Your search returned over 400 essays for "european history"
<< Previous  1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

Ottoman Disadvantages and its Implications on The Siege of Vienna 1529

- Under Suleiman the Magnificent the Ottoman Empire was a force to be reckoned with, it ruled the Middle East and Suleiman was quickly realizing his goal of advancing into Europe. However in 1529 a major military upset in the Austrian city of Vienna would halt the Islamic Ottoman expansion and save Europe from the possibility of Ottoman control. However this might not had been the case if it were not for several key disadvantages the Ottoman Empire had against the Viennese. Suleiman the Magnificent’s defeat during the siege of Vienna, 1529, was caused by poor weather conditions, chaos and disorganization amongst the Ottoman ranks, and a much stronger Viennese defense than was anticipated....   [tags: European History ]

Powerful Essays
1547 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Taking Back the Holy Land, Religiously or for the Sword

- Taking Back the Holy Land, Religiously or for the Sword The Crusades have been a heated and debated topic for centuries. The main reason the crusades started was because of religious factors and the promise of indulgences by going to the Holy Land and defending all of Christendom from the infidels (p. 102). This brings us to a second point which is, the personal gain for Christians in the East and an expansion of economic and territory to the East (p. 111). Christians wanted to take back the Holy Land from the Moslems and reclaim it for Christendom....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1016 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

A Phalanx of Guns: The Spanish Tercio

- By the beginning of the 16th century, the gradually increasing use of firearms in European warfare, along with the resurgence of older weaponry and tactics, had brought about a calamity of mixed weaponry which military minds struggled to apply efficiently and effectively on the battlefield, challenging the way wars had been fought for centuries. The dominating infantry weapons of the era, developed primarily in response to the overwhelming dominance of cavalry in the late medieval European system, were the heavy pike and the arquebus, the predecessor to the musket of later centuries....   [tags: European History]

Term Papers
2009 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

Black Death with Wings of Light

- “Ring a Ring O' Roses,/ A pocketful of posies,/ Atishoo!  Atishoo!/ We all fall down!” (Historic UK). Would anyone see through this happy melody and say that this song is about one of the deathliest plagues that ever struck mankind, the Black Death. This song describes the main symptom of the Black Death, which is the formation of infected black rings on skin. The Black Death is a disease that first arrived in Europe in 1347 through a ship with rats and fleas contaminated with Yersinia pestis bacteria....   [tags: European History]

Powerful Essays
1478 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Collapse of the Greenland Norse

- In Jared Diamond’s novel 'Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed' he discusses many civilizations that moved away from their homelands, grew in population, and then either failed or succeeded in their new environments. Throughout this essay I will attempt to explain the Collapse of the Greenland Norse, one of the many societies to rise and fall. The Greenland Norse faced multiple challenges including economical, agricultural, and unfriendly neighbors. Alongside Greenland other North Atlantic islands faced geographical challenges that lead to some of their falls as well....   [tags: european history]

Better Essays
755 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Knighthood: The Process, Responsibilities, and Lifestyle

- There were few honors greater than becoming a knight in the medieval ages, however few occupations that were also as formidable. One aspiring to be a knight was nurtured from an early age for the sole purpose of fulfilling his calling. Once the young man achieved knighthood, his life was constant battle to protect his land, his pride, and his faith. For a family who wished their son to be a knight, they needed to pass several hurdles. First be able to family back through five generation of “noble” ancestry....   [tags: European History ]

Strong Essays
1103 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Exploring the Renaissance in England

- During the times 1400s and 1500s primarily in Italy, there was an essential change that encompassed all aspects of life. It is called a Renaissance. The word renaissance means rebirth and it was a response to adversities in middle ages. In Western European history Renaissance or rebirth marks a transition between the times of Medieval and modern era. It is also the beginning of the modern history. Religion is a dominant culture in itself and also a set of beliefs that represent the social order but with the beginning of the renaissance, people started to examine the nature, instead of focused on religious issues .The church was not the center of attention anymore....   [tags: British history, european history]

Good Essays
920 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

The Ottoman Empire's Inevitable Fall

- Today, there are virtually no multinational states remaining and one would be hard-pressed to find a government that has remained in place since the pre-World War I era. In that sense, it is highly unlikely that the Ottoman Empire could have survived the tumultuous 20th Century. Nevertheless, it may have had a chance. If not for European intervention, Ottoman reforms may have succeeded. However, even with those reforms, they had to compete with the rise of nationalism, which would have been difficult....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1288 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Germany Caused World War I

- World War I was a war between the allies, which included Russia, France, Serbia, and Great Britain, against the central powers of Europe, which were made of Germany and Austria. When war broke out between Austria and Serbia in 1914, the alliance system drew the other European countries into the war and eventually, the rest of the world was brought into the conflict .In the early twentieth century, Germany was witnessing a prospering economy and feeling an increased sense of national pride. With the growing economy, Germany started to make progress in the Arms Race and in the development of their navy....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1367 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

The Weimar Republic in Germany

- The Weimar Republic first began after the devastation Germany experienced in World War 1. Germany needed an organized government to recover money, land, and respect from the other European countries. The Weimar Republic proved to be the answer, and although it first came under intense dislike and scrutiny, it later led Germany into economic prosper. Although it overcame one crisis, it could not survive the second crisis encountered in 1929. The population’s intense dislike for the system led to the crisis the Weimar Republic experienced from 1919-1923....   [tags: european history]

Better Essays
633 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

The Socialization of Imperial Germany

- The concept of socialism is used so widely, and under varying circumstances, that it is very tough to pinpoint an exact definition of the word. In the broadest sense of the concept it is, “a system of social organization in which private property and the distribution of income are subject to social control.” Socialism developed into a powerful political movement in late-19th century Germany as a reaction to the Industrial Revolution. Although industrialization may have seemed like a mutually beneficial development it was only profitable for a few, the bourgeoisie, whilst causing great hardships on the lives of many, the proletariat....   [tags: European History ]

Term Papers
2264 words | (6.5 pages) | Preview

A New Start For Germany

- As the Thirty Years War and the Reformation were both coming to an end, Germany needed a new start. Over this long dreadful period of time for Germany there was a demand for change. In 1794 Germany consisted of more than 360 states and the majority of these states were very poor and were not run to they’re full potential. Between 1794 and 1815 the number of states went down from 360 states to thirty-nine states. Even though there was a major drop in the amount of states in Germany, they were still very divided and at an economic disadvantage....   [tags: European History]

Powerful Essays
1629 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

The Influence of Enlightenment Ideas

- The ideas from the Enlightenment and its thinkers greatly influenced the world today, everything from our ideas of modern government to our view of everyday life. Important Enlightenment philosophes such as Locke, Montesquieu, Hobbes and Voltaire established controversial ideas and theories on human nature, natural rights, and how government should be run and which form of it was superior. These ideas were all never even thought of before, and shattered many of the previous notions of ideas, such as ideas of how to run government, that had already been established and taken as a standard for several hundreds of years....   [tags: European history]

Better Essays
735 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

The Battle of Hastings - Why Did William Win?

- The Battle of Hastings - Why Did William Win. On the 14th of October 1066, Duke William of Normandy defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings. His win could be summed up by the fact that William was a better leader. Other factors that contributed to William’s victory include: William was better prepared, the English army was severely weakened as Harold had just fought off an invasion in the North of England, and Harold made a fatal mistake of prematurely entering the Battle of Hastings. William was a better leader because although Harold had the upper hand in the battle and they were losing, William managed to outwit and defeat the English....   [tags: European history]

Good Essays
819 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

The Impact of the British Empire in India

- For better or for worse, Britain has had a lasting effect on India. India became a part of the British Empire in the 1876 but gained its independence in 1947. The East India Trading Company first managed India. After the failure of the first voyage to India by William Hawkins, it appeared that business could not be conducted there. However, things improved and the East India Trading Company expanded into India. Over the years, many achievements were made and records were set, and there were many successes and failures on both sides....   [tags: european history]

Powerful Essays
1653 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

A Closer Look at King John of England

- “Sir John the First, he was the worst.” This is a child's rhyme and yet a sentiment emulated by many well respected pieces of literature not only today but throughout history. Nearly eight hundred years later and he is still possibly the most notorious king in English history. However, was he really as bad as he is presumed to be. Stories such as Robin Hood and Sir Walter Scott's Ivanhoe would have you think as much. But, if these were wholly accurate then why would Winston Churchill have said “When the long tally is added, it will be seen that the British nation and the English-speaking world owe far more to the vices of John than to the labours of virtuous sovereigns”....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1334 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Napoleon Bonaparte vs. King Henry IV of France

- Napoleon Bonaparte vs. King Henry IV of France The two notorious men in France, or should I say in history, have played a significant role in the history of France. Napoleon Bonaparte was labeled as a military commander and had significant roles in the government of France that his story is very interesting. King Henry IV of France was a monarch but there is a reason behind why he is a monarch. King Henry IV of France and Napoleon Bonaparte were both in a high position in social order, yet they were very different....   [tags: European History]

Better Essays
2237 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

Stalingrad, WWII: Turning point of Hitler’s Third Reich

- It was nearly unimaginable to the world when Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrendered his German forces to the Soviet Union on February 2, 1943. The Battle of Stalingrad, a major Second World War battle began with the German’s offensive on July 17, 1942 and ended with the German surrender on February 2, 1943. It was on August 5, 1942 that Adolf Hitler ordered an attack on the city of Stalingrad. This battle went down as one of the bloodiest battles in history, taking large tolls on both sides and most importantly marking the turning point for Hitler in the Second World War....   [tags: European History ]

Term Papers
2247 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

Bloody Sundays Lead to Bloody Years

- Since the beginning of time, there have been incidences where people or countries have been owned or dictated by another country or group of people. At times this governing by different countries can lead to times of peace and an opportunity for both sides to benefit. But sadly, more often than not, this exchange of power is not done in an agreeable manner; but rather in a way that includes a malicious and most often unnecessary show of might. This show of strength is usually done with the help of the military under false or misguided judgment generally based on greed, the need for control, and religion....   [tags: European History ]

Powerful Essays
1634 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Age of Enlightenment: Revolutionary Viewpoints Spreading

- The age of enlightenment is a term used to describe a time in Western philosophy and cultural life centered upon the late 17th and 18th century. ( When the word enlightenment comes to mind your first thought is of change for the better. A time of prosperity and success within a country. Several individuals have been credited and blamed for leading and contributing to the Enlightenment. These thinkers not only changed their views, but also spread revolutionary ideas to others. These philosophes, Evangelists of science, felt that it was their duty to open peoples’ eyes to new thought....   [tags: European History]

Better Essays
840 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Niccolò Machiavelli's Acquisition of Power

- Niccolò Machiavelli is representative of Renaissance thinkers in his perception of government. No longer was government seen as an institution granted by God but rather governments were largely becoming arrangements or contracts between those that govern and the governed. Thinkers from Aristotle to Francis Bacon would expound on this idea of a social contract, but none would exemplify the realism and ruthlessness of modern politics like Machiavelli. While the word Machiavellian has become part of our lexicon as a term for the ruthless execution of political will glorifying the “ends justify the means” mentality, Machiavelli’s true legacy should be found in his belief that the state was more...   [tags: european history]

Strong Essays
1313 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Jonathan Swift - Political Activist

- Living in an age of ill-treatment of the Irish citizenry by the British monarchy of led authors to protest circumstances in the only way they knew how, with their words. Jonathan Swift was one such author who attacked the wrongs England committed upon Ireland using his wit and satire. Swift once said, “We have just religion enough to make us hate, but not enough to make us love one another” (Baker). Therefore, the crux of the problem with Ireland and England was the desire for one to keep their religious freedoms while the other wished to replace a religion with their own....   [tags: European History ]

Term Papers
2156 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

The Revolutions of 1848

- The revolution of 1848 encompassed many of the European countries. The revolutions sweeping across Europe included Germany, Italy, and France, excluding Russia and England. Many historians refer to the year of 1848 as, “The Year of Revolutions”, because of how the revolts spread throughout Europe. The question is which political groups were the influence behind this revolution and what were the causes of the revolution. The revolution united many diverse groups of people; they were able to put aside their differences to move toward the greater good of the society as a whole....   [tags: European History ]

Better Essays
1054 words | (3 pages) | Preview

The Impact of the Industrial Revolution on Europe

- The Industrial Revolution hit Europe and along with it came a great deal of change. Not only did this industrial revolution affect standards of living in cities, it also affected greatly the nature and quality of labor. The Industrial Revolution had an impact of the greatest magnitude on Europe and has shaped the work style and nature of labor that Europeans know today. Although it may seem like a revolution of this sort would have great benefits for those who lived through it, evidence seems to show otherwise....   [tags: European History ]

Strong Essays
965 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Italian Renissance and the Reformation

- The Renaissance and Reformation were two very important periods of time in European history that included change in culture and religion. The Renaissance happened before the reformation. The Renaissance was the rebirth of art, literature, and architecture. The reformation focused mainly on reforming the Catholic Church from its evil ways. Out of the Catholic Church came the protestant church. There were many different characteristics of the Renaissance. The main one is that society had a secular, or worldly, view....   [tags: Society, European History]

Better Essays
999 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Late Middle Ages of Europe

- Chapter 12: Crisis of the Later Middle Ages What were the causes of the population decline that began in the early 14th century. The significant population decline that began in the early 14th-century was caused primarily by “Great Famine,” and The Black Death. Beginning in 1315, the Great Famine brought seven years of starvation and vulnerability for Northern Europe. The winter of 1315 was said to be a “little ice age,” which evidently lead to crops dying off. Crops and grain were the main food source, therefore, Europeans struggled to find substitutions for food which physically effected them especially in the cold winter months....   [tags: European History ]

Powerful Essays
1643 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

London: A Cultural City

- 4. London a Cultural City London had become a wonder, but was it a marvel or a monster. The Intellectuals of the Enlightenment saw that the future lay with cities: despite ancient anti-urban prejudice, the city now seemed to promise development, profit, pleasure, peace and the decrease in ignorance; city man was a civilized man. Voltaire reckoned London the cradle of social liberties and mobility by contrast to the rigid hierarchies of the fields. Yet, cities had enemies as well as friends; many still considered them as Babylon or Sodom....   [tags: European History ]

Strong Essays
1246 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Scientific Revolution

- Throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, radical and controversial ideas were created in what would become a time period of great advances. The Scientific Revolution began with a spark of inspiration that spread a wild fire of ideas through Europe and America. The new radical ideas affected everything that had been established and proven through religious views. "The scientific revolution was more radical and innovative than any of the political revolutions of the seventeenth century."1 All of the advances that were made during this revolutionary time can be attributed to the founders of the Scientific Revolution....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1262 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Why were the Habsburgs unable to consolidate their power in Hungary during this period?

- The seventeenth century was undeniably a period of great division, war and turmoil for Hungary. After the events of the previous century, Hungary remained divided into three distinct areas. The largest was Ottoman Hungary, under the direct control of Constantinople, which encompassed the south and south-east of Hungary. Second, there was the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom founded by János Zápolyai in 1526, who after the defeat of the Hungarian forces at the First Battle of Mohács sought the support of Sultan Suleiman I to be crowned King of Hungary by a rival faction of the nobility and became the Sultan’s vassal....   [tags: European History ]

Term Papers
2046 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Working Conditions, Living Conditions and Child Labor in Great Britain During the Industrial Revolution

- The Industrial Revolution was a time of great change in Great Britain and the rest of the world. The Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain as a result of the Napoleonic Wars, the enclosure movement, and a need for efficient living. Then, many factories began to emerge and people started to work at factories instead of at farms like they were used to. The first factory was the textile factory. The people that worked at these factories had terrible working conditions and living conditions....   [tags: european history]

Better Essays
970 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

The Decision of King Philip II of Spain to Send the Armada Against England

- The Spanish Armada was a giant flotilla of Spanish warships send by the Catholic Spanish King Philip II in 1588. This flotilla was sent to retaliate against England for supporting the piracy and terrorizing of Spanish ships in the Atlantic, and for championing the Netherlands in their revolt against Spain. Philip’s decision to send the Armada was ultimately a result of Queen Elizabeth I’s behavior toward Spain, and the influence of the Church who declared Elizabeth as illegitimate and therefore unfit to rule....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1818 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Ways in Which the French Revolution had a Lasting Impact on France

- ‘Liberté, égalité, fraternité’: the motto that France uses to this day and first came about as a result of the French Revolution. This in itself shows that the revolution had a major impact on France. It played a significant role in changing France through, for example, the new definition of nationalism, the abolition of the monarchy and the abolition of feudalism. Whether these changes succeeded in modernising France or resulted in something that was not any better than pre-revolutionary times is what will be discussed in more detail using the above three examples....   [tags: european history]

Better Essays
839 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Napoleon Bonaparte Helped Usher in an Era of Democracy in Europe

- It is an indisputable fact that Napoleon Bonaparte greatly changed Europe. It is my position that he was a hero, and changed it for the better. Although I certainly do not agree with some of the methods that he brought about this change, I still agree with the change he wrought. Through him, the era of democracy was ushered in. He helped bring back a basic human right, being that all men are created equal. Nationalism was sparked, feudalism was overthrown, and Europe was modernized. Napoleon changed Europe, and it was a change for the good....   [tags: european history]

Better Essays
641 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

The British Government's Management of Food Supplies During World War One

- During World War One (WW1) the British Government would face large difficulties in the maintaining of adequate food supplies to the civilian population. This would result due to a number of attributes including the attitudes of civilians in the face of war, effective German war strategy, and the poor experience of Britain in dealing with these types of situations. These difficulties becoming noticeably evident soon after the outbreak of WW1, the British Government implementing rationing across the nation in 1918, where the issue reached its pinnacle....   [tags: European history]

Powerful Essays
1710 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Advantages to the Industrial Revolution in Early Modern Europe

- Prior to industrialization, the population of Europe saw a dramatic growth – from 110,000,000 to 190,000,000. What triggered this growth. Likely the end of feudalism. The end of feudal contracts gave people a little more say in their day-to-day working activities, resulting in more time spent at home, which ultimately resulted in childbearing. This would leave citizens scrambling both to provide needs for the population as a whole, and to improve the individuals overall quality of life. This resulted in economists, like Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations (1776), examining the most cost-effective method of producing the goods and services citizens demanded (such as clothing and food)....   [tags: European History ]

Powerful Essays
1554 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Impact of the Scientific Revolution Upon the Enlightenment

- The age of Enlightenment was a progression of the cultural and intellectual changes in Europe that had resulted from the scientific revolution during the sixteenth and seventeenth century. The scientific revolution and the discoveries made about the natural world would ultimately challenge the way people perceived the world around them. Scientist found real answers, by questioning flawed ancient beliefs that were widely held and maintained by the church. Ultimately, these discoveries and scientific advancements would evolve and effect social, cultural, and political developments in Europe over the course of time....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
985 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Napoleon Was NOT a Son of the Revolution

- At the end of the French Revolution, the hopes of the early stages of the Revolution had been mangled, leading into the Reign of Terror. France had dissolved into anarchy, with internal and international turmoil. It was out of the foreign wars that Napoleon came to power. Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power, victory by victory, eventually making himself Emperor of France, creating a strong central government while continuing the foreign wars, creating a mass French Empire. Although Napoleon was a product of the French Revolution and maintained the image as a “son of the Revolution,” idealism always fell to pragmatism as Napoleon’s main purpose was creating a strong unified France....   [tags: European History]

Good Essays
771 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

The Effects of World War I on Europe

- The effects of modernism and culturism were enormous and everlasting on the citizens of Europe and for many other nations from all around the world and there people. In the prevent of World War I, in the beginning of the 20th century, was a time when one might say the world was being reborn or re-geared. Many changes were happening to the world in beginning of the new century, you had technology developments: such as, the automobile and airplane. There were nations growing in power and strength; nations of Europe were stronger than ever, while other new power players were emerging such as the United State, Russia, and Japan....   [tags: European History]

Powerful Essays
1472 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Black Plague of Early 1300s Europe

- According to my research, the Black plague, also known as the “black death” was a huge disaster that spread from a town called Caffa into Europe in a small amount of time in the early 1300’s. The plague traveled on trade routes. The disease also passed to Italy, France, England, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, and, Poland as well. According to the book; Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown , it also “occurred in china and killed millions of people.” This disease was a negative impact on Europe it changed the way people were such as their characteristics, and the fight for survival turned people against each other, “ brother against brother”....   [tags: european history]

Strong Essays
1141 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Marie Antoinette: Praised Princess to Condemned Queen

-   Marie Antoinette was an Austrian princess born in Vienne, Austria. Her birth name was Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna, but many just called her Marie Antoinette. Her mother, Maria Therese, was the head of state. Maria Therese had all the power and for that reason was a little firm with her children. Her husband, Marie’s father, Francis I was just a figure with not much else. His position is much like the first lady they have in the United States. Marie was the fifteenth child of Maria and Francis....   [tags: European History]

Term Papers
1906 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

The Sad Incident in London of 1661

- The Sad Incident in London of 1661 Luis XIV a todo anteponía su propia «gloria», termino que se conesponde con lo que para los Austrias era la «reputacion» In introducing the topic of precedence—which can seem to the modern citizen as nothing more than childish behavior—one must also remember the importance of such acts in defining and structuring society. The concept of primitive accumulation as described in Capital by Karl Marx is useful in understanding the role of such behaviors. Marx wrote that “the usurpation of feudal and clan property, and its transformation into modern private property under circumstances of reckless terrorism, were just so many idyllic methods of primitive accumu...   [tags: European History ]

Strong Essays
1323 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Struggles of the Working Class 1860-1914,

- "Oppression can only survive through silence" said Carmen de Monteflores and history proved this concept most thoroughly. However, the oppressed groups are generally not silent at all. They revolt, get violent, and are repressed again. This is not a rule, just a simple generalization and, of course, there are numerous exceptions. There is always a possibility that these downtrodden factions will get together to form a strong opposing force that will be an equal or almost equal rival to those that oppress....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1295 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Analytical Essay on the Renaissance Art Movment

- For my analytical essay I've chosen the Renaissance art movement. I choose this movement because it played such a monumental part in European history. Basically, the Renaissance, also known as the rebirth, was a cultural movement that started an artistic transformation and started the scientific revolution. This time period also links the transition from the end of the Middle Ages to the beginning of the Modern Age. The Renaissance started in Italy in the 14th century and spread to northern Europe by the 16th century....   [tags: European History]

Free Essays
1305 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Age of Reason

- ... For example, the cotton gin machine allowed for a greater output of cotton than ever done manually. The idea of the assembly line allowed for greater productivity which allowed for a faster production of weapons. These weapons took less time and less people to build due to the assembly line. These technologically advanced weapons were much more powerful they were before. New technology allowed for better and faster communication between people and did not have to rely on slow communication. Steam engine boats were built and they along with other innovations gave these industrialized nations the upper hand....   [tags: european history, enlightment period]

Better Essays
925 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Reasons for the Reformation in England

- Before the reformation the only church that existed was the Roman Catholic Church. The Roman Catholic Church was extremely powerful at the start of the 16th Century. It had many followers covering a large proportion of the world, the area being called Christendom, which was classed as the Catholic community. The Church was the largest employer with large numbers of farm workers, servants and builders. The church ran most of the few schools and hospitals. Some of the pupils from the schools grew up to become monks or priests....   [tags: european history]

Powerful Essays
1967 words | (5.6 pages) | Preview

The Reign of King Louis XIV

- The Reign of King Louis XIV Louis XIV had a passion for glory and used it to fight four wars because he was motivated by personal and dynastic considerations. King Louis XIV was born in 1638. He became king at age four, and received only a mediocre education. He was taught nothing beyond pious works and decorous behavior at religious observances. He came into full power of France in 1661. Louis married Maria Theresa of Spain in 1659. When Mazarin died in 1661, Louis decided he didn’t want a powerful advisor and then started to change history....   [tags: European History]

Better Essays
625 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Voltaire and The Enlightenment

- The eighteenth century was a crucial changing point in the European history because of The Enlightenment. The Enlightenment was revolutionary because of Voltaire, a writer that used his ideas to attack the established Catholic Church, and to propagate the freedom of religion, scientific thoughts, skepticism and experiential philosophy. Voltaire was born in 1694, a year that was under the regiment of Louis XIV. At that time, the aristocracy ruled France in an extreme way that most commoners were struggling in poverty....   [tags: European History, Revolution, Religion]

Strong Essays
1132 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Economic Development of Western Civilization

- On the eve of the French Revolution, the West had witnessed it’s greatest cultural and economic expansion. Over the course of some four centuries, 1300 – 1789, the West had seen it’s population and economies ravaged by both natural and man made disasters yet each time it was able to not only survive but flourish afterwards. It is said that the true strength of a nation or people is how quickly they can recover from a catastrophe. The climate of Europe became colder and wetter around 1300. This is the beginning of a period that geographers refer to as “a little ice age”....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1332 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

What Drives History?

- What Drives History. "History is the Essence of Innumerable Biographies" -Thomas Carlyle What drives history. Before we answer this question, we must go deeper and answer a more important question: What is history. History is, simply, all of the events, ideas, people, and occurrences that have existed in the past. These things have been driven by one common factor: individuals. Although individuals driving history may seem like a rather simple answer, it is the only one that provides no flaws. One such individual who has driven history is Martin Luther....   [tags: European Europe History]

Free Essays
695 words | (2 pages) | Preview

History of Prostitution in the Victorian Period

- History of Prostitution in the Victorian Period     In 1858 there were 7,194 prostitutes in London alone. "Given the unreliability of the statistics, one cannot say whether the incidence of prostitution was increasing or decreasing during the nineteenth century or compare that century with other periods. It nevertheless seems clear that the Victorians in the 1840's and 1850's thought that both prostitution and venereal disease were increasing" (Vicinus 79-80). There was increasing visibility of prostitution on the London streets and the Victorians were also conscious of the increasing demand of prostitutes (Vicinus 80)....   [tags: European Europe History]

Better Essays
583 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

History, the Concatenation of Human Experiences

- History, the Concatenation of Human Experiences In June 1961, I left Berlin, Germany, with my parents, my sister, and my Swedish cousin enroute to Sweden for what was to be two weeks of Scandinavian fun. The Russian soldiers who processed us through the checkpoints were impeccably dressed in jodhpurs and the shiniest black riding boots I had ever seen. It was obvious they had been carefully selected for this job, which entailed a goodly measure of public relations; the Communists displayed only their best....   [tags: European Europe History]

Free Essays
1462 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Overview and Analysis of the Napoleonic Wars

- Overview and Analysis of the Napoleonic Wars Europe has had a long history of conflicts. Before the Napoleonic Wars that occurred between the years of 1799 and 1815, there were other conflicts in the 18th century such as The Great Northern War, The Seven Years’ War, Pugachev's Rebellion, and the French Revolutionary Wars. Under the leadership of Napoleon Bonaparte, France was fighting numerous European nations with speed to repeatedly defeat Austrian, Prussian and Russian armies under the series of conflicts in the Napoleonic Wars....   [tags: European History, World History]

Strong Essays
1995 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

The History of Stalingrad

- The History of Stalingrad “Stalingrad is the scene of the costliest and most stubborn battle in this war. The battle fought there to its desperate finish may turn out to be among the decisive battles in the long history of war…In the scale of its intensity, its destructiveness, and its horror, Stalingrad has no parallel. It engaged the full strength of the two biggest armies in Europe and could fit into no lesser framework than that of a life-and death conflict which encompasses the earth” New York Times, February 4, 1943 The battle fought between the Soviet Red Army and the Nazi Wehrmacht over the “city of Stalin” for four long months in the fall and winter of 1942-3 stands as not only t...   [tags: Stalingrad War Battles European History Essays]

Term Papers
4706 words | (13.4 pages) | Preview

Cyprus - History Of The Conflict

- Cyprus - History Of The Conflict Cyprus, an island in the Eastern Mediterranean, at the cross-roads of three continents - Europe, Asia and Africa - has one of the oldest histories of the world, dating back 9000 years. Its strategic position, its wealth in forests and mineral deposits, as well as its skilled craftsmen, made it the prized possession of the powers of the day. Cultural influences came from all directions - all major regional civilisations left their mark on the island, contributing to the development of a very rich and diverse cultural heritage....   [tags: European Europe History]

Free Essays
1795 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

The Armenian Genocide

- The Armenian genocide has several main causes: European meddling in Ottoman internal affairs, nationalism, economic jealousy, and Armenian involvement in the Russian war effort. Though, a lot of the causes are interrelated. For example, nationalism and European meddling go hand in hand. What exactly was the Armenian genocide. Well, the Armenian genocide was a state orchestrated machine of mass-murder and rape of the Armenian people, and several other ethnic groups, of the Ottoman Empire 1915-1923....   [tags: European History]

Term Papers
2452 words | (7 pages) | Preview

Europe in Shambles

- Europe in Shambles Europe was a mess after World War II. Multiple governments and powerful leaders had been overthrown, leaving a power vacuum that left Europe in chaos. The violence of the war also left behind mass destruction and poverty . Businesses and factories as well as homes had been destroyed leaving people without work or a place to stay. This caused Europe to sink into a massive economic depression. This is where the United States decided to step in. The European Recovery Program (ERP), closely modeled after the Truman Doctrine’s policy of supporting Greece and Turkey, was announced in June 1947 by General George Marshall in his speech at Harvard University....   [tags: European History ]

Powerful Essays
1622 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

The Pros and Cons of Imperialism

- Throughout history, many powerful nations interfered with nations that were weaker than they were. This form of sabotaging a nation is economic, political or cultural life is called as imperialism. Imperialism is often separated into two sects. The first one is old imperialism, which was the period from the 1500s to the 1800s, where European nation started to colonize many areas such as the Americas, and parts of Southeast Asia. On the other hand, the new imperialism was the period between the years “1870-1914”, where Europe became more focused on expanding their land into Asia and Africa....   [tags: European History, world history]

Good Essays
530 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Women In Victorian Era

- During the Victorian era, women were viewed as the very opposite of what a man ought to be. In the words of John Stuart Mill, who published a criticism of the way society differentiated between males and females "The female sex was brought up to believe that its ‘ideal of character’ was the very opposite to that of men’s ‘not self-will , and government by self-control, but submission, and yielding to the control of others" to live for others; to make complete abnegation of themselves, and to have no life but in their affections.’” (171) Basically, women were expected to be sweet, docile, and man’s perfect helpmate....   [tags: European History]

Good Essays
1349 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

The Battle of Agincourt

- The Battle of Agincourt occurred in the middle Ages, on October 25, 1415. This battle is one of the most memorable and strategically fought battles between England and France. The Battle of Agincourt involved England and France near Agincourt. The Battle of Agincourt happened during the “Hundred Years War”. The hundred year War began in 1337 and ended in 1453. The hundred years war actually lasted 116 years. The Hundred Years war included England, France and later Burgundy. Sometimes England won the battles and sometimes France won (Keegan 79)....   [tags: European History ]

Term Papers
1993 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

The Concert of Europe

- The concert of Europe could be said to have had a substantial level of accountability in the preservation of peace because it brought about a common satisfaction of the status quo. The concert was forged under the thought that none of the great powers was interested in changing the international order to best suit their need. This is because, no power could be so “dissatisfied that it questioned the legitimacy of the entire order.” (83 p.145 Kupchan.) Some may argue that the concert was not created to maintain peace, because their intervention in states such as Spain was done to drive their own self interest....   [tags: European History]

Powerful Essays
1955 words | (5.6 pages) | Preview

Patrons and Artisans of the Renaissance Period

- The Renaissance period (1400 to 1700) covered art, literature, philosophy and government. Renaissance culture spread outwards from Florence, to other Italian cities and then, over the following centuries, to the rest of Europe. It is widely understood that it was a unique combination of several different influences that led to the Renaissance, with the social and political conditions of the era, combined with great wealth and the large number of talented artists and artisans in Florence; influencing cultural development on an exceptional scale....   [tags: European History, European Artists]

Strong Essays
1002 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

17th Century Culture

- Many important pieces of literature were produced during the 17th century. One of the most prominent literary voices in history was William Shakespeare. He wrote and produced plays many famous tragedies during the early 1600’s such as Twelfth Night, Measure for Measure, Othello, Hamlet, Macbeth, and King Lear which many believe it was one of his best. Miguel de Cervantes became a legendary author when he penned the novel, Don Quixote de la Mancha. This lengthy and popular story “is considered a valuable work not only to literature buffs, but also to those interested in understanding what life was like in Spain during the reign of Kings Phillip II and III” (Taylor 101)....   [tags: European History ]

Term Papers
2093 words | (6 pages) | Preview

The Magna Carta

- The Magna Carta, or 'Great Charter,' has been hailed as a 'sacred text' of liberty in the Western World. It is widely regarded as one of the most important and revered legal documents in history; it is a document that was forced upon English King John by his barons at Runnymedeˡ (Linebaugh 6). It is today the basic foundation of the constitution law of England2 (Sommerville Web). For over seven centuries, the English have eulogized the Magna Carta as not only the foundation of freedom but also their earliest and best protection against arbitrary governmental interference with individual liberty....   [tags: European History]

Term Papers
2231 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

Taking a Look Back at the Black Death

- ... Christians looked to God, and asked him to forgive their sins: recognizing that the plague was a result of their choices. They lived a life full of fear and warned “do not stray from the right path and perish” (Doc 4). Along with these beliefs, the Christians blamed the Jews for the plague. They believed that they poisoned the wells, and as a result thousands were killed (Doc 7). The pope, however, issued a statement saying that the Jews were not responsible for the plague (Doc 8). On the other hand, the Muslims, viewed the plague with three main principles: the “plague is a blessing from God” (Doc 4) and martyrdom for the faithful Muslim, a Muslim should not enter nor flee a plague-stri...   [tags: bubonic plague, European history]

Better Essays
748 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

Education in 12th Century Medieval Times

- In the 20th century, we spend the first 20 to 25 years in some kind of learning environment. People nowadays also have to be aware that it is becoming harder to get through life comfortably without getting a degree in college after high school. School is something that is a system in our everyday lives: everyone must do it or else have a difficult time providing for them and family. We take advantage of our right to be educated, but we do not like it all of the time. The 12th century had an entirely different story....   [tags: european history, history of education]

Powerful Essays
1425 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Positive Effects of the British Colonization of India

- Many positive things happened during, and as a result of, the British colonization of India. When the East India Company took control of India in 1612, they began modernizing, westernizing, and industrializing India. This westernization included giving women more rights, an attempt to eliminate the caste system and the loss of many of the more backward Hindu religious beliefs such as the domination of women by men and denying an entire class of people any rights. British occupation also did things long term for India....   [tags: world history, european history]

Powerful Essays
1363 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Techniques Used by Ancient Greek Architects

- Greece is a small country on the southern end of Europe’s Balkan Peninsula. While a relatively small area of geography, the country was a focal point of power and influence in the ancient world as well as today. Greek architects were relentless in their quest for perfection, used meticulous attention to detail and created many innovations. The methods used were tremendously sophisticated and complex even in comparison to modern times. Techniques used by ancient Greek architects are still used today and are copied around the world....   [tags: world history, european history]

Powerful Essays
1686 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

The Spanish Conquest

- In the early 16th century Hernán Cortés wrote a letter to King Charles I of Spain. The letter being a statement of great accomplishment and power wasn’t just a simple letter; to Hernán Cortés it was a symbol of authority and a step forward towards expansion. The letter acknowledged their achievements of this expedition; the first being their success and the discovery of land to be colonized and this amazing empire known as the Aztec empire. Steel, armor, canons, firearms, and horses presented Cortés and his crew the advantage over the native people they encountered which helped justify the Spanish overcoming of the Aztec empire....   [tags: European History ]

Strong Essays
1038 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Old Poor Law

- Throughout the centuries poverty has been a recurring problem that has affected both sides of the social spectrum. Though the concerns of each social sort differed between the two; the poor were concerned with survival, whereas the concerns of the privileged lay with the poor themselves. Britain in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, underwent considerable change in terms of how society was now viewing in on itself, the poor become a central focus point. The borough of London was plagued with the ‘distorted poor’; vagabonds and rogues that infringed on the wealthy at every given possibility....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1209 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Medieval Period

- Introduction The medieval period in European history begins after the fall of the Roman Empire around 500 C.E., and continued until the early modern period beginning around 1500. The medieval period is split into the sub-categories of early medieval (500-1000), central middle ages (1000-1300), late medieval (1300-1500), and followed by the early modern period (1500-1800). At each of these periods of time important political, economic, social, cultural, religious and scientific changes were being made in Western Europe....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1548 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Miguel de Cervantes

- Born in 1547--a very important year in European history. Frances I of france died, opening France to half a century of religious turmoil. (for Spain to exploit). Henry VIII died in England, only a year after Martin Luther (in mid-sermon), thus proving to Catholic Spain that God was enthusiastic to its religious cause by removing the two heretics!. Also, in 1547, Emperor Carlos V defeated the Protestant armies at Muhlberg. His explanation, "I came, I saw, and God conquered!" As Hernan Cortes died in Seville, in the countryside around Alcala de Henares, on Oct....   [tags: European History]

Better Essays
861 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Comparison of Journal of the Plague Year and Oroonoko

- Throughout history, slaves have been treated like animals and thought of as property, not human beings. Even Oroonoko, a handsome, statuesque prince is turned into a slave because of his race, and is degraded and mistreated. To racist slave owners, the horrible treatment of Africans was acceptable because they were a different species, and no amount of education or beauty could save them. Behn shows how unjust and brutal slavery is in Oroonoko. The treatment of slaves is comparable to the treatment of the poor, as both have few rights, and both are unjustly judged and mistreated based on social status....   [tags: European History]

Strong Essays
1141 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Francis Petrarch: Leader of the Humanistic Movement and Father of the Renaissance

- Francis Petrarch: Leader of the Humanistic Movement and Father of the Renaissance Before the civic spirit and individuality evident and necessary to the Renaissance came to fruition, there had to have been something to trigger a change in the mentality of the medieval civilization. The medieval manorialism fostered illiteracy and ignorance and a very narrow view of the outside world, people did not question their place, the church, or the need to prepare for the after life. The "awakening" of the Renaissance came after the dawn of a new Roman Empire way of thinking.....   [tags: European History]

Powerful Essays
2209 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Economic, Political and Social Effects of Stalin's Purges

- In order to conclude the extent to which the Great Terror strengthened or weakened the USSR the question is essentially whether totalitarianism strengthened or weakened the Soviet Union. Perhaps under the circumstances of the 1930s in the approach to war a dictatorship may have benefited the country in some way through strong leadership, the unifying effect of reintroducing Russian nationalism and increased party obedience. The effects of the purges on the political structure and community of the USSR can be described (as Peter Kenez asserts) as an overall change from a party led dictatorship to the dictatorship of a single individual; Stalin....   [tags: European History]

Powerful Essays
2363 words | (6.8 pages) | Preview

Mystery Surrounding Jack the Ripper

- In August 1888, the Whitechapel neighborhood of London first became aware of a monster in its midst. Whitechapel is known to have been home to the most severely unfortunate of souls, the poorest of the poor, prostitutes, the mentally ill, and alcoholics. Prostitutes turned tricks to earn their doss money (money required for a night’s lodging), often, only to spend it on drink instead. Most Whitechapel residents were physically unwell, either from poor nutrition, lack of medical care, filthy living conditions, sexually transmitted diseases, or any number of other factors, that in such conditions, contributed to an unhealthy community....   [tags: european history, London history]

Powerful Essays
4135 words | (11.8 pages) | Preview

Marco Polo’s Influence On Later Explorers

- Around the time of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, Europe was a place in need of inspiration. Marco Polo, a merchant, and still a simple man, was this source of inspiration. He was an ordinary boy during his childhood, living a similar life to the other boys his age. Although his intentions might not have been as significant as his impact, he was very influential. Marco Polo served as an influence to many later explorers. Whether it was through his book, The Travels of Marco Polo, which focused mainly on descriptions of spices and commercial goods and many other interesting trade items he encountered in his travels, he sparked an interest and desire of not only Europe, but later exp...   [tags: European History]

Free Essays
1614 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Christian and Muslim Views on the 14th Century Plague, Known as Black Death

- The infamous plague, known as the Black Death, was a deadly disease which managed to spread throughout Europe and the Middle East in the 14th century. Although both the Europeans and the Empires of Islam experienced the Black Death, each region had different responses and reasons for the causes of the disease. Empires of Islam viewed the plague as a blessing from God while Europeans believed it was a punishment from Him. As a result of the Black Death, Europeans rebelled whereas Empires of Islam respected authority....   [tags: european history, religion]

Better Essays
800 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Changes in the First 15 Years of the 20th Century Europe

- First 15 years of the 20th century show the changes in the theory, and practice art, among the modern artiest in western world. First 15 years were remarkable, they compare with great and advance science and technology of same time. It was time of growing instance in western culture, and continued rapid industrial of imperial aboard, and rivalry in the Europe. During the 20th century Paris was focus of modernism. In the 19th century scientist discover the theory, which were not just question of our way of seeing things, but show the very natural reality itself....   [tags: European History, 1900s]

Better Essays
628 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Discussion of Crimea's Recent Annexation to Russia

- I. Introduction This essay will discuss Crimea’s recent annexation to Russia, which has caused much international discourse. The annexation and subsequent occurrences reveal key actors’ political motivations and policies. This essay notes that the Crimean annexation is a multifaceted issue that involves many actors, including the United States and many non-state actors. However, this essay will focus on the European region. First, this essay will briefly summarise relevant historical factors. Second, it will discuss the Ukrainian position and its options following the violation of its sovereignty....   [tags: recent European history]

Strong Essays
1310 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

A Short Look at World War I

- ... After World War I, the United States should have returned to isolationism so they would not be expected to fight any more wars. They did not want to be apart of another war which concerned Europe, and a war looked inevitable. If the United States kept their business to themselves, then there would be no problems. Woodrow Wilson dragged them into the war near the end, they fought, and then it was time to return to minding their own business. The war was not their war to fight, it was many miles away and it did not directly involve them....   [tags: XX century European history]

Free Essays
608 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.

Your search returned over 400 essays for "european history"
<< Previous  1  2  3  4  5    Next >>