Your search returned over 400 essays for "avoidance"
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Fair Tax: Avoidance of Taxes

- ... Even greater, the state budget director, Linda Luebbering believes the tax would need to be fourteen percent (Mannies, 2011). Given that approval for the prebate seems politically unlikely, and that there is no mechanism in the initiative to generate funding for the it, its absence would unfairly shift the tax burden onto lower-income Missourians, making the tax extremely regressive. Some believe that the expansion of the tax base would wreak positive benefits for Missouri. According to Travis Brown, president of Let Voters Decide - the 501(c)(3) non-partisan organization advocating for reform - the “upshot would be ‘a better, broader tax base,’' while the taxes paid would depend on the...   [tags: income tax, imposing a sale tax]

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Identity, Culture, And Avoidance

- PART B Culture 1. One of the reoccurring themes that became apparent throughout the interview was the concept of relationships, culture and avoidance in dating. Dating is the process whereby two people meet socially for companionships, beyond the level of friendships with the aim for suitability as a partner in an intimate relationships or marriage. The process of dating is impacted by past experiences, family dynamics, cultural, beliefs and customs. These relationships produce a strong connections between family members, education, cultural....   [tags: Personality psychology, Psychology, Trait theory]

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Microburst and Wind-Shear Avoidance

- ... A temperature inversion forms near the surface at a very clear night with calm or very light surface wind .As we know , the wind just above the inversion may be relatively strong. As illustrated , a wind shear zone can cause airspeed fluctuations as an aircraft climbs or descents through the inversion ,As we know ,the aircraft most likely is either climbing from the takeoff or approaching to land when passing through the inversion ,therefore ,airspeed is low ,only a few knots is greater than stall speed .The fluctuation in airspeed can induces a stall precariously close to the ground .Wind shear in a zone between relatively calm wind below an inversion and strong wind above the inversion...   [tags: aviation, weather, pilot]

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Apple 's Tax Avoidance And Is It Ethical?

- What is Apple’s Tax Avoidance and is it Ethical. Introduction In recent years, multinational companies, such as Apple, have grown incredibly fast. This is especially true in the technology market. With companies being able to sell digital merchandise from anywhere in the world, a company may not have a physical presence in the country of incorporation. These unforeseen issues in tax policy discrepancies have allowed companies such as Apple to avoid taxes legally. Although legal, tax avoidance is not necessarily ethical....   [tags: Tax, Corporation, Tax haven, Taxation]

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Tax planning and Tax Avoidance Analysis

- Tax planning is the organizing of financial matters with the ultimate goal of minimizing taxes. Tax planning is done through three processes: reducing income, utilizing tax credits and increasing deductions on finances. Moreover, tax planning involves aligning financial goals in an efficient manner through planning for taxes so as to result in reduction of tax liability. It comprises arranging of finances so as to avail from rebates, deductions and exemptions that are legally permitted by tax laws while reducing tax liability....   [tags: tax credits, tax laws, taxation]

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Conflict Resolution, Avoidance, Compromising, And Dominating

- Because of Intrapersonal and Interpersonal conflict within these young men they need professional and spiritual help so move them from hurting to healing. This kind of pain may take a lifetime to heal, however nothing is too hard for God. I’m sure the techniques from Intrapersonal Conflict by Hocker & Wilmot will help give us an insightful approach to dealing with the intrapersonal conflicts in their family. According to Hocker and Wilmot, Conflict is a fact of human life. It occurs naturally in all kinds of settings....   [tags: Family, Mother, Conflict, Want]

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Conflict Avoidance Is A Technique Used For Deal With Conflict

- Conflict avoidance is a technique used to deal with conflict. Avoiding conflict is mainly used to disregard the direct issue at hand. Avoiding conflict can be used to temporarily get rid of an issue or it can be used to permanently remove the issue. Avoiding conflict within the workplace most often results in relationship division. Workplace conflict is inevitable, meaning wherever and whenever there is a group working to accomplish similar goals as a whole, conflict will be present. Workplace conflict exists due to various factors....   [tags: Conflict, Interpersonal relationship, China]

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Italy and Austria: Masculinity, Uncertainty Avoidance and Pragmatism

- When comparing Italy with Austria there are not that many differences in Hofstede’s Dimensions. Both countries have similar high rates in masculinity, uncertainty avoidance and pragmatism. Austria and Italy are considered masculine societies, which mean that both societies are highly career and success oriented and competition is an important matter. The possession of certain status symbols, which also get compared amongst colleagues or neighbors, expresses this. The high scores in Uncertainty Avoidance index means that both societies do not feel comfortable in unknown situations or towards unknown things....   [tags: Culture, Business, Comparison]

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Preventing Starvation, The Scheduler Is Responsible For Deadlock Detection And Avoidance

- In addition to preventing starvation, the scheduler is also responsible for deadlock detection and avoidance. Windows utilizes a locking system to prevent deadlocking between threads. This locking system is referred to as a spin lock (or busy wait) and is comparable to a physical key and lock. Threads must check if they “have the key” (resource) for the lock before entering their critical sections. If the lock is closed, the thread will continually loop through its check until it is given the resource required to enter its critical section....   [tags: Virtual memory, Memory management]

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Morning Sickness in Pregnant Women Functions for Toxic Avoidance

- Morning sickness is a term to describe the ill feeling experienced by pregnant women who are in their first trimester of pregnancy. The ill feeling is better defined as food aversions, nausea and vomiting. It is termed ‘morning sickness’ because many women experience it upon rising (Profet, 1995); but in reality, morning sickness could happen at any time of the day. So the term morning sickness may be a misnomer. There are many other terms used including nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) rather than morning sickness (Flaxman & Sherman, 2000)....   [tags: First Trimester, Pregnancy, Baby, Nausea, Sickness]

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Class Avoidance Phenomenon : Discussion About The Middle Class

- • Two exceptions to class avoidance phenomenon: discussion about the middle class as acceptable and presenting glimpses of the poor and wealthy that conform to common stereotypes. Americans are misinformed to believe the following myths: class distinctions are non-existent, middle-class is the norm, everyone is getting richer, and the chances of success are equal for everyone. • The U.S. has the highest income gap between the wealthiest and poorest in the industrial world, which is approximately 12 to 1....   [tags: Racism, Race, White people, Social class]

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media avoidance

- In my everyday life I use all sorts of media, they range from cable television, Internet, radio, and the newspaper. For myself media, is the form and technology I use to receive and communicate information. The different forms of media I was trying to avoid were cable television, the internet and radio. I figured if I could avoid those things I would be doing well in avoiding most obvious forms of mass media. What I realized as I began this whole experience this whole experience is that the mass media is an important if not the most important part of my everyday life....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Collision Avoidance: ADS-B or TCAS

- Collision Avoidance: ADS-B or TCAS INTRODUCTION Background Collision avoidance is something that has been a problem in aviation for a long time. Most of the flights conducted today rely on the see and avoid concept and ground radar. Both of which have their flaws. The FAA predicts that mid-air collisions will increase by 300% over the next 20 years due to the increase in flights being flown by all areas of the aviation community (Kraus xiv). Civil aircraft have had onboard protection from midair collisions only since 1990 and general aviation aircraft are not required to have any collision avoidance technology onboard( 1)....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Childhood Physical Abuse, Homophobia, And Experiential, Avoidance Among Lesbians And Gay Men

- Hilda Gonzalez General Psychology RW Childhood Physical Abuse, Internalized Homophobia, and Experiential Avoidance Among Lesbians and Gay Men Sari D. Gold Brian A. Feinstein Christopher Skidmore Brian P. Marx Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy Vol 3(1), Fall 2015 Dr. Wiltshire Review Summary This study explores the lives of sexual minority individuals who have endured childhood physical abuse, and the long term psychological effects in which it creates....   [tags: LGBT, Homosexuality, Abuse, Lesbian]

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The Bennets: Experts in the Field of Inter-Family Conflict Avoidance

- The Bennets: Experts in the Field of Inter-Family Conflict Avoidance Father looks across the dinner table and kindly asks his darling wife to pass the dinner rolls while Suzie is lovingly telling about her second grade teacher’s neat handwriting. The linen tablecloth is firmly pressed and the home-cooked meal is thankfully devoured. The yellow-checkered dinner plates are freshly washed, and the smell of lilacs from the garden drifts through the sunlit dining room. Billy smiles at his mother as he asks her if he could please have some more of her “deliciously home grown asparagus.” Mother nods to Billy and passes him the serving dish....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Influence Ineffective Coping Has on Adolescent Development

- Introduction Adolescence is the stepping-stone to adulthood. During this developmental milestone individuals critically develop physically, mentally, emotionally and sexually (Wetherill & Tapert, 2013). Amidst these changes adolescents develop higher cognitive skills and begin to establish their sense of self. This developmental process can be hindered when the adolescent experiences a loss of a loved one. Currently limited research has been conducted on the physical response of the adolescent population....   [tags: avoidance, restlessness, self-medication]

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The Cultural Dimensions Theory by Professor Geert Hofstede

- Hofstede’s Value Dimensions According to World Speaking, after examining the actions between civilizations, Professor Geert Hofstede created the cultural dimensions theory. He constructed the model based on four primary cultural elements: power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism/collectivism, masculinity/femininity, and long-term/short-term orientation. Each of these dimensions holds a different cultural value that is common around the world. Hofstede ranked Indonesia on the first four of these dimensions....   [tags: power distance, uncertainty avoidance]

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The Signs and Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or more commonly known as PTSD, is a disorder effecting about 7.7 million American adults. Post-traumatic stress disorder is developed after a terrifying ordeal that involved physical harm or the threat of physical harm (NIMH). The individual may have personally be harmed, the harm could have happened to a family member or loved one, or the individual could have seen a harmful event that happened. “Post-traumatic stress disorder was first brought to public attention in relation to war veterans, but it can result from a variety of traumatic incidents, such as mugging, rape, torture, being kidnapped or held captive, child abuse, car accidents, train wrecks, plan...   [tags: re-experiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal]

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he Thirteen Reasons Why: Consquences of the Actions We Make

- The events in our lives is what shapes us, but it's the choices we make that define us. For Hannah it was not just her choices that matter but those of the people around her. In the Thirteen Reasons Why, Jay Asher portrays a constant message that "Everything...affects everything" and "In the End.. everything matters." He achieves this through his of avoidance, Freud's Death Drive, Repression, and Active Reversal. Avoidance, according to Tyson's pyschoanlytical chapter, is defined as “Staying away from people or situations that make us anxious by stirring some unconscious memory.” In Thirteen Reasons Why, Hannah, the main character, chooses to avoid Clay after 3rd party, because he ser...   [tags: avoidance, consequences, jay asher]

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Pros and Cons of the Five Different Negotiating Styles

- Personal Assessment Summary of Finding Negotiating styles are grouped into five types; Competing, Collaborating, Comprising, Avoidance, and Accommodating (Colburn, 2010). Even though it is possible to exhibit different parts of the five types of negation styles in different situations, can see that my tendencies seem to default to, Compromise and Accommodating. In reviewing the course work and reviewing my answers for Questionnaire 1 and 5, I find that the data reflects the same assumption. The accommodating profile is one where relationship perseveration is everything and giving what the other side wants is the route to winning people over....   [tags: comprising, avoidance, competing, collaborating]

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Gerard Hendrik Hofstede' Value Dimensions: Understanding China's Culture

- BODY Hofstede’s Value Dimensions (Hofstede) In order to better understand China’s culture in both business and in everyday social life, it helps to look through China’s Hofstede’s cultural dimensions. Hofstede’s dimensions include; power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, pragmatism, and goal orientation. To start, China has a very large power distance with a score of eighty. Unlike America, people that hold power, such as bosses or those of great wealth, will not interact with those who are considered to be on the lower end of society....   [tags: individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance]

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Migrating to Miami from Nigeria: The Nigerian Culture

- ... There is an uncertainty as to whether they try to control future outcomes or just let it happen. Since it is diverse in different cultures various people deal with this anxiety in different ways. The extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations and have created beliefs and institutions that try to avoid these is reflected in the UAI score. Nigeria receives an intermediate score of 55 on this dimension, which does not show a clear preference.  Power distance: Nigeria scores high on this dimension (score of 80) which means that people accept a hierarchical order in which everybody has a place and which needs no further justification....   [tags: uncertainty avoidance, individualism, religions]

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Tax Evasion or Tax Avoidance: Is Starbucks` Tax planning and Practice Setting a Bad Precedent?

- Is Starbucks` tax planning and practice setting a bad precedent. The following is a review on the Reuters’s report on ‘How Starbucks avoids UK taxes’: Reuters (2013). It looks at what tax avoidance and tax evasion are, and the issues affecting the ethics on Starbucks` tax planning and practice. Finally, to comment on whether Starbucks` tax planning is recommended for any other multinational company. 2. Tax Evasion or Tax Avoidance 2.1. A review about the tax planning Tax avoidance, subject to what is said below, may be broadly described as the legitimate ordering of one’s affairs in such a way as to minimise the tax which is chargeable....   [tags: intentional plan, currancy exchange]

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Destiny, Fate, Free Will and Free Choice in Oedipus the King - Avoidance of Prophecy

- Avoidance of Prophecy in Oedipus Rex Oedipus Rex illustrates the Greek concept that trying to circumvent prophetsÕ predictions is futile. The play includes three main prophecies: the one made to Laius concerning his death by the hands of his son, a similar one directed to Oedipus, and one made by Tiresias foretelling OedipusÕ discovery of the murdererÕs identity. Both recipients of these oracles attempt to avoid their destinies, but both wind up following the paths which the Fates have prescribed....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]

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Stress: Avoidance and Treatments

- Introduction Stress is the base of many diseases as it reduced the effectiveness of the immune system (Edwards, et al., 2006). It is common in our modern lives to be constantly under the feeling of stress and pressure from outside world and the feeling of inadequateness, incompetence or simply weakness in our minds. From the noises of traffic to loud music from the next apartment, it seems that stress is almost unavoidable in today’s life. But what exactly is stress. What causes a stress to linger....   [tags: Prozac, Life Style, Stressors]

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Cyberbullying: Prevention and Avoidance

- “Over the course of three months, Prince was verbally abused — publicly and in Facebook posts. She was threatened with physical abuse and received hostile text messages. On the last day of her life, Jan. 14, 2010, some of her tormentors drove by in a car, called her an Irish slut, and suggested that she go kill herself. She did.” (Huus). Phoebe Prince was an ordinary High School teenager who wanted nothing more than to fit in and live a normal teenage life, but because of harassment and embarrassment her life was cut short....   [tags: comunication technology, abuse]

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Constructive Dividends : A Company Corporation Owned, Managed, And Operated Country Club

- Constructive Dividends Siu Kei Cheng(Andy) Siu Kei Cheng(Andy) Constructive Dividends In Ltr. Rul 20028806, the shareholders of a corporation owned, managed, and operated country club were given discounts for the use of the club’s facilities. The club was located in a community where both non shareholders and shareholders resided. Shareholders received discounts on membership dues as well as other incentives inside the club. Taxpayer requested a letter ruling on whether or not the discounts received constitute as constructive dividends received....   [tags: Tax, Taxation, Tax avoidance and tax evasion]

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Childhood Grief Due to the Loss of a Loved One

- Children who suffer from grief or trauma related to the loss of a loved person experience various ways in which they manifest their pain. While some may experience posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), others may be resilient to the pain or may develop an avoidance behavior, sidestepping over everything that reminds them of the death of a loved one or the traumatic experience associated with such an event (Cohen & Manarino, 2004). The treatments for the children who suffer from grief and trauma are varied....   [tags: avoidance behavior, post traumatic stress disorder]

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National Patient Safety Goals

- THE JOINT COMMISSION Patient safety one of the driving forces of healthcare. Patient safety is defined as, “ the absence of preventable harm to a patient during the process of healthcare or as the prevention of errors and adverse events caused by the provision of healthcare rather than the patient’s underlying disease process. (Kangasniemi, Vaismoradi, Jasper, &Turunen, 2013)”. It was just as important in the past as it is day. Our healthcare field continues to strive to make improvement toward safer care for patients across the country....   [tags: Healthcare, avoidance medical errors]

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Positive helpful Technology

- Our technology has led to the advancements in the health industry making it easier for sick people to get the treatment they need. Technology use being taught to children is a positive use for the future of education and is necessary for students to succeed in the world, with this education it enables them to be better prepared for the world that awaits them when they enter college and work force. Even the environment is impacted when we stop to take the time to research the things we use like lawn mowers, so much pollution can be avoided just by using the new advancements of electric lawn mowers, and engines and now that we have this new technology our environment can be less impacted by...   [tags: Pollution Avoidance, Health Industry]

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Mother Is The Bane Of A Man 's Existence

- Mother-in-laws can often be the bane of a man’s existence. In American culture, jokes are often made about wanting to avoid a mother-in-law at all costs. For example, a recent BMW car commercial depicts a new feature in the car which can read texts out loud by showing a man pulling into his driveway and receiving a text from his wife that his mother-in-law was over visiting. The man immediately backs out of the driveway and leaves. This is what anthropologist A.R. Radcliffe-Brown would have classified as an avoidant relationship—one common in many cultures....   [tags: Sociology, Family, Functionalism]

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The University Of Nebraska At Kearney

- Introduction: The University of Nebraska at Kearney (UNK) provides different types of lecture-rooms on campus. Located on 905 West 25th Street in Kearney, Nebraska, the University has over “5,000 undergraduate students and 1,550 graduate students”( It is important that the University provides the space needed for these students to attend class. The University of Nebraska at Kearney campus provides 48 buildings, which include “classrooms, labs, residence halls, and athletic venues” (   [tags: Microsoft PowerPoint, Presentation, University]

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

- Upon exploring multiple modalities for the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy by far was the most interesting. What intrigued the most about this therapy was that it is directed at decreasing a client’s avoidance strategies when coping with unwanted thoughts and emotions while increasing acceptance of the past events causing anxiety. Normally when clients are experiencing unwanted thoughts and memories of traumatizing events, they avoid behaviors and places that remind them of those memories....   [tags: emerging treatment, PTSD, anxiety]

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Analysis Of Geert Hofstede Created A Scale Of The Dimensions Of Culture

- Geert Hofstede created a scale which ranks various countries on where they stand according to the dimensions of culture: power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, and indulgence. This resource allows researchers to compare these dimensions of culture between different countries. Such a comparison can demonstrate similarities and differences between countries which will foster more effective communication. While there are exceptions to every rule and generalizations should not be made about how someone is based solely upon where they come from, Hofstede’s information came from a sufficiently large sample group and is, therefore, rather reliable...   [tags: Geert Hofstede, Cross-cultural communication]

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Implications For International Firms In Emerging and Developing Markets:

- Comprising a significant section of the global economy, including approximately 4.8 billion people Emerging markets I are seen in recent times as being an particularly important growth source for multinational corporations (Akbar and Samii, 2005). Emerging market expansions are attractive strategies for multinational corporations due to the lure of potential capital gain and further expansion, however there are several risks associated with the entry into these emerging markets in which there are several implications for multinational corporations....   [tags: business policies, economics, politics]

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The Cultural Dimension Of Geert H. Hofstede

- The cultural dimension can help to identify what sort of differences may occur in each of the dimension. Knowing this is beneficial to deal with the difference across culture and try to find alternatives to solve the issue. For the purpose of this reflection, I would like to focus on the cultural dimension of Geert H. Hofstede (2001), which are power distance, individualism, uncertainty avoidance and masculinity. 2. Theoretical reflection First, power distance is a situation in which people acknowledge that there is different status between them (Geert H....   [tags: Geert Hofstede, Cross-cultural communication]

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Main Theories of Adversive Control

- The main theories of aversive control consist of two-factor theory, operant theory, cognitive theory, and biological theory. Of these four theories, it is generally agreed that two-factor theory is the dominant theory within the group. This is largely due to the fact that the theory sees avoidance and punishment aspects of aversive conditioning as belonging to both Pavlovian and operant influences, thus the nomenclature two-factor theory. In the instance of a bright light presented prior to a shock, the shock is then escaped, creating a reinforcer—the shock is disrupted....   [tags: conditioning, ]

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English Vinglish : An Indian Movie Directed By Gauri Shinde

- English Vinglish is an Indian movie directed by Gauri Shinde which received several nominations and awards after its release in 2012. This movie is about the life of an ordinary Indian woman named Shashi before and after her special journey in New York. Since the movie is put in the context of modern society in both India and America it reflects a number of cultural aspects; and this essay will focus on ones including uncertainty avoidance, collectivism and power distance. The main character- Shashi is the image of a typical conservative Indian housewife who stays at home and takes care of her family to support her husband- a successful businessman....   [tags: Cross-cultural communication, Geert Hofstede]

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Apple And Its Effect On The United States

- Executive Summary Apple has been questioned by the United States Congress and the court of public opinion in regards to its growing horde of cash it keeps outside the United States. Apple insists that it has done nothing wrong and has not broken any laws, foreign or domestic. The cash in question comes from profits of operations outside the United States. Apple has pursued a plan to keep the offshore profits outside of the country in order to avoid the United States 39% corporate tax. The structure of companies Apple has created in Ireland have enabled the company to stockpile profits and pay little to no tax....   [tags: Tax, Corporation, Corporate tax]

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Multinational Corporations And The United Kingdom

- Multinational corporations are trying to maximise their profit in any way. They can go around the law and almost do not pay taxes. They do not think about people’s reaction, government reactions or their reputation. They know that they are going to have supporters no matter what they are doing. But can they actually maximise profit and pay less taxes than their employees. It started in the United Kingdom when some MPs accused the HMRC that they are not collecting enough taxes from big corporations....   [tags: Corporation, Tax, Multinational corporation]

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The Use of Relative Clauses in Speech

- The elicitation task used in this study successfully instigated the production of relative clauses in the two groups of children and adults. There was no significant difference between the two groups of children in the use of RCs, although there was between the adults and children. Therefore, the children may have been too old to show the effect of developmental acquisition in the age range 5 to 8. As previous researchers have found (Utzeri, 2007; Tomasello, 2000; Diessel 2004), SRCs were produced unproblematically by both groups of children and adults, although as hypothesised, the production of ORCs were consistently avoided by all groups, but surprisingly i...   [tags: Language]

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The Geert Hofstede 's Cultural Dimensions Theory

- How can a country like Denmark be the happiest country on earth. Happiness is being content with what you have, being able to provide one’s basic needs while helping others. Denmark and the United States are very different but have a few commonalities. There are differences as well as some similarities with respect to their education system, their culture, politics and their lifestyles. Danes are considered to be very happy because of their low expectations and their simple lifestyle. They seem to be content with whatever they have and having low expectations makes them rarely disappointed....   [tags: Geert Hofstede, United States]

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A Lecture On College Lecture Hall

- College Lecture Hall Introduction I have not always taken my classes online, I used to go to class every day and listen to the lectures given by my professors in person. I have had many great experiences with in class learning but I have also had some less than great experiences. Those experiences that were less than great were the classes where by the professor taught by lecture and test alone. The two experiences I am going to use as examples are very different form one another, one being a great learning example where the setting used an approach environment and the other being a poor example that used an avoidance environment....   [tags: Educational psychology, Education, Teaching]

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Analysis Of Hofstede 's Cultural Dimension

- Basically, Hofstede’s cultural dimension is divided into five dimensions along which national culture could be described: power distance (PDI), individualism-collectivism (IDV), masculinity-femininity (MAS), uncertainty avoidance (UAI) and long-term orientation versus short-term normative orientation (LTO). The first dimension, power distance index (PDI), refers to the extent to which the less powerful members of organizations and institutions accept and expect that power is distributed unequally....   [tags: Geert Hofstede, Dimension]

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Notes On Culture And Performance

- HW 6: CULTURE AND PERFORMANCE Introduction A good culture is an important factor in a successful business. If a company has a good culture, it can significantly affect not only the employee’s performance, but the performance of the company as a whole. Most companies these days already have a defined culture. For example, Wal-Mart’s culture is that they strive for excellence by having “everyday low prices.” They set their culture of excellence and then work as a team to achieve that. With FedEx, it is “quality driven management,” meaning that FedEx’s main focus is on conducting management that drives high quality....   [tags: Individualism, Culture, Geert Hofstede, Risk]

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Culture and Motivation

- Culture and Motivation According to Robbins, DeCenzo, and Coulter (2011) “motivation is the process by which a person’s efforts are energized, directed, and sustained toward attaining a goal” (p. 267). Organizations are always looking for new ways to motivate employees. In a global economy it is important to understand that cultural differences can impact how an organization can motivate its employees. Geert Hofstede (as cited in Sledge, Miles, & Coppage, 2008) believed there are five dimensions of culture....   [tags: Business, Employee Motivation]

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The Difference between Negotiating with Brazilians and Negotiating with the English

- It will be discussed the differences between the culture of management and doing business between the UK and the Brazilian business and management culture. These differences are going to be analysed through a situation in which a British woman manager who travels to Brazil in order to make business. It will be analysed the cultural differences using sociological theories as the seven dimensions of Trompenaar which analyses cultures through seven different values, Hofstede Theory and how time is perceived through `monocronic´ and `polycronic´ Hall´s theory....   [tags: management and business cultures]

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The Impact of Retail Store Atmosphere on Consumer Behavior

- Literature Review The environmental psychologist focuses behavior in two dimensions which are: Approach and Avoidance (Turley & Milliman, 2000). A famous study by Mehrabian and Russell (1974) also classified all behavior as approach and avoidance. Approach is all the positive behaviors that directed to an environment. As research focus is on the retail environment, this will include desire to interact with others in the store, enjoy the environment of the store, patronage intentions, recommending the store to friends....   [tags: Consumer Behavior]

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Attachment May Have Help the Huma Race to Survive

- From an evolutionary perspective, attachment has helped the human race survive. Infants and young children need an attachment system and caregiver. Bowlby (1969) argued the attachment system influenced how a person thought, felt and behaved in relationships. Bowlby (1973) explained that these attachment systems are cognitive processes which begin early in a child's development and are likely to stay influential throughout their life through their personal expectations and behaviour. Since the 1970's attachment theory has been further refined by academics such as Collins and Read (1994) who state that the attachment system consists of working models which are internal knowledge structures tha...   [tags: theory, romantic condition, caregiver]

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The Four Dimensions Of Culture Studied By Geert Hofstede

- The four dimensions of culture studied by Geert Hofstede consist of power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism vs collectivism, and masculinity vs femininity. All elements measure the effects on society, cultural behavior, value, social norms, and beliefs. Each dimension is measured on a scale ranging from 0 to 100, to represent 75 countries and regions. Power distance Power distance is the extent to which less powerful members accept that power is distributed unequally. In high power distance countries, the citizens typically submit to their superiors and are reluctant to change....   [tags: Geert Hofstede, Cross-cultural communication]

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The Effects Of Acute Stress On Cognitive Function

- ‘‘Stress’’ is a term which generally portrayed negatively by the people. Dhabhar (2002) defined ‘‘stress’’ as events which involves a stimulus which consists of a stimulus which is called as stressor which triggers a response in the brain and subsequently activates the physiological fight or flight or fright response in the body (Dhabhar and McEwen, 1997, 1999 as cited in Dhabhar 2002). Stress can be distinguished by its duration. Dhabhar (2002) defines acute stress as stress that stays for a period of minutes to hours, while chronic stress as stress that remains for several hours a day for weeks or months....   [tags: Immune system, Antibody, Classical conditioning]

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The Psychological Impact of War and Peacekeeping

- Comparing ‘Suspicious Minds at Risk. The Role of Meaning in Processing War, Peacekeeping Experiences’ and ‘Nationalism, Internationalism, and Perceived UN Irrelevance: Mediators of Relationships between Authoritarianism and Support for Military Aggression as Part of the War on Terror’ and How Many Casualties Are Too Many. Proportional Reasoning in the Valuation of Military and Civilian Lives War is one of the unfortunate constants of human history, fought for various reasons. One has to wonder how much human beings can dehumanize the enemy, or their own soldiers with simple propaganda....   [tags: Psychological Effects of Combat]

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National Culture Influences on International Management

- 1. Introduction 1.1 Definitions of Culture Culture can be simply considered as "the way we do things around here", said Cartwright (2004, pp.85). A further understanding given by Deresky (2006, pp.83) is that a culture is composed by 'shared values, understandings, assumptions, and goals that are learned from earlier generations, imposed by present members of a society and passed on to succeeding generations'. It can be seen that culture is formed by lifestyle and knowledge acquisition of people from a certain region, and then it stands for a general preference, opinion, and value of them....   [tags: International Business ]

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Interpersonal Relationships in an Intimate Context

- Personal relationships are central to being human. We have relationships of so many kinds and maintain so many roles throughout our daily lives. We are expected to be a successful communicator as coworkers, parents, children, friends, siblings, and intimate partners. Interpersonal communications investigates both nonverbal and verbal message exchange between two people regardless of their relationship. Interpersonal communications is a fairly new profession and field of study but it is one that applies to all....   [tags: personal relationships,interpersonal communication]

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Panic Disorder : Symptoms And Fear

- Panic disorder is a series of attacks in which a sudden surge of anxiety and fear that takes over the body. During an attack, the heart pounds, and it feels like the person experiencing the attack is dying or going crazy ( This disorder could be considered a mental illness depending on how severe a person’s symptoms are. Panic disorder is diagnosed by reoccurring attacks that form major changes in behavior, or if they repeat frequently ( Knowing the symptoms and general information may help a patient decide if they have panic disorder....   [tags: Panic attack, Anxiety]

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Cognitive Therapy And Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

- Since the early 1990’s cognitive therapy and not cognitive behavioral therapy has been wildly recognized as a leading therapy in treating multiple clinical disorders including depression. Today there has been the development of what is being called “third wave” therapies that focus on acceptance and mindfulness techniques rather than a focal point on modifying their thoughts and distance themselves from their unwanted thoughts. Acceptance and Commitment therapy (ACT) is one of the “third wave” therapies that has gather much attention....   [tags: Cognitive behavioral therapy, Psychology]

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Types Of Self Defeating Behavior

- Everyone experiences events that are unpleasant, stressful and hopeful. The way people deal with the situations and their actions are apart of coping. This chapter focused on coping skills and an in depth perspective of the different strategies of coping. The topics on self defeating behaviors, coping strategies and stress management were intriguing. One topic that was interesting was self-defeating behavior. Self defeating behavior is stating something you want, but the actions that precede are making it impossible to happen....   [tags: Psychology, Emotion]

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A Study Of Foreign Films And Understanding Of Cultures And Ideologies

- The study of foreign films and understanding of cultures and ideologies, is very useful in helping one understand a country’s history and future direction .Furthermore, it allows concise understanding of the country’s believe system, cultural values, religion, economy . The power distance index, studies the acceptance of inequality within a society, in other words, how those at the bottom of the pyramid accept inequality. Central station from Brazil is a good example of High PDI, as the population are acceptant of inequality and are not questioning the government, they seemed to be more concerned about getting by each and everyday....   [tags: Geert Hofstede, Culture, Individualism, Sociology]

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Theoretical Aspects of Organizational Culture in South African Context

- An organization is the means by which human and other resources are deployed so that work gets done (Price, 2011). Edward Taylor defined Culture as the ‘knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits’ acquired through membership of society’ (Price a. c., 2011). Bower simply defined organizational culture as ‘the way we do things around here’. (Price a. c., Human Resource Management Fourth edition, 2011). Researchers have determined that culture is one variable that adds to the organization as a whole....   [tags: organizational culture, collectivism, management]

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The Role of Nigerian Women in the Workplace

- The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal constitutional republic comprising thirty-six states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. “Nigeria is composed of three large ethnic groups – the Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba, and Igbo-who represent 70 percent of the population. Another 10 percent comprises of several other groups numbering more than 1 million members each, including the Kanuri, Tiv, and Ibibio. More than 300 smaller ethnic groups account for the remaining 20 percent of the population” (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2012)....   [tags: Unemployment Rate, Male Domination]

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A Brief Note On The Civil War Congress

- Tax is a sum of money levied on incomes, property, sales, etc., by a government for its support or for specific services.(The American Heritage® Dictionary). According to the IRS website the origin of the income tax on individuals is generally cited as the passage of the 16th Amendment, passed by Congress on July 2, 1909, and ratified February 3, 1913; however, its history actually goes back even further. During the Civil War Congress passed the Revenue Act of 1861 which included a tax on personal incomes to help pay war expenses....   [tags: Tax, Taxation in the United States, Taxation]

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How Does Communication Work Improve My Personal Skills?

- Throughout this semester I have learned many helpful things in this class in regards to how communication works, how to improve my personal skills, and how other people might perceive things differently than I do. The three concepts I have chosen are vocalics, pseudo listening and avoidance. These three are daily struggles for me and each time they were used previously, I didn’t really understand what all they entailed. I have been made much more aware of what these things are, and how often I use them day to day....   [tags: Communication, Nonverbal communication]

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Self Reported Goals And Nonself Report Performance

- Yperen, Blaga, & Postmes, (2014) researched multiple studies done on the topic of “Self-Reported Goals and Nonself-Report Performance across Three Achievement Domains (Work, Sports, and Education)”. They suggested that there are four different types of goals that someone in these different settings use when they are considering the accomplishments that they want to reach. These four categories of goals that Yperen discussed in the research are mastery approach goals (goals that focus on doing better than the person has done before), performance approach goals (goals that people set because they want to be better than everyone else), mastery avoidance goals(goals that have an idea that the p...   [tags: Goal, Goal setting, Management]

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Using Communication As A Fight Against Uncertainty

- When witnessing strangers meeting for the first time, it becomes quickly obvious that these individuals are uncomfortable with each other, and begin to go through processes to ease this discomfort. This process is attributed to the Uncertainty Reduction Theory, which states that uncertainty is a negative experience that requires elimination in order for relationships to continue and grow (Theiss & Solomon). The reason why there is such a fight against uncertainty is because of the emotional toll that it takes upon individuals....   [tags: Interpersonal relationship, Psychology]

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Globalization And Its Impact On Human Life

- Globalization, as one of today 's controversial issues, can be defined as the increasing integration of economics, societies and civilizations. It includes and goes beyond, the more simple internationalization defined as relations among and within Nations.Globalization is the restructuring process that works across units and affects all aspects of human life: from capital flows, through political collaboration, to the flow of ideas.It also includes environmental pollution, criminal behavior,disease and ultimately terror.Travel and Tourism are among the many causes and results of globalization processes....   [tags: Decision making, Decision theory, Risk]

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How Cultural Diversity Is Effecting Team Performance

- PM5010: Business Research Methods Title: Critique Journal paper Date: 9.11.2016 Candidate number: 1706168  Part A The fact that many companies and organizations are using teams as a part of their structure additional to the increase in the diversity in the workforce makes it interesting and important to know how cultural diversity is effecting team performance (hereafter called TP) (Pieterse, van Knippenberg, and van Dierendonck, 2013, p.782). It is done a lot of research in this area, but this journal paper is taking earlier research to a further level....   [tags: Scientific method, Sociology, Research]

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The Element of Culture in Business

- There is have many country in this world were implement the culture element in their business activities. This is because of culture can influence those business activities perfomance. It is including to the comparative culture that works with a plurality of methods and approaches. Actually the comparative cultural is a contextual approach to the study of culture which is taking place in the global and inter-cultural context. Other than that, the theoretical and methodological framework for a comparative study of culture built on principles borrowed from the discipline of comparative literature and cultural studies....   [tags: Business, Framework, Analysis]

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd )

- Some symptoms of Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are fear of germs, perfectionism, and rituals. When someone has OCD they are afraid of germs and might constantly be washing their hands or cleaning their room. Someone who suffers from OCD needs everything to be perfect and they might organize their closet by color size. Their rituals calm their anxiety. Certain rituals are things such as checking the stove a certain number of times to make sure it is off or tap their finger a number of times just because it makes them feel better....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

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Taxation Of The United States

- Introduction and background This paper discusses the various aspects of taxation in the United States and in particular the provisions of the Tax Code Title 26 Section 1702 and 1706 on Attempt to Evade or Defeat Tax and Fraud and False statements, respectively. For this paper we shall refer to the Tax Code as “Code” in its general context. Taxation is the power of the government to collect from its citizens taxes in order to have funds to run the government, provide basic services like education, health, peace and order, military defense, infrastructure such as ports, roads and bridges for the movement of people and cargo, among others....   [tags: Tax, Taxation in the United States, Taxation]

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Geert Hofstede 's Value Framework

- Geert Hofstede’s value framework assesses cultures in different countries. The five value dimensions of national culture are power distance, individualism versus collectivism, masculinity versus femininity, uncertainty avoidance, and long-term versus short-term orientation (Hofstede, 2004). My involvement with student organizations in Japan and in the United States has provided me the opportunity to observe and compare their different cultural values. In Japan, I was a member in the Children Culture Club (CCC)....   [tags: Geert Hofstede, Culture, Sociology]

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The Cultural Values Of Joe

- Considering the cultural values of Joe, there are several factors which will influence how The Gospel is presented and revived. Joe is from a collectivist culture, so instead of presenting things as would generally be presented in an individualist culture I must focus more on the group benefit than the personal benefit. Joe will be more interested in how the group is affected, in this case I would focus on the benefit to his family and focus on the family aspects of Christianity. Joe clearly thinks in terms of group benefit, as he often uses the phrase “for the good of the facility” when addressing issues and proposed changes....   [tags: Geert Hofstede, Culture, Sub-Saharan Africa]

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Capitalism in America

- In today’s world class is considered one of the most important issue in the United States. Class affects people no matter who the person is and the perspective view of class is mostly controlled by the media. In the book Rereading America, there are two essays, Class in America: Gregory Mantsios, Framing Class vicarious living and Conscious Consumption: Diana Kendall, and, the film Capitalism: A Love story: Michael Moore. Capitalism is an economic system that promotes free trade and private enterprise and that depends upon the hierarchical class structure, shapes, how others see us in various ways, including class avoidance....   [tags: Political Science]

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Working With Multicultural Employees

- Planning a trip to another country. Do you know their culture and customs. Just as in recreational travel, business leaders need to know the differences in cultures and motivations in different countries also. Hofstede (2001) regarded culture as “the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another” (p. 9). Hofstede (2001) developed four dimensions of national cultures: power distance, collectivism/individualism, femininity/masculinity, and uncertainty avoidance....   [tags: power distance, gender issues]

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Arm’s Length Standards (ALS)

- INTRODUCTION: The IRS usually do not need to validate ordinary business transactions since both the involved parties behave on their own self-interests. However, the IRS is skeptic of any transactions when it comes to evasion of estate taxes and international subsidiaries. When two unrelated companies enter in a transaction, they are involved in arm’s length transaction. However, such is not the case for related companies as they may try to distort the price of the transaction to avoid tax burden....   [tags: ]

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The United States Culture

- ... The power and authority to do things is also decentralized and distributed among employees. The gap of salary between employee classes is bot wide unlike in countries with high power distance. This also promotes consultative relationships between superior and employees which lead to employee satisfaction and better productivity. 2. Individualism US has a very high score of 91 in individualism which is one among the reasons for their success. The society is loosely-knit in which the expectation is that people look after themselves and their immediate families only and should not rely (too much) on authorities for support....   [tags: multicultural societies, diverse population]

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The Connection of Parental Attachment Styles to Bullies and Victims

- ​Bullying is a serious problem in our schools and takes place in many different forms. These can include physical aggression or direct bullying such as the hitting form and in the indirect type of bullying such as the verbal taunting, exclusion from peer activities and rumor spreading. Kids are subjected to these different types of bullying daily and for some victims it has negative effects on their grades, their personal life and their mental health as research has found that victims of bullying have higher rates of depression and suicide....   [tags: behavioral analysis, prediction of behavior]

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Crime Control

- In this essay an examination will be explored of some of the strengths and limitations of rational-choice based perspectives of crime control, also there will an explanation of how developmental theories have recently informed our understanding of criminal behavior as a developmental process. Rational choice theories have as a starting point the idea that offenders seek to get some benefit to themselves by their criminal behavior, that they seek to gain that benefit by conscious decisions that they make, and that these decision, no matter how basic, reveal a measure of rationality....   [tags: Legal Issues, Criminal Behavior]

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The Relationship Between Adverse Childhood Experiences ( Ace ) And Future Mental Illnesses

- A study was conducted to test the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and future mental illnesses. Researchers hypothesized that “stressful/traumatic experiences unfold psychopathology in vulnerable individuals in a dose-dependent manner, and (2) stressful/traumatic experiences are influential particularly at a certain time, i.e., during sensitive developmental periods” (CITATION). The study used 129 participants from the local Center for Psychiatry, 89.8 % of them met at least one criteria of ACE, with differing diagnosis and severity....   [tags: Abuse, Bullying, Psychological trauma]

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How Controlling Is Defined As The Process Of Measuring Performance And Taking Action

- Controlling is defined as the process of measuring performance and taking action to ensure the desired results. Different companies use different control process that are best suited to their employees’ tendencies in order to reach maximum efficiency in the workplace. Hofstede’s dimensions have shown that Japan has one of the highest uncertainty avoidance scores, this means that the environment for control is wide and welcome at Nikon. In addition to their high uncertainty avoidance, the low score in collectivism also has an effect on organizational control....   [tags: Geert Hofstede, Organizational culture, Japan]

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The Case for Introducing a Property Tax, Collected at Local Government Level

- I propose that an annual residential property tax be introduced and collected at central government for an introductory period with a view to control being handed over to local government and the revenues generated by the tax to be used solely for local publicly provided goods. But for this to be an efficient and effective method of funding local authorities and not adversely affect the balances of the exchequer there needs to be an overhaul as to how local authorities are currently funded and run....   [tags: Economics]

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