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# Determining The Ratio Of Circumference To Diameter Of A Circle

- Determining the Ratio of Circumference to Diameter of a Circle In determining the ratio of the circumference to the diameter I began by measuring the diameter of one of the si objects which contained circles, then using a string, I wrapped the string around the circle and compared the length of the string, which measured the circumference, to a meter stick. With this method I measured all of the six circles. After I had this data, I went back and rechecked the circumference with a tape measure, which allowed me to make a more accurate measure of the objects circumferences by taking away some of the error that mymethod of using a string created....   [tags: essays research papers]

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## The Effect of the Height of a Crater on Its Diameter

- The Effect of the Height of a Crater on Its Diameter Introduction ============ A crater is formed when a meteor for outer space strikes the lunar surface. The force of the impact obliterates the meteorite and displaces part of the moons surface, pushing the edges surrounding rock. At the same time, more displaced material shoots outward from the crater. I will simulate this in the classroom by using a margarine tub full of sand and using different heights to represent the distance it travelled....   [tags: Papers]

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## An Investigation into the Relationship Between the Resistance of a Wire and Its Diameter and Length

- An Investigation into the Relationship Between the Resistance of a Wire and Its Diameter and Length Introduction In this investigation I hope to see whether there is a relationship between the thickness of a wire and its length with the resistance in which it produces. First of all, what is resistance. Resistance is calculated as R=V/I Where R is resistance, V = Potential Difference (Voltage) and I = Current (Amount of charge flowing per second) Resistance is the property of a conductor that restricts the flow of electricity through it, this is measure in â„¦ (Ohms) This Resistance can be because of many things such as the nature of the material, its tempera...   [tags: Papers]

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## Circumference Formula

- Prove the Circumference Formula Introduction: Archimedes is credited to be the creator of the circumference formula, but more importantly to find the first theoretical calculation of Pi. Pi is an irrational number and the digits are continuous and never come to an end. Archimedes knew he had only found an approximation of pi, he found that pi is between 3 1/7 and 3 10/71. “Pi is a name given to the ratio of the circumference of a circle to the diameter. That means, for any circle, you can divide the circumference (the distance around the circle) by the diameter and always get exactly the same number....   [tags: Archimedes, Pi, diameter, circle, mathematics]

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## The Effect of Smaller Needle Diameters in Reducing Pain during Immunizations in the Pediatric Population

- The study will be conducted at only one location and may be limited in its size this will be discussed in the description of the setting. Future research may be initiated from this study and a larger sample may be used that would have a larger impact on the pediatric population. The following topics will be discussed in this chapter and how they will impact the study: Design selection and Justification Independent, Dependent, and Extraneous Variables Description of the setting Sample plan Tools, Validity, and Reliability Discussion of Procedure, Human Rights, and IRB Data Analysis Design Selection and Justification Randomized experiment with random selection of sample....   [tags: Medical Research]

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## What Is a Spectroscope?

- Introduction In this two part lab we are to build a spectroscope from parts included with our lab kit to visualize and analyze the spectra of several light sources. In the second part of the lab we are to build a pinhole viewer. We are to then take the pinhole viewer and measure the diameter of the sun and moon. After completing both parts of the lab, there are several questions that need addressing. This paper examines and answers those questions. Spectroscope To understand this week’s experiment one must first understand what a spectroscope is and what it does....   [tags: sun, moon, eath, light sources]

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## Investigating the Resistance of Wires

- Investigating the Resistance of Wires Aim: To investigate how the diameter of a constantan wire will affect its resistance and hence the current flowing through it. Prediction: I predict that the thicker the diameter the less resistance there will be. Reason: In a metal, some of the electrons are free to move between the ions, to form a "sea" of electrons around the positive metal ions. Metals that are good conductors have more "free" electrons and therefore these electrons move easily around the positive metal ions....   [tags: Papers]

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## Lab Table, Wood Block, Coin

- The purpose of this report is to summarize the measurements of the lab table, wood block, coin (penny), and cyclinder calculated with the meter stick and vernier caliper; also, the different densities of aluminum, brass, copper, and wood, and how they differ. This lab helped acquaint us with the measurements we use on a daily basis in physics such as distances, mass, volume, and density. It is essential to know the uses of the measuments because of how often they are used, and the best way to understand them more is by measuring the quantities of objects such as mass, etc....   [tags: Length, Volume, Measurement, Height]

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## The Resistance of a Wire

- The Resistance of a Wire Aim: To investigate factors effecting the resistance of wires Planning: There are four main factors which will affect the resistance of a wire. To choose the best factor to investigate, certain features must be considered: Â· It must provide a good range of results, i.e. the resistance values must vary greatly throughout the tests. Â· It must be easy to experiment on, i.e. the procedure is easily repeatable and hence reliable. The four factors that would affect the resistance of a wire are: 1....   [tags: Papers]

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## Modelling the mass of banana fruit by geometrical attributes

- Some selected physical characteristics of the banana such as mass, true volume, bulk density, true density, geometric mean diameter, surface area etc and their statistics such as mean, standard deviation (SD) and standard error (SE) were presented in Tab. 1. These two statistics measure the consistency of the data. Table 1 Physical properties of banana var. Grand Nain S.No Physical properties Mean SD Min Max SE CV,% 1 Mass (M), g 139.65 7.66 126.05 154.29 1.47 5.48 2 True volume (V), cm3 136.33 9.86 118.00 157.00 1.90 7.24 3 Ellipsoidal volume (Vell) , cm3 117.92 9.09 98.15 131.33 1.75 7.70 4 Ellipsoidal ratio 1.08 0.02 1.05 1.12 0.00 2.14 5 Fruit density (TD), g/cm3 1.03 0.03 0.98 1.11 0.01...   [tags: banana fruit, physical characteristics ]

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## Mathematical Modelling and Grand Nain

- Mathematical modelling was done to predict mass of the banana fruit var. Grand Nain from the physical characteristics like length, width, thickness, volume, geometrical mean diameter, etc. The observed physical properties of banana were statistically analysed and their mean, standard deviation, error and coefficient of variance were presented. The fitted models were divided into three classifications. Among the first classification model, empirical equation describing the length and width (model no.4) predicts the mass with highest R2 value....   [tags: agricultural products, banana fruit]

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## Air Pollution And Its Effect On The Environment

- WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT UNIT 6 UNIVERSITY OF THE PEOPLE WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT UNIT 6 Introduction Air pollution come about when gaseous particles, particulate matter, smoke or odor are introduced into the earth’s atmosphere in ways that make these particles harmful to living things. This harmful condition occurs because the air becomes unclean (Doršner, 2016). Some of the main air pollutants in Ghana include Dust (particulate matter), nitrogen dioxide, and Sulphur dioxide. The causes of air pollution include burning fossil fuels, agricultural practices that pollute the environment with pesticides, fertilizers and insectidies, mining operations, and exhaust from factories and industries (Dorsne...   [tags: Air pollution, Particulate, Smog, Dust]

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## Turning a Mild Steel Bar

- TASK: Turning a Mild Steel Bar.We were each given a mild steel bar to work into the shape shown in the drawing found on the following pages, TURNING TASK: Turning a Mild Steel Bar. We were each given a mild steel bar to work into the shape shown in the drawing found on the following pages, to do this we used the Turning Lathe in the workshop, but before we could start some measurements had to be taken. This meant using a micrometer to determine the diameter of the bar to begin with. A micrometer allows a measurement of the size of a body....   [tags: Design and Technology]

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## Experimental Study of Gas Absorpiton in a Dry System and in a Wet System

- INTRODUCTION Acid gases, such as HCl and SO2, and dust particles emitted from fixed and mobile sources such as incinerators and diesel engines cause serious air pollution and the damages to process apparatus. To effectively reduce the acid gases and the dust particles, two treatment systems, dry and wet scrubbing systems, have been commonly used. The dry scrubbing systems are simple and no need of slurry treatment, but the conversion of sorbent and the removal efficiency of gas are low. While the wet scrubbing systems are complex and discharge liquid waste, give high removal efficiencies of gas and dust particles....   [tags: Engines, Dust, Chemistry]

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## Optimization of Extrusion Cooking Process for Rice-Fish Extrudates with an Underutilized Fish Meal

- MATERIALS AND METHODS Preparation of fish Sea bass (underutilized fish) procured from the Ukkadam fish market were used in this study. It was thoroughly washed with potable water after removing scales, viscera and bones. The fish fillet was ground in a pulverizer and was then mixed with rice flour. Preparation of rice-fish flour The ingredients viz., fish paste, rice flour, water and salt were used for the preparation. The fish paste, rice flour and salt were mixed properly, adjusted to a desired moisture content by adding water....   [tags: preparation, fish, extrusion, properties]

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## A Representation Of Ancient Roman Architecture

- Pantheon is located in the Italian capital Rome, the northern circular plaza, it is one of the oldest buildings in Rome, is also a representation of ancient Roman architecture. The original history of the Pantheon dates back to the 27th year of the Roman Republic, which was built by Octavian 's deputy, Agri Barba, to commemorate Octavius ' defeat of Anthony and Anlapatra. But the original temple was burned in the fire in AD 80. It was not rebuilt until 125 AD by Emperor Hadrian, who inscribed "M.AGRIPPA.L.F.COS.TERTIUM.FECIT" in the rebuilt portico of the Pantheon....   [tags: Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Dome, Justinian I]

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## A Physics Investigation

- A Physics Investigation Aim In this coursework I will be investigating into how a diameter of a cone can affect the time it takes to hit the floor from the height of 2 metres. My partner or myself will drop the cone with the base facing the ceiling. I will be trying to find out which cone travels through the air the fastest by doing extensive testing on the different cone sizes. As I established above, I will be adjusting the diameter of the cone and seeing if this has an affect on the time it takes to fall to the ground....   [tags: Papers]

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## Internal Transport and Gas Exchange

- ... The inferior vena cava is the vein that transports blood from the lower half of the body, or areas of the body that are below the diaphragm, into the heart (Clinic, 2014). The heart is split into two pumps that are located right next to each other. Each pump works a single blood circuit. The left side of the heart is the systemic circuit and the right side of the heart is the pulmonary circuit. The pulmonary circuit is the blood route that takes the blood from heart to the lungs. Once the exchange of gases is complete in the lungs, the blood is pumped out of the lungs into the left side of the heart....   [tags: blood, circulatory system, nutrients, oxygen]

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## The Effects of Different Salt Solutions on Potatoes

- The Effects of Different Salt Solutions on Potatoes Plan My aim is to investigate how different concentrations of salt solution affect the movement of water through a partially permeable membrane (osmosis) in potatoes. Osmosis is the movement of water from a high concentration to a low concentration through a partially permeable membrane. I will add pieces of potato to varying concentrations of salt solution, wait on each solution and then record the results. I will eventually use the results to measure the percentage change in mass of the potatoes....   [tags: Papers]

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## Mechanically Ventilated Patients, An Annotated Bibliography

- ... The decrease in SVV found using Flotrac and PiCCO plus were significant and also the correlation between found between the two SVVs were significant. He also found that SVV measured using FloTrac has lower threshold for prediction than the other. Jan Benes et al(4) conducted a study in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. He studied the effect of SVV guided fluid optimization intraoperatively on organ function and postoperative morbidity. He had two study groups one with SVV monitored using vigileo systems and other with routine intaoperative care....   [tags: respiratory system, responsiveness]

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## 3d Nano Scaffolds Provide Promise For Neural Cell Growth

- 3D Nano-scaffolds Provide Promise For Neural Cell Growth There has been an increasing amount of research on the effects of age on the bodies systems, most importantly the locomotor system1. As with age, injury to the spinal cord resulting from trauma, neurodegenerative diseases, or ischemia are the leading causes of disability in humans2. All factors are exacerbated by an increase in age, and is accompanied by a reduction in the number and diameter of motor neurons within the spinal cord3. The reduction in density of cells within the spinal cord leaves the elderly with decreased muscular strength and a stooped posture....   [tags: Neuron, Axon, Cell biology, Synapse]

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## Mechanical Properties Of Material Selection And Design

- ABSTRACT A tensile test is performed on a sample of 1045 normalized construction-grade steel using an Intron load frame. A graph of the engineering stress versus strain of the 1045 steel specimen is constructed from the data collected in the tensile test. Mechanical properties such as the ultimate strength, the fracture strength, and the Young’s modulus of the sample are obtained by further analyzing the stress versus strain graph. These experimental values are compared to the expected mechanical properties of the tested material provided by a reference....   [tags: Tensile strength, Elasticity, Materials science]

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## Comparative Diagnostic Imaging

- This assignment will endeavour to demonstrate the map of medicine as followed within the National Health Service for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). It shall discuss the current AAA screening programme being implemented across the United Kingdom to include the use of Ultrasound and Computed Tomography (CT) as imaging modalities in the demonstration of AAAs. Both the advantages and disadvantages of the modalities used during the diagnosis and treatment of AAA will be shown....   [tags: medicine, nuclear medicine]

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## Investigating the Effects Catalyse Has on Hydrogen Peroxide Solution

- Investigating the Effects Catalyse Has on Hydrogen Peroxide Solution Aim: I am going to investigate the effects which catalyse has on a hydrogen peroxide solution Preliminary work We would use potato to do the experiment because we had done a previous experiment when we put a piece of potato and liver into a hydrogen peroxide solution and the rate of reaction for the liver was too fast to measure and time. But the potato had a slower reaction which will be easier to time and we can measure the size of the froth using a ruler....   [tags: Papers]

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## Resistance of a Wire Investigation

- Resistance of a Wire Investigation Aim: The aim of this experiment is to explore the effects of resistance that travels through a constantan wire when induced with an electric current. Introduction Resistance is measured in Ohms (â„¦). The formula for calculating resistance is: V=IR R=I/V I=V/R An electric current is commonly described as the 'flow of a sea of electrons'. Electrons are inside an atom, they are very small in size, and extremely small in weight compared to the rest of an atom, made up of neutrons and protons....   [tags: Papers]

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## Data Analysis And Experimental Uncertainty

- Types of Uncertainty There are two basic kinds of uncertainties, systematic and random uncertainties. Systematic un- certainties are those due to faults in the measuring instrument or in the techniques used in the experiment. Here are some examples of systematic uncertainty: â¢ If you measure the length of a table with a steel tape which has a kink in it, you will obtain a value which will appear to be too large by an amount equal to the loss in length resulting from the kink. On the other hand, a calibration error in the steel tape itselfâ"an incorrect spacing of the markingsâ"will produce a bias in one direction....   [tags: Physics]

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## The Pregnancy Is The Presence Of Any Presenting Part Of The Fetus

- Malpresentation in childbirth is the presence of any presenting part of the fetus that is not cephalic or vertex (head first) (Ramsden, Callander & Hanretty, 2010). Macdonald & Magill-Cuerden (2011) states that breech presentation is the most common and describes when the fetal buttock lies lowermost in the maternal uterus and the fetal head occupies the fundus. The fetus lies longitudinal, with the sacrum as the denominator and the presenting diameter is the bitrochanteric (10cm), see appendix (A) (Macdonald & Magill-Cuerden, 2011)....   [tags: Childbirth, Obstetrics, Breech birth, Pelvis]

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## The History Behind 3.14 By The Greek Letter Pi

- The History Behind 3.14… Throughout the history of mathematics, one of the most enduring challenges has been being able to calculate the ratio between a circle 's circumference and diameter; which has very much come to be known by the Greek letter pi. From ancient Babylonia times to the Middle Ages in Europe, to the now present day of supercomputers, mathematicians have been striving to calculate the mysterious number that has been around for centuries. Through this journey, they have searched for formulas,exact fractions, and, more recently, patterns in the long string of numbers starting with 3.14159 2653..., which is generally shortened to 3.14....   [tags: Pi, Circle, Mathematics]

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## The Effect Of Particulate Matter On Human Health

- 1.1 Background Particulate matter (PM), also known as aerosols, is defined as a suspension of liquid droplet and/or solid particles in the atmosphere. Generally ambient PM are conglomerates of many pollutant subclasses, potentially comprising of different organic and inorganic species. Particulate matter is one of the extremely important criteria air pollutants, which is listed under the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendment, together with ozone (O3), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOX), lead (Pb) and carbon monoxide (CO) (USEPA)....   [tags: Air pollution, Smog, Particulate]

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## Characteristics of Comic Books: The Amazing Spiderman

- OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT Our objective is to design and simulate a mechanism to implement the conventional four wheel steering and the four wheel crab steering in the same vehicle thereby reducing the turning radius of vehicle using four wheel conventional steering and easy manoeuvring of vehicle at high speeds using crab steering. The control for shifting from one type of steering to another is provided to the driver so that he can change from conventional to crab steering depending upon the vehicle speed....   [tags: rhetorical strategies, genre]

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## Mathematics of Lenses and Optical Glass

- Missing figures PROPERTIES OF LENSES, OPTICAL GLASS Composition Glass is a solid, structureless and amorphous. There are two main group classification of optical glass: 1. Crown, and 2. Flint (has a high content of lead oxide) Chemicals are combined to produce new glass types. These new glass types are used to benefit other different types of cameras (such as high-speed minature cameras, black/white cameras, etc). Properties The most important optical characteristics of a glass are its refractive index and its degree of dispersion....   [tags: Math]

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## The Physics of Ultrasound

- Without the use of physics in the medical field today, diagnosis of problems would be challenging, to say the least. The world of medical imaging in particular has benefited greatly from the use of physics. Ultrasound is sound waves that have a frequency above human audible. (Ultrasound Physics and Instrument 111). With a shorter wavelength than audible sound, these waves can be directed into a narrow beam that is used in imaging soft tissues. As with audible sound waves, ultrasound waves must have a medium in which to travel and are subject to interference....   [tags: Physics, Ultrasounds, medical, ]

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## Natural Disasters: Horrendous Hurricanes

- According to the Oxford English Dictionary, a hurricane is “any storm or tempest in which the wind blows with terrific violence.” Hurricanes only form over warm waters; wind is pushed in from surrounding, high pressure areas towards the low pressure center. The storm grows and forms an eye as it moves faster and faster (“How Do Hurricanes Form?”). If a colossal hurricane was approaching your community, what would you do. How would you prepare. In a survey I conducted of 12 people who have endured one or more hurricanes, about 92% prepared by buying extra food and water (Colosimo)....   [tags: warm waters, katrina, andrew, tornados]

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## Investigating Neuronal And Neurotransmitters Aberrations : How They Affect Brain Functionality

- This essay endeavours to discuss neuronal and neurotransmitters aberrations besides how they affect brain functionality. It will explain neurons functionality with its structure and further delve in their deformities that arise from neuronal abnormalities including multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer 's diseases. Moreover, it will focus on neurotransmitters functions including their propagation and highlight their inconsistencies such as in Parkinson 's and schizophrenia that incapacitate normal functioning of the brain....   [tags: Neuron, Action potential, Nervous system]

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## Caluclating Major and Minor Head Losses

- INTRODUCTION The project was about calculating the major and minor head losses. In the first experiment, it investigate the minor head loss through pipes of different diameter and roughness, also through elbows. The experiment was about obtaining two different pressures at point 1 and 2 so we can obtain the difference in pressure so we can calculate the friction that is also present in Darcie's equation of head loss. However, in the second experiment, the purpose was to calculate the major losses from both laminar and turbulent flow....   [tags: pipes, valves, friction]

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## Steel Manufacturing

- Introduction In past few years, companies and industries of various sizes have become aware that they need to improve business processes such as product development, order fulfilment, planning, distribution, and customer service. So everybody is now focusing on doing process improvement or redesigning. Steel containers position an arousing curiosity or attention in the engineering and policy challenge to society. They have to meet the condition of a countable quantity of structural and physical standard, must be reasonably priced, and must have a negligible impact on the environment....   [tags: Manufacturing]

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## Dietary Analysis of Sympatric Mammalian Carnivores in the Keweenaw Peninsula

- ... Additionally, the feces of large carnivores, in particular wolves, can take on a white appearance due to high calcium content from ingesting bone. Feces of the American marten and fishers have diameters ranging from 10-16mm and can be distinguished from that of a fox due to their twisted, corkscrew appearance (Chames 2003). Following identification, each scat was weighed and separated by hand into three categories: hard parts (bone, teeth, and claws), hair, and plant material. The three categories were then separately weighed and samples of hair and bone were examined microscopically to aid in identification of prey remains....   [tags: resource partitioning among animals]

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## Analyzing Particulate Matter Trends in Kejimkujik National Park, Nova Scotia 1979 - 2010

- Introduction Particulate matter (PM) is a comprehensive air pollutant that is made up of a mixture of solid and liquid particulates within the atmosphere. Poor air quality has a negative effect on human health; however soils, vegetation, and visibility can also be affected (AAQC, 2012). Particulate matter can vary among sizes, ranging from 0.005µm to 100µm in diameter (Environment Canada, 1999). The most common method to identify PM is to determine if the diameter is equal or less than 2.5µm....   [tags: Comprehensive Air Pollutant]

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## Transmission of Pain Signals by the Brain at the Spinal Level

- Transmission of Pain Signals by the Brain at the Spinal Level Pain has been defined by Coates & Hindle as an unpleasant emotional and sensory experience which signals a potential or actual damage to tissues (2011, p. 213). Pain is a common human experience and can emanate from injury and illness. There are two main types of pain; acute pain is short-lived, lasting for minutes or several days and its onset often takes place rapidly. It results from the activation of pain nerve endings or nociceptors either by internal or external pain stimuli....   [tags: Anatomy, The Central Nervous System]

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## Design and Flow Analysis of Electromagnetic Plasma Arc Propulsion System

- 1.Introduction A rocket engine, or simply "rocket", is a jet engine that uses only stored propellant mass for forming its high speed propulsive jet. Rocket engines are reaction engines and obtain thrust in accordance with Newton's third law. Since they need no external material to form their jet, rocket engines can be used for spacecraft propulsion as well as terrestrial uses, such as missiles.Rocket engines as a group have the highest exhaust velocities, are by far the lightest, but are the least propellant efficient of all types of jet engines....   [tags: applied physics, technology]

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## Effect of fluoride ions on corrosion behavior of nickel

- 1. Introduction: Titanium alloys are very reactive materials and reacts instaneusely with oxygen, forming an oxide film, which give them excellent anti corrosive properties [??]. Thus, titanium alloys have proven to be the most tissue compatible inorganic materials, especially for dentistry [???]. Nickel-titanium wires, which have a near equiatomic composition, were introduced to orthodontic clinical use by Andersen and colleagues in the early 1970’s [???]. They have been highly popular in dentistry because have a much lower elastic modulus and wider elastic range than other orthodontic wires such as those composed of beta-titanium, stainless steel, and cobalt-chromium-nickel [???]....   [tags: Health, Dental Care]

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## Surgical Management of Mucocele by Using Diode Laser

- Introduction Mucus extravasation cyst or mucocele is commonly occurring lesion in oral mucosa containing mucin that may result from trauma to minor salivary glands. It is a well‑defined tissue swelling composed of pooled mucus that escaped into the connective tissue from a severed excretory duct. The incidence rate is high and it is the second most commonly occurring lesion after irritational fibroma in the oral cavity, prevalent in second decade of life with no sex predilection. Commonly involving lower lip, followed by tongue, buccal mucosa, palate, and retromolar area....   [tags: Medical Case Studies]

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## The Effect Of Water Temperature And Bacteria Growth

- Title/ research question: Effects of water temperature and bacteria growth Abstract The aim of this experiment is to determine the impact of water temperatures on growth of bacteria growth on agar plates. Before the experiment, it is hypothesized that the higher the temperature of water heated, the smaller the diameter of bacteria growth on agar plates. This experiment is carried out using a range of laboratory equipment. Distilled water, added with a fix amount of bacteria (measured using pipette) is heated with a Bunsen burner....   [tags: Bacteria, Escherichia coli]

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## Counting Crocodiles By Judy Sierra And Will Hillenbrand

- For a second grade class, I will use a book entitled "Counting Crocodiles" written by Judy Sierra and Will Hillenbrand. The book is as simple as is sounds, a monkey counts crocodiles in the Sillabobble Sea to see if there are more crocodiles in the sea or monkeys on the island. At the beginning of the lesson, I will write the addition problem "1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+10" on the board, and ask my students to solve it. If I 'm correct, they will not even know where to begin. Then, I will tell them that they can all do it if they use the right tools, and proceed to give each student base pieces (both units and longs)....   [tags: Pi, Circle, Number, Radius]

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## The Drag Coefficient on Kinder's Egg Container

- Introduction Our group called “Kinder” has decided to estimate the drag coefficient on Kinder’s egg container which is quite similar to the cylinder. Particularly that cylinder is experiencing the flow over its flat face. Its drag coefficient is going to be measured in fluid of air wind. The airflow would be supplied by ordinary hair dryer. The velocity of air wind will be measured by the help of anemometer, which we would construct by ourselves with improvised materials such as plastic cups, pencil, pin and straws....   [tags: Physics ]

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## Fighting Over One Hundred Years for Modernism

- Oscar Niemeyer caught the eye of many generations of architects; he became known as a key factor in modern architecture. He pushed boundaries, making modern a whole new concept. Oscar Niemeyer was not born with the name he is known by, he shortened his name. He was born 8Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho. He was born on December 15th, 1907 and lived for almost 105 years, but he died ten days before his birthday on december 5th, 2012. 2Niemeyer was born in the city of Rio de Janeiro and he grew up there....   [tags: Cathedrals, Architects]

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## The Art of Knitting and Crocheting

- I have always liked fiber and assorted yarn. I am like a child in a candy store whenever I go to the yarn store. The hanks of fiber arranged by color mesmerize me, calling for me to bring them home, to see what I will create with them. I love how the yarn store is organized by color and wool textures. They challenge me, taunting me, begging me to turn the colorful skein into a one of a kind handcrafted creation. Will this colorful skein of yarn become knotted to make an afghan, a sweater, socks or hats....   [tags: craft]

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## The Physics Of The Gauss Rifle

- The goal of this project is to see how many stages will give the magnetic accelerator the most power.This will give me a better understanding on how magnets react to each other. The gauss rifle will shoot the ball farther if more stages are added. This is because the stages add speed and power to the ball bearings. I think that if more stages are added then more power will be created and the ball will go further. My control will be a one stage rifle. This gives a baseline on how far the gauss rifle can go with the least amount of power....   [tags: Magnetic field, Magnetism, Loudspeaker, Magnet]

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## Measuring the Resistivity of a Wire

- Measuring the Resistivity of a Wire Aim The aim of this experiment is to find out how the area of the cross section of the wire affects the resistance and also to find out the resistivity of the wire having found the resistance over a certain length and using a certain cross sectional area. I will also experiment to see how the length of the wire affects the resistance. Plan The first thing that I will do is to set up the apparatus as shown below. A,V Except for the experiment where I alter the length, I will keep the length of the wire constant throughout the experiments and only change the diameter of the wire....   [tags: Papers]

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## Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

- The cardiovascular system is the most important system in our body. This system is what keeps us alive. Beating on average 30 billion times a year, our heart is never able to stop and take a break. With every beat of our heart, the cardiovascular system moves blood, gases, nutrients, and hormones throughout the intricate vasculature of our bodies. An adult body contains over 60,000 miles of vessels, which can wrap around the world two and a half times. The vessel branching off of the heart is largest artery in our body and is known as the aorta....   [tags: Medical Conditions]

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## Multiple Sclerosis and Action Potentials

- 1. (10) b. Explain why in multiple sclerosis the action potentials take longer to reach their muscle and neurological targets or do not reach them at all, resulting in muscle spasms and weakness in one or more limbs, bladder dysfunction, local sensory losses, visual disturbances and other neurological deficits. c. Explain the speed of action potential in the normal person. Be sure to provide documentation using any example from the literature (provide the pdf-version of the article) and summary that supports your conclusion....   [tags: neurological defecits]

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## Designing a Gas Pipeline

- ... (O. A. Almisned, 2002 ) Moreover, in this research a gas pipeline is designed taking into account the fluid type, transportation distances, diameter, wall thickness, material selection and other properties to determine the criteria for the pipeline. A computer programming Pipesim simulator is a steady-state, multiphase flow for designing and badge investigation of gas production systems. in addition to, the programmer investigates flow line and performance of surface facility to produce full production system analysis....   [tags: engineering considerations]

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## Heat transfer of nanofluids in turbulent pipe flow

- Heat transfer of nanoparticle suspensions in turbulent pipe flow is studied theoretically. The main idea upon which this work is based is that nanofluids behave more like singlephase fluids than like conventional solidliquid mixtures. This assumption implies that all the convective heat transfer correlations available in the literature for single-phase flows can be extended to nanoparticle suspensions, provided that the thermophysical properties appearing in them are the nanofluid effective properties calculated at the reference temperature....   [tags: Technology, Nanofluids]

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## The Benefits of Continuously Variable Transmissions (CVT)

- Introduction We are constantly searching for ways to perform the tasks essential to our lifestyle in ways that have a smaller impact on the environment. In the United States cars are exceedingly common, nearly twenty percent of American households own three or more vehicles (U.S. Department of Energy Web). These vehicles are also one of the largest contributors to our impact on the environment. The majority of cars use automatic transmissions, although not very efficient, they offer convenience of not shifting gears....   [tags: transportation, vehicles, ]

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## Jupiter: The Gas Planet

- Jove, Jowisz, the gas planet, the stormy planet, whatever you call it, these are all names for the biggest planet in our solar system, the fifth planet from the sun, Jupiter. The Romans named this planet after their god of the sky and thunder. This planet has 318 times as much mass as the earth, and its diameter is 11 times the earth’s diameter. Since this planet is the fastest spinning (rotates in less than 10 hours), it is flattened at the poles and it is bulged at its equator. One Jovian year (the time it takes to orbit the sun), take 11.9 earth years....   [tags: biggest planet, solar system, great red spot]

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## What is Cardiac Catheterization?

- Cardiac catheterization is most commonly used to collect blood samples from the heart, to measure pressure and blood flow in the heart’s chambers and in the large arteries around the heart, to measure the oxygen content in different parts of the heart, to examine the arteries of the heart and to perform a biopsy on the heart muscle. The procedure is used on patients to diagnose or evaluate cardiac amyloidosis, cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects, pulmonary hypertension and problems with the heart valves....   [tags: blood sample, X-ray ]

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## Factors Affecting the Resistance of a Metal Wire

- Factors Affecting the Resistance of a Metal Wire 1. Investigate some of the factors that affect the resistance of a metal wire. The current and voltage will be measured and then V = IR will be used to calculate the resistance. The potential divider circuit produced better results in the investigation into how resistance depends on the number of identical resistors connected in series, so this circuit will be used for this investigation, too. Variables and Constants 2. Possible variables include the length of the wire, the diameter of the wire, the material of the wire and the temperature....   [tags: Papers]

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## Regulating Air Pollution

- 1. Introduction 2. Background study 3. Proposed research 4. Project plan and time management 5. CPM diagram 6. References 7. Appendix INTRODUCTION: Air pollution is presently a large concern all over the planet. According to NOAA (National Oceanic’s and Atmospheric Agency) 50,000 deaths happening only in United States of America every year with respiratory diseases caused due to air pollution and estimates that it costs around \$150billion per annum in order to regulate air pollution [1]....   [tags: air filter, electret, filtration]

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## Environment: Emissions Reduction

- Recommendations for Process Optimization Emissions Reduction Air pollution control has become a requirement set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency for every incineration facility. All pollution control equipment must be able to operate in such manner that it control and limit emissions and particulates {nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx) and carbon monoxide (CO)} (“Biosolids Technology Fact Sheet”, 2003). The EPA expects that air pollution control devices will reduce nationwide emissions from sewage sludge incinerators by four pounds per year of mercury, 450 tons per year of acid gases, 58 tons per year of particulate matter, and 1.7 tons per year of cadmium and lead (USEPA...   [tags: air pollution, reducing solids, landfill]

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## WHITE BLOOD CELLS

- White Blood Cells Bacteria exist everywhere in the environment and have continuous access to the body through the mouth, nose and pores of skin. Further more, many cells age and die daily and their remains must be removed, this is where the white blood cell plays its role. According to this quotation, without white blood cells, also known as leukocytes, we would not be able to survive. White blood cells are our body’s number one defense against infections. They help keep us clean from foreign bacteria that enter our bodies....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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## The Relationship Between Length, Width and Resistance of a Wire

- The Relationship Between Length, Width and Resistance of a Wire Aim: To investigate how the length and width of a wire affects the resistance of the wire. What is resistance. Electricity is conducted through a conductor, in this case wire, by means of free electrons. The number of free electrons depends on the material and more free electrons means a better conductor, i.e. gold has less resistance. For example, gold has more free electrons than iron and, as a result, it is a better conductor....   [tags: Papers]

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## The Construction of Palm Island, Dubai

- The amazing technology that was used in the construction of Palm Islands in Dubai. In construction, technology may be used as means to perfect, accelerate the time of construction and perform the seemingly impossible. Palm Islands was a complex project in the sense that only natural materials were used and the shape was somewhat peculiar. This land reclamation project increased Dubai’s shoreline by 75km where 94 million cubic meters of sand and 5.5 million cubic meters of stone were used to create the palm shaped island on which luxury villas and hotels were to be later built, C.Gibling (2013, pg 4)....   [tags: technology, construction]

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## The Circulatory System and Fluid Dynamics

- ... Shear stress depends upon the blood flow, the geometry of the vessel and the fluid viscosity and expressed in terms of dynes/cm2. The shear stresses imposed by the blood fluid flow in the vasculature play an extremely important role in determining the structure and physiology of the endothelial cells lining the vasculature. The blood flow inside the linear vessels is laminar in nature under normal conditions. At steady state i.e. at low and inconsistent shear stress, the endothelial cells continue to maintain a cuboidal shape....   [tags: arterioles, arteries, laminar fluids, turbulence]

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## The Earliest Microscopes and Pond Ecology

- ... The revolving nose piece holds two or more objective lenses with different objective power. Many microscopes have Diaphragm or Iris control the intensity and size of light. All these parts in microscope help observe the specimen.                      Pond Ecology is the interaction of life in pond with environment. Pond have low oxygen levels, little animal life, and lack of food supply. A pond contains mostly water, few nutrients, and less aquatic life. Organisms live, grow, and die in the pond....   [tags: electron microscope, environment]

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## The Solar System

- Our solar system was born when, in a spiral arm of the Milky Way galaxy, a giant rotating cloud of dust and gasses began to collapse. Gravity compressed the dust and gasses and the cloud got increasingly hotter and began to spin faster. During the following one hundred million years, the gasses compressed until the center was so hot that nuclear fusion occurred giving off tremendous energy, combining charged atoms of hydrogen to form helium. This process gave birth to a star, our Sun (Our Solar System, n.d.)....   [tags: Astronomy]

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## Nanotechnology: What are Carbon Nanotubes?

- ... Research in carbon nanotubes is moving ahead discovering new forms, applications and Solar thermal storage is a result of one such research. TYPES OF CARBON NANOTUBES Single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) A sheet of graphite rolled into a tube with a singular cylindrical wall is called a SWNT. These are normally capped off at the ends. They have a diameter of close to 1nm. However they come in different lengths. One major advantage of the SWNT is that it can be twisted, flattened and even bent into small circles....   [tags: carbon nanowires, properties]

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## Pain Is An Abhorrent Neural That Can Be Associate With Actual Or Potential Tissue Damage

- The pain is an abhorrent neural that can be associate with actual or potential tissue damage per the definition from International association of the study of pain. Pain can be physical and emotional both conditions or one of kind exist when a person disclose pain. The physical pain is related to the nerve stimulation, while it can be in a discrete location, on an injury location, infected area or a disorder area. Or it can be just as good as pain you require like as uterine contraction happening during childbirth....   [tags: Pain, Nervous system, Nociception, Opioid]

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## Application of CFD Simulation for Evaluating the Separation Efficiency of Deoiling Hydrocyclones

- Introduction Having an efficient and reliable system for oil-water separation is of crucial importance especially for offshore oil and gas industry. Due to the platform movement, space, weight and operating limitations in offshore, the usage of common methods (gravity based vessels) for oil/water separation are ineffective. On the other hand producing oil is often accompanied by large amount of water that is discharged into the sea on offshore platforms. The amount of oil in water is confined from environmental standards....   [tags: Environment, Oil-water Separation]

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## Comparing the Hagia Sophia and the Suleymanye Mosques in Istambul

- Introduction: In the following essay, I will be comparing the Hagia Sophia in the City of Istanbul, and the Suleymaniye Mosque of Istanbul. Both of these pieces of art are very significant to the in modern-day Turkey. The art pieces will be covered in more detail further on in this comparative essay, and finally, I will be judging the pieces at the end of this essay Description: When Emperor Constantine found the city of Constantinople, it was soon to become the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire....   [tags: religious art and architecture in Turkey]

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## Harry Potter's Quidditch Adapted to Play on the Ground

- ... The Seeker’s job is probably the most important one on the team, and it is to catch the Golden Snitch before the opposing team’s Seeker. The Snitch is a small golden ball the approximate size of a walnut 1 inch in diameter with silver wings that move so fast that it nearly impossible to see. Catching the Golden Snitch ends the game and wins 150 points for his or her team. The Harry Potter series made such an impression to fans everywhere that in 2005 Muggle quidditch was created by Alexander Manshel, the first Quidditch Commissioner, at Middlebury College in Middlebury, Vermont....   [tags: quaffle, blunder, snitch]

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## Poiseuille’s Law Assists in Knowledge About the Human Body

- ... Capillaries in the lungs are extremely small, but have a vast amount of surface area they can cover. When a patient is exercising, blood vessels will become dilated and blood pressure will increase (Connexions). Patients who have a constantly high blood pressure will have a decrease in cardiac muscle tone and thin blood vessel walls. Capillaries tend to be extremely small, which causes them to have a decreased radius and an increase in airway resistance. Poiseuille’s law states that a decrease in half the radius will cause an increase of airway resistance by sixteen percent (Connexions)....   [tags: volume, resistence, pressure]

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## The Effect Of Blood Pressure On The Blood Vessels

- Introduction Homeostasis involves the body’s ability to maintain a relatively constant and stable environment, which can be achieved through a series of negative feedback mechanisms. (Cannon, 1926) Blood Pressure is one of those feedback mechanisms and is the pressure that is exerted on the walls of arteries and blood vessels throughout your body driven by the pressure created by the pumping of your heart, usually within the systemic system. The flow is directly proportional to the pressure gradient and this is known as fluid flow....   [tags: Blood pressure, Artery, Heart, Pulse]

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## The Science Of Astronomy : The Discovery Of Asteroids

- Astronomy is the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, space and the physical universe as a whole. In fact many different intelligent astronomers have contributed to the way society looks at diverse objects in the sky and here on earth today. Astronomers are scientists who concentrate their studies on specific questions or fields outside of earth. Examples of the topics or fields astronomers focus on are planetary science, solar, evolution of stars, and formation of the galaxies. These different fields and topics astronomers’ study have allowed more knowledge and facts for society....   [tags: Planet, Solar System, Asteroid, Asteroid belt]

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## How I Design And Build My Own Robotic Hand

- How do I design and build my own robotic hand. Designing and building your own robotic hand is an interesting way to familiarise yourself with the field of robotics. If you have an interest in engineering, building a robotic hand is a great way to learn many versatile, practical skills. This tutorial will show you the general skills and direction that can be followed to build a robotic hand. My Project My interests, for a long time, have included robotics, but I have never done any projects which involved it....   [tags: Inkjet printer, 3D printing, Rapid prototyping]

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## Correlation Between The Rotameter Reading And Volumetric Flow Rate

- The rotameter calibration curve in Figure 2 had an R2 value of 0.9987 which demonstrated that the relationship between the rotameter reading and the actual volumetric flow rate was very linear. This calibration curve allowed an accurate way to obtain meaningful volumetric flow rates for further calculations. A calibration curve for the void fraction was also required for this experiment. Figure 3 demonstrates a linear relationship between the void fraction of the system and the diameter of the column with an R2 value of 0.9924....   [tags: Fluid dynamics, Reynolds number, Aerodynamics]

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## Lens Types: Single Vision, Bifocal, Trifocal, and Progressive

- Lens Types It is essential that all people have a basic understanding of lenses. Eventually, all people will need reading glasses if they do not need glasses from the very beginning of their life. The user needs to have a general knowledge of what is available and the different characteristics of some basic lens types. Also, the understanding of one’s own needs is necessary to avoid being steered into a more lucrative sale for the commission paid optician. Eyeglass lenses are one of the many different types of lenses....   [tags: Classification of Eyeglass Lenses]

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## A Violently Rotating, Tall, Narrow Column of Air

- Tornadoes are destructive forces of nature that can form rapidly and devastate towns and communities but with proper education and preparation, the damage can be minimal. Tornadoes are defined as “a violently rotating, tall, narrow column of air (that is, a vortex), typically about 300 ft. (100m) in diameter, that extends to the ground from a cumulonimbus cloud” (Davies-Jones 1). Tornadoes are notorious for forming in the central part of the United States, and most of them do, but they can form also form in many other parts of the world including Russia, China, South Africa, and Australia....   [tags: tornadoes, thunderstorms, mesocyclone]

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## Pluto 's And Its Effects On The World

- Pluto’s Plight It all began in 1930 when Clyde Tombaugh discovered number nine (Cowen, par. 5). The definition of a planet before the IAU, International Aeronautical Union, conference in 2006, was, "a cloud of dust and gas that, at a high enough temperature is able to fuse hydrogen nuclei into helium nuclei inside its core” (Long, par. 8). Essentially, this means planets are capable to live a full life course: forming by burning to dying by burning. As Pluto aged, it could not withstand the test of time due to the technological advances in the scientific world....   [tags: Planet, Solar System, Dwarf planet, Neptune]

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## Potential Antibacterial Properties Found in Gonium Pectorale

- With the threat of bioterrorism in modern day society, the search for new disaster prevention is at an all time high. After the events of September 11, 2001, the United States was plagued with numerous threats from a small bacterium, Bacillus anthracis. Bacillus anthracis, or anthrax, is a sporulating bacterium which has devastating effects on those who ingest the spore. There are three types of anthrax infections. The first, cutaneous, is the least violent. The remaining two types of infections, inhalation and gastrointestinal are both commonly associated with severe pain and eventual death (Pearson et al 2004)....   [tags: Bioterrorism]

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## Aerosol Therapy : Traditional & New Drugs

- Aerosol Therapy: Traditional & New Drugs in Aerosol Medicine Aerosol therapy in the past decade has evolved faster than its initial years after emerging as a primary form of treatment in respiratory diseases involving both congenital and acquired diseases. This type of inhalation therapy focuses on the delivery of the medications that have been directly or indirectly injected into the lower and upper airways for either local or systemic effects. The greatest advantage of aerosol therapy is the ability to treat patients with smaller doses which, over time, yields minimal adverse effects for non-specific drugs, along with being the most rapid in treatment response time....   [tags: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Asthma]

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