Your search returned over 400 essays for "computation"
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Architectures for Scalable Quantum Computation

- 1. Introduction A classical computer represents an implementation of a (sub-) Turing machine that is limited by the laws of classical physics. As such, certain computational problems are either extremely difficult to solve or are intractable (w.r.t. resources). In order to tackle these problems, a super-Turing computational model has been devised and named as the quantum computer [1]. Quantum computation is based on the laws of quantum mechanics and can outperform classical computation in terms of complexity....   [tags: Computer Science]

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Turing: Concept of Computation

- Turing: Concept of Computation Turing's analysis of the concept of computation is indisputably the foundation of computationalism, which is, in turn, the foundation of cognitive science. What is disputed is whether computationalism is explanatorily bankrupt. For Turing, all computers are digital computers and something becomes a (digital) computer just in case its 'behavior' is interpreted as implementing, executing, or satisfying some (mathematical) function 'f'. As 'computer' names a nonnatural kind, almost everyone agrees that a computational interpretation of this sort is necessary for something to be a computer....   [tags: Computers Computational Systems Papers]

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Transmittance Computation

- Transmittance computation is the most time consuming part of the radiative transfer model. One way to implement it on a GPU is to divide the workload so that each thread computes results for a level. Each CUDA thread would in effect be computing a matrix by vector multiplication between coefficients and predictors. In BLAS terms, it is a batched SGEMV operation. Since there are only 101 levels there would be only 101 threads. Compared to the more than 30,000 active threads available on Tesla C1070 this is extremely low number for a CUDA threading model....   [tags: Information Technology]

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Solving The Arithmetic Computation Problem Solving

- “When students are given opportunities to use multiple approaches to solve problems, they come to recognize that mathematics is more than computation or getting the single right answer - it is a balance of process and product—a combination of good thinking and meaningful answers” (Blair, 2006, pp.23). Problem solving refers to the method wherein students encounter a problem for which they have no immediate obvious solution nor algorithm that they can directly apply to get an answer (Schoenfeld, 1992)....   [tags: Problem solving, Education]

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A Mathematical Analysis of Computational Complexity

- \section{Introduction}\label{INTR:sec} In this paper we propose and solve polynomially in time and space a problem that consists on deciding whether, given an array called {\em card} of $\mathbf{n}$ columns and $\mathbf{m}$ lines and whose entries, denoted $ij$, $2\leq i\leq\mathbf{n}$ and $2\leq j\leq\mathbf{m}$, contain a finite set of disjunction of two literals (chosen among a finite set of atoms), then all possible combinations, $\mathbf{n}^{\mathbf{m}}$, of conjunctions over unsatisfiable or no....   [tags: theiretical, computation]

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Gsp Is A Computation Of A State 's Economic Output

- Gross State Product, also known as GSP is a computation of a state’s economic output. It is very similar to Gross National Product but, it is measured for each state instead of the nation as a whole. The current level of GSP in Utah (in chained dollars) is 131,231,000,000 UDS. The one-year change in GSP from 2014 to 2015 is found by subtracting the 2014 GSP from the GSP in 2015, then divided by the GSP of 2014. By doing this, I calculated that the 1-year change is 4,234,000,000 USD or an increase of 3.3%....   [tags: Economics, United States, Unemployment, Utah]

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Examining Cloud Computation Technologies

- Cloud computing involves a lot of concepts and technologies. Companies and corporations such as Amazon, Google and Microsoft are providing services following the logic of computational infrastructure cloud computing, with Amazon the pioneer in providing and marketing infrastructure of this kind. The academic community has also shown interest in cloud computing, and some work has been directed to improvements in aspects of performance, security, usability, implementation and reliability of the system as a whole (Armbrust et al....   [tags: internet, technology, cloud computing]

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Basic Knowledge Of Fractions And Consider More Advanced Thinking Algebraic Thinking And Computation

- Introduction Fraction Friction is the title of this series of lesson designed for year seven students. It will build on previous basic knowledge of fractions and consider more advanced thinking including algebraic thinking and computation. Fractions have always represented considerable challenges for students and a lack of understanding is then translated into difficulties with fraction computation, decimals and percentage concepts and the use of fractions in other areas especially algebra. (NMP, 2008) as cited in Van De Walle, Karp & Bay-Williams 2010....   [tags: Education, Educational psychology, Cognition]

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An Inside Look at Superconducting Qubits

- ... JOSEPHSON EFFECT 3 Where IJ : supercurrent, Io : critical current, h 2e φo = Where, φo is the quanta of flux. δ = φL − φR Voltage across the junction, V = φo dδ 2π dt Equation of the circuit, 2π dIJ = Io cos(δ)V dt φ Equations resembles an equation of an inductor, LJ = φo 2πIo cos(δ) cos(δ) represents non linear inductance, larger for δ → π 3π 2 <δ < 2 At zero bias, LJo = φo 2πIo Energy stored in the circuit UJ = = −Io IJ V dt φo cos(δ) 2π π 2 and negative for 4 CHAPTER 1. SUPERCONDUCTING QUBITS Using Josephson junction for qubits: Josephson junctions are non linear and have almost zero dissipation at ultralow temperature thus increas- ing coherence time....   [tags: quantum computation]

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Networks: An Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Protocol

- An Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol is the most used interior gateway protocol and computation intensive protocol where energy consumption in Internet Protocol (IP) networks is the main concern. The energy in an IP network can be saved by allowing a subset of IP router interfaces on sleep mode setting during the low traffic hours through the model of “move” by dint of an Energy Aware Routing (EAR) strategy, which is completely compatible with OSPF and is based on the “Shortest Path Tree (SPT) exportation” techinque or “Dijkstra's Algorithm”....   [tags: computation, gateway protocol]

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The Brain and Your Nervous System

- P0012A - Intelligent Technology - Computation and the Brain Assignment 04 The nervous system is divided into the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral Nervous system (PNS). The first signs of development are three extensions on front end of the so-called neural tube which develop in the prosencephalon (forebrain), the mesencephalon (midbrain) and the rhombencephalon (hindbrain). Before birth the hindbrain and forebrain divide in each 2 extensions. The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord....   [tags: computation, intelligent technology, development, ]

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Computer Programming Languages: Fortran

- Fortran is one of the thousands of different programming languages. A programming language is a set of grammatical rules or guidelines for a compiler to follow. A compiler is a program that converts a programming language into what is called the object code, which is usually binary. Object code is code that the computer or program can understand. Basically, programming languages are for us to be able to create programs and control a computer in a simpler way instead of using what the computer understands, object code....   [tags: machine language, computation ]

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Ensuring Data Security Using Homomorphic Encryption in Cloud Computing

- Homomorphic Encryption allows access to highly scalable, inexpensive, on-demand computing resources that can execute the code and store the data that are provided to them. This aspect, known as data outsourced computation is very attractive, as it alleviates most of the burden on IT services from the consumer. Nevertheless, the adoption of data outsourced computation by business has a major obstacle, since the data owner does not want to allow the un trusted cloud provider to have access to the data being outsourced....   [tags: data outsourced computation,IT services,RSA]

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Experimental and Computation Vibration-Rotation Spectroscopy for Carbon Monoxide Through the Use of High-Resolution Infrared (IR) Spectra

- Experimental and Computation Vibration-Rotation Spectroscopy for Carbon Monoxide Through the Use of High-Resolution Infrared (IR) Spectra Introduction: The goal of this experiment is to study the most precise way of measuring molecular bond lengths and introduction to computational software used for studying molecular properties. This is of interest in that the instrument to being used, a Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer, can measure the vibrational and rotational transitions of the fundamental and first overtone of CO....   [tags: Molecular Bond Lab Experiment]

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Monopolistic Competation

- Introduction Market means an area or arena in which commercial dealings are conducted. *We have mainly five types of market. :- 1 .Perfect competation 2. Monopoly 3. Oligopoly 4. monopolistic competation 5. monopsony My assingment on monopolistic competation . so first we study what is monopolistic competation ?. Monopolistic competation is a market structure in which there are many firms selling differentiated products. according to chamberlin, neither pure competation nor pure monopoly exists in actual life.the actual market situations are composites of both competation and monopoly.the term ‘monopolistic competation’ is composed of two contradictory terms of monopoly and competation....   [tags: Economics, Monopoly, Perfect competition]

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The Lesson Began With Mrs. Hays

- The lesson began with Mrs. Hays putting on a song about counting. For this song, students stood up and sang along with the song by counting. They started by counting by 1 's then moved to 2 's, 5s, and 10s. When the song was finished, she asked them to sit down and take a deep breath in and a deep breath out. She then activated prior knowledge of 10 's partners on the board. She wrote the 10 's partners on the chart and asked students to identify which of the numbers was in the ones place and which numbers were in the tens place....   [tags: Mathematics, Number, Symbolic computation]

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Technology : The Forefront Of Improvement

- The Forefront of Improvement Did your phone just ring. Or was that your computer notifying you of a new email. Since the Digital Revolution and the addition of digital electronics like the personal computer, software-based technology has always been an essential aspect of our lives. Something that would have taken up an entire classroom can now fit within the grasp of your hands thanks to the efforts of various computer scientists and engineers, making our lives much easier. My passion for both software and hardware behind it stems from having been fortunate enough to be introduced to it at a young age....   [tags: Computer, Software engineering, Computation]

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Computer Science Field And Computer Engineering

- Did your phone just ring. Or was that your computer notifying you of a new email. Since the Digital Revolution and the addition of digital electronics like the personal computer, software-based technology has always been an essential aspect of our lives. Something that would have taken up an entire classroom can now fit within the grasp of your hands thanks to the efforts of various computer scientists and engineers, making our lives much easier. My passion for both software and hardware behind it stems from having been fortunate enough to be introduced to it at a young age....   [tags: Computer, Software engineering, Computation]

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Massage Therapy Reduces Anxiety and Enhances EEG Patterns of Alertness and Math Computations

- So many people in the world talk about how beneficial massage can be and that it makes you feel more relaxed. They say that if you receive massage, even just once a month, that it could help you in many different aspects of your life, such as helping depression, lessening anxiety, becoming more relaxed more often, and that it can help you become less stressed in your day to day life. In this research study, the researchers hypothesize that massage would have an effect on anxiety, depression, and alertness....   [tags: Health]

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Human Alienation and Computational Ecopoetics

- ... Poetic expression is way of stepping outside the frame of the technological, of reawakening the momentary wonder of unconcealment. The creative nature of poetic act has the ability to be affected by absent things as if they were present and to affect thoughts and feelings that arise. (Wordsworth and Coleridge 1798) Wordsworth suggests that poetry is “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings,” but also “emotion recollected in tranquillity” leading to the creation of a new emotion in the mind....   [tags: sustainable behavior, natural phenomena]

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Application for Master Degree in Theory and Computational Science

- ... Overall, it was a great learning and challenging experience as it gave me an insight into how the concepts of different branches of engineering culminate to make a robot and required a host of activities including problem solving, research and team-coordination to achieve our goal. In my final year, I did a project named ‘Microcontroller Based Heartbeat Monitor’. The project strengthened my conceptual knowledge in area of programming the 8051 microcontroller to receive data from ECG sensors attached to human body for calculating heart rate with accuracy....   [tags: computing, concept, problems, applications]

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Computational Linguistics

- Computational Linguistics Computational linguistics is a discipline between linguistics and computer science which is concerned with the computational aspects of the human language. This area of computer science overlaps with the field of Artificial Intelligence. Basically, computational linguistics is a series of programs that interprets human speech into words and actions. There are a couple of different areas of computational linguistics and those areas are theoretical computational linguistics and applied computational linguistics....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Perfect Competition And Monopolistic Competition

- Can you imagine the world with a limited amount of choices when it comes to purchasing different products and services. How does perfect competition and monopolistic competition differ and effect our buying power. As stated by Investopedia (2016), “Perfect competition is the opposite of a monopoly, in which only a single firm supplies a particular good or service, and that firm can charge whatever price it wants because consumers have no alternatives and it is difficult for would-be competitors to enter the marketplace (para 1)”....   [tags: Perfect competition, Monopoly, Smartphone]

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The Development of Modern Architecture

- With the interaction between the development of computational approaches in architecture and the contemporary forms of spatial design intelligence, some new architectural design theories emerged to make differences between architects and control designing processes. These theories are almost employed in all designing realms, from architecture to urban design to provide fields of ideas and solutions that privilege by complexity. Most of these theories are oriented to relay on understanding and using computational methods to generate exotic and complex geometries....   [tags: Design Theories, Computational Approaches]

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Benefits Of Having Monopolistic Competition

- In the marketplace, consumers will have more purchasing power in a monosomy market than a monopoly where the sole producer has the power. Monopolies form in several situations, typically through entry barriers or government regulation. The government can relegate a new monopoly in a market that is owned by the government. If one where to think of an example of a government-owned monopoly in Ontario, the first thing that may come to mind for university students would be the LCBO. For those students who have every traveled to any other province, they would find many sellers in the liquor market....   [tags: Monopoly, Competition, Perfect competition]

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Does Competition Benefit in Business?

- Does Competition Benefit in Business. Do businesses want to grow and advance, or remain at a standstill with production. Most say they want to grow and advance. This topic is important in the business standpoint. Shall business managers promote competition or not. “Smart business professionals use competition to their advantage” (Pearson 1). Businesses who use competition notice the positive effects later down the road. Seeking to thrive and grow, businesses need to promote competition and compete against the other firms in their business....   [tags: Business, Competition]

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The Cons of Unhealthy Competition

- We are all born with a competitive nature. Our competitive nature drives us to want to be fierce competitors. We compete for resources in the forms of food, jobs, shelter and finding a mate to have the dominant bloodline survive. Sometimes we compete without even knowing it. This is how we grew up, competing for food at the dinner table, siblings competing for parent’s love and attention. As kids we take this competitive nature to school and compete for the best grades, teacher’s attention or sometimes we act out or we become the class clown....   [tags: Competition Essays]

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The Benefits And Costs Of Perfect Competition And Monopoly

- 1) To me, market competition is the act of various different providers of goods and services trying to accomplish their goals. These goals can be to increase market share, profits, revenue etc…. I would say that street food hot dogs I recently bought in New York are a good example of perfect competition. The food is all priced relatively cheap, since they are price takers, the food is almost the same, buyers know what the price should be and the available substitutes, and there are very low barriers to entry/exit....   [tags: Monopoly, Competition, Perfect competition]

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Competition Is An Integral Facet Of Economics

- Political Economy Essay Question 3 What is meant by ‘competition’ in the economy. Is it always desirable. Competition is an integral facet of economics, the question of its desirability to promote growth and innovation is a topic of contention between economists. The term competition is defined by the Business Dictionary as “Rivalry in which every seller tries to get what other sellers are seeking at the same time: sales, profit, and market share by offering the best practicable combination of price, quality, and service....   [tags: Economics, Perfect competition, Monopoly]

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Bad Competition : How Advisable Is It?

- Bad Mouthing The Competition - How Advisable Is It. By Michael Griffiths Dec 18, 2012 What exactly does bad mouthing mean. Simple - it entails putting your enemies or competition down, in order to make yourself appear as the better choice - whether in friendship, or in business. It includes tactics which are below the belt, usually resulting from bad and unverified rumors, or the complete fabrication of lies. Some people go through the extent of researching on their victims, in order to avoid legal persecution....   [tags: Competition, Competitor analysis]

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The Conditions Of Perfect Competition

- Part (A) (1) The conditions of perfect competition are: 1. There must be many firms in the market, and each of them is small in terms of sales comparing to the total market. Thus, firms are price-takers because they cannot affect the market price. 2. All firms in the market produce non-differentiated or homogeneous products. 3. In perfectly competitive market should not be restricted so any firm will be able to enter and exit the market easily without preventing barriers. (2) In the perfectly competitive market, the short-run industry supply is always upward-sloping and the supply prices along the industry supply curve give the marginal costs of production for every firm contributing t...   [tags: Economics, Microeconomics, Perfect competition]

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Challenges Faced By Australian Competition And Consumer Act

- In Australian competition law, collusive conduct such as price signalling and other anti-competitive information disclosure is considered under the cartel provisions and under section 45 of the CCA. Section 45 prohibits competitors from making or giving effect to a contract, arrangement or understanding (or a provision of a contract, arrangement or understanding) if it has the purpose, or is likely to have the effect, of substantially lessening competition. In addition, price signalling laws were introduced by the Competition and Consumer Amendment Act (No 1) 2011 (Cth) imposing a prohibition against private disclosure of pricing information and commercial strategy....   [tags: Competition, Competition law, Cartel]

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The Facinating Competetion of Dragon Boat Racing

- ... It’s an amazing sight to see, and even more experience. Now let’s go back a little about some history of the two sports. It is believed that dragon boating originated along the Yangtze River of the southern region of China 2,500 years ago. There are various accounts as to the history of the sport but no reliable sources can be found. Although the main underlying theme of the history comes back to the sacrificial nature of the culture to the dragon deity to either provide agricultural prosperity or justice....   [tags: team, sport, rowing]

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Competition Between Co Workers And The Workplace

- Group Competition According to Trikha (2012), “A little friendly competition with your co-workers can be the source of motivation as well as a natural impulse that you need to achieve great heights” (Competition among Co-Workers, par. 1). Competition in the workplace using work teams can ignite motivation to increase performance and productivity among employees. If the end goal is to outperform another coworker, you 'll likely get more done compared to the absence of competition at all. Earning acknowledged success can feel self- certifying....   [tags: Employment, Motivation, Competition, Productivity]

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Pure Competition, Oligopoly, Monopoly, And Monopoly

- “Once again, stock markets have been threatened with extinction for almost 75 years, and I have found that stock markets are harder to kill than roaches”. Arthur Levitt. The irony of that sentence, my friend and I just purchased a combat spray to get rid of roaches at his house (lol). As a child growing my mentor used to always mention this proverb to me “where there 's a will, there 's a way”. Meaning, if you truly want to do something, you will find a way to do it, in spite of obstacles. "Righty tighty lefty loosy!" with that being said, anything that has a strength also have a weakness that comes along with it....   [tags: Monopoly, Perfect competition, Oligopoly]

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Competition and Innovation in the Video Gaming Industry

- 3) Based on your reading of Malerba, F. 2007. “Innovation and the dynamics and evolution of industries: Progress and challenges” International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 675-¬‐699, choose an industry and describe how its structure and current state of emergence affect competition and innovation. Video games have had high demand over the past decade. Many titles such Call Of Duty and Grand Theft Auto make billions of dollars in profits. (1) What began as a small market in the late 1970’s has grown drastically over the years....   [tags: Competition and Innovation Essays]

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Samsung : Facing The Competition Increasing Of China

- Summary: (25pts) Samsung is facing the competition increasing in China. On 10/23, the report of operating profit in this year has fallen about 60% that compare a year earlier. Since many people in Asia area are feeling the price of Samsung 's device is too high. For example, Galaxy S3 phone, the used to most successful product in China cost $573. But the new domestic brand- XIAOMI just cost $372 that almost is the same quality as Galaxy S3. Although, Samsung is still the No. 1 Smartphone maker around the world, it seems has lost market shares in recent quarters in the Asia....   [tags: Marketing, Profit, Profit, Competition]

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Competition For Never Fear Being Different

- Competition for Never Fear Being Different is seen from two ways; Social media competition and Speaking appearance competition. From a social media standpoint, NFBD is in competition with many accounts who post motivational or inspiring pieces of content. Although they admire others trying to inspire people, NFBD wants to be known as THE account to go to for positive and inspiring posts. In terms of speaking appearances, it 's the same thing since they want others to inspire each other but they would like to be the leader in that movement....   [tags: Sales, Marketing, Security clearance, Competition]

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Competition Bikes, Inc. (CBI) Financial Analysis

- Competition Bikes has been in talks of expanding into Canada by opening a new location in Toronto. As a further development, Canadian Bikes contacted Competition Bikes in talks of a possible acquisition or merger. This analysis and report discusses the options that Competition Bikes has for expansion and suggested actions based on their financial state and capital structure (how a badness funds and finances assets). Capital exists in two main forms: debt and equity. The capital structure typically combines a blend of common and preferred stock and debt that a company can use to grow and expand while remaining financially stable....   [tags: Competition Bike Analysis]

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Competition in Pharmaceuticals

- For the threat of substitute products, it is still very low due to the patents protection but in case of the expired patents, it is medium. A pharmaceutical company has lots of way to fight back against generic drugs such as obtaining patents on component chemicals, manufacturing methods, product extension/formula modifications or improving drug-delivery methods. Rivalry among existing firms is medium. Each pharmaceutical company has to fight in order to take an advantage of the first one who obtains patents....   [tags: Phamaceutical Company Competition Analysis]

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Competition Between Boeing And Airbus

- 1. Introduction In the Aviation Industry, there have always been various airframe producers which where competing against each other. Throughout the years, two of them gained the majority of the market share. These two companies are Boeing and Airbus. The American company Boeing has been the market leader for a very long period of time, until Airbus outrunned them for the first time in 2002. The following paper deals with the History and the development of the competition between the two companies....   [tags: Aviation Industry Competition]

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Desire for Competition in Coriolanus by Shakespeare and The Most Dangerous Game by Richard Connells

- ... These ideas are Zaroff’s incentive for the need to hunt Rainsford and any other human that trespasses on his island. The idea of war and competition as justification for murder is also prevalent in Coriolanus. The death of Coriolanus along with many other soldiers was due to their battles, and need for competition. Aufidius desire to compete with Coriolanus is based on his background for combat and conflict, which in turn instigates inspiration to seek revenge towards Coriolanus after losing battle to him several times....   [tags: competition, jealousy, motivation]

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The Between Computational Power And Human Cognition

- The age of computing technology has grown exponentially since the creation of the Third Reich’s Telex Messaging system in 1933 to the release of Apple’s first Personal Computer Lisa in 1983, but the age long controversial question that has perplexed the human race over the last 80 years is “Can computers actually think?” The difference between computational power and human cognition are both fields away from each other, but as the turn of the decade comes to a close most of us humans ponder the question of if human understanding can be incorporated into the programming of Artificial Intelligence to create consciousness....   [tags: Artificial intelligence, Computer]

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Computational Thinking Is A Way Of Solving Problems

- Computational thinking is a way of solving problems. Computational thinking is a fundamental part of the way people think and understand the world. Everyone uses computational thinking every day e.g. when you wake up you think of going to the bathroom or to the kitchen. Computational thinking is used to help solve problems, before any problem can be resolved you need to understand it first. Once the problem is understood we develop ways of solving it. There are four corner stones of computational thinking, one is decomposition, two is pattern recognition, three is pattern generalisation & abstraction and fourth is algorithms....   [tags: Problem solving, Computer, Computer programming]

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History Of Programming, Programming And Computational Thinking

- History of Programming There’s a running joke that programmers spend more time automating a task than it takes to actually do the task. This joke has a lot more ground in the history of programming than most people realize. Even before the creation of what computers are currently perceived as, programming and computational thinking were evolving. From punch cards to text documents, computer programming has evolved to make it easier and more user friendly. Throughout computer history, people have been trying to make machines do anything....   [tags: Computer, Programming language, Programmer]

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Computational Hardware: Random Access Memory

- Random access memory is an essential resource required by the computational hardware. As the processor speed has attained GHz clock frequency, memory throughput can be a bottleneck to achieve high performance. DRAM can deliver a reasonable solution for such data storage. Typical computational system consists of multiple hardware modules that perform different operations on the data. These modules attempt to access the data concurrently. This leads to a requisite for a memory controller that arbitrates amid requests queried by different modules and exploits maximum throughput....   [tags: storage, controllers, compiler]

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UK Competition Policy

- UK Competition Policy UK Competition Policy can be broadly defined as "a means by which governments hope to improve the competitive environment in which firms operate, in order to enhance the overall performance of the economy."(Lees and Lam, 2001) Competition law is enforced by the Office of Fair Trading. Their aim is to make the market place fair, by eliminating any unfair practices. Under the title of Competition Policy, a number of factors are taken into account. Competition Law is used to impose certain regulations on companies....   [tags: Business Competition Economics]

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Computational Complexity and the Origin of Universals

- Computational Complexity and the Origin of Universals ABSTRACT: This paper establishes close relationships between fundamental problems in the philosophical and mathematical theories of mind. It reviews the mathematical concepts of intelligence, including pattern recognition algorithms, neural networks and rule systems. Mathematical difficulties manifest as combinatorial complexity of algorithms are related to the roles of a priori knowledge and adaptive learning, the same issues that have shaped the two-thousand year old debate on the origins of the universal concepts of mind....   [tags: Mathematics Mathematical Philosophy Papers]

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Competition Leads To A More Efficient Use Of Resources

- Competition Leads to a More Efficient Use of Resources The word “efficiency”, in economists’ dictionary, is often interpreted into the degree of an economy allocates scarce resources to meet the needs and wants of consumers. As we can see that a free market economy is the one in which resources are allocated based on the principle of self-interests. Where there are profits, there are firms, and where there are firms to produce identical goods and services, inevitably, there is competition. The degree of competition determines the market structure which is the main determinant of the behaviour or conduct of firms....   [tags: Economics Perfect Competition ]

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Using Computational Design in Proteins

- Introduction This experiment demonstrated that proteins can successfully be manipulated to perform specific functions. This accomplishment proves to be very important and groundbreaking - especially in the area of biotechnology. The experiment that was carried out was able to turn a previously inactive protein into one with catalytic activity through the manipulation of the amino acids of a binding site. This proves important because catalytic activity can be used to speed up reactions....   [tags: Biology]

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Computational Complexity and Philosophical Dualism

- Computational Complexity and Philosophical Dualism ABSTRACT: I examine some recent controversies involving the possibility of mechanical simulation of mathematical intuition. The first part is concerned with a presentation of the Lucas-Penrose position and recapitulates some basic logical conceptual machinery (Gödel's proof, Hilbert's Tenth Problem and Turing's Halting Problem). The second part is devoted to a presentation of the main outlines of Complexity Theory as well as to the introduction of Bremermann's notion of transcomputability and fundamental limit....   [tags: Dualism Essays]

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Theoretical Study and Computational Modeling

- Theoretical Study and Computational Modeling As the science of theoretical chemistry has matured, its focus has shifted from analytically solvable problems, such as the atomic structure of hydrogen, to more complex problems for which analytical solutions are difficult or impossible to specify. Important questions about the behavior of condensed phases of matter, the electronic structure of heavy atoms and the _in vivo_ conformation of biological macromolecules fall into this class....   [tags: Graduate Admissions Essays]

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No Security Prison Is A Compilation Of Detailed Observations Into The American Penal System

- Lorna A. Rhodes’ Total Confinement Madness and Reason in the Maximum Security prison is a compilation of detailed observations and insights into the American penal system. This book is unique as is a rare firsthand account of what it is like inside a maximum security prison as covers the various stories told by those who work there and by those who live there like James B. Jacobs in his book Stateville: The Penitentiary in Mass Society as he also analyzes and critiques the prison system and its functions....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Punishment, Corrections]

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1291 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Application Of Computational Methods For Biological Problem Resolution

- The past several years of my life have been dedicated to educational pursuits that will al-low me to reach my personal and professional goals. Originally from China, I first studied abroad at 13 years old as an enrollee in an English-language immersion program in the UK. Although this experience lasted only 3 weeks, I learned a great deal while living with a host family and adjusting to a culture entirely different from my own. I quickly decided I would re-turn to an English-speaking country to attend college....   [tags: Medicine, Health care, University College London]

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Is Competition Good or Not?

- There are competitions all over the world. Everywhere we go, people are competing against one another. Does competition bring happiness to us or does it bring sadness. According to Theodor Isaac Rubin from “Competition and Happiness,” competition brings out the worst of people. Rubin stated that competition was passed on to us through training and generations. Rubin believes that it creates a stressful and paranoia atmosphere that is contrasting to our peace of mind. To support his argument, Rubin told us about the time when he was in medical school, where it wasn’t competitive, and the atmosphere was compassionate rather than stressful and isolated....   [tags: Selfish, Jealousy, Aggressive]

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808 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

The Curse of Competition

- Imagine a world without competition, no winners or losers. Would anyone be motivated to work. To some, this sounds ideal, but competition is an essential component to any social structure. When we talk about sports, academics, or the business world, competition is the driving force that keeps us functioning at our best. Competition, in healthy amounts, is known to have several positive effects on children. Competition allows children to learn about their abilities and limitations, set goals, handle loss, and how to work with others....   [tags: behavioral/psycological analysis]

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1536 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Who Is The Competition?

- Who is their competition. For Red Bull, competition in the energy drink industry is minimal. Red Bull competes with brands such as Monster, Rockstar, NOS and Amp. Where does your company rank against the competition. Among these brands, Red bull comes out to be the industry leader, with a market share of 43%. (Time 2015) Following behind the popular brand, is Monster, which is Red Bull’s largest competitor. This brand, who now has a long term partnership with Coca-Cola, (Time 2014) has a 39% market share (Time 2015) Other less popular brands fall in with lesser market share success....   [tags: Energy drink, Marketing, Red Bull, Advertising]

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1072 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Competition in the Workplace

- In today's world the competition in the workplace is as fierce as it has ever been; people need all as many qualifications as possible. There are some qualifications however some cannot qualify for, no matter how qualified a person seems. Looks are becoming a big part of the hiring process for employers and businesses these days and not everyone is blessed with this qualification. Business does this in order to project the brand in the way the company envisioned it. It the business world it is all about the profit and the well being of the business and business will do what it takes to accomplish these goals....   [tags: employers, marketing, company]

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625 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

The Evolution and Applications of Quantum Computers

- Sophistication has advanced as people learnt new ways of developing various physical resources such as materials, forces and energies. The history of computer technology has involved an order of changes of physical understanding, from gears and relays to valves to transistors and integrated circuits and so on. Today's advanced lithographic methods can squeeze portion of micron wide logic gates and buses onto the surface of silicon chips. Soon they will carry even smaller parts and eventually get to a point where logic gates are so minute that they are built out of a handful of atoms....   [tags: Technology ]

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Chanel And L'Oreal Competition

- The second direct competitor to Chanel is L'Oréal, the world's largest manufacturer of high-quality cosmetics, perfumes, and hair and skin care products. Although L'Oreal the company doesn't manufacture a perfume it owns the brand Lancôme that produces Tresor a perfume that rivals Chanel. In the chart below, it lists the US female fragrances brand share by value from the 2002 Tablebase data. The chart shows how the Lancôme perfume Tresor, Estee Lauder and Chanel are in relation to each other. Manufacturer Brand % 1996 % 1997 Estee Lauder Pleasures 5.8 5.9 Estee Lauder Tommy...   [tags: Marketing Market Competition Perfume Cosmetics]

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1451 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Investing in Cloud Computing Provides Improvement in Productivity

- ... Least packet size consumes least energy. If the size of the data packets increases it will consume more energy. This work suggests that there are several benefits in shifting computing from Mobile to cloud. 1.1 OBJECTIVES The Smartphones opened a new horizon of portability and information assessment. The tablet-phone combo changed how the world perceives cell phones. We saw a significant development in processing capacity and memory in a smart phone, it is still limited by its battery life. Processing speed and storage capacity is inversely proportional to battery life which limits smartphones as a replacement for laptops and tablets....   [tags: energy savings, data packets]

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606 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Constant Coefficients Linear Prediction for Lossless Compression of Ultraspectral Sounder Data using a Graphics Processing Unit

- The amount of data generated by ultraspectral sounders is so large that considerable savings in data storage and transmission bandwidth can be achieved using data compression. Due to the large amount of data, the data compression time is of importance. Increasing programmability of commodity Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) allows their usage as General Purpose computation on Graphical Processing Units (GPGPU). GPUs offer potential for considerable increase in computation speed in applications that are data parallel....   [tags: Information Technology]

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696 words | (2 pages) | Preview

The Effects of Cooperation and Competition on Motivation

- Research Article Summary A research article on The Effects of Cooperation and Competition on Intrinsic Motivation (Tauer & Harackiewicz, 2004) examined the effects of cooperation and competition on participants in a sports setting and performed multiple studies to evaluate the relationship between the two. They found that both cooperation and competition had a positive influence on intrinsic motivation and performance through four experiments that tested the effects of pure cooperation, pure competition, and intergroup competition on intrinsic motivation and performance (Tauer & Harackiewicz, 2004)....   [tags: enjoyment of activities, psychology]

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1555 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Approaches to Writing History

- The claim is true but it has its exceptions,since both areas of knowledge contribute to understand the past in order to create the future ; evidence is the essence of both fields. History has clearly developed into an area of monumental importance. History is merely a compilation of evidence left. Historians beat history into something acceptable from mainstream values. This degradation of knowledge is also apparent in both human and natural sciences. This quote is examined and it is evident that both history and science change, first distorting the facts in order to shape it into the conventional opinion, and slowly change as society is changing....   [tags: compilation of views and evidence]

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1138 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Development of Algorithm for Data Stream

- The past decade has seen a lot of research on various time series representations. Various researches have been carried out that focused on representations that are processed in batch mode and visualize each value with almost equal dependability. As the tremendous usage of mobile devices and real time sensors has released the necessity and importance for representations that can simultaneously be updated, and can estimate the time oriented data with reliability and proportional to its time period for extended analysis....   [tags: data, computational resources]

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939 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The Negative Aspects of Competition Today

- The Negative Aspects of Competition Today Competition should not be enforced because it makes people feel too much stress and like winning is all that matters, makes the event too intense and no fun, and It makes people feel less skilled and lowers self-esteem. Competition does nothing but bring down a person and cause way too many problems in life. Winning and berating someone else is not all that matters and having fun in the event is. Competition should not be enforced because it makes people feel too stressed and feel like winning is all that matters....   [tags: anxiety, human nature, self-esteem]

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895 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

The School Choice : Inequality And Competition

- Inequality and Competition In the 1990’s the school choice movement gained momentum through John E. Chubb and Terry M. Moe’s bold assumption that “school choice would make it possible to break the iron grip of the adult interest group, unleash the positive power of competition, and achieve academic excellence” (Ravitch 118). Many advocates for school choice share a similar belief in the positive effect school choice and competition create in schools. When comparing the statistics to this notion, however, one finds an opposite conclusion than the one proposed....   [tags: Supply and demand, Consumer theory, Demand curve]

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1113 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Role of Competition and Predation in Ecology

- Competition and predation are two key factors that affect the stability of an ecosystem, such as a lake. There are three theories on the affects of competition. Competition may lead to competitive exclusion, stable coexistence, or niche differentiation. It has been shown that in marine environments, species are strong competitors for both light and nutrients and thus competition leads only to competitive exclusion (Passarge et al. 2006). The competitive exclusion principle states that if two species compete for the same resource in the same location, then one of those species will go extinct because one species will be the better competitor (Jenson 2010)....   [tags: ecology]

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The Effect of Competition Law on Mergers

- Be it Vodafone’s purchase of Hutchison Essar or Aditya Birla’s takeover of Novellis, NTT Tata Docomo or Reliance MTN, mergers in India and by Indian companies have increased and become more significant than ever before. The significance of mergers has led to greater legal control over them. One of the most significant developments in this respect has been effect of Competition law on mergers. Technically, Merger is the amalgamation of two or more business or companies for increasing ambit of provision of services and efficient functioning....   [tags: business, companies, evaluation]

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867 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Competition Is Not Good For People

- Ancient China has a number of sayings about competition, such as, “seeking great honor results in no honor at all”. Theodore Isaac Rubin, a writer of both fiction and nonfiction, explains in his essay, “Competition and Happiness” competition seldom brings out the best and often brings out the worst in people. He argues that competition is a form of projection in which the development of self is abandoned to beat the next fellow. Rubin believes that, “competition is a residual of a primitive past, and it is not a genetic residual” (312)....   [tags: argumentative essay]

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1434 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

The Unhealthy Focus on Competition in Universities

- ... Our culture has emplaced this delicate system in which most must fail so that others can succeed. Every facet of our life revolves around our seemingly insatiable appetite for competition. We teach our children (as we were convinced long ago) that their peers are not resources and friends to learn from, but enemies to overcome, to beat. We grow up, convinced that self worth is dependent on our record of triumphs. We apply to colleges, happy when our top choice school accepts us but elated when the same isn’t true for our neighbors....   [tags: grades, education, cooperation]

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1134 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Market Competition Of Unilever And Gamble

- The existing and potential market competition would be companies such as Unilever, who make such soaps as Dove and Axe. Another company that would be competition is Proctor and Gamble, who make such soaps as Olay and Old Spice. Other big name competitors include L’Oreeal and Johnson and Johnson. However, these well-known companies would not be my only competition. Other people who make handcrafted soap as a hobby, or who try to sell it from their homes would be considered competition as well. Unilever has been around since the 1890s....   [tags: Procter & Gamble, Marketing]

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1480 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Rights And Funding Of Political Competition

- The Rights and Funding of Political Competition The freedom of speech greatly impacts political competition. The first amendment is the foundation in the country 's legal documents to protect the rights of speech to the politicians so that they can campaign freely. Freedom of speech applies to the politicians who are running for office and the media that covers the campaign trails of the politicians. The range of that freedom has deliberated in court cases such as the Supreme Court Case, United Citizen versus the Federal Election Committee....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States, United States]

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1002 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Olympic Games : A World Competition

- The Olympic Games is a world competition in which various nations come together for a friendly competition to see which country competes best at each particular sport. The modern Olympic Games were inspired by the ancient Greek Olympic games in the 8th century BC, which were held in Olympia, Greece. Presently, the Olympic Games are broken apart into the summer and winter Olympic Games and take place every 4 years, but alternate every 2 years from each other. The IOC stands for the International Olympic Committee, who is a non-profit independent international organization made up of volunteers who want “to develop, promote and protect the Olympic Movement in their respective countries” (About...   [tags: Olympic Games, Summer Olympic Games]

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1296 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Competition: A Driving Force for Excellence

- I looked up and it was then that I realized there was a 6'2" defender charging straight at me. I heard my teammate yell “Man on you!”, and not even aware of what I was doing, I quickly cut and dodged the defender for open space. I had my shot, so I took it. It was my first goal of the season. I loved the rush of scoring and wanted to do it more and more. All my teammates congratulating me on my goal made it even more satisfying. I went on in that tournament to score six goals and eight assists in the four games....   [tags: Personal Experience]

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Competition is an Ecological Force

- ... The sessile quality of these plants renders them to be ideal models for such experiments; furthermore, it is simple to quantify and document any measurements taken (Cartar et al. 2014). Various factors influence the ability of an organism to survive and thrive in any given environment. These include: sunlight, temperature, habitat, nutrient availability, predation, and competition-interspecific and intraspecific. In this experiment competition will be initiated through the manipulation of plant density in a minimal area and this selective pressure will affect the plant fitness and biomass as the plant will determine whether it allocates its resources to growth or reproduction....   [tags: species, survivial, biomass]

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704 words | (2 pages) | Preview

The Importance Of Motivation And Competition On Learning

- As described by the Oxford English Dictionary, the term “learning” can be defined as “The acquisition of knowledge or skills through study, experience or being taught.” I believe that learning and going to school is vital, but it seems that everyone has a different philosophy for learning. Even though there are three main ways to learn, there are a variety of particular methods to incorporate learning under those three broad categories. I have always enjoyed learning and I am able to learn by studying, experiencing things for myself, and being taught how to do things....   [tags: Learning, Study skills, Education, Knowledge]

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785 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

The Cold War - A Great Competition

- The Great Competition There have been many great wars in the world with major battles such as the Civil War, World War I, and World War II, but there was one war that did not have any battle or violence, which was how it got its name, the Cold War. The Cold War was a war that was more of a competition than a war between two allied groups against each other: NATO and Warsaw Pact. The conflict with these two groups was that the Warsaw Pact wanted communist governments, and NATO wanted democratic governments....   [tags: NATO, communism, Warsaw Pact]

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612 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Grant Competition Mean For The Economy

- What Does the New $100 Million TechHire Grant Competition Mean for the Economy. The US government has unveiled new plans to advance the President’s TechHire initiative which is aimed at affording young Americans an opportunity to train and get employed into well paying tech jobs. The initiative was unveiled by the US Chief Technology Officer Megan Smith, Broderick Johnson the cabinet secretary and Chair of My Brother’s Keeper Task Force and Thomas Perez, the secretary of Labor. The event took place in Baltimore, Maryland on November 17....   [tags: Barack Obama, President of the United States]

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829 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Sibling Rivalry : A Type Of Competition

- Sibling Rivalry can be defined as a type of competition or animosity among siblings, whether blood related or not, which is categorized as the common type of aggression amongst siblings that in American today. With sibling rivalry or sibling disagreement, it can cause a huge difference in the relationship between brothers and sisters and how they treat one another. These differences may include jealousy, competition, and sibling fights. Through differences of gender and age of brothers and sisters, sibling relationships begin to suffer to due built up aggression, tension and sibling rivalry....   [tags: Sibling, Parent, Family]

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1066 words | (3 pages) | Preview

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