Your search returned 160 essays for "epistemic":
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Disagreement, Question-Begging, and Epistemic Self-Criticism by David Christensen

- In the face of disagreement with an epistemic peer, David Christensen argues for the conciliatory response he calls Independence, in his paper Disagreement, Question-Begging, and Epistemic Self-Criticism. I will first explain Christensen’s Independence Principle about conciliation. I will then present his argument for how it avoids counterintuitive results in cases of super-high confidence and cases of disagreement over basic cognitive resources. I will argue that Christensen’s Independence Principle cannot avoid counterintuitive results without asserting a contradiction....   [tags: epistemic peers, independence]

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A Summary of Epistemic Relativism

- What if everything that you perceive— people, the world, the universe — was not as it seems. Relativism is the concept that points of view have no absolute truth or validity, having only relative, subjective value according to differences in perception and consideration. Defined narrowly, epistemology is the study of knowledge and justified belief. As the study of knowledge, epistemology is concerned with the following questions: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions of knowledge. What are its sources....   [tags: truth, falsehood, persepective]

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True Epistemic Value of Religious Experiences

- True Epistemic Value of Religious Experiences For many years, the idea of what it means to have a “religious experience” has been greatly debated. Philosophers and great thinkers alike have grappled with many questions, such as what constituted a “religious experience” and the difference between that and a mystical experience. Part of this great debate involves two philosophers from a similar time period, William James and C.D Broad, who each saw these experiences, despite some similarities, as having different epistemic values....   [tags: Religious Experiences, Philosophy]

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Belief Worlds and Epistemic Possibilities

- Belief Worlds and Epistemic Possibilities ABSTRACT: This paper develops an individualistic, belief-based account for a limited class of epistemic possibility statements. Section I establishes the need for such an account by reviewing a recent version of the majority view (the "Relevant Community Account") and contesting two key assumptions. I argue that some epistemic possibilities are belief-based-contra the assumption that all are knowledge-based. Against the assumption that all epistemic possibility statements are analyzable in terms of the speaker's "relevant community," I contend that the truth value of some statements is a function of the speaker's epistemic states alone....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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Perspective and the Right Reasons View in Solving Epistemic Disagreements.

- In “The Epistemic Significance of Disagreement”, Thomas Kelly gives two responses to the question “How should awareness of disagreement, with those that you take to be your epistemic equal, effect the rational confidence you have in your beliefs?”. Kelly discusses two possible responses to the question. The first is Richard Foley's first person perspective argument. Adam Elga calls the second the right reasons view (Elga, 2007 pg. 485). Kelly pursues the latter, and does not go further than agreeing with Foley that we should only view these disputes with a first person perspective....   [tags: reflection, disagreement]

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Is Knowledge Relative Because Epistemic Intuitions Vary?

- Is knowledge relative because epistemic intuitions vary. In a paper entitled Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions, Weinberg, Nichols and Stich (who I will hereafter refer to as WNS) have proposed a challenge for the “normative project” (WNS 2001: 2) of epistemology, a project which involves taking an analytic perspective on epistemology and thereby setting norms for how to pursue knowledge. One knowledge-forming processes that the this project is based on, as WNS point out, our “epistemic intuitions” (WNS 2001: 5), and it is from these intuitions that we may work out a normative account of epistemology....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Epistemic Violence Is A Critical Part Of American Culture

- Epistemic Violence is a critical part in American culture to keep minority people ignorant to their history. It is a new sophisticated form of oppression that includes depriving a minority or culture group of their history and culture. Today’s lawmakers and educators are quickly removing important parts of minorities history from libraries and textbooks. Epistemic Violence is also shown in media outlets and magazines when one culture is represent predominantly over another. The American legal and education system for centuries has fed into a continuous oppressive system against minority classes....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race]

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The Development Of Epistemic Relativism Versus Social Relativism

- What if everything — all of us, the world, the universe — was not real. What if everything we are, know, and do was really just someone's computer simulation. Reality is the state of things as they actually exist, rather than as they may appear or might be imagined. Relativism is the concept that points of view have no absolute truth or validity, having only relative, subjective value according to differences in perception and consideration. Epistemic relativism is when the facts used to establish the truth or falsehood of any statement are understood to be relative to the perspective of those proving or falsifying the proposition....   [tags: the matrix, dream world, computers]

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Evidential Basis in Epistemic Justification

- The Significance and Priority of Evidential Basis in Epistemic Justification ABSTRACT:There are various approaches to epistemology as well as to the philosophy of science. The attempt to naturalize them is the newest approach. In the naturalistic framework, epistemology turns out to be identical with the philosophy of science. The main characteristic of both naturalized epistemology and naturalized philosophy of science is their methodological monism. Therefore, both of these meta-level areas of philosophy pursue only one scientific discipline to be a meta-method for themselves....   [tags: Research Essays Term Papers]

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Consistency and Epistemic Probability

- Consistency and Epistemic Probability ABSTRACT: Is consistency always epistemically virtuous. In this paper, I examine one threat to the traditional view that consistency is a minimum requirement for rational belief. Central to the argument is the notion of epistemic probability, understood as the degree of support or confirmation provided by the total available evidence. My strategy in examining this argument is to apply analogous reasoning to carefully tailored examples. The conclusions which emerge are substantive, informative and utterly implausible....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]

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Your search returned 160 essays for "epistemic":
1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9   …  16    Next >>