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From Botulism to a Biological Weapon

- The disease causing organism Clostridium botulinum, was once extracted for its botulism toxin as a biological weapon by several nations including the United States, the former Soviet Union and Japan in the 1930s due to the toxin’s high morbidity and mortality rate (Arnon et al., 2001). This gram-positive, spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium can be found in the natural environment (i.e. soil) and in improperly processed canned foods due to the bacterium’s alkaline and anaerobic preference, which allows the spores to germinate....   [tags: clostridium botulinum]

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Anthrax: A Deadly Biological Weapon

- Biological weapons are a widely used source of terror. The definition of a biological weapon is a harmful biological agent (as a pathogenic microorganism or a neurotoxin) used as a weapon to cause death or disease usually on a large scale (“Biological Weapon,” The Merriam- Webster Dictionary). There are numerous substances used as biological weapons. Some include Glanders, Botulism, and Brucellosis. Biological weapons consist of a kind of substance or disease that is used to launch an attack on a large population of people....   [tags: Warfare]

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Dangerous type of Biological Weapon

- 1. Introduction Anthrax is one of the many biological weapons that cause the world to panic. Biological weapons can be described as a weapon that are using material such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, toxin, or other biological agents that can be utilized against human, plants, or animals (Schneider, 2014). Biological weapons have already been used during ancient times. Tossing rotting animals into heavy fortified town to slowly killing the people inside the town, or poisoned the source of water has already been a military strategy long time ago....   [tags: Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Toxins, Anthrax, Humans]

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Use of Typhoid as a Biological Terrorism Weapon

- Introduction Salmonella typhoid bacteria have over 100 strains in the world today. Most cause illness in humans, but only a few of those strains cause the illness Typhoid Fever (Pike, 2014). Typhoid is a bacterium that has been very devastating to the human race for centuries. Typhoid thrives in undeveloped countries and countries with high populations and poor sanitation procedures. But, it is still a relevant disease here in the United States because of its ease of spread once someone is infected (Pollack, 2003)....   [tags: Biological Terrorism Essays]

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Usage of Plague as a Biological Weapon

- Usage of Plague as a Biological Weapon Bioterrorism is defined as the intentional use of dangerous microorganisms or viruses to kill a large population of people. Common examples of biological agents include anthrax, botulism, smallpox, and the plague. The most common form is the bubonic plague that caused the deaths of a large percentage of the population in Europe during the Middle Ages. The bacterium, Yersinia pestis, causes three forms of the plague; however the pneumonic plague is used in bioterrorism because of its advantages in transmission and production....   [tags: Biology Terrorism Terrorist]

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Using Clostridium botulinum as a Biological Weapon

- Fatal Dilemma: Using Clostridium botulinum as a Biological Weapon Ever since the dawn of biotechnology, the world had to face a new dilemma: bioterrorism. Using biological agents such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc., bioterrorism attack aims to cause illness of death in people, animals, or plants as a method of warfare. Used throughout history, biological weapon serves as a pivotal role in disarming an army. Botulism toxin, known for the most toxic substance in the biological world, has been used throughout history as a biological weapon....   [tags: Terrorism Terrorist]

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Effects of Biological and Chemical Warfare

- “The gas instantly caused severe burning in their throats and lung. The men clutched their chests, coughed, and gasped for breath. Attempts to shield themselves from the gas were largely futile. Many tried to burrow their noses and mouths or to cover them with cloth, but the moist, dense poison penetrated everything” (Taylor 17). Those were the effects of chlorine quoted by an eyewitness. The gases and biological agents used against people in war are very cruel. They cause lots of deaths in short periods of time, leaving lasting effects wherever they are unleashed....   [tags: Biological Weapon, Viral and Bacteria Pathogens]

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Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism

- The whole world is just waiting for the one country, whether it is China, Russia, or North Korea, to set off a nuclear missile that would start a nuclear war and that would only end when there are few survivors left. However, maybe there is another way that a war could have an extreme number of casualties on every continent. The United States Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism believes that an attack with a biological weapon is more likely than one with a nuclear weapon (Suk)....   [tags: nuclear weapon, biological weapon, bioterrorism]

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Bioterrorism: This Means War

- Is a terrorist group planning to attack your country with a biological weapon. Bioterrorism has grown in past years because of the price, effectiveness, and how easy it is to make that type of weapon. It is estimated that 17 countries have the technology to develop biological weapons (Kaufmann, Meltzer, and Schmid n.p.). Anthrax is a good example of a biological weapon because it causes spores that will cause death or severe pain. Most biological weapons can be classified as a virus or a disease....   [tags: tarter force, biological weapon]

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Project Coast: South Africa’s Top Secret Chemical and Biological Weapon Program

- To protect the safety of the country and people of South Africa, those who hold authority or control in the decision making process sometimes are faced with making tough decisions. When it comes to South Africa, President P. W. Botha decided that to best protect the welfare of the citizens, a defensive measure must be established that was secure and efficient. The idea of such measures brought on an evolution of a secret chemical and biological weapons program which became known as Project Coast....   [tags: the project coast, basson trial]

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Sverdlovsk’s Mysterious Anthrax Outbreak

- Sverdlovsk’s Mysterious Anthrax Outbreak The unexplained death of many of Sverdlovsk’s citizens, contaminated meat and numerous diseased animals during April and May of 1979 raised worldwide concern. All of the victims were discovered to have shown signs of anthrax during their autopsies and the suspicion of Soviet government manipulating biological weapons intensified. The outbreak of anthrax in Sverdlovsk terrorized the world during this timeframe due to a possibility of a global epidemic. The Sverdlovsk incident was significant because the origin of this widespread bacteria is still disputable; the devastating affects of a global anthrax outbreak and the assumption of the Soviet governme...   [tags: biological weapon, soviet government]

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Letter to the President with Ricin: Shannon Richardson

- Small time actress Shannon Richardson a pro gun advocacy decided to send letters lace with Ricin to the President Obama and New York Mayor Bloomberg. Ricin is a deadly biological toxin that if inhaled or digested will cause death if not treated in time. Shannon Richardson wanted to send a deadly message to the government about her constitutional rights to bear arms. She did not care if she hurt innocent people such has her husband and children because this toxin can spread quickly and the symptoms take up to 4-8 hours to start....   [tags: biological toxin, fbi, biological weapon]

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Overview of Yellow Rain

- Yellow Rain, What is yellow rain. It is debatable even still today, to try to explain what yellow rain is. You have to go back to the background and history of where it came from. In this, you will hear controversial stories over yellow rain, to make you start thinking. You will also start to ask yourself questions like, what does it consist of. In addition, where did it come from. Conflicting reports to make you think. Is it a real weapon of mass destruction. Alternatively, is it a myth created by a people wanting justice for the unexplained atrocities of wars past....   [tags: biological warfare, weapon of mass destruction]

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Small Pox: The Perfect Weapon

- Chemical/Biological weapons are not as destructive as nuclear weapons but definitely are destructive in their own way. They have the ability, if used correctly, to wipe out a significantly large amount of people in a relatively short amount of time. Not as quickly as a nuclear weapon, but still quite quickly. Producing chemical or biological weapons is also much cheaper than producing nuclear weapons, mainly because the main ingredient, the organisms within the weapon, is self-producing and only small quantities are needed....   [tags: chemical, biological, weapons]

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Ricin as an Assassination Weapon

- Ricin is a chemical substance that was used in killing targeted individuals during the Cold War. The chemical was first developed in the United States and United Kingdom, but it was widely used in other countries like Bulgaria. The substance can kill individuals exposed to it through ingestion, inhalation and injections. Among the victims of ricin assassination includes Georgi Markov who was one of the rebels of the former communist regime. Ricin was also used as a weapon that targeted government officials....   [tags: cold war, biological and chemical warfare]

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Biological Warfare In Korea

- Whether the United States used Biological warfare in Korea has been a major topic for years. North Korea and China insist that Biological warfare was used against them during the Korean War in 1950- 1953, and the United States government strongly denies these allegations. North Korea and China both believe that the United States government was getting frustrated with the way the war was going because they were having a tough time defeating North Korea and China. President Truman who was president at that time did not want to lose the Korean War and wanted to win by any means necessary....   [tags: war, weapon of mass destruction]

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Biological Warfare

- The new technologies of terror and their increasing mobility are improving everyday. Many types of warfare look to take out major numbers of people, and some even look to take specific individuals. The specific technique I will focus on is call Biological warfare. Biological warfare is a type of war that targets specific people or a specific whole country. When Biological warfare is used it usually involves a substance in which to harm others by immediate death, or death by exposure. The substance is usually used within a confined space for maximum exposure to the victims of the gas, disease, or radiation....   [tags: technology, weapon]

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Gruinard Island: Weapon of Mass Destruction

- Gruinard Island is just one metaphoric piece of debris left over from the fallout and effects of Germany during World War 2 (WW2). This is just another testimony to the underappreciated fear of the invisible killer, the quiet storm and the science of the dragon’s breath also know as Weapons of Mass Destruction. This example is played out on the island of Gruinard merely a proving ground in fear of Germany’s biological program. Gruinard Island “Anthrax Island” an unsettling silence always follows whenever this is spoken....   [tags: anthrax island, germany, biological program]

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Biological Weapons: A Cheap and Effective Threat

- Biological weapons hold a terrifying reputation. Because of this, one might hope that in fact, the weapons are ineffective and aren’t a serious threat. Unfortunately, this notion is completely flawed. The troubling truth is that biological weapons are very effective and can be easily obtained or made by opposing countries or terrorists. If you are thinking otherwise, consider this quote: “Myths to the contrary, the biological warfare and bioterrorist threats are real and require the full commitment of the United States and its allies to have a well-funded biodefense effort to produce an effective defense (Davis).” Not only is bio-warfare a threat, it is so serious that full commitment of the...   [tags: Biological, Chemical, and Nuclear]

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Global Terrorism And Weapon Proliferation

- Global Terrorism and Weapon Proliferation Global terrorism and the growth of weapon consumption are evident around the world because of the development terroristic pandemic. Terrorism is the act of encouraging fear and developing tactics in order to promote mind warfare and uncertainty. The use of terrorism is apparent in many parts of the world in effort to change the reigns of power and the thought processes of that society. The proliferation of weapons began to develop around the growth of terrorism and the race to have the biggest weapons amongst the countries....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Cold War, Nuclear proliferation]

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Soviet Union Biological Substance Preparation

- The Soviet Union’s Biological Substance Preparation program also known as Biopreparat was created in 1973; the main idea was to establish an entity that would not leave any “footprints” of biological weapons activity in the Soviet Union. This was needed since the Soviet Union had signed the Biological Weapons Convention in 1972, which banned the mass production, and used of biological weapons. So to avoid drawing any attention to the link between the Bioperparat and the 15th Directorate, communication only occurred at the headquarters level with no direct contact....   [tags: biopreparat, biological weapons, tartar army]

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Biological Integrated Detection Systems

- There are many countries that are believed to have established programs in offense to biological warfare. Some of the distinguished countries include: Syria, Russia, China, Iran, Israel, Egypt, and North Korea. The easiest way to begin explaining Biological warfare is to consider any living organism and its possible potential to be used as a way of causing harm, injury, and even death to any population of people (Hooker, 2014). Organisms may consist of bacteria, fungi, or viruses. There are also toxins that may be found in any natural environment that have the potential to be used as a biological attack on any one person or population....   [tags: biological warfare, Syria, Russia, Egypt]

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The Funding of Making Chemical and Biological Weapons

- The Funding of Making Chemical and Biological Weapons Will the human race still be in existence in fifty more years. Although likely, there is a very real possibility that we will not be here. For example, after the Gulf War, we found Saddam Hussein stockpiling Weapons of Mass Destruction. Did you know that he had enough weapons to kill every single human, dog, and cow on the face of the earth. When I found that out, I thought it was very interesting, so I decided to do a report on it. If you keep reading, you’ll find out what I’ve found out....   [tags: Chemical Biological Weapons War Essays]

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The Threats of Biological Warfare

- The term “biological warfare” has been used quite frequently lately. We see it on the news, read it in magazines and newspapers, and hear about it in the political rhetoric of the day. However, the sad reality is that most Americans are not well informed about how dangerous the threat of biological warfare really is. Not only that, but our own government is not even prepared to deal with a biological attack, something that is more probable than most of us would like to believe. Biological warfare is not all that complicated....   [tags: Biological Warfare War Weapons Essays]

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Explaining Why Biological Warfare Cannot be Explained with the SCOT Theory, Actor-Network Theory and Technological Systems Theory

- The purpose of this essay is to explain why it will be a problem to explain biological warfare with the SCOT theory, actor-network theory and technological systems theory. Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) is a theory that was introduced by Weiber Bijker that explains the link between social and technical processes of a technology or artifact. Bjiker argued that technology is shaped by human engineers, market forces, consumer’s needs and demands. In SCOT, technology is a social construction....   [tags: biological warfare]

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Chemical and Biological Weaponry

- Chemical and Biological Weaponry Introduction: A Modern Day Trojan Horse Although the envelope resembled a letter from a fourth grade student, the contents addressed to Senator Tom Daschle were life threatening. Laced within the envelope was a form of the bacteria known as Bacillus Anthracis, bacteria more commonly known as anthrax. When exposed to humans, an anthrax infection leads to the release of toxins, which if not properly treated are fatal (cnn.com). Around the same time of Senator Daschle’s threat, other cases of anthrax exposure were publicized....   [tags: Biological Warfare Nuclear Weapons Ethics Essays]

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Biological Warfare: Testing and Researching Toxins

- Biological Warfare: Testing and Researching Toxins Biological Warfare is the use and employment of biological agents to harm or kill humans, animals, or plant life. Bio warfare can cause a significant amount of casualties with less preparation and work then other types of attacks. The weapons are relatively cheap and, unlike explosive attacks, biological attacks can be used to kill a select group. This meaning a biological agent can be created that would, for example only target animals or only target humans....   [tags: Biological Warfare Research Essays]

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Biological Weapons and Biological Warfare

- Biological Weapons and Biological Warfare Thesis: Biological Warfare is morally and inhumanely wrong, It is the wrongful killing of men, women, and children. It should be stopped no matter what the circumstances are. I. Introduction into the bad effects of biological warfare through some examples. a. Example of single affect of biological warfare b. Example of a country using Biological Warfare II. Definition of Biological Warfare a. Biological Warfare Agents i. Micro-Organisms ii. Toxins b....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive]

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Use of Biological Weapons Through History

- Biological weapons are often called the “Poor man’s atomic bomb” (Warfare Introduction). They are called this, because they are cheap and powerful. By definition, biological weapons are “any weapon usable in biological warfare” (WordNet Search-3.1). Another definition for biological weapons is “Biological weapons include any organism or toxin found in nature that can be used to incapacitate, kill, or otherwise impede an adversary” (Dire). Smallpox, ricin and anthrax are all biological weapons. Biological weapons have been used throughout history....   [tags: CDC,weapons, warfare, smallpox]

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Biological and Chemical Weapons

- Biological & Chemical Weapons Chaos, fear, and death. Those three words are what most people’s first thoughts are when they see the destructive offspring of either Biological or Chemical Weapons. These Weapons of Mass Destruction (also known as WMD’s) are actually considered the deadliest weapons of all time to not only humans but also to other animals, and plants. Biological and Chemical Warfare has become a major threat not only to the safety to the people of America, but also on the frontlines across the world but, that in order to fix these that the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and Chemical Weapons Convention could do is to make mandatory background checks for anyone who buy...   [tags: fear, destruction, chaos]

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The Ethics of Weapon and Military Research

- Many people everyday get in their car, look at their navigation system and try to figure out how to get home. While they are driving, a voice will direct them in the correct direction, all they have to do is follow the directions. Once they are home they put some food in the microwave. While waiting for the food to cook, they might call someone on the their cell phone or check their e-mail. All of the technology mentioned above has either come directly from the military or researched with the help of the military....   [tags: Weapong Military Research papers]

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Biological Weapons Development Programs

- Following the wide spread use of chemical weaponry, the Geneva Convention took place in 1925 to set forth the rules of war. One of the regulations was the discontinued use of chemical and biological warfare. Unfortunately, many countries would violate this document in order to gain an advantage over their adversaries. The Japanese, Soviet Union, and United States biological weapon programs are merely a few within the world, each committed to their own purpose. These are the countries that will have the history of their weapons programs told within this paper....   [tags: warfare threats]

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Biological Weapons

- Biological weapon which is also termed as germ welfare is the use of pathogens as biological weapon. In this case pathogens include disease causing agents like bacteria, viruses and other disease causing agents. On the other hand when non living toxic products are used though produced by living organism like toxin it is referred to us as chemical warfare. This technology of using chemical warfare is categorized as chemical weapons convention. The following are some of the reason highlighted as the reasons for the use of chemical and biological weapons....   [tags: Terrorism]

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Five Biological Killers that May be Used for Terrorism

-     Advanced technology affords many benefits to human beings, but it also provides instruments of mass destruction. For example, advanced biological technology may provide cures for illnesses but it also provides instruments of biological terrorism. When war involves these microscopic, deadly, biological agents, it takes on a new and frightening dimension. Human beings harnessing the power of bacteria to kill large quantities of people sounds like science fiction. Unfortunately, we now hear about use of these biological agents not only from novels, but also from the newspaper....   [tags: Biological Weapons Essays]

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Biological Weapons Convention

- There is a little known piece of paper that was formed by the United Nations called the Biological Weapons Convention. It was formed in April 1972 as part of an effort for disarmament, production and stockpiling. This document was entered in to force on 26 March 1975, and over the years there have been several conferences to review and amend the Convention. As of today, there are one hundred and ten signatory states and one hundred sixty eight state parties. There are four members of the depositary governments: Russian Federation, United Kingdom of Great Britain, Northern Ireland and the United States of America....   [tags: United Nations, Disarmament, Production]

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Gruinard Island Biological Warfare Testing

- The United Kingdom received intelligence in the 1930s, that several nations were involved in biological warfare-related activity. Continued intelligence concluded that these nations may have already acquired this capability. In 1942, the War Cabinet sanctioned biological weapon field testing amid fears of the possibility of a biological or chemical weapons attack against Britain by the Nazis and possibly the Japanese. Anthrax was chosen because it is one of the best known agents of biological warfare and the most feared....   [tags: chemical weapons, war cabinet, anthrax]

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Biological, Nuclear and Radiological Attacks

- In the year’s ahead, chemical, biological, nuclear and radiological attacks will grow higher as terrorist’s and anarchist’s weapons become more scientifically and technologically advanced. So, we need CBNR’s to answer the call and defend our country from dangerous chemical, Biological, Nuclear and Radiological weapon systems. Chemical engineering and chemistry is the backbone to the Chemical, Biological, Nuclear, Radiological (CBNR) Officer’s lifestyle. A CBNR Officer is a Career in the United States Army which helps defend against weapons of Mass Destruction and leads chemical platoons to deal with domestic chemical threats....   [tags: warfare, terrorist, anarchism]

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Biological Research: Global Warming

- The most adored section of science is the biological study. Biology is vital to the society because it studies life, living organisms and all the aspects that are concerned with their well being. This section of science also studies the origin, evolution, structure, function and the growth of living organisms. This study deals with different aspects of life. The most studied section is the genetics (Rebecca Johnson, 2006). Chimeras’ is mostly common in non-human zoology but also occurs in human though it is a rare phenomenon....   [tags: Entertainment ]

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Controlling Chemical and Biological Weapons

- Controlling Chemical and Biological Weapons History and Introduction Chemical and biological weapons (CBWs) have been used over the ages as an effective means of warfare. The earliest incident of biological weapons (BWs) occurred in the third century B.C., when the Carthaginian leader Hannibal filled up pots with venomous snakes and threw them onto enemy ships. (Cirincione, 48) Since then, biological weapons have been used very infrequently. This is mainly due to enormous cost required to create and handle BW's (many of the groups who have attempted to create such weapons have ended up infecting themselves more often then their intended targets)....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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Exploration of Biological Weapons

- Exploration of Biological Weapons We have all heard about biological weapons but I have never been really sure about what it exactly is, when and how it is used… So in this essay I am going to mix the science and the impact on society to find the answers to all my doubts. Biological weapons may be defined as "micro organisms that infect and grow in the target host producing a clinical disease that kills or incapacitates the targeted host". These microbes can be natural or made by genetic engineering....   [tags: Papers]

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Accusations of Biological Warfare by the US in Korea

- Accusations of Biological Warfare by the US in Korea In the 1950s, allegations surfaced that the United States had experimented with biological weapons in remote areas of Northern Korea. “The US government denied the charges of biological weapons use, and this denial was generally supported in the West by eminent scientists who challenged the Needham report. The allegations are still a matter for study.” (Guillemain, 2005, p. 100) The scope of this paper is to neither attempt to solidify the convictions of the accusers, nor is it to vindicate the American government of the time....   [tags: US government, german scientists, lawyers]

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The History of Using Botulinum Toxin as a Bioweapon

- While we may think that Botulinum Toxin or “Botox” is only used for cosmetic alteration on our favorite actors or actresses, it is actually a biological substance used by scientist, doctors, and terrorist for a plethora of functions. In the following paper I will first explain what a biological substance and or weapon is to better inform you of Botulinum Toxin. Later in my research I will discuss what affects it actually has on the human body. After careful explanation I will then talk about the side effects associated with proper and improper use....   [tags: biological substance, biological warfare]

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Education Is The Most Powerful Weapon

- “Education is the most powerful weapon that you can use to change the world” (Mandela). Education has the capability to change ones’ life for the better if the individual is willing to put in the work. The United States places a significant emphasis on education, starting at a young age and continuing through young adulthood. In America, the education process is a twelve step system. The course begins when the child enters kindergarten at the age of five, attends grammar or elementary school for grades one through eight, high or secondary school for grades nine through twelve, and then enters college (The Columbia Encyclopedia)....   [tags: High school, Sleep, Sleep deprivation, College]

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Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare

- Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare is one of the most dreaded forms of attack on the battlefield. In the last century, we learned a great deal about how life works, how it is organized. We have used that technology to save many lives by curing diseases and vaccinating against viruses. But it seems that whenever we have a breakthrough in science, there is an ever-present danger of a form of weapon resulting from the discovery. Biological Warfare is defined as bacteria, viruses, fungi or rickettsia, which are used in wartime to cause disease or death in people (Hay, 1984)....   [tags: Papers]

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Chemical Weapons: Weapon Inspection Team

- Weapons Inspection Team Knowing the history of chemical weapons and their devastating effects will help explain the reasoning for the development of weapons inspection team and why their success is vital to world peace. This paper will provide a small amount of history on chemical weapons, discuss the history of the weapons inspection teams and explain how the members are selected and trained. Incidents of the use of weapons of mass destruction will be mentioned which explain the reason for the development of the weapons inspection teams....   [tags: chlorine and phosgene gases, chemical warfare]

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History of Chemical and Biological Warfare

- Society today has been the witness to the use of chemical weapons upon various groups of people. A prime example is the use of poison gas in Syria.( http://fair.org/take-action/action-alerts/iraq-then-syria-now) Chemical weapons were made by chemist to do great harm. Typically, a chemical weapon is defined by chemist as any toxic chemical or its precursor that can cause death, injury, temporary incapacitation or sensory irritation through its chemical action. Because of the destruction caused by the use of chemical weapons, society has tried to place controls on their use with the development....   [tags: weapons of mass destruction]

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Biological Warfare

- There is no longer a question of whether or not a bioterrorist will attack, but rather the question remains, when will they attack. “It is highly likely that a terrorist group could threaten or attack Americans with germs within the next few years,” according to President Clinton. (Solomon) Biological warfare intentionally uses viruses, bacteria, fungi, or toxins from living organisms and death or disease in humans, animals, or plants. Fermentation can be used to produce such bacterial agents as anthrax, brucellosis, cholera, meloidosis, plague, q fever, or tularemia....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Chemical and Biological Weapons of Mass Destruction

- Has the international law been able to tame the manufacture and use of BW. In the face of ever increasing terror attacks, autocratic regimes lead by crazy men (Syria as an example), the control of BW has to be successful. In 1972 the use of BWs was outlawed by 165 states, however several nations still research on the same for defense purposes. The argument here is that defense can be interpreted differently by different states; as a good defense is a good offense. Nothing can stop South and North Korea from attacking each other in the name of defense with the BWs, which would have a cause effect the world over....   [tags: BWs, small pox, syria, law]

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THE THREAT OF BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AND POSSIBLE PREVENTATIVE MEASURES

- The Threat of Biological Warfare and Possible Preventative Measures The events of September 11,2001, have made the threat of terrorism on our mainland very real. The twin towers were made into rubble that day, along with the lives of the many people touched by the overwhelming loss of life that occurred that day. Now, if that isn’t enough to cope with, in creeps the specter of bio-terrorism. Biological weapons are devices intended to deliberately disseminate disease producing organisms or toxins in food, water, by insect, or as an aerosol....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Theory Of Biological Adoption Through Education

- There was also the issue to contend with that the European scientific consensus gradually shifted away from Darwinism, damaging its political use. During the last decade of the century, neo-Lamarckian ideas of conferred traits and learnt behaviours (tempered by natural selection) once again came to prominence1. Additional challenges to the general Darwinian world-view (such as the discovery of sterile, yet beneficial worker insects that could not be the result of sexual selection2) necessitated new explanations that were not provided in Origins, making allegorical Darwinian argument carry less weight....   [tags: Evolution, Charles Darwin, Socialism]

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Chemical and Biological Agents: Project Coast

- Project Coast was a ploy on using chemical and biological agents on the inhabitants of South Africa; tear gas was not enough for the Prime Minister at the time PW Botha (Gould & Folb, 2002). Botha employed Wouter Basson who headed the program. Basson used a couple of extremely lethal agents such as CX powder and mustard gas. The Apartheid government took aim at political rivals. Project Coast known for research, development, and deploy of chemical and biological warfare. Basson was known in many parts as Dr....   [tags: south africa, tear gas, mustard gas]

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Should The World Be Safer? Nuclear Weapons?

- Our world is filled with a constant threat of Nuclear detonation and the ensuing fallout of such an attack. This Leads to the question would the world be safer without nuclear arms. Nuclear weapon is defined as “A bomb or missile that uses nuclear energy to cause an explosion.” (Oxford Dictionary, 2016) Nuclear weapons are one of the most destructive devices known to man, and as such the masses have cried for their use to be abolished following the Cold War. Two nuclear bombs have ever been dropped during a war, both on Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, during World War II by the United States....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, World War II]

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Invisible Death

- On September 18, 2001, upon opening an envelope that was placed in their mail, five innocent victims died. This event took place just seven days after the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centers and marked the first bioterrorist attacks on the United States. The “Amerithrax” attack, as it is commonly known, was aimed at news media offices and two Senators. The envelopes contained spores believed to be anthrax (“2001”). Anthrax is one of over 1,200 known biological agents (“FEMA”). It is one of the most commonly used and one of the most fatal....   [tags: Biological Warfare]

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United States Anthrax Attacks of 2001

- In 2001 the United States suffered a major terrorist attack on 9/11. A week later a new attack started, the anthrax attacks. The attacks occurred over a span of weeks. Anthrax is a type of bacteria that produces spores, which can kill people very rapidly if infected. It is not always easy to diagnose due to its nonspecific symptoms. In this case it was used as biological weapon. The attacks were not known about for a period of time until multiple cases occurred. Many people and organizations would end up working on the anthrax attack investigation, which was codenamed Amerithrax by the FBI....   [tags: Politics, Terrorism, Weapon]

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Preparing for a Biological Terror Attack

- What is Anthrax and how is it transmitted. Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming "bacterium bacillus." Anthrax most commonly occurs in wild and domestic vertebrates (cattle, sheep, goats, camels, antelopes, and other herbivores), but can also occur in humans when they are exposed to infected animals or when spores are used as a bioterrorist weapon. There are three forms of Anthrax. One form of Anthrax is gastrointestinal anthrax, which usually occurs after the consumption of contaminated meat that has been infected with the anthrax bacterium....   [tags: Informative Essays]

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The History of Smallpox and How It Became Eradicated

- ... Smallpox is caused by the variola virus. It is in the family of viruses called Poxviridae. There are two kinds of variola virus, variola major and variola minus. Variola major is much more severe than variola minor and kills about 30% of people who are infected. Variola minor kills between 1 and 5% of those infected. Smallpox does not infect any animals except humans and people or animals cannot just carry the disease. Smallpox is spread by face-to-face contract. It can also be spread through the bed sheets and clothes of people who have the disease....   [tags: disease, weapon, virus, vaccine]

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Weapons of Mass Destruction and Risk Galore

- Weapons of mass destruction, as classified by the FBI, are any destructive devices, chemical or biological agents used with the intention of causing death or injury on a large scale. These weapons have been used in history, but most are banned to due to the extent of destruction caused. The atom bomb, probably the most well-known of these weapons were used sparingly but caused massive damage in the few areas affected. Chemical weapons, agents that can be traced in Syria today, have the potential to spread quickly while causing death and severe injury to those affected....   [tags: War, Atom Bomb, Biological]

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The Possibility of Biological Weapons

- In the book, “The Demon in the Freezer”, the character I chose was D.A. Henderson. Henderson is a dedicated researcher in the field of disease and his work contributed to the eradication of smallpox. Some say that the real main character in the book is smallpox and that Henderson and the other researchers were not important, but in reality the book is a battle between humanity and smallpox, so multiple main characters are needed. In the field of Public Health making sure that disease is eradicated or maintained is the key to success....   [tags: bioterrorism, anthrax, small pox]

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Use of Brucellosis in Bioterrorism

- Bioterrorism Brucellosis is a very threatening biological weapon in the sense that it does not cause fatality, but incapacitates its victims. Not only this, but it is hard to diagnose since the symptoms it induces are extremely nonspecific. Bioterrorism has existed for countless years, and there is no doubt that it will be used in the future. The only thing we have to worry about now is how it will be put to use. Despite going through the trouble of setting up pacts to prevent the use of biological weapons, its presence continues to cause problems on a worldwide scale....   [tags: Biological Terrorism Terrorist]

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Nuclear Weapons And Weapons Of Mass Destruction

- The last three United States presidents have all agreed that the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction is one of the most significant threats to the world as we know it. Knowing who has WMDs and where they have them is an extremely logical concern for any government that cares about the safety of its citizens. Chemical weapons, biological weapons, and nuclear weapons are all very dangerous in different ways. Unfortunately, these weapons do exist, the greater concern today, is who has them....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Nuclear proliferation]

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Nuclear Weapons Of The United States

- Issue/Claim Throughout the time span of human history, humanity recently developed weaponry that can that eliminate life. That weaponry is nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons pose a serious worldwide destruction. The current nuclear stockpile of the United States is enough to destroy the world at least four times over. Even though with the signing of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NTP) and recent announcements by the current white house administration to reduce nuclear stockpile, there has to be a more aggressive methods to ensure to reduce the United States Nuclear Stockpile....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Nuclear proliferation]

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Nuclear Weapons Cut Them Out !

- Nuclear Weapons-Cut Them Out. For those interested in improving the nation, say goodbye to nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons stand apart in the public imagination because of their horrific and unmatched destructive power. An all-out nuclear attack could annihilate billions of people within hours. There are approximately 30,000 nuclear weapons in national stockpiles of the eight nuclear weapons states: Britain, China, France, India, Israel (assumed), North Korea (claimed), Pakistan, Russia, and the United States....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Nuclear proliferation]

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Bioterrorism with Anthrax

- Anthrax is one of the most preferred biological warfare agents for many highly identified reasons. First, anthrax is extremely lethal. Anthrax can contain up to 100 million lethal doses in just one gram of anthrax spores, which is 100,000 times more lethal than any other biological warfare agent. It is also known that inhalation anthrax is almost always fatal if the symptoms are allowed to progress without any treatment. Anthrax is also the silent and invisible killer. On top of the fatality rate of anthrax, there are also very low barriers to produce the biological weapon....   [tags: Anthrax Biology Biological Terrorism]

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The Use of Variola major in Bioterrorism

- Variola major: its symptoms and the possibilities of its use in bioterrorism Smallpox is a virus that was pronounced eradicated in 1990 by the World Health Organization (WHO). Prior to its elimination through the coordinated efforts of several international agencies, it was considered one of the most dangerous threats to the prolonged existence of the human race. Its effects, especially those of the hemorrhagic strain, are comparable to those of such agents as the Zaire Ebola virus, Lassa hemorrhagic fever, and Marburg virus....   [tags: Biological Terrorism Terrorist Attack Smallpox]

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Anthrax in Bioterrorism

- Anthrax in Bioterrorism As America rises shakily to its feet after September 11th, a man from American Media Inc. breathes in a funny powder from a letter in his office. Five days later he ís in the hospital, an apparent severe case of the flu. Two days later, he dies. This man was Bob Stevens, the first in America to die from a deliberate anthrax attack. Others letters such as this started popping up in major American media companies [Tom Brokaw at NBC], making the nation terrified to open mail....   [tags: Biological Terrorism Terrorist Attack]

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Science Takes Over to Destroy

- “There are those who say: 'the First World War was chemical; the Second World War was nuclear; and that the Third World War – God forbid – will be biological.'” (Foley) Throughout these recent years, humans have been fascinated with genetic engineering. The information of these are mostly public, for worse or for better. There is no such thing as just curiosity, some scientists think these as possibilities to save more human lives and possibly even find a cure for leukemia and cancer, nevertheless, there are people who think these as possibilities towards warfare – as biological weapons....   [tags: chemical, nuclear and biological war]

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Science Takes Over to Destroy

- “There are those who say: 'the First World War was chemical; the Second World War was nuclear; and that the Third World War – God forbid – will be biological.'” (Foley) Throughout these recent years, humans have been fascinated with genetic engineering. The information of these are mostly public, for worse or for better. There is no such thing as just curiosity, some scientists think these as possibilities to save more human lives and possibly even find a cure for leukemia and cancer, nevertheless, there are people that think these as possibilities towards warfare – as biological weapons....   [tags: biological, mutations, terrorists]

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The United States Nuclear Weapons Complex

- The United States nuclear weapons complex is complicated and very large. Because of this, there are certain government agencies that help to regulate, or control, the nuclear weapons. Those agencies that have a role regarding the nation’s nuclear weapons are the Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Commerce, Homeland Security, Department of State (DOS), and most importantly, the Department of Defense (DOD) (whitehouse.gov). First, the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), is the principle U.S....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, World War II]

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Anthrax and Bioterrorism

- Bioterrorism, in the last decade, has become a real threat to the world. Since the anthrax attacks on American soil in 2001, the world has become aware of the potential risk of an anthrax attack. Anthrax is the disease caused by the Bacillus anthracis bacteria. Ever since early history, anthrax has occurred in livestock animals and in humans. The bacteria prevent the macrophages from communicating with the rest of the body. Thus, the body cannot fend of anthrax and slowly organs begin to deteriorate....   [tags: Biological Terrorism Terrorist Homeland Security]

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The Path to a Modern World of Disorder

- Terrorism instills fear into many of us. It has haunted the people of the world since the beginning of time. It has caused the rise and fall of many empires; it has given people the gain of power. In addition to the gain of power, there are many other causes of terrorism, such as hate, religion, and politics. Most people believe that there is nothing excusable or justifiable with any an act of terrorism, whether it is committed by religious fundamentalists, people's resistance movements, private militia, or that of a war retribution by a recognized government....   [tags: terrorism, hate, religion, biological, warfare]

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Genetic Engineering

- Genetic Engineering There are many manipulations that humans have done to the environment throughout history in order to benefit mankind. As technology has increased many of these manipulations have begun to take place on a larger scale resulting in more drastic changes to the environment. The first manipulations humans used to benefit themselves were farming and domestication of animals. This was very basic manipulation to the environment and did not make drastic changes to the environment....   [tags: Science Biology Biological Essays]

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National Security Plan And National Preparedness Goal

- Introduction The United States function through various systematic process that flow fluently through the critical 16 highly important critical infrastructures. The critical infrastructures are comprised of chemical, commercial facilities, communications, critical manufacturing, dams, defense industrial base, emergency services, energy, financial services, food and agriculture, government facilities, healthcare and public health, information technology, nuclear reactors, materials, and waste, transportation systems, and water and wastewater systems sectors....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Nuclear proliferation]

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Biological Weapons Convention Treaty

- The Biological Weapons Convention treaty also known as the Biological and Weapons Toxin Convention was established in 1972. This treaty was created in the efforts to stop the production of Biological weapons and the use of it in combat. As well as banning the use of its delivery systems and storage facilities. In 1972 over 158 countries came to an agreement and signed the Biological Weapons Convention treaty. Although the treaty was signed in 1972 it did not take effect until 1975. This treaty only affected the countries who actually signed it....   [tags: biological warfare, toxins]

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Technology Does Not Define The Ethical Nature Of A War

- Weapons such as the laser-guided bombs and drones have the potential to reduce civilian casualties. Technology does not define the ethical nature of a war. It is the user of such technology who has control on what is ethical or what is not during war conflict. Technological advances does not necessarily improve the battlefield conditions but increases our capacity to kill easier than before. AK-47 is defintely a whole lot better than bows and arrows. A battle tank is more superb than a ballista or a trebuchet....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, World War II]

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Preventing Bioterrorism

- September 11, 2001, signifies the most pivotal moment in United States history. It marks a great paradigm shift in the attitude of United States towards terrorism. Prior to September 11, policies to protect against terrorism were perforated with in fighting between government agencies, a lack of centralized intelligence sharing, and general surprise. This event marks the beginning of the largest growth in the United States intelligence community. The United States increased security all around the board, opened up and centralized its agencies, and began to prepare for new kinds of terrorist attacks....   [tags: Biodefense, Biological Attack]

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Weapons Of Mass Destruction The Defense Threat Reduction Agency

- Throughout the century mankind has been in countless wars and with each passing war weapons have become more lethal and creative. In ancient days armies fought with smoke screens and toxic fumes, throughout the years methods of destroying other armies in one fell swoop has become an ultimate goal. In the outbreak of World War I and World War II armies developed phosgene, chlorine, mustard gas and nerve agents (Hersh, 1968, pg 7). Nuclear weapons were also developed in WW II, with so many threats the United States had to shield and protect itself (Davis, Purcell, 2006 pg 3)....   [tags: World War II, United States, Nuclear weapon]

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Nuclear Weapons : The Nuclear Weapon

- The main actors that are involved in the nuclear proliferation treaty are China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States are all considered to be the five nuclear weapon states. That means that as set up in the treaty they are the only five states that are allowed to posses any kind of nuclear weapons capabilities. In recent years there has been tension regarding other counties having nuclear weapons, specifically North Korea. According to the BBC article regarding information on North Koreas nuclear weapons history since October of 2006 North Korea has said they have “successfully tested a nuclear weapon, spreading alarm throughout the region.” Most likely as well through...   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Nuclear proliferation]

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Holocaust vs. Native American Genocide

- The term genocide brings awful things to mind. For most, it probably directs their attention towards the Holocaust; this was definitely a gruesome and obvious example of genocide, but there are many others with great similarities that are not very well known. One of these is the decimation of the Native American population by the European settlers and the atrocious things that were done to them such as the trail of tears following the Indian Removal Act of 1830 during the settling of North America....   [tags: nazis, weapon, european settlers]

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Nuclear Weapons And The Nuclear Weapon

- By definition, a nuclear weapon is an explosive device whose destructive potential extracts from the release of energy that comes from the splitting of an atomic nuclei. Nuclear weapons are still pretty new in development. It all began in August of 1942, the United States started the Manhattan Project to develop their first nuclear weapon. Only three years later the first nuclear weapon testing was held in New Mexico, on July 16, 1945 by the United States (NWT). And from there the United States were the first to create and use any form of nuclear weapons....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, World War II]

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Nuclear Weapons Of A Nuclear Weapon

- very few terrorist organizations are highly motivated to detonate nuclear weapons of any kind to advance their objectives. The reason for this is the greatest challenge facing any terrorist group; the initial acquisition of a nuclear device (Ayson 2010, 573-574). The other challenge is the ability to create a weapon that can do the amount of damage hoped for. There are other points to consider, these include getting the right scientists to make the weapon, the cost of assembling the weapon and then transporting the assembled weapon safely to the site of the attack....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Terrorism, Nuclear proliferation]

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