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Colonization in the Congo

- It might be easy to talk about the postion in which a country stands in todays world, but to understand why they hold this position there are many variables that need to be taken into account. Congo is a country on the western coastline of the African continent. After being colonized by King Leopold II from Belgium, Congo lived under his ruling for centuries until it gained its independence in 1960. Because of the colonialization and decolonization process the Congo had to surpass many events and these events have an important role in present Congo....   [tags: pieces of africa, congo belge]

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The Liberation Of The Congo

- The liberation of Africa was a slow, often violent, process. The continent, having been torn apart by colonial powers was fraught with ethnic and tribal divides. This made liberation movements complicated because of the necessity for non-existent nationalization. In most countries this caused the movement towards liberation to be a violent struggle, often resulting in war, mass murder, and in one instance, genocide. Even in some of the semi-successful transitions, warlords or autocratic dictatorships....   [tags: Colonialism, Africa, Congo, Mobutu Sese Seko]

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Genocide in Democratic Republic of Congo

- Genocide is a calculated and analytically carnage of people who reside to a certain racial, political, and ethnic groups (Genocide). Genocide can occur and does occur in many places around the world. One of these places it takes place in is the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Since 1996 there has hardly been peace in Congo (Global Research). Over 6 million people had lost their lives in the DRC genocide and many woman had suffered from rape and are still undergo rape by rebels who use rape as their main weapon (World Relief)....   [tags: Racial, Political, Ethnic Groups, Africa, Congo]

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The Inferior Status Of The Congo

- The inferior status that has been inherited by the women in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has resulted in the objectification of them. Due to this lack of respect for women, during one of the deadliest wars since World War II, the Congolese civil war has brought about pain and suffering upon women and has stripped away their rights. A multiple award winning film, War Witch, displayed circumstances young girls have to live through and how those circumstances impact them. War witch was primarily filmed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and was centered on the Congolese civil war in Sub Sahara Africa....   [tags: World War II, War, Civil war, Congo]

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A History of the Belgian Congo: A Colonial Paradox

- Death and daily life had become one and the same. “In less than twenty years after the first Belgian settlers had landed on the shores of the Congo, an African population that initially stood at twenty to thirty million was reduced to eight million people” (Boahen and Josephy 1971, p.422). The land and the people who lived there undisturbed for centuries had now succumbed to foreign forces in less than two decades. The Congo had always been referred to as the Green Heart of Africa, symbolizing the country’s beautiful landscape and plentiful resources that grow among the dense forests and fields that dot the region and yet now the Congo is commonly referred to as Africa’s heart of darkness, a...   [tags: Green Heart of Africa, Congo, population]

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Democratic Republic of Congo: Development Policy Issues

- The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) may be one of the richest countries in resources, but the country itself is incredibly poor. On 8 October 2013, the BBC News released an article saying exactly that. Written by Dan Snow, this article accounts for Snow’s experiences on his journey through the DRC while also attempting to provide an analysis that explains how the current situation in Congo is linked to its history. In this article, titled “DR Congo: Cursed by its natural wealth”, Snow claims that the DRC has a long history with colonialism and that poor decolonization is one of the reasons for the current conflict residing in the Congo....   [tags: politics, Congo, poverty]

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Congo’s Struggles at the Bottom Billion Countries

- In the age of globalization and development, almost 80% of world populations are living in poverty. In the 20th century, after decolonization when most of the countries got their independency, it did not work how they wanted to. Most of the countries especially African countries, fell into deep poverty and debt which they could not stand on their feet. This paper will shed lights on the economic struggles of democratic republic of Congo and the reasons behind it then suggest some solutions. Bottom billion countries is a term that is used to referring to those countries which are falling behind or falling apart economically (Collier 2007)....   [tags: poverty, congo, bottom billion]

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Horror and Tragedy in The Congo

- Introduction This is a tale of horror and tragedy in the Congo, beginning with the brutal and exploitative regime of King Leopold II of Belgium, and culminating with the downfall of one of Africa’s most influential figures, Patrice Lumumba. The Congo is but one example of the greater phenomenon of European occupation of Africa. The legacy of this period gives rise to persistent problems in the Congo and throughout Africa. Understanding the roots and causes of this event, as focused through the lense of the Congo, is the subject of this paper....   [tags: History of the Congo]

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The Effects Of Sexual Violence On The Republic Of The Congo

- Introduction and statement of research question Sexual violence in the Republic of the Congo has been one of the most catastrophic feature of the armed conflict that began in 1996. Sexual violence is carried out by the militia groups to intimidate and punish communities and to control territory. Rape has been labelled as a ‘weapon of war’ in the Congo whereby the women’s bodies represent the battlefield. Rape and sexual torture have destroyed communities and have affected its survivors both physically and emotionally....   [tags: Rape, War rape, Second Congo War, Sexual slavery]

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The Death Toll Of King Leopold II 's Congo

- The sheer magnitude of the death toll in King Leopold II 's Congo remains a little known fact in most Western nations, even today. The eight to ten million African lives lost during Leopold 's rule over the Congo have been forced from the collective conscious of Americans and Europeans. Perhaps the shame of inaction is too much to bare. Inaction during a genocide seems deplorable in this day and age, yet intervention by Western nations is never really guaranteed. There are several reasons, all inexcusable, why Western nations failed to intervene while millions of Congolese were being senselessly slaughtered....   [tags: Congo Free State, Leopold II of Belgium]

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The Atrocities of the Congo

- When the word ‘genocide’ is mentioned, the Holocaust is almost always the first one to come to mind. It was one of the most horrible and inhumane events of mankind, but it wasn’t the deadliest or even most brutal genocide. While approximately six million Jews were murdered, an even more death-dealing incident took place forty-years earlier in what is now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In a span of twenty-five gruesome years, over ten-million Congolese were slaughtered and mutilated ("Congo Free State, 1885-1908")....   [tags: political issues, genocide]

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The Origin of the Congo

- Encouraged by their knowledge of iron technology and agriculture, the Bantu-speakers moved to the Congo and South Africa by the end of 1st millennium, while they were developing new related languages. From about A.D. 700 Bantu worked in the copper deposits of South Katanga and traded with overseas. By about A.D. 1000 the Bantu had settled in the Congo. By the beginning of 2nd millennium, the Bantu population had increased and were united into states. some of them had large governed areas and complex administrative structures....   [tags: Informative Essay]

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The Republic Of The Congo

- According to the 2015 Index of Social Progress, the score of the Congo’s personal freedom and choice is 46.17 and means one thing. The Republic of the Congo’s personal freedom is very weak, yet their personal rights, tolerance and inclusion aren’t that weak are not of immediate concern for the Republic. From what we know about the government being not all that reliable, we will compare data from agriculture, food, and nutrition, to the government to see how the two compare. Regarding infrastructure, the country’s water supply is not adequate at all....   [tags: Population, Demography, United States]

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The Colonization Of The Congo

- The Scramble for Africa, named for the speed at which Africa was partitioned and colonized, began with King Leopold II 's conquest of the Congo. However, it did not end with the Belgian occupation of the Congo. Just as Leopold 's Congo was demarcated by the vast extraction of raw materials, most notably rubber, other European powers used African colonies as resource markets. However, economic motivations were not the sole stimulus for colonial expansion into Africa during the late 19th century. The causalities of the Scramble for Africa, and subsequent partition, are the result of a complex interplay between social, political, and economic forces both within Africa and within Europe....   [tags: Europe, Colonialism, Africa, United Kingdom]

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The Congo Crisis

- Over a period from 1960-1965, the first Republic of the Congo experienced a period of serious crisis. There was a terrible war for power that displayed senseless violence and the desperation to rule. There were many internal conflicts among the people. The country eventually gained independence from Belgium. For many countries this would be a time for celebration. Unfortunately for the people of the Congo this became a time to forget. Almost immediately after independence and the general elections, the country went into civil war....   [tags: World History ]

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Genocide in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

- ... The war lasted for 5 years and took place entirely in the Congo, resulting in the deaths of 5 million Congolese civilians, most to to starvation or sickness (BBC News). The Congo never recovered, and to this day, Eastern Congo is unstable (BBC News). In 2001, Kabila was assassinated, leading to him being replaced by his son Joseph Kabila (ECI). According to the Eastern Congo Initiative, the Congo held its first democratic elections in 2006, with Kabila being elected. At the same time, however, multiple armed groups gained power and began fighting over control of mineral resources in the Eastern Congo, resulting in more civilian lives....   [tags: violence, deaths, poverty, famine]

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The War in the Domeocratic Republic of Congo

- The Democratic Republic of Congo is known to have valuable resources. Congo has large reserves of gold, gems, cobalt, copper, uranium and timber with the most valuable resource being its large reserve of diamonds. These natural resources have been the main cause of a variety of wars in the DRC. There have been a variety of wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo. These wars involve various rebel groups and ethnic groups being involved in violence and fighting. The main reason for these wars is Congo’s rich natural resources especially the illegal trade of diamonds and bitter ethnic wars....   [tags: resources, diamonds, leader, power, groups]

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Description of the Democratic Republic of Congo

- Identification / Description of the Country Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly called Zaire) is a country that is located in Central Africa. This is a country that has a deep root in violence and bloodshed, yet at the same time it is rich in natural resources and minerals. It shares a common border with the following countries: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. Democratic Republic of Congo was established as a Belgian colony in 1908 during the scramble for Africa by the European powers....   [tags: mining, economy, wealth]

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Various References of the Congo

- ... Next, it is the world’s second largest river, which is calculated by the amount of water discharged or released; and lastly, the Congo is planet Earth’s ninth longest river, measuring in at about 4,700 kilometers. On top of how large the Congo is, it also forms one of Africa’s largest navigable waterways. The Congo itself, from its sources to its mouth, are made up of 3 areas: they are The upper Congo, the middle Congo, and the lower Congo. Each area is characterized with different features....   [tags: river, ecosystems, crops]

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The Conflict of the Republic of the Congo

- ... The policies presented by the World Bank help stimulate the development of the country and fight against corruption. The education and empowerment of women, youth and children should become a political priority. The government does not have a structured political, social, economic and environmental policy that constantly identifies objectives and strategic priorities. Eventually, the trust of the Congo government will find a way to corrupt the policies and ensure their power (World Bank). Poverty and the low standards of the economic and social development of the country have affected the ability of individuals and society to unify....   [tags: democracy, government, corruption]

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The Democratic Republic of the Congo

- The Congo is an African country ruined by European imperialism. It was taken over by King Leopold II of Belgium in 1885. In 1908 the Congo would become known as the Belgian Congo. During Leopold’s rule in the Congo he was accused of enslaving the Congolese and killing 10 million of them through forced labor, starvation and outright extermination. Belgium’s rule of the Congo caused other European countries to “race” for power in African colonies; this was called the “Scramble for Africa”. The events that occurred during Leopold’s reign are examples of why imperialism should be outlawed, because of the Congo before, during, and after Belgian imperialism....   [tags: African history, European imperialism]

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The Horrors of Imperialism: The Belgian Congo

- ... The new imperialisms exploded out of a combination of causes.” (Esler 564) As a result of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, some of the world’s most powerful nations experienced a change in economics. There was a shift in the economy from farming to mass production, and what followed was an economic depression. “Africa provided a source of cheap raw materials for the factories while providing the customers for products manufactured in Europe” (   [tags: industrial revolution, europeans, africa]

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Child Witch Hunts in the Congo

- All in the name of ‘God’ witch hunting has been a justification for many years of the harshest capital punishment of innocent men; children and women. Witch hunts have occurred for more than 200 years and it has been an on going issue of abuse of human rights. Witch hunting dates back to the 14th Century in Europe, the starting point of these witch hunts, and Britain. Thus reaching its peak in America during the 16th Century. The famous of all witch hunting cases was ‘The Salem Witch Trials’. Witch hunting has been a major human rights abuse in The Democratic Republic of Congo....   [tags: Informative Essays, human rights, Africa]

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History of the Democratic Republic of Congo

- ... is able to maintain a Special Envoy for the Great Lakes and the DRC to prevent further exploitation of resources. The Envoy has a main goal of locating and destroying the main root cause of instability in the region. In other economic terms, “A UN agency said it needed close to 7.5 million U.S. dollars to continue offering humanitarian support to Congolese child refugees in Uganda”(CountryWatch). To fulfill this need, the United States has become by far the largest donor to the United Nations stabilization mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo....   [tags: American interests in African countires, oil]

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The history of the Belgian Congo

- The history of the Belgian Congo is one of terrible sadness and seldom-noted human devastation. From 1885 to 1908 the Congo was ruled by one man as his sole, personal colony; a ruler ironically noted at the time for his philanthropy, King Leopold II of Belgium. Seeking his own colony, he founded the Congo Free State, a massive territory in the African interior that was larger than seventy-six times the size of his own country (Hochschild, 87). A “sober, respectable businessman” by the name of Edmund Dene Morel made a note of something about this colony that blew the cover of one of the largest collection of atrocities in human memory (Hochschild, 1)....   [tags: colonial africa, king leopold]

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The Democratic Republic of Congo

- “Congo has become a never-ending nightmare, one of the bloodiest conflicts since World War II, with more than five million dead.”(The World’s Worst War). Between the years of 1998 and 2003, the Democratic Republic of the Congo was engaged in a war (Second Congo War). This was a war over mineral resources used in the global economy (Global Ministries). The Congo has large amounts of valuable diamonds, coltan, tin, copper, and cassiterite (Global Ministries), and is considered to be one of the richest countries in the world regarding its natural resources (Democratic Republic of the Congo)....   [tags: safeguards, rwanda and uganda ]

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The Congo River And Charlie Marlow

- Darkness, in whatever form, exists in the hearts of all mankind no matter what race, religion, or background. When one is separated from their source, home, and culture, the darkness of their heart can often lead to displays of greed, madness, distortion, and evil. In Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, the author uses the Congo River as a symbol to show the importance of Interiors and Exteriors in Marlow’s journey and ultimately how he is able to resist the darkness within himself. It is apparent that the Congo River functions as the connection between Marlow and the one place that he truly feels at home – the Ocean....   [tags: Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad, Charles Marlow]

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The Democratic Republic Of Congo And Rwanda

- Genocide in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda was inspired by Belgian influence and colonization. The use of missionaries as intermediaries in the Congo was one of the most successful forms of governance for the Belgian Empire in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. These intermediaries were the way in which Belgium could expand its might almost indirectly, while perpetuating genocide in order to spread fear among the Congolese and strengthen Belgian economic expansion. Belgian influence also expanded into Rwanda after World War I, when Rwanda became a protectorate of Belgium....   [tags: Colonialism, Slavery, Belgium, Africa]

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The Democratic Republic of Congo

- The Democratic Republic of Congo, fourth largest nation and second largest country in Africa, has many different kinds of natural resources such as diamond, copper, petroleum and stunning landscapes. Moreover; their laws state that women and men enjoy the same rights; they are not forced to get married, both have the right to vote and contribute in the economy. However, in reality because of the cultural traditions which indicate that men are the households and women have to obey and must take permission from their husband or their father before taking any action outside the house, women are not allowed to be involved in any meetings or own any business; they are only allowed to...   [tags: civil war, security, women´s role]

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Democratic Republic of Congo Holocaust

- ... The people suffering from the poverty aspect are getting the effects of the mass murders and the country’s political instability. Genocide describes the heinous act of killing others in order to prove the point. In this case, Rwanda’s government is targeting specific people. The Congo War, a massive destruction to their country, is genocide. One reason it is, in fact, genocide is due to the amount of murders occurring. “But so far the brutal war in eastern Congo has not only lasted longer than the Holocaust but also appears to have claimed more lives [than the Holocaust],” (Kristof 1)....   [tags: bloody wars in Africa]

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The Republic of Congo, An Outline

- ... b. The DRC’s government lacks accountability and the inability to manage and monitor extraction of natural resources. c. The DRC’s limited capacity to manage its primary source of revenue, resources and minerals, led to a dependence on foreign aid as a domestic revenue source and substantial investment from China. II. The United States policy towards the DRC is, “focused on developing a nation that is stable and democratic, at peace with its neighbors, extends state authority across it territories, and provides for the basic needs of its citizens”(Arieff and Cohen, p....   [tags: government, security, natural resources]

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Penetrating the Darkness of the Congo

- Over ten million Africans were killed in the Congo during the European imperialism invasion that in 1850. In Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad uses the setting to show the detrimental effects of European imperialism has on the mind, Africa, and those who would became intricate pawns in the capitalist greed of European companies. During the book Africa can be seen as a character that is fighting against the invaders. While the characters in the book stay in Africa they find that their psyche becomes severely damaged....   [tags: Heart of Darknes by Joseph Conrad]

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Indigenous People of the Congo

- The Congo is the home to a nomadic group of hunters-gatherers known as the Mbuti. The Mbuti are one of the oldest indigenous people of the Congo region of Africa. The Mbuti is an egalitarian society, and the band is their highest form of socialization. Bands are based on principles of teamwork and sharing. The bands are composed of about fifteen to sixty families. The Mbuti reside in the Ituri forest, a tropical rainforest in the northern part of the Congo River Basin. The forest is named after the Ituri River....   [tags: Anthropology, Mbuti, Culture]

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The Congo Free State

- Over the course of human history, many believe that the “Congo Free State”, which lasted from the 1880s to the early 1900s, was one of the worst colonial states in the age of Imperialism and was one of the worst humanitarian disasters over time. Brutal methods of collecting rubber, which led to the deaths of countless Africans along with Europeans, as well as a lack of concern from the Belgian government aside from the King, combined to create the most potent example of the evils of colonialism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century’s....   [tags: Africa ]

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Belgian Congo vs. Holocaust

- The atrocities of the Belgian Congo and the Holocaust are two of the main events in history that have been responsible for the mass murdering of millions of people. Although these events significantly changed the course of humanity, and the story behind each one is very different, there are significant factors that make them alike as well as different. Many would agree that comparing two atrocities that affected the lives of so many people and gave a 180-degree turn to each of their countries would be something very difficult to achieve....   [tags: genocide, human atrocities]

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The Economic Impacts of The European Colonization of The Congo

- The Democratic Republic of the Congo was one of the leading nations in the world 22,000 years ago in the field of science and inventions. In the 1950’s, a Belgian archeologist, Prof. J. de Heinzelin, found a 10-cm long bone in Ishango village, near the current border between the Congo and Uganda. Heinzelin noticed patterns on the Ishango bone; he concluded later that the essential use of the prehistoric device was to do arithmetic calculations used as a calculator and a calendar (Pletser 1). The Ishango Bones, though basic, indicate a form of advanced knowledge in mathematics and astronomy the Congolese had 220 centuries ago....   [tags: The Poisonwood Bible]

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Food Security in the Democratic Republic of Congo

- ... Tropical rainforests exist in central and northern parts of DR Congo, while the moist savannah mainly exists in the southern parts of DR Congo (United Nations Environment Programme, 2012). Tropical rainforests are normally hot and humid and have a lot of rainfall (Stockton, 2014). Savannahs normally have warm summers and cool winters. Summer is when this biome receives most rainfall; as winter is normally dry (Stockton, 2014). Both these biomes are great for agriculture as they both have rich, fertile soil....   [tags: poverty, population, climate]

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The Congo River's Influences on the Surrounding Countries

- Stretching 2,914 miles long, the Congo River is the eighth longest river in the world and the second longest river in Africa after the Nile. The Congo River flows primarily between the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and the Republic of the Congo (ROC). The Congo River forms in the most southern part of the DRC at the meeting point of the Lualaba and Luvua Rivers. The Congo’s many tributaries drain approximately 1,600,000 square miles into Central Africa, making the Congo River the region’s primary source of transportation....   [tags: transport, drinking, hydropower]

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Overview of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

- Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever is becoming a major disease in many countries, but especially in Montenegro. Montenegro may not seem like a big concern, but they are in dire need of your assistance. The Organization for the Prevention of Diseases among Developing Countries would be the perfect charitable organization to help me raise awareness and help me to fight to suppress the Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Montenegro. Before I explain to you my proposal for treatment and prevention of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, I would like you to better understand this disease....   [tags: Ribavirin, Tick Bites, Montenegro]

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Celebrating Congo Concert Review : Music

- Celebrating Congo Concert Review The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was blessed with the Celebrating Congo concert. The musical duo consisted of Kinoobe and Jaja Bashengezi who each played a variety of different African instruments that told a story of the country they had come from. They played a mixture of African music which expressed their Congo and Uganda culture. In addition, the concert also featured Charanga Carolina ensemble featuring violins, flutes, brass, piano, and flutes....   [tags: Music, Performance, Infant mortality, Audience]

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Conflict and Corruption in the Democratic Republic of Congo

- Africa has long been a nation of conflict and strife. Certain countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have a prolonged history of corrupt leaders, violence and lack of resources. These conflicts often can lead to spill over and create wars in their neighboring countries. When a weak state has internal conflict it often spreads to surrounding weak states as it did with many of the countries in central Africa. This type of crisis will often involve the entire world in a variety of capacities such as militaries, foreign aid and the global economy....   [tags: Africa]

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Three Recomendations for the Democratic Republic of Congo

- ... Deaths due to AIDS in 2012 ran as high as 36,000 with 350,000-440,000 children under the age of 18 orphaned (The UNAIDS website, n.d.). The HIV infection rate in the DRC has fallen within the cohort of pregnant women from 3.4% in 2009 to 2.8% in 2012, according to the DRC’s Ministry of Health. They relate this to screening campaigns and HIV/AIDS fairs throughout the country targeting the youth in order to help them understand the risks. Due to the lack of strength and the inability to avoid sexual encounters (rape and domestic violence), the epidemic is becoming more feminine-specific ("Women with HIV," n.d.)....   [tags: corruption, HIV, violence]

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The True Nature of King Leopold's Congo

- As the Scramble for Africa intensified, it became clear that certain fundamental rules had to be established; with this purpose in mind, Bismarck formed the Berlin Conference in November, 1884 (Hochschild, 84). Despite not being present at the conference, Leopold made out quite well. He gained the seaport Matadi and all the land required to build his railway from that port all the way around the rapids to Stanley Pool (Hochschild, 86). Leopold was able to gain so much because he successfully maintained the notion that this colony would be a free trade zone for Europeans; they still did not realize that he alone had a trade monopoly of the region (Hochschild, 86)....   [tags: King Leopold's Ghost]

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The Impact Of War On The Democratic Republic Of Congo

- Stolen Goods: Coltan and Conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, by Dena Montague was a very extensive read. A vast country with immense economic resources, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) has been at the center of what could be termed Africa 's world war. This has left it in the grip of a humanitarian crisis. The five-year conflict pitted government forces, supported by Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe, against rebels backed by Uganda and Rwanda. Despite a peace deal and the formation of a transitional government in 2003, the threat of civil war remains....   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Adam Smith]

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Policy Evaluation of the REDD Mechanism in the Congo

- Introduction Deforestation in tropical forests has gained salience in public debate on climate change mitigation policies. Such salience stems from the negative externalities caused by deforestation, such as the release of greenhouse gases emissions, the loss of biomass, forest degradation etc. Recent research on CO2 emissions point out that tropical deforestation represents about 15 to 17 percent of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) . To curb the emission of greenhouse gases emissions from tropical forests, the parties to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change Convention have initiated a mitigation policy called “REDD+” (Reduction of greenhouse gases emissions from def...   [tags: Ecology ]

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Intervention In Congo

- The Democratic Republic of Congo has a population of 58,317,930 citizens (CIA-The World Fact book). Out of the 58,317,930 citizens 3.8 million of them have died through starvation, disease, and fighting (UNICEF). The death toll of Congo has been labeled genocide. The war in Congo drew in the armies of five other African nations. Neighboring Rwanda, Uganda, and allied Congolese rebel groups held control of the east and northeast. The government held the west. The problems of Congo lay in the United Nations hands....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Congo Free State: A Legacy of Apathy, Exploitation and Brutality

- Between 1885 and 1908, Belgium’s Leopold II ruled Congo, a region in central Africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain. Leopold allowed and encouraged Europeans and other Westerners to enter Congo and set up companies whose primary purpose was to gather rubber, which was abundant but difficult to get to in the Congo, using the Congolese as the laborers for the Europeans. Rubber gathering in Congo brutally exploited the inhabitants of the Congo, while at the same time robbed Congo of wealth, as the rubber was “sold” to the Europeans at prices far below what the rubber was actually worth....   [tags: International Government ]

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King Leopold and the Belgian Congo

- King Leopold and the Belgian Congo It is widely debated why exactly King Leopold decided to conquer the Congo, but the general consensus seems to be that it was out of the belief that “the highlands of the Congo may be as rich in gold as the mountains of the western slope of the American Continent” (Stead). In the mid-1870s, the King hired Henry Stanley, who was familiar with many parts of Africa, to help him go about conquering. During the following years Stanley stayed in Africa, talking various tribes into signing over their lands and rights....   [tags: African History Essays]

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The Birth of the Congo as a Free State

- The Birth of the Congo as a Free State In the beginning years of his sovereignty, King Leopold the Second of Belgium began to show an interest in the natural resources of Central Africa, especially the wild rubber that was growing within the heart of the jungle. In the year 1876, he called a conference of humanitarians and travelers together who met at Brussels for the sole purpose of debating various plans of how the “Dark Continent” could be opened up (Doyle). From this conference, the International African Association was formed, which, in spite of its name, was almost entirely a Belgian body, with the Belgian King serving as the President....   [tags: African History Essays]

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Why the Democratic Republic of Congo Is the Poorest Country in the World

- African, the Dark Continent where possesses a large number of natural resources and labors is that always the biggest concern of the world due to its long-term poverty. According to the Borgen Project-a nonprofit organization with the purpose to address hunger and poverty, the first place of the Gross National Income (GNI) was taken by Qatar with about $100,000 GDP per capita (2012). Oppositely, it is no surprise to learn that the Democratic Republic of Congo is the poorest country of the world and stand at the bottom in GNI with just only $370 GDP per capita (2012)....   [tags: wars and corruption, African history]

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Congo: The Novel and the Movie

- Congo: The Novel and the Movie Congo was an astounding bestseller novel. It was a great fictional novel that took place in the depths of the Congo rainforest. The novel was later made into a movie. Both the novel and the movie were good, however, I prefer the novel. It just seemed like a more entertaining piece than the movie. This movie was based much upon the novel, but had many alternatives and a completely different ending than the novel. The first difference between the novel and the movie was the press conference that was held on behalf of Amy the gorilla....   [tags: Art]

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- Desperate Battle Defines Congo's Warlike Peace At the southern extreme of a ragged front line that winds 1,400 miles across Congo lies a ferry, dirty pink and half-submerged in the muddy Luvua River. Facing it on a gravel ramp stand the burned-out husks of 33 military vehicles -- armored personnel carriers, trucks, an ambulance -- waiting in a line that never moved forward. Unopened syringes lie underfoot, amid charred tires and a trampled note that a fleeing Congolese junior officer left behind: "Attaque," reads the neat cursive French....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Conflict, Disarray, and War in Democratic Republic of Congo

- ... The offense of the rebels against minerals and diamonds rich Kasaï became decisive for Kabila’s political survival. A series of rebel advances was the only reason for Kabila and his allies to sign the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement of July 1999, which included the main rebel forces as signatory parties in August 1999. The outcome remained uncertain. The effects that peace and war have in the Democratic Republic of Congo are incredibly huge, as a result of effects war has on some regions of the country....   [tags: rebels, financial, leadership]

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The Democratic Republic of Congo

- The Democratic Republic of Congo Formerly known as Zaire, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DROC) is located in the center of Africa bordered by nine different countries and one territory. (Lerner, 10) The bordering countries are Central African Republic and Sudan at the northern boarder, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Burundi on the eastern boarder, Zambia and Angola directly South of DROC and Congo on the Western boarder. DROC is about one third the size of the United States; consisting of 905,365 square miles of territory it is also the third largest country within the African continent, smaller only to Sudan and Algeria....   [tags: Papers]

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How Society Functions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

- Many used to say that the Democratic Republic of the Congo has the agricultural potential to feed all of Africa. Roughly 80 percent of the total population lives in rural areas and is therefore dependent on agriculture (Kasemunana, 8). In its prime, the agricultural sector supported two-thirds of the Congolese population; however, production has stagnated over the last 40 years, soon after the country’s independence. Agriculture is divided into two basic sectors: subsistence and commercial. In the case of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, subsistence farming dominates the sector, with food crops in tropical areas principally comprising corn, plantains, cassava and rice....   [tags: cultural, family and gender roles, ]

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Marlow Journey in the Congo in Heart of Darkness by Conrad

- ... In order to better understand Marlow’s mental journey and how the challenges in the jungle changed him, it is necessary to inspect the mind through the method of psychoanalysis. There are three different types of psychoanalysis the id, ego, and superego. The id is the set of uncoordinated trends. The ego is realistic and organized, it moderates the id and the super ego. The superego the part of a persons’ personality that represents the conscience. Marlow begins his journey into Africa as a “superego”....   [tags: society, ego, id]

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Radio Broadcast: Congo and Violence, Particularly Women

- Good afternoon listeners, if you have just tuned in this is Global Radio Pub 109.4fm with the latest news regarding our international community. Current time is 2:30PM; current weather is 85 degrees Celsius with scattered thunderstorms. Now, yesterday we obtained an update of the current situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo by Jane Adams. Her charity is hosting a Concert for Congo at the Staples Center with the latest bands and is expected to have the richest and most influential people attending....   [tags: Rape, Human Rights]

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The Slave Trade Negatively Affected The Congo Economically

- The slave trade negatively affected the Congo economically, politically, and socially. The Congo’s economy went into a down fall because the white men took many males from their society. They didn’t just take farmers or low lives they took noblemen also. The noblemen basically circulate the wealth inside the economy, and without them many pockets will be hurt. Politically it made the Congo look weak. The king couldn’t stop foreigners from coming into their country and taking their citizens. The king had to write letters begging to the Portuguese king to lighten up....   [tags: Nazism, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, Slavery]

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MONUSCU, Sexual Violence, and The Democratic Republic of The Congo

- Background on the Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been occurring since August, 1998 in what was originally Zaire. Conflict began over complex political reasons and additionally, conflict over basic resources such as water, as well as minerals. A cease-fire was signed in 2008. However violence in the Eastern Kivu provinces still occurs. The cease-fire has not stopped violence and the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been called, “the rape capital of the world,” by Margot Wallstrom, who is the UN Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict....   [tags: Sexual Crimes, argumentative, persuasive]

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Contemporary Global Issue 3: Food Security in Congo

- Introduction The economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo - a nation endowed with vast potential wealth - has declined drastically since the mid-1980s. Since 1996, the country has been cursed by conflict, which has devastated and destabilized the country and claimed the lives of an estimated 5 million civilians. People continue to live in crisis conditions in many parts of the country. The war, which began in August 1998, dramatically reduced national output and government revenue, increased external debt, and resulted in the deaths of perhaps 3.5 million people from violence, famine, and disease....   [tags: Economics]

Term Papers
2265 words | (6.5 pages) | Preview

Civil War in Congo

- The recent Civil War in Congo has been a bloody flight, causing more then 3.3 million deaths in just 4 short years.1 Various rebel and ethnic groups have have been involved in the violence, fighting over Congo's rich natural resources or engaged in a bitter ethnic war. With so many opposing factions, it has made reaching a solution difficult. While a rough peace treaty has been established, sporadic fighting pops up in the country everyday. The people of Congo are being pushed farther into poverty and starvation can't handle the fighting for very much longer....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Human Security in the UN Mandate for UN Missions

- In this paper I will argue that the inclusion of Human Security in the UN mandate does not necessarily make UN Missions more successful. In order to do this, I have considered two UN Missions in the Congo. I have compared the two interventions that the UN had to make in Congo, first in 1960 when the Human Security framework did not exist and later in the period after 1997-2006 when Human Security became an important consideration. I have also analyzed the role of other states that were involved in the Congo during the two interventions in the context of Realism and assessed if the generalizations contained therein were applicable in this situation....   [tags: Congo, Security]

Research Papers
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Belgian Colonializm in the Congo Free State

- The violent and forced rule of the Congo is a horrific time in African history. The time period beginning with Henry Morton Stanley's first exploration to the Congo, and King Leopold's desire of this area, had been a nightmare for the people of the Congo. The civilizing mission to the Congo not only resulted in the killing of thousands of people but also the destruction of a culture. The two articles, 'Belgian Colonialism in the Congo', and the letter by George Washington Williams, are just two views from this time....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Conrad’s Congo Journey

- Conrad’s Congo Journey Joseph Conrad’s own experiences during his trip through the Congo helped him provide a foundation for the writing of Heart of Darkness. In 1890, Conrad took a job as a captain on the river steamer Kinshasa. Before Conrad took this job, he had worked for the French merchant navy as a way to escape Russian military service and also to escape the emotional troubles that had plagued him. Conrad had been in a financial crisis that was resolved with help from his uncle....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]

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Policy to Address Human Rights Violations in The Democratic Republic of Congo

- Policy to Address Human Rights Violations in The Democratic Republic of Congo Representative of Humans Rights Watch Issue: The failure of the Congolese judicial system to adequately prosecute and hold accountable those who committed genocide, extreme and barbaric human rights violations. Human trafficking, rape, torture, arbitrary detention of innocent civilians and mass killings are just some of the atrocities that have been and are continuing to be committed by the soldiers the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and other militants rebels (, p.1)....   [tags: genocide, barbarism, abuse, warfare]

Research Papers
2398 words | (6.9 pages) | Preview

Democratic Republic of Congo: An Explanation of the Country’s Population Problems

- The Democratic Republic of Congo has been experiencing the same war for over two decades, and there is a strong correlation between the country’s demographic indicator rates and the conflict (World Factbook). Although research has shown that all of the demographic indicator rates are slowly declining, the conflicts inside and bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo are the central causes of the country’s high migration rates, high death rates, high birth and fertility rates, and considerably young population (International Programs)....   [tags: high migration rate, high death rate]

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DR Congo: War Crimes by M23 Rebels and the Congolese Army

- The Democratic Republic of the Congo, or as it has been called by the U.N as “the rape capital of the world” has been having problems since almost 1994. The armed group, M23, has committed dozens of war crimes including rape, citizen executions, and forced recruitment of children. Women, and girls have been left with burned flesh, broken bones, and even missing limbs. Even some perpetrators have even shot and stabbed these women in the vagina with shards of glass, rifles, and other objects. The violence in the DRC is unspeakable, many of the survivors have received devastating damage to their reproductive organs....   [tags: Rape, Violence, Government]

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A Journey from the Congo River to Europe in Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad

- Heart of Darkness is a 146 page, adventure tale novella written by Joseph Conrad. This book can be found in our school library and many other libraries in the area. The novella is about a British sailor named Marlow, who recounts his journey from the Congo River to Europe. On his journey, Marlow meets a man named Kurtz and attempts to bring him back to Europe. Many complications such as attacks from the natives, sickness, and a boat repair set hardships on Marlow’s journey, developing the main character, the theme, and mood of the novella....   [tags: novella, africa, mood]

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Sustainable Future: Gabon, Uganda, Liberia, Mozambique, Democratic Republic of Congo, Niger

- Rankings: Gabon Uganda Liberia Mozambique Democratic Republic of Congo Niger #1. Gabon Gabon is a small country with a small population of 1.5 million. Its population is expected to double in 25 years. It is one of the most urbanized countries in Africa, and as such, also has the highest energy consumption per capita in Africa. The oil resources allow the small population to have a high GNP per capita of $14,500 (much higher than the other 6 countries). In addition to oil, it currently has a profuse amount of hardwood and unexploited deposits of uranium, manganese, and iron ore....   [tags: standard of living anlaysis]

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Health Care Systems in Finland, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Turkey

- To select the countries for this task I searched for different criteria’s for development of nations. For my mind most reliable and suitable I found from United Nations Specialized Agencies, like IMF, World Bank Group and naturally WHO. My selections for this task are in addition to Finland are Democratic Republic of the Congo (later DRC) and Turkey. DRC had the lowest GNI in year 2012 in the world, being 220 USD per capita and in year 2000 it was 90 USD per capita. In 2012 GNI in Turkey was 10 830 USD per capita and Finland 46 940 USD per capita, highest recorded was in Norway 98 860 USD....   [tags: development, culture, public, private]

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Analysis of the Film Ling Leopold´s Ghost

- While viewing the film King Leopold’s Ghost one could not ignore the fact that the filmmakers had a position that was critical to the idea of imperialism in the Congo as well as in the rest of the world. This is an understandable view as the depictions of the horrible atrocities in the Congo were beyond deplorable. The enslavement of the populace is unforgivable and the physical as well as emotional torture imposed on the population was truly disturbing. The film portrays Leopold as ruthless, he is fully aware of the conditions in his colony but the misery of the people has no effect on him....   [tags: imperialism, congo, profit, exploitation]

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Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

- Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has large reserves of cobalt, gold, gems, copper, timber, and uranium. However, the most valuable resource that the DRC possess is its large reserve of diamonds. Diamonds essentially serve as a pillar to the DRC’s struggling economy. Plagued by civil unrest, the DRC is desperately trying to stabilize its economy. Their efforts have been met with stiff resistance due to the ongoing civil war and illegal diamond trade....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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The Cold War and the Ideological Battle

- The Cold War was the clash of cultures between the United States and the Soviet Union that coloured many major geopolitical events in the latter half of the twentieth century. This included decolonization and neocolonialism, especially in African states. Kwame Nkrumah noted that neocolonialism is when an imperialist power claims to give independence, but still influences the new state to meet its own goals. Both the U.S. and the USSR were neocolonialist powers, and a prime example of their desires to mold other states was the Congo Crisis, which acted to make decolonization unappealing to states outside Africa....   [tags: cold war, neocolonialism, congo]

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King Leopold II and the Congo Free State

- King Leopold II of Belgium (1835-1909) was the reigning king of Belgium from 1865 until his death in 1909. He managed the throne after the death of his father, Leopold I. He was born under the original name of Louis Philippe Marie Victor in Brussels. He joined the Belgium armed forces at a relatively early age and, in 1853, he took as his wife the Archduke of Austria’s daughter, Maria Henrietta. He became widely noted as a philanthropist, his work earning him worldwide fame. Upon his death, Leopold’s nephew, Albert I, succeeded him to the throne of Belgium....   [tags: African History Essays]

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Significance of the Congo River in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness

- Significance of the Congo River in Heart of Darkness The Significance of the Congo River For Marlow, the journey on the Congo River is one of the most difficult and ominous journeys he will ever take. The fact that it takes him around and not completely into the jungle is significant of Marlow's psychological journey as well. He never really goes on land but watches the shore from the outside. The only time he goes on shore he finds a wasteland. For Marlow the jungle of the Congo is representative of evil that man is capable of....   [tags: Heart Darkness essays]

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The Importance of Joseph Conrad’s Congo Journey

- It was the year 1868. A young boy of about nine years of age stood looking at a map of Africa. The boy raised up his hand and stuck his finger directly into the middle of the “dark continent.” “When I grow up I shall go there,” said this boy with great enthusiasm (Conrad 13). Little did he know that some years later his childhood wish would come true. Joseph Conrad grew up to become quite the sailor, starting as an apprentice on a French vessel in 1875 and working his way to become a master of English ships from 1878-1889 (Jean-Aubrey 19)....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]

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King Leopold’s Ghost by Adam Hoschild

- In King Leopold’s Ghost, Hoschild shares with his readers the unfamiliar story of King Leopold of Belgium’s exploitation of the Congo and the horrible crimes committed against humanity for economical and political gain. The author’s goal in this book was to bring awareness to what happened at this moment in history. Hoschild shows us that a lot of history as we know it is biased and Eurocentric. Many times history is authored or monitored by those who are in power (politically or economically) and their biases are created out of maliciousness, ignorance or self-preservation....   [tags: horrible crimes, congo]

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1251 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Darkness, Ambiguity, and Destruction in Joseph Conrad´s Heart of Darkness

- Joseph Conrad’s novel, Heart of Darkness, is told in a narrative frame, which is one of the contributions to the complexity of the novel. Conrad employs an unknown narrator who tells the outside picture and Marlo, who tells the inside picture of the novel. Marlow narrates the darkness of the novel as he ventures of into the Congo River as an employee for “The Company” where he collects ivory and meets Kurtz. Upon Marlo’s adventure Conrad employs an extension of incredibly ambiguous, as well as blatantly obvious symbols....   [tags: Congo, symbols, colonization]

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799 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

King Leopold II: The Deadliest Dictator in the History of the World

- King Leopold II used slave labor and torture on Africans in order to get raw materials to shape his fortune. He also killed over 10 million people during the time that he ruled, and is mainly spoken amongst people for his killings and his involvement in the East African slave trade. He is the second King of Belgium, his father being the foremost. Leopold always believed that overseas colonies were the key to success for the Belgian empire. This resulted in the Berlin Conference.This is when it all went bad for the Congo and is the main reason for why Leopold is remembered for being a killer and is compared to Adolf Hitler....   [tags: Founder of the Congo Free State]

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A Brief Look at Patrice Lumumba

- Congo experienced a ruthless colonial history. During the 1880s, King Leopold II of Belgium took privately took control of the territory. After taking over the territory, he ruthlessly revealed Congo’s massive natural resources through strict repressive rule which included common slave labor. Being under great pressure following an international uproar against these rules, Leopold shifted control of the Congo to the Belgian government in the year 1908. Furthermore, a nationalist involvement and growing demands for independence was increasing and because of this Belgium established Congo's independence during the year 1960....   [tags: Republic of Congo, African countries]

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853 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

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