Your search returned over 400 essays for "cylinder"
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The Process of Porting and Polishing a Cylinder Head

- Porting and Polishing is a step by step process. There are many steps to Porting and Polishing, six to be exact. There are many tools that will be needed in this process too. Porting and Polishing is just basically when you just smooth out the ports where the air flows through the head into the cylinder without restriction. You will get two effects out of this. You will have more horsepower do to colder and more denser air. You will also get better gas mileage. This research paper will discuss how to port and polish a head....   [tags: automobile mechanics, engine tune up]

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Comparing an Eight Cylinder Camaro and a Six Cylinder Camaro

- Comparing an Eight Cylinder Camaro and a Six Cylinder Camaro The purpose of this report is to compare the six-cylinder Camaro (RS), to the eight-cylinder Camaro (Z/28) to see which one is most suitable. The specific areas I studied, based on primary and secondary sources are Performance, Gas Mileage and Price of each automobile. The Z/28 and the R/S are simply two models of a Chevrolet sport-car based on options. The Camaro has become a legend dominating the market for more than three decades....   [tags: Papers]

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Investigation on Water-in-Diesel Emulsified Fuel in a 6 Cylinder Engine

- A water-in-Diesel emulsified fuel was investigated on a 6 cylinder Diesel engine to the influence of water emulsification on the engine performance and exhaust gas emissions. The existance of water Particles in the way of emulsification method in diesel fuels makes microexplosion phenomenon during combustion in the cylinder. With incidence of this process, more oxygen offer to the fuel and make it to be improved combustion. Emulsified Diesel fuels by 5, 10 and 15% water/Diesel ratios by volume, were utilized in a 6 cylinder, direct injection Diesel engine....   [tags: auto mechanics]

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Experiment On Single Cylinder Four Stroke Water Cooled Kirloskar Tv1 Di Diesel Engine

- 2. Experimental Setup and Methodology The Experiment was conducted on single cylinder four stroke water cooled Kirloskar TV1 DI diesel engine at 1500 rpm and rated power output of 5.2 kW coupled with eddy current dynamometer. The schematic diagram of engine setup is presented in Fig. 1. The engine specification is provided in Table 2. Different load were given on engine using eddy current dynamometer with different biodiesel blends and corresponding engine-out responses were determined. Test fuel properties of biodiesel and pure diesel is provided in Table 1....   [tags: Internal combustion engine, Diesel engine]

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Rebuilding a Motor

- A wise man once told me “With any engine project, a solid foundation is necessary” (Jewett). Racing has been a major part of my life ever since I was little. While growing up, my uncles working on cars and racing together has impacted me. When I was little, I watched my uncles race, and it made me want to race when I got older. However, the instructions for rebuilding a twenty-three-hundred motor include the type, bottom end and the head. The fundamentals about rebuilding a twenty-three hundred motor are critical when it comes to rebuilding the motor....   [tags: automechanics, four cylinder engines]

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Experimental Utilization Of 2-Ethoxy Ethyl Acetate

- Introduction The diesel engine dominates the field of commercial transportation and agricultural machinery on account of its superior fuel efficiency. However they emit more emissions. The use of oxygenated fuels seems to be a promising solution towards reducing emissions in existing and future diesel engines. Oxygenated fuel is a chemical compound containing oxygen. It is used to help fuel burn more efficiently and cut down on some types of atmospheric pollution. Oxygenated fuels are characterized by the following molecular conditions of the fuels: molecular weights are low and the molecules have high hydrogen to carbon ratios and a low number of carbon to carbon bonds which lower the forma...   [tags: Blend, Experiment, Single Cylinder Engine]

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Changing Car 's Engine Oil

- Changing Car’s Engine Oil “Money doesn’t grow on trees.” people use this proverb in their daily conversations to say that people should not waste money or spend a lot. Wasting money is conceder as a bad habit for any person, and people try very hard to save their money for their children and to build their future. People work very hard in their lives to make as much money as they can. In this time, money for many people like oxygen, and they cannot live without it. Trying to find new ways to save money is not very difficult....   [tags: Petroleum, Internal combustion engine, Cylinder]

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Osmosis in Potato Cylinders

- Osmosis in Potato Cylinders Aim: Trying to find the average sugar concentration in the potato cylinder cells. I will use potatoes for my experiment because they are convenient and shows fast results in osmosis. [IMAGE]The diagram to the right shows a basic plant cell, however, the difference between this diagram and the potato cells I will be using is that the potato will not be green as it does not need chlorophyll. The cell membranes in a potato cylinder are partially permeable; this means that only particles that are the right size can diffuse through, basically if the particle is too big it will not fit....   [tags: Papers]

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O'Neill Cylinders

- Science fiction authors for many years have written book after book exploring, as Star Trek described space, "the final frontier". While many people focus on the exploration side of space, there are some who believe that space is our next refuge. Stephen Hawking has said " I don't think the human race will survive the next thousand years unless we spread into space". While some speak of moonbases, or planet-side bases, one of the most intriguing ideas is the O'Neill Cylinder. Gerard K. O'Neill created the O'Neill Cylinder in his book "The High Frontier"....   [tags: physics space]

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Investigating Osmosis Using Potato Cylinders

- Investigating Osmosis Using Potato Cylinders The aim of this investigation is to see how the sugar concentration of a solution eventually affects the size of a submerged potato cylinder. I am conducting this experiment to further my understanding of osmosis. The increase or decrease of the size of the potato cylinder can be explained by osmosis. Introduction:- The core scientific principle, related to my investigation is that of Osmosis, below I intend to relay information thus....   [tags: Papers]

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Rate of Osmosis Between Potato Cylinders and Sucrose Solution

- Rate of Osmosis Between Potato Cylinders and Sucrose Solution Introduction I am doing an investigation, to find out on how varying one factor effects the rate of osmosis between potato cylinders and Sucrose solution. Osmosis is the diffusion of solvent (usually water) particles through a selectively permeable membrane from a region of high solvent concentration to a region of lower solvent concentration. Examples of Selectively permeable membranes are (a) the cell membrane, and (b) visking (dialysis) tubing....   [tags: Papers]

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Factors that Affect Osmosis in Potato Cylinders

- Factors that Affect Osmosis in Potato Cylinders The aim of this experiment is to investigate the volume of sucrose solution and the weight and volume of other variables which affect osmosis in potato cylinders. In this experiment I will weigh and blot rings of potato and test them in different concentrations of sucrose solution. I hope to find sufficient results as to investigate this. In this experiment I will be investigating, and putting to test, the theory of osmosis. The scientific theory of osmosis is the diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane into a more concentrated solution of sucrose....   [tags: Papers]

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Basic Hydraulic Principles

- Task 1 • Basic Hydraulic Principles A simple hydraulic system consists of the following components • Hydraulic fluid, • Pistons or rams, • Cylinders, • Accumulator or oil reservoir, • Working mechanism, and • Safety devices. They control variety equipments which transmits force that are carried by Hydraulic Fluid in a specific medium. In modern systems hydraulics transfer forces which are accurate and rapidly even in small pipes of any shape and a long distance. • Pascal’s Law: Pascal's Law, framed by Blaise Pascal, states that “Pressure applied to any part of a confined fluid transmits to every other part with no loss....   [tags: brake system, cylinders, pascal]

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Lab Table, Wood Block, Coin

- The purpose of this report is to summarize the measurements of the lab table, wood block, coin (penny), and cyclinder calculated with the meter stick and vernier caliper; also, the different densities of aluminum, brass, copper, and wood, and how they differ. This lab helped acquaint us with the measurements we use on a daily basis in physics such as distances, mass, volume, and density. It is essential to know the uses of the measuments because of how often they are used, and the best way to understand them more is by measuring the quantities of objects such as mass, etc....   [tags: Length, Volume, Measurement, Height]

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Investigating Osmosis in Potato Tissue

- Investigating Osmosis in Potato Tissue Aim-We are going to investigate how 'osmosis' is effected by higher and lower concentrations of water using potato cylinders as selectively permeable membranes. A selectively permeable membrane is something only water molecules can pass through. We will cut eighteen potato cylinders to the same width and length using a scalpel and a corer on a white tile. We shall use the same potato for each cylinder. The cylinders should then be around the same mass....   [tags: Papers]

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Three Dimensional Shapes

- Introduction about online 3 dimensional shapes: In geometry the three dimensions are known as length, width and height or any three perpendicular directions can act as 3D. The basic three dimensional shapes are listed below. In online students can get the help about three dimensional shapes. Students can get the formulas and example problems in online. In this article we shall see how to calculate the volume and surface area of three dimensional shapes. Online 3 dimensional shapes lesson help – Formulas: Cube: cube Volume of the cube (v) = a3 cubic units a – side length Surface area of cube (SA) = 6a2 square units...   [tags: Geometry]

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How Injectors Workd and What Each Part Does to Work

- This research paper will be about how injectors work and what each part does to work. The injector that is going to be research is 7.3 injectors. There are different styles of injectors but they all operate the same. Some of the injectors work off of push tubes that opens the port on the injector. The injector that is going to be presented is the 7.3 injectors because they work electronically to spray the fuel into the cylinder. The research will be about the injector parts, and what each part does to operate the injector....   [tags: automobile engines and mechanics]

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The Drag Coefficient on Kinder's Egg Container

- Introduction Our group called “Kinder” has decided to estimate the drag coefficient on Kinder’s egg container which is quite similar to the cylinder. Particularly that cylinder is experiencing the flow over its flat face. Its drag coefficient is going to be measured in fluid of air wind. The airflow would be supplied by ordinary hair dryer. The velocity of air wind will be measured by the help of anemometer, which we would construct by ourselves with improvised materials such as plastic cups, pencil, pin and straws....   [tags: Physics ]

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The Evolution Of The Internal Combustion Engine

- From the mid-1800s to today, the internal combustion engine is becoming more and more complex. From minor improvements, to total reconstruction; the internal combustion engine has changed greatly, and is still changing. By the 3000s, who knows what possibilities will await, but for one to understand the evolution of the internal combustion engine, they must be knowledgeable of the history, present, and future. What is internal combustion. Internal combustion is the process of internally burning gasoline to produce forward motion....   [tags: mechanical engineering ]

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Internal Combustion Engines

- Internal combustion engines gain repelling force by high pressure, which composed of combustion of the fuel in the combustion chamber. Depending on this repelling force ,piston starts to move and it supplies the engine power to the required mechanical elements so, runs the vehicle. This is the working principle of internal combustion engines. In other words, internal combustion engines are the machines, which turn fuel’s chemical energy before turning mechanical energy. Combustion occurs inside of the engine that is why, they are called Internal Combustion Engines....   [tags: combustion chamber, petroleum, diesel]

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The Effect of Concentration of Sucrose Solution on Osmosis in Potato Tissue

- The Effect of Concentration of Sucrose Solution on Osmosis in Potato Tissue Aim:- To find the effect of varying external concentration of sucrose solution on osmosis in potato tissue. Variables:- J The concentration of the sucrose solution around the potato tissue. Depending on the concentration of the solution, osmosis will occur more or less. J The size and shape of the potato. The longer and wider the potato tissue, the larger the surface area, which means that more of the potato is exposed to the solution giving it more of a chance of osmosis occurring....   [tags: Papers]

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Density Lab

- Objective: The objective of this lab was to calculate the densities of various objects using different techniques. Procedure: <ol> <li value="1"> The mass of the 100-ml. Graduated cylinder was measured without water or rubber stopper. <li value="2"> The mass of the 100-ml. Graduated cylinder was measured without water but with the rubber stopper. <li value="3"> The mass of the metal cylinder was measured. <li value="4"> The 100-ml. Graduated cylinder, with rubber stopper was filled with an amount of water....   [tags: Chemistry]

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Limiting Reactant Lab Experiment Using Baking Soda and Vinegar

- Baking Soda and Vinegar: Limiting Reactant Lab Background The limiting reactant of a chemical reaction is the substance that places an upper bound on the amount of product that the reaction can produce. The limiting reactant places this upper bound because the reaction must stop once all of the limiting reactant is consumed. If the relative amount of reactants is altered, then the limiting reactant may change accordingly. For example, a balanced chemical equation of a certain reaction specifies that an equal number of moles of two substances A and B is required....   [tags: chemistry]

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Invention of the Phonograph

- Invention of the Phonograph The idea of the phonograph came from the man who invented the light bulb. Thomas Alva Edison is one of the greatest inventors of all time decided to create this invention. In 1877, Edison was working on a machine that would decipher telegraphic messages to paper tape. He used a diaphragm with an embossing point. This would be held onto a moving paraffin paper. Thus when spoken into it, the vibrations made indentations on it. Edison decided to change the idea by using a tin foil wrapped metal cylinder instead of the paper....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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Specific Heat Lab

- Objective: The purpose of this lab was to calculate the specific heat of a metal cylinder Procedure: 1. The 100ml Graduated cylinder was filled with water and a rubber stopper. 2. The metal was placed in the Graduated cylinder, water displacement was found. 3. The beaker was filled with water and the metal was placed in the water. 4. The Bunsen burner was lit. 5. The water in the beaker was boiled using the Bunsen burner. 6. The Styrofoam cup was filled with approximately 100ml of water....   [tags: Chemistry]

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The Precision Of A 50 Ml Beaker

- The precision of a 50 ml beaker, 25 ml grad. cylinder., and a 25 ml pipette were determined by transferring each type to a tared 50 ml beaker. The density of copper was determined through volume displacement in water. The pipette was fond to be the most precise with a mean volume of 24.843±0.184ml. While the 25 ml cylinder had a volume of 24.601±0.708 ml and the 50 ml beaker had a volume of 24.074±1.98 ml. The density of copper was found to be 9.190±0.836, with an accuracy of 2.567%. The difference in density measurements could be due to human error or temperature differences....   [tags: Density, Volume, Measurement]

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Investigating How Surface Area Affects the Method Rate of the Catalase Reaction

- Investigating How Surface Area Affects the Method Rate of the Catalase Reaction Aim- to investigate how surface area affects the method rate of the catalase reaction. Equipment · Avocado · Borer · Knife · White tile · Goggles · Apron · Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) · Conical flask · Trough · Water (H2O) · Ruler · Measuring cylinder · Delivery tube · Test tubes · Test tube holder · Bung · Thermometer · Stop watch Labelled diagram of the apparatus Method To calculate the surface area you have to no the radius of the top of your cylinder of avocado and the length....   [tags: Papers]

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Comparing Cars According to their Eninges and Fuel

- ... The first type of vehicle I will be looking at is the gasoline fueled car. In order to power you vehicle with gasonline you need the fuels source, in this case gas, air and a spark. This happens inside of the pistions under compression. Without a spark a gasoline vehicle will not work, so you need to get spark plugs. According to Kristen Hall-Geisler and her report “How Spark Plugs Work” she explains the functions. A spark plug is a cylinder that gets screwed onto the top of the engine and it provides the spark needed to ignite the gasoline....   [tags: green vehicles, hybrid automobiles]

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Hand Building A Pot Of Ceramics

- Hand Building a Pot in Ceramics Have you ever seen those really unique dishes at a store that say “handmade” on the tag and wondered how someone made something like that with their hands. It doesn’t take much at all to make a dish/pot with clay, however, to do so you have to have patience and very steady hands. It isn’t a very hard process but it does take some time and skills. To start off, you will need a few things before you can get started with your project. Obviously, you’ll need clay and if you prefer you can buy the pre-made boxed clay....   [tags: Want, Need, Pottery, Stick]

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Internal Combustion Engines On The Basic Principle

- The internal combustion engine operates on the basic principle as its name implies, internal combustion engines have four-stroke four basic steps that repeat with every two revolutions of the engine: (1) Intake stroke / exhaustion (2) The compression stroke (3) Power / expansion stroke and (4) Exhaust stroke 1 intake stroke: The first stroke internal combustion engine is also known as the suction stroke because the piston moves to the maximum volume position (downward direction in the cylinder) create a pressure drop....   [tags: Internal combustion engine, Diesel engine]

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Was James Watt ( 1777 )?

- In the 17th century, England faced a terrible crisis as the ships were consuming large quantities of wood and as the result it was consuming large hectares of forest. In that ages the ships were necessary for trade and defence so coal was the suitable substitute for the firewood. However producing more coal means digging deeper into the coal mines which means that it was very likely to find water that was leaking into the mines, so it urge a need for new methods to extract water out of the mines....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine]

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Acid Rain's Effects on the Environment

- Acid Rain's Effects on the Environment Acid rain causes damage to limestone bulidings. Scientists are concerned that increased air pollution may cause an increase in the concentration of acid in the rain. If this is the case then it would increase the damage done to limestone bulidings. Acid rain is caused when we burn fuels. When we burn these fuels we make a gas called sulphur dioxide. This gas goes into the air. The sulphur dioxide reacts with the oxygen and then dissolves inot droplets of rain....   [tags: Papers]

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Automotive Mechanics: How a Car Works

- Learning how a vehicle works can be very helpful to learn to get to see how everything comes together and makes a vehicle run properly. There are a few main components that allow a vehicle to run properly such as the engine, cooling system, drive train, brakes, electrical system and the exhaust. It’s very important that all of these components work properly for the vehicle to run efficiently. Without one of these components the vehicle may not run at all or it will run but will not be able to stop or may be polluting the earth more than usual....   [tags: engine, transmission, troubleshooting]

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The Effect of Different Concentrations of Sucrose Solutions in Potato Cells

- The Effect of Different Concentrations of Sucrose Solutions in Potato Cells Prediction: I predict that the potato cylinder that is immersed in distilled water will increase in size the most out of all the potato cylinders. I think this because, in this solution there will 10ml of pure water, no sucrose, which means the potato can absorb the most possible water through osmosis, there are no molecules that can‘t be absorbed. Whereas in the other solutions, the sugar molecules won’t be able to travel through the potato’s membrane because it is semi permeable so through osmosis, only water molecules can diffuse from the higher concentration outside the potato to th...   [tags: Papers]

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Experiment: The Unique Properties of Water

- Group IV Project: Unique Properties of Water There are different properties (anomalies) of water which are unique. The uniqueness of water comes from its molecular structure. The polarity of water molecules is a consequence of hydrogen bonding. The meaning of polarity is that the molecule has both a positively and a negatively charged end, so water has a slight positive and slight negative charge on opposite ends. Water’s polarity is in charge of dissolving other molecules like sugars and ionic compounds....   [tags: Molecules, Cohesion, Density]

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Components, Wear, and Rebuild of an Internal Combustion Engine

- In order for the motor to function, it must have air and fuel. The valve train is the system that provides this. It is composed of the camshaft, lifters, pushrods, valve springs, rocker arms, and valves (Brain). The main piece of the valve train is the camshaft. Not to be confused with the crankshaft, the camshaft rotates to lift the lifters, pushrods, and ultimately, the valves. Rotation is transferred from the crankshaft to the camshaft via the timing chain. Along with making the camshaft rotate, the timing assembly also does as its name suggests by keeping the crank and cam in time....   [tags: mechanical engineering]

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Laser Doppler Anemometry

- The purposes of this experiment are: 1. To determine the shape of the wake behind the cylinder. 2. To determine the water tunnel calibration. Both of these objectives were accomplished by using LDA (Laser Doppler Anemometry). LDA is one of the main velocity measurement methods used in professional experimentation. Light beams are shot from a laser onto flowing water. In objective one, a cylinder was submersed in the water flow to determine how the velocity aft of the cylinder was disturbed. While the second objective used the LDA on flowing water with no disturbances....   [tags: Physics Essays]

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Science Lab about Metric Measurement

- HYPOTHESIS: If I use the Metric Measurement and become more familiar with it, then I will be able to convert other measurements and learn to use it and understand it better since other countries used the Metric Measurement. MATERIALS: Small ruler, key, paper clip, thumb, meter stick, balance scale, wooden block, stone, Millimeter ruler, 50ml graduated cylinder, test tube, water, and eyedropper. PROCEDURE: A. Measuring Length 1. Measure objects in cm and convert that measurement into mm and m. 2. Turn the meter stick over, and observe the metric subdivisions....   [tags: Metric System, ]

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Pharmaceutical Emulsions: Principles of Pharmacy

- Introduction Emulsions are a dispersion system composed of two immiscible liquids or more. One of the liquids is dispersed as small fine droplets throughout the other liquid. Depending on the dispersed and external phases, emulsions can be classified as: water-in-oil emulsions which are fine aqueous droplets dispersed in an oily hydrophobic continuous phase or oil-in-water emulsions which are fine oily droplets dispersed in an aqueous hydrophilic continuous phase. Other types are multiple emulsions which consist of a dispersed phase containing droplets of another phase for example w/o/w or o/w/o....   [tags: liquid droplets, hydrophilic surfactants ]

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Bridge Design Concept

- Bridge Design Concept Our bridge consists of three levels supported by 1" high cylinders to support each level. On each level we will have rows of both three and four cylinders extending across the middle. Each cylinder will be stacked on another, evenly offset and centered to gain support. Our bridge will be 28" X 2 -7/8". The length of our bridge is probably the biggest and most significant contributor to our outcome. The desk table gap is 14" long, while our bridge length is 28" long....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Investigating the Relationship Between Surface Area and the Rate of Oxygen Produced When Potato is Placed in Hydrogen Peroxide

- Investigating the Relationship Between Surface Area and the Rate of Oxygen Produced When Potato is Placed in Hydrogen Peroxide Investigation I am trying to find out the relationship between surface area and the rate of oxygen produced when potato is placed in hydrogen peroxide. Introduction I will find out that if the surface area of a potato cylinder changes, will the amount of oxygen produced by the enzyme catalase be affected. Prediction I predict that as the surface area of the potato cylinder increases, the quicker the reaction between the hydrogen peroxide and potato cylinders and therefore more oxygen will be produced....   [tags: Papers]

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The Effect of Osmosis in Potatoes

- The Effect of Osmosis in Potatoes Aim: The aims of the experiment are: * To see whether different concentrations of sucrose solution (0%, 0.25%, 0.5%, 0.5%, 0.75%, 1%) have effects on the size and weight of cylinders of potato that are put into them. * Also I aim to find out which of the concentrations affect the potato cylinders in size and weight the most and the least. Prediction: I predict that the concentration which will affect the size an weight the least will be 0.5....   [tags: Papers]

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Find out the concentration of the cell contents of a potato

- Find out the concentration of the cell contents of a potato Introduction Osmosis is the diffusion of water from a lower concentration of solute to a higher concentration of solute through a partially permeable membrane. This lets smaller molecules such as water, pass through but does not allow bigger molecules through. The molecules continue to diffuse until they reach a balanced state, where no area has a higher or lower concentration than any other. In a high concentration of water the amount of sugar solution is low....   [tags: GCSE Biology A2 A-Level Coursework]

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Fundamentals of the Four Stroke Internal Combustion Engine

- Fundamentals of the Four Stroke Internal Combustion Engine Many people claimed the invention of the internal combustion engine in the 1860's, but only one has the patent on the four stroke operating sequence. In 1867, Nikolaus August Otto, a German engineer, developed the four stroke "Otto" cycle, which is widely used in transportation even today. Otto developed the four-stroke internal combustion engine when he was 34 years old. The Diesel Engine came about in 1892 by another German engineer, Rudolph Diesel....   [tags: Papers]

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Scientific Analysis on Enthaply Vaporization of Water Lab

- There are many concepts explored throughout “Enthalpy Vaporization of Water”. First of all, the purpose of this lab was to determine the water’s vapor pressure at different temperatures as well as to measure the molar heat of vaporization of water using the Clausias Clapeyron equation. The first concept out of many represented in this lab is the ideal gas law. The ideal gas law is used to get the number of moles of air trapped in the 10 mL graduated cylinder. Once we cooled the system so that water vapor is extremely minute, and then we determined the number of moles of air using the ideal gas law....   [tags: pressure, vapor, gases]

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The Physics Of The Field Of Physics

- It is not easy feat to become an inspiration of Albert Einstein, considering that he is one of the most famous and recognized scientist. Of three people whose picture hung on Einstein’s wall, Michael Faraday was one of them. Although Faraday had come from a lower class in the 1800s, his eagerness to learn more about the world propelled him to great discoveries that changed the world. One of the most important findings for the future of both technology and the field of physics was Faraday’s breakthrough of the electromagnetic induction and his discovery of the magnetic field....   [tags: Magnetic field, Electromagnetism, Michael Faraday]

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The Effect of Acid on Sodium Thiosulphate

- The Effect of Acid on Sodium Thiosulphate Aim: My Aim is to see how concentration of acid will affect the time it takes for Sodium Thiosulphate to become cloudy and make a cross below it to disappear. Method: Apparatus Hydrochloric Acid Sodium Thiosulphate Distilled Water 250cm ³ Beaker- I need a beaker big enough to see the cross and although the 100cm³ would be perfect volume wise I would prefer to use a bigger one so I can fit the cross under it and also be able to pour the reactants into it without any spillage 100cm ³ Measuring Cylinder- I have decided to use this cylinder for the Sodium Thiosulphate....   [tags: Papers]

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The Concept and Measurement of Density: Lab Report

- Lab Report Title: The Concept and Measurement of Density Purpose: To gain an understanding of the physical property of density. To gain skill in measurement of mass and volume, in addition to the construction of graphs and the physical interpretation of slope. Procedure: Part 1 Regular solids 1. Use the metric ruler to determine the length, width, and height of aluminum and iron cubes to the nearest 0.5cm. 2. Use the balance to measure the mass of each item listed above to the nearest 0.1g....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Sodium Thiosulphate Reaction Time Experiment

- Introduction: In the investigation I am going to see how long it takes for sodium thiosulphate to react with hydrochloric acid, the sodium thiosulphate will be diluted with water, I will do this by having 60 ml sodium thiosulphate and 40 ml water but each time I will change the amount of sodium thiosulphate and water but they will both add up to equal 100ml, I will know when the reaction has taken place because the beaker with the chemicals in will go cloudy, we will put the beaker on a piece of paper with a x on it....   [tags: chemistry, chemistry experiment]

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The First Law of Thermodynamics

- 1st Law of Thermodynamics - The first Law is related to conservation of energy in simple words it explains that energy can neither be created nor be destroyed it can be converted from one form to other. Law of thermodynamics defines relations between physical quantities i.e. temperature, energy, and entropy. The relation of these physical quantities can be given in different ways relating with Work, Internal Energy of a system [1]. Applications of 1st law of thermodynamics: Heat Engine – Heat engines are designed on the basic of 1st Law, it is an idealization of a set of processes used by spark ignition internal combustion engines....   [tags: heat engine, converstion, energy]

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A Experiment On The Enzyme

- Purpose: This lab gives the idea about the enzyme. We will do two different experiments. Enzyme is a protein that made of strings of amino acids and it is helping to produce chemical reactions in the quickest way. In the first experiment, we are testing water, sucrose solution, salt solution, and hydrogen peroxide to see which can increase the bubbles. So we can understand that enzyme producing chemical reactions in the speed. In the second experiment, we are using temperature of room, boiling water, refrigerator, and freezer to see what will effect the enzyme....   [tags: Water, Chemistry, Heat, PH]

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Investigating the Effects Catalyse Has on Hydrogen Peroxide Solution

- Investigating the Effects Catalyse Has on Hydrogen Peroxide Solution Aim: I am going to investigate the effects which catalyse has on a hydrogen peroxide solution Preliminary work We would use potato to do the experiment because we had done a previous experiment when we put a piece of potato and liver into a hydrogen peroxide solution and the rate of reaction for the liver was too fast to measure and time. But the potato had a slower reaction which will be easier to time and we can measure the size of the froth using a ruler....   [tags: Papers]

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The Effect of Solution Concentration on Osmosis

- The Effect of Solution Concentration on Osmosis The aim of my experiment is to find out the effect of sucrose solution concentration on osmosis in potato cylinders. To do this I will conduct an experiment. Introduction To carry out my experiment, I will place the potato tubes into a solution containing part sucrose and part water. The potato tubes will all be cut out of the potato using a cork borer and will all be cut to the length of 25mm. This will remain constant throughout each experiment....   [tags: Papers]

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The Physics of a Diesel Engine

- The Physics of a Diesel Engine The world we live in is surrounded by diesel engines. They are on the freeways, railways, airways, and are one of the leading electricity producers in the world. They are also becoming more popular in automobiles. These engines are efficient and reliable and they are getting very sophisticated. However, the physics behind these engines has not changed. By way of definition, courtesy of Diesel Engine Engineering: [a] diesel engine is an internal combustion engine in which the chemical energy of fuel is transformed into thermal energy of the cylinder charge, in consequence of the self-ignition and combustion of fuel in the engine cylinder after compression...   [tags: Energy Automobiles Essays]

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How Trains Impacted America

- America is known as a country of freedom; the freedom to choose between Italian or Mexican for dinner, the freedom to be a lawyer or a teacher, to choose to live in an apartment in New York or a cottage in Washington. Americans have the freedom to speak their minds and the freedom to listen to whomever they choose. Within these freedoms is the freedom to embark on a dream that seems impossible. Most would call the unknown crazy, Americans would call it revolutionary. While America was not the home of the first railway system, Americans used railroads to advance the country in a whole new way....   [tags: Transportation]

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How To Strip An Engine

- Engineering Report Contents Introduction p1 What is a Two Stroke Engine? P2 How a Two-Stroke Engine Works Power Stroke p3 Fuel Intake p4 Compression stroke p5 Dismantling the Engine p Engine Assessment p Engine Rebuild p Appendices Introduction The task at hand was to find a medium sized internal combustion engine. With this engine we had to dismantle it recording all the steps taken to pull it down. After the engine had been taken apart, all the functions of the engine had to be observed and recorded....   [tags: Process Essays Engineering]

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The Effect Of Concentration On The Reaction Rate Of Enzymes

- This investigation sought to see if an increased pH concentration would affect the reaction rate of enzymes, this investigation was conducted over a 12-day period. The experiment themselves conducted over a 3-5-minute period with 20 second interval intervals. in-between daily measurements in a controlled location with a predetermined temperature of 27°C. The hypothesis was decided based on established theories environmental factors have a key effect on enzyme proficiency, and given the pH concentration solution would affect the enzymes by increasing the speed at which the biochemical reaction occurs, similar to that established by Pieramico O, Dominguez-Munoz JE, etc....   [tags: PH, Enzyme, Acid, Chemical reaction]

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Stoichiometry of a Chemical Reaction with a Gaseous Product

- Stoichiometry of a chemical reaction with a gaseous product. Introduction In an equation of compounds, the number before the formula mean the number of atoms of each element talking part in the reaction. These number are the coefficients, and they can also mean the amount of moles in the compound. The equation has to be balanced so the final product is stable and so the maximum amount of each product is formed. In the experiment the magnesium reacts with hydrochloric acid and it makes magnesium chloride and hydrogen gas....   [tags: Experiment, Magnesium]

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How To Replace a Blown Head Gasket

- The 5.7 350 has been used since 1967. It has been installed in GM trucks, passenger cars and sport cars. Coolant leaking from the head, or water mixed in the oil are the usual symptoms of a blown head gasket. If the head gasket has failed, it will need to be replaced. Parts for the Chevrolet 5.7 liter engine are plentiful. Most auto part stores have the parts required to repair the motor readily available. Disconnect the battery terminals and remove the air cleaner. Disconnect the fuel lines and any connectors on the intake and distributor....   [tags: Instructional Essay, Process Essay, How To Essay]

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An Investigation Into the Effect of Sucrose Concentration on Osmosis

- An Investigation Into the Effect of Sucrose Concentration on Osmosis AIM: The aim of my experiment is to investigate the effect of sucrose solution on osmosis in potato cells, and what the point of equilibrium would be. I shall be observing how the mass of the potato chip changes in five different concentrations of glucose solutions. HYPOTHESIS: Osmosis is the diffusion of water molecules from a high water potential to a lower water potential through a partially permeable membrane....   [tags: Papers]

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The Effect of a Range of Sucrose Solutions Upon Potato Tissu

- The Effect of a Range of Sucrose Solutions Upon Potato Tissue Hypothesis ========== As the concentration of sucrose increases, the mass of potato decreases. Apparatus ========= 5 Test Tubes Sucrose solution of 0.0, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 Molarity 10 piece of Potato Tissue Cork Borer Scalpel Beakers Weighing Scales Method ====== A standard sized cylinder of potato tissue is put into a beaker. Using a cork borer of a known size, in order to cut the cylinder of tissue, carries this out....   [tags: Papers]

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The Basic Mechanical Design Of The Wright Brothers ' Engine

- For the forty years following the first revolutionary invention from Wright brothers, airplanes used IC engines to turn propeller to generate thrust. Today, even after innovation of gas turbine engines, most general aviation or private airplanes are still powered by propellers and internal combustion engines, much like normal automobile engines. Nowadays, the most predominant engine in small range aviation format is the air-cooled piston engine which is horizontally opposed with four, six and sometimes with eight cylinders arranged in two lines on both sides of the crankshaft....   [tags: Internal combustion engine, Diesel engine]

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The Concentration of Substrate's Effect on the Rate of an Enzyme Controlled Reaction

- The Concentration of Substrate's Effect on the Rate of an Enzyme Controlled Reaction Plan ==== In this investigation I aim to find out whether the concentration of hydrogen peroxide affects the rate at which catalyse breaks it down. The rate of reaction will be measured by how much oxygen is collected. Hydrogen Peroxide -------------------Water + Oxygen --------------------------------------------------- 2H O------------------- 2H O+ O Experiment List =============== * Potato * Potato Borer * Knife * Ruler * Hydrogen Peroxide * Plastic Tub * Water * Conical Flask * Rubber Bung * Measuring Cylinder...   [tags: Papers]

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Data Analysis: Space-Time Clustering

- DEFINITION Space-Time Clustering is a method of data analysis whereby the data objects are grouped with reference to a specific place and time. Space time clustering is therefore involve finding clusters that emerge during a particular time interval at particular places. Spatial cluster detection allows the identification of locations, shapes and sizes of potential anomalous spatial regions. The analysis of these clusters aid in the understanding of current patterns and prediction of future ones using a data-driven approach or a model-based approach....   [tags: spacial regions, unforseen information]

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History of the Development of Brakes

- History of the Development of Brakes The first brakes were drum brakes. They were metal upon metal, and made a terrible noise, although they did work. Since then, brakes have been made with asbestos, which is heat resistant, hard wearing, and relatively silent. Drum Brake (1890s~1980s) The working parts of a drum brake are contained in a hard metal drum that is attached to the hub of a wheel and revolves with it. Inside, but unattached to the drum, are a pair of stationary curved brake shoes that are normally held away from the drum by springs....   [tags: Design and Technology]

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Enzymes That Have A Catalytic Action

- Enzymes are proteins that have a catalytic action in living organisms. A catalyst is a chemical compound that increases the rate of reaction “…without increasing the amount of products involved and without themselves being altered during the reaction”. Therefore, as enzymes are not altered during the chemical reaction, they are reusable. However, enzymes do not increase the amount of final product, they only increase the rate of reaction. For a biochemical reaction to take place a substrate must bind to the active site of an enzyme....   [tags: Enzyme, Hydrogen peroxide, Catalase, Chemistry]

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Investigating the Change in Depth of a Wooden Diver as the Dive Height is Altered

- Investigating the Change in Depth of a Wooden Diver as the Dive Height is Altered Preliminary work and Research Brainstorm: Preliminary Prediction: I predict that the depth to which the diver 'dives' will increase as its starting height increases. The manipulated variable in this experiment will be the height from which the diver is dropped, and the dependent variables will be the diver, as it will always be the same, and also the volume of water in the measuring cylinder....   [tags: Papers]

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Determining if the Rate of a Chemical Reaction is Affected by Temperature

- Aims and Objectives Introduction: In this coursework, I will be conducting an experiment, to show a particular factor affects the rates of a chemical reaction. The main factors include concentration/pressure of the reactants, presence of catalysts, particle size and temperature. I have chosen the effect of temperature on a chemical rate of reaction. Aims: The aim of this investigation is to find out the effect of Temperature of the acid, in the reaction between dilute hydrochloric acid and magnesium ribbon....   [tags: Lab Report]

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Investigating the Effect of Alcohol on Heartbeat of Daphnia

- Investigating the Effect of Alcohol on Heartbeat of Daphnia Daphnia are the organisms that are involved in this experiment to find out what effect alcohol has on their heartbeat. It is easy to study the effects of alcohol on the heart of Daphnia as the organ can be easily seen through the transparent body of Daphnia. The number of heartbeats may be counted before submersion in alcohol and after submersion in alcohol to investigate the effect of alcohol. Daphnia belong to the Phylum Arthropoda and are Branchiopoda which belong to the class, Crustacea....   [tags: Papers]

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The United States Automobile Industry

- The United States automobile industry has been producing cars since the early Twentieth century. The American “Big Three” as they were called, Ford, General Motors and Chrysler set the standard and pace. Global competition soon became an issue for the American automobile manufacturers, Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Suzuki, Mazda, and Subaru from Japan, Hyundai and Kia from South Korea, BMW, Volkswagen, Audi, Mercedes, Porsche, and Volvo from Europe to name a few. American automobile manufacturers started introducing cars that were more reliable and mechanically friendly, with a more affordable price, aiming to sale to the masses....   [tags: Internal combustion engine, Diesel engine]

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Blue Rhino Slows Down To Get Ahead

- Blue Rhino Slows Down to Get Ahead Blue Rhino is a publicly traded corporation based in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, that considers itself the national leader in propane cylinder exchange services. Owners of propane-fueled backyard grills can visit nearly 30,000 retail locations, including Home Depot, Wal-Mart, and Kmart, in 48 states and Puerto Rico to exchange their empty propane cylinders for full cylinders provided by Blue Rhino. The company employs 355 workers, 63 percent of whom fulfill distributor operations duties....   [tags: Business Analysis]

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Investigating How Resistance Depends On Shape

- Investigating How Resistance Depends On Shape There are many factors involved in this experiment, which include the following: *The length of resistance putty *The width of resistance putty *The voltage running through the putty *The position of the variable resistor *The shape of the putty The factors, which I am going to investigate, are: *The resistance of the putty, when at different lengths I predict that the shorter I cut the putty, the lower the resistance will be....   [tags: Papers]

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The Effect of Concentration on Osmosis

- The Effect of Concentration on Osmosis Introduction Osmosis is the diffusion of water molecules that occurs only when there is a movement of water molecules from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration through a partially permeable membrane. The process ends only when the two concentrations are equal or the cell is unable to take any more water because the cell is turgid....   [tags: Papers]

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Lab Report Investigating the Rate of Reaction Between Marble Chips and Acid when Variables are Changed

- Investigating the rate of reaction between marble chips and acid when variables are changed Aim: to find out how changing the concentration of acid by diluting it affects the rate of reaction. Planning: I will use marble chips and different concentrations of hydrochloric acid and water to see how it affects the rate of reaction. I will use 30ml of liquid made up of different concentrations of acid diluted with water. Introduction: I have decided to vary the concentration of the acid as my variable I could have chosen other variables to change such as changing the heat of the acid, the size of the marble chips and many others variables....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Effect of the Concentration of Hydrochloric Acid on the Amount of Hydrogen

- The Effect of the Concentration of Hydrochloric Acid on the Amount of Hydrogen AIM === I want to find out how the concentration of Hydrochloric acid affects the amount of hydrogen or the time it takes to produce 30cm3 of gas, when the Hydrochloric acid reacts with the magnesium powder. Prediction ========== I predict that the amount of hydrogen in the measuring cylinder will increase as the concentration increases; this is because if there is more concentration there shall be more particles for the magnesium to collide with so the reaction will be faster....   [tags: Papers]

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Diesel Makes A Difference

- Higher fuel economy helps consumers save money with gas prices going up all the time people want more efficient vehicles. Diesel vehicles can also be converted to bio-diesel which are made using vegetable oils. These bio-diesel vehicles have less emissions and run at a cheaper cost. Bio-diesel can cost any where from one to two dollars cheaper than gasoline. Diesel vehicles engines are proven to last longer because they they are built to withstand a more powerful explosion thus made with more robust parts, therefore retaining their value over time....   [tags: Diesel, fuel economy, ]

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581 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Osmosis Investigation

- Osmosis Investigation The Problem When a piece of fresh beetroot is left to stand in a beaker of cold distilled water, very little pigment is released from the beetroot. When, however, a similar piece is placed into a beaker of hot water, pigment release happens more quickly and the surrounding water soon becomes coloured red. A possible explanation for these observations could be that the structure of the plasma membrane is affected by temperature. As temperature rises, the damage to the plasma membrane will result in an increase in the amount of pigment released from the beetroot cells....   [tags: Papers]

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738 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

The History of the Cult Gun Company

- Colt Gun Company paper What would you do without the modern day revolver. Samuel Colt was one of the best gunmakers and had an even better gun company. Samuel Colt was such a skilled gunsmith by making the revolving cylinder and by getting a good manufacturing plant(Lee). Also he made many guns. Some other things he did was by selling the guns directly to the soldiers, and by selling some his weapons to the United States military. Samuel Colt revolutionized the gun company because he made the revolving cylinder, he persevered his company, and he made perfected and perfected his and other companies gun designs....   [tags: revolver, design, army]

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1475 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Inventions During the Industrial Revolution

- The Theme of our Almanac is Science and Technology so my Historical Analysis will be based off of the Science and Technology of the Industrial Revolution. My historical analysis will be about the inventions during the Industrial Revolution. The three I will be focusing on: The Water Frame, The Improved Steam Engine and the Sewing Machine. All three of those inventions all offer some sort of Problem, Progress and Promise to the Industrial Revolution. I will be analyzing those three things. One of the first inventions during the Industrial Revolution is the Water Frame....   [tags: science, technology, sewing machine, water frame]

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The Sumerians And The Ancient Mesopotamia

- The first people who first settled down in Mesopotamia or also known as the land between two rivers, Tigris and Euphrates were the Sumerians declared in the article Ancient Mesopotamia - The Sumerians by Mr. Giotto’s Site (website). The Sumerians of Mesopotamia are well known as being inventors. Some of their famous inventions are the wheel, the cylinder seal and the writing system known as the cuneiform. The Sumerians had small villages and cities all over Mesopotamia, but each city had its own government, said in the article The Sumerians of Mesopotamia by Writer873 published on January 18, 2012....   [tags: Sumer, Mesopotamia, Uruk, Cuneiform script]

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