Your search returned over 400 essays for "coal mining"
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The Impacts Of Coal Mining

- The Impacts of Coal Mining “America the beautiful, for amber waves of grain, for purple mountains majesties, above the fruited plain” (Bates, 1893). These words written by poet Katherine Lee Bates in 1893 offered her view of America and the landscapes that stretched out before her. At the same time Kathrine was experiencing visions that inspired her to write America the Beautiful, The United States was in the middle of experiencing The Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was largely responsible for the role it played in the utilization of coal....   [tags: Coal, Natural gas, Coal mining]

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Dangers Of Coal Mining

- What comes to mind when you think of coal mining. If you're like me, coal mining means living in darkness and a cold hearted industry. Other words that come to mind are poverty and oppression. Coal mining is not a job that you dream about or get a degree for. People who are coal miners do not chose a life full of danger and repression, they get stuck with it. There are many dangers that come along with coal mining, not only for the workers, but for the environment. Coal mining and the coal industry have caused irreversible damage to our environment and has killed innocent miners....   [tags: Profession Coal Coal Mining Mines]

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Coal Mining And The Coal Industry

- Communities where coal mining exists tend to have great advantages, but there are always disadvantages with those benefits. Coal mining is a great energy source suppling about 30% of the entire energy needs over the world, producing 40% of electricity. Where there is coal, there are jobs, roughly 130,000 people are employed in the coal industry. As the demand for coal continues to rise, employment will also increase, raising employment rates. Coal mining is practiced because it is an inexpensive source of energy....   [tags: Coal, Oxygen, Sulfur, Oxide]

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Proposal for a Coal Mining Project

- Executive Summary The proposal for coal mining project might be very deceiving, since it yields very huge revenue for the country. It creates employment opportunities for the people in the mining area. But coal mining pose a great threat to the civilization in the mining area.  Coal mining pollutes the environment by releasing carbon dioxide in the air.  Noise pollution.  Effect on marine life.  Health issues for the human beings.  Traffic issues....   [tags: pollution, employment, noise]

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Coal Mining and Its Impacts

- Coal Mining and Its Impacts Coal is a hard, black colored rock-like substance. It is made up of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and varying amount of sulphur. Coal was form as decomposition took place in the absence of oxygen and much of the hydrogen content of the matter was eroded away, leaving a material rich in carbon. The material was compressed over the years by sand and dirt, leaving the form of a carbon known as coal. The different types of coals are Anthracite, bituminous, lignite, peat, coke, and charcoal....   [tags: Coal Dangers Mines Essays Papers]

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A Comparison of a Coal Mining Company to an Autocracy

- A Comparison of a Coal Mining Company to an Autocracy A tragic event occurred on April 5, 2010 in Montcoal, West Virginia. Twenty-nine miners went underground on the morning of April 5, 2010, similar to every work day, except this morning was their last. Upper Big Branch Mine was owned and operated by Massey Energy Corporation, a company that never took other people’s lives and families into consideration. The disastrous explosion could have easily been prevented if Massey Energy Company followed the necessary safety measures that were invented to prevent deaths and accidents....   [tags: Economics, Business Theory]

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Energy Vs. Beauty in Coal Mining

- Every day in the United States people turn on a light, use the oven, and watch television. The energy needed to do these trivial everyday tasks is often taken for granted, yet it is greatly required at all times. A small percentage of this energy is provided by the burning of coal to produce power. The removal of coal for energy has been a long thought out process since the early 1960’s (Holzman). The removal of coal up until around the 1990’s was all done underground, removing the coal by using pick axes, mules, and rail cars....   [tags: Environment, Energy]

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Coal Mining in West Virginia: Storming Heaven, Denise Giardina

- Storming Heaven In 1883, the first carload of coal was transported from Tazewell County, Virginia, on the Norfolk and Western Railway. The railroad opened a gateway to the untouched coal beds of West Virginia. Towns were created as the region was transformed from an agricultural to industrial economy.(West Virginia Mine Wars) The lure of good wages and housing made the coal mining appealing to West Virginians, but all good things come at a price. In the novel Storming Heaven, Denise Giardina gives us an inside look at what really happened to the small town of Annedel, West Virginia....   [tags: miners, coal mines, farmers]

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Coal And The Dangers Of Mining

- This article is about coal and the dangers of mining and using this natural resource. The article states that coal is used in production of half of the electricity that Americans utilize. Coal is a cheap form of natural resource and was once a growing industry, but now due to the fear of climate change and the effects on the environment it is slowly declining. There are now so many regulations attached to mining coal that many coal plants have shut down and left thousands out of work. Coal mining is a very dangerous job and leads to many deaths throughout the years....   [tags: Natural environment, Biodiversity, Ecology]

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Coal Is A Nonrenewable Resource

- Coal has been the primary source of energy for the United States for quite a long time. In 2014 it accounted for 39% of the total energy produced by our nation, and in 2003, 92% of all coal was used for energy production. The US is currently heavily invested in the coal industry, and finding an alternative energy source would be an arduous process. Unfortunately though, coal is a nonrenewable resource, and it greatly affects our ecosystem negatively. Coal mining is the leading contributor to the human-made increase of CO2 in the atmosphere....   [tags: Coal, Natural gas, Mining, Coal mining]

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Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining in the Black Mesa Complex

- Introduction Coal mining in the United States is a major industry. In 2012, the coal mining industry employed nearly 90,000 people [1]. The Black Mesa Complex in Northern Arizona consists of two seperate coal mines, the Kayenta mine and the Black Mesa coal mines. Both mines are owned and operated by Peabody Western Coal Company (PWCC). The mines are located 10 miles southwest of Kayenta, AZ. The Kayenta mine is 40,000 acres (62.5 square miles), employs 430 workers [2], and is the 27th largest mine in the United States, producing nearly 7.5 million short tons of coal per year [1]....   [tags: environmental issues, impact of flora and fauna]

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America Needs Energy from Coal

- Living in Eastern Kentucky, a region that relies heavily on the coal industry, most find the dispute about coal senseless. Majority argues that coal is a major cause of the pollution within our country. However, coal is a beneficial resource; coal generates electricity. Consider the well-known saying, "Coal Keeps the Lights On." I believe when people are against coal and feel that it is too dangerous for our families or communities, they need to look at where we would be without coal. In my hometown there are numerous families supported by coal....   [tags: coal mining industry]

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Coal Mining: Benefits from Making Coal Production Cleaner

- Coal Mining: Can Clean Be The New Green. When trying to choose a topic for my Response Paper, I came across the article on the SEED Magazine website titled “The Lesser Evil: Nuclear or Coal?” Because I not only live in a coal mining town, but also in a county that would no longer exist without the coal industry, I wanted to not only see what exactly was so “evil” about coal, but also how it could be made safer. With global warming, acid rain and other issues coming into view in the present, I have mostly focused on the effect that coal mining has on the environment....   [tags: energy, environment]

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Coal Mining

- Coal Mining Coal, a mineral I have discussed previously, is necessary to our everyday lives. Coal is an incredible source of energy; it heats our houses and buildings, and also fuels stoves. You may often wonder where this extremely useful mineral comes from. Coal does not just appear; it needs to be mined through a process which results in our being able to utilize it. Coal mining is fairly inexpensive, is carried out on a large scale and can be mined in either underground or surface mines. Surface mining is the coal mining process that accounts for around 60% of the United States’ coal....   [tags: Economy Economics Energy Resources Essays]

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Speech At A Public Meeting On The United West Virginia Coal Wars

- Unions have always been a pain in employers’ sides. From today to the 1910s, workers have tried to unionize for better conditions in their jobs. Today, people try to opt out of being in unions, avoiding the union’s dues but still reaping the rewards. That’s a long way away from what people experienced in the 1910s. During that time period, people were struggling to even be apart of a union. Some people would even risk their jobs to do it. In fact, the first worker’s strike was was during the the West Virginia Coal Wars....   [tags: Coal mining, Coal, Anthracite]

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Coal Fires

- Coal Fires I’ve long been familiar with the concept of coal mines, but a common occurrence I was unfamiliar with previous to this class was the concept of coal mine fires, but it is a huge problem, both economically and environmentally. Perhaps the most infamous American example of a coal mine fire is Centralia, a town in the anthracite region of eastern Pennsylvania. Centralia was like any other coal town until one fateful day in 1962, when a heap of burning trash in a dump that doubled as a mine stripping pit quickly spread to other parts of the mine....   [tags: Fire Coal Mining Essays]

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The Battle of the Denniston Plateau

- Introduction In September 2010 Australian based mining company Bathurst Resources began the long application process involved in gaining resource consents relating to the Escarpment Mine Project (EMP), Denniston Plateau and Fairdown. On the 23rd of May 2013 consent was hastily granted by conservation minister Nick Smith. (1) The decision was rushed through by the Department of Conservation (DOC) in order to avoid public consultation. Three years ago the National government conceded to pressure from the public as 40,000 protesters marched down Queen Street in Auckland outraged by the Crown Minerals Act review and the proposal to open high-value conservation land to coal mining....   [tags: Coal Mining at Denniston Plateau]

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Coal, Strip Mining, and its Environmental Effects

- Coal, Strip Mining, and its Environmental Effects Going to a school like Penn State entitles you to many advantages that smaller schools don’t have, such as diversity, world renowned professors, and several different majors to choose from. All of these things I knew before going to Penn State. However, one thing I was not aware of was the enormous amount of coal that the state of Pennsylvania has, and the power that its coal gives to the rest of the United States. Northeastern Pennsylvania, after all, has the only commercial deposits of anthracite coal, the premium coal for domestic use (Lecture 2/11/02)....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Cultural Awareness, Self Discovery Exercise ( Hardy & Laszloffy, 1995 )

- The following responses are to questions from the National Center for Cultural Competence web page: Cultural Awareness, Self-Discovery Exercise (Hardy & Laszloffy, 1995). a.) Family members represented in my extended genogram are all born in the United States, as my great-grandfathers were first-generation Americans of European descent and great-grandmothers were Native Americans. b.) I am not familiar with either great-grandfather’s upbringing concerning rural or urban backgrounds, but understand my great-grandmothers were from rural backgrounds of traditional Native American culture....   [tags: Family, Culture, Grandparent, Coal mining]

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Massey Energy Corporation Owned And Operated The Upper Big Branch Mine

- Massey Energy Corporation owned and operated the Upper Big Branch Mine in southern West Virginia which brought good paying jobs and economic growth to a region that had high poverty and unemployment rates (Lawrence & Weber, 2014). In addition to the thousands of coal mining jobs, three and half jobs outside of mining would be created for each coal industry job (Lawrence & Weber, 2014). The company actively supported the community by partnering with local schools, providing scholarships and assistance to West Virginia residents during the 2009 flooding disaster (Lawrence & Weber, 2014)....   [tags: Coal mining, Coal, Occupational safety and health]

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Mountain Top Removal Is an American Tragedy

- Mountain Top Removal is an American tragedy, the process in which mining companies remove forests and topsoil then explode the mountain apart level by level to get to coal layer. It is estimated that the explosives are equivalent of the Hiroshima bomb. A lot of the mining waste is discarded into valleys and streams; the water runoff is high in silt, ion, and sulfur compounds, which in turn pollute water downstream. Even with chemical treatments, vegetation has a hard time growing on the infertile and highly acidic soil....   [tags: coal mining processes, environmental destruction]

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The United Mine Workers Of America

- To withstand hours that prompt them never to see the light of day, with bodies blackened by coal and the surrounding inescapable darkness of their enclosure, living each day with the knowledge that it could be their last and knowing that the attendant agony only offers barely sufficient wages to provide for their families: this characterizes the life of a nineteenth century coal miner whose only salvation manifests in public mobilization. Here is an alternate beginning. To know that the good of America lies in the hands of all true patriots willing to contribute all their efforts toward success in wartime, sacrificing their lives for their country if necessary, while knowing that on the oth...   [tags: Coal mining, Coal, Anthracite, South Wales]

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Day Of Destruction, Days Of Revolt By Chris Hedges And Joe Sacco

- Equality is not something we get to have when we come into this world. It is something that is being fought for and will continue to fight for as long as people think of themselves and do not think of the consequences that may occur from their own actions. In the book “Days of Destruction, Days of Revolt” by Chris Hedges and Joe Sacco they narrowed in on what structural violence is. The different examples of injustices that were occurring around the countries. Lastly explains the ways the oppressed used there actions, words, and ideas to fight the injustices....   [tags: Coal mining, Coal, Ethics, Firedamp]

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Hidden America By Jeanne Marie Laska

- In “Hidden America” by Jeanne Marie Laska, Laska shines light on everyday jobs that know one truly gives a second thought to in this day of age. We want America to run perfect and we do not care how it gets this way anymore we are to busy in our daily lives to care. This is why Laska’s book has such a great impact she opens our eyes to a wake up call that these people and these jobs are still here. There are so many jobs forgotten, but Laska only touches on a few such as coal miners, a cheerleader, a oil rig worker, a rancher, a gun salesman, a trucker, a waste management worker, a migrant worker, and air traffic directors....   [tags: Coal mining, Coal, Gratitude, Recycling]

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The Effects Of Fracking On The World Of Fracking

- The government should make a bigger appearance in the world of Fracking because it causes irrevocable damage. Fracking is the process of injecting sand, rocks, and water into the ground at a very high pressure to break up rocks that contain natural gas and oil deposits. One of the biggest problems about fracking is that it destroys the coal industry. Now that fracking has come along people want to switch from coal to natural gas because it is cheaper. The problem with that is that Natural Gas will eventually run out....   [tags: Coal, Natural gas, Petroleum, Coal mining]

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Energy Resources

- Energy is the single most important part of everyday life, and fossil fuels are a key part of the world’s energy resources. In fact, the most abundant and economically viable fossil fuel is coal. According to the U.S. Energy Information Agency (EIA), the United States has the world’s largest recoverable reserves. Although domestic usage has decreased from “its annual share of total net generation of 50% in 2007 to 37% in 2012”, exportation of U.S. coal is steadily increasing. Even if domestic net usage continues to decrease in the future, exports are sure to increase with more and more countries beginning to industrialize and look for cheap, reliable energy resources....   [tags: fossil fuels, coal, mining]

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Energy Resources

- We use energy in our ever day life, all the time. Have you ever wondered where the energy comes from; this paper includes two of the energy sources that we in Kansas rely on in a day to day lifestyle. Energy is all around us and it is a big part in our daily life style, coal powers our homes on a major scale but creates pollution, wind energy makes little pollution but it does not deliver quite the energy output. Coal is a hard, combustible, sedimentary rock that is found where organisms have been deposited overtime, the deposition of coal results in four stages of coal are: Peat, Lignite, Bituminous, Anthracite....   [tags: environment, coal, mining]

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The Day Of The General Strike

- At the time of the general strike at midnight on the 3rd of May 1926, you had a conservative government in power lead by Stanley Baldwin which lasted from 1924 to 1929. He led a government looking for peace and compromise. He wanted international conciliation and yearned for industrial conciliation at home. However, throughout the 1920’s, after a successful war period which saw overproduction in iron, steel, shipbuilding, coal and textile industries, these products were now not needed in such quantities, leading to a spiralling inflation and major fall in exports and profits....   [tags: Coal mining, Coal, Trade union, Winston Churchill]

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Technology and Society

- Technology and Society There is a town in eastern Pennsylvania called Centralia. It was a mining town fairly typical of Pennsylvania in the 1880’s. Today it is virtually a ghost town. Interestingly, it has not been degraded due to the decline in the demand for coal. The decline in population in Centralia is due to a mine fire that was started in 1962 and has still not been extinguished today. Many discussions these days of coal energy and society would include such topics as the pervasiveness of coal as an energy source in the world as well as the environmental impacts of using coal for energy....   [tags: Coal Mining Technologies Essays]

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Industrial Capitalism in Each Man’s Son by Hugh McLennan

- Each Man’s Son, by Hugh MacLennan, is set in Cape Breton where the mining industry acts as the focal point in the lives of most characters. Mining brings “great wealth and prosperity, as well as great misery and environmental destruction” (Armstrong et al. vii). Industrial capitalism, in Each Man’s Son, is a toxic force that aids in presenting the negative social and physical effects on the community of Broughton through the changes in environment, the physical and emotional repercussions of the colliery being bombarded onto men, and the emotional effects the colliery has on women....   [tags: environment, mining industry, coal]

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Mountaintop Removal

- Over the past few decades humans have grasped a larger understanding of their environment and the effects they have on it. Despite this, activities such as mountaintop removal still occur. Mountaintop removal not only harms the environment but also people as well. The process of mountaintop removal has negative effects on communities, ruins water systems, and destroys the natural environment. To understand the effects of mountaintop removal it is important to know the actions that lead to them....   [tags: Environmental Issues, Coal Mining, Social Issues]

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The Mining Of Surface Mining

- Final project One of the biggest debates that I think is wrong with surface mining is that there isn’t much being enforced on how it is being done and nobody really knows a lot about it right now as far as what it is or what it is doing as far as damaging ecosystems and the environment goes. One example of this is that surface mining didn’t start until in the later 1900’s as a means for coal miners to reach coal more effectively at a cheaper cost for less work to be done. Surface mining occurs on the tops of mountains and here in KY we live close to the Appalachian Mountains and they are always being mined and blasted for the coal that is found inside of them....   [tags: Water, Drinking water, Coal, Stream]

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The Effect of the Iron Industry on Alabama’s Economy

- The boom of mining iron ore, coal, and limestone and producing iron in north Alabama during the 1800s had a tremendous impact on Alabama’s economy of the time. It provided opportunity for the expansion of the railroad and work. Cities were born around this industrial boom. All of these things encouraged economic growth in Alabama during this time. Alabama: A Documentary History to 1900 states “it is a truism that the Civil War altered the economic life of the south” (Griffith, Alabama: A Documentary History to 1900)....   [tags: mining, iron, ore, coal, limestone, north Alabama]

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Nuclear Mining Or Underground Mining

- Nathan Klein Mrs. Stokesberry English 106 16 December 2014 In the past few decades, global climate change has become one of the greatest issues facing not only just the United States but also countries all over the earth. Since fossil fuels are believed to be one of the biggest contributors to climate change, other forms of energy have been rigorously researched, developed, and advocated. One of the most disputed of these alternative forms of energy is nuclear energy. Production of this types of energy in the last fifty years has brought mixed results....   [tags: Nuclear power, Coal, Uranium, Radioactive waste]

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Negative and Positive Impacts of Coal

- ... Effects on Human Health The removal of coal through surface mining affects the health of the workers and the citizens who live near the mines. The explosives that are uses to extract the coal from the earth’s surface contain chemicals and toxins that are harmful to the workers and residents health. Coal mining is detrimental to the workers and residents who live nearby. According to the (Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2009”) Coal mining leads the United States Industries in fatal injuries and his associated with chronic health problems....   [tags: fuel, resources, energy, economy, mining]

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Energy Resources: Conservation of Coal

- Coal is a vital resource that we depend upon as human beings. We use coal everyday either for transportation or heating a building. We need to stop taking advantage of it and start finding new ways to produce energy. Coal is a fossil fuel. It can be identified as a black or brown rock that can be ignited and burned for energy. It is chemically made up of sulfur, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen elements. Coal is classified by degrees of hardness, moisture, and heat content. As the sea deposits layers of other materials over the peat through centuries, the peat was tightly compacted and dried....   [tags: fossil fuels, wind energy, deforestation, mining]

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The Industry of East Tennessee Coal and Its Financial Impact

- Introduction Coal is a mineral mined in east Tennessee. While not one of the largest coal producing states in the United States, Tennessee still has a rich history of coal mining. The industry still has a presence in the region today. Even though production does not match larger coal producing states, the coal industry brings meaningful revenue to the state of Tennessee. This paper examines the industry, coal mining practices within the state and its financial impact. What is Coal. With a composition of carbon along with hydrogen and oxygen, coal is a sedimentary rock that is combustible....   [tags: mineral, mining practices]

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Mountaintop Mining and Environmental and Energy Policy

- Mountaintop mining has been practiced in the United States since the 1960s, primarily in the Appalachian Mountains. The process involves removing all tress from the site, then the topsoil, and then using explosives to remove the remaining soil and rock to reveal coal. The coal is removed and processed, and then the mountaintop is “reclaimed” with soil or an appropriate substitute, and sometimes replanted.6 While mountaintop mining in the Appalachians is only a small percentage of coal produced by the United States, the issues surrounding it are complex and wide-ranging....   [tags: Mining ]

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Strip Mining Laws and The Broad Form Deed

- Today, coal powers over half of the electricity in the United States (“Razing Appalachia”). Over the course of many years, several different methods of mining coal have been introduced. The most controversial of these methods is surface mining, a form of mining that involves recovering minerals and ores that are very close to the exterior of the land. The two types of surface mining are strip mining and mountaintop removal. In strip mining, the overburden, several layers of dirt and/or rock are removed to reach the ore, mostly coal that is to be mined....   [tags: Mining]

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Mountaintop Removal Mining

- Appalachia, a vast, beautiful panoply of lush green mountains. At least, most of the thin line of peaks that make up the Appalachian Mountains used to be that way. Currently, the continued spread of a method of coal extraction known as mountaintop removal mining has plagued areas of the eastern United States, mainly including the state of West Virginia. Throughout its increasing stages of implementation, mountaintop removal mining has caused numerous hampering effects, including causing serious harm to nearby residents, and polluting a once-pure environment....   [tags: Mining]

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The Composition, Benefits, and History of Coal

- Coal Rock Introduction Coal has been around since the extinctions of prehistoric environments have walked this Earth and is a byproduct of those environments (Jerrett, 2011). Coal was the gold of industry when it first started out. Coal has made many countries like China and the United States very powerful (World Coal Association, 2012). What are the processes that go into the making of organic coal to make it ancient and very limited. Figure 1 Coal Producers by Rank (World Coal Association, 2012) Some people do not understand how certain coal seams belong to certain geologic periods....   [tags: geology, mining, environment]

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The Pros and Cons of Deep Sea Mining

- The most beneficial place to set our deep sea mining site is directly off the sea of PNG in the Bismarck Sea because there are ports and docks to ship the minerals to and from. We are running out. We have no time, no option, and no choice. The world’s population is increasing by 228 000 each day. We have around 14 500 days left so only 40 years till the end of oil, 165 years of gas left and 415 years left of coal. We are using these minerals at a phenomenal rate. We need to start to deep sea mine off the coast of PNG....   [tags: gold, coal, gas, oil]

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The Mining Industry in South Australia

- Mining industry has been the anchor of South Australia’s economy and, benefits it has provided outweigh whichever associated costs. As developed by the South Australian State Government (2013), “realising the benefits of the mining boom for all” is one of the seven strategic priorities to secure the state’s future. Mining is an important industry in South Australia because it has been a major source of minerals for the high demand in Australia and many countries (Flinders Ranges Research n.d.). This industry plays a vital part in advantaging the state in terms of economic – profits and job opportunities; social – more skilled workers and population growth in the outback; political – good sta...   [tags: economy, mining, employment, GSP]

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Coal Chemistry and Technology

- 1. Coal formation Coal was formed from remains of plants from several hundred millions years ago partially decomposed. These remains were settled in regions where waterlogged or swampy regions prevailed. These conditions avoid complete decomposition making possible the gradual peat formation. Peat is not considered coal actually, but is an essential step to coal formation. This formation process is called "coalification" and it is essentially a progressive change from peat to anthracite passing through different types of coals....   [tags: Coal Research Paper ]

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Coal Is A Nonrenewable Fossil Fuel

- It is clear that our country is approaching turmoil as the population continues to grow and our dependence on electrical power increases. With limited economic resources at our disposal, our country must accommodate the need for future power plants to run on the same primary fuel. With that said, I hope you carefully consider my recommendations, as they are essential in maintaining the current and future state of our country. Although using coal as our primary energy resource has minor sociopolitical and scientific complications, the strategies to address these problems and the social, political, scientific, and economic advantages greatly outweigh the setbacks....   [tags: Coal, Fossil fuel, Energy, Energy development]

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The Environmental Ethics Of Coal

- Augustus Kaskons Environmental Ethics Coal Kingdom Coal was used in the 1700’s by the English, and found that burning coal was cleaner and hotter as opposed to wood charcoal (Department of Energy). However, in the second half of the 1800’s, even more uses for coal were discovered (Department of Energy). Coal was used for blast furnaces to make steel, to generate electricity, home heating, and today we use coal mainly for electricity (Department of Energy). So what is coal. “Coal is a fossil fuel and is the altered remains of prehistoric vegetation that originally accumulated in swamps and peat bogs....   [tags: Coal, Fossil fuel, Natural gas, Carbon]

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Matewan

- Matewan Ignorance promotes fear. The Stone Mountain Coal Company exploits the ignorance of its employees to maintain power in Matewan. Keeping Matewan’s residents fearful of their future, fearful of change and fearful for their lives, the Stone Mountain Coal Company retains absolute control over the town of Matewan. Controlling all four social and cultural processes at work in Matewan, the company is able to extract the fear, work, and “loyalty” they desire out of their workers. They are maintaining a feudal environment over their employees, binding them through debt peonage to serve only the Stone Mountain Coal Company, denying them the freedom to search for other employers....   [tags: Stone Mountain Coal Company Mining Essays]

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Essential Energy from Coal, the Sedimentary Rock

- Coal defined as the sedimentary rock, is recognized as an essential energy inputs. The decomposition of organisms over time yields vast amount of organic material. The organics collectively known as biomass, when acted upon by the heat and pressure, produces coal, petroleum, and natural gas, collectively called fossil fuels, which are trapped in rock formations (USEIA, 2005). Methane in the coal seams originates by thermogenic and biogenic activities that affect the organic matter during the coalification process (Jenkins et al., 2008)....   [tags: mining, resources, reserves]

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Fossil Fuels : Coal And Natural Gas

- There are three main fossil fuels; oil coal and natural gas were all formed hundreds of million years ago before the time of the dinosaurs (Energy Quest, 2012). The period of time that the fossil fuels were formed was the Carboniferous Period. It got the name from the word “carbon” which is the basic element in coal and other fossil fuels (Energy Quest). According to (Energy Quest, 2012) these fossil fuels were formed in prehistoric times from a material called peat which after enough pressure was built on top of it, peat would then squeeze out water which over millions of years turned into coal, oil, petroleum or natural gas....   [tags: Natural gas, Fossil fuel, Coal, Petroleum]

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Effects Mining has on The Soil in South Africa

- The mining sector is one of the largest sources of income in South Africa, after the Agricultural sector. It has been a major supporter to the industrialization of South Africa after the discovery of diamonds in Kimberley in1871, and the Witwaterstand goldfields in 1886 (Sorenses, 2012, p.22). This essay would be focusing more on the environmental and social effects mining of Coal, Gold and Uranium has on the soil in South Africa. The waste tailings from the mines are been washed away into the drainage and water system, and atmospheric sulphur, SO2, is been absorbed into the atmosphere causing acid rain....   [tags: mining sector, south africa, soil]

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Physics of Mining

- Mining is a necessary component of the world we live in and it has been practiced for thousands of years. The mining industry produces billions of tons of raw product every year. The process of mining is very complicated and involves plenty of physics. Two main components of the mine cycle are: Drilling, and Blasting. Some important factors in mining are the pillars, rock elasticity, and the slope stability of the ground being mined. A basic method for destroying rock is mechanically induced stress, such as drills and erosion jets....   [tags: physics mining miner]

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Mining Pollution Debate Summary

- Mining Pollution Debate Summary Though it has had many negative impacts on the environment in the past, mining is a vital industry completely necessary to our economy and lives. Nearly every item we use or encounter in our day to day lives is mined or contains mined products. Without the excavation of such materials things like computers, televisions, large building structures, electricity, and cars would not be possible. Virtually every technological and medical advance uses minded materials, without which millions would suffer....   [tags: Mining Argumentative Persuasive Papers]

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Coal: A Human History by Barbara Freese

- Coal: A Human History was written by Barbara Freese to focus on the history of coal and how mankind has used it as part of their lifestyle. Ever since the times when early nomads used the slash-and-burn method, coal has been around acting as jewelry for the Romans and as fuel for peasants and the noble class in Britain. Coal was in such high demand that many inventions were utilized for the convenience of retrieving it from intolerable conditions such as vacuums and the construction of more efficient underground tunnels....   [tags: Coal Natural Resource History]

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The Dangers of Mining of Uranium in Australia

- Uranium has become a big issue as alternative energy resources in the future due to the shortage of fossil fuel as primary energy resources in the world. Australia is one of countries that have the largest uranium deposits in the globe. So, Australia has a big opportunity to make a lot of money from uranium exports to other countries. On the other hand, The Australian Government is still debating about this issue because of negative impact on uranium mining and exploration. For these reasons, some people believe that uranium mining has more positive impacts on economic such as, benefits from uranium exports and increase a new job opportunity....   [tags: Mining, Uranium, Australia]

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Diamond Mining

- All over the world are different locations where you can find this precious jewel, Africa being the main location. How do we get diamonds out of the earth you ask. By MINING them!!. The definition of Mining is the act, process, or work of removing ores, coal, etc. from a mine, glacial deposit, etc. Physical Properties of a Diamond Hardness: Diamond is a perfect "10", defining the top of the hardness scale Clarity: Diamond is transparent over a larger range of wavelengths more than any other mineral Thermal Conductivity: Diamond conducts heat better than any other mineral Melting Point: 3820 degrees Kelvin (the highest) Lattice Density: Diamond atoms are pac...   [tags: Mine Mining Techniques Diamonds]

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Coal

- Coal Coal, a product of decay from plants older than 350 million years, is an integral part of energy production in the United States. Coal provides 56.9% of electricity generation in the United States.[1] With many different types of coal found in different states, the U.S. remains second to Russia in the number of estimated worldwide coal reserves.[2] Between the years of 1885-1950, coal was the most important fuel. One half ton of coal produced as much energy as two tons of wood and at half the cost.[3] Even today, there is, on a Btu basis, about one hundred times as much energy in the coal reserves of the United States as there is in either the oil or natural gas reserves.[4]...   [tags: Coal Environment Economy Economics Essays]

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Mining for Fuel to Boost Economy of South Africa

- What price would you put on a diamond or even gold, is certainly not the economy of an entire country. That is the case in South Africa with mining being their fuel to boost their economy. Their economy needed the boost due to political instability burying the country into the ground. Being the fuel that helped South Africa’s GDP raise by 20% it has helped this country improve so much over the years. Political instability is one of the key factors that has and still makes South Africa so dependent on the mining industry....   [tags: industry, mining, economy]

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Mining and The Environment

- Introduction In our days, mining for resources is inevitable. The resources we need are valuable in everyday life. Such resources mined up are coal, copper, gold, silver, and sand. However, mining poses environmental risks that can degrade the quality of soil and water, which can end up effecting us humans if not taken care of and many of the damages are irreversible once they have occurred. History and Case Studies of Mining and the Effects on the Environment Mines pose a threat to the environment....   [tags: Environment ]

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Positive and Negative Effects of Coal

- The natural resource that I am writing this paper on is coal. Coal is a cheap, dirty fossil fuel which we burn to create power. Coal is the most abundant in North America and in Russia, including the area around it. China also has a fairly good amount of coal in it too. Coal, like all of the other fossil fuels is nonrenewable and will eventually run out, in the not so near future. Coal is very important to many of the countries of the world. The countries that use the most coal are China, the United States, India, Russia, and Japan....   [tags: energy, pollution, fuel]

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Nuclear, Coal, and Alternative Energy

- Nuclear Vs. Coal Power Nuclear power and coal are two of the main sources of electricity used in the United States today. Coal and Nuclear power along with Natural Gas make up over 93% of the power we use. Yet they are also the most feared and misunderstood. While both have negative connotations, they both are clearly still doing the job better than other alternative energy. Nuclear power is not readily feared for the result it will have on the environment although it should be. Used fuel assemblies are kept on site for at least seven years usually stored in onsite ponds....   [tags: Energy Sources]

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Is Montana Energy A Coal State? How Will You Protect Coal Jobs During The Rise Of Clean Energy

- Montana Energy Summary: These bolded points are some basic information on Montana energy that may prove useful in the debate.There are are at least 1300 jobs that are mining related. In Montana the Williston Basin in combination with North Dakota holds the largest amount of crude oil in the US.The pool of oil located between the Bakken and Three Forks is possibly capable of producing 7.4 Billion Barrels of Oil. By the end of 2013 Montana produced 4.3% of the US coal and distributed to at least nine other states....   [tags: Petroleum, Coal, U.S. state, Fossil fuel]

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The Coal Fields Of Colorado

- In the coal fields of Colorado, employers and employees rarely saw eye to eye, and conflicts were common. Like any explosive relationship, there were roots to the various conflicts between workers and companies. These conflicts can be linked to the uniquely Western identity of the Colorado coal fields. Like other Western areas, the coal fields attracted immigrants, and the cultures of those immigrants didn’t always match with those of mining companies. But the atmosphere of the camps also fostered conflict due to the more independent work culture of Western mining....   [tags: Culture, Cultural assimilation, 19th century]

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CSG- Coal Seam Gas

- Introduction: Coal seam gas (CSG) in Australia is becoming the largest provider of energy, estimated to reach 80% of Australia’s energy produced in power plants fuelled by natural gas, sourced from coal seams. (Australian Pacific LNG, 2012) Australia has become a large exporter of the world’s natural gas supply, shown in 2006 where 160 million tons of natural gas was exported around the world, generating large revenue for Australia. (Lock the Gate Alliance Ltd, 2014) Social sustainability factors including human rights, wellbeing of residence, safety, accessibility, heritage, equity and religious and cultural sensitivities are all elements which are involved in social sustainability....   [tags: Energy Provider, Power Plants, Natural Gas]

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Hazards of Coal Usage

- For years coal has been used to generate electricity for America; however it has contaminated our country more than ever. Even though coal is a huge industry it is full of accidents and hazards; workers have died of suffocation, gas poisoning, and gas explosions. Strip mining destroys the beauty of nature while also displacing animals; not only does it destroy the habit of animals it ruins the soil preventing future wildlife to grow. A forest or mining site has to be completely destroyed in order to begin mining; less trees and unstable ground result in future mudslides in surrounding areas....   [tags: Electricity, Energy, Environment]

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Energy Resource: Coal and Solar Energy

- ... Coal is expected by many to remain the most affordable. According to IEA statistics coal is 7% cheaper than gas and 19% cheaper than nuclear. The cost of coal varies on the type of transaction. In 2009 the price of coal was $33.24 per ton. The delivery price to power plants was $44.47 per ton. The transportation cost of coal is $11.23 per ton. (World Coal Association, 2013) Coal is formed from the remains of plant vegetation. The way that coal gets its energy is from carbon. It formed millions of years ago, and the process of coal is a continuing process....   [tags: sources, produced, environment]

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Mining Pollution

- A September 7th 2011 New York Times article with the headline “Pennsylvania Sues Over Coal-Mine Discharges” by Deborah Weisberg sits at an important intersection of mining operations in the US. This intersection is illustrated by a small icon adjacent to the article with the tag “Politics and Policy”. This tag is indicative of the political nature of most environmental issues today. Coal mining, with its immense environmental implications, is still a lucrative economic foundation of many Appalachian states....   [tags: Political Factors, Virginia]

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Film Review for Coal Miner's Daughter

- The Coal Miner’s Daughter, an influential film, first shown in 1980, was voted an Academy Award Winning Motion Picture. This film depicts a young girl’s life who lived in a coal mining town, had a journeying life, and become a famous country singer. This motion picture was not produced purposing pure societal entertainment, but rather the accurate portrayal of Loretta Lynn’s personal life. The film Coal Miner’s Daughter, illustrates Loretta Lynn’s life’s obstacles of family struggles, influential friends, and emotional tactics of life’s exertion....   [tags: Film Review]

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Coal Seam Gas

- With environmental sustainability a key focus for the future the need for cleaner forms of power generation have resulted in a number of gas exploration projects in Australia (Department of Infrastructure and Planning, 2008). With Australia having potentially vast untapped reserves of coal seam methane beds it must be asked whether there are any negative impacts associated with coal seam methane (CSM) before the energy industry moves into a new technology. Coalification, the geologic process that progressively converts plant material to coal, generates large quantities of natural gas, which are subsequently stored in the coal seams....   [tags: Environment ]

Term Papers
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The Coal And Iron As The Disposal Of Great Britain

- the abundance of coal and iron as the disposal of Great Britain. The creation railroad system connected all the important parts towns and cities of Britain. This essentially formed a new highway system for not only for a way for shipping goods and resources, but the transport of people (Wilde). Due to the revolution in agriculture many had lost their work, so they turned to the cities. Cities began to urbanize and grow and with higher demand for goods factories were looking for workers. Thousands migrated into cities to find work....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, United Kingdom]

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Australian Iron Ore Mining Industry Review

- Iron ore is Australia’s highest valued and most successful commodity export (see Figure 1). Throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, this mining industry played a key role in both Australia’s and the global economy. The change in the industry was brought about, particularly, by the many operations and movements resulting from globalisation that pushed Australia’s exports further than they had ever been. In 2007, “Australia produced around 16% of the world's iron ore and was ranked third behind China (32%) and Brazil (19%)” (Minerals Council of Australia, 2008)....   [tags: Iron Ore Mining Mines]

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Effects of Strip Mining on the Appalachian Environment

- Coal mining, in particular, strip mining has become the latest casualty of the growing green movement in the United States. What is strip mining. Encyclopædia Britannica Online defines strip mining as the removal of vegetation, soil, and rock above a layer of coal, followed by the removal of the coal itself (“strip”). Most Americans don’t realize the impact this material of biological origin that can be used as a source of energy (“fossil”), or fossil fuel, has on their everyday lives or the nation’s economy....   [tags: Environment ]

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Effects of Strip Mining on Appalachian Environment

- Coal mining, in particular, strip mining has become the latest casualty of the growing green movement in the United States. What is coal mining. The Encyclopedia Britannica defines strip mining as the removal of vegetation, soil, and rock above a layer of coal, followed by the removal of the coal (strip). Most Americans don’t realize the impact this fossil fuel has on their everyday lives or the nation’s economy. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the mining industry directly employs some fifty thousand Americans with nearly half that number working in the more specific field of strip mining, or mountain top removal mining (Average)....   [tags: Environment ]

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Pittston Coal Company: Tort Law

- On February 26th 1972, Dam 3 of the Buffalo Mining Company a subsidiary of the Pittston Coal Company, failed resulting in a flooding of the Buffalo Creek Hallow. The disaster caused property damage, wrongful death, and psychic impairment. West Virginia prohibited any dam built any dam built over “fifteen feet in height across any stream or watercourse without a prior determination by the state that it is safe” (15). The state’s failure to properly enforce this law gave Pittston the ability to claim the disaster was an act of God; this was supported by President Nixon who referred to this as a natural disaster (187)....   [tags: Buffalo Creek ]

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Mining Increases Countrys' Revenues and Economy

- ... This phase is the Development Phase. When access roads are constructed and staging areas are prepared, mining can take place. All Mining is correlated with extracting metals from the earth but the proposed mining project may differ in terms of extracting method. Ore deposits at depth underground hence a pit is created to extend below the underground table so groundwater is pumped out to allow active mining phase. During extracting metal takes place, the ‘overburden’ or waste rocks are removed to access to the metallic ore....   [tags: development, harmful, environment]

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Coal Usage in the Victorian Era

- Coal Usage in the Victorian Era Coal was an essential of life, especially concerning warmth and food preparation, for Victorians. The use of coal has a longer history than many suspect; predates the Victorian Era by hundred of years. The Victorians spent a great deal of time not just using various coal products, but also spent a long time thinking and disagreeing about a wide range of issues that concerned such an essential product for their way of life. The Victorians used various different kinds of this product, plant products buried underground in deposits of sedentary rock for millions of years....   [tags: Victorian Era]

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Coal

- Coal As the granddaughter of an Irish immigrant coal miner, I thought I knew everything there was to know about coal. I was wrong. After learning about coal rank, and the different types of coal mines, I gained a much deeper appreciation for the work of my grandfather. Being from Tamaqua, I knew what anthracite coal was as soon as I could understand my Pappy’s ramblings. Among the Top 20 Signs You’re from the Coal Region, included “You think only God has the proper resume to take over after Joe Paterno leaves Penn State” (Top Ten)....   [tags: Research Essays]

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Methods Used To Reduce Emissions: Coal Gasification

- Coal Gasification Introduction As growing concerns are becoming more and more everyday about the condition of our environment many people and scientists are looking for ways to reduce the climate change that is occurring. Different methods are becoming more and more available to help reduce emissions caused by humans. Also there are many ways that are being discovered that are helping to improve the amount of resources that are available at lowering the cost and producing a cleaner environment....   [tags: environment, climate change]

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Coal and West Virginia: Where Do I Stand?

- West Virginia is a land of natural beauty. Often described as “wild and wonderful,” the state’s fall foliage, scenic rivers, and abundant wildlife inspired the composition of a ballad. The song, “Take Me Home, Country Roads,” portrays West Virginia as “almost Heaven,” and the phrase is difficult to refute (Danoff, Denver, & Nivert, 1971). According to the West Virginia Department of Commerce (2009), the state ranks among the lowest in the nation for the cost of living, the employee turnover rate, average home prices, and instances of violent crime....   [tags: Energy ]

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Coal Extraction and Black Lung

- Coal Extraction and Black Lung Coal is an indispensable fossil fuel that is very important to today’s society. With out coal, one would have to live without many of the luxuries we have today. There would be no lights to light a house, no movie cinemas, no electrical heaters, and no televisions or phones. “Coal has many important uses, but most significancy in electricity generation, steel and cement manufacture, and industrial process heating. Coal provides over 23% of global primary energy need and generates about 39% of the world’s electricity” (Source 1)....   [tags: Environment Energy Essays]

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The Fossil Fuel Coal

- Coal, an amazing fossil fuel Abstract Coal has had a tremendous effect on the world. It produces the most electricity when compared to other fuels. The US generates more than half of their electricity from coal. This black or brownish‐black fossil fuel, formed by the energy in plants hundreds of millions of years ago, is made up of mostly carbon, hydrogen, and small traces of other elements like sulfur. Coal has four main types of categories. Mining is the method used to extract coal from underneath the ground....   [tags: Energy Power Natural Resources]

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