Your search returned over 400 essays for "computational"
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A Mathematical Analysis of Computational Complexity

- \section{Introduction}\label{INTR:sec} In this paper we propose and solve polynomially in time and space a problem that consists on deciding whether, given an array called {\em card} of $\mathbf{n}$ columns and $\mathbf{m}$ lines and whose entries, denoted $ij$, $2\leq i\leq\mathbf{n}$ and $2\leq j\leq\mathbf{m}$, contain a finite set of disjunction of two literals (chosen among a finite set of atoms), then all possible combinations, $\mathbf{n}^{\mathbf{m}}$, of conjunctions over unsatisfiable or no....   [tags: theiretical, computation]

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Human Alienation and Computational Ecopoetics

- ... Poetic expression is way of stepping outside the frame of the technological, of reawakening the momentary wonder of unconcealment. The creative nature of poetic act has the ability to be affected by absent things as if they were present and to affect thoughts and feelings that arise. (Wordsworth and Coleridge 1798) Wordsworth suggests that poetry is “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings,” but also “emotion recollected in tranquillity” leading to the creation of a new emotion in the mind....   [tags: sustainable behavior, natural phenomena]

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The Between Computational Power And Human Cognition

- The age of computing technology has grown exponentially since the creation of the Third Reich’s Telex Messaging system in 1933 to the release of Apple’s first Personal Computer Lisa in 1983, but the age long controversial question that has perplexed the human race over the last 80 years is “Can computers actually think?” The difference between computational power and human cognition are both fields away from each other, but as the turn of the decade comes to a close most of us humans ponder the question of if human understanding can be incorporated into the programming of Artificial Intelligence to create consciousness....   [tags: Artificial intelligence, Computer]

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Computational Thinking Is A Way Of Solving Problems

- Computational thinking is a way of solving problems. Computational thinking is a fundamental part of the way people think and understand the world. Everyone uses computational thinking every day e.g. when you wake up you think of going to the bathroom or to the kitchen. Computational thinking is used to help solve problems, before any problem can be resolved you need to understand it first. Once the problem is understood we develop ways of solving it. There are four corner stones of computational thinking, one is decomposition, two is pattern recognition, three is pattern generalisation & abstraction and fourth is algorithms....   [tags: Problem solving, Computer, Computer programming]

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History Of Programming, Programming And Computational Thinking

- History of Programming There’s a running joke that programmers spend more time automating a task than it takes to actually do the task. This joke has a lot more ground in the history of programming than most people realize. Even before the creation of what computers are currently perceived as, programming and computational thinking were evolving. From punch cards to text documents, computer programming has evolved to make it easier and more user friendly. Throughout computer history, people have been trying to make machines do anything....   [tags: Computer, Programming language, Programmer]

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Computational Hardware: Random Access Memory

- Random access memory is an essential resource required by the computational hardware. As the processor speed has attained GHz clock frequency, memory throughput can be a bottleneck to achieve high performance. DRAM can deliver a reasonable solution for such data storage. Typical computational system consists of multiple hardware modules that perform different operations on the data. These modules attempt to access the data concurrently. This leads to a requisite for a memory controller that arbitrates amid requests queried by different modules and exploits maximum throughput....   [tags: storage, controllers, compiler]

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Computational Complexity and the Origin of Universals

- Computational Complexity and the Origin of Universals ABSTRACT: This paper establishes close relationships between fundamental problems in the philosophical and mathematical theories of mind. It reviews the mathematical concepts of intelligence, including pattern recognition algorithms, neural networks and rule systems. Mathematical difficulties manifest as combinatorial complexity of algorithms are related to the roles of a priori knowledge and adaptive learning, the same issues that have shaped the two-thousand year old debate on the origins of the universal concepts of mind....   [tags: Mathematics Mathematical Philosophy Papers]

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Using Computational Design in Proteins

- Introduction This experiment demonstrated that proteins can successfully be manipulated to perform specific functions. This accomplishment proves to be very important and groundbreaking - especially in the area of biotechnology. The experiment that was carried out was able to turn a previously inactive protein into one with catalytic activity through the manipulation of the amino acids of a binding site. This proves important because catalytic activity can be used to speed up reactions....   [tags: Biology]

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Computational Complexity and Philosophical Dualism

- Computational Complexity and Philosophical Dualism ABSTRACT: I examine some recent controversies involving the possibility of mechanical simulation of mathematical intuition. The first part is concerned with a presentation of the Lucas-Penrose position and recapitulates some basic logical conceptual machinery (Gödel's proof, Hilbert's Tenth Problem and Turing's Halting Problem). The second part is devoted to a presentation of the main outlines of Complexity Theory as well as to the introduction of Bremermann's notion of transcomputability and fundamental limit....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

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Theoretical Study and Computational Modeling

- Theoretical Study and Computational Modeling As the science of theoretical chemistry has matured, its focus has shifted from analytically solvable problems, such as the atomic structure of hydrogen, to more complex problems for which analytical solutions are difficult or impossible to specify. Important questions about the behavior of condensed phases of matter, the electronic structure of heavy atoms and the _in vivo_ conformation of biological macromolecules fall into this class....   [tags: Graduate Admissions Essays]

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Application for Master Degree in Theory and Computational Science

- ... Overall, it was a great learning and challenging experience as it gave me an insight into how the concepts of different branches of engineering culminate to make a robot and required a host of activities including problem solving, research and team-coordination to achieve our goal. In my final year, I did a project named ‘Microcontroller Based Heartbeat Monitor’. The project strengthened my conceptual knowledge in area of programming the 8051 microcontroller to receive data from ECG sensors attached to human body for calculating heart rate with accuracy....   [tags: computing, concept, problems, applications]

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Application Of Computational Methods For Biological Problem Resolution

- The past several years of my life have been dedicated to educational pursuits that will al-low me to reach my personal and professional goals. Originally from China, I first studied abroad at 13 years old as an enrollee in an English-language immersion program in the UK. Although this experience lasted only 3 weeks, I learned a great deal while living with a host family and adjusting to a culture entirely different from my own. I quickly decided I would re-turn to an English-speaking country to attend college....   [tags: Medicine, Health care, University College London]

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Computational Linguistics

- Computational Linguistics Computational linguistics is a discipline between linguistics and computer science which is concerned with the computational aspects of the human language. This area of computer science overlaps with the field of Artificial Intelligence. Basically, computational linguistics is a series of programs that interprets human speech into words and actions. There are a couple of different areas of computational linguistics and those areas are theoretical computational linguistics and applied computational linguistics....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Turing: Concept of Computation

- Turing: Concept of Computation Turing's analysis of the concept of computation is indisputably the foundation of computationalism, which is, in turn, the foundation of cognitive science. What is disputed is whether computationalism is explanatorily bankrupt. For Turing, all computers are digital computers and something becomes a (digital) computer just in case its 'behavior' is interpreted as implementing, executing, or satisfying some (mathematical) function 'f'. As 'computer' names a nonnatural kind, almost everyone agrees that a computational interpretation of this sort is necessary for something to be a computer....   [tags: Computers Computational Systems Papers]

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The Development of Algorithm for Data Stream

- The past decade has seen a lot of research on various time series representations. Various researches have been carried out that focused on representations that are processed in batch mode and visualize each value with almost equal dependability. As the tremendous usage of mobile devices and real time sensors has released the necessity and importance for representations that can simultaneously be updated, and can estimate the time oriented data with reliability and proportional to its time period for extended analysis....   [tags: data, computational resources]

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The Development of Modern Architecture

- With the interaction between the development of computational approaches in architecture and the contemporary forms of spatial design intelligence, some new architectural design theories emerged to make differences between architects and control designing processes. These theories are almost employed in all designing realms, from architecture to urban design to provide fields of ideas and solutions that privilege by complexity. Most of these theories are oriented to relay on understanding and using computational methods to generate exotic and complex geometries....   [tags: Design Theories, Computational Approaches]

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Designing a Random Number Generator

- Designing a Random Number Generator Introduction Random Number Generator is a computational routine or a physical device that produces numbers which don’t have any pattern in them. Although using computational algorithms involves adding pattern to the resulting sequence of numbers. We focussed on generating uniformly distributed random numbers between (0,1) since the same distribution can be used to get numbers from different ranges. We all know that LCG is well known method for giving a sequence of randomized numbers using linear equation but it still has some issues....   [tags: computational routine, physical device]

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The Concept of Molecular Signature

- The concept of molecular signature represents a computational modeling framework that deals with linking high-dimensional molecular information to phenotype or other response variable of interest. Moreover, a molecular signature could be defined as a unique holistic molecular profile of a specific person, an organ or a disease. Molecular signature could be considered as a natural advancement of conventional clinical chemistry/pathology. However, molecular signature differs from conventional clinical chemistry in the data type, where clinical chemistry deals with certain biomarkers in bodily fluids such as urine and blood, molecular signature provides holistic profiles of molecular markers us...   [tags: computational modeling framework]

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The Discovery And Development Of The Pharmacy Program At The University Of Pune

- I always wondered if the greatest minds were born with curiosity or if their inquisitive nature developed over time. As for me, I was born curious. Nature has always fascinated me and my intimate play with it increased as I grew. At an early age of seven my interest in biological processes itself developed, which eventually grew with time into field of drug discovery and development. Even now, as a graduate student, my curiosity drives my desire to contribute to the field of drug discovery and development....   [tags: Chemistry, Molecule, DNA, Computational chemistry]

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Wolfram|Alpha: Computational Knowledge Engine That Benefits Students and Teachers

- Although I currently am not taking any mathematics courses, Wolfram|Alpha certainly has the capacity to be a valuable homework or study tool. In particular, its ability to handle calculus functions such as differential equations and integration, even providing visual representation for graphs and series, would have been an immensely helpful tool when I took AP Calculus in high school. Similarly, the details the engine can provide for chemicals and measurements, such as acceleration, would have been equally helpful for science classes....   [tags: internet, teaching, technology and education, math]

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Architectures for Scalable Quantum Computation

- 1. Introduction A classical computer represents an implementation of a (sub-) Turing machine that is limited by the laws of classical physics. As such, certain computational problems are either extremely difficult to solve or are intractable (w.r.t. resources). In order to tackle these problems, a super-Turing computational model has been devised and named as the quantum computer [1]. Quantum computation is based on the laws of quantum mechanics and can outperform classical computation in terms of complexity....   [tags: Computer Science]

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Examining Cloud Computation Technologies

- Cloud computing involves a lot of concepts and technologies. Companies and corporations such as Amazon, Google and Microsoft are providing services following the logic of computational infrastructure cloud computing, with Amazon the pioneer in providing and marketing infrastructure of this kind. The academic community has also shown interest in cloud computing, and some work has been directed to improvements in aspects of performance, security, usability, implementation and reliability of the system as a whole (Armbrust et al....   [tags: internet, technology, cloud computing]

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Massage Therapy Reduces Anxiety and Enhances EEG Patterns of Alertness and Math Computations

- So many people in the world talk about how beneficial massage can be and that it makes you feel more relaxed. They say that if you receive massage, even just once a month, that it could help you in many different aspects of your life, such as helping depression, lessening anxiety, becoming more relaxed more often, and that it can help you become less stressed in your day to day life. In this research study, the researchers hypothesize that massage would have an effect on anxiety, depression, and alertness....   [tags: Health]

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Computer Programming Languages: Fortran

- Fortran is one of the thousands of different programming languages. A programming language is a set of grammatical rules or guidelines for a compiler to follow. A compiler is a program that converts a programming language into what is called the object code, which is usually binary. Object code is code that the computer or program can understand. Basically, programming languages are for us to be able to create programs and control a computer in a simpler way instead of using what the computer understands, object code....   [tags: machine language, computation ]

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Experimental and Computation Vibration-Rotation Spectroscopy for Carbon Monoxide Through the Use of High-Resolution Infrared (IR) Spectra

- Experimental and Computation Vibration-Rotation Spectroscopy for Carbon Monoxide Through the Use of High-Resolution Infrared (IR) Spectra Introduction: The goal of this experiment is to study the most precise way of measuring molecular bond lengths and introduction to computational software used for studying molecular properties. This is of interest in that the instrument to being used, a Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer, can measure the vibrational and rotational transitions of the fundamental and first overtone of CO....   [tags: Molecular Bond Lab Experiment]

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Transmittance Computation

- Transmittance computation is the most time consuming part of the radiative transfer model. One way to implement it on a GPU is to divide the workload so that each thread computes results for a level. Each CUDA thread would in effect be computing a matrix by vector multiplication between coefficients and predictors. In BLAS terms, it is a batched SGEMV operation. Since there are only 101 levels there would be only 101 threads. Compared to the more than 30,000 active threads available on Tesla C1070 this is extremely low number for a CUDA threading model....   [tags: Information Technology]

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Solving The Arithmetic Computation Problem Solving

- “When students are given opportunities to use multiple approaches to solve problems, they come to recognize that mathematics is more than computation or getting the single right answer - it is a balance of process and product—a combination of good thinking and meaningful answers” (Blair, 2006, pp.23). Problem solving refers to the method wherein students encounter a problem for which they have no immediate obvious solution nor algorithm that they can directly apply to get an answer (Schoenfeld, 1992)....   [tags: Problem solving, Education]

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Gsp Is A Computation Of A State 's Economic Output

- Gross State Product, also known as GSP is a computation of a state’s economic output. It is very similar to Gross National Product but, it is measured for each state instead of the nation as a whole. The current level of GSP in Utah (in chained dollars) is 131,231,000,000 UDS. The one-year change in GSP from 2014 to 2015 is found by subtracting the 2014 GSP from the GSP in 2015, then divided by the GSP of 2014. By doing this, I calculated that the 1-year change is 4,234,000,000 USD or an increase of 3.3%....   [tags: Economics, United States, Unemployment, Utah]

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Basic Knowledge Of Fractions And Consider More Advanced Thinking Algebraic Thinking And Computation

- Introduction Fraction Friction is the title of this series of lesson designed for year seven students. It will build on previous basic knowledge of fractions and consider more advanced thinking including algebraic thinking and computation. Fractions have always represented considerable challenges for students and a lack of understanding is then translated into difficulties with fraction computation, decimals and percentage concepts and the use of fractions in other areas especially algebra. (NMP, 2008) as cited in Van De Walle, Karp & Bay-Williams 2010....   [tags: Education, Educational psychology, Cognition]

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An Inside Look at Superconducting Qubits

- ... JOSEPHSON EFFECT 3 Where IJ : supercurrent, Io : critical current, h 2e φo = Where, φo is the quanta of flux. δ = φL − φR Voltage across the junction, V = φo dδ 2π dt Equation of the circuit, 2π dIJ = Io cos(δ)V dt φ Equations resembles an equation of an inductor, LJ = φo 2πIo cos(δ) cos(δ) represents non linear inductance, larger for δ → π 3π 2 <δ < 2 At zero bias, LJo = φo 2πIo Energy stored in the circuit UJ = = −Io IJ V dt φo cos(δ) 2π π 2 and negative for 4 CHAPTER 1. SUPERCONDUCTING QUBITS Using Josephson junction for qubits: Josephson junctions are non linear and have almost zero dissipation at ultralow temperature thus increas- ing coherence time....   [tags: quantum computation]

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My Current Vision Of My Future Career

- I am applying to the MIT AeroAstro graduate program to gain further insight into the study of computational engineering. In particular, I would like to explore the use of computational methods to design and optimize aerospace and other complex systems. In addition, I am also interested in the methods of improving the mechanical properties of materials through advanced fabrication and experimentation. My current vision of my future career is to become a university faculty member to not only continue innovative research but to also share my knowledge and experiences with future students....   [tags: Graduate school, College, Postgraduate education]

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The Operation of Humans vs. Computers

- The comparison of how humans and computers operate is an integral part of research in Cognitive Psychology. This essay discusses how this comparison allows us to turn ways in which humans and computers are similar into the development of useful computational models. These enhance our understanding of human perception in more detailed and quantitative ways which traditional research would not allow. It contrasts this by describing ways in which humans and computers are different, highlighting how such models may have limited application, and must be kept in perspective....   [tags: Computer Science]

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Computer-Assisted Text Analysis

- Computational approaches are largely used in the variety of text applications such as feature selection and classification tasks because of their efficiency of dealing with huge amount of data. The discussion is concerned, however, with the applications of computational approaches to only literary texts in general and Hardy’s texts in particular. To my knowledge, there is no computer-aided thematic classification of the works of Thomas Hardy. The only study that approached Hardy’s works in terms of clustering techniques is Hoover’s (2002)....   [tags: Text Analysis]

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Networks: An Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Protocol

- An Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol is the most used interior gateway protocol and computation intensive protocol where energy consumption in Internet Protocol (IP) networks is the main concern. The energy in an IP network can be saved by allowing a subset of IP router interfaces on sleep mode setting during the low traffic hours through the model of “move” by dint of an Energy Aware Routing (EAR) strategy, which is completely compatible with OSPF and is based on the “Shortest Path Tree (SPT) exportation” techinque or “Dijkstra's Algorithm”....   [tags: computation, gateway protocol]

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The Brain and Your Nervous System

- P0012A - Intelligent Technology - Computation and the Brain Assignment 04 The nervous system is divided into the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral Nervous system (PNS). The first signs of development are three extensions on front end of the so-called neural tube which develop in the prosencephalon (forebrain), the mesencephalon (midbrain) and the rhombencephalon (hindbrain). Before birth the hindbrain and forebrain divide in each 2 extensions. The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord....   [tags: computation, intelligent technology, development, ]

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Ensuring Data Security Using Homomorphic Encryption in Cloud Computing

- Homomorphic Encryption allows access to highly scalable, inexpensive, on-demand computing resources that can execute the code and store the data that are provided to them. This aspect, known as data outsourced computation is very attractive, as it alleviates most of the burden on IT services from the consumer. Nevertheless, the adoption of data outsourced computation by business has a major obstacle, since the data owner does not want to allow the un trusted cloud provider to have access to the data being outsourced....   [tags: data outsourced computation,IT services,RSA]

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Stylometry: Quantitative Investigation Into the Characteristics of an Author's Style

- Stylometry is a quantitative investigation into the characteristics of an author’s style. Lann (1995) defines the term as a technique “to grasp the often elusive character of an author's style, or at least part of it, by quantifying some of its features” (1995:271). Matthews and Merriam (1993) agree claiming “Stylometry attempts to capture quantitatively the essence of an individual’s use of language” (1993:203). To put it simply, stylometric analysis is an approach to the investigation of characteristics within literary works through numerical quantitative methods....   [tags: Text Analysis]

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Justification Of Vpl And How Does It Match With National Curriculum?

- Assignment 1: 2nd part Justification of VPL and how does it match with National Curriculum. also a short justification of the first part of this assignment: Programming is a core activity of computing because it enables the users to access and release the potential of the computing they are using (CAS). In modern world it is very important to make sure children are getting familiar with coding/programming from an early age. In the old days peoples used to learn programming by memorising the commands and syntax to produce simple programs....   [tags: Computer, Programming language, Problem solving]

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Studying MSC in Speech and Language Processing

- The Capabilities and Limitations of Current Practical Applications of Computational Linguistics Introduction Although the field of Computational Linguistics is relatively new, it contains several sub-areas reflecting practical applications in the field. For example, automatic translation is one of the main components of Computational Linguistics. It can be considered as an independent subject because people who work on this domain are not necessarily experts in the other domains of CL. However, what connects them is the fact that all of these subjects use computers as a tool to deal with human language....   [tags: Language ]

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Designing and Building Large Dams

- Most of the large dams designed with complicated geometry in which physical models have been used extensively. Overflow design guidelines has been used for standard geometries, which are fairly simple. For more complex geometries, physical and numerical models studied here was helpful. The disadvantages with the physical models are high costs and that it can take fairly long time to get the results. In this paper we used a numeric method that is called volume of fluid (VOF) to calculate flow rates on three types of ogee spillways....   [tags: geometry, hydraulics, floods]

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Statment of Intents for MS Program in Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering

- ... This is where I grew to finally understand that mere fascination is not enough. Rather than fascinate me, I must say that my time as a trainee there had humbled me. Computational methods, for the lack of perfect analytical solutions, were the key to designing any engineering product, for which safety and cost effectiveness are critically important. I had become involved, along with other students hailing from different parts of the country, in a mini project that aimed at designing a supersonic nozzle using the method of characteristics....   [tags: goal, education, extra-curriculars ]

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Model-based Reasoning in Model-Checking for the Examination of Software Systems

- Challenging issues in theoretical computer science arise in connection with the problem of detecting undesired behaviours among software potential executions and removing them. Model checking (Baier and Katoen 2008), a leading formal method devoted to this purpose, enables one to examine computational systems by means of a formal model of the system and of an algorithm that searches throughout the model for desired/undesired behaviours. This paper analyses model checking as an instantiation, in the computer science field, of the model-based reasoning approach characterizing the examination of complex empirical systems....   [tags: Computer Science]

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The Perceptual System And Evolutionary Value Of Multimodal Integration

- Bayesian approach to multisensory integration appears to be very credible and well supported that it might seem bizarre that there are alternative accounts attempting to explain the same process. However, when looking back at the purpose of the perceptual system and evolutionary value of multimodal integration, Bayesian account becomes problematic, to say the least. Firstly, as aforementioned, the purpose of the sensory nervous system is to gather information provided by the environment, and the efficiency of this process largely determines the survival of an organism....   [tags: Perception, Sense, Sensory system, Game theory]

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Effect of Finite Terms on the Truncation Error of Mie Series for Modeling Light Scattering

- The finite sum of the squares of the Mie coefficients is very useful for addressing problems of classical light scattering. An approximate formula available in the literature, and still in use today, has been developed to determine a priori the number of the most significant terms needed to evaluate the scattering cross section. Here we obtain an improved formula, which includes the number of terms needed, for the scattering cross section to be determined with an error smaller than the prescribed accuracy....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

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Statement of Purpose: Pursuing a Career in Computer Science

- STATEMENT OF PURPOSE I look forward to a career in committed research where I considered Computational Science program as a novel challenge in my profession. I find this program to be a great course which I believe is an excellent preparation and will give me a good foundation in theoretical and practical aspects to excel in the desired workplace of tomorrow. My decision to continue my education in this field is the outcome of my profound interest in Computational Science. I thoroughly prepared for further studies in the field of Computer Science and I would like to deepen my practical understanding of the course....   [tags: international exposure, future, goals]

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The Theory Of The Mind Test By Alan Turing

- Can Computers think. Will they ever be able to think. I do not really have answers to these questions. In this essay I am not going to be able to tell you the answer, or pick a side myself, because I strongly believe that either side could be right. However, in this essay I will convince you that regardless of computers thinking or not, humans do think and process ideas through the same ways that they do. I will be doing this through the computational theory of the mind test by Alan Turing, and the counter thought-experiment of Turing’s test by John Searle I will be able to show you this fact....   [tags: Artificial intelligence, Computer]

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Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation

- Classrooms where productive discourse is utilized successfully do not just happen, but instead require educators to adequatly and thoroughly prepare. When creating lessons in which discourse is to be utilized Chapin, O’Connor and Anderson(2013) contend that educators must consider the goals of the lesson, anticipate confusion, brainstorm and develop questions to use as part of the facilitation of the discussion, and finally plan the implementaiton of the lesson delivery. In order to develop a lesson in which students will gain understanding of the concept to be taught, educators must have a firm idea of the mathematics that will be the center of the discussion....   [tags: educators, classromms, lessons]

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Mathematics And Computer Science Degree

- Yihao Hu Statement of Background & Goals Emory University Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Degree Objective: Ph.D. in ComputationalMathematics In the realm of mathematics and applied mathematics, I am especially interested in numerical methods for partial differential equations, fluid dynamics, dynamical systems, scientific computing and Optimization. The magic of mathematics that attracts me most is solving the most sophisticated problems in the real world through different applied methods which are based on the rigorous theoretical analysis....   [tags: Mathematics, Applied mathematics]

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A Framework for Parallel Code Execution using Java

- Abstract—Today, the combination of computing power and fast networks provides a workable solution to solve complex problems by using computational clusters. Java is considered one of the most popular languages for writing platform independent applications. There are many High Performance Computing (HPC) frameworks available for writing parallel applications in Java mostly using synchronous mode of communication. This paper presents a new easy-to-use message passing framework. This framework facilitates writing parallel code in Java for hybrid architectures using different standard protocols....   [tags: Information Technology ]

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The Banking Industry in Turkey After the 1980s

- As a conventional result of the economic liberalization in the economy and the banking industry in Turkey after 1980s, the competition in the banking industry increased significantly due to the reasons such as many new domestic and foreign players in the banking industry, release of the fund transfers specifically from international markets, empowering the banks to make transactions in foreign currencies, advances in the technology, and introducing new services by the banks in the industry. Therefore, a bank, operating in the banking industry, can differentiate itself from the other banks only if it can develop new strategies....   [tags: fund transfers, economic liberalization]

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Teaching As A Key Component For Effective Teaching

- Teaching As a key component to effective teaching, the goal should be to create a learning environment that allows students to appreciate learning and be stimulated by it. My aim as a teacher is to help students fully understand the content covered in my classes. I guide them in their efforts to perform analysis and research, as well as to develop engineering solutions through creative thinking. While we may use terms such as experiential learning to describe a more hands approach to facilitating this process, I feel that my thoughts on this can be summed up by the proverb which states, “Tell me and I’ll forget....   [tags: School, Education, Graduate school, Learning]

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Role of Computer in Parametric Design

- With the technological revolution, the telecommunications and information technologies opened the gate to rapid and unprecedented changes on society’s daily life which made computers significantly accepted. In architecture realm, it has become an important instrument in both design process and in the everyday operation of buildings and the city. After all, the current revolution is not just about the computer as a tool, but about its role in architecture design. Nowadays, the world is experiencing variety of new built environment with sophisticated forms as a result of this technological movement....   [tags: Technology, Architecture]

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Overload Management Issues Within Real-Time Databases

- Testing The reason for the selection of this topic is because it falls under the computer science category. We have been studying databases for four years and so the this topic area will be of great use when venturing into the cooperate world. Knowledge gained will assist in tackling real life situations when it comes to real-time database transactions. Diagnosing problems related to the topic area will prove slightly easier. Real-time databases are being utilized within the manufacturing for the benefits associated with the these databases compared to conversional ones....   [tags: manufacturing, transactions, resource]

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Developments in the Study of Cryptography

- ... As one can imagine, such a cipher was easy to break just from analyzing the ciphertext, and thus more complicated ciphers involving mathematical theory were created. However as the advancement of cryptography continued, so did its contrary field of cryptanalysis, the interpretation of protocols. This arrived at the discovery of frequency analysis; the process in which the repetition of certain characters in a language is greater than those of other characters. Thus the frequency of certain meaningless characters in a ciphertext would be higher than those of other ones....   [tags: communication, cipher, computers]

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We Must Keep All Microbes !

- Calling all microbes. With the help of metagenomic, that combines next-generation DNA sequencing and computational biology, we can track the microorganisms in our cities, with important public health implications. Our body and every place we live in are populated with millions of microorganisms, which form a small ecosystem of bacteria, fungi, protists, and viruses. These microbes are for the majority harmless, a few can be beneficial, but others can bring diseases, be treatment-resistant, or even lethal....   [tags: Bacteria, Organism, Microbiology, Microorganism]

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The Chemistry Nobel Prize 2013

- For what work (research) was the prize awarded. Chemistry is one of category of Nobel Prize given to chemists who have dedicated in chemistry science. For a chemist, Nobel Prize is one of most prestigious award. Nobel Prize for chemistry 2013 has been decided, chemistry prize goes to three theoretical chemists who have developed a multiscale computer model to predict complex chemical reaction. For some people, maybe it the Chemistry Nobel Prize 2013 decision was a surprise. The Prize did not go to chemist who had developed new formula of chemistry but the prize went to a group of chemists who had developed a computer program about chemistry....   [tags: Science, Chemistry, Nobel Prize]

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Different Types Of Research Methodologies

- Research Methodologies There are various types of research Methodologies. They can be cataloged as medical, social, computer or life science research. However, for in computers and bioinformatics research methodology, the methods used are computational, computed stimulation, iCloud, omics, and theoretical. Before starting any research, a literature review should be done for example, magazines, books, scholarly/peer reviewed journals, company sales, customer, and employee records, or if in medical field one may need to review, medical, hospital, and clinical records....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Methodology, Data]

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Investing in Cloud Computing Provides Improvement in Productivity

- ... Least packet size consumes least energy. If the size of the data packets increases it will consume more energy. This work suggests that there are several benefits in shifting computing from Mobile to cloud. 1.1 OBJECTIVES The Smartphones opened a new horizon of portability and information assessment. The tablet-phone combo changed how the world perceives cell phones. We saw a significant development in processing capacity and memory in a smart phone, it is still limited by its battery life. Processing speed and storage capacity is inversely proportional to battery life which limits smartphones as a replacement for laptops and tablets....   [tags: energy savings, data packets]

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The Extended Mind Hypothesis

- ... However, the argument goes beyond this as ‘we cannot simply point to the skin/skull boundary as justification.’ (Clark and Chalmers 1998). I shall start by highlighting the fallacy in Clark and Chalmers’ argument, as it is simple and clear. The authors assume that the external objects being coupled with the human mind automatically means that the object becomes part of it. While I may concede that humans and the respective tools used constitute a cognitive system, ‘it does not follow from the fact that one has an “X system” that every component of the system does X’ (Aizawa and Adams 2010) and hence, external objects do not automatically become “the cognitive mind” once they are part of...   [tags: active externalism]

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Components Of Distributed Software Engineering

- Distributed Software Engineering Distributed systems are grouping of computers linked through a network that uses software to coordinate their resources to complete a given task. The majority of computer systems in use today are distributed systems. There are limited uses for a singular software application running on an unconnected individual hardware device. A perfect distributed system would appear to be a single unit. However, this ideal system is not practical in real world application due to many environmental components....   [tags: Client-server, Server, Peer-to-peer, Computer]

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Understanding The Arithmetic Of Arithmetic

- According to Ashlock, not only do students need to understand the computations of arithmetic, but also need to have computational fluency, in other words, conceptual understanding. As stated in the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics: Knowing basic number combinations – the single-digit addition and multiplication pairs and their counterparts for subtraction and division – is essential. Equally essential is computational fluency – having and using efficient and accurate methods for computing....   [tags: Addition, Elementary arithmetic, Numerical digit]

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1314 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Survey of Security Challenges in Grid Environment

- Abstract. Use of grid systems has increased tremendously since their inception in 90’s. With grids, users execute the jobs without knowing which resources will be used to run their jobs. An important aspect of grids is VO (Virtual Organization). VO is a group of individuals, pursuing a common goal but under different administrative domains. Grids share large computational and storage resource that are geographically distributed among a large number of users. This very nature of grids, introduces quite a few security challenges....   [tags: Information Technology ]

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2469 words | (7.1 pages) | Preview

`` Prey `` By Michael Crichton

- K. Eric Drexler is known to be “the founding father of nanotechnology,” and theorized the creation of mechanical nanoscale systems that would revolutionize the world of manufacturing and technology. However, many opponents of his theory feared the implications and applications of such nanotechnology, and therefore began to spread panic through the concept of the menacing “grey goo.” “Prey” by Michael Crichton delves into the concepts Drexler proposed concerning nanorobotics computation and artificial intelligence through an interesting and insightful science fiction novel....   [tags: Artificial intelligence, Computer, Human]

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Why Do People Die Of Cancer?

- The question always comes to my mind; do people die of cancer or for cancer. As it is a very painful journey of an individual’s life. From the childhood one scenario stuck in my mind, the loss of my grandfather to leukemia which ultimately propelled me toward this career. No longer did I just want to sit back; I wanted to be a key part in changing the world and many lives. Now the biggest challenge in cancer research is the drug resistance, I wanted to develop an algorithm which could reveal the answer to what is causing drug resistance within 3-4 month of anti-cancer drug usage....   [tags: Oncology, Cancer, Muhammad Yunus, Research]

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The Magic Of Mathematics And Mathematics

- Yihao Hu Statement of Background & Goals John Hopkins University Department of Applied Mathematics & Statistics Degree Objective: Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics In the realm of mathematics and applied mathematics, I am especially interested in numerical methods for partial differential equations, fluid dynamics, dynamical systems, scientific computing and Optimization. The magic of mathematics that attracts me most is solving the most sophisticated problems in the real world through different applied methods which are based on the rigorous theoretical analysis....   [tags: Mathematics, Applied mathematics]

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Analysis Of ' How Do We Ask The Turtle On Trace Out A Circle?

- Statement of Purpose “How do we ask the turtle to trace out a circle. Remember it only knows how to walk in straight lines and turn around.” Moving around the Logo turtle with his tail as his pen in sixth grade was my first exposure to computer science. I was immediately fascinated by the idea of approximating a smooth circle with a regular polygon of, say, 360 sides. Staring at the “circle” on screen, I could not quite digest the fact that it was something produced in a fundamentally different way compared to the one I could draw with a pair of compasses, though neither of which was ever close to being the perfect, mathematical circle that probably does not exist in the physical world....   [tags: Logic, Reasoning, Computer, Algorithm]

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Ghost-Free High Dynamic Range Imaging Using Histogram Separation and Edge Preserving Denoising

- In this paper, we introduce a ghost free High Dynamic Range imaging algorithm for obtaining ghost-free high dynamic range (HDR) images. The existing multiple image fusion based HDR method work only on condition that there is no camera and object movement when acquiring multiple, differently exposed LDR images. To overcome such an unrealistic condition, the proposed algorithm make three LDR images from a single input image. For this purpose a histogram separation method is proposed in the algorithm for generating three LDR images by stretching each separated histogram....   [tags: HDR, artifact, digital imaging]

Research Papers
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The On The Roots, Jigar, And The Trees

- Statement of Purpose “Get the roots, Jigar, if you want tasty tomatoes feed the roots -- if you want to kill the weeds, take out the roots”, my grandfather said slowly. Growing up, my summer vacations were spent under the hot sun with my grandparents in their backyard garden. It was my job to help them with their yardwork, and at the time, it felt like punishment. Many years ago, my grandparents were framers. They held a modest piece of land in a very fertile region of India; however, my grandfather strongly believed in education and wanted more for my dad and aunt, so he decided to move to the United States....   [tags: College, Graduate school, Postgraduate education]

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Key Frame Extractions and Methodologies

- INTRODUCTION Moving object detection finds lot of application surveillance and traffic monitoring. There are many methods for object detection. Object detection generally involves Key-Frame extraction and Background Subtraction. Key frame extraction summarizes video by eliminating transitional frames, thus reducing computational load. Frame difference, local binary differential, wavelet based and histogram based methods are some of the methodologies used to obtain key frames. KEY FRAME EXTRACTION The frames which contain all the important information of a video shot are called the key frames of that video shot....   [tags: Video, Programming, Frames]

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Encryption - The Art of Hidden Messages

- Introduction Encryption - The Art of Hidden Messages Cipher is used in cryptography for the algorithm purposes. The algorithms include the encryption and the decryption which includes of well defined series of steps that can be followed as a procedure. But sometimes we get the word cipher in a non technical usage which means a code. But this was distinguished from codes when it came to the classical cryptography. To put this information clear, they were used to operate the substitution depending on a large code book that linked characters or figures to a word or phrase....   [tags: Information Technology ]

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2195 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Critical Review On The Knowledge- Based System

- Critical Review The Knowledge- based system is a computer program which is designed around the base of particular knowledge. It is considered a key part of pioneering artificial intelligence attempts to model the human behavior in some situations. The building of this system is going through several stages: specification, implementation, validation, and evaluation. There are many researches regarding implementation stage to provide and determine the most efficient way to build and design the interface system, especially in the knowledge representation phase....   [tags: Logic, Reasoning, Knowledge engineering]

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Analyzing the Writings of Thomas Hardy

- The overall aim of this research study was to establish an objective clustering of Thomas Hardy’s prose fiction texts as a basis for better understanding the associations between the texts, and the development of an objective thematic analysis of Hardy’s corpus that can address the problems of replicability and objectivity in non-computational thematic classification of literary studies. To achieve this, this thesis used vector space clustering based on hierarchical cluster analysis methods. The novels and short stories of Thomas Hardy formed the context of the study....   [tags: Literary Analysis]

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Implementation of Efficient Channel Estimation Method

- Adaptive Filter is a part of Digital signal system which is widely used in the modern communication system. The basic application of adaptive filter such as adaptive noise cancellation, channel equalization, system identification and adaptive beam forming. So its implementation is a great deal and that much important field in digital system world. As we know intersymbol interference (ISI) caused by the multipath in band limit frequency selective time dispersion channel distort the transmitted signal....   [tags: lms algorithm, adaptive filter, digital system]

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1541 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Mind As A Recursive System

- Hand in Hand: Descartes and a Functionalist The mind is a powerful thing, to which is still yet to be fully understood. In similar ways both dualism and functionalism help shed the light on the issue of understanding the view of the mind. The mind being a recursive system is one joint way, but there is a few more that will be explained. Furthermore, I am going to explain why there is not a sustainable difference of that of Descartes Mediations 1 and 2 and that of a functionalist when it comes to viewing the mind....   [tags: Philosophy of mind, Mind, Consciousness, Dualism]

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Technology And Its Impact On Society

- “The world is very different now. For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty, and all forms of human life.” In 1961, John F. Kennedy stated in his inaugural address that with the power of technology, we can elevate living standards or demolish life as we know it. Technology will continue to play a powerful role in today’s society; whether it helps saves lives or causes destruction, there is no doubt that the advancements in technology will continue to change lives....   [tags: Computer, Education, Microprocessor]

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1631 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Chapter 7: Findings and Conclustions

- CHAPTER 7: FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS 7.1. Chapter Introduction This chapter makes some conclusions from this study, which drawn from chapter 1 to chapter 6.This research aims to spread a knowledge on the circumstances of user satisfaction and adoption of a WPS using the TPB framework. The study move toward AP using CI approaches on measuring success in WP to bridge from US using IS theories as an establishing approaches. Since IS study is comprised from many discipline such as marketing, social psychology, economics, computer sciences, and etc., this research proposed operationalized, and empirically examine a comprehensive, frugal model that explains and predicts three dimension of user’s b...   [tags: Chapter Analysis]

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1374 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Bayesian analysis for a class of beta mixe models

- The beta mixed effects model parameters can be estimated from the Bayesian approach. Bayesian inference on beta mixed models is not straightforward because the posterior distribution is not analytically available. Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique is the standard approach to fit these models \citep{zuniga:2013}. In practice, this approach comes with a wide range of problems in terms of convergence and computational time. Moreover, the implementation itself can be problematic, especially for end users who might not be experts in programming....   [tags: statistics, parameters, evaluation]

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535 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

John Searle's Chinese Room Argument

- John Searle's Chinese Room Argument The purpose of this paper is to present John Searle’s Chinese room argument in which it challenges the notions of the computational paradigm, specifically the ability of intentionality. Then I will outline two of the commentaries following, the first by Bruce Bridgeman, which is in opposition to Searle and uses the super robot to exemplify his point. Then I will discuss John Eccles’ response, which entails a general agreement with Searle with a few objections to definitions and comparisons....   [tags: Papers]

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My Plans to Major in Finance

- I am interested in both the Tepper School of Business and the Mellon College of Science. I chose these two schools because I would like to major in either finance or mathematics. Also, I would like to minor in mathematics if I was accepted into the Tepper School of Business. My first choice is the Tepper School of Business because the study of finance seems exciting. I am very interested in familiarizing myself with all the different aspects of the financial world. I would like to understand how other countries deal with matters financially....   [tags: college, ]

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561 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Understanding the Hydrogenation of Graphene

- Since its discovery in 2004 [1], Graphene has attracted a great deal of attention due to its remarkable structural and electronic properties[2]. However, one of its main drawbacks is the lack of a gap in its electronic structure, which can limit its electronic applications. My advisor, Jorge Sofo theorized graphane in 2007[3], which is essentially a 2D hydrocarbon with one hydrogen atom attached to each carbon within the graphene lattice. This opens an insulating gap within the electronic structure, and graphane’s creation was shown to be energetically favorable....   [tags: Research Analysis]

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824 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

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