correlate to the Good Life are Daoism, Stoicism, and Existentialism. Since each person defines their happiness differently, each person has their own opinion as to whether or not what is read to be correct or not. The goal is to at least shine a light to what everyone seems drawn towards. Existentialism is an important theory to consider in order to achieve the Good Life....   [tags: phylosphy, happiness, life]

Strong Essays
1013 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Idea of Existentialism in The Stranger

- Existentialism is defined as "a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining his or her own development through acts of the will”. In other words, existentialism it emphasizes individual freedom. Throughout The Stranger, the amount of existentialism views is abundant. The use of Mersault’s experiences covey the idea that human life has no meaning except for simple existence. The idea of existentialism in Albert Camus' The Stranger reflects through Mersault's life experiences with his relationship with Marie, the death of his mother Maman, the murdering of the Arab, and Mersault's trial and execution, all t...   [tags: Literary Analysis, Albert Camus]

Free Essays
965 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- In his 1946 essay Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre undertakes the task of defending existentialism against what he defines as “charges” (341) brought against it. Sartre begins to outline the “charges” brought against existentialism and further, existentialists. Following the medieval quaestio-form, Sartre begins with the statement of the objection, a short discussion, and then his reply to each. The first of the charges is that of quietism. “First, it has been charged with inviting people to remain in a kind of desperate quietism because, since no solutions are possible, we should have to consider action in this world as quite impossible” (341)....   [tags: Analysis, Jean-Paul Sartre]

Good Essays
1364 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Existentialism Impacts the Meaning of Life

- Imagine living in a world that was black, white, apathetic, and just overall meaningless. Take in the consideration that life right now, was utterly different. Think how humans would represent life and how individuals would appear to society. The existentialists believe in the theory of existentialism which can be depicted as life has no meaning until it is given a purpose. Though everyone has a purpose in life; it is just a matter of discovering what the purpose is. Throughout literature authors use the theory of existentialism to urge humanity to consider the human condition that life has no meaning without purpose....   [tags: The Human Condition]

Better Essays
1468 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- Originally released in French, The Stranger by Albert Camus (published in 1942) follows the story of Meursault whom is a French man living in Algeria prior to the 2nd World War and gives his own unique perspective of the events between when he receives a telegram stating that his mother had recently pass away to when he is executed for the murder of a man only referred to as “The Arab” whom he had shot. Meursault had an interesting outlook on life and it is unclear why he feels the way he does but his tone is constantly detached, plain, and at times subtly ironic....   [tags: Dettachment, Reality]

Better Essays
529 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- In The Stranger by Albert Camus there are many points where Camus’s personal beliefs in existentialism are found. Camus showed his existentialistic beliefs by using his characters to make social commentaries on multiple different social institution, including marriage, time, and society itself. Camus uses all of his characters to show his social commentaries with specific characters going to show what existentialists believe are bad qualities of social institutions. Some of the social institutions that are shown in this novel are marriage, time, and the idea of a group of people forming a society altogether....   [tags: Marie, Raymond, Perez, and Meursault]

Strong Essays
1214 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

A Brief Introduction to Existentialism

- Existentialism: A Brief Introduction Existentialism is a philosophical thought that became popular and reached its pinnacle after the world war 2nd “commonly associated with Left-Bank Parisian cafes and the ‘family’ of philosophers Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir who gathered there in the years immediately following the liberation of Paris at the end of World War II.” (Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction ix). The oxford dictionary explains Existentialism as “the theory that humans are free and responsible for their own actions in a world without meaning.” Here the ‘world without meaning’ has to be given more stress as in it the essence of existentialism lies....   [tags: philosophy, truth, human interaction]

Term Papers
2053 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- “The world is, of course, nothing but our conception of it.” This quote, by Anton Chekhov, seems obvious and easy to relate to. However, it perfectly describes the concept of existentialism, which is neither obvious nor relatable. Existentialism is “a modern philosophical movement stressing the importance of personal experience and responsibility and the demands that they make on the individual, who is seen as a free agent in a deterministic and seemingly meaningless universe” (“Existentialism”)....   [tags: Philosophy ]

Term Papers
2350 words | (6.7 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Rarely in this world does something turn out as an objective or even partially objective matter. One must always assume some set of axioms as true. In math, sixteen axioms exist for one to properly utilize and prove things with merely real numbers, one of the first and simplest tools in a person’s arsenal. Most of these aren’t that hard to agree with, like “for all x and y in the set R, x + y = y + x,” but other principles and ideas contain much more controversial assumptions such as, “God exists.” Within this world, the only truth one can believe resides as one’s consciousness....   [tags: Philosophy]

Strong Essays
1031 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Father of Existentialism: Soren Kierkegaard

- During the late 19th and 20th centuries, several philosophers debated on the doctrine differences that all philosophical thinking begin with the human in terms of thinking, acting and feeling. The fundamental concepts of the externalist philosophers are that they believed that the existence of human conditions is the main problem to share similar ontology. Soren Kierkegaard is considered to be the father of existentialism. Although, he did not use the word ‘existentialism’, but initially the concept that no society or religion is the main cause that leads an individual to live a life with sincerity or passionately....   [tags: philosophy, human condition, doctrine]

Strong Essays
1053 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Existentialism: Kierkegaard and Nietzsche

- The Merriam – Webster Dictionary defines existentialism as a chiefly 20th century philosophical movement embracing diverse doctrines but centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad (Merriam, 2011). In other words, an existentialist believes that our natures are the natures we make for ourselves, the meaning of our existence is that we just exist and there may or may not be a meaning for the existence, and we have to individually decide what is right or wrong and good or bad for ourselves....   [tags: Philosophy ]

Strong Essays
1122 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Unknown Places

- ... She sees other women trapped inside of it at certain times of the day and becomes determined to set them free. She even goes as far as saying that she can smell the yellow coming off of the wallpaper (Gilman 7). As both of these previous examples have showcased more of the physical side of the results, the inner side of them is shown more in The Stranger and Hamlet. When Meursault’s mother dies, he doesn’t feel the amount of grief that is expected. After her funeral, his lack of feeling snowballs into some even bigger things....   [tags: The Breakfast Club, Hamlet, Metamorphosis]

Term Papers
1404 words | (4 pages) | Preview

New Theistic Natural Existentialism

- ... Every human is interconnected with each other and God but not all are aware of it. After death humans go to either heaven or hell. “For each person death is either the gate to life with God and his people or the gate to eternal separation from the only thing that will ultimately fulfill human aspirations” (Sire, 41).This depends on if they believe in the teachings of God and lived by them. It does not matter if an individual was never aware of the religion itself, just that they followed the same path....   [tags: philosophical perspective, god]

Term Papers
1253 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism In No Exit

- In his play, No Exit, Jean-Paul Sartre examines basic themes of existentialism through three characters. The first subject, Garcin, embraces existentialist ideas somewhat. The second character, Inez, seems to fully understand ideas deemed existential. Estelle is the third person, and does not seem to understand these ideas well, nor does she accept them when they are first presented to her. One similarity amongst the three is that they all at some point seem to accept that they are in Hell for a reason....   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
645 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

The Human Condition: Existentialism in Nihilism and Morality

- Prior to the events of the twentieth century and the emergence of existentialism as a true school of thought, the Enlightenment from 1650 to 1800, brought about the first modern philosophers. Among them, metaphysician Rene Descartes, more than a century before his time, most famously coined his maxim, “Cogito ergo sum”, translated from the original Latin “I think, therefore, I am”, which was the first answer to the first inquiry of human existence and “sums up perfectly the philosophical underpinnings of existentialist thought” (Existentialism)....   [tags: phylosophy, enlightment]

Strong Essays
1182 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

How Existentialism and Psychoanalysis Influenced Frankl

- Before an in-depth look at how existentialism and psychoanalysis influenced Frankl, let take a look at what each of these theories mean. Existentialism became identified with a cultural movement that blossomed in Europe during the forties and fifties; this term adopted by Jean-Paul Sartre as a self-description in Sartre and his associates postwar literary and philosophical writings. “By the mid 1970s the cultural image of existentialism had become a cliché, parodized in countless books and films by Woody Allen.” (123 Help me) According one website I researched, all about philosophy states the definition of Existentialism is: “Existentialism is a 20th century philosophy concerned with human...   [tags: Frankl]

Better Essays
816 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

The Prevelence of Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- One of the ways existentialism is created in The Stranger is through the use of the philosophical idea of nihilism that the main character, Mersault, holds true to. Nihilism is the dismissal of all religious beliefs and essentially is the belief that life is meaningless. Mersault is of nihilist thought in that he puts no meaning to life through the total concentration of the physical and virtually believes in nothing. Rejecting any consideration of being thoughtful towards any potential meaning is an obvious point being made in Camus' attempt to convey this perspective of existentialism throughout the novel....   [tags: nihilism, fatalism, value]

Better Essays
630 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

- ... The novel's elements of authenticity, absurdity, and alienation of the narrator prove its stance as an existential novel. Throughout the novel, the narrator explores the existential theme of authenticity, as seen in the “I yam what I am” scene in Chapter 13 where he reaffirms his black roots and does not care of the stereotypical image that is perceived about black people. He ends up buying more yams because it reminds him of where he came from and who he really identifies as. But then again, there is also the racial authenticity of it all....   [tags: authenticity, absurity, alienation, humanity]

Good Essays
567 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Night

- Existentialism in Night In his essay “Existentialism”, Jean Paul Sartre discusses the main beliefs of existentialism. Perhaps the most important belief of existentialism is that there is no human nature, and there is no God. This means that each individual man has control of his own destiny. The definition of each individual man is the sum of his life and all he has accomplished in his life. He is also responsible for all the choices and actions he makes in his life. These types of choices and actions can be seen in the book “Night” by Elie Wiesel....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Strong Essays
998 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Philosophy of Existentialism

- Philosophy of Existentialism From what I understand reading Jean-Paul Sartre's work the Existentialism is philosophy that places emphasis on individual existence, subjectivism, and freedom of making choice. According to Sartre, Existentialism is philosophy that states that "if God does not exist, there is at least one being in whom existence precedes essence." It seems that Sartre's theory rests on this thesis that 'existence precedes essence' and therefore it should be basis for any further discussion or understanding of this philosophy....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
345 words | (1 pages) | Preview

Existentialism In Grendel

- Existentialism In Grendel The debate between existentialism and the rest of the world is a fierce, albeit recent one. Before the "dawn of science" and the Age Of Reason, it was universally accepted that there were such things as gods, right and wrong, and heroism. However, with the developing interest in science and the mechanization of the universe near the end of the Renaissance, the need for a God was essentially removed, and humankind was left to reconsider the origin of meaning. John Gardner’s intelligently written Grendel is a commentary on the merits and flaws of both types of worldview: the existentialist "meaning-free" universe, and the heroic universe, where every action is...   [tags: essays papers]

Strong Essays
1611 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

The Life of Jean-Paul Sartre

- Existentialism could be defined as a philosophical theory that focuses on the individual person being a free and responsible person who determines his or her own development through acts of will. Existentialism is a thesis that has been discussed by some of the greatest philosophical minds ever to live. Minds such as Kierkegaard and Nietzsche all had their own view on what existentialism was and major impact on the development of this thesis. Each of these philosophies played a huge influence on a great mind that would come later on in history....   [tags: philosophy, existentialism]

Better Essays
860 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Comparing Existentialism in The Trial and Nausea

- Existentialism in The Trial and Nausea   The Trial and Nausea   Webster's Dictionary defines Existentialism as a "philosophic doctrine of beliefs that people have absolute freedom of choice and that the universe is absurd, with an emphasis on the phenomena of anxiety and alienation." As Existentialism was coming to the foreground of the philosophical world during the 1940's, a group of Existentialist philosophers became well-known public figures in America. Their philosophies were commonly discussed in magazines, and their concepts of man's ultimate freedom of choice were quite intriguing to readers....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

Free Essays
559 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in The Stranger by Albert Camus

- In defining existentialism the responsibility of the free being is essential to define what one is although the actions taken by the individual are self imposed and are not the fault of the environment. The Stranger by Albert Camus is in relation to the existential philosophy of the individuals deviating thoughts towards their actions are in relation with protagonist Meursault in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Existentialism and its definition of mans self determination reflects life during the world war two era....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
547 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Hopeless and Absurd - Existentialism and Buddhism

- Hopeless and Absurd - Existentialism and Buddhism Perhaps the most telling symptom of existentialist philosophers is their ever-divergent theories on the fundamental characteristics of human life and their steadfast refusal to assign an explicit meaning or reason to our existence at all. Contrary to criticism which therefore labels the movement cynically nihilistic, existentialism justifies life with reasoning similar to that of Zen Buddhism. Specifically, the notions of hopelessness and absurdity can be gleaned from Buddhism in a manner helpful to the understanding of existentialist viewpoints on the same....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

Powerful Essays
1528 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in The Stranger (The Outsider)

- Existentialism in The Stranger Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a few main points, such as the freedom to choose and the choices you make should be made without the assistance of another person or standard. From the existentialist point of view you must accept the risk and responsibility of your choices and follow the commitment to wherever it leads. Someone that is put in a particular situation understands it far more than someone looking in on that same situation, one commonly used situation that appears often in existentialist writing is that of death....   [tags: Camus Stranger Essays]

Free Essays
549 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism In The Early 19th Century

- Existentialism in the Early 19th Century Major Themes Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, the term is impossible to define precisely. Certain themes common to virtually all existentialist writers can, however, be identified. The term itself suggests one major theme: the stress on concrete individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice. Moral Individualism Most philosophers since Plato have held that the highest ethical good is the same for everyone; insofar as one approaches moral perfection, one resembles other morally perfect individuals....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
1641 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Existentialism, Beloved, and The Bluest Eye

- Existentialism, Beloved, and The Bluest Eye                        Toni Morrison has written several novels, many of which show the influence of existentialist thinking; however, Beloved and The Bluest Eye both strongly illustrate all of the major existential themes. Beloved is a novel about a woman, Sethe, who escapes from slavery with her children. She is haunted both physically and psychologically by her experience, as evidenced by the scars she carries on her back from a severe beating, and the scars she carries in her mind from the horrible treatment she suffered....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

Powerful Essays
3335 words | (9.5 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Catcher in the Rye

- Existentialism in Catcher in the Rye The Catcher in the Rye creates an existentialist out of Holden Caulfield by giving him a strong personal opinion, a different sense of view, and isolation. Holden's individuality and his different way of thinking creates within him an Existentialist that refuses to accept weakness but holds sympathy for the weak and vulnerable. The basis for these beliefs lies within the most commonly identifiable theme of existentialism, which states that the philosophy stresses the concrete individual existence along with the individual freedom and choice....   [tags: Catcher Rye Essays]

Better Essays
615 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism is the title of the set of philosophical ideals that emphasizes the existence of the human being, the lack of meaning and purpose in life, and the solitude of human existence. Existentialism maintains existence precedes essence: This implies that the human being has no essence, no essential self, and is no more that what he is. He is only the sum of life is so far he has created and achieved for himself. Existentialism acquires its name from insisting that existence precedes essence....   [tags: Existence]

Free Essays
481 words | (1.4 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism Thrown into the world, and condemned from freedom, Existentialists believe that every action they make they will have some kind of action returned. Therefore, the person must be accountable without excuse. Existentialism is not its own philosophy but a vast world in itself. A world filled with many philosophies sharing many of the same traits. Existentialism is the world of existence. Existentialists believe that a personality will develop best if left alone. Existence consists of basically two types of being, the authentic being, and the inauthentic being....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
387 words | (1.1 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism Existentialism refers to the philosophical movement or tendency of the nineteenth and twentyth centuries. Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, a precise definition is impossible; however, it suggests one major theme: a stress on individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice {3}. Existentialism also refers to a family of philosophies devoted to an interpretation of human existence in the world that stresses its concreteness and its problematic character....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1045 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot: Existentialism and The Theatre of the Absurd

- Every person is responsible for themselves. In society, people are responsible for their actions; good deeds will accede to rewards while bad deeds will lead to demerits. Humans live in a world where they are told what to do and how to do it, and faced with what is considered right and what is seen as wrong, but at the end of the day, humans have the freewill to do as they please and make their own choices, which leads them to being responsible for those actions. Everyday, humans are faced with these choices and decisions to make only to know deep down inside that they will either have positive or negative reactions to their choices, and it is this key idea that led to a specific philosophic...   [tags: Theater of the Absurd]

Powerful Essays
2525 words | (7.2 pages) | Preview

The Rise and Fall of Existentialism

- The Rise and Fall of Existentialism     Existential literature often focuses on the personal journey towards existential awareness. Common themes in existential works, such as alienation and confrontation with death, often lead the "anti-hero" towards a climactic choice that defines whether they have reached true understanding. The themes within existential literature are reflected from the world at large, and the works themselves are a metaphor for a grander shift in Western philosophy.   Intellectualism in post-war Europe had a sort of existential realization of its own, paralleling the experiences of its literary figures....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]

Strong Essays
1271 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism has been defined as a philosophical movement or tendency, emphasizing individual existence, freedom and choice that influences many diverse writers in the 19th and 20th centuries. The philosophical term existentialism came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. He combined the theories of a select few German philosophers, the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl, the metaphysics of G.W.F. Hegel and Martin Heidegger, and the social theory of Karl Marx. This philosophy became a worldwide movement....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
409 words | (1.2 pages) | Preview

Existentialism and Albert Camus' The Plague

- Existentialism and The Plague    In the mid 1940s, a man by the name of Albert Camus began to write a story. This story he called La Pesté. Written in French, the novel became extremely popular and has since been translated numerous times into many languages. This story has been read over and over, yet it tells more than it seems to. This story tells the tale of a city gripped by a deadly disease. This is true enough, but this is not what the novel is about. The Plague can be read as an allegory of World War II, of the French Resistance against German Occupation....   [tags: Albert Camus Plague Essays]

Powerful Essays
3953 words | (11.3 pages) | Preview

The Human Condition: Existentialism in Literature Relates to Religion

- Noam Chomsky firmly believes that novels, as well as other literary works, peer deeper into humanity than scientific theory ever will (Chomsky). Literature being a means of introspection is known to be true; a solitary manuscript contains the lives of countless characters. Slowly unearthing details, and remaining helpless as a plot twist unfolds, the reader discovers truths of not only those who cannot leave the paper bound prison, but begins to formulate who they are and how the world has warped the author....   [tags: Human Condition, Noam Chomsky]

Strong Essays
1002 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism In our individual routines, each and every one of us strive to be the best that we are capable of being. How peculiar this is; we aim for similar goals, yet the methods we enact are unique. Just as no two people have the same fingerprint, no two have identical theories on how to live life. While some follow religious outlines to aspire to a level of moral excellence, others pursue different approaches. Toward the end of the Nineteenth-Century and on through the mid-Twentieth, a movement followed "existentialism," a philosophical theory of life, in order to achieve such a level....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
900 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism Existentialism is a philosophical movement that stresses individual existence. Human beings are totally free and responsible for their own acts. Another main idea of existentialism is the limitation of reason and the irreducibility of experience to any system. Man is not a detached observer of the world; rather, he "exists" in a special sense - he is "in the world." Stones, trees, and other objects do not share this existence, and man is open to the world and the objects in it....   [tags: Papers Philosophy Essays Papers]

Powerful Essays
2190 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism is perhaps one of the world’s oldest philosophies. It has been dated back to nineteenth-century Danish and Greek philosophers. It is a simple idea, yet it has so many different ideals within it that it is almost impossible to define. There are many parts that make up one whole, basic idea. The many parts have been defined by famous existentialist artists and writers such as, Nietzsche, Chamfort, Sartre, and Kafka. These works have all proven many points about existentialism; however, even the pros cannot decide on one basic idea....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
574 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism, which spread rapidly over continental Europe after the First World War, is essentially the analysis of the condition of man, of the particular state of being free, and of man's having constantly to use his freedom in order top answer the ever- changing and unexpected challenges of the day. According to the Existentialists, the starting point of every philosophical investigation is concrete human existence. That means that human personality in itself should point the way to the absolute value of reality....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
1788 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

existentialism

- The modern conception of man is characterized, more than anything else, by individualism. Existentialism can be seen as a rigorous attempt to work out the implications of this individualism. The purpose of this lecture is to makes sense of the Existentialist conception of individuality and the answers it gives to these three questions: (1) What is human freedom. What can the absolute freedom of absolute individuals mean. (2) What is human flourishing or human happiness. What general ethic or way of life emerges when we take our individuality seriously....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
415 words | (1.2 pages) | Preview

The Awakening as an Allegory of Existentialism

- The Awakening as an Allegory of Existentialism        Kate Chopin's The Awakening as the title suggests is just that‹the story of a young woman's awakening to life.  Even though it is a work of fiction, the character of Edna undergoes such a radical change one cannot ignore the psychological depth of the work.  The story could almost be seen as a case study.  In order to analyze the work psychologically, it is important to decide which psychological framework to use.  I chose the critic Cynthia Wolff who uses a Freudian framework for analysis.  Wolff feels that Edna's problems are a result of oral conflicts, while I see the work as more of an allegory of existentialism, and Edna's proble...   [tags: Chopin Awakening Essays]

Powerful Essays
1834 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Jean-Paul Sartre says "man is nothing else but what he makes of himself" (762). This existentialist view depicts the idea that one is not based on the essence of a soul, but rather, based on decisions made throughout life. Sartre also believes that every man is responsible for all men. One may choose his marriage partner, however, in choosing to marry, one chooses monogamy. Decisions that individuals make will collectively create a set of principles and beliefs for all of man. Many people believe that a person’s decisions are a reflection of his soul and personality....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
1008 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Bill Watterson’s Comic Strips

- Bill Watterson is an American cartoonist, author of the famous comic strips “Calvin and Hobbes” syndicated from 1985 to 1995. In these short-stories, Calvin is a creative kid full of childish pranks, and together with Hobbes, a deep-thinking stuffed tiger, they both stand as examples of existentialism in comic strips. Through Calvin’s desperate choices and decisions over many circumstances in the stories, he struggles against a continually changing world. The characters’ actions portray the humanity disorder; people who are controlled in a worthless way of life against a ruthless nature, a cruel world, and inevitable death....   [tags: Literature]

Powerful Essays
1608 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- Existentialism is a philosophy about life that says being is more important than the indispensable everyday occurrences. It acknowledges an individuals freedom to choose and says with this knowing there comes an immense sense of responsibility. Despair, hopelessness and anxiety are characteristic of a person struggling with existential thoughts. Nihilism sums up this condition by stating that all values are baseless, nothing is foreseeable and that life itself is meaningless. The characters in A Clean Well Lighted Place and A Day’s Wait show signs of being both aware and unaware of these elements of existentialism....   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
723 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis

- Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis is a masterfully written short story about Gregor Samsa, a man who devotes his life to his family and work, for nothing in return. Only when he is transformed into a helpless beetle does he begin to develop a self-identity and understanding of the relationships around him. The underlying theme of The Metamorphosis is an existential view that says any given choice will govern the later course of a person's life, and that the person has ultimate will over making choices....   [tags: Metamorphosis essays]

Better Essays
615 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Existentialism

- God is an entity that exists everywhere in any way, shape, or form, as is the concept of a god that so many people have set in stone their beliefs; and is a false belief that can not possibly be true. Personification takes a role in the disproof of a god, signaling that God is merely a word. Also, the very definition of morals, which is a condemning factor that ‘god’ is based off of, blows the fish out of the water. So then, to a perfect being of all loving and compassionate understanding, option, or choice, refers to the many choices God has made; thus proving that to a being who has created all choices is a contradiction within itself....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
2016 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism

- Radhakrishnan's Thought and Existentialism ABSTRACT: I attempt to show the similarities between the viewpoints of Radhakrishnan and the existentialist thinkers. The philosophy of Radhakrishnan is an attempt to reinterpret and reconstruct the Advaita Vedanta of Sankara in the light of scientific knowledge and techniques of modern time. Existentialism is an attitude and outlook that emphasizes human existence. For Radhakrishnan, the human is essentially subject, not object. The existentialists assert that the human is not an object to be known, but a subject....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

Free Essays
1618 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Soldier’s Home by Ernest Hemingway

- ... “In ‘Soldier’s Home,’ Hemingway uses conflict to show how society demands conformity and the unfair struggles of those who do not fit the mold” (Comtois). Harold Krebs did not fit the mold, so he struggled to keep the attention of others. In striving to please the people around him, Krebs fed into the ways of society, making him a conformist. In order to become himself again, Krebs needed to separate himself and forget what others wanted him to say and do. Krebs needed to be selfish so he could do what was right for him....   [tags: harold krebs, soldier]

Good Essays
544 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Kafka's Metamorphosis

- Existentialism in Kafka's Metamorphosis         The book Metamorphosis, written by Franz Kafka, is based on the views of existentialism.  One of these main views is alienation or estrangement which is demonstrated by Gregor's relationship with his family, his social life, and the way he lives his life after the metamorphosis.         Although Gregor doesn't realize it, the relationship between him and his family is not good. Gregor is taking over his father's responsibilities leaving nothing for Gregor's father to be responsible for....   [tags: Metamorphosis essays]

Free Essays
406 words | (1.2 pages) | Preview

Christian Existentialism

- Christian Existentialism Webster's Dictionary defines Existentialism to be, "the philosophical movement centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for his acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad." This seems to be the very antithesis of Christian doctrines in that it asserts the autonomy and independence of man rather than views them as subjects to a supreme being, however, Existentialism and Christianity can coexist....   [tags: Philosophy, Religion, Faith]

Free Essays
319 words | (0.9 pages) | Preview

Jean Paul Sartre's No Exit And Its Existentialist Themes

- Jean Paul Sartre's No Exit And Its Existentialist Themes I would like to take this opportunity to discuss Jean Paul Sartre's philosophy and it's integration into his play "No Exit". Embedded within the character interactions are many Sartrean philosophical themes. Personal attributes serve to demonstrate some of the more dominant ideas in Sartre's writings. Each of the three characters in the play show identifiable characteristics of sexual perversion, bad faith, and interactions of consciousness.This play takes an interesting setting, that of the afterlife....   [tags: No Exit Jean Paul Sartre Essays Existentialism]

Powerful Essays
3041 words | (8.7 pages) | Preview

Existentialism Vs. Determinism

- Free Will Analyzing our individual free will can be very intriguing and can almost reach the point of being paradoxical. Ultimately, free will determines the level of responsibility we claim for our actions. Obviously, if outside forces determine our choices, we cannot be held responsible for our actions. However, if our choices are made with total freedom than certainly we must claim responsibility for our choices and actions. The readings I chose offered two quite opposite theories on individual human freedom, determinism vs....   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
768 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Nihilism and Existentialism in Cormac McCarthy's The Crossing

- Nihilism and Existentialism in Cormac McCarthy's The Crossing Cormac McCarthy's second book in The Border Trilogy offers an impressive array of worldviews all competing together in the larger narrative framework of the novel. These are not only expressed through the life of the protagonist Billy Parham and his brother Boyd, but also in the narratives of the many people they encounter on their horseback journeys through the hot desert sands of Mexico. Critic Robert L. Jarrett, associate professor of English at the University of Houston-Downtown, suggests the same in Cormac McCarthy, noting that "Despite the claims of the ex-priest [in The Crossing] that all men's tales are one, such visions...   [tags: Cormac McCarthy Crossing Essays]

Term Papers
2266 words | (6.5 pages) | Preview

New Media Expands Old Philosophy

- ... Within the short story, Jane is cut off from the rest of the world, locked alone in her room, and not allowed to visit anyone except for her husband and sister-in-law. While feeling unconnected to society, Jane is supposed to clear her mind (Gilman 1-2). This leaves her to pick up interest in her room, especially in the wallpaper. As the story progresses, Jane no longer finds interest in human company, but rather in the company of the wallpaper and its imaginary women (Gilman 5). Jane felt alienated from society because they believed, at that time, that in her condition, she would be unable to fit in with the world....   [tags: existentialism, moden philosphical movements]

Term Papers
2034 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Darkest Obstacles are a Gift and not a Curse

- The irony connected with the obstacle in achieving happiness is the pursuit of happiness. Those who pursue happiness with deliberate effort find themselves having to work harder and harder over time to achieve their ends. By trying to pursue happiness, we look for obvious, insubstantial objectives to achieve the happy life. Existentialism, however, may provide both the antidote to this vicious cycle, and give direction on how to find happiness-- by filling our lives with what T.S. Eliot calls real substance....   [tags: dark situations, happiness, existentialism]

Strong Essays
1041 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Existential Rootlessness in The Foreigner: A Critical View

- Arun Joshi is quite an exceptional novelist who stands apart from the rest of the novelists, who has taken up the themes of human predicament in almost all his novels. The overall and outstanding quest in all his novels is for a concrete direction and meaning in one’s life. Joshi has been influenced by existential thinkers like Camus, Sartre and this can be observed in his novels. Existentialism is a modern philosophic movement that deals with ‘man’s’ disillusionment and despair which originated in the philosophical and literary writings of Jean Paul Sartre and Albert Camus....   [tags: Joshi, Sindi, novels, existentialism]

Powerful Essays
1427 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Structuralism Developed by Ferdinand de Saussure

- Structuralism was developed by Ferdinand de Saussure in the mid-twentieth century (Cuddon and Preston 923). This creation was brought on, in part, by the French existentialism period and is often combined with the semiotic theory of literary criticism; both are the source of development for other literary criticisms from the formalist schools of thought. As the name suggests, structuralism examines the structure of the work, investigating the ramifications of the organizations of literatures (McManus, 1998)....   [tags: literary theories, french existentialism]

Strong Essays
1221 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Building the Existential Man

- There are many genres in music. Today, people see the charts dominated by pop, rock, and hip-hop, but there are numerous genres that fill bottom cultures of music. For instance, jazz music is not booming like it was in the 1930s. However, the culture still fully exists. It is still being performed and experimented with by musicians. It is even arguable that jazz was a starting root to music today. Literature also holds an abundance of genres. From fantasies to lectures, news to philosophies, literature is also a constant part of human life....   [tags: dark phylosophy, Camus, existentialism]

Powerful Essays
1780 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart

- Existentialism in Things Fall Apart          Chinua Achebe presents his audience with an interesting twist to a contemporary school of thought in his work Things Fall Apart.  This post-colonization narrative incorporates several traits that revolt against normative philosophic systems and tralititious theories and beliefs of the existence of man and his place in the universe.  Achebe's efforts are characterized by a small diverse group of writers that purge realizations of predestination, and instead define man's existence by identifying his independent choices throughout the life course.  Achebe's style, although peculiar in one sense, can be defined in relation to the school of...   [tags: Things Fall Apart essays]

Powerful Essays
1633 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Educational Philosophies: Idealism, Realism, Pragmatism, and Existentialism

- Educational philosophy is no doubt a matter that has changed over the decades, and still today not everyone is in total agreement on the subject. However, one thing is certain philosophy is the foundation of educational styles. Today, four basic educational philosophies exist including idealism, realism, pragmatism, and existentialism. All four philosophies are very different, but all strive for the same goal, to better our education system. Although every teacher has a different style of teaching that can be considered their own, they all adhere to one of the four basic philosophies....   [tags: Philosophy on Education Statement Teaching]

Good Essays
466 words | (1.3 pages) | Preview

Comparing Existentialism in Crime and Punishment and Invisible Man

- Existentialism in Crime and Punishment and Invisible Man       The works of Dostoevsky and Ellison are both obvious existential novels, but they exist on two different levels of existentialism. In Invisible Man the invisible narrator has to deal with the enemy of a chaotic and prejudice world around him. In contrast, Roskolnokov, in Crime And Punishment, is his own enemy, and struggles with his two separate identities. One which feels he is superior to ordinary men and the other which is kind, caring and sensitive to those around him....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

Better Essays
923 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Existentialism in Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis and The Hunger Artist

- Existentialism in The Metamorphosis and The Hunger Artist     Existentialism is a philosophy dealing with man's aloneness in the universe. Either there is no God or else God stands apart from man, leaving him free will to make his own choices. From this basic idea of man being alone in an uncertain and purposeless world, many related ideas have developed. One great worry of existentialist writers is that life is becoming too complicated and too impersonal. People become more and more involved with their work, which is taking them away from their friends, family, and culture....   [tags: Metamorphosis essays]

Powerful Essays
1397 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Is The Second Sex Beauvoir's Application of Sartrean Existentialism?

- Is The Second Sex Beauvoir's Application of Sartrean Existentialism. ABSTRACT: Simone de Beauvoir's 1949 feminist masterpiece, The Second Sex, has traditionally been read as an application of Sartrean existentialism to the problem of women. Critics have claimed a Sartrean origin for Beauvoir's central theses: that under patriarchy woman is the Other, and that 'one is not born a woman, but becomes one.' An analysis of Beauvoir's recently discovered 1927 diary, written while she was a philosophy student at the Sorbonne, two years before her first meeting with Sartre, challenges this interpretation....   [tags: Beauvoir Feminist Feminism Essays]

Powerful Essays
3699 words | (10.6 pages) | Preview

Exploring Existentialism and the Character Leanord in the Film, Memento

- Exploring Existentialism and the Character Leanord in the Film, Memento Although Christopher Nolan does not acknowledge any philosophical basis for Memento, the film provides a character, Leonard Shelby, who serves as an example of several aspects of existentialism. Through Leonard, Memento illustrates Soren Kierkegaard's idea of truth as subjectivity, Freidrich Nietzsche's notion that God is dead, and Jean-Paul Sartre's writings on the nature of consciousness. In Concluding Unscientific Postscript, Kierkegaard differentiates between the subject as the knower, and the world (object) as the known: the only way we know the world is through ourselves....   [tags: Movie Film Essays]

Powerful Essays
1985 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

Notions of Selflessness in Sartrean Existentialism and Theravadin Buddhism

- Notions of Selflessness in Sartrean Existentialism and Theravadin Buddhism ABSTRACT: In this essay I examine the relationship between Sartre's phenomenological description of the "self" as expressed in his early work (especially Being and Nothingness) and elements to be found in some approaches to Buddhism. The vast enormity of this task will be obvious to anyone who is aware of the numerous schools and traditions through which the religion of Buddhism has manifested itself. In order to be brief, I have decided to select specific aspects of what is commonly called the Theravadin tradition as being representative of Buddhist philosophy....   [tags: Buddhism Sartre Essays]

Powerful Essays
4179 words | (11.9 pages) | Preview

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.


Your search returned over 400 essays for "existentialism"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>