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Ethical Relativism And Cultural Relativism

- Cultures and societies around the world often have different moral beliefs. From an anthropological perspective, to deny cultures any validity in their moral beliefs would be a delusional ethnocentric refusal of cultural relativism. From a moral philosophical perspective, however, this is a conflicting matter. Is morality then simply a social construct based purely on arbitrary opinions. Are there no universal moral truths. In response, conventional ethical relativism puts forth the notion that there are indeed no objective moral truths....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Moral relativism]

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Ethical Relativism And Ethical Ethics

- The world is constantly changing. New governments are being formed, land boundaries are changing, and our way of life is being questioned. The common factor in these changes is people. The things that shape ethics in our environment can be viewed in two different ways. There is a belief that some supreme being created life, and a different belief that we exist because of evolution. These different theories deal with morality, more specifically, Ethical Relativism and Ethical Objectivism. A relativist does not have an absolute stance on a position; there is no right or wrong, and an objectivist claims that some moral rules are correct....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Moral relativism, Religion]

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The Ethical Theory Of Ethical Relativism

- Many seem to have falling prey to the seduction of ethical relativism, because it plays in to their ethnocentric egoistic moral belief. Individuals such as Pojman are able to critically evaluate this moral principle and not fall victim like his or hers lay counter parts. We will attempt to analyze the theory of ethical relativism, by check the validity of this ethical theory, and evaluate its ethical concepts. With these procedures we will find if it is competent as an ethical principle to adhere by....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Moral relativism, Relativism]

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The Ethical Theory Of Ethical Relativism

- Many seem to have fallen prey to the seduction of ethical relativism, because it plays into their ethnocentric egoistic moral belief. Individuals such as Pojman are able to critically evaluate this moral principle and not fall victim like his or hers lay counterparts. We will attempt to analyze the theory of ethical relativism, by check the validity of this ethical theory, and evaluate its ethical concepts. With these procedures we will find if it is competent as an ethical principle to adhere by....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Moral relativism]

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Ethical Relativism And Moral Relativism

- Ethical Relativism and Objectivism make up a very big part of our lives. These two theories affect our everyday decision making and they help us identify whether something is right or wrong. Ethical relativism states that what is right and wrong is determined by people whom are influenced by their beliefs, culture, time period, and personal views. This first theory is very personal and could go either way. Ethical objectivism on the other hand is more broad. This theory is more general and relies more on facts and what’s in front of you....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Social philosophy, Truth]

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Ethical Relativism and Cultural Relativism

- In explaining Cultural Relativism, it is useful to compare and contrast it with Ethical Relativism. Cultural Relativism is a theory about morality focused on the concept that matters of custom and ethics are not universal in nature but rather are culture specific. Each culture evolves its own unique moral code, separate and apart from any other. Ethical Relativism is also a theory of morality with a view of ethics similarly engaged in understanding how morality comes to be culturally defined. However, the formulation is quite different in that from a wide range of human habits, individual opinions drive the culture toward distinguishing normal “good” habits from abnormal “bad” habits....   [tags: moral codes, opinions, habits]

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What Is Ethics And Ethical Relativism?

- Forms of Ethical Relativism In American society, what is it that makes people do certain things and how does it relate to who we are. The answer is ethics and ethical relativism. What is ethics you say and how does ethical relativism impact our society today. Well that was a question I later asked myself when I first wanted to determine what ethics was. What stops people in the world from creating havoc and to live within the means of laws and government. It is the human’s ethic code in there body to stop them from doing something that person does not see fight and for a reason that sometimes is through rational and empirical knowledge....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue, Business ethics]

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Ethical Relativism : A Social Code

- Ethical relativism can best be described as a social code, in that what is right for one society is not necessarily right for another. There is no specific rights or wrongs within ethical relativism, simply a prescription for how individuals ought to behave. If you take each word in isolation, ethical is defined as “being in accordance with the rules or standards for right conduct or practice” (Ethical, n.d.). Relativism is described as “any theory holding that criteria of judgement are relative, varying with individuals and their environments” (Relativism, n.d.)....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Virtue ethics, Utilitarianism]

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Critical Analysis of Ethical Relativism

- When it comes to moral dilemmas between cultures, there is a grey area that can sometimes make it difficult to resolve issues surrounding the dilemma. What is morality. How is it possible to know what is morally correct when cultures differ so vastly. To answer these questions, and many more regarding the moral dilemmas in the world, there are theories that have been developed to resolve them. One example is known as Ethical Relativism. Ethical Relativism has been developed on the basis that there is no common set of values that can apply to everyone, as there are an infinite number of cultures that exist and clash with each other....   [tags: Moral Dilemmas, Cultures]

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Critical Response to Ethical Relativism

- In today’s society many people believe that the practice of slavery is morally wrong. However, some philosophers, such as Gilbert Harman, believe that we cannot judge whether slavery is morally wrong or right by comparing it to our own morals. This form of ethics is called ethical relativism, which is the theory that holds morality is relative to the norms of one’s culture or society. Essentially, an action is deemed right or wrong based on the moral norms of the culture the person performing the action belongs to....   [tags: moral beliefs, ethics, values]

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Ethical Relativism And Act Utilitarianism

- Question 1: Consider a landscaping company that employs illegal aliens. The owner of the company pays them $3.00 an hour and keeps $17.00 for each hour they work to cover operating costs and personal profit. If the employer did not make this margin of profit, he would not be willing to run the company. Without this company, many local businesses would have to pay more for landscaping services. Thoroughly assess this situation from the two different perspectives of Ethical Relativism and Act Utilitarianism (Jeremy Bentham)....   [tags: Ethics, Utilitarianism, Morality]

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Ethical Relativism And Moral Objectivism

- The world is a mixture of ethical relativism and moral objectivism, even though some commonalities of fundamental moral principles exist between certain societies, not every society subscribes to those moral principles. Ethical relativism is based on the premise that morality is relative to the norms of one 's culture. However, moral objectivism is the position that certain acts are universally right or wrong, independent of human opinion. A hybrid approach to these theological philosophies has helped me be successful in the military....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue, Military]

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Cultural Relativism : Ethical And Moral Standards

- Cultural Relativism Cultural Relativism is the theory that ethical and moral standards are based on what a particular society deems to be good or bad. Since different societies have different beliefs, cultural relativists believe there are many moral codes in the world. Cultural relativists believe there is no universal moral code, which is an independent standard that defines what is right or wrong all of the time, regardless of place. There are many different examples of Cultural Relativism in society....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Culture]

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Cultural Relativism : Moral And Ethical Systems

- Cultural relativism is the idea that moral and ethical systems varying from culture to culture, are all equally credible and no one system is morally greater than any other. Cultural relativism is based on the concept that there is no “ultimate” standard of good and evil, so the judgement of what is seen as moral, or immoral, is simply a product of one’s society and/or culture. The general consensus of this view is that there is no ethical position that may be considered “right” or “wrong” in terms of society and culture (Cultural Relativism)....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Ethics]

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Ethical Relativism And Its Impact On Society

- Ethical relativism is a doctrine which states that there are no absolute truths in the field of ethics, and that what is either morally right or wrong is different from one person to another. The Greek historian Herodotus advanced this view during the 5th century, as he noticed how different societies had different customs, and that each individual thinks their own society 's customs are better than others (Moral Relativism, 2008). However, Herodotus said that no set of social customs are superior or inferior to any other....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Moral absolutism]

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Ethical Orientation : Relativism And Idealism

- There are two ethical orientation which include relativism and idealism. Before discussing the difference between them with respect to marketing research, it is important to first gain a good understanding of what each orientation actually is. “Relativism is a term that reflects the degree to which one rejects moral standards in favor of the acceptability of some action” (Zikmund & Babin, 2013). One who adopts this ethical orientation prefers to take things as they come so to speak, they believe that since “ethical values vary so widely, there can be no universal ethical principles that apply to everyone” (Bredeson & Goree, 2012)....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Philosophy of life, Research]

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The Theory of Ethical Relativism

- The Theory of Ethical Relativism The theory behind ethical relativism states that ethical standards are not concrete for all societies and times, but rather are relative to the standards of individual societies and time periods. I disagree with this theory because societies should be judged by their moral beliefs on the foundations that time doesn't change what is morally right and wrong and their should be more emphasis based on the individual rights as opposed to respecting the morals of that individual's society....   [tags: Papers]

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Ethical Relativism

- Ethical Relativism What is right and wrong is a widely opinionated discrepancy among the human race. It varies between cultures, societies, religion, traditions, and endless influential factors. Ethical relativism is described by John Ladd as the “doctrine that the moral rightness and wrongness of actions varies from society and that there are no absolute universal moral standards binding on all men at all times....   [tags: Papers]

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Utilitarianism vs. Cultural and Ethical Relativism

- Utilitarianism vs. Cultural and Ethical Relativism Utilitarianism is an example of Consequentialist Ethics, where the morality of an action is determined by its accomplishing its desired results. In both scenarios the desired result was to save the lives of thousands of people in the community. Therefore, a Utilitarian would say that the actions taken in both of the scenarios are moral. Since an (Act) Utilitarian believes that actions should be judged according to the results it achieves. Happiness should not be simply one's own, but that of the greatest number....   [tags: Papers]

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Relativism And Absolutism : The Ethical System

- Ethical System Refection Introduction There are many ethical systems that were created over the years, each created to support curtain people’s beliefs, cultures, and ideologies. Out of all the systems that were presented in this course I believe that relativism and absolutism most aligns with my beliefs. Relativism is the fact that there is no absolute and that what is considered right and wrong varies from person to person and society to society. While absolutism “is the ethical belief that there are absolute standards against which moral questions can be judged and that certain actions are right or wrong, regardless of the context of the act”.(Philosophy, n.d)....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Culture, Truth]

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Meta-Ethical Cultural Relativism

- Meta-Ethical Cultural Relativism The thesis of meta-ethical cultural relativism is the philosophical viewpoint that there are no absolute moral truths, only truths relative to the cultural context in which they exist. From this it is therefore presumed that what one society considers to be morally right, another society may consider to be morally wrong, therefore, moral right's and wrongs are only relative to a particular society. Thus cultural relativism implies that what is 'good' is what is 'socially approved' in a given culture....   [tags: Papers]

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Psychological and Ethical Egoism, Mill vs Kant, and Ethical Relativism

- ... For example, if Jack wants to steal something to benefit himself, he should do so because it is the right thing for him to do. The main argument against psychological egoism is that people do in fact act to fulfill other’s desires. For example, Jack was playing video games and his mother asked him to help her with the dishes and he does so. He is doing this not to fulfill his desires, but to fulfill hers; he was already sitting down doing something that fulfilled his desires at the time but chose to help his mom....   [tags: philosophy exam]

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A Discussion to Compare Moral Theories

- ... For the ethical relativist, there are no universal moral standards -- standards that can be applied to all peoples at all times. Culture and personal morals cause a person to make certain moral decisions. Personally, my beliefs align with ethical relativism, as I do not believe that all morality adhere to universal laws or the fear of a spiritual deity. I feel that the way we treat each other as human beings, the lessons taught by my culture and my own internal feelings of right and wrong guide me....   [tags: ethical, abolutism, relativism]

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What Is Ethical And Ethical Behavior

- Writing Assignment #1 Who decides what is ethical and what is moral. There are no standards of conduct that everyone in the world agrees upon. There are different religions, cultures and ethnicities in this world and because of that; there will most likely never be a day where everyone finds everything that someone else does to be ethical or moral. Since there can never be a universal standard for morality and ethical behavior for people everywhere, we must stop judging people by looking through the lenses of our culture or society ....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Moral relativism, Relativism]

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The Ethical Theories Of Ethical Behavior

- In philosophy, there are many different views regarding what is thought to constitute ethical behavior. Among them are the cultural relativist, utilitarian, and Kantian. Given a situation where someone must choose to either kill one person out of thirty so that the others could live or let all thirty people die in order to maintain their moral duty, the distinctive philosophical views would lead to varying responses. They contribute opposing ideas on what the right decision is. Generally, these three ethical theories have the power to influence what happens next....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Ethics, Relativism]

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Moral Relativism : Moral, Relativism, And Relativism

- Can we assume an action is moral just because it is normal and accepted by the majority of people. According to moral relativism, the answer is yes. Relativism is the belief that says moral principles are valid, but are different by individuals (subjectivism) or by culture (conventionalism). Conventionalists like Ruth Benedict claim that cultures cannot judge one another, since they have different principles (Pojman, 514). On the other hand, Pojman argues that there are some serious issues with relativism....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Moral relativism]

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Ethical Ethics And Ethical Behavior

- Who decides what is ethical and what is moral. There are no standards of conduct that everyone in the world agrees upon. There are different religions, cultures and ethnicities in this world and because of that; there will most likely never be a day where everyone finds everything that someone else does to be ethical or moral. Since there can never be a universal standard for morality and ethical behavior for people everywhere, we must stop judging people by looking through the lenses of our culture or society ....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Moral relativism]

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Relativism between Societies

- The meta-ethical theory of relativism claims that there is no universal moral standard that can be used to evaluate the practices and beliefs of other cultures. For the relativist, 'true' only means 'true for my culture', while at the same time, what someone in another culture deems as true, regardless of the contrast, can be equally so (Williams 1976: 34). This means that the criterion for what is deemed acceptable for a given society, is reflective of the views of the prevailing culture. I disagree with this meta-ethical view....   [tags: meta-ethical, culture, society]

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Relativism : The Threat Of Relativism

- In our current time where diversity is highly valued and sought after by many institutions I believe that relativism poses the greatest challenge to ethics. I love diversity and being exposed to new and different cultures but I can’t help but notice that by actively praising the planet’s diversity we may be creating a kind of tolerance for some behaviors that are not moral because we wish to avoid creating a kind of culture war. We don’t want to appear intolerant so we tolerate everything. This poses a problem because some cultures may maintain their immoral practices simply because they don’t know any better....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Culture, Relativism]

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Cultural Relativism And Social Relativism

- There are different countries and cultures in the world, and as being claimed by cultural relativists, there is no such thing as “objective truth in morality” (Rachels, 2012). Cultural relativists are the people who believe in the Cultural Ethical Relativism, which declares that different cultures value different thing so common ethical truth does not exist. However, philosopher James Rachels argues against this theory due to its lack of invalidity and soundness. He introduced his Geographical Differences Argument to point out several mistakes in the CER theory....   [tags: Morality, Culture, Cultural relativism, Logic]

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Ethics, Cultural Relativism, And Subjective Relativism

- As we discussed chapter 3, I learned about Ethical Relativism, meta-ethics, cultural relativism, objective relativism, and subjective relativism. This topic is very difficult for me to come to an agreement based on someone’s cultural belief and practices. For starters, meta-ethics is a branch of ethics that deals with the meaning of moral principles and/or statements and their “truth” status in the world. Meta-ethics focuses on the religious beliefs and cultural practices and whether is right or wrong or good and bad....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Moral relativism]

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Ethical Facts About Ethical Objectivism

- We might say that killing another person for absolutely no reason is wrong. But why is it seen that way. Is it because we as individuals or as a society believe it to be wrong. Or is it because there are objective rules of the universe that would be true whether or not we thought it was wrong. Some people believe that morals are not universal and rather that the moral action depends on societal or individual opinions. It is obvious that people and societies have different beliefs on what is right and what is wrong, but does that change what is moral....   [tags: Morality, Religion, Moral relativism, Ethics]

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The Philosophical And Ethical Theories

- Doctor Turns To Kevorkian: Oak Brook Man’s Suicide Enters Right to Die Debate In the article, Doctor Turns to Kevorkian: Oak Brook Man’s Suicide Enters Right to Die Debate, Kiernan and Gottesman, (1993) tells the story of Dr. Ali Khalili and probes the merits of his decision to end his own life, and his choice of asking Dr. Jack Kevorkian to assist him. The purpose of this paper is to consider and explain how the philosophical and ethical theories; cultural relativism, the American social contract, and utilitarianism would judge Dr....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Cultural relativism]

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Cultural Relativism And Moral Values

- Cultural relativism is the term given to the idea that there are no universal moral values that apply to all mankind and that every culture has its own set of moral principles. This set of principles varies from culture to culture, and it is extremely rare, if not totally impossible, to find a moral principle that is followed by all cultures. For example, the idea of arranged marriages, which is the concept of two families marrying their son and daughter even though they don’t particularly know each other, is fairly common in Indian culture but non-existent in American culture....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Moral relativism]

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Argument Of Moral Relativism : A Critique

- Argument from moral variability, as we discuss in our philosophy class, it is an argument to support Ethical Relativism, this argument claims that since different people have different moral standards, so there is no universal moral standard. As Stace claimed in his essay “ Ethical Relativism: A Critique”, “For the absolutist there is a single universal moral standard. For the relativist there is no such standard. There are only local, ephemeral, and variable standards.”(Stace, para 7). What Stace indicated in his argument is: people form different moral standards based on their backgrounds, circumstances, and ages, one thing treated right for this group may be treated wrong for the other g...   [tags: Morality, Moral relativism, Relativism, Truth]

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Ethics Of An Ethical Dilema

- Euthania: An Ethical Dilema For years euthanasia has been a highly controversial topic and thus far the ethics of the matter has left many of us divided. The word euthaniasia comes about from the greek roots eu meaning good and thanatos meaning death. The debate surrodnuing euthanisais is quite complex as it involves the certain death of an indivudal. Many people place value upon religion and natural law believing that the self-termination of life goes against the intrinsic value we share as humans....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Meaning of life, Relativism]

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Deliberating Ethical Decisions

- How are we as individuals or even professionals to know “the right thing to do?” Unfortunately there is no road map, or tutorial that spells out what is right vs. wrong or how we are to incorporate that into our everyday lives. As a child we are taught values that are centered on the golden rule, and then as we grow older learn about laws and regulations that reinforce what is taught to be right and the repercussions for wrongs. All of these teaching are the foundation we build on as we go through life in understanding the difference between right and wrong....   [tags: Relativism, Perspective, Morality]

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Cultural Relativism Is A Weak Argument

- In this paper I will argue that cultural relativism is a weak argument. Cultural relativism is the theory that all ethical and moral claims are relative to culture and custom (Rachels, 56). Pertaining to that definition, I will present the idea that cultural relativism is flawed in the sense that it states that there is no universal standard of moral and ethical values. First, I will suggest that cultural relativism underestimates similarities between cultures. Second, I will use the overestimating differences perspective to explain the importance of understanding context, intention and purpose behind an act....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Culture, Ethics]

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Cultural Relativism And The Cultural Perspective

- Cultural Relativism is the view that all moral beliefs and ethical systems, are all equally valid. No one system is better than any other, no matter the variance from culture to culture. Further, Cultural Relativism follows that these beliefs and ethical systems should be understood by everyone else in the terms of their own individual culture. The Cultural Relativist believes there are no universal moral beliefs, and that there is no ultimate standard of good or evil. Instead, they believe each society has customs and beliefs that differ from each other and every judgement of right or wrong is a product of each society....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Ethics, Culture]

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The Challenge Of Cultural Relativism, By James Rachels

- In his essay, “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism,” James Rachels argues that cultural relativism is an unsatisfactory moral theory because it is based upon an invalid argument, if cultural relativism were true, this would have some troubling and implausible consequences, and there are some moral rules common to all societies. In this short paper, I will argue that moral objectivism is a more satisfactory moral theory than ethical relativism. Vaughn first defines ethical relativism by stating that moral standards are not objective, but are relative to what individuals or cultures believe (Vaughn 13)....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Culture, Cultural relativism]

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Thomas Harman 's Moral Relativism

- Gilbert Harman lays out his moral relativism theory with “inner judgments”, the statements concerned with “ought”, in Moral Relativism Defended. However, he assumes an important premise of his theory to be true, which is the reason that I will prove the missing premise – that moral relativism is true – in this paper. Moreover, his form of moral relativism with his “four-place predicate ‘Ought(A,D,C,M),’ which relates an agent A, a type of action D, considerations C, and motivating attitudes M,” has brought about both meta-ethical and practical concerns....   [tags: Morality, Moral relativism, Ethics]

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Cultural Relativism And The Divine Command Theory

- For many years now, people have always wondered what ethical principle is the right one to follow. These individuals are all seeking the answer to the question that the ethical principles are trying to clarify: What defines moral behavior. The Divine Command Theory and the theories of cultural relativism are two principles of many out there that provide us with explanations on what our ethical decisions are based on and what we consider to be our moral compass in life. Even though these two theories make well-supported arguments on why they are the right principle to follow, it is hard to pinpoint which one should guide our choices because of the wide array of ethical systems....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Cultural relativism, Religion]

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Cultural Relativism : Is Wrong From A Young Age?

- Every individual is taught what is right and what is wrong from a young age. It becomes innate of people to know how to react in situations of killings, injuries, sicknesses, and more. Humans have naturally developed a sense of morality, the “beliefs about right and wrong actions and good and bad persons or character,” (Vaughn 123). There are general issues such as genocide, which is deemed immoral by all; however, there are other issues as simple as etiquette, which are seen as right by one culture, but wrong and offense by another....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Cultural relativism]

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The Ethical Dilemma of Defining Moral Absolutes

- When our ancestors began to develop cognitive thought, they began to compare themselves to one another in an attempt to decide what is morally permissible behavior, and what is not. Although, our global community has grown to be very large, and culturally diverse these same moral debates still linger in today’s society. Fundamentalist believe that there are absolute moral codes that apply to all societies. Inherently the fundamentalist view sounds like an ideal view that all cultures should respect....   [tags: moral absolutes, fundamentalist, relativism]

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Ethical Standards to Protect The Rights of Service Providers and Consumers

- Ethical standards, especially for fields that involve human service provision, are necessary to safeguard the rights and safety of both service providers and consumers. Past injustice and maltreatment have pushed different professions to develop codes of ethics that are unique to their respective fields. The chemical dependency field is no exception, and the National Association for Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors (NAADAC) has produced its own code of ethics. By beginning a therapeutic relationship with clients, many doors are opened; healing and harm are both possible, depending on how the counselor handles whatever arises....   [tags: moral relativism, injustice, maltreatment]

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The Merits And Pitfalls Of Cultural Relativism

- Assess the merits and pitfalls of cultural relativism in contemporary anthropology. Cultural relativism is a contentious methodological and theoretical stance in anthropology, which advises that cultures should only be contemplated in their own context. This was conceptualised by Franz Boas (Boas, 1904). It rests on the idea that cultures are formed through the accumulative process of enculturation. Each culture has evolved in its own circumstances, thus it cannot be judged from a different framework (Herskovitz, 1955)....   [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism]

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Cultural Analysis On Cultural Relativism

- Seungbae’s essay on cultural relativism argues that every moral decision one makes is only relevant within the sense of right and wrong depending on their cultural standards. He makes comparisons with cultural ethics as with the laws of motion but does not seem to necessarily relate today’s use of cultural relativism, and it also becomes a sort of backwards continuum in which the relativism that he argues for turns into an absolutist point of view, therefore turning his philosophy into what he is arguing against....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Cultural relativism, Culture]

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The Diversity Of Moral Values Through The Theory Of Cultural Relativism

- This study will define the diversity of moral values through the theory of Cultural Relativism (CR) that refutes the paradigm that there is a “right” or “wrong” in the moral paradigms of differing cultures. Rachel defines the important moral question of macrocosmic moral paradigms that claim ”righteousness”, yet individual societies have their own moral codes that deviate from these norms. CR defines the importance of diverse moral perspectives throughout the world, which refute any type of absolutist definition of morality....   [tags: Morality, Culture, Sociology, Cultural relativism]

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Ethics and Relativism

- Considering the fact that Relativism forsakes “the search for an ethical theory” (Mosser, 2010, p. 50), and states more accurately that “we should recognize that there are no universal or general ethical standards, that one's ethical view is relative to one's culture, society, tradition, religion, worldview, or even one's own individual values” (Mosser, 2010, p. 50), and In light of the fact that Relativists see things in accordance to culture, genders, religion, and so on; they appear “to allow that we can simply “agree to disagree” (Mosser, 2010, p....   [tags: Culture]

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Cultural Relativism And The Moral Values Of People From Other Cultures

- 2. Is it wrong to criticise the moral practices of people from other cultures. How would a Cultural Relativist answer that question. How would you answer that question. There are many ethical issues and beliefs that come into debate when the practices of another culture are believed to be immoral, cultural relativism is an attempt at solving these moral disputes by encouraging an attitude of tolerance to all cultural practices. The principle of cultural relativism that holds that the practices of another culture cannot be judged as right or wrong on any independent standard as morality is dependant on one’s own cultural upbringing....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Culture, Value]

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The Fundamental Claim of Cultural Relativism

- ... A moral code is the system of rules which direct you to act ethically and morally. A society is a collection of people who interact knowingly and unknowingly to create a sustainable economy. An agent is just the individual who is deciding whether to perform an act or not. Let us now perform a simple thought experiment. You are a very religious person and want to show your ultimate devotion and gain favour with your ‘holy figure’. To do this, you perform a human sacrifice. In ancient Egypt, Humans were often sacrificed to show the God Osiris how faithful the pharaoh or human being sacrificed is (reference)....   [tags: right, wrong, moral code]

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Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism

- Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism are two contrasting terms that are displayed by different people all over the world. Simply put, ethnocentrism is defined as “judging other groups from the perspective of one’s own cultural point of view.” Cultural relativism, on the other hand, is defined as “the view that all beliefs are equally valid and that truth itself is relative, depending on the situation, environment, and individual.” Each of these ideas has found its way into the minds of people worldwide....   [tags: Ethnocentrism Cultural Relativism Culture Essays]

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The Challenge Of Cultural Relativism

- The Challenge of Cultural Relativism Argument The Challenge of Culture Relativism written by James Rachels argues the downsides and upsides to the idea of Cultural Relativism. This is the idea of Cultural Relativism: the principle that an individual human 's beliefs and activities should be understood by others in terms of that individual 's own culture. It was established as axiomatic in anthropological research by Franz Boas in the first few decades of the 20th century and later popularized by his students....   [tags: Culture, United States, Anthropology]

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Moral Relativism And Moral Values

- Worldwide societies differ in what they believe to be right and wrong. Moral relativism is the idea that moral principles are relative to one culture or society and independent of others, according to this practice there is no universal moral standard. This moral belief is widely rejected and is seen as unfit in today’s worldwide society. One way which moral relativism can be useful in today’s society is when comparing our society to yesterday’s. The underlying idea of time is what most influences our relative beliefs of morality....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Religion, Moral]

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Argument Against Moral Relativism

- Argument against moral relativism This paper will debate advantages and disadvantages of both moral relativism and deontology. I will argue against moral relativism by showing that deontology gives a better account of our moral intuitions than moral relativism. I will use examples from the film The Ballad of Narayam, and James Rachels’ “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism” to illustrate why moral relativism should be rejected, and deontology should be accepted. Moral Relativism Moral relativism takes the position that moral and/or ethical propositions do not reflect universal moral standards....   [tags: deontology, ethics, morality]

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Conceptual Relativism and Radical Social Constructionism

- Conceptual relativism is concerned with truth and knowledge and belongs specifically with the ability of the human mind to construct different realities, people have different versions of realities but there is no one reality as is the same with truth there is no one absolute truth there are only truths. (Lazar 1998)Many authors have described the nature of this in their own languages and this has bought about many different views of conceptual relativism. It was Daniel Little’s belief that conceptual relativism was concerned with the fact that as the world is separated into so many different countries, cultures, religions and beliefs....   [tags: Philosophy, Truth and Knowledge, Realism]

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- The year was 1943. Hundreds of Jewish people were being marched into the gas chambers in accordance with Adolf Hitler's orders. In the two years that followed, millions of Jews were killed and only a fraction survived the painful ordeals at the Nazi German prison camps. However, all of the chaos ended as World War II came to a close: the American and British soldiers had won and Hitler's Third Reich was no more. A certain ethical position would state that the anti-sematic Nazi German culture was neither right nor wrong in its actions....   [tags: ethics beliefs cultural relativism essays papers]

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The Case Against Moral Relativism

- "Who's to judge who's right or wrong?" In the case against moral relativism Pojman provides an analysis of Relativism. His analysis includes an interpretation of Relativism that states the following ideas: Actions vary from society to society, individuals behavior depends on the society they belong to, and there are no standards of living that apply to all human kind. An example that demonstrates these ideas is people around the world eat beef (cows) and in India, cows are not to be eaten. From Pojman second analysis an example can be how the Japanese take of their shoes all the time before entering the house....   [tags: Pojman]

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Relativism: The Tangible Theory

- Relativism: The Tangible Theory Since the beginning of rational thought, philosophers have searched for the true meaning of morality. Many theorists have attempted to answer this question with reasoning, in an attempt to find a universal set of rules, or a way to distinguish right from wrong. Some theorists believe that this question is best answered by a single moral standard, while others debate if there can be a single solution. Cultural Relativism explores the idea that there can be no one moral standard that applies to everyone at any given time....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Ethical Norms And Ethical Standards

- Humans have notably different ethical standards which dictate what is or isn’t correct. Those standards are shared and followed by a group of people. For example, the concept of killing is not unknown. The typical response is to punish the one who commits that “crime,” even if that person was “right” to do so. However, killing may not seem like a crime to some people. Rather, to them killing is necessary for protection. Given that there are many cultures in the world, one can assume that each of those cultures is not like the other....   [tags: Culture, Ethics, Anthropology]

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Ethical And Ethical Ethics Of Ethics

- Introduction The field of ethics endorses the notions of right and wrong behaviors. Ethics is a mass of moral principles or set of values about what is true or false, good or bad, fair or unfair, and proper or improper (paliwal,2006,p.1). The difference between ethical and unethical is ethical is regards to right, while unethical is regards to what is wrong. Ethics is when a person can acquire a superior strength that is an achievement. Challenges such as corruption, favoritism, nepotism, deterioration of human values, business frauds, and government policies are things that modern society is face with along with liberalization and globalization....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Business ethics]

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The Philosophy Ethical Theories : Moral Skepticism And Moral Objectivism

- Morality is important in people’s daily lives. It shapes how people think and act. By acting according to some certain moral standards, people are expecting some positive results. With the right moral standards, people will act the right way, and the society will run better. True morality will build a Utopia, which people dream of. Since morality is a complex and abstract idea, people argued about moral standards everyday, and there seems to be no absolute answers. To fully understand why and how some moral standards are right while others are wrong, we need to figure out the base of moral standards....   [tags: Morality, Truth, Ethical theories]

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Relativism vs. Christianity

- Standards of right and wrong are the mere products of time and culture. Morality is a neutral concept - there is no such thing as an absolute right or wrong. Instead, morality is defined by what is 'good' or 'bad' in a given society, by the social norms. What held true one thousand, one hundred, or even twenty years ago may or may not hold true now. The human race has grown and continues to expand; our technology, culture, customs, and laws constantly change and evolve. Perception is reality. What one believes to be right or wrong could be completely different from what someone else believes....   [tags: Ethics Morals Values]

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The Truth About Cultural Relativism

- The Truth about Cultural Relativism It is absolutely impossible to deny that every culture believes different things. It 's in human nature. Humans are programmed to gather with people that share similar beliefs. Look around, even among one’s culture, it is easy to recognize patterns. People create groups in which everyone share different characteristics such as language, ethnicity, and religion. It does not matter where you go every culture have a unique set of guidelines. That 's what cultural relativism claim....   [tags: Morality, Truth, J. L. Mackie, Culture]

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The Principles Of The Aicpa Code Of Conduct

- Case 1-4 1. The principles of the AICPA Code of Conduct should guide the work that Jose and Emily do as auditors. The principles that specifically apply to this situation are Responsibilities, The Public Interest, and Due Care. CPAs have the responsibility to “exercise sensitive professional and moral judgments in all activities.” (Mintz, p. 19) The AICPA defines the public interest as “clients, credit grantors, governments, employers, investigators, the business and financial community, and others who rely on the objectivity and integrity of CPAs to maintain the orderly function of commerce.” (Mintz, p....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Relativism, Moral relativism]

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An Introduction Of Ethics, Relativism

- An Introduction to Ethics, Relativism The standard of reasonableness that I identify with more is on the objective side. Being an objectivist is based off of how I was raised as a kid. I always knew that coming from a home where I was an only child for nine years, I would learn so many different lessons that kids who had siblings that were closer in age. My mom raised me to know that certain actions were right while others were wrong. At times, I wouldn’t agree with some of the things my mom, but I never lost sight of the objectivist approach....   [tags: Pregnancy, Abortion, Birth control, Human]

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Moral Relativism

- Relativism comes from the word “Relative” which means measured, judgment, clever or a meaning or assessment that can only be recognized and may change depending with circumstance or background. It can also be used in a way of showing that something is true to a particular degree when it is being compared with other things (Cambridge Advanced Dictionary) There are different types of relativism and can be grouped or categorized into different stages namely: Moral, Cultural Just to mention but a few....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Relativism in Farenheit 451, by Ray Bradbury

- “Nothing is more likely to distort our understanding of reality than the notion of relativism.” (Rombouts 257). Relativism is the belief that truth and principles are not absolute but only relative to a person or group of people. Absolutism is the acceptance of absolute principles. Both of these ethical philosophies are found today and have been present since the beginning of recorded history. History also proves the negative impact or weakness of a relative culture. The philosophy of relativism is a growing trend in the society of American students....   [tags: Farenheit 451 Essays]

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Cultural Relativism And Western Medical Practice

- Introduction The case study on cultural relativism and western medical practice focuses on the healing practices that differ from one culture to the next, and how medical practitioners should tolerate these different approaches that can be viewed as unethical to western society medical practices. Ms. S, an immigrant from Laos brought her infant in for her four-month immunizations to the physician. Dr. Leigh’s, the working physician notices the red and quarter-inch round markings on the babies’ abdomen....   [tags: Culture, Ethics, Medicine, Western culture]

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Analysis Of Headhunters And Soldiers By Renato Rosaldo

- In his “Of Headhunters and Soldiers”, Renato Rosaldo makes a vivid distinction between cultural relativism and ethical relativism from his own personal experience. According to Rosaldo, cultural relativism focuses on human differences and the acquisition and adherence to one’s culture after birth. He references Ruth Benedict and further expands on the notion that all cultures are equally valid and that patterns of life cannot be scale down into grades (excellent, good, medium, below medium). Next, Rosaldo defines ethical relativism as a subset of cultural relativism pertaining to moral aspects of various cultural practices....   [tags: Morality, Culture, Relativism, Anthropology]

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Moral Facts And The Real World Consequences

- The study of Metaethics has always been the favorite topic of philosophers since the beginning of written philosophy. To this day, many renowned philosophers like Plato and Socrates were faced with the task of understanding what moral concepts are, and where they originate from. One of the oldest philosophical dilemmas is the Euthyphro dilemma which asks the questions “Do the gods love one thing because it is good or it is good because the gods love it” This type of dilemma continues to be subject of many ethical discussions....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Moral relativism]

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The Ethics Of The Ethical Issue

- The ethical issue I picked that I thought was most important in this case is privacy. I picked this as the ethical issue because if the pictures are sent to each other than both people involved privacy is compromised. It is not only a legal and policy issue because when their privacy is broken it can change how they feel about their self and how others in the area view them if they find out she sent nude photos. The moral agents in this case in my opinion are both Mary and her boyfriend. I find that Mary is a moral agent because if she sends the nude photo then she is responsible for own actions since she let down her privacy by sending the photo to her boyfriend who could show them to anyo...   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Normative ethics, Altruism]

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The Ethical Dilemma Of Abortion And Euthanasia

- In Ethics there are certain factors that influence the individual to distinguish from right or wrong such as, our culture, family, life experiences, our environment, religion and many more. But in today’s contemporary ethical dilemma many tend to view serious issues such as abortion and euthanasia with a different approach. Many view these issues with a different dilemma because yet again everyone has different views on how they view life and what they come to conclude as morally wrong. This view also brings the challenge whether the government should have power over decisions like this....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Utilitarianism, Human]

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Analysis Of ' Amputees By Choice ' By Bayne And Levy, Conists Of An Unusual Topic

- “Amputees by Choice” written by Bayne and Levy, conists of an unusual topic. Bayne and Levy examine and discuss two basic questions. The first question they look into is the motivations people to have a perfectly healthy limb amputated. The other question concerns what circumstances would a doctor comply with a patients’ wish to get a limb amputated. Along with the other two questions, Levy and Bayne discuss other erratic cases involving the amputation of one’s limbs. More specifically, Levy and Bayne attempt to define and analyze Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Cultural relativism]

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The Ethical And Unethical Behavior

- “Trigger warnings” are messages at the beginning of a text, lecture, or discussion notifying students that the content they are about to be subjected to could potentially be upsetting or startling, possibly triggering unpleasant flashbacks of traumatic experiences. These warnings are becoming increasingly commonplace on college campuses across America. Trigger warnings are useful classroom tools that protect students from unwanted, upsetting memories. Ethical relativism is the belief that ethics are not universal and a sense of right from wrong derives from a society’s beliefs and customs....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue ethics]

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Ethical Dilemmas Of The Business Industry

- In the business industry, there are ethical dilemmas that occur on a daily basis. Some ethical dilemma can include stealing or even having fraudulent documents in order to get an unfair advantage within the organization. Another ethical dilemma that has been brought into the light is bribery. What makes bribery unique is that in various parts of the world, bribery has become an acceptable behavior whereas other parts of the world people would consider that as unethical behavior. In order to understand what is acceptable or not when trying to bribe public officials, we must understand the principles of what is considered to be ethical or unethical....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Moral psychology]

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Cultural Diversity Has Been A Burning Topic

- Nowadays, with the booming of overwhelming globalization, cultural diversity has been a burning topic, which is discussed frequently among the public. Many people argue that practices and beliefs in other cultures that are against ethics and human rights, such as cannibalism in Wari’, clitoridectomy in Africa and the Middle East, or anal sex in Marind-anim are wrong and should be abandoned, or even abolished. However, there is no accurate definition related to the judgment of cultures. That is, western culture is not superior to others’, though some of the tribes have controversial and ethical issues....   [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism]

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The Ethical And Moral Values

- Ethically Speaking After already taking a class on ethics in a variety of fields, I can confidently say that I am intrigued by the many persuasive ways of thinking in this day and age. The ethical and moral values that I hold, may or may not be held by others, and this paper is going to explore the ethical and moral values that are described in the book and one that I have utilized for a number of years. The topics that will be discussed in this paper will include some formulaic terminologies along with a positive and negative examination of varying ethical approaches, some examples of ethical values for each term, and a few opinions of my own that demonstrate where I stand ethically and why...   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Value, Value theory]

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The Ethical Behavior Of Corporate Responsibilities

- 2.2 Ethics While corporate responsibilities are largely focused on external pressures, Ethical behaviour is an internal responsibility of an organisation and Schwartz states “trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring, and citizenship as six universal ethical values” (Schwartz as cited by Hoover, K. F., & Pepper, M. B. 2015).Ethics influences how organisations deal with certain decisions and can decide on what actions the organisation is willing to take. Organisations tend to follow the ethical behaviour of cultural relativism, which suggests that organisations obey the local culture’s ethical standards although a more socially responsible ethical behaviour is Universalism,...   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Management]

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Ethical Issues in Nigeria

- Ethical issues develop when environmental regulations in a host nation are less than the home nation. Developed nations have established many regulations regarding pollution, where as developing nations often lack regulations. Lack of regulations often causes developing country’s to experience higher levels of pollution. Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa, is a country whose people have experienced environmental problems because foreign multinationals are allowed to operate their businesses while committing human rights violations....   [tags: environmental regulations]

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