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Characteristics of Seventeenth Century England

- Population growth, inflation, commercialization, individual competitiveness, and social Divergences are just some of the many words used to describe the future of England’s society during the seventeenth century. It seemed that humanities only goal was to become a business tycoon and hit the big time. These however were not words or used to describe the Puritans. Some Puritans of this time did not like the sound of their ever nearing future and believed it was not in god’s will for these things to happen....   [tags: Puritans]

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Femininity in Eighteenth-Century England

- Concepts of femininity in eighteenth-century England guided many young women, forging their paths for a supposed happy future. However, these set concepts and resulting ideas of happiness were not universal and did not pertain to every English woman, as seen in Jane Austen’s novel, Pride and Prejudice. The novel follows the Bennet sisters on their quest for marriage, with much of it focusing on the two oldest sisters, Jane and Elizabeth. By the end, three women – Jane, Elizabeth, and Elizabeth’s friend, Charlotte Lucas – are married....   [tags: Gender Studies]

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The Art of Gambling in Nineteenth Century England

- In 19th century England, gambling was made popular by the upper and elites classes of English society. Whereas the lower classes spent most of their leisure time drinking alcohol in the local alehouses, elites preferred to enjoy their lesire time spending money and placing hefy wagers. Many historians have compare the lower classes to the upper classes during this era, they try to describe gambling in a simplistic way and discuss what games were popular and among what social class. However gambling was deeply entwined in English society, it became seen as a morality problem by the English government and thought to threaten the development of England because of extreme gambling behaviors....   [tags: leisure time entertainment of the upper classes]

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Homosexuality in Eighteenth Century England

- Though same-sex relationships have been a prominent aspect of many cultures almost since the beginning of time, there has historically been a significant taboo surrounding the phenomenon in the Western world. "From the Fourteenth Century on, Western Europe was gripped by a rabid and obsessive negative preoccupation with homosexuality as the most horrible of sins" (Boswell 262). The majority of people did not understand or accept the idea, and consequentially did not have an appropriate way of talking about it....   [tags: European History]

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Prostitution in 18th Century England

- Prostitution in 18th Century England "Miss B____rn. No. l 8 Old Compton Street, Soho Close in the arms she languishingly lies With dying looks, short breath, and wishing eyes. This accomplished nymph has just attained her eighteenth year, and fraught with every perfection, enters a volunteer in the field of Venus. She plays on the pianofort, sings, dances, and is mistress of every Maneuver in the amorous contest that can enhance the coming pleasure; is of the middle stature, fine auburn hair, dark eyes and very inviting countenance, which ever seems to beam delight and love....   [tags: European History]

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Orphans in Nineteenth-Century England

- Orphans in Nineteenth-Century England   There is no denying that the nineteenth century in England was a time of tremendous changes throughout the social and economical spectrums. As the adults adjusted to these changes prompted by the Industrial Revolution as best they could, many children, in particular orphans, were faced with poor living conditions that limited their successes later in life. Although most orphaned children were fortunate enough to be placed into sufficient living circumstances, many of them were not as privileged....   [tags: Eurpean History Papers Research Essays]

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Catholicism in Eighteenth-Century England

- Catholicism in Eighteenth-Century England February hath XXVIII Days Rouze, Protestants, the Year of Wonder’s gone, Great George is now establish’d on the Throne; A Mighty Prince, by God for us prepar’d, Us to preserve from Dangers greatly fear’d; From Popery the Devil’s great Master Fear, Where Men are Slaves, and Priests their Gods do eat . . . (Mullan and Reid 2000, 173) This poem, published in John Partridge’s almanac Merlinus Liberatus for 1717, shows the common feeling amongst the English Protestants towards Catholics....   [tags: European Europe History]

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Gypsies in Nineteenth-Century England

- Gypsies in Nineteenth-Century England Missing Works Cited Despite the important role Gypsies played in the nineteenth-century, they were not automatically accepted as equals in society. In fact, from the moment they set foot on European soil, the Gyspies were misunderstood and even feared. These feelings became manifest in prejudices, which led to discriminatory actions. At the same time, however, Victorian society found itself fascinated with these strange Gypsies. The gypsy motif in Jane Eyre reflects the ambiguous attitude of Victorian society toward Gypsies....   [tags: European History Essays]

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Hopelessness of the Irish in Nineteenth Century England

- Hopelessness of the Irish in Nineteenth Century England Throughout my research into the subject of the Irish in England's industrial north during the early nineteenth century, one fact became quite clear; contemporary writers' treatment of the Irish was both minimal and negative. I consulted many sources, Friedrich Engels, Leon Faucher, James Kay-Shuttleworth to name but a few and the reoccurring theme as pertaining to the Irish in all these works was mainly consistent; the Irish were a lazy, vulgar people prone to drinking and brawling....   [tags: European Europe History]

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The Value of Currency in Eighteenth Century England

- The Value of Currency in Eighteenth Century England For most of the eighteenth century, a shilling a day was a fair wage for most workers. Highly skilled workmen naturally made more; unskilled laborers and farm workers fared somewhat less favorably. One shilling would take home "5 Ibs.. of meat or four rabbits, 3 quarts of strong ale, or 6 gallons of 'middling' beer" (Mays 6). M. Dorothy George relates that the cheapest theatre seat, in the top gallery, was about a shilling. And the "weekly rent of a miserable London attic, ready furnished" might be 1 shilling six pence" (George Hogarth 51 n)....   [tags: European History]

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Vagrancy in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England

- Vagrancy in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England Throughout the work An Account of the Travels, Sufferings and Persecutions of Barbara Blaugdone, there is a common occurrence of imprisonment. Wherever Blaugdone traveled, she seemed to come across some confrontation with the law. This should not be surprising, for in the time period when this work was written many laws, statutes, and acts had been established to thwart the spreading of unpopular Quaker views. Many acts were established primarily to prevent the ministry of Quakerism; however universal laws, especially those to prevent vagrancy, were also used against traveling Quakers....   [tags: British History 16th 17th]

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Women's Suffrage in 19th Century England

- Women's Suffrage in 19th Century England Women's Suffrage in the right of women to share political privileges on equal terms with men, the right to vote in elections and referendums, and the right to hold public office. The women's suffrage was a worldwide issue that had begun a long time before the 19th century. The issues involving women's right to vote was aroused in 1839 when the American Missionary Association began to work to develop education opportunities for blacks and other minorities in the U.S....   [tags: Papers]

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Literary Works in Sixteenth-Century England

- Literary Works in Sixteenth-Century England Literary works in sixteenth-century England were rarely if ever created in isolation from other currents in the social and cultural world. The boundaries that divided the texts we now regard as aesthetic from other texts that participated in the spectacles of power or the murderous conflicts of rival religious factions or the rhetorical strategies of erotic and political courtship were porous and constantly shifting. It is perfectly acceptable, of course, for the purposes of reading to redraw these boundaries more decisively, treating Renaissance texts as if they were islands of the autonomous literary imagination....   [tags: Papers]

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Childhood Mortality in Nineteenth-Century England

- Childhood Mortality in Nineteenth-Century England The issue of childhood mortality is written into the works of Gaskell and Dickens with alarming regularity. In Mary Barton, Alice tells Mary and Margaret that before Will was orphaned, his family had buried his six siblings. There is also the death of the Wilson twins, as well as Tom Barton's early death --an event which inspires his father John to fight for labor rights because he's certain his son would have survived if he'd had better food. In Oliver Twist, Dick's early death is typical of workhouse children who never recover from years of chronic malnutrition....   [tags: European Europe History]

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North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell

- The nineteenth century was a time of economic, technologic, and population growth. These changes created problems in everyone’s daily lives. Two examples of things that affected the lives of many were disease and sanitation. Disease and sanitation led to high mortality rates in Nineteenth- Century England. This relates to North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell as it takes place during nineteenth century England and multiple characters died presumably due to disease. In North and South by the Victorian Novelist, Elizabeth Gaskel, the towns in the book were given different names than they were in England during the nineteenth century....   [tags: nineteenth century England]

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Social Classes, Prostitution and Jack the Ripper in the 19th Century England

- After the Age of Enlightenment in the mid 18th century in England, the tension between the social classes intensified even more. A huge gap generated between the aristocrats and the working class, but dozens of new layers of society appeared. While the rich lived to the fullest, the lower class starved and needed to find alternative ways of money making. Prostitution became more and more widespread, which lead to an inequality and social stratification between poor and rich and due to the economical crisis the number of prostitutes grew from year to year....   [tags: Aristocrats, Working Class, Age of Enlightenment]

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England During The 19th Century

- During the 19th and early 20th centuries, England underwent vital and irreversible economic, political, social and industrial changes which revealed that England’s strength lay not in its military but in its economic capabilities. During this time England built a powerful trading system and generated the credit necessary to pay for a relatively small navy that protected and extended the trading system and destroyed those of its competition. At the same time, England was able to raise the funds to finance the ground-breaking industrial technology that launched England ahead of its rivals lasting more than half a century....   [tags: Social class, Working class, Middle class]

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England During The 19th Century

- Between the years 1700 and 1850, England underwent a period of vast and rapid industrialization. In doing so, England established itself as the leader of industrialization in the world and caused other countries in Europe and America to follow the same trend during the late 18th century. In England during 1700, England was a nation composed of several rural villages. If any change occurred in England, it occurred very gradually, since the people moved slowly. The population had only limited amounts of information regarding the world outside of their villages....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine, Factory]

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Humanism as a Threat and Hope for 17th Century England

- The renaissance lay dormant in the minds of men from the 13th and 14th centuries. Their work was considered heretical and they were burned at the stake. The repression of the 13th and 14th centuries was undone as the power of the church and its scholastic knowledge was transferred to any literate men with access to a local printer's workshop and money to buy a library of ancient works that were now being copied at incredible speeds. This created a threat to the doctrinal power of the church which gave way to a scientific revolution....   [tags: Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare]

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The Rise in Political Power of 17th Century England and France

- The Rise in Political Power of 17th Century England and France In the seventeenth century, the political power of the Parliament in England, and the Monarchy in France increased greatly. These conditions were inspired by three major changes: the aftermath of the reformation, the need for an increased governmental financing, and the reorganizing of central governments. These three points were each resolved in a different way in both England and in France. The first major point which eventually increased political power was the aftermath of the Protestant reformation....   [tags: European Europe History]

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The Impact of Opium Use in Nineteenth-Century England

- The Impact of Opium Use in Nineteenth-Century England Introduction Evidence from contemporary newspapers and other sources suggest that by the mid nineteenth-century England was beginning to realize the depth of its opium problem. Opium had been introduced by the Arabs around the sixteenth-century, England began to seriously trade it around the late seventeenth- century. English citizens, by this time, through its exploits, were using the drug for medical reasons. However, most of these new cures all used opium in some form....   [tags: European Europe History]

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The Changing Complexion of Crime in Nineteenth Century England

- The Changing Complexion of Crime in Nineteenth Century England Crime during the nineteenth century in England, was being redefined as industrialization and urbanization increased. The social ramifications of overcrowding, poverty, immigration, and a growing disparity between rich and poor created new and inventive kinds of crime. As London approached the 1840's crime increased to new heights and the community reacted accordingly. The metropolitan police, although established in 1829, began to expand and change its role due to increasing stratification of crime (1)....   [tags: European Europe History]

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Protestantism vs. Catholicism in XVII Century England

- Protestantism vs. Catholicism in XVII Century England “The English nation grew increasingly more Protestant during the XVII century, while the monarchy moved ever closer to Rome.” The keen train spotter—spotting trains of thought rather than locomotives—will certainly spot a good deal of redundancy in this unequivocal statement, for it is, beyond doubt, a proclamation framed by the historian rather than the philosopher. The Stuarts—certainly some more than others—were Catholics not in the manner that Henry VIII took his mid-life faith, but rather in the manner that Elizabeth was always a Protestant....   [tags: Religion Essays]

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Puritan Conflicts in Early 17th Century England

- Puritan Conflicts in Early 17th Century England Individual free will allows for a variety of different beliefs to be cultivated. Unfortunately, people do not always accept a variety of ideas. One area in the human experience that has long been disputed is religion. Religion is such a controversial topic that it has been the cause of many wars such as the Crusades and the Thirty Years’ War. The people involved in these wars felt a responsibility to uphold and preserve their faith. In England, the Anglican Church and the Puritans in the first half of the 17th century are another example of peoples with religious problems....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Property Rights of Women in Nineteenth-Century England

- Property Rights of Women in Nineteenth-Century England      The property rights of women during most of the nineteenth century were dependent upon their marital status. Once women married, their property rights were governed by English common law, which required that the property women took into a marriage, or acquired subsequently, be legally absorbed by their husbands. Furthermore, married women could not make wills or dispose of any property without their husbands' consent. Marital separation, whether initiated by the husband or wife, usually left the women economically destitute, as the law offered them no rights to marital property....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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Jane Eyre and Education in Nineteenth-century England

- Jane Eyre and Education in Nineteenth-century England Jane Eyre provides an accurate view of education in nineteenth-century England, as seen by an 1840s educator. The course of Jane's life in regard to her own education and her work in education are largely autobiographical, mirroring Charlotte Bronte's own life. Jane's time at Lowood corresponds to Charlotte's education at a school for daughters of the clergy, which she and her sisters Maria, Elizabeth and Emily left for in 1824. Jane went on to attend Miss Wooler's school at Roehead from 1831 to 1832, and returned to teach there for three years in 1935, just as Jane became a teacher at Lowood....   [tags: Jane Eyre Essays]

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Pride and Prejudice: The Importance of the Title

- On the surface, Jane Austen's 1813 novel, Pride and Prejudice tells the story of how three of the five daughters of a family living in 19th century England become engaged to be married. Underlying themes of the story, however, reveal a message about growing up and the judgments of people based on either outward appearances, behavior, or secondhand information from another person. The title of the novel proves to be extremely fitting, as Elizabeth, the main protagonist, learns that too much pride, along with many unjustified prejudices come to result in ignorance as to who a person really is inside and renders one incapable of finding true love....   [tags: Jane Austen, 19th century, England, ]

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16th Century England Letter to Future

- May, 3, 1578 Dear Person further in time, My birth name is A and I am 18 years old. I am writing this letter to help your age uncover the past and have a clearer idea on what life is like for me and for the people of my age. I am nothing but a peasant barely making it through the great sorrow we call life. Life is not that easy for the people of my time for you are very lucky to see tomorrow, you are lucky to see another second if you live in my time because every day that drags on, hundreds of unfortunate people die from malnutrition, disease, and devastating natural disasters....   [tags: Descriptive Essay]

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Orphans in 19th Century Victorian England

- Orphans in 19th Century Victorian England The Victorian Era was a time of social evolution as well as technological and economic advance. A distinct, unique middle class was formed alongside the traditional working class and wealthy aristocracy. However, there were certain individuals that fell outside this model of Victorian society. The “abandoned child” was society’s scapegoat- a person without a past, without connections, without status. They could appear in any class, at any time. The upper and middle classes often had a somewhat romantic perception of them, due to their prevalence in Victorian literature....   [tags: Victorian Era]

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England And France During The Nineteenth Century

- In the seventeenth century, both England and France were going through religious and political turmoil. The religious problems were associated with the religions protestant and Calvinists coming out and fighting to be accepted. One of the political turmoils was that both countries were being changed how they were being run, the amount of money had, spent and what was accepted. One of the biggest problems for England and France was the thirty years’ war, which began with conflicts between Catholics and Protestants within the Holy Roman Empire, it involved most European states....   [tags: Political philosophy, Government]

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19th Century England as Depicted in North and South, The Outcast and A Living Wage for Factory Girls at Crewe

- The nineteenth century was a time of significant upheaval, embodied by individuals challenging the institutions of the Victorian era and striving to achieve self determination. The conflicting relationship between the individual and society becomes apparent through analysing the individual’s confrontation with the orthodox economic and philosophical Victorian paradigms. Elizabeth Gaskell’s novel, North and South (1855), Richard Redgrave’s painting The Outcast (1851) and Ada Nield Chew’s letter A living Wage for Factory Girls at Crewe (1894) critique the dominant attitudes of society, emphasising the importance of the individual to seek autonomy for social progression to occur as well as self...   [tags: Literature Analysis, British History]

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The Impact of Increased Literacy on Ballads and Chapbooks in Seventeenth-Century England

- The Impact of Increased Literacy on Ballads and Chapbooks in Seventeenth-Century England In seventeenth-century England, the rise of popular education and literacy coinciding with the mechanical technology of printing, led to the decline in the creation of ballads and in the importance of chapbooks. After England's Restoration period, inexpensive print was available in large quantities due to new technological innovations in the printing field. Almanacs became important for households on all social levels to own and approximately four hundred thousand were printed in the 1660s annually....   [tags: European History]

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How does Hardy show social injustice in the 19th Century in England?

- How does Hardy show social injustice in the 19th Century in England. Thomas Hardy was born in 1840 and died in 1928 at the age of 88. Thomas Hardy’s father was a stonemason and his mother a servant to a vicar. Hardy could not afford to continue his education as he wished and was apprenticed to John Hicks, a local church architect from 1862 to 1867. He served as assistant to Arthur Bloomfield, a London architect. Hardy hated London and returned to Dorset and worked for Hicks until 1874. Despite his employment Hardy was writing continually during this period of life....   [tags: Free Essay Writer]

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England in The 14th Century: The Most Significant Social Changes

- The fourteenth century in Europe was a time of great social change. Social opportunities were increasing for groups that had previously been excluded from much of society, especially peasants and women. Class barriers were also beginning to become less stringent that they had previously been, as well as urbanisation and commercialisation becoming more prominent. On the other side of the spectrum, increasing resistance to the established order can be found in this period, such as the Peasants’ Revolt in England in 1381, and Ciompi rebellion in Florence in 1378....   [tags: social changes, black death, bubonic plague]

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The, Blood And Culture : Negotiating Race During Twentieth Century Native New England

- Wednesday, March 2, Resurgence and Cultural Politics Ann McMullen, “Blood and Culture: Negotiating Race in Twentieth-Century Native New England” At an annual Powwow in August 1992 the Mohegan Chief limited attendance to only “card carrying” members. This segregated a population of Connecticut who claimed affiliation with the Mohegan Indians, but the chief did not recognize this affiliation. Other tribes members silently disagreed with this decision. Actions were at times seen as laughable by other tribes due to a misunderstanding of their practices....   [tags: Native Americans in the United States, Race]

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England and Russia: Political Problems in the 16th Century

- The Sixteen century was difficult times for both England and Russia; each having leaders that experienced family violent and obstacles to their rights to the throne. Queen Elizabeth I (r. 1558-1603), her mother was killed when she was young, and she was considered illegitimate for the throne. She finally inherited the throne after the bad leaderships of her cousin Lady Grey, and that of her half-sister Mary I. Her inheritance was bankrupt and secondary to Spain in Europeans’ affairs....   [tags: Economy, Social Changes]

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The Women’s Rights Movement in England: 18th Century and Beyond

- The Women’s Rights Movement in England: 18th Century and Beyond The 18th century was a period of slow change for women’s rights in England. The Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution were coterminous at this point in history and brought the new thoughts about women’s rights to England in the late 1700s. In the 1700s women were not as concerned with voting as they were with divorce, adultery, and child custody rights. However, as the population of single women grew throughout the 18th and 19th century the concern for more rights for women became prevalent (Wolbrink, 4 Nov....   [tags: Women's Rights ]

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Comparing Punishments for Sodomy: England and the English Navy in the Eighteenth Century

- In the Bible, the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed by the Lord with brimstone and fire on account of the wicked and sinful natures of the men who resided in the cities. The wicked and sinful part of their nature was the fact that the men of Sodom would rather have sex with other men than with the virginal daughters that Lot had offered them. This is where the word sodomy comes from. Sodomy is defined as a person given to the sin of Sodom, in other words someone who engages in homosexual acts (Norton, 2013)....   [tags: Sodom, Gomorrah, homosexual, LGBT]

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A History of Archaeological Practices in England Leading up to Standardization in the Nineteenth Century

- This paper briefly considers the standardization of British archaeological practices up to the nineteenth century, and the emergence of archaeology as a professional discipline by the beginning of the twentieth century. The practices considered are survey techniques, excavation methods, and reporting methods including drawings, photography, and publication. While a paper on the history of archaeological practices might seem better suited to a course on the history of archaeological thought, I argue a historical understanding of methods and practices within archaeology is also relevant to modern archaeological sciences....   [tags: archaeological practices,excavation method,survey]

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Downtown Abbey: Victorian Values

- Downton Abbey shows the need to leave the Victorian era behind to usher in twentieth century values because women wanted to choose their own life paths rather than following tradition. However, numerous people associated with Downton believed that maintaining tradition had more of an importance than moving on with the twentieth century. During the first season of Downton Abbey, there were many instances where the viewer could see the conflict between characters who wanted the Victorian period values to be cherished and maintained, while others wanted change....   [tags: victorian era, England, twentieth century]

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England and the Austrian Habsburg Empire from the late 16th century through the late 18th century

- England and the Austrian, Habsburg Empire were both influenced by many of the same pressures during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Each nation witnessed segments of their society demand religious freedom, and each struggled with the issue of Monarchial government and who possessed the right to the throne. These were the pressures faced by both nations and, though there were similarities between the issues, each nation took a very different approach to solving their problems. England would emerge from the 18th century capable of leading its citizens through a form of representative government; the Austrian, Habsburg Empire would find itself marginalized and absorbed by surrounding nations...   [tags: Political Evolution, Religious Freedom]

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Englishmen and Colonization in the Seventeenth Century

- Perception, understanding and judgment of humankind were far backward in the sixteenth century. The English Empire was a huge colonial power in that era. They were discovering the places that have never touched by so-called fair-skinned people. English voyagers were able to reach the shores of West Africa after 1550. Until seventeenth century English colonials did not develop a slave trade. These small number of people set up an organized settlement in the foreign land. They were also able to keep their own laws and language....   [tags: england, colonization, history,]

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Queen Elizabeth I Of England

- Queen Elizabeth I of England is perhaps the greatest example of a woman ruling in her own right that history has to offer as she successfully ruled over all of England for almost half a century, without marrying and surrendering her power to any man or foreign nation. Elizabeth’s two predecessors Lady Jane Grey and Mary Tudor were both terrible rulers –although Lady Jane only “ruled” for nine days- they left England with the impression that a woman could not rule the country effectively. As a result when Elizabeth came into power she was counseled to marry as quickly as possible and to simply rely to do the actual ruling....   [tags: Mary I of England, Elizabeth I of England, Gender]

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The Growth Of The New England

- The 17th century lifestyle in New England differed greatly from the lifestyle in the South and England at the time. New England colonists reaped the benefits of longevity and as a result, many families grew to be extremely large and developed. The colonists, primarily united under the shared goal of escaping religious persecution, established many small towns that were one of the first to exercise democracy. Education was also an important part of the New England lifestyle. Due to the climate, the economy in New England was vastly different compared to the South....   [tags: Slavery, Thirteen Colonies, New England]

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The Supreme Head Of The Church Of England

- With the words "the supreme head of the Church of England ,” Henry VIII changed the course of history. No longer would Christendom have control over the whole of Europe, its towering power was slowly crumbling. The English Act of Supremacy (1534), which granted the king of England power over his own church, was a multi-faceted document. It did not have just one cause, and it did not have just one effect. In order to truly understand this document we must recognize not only the psyche of the king behind it, but also the political, social, and religious currents of the time....   [tags: Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn]

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Industrialization in England

- The world has changed in many ways throughout history. Industrialization has changed England in many ways. The Industrial Revolution was too hard on the men, women, and children in England. The changes that occurred in the economy and society in Britain during the late 18th and 19th century is known as the Industrial Revolution (McCloskey Int.). The Industrial Revolution was a drawn-out process that transformed Britain’s economy from the production of goods by hand to the production of goods by machine (Thackerary 1)....   [tags: England]

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National Identity in Julian Barnes' England, England

- National Identity in Julian Barnes' England, England “The finest tax-deductible minds were brought in to address the Project’s Co-ordinating Committee. The French intellectual was a slight, neat figure in an English tweed jacket half a size too big for him; with it he wore a pale blue button-down shirt of American cotton, an Italian tie of flamboyant restraint, international charcoal wool trousers, and a pair of tasselled French loafers” (54). Julian Barnes uses his postimperial novel, England, England, to critique what England, under Tony Blair’s administration, is moving towards – a recreated Britain, an all-inclusive nation with no appreciation of its history, except that which has been...   [tags: Julian Barnes England Nationalism Essays]

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Women And Women During 19th Century

- The eighteenth century marks the period of transformation from seventeen century pre-industrialization and the emergence of nineteen-century capitalism and modernization in Europe. During the rise of the industrial revolution and the eighteenth century came the conception of the classification of gender and sex into two distinct biological characterizations pertaining to masculinity and femininity, commonly known today as the gender binary. The establishment of gender and “the modern system of gender difference” is the basis of social, cultural and political patterns within a certain societal group and the roles or expectations that society has assigned to that specific gender....   [tags: Gender role, Gender, 18th century, Sociology]

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What Did Gender Pose A Challenge For Eighteenth Century Definitions Of Monarchy?

- To what extent did gender pose a challenge to sixteenth-century definitions of monarchy. And I say to you, on the word of a prince, I cannot tell how naturally the mother loveth the child, for I was never the mother of any; but certainly, if a prince and governor may as naturally and earnestly love her subjects, as the mother doth love the child, then assure yourselves, that I, being your lady and mistress, do as earnestly and tenderly love and favor you. The above extract is from Mary’s first speech at Guildhall on February 1, 1553, just after she declared her engagement to Philip II of Spain, and two days before Wyatt’s rebellion arrived in London....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Mary I of England]

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The Elizabethan Age Of England

- Elizabethan Stage The Elizabethan Stage was a timeframe referred to most students of history as the "Brilliant Age of England." Queen Elizabeth controlled this era, from 1558 to 1603. She was King Henry VIII daughter. She was the 6th and final leader of the Tudors. She was referred to as the Virgin Queen. The reason behind this is that she never wedded or gave birth a son to proceed with her legacy. There have been numerous bits of gossip about her. Some speculation about her is that she was not even a woman but a man....   [tags: Elizabeth I of England, William Shakespeare]

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Christianity and 18th Century British Literature

- Christianity and 18th Century British Literature "...no matter what kind of pleasure may await his senses, unless it serves exclusively the glory of God, he needs to cut it off of him, giving it up out of his love towards Jesus Christ..."1 I. Taking its time to establish a radically theological point of view, this essay aims to apply it to the body of novel literature in 18th century England, probing and inquiring it whether it is in support of Christianity as laid down in the New Testament or not....   [tags: 18th Century British Literature]

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The Oppression of Women in the 19th Century as seen in “The Yellow Wallpaper,” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman

- The oppression of woman is evident in the everyday life of a women living in the 19th century. This oppression was not only localized to their duties at home, but it made its way into women’s health issues as well. Women of the 19th century, and even still at the turn of the century, were suffering from postpartum depression, and they were misdiagnosed because postpartum, like almost any woman's illness, was treated as illness of the womb. “The Yellow Wallpaper,” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, affirms that the oppression of women resulted in their injurious medical treatment, which, in the end, was the equivalent to life in prison....   [tags: 19th century, history, women's rights, Yellow Wall]

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The New England, Middle, And Southern Colonies

- Sarbjit Kaur History 17 A Essay question Q 1. The American colonies were divided into three distinct regions and these regions were different from each other in their origins, populations, economics and agriculture, religious makeup, and connection to England .write an essay comparing and contrasting the New England, middle, and southern colonies with specific examples. The American colonies new England ,middle and southern colonies were very similar but different.The New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies grew differently over the period on 1619-1760....   [tags: Thirteen Colonies, New England Colonies]

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`` Bloody Mary `` : The First Queen Of England

- or “Bloody Mary” was the first queen of England to gain the throne. During her life she faced a lot of obstacles that came about from her family, her faith, and her position in the royal line up. Mary did not gain the throne because she was the next heir. She had fought her way to the throne ever since she was a young adult. Mary’s nickname “Bloody Mary” has tarnished her reputation for many centuries. Many would argue that she did not deserve such repugnance because of the decisions she had to make during her reign....   [tags: Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn]

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The British Of England During The Period Between 1300 And 1660

- In the period between 1300 and 1660, life in England fluctuated between flourishing and devastating due to periodic warfare. Prosperous times in Parliament oftentimes were stamped out by the loss of money caused by war, and debt clouded the crown in times of armed conflict. The English community became shaped around combat, and men were expected to be trained warriors. Because of the erratic warfare in England during this time period, government, economy, and society were affected in equally fluctuating ways....   [tags: Charles I of England, England, Thirty Years' War]

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Alliances Between England And The Spanish Hapsburg Empire

- Alliances are friendships between people and nations that result in the protection of the land and ensure the trade of goods between the two countries. During the 16th century alliances were not as stable as they are in the 21st century, in the early modern period alliances relied on the marriage of one monarch’s child to another and the two nations were joined by blood. It was understood that neither nation would attack a country whose future monarchy could be tied to theirs. A good example of the fickle nature alliances can be seen in the relationship between England and the Spanish-Hapsburg Empire, which was an alliance formed by King Henry VII and Ferdinand of Aragon under the premise th...   [tags: Spanish Armada, Elizabeth I of England]

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Jane Elton's Identity Conflict in Catherine Maria Sedgwick’s A New England Tale

- Jane Elton's Identity Conflict in Catherine Maria Sedgwick’s A New England Tale In her article “‘But is it any good?’: Evaluating Nineteenth-Century American Women’s Fiction,” Susan Harris provides methods and criteria for examining Women’s Fiction in what she calls “process analysis” (45). To apply Harris’ guidelines to Catherine Maria Sedgwick’s A New England Tale, I must first “acknowledge the ideological basis of [my] endeavor” (45) as a feminist/equalitist critique of the text. Furthermore, I identify the three-fold approach that Harris describes as historical, in distinguishing early nineteenth-century from mid- to late-century attitudes, rhetorical, in labeling Sedgwick’s communicat...   [tags: New England Tale Essays]

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King Henry VIII and his Great Impact on the History of England

- King Henry VIII was one of the most powerful rulers in the fifteenth century, who had a very captivating life many people are not aware of. Most people know Henry VIII as a berserk king with too many wives, but there is more to Henry VIII than that. Many few people know about his life and what he truly contributed to our world. Henry VIII was an almighty leader in England who won’t soon be forgotten. Henry VIII was born in Greenwich, England on June 28, 1491. At the age of just two years old Henry was named Constable of Dover Castle, and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports....   [tags: european history, england]

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Queen Elizabeth, One of England´s Most Influential Leaders

- Queen Elizabeth had a hectic childhood which was the key in Establishing her determined nature, which helped her later to return England to its previous position of power. This determination was vital for Elizabeth to become a successful queen in a male-dominated world. During the 16th century, women were not equivalent to men. Women were rarely educated and had only a few rights. The woman basically got marry and had children, or had simple jobs. Certainly, they were viewed as weak individuals and inferior to men....   [tags: England, women rights, royalty]

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Applying the Kotter Eight Step Change Model to New England Wire and Cable

- Companies are not unlike species, they must both change with the current environment or risk becoming extinct. Charles Darwin succinctly states this idea, “It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent but the one most responsive to change.”1 In the case study, “Other People’s Money,” in the scene presented there is a proxy vote going to take place by the shareholders of the New England Wire and Cable (NWC) Company. But, before the votes are casted both the Chairman of the Board and patriarch Andrew "Jorgy" Jorgenson and the potential majority shareholder Lawrence "Larry the Liquidator" Garfield are afforded the opportunity to deliver speeches to the body of...   [tags: New England Wire and Cable]

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Ethnography of Shopping: Scoop versus Century 21

- Shopping is not simply a chore; it is also an experience. Shopping for clothing is a particularly personal decision, and various motivating factors can cause one shopper to choose a particular store over another store. Some consumers go to the store to confirm that they belong to a certain social stratum, others because they enjoy the thrill of a bargain. According to Daniel Miller in ‘Making Love in Super Markets’, the behavior of consumers in supermarkets tends to fall into two categories: ‘treat’ shoppers and ‘thrift’ shoppers....   [tags: Stores, Deals, Century 21]

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The New England Town Of Dedham As A Christian Utopian Closed Corporate Community

- According to popular history, democracy, acceptance and equal opportunities for all, were integral parts of society in the United States ever since the settlement of the New England colonies. In Lockridge 's book, he attempts to dispel these myths by using the New England town of Dedham as a case study showing that although Dedham had some these uniquely 'American ' aspects, the majority of them were in fact gradually developed over time. Lockridge refers to Dedham as a “Christian Utopian Closed Corporate Community”....   [tags: Massachusetts, New England, Puritan, Democracy]

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The Spanish And Italian Literatures Of The 19th Century

- My research explores political essay in the Spanish and Italian literatures of the second half of the nineteenth century. In particular, I analyze the perception of a “national/supranational conscience” to prove how European liberal thinkers in nineteenth century attempt to build and establish a supranational entity. As “supranational” I intend a shift in international politics - constituted by the agreement among sovereign states - to create common structures of power and identity (Neyer 2012)....   [tags: Europe, European Union, 19th century, Spain]

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Use of Allegories in A New England Nun

- Use of Allegories in A New England Nun    In "A New England Nun", Mary E. Wilkins Freeman depicts the life of the classic New England spinster. The image of a spinster is of an old maid; a woman never married waiting for a man. The woman waiting to be married is restricted in her life. She does chores and receives education to make her more desirable as a wife.          This leads to the allegories used in this short story. The protagonist life paralleled both of her pets' lives, her dog Caesar's and that of her little yellow canary....   [tags: New England Nun Essays]

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Education, Religion, and Social Analysis of the Seventeenth Century

- At the beginning of the seventeenth century, society was more or less divided into three groups. There was a group called the nobles. These commanded in battle and protected the country from their enemies. They had the highest rank possible. There was another group called the ‘clergy’. These people prayed and helped people go to heaven. The last and lowest group were the commoners these were the people that produced food. As trading became more and more important and the agriculture techniques improved, the social division became more complex....   [tags: 17th century, enlightment age, nobles]

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England: A Poised and Traditional Country

- What is the first word you think of when you hear about, England. You may think of its effect in history the early kings being crowned at Westminster Abbey, to England hosting the 2012 Summer Olympic Games. Another thought could be is London. London is the capital and heart of England. It has its own history that is preserved through top historic tourist spots. The British Museum continues to maintain history and culture. English cities, though they are not recognized have helped so much with creating history with the riots in Cambridge between students and townspeople all the way to Manchester that is a new developed city that is still growing....   [tags: London, Culture]

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The Education System Of England And Wales

- THE EDUCATION IN ENGLAND AND WALES FROM 1800 TO 1870. In the beginning of the 19th Century, England and Wales experienced a period of transition and change. Despite the events that occurred in the very beginning, the creation of the modern system of Education in England and Wales is remained to happen in the second half of the century. Even though some people agreed for the creation of an educational system in the early part of the century, for a number of reasons, their proposals were not supported by the rest of the citizens or the government....   [tags: Education, School, Teacher, History of education]

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The Birth of the Church of England

- The sixteenth century was a tumultuous time for England. For years, the country had been steadfast in its Catholic beliefs, until the reign of Henry VIII. The monarch, infamous in history for having had six wives, founded a new church free from papal control. Thus, the Anglican Church, or the Church of England, was born in the midst of a growing European Reformation. A brief history of the monarch is needed in order to understand the split from the Catholic Church. Henry Tudor was born the second son of King Henry VII who became the heir upon the death of his older brother in 1502 (Phillips 99)....   [tags: monarchy, annulment, reform]

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The Chesapeake And New England Colonies

- Although both the Chesapeake and New England colonies were settled largely by the same people, they became increasingly different as time went on. New England was colonized mainly by puritan settlers who sought religious freedom in the new world, leading to their colonies to develop around the church. However, the Chesapeake colonies which had original motivations of economic prosperity and a haven for Catholics. Due to these dissimilar initial motivations, the two regions continued to diverge as they progressed through history, creating two unique colonies....   [tags: Slavery, Thirteen Colonies, Indentured servant]

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The Elizabethan Era Of Elizabethan England

- The Elizabethan age became known as a golden age throughout the English Renaissance which led to resurgence in all aspects of daily life, few of those being the English Theatre and English literature. Even throughout the Elizabethan era, some aspects have never changed since it was first developed, only either modified or added. One of these aspects includes superstitions during the Elizabethan era. Superstitions have been an integral part of society that existed before the Elizabethan era in England....   [tags: Witchcraft, Witch-hunt, English Renaissance]

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The Philosopher Of England By Thomas Hobbes

- The philosopher of England, Thomas Hobbes, began his philosophy in the 17th century, starting out on the philosophy of political science while on his trips and visits to neighboring countries outside of England to listen to other scientists discuss and learn about different forms of government. While studying, Thomas Hobbes wondered why people allow themselves to become ruled by the government and what would be the ideal form of government best for England. He then decided that that since people were naturally wicked and shouldn’t become trusted to govern themselves since they are selfish creatures and would do anything to better their position and social status, this states that it would be...   [tags: Political philosophy, Monarchy, Government]

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Growth of the City of Manchester, England

- Manchester DBQ During the nineteenth century, Manchester, England became an increasingly industrialized city, and its population rose considerably. Although the industrialization of Manchester was extremely successful for the modernization of society, Manchester’s growth also raised many problems in society. Many different problems arose due to the industrialization of Manchester; however the conditions of the industrialization were viewed differently by different people. Some people wrote and spoke positively of the effects of industrialization, mostly in reference to the improvement of working conditions, and medicine, others wrote about social issues emphasizing the degradation of civiliz...   [tags: Population, Economy, Industrialization]

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The Laws Of Ancient Rome And England

- The concept that every person who enters into a learned profession undertakes to bring to the exercise of a reasonable degree of care and skill dates back to the laws of ancient Rome and England. Writings on medical responsibility can be traced back to 2030 BC when the Code of Hammurabi provided that “If the doctor has treated a gentlemen with a lancet of bronze and has caused the gentleman to die, or has opened an abscess of the eye for a gentleman with a bronze lancet, and has caused the loss of the gentleman’s eye, one shall cut off his hands....   [tags: Common law, Law, Medical malpractice, Tort]

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Colonist 's Relationship With England

- Colonist’s relationship with England From the beginning the 17th century, when England first established its permanent colonies in North America, substantial differences occurred other colonies whose economy were mainly dedicated to the production of crops as well as more varied frugality of the northern colonial rules. Initially, colonists in Virginia and the Chesapeake of Maryland depended on the white indentured help as their chief labor force as well as some of the Africans who came in the area was able to get a property....   [tags: Native Americans in the United States]

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Exploring the Renaissance in England

- During the times 1400s and 1500s primarily in Italy, there was an essential change that encompassed all aspects of life. It is called a Renaissance. The word renaissance means rebirth and it was a response to adversities in middle ages. In Western European history Renaissance or rebirth marks a transition between the times of Medieval and modern era. It is also the beginning of the modern history. Religion is a dominant culture in itself and also a set of beliefs that represent the social order but with the beginning of the renaissance, people started to examine the nature, instead of focused on religious issues .The church was not the center of attention anymore....   [tags: British history, european history]

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New England and Chesapeake Colonization

- During the 1600’s the New England and Chesapeake regions were beginning to settle and colonize. While both came from English origin and had dreams of wealth and freedom, differences began to form just as they settled and by the 1700s the two regions will have evolved into two distinct societies. Because of the exposure to different circumstances both regions developed issues that were unique from one another and caused them to construct their societies differently. Therefore, the differences socially, politically and economically in the two regions caused the divergence....   [tags: Differences, Challenges, Independence]

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The Industrial Revolution of England

- The late eighteenth century was the beginning of a crucial turning point throughout Europe. In 1789, the people of France revolted against their government, proving that an absolute monarch did not hold all the power, and that citizens were not afraid to stand up for their rights. Known as the French Revolution, it lasted into the late 1790’s and paved the way for more freedom and equality among all citizens. Although this was a major movement for the future of European people in the nineteenth century, another equally significant accomplishment was beginning to unfold in England....   [tags: turning points in human history]

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The Philosopher Of England Thomas Hobbes

- The philosopher of England Thomas Hobbes, which begun his philosophy in the 17th century, started out with the philosophy of political science while on his trips and visits neighboring countries outside of England to listen to other scientists discuss and learn about different forms of government. While studying, Thomas Hobbes wondered about why people allow themselves to become ruled by the government and would be the ideal form of government best for England. He answered that questioned by stating that since people were naturally wicked and shouldn’t become trusted to govern themselves because they were selfish creatures and would do anything to better their position and social status, it...   [tags: Political philosophy, Monarchy, Government]

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The Industrial Revolution Of England

- Throughout the course of the nineteenth century, England underwent many social and economic changes due to the prosperity of the country. England stood out from other European countries due to many different factors. One was the fact that the country had Parliament. This maintained a strong government with more rights that were given to the citizens than other countries at the time. Another factor was the Industrial Revolution that was occurring in England. The Industrial Revolution was the transition from hand-made products to machine made products....   [tags: City, Industrial Revolution, Manchester]

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Smoking Ban in England

- Robin McKie believes that smoking is not only harmful to the individual person, but to the society as a whole. His main arguments are quotes and data from medical reports that suggest smoking can cause heart attacks, several forms of cancer, breathing difficulties and a generally more feeble health. Though the situation for the smokers and those in their proximity seems quite dire, there are precautions capable of remedying the problems caused by smoking. For example; Mandatory indoor smoking restrictions seem to be quite effective in this regard....   [tags: Smoking, argumentative, persuasive, informative, e]

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