Your search returned over 400 essays for "chronic"
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Drug Complications for Chronic Pain

- Chronic pain is treated with prescription medication such as Hydrocodone, Tylenol 3, and Vicodin; just to name a few of the drugs for chronic pain. All of the medications mentioned have some bad side effects if you are on them to long such as paranoia, addiction, and damage to the nervous system. People who abuse pain medication will lie, steal, or even over use the doctor ordered amount. Some people who get addicted will do any thing to get there medications such as fraud, theft, and manipulation....   [tags: Drugs, Chronic Pain, medical, ]

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Patient Empowerment in Chronic Illness

- Introduction The central theme in this review will cover empowerment and spirituality for chronically ill individuals in the aging population with an emphasis on gender and differing cultural backgrounds. I attempt to show how the literature on this subject has advanced to the point where crucial factors of cultural background, spirituality and belief systems affect how the chronically ill improve health and wellbeing through being empowered by their spiritual and cultural background. Body In the available literature, (Johnson, Elbert-Avila, Tulsky, 2005) shows how the influence of spiritual beliefs and practices affect the specific culture of Africans Americans in a positive, healthy ben...   [tags: Spirituality, Chronic Illness]

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Health Policy and Chronic Pain Management

- Introduction  Pain is not always curable but effects the life of millions of people. This essay examines the Essence of Care 2010: Benchmarks for the Prevention and Management of Pain (DH, 2010). Particularly reflecting on a practical working knowledge of its implementation and its relevance to nursing practice. It is part of the wider ranging Essence of Care policy, that includes all the latest benchmarks developed since it was first launched in 2001. It was produced specifically to improve localized quality in the delivery of healthcare....   [tags: palliative care, chronic pain]

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Acute Stress vs. Chronic Stress

- Stress once served as a lifesaving response to threatening events such as being hunted by a predator or hunting prey. The stress response helped our ancestors survive and stress provide important benefits, muscles are be primed, attention is focused, and nerves are ready for action, all of which give us the capacity to fight or to run away from danger. While stress once served a role in our ancient lives, the effects of stress in our modern world take a toll on our bodies and health. The impact of stress can be seen in all major systems of the body, while it may be impossible to avoid stress, there are steps people can take to reduce the negative impacts of stress....   [tags: Cortisol Level, Chronic and Acute]

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Chronic Pressure Ulcers

- ... It sounds foreign to some. Unless complete information on the quality of care as well as the outcome measures are easily accessible by all in the system, the U.S. healthcare system will suffer. The delivery of care for the patients will get poorly affected. The text of Chassin 2012 says so. The changes in the system cover a lot many people and entities like payees, clients, and health care organizations. They would always put pressure not to raise the cost. That is why outcomes management is now developing in this area....   [tags: osteomyelitis, chronic wounds]

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder Retrospecitve Analysis Paper

- Subjective S: MJ is a 74 year old African-American female who presents to the clinic today with complaints of shortness of breath with exertion and increasing fatigue over the past two to three months. The shortness of breath is increased with exercise or when walking up stairs and has progressively gotten worse. She states that she presented to the emergency room approximately one year ago for shortness of breath and was prescribed an albuterol inhaler. She additionally has a chronic productive cough with clear sputum and denies hemoptysis....   [tags: Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease ]

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Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Nervous System Involvement

- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Nervous System Involvement Upon concluding my neurobiology course, I spent some time reflecting on what I've learned about the nervous system and its functions. I thought about how much progress has been made in the last couple of decades alone in defining and understanding certain aspects of neuronal functions, and must admit that I am very impressed. However, there is still so much we don't know about this area, and nowhere has this notion proved more true than in my exploration of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome....   [tags: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Medical Essays]

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What are the Consequences of Chronic Constipation?

- ... Foods that are easy to make or buy, such as fast foods or prepared foods, may therefore become their choice of meals. Such products are often low in fiber. • Lack of physical activity. Constipation often occurs after an accident or during an illness when a person is confined to bed and cannot exercise. Lack of physical activity is believed to be one of the reasons constipation is common in older adults. • Medications are often associated with constipation. This includes: • antacids that have aluminum and calcium in them; • anticonvulsants that decrease abnormal electrical activity in the brain to prevent seizures; • antispasmodics that prevent sudden muscle contractions; • calcium chan...   [tags: astro-intestinal disorder, hard stool]

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Chronic Diarrhoea in South Africa

- DEFINITION The definition of chronic diarrhoea varies in the different references. The generally accepted definition is the frequent passage of stools (> 3 times per day) that are loose in consistency for a minimum duration of 4 weeks or more. The minimum duration of 4 weeks is set in order to exclude common infective causes of diarrhoea. The commonly accepted reference value for diarrhoea for the amount of stools passed per day is more than 200 g. it is important to note that it is just a rough guide as pathology in the distal colon may not increase the stool weight above 200 g / day....   [tags: Differential Diagnosis]

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Alcoholism Is a Chronic and Progressive Disorder

- ... Alcoholism is a chronic and progressive disorder (“Alcoholism”) affecting more than twenty-two million Americans in the United States today (Wholey 18). Alcoholics are prone to dramatic and frequent changes in emotion and behavior. Control over one’s emotions are impaired by the depression of one’s central nervous system, consequentially causing unusual behavior ranging from numbed feelings to magnified underlying emotions like anxiety or anger (Alcohol Alcohol). In addition to unrestrained emotion and conduct, several mental disorders such as depression can both cause or act as a result of alcoholism....   [tags: behavior, finances, emotions]

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The Chronic and Incurale Disease of Alzheimers

- ... If your answer to this question is yes then you will be more likely to develop the disease. With that comes the next deciding factor of having Alzheimer's, genetics. Genetics are broken up into two main categories, Risk genes and Deterministic genes. Risk genes raise the chances of developing a disease but do not guarantee that it is going to happen. The risk gene that influences this is called apolipoprotein (APOE-e4), and can be inherited from either parent. Now on the other hand, deterministic genes will directly cause the disease guaranteeing the recipient of those genes, development of the disorder....   [tags: genes, diagnos, patients]

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Validating Women in Chronic Pain

- While credibility is often given to those who experience acute, curable pain, chronic pain victims are given no such validity. Women experiencing this pain are subjected not only to difficulties of its chronicity but also to the stigmas of gender in the world of medical diagnosis. Where a man may be viewed as a respected soldier battling his world of chronic pain and a pain that is nothing but valid, a woman will be looked at with disbelief and blame while dealing with the very same pain. Today, women are constantly scrutinized for their over exaggeration of pain....   [tags: credibility, chronicity, medicine, discrimination]

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How to Prevent Chronic Disease

- A statistic from World Health Organization indicates that 60% of deaths are caused by chronic diseases. This is related to the increase of affluence and sedentary lifestyle. If we continue living this lifestyle, it will be easier for us to get the diseases. In this fast pace lifestyle, we are always on the go. We usually choose to eat food without thinking much about the food content but just thinking about filling our stomach. Apart from food consumption factor, family history and polluted surroundings are also the major causes of the chronic diseases....   [tags: Instructional Essay, Process Essay, How-To Essay]

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Food Chronic and Its Health

- Food Chronic Food is the basic necessity of all living organisms. According to Institution of Food Technology, food is defined as any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue. Chronic is defined as a condition of extended duration, either continuous or marked by frequent recurrence. Anthony Bourdain has said that “I have long believed that good food, good eating is all about risk. Whether we are talking about unpasteurized Stilton, raw oysters or working for organized crime ‘associates’ food, for me, has always been an adventure”....   [tags: consumptions, nutrition, excess, health]

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The Effects of Chronic Sleep Deprivation

- ... Reasons behind sleep There is no general consensus as to why humans sleep. Many hypotheses have been formulated, each with varying credibility. One of the more credible hypotheses is the restoration concept (Foster, 2013). The restoration concept states that energy burned during the day is restored through sleep (Foster, 2013). Recent investigations have identified that when sleeping, certain genes associated with restoration are expressed, suggesting that sleep was designed to allow for restoration of the body (Foster, 2013)....   [tags: symptoms, causes, treatments]

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Chronic Condition by Jeffrey Simpson

- Jeffrey Simpson’s book, Chronic Condition, is divided into two halves, the first half gives an informative history of Canada’s health care system, chronicling the challenges and problems it has faced to become what we know of today, which I found more compelling than the second. The second half of the book, argues Canada’s need to modernize its health care system. Simpson believes this can be done in four ways: by severely cutting health care spending, by increasing taxes, by incorporating privatization, and or by garnering savings by increasing efficiency....   [tags: book review]

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, is a major contributing factor of worldwide deaths (Olendorf, 1999). What causes it to be a main factor of worldwide deaths. The objective of this paper is to address the disease COPD and to evaluate research studies related to this disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease affects nearly sixteen million people in the United States alone (Olendorf, 1999). It is also a wide-ranging name for additional correlated diseases, such as, chronic bronchitis and emphysema (Olendorf, 1999)....   [tags: Medical Research]

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What is Chronic Sorrow?

- Is chronic sorrow a normal thing to live with. Is there a point where feeling sorrow is no longer healthy. Nurses in the field of health care are introduced to patients who experience ongoing sadness due to a loss. Nurses must be able to understand and work with patients who experience chronic sorrow. This paper researches chronic sorrow, and its’ connection to the field of nursing. Nursing theorists started to study this theory of chronic sorrow back in 1980. A group of scientists joined together in an effort to study chronic sorrow and to build a framework that helped nurses to understand how patients react to chronic sorrow....   [tags: Sadness, Field of Nursing, Nusre Theorists]

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Coping with Chronic Illness

- 1. Introduction. o Definition of chronic illness. o Coping strategies with chronic illness. o The magnitude of chronic illness in Egypt. o Theories of caring in relation to chronic illness. o Effect of chronic illness on patient and relatives. o Health promotion strategies. 2. Definition of diabetes. 3. Types of diabetes. 4. Sign& symptoms. 5. Causes. 6. Risk factors. 7. Anatomy and physiology of pancreas. 8. Case study.  Demographic data.  Past history of:  Patient  Family  Lab investigations....   [tags: Nursing Essays]

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People with Chronic Diseases

- There are many diseases in the world that affect patient’s life. WOH has mentioned that chronic conditions might lead to disability in the future which leads to spend a lot of money to treat patients (WHO, 2005). Chronic condition has been defined as “health problems that require ongoing management over a period of years or decades, and include: diabetes, heart disease, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease (COPD), cancer, HIV/AIDS, depression, and physical disabilities. To control chronic diseases and prevent patients from getting worse, all health professional and patients should be aware about self management....   [tags: Health, Diseases]

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Merleau-Ponty and Chronic Illness

- The 21st century health system has been marked by rapid developments in medical technology, availability of treatments, and advancements in the field of medicine. These changes have tremendously contributed to better prevention, management, and control of chronic illnesses like heart disease, asthma, diabetes and arthritis. However, the reality of chronic illness is intertwined with continued dwindle in quality of life, of dependency, of medication and limits. In this condition of diminishing health, the patient starkly experiences the dichotomy between the mind and the body....   [tags: Health Care ]

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Chronic Inflammation and Glycation

- ... Glycation is another mechanism that can result in mitochondrial dysfunction and chronic inflammation. It is a natural chemical reaction in which a simple sugar or carbohydrate molecule attaches to another bio molecule such as a protein, lipid, or nucleic acid without the help of enzymes. Unlike glycosylation, which is a similar metabolic process that is catalyzed by an enzyme, glycation usually disrupts normal cellular processes and are usually associated with oxidative damage. During glycation process, simple sugars like glucose and fructose act as reducing sugars, which become attached to proteins, nucleic acids or lipids, forming glycation adducts called Schiff base over a few hours....   [tags: mitochondrial dysfunction, Coenzyme ]

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What are Chronic Diseases?

- Chronic diseases are very common. There are many different chronic diseases, each with its own unique characteristics. Chronic diseases are defined as “a long-lasting condition that can be controlled but not cured” (What is a Chronic Disease?). Most people live their entire life with a chronic disease, yet they do not lose hope or faith in themselves. One well known chronic disease is Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV. HIV is commonly caused through sexual intercourse, but it is not always caused in this way....   [tags: long-lasting conditions, HIV]

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, or COPD is an umbrella term used to describe a combination of lung diseases. COPD (in the US) most commonly includes two main diseases, Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis. COPD is a progressive disease that becomes worse over time. There is no known cure for COPD, but treatments are available to maintain quality of life. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease causes coughing fits that produce large amounts of phlegm as the bronchioles become plugged up with mucus....   [tags: Health, Smoking]

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Acupuncture For Chronic Pain

- Recently, many studies have shown that continuing pain has a significant effect on work and daily life (RFRSNC). Chronic pain resulting from physical trauma, disease or injury, or having an unknown aetiology, may have a substantial effect on patients’ lives. Many have to give up work permanently, abandon potentially satisfying physical and social activities, or withdraw from contact with friends and family. In addition to these problems for the patients themselves, chronic pain is likely to cause financial difficulties and create distress for other family members....   [tags: hollistic medicine, informative]

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

- ... Likewise, COPD also affects the psychosocial and economy of an individual and their family. Once an individual of working age group is diagnosed with COPD. They are unable to work as their lung capacity deteriorates. This will affect their household income and the quality of life of the individual and their family. Due to the deterioration of their economic status they could feel embarrassed to face the society and might also feel burdened towards the family members and friends and might not want to participate in the social events....   [tags: ashtma, lungs, symptoms]

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

- COPD is a major health concern, globally, causing mortality and morbidity worldwide. According to Global Obstructive Lung Disease is the fourth leading cause, causing prematurely death from the disease or the complications of the disease. In 2010, COPD was estimated to account for 3.1% of burden and 5.5% of deaths worldwide. From systematic reviews it can be shown that the increasing prevalence of COPD two decades before is due to the increase of smoking habits and an aging population due to fewer deaths from communicable diseases....   [tags: global health concerns]

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Chronic Poverty in Nigeria

- INTRODUCTION In the global economy, issues of poverty has for some time been at the centre of developmental goal of nations. The poor nations are eager to come out of poverty; the rich nations are evolving welfare strategies to improve the quality of life of their people. Poverty has been defined in many ways by several scholars, but what seems to be a general consensus is that poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon. According to (Narayan and Petesch 2002) Poverty is regarded as lack of financial capability to obtain basic need of life such as food, cloth, shelter as well as lack of access to education, health care and security....   [tags: world poverty, global poverty]

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Chronic Substance Abuse Disease

- Many people around the world are dealing with chronic substance abuse diseases, and are not getting the proper help to be treated. Most of these abusers spend time on probation or parole and then return to using drugs and participating in crimes when they return to society. The Obama administration is trying their best to provide Americans with the proper treatments and interventions to prevent users from being involved in drug use and crime. One strategy that they are using is called HOPE: Hawaii’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement....   [tags: treatments, probation, parole]

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Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)

- Introduction to CWD; Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a fatal neuro-degenerative, transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of the family Cervidae (Hamir, et.al., 2006). The family Cervidae includes mule deer, Odocolileus hemionus, white-tailed deer, Odocolileus virginianus, Rocky Mountain elk, Cervus elaphus nelsoni, and moose, Alces alces shirasi, among others (Sigurdon & Aguzzi, 2007). CWD is a prion disease, meaning it is a protein caused infection, that occurs naturally in the deer family (Song & Lawson, 2009)....   [tags: Medical Research, Medicine]

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Treating Chronic Hepatitis C

- Victrelis (Boceprevir) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat chronic hepatitis C when used in combination with pegylated interferon alfa and ribavirin. Victrelis is the first drug in a new class of antiviral protease inhibitors. This drug binds to the Hepatitis C virus to prevent it from multiplying. The safety and effectiveness of Victrelis was evaluated in two phase III clinical trials with 1,500 adult patients. In both of these trials, two-thirds of the patients receiving Victrelis in combination with pegylated interferon and ribavirin experienced a significantly increased sustained virologic response, the hepatitis C virus was no longer detected in the bloo...   [tags: Using Victrelis]

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Syphilis- Chronic Bacterial Disease

- Syphilis is a chronic bacterial disease that is contracted chiefly by infection during sexual intercourse, but it also can be passed congenitally from an infected mother to her developing fetus. Syphilis can be transmitted from direct contact with syphilis sores which appear on the external genitals, vagina, anus, or in the rectum. Sores also can occur on the lips and inside the mouth. Pregnant women can put their child in danger of getting the disease if they do not get necessary medications. Syphilis can be a painful and disturbing condition and also fatal if it is not properly treated with the right medicine....   [tags: sexually transmitted disease, intercourse]

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Chronic Sleep Disorder: Narcolepsy

- Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) causing uncontrollable and sometimes inappropriate napping. Though the naps are often refreshing their frequent occurrences can severely impair daily social functioning. Apart from EDS the cardinal symptoms are; hypnagogic hallucinations, sleep paralysis, sleep onset rapid eye movement periods (SOREMP) and approximately 50% of all patients also suffer from cataplexy; sudden episodes of emotionally triggered muscle weakness (Saper et al., 2001, Schenck et al., 2007)....   [tags: innapropriate napping, brain]

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Chronic Glomerulonephritis

- “Glomerulonephritis is known to be an immune reaction mediated by antigen-antibody complexes.” The kidneys have little filters called glomeruli that filter out leftover fluid, electrolytes, remaining waste from the bloodstream into the patient’s urine. About one quart of blood pass through the glomeruli every minute. When these filters become inflamed, this is called glomerulonephritis. This disease can be chronic or come on sudden, as in acute. Glomerulonephritis can turn up on its own which would be considered primary glomerulonephritis....   [tags: Immune Reaction, Antigen-Antibody Complexes]

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Chronic Fatigue

- What happens to people who have an illness that is not fully accepted by the medical community, a disease for which no positive diagnostic tools exist, and for which no successful protocols for treatment exist. This describes an illness known as chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in the U.S. and myalgic encephalomyelitis (M.E.) in Western Europe and Australia. According to the summary of findings from the 2004 Annual Research and Clinical Conference of the American Association of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, an estimated 800,000 people in the U.S....   [tags: Health]

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Chronic Depression

- Most everyone will endure variations in moods. Many people at some point in life feel disappointment or the grief that accompanies the loss of a loved one. Chronic depression is defined as the inability to function, feel pleasure or obtain interest. Research stems this disorder from a biochemical imbalance in the brain also known as depression. Depression is a major unrecognized mental disturbance and is among the most common and destructive of illnesses today. In addition, many people suffer from Manic Depression or Major Depression....   [tags: Mental Illness]

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Chronic Rhinosinusitis

- For 8 weeks of vacation work I have been looking at preparing and characterizing nanoparticulate systems to encapsulate the antimicrobial drug mupirocin. Specifically polymeric nanoparticles and liposomes were investigated. Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory disease of the nasal mucosa; often resulting from a Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), a bacterial infection in the sinus cavity (Suh JD. & Kennedy DW., 2011). S. aureus can be treated with antimicrobial mupiriocin (MUP). Nasal irrigation is employed for the current delivery of the drug, however the system lacks effectiveness....   [tags: ntimicrobial drug mupirocin, nanoparticles]

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Chronic Back Pain

- Definition of the condition: Chronic Pain is described as a long lasting pain that people experience beyond a normal healing time (Hasenbring, Rusu & Turk, 2012). This time is usually up to three or six months prior to an incident (Hasenbring, Rusu & Turk, 2012). Chronic back pain can include common diagnosis of muscle spasms, back strain, or myofasical syndrome (Weiner & Nordin, 2010). There are three different types of chronic back pain; simple musculoskeletal back pain, spinal nerve root pain and serious spinal pathology (Jackson & Simpson, 2006)....   [tags: Pain, musculoskeletal, NSAID]

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Chronic Wasting Disease

- Chronic Wasting Disease is a highly transmissible, deadly neurodegenerative disease that affects cervids in North America (Belay et al., 2004; Saunders et al., 2012). There are only four types of cervid that are known to get this disease which include elk, mule deer, white-tailed deer, and moose (Chronic Wasting Disease Alliance). It has been classified has a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE), otherwise known as a prion disease (Belay et al., 2004). A prion is an irregular, pathogenic agent that causes abnormal folding of specific proteins called prion proteins....   [tags: neurodegenerative disease, human health]

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Chronic Kidney Disease

- Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide problem that is currently three times higher for African Americans, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, American Indians and seniors (The National Kidney Foundation, 2013). CKD occurs when the kidneys are damaged by a pathogen or injury and they can no longer adequately maintain proper levels of regulated chemicals in the bloodstream. There are many risk associated with CKD. According to the National Kidney Foundation, two of the major risks are Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) and Cardiovascular Disease....   [tags: CKD, health risks]

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Chronic Renal Failure

- Introduction Every human body contains one pair of kidneys. They are situated towards the back of the body under the ribs, just at the level of the waist, with one on each side of the body. Each kidney is composed of about one million units called nephrons, and each nephron consists of two parts: a filter, called the glomerulus and a tubule leading out from the nephrons (Cameron 1999). According to Marshall and Bangert (2008), the kidneys have three major functions: firstly, the kidneys excrete waste from plasma in the blood....   [tags: Health]

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Diabetes- Chronic Disease

- Introduction Diabetes is one of the most recognized chronic diseases that have become an epidemic around the world. In 2013, data collected (Fast Facts Data and Statistics about Diabetes, 2013)d by the American Diabetes Association stated that nearly 26 million adults and children have diabetes. Out of which racially, 16.1% of total adult American Indian and Alaskan Native people have diagnosed diabetes (Fast Facts Data and Statistics about Diabetes, 2013). The documentary titled ‘bad sugar’ enlisted on the website unnatural causes describes the as having the highest rate in the world of type II diabetes, in the Tohono O’Odham American Indian Tribe in the south of Phoenix, Arizona and the G...   [tags: Epidemic, American Diabetes Association]

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Chronic Disease Management

- Not only chronic diseases management becomes important at the heath care work but also it causes a state of challenge in many countries. And because some of the chronic diseases have turned into complex cases, they need multi-disciplinary team care. By practicing within a team, healthcare profession¬als will be able to balance the amount of duties, responsibility and the workload. The term Team Care Arrangement TCA was first introduced to support multidisciplinary care for patients with chronic diseases....   [tags: health care, communication, collaboration]

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Chronic Pain Management: Opioids and Their Alternatives

- “You’re faking it.” or “Can’t you just suck it up?” Millions of people who suffer through chronic pain have heard these statements made about them. In truth, they aren’t faking it, and they cannot just “suck it up.” Chronic pain, or pain lasting for longer than six months, can be a life-altering experience. According to Dr. Karriem-Norwood, the symptoms of chronic pain include: “mild to severe pain that does not go away, pain that may be described as shooting, burning, aching, or electrical, feeling of discomfort, soreness, tightness, or stiffness, fatigue, sleeplessness, withdrawal from activity and increased need to rest, weakened immune system, changes in mood including hopelessness, fe...   [tags: acupunture, massage therapy, hypnosis, meditation]

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Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

- It was homecoming, 1988. I stood stunned on the sidelines with the other cheerleaders, praying that he would wake up. It had been 20 minutes and he still wasn’t moving. The crowd was silent as the ambulance pulled away. He would be pronounced dead upon arrival at the hospital. Keith, our star linebacker, was 17 years-old, and our hearts were broken. His family was religiously opposed to an autopsy, but we were told he had likely died from a congenital cerebral aneurysm. 25 years later, almost to the day, I sat watching an ESPN discussion about an Arizona high school football player who had died after a game sustained concussion, likely from second impact syndrome....   [tags: closed-head trauma]

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Crohn´s Chronic Disease

- Crohn’s Disease along with Ulcerative Colitis are two of the major forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Crohn's disease also known as regional enteritis is a chronic disease. The disease affects different parts of the digestive system where ulcers develop, usually towards the end of the small intestine and the beginning of the large intestine. However it can develop from the mouth to the anus as they are a part of the digestive tract. The disease affects approximately 2 million Americans (Harvard)....   [tags: digestive, food, symptoms, medications]

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Chronic Illness: Polio

- The chronic illness that my LPCE patient suffers from is Polio. Polio is a virus that is spread from person to person usually by fecal-oral transmission and attacks the Central Nervous System, where it destroys motor neurons1. The first polio vaccination was created in 1950 but unfortunately our patient contracted it three years prior to that, on her seventh birthday2. Upon contracting Polio, my patient spent a year at a rehab facility in order to undergo treatment and learn how to better manage the disease....   [tags: patient, confidentiality, competency]

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Chronic Lymphatic Leukemia

- General Description Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) is slow-progressing or “chronic”, cancer of the blood and bone marrow. CLL is the second most common leukemia in adults and one of the four primary types of leukemia. Certain risk factors have been identified including age, race, sex, family history of blood and bone marrow cancers and chemical exposure. Most people diagnosed with CLL are white males over the age of 60. Occurrence increases with age and a marked increase after 60. Herbicides, insecticides and Agent Orange used in the Vietnam War have shown to increase the risk of developing CLL....   [tags: Health]

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Transtheoretical Model and Chronic Stress Management

- The behavior I would like to change is the management of chronic stress. Chronic stress is a precursor for most health problems in today’s society. If we look at the start of most health problems, we can likely trace it back to chronic stress. Chronic stress releases levels of cortisol higher than normal. Cortisol is a hormone released from someone with chronic stress, which can which can negatively affect the body’s ability to function. Getting sick is another negative factor of being overly stressed....   [tags: health, cortisol, Porchaska, behavior, change]

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Chronic Heel Pain Case Study

- Chronic heel pain is the most common condition, accounts about 15 percent in population (Rome, 2005). Chronic plantar heel pain likely present in conditions plantar fascitis, subcalcaneal bursitis, neuritis, subcalcaneal spur (Narvaez et al, 2006). The common cause of chronic plantar heel pain is plantar fascitis.pain may occur along the entire attachment of the plantar fascia or limited usually on the inferior medial aspect of the calcaneum,the bony prominence act as the origin for the plantar fascia and the weakest point of the fascia in which the fibres themselves are in highly tensile stress....   [tags: Case Study, analysis, solution]

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The Role of Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Chronic Diseases

- The mitochondria are specialized rod-shaped structures (organelles) found in most living cells. Depending on their specialized functions, cells may contain as few as five mitochondria or as much as 2000 of these organelles. They are often called the “powerhouse” of the cell because they convert oxygen and nutrients into ATP (adenosine triphosphate), a form of chemical energy, which provides substrate to various metabolic processes within the cell. Only mitochondria can perform this function and when mitochondrial dysfunction occurs, normal cellular activities are disrupted....   [tags: healthy diet,cellular activity,leigh's syndrome]

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the result of the obstruction of the airways and of the air out of the lungs as you exhale. Not only is this condition usually permanent with attacks (called exacerbations when the attacks become worse, even life-threatening) occurring over long periods of time (hence the word “chronic” in the name of the condition), it can also become more serious with each attack. COPD is usually caused by three conditions that over time that wreak havoc on the respiratory system....   [tags: Case Study]

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Diagnosing Chronic Diseases: Literary Review

- Background: Chronic disease is defined as disease that persists over a long condition which progress slowly and generally it can be controlled but not cure. Type of chronic disease likely heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, liver, and diabetes mellitus. Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) is a case-based reasoning solves problems by using or adapting solutions to old problems. The CBR system has been used for diverse purposes likely classification, diagnostic, planning, and tutoring in the field of medical....   [tags: CBR, PPV, NPV]

Term Papers
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MODDERN Cures Act and Chronic Disease

- Should drug regulation in the United States be significantly revamped in order to encourage development of drugs targeted at chronic disease. In the United States drug regulation is taken very seriously. Congress holds the power to regulate the distribution, manufacture, and use of narcotics. Congress has the power to regulate narcotics through the Bill of Rights. “Congress may not authorize unreasonable searches and seizures or cruel and unusual punishment of narcotics violators” (Kaplan). Congress is able to see where and how drugs get transported....   [tags: treatment, policy, drug regulation, medicine]

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Community Health Nursing and Chronic Illness

- Introduction Community nursing is important to caring for patients as part of a holistic approach. By using Chronic Disease Self-Management (CDSM) and Trans-Theoretical Lifestyle Model of Change (TTM) nurses can ensure that care is specific to the patient, which can increase their compliance with their new program. Having the patients as involved as possible in their own care allows them to take back some of the power that health care can take away. By self-managing their chronic condition patients can live fuller lives than if they were reliant on the health care team for all planning and implementing of care....   [tags: community nursing, hostilic approach]

Term Papers
2040 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Disability of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

- COPD is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and is a major cause of disability. Millions of middle aged-adult and older adults are diagnosed with COPD. “Over the past decades chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become widespread and is now the fourth leading cause of morbidity and mortality on a worldwide basis” (Hellem, Bruugsgaard, & Bergland, 2012, p. 206). This disease is a progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe. As time goes on the symptoms will get worse. Most people with COPD have both emphysema and chronic bronchitis....   [tags: breathing, smoking, health]

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Caring for Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease

- The Registered Nurses Association of Ontario (RNAO) (2009) reported, “an estimated two million Canadians have kidney disease or are at risk for it” (p. 17). According to Porth (2011) and the Kidney Foundatoin of Canada (n.d.c), chronic kidney disease (CKD) has several different causes that combined cause a loss in renal function over 3 months or more, resulting in kidney failure, and its progression is classified into five stages. The two main causes for CKD are diabetes and hypertension (HTN) (National Kidney Foundation, 2012a)....   [tags: Nursing]

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1258 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Obesity and Diet Related Chronic Diseases

- ... Nutrition labels have been developed specifically to help consumers identify foods that will comprise a healthful diet. Food labels can be helpful also for individuals to monitor caloric intake and ensure successful weight loss or maintenance. As specified by the Code of Federal Regulations15, calories on food labels represent metabolizable energy, i.e. total (gross) calories minus calories that are excreted in stool and urine. There is no standard way to measure a calorie in a food. That's because The FDA allows for five different methods to calculate calories, which theoretically, will provide different values....   [tags: disorders, poor dietary practices]

Research Papers
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Chronic Pain, Terminal Illness and Euthanasia

- The fear associated with death is powerful, but even more so is the fear of living an unfulfilling life full of pointless suffering. This spurs the belief for those in such situations that we as bodied people have the power to control our fate. Many movements involved with Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) have started internationally with that phrase in mind. Euthanasia is defined as, “The painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease, or is in an irreversible coma.” Christopher Docker defines PAS as, " ......   [tags: Death, Ethics, Suffering]

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1476 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

- Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is preventable disease that has a detrimental effects on both the airway and lung parenchyma (Nazir & Erbland, 2009). COPD categorises emphysema and chronic bronchitis, both of which are characterised by a reduced maximum expiratory flow and slow but forced emptying of the lungs (Jeffery 1998). The disease has the one of the highest number of fatalities in the developed world due to the ever increasing amount of tobacco smokers and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality (Marx, Hockberger & Walls, 2014)....   [tags: Nursing Essays]

Term Papers
3105 words | (8.9 pages) | Preview

Chronic Heart Failure: Annotated Bibliography

- Level 1 Evidence NHMRC – Systematic Review This systematic review conducted by Takeda A, Taylor SJC, Taylor RS, Khan F, Krum H, Underwood M, (2012) sourced twenty-five trials, and the overall number of people of the collective trials included was 5,942. Interventions were classified and assessed using the following headings.- Takeda, Taylor, Khan, Krum, & Underwood. (2012) states ‘(1) case management interventions (intense monitoring of patients following discharge often involving telephone follow up and home visits); (2) clinic interventions (follow up in a CHF clinic) and (3) multidisciplinary interventions (holistic approach bridging the gap between hospital admission and discharge home de...   [tags: Annotated Bibliography]

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one pulmonary disease I was able to assess in a patient. As we have learned in the classroom, patients with this disease can present as a “blue bloater” if bronchitis predominant or a “pink puffer” if emphysema predominant. Bronchitis predominant COPD patients present as overweight 30-40 year old adults with mild dyspnea, pursed-lip breathing, peripheral edema, and chronic cough with mucopurulent sputum. Their chest upon auscultation will yield rhonchi and wheezes....   [tags: Differential Diagnosis]

Free Essays
1229 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Bronchitis Treatments & Remedies for Acute and Chronic Bronchitis

- The lung disease, Chronic Bronchitis, is a fairly common disease found in smokers and patients who inhale a large amount of smoke. Booth Bronchitis and Chronic Bronchitis can go away with time("Bronchitis Treatments & Remedies for Acute and Chronic Bronchitis."). Other measurers in which you can speed the process of healing is plenty of rest, staying hydrated, and avoiding smoke. To treat and Chronic Bronchitis a cough suppressant and antibiotics are necessary. The treatment for Chronic Bronchitis is functional in the sense that antibiotics usually have a high success rate and the cough suppressant will take away the painful cough and limit the amount of phlegm exiting the body through coug...   [tags: lung disease, bronchitis, smoke]

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609 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Case Study of a Patient with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

- The presented case is of a patient named R.S. who has a smoking history of many years, which can be directly tied to his development of chronic bronchitis, a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) specified as Type B. It is estimated that in 90% of chronic bronchitis or “blue bloaters”, cigarette smoking is the major cause. Chronic bronchitis involves persistent and irreversible airway obstruction, due to the constant inflammation of the bronchial mucosa, leading to hypertrophy and hyperplasia of bronchial glands....   [tags: cough, bronchitis, bronchodilator]

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564 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Case-Based Reasoning for Diagnosing Chronic Disease

- Background: Chronic disease is defined as disease that persists over a long condition which progress slowly and generally it can be controlled but not cure. There are types of chronic disease such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, liver, and diabetes mellitus. CBR is a case-based reasoning solves problems by using or adapting solutions to old problems. The systems of CBR have been used for diverse purposes likely classification, diagnostic, planning, and tutoring in the field of medical....   [tags: classification, research, performance]

Powerful Essays
1741 words | (5 pages) | Preview

The Development of Boxing-Related Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

- The American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) states, “A high 90% of boxers will sustain at least one brain injury by the time their career ends.” (AANS, 2010) The British Board of Sports Medicine reports from 1998 to 2006, there were 70 deaths caused by injuries related to the sport of boxing. (Espinoza) Boxing is an art of attack and defense with the fists and is practiced as a sport. Boxing at one point was one of the components of the Ancient Olympic Games from 644BC and was banned from Roman times until the 17th century....   [tags: neurological, risk, injury]

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Nebulized Furosemide

- COPD is noted as being the fourth leading cause of mortality in the United States. Mortality is expected to increase among COPD patients despite advances in its management. As exacerbations and hospitalizations characterize a key driver of the cost and morbidity of COPD, significance should be placed on interventions aimed at delaying the advancement of disease, inhibiting exacerbations, and reducing the risk of co-morbidities. Treatment for COPD has been at of a standstill in recent years. Beta2 antagonists, corticosteroids, and theophylline have been at the helm....   [tags: treatment, mortality, pulmonary irritant]

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1476 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Ethical Aspects of Chronic Pain Management with Opioid Analgesics

- Ethical Aspects of Chronic Pain Management with Opioid Analgesics Pain has been identified as the most common reason that patients seek medical attention. It is estimated that nonmalignant chronic pain effects more than 50 million Americans. The World Health Organization has identified pain as a leading health problem in the county (Payne et al., 2010). Repeated studies have identified difficulty on the part of providers to manage pain to meet patient needs. Many patients with severe pain change health care providers at least once in the search of adequate pain relief (Casey, 2011)....   [tags: Medical Research]

Term Papers
2096 words | (6 pages) | Preview

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy is a Progressive Degenerative Disease of the Brain

- Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain that is establish in people who has a consistent pattern of brain trauma and concussion. It als produce an increases of tau which is a protein that is poison to the brain.“These changes in the brain can begin months, years, or even decades after the last brain trauma or end of active athletic involvement…CTE can only be diagnosed in autopsy, but there have been reports of emotional changes and Alzheimer's-like symptoms in some athletes prior to their posthumous diagnoses (Jaslow, 2013).” The first time CTE was pronounce by Harrison Martland in 1928....   [tags: domestic abuse, athletes, concussions]

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Nursing Report: Treating a Child with Chronic Illnesses

- My client is a 16 year old Caucasian female, was admitted into Children Medical Services on July 28, 2015. She lives with her mother in a mobile home. Mother and father are divorced because her father was abusive. Since mother is now a single parent finances are a struggle. Mother also has depression and is receiving counseling. My client has Dysthmia, a chronic type of depression in which a person's moods are regularly low (cite). She was diagnosed with Obsessive Compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations, or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (cite)....   [tags: Nursing Essays]

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795 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Confessions of a Chronic Shopper

- Confessions of a Chronic Shopper It began with Barbie. I received my first at age four, and for awhile, I was happy with just that one. But when I walked down the all-hot-pink aisle at Target, I couldn’t help but need another. Magic Moves, Peaches and Cream, Crystal. Barbie and the Rockers. And then came the accessories. Barbie’s pink Jeep. Barbie’s bed and bedroom furniture. Kitchen accessories. Gym equipment. A tall Barbie house with an elevator. My sister and I had the works. We would set up luxurious Barbie mansions and would select from a bottomless Barbie pit four or five Barbies apiece, creating elaborate plots that could contend with any of the afternoon soap operas....   [tags: Personal Narrative Shopping Toys Papers]

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2722 words | (7.8 pages) | Preview

The Development of Novel Drugs for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

- Biomarkers are becoming increasingly important in cancer treatments due to its contribution to the development of specific drugs. A variety of these signature markers has been discovered, such as the BCR-ABL oncogene in patients with Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia (CML). Although traditional therapies can be used in the treatment of a variety of cancers, it cannot kill the nature of this type. CML treatment requires a strategy by means of the combination of drugs in order to succeed in healing. Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia is a rare cancer that affects white blood cells [5] and extends to its stem cells....   [tags: biomarkers, therapy, cancer]

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889 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 1.2.1 Definitions and Terminology --------------------------- There are no universally accepted terminology or definition for the group of conditions characterised by airways obstruction that is completely reversible (Snider, 1996). There are several problems that have to be considered. The first results from the use of the term ‘chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseÂ’ (COPD), which is considered inaccurate since this is not truly a disease but a group of diseases....   [tags: Papers]

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Pathogenesis and Treatment of Chronic Symptoms with Emphasis on Chyluria and Elephantiasis

- Elephantiasis is a condition in which a limb or other part of the body becomes grossly enlarged due to obstruction of the lymphatic system, typically by the nematode parasites that cause Filariasis. Filariasis is a tropical disease caused by the presence of filarial worm, if a person contracts the disease, this one can later develop elephantiasis. Another term of elephantiasis is Lymphatic Filariasis, which is a parasitic disease caused by the African eye worm, a microscopic thread-like worm: thread worms are small, thin and white, they infect the human intestines; more common in children but anyone of any age can be affected by it....   [tags: mosquitos, filariasis, Podoconoisis]

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1023 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Exercise is an Effective Treatment for Chronic Low Back Pain

- Physical activity is the key to success in the treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP), and exercise itself has the most permanent and long lasting effects (Abenhaim et al. 2000). Although the variety of conservative, complementary, and surgical treatments available, such as medication, thermotherapies, ergonomic and self-care advices, and patient education, proven to be beneficial for CLBP, at the present time the main aim is to provide effective interventions as well as reduce the health care costs....   [tags: Healthy Lifestyle Essay]

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1377 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

The Chronic Conditions: Breast Cancer and High Blood Pressure

- ... Doctors are learning way more about this disease than other doctors in the past which is in return helping woman of all ethnicities with their road to recovery and healing processes. Young states, "According to the American Cancer Society about 230,500 women in the United States have been diagnosed with invasive breast cancer this year. Nearly 40,000 women are expected to die from this cancer this year. Only lung cancer causes more cancer deaths in women (Young, 2011, p. 1)". That is still a big number of women that do not survive, but if you look at the survival rate, that's 190,500 women that got the right cures....   [tags: statistics, preventive tactics]

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889 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Examining Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) in Professional Boxers

- The competitive nature of professional boxing plays an integral role in the longevity of the sport throughout earlier civilization to the modern-day era. The pivotal key in the success of boxing is the unpredictability of what each match entails, which often triggers excitement to highly devoted fans. Nonetheless, there are serious hazards associated with professional boxing (e.g., brain atrophy, and neurological and cognitive impairments). As a matter of fact, most fatalities in the ring are usually due to brain injuries such as brain hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, and brain contusions (Ryan, 1998)....   [tags: Medical Research]

Strong Essays
1200 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Football Players and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)

- Thesis Statement What does Jovan Belcher, Ray Esterling and O.J. Murdock Have in common. They all were famous football players who commented suicide. Each player had something called chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE. This is a condition where sufferers have had repeated hits to the head that leads to concussions and ultimately head trauma. In this research paper, we will go over the data about the NFL to see could they have prevented CTE in these players if they had placed the player’s safety first....   [tags: Football Players and Injury]

Term Papers
1761 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Acupuncture and Chronic Pain

- What is Acupuncture. Acupuncture is an ancient art of healing that dates back to at least 2,500 years. It has been widely practiced in China and many other Asian countries. Only recently has acupuncture made its way into the western world. Acupuncture accentuates on the natural healing of the body. It involves stimulating acupuncture points by the insertion of very fine, solid, metallic needles. Acupuncture is gaining popularity as numerous claims are being made to its validity and effectiveness....   [tags: Health Treatment Papers]

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3389 words | (9.7 pages) | Preview

What´s Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)?

- Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease attributed to single, sporadic, or repetitive brain trauma, including concussions and subconcussive hits (Baugh et al., 2012; Wortzel et al., 2013). This disease was originally referred to as dementia pugilistica, and nicknamed “punch drunk,” because individuals suffering from this disorder would present symptoms that were similar to someone’s mannerisms while being intoxicated (Wortzel et al., 2013). This “drunken” behavior is thought to be attributed to the cognitive, mood, and behavioral alterations as a result of the repetitive hits to the brain over an extended period of time....   [tags: brain trauma, concussions]

Powerful Essays
1498 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

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