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Ventricular Septal Defect ( Vsd )

- Ventricular Septal Defect is one of the commonest congenital malformations of the heart, accounting for up to 40% of all cardiac anomalies. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is known as a hole in the heart. The hole is described as a defect in the septum between the Ventricles of the heart (left and right). It is more common in Newborn and children. During the fetus development, the right and left ventricle walls of the heart are normally not separated, and the walls are formed as the fetus grows....   [tags: Heart, Blood, Right ventricle, Left ventricle]

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Eisenmenger Syndrome : A Heart Defect

- First and foremost, Eisenmenger syndrome was initially described in 1897 when German physician, Victor Eisenmenger, reported on a patient with symptoms of dyspnea and cyanosis from infancy that subsequently developed heart failure (Connolly, 2014). The postmortem description was revealed and a ventricular septal defect was discovered (El-Chami et al., 2014a). With that being said, this had been the first time that the link between a large congenital cardiac shunt defect and the development of pulmonary hypertension had ever been noted (El-Chami et al., 2014b)....   [tags: Heart, Blood, Lung, Pulmonary artery]

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A Deep Conncection, Not a Defect

- In mainstream American society tends to approach deafness as a defect. To me, deafness is not a defect but a source of connection. A beautiful connection called sign language involving, humor, visual literature, theater, and deep emotions. The deaf culture has often been labeled as the “deaf- and- dumb culture”. This is not only an insulting term it is also very inaccurate. Deaf people are just as intelligent as hearing people. Throughout the video there were horrible names and labels showing up across the screen that most hearing people call deaf such as, mute, hearing impaired, retarded and handicap....   [tags: Human Disabilities]

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A Baby Born with a Heart Defect

- A 7 month old male infant was born with a Double Outlet Right Ventricle. He underwent surgery one day after he was born. He had a BT [Blalock-Taussig] shunt placed to help with movement of the blood throughout his body and decrease the resistance on the pulmonary arteries. He was sent home five days after that surgery in May. Then on September 29th he was brought to Morton Meese Plant Hospital with dyspnea and in severe respiratory distress. He was transferred to All Children’s hospital that day....   [tags: surgery, ventilator, ventricle]

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Als : An Incurable Fatal Defect

- Hailey Sylvester ALS Research Paper 3rd Hour 10/28/14 ALS Research Paper What is ALS. ALS also known as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (alsa.org) or more commonly, Lou Gehrig’s disease. ALS is a gradual slow disease that attacks the nerves in your brain and spinal cord. ALS is a progressive disease that degenerates the neurons thus leading to an eventual death of the victim....   [tags: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lou Gehrig]

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Birth Defect: Cerebral Palsy

- Imagine the pain parents feel after getting the bad news that there child is affected by a birth defect. Many parents have to go through this situation in which is not an easy roller-coaster to be on. Many different birth defects are out there in the world and some are more dangerous than others. Studies today prove that birth defects affect 1 in 33 babies every year and cause 1 in 5 infant’s deaths. (National Center on Birth Defects) According to the American Heritage Dictionary, birth defect is a physiological or structural abnormality that develops at or before birth and is present at the time of birth especially as a result of faulty development, infection, or injury....   [tags: impaired muscles, brain damage, disability]

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What Is Ventricular Septal Defect Or Vsd?

- What is ventricular septal defect, or VSD. Well, it’s more commonly known as a hole in the heart. Its where the septum between the right and left ventricles have not completely come to together before birth, leaving a hole. Most commonly it will grow together right after birth, but in other cases it has to be surgically fixed. This is more common than you would think; every 1 in 500 kids are born with VSD. But, you can live a normal life with VSD. Let’s talk about the history of VSD. The doctor who discovered it name was Dr.Henri-Louis Roger....   [tags: Heart, Blood, Cardiology, Myocardial infarction]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Congenital Heart Defect

- Trailer: How did a healthy person,who ate right, exercise daily and also followed all the right steps in carrying a pregnancy still end up with a baby with congenital heart defect. How did a mother who has been able to carry two previous pregnancies, successfully to a full term still have a child with CHD. Was it something she did or something she didn 't do. Introduction: Congenital heart defect is also known as Congenital cardiovascular malformation, which is the abnormal problems associated with the structure of the heart during birth....   [tags: Heart, Blood, Artery, Vein]

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Children 's A Congenital Heart Defect

- All parents hope to have a healthy child. However, there are cases where a child may have a congenital heart defect. A child diagnosed with this devastating cardiovascular disease must be one of the worst news parents could ever get. With the advancement of science, early detections and interventions are in place to manage the disease. Proper management and treatment should be taken into consideration to avoid any complications. If left untreated, a congenital heart defect could lead to another disease called Eisenmenger Syndrome....   [tags: Heart, Blood, Pulmonary artery, Artery]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Congenital Heart Defect

- How did a healthy person,who ate right, exercise daily and also followed all the right steps in carrying a pregnancy still end up with a baby with congenital heart defect. How did a mother who has been able to carry two previous pregnancies, successfully to a full term still have a child with CHD. Was it something she did or something she didn 't do. Introduction: Congenital heart defect is also known as Congenital cardiovascular malformation is the abnormal problems associated with structure of the heart during birth....   [tags: Heart, Blood, Artery, Vein]

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Personality Defect Theory

- Power is the ability of an individual or a group to influence the behavior of another individual/group to do something that they would not have done otherwise (Allen, 2010). Power is considered an entity ability to control its environment, with the behavior of other entities. For example, at workplace power is used as the main way of directing and controlling people’s behaviors toward attaining desired outcomes. Power is obtainable through personal characteristics and depending on the position one is holding within the organization....   [tags: power, manifest conflict]

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My Father Is Born With A Heart Defect

- On February 20, 1998 I was born at approximately 3:43 by my mother, what she was then named, Sherry Ann Myers. The thing about my mother is that she didn’t just have me that day. Thirteen minutes before, she had given birth to my identical twin brother Steven Austin Myers, who was born with a heart defect. My mother’s pregnancy was rough due to the fact that not only was my brother born with heart problems, I was born with the umbilical cord wrapped around with my head as well as being born with acid reflux....   [tags: Family, Father, Sibling]

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Congenital Birth Defect: Cleft Palate

- ... Ibrahim, Kilpatrick, Reilly, and Vogel (2009) performed a comparative study of the acoustic measures of hypernasality in the speech of school-aged children aged 2-14 years, some with cleft lip/palate and others without cleft lip/palate. Ibrahim, Kilpatrick, Reilly, and Vogel (2009) provided perceptual ratings of the hyper/hyponasality of vowel production in the children’s speech. Any child who was sick or had acquired an upper respiratory infection was excluded from the study, as was any child with cleft lip/palate who also had any other disorders or comorbidities....   [tags: craniofacial team, speech-language pahtologists]

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Down Syndrome : A Birth Defect That Happens Before Birth

- Research Paper Down syndrome is a birth defect that happens before birth. Down syndrome is caused by a defect in genes, because of this defect in genes it causes an error in cell division, thus resulting in an extra copy of chromosome twenty-one. In the year of 1866 was when the first case of Down syndrome was diagnosed. At the time, many people were familiar with the characteristics that occur due to Down syndrome but It wasn 't until, English physician John Langdon Down, described Down syndrome as a disorder....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Infant]

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Designer Babies: Defect Free or New Child

- Tall, pretty, athletic, intelligent, blue eyes, blonde hair, these are just a few options that the world’s wealthy class may soon be able to choose for their children. Occasionally referred to as similar to “the eugenics of Hitler’s Third Reich,” the new genetics technology is open to the public (“Designer Babies” n.p) and it tests embryos for a variety of characteristics in its’ DNA (“A Big Step Toward ‘Designer Babies’ n.p.). Using those identified characteristics, doctors can alter the DNA of an embryo to a healthier or even a more accepted state, but there have been differences in people’s opinions of the morality of altering embryo’s DNA before they are implanted....   [tags: Genetically Altering, Embryo, Implantation]

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Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip: Defect in Infants

- Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip is one of the most common facial defects in infants. However, surgery can correct either defect or both. Scientists believe that environmental and genetic factors though don’t have a specific cause in which they can prevent Cleft Palate or Lip to occur. “Cleft Palate is a split or opening in the roof of the mouth, and can involve the hard palate and/or the soft palate… Cleft Lip is the physical split or separation of the two sides of the upper lip and appears as a narrow opening or gap in the skin of the upper lip....   [tags: Disorder, Speech, Language]

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Delayed Diagnosis of Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

- Background: Although ventricular septal defect (VSD) is the most common congenital heart disease, it is usually diagnosed late. The image of the disease is variable; sometimes it is so quit and silent that might even be healed and be improved spontaneously, and in some certain cases if the appropriate, on time and early treatment is not be done, this would lead to irreparable complications even in the early life period such as mortality. This study aimed to study, review and the way of diagnosis process, treatment and follow-up of these patients....   [tags: Health, Diseases]

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General Motors : The Design Defect Of The Excessive Weight

- As a result, GM’s developer Edward Cole was well aware of the major design defect of the excessive weight in the rear causing General Motors to face 106 Corvair liability lawsuits involving injuries and death. After the publication of Nader’s book General Motors hired a private detective in New York to gather information and discredit Nader. Nader sued General Motors for invasion of privacy winning millions in the lawsuit. Furthermore, CEO James Roche promoted Edward Cole the Corvair design engineer in question, to GM’s President....   [tags: Ethics, Business ethics, Morality]

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Factors Influencing The Infant With A Birth Defect Or Disability

- 1. Identify five factors that influence the ways in which families respond to an infant with a birth defect or disability. Last June my brother and sister in law were given some heartbreaking news that their unborn child had a cyst on her head leaking out brain matter, she would need to have several brain surgeries, she had all the signs and symptoms of Hydrocephalies, and the hole in her heart may need to be surgically closed. This news changed my whole family’s lives forever. My beautiful niece was born in November with all the problems that the doctors said she would have....   [tags: Family, Sibling, Surgery, Physician]

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The Congenital Disorder Arising From A Chromosome Defect

- Down syndrome (DS) is “congenital disorder arising from a chromosome defect” (Oxford Dictionaries). When the syndrome was first introduced, people were very misinformed about what will happen to their baby and their life once diagnosed. The doctors would tell the parents not to expect much from their child born with DS and list all the possible issues one might have as if that person would have them. The expectations for a person with DS were very low. However, as time went on, society saw all the wonderful things people with DS were accomplishing, and new programs that work with people with DS were becoming more common....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Mental retardation]

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Hearing Loss Is The Most Common Birth Defect

- Hearing loss is the most common birth defect in infants. Within the realm of hearing loss, there exists many different levels of severity, from mild to profound. Due to this, there is an abundance of different interventions and treatments. For individuals with less severe hearing loss, hearing aids are the most common course of action. This method does not require any surgeries or long recoveries. On the other hand, for those with profound hearing loss, which is also regarded as deafness, hearing aids are ineffective because the cochlea is defective....   [tags: Hearing impairment, Cochlea, Models of deafness]

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Reducing Future Defect Related Loss Of Revenue

- Our company is the producer of tangible goods and as a quality department we must ensure that our customers are getting the highest quality product for the best value. We have identified three types of quality costs that will further safeguard our future excellence rating. By adhering to these quality considerations we believe that our customers will remain loyal and our company will continue to flourish. The three types of costs associated with quality are Internal and External Failure, Audit and Prevention costs....   [tags: Costs, Quality control, Cost, Customer]

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The Genetic Defect Albinism

- The Genetic Defect Albinism In the past, albinos were usually treated with fear or awe. They were sometimes killed at birth. Albino births were common enough in some groups not to cause any excitement. For example, among the San Blas Indians of Panama, one in approximately 130 births is an albino. In the mid-nineteenth century, albinos were exhibited in sideshows. Whole families were displayed at times and were described as a unique race of might people. They were said to live underground and to come out only at night when the light was dim and would not hurt their eyes....   [tags: Papers]

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Analysis of Genetic Defect that Prevents AIDS

- Introduction A number of recent studies show overwhelming evidence that there is a genetic factor which presents itself in the human host, and is critical to the ineffectivity of the In Vitro transmission of HIV-1. This genetic factor is an individual defective CKR-5 (also known as "CCR-5") allele containing a 32-base pair deletion in a region of the gene opposite to the second extracellular loop of the receptor. This defect faults the normal expression of the CKR-5 which is the co-receptor for the macrophagic tropic strains of HIV-1....   [tags: Biology Gene HIV]

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Cleft Palate and the Effect on Children

- Every year, 1 in 700 kids are born with cleft lip, cleft palate, or both. That means an average of six thousand plus babies are having to deal with a facial and oral deformation, that is both costly and is a long road to being accepted as normal. (RelayHealth) It is the fourth largest birth defect and you rarely hear about it. A surprising fact is the government spends an average of 66 Billion dollars every year on obesity prevention and obesity control, which could be dramatically decreased by better budgeting....   [tags: deformity, defect. surgeru]

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My Daughter has Taught Me Anything Is Possible

- ... I was a roller coaster of emotions, scared, sad, upset, panicked and then happy. Our happiness would soon turn back into fear as we learned more about our daughter. She was born with a bilateral cleft lip and palate, imperforated anus and at the time, they were not sure what other problems she had. A doctor from NICU came up and explained to us what the next move was. "We are going to care flight your daughter to OU Children's hospital in Oklahoma City within the next thirty minutes. We will have to do emergency surgery tomorrow morning-" I can't recall the exact details of what the doctor tried to prepare us for, I just remember feeling like I couldn't breathe....   [tags: birth defect, hospital, surgory]

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Evaluation and Management of Huntington's Disease

- INTRODUCTION Huntington’s Disease (HD) is a genetically transferred, progressive neurodegenerative disease that is caused by a defect on chromosome 4. The chromosomal defect is inherited through an autosomal dominant gene and causes a cytosine-adenenine-guanine (CAG) repeat to occur more often than expected. This codes for an abnormality in the protein huntingtin. When huntingtin has mutated, cells are not able to carry out their functions, leading to neuronal death(1). This death causes motor, psychiatric and cognitive abnormalities, which completes the triad of symptoms that are typical of HD....   [tags: chromosomal defect, tetrabenazine, therapy]

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Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

- Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, or HLHS, is a rare congenital heart defect. This means that it is present at birth. It is the underdevelopment of the left side of the heart, which is the side that pumps oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body. A diagnosis of HLHS may encompass a variety of defects in the left side of the heart, with the most commonly affected structures being the left ventricle, mitral valve, aorta, and aortic valve. In a healthy heart, oxygen-poor or de-saturated blood returns to the right atrium from the body, flows to the right ventricle....   [tags: Heart Defect, Diagnosis, Treatment]

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Obsessive Compulsive Related Disorders: Body Dysmorphic Disorder

- Body Dysmorphic Disorder is a relatively common disorder that is categorized with Obsessive Compulsive related disorders. It is defined by the DSM-IV as the preoccupation with an imagined or slight defect in physical appearance that is observable or appear slight to others (Wolrich, 2011) 3. These individuals focus on things such as their face, hair, skin, breast size, muscle size, and genitalia. A Body Dysmorphic Disorder diagnosis is categorized into two criteria. (Criteria A) consist of a individual having a preoccupation with one defect or flaw in their physical appearance, which they believe look ugly, unattractive, abnormal or deformed....   [tags: slight defect, face, hair, skin]

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Overview of Coloboma

- Coloboma is a congenital eye defect, which is represented by missing pieces of tissue (gaps or notches) in eye structures. The eye consist of several protective layers and cavities. The outer layer consists of the sclera and the cornea. The front part of the sclera is covered by a transparent membrane called conjunctiva, involved in protecting the eyes and lining the inside of the eyelids. The cornea is a dome-shaped structure in the front of the eye that encloses the anterior chamber of the eye....   [tags: health, eye defect]

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

- ... Including, lack of reasoning skills, do not learn from mistakes very often, irrational behavior, and no cause and effect thinking skills. Marks older brother James is 31 months old. Though the two of them showed many of the same behaviors and symptoms of FAS, James was older and had an entirely different attitude and problems. He also showed no language development, but did not show evidence of emotional reactions. Also he did not respond well to social approaches from children or adults. He had horrible sleeping habits, often waking up in the middle of the night and wondering around and playing with toys in the dark....   [tags: mental and physical birth defect]

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Is Eisenmenger Syndrome A Birth Defect That Severely Affects The Functionality Of Its Patient 's Hearts

- Eisenmenger Syndrome is a birth defect that severely affects the functionality of its patient’s hearts. Untreated ES can lead to patients experiencing heart failure, kidney problems, pregnancy risks, stroke, and even death. There are a variety of drugs and treatment methods that are used to treat this syndrome. My goal is to evaluate some of these drugs and methods, and determine the best way and ways to improve all of the treatment methods. Beghetti, Galiè (2008) conducted an experiment that shows the treatment for ES has been restricted and unsuccessful, but new therapies that target pathway of PAH have been shown to be more effective....   [tags: Therapy, Medicine]

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A Defect in Nurturing in Mice Lacking the Immediate Early Gene FosB

- Background to the Project In early 1995, an M.D-Ph.D student, Jennifer Brown, was breeding mice with an inactivated form of the gene FosB. With the inactivation of the gene, healthy pups from the mutated mice died quickly. Observing this occurrance, Brown found that the mother mice ignored her offspring. From this discovery, Brown proposed that the inactivation of the immediate early gene FosB causes a defect in the nurturing behaviors of female mice. To prove this, Brown bred a series of knockout mice with the inactivated FosB gene....   [tags: Biology FosB Gene]

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What is Down Syndrome?

- Down syndrome (DS) is caused by a defect in chromosome 21. (Geraldine, 2012) The genetic material located inside chromosomes influences cell growth and function. (Geraldine, 2012) DS children have three copies of chromosome 21 instead of the normal two copies. (Geraldine, 2012) This can cause problems with immune protection, developmental delays, physical deformities, and normal body functions. (Ram, 2011) A diagnosis of DS can have overwhelming effects on both the child and parents caring for them....   [tags: Defect, Chromosome 21, Genetic Material]

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Pregnant Women and Amniocentesis Test

- Owing to a new era in medical advancements, expecting parents have numerous opportunities to monitor and test the health of both the pregnant woman and the infant. Parental procedures for the diagnosis of foetal genetic disorders offer families valuable knowledge of the genetic makeup of their child. Many genetic tests are now offered and recommended to pregnant women that differ in their invasiveness, risks, accuracy, cost and appropriateness for a given indication. Now a well-established technique for obtaining genetic information about the foetus is Amniocentesis....   [tags: birth defect, down syndrome, high risk]

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Folic Acid Supplementation and Pregnancy

- ... Genetic predisposition is also a factor in increasing the risk of NTDs. More than two hundred genes that are known to cause NTDs in mice have been found, but this data alone does not prove that the same genes exist in humans since human experimentation has not been conducted I this field (Greene, Stanier, & Copp, 2009). Studies concerning the diet and habits of the subjects that were used in these studies need to be done in order to show that FA supplementation influences the risk of women predisposed to NTDs....   [tags: birth defect prevention]

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Cystic Fibrosis

- CF is caused by an inherited recessive genetic defect that is most prevalent in the white population. About 1 in 23 people in the United States carry at least one defective gene, making it the most common genetic defect of its severity. CF patients suffer from chronic lung problems and digestive disorders caused by a cellular defect in the transport of chloride ion. The problem in chloride handling results in loss of chloride in sweat which, in fact, is the basis for the clinical diagnosis of CF....   [tags: Biology Genetic Defect]

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Identifying the Common Causes of Software Defects

- ... Defect Detection Drawing from the above definitions key elements are evident to be the cause or origin of software defects, these include human proneness to error, architecture failure and product failure. Reflecting these elements onto the conventional software development life cycle (SDLC) it is then possible to identify or detect defects by critically assessing where these elements are most prevalent. This then bring us back to a key facet of software quality assurance discussed earlier, defect detection....   [tags: error, architecture failure, sampling]

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The Effect of Neural Tube Defects on Healthcare

- According to the Encyclopædia Britannica (2014), a neural tube defect is “any congenital defect of the brain and spinal cord as a result of abnormal development of the neural tube.” This birth defect is “the most common congenital defect of the central nervous system, affecting the brain and/or spinal cord of 300,000 newborns worldwide each year” (Ricks et al., 2012, p. 391). The exact cause of these central nervous system defects is unknown, but there are many contributing factors that are evidenced to assist in the prevention of such a disorder....   [tags: health, brain, spinal cord]

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Birth Defects and Abnormalities

- Have you ever heard someone talking about his or her birthmark, and were curious to know if you had one. Maybe you did have one or knew someone with one also, but was wondering to how they even got one. The proper way to refer to one of those marks on the human body is not a birthmark, it is actually a defect that someone was born with and is considered a birth defect. “Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth that cause physical or mental disability. They are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life....   [tags: Chromosomal Abnormalities, Birth Marks]

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Birth Defects in differenct Cultures

- In many cultures, birth defects are considered a curse and are sought to be removed by some method: spiritually or by simply ignoring them. However, as science is improving and eyes are opening towards the topic of birth defects, more research has been conducted to understand and accept them. Since the 1960s, the federal government introduced ways that mentally ill patients could live outside a mental hospital, where they were confined from the general public, and live a normal life. Many communities and mental centers were built to allow continuous and efficient care for those patients from their homes....   [tags: society, shame, humiliation, defects]

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Birth Defects And The Pregnancy

- Birth defects affect about 3% of babies born in the United States each year. They are the leading cause of infant death in the US today. Doctors and specialist have contributed to the study of birth defects and complications, only to discover that they can now test for these problems prior to the birth. “These Diagnostic test include, First and Second trimester screenings. The first trimester screening is a combination of test that include blood work and ultrasounds that are completed between weeks 11-13 of the pregnancy”(Diagnosis 1)....   [tags: Pregnancy, Infant, Fetus, Medical test]

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Genetic Defects : Hemoglobinopathies And Thalassemia

- Hemoglobinopathies and thalassemia are important pathologies in hematology that affect people worldwide. These hematological conditions range from asymptomatic to severe anemias. This summary describes the causes, symptoms and lab results of the major hemoglobinopathies and thalassemia’s. When hemoglobin is abnormal it often causes anemia, it can also cause other clinical symptoms such as autosplenectomy. The abnormal hemoglobin is a part of a diseased state that resulted from genetic mutations, these result from abnormalities of the structure or synthesis of the hemoglobin molecules and are called hemoglobinopathies....   [tags: Hemoglobin, Red blood cell, Anemia]

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Birth Defects and the Millennum Development Goals

- ... A teratogen is any substance that can cause or increase the chance of a birth defect. Examples include radiation (including x-rays), certain drugs, and toxins (including alcohol). Most pregnant women who are exposed to teratogens have newborns withabnormalities. Whether or not a birth defect occurs depends on when, how much, and how long the pregnant woman was exposed to the teratogen. For example, exposure to a teratogen during the time that certain parts of the brain are developing is more likely to cause a defect in those areas than exposure before or after this critical period....   [tags: nations, mortality, maternal, health]

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Effects Of Birth Defects On Children

- Davenport 1 Jasmine Davenport Professor France-Davis English Composition I 06 may 2015 What factors can lead to birth defects in new born children. Child birth is the start of a new life that all women encounter. Birth defects are physical abnormalities that can be present at birth. Birth defects can result from causes such as cigarette smoking, women of older age, and alcohol. Birth defects can have a major impact on a child’s livelihood. Birth defects can hinder children in acute and major ways....   [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Obstetrics, Alcohol]

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Genetically Transmitted Disorder: How to Detect Down's Syndrome

- Introduction Down’s Syndrome, also known as Trisomy 21, is the most common genetically transmitted disorder(1), and is characterized by the presence of part of or a whole third 21st¬¬ chromosome(2). Parents of affected individuals usually do not exhibit Down’s Syndrome(3). Because it is caused by a double 21st chromosome in either of the parental gametes(4), Down’s syndrome is a chronic disease. Down’s Syndrome’s effects vary widely from patient to patient, but in most cases they are a form of mental impairment(5), in fact the average mental abilities of an affected adult are comparable to those of a child(3)¬....   [tags: amniocentesis, neurological symtoms]

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Birth Defects Of Autism Or Down Syndrome

- Human Production When people find out that they are pregnant, there are some questions that come into mind. For instance, is the child going to be a boy or girl, or is it going to have developmental problems such as some type of birth defect of Autism or down syndrome. Many questions come to mind either to abort the child early on the pregnancy when a test comes back positive for down syndrome or, might take into consideration giving birth and keeping the child or giving the child up for adoption....   [tags: Color, Color blindness, Color vision, Cone cell]

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Teratogens May Cause Birth Defects

- A teratogen is a drug or other substance capable of interfering with the development of an embryo fetus or breastfeeding baby that may lead to birth defects, developmental malformations, or even death. It is usually something in the environment that the mother may be exposed to during her pregnancy. It could be prescription/nonprescription medications, illegal drugs, tobacco, alcohol use, vaccines, or environmental exposures. It could also be a disease present in the mother, which could increase the chance for the baby to be born with a birth defect....   [tags: embryo, breastfeeding, high-riskpregnancy]

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Congenital Birth Defects

- 1.1 Congenital Birth Defects Birth defects, congenital abnormalities are terms used to describe developmental defects that are present at birth. There are a lot of genetic and environmental interactions in the complex transition from a fertilised ovum to a fully formed human being. The stage of development that the interactions are affected influences the type of birth defects. Birth defect causes can be divided into two types, genetic and environmental causes. There are also birth defects which are caused due to multifactorial inheritance (George, 2007)....   [tags: Genetic Causes, Chromosomal Abnormalities]

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Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

- Introduction One of the rarest of congenital cardiac defects is Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, HLHS. This syndrome is described as a collection of anomalies affecting the left heart and connecting structures. Due to advancements in surgical intervention mortality rates in neonates with Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome have decreased. Management of these patients requires a symphony of multidisciplinary teams including fetal and pediatric cardiologist, cardiac surgeons, neonatologist, pulmonologist, nutritionist and family counselors....   [tags: cardiac deffect, heart, cardiology]

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Birth Defects And The Newborn Population : Race And Ethnicity

- Even though, births are considered a natural function of the human body. Data suggest that only a small percentage of human embryos in the cleavage stage would successfully implant into the uterus. Of those embryos, only less than half would survive (Gilbert-2013). Several studies estimate that about 3% of babies that come to term suffer from a birth defect. Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth, meaning they change the shape or function of one or more body parts....   [tags: In vitro fertilisation, Pregnancy]

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The Pros and Cons of Prenatal Screening

- Child is a gift from God. Every parent hopes for a healthy child. However, abnormalities in the fetus growth becoming common nowadays. These may be due to physical, radiation and chemical factors. These factors will cause deformities such as genetic mutation which causes mental retardation, abnormal body buildup and other conditions which bring a lot of troubles in the future to the child themselves and their parents. Modern technologies and innovations in the medical field had developed a method to detect the abnormality before delivery and prevent this future tragedy to happen....   [tags: Detect Diseases, Conditions, Babies]

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Parents and Children with Birth Defects: Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome Every parent claims that they will console their newborn with love and affection under any conditions. But inspite of what they may say, they are still worried. After all, there have been several situations with birth defects that have caused years of frusturation and difficulties. No parent wishes for their own child to be born with a genetic mutation, but even as this is true, several children are born with it. “Down syndrome, which is a genetic condition, occurs in one in every 691 births”(Laney 5)....   [tags: chromosome 21, genetic mutation]

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Birth Defects And Its Effects On The Development Of The Fetus

- Veronica Moreno Professor: Jankowski, Ph.D. Developmental psy- PSY441B Spring 2016 Pregnancy is a very difficult time in a women’s life, everything that is digested, breathed, and felt affects the fetus. Teratogens are factors that cause developmental problems of an embryo. These factors include stress; toxin such as drug and cigarette use, the health and even the age of the mother can have an impact on the development of the fetus. Teratogen can cause birth defect that may have continuous consequences on the child life....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Childbirth, Obstetrics]

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Birth Defects

- Birth defects, or congenital malformations, are the faulty formation of structures or body parts present at birth. Sporadic, hereditary, or acquired defects may be immediately observed or may become manifest later in life; they may be visible on the body surface or present internally. Birth defects may be life threatening and require surgical correction, or they may interfere with function or appearance. It is estimated that about 3% of all children are born with major defects; minor defects or variations are estimated to occur in 10% to 15% of births....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Birth Defects

- Birth Defects No one is immune to birth defects, yet not everyone is equally susceptible. Birth defects are not merely a medical problem. They have profound effects on the social and psychological well being of their family and friends. In the normal course of fetal development, cells migrate to their appropriate destination so that organs and limbs form where they should. Usually, the genes perform flawlessly, but mistakes can and do occur. Some of the most common birth defects results from the interaction between one or two abnormal genes out of 100,000 that make up who we are....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Anencephaly: When the Neural Tube Fails to Close during the First Month of Pregnancy

- ... Two-thirds of the mothers were either induced or had a planned cesarean section for those born at term. Polyhydramnios was present in 30% of the cases which accounted for 60% of those born prematurely. When delivered by cesarean section, 4% died during birth, 53% died within twenty-four hours, 30% lived up to five days, and 13% lived longer than six days. For vaginal births, 37% of babies died during birth when a doctor or midwife ruptured the amniotic bag, opposed to 18% if the amniotic bag ruptured naturally....   [tags: birth defects, frog babies]

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Causes And Adverse Effects Of Birth Defects On The Sac ( Amniotic Sac )

- Oligohydramnios Oligohydramnios is a condition in which there is not enough fluid in the sac (amniotic sac) that surrounds your unborn baby (fetus). The amniotic sac in the uterus contains fluid (amniotic fluid) that: • Protects your baby from injury (trauma) and infections. • Helps your baby move freely inside the uterus. • Helps your baby 's lungs, kidneys, and digestive system develop. This condition occurs before birth (prenatal condition), and it can interfere with your baby’s normal prenatal growth and development....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Childbirth, Obstetrics]

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Detecting Fetal Abnormalities Through Ultrasound

- Detecting Fetal Abnormalities Through Ultrasound Birth defects can have life threatening consequences for the fetus. Many birth defects can be detected during pregnancy by an ultrasound. Some of these abnormalities include abdominal wall defect, orofacial cleft, anencephaly, and down syndrome. Although at this time ultrasound is the safest way to observe a fetus, risks are still associated with it. Ultrasound An ultrasound is a test that sends sound waves into the woman’s abdomen or vagina in order to create an image to observe how the fetus is developing within the womb (“Pregnancy Ultrasound,” n.d.)....   [tags: health, birth defects]

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Genetic Defects in Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator

- Abstract: The main goal of this paper is to explain what Cystic Fibrosis is and also to explain what the causes of Cystic Fibrosis are. Cystic Fibrosis is caused by a mutation in a gene called Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR). Cystic Fibrosis is known as one of the most common life-shortening disease. More that 1,000 mutations in the CFTR gene have been found in people with Cystic Fibrosis. Most of these mutations change single protein amino acids in the CFTR protein and it deletes a small amount of DNA from the CFTR gene....   [tags: Biology Medical CFTR Cystic Fibrosis]

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Side Effects of the Drug Thalidomide

- Thalidomide was a popular drug used by many pregnant women in the 1950’s and 1960’s as a sedative. As stated by the Thalidomide Victims Association of Canada (2014),“The German drug company Chemie Grünenthal created Thalidomide to reduce the symptoms in pregnant patients experiencing morning sickness.”“After women taking thalidomide delivered their babies, it was evident that there was very severe and noticeable abnormalities.These birth defects were severely life changing with the children having underdeveloped and/or missing limbs, referred to as phocomelia or “nubs””(Kim, J....   [tags: sedative, pregnancy, birth defects]

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The Risks of In Vitro Fertilization

- ... Female’s eggs gathered and frozen, Males sperms are also collected, located in a testing tube and the process of fertilization begins. Then they place in a woman’s womb. The Surrogate Mother "I can't describe what that was like after finding out you have cancer, after finding out your chance of ever carrying a baby is gone." (Staff, 2012). Reaching out to a Surrogate mother can be of great advantage. Surrogate mothers can be searched through an agency, through a relative, friends, or assigned by your doctor....   [tags: stillborn, birth defects]

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William Golding’s main reason to explore the defects of human nature

- William Golding’s main reason to explore the defects of human nature in his novel Lord of the Flies is to portray the destruction caused when civilization is consumed by DEFECTS OF HUMAN NATURE William Golding’s main reason to explore the “defects of human nature” in his novel Lord of the Flies is to portray the destruction caused when civilization is consumed by the dark side of human nature. He also wanted to divulge the reactions and behaviors of different types of people under same situations....   [tags: English Literature]

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Growing Up with Special Siblings

- What are the effects on teenagers that grew up with older siblings with disabilities. The concepts included in this proposed research are, effects, teenagers, grew up with, and disabilities. According to Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, an effect is something that is produced by and agent or cause (Merriam-Webster, 1961). For this proposed research an effect will be any physical or mental differences, which is directly or indirectly caused through growing up with a disabled older sibling, between teenagers who fit this criterion and teenagers who do not....   [tags: disabled, teenager, birth defects]

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Cornelia de Lange Syndrome

- According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention about one in every 33 babies is born with a birth defect. Of that large number of children one in 10,000 of those will be born with Cornelia de Lange syndrome. In my paper I will be explaining the history of Cornelia de Lange syndrome, the cause of this disease, what children with disease experience throughout their lives, treatment and therapies for this disorder, other information about this disease and interview with my mother who had a son with this disease....   [tags: birth defects, disorder and disease]

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Impaired Nurses: How to Detect and Redirect

- What is an impaired nurse. An impaired nurse is a nurse whose practice has deteriorated due to chemical abuse, alcohol abuse, or mental illness. There are different types of impairments that can impact a nurse and they may even overlap. Impaired nurses can be detected through various methods but the most noticeable way to detect them is through recognition of signs and symptoms of impairment. After an impaired nurse is detected, there are measures to redirect them. Ways to redirect an impaired nurse vary....   [tags: healthcare-professional's deterioration]

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What´s Color Blindness?

- Colorblindness is a condition where areas on the eye cannot discriminate colors apart. Color determination is important in animals to conduct everyday tasks. With color vision defects come several different types of the condition that cause certain colors to not be detected within the subject. Colorblindness is usual caused through inheritance from the genetic chromosomes passed from parent to offspring in sex chromosomes, however colorblindness can be acquired through outside incidences. Colorblindness’ symptoms are, in general, when the affect persons clearly cannot distinguish color hues apart such as blues and yellows and reds and greens....   [tags: Defects, Genes, Treatments]

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The Defeat of The Confederacy

- There were several reasons for the defeat of the Confederacy which included no industrial base, (Donald 1996, p. 99) inadequate transportation net (Donald, 1996, p. 99), and bickering among the generals (McPherson & Hogue, 2009, p. 365) etc., but the overriding factor was that the Confederacy never became a nation (Donald, 1996, p. 100). That is, they seceded because the Southern states believed they had the right as independent States to do so (Donald, 1996, p. 7). The South lost because they never stopped believing this....   [tags: The Civil War]

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The Defeat of Ethiopia

- In the beginning of the 20th century, all of Africa was in European hands except for just one country. Despite all the factors against this one country, Ethiopia, in1896 they successfully defended themselves from the Italians in the Battle of Adwa. Unfortunately, when the Italians invaded a second time in 1935, the Ethiopians were not so successful. How come the Ethiopians were defeated when not 50 years earlier they were victorious. Was the advance in technology to much for the Ethiopians to combat or was it the lack of good leadership that they once had in the years leading up to the second invasion....   [tags: African History ]

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The PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire) to Detect and Measure Depression

- Introduction Depression is a mood disorder affecting the way an individual feels, thinks, behaves and can affect social and occupational functioning (Canadian Medical Association CMA, 2013). Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), 2002 reports approximately 8% of Canadian adults will experience major depression at some time in their lives and that it is the leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was chosen for this critique to improve knowledge and understanding of this tool for practicing and new clinicians working in Primary Care....   [tags: Psychology, Anxiety, Mental Disorder]

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CAGE: A Screening Technique to Detect Alcohol Dependence

- The CAGE is a screening technique that was developed in the 1970s to detect alcohol dependence. The four questions asked are: “Have you ever felt the need to cut down on your drinking. Have you ever felt annoyed by someone criticizing your drinking. Have you ever felt bad or guilty about your drinking. Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning to steady your nerves and get rid of a hangover. (eye-opener)” (Hester & Miller, 2003). If a person responds “yes” to at least two of the questions, their test is considered positive....   [tags: instruments to help with alcoholism]

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Post Traumatic Secondary Defects

- Post traumatic secondary defects The inadequate availabilty of proper treatment for patients with facial trauma can create critical secondary defects in them. Skeletal butrress system could be impaired significantly from a trauma. Successful repair of skeletal traumas require the proper understanding of forceful impact of trauma on to the skeletal butrress. ORBITAL FRACTURES Orbital fractures are extremely chronic and may result from direct facial trauma, Le Fort fractures or as isolated fractures....   [tags: inadequate treatment for facial trauma]

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Ozone Benefits and Defects

- ... 2 Cu++ 2 H3O++ O3 → 2 Cu2++ 3 H2O + O2 2- With carbon components and nitrogen: Here ozone oxidizes NO to NO2: NO + O3 → NO2 + O2 Also here NO2 can be oxidized: NO2 + O3 → NO3 + O2 And here it can oxidize NH3 to NH4NO3, but it can’t react with NH4 salts: 2 NH3 + 4 O3 → NH4NO3 + 4 O2 + H2O In room temperature, C can react with O3 to form CO2: C + 2 O3 → CO2 + 2 O2 3- With sulfur components: Ozone oxidizes S to SO4: PbS + 4 O3 → PbSO4 + 4 O2 H2SO4 can be produced from ozone: S + H2O + O3 → H2SO4 In the gas phase, O3 reacts with H2S to perform SO2: H2S + O3 → SO2 + H2O 4- Combustion reactions with ozone: 3 C4N2 + 4 O3 → 12 CO + 3 N2 H + O3 → HO2 + O...   [tags: application in industry, reactions]

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Attention Defecit Disorder

- Attention Defecit Disorder Attention deficit disorder, also called ADD, is defined as 'a disorder primarily a characteristic of childhood, marked by a consistent problem in paying attention,' in the book, The Lifespan by Guy R. Lefrancois (1999). It is more common among boys than girls but can effect all ages. Focusing on children between the ages of five thru ten, it is estimated that three to five percent, which is 1.35 - 2.25 million, of all children are living with ADD. When accompanied by serious hyperactivity, ADD is labeled as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD....   [tags: ADD Behavior Disorders Essays]

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Analysis of Defects in Timber Frame Buildings

- Introduction In this document I will be reviewing secondary data that goes over some of the defects that have been observed in timber frame constructed buildings. I will be using data that has been put together both by experts in this field that have carried out their own investigations. I will be comparing the findings of the experts that have a duty of care to only speak facts and findings, to those views of the organisations that try their upmost to keep us safe. My aim is to draw to a conclusion over whether: The opinions of the CFOA and other concerned parties are substantiated Timber frame construction is something that could be our new “traditional construction method” Timber frame c...   [tags: Secondary Data, Modern vs Historic]

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The South And Its Defeat At Gettysburg

- The South and its Defeat at Gettysburg In the early days of July in the year 1863, Confederate General Robert E. Lee launched his invasion of the Northern states. The battle would take place in the small Pennsylvania town of Gettysburg. This three-day battle was the bloodiest of the American Civil War. Between July 1st and July 3rd around 51,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, captured, or listed as missing after Gettysburg (Civil War). This loss was a crushing blow to the Southern war effort, and many see it as a turning point in the war....   [tags: American Civil War, Robert E. Lee]

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The Confederate's Defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg

- ... Grant, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, and Maj. Gen. George Gordon Meade, the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia never recognized that Civil War armies were virtually indestructible.” Lee did not recognize that a victory of annihilation was an impossible goal. Early in the war when his army was large and Union generals were second rate, his excessive aggressiveness mattered little. Lee’s offensive strategies worked perfectly against the poorly led Union army. In fact Lee was known as the innovative tactician who could undoubtedly achieve the impossible....   [tags: overconfidence, strategy, coordination ]

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The Battle of Dunkirk: A Tactical Defeat

- The Battle of Dunkirk happened in Northern France between May 26 and June 4 1940 and was a major battle of the Second World War which occurred between 1939-1945. The Second World War was very different to the first with rapid movement covering huge amounts of land in very little time. This was due to the German Army’s speed which used “Blitzkrieg” or “Lightning war” tactics. Prior to the invasion of France there had been 7 months of “Phoney war”; However the French had anticipated the attack and established “The Maginot line” which was a line of defence designed to hold the German army back....   [tags: World War II]

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The Day of Defeat

- The Day of Defeat Operation Overlord, more commonly known as D-day, took place on June sixth, 1944; though, it was not originally planned to happen when it did. In August 1943, “President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill, meeting in Quebec, Casablanca, or at Yalta with Stalin, would approve or disapprove these plans. One of the first decisions to be made was the agreement to defeat Germany first and fight a holding action in the Pacific until Hitler fell.” (Dank, 7)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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The Japanese Defeat by the Soviet Union At Nomohan

- The Battle of Khalkin Gol, or the Nomohan Incident as it was known in Japan, was a colossal military defeat for the Japanese in 1939. The Japanese defeat was due to their inferiority in armour, both in terms of quality, the number of armoured vehicles available, and the tactics they employed when facing the Soviets during the battle. However, the Japanese failure to learn the lessons their defeat had far reaching consequences. The Japanese response to the defeat at Nomohan, when it came to relations with the Soviet Union, was to turn southward and to ignore the possibility of subsequent war with the Soviet Union....   [tags: battle of khalkin gol, nomoban incident, japan]

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