Your search returned over 400 essays for "buildings"
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Preservation and Restoration of Historical Buildings

- There are a lot of abandoned historical buildings in cities around the state. These buildings can be used for public uses instead of being demolished and replaced with newer buildings. Instead of allowing historical landmarks to become abandoned blights, or destroy them and lose the history forever, steps can be taken to incorporate them into the modern world through reinvention. This preservation will not only preserve the historical sites but turn them into active, valuable sites for the future....   [tags: Preserving Historical Buildings]

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Recycling of Waste Buildings

- Introduction In nature there is a system, which operates, in such a way that there is no waste. Nutrients and metabolisms go through a cycle, going through different transformations. One simple cycle is the process of exhalation of carbon dioxide. Animals and human beings exhale carbon dioxide, which is taken in by plants, as it is an important component for its food making process called photosynthesis. Leaves that fall to the ground are naturally broken down into nutrients for the soil and fertilisers for trees....   [tags: Buildings as Living Organisms]

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3050 words | (8.7 pages) | Preview

Analyzing How Buildings Affect Physical and Mental Health

- According to Bokalders and Block (2009) some people spend more than 90 percent of their live indoors. This represents that those who live or work in buildings may be significantly influenced by them. Materials which are utilized in the erection of buildings, also interior design of buildings, providing clean air and intensive light are important issues to be taken into account, because their quality has considerable impact on residents. Rostron (2008) claims that adverse effect of a building can cause a considerable implication for society: many of those who suffered from ‘sick buildings’ have complained that their productivity had reduced by 20 percent....   [tags: Construction, Buildings, Interior Design]

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Financial Benefits and Overall Costs of Green Buildings

- There have been uncertainties concerning green buildings. What are green buildings. , What effects do they have. , What do they mean financially. ,These are some of the questions that need answers. The Green Building Council of South Africa describes a green building as “a building which is energy efficient, resource efficient and environmentally responsible-which incorporates design, construction and operational practices that significantly reduce or eliminate its negative impacts on the environment and its occupants” (GBCSA, 2013)....   [tags: construction, waste, green building]

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BREEAM’s Role in Environmentally Friendlier Buildings

- Integrative project 2: Final Essay BREEAM’s role in environmentally friendlier buildings This essay will focus on what BREEAM is, how it can help individuals and businesses realise the benefits and value of designing and operating a sustainable building. It’s a set of standards and certification schemes that measures sustainable value in the built environment. BREEAM stands for Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Methodology and it’s a global sustainability standard and rating system for buildings....   [tags: building design, law and regulations]

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The Role of Limestone and Gravel in Buildings

- ... The east half of the basement is completely underground, while the west half is only partially underground with the top 1.8 m of the walls above grade. The buildings have an extremely high amount of thermal mass with large south and east facing windows. The building shells are poured concrete construction with 20.3 cm exterior walls, 30.5 cm flat roofs, and 15.25 cm basement slab floors. The windows are all located on the south, southeast, and east facing walls and made of low-E glass. The windows have aluminum frames with a thermal break and clear double pane low-E glazing units....   [tags: environment, engineers]

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1134 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Energy-Efficient Buildings

- There is little doubt that there has been a significant promotion of energy efficiency in buildings in the European Union after the adoption of the Directive on Energy Performance of Buildings in 2002 (Jansen, 2005). This trend towards energy-efficient buildings has started being prominent in Greece lately. However, there has been a shift in the direction of scientific research related to the energy and environmental performance of buildings towards a focus on occupants' comfort and perceptions of how well a building is performing (Steemers and Manchanda, 2010)....   [tags: Environment, Sustainable Building]

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1317 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Taking a Look at Natural Buildings

- Today, there are many flaws in how building are constructed and what materials are used. There is a trend for buildings to be eye catching and one of a kind. More emphasis is put on what the building looks like and what it will be used for, rather than what it is made of. However, this has led to many environmental problems around the globe. Currently, in the United States, commercial and residential buildings comprise forty percent of the total energy consumption. This means that buildings are the leading source of energy consumption, even over transportation (eia)....   [tags: sustainable solutions, solar panels]

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1419 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

The Movie, The City, With Tall Buildings

- The first image of the film is the city, with tall buildings. This image gives us the view as if we were riding in a car down the street looking up out of our window. Then the final image in the film is Antoine and just before the final image he has finally arrived to the ocean, somewhere he has always wanted to go, and then walks into the camera and has an extreme close up of Antoine looking into the camera. In these two different images is it showing us by the first image being where he was, but didn’t want to be....   [tags: Mother, Parent, Father, Family]

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My Design At Tall Buildings

- Honestly, before I took this class I had no clue on the restraint on structure that can possibly affect the architecture. I always looked up at tall buildings and tried to understand how they really stood up. It was no mystery on how the transfer loads worked and the importance of the column design. Most column placings in a building are not randomly places they mainly follow a grid. I Know last year this helped me out with my design in studio and my design while studying abroad. Something I found extremely useful during class and assignments was the awesome free body diagrams....   [tags: Problem solving, Problem, How to Solve It]

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Battle Creek's Abandoned Buildings

- Lately I have noticed numerous abandoned buildings around the Battle Creek area; the sight makes our city look run down and cheap. I believe something must be done about this issue such as turning the buildings into new city attractions. Two vacant buildings that come to mind are the run down State Police Station and the dilapidated Family Fare store. First of all, I know this issue can be resolved as I have seen it done with my own eyes. Just recently the Hot and Now restaurant which has been abandoned for years was turned into a Checkers....   [tags: letter of a concerned citizen]

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Green Buildings/Green Architecture

- Introduction A green building (also referred to as sustainable building or green construction) is a structure that employs an approach that is responsible for the environment besides being efficient in regard to resources all through its life cycle: This is from selecting the site to designing it, constructing, operating, maintaining, renovating and demolishing it. To achieve this, the client, the engineers, the architects and the entire design team closely cooperate at all stages of a project (Yan and Paliniotis, 2006)....   [tags: Architecture, Non-Renewable Resources]

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2880 words | (8.2 pages) | Preview

Buildings As An Underlying Cause of Global Warming

- Introduction Progressive deterioration of global warming and protection of environment are important areas of interest for the whole world. Buildings as an underlying cause are responsible for global warming. Edwards (1996) pointed out that building has a key role to play as they are one of the major sources of energy consumption. And he (1996) also stated with some statistics to support this point that buildings account for about half of all global – energy, water, and raw materials as well as in the EU (Edwards, 1996, P....   [tags: Climate Change, Argumentative Essay]

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Infill Buildings in Historic Charter of Nicosia

- This thesis is stresses on the researching the infill buildings in historic charter of Nicosia, Cyprus. During the centuries, Cyprus ruled by many other governances. Incipiently with the Roman Empire, the Byzantines, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians ruled the island till the Ottoman Empire conquest. Cyprus history nestle characteristics of all these civilizations as like a cultural mosaic. In the urban context, one of the most important elements of these cultures which survived until today in Nicosia is Venetian walls around the city....   [tags: social change, architecture]

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1332 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Principles and Strategies of Daylighting in Office Buildings

- Most of offices around the world operate in the day time. They usually start work at 7 AM and finish at 4 or 5 AM. Daylight is an essential resource that is readily available for all people– and will probably last for the foreseeable future. It also has the very special properties of having the capability to transform an internal space from a boring uniformity into a vivid and happy experience. The ability to both illuminate a place and to make it more attracting, is one of the main reasons that architects try to bring daylight to a building wherever possible and practical....   [tags: Lighting and Daylighting Design]

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Analysis of Defects in Timber Frame Buildings

- Introduction In this document I will be reviewing secondary data that goes over some of the defects that have been observed in timber frame constructed buildings. I will be using data that has been put together both by experts in this field that have carried out their own investigations. I will be comparing the findings of the experts that have a duty of care to only speak facts and findings, to those views of the organisations that try their upmost to keep us safe. My aim is to draw to a conclusion over whether: The opinions of the CFOA and other concerned parties are substantiated Timber frame construction is something that could be our new “traditional construction method” Timber frame c...   [tags: Secondary Data, Modern vs Historic]

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2511 words | (7.2 pages) | Preview

9/11 Shook the Foundation of Buildings but not of America

- George W. Bush quoted in results to 9/11, “Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve”. On September 11, 2001, there was a vicious terrorist attack on the United States of America. Al-Qaida a terrorist group from the Middle East, decided violate what America stands for: freedom, liberty, and the rights of men and women of all races, backgrounds, and beliefs....   [tags: twin towers, president bush, terrorists]

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1489 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Public Buildings And Prisons : A State Of Despair

- Historically our public buildings and prisons have been in a state of despair. I am not surprised to hear about the current dilemma we are faced with at this time. With the rising cost to maintain and repair the facilities and taxpayers not willing to pay more to house criminals, many states and correction facilities are looking at PPP or the privatization of Prisons to cure the never ending need for repairs, upgrades and expansions. A prime example is California’s prison crisis and the state’s ongoing budget crisis, which also demands immediate attention to reduce the unsustainable costs of existing operations....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Corrections]

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2034 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Communications, Financial Management And Academic Buildings

- This week we will examine Communications, Financial Management and Academic Buildings. In Chapter 31 one of the "pulse points" is "manage by walking around..." In your experience, have you seen this practice among the facilities managers in your organizations. If so, how often and if not, why do you think the facility managers do not walk around. I see this being done on numerous occasions. It allows the managers to stay connected with the employees, it allows them to also check in with them, and also to see some of the employees in action....   [tags: Left-handedness, Handedness, Maintenance]

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The Current Scenario Of Construction Of Residential Buildings

- Objective of study The main aim of this study includes: 1. The current scenario of construction of residential buildings in NCR (case study Supertech Romano). 2. To study the management system with the use of swim lane flow chart for visual understanding and factors causing schedule and cost overrun for residential construction project in NCR. 3. Identification of all the risk associated with delay and applying mitigation plan. Literature Review Cost is important consideration throughout the life cycle of project management, it is also considered the important variable of the project and its success....   [tags: Management, Project management, Flowchart]

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A Research Study On New Library Buildings

- New library buildings were redesigned based on the old plans and discussions with library leaders and directors. However, with the unexpected change in how specialists work with information and literature has been the challenge to find “reliable precedents” (Foster, 2016, Para 6). The approach to engage community helps academic technologists to build tools that are preferred by its members. In this approach, some experts offer information such as work processes and configurations, practices and preferences through the design of technology and spaces, the flow of people through the space (Foster, 2016, Para 7)....   [tags: Research, Research and development, Library]

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Damage Estimation: Earthquake Resistant Buildings

- ... 1972), Tabas (Berberian 1979; Berberian et al. 1979), Golbaft (Adeli 1982 ), and Manjil (Tsukuda et al. 1990) earthquakes were adopted to the damage estimation by Karimi (2011). In the damage estimation process, it was supposed that the main structures having key roles in the emergency and relief operation (e.g. hospitals, fire stations, etc.) had been retrofitted. b. Human casualty estimation considering north Tehran fault scenario earthquake The number of fatalities due to the Niavaran fault earthquake scenario was also estimated by JICA (2000) and updated by Karimi (2011)....   [tags: seismic force, tehran, emergency]

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The Benefits of Green Building

- Sustainable buildings are becoming somewhat of a necessity in the world today. As the demand for green building develops, so does the demand for green building materials. Just as the old techniques and building materials seem to disappear in the assembly of things, they are now making a come back. Green building focuses on the efficiency of major resources like water and energy. As the cost for sustainable materials and products are on the decline, building green seems to be the most cost effective kind of design and construction....   [tags: Sustainable Buildings, Environment, Planet]

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1334 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Impact of Buildings on the Environment

- The Impact of Buildings on the Environment In the last few decades, sustainability in design and innovation in construction methods have become increasingly important as both environmental activists and architects alike have realized the impact that buildings have on the environment. We live in an age where our groundwater is becoming more polluted; the earth’s temperature continues rising due to ozone depletion and acid rain drips down upon us. The key source of all of these problems lies in our continually increasing use of non-renewable energy resources....   [tags: Pollution Global Warming]

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Maintenance Management Systems for Malaysian Heritage Buildings

- Heritage buildings as described by Feilden (2000) are “buildings that give us a sense of wonder and make us want to know more about people and culture that produce it”. A more elaborate definition was made by Kamal and Harun (2002) where they defined them as buildings built in the past which have high historical and architectural values and require continuous care and protection to preserve their historical, architectural, aesthetic, archaeological, spiritual, social, political and economic values....   [tags: Business Management ]

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Maintenance Management Systems for Malaysian Heritage Buildings

- The significance of building maintenance is emphasized in almost all principal documentation and legislation for heritage building conservation, yet no agreement has been reached on the definition of maintenance. The Burra Charter (ICOMOS 1987) defines maintenance as “the continuous protective care of the fabric, contents and setting of a place and is to be distinguished from repair because repair involves restoration or re-construction and should be treated accordingly”. On the other hand, Feilden and Jokilehto (1993) defined maintenance more broadly with no clear distinction between maintenance and repair....   [tags: Business Management ]

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2425 words | (6.9 pages) | Preview

Anicent Roman Buildings and There Affect on Modern Day Architecture

- When people travel to government buildings you may notice that they look like european works, that is because they were influenced by Ancient Rome. The Romans developed unique techniques on buildings which were used in some of the most greatest achievements in Ancient Rome. One of the most influential buildings was the Pantheon which remained durable and lasted for years. Roman works are adapted from Greek architecture and made a major impact on modern buildings....   [tags: architecture, concrete, framework]

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Architecture of Kirkbride Buildings; Lunatic Asylums in the 19th Century

- Can architecture and layout of a building really “cure” mental illness. Dr. Thomas Story Kirkbride thought so. Before 1844 the mentally ill were stashed away in prisons, jails, private homes and basements of public buildings. There were a lot of reasons people did get diagnosed with mental illness but many of which were not reality as we know it today. People were diagnosed with mental illness because of disagreements, lack of knowing a language and the weirdest thing I found was that women would be deemed insane from menstruation and teenage boys because of masturbation....   [tags: Mental Illness ]

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923 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

The Awareness of Residents of Islamabad about Energy-Efficient Buildings

- This paper is aimed to find out the awareness level among the residents of Islamabad about energy-efficient buildings. Also, how other important variables such as income level, age, education background, status, price of such buildings, etc affect this awareness level. Awareness is defined as the level of alertness. For this purpose, different countries have been studied. A brief overview of the similar studies is given below. A study conducted in Sweden showed the two methods for saving energy are through investment measure and changed behavior....   [tags: environment, education, cost]

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1364 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Probabilistic Seismic Risk For Buildings And Other Structures

- 5. Risk AnalysisEquation Chapter 5 Section 1 Probabilistic seismic risk (of damage) assessment is becoming the basis for longer-term approaches for buildings and other structures. According to N.Luco[2011], the latest edition of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) standard entitled “Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures” (ASCE 2010) defines Risk-Targeted Maximum Considered Earthquake ground motion maps for the United States (US) by explicitly targeting a probabilistic 1% risk of collapse in 50 years, an approximation of the lifespan of a building....   [tags: Probability theory, Normal distribution]

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973 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Preservation of Modern Buildings in Cincinnati: An overview of the challenges, history and arguments to preserve modern buildings.

- Although preservation is not a new concept and been practiced for centuries, designating historic landmarks, structures and buildings as historically significant and preserving them is a new phenomena, which brings us to a fairly straight forward question of what to preserve and what not to. The advent of new materials and advancement of construction technologies changed the style of building significantly from time to time, especially over the course of last two centuries. Although the basic construction materials like brick, wood, lime and stone are in use for centuries, the recent addition of concrete, steel and glass to that list completely overhauled the mode in which the buildings are...   [tags: Architecture]

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Impact of Building Information Modeling in LEED Rating Analysis of Newly Constructed Buildings

- Introduction and Background to the problem With the alarming growth in the energy costs and environmental concern in construction projects there is a continuous demand for sustainable buildings. LEED® evaluates the sustainable performance through a 69-point credit system which mainly emphasizes Indoor environmental quality, energy and atmosphere, sustainable sites, water efficiency, materials and resources and innovation in design (Azhar, Carlton, Olsen and Ahmad (2011)). The advent of Building Information Modeling (BIM) actuated the integration of different construction data in a single model....   [tags: environmental trends in construction engineering]

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Sick Buildings:Bad Air

- English IV 10 Dec, 2000 Sick Buildings, Bad Air Many people across the United States and other countries have been plagued with mysterious ailments after spending time in certain types of buildings. Buildings which rely on the mechanical recycling of air (with no fresh air intake) have been shown to create levels of contaminants, toxic gases, and other factors which cause conditions harmful to the human body. ‘Sick’ buildings are having adverse effects on our society. People that spend time in these type buildings can immediately show allergy type symptoms such as headache, fatigue, dizziness, and irritability (Fairley 1)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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1132 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Main Features of Church Buildings and Their Furnishings

- Main Features of Church Buildings and Their Furnishings In this assignment I will describe the main features of church buildings and their furnishing. The two churches that I am comparing are St. Margaret's Catholic Church and St. Stephen's Church of England. St. Margaret's Catholic Church is one that is quite modern and has worshippers of Catholic denomination. On the other hand St. Stephen's Church of England, is quite traditional and has a community of …… denomination. Throughout, this coursework I will differentiate and draw similarities between these two churches, occasionally commenting on specific details....   [tags: Papers]

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Against 10 Commandments in Government Buildings

- The Ten Commandments should not be allowed to be posted in United States Government buildings. The Ten Commandments are a Judaic set of laws that according to their religious history was handed down from God to the prophet Moses. I believe these postings harm our county, its image of religious freedom, and it violates American citizen’s first amendment right. The three main reasons I believe that they should not be allowed is that it promotes a state-endorsed religion, it promotes religious intolerance and it creates an uncomfortable environment for people of other faiths....   [tags: Government Religion]

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Architecture: Green Buildings

- ... It is a type of bio fuel. A biogas plant will contain slurry at 35’C, no Oxygen; contain slurry, at gas tight. This is practically producing as a digester gas of LFG (landfill) gas. As mentioned above it can be produced using anaerobic digesters. It is having two ways of producing the biogas Large Scale and Small Scale (Fulford). These plants can be filled with biodegradable wastes and waste water and also can add sewage for the plant. During the process of the biogas making the Methane was created by the transformation of the biomass waste inside the air tight tank....   [tags: energy requirements, bio, gas, solar powers]

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Georges Eugene Haussmann and His Impact on City Planning

- ... This continuous influx of people from the country served to exponentially increase the total population that took refuge inside the city walls, swelling the number of citizens to well over 3.3 million by 1900. These increased numbers led to very overcrowded living conditions, an inability to maintain even the slightest control over sanitation conditions, and widespread death from diseases such as cholera and tuberculosis. In these conditions, Emperor Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte found Haussmann through an interview process and quickly had him appointed to levels of high status that practically made him the major of Paris....   [tags: Buildings, Infrastructure]

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The Development of Apartment Buildings: The Solution of High Density Urban Living

- ... To satisfy the worldwide citizens’ growing demand of living space, a wonderful idea is to build apartment buildings. Architects and designers have been improving the structure of apartments over the time, making apartments more humanity to be lived in, and at the same time, more adaptable to solve the population issue. There are several applications that stand for the apartment buildings of high-density living from different countries in the world. First let’s focus on Habitat 67. It is a model community and housing complex in Montreal, Canada, designed by Israeli–Canadian architect Moshe Safdie(Wikipedia)....   [tags: development, applications, evaluation]

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1697 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Protecting Against Terrorist Attacks in Urban Environments: Explosion Protection for Buildings

- Introduction Blast protection, until recently, has only needed to be considered when constructing underground shelters and military bunkers. Currently, however, there is a need for urban buildings and similar structures used consistently by the general public to withstand forces from nearby explosions. This need is due to the recent climb in terrorist attacks in urban or crowded environments. These attacks have used the lack of blast resistance in these buildings as a means for creating widespread havoc through detonating an improvised explosive device (IED)....   [tags: Blast Protection]

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1926 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

The Surrounding Of The Buildings And Villages Casson Painted Represent People 's Encroachment On The Landscape

- One could suggest many of the buildings and villages Casson painted represent people’s encroachment on the landscape. Or, one could also suggest, Casson was capturing the rural village life on the edge of Toronto’s city life during the depression. In any event, Casson was turning away from painting “wilderness” and “landscape” paintings that were empty of the human presence. He was returning to his interest in capturing intriguing architecture and the play of light and shadow using the structural elements of buildings....   [tags: World War II, Great Depression, Village, Cold War]

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The Drawback of Destroying Old Sites and Putting Up New Buildings in Mecca

- Mosque Project Since pre-Islamic times Mecca has always been known as a sacred site, however due to mass construction and modernization, the sacredness of this holy city may be slowly dying. Mecca contains the Holy Mosque and the Kaaba. The Kaaba is a tall, box-like structure which stands in a courtyard in the center of the Holy Mosque, and it became established as the main object of pilgrimages to Mecca (Dictionary of Islamic Architecture). Mecca is the birth place of the prophet Muhammad and contains a lot of important historical sites such as the site where Muhammad was born, the house of the prophet’s wife Khadijah and the house of Abu Bakr, as well as Muhammad’s grandson’s house which...   [tags: Islam, Mecca, Holy Mosque, Kaaba]

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1117 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Greek and Gothic Architecture

- ... It is different in many ways, it has a new type of arch and the way of constructing is not squared but people started playing more with design and thats why gothic buildings have pointed ends. The styles before it where not as advanced and well designed as gothic, they had many good things but the gothic style was revolutionary to history, many other styles including ours developed from gothic architecture. One of them is romanesque architecture. It is basicly the same thing but with minor improvements and changes....   [tags: buildings, churches]

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Heinrich Tessenow's Haus des Architekten in Berlin and Other Buildings

- The Haus des Architekten (house of the architect) was built in 1930 and situated in Zehlendorf, 3km North of the Berlin border and 13km South-West of Berlin city-centre. The area of Zehlendorf is a well-educated and affluent area of Germany, also with some of the most remarkable natural scenery in Berlin. The site of the house is 100m from the west entrance to the street Sophie-Charlotten-Straße built on a plot of land surrounded by trees setback from the road. The architect of the house: Heinrich Tessenow (1876-1950) was a German architect who studied as an apprentice carpenter before studying architecture at a building trade school in Leipzig, followed by the technical University of Munic...   [tags: Heinrich Tessenow, Haus des Architekten, Berlin, a]

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1228 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Buildings Used for Contemporary Use: The Queen Anne Style Home

- In the town of Cloverdale, California at 302 North Main Street stands one of the most prominent historical structures of the town. The Queen Anne style home, which many since the early 1980s has only known as Tower Bed and Breakfast, are unaware of its rich and historical past in the town. However the Simon Pinschower house has held many different purposes since its construction. Thankfully individuals have found differing purposes for the house throughout the decades to help it maintain a sense of dominance in the town, and to save it from what has happened to so many homes and business buildings in the town....   [tags: cloverdale, california, architecture]

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1190 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

How Does Lighting Affect The Way People Light Their Homes And Buildings?

- From recent research and events in the lighting business there is a new horizon on the way that will change the way people light their homes and buildings. This new transformation is known as OLED which stands for Organic light emitting diodes. OLED uses organic matter which is what makes plant and animals to emit light. The composition of OLED consists of a layers of ultra-thin organic matter which some have a thickness of hundreds of nanometers which are the size of 1/1000 diameter of hair. The OLED layers create a sandwich between positive and negative electrodes that allows for light to be produced....   [tags: Lighting, Light-emitting diode, Light, LED lamp]

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Project Management Services For Commercial Buildings And Large Residential Projects

- 2.4.10 Quansys Pvt. Ltd. Profile: Quansys Pvt. Ltd. is highly qualified to provide proficient Cost Consulting and Project management services to the Construction industry for commercial buildings and large residential projects. Started in 2010, by the name of Integrated Potential Consulting, we have earned professional repute in providing value added engineering services and solutions with enhanced customer and client satisfaction. Integrated Potential is reformed as Quansys in 2012 and turn out to be a Private Ltd firm....   [tags: Project management, Construction, Value added]

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1414 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Building Information Modeling

- Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a process involving the generation and management of digital representations of physical and functional characteristics of places. Building Information Models (BIMs) are files (often but not always in proprietary formats and containing proprietary data) which can be exchanged or networked to fortify decision-making about a place. Current BIM software is utilized by individuals, businesses and regime agencies who plan, design, construct, operate and maintain diverse physical infrastructures, from dihydrogen monoxide, wastewater, electricity, gas, reluct and communication utilities to roads, bridges and ports, from houses, dormitories, schools and shops...   [tags: digital representation, buildings]

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3241 words | (9.3 pages) | Preview

The Main Buildings and Change In Their Use Over Time

- The Main Buildings and Change In Their Use Over Time The buildings in the surrounding area of the canal will help us find out how the canal system affected the lives of the people and the landscape of the villages of stoke bruerne. The first building I came across was the Brick Built House. This building is made up of brick and wood. Looking from the front it looks old and derelict. It is now used as a private house but looks very abandoned. This building used to be the lock keepers cottage....   [tags: Papers]

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2273 words | (6.5 pages) | Preview

Earthquake Loads & Earthquake Resistant Design of Buildings

- Earthquake Loads & Earthquake Resistant Design of Buildings 1. 1 2. Summary 2 3. Earthquake Design - A Conceptual Review 2 4. Earthquake Resisting Performance Expectations 3 5. Key Material Parameters for Effective Earthquake Resistant Design 3 6. Earthquake Design Level Ground Motion 4 6.1. Elastic Response Spectra 4 6.2. Relative Seismicity 5 6.3. Soil amplification 6 7. Derivation of Ductile Design Response Spectra 7 8. Analysis and Earthquake Resistant Design Principles 8 8.1....   [tags: essays research papers]

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7929 words | (22.7 pages) | Preview

Effect of Burning Fossil Fuels on Limestone Buildings

- Effect of Burning Fossil Fuels on Limestone Buildings Introduction Some buildings around cities are made from Limestone. For example the Minster in York. Over the years some features of the building have been warn away, this is due to acid rain. Acid rain has many other effects on life around us. It Also: * Acidifies Lakes and ponds * Metal ions being washed out of soil * Damage to the gill of fish * Nutrients drained of leaves and soils * Roots damage to tree leading to poor water intake Acid rain is created by two main sources 1....   [tags: Papers]

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1051 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Sacred Medieval Architecture

- After the fall of the Roman Empire the political atmosphere was transformed in Western Europe. As the West witnessed a change, brought about by the constant invasion of barbarians, the Eastern Roman Empire remained intact and grew incredibly prosperous. The Eastern Empire had much closer ties between the state and the Christian Church. These ties lead to many elaborate Byzantine churches being built in Constantinople, emphasizing the importance of the Eastern Church in everyday life. The Byzantine architecture maintains a sense of well-balanced proportions and favors a more simple approach to the building’s exterior....   [tags: Religion, Buildings]

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Factors Affecting the Decomposition of Marble Buildings by Acid Rain

- Factors Affecting the Decomposition of Marble Buildings by Acid Rain Background Acid Rain: Nitrogen acids and sulphur dioxides come out of tall chimneys and vehicles. These go into the air, and air currents carry the gases away, and they react with water vapour and oxygen. This produces H2SO4 (sulphuric acid) and HNO3 (nitric acid). The acids become part of a cloud, and it falls down to earth, as acid rain or snow. This can end up miles away from the original source. The acid rain removes nutrients from soil, so plants can not get to them, so this eventually kills surrounding die....   [tags: GCSE Chemistry Coursework Investigation]

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The Importance of Architectural Engineering in Today's Society

- With the help of architectural engineers, our world has become very civilized and advanced over the past decades. Like all other engineers, architectural engineers use logic and creativity to solve problems. They come up with effective designs to assist people in their everyday tasks. In our daily lives we are surrounded by buildings. Places that were once a dessert are turned into cities that now hold amazing buildings. When we think of big, tall, and creative buildings, we think of places like New York, for example....   [tags: architecture, buildings, designers]

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Architecture: Prioritizing The Human Experience in Design

- PRIORITISING THE HUMAN EXPERIENCE IN DESIGN Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction 3 2.0 Heidegger, Norberg-Shultz and Merleau-Ponty 4 3.0 The Application of Phenomenological Principals in the work of Steven Holl 6 Thoughts 9 Glossary 10 Websites 10 Referenced Images 10 Bibliography 11 Notes 12 Architecture Phenomenology Philosophy Movement Spaces Dwelling Design Experience Theory KEYWORDS 1.0 Introduction Now it is time that gods emerge From things by which we dwell … Rainer Maria Rilke (Insel ed., II, 185) Architects design spaces that are meant to be inhabited, places that are meant to be interacted with....   [tags: modern buildings, steven hall]

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Evaluating Plans to Erect Cell Towers Through a Local Community

- ... The site needs to have many other criteria, but many people have determined that the site needs to be more than fifty years old. This is not the sole requirement for it to be historic because this only means that the site would have been built in the mid-1960s. However this is the beginning, and must follow along with some or all of the following criteria to be determined to be a historic site. However during the later portion of the 1960s and later into the 1970s there were many structures built which could be deemed significant....   [tags: impact, historical buildings, significance]

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The Environmental Impacts of Eco-friendly Construction

- The Environmental Impacts of Eco-friendly Construction A considerable change which has occurred in the late 1990s around the world, is an increased number of regulations to minimize environmental damage. People, also have become more conscious of environmental protection and as a result there is increased demand for green architectural design which consists of eco-friendly construction. Eco friendly construction refers to building with a reduction of energy consumption, waste, pollution and degradation of the environment, to protecting health and efficiently using water resources (Dean 2003)....   [tags: buildings, climante change]

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Urban Renewal: Clean Up Barton Street

- Urban Renewal is something Hamilton is currently working on doing. We are surround by all these streets that are all boarded up and a lack of jobs surround us. Solution. Take those buildings and create something new. Renew Hamilton and make it a thriving beautiful city that all want to visit. We’ve already taken a few steps to doing this with Locke Street. Locke Street is one of the busiest commercial streets in the area. It has been that way since the 1850’s although the focus of the street has changed its has always been a thriving commercial street....   [tags: dirty, unsafe street, buildings]

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Regulatory Takings Due to Historic Designations

- Historical buildings are undeniably important to the United States and its people. The law of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, or NHPA, was enacted specifically to protect such buildings. Many citizens appreciate the value of these buildings and take strong stances for their preservation. Such citizens include those of California, which will be the state on that this paper will be focusing on. The issue at hand is who takes the side of the private owners of such buildings when their private property is at the mercy of special interest groups and judicial proceedings....   [tags: historical buildings, real property]

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Medieval Castles the Start of the Modern Age

- ... The tables that everyone would sit around had white linen cloth on them and the tables could also be easily removed. If the king was especially prestigious he would have a stationary table that would never move. The hall often had stone or wooden pillars the supported its wooden roof and if the hall was on the second floor it was supported by stone or wooden pillars as well. The floor that these pillars supported was almost always wooden or if they could afford it stone vaulting. The floor was often wooden and covered in rushes and herbs that would be changed periodically....   [tags: buildings, chapels, royal family]

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Indian Cultural Revival In A Eurocentric World

- ... Therefore, this is why King has Monroe use a modern method to “bring back” the buffalo to the reserve. After seeing the sculptures, Tecumseh notes, “It’s a buffalo. Or at least, it’s the outline of a buffalo. Flat iron wire bent into the shape of a buffalo” (130). By using cast iron, a material that has long been used in Europe by blacksmiths, and also serving as an example of the technological and cultural imposition of European settlers, Monroe is making the buffalo reappear on the plains....   [tags: iron, buildings, art]

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The Scriptures Views on Places of Gathering

- ... I never understood why they did that. But since I was on the outside looking into the situation, I could see the attitudes of both people during those conversations and tried to determine their heart conditions as they approached this touchy subject. Most of the time, the one who was pro-building would become more heated in their discussion over the issue than the one who was not. I always would see what they said as their reasons for being only pro-building, but to be honest, I saw that their emotions were making them lash out in their frustrations rather than sharing biblical convictions backed by Scripture in a calm, simple manner....   [tags: buildings, church, bible]

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The Cover Makes Northanger Abbey by Jane Austin

- ... Catherin is the brightest yet darkest part of the cover. This is done due to the light that is placed upon her face while the rest of her is body has tones of light to dark blue as well as some hints of purple. Catherine appears to be in her mid to late teenage years, which is represented through the pure light placed on her forehead. This lightness surrounding her face is able to represent the innocence of her mind as well as the curiosity she as she searches for who she is. Even though, she can be perceived as innocent the blues are able to represent knowledge, wisdom and sincerity while the slight purple is representative of mystery....   [tags: modern, buildings, mystery]

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The Importance of Architectural Engineering

- ... Therefore, when designing a building’s engineering system “[architectural engineers] are expected to be familiar with not only that system, but also with the multiple architectural considerations which may affect its design, installation, and operation” (“Architectural Engineering”). Because of this broad knowledge, architectural engineers are able to lead the team on the right path, and help avoid unnecessary mistakes that might affect the building’s construction in serious ways. They are able to advise on complex problems within projects, and offer suggestions for resolving them to avoid stagnations....   [tags: buildings, environment, construction]

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The LED Lighting Industry and Construction

- There are an abundance of applications available for LED lighting. Some of these include: LEDs in Industry: Industrial sized buildings such as an airport/factory are running lights for 24 hours 7 days a week. This means that the electricity usage is very high. The fact that the ceilings in these large industrial buildings are very high means that light maintenance procedure is timely therefore costly. Not to mention the cost involved in the replacement of the bulbs themselves. The use of LED lights would improve this situation dramatically....   [tags: buildings, airports, factories]

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A Place to Call Home

- Our cities are lacking certain outside involvement in the life to numerous displaced families. Homelessness is a continuance cycle leading to homeless people whom hang out with other homeless whom are displaced. The homeless return daily for social service needs, shelter, and not making much enough effort to sustain quality living. Starting over can introduce families to an effective approach of learning methods to begin the steps to sustaining stable life in everyday society. Utilizing buildings can assist in ways to help homeless have a better self-perception for oneself, when dealing with society or employers, job training through an adult education program, while providing shelter....   [tags: using empty buildings for the homeless]

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Architecture and Construction: Frank Gehry

- Frank O. Gehry—also known as Frank Owen Goldberg—was born in Toronto, Canada on February 28, 1929. Gehry moved with his family to Los Angeles in 1947. Gehry received his Bachelor of Architecture degree from the University of Southern California in 1954, and he studied City Planning at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design. Gehry’s architectural career has spanned over five decades and produced public and private buildings in America, Europe, and Asia. He is one of the best-known architects of the 20th century....   [tags: masterpieces, walt disney, buildings ]

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Earquakes and Tremors in Nicaragua

- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Managua, the capital city of Nicaragua, is the country's political, commercial, and industrial center. However, the city is prone to frequent earthquakes and tremors due its very close proximity to the convergent plate boundary occurring only a few kilometres off the coast of Nicaragua: the Cocos plate slowly being subducted under the Caribbean plate (“Historic Earthquake”, 1972). This movement caused significant destruction to Managua in 1931, 1968 and 1972 when earthquakes of magnitudes 5.6, 4.5 and 6.2 on the Richter scale, respectively, rocked the capital city (“Historic Earthquake”, 1972)....   [tags: managua, buildings, damage]

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Know All About Civil Engineering

- Civil Engineering- Job Responsibilities, Sub-Disciplines & Skills Know All About Civil Engineering A civil engineer is a person, who contributes to the nation's infrastructural development. He has the qualifications, knowledge and skills to make our surroundings look better. These are the people, who with their creativity and understanding of engineering techniques, can go on to create greatest landmarks. This profession that deals with the construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings....   [tags: bridges, canals, dams, and buildings]

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Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture

- Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture Art is constantly changing because of influential people with great ideas. The Romanesque, and Gothic periods are no different. After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, many Germanic tribes called the “Goths” adopted Christianity and gave birth to the Gothic art style, which is mostly present in architecture, that spanned from the 1200s to the 1300s. During the 1000s and the1100s the church began taking hold of Europe to become what was known as The Holy Roman empire, this period is known as the Romanesque period or “Period of the Church Triumphant”....   [tags: christianity, decorations, buildings]

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The Philosophy of Postmodernism

- The philosophy of postmodernism supported the feeling of variety and uniqueness with all architecture. Beginning in the 1960's and lasting through today, the postmodern movement took root as a response to modernist design. This movement began in America and then spread internationally across the globe. Postmodernism, concerns the symbolism, ornament, technology and the relation of existing and past cultures. Postmodern designers tend to reject the functional, minimal use of materials and lack of embellishment adopted by modernist designers....   [tags: buildings, architecture, art]

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Obesity Epidemic : Should Engineers Be Held Responsible For Designing Urban Spaces, Buildings And Transportation Networks

- ESUS 2 Extended Research Outline, Source Report and Review Essay title or question analysis: Title: In the light of obesity epidemic, should engineers be held responsible for designing urban spaces, buildings and transportation networks in such a way as to promote increased physical activity. Support your answer by reference to two urban centres in which engineering solutions have contributed to increased physical activity and, as a result, increased population health. Approach verbs Ideas to be explored Support your answer Cities that encourage physical activities Issues to be considered: What is obesity epidemic....   [tags: City, Urban area, Obesity, Urban planning]

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Advanced Gyro-Lumped Parameter Model and its Application to Pile Groups Supporting Multistory Buildings

- A simplified and efficient soil structure interaction (SSI) method has been proposed for structures supported by pile foundation system using recently proposed lumped parameter model with gyro-element (GLMP) which shows efficient and accurate representation of frequency dependent impedance function (IFs) of the soil-foundation systems. The original GLPM has been transformed to make the gyro-element compatible with the conventional software framework. The transformed GLPM has been verified with the IFs of a pile group supporting a single degree of freedom system and implemented in multi-story building supported by a pile group....   [tags: gyro-element, frequency, soil]

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The History of Construction

- Construction is a trillion dollar enterprise that has been vital to the expansion of civilization over the course of history; starting with the ancient Egyptian’s great and luxurious pyramids made of limestone, up unto the modern day mammoth skyscrapers around the world today; Most of these innovations incorporate three elements: Lumber, steel, and cement; Knowing how to work and maneuver these elements into a construction venture, in a safe and resourceful way, is a monetarily beneficial asset....   [tags: buildings, tools, safety]

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Change in Greek Art

- Change in Greek Art Greece is famously known world widely for its spectacular artworks. People are familiarized with its sculptures, paintings, and mosaics, but not many know how its art has been transforming from time to time. An explicit example would be the drastic changes from Aphrodite of Knidos to The Old Market Woman. The Egyptians had influenced Early Greek art for several years; it was during the time of war (Archaic Period) and art was not their top priority. Most of their sculptures were similar to those in Egypt and there was no sense of personal style....   [tags: anatomy, artists, buildings]

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Are tall buildings necessary for London to remain a competitive world city?

- Are tall buildings necessary for London to remain a competitive world city. On February 10, 2004 mayor of London Ken Livingstone introduced the London Plan, the first proactive strategy in over thirty years to deal specifically with the planning and development of London. Since an increase in London's population by 800,000 is expected by the year 2020 , the mayor has suggested the construction of high-rise buildings as the method most likely to enable London to grow in a controlled and steady manner and maintain its status as a world city....   [tags: Argumentative Pesuasive England europe Essays]

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How Followers of Islam Feel about the Buildings in Which they Worship and the Worship Itself

- How Followers of Islam Feel about the Buildings in Which they Worship and the Worship Itself Islam is a religion taught by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and based on the Quran. It emerged in the 7th Century CE and spread quickly throughout the Arabian Peninsula and in several directions beyond Spain and Morocco in the west and beyond Persia in the east. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the last in the lines of the Prophets, the first being Prophet Adam. History of Islam tells us that God commanded His prophet Abraham to build the first house of worship in Mecca where the Kaaba is now as it is written in the Quran....   [tags: Papers]

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The Gothic Period

- The Gothic Period in the twelfth century influenced the creation of Gothic Revival Architecture in the nineteenth century. Gothic architecture began in France in 1140. Some of the first buildings made using this style are the Basilica of Saint Denis and the Cathedral of Sens. (Gothic Architecture By Paul Frank) This style of architecture started losing popularity in the early sixteenth century, but did not die out completely during this time period. Gothic architecture was still predominantly in cathedrals and churches....   [tags: architecture, design, buildings]

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1342 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

What are Standards?

- Standards, everything to ever exist follows some form of a standard be it a paper for a class, boards for an architecture student, or buildings for a city. Standards are modeling principles that inform things to survive. In architecture standards are being defined and redefined every day, from local building codes, to¬ LEED which are standards that help structure communities and provide a guide line to a more progressive lifestyle. LEED is a system of checks and balances to insure holistic design and operation via the built environment....   [tags: architecture, LEED, buildings]

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Preparedness Plan in Case of an Earthquake

- There have been a lot of earthquakes in different countries for the past years. But what if an earthquake happened right know would we be prepared. Does Illinois have a plan. Yes, Illinois does have a preparedness plan. So if a earthquake does happen this very second we will be ready for anything. The recent thing to do during a earthquake is to drop which means stop everything you are doing. Than you cover which means you go under a desk or something sturdy to help prevent flying debris and things falling on you....   [tags: illinois, nuclear power plants, buildings]

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Types of Resident Assistants on Campus

- Being a resident assistant is a tough job. It is a job that has made a stronger and more confident person this past year. It is not a suitable job for students who are afraid of confrontation. There are two types of resident assistants that I have observed. The first type of resident assistant is the one who will give a violation to any resident for the smallest of things. The second type is the one who tries to be friends with everyone and sometimes lets things slide. Finding a balance between the two is somewhat of a rare feat, but can be achieved....   [tags: tough job, dorm buildings, alcohol]

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1337 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

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