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A Research Study On Archaeology

- Archaeology is comparatively a young discipline amongst other fields of social sciences. Through conceptuality and practicality, the discipline has been continuously enhancing, especially within the last few decades. Since its development, practice and theory has become the interlocked components of this discipline. Theory is particularly a vital component of the discipline because it constructs the archaeological interpretations which vary between methodologies. There is a great theoretical debate in the discipline of archaeology between schools of thought regarding the concerning the fundamental causes of human behavior, dubbed “biology versus culture” for example....   [tags: Archaeology, Culture, Processual archaeology]

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The Importance of Archaeology

- Archeology is the study of historical and prehistorcial civilizations through the recovery and analysis of their materials culture. Moreover, it contains the study of human activity in the past. It has been often put to political use. In time of Adolf Hitler the Nazi Leader, archeology was unlikely special interest. The importance of Archeology was used by its leader to make his case that Germany had every right to invade surrounding countries. They used nationalism and the archeology itself to maintain and rationalize their party ideology of the superior Germanic race....   [tags: nazi archaeology, freedom, germany]

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The History Of Archaeology And Its Impact On The Development Of Archaeology

- The development of archaeology has created two types of archaeology, which are post-processual and processual. Both distinct schools goal is to develop an explanation and explain the past. Despite their similarities, both types of archaeology gather information and explain the evidence differently. Processual and post-processual both have their own historical development, expressed goals, theoretical orientations, and the types of cultural reconstruction made. Processual archaeology is known as the new or scientific archaeology because it requires computers, absolute data techniques, and using the scientific method (hypothesis)....   [tags: Archaeology, Culture, Scientific method]

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Gender And Archaeology Of South Korea Female Archaeologists

- Power can be defined as a factor that aims to produce change or impact within individuals through detailed progression. The concept of power is related to this gender and archaeology course as it is perceived to be a male dominated field which is driven by patriarchy. It is patriarchy that is the process in which it aims to alienate women into not being fully recognized for their contributions to archeological research as well as the way scientists look at archeological discoveries through a male perspective....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Archaeology, Female]

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Archaeology and the Trojan War

- Archaeology and the Trojan War “… he [Heinrich Schliemann] found layers of ruins … and two bore unmistakable signs of violent destruction. One of these layers, the seventh according to more recent excavators, was no doubt the city of Priam and Hector. The historicity of the Homeric tale had been demonstrated archaeologically.” - M.I. Finley, the World of Odysseus Introduction The Trojan War and its characters are detailed in the writings of Homer, Vergil, Dante and many others. It is a fantastical tale of a decade-long siege of a powerful city by a massive pan-hellenic force....   [tags: Archaeology Ancient World History]

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Underwater Archaeology

- For over one hundred and fifty years inquiries and research projects, some more beneficial than others, have been made into the preserved remains of lake dwellings found across Europe. The unique discoveries of pile dwellings in Lake Zurich in 1854 ignited the frantic search for more prehistoric sites, attracting interest from antiquarians seeking to better our understanding of the past (Menotti, 2004). Hundreds of new sites were found and the works of early archaeologists like Munro and Keller provided a written record for the future....   [tags: Archeology ]

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The Ulu Burun Shipwreck: Underwater Archaeology at its Finest

- Archaeology is a continuously evolving field where there is a constant stream of new branches and excavation methods. Due to the influx of new technologies and innovations in recent decades, archaeologists have been able to excavate previously inaccessible areas. For example, new diving equipment and tools such as proton magnetometers, side-scan sonar, sub-bottom profiler, and miniature submarines have allowed archaeologists to dive into the deep depths of the ocean. As a result, the branch of underwater archaeology was created to search for shipwrecks and other artifacts on the ocean floor....   [tags: Archeology ]

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A Career in Archaeology

- Throughout the years, man has searched the earth looking for answers pertaining to the workings of past civilizations from the fragments left from inhabitants before. Jobs and work fields have been created to benefit the search for such answers. For instance, Archaeology; Archaeology is a vast field of studies that add up to two things: finding and explaining the unknown. When archaeology is mentioned the mind possibly drifts towards the idea of the well known Indiana Jones, though that is not the case....   [tags: civilization, the past]

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The Study of Archaeology

- ... Archaeology continues to help researchers understand not only where and when people lived in various parts of the world, but also the logistics involving their time on earth including when and how they lived. For example, if weather patterns change this leads to the scarcity of plants or wildlife essential for larger species which may in turn lead to the migration or death of humans and other animals. We are actually seeing this domino effect now in our current environment as global warming escalates....   [tags: evidence, study, time, behavior, society]

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Is Science Dead For Archaeology?

- There is a saying that goes: One, must first have an understanding of the past in order to proceed into the future. An archaeologist’s job, therefore, is very important because they have the crucial role of interpreting the past through archaeological finds. How does an archaeologist go about doing this. How does an archaeologist interpret their findings. How are the artifacts that he finds related to the behaviors of past humans. To understand this, archaeologist derived the use of the scientific method and incorporated these methodologies into their work from their findings of artifacts to human remains and sites (parameter or area usage by humans) to test their hypothesis....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Hypothesis, Empiricism]

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Mechanics of Experimental Archaeology

- Archaeologists are constantly questioning both past circumstances, technologies and capabilities of the past; one of the ways of analyzing and interpreting archaeological data is through the practice of Experimental Archaeology. Experimental Archaeology is a scientific approach to analyzing archaeological data found during excavations. Experimental Archaeologists are grounded in science and work to explain various aspect of the past through physical experimentation being the way of analyzing and interpreting the past....   [tags: Repetitive Tests, Typologies]

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The New Archaeology Movement

- ... Traditionally, archaeologists relied on “historical explanation” to interpret the significance of artifacts; however, New Archaeology introduced the concept of implementing a scientific attitude and considering culture as a process (Renfrew and Bahn 41). Deeming culture as a process would, in the New Archaeologist’s mind, help determine “how changes in economic and social systems take place” (Renfrew and Bahn 41). This viewpoint would encourage generalization. It would assume that all cultures functioned in the same or similar manner, because scientific processes, such as photosynthesis, are set; the same outcome will occur each time....   [tags: knowledge, behavior, methods, approaches]

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Application of Forensic Archaeology

- Forensic Archaeology applied to the Mass Graves cases Author Note  The aim of this essay is to show how knowledge, methods and techniques of forensic archaeology applied and developed in one case, have evolved and even found its deployment in other cases or even other scientific fields. Introduction: Forensic Archaeology is a forensic science, which applies archaeological techniques and methods, and put them in legal context. The principles and knowledge of this science are used, not only for studying and better understanding of historical events that took place decades or centuries ago, but also for locating and collecting evidence at crime scenes providing aid with solving crime...   [tags: Science, Human, Remains]

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Archaeology of South Abydos

- Archaeology of South Abydos The late Middle Kingdom settled in a city within Egypt called Microcosm which Microcosms located just south of Abydos. In Microcosm architectural and social engineering took place over 3,850 years ago in southern Egypt. There are scared burial sites throughout Egypt within southern Abydos. Abydos was the first burial place of Egypt’s first pharaohs and religious center for the god Osiris. Osiris was referred to as the God of the dead and the ruler of the underworld. Osiris saw construction for a royal mortuary with a complex name, Enduring-Are-the-Places-of- Khakure-True-of-Voice-in-Abydos....   [tags: tombs, pharaohs, temple]

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African Archaeology

- 1) Metallurgical Origins in Africa Introduction The study of metallurgy in Africa has been dominated by a concern with origins and antiquity. Some Anthropologists believe that African metallurgy was an early, independent invention, while others believe that it was an innovation, which came relatively late, and was a product of diffusion. With these two hypotheses as our only reference points, we are limited in our knowledge of metallurgy as well as its role in the lives of African people. Anthropologists often find themselves in the predicament of being presented with a small number of precedent theories, which shape and direct further studies....   [tags: Africa African Archaeology Essays]

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A Biography of Archaeologist Bruce Trigger

- Few Archaeologists have been said to have shaped modern Archaeology. Bruce Trigger was one of those Archaeologists. Before his death in 2006, he published a great number of works that influenced professionals and students alike on an international stage (Fagan 1). His open-minded yet fact-based approach to archaeology changed the way many archaeologists approach their work in the modern era. Bruce Graham Trigger was born in 1937 in a small town called Preston in Ontario, Canada (Fagan 1). From a very young age, he showed a profound interest in acquiring knowledge, which gave his father the idea to give his son a book about ancient Egypt (Martin)....   [tags: Archaeology]

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What´s Processual Archaeology?

- Processual Archaeology, was a movement in the archaeological field that began in the 1960‘s and changed the course of archaeology forever. Anthropologists such as Julian Steward were absolutely influential on many archaeologists and anthropologists during the early 1960s with his theories of cultural ecology which established a scientific way of understanding cultures as human adaption to the surrounding environment (Steward, 1955: 36-38). It was approaches such as Stewards that led eventually led to a rejection of culture-historical approaches to the archaeological record and propelled the ideas of cultural evolution and its reaction with the environment....   [tags: cultural diffusion, positivist approach]

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Gertrude Bell: The Watershed of Iraqi Archaeology

- Gertrude Bell has been described as “one of the few representatives of His Majesty’s Government remembered by the Arabs with anything resembling affection” (Meyer and Brysac, 2008, p.162). Bell gained this reputation in the Arab world through her early travel, archaeological fieldwork, political positions and administrative archaeological position in Iraq. She established intimate and solid connections with Arab leaders and citizens all throughout the Middle East, and this helped her greatly in all facets of her life....   [tags: biography, Middle East, wartime, Arab]

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Taking a Look at First World War Archaeology

- With archaeology’s development, the different new branches and sub disciplines with specific focus emerged. In the last decades we can whiteness the formation of military and war thematic related archaeologies like battlefield archaeology, conflict archaeology, airfield archaeology, forensic archaeology, great war archaeology and many others archaeologies that are dealing with a recent and violent history. If we want to understand the First World War archaeology, we must know and understand the background in which it was formed....   [tags: dealing with the contemporary past]

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Forbidden Archeology : The Origin Of Human Civilization

- When people think of the history or the timeline of human existence, they reference back to the theory of “mainstream science,” which indicates that the human civilization began approximately 6,000 years ago. Which brings into question, what about the time before that. Were there other homo sapiens like us living on Earth. Archeologists, geologists, and historians who attempt to comprehend human antiquity have conducted research on their ideology of human origin. Professionals refer to this as Forbidden Archeology....   [tags: Human, Human evolution, Anthropology, Archaeology]

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Archaeology and What It's All About

- Archaeology and What It's All About The history of past cultures has been a fascinating topic of debate and discovery for hundreds of years. From the discoveries of fossilized elephant bones leading to the legends of the gigantic Cyclops to the modern day discoveries of the remains of ancient Mayan temples and the shaman that lived there, archaeologists have been bringing the facts back to life. Man has, of course, always been interested in the question of his origin, and as prehistoric remains so often lie near the earth's surface -especially flints and stones- they had not escaped the notice of our ancestors....   [tags: Papers]

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Forensic Archaeology Applied to Mass Grave Cases

- The aim of this essay is to show how knowledge, methods, and techniques of forensic archaeology applied and developed in one case, have evolved and has even found its deployment in other cases or even other scientific fields. Forensic Archaeology is a forensic science, which applies archaeological techniques and methods, and puts them in legal context. The principles and knowledge of this science are used, not only for studying and to gain a better understanding of historical events that took place decades or centuries ago, but also for locating and collecting evidence at crime scenes providing aid with solving crimes....   [tags: forensic science, forensic archeologists]

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Archaeology

- Archaeology There is a saying that goes: One must first have an understanding of the past in order to proceed into the future. An archaeologist’s job, therefore, is very important because they have the crucial role of interpreting the past through archaeological finds. How does an archaeologist go about doing this. How does he interpret his findings. How are the artifacts that he finds related to the behaviors of past humans. Concepts such as patterning and middle range theory are the main tools used for this interpretation of the past....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Usefulness of Dendrochronology to Archaeology

- The Usefulness of Dendrochronology to Archaeology Dendrochronology is a technique that has been in use for most of the twentieth century. Essentially the process revolves around tree rings. In a moderate environment, trees grow by one ring each year and thus, to an extent, by examining these ring sequences, it is possible to understand the conditions in which the tree grew, year by year. The resultant pattern is then comparable with patterns from other trees found in similar areas, growing under similar circumstances; types of ring can then be assigned to specific years....   [tags: Papers]

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Deviant Burial Practices Within The Field Of Archaeology

- Death is inescapable for all living beings. It is the one commonality all cultures share. It is an equalizer in a world of diversity. Although death itself is absolute, the practices which surround death are varied and complex from culture to culture and individual to individual. As Mike Parker Pearson elaborates: In the face of the universal fact of death, attitudes to the corpse are various and changeable. These attitudes are formed through the practices of treatment of the dead and are embodied in various ways (Parker Pearson 1999, p....   [tags: Burial, Cremation, Cemetery, Michel Foucault]

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World Systems Theory in Archaeology

- These papers deal with the world systems theory of Wallerstien's article as well as the other specialists' criticisms on it. They bring up basically three main ideas, which first off, include the significant role of the periphery in the core- periphery relationship. Secondly, the need to focus on internal and local affects on interrelations between different polities instead of concentrating on the external and generalized role of interaction. Lastly, they demand a model that is diversified enough to allow for analyzation of various levels of interaction between different groups....   [tags: Sociology]

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Imaging Underwater for Archaeology

- Singh, Hanumant; Adams, Jonathan; Mindell, David; and Foley, Brendan 2000 Imaging Underwater for Archaeology. Journal of Field Archaeology volume 27 number 3: 319-328. The article by the various authors listed above concentrated on the various techniques that are used to locate and then to excavate these sites. They list and discuss the various techniques that they use. These vary from side-scanning to locate the sites to high resolution video to see how the site appears and the various locations of the artifacts....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Agency, Power and Heterarchy in Contempory Archaeology

- Stephen Shennan's concern with how non-state agrarian societies have been characterized by archaeological studies in the past is well founded. Characterizing (and categorizing) non-state societies as stepping-stones evolving into future states is an outdated approach to these studies. The approach he proposed would focus on our understanding the archaeological record as the remains of social practices, rather than generalized social institutions. He refers to Bourdieu's theory of practice, and stresses the need to ground social archaeology in the micro-scale of day-to-day activities in our analyses....   [tags: Sociology]

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Collective Discussion: An Exhibit of the Civilization that was Catalhoyuk

- Representing the vast neolithic civilization that was Catalhoyuk in a single exhibit is a difficult task that requires an incorporation of three specific things: tangible artifacts taken from the site of Catalhoyuk, visual aides explaining the archaeological data regarding the artifacts, and live archaeologists to explain the data to exhibit visitors. My exhibit will include all of these. Laid out in a circular room, with 3 possible entrances--one between each section of the exhibit--my exhibit will include three separate sections that present figurines, food practices, and cultural findings, directly derived from the excavation at the Catalhoyuk site....   [tags: Archaeology]

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The Gap Between Past And Present And Bestowing Archaeological Record

- Ethnoarchaeology: Processual Approach Bridging the gap between past and present and bestowing archaeological record in more coherent, and systematically was provided by Binford in the 1970. He is regarded as the prominent processual archaeologist and envisioned ethnoarchaeology as the rightful methodological heir for elucidating archaeological problems scientifically. According to Binford cultures are not internally homogenous they differ by age and sex roles and therefore culture change is better understood through ecological factors....   [tags: Archaeology, Culture, Post-processual archaeology]

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The Palace of Knossos

- Archaeology gives the modern world a window into the past. One of Greece’s major dig sites is the palace of Knossos. The palace of Knossos stood on the island of Crete near the modern town of Heraklion at the co-ordinates 35° 17’ 52.66”N, 25° 9’ 47.36”E. It was the home of King Minos and his queen. The Palace is the setting for a myth where the queen gave birth to a being that was half man, half bull, the Minotaurs, which was kept in the labyrinth of the palace; He was eventually slayed by the Athenian Thesus....   [tags: Greek Archaeology]

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How Anthropology Plays A Huge Role During The Bases Of Human Culture But What 's About Archaeology?

- We usually discuss how anthropology plays a huge role in the bases of human culture but what’s about archaeology. According to the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission there are five different types of archaeology; these include the early settlement, military, canal, agricultural and iron and industrial archaeology. From exploring, the early settlement archaeology I learned that since William Penn arrived in the new world as they quote in 1682, Indians had the liberty to do all things. I personally liked how William Penn handled the situation, I liked how in my opinion his plans didn’t include killing innocent Indians....   [tags: Native Americans in the United States]

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Archaeological Methods And Techniques Of Information About Past Human Societies

- Archaeologists make use of assorted archaeological methods and techniques to gather data from various excavation sites in order to reveal information about past human societies. This process, which is known as archaeology, the study of “stuff’ and space, is of significance because it gives modern day people insight into the lives of ancient people. Archaeologist use their gathered data to not only speculate about past events, that unfortunately were not recorded, but also to use this knowledge to gain a deeper understanding of the way we operate and interact as humans based on the way our ancestors lived....   [tags: Archaeology, Culture, Indigenous peoples]

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The Origin Of Prehistoric Artifacts

- Since its first introduction and application to archaeology in the late-nineteenth and early- twentieth century during the classic evolutionary ideology era where it was heavily utilized to establish the human origin of prehistoric artifacts (Shelley 1999), analogy has always held a central role in archaeological thought. While in archaeological thought it functions on the base of broad and generalized comparisons that are documented across many cultural traditions; in anthropological practice as a whole, analogy is the reasoning based on the notion that if two things are comparable in some values then they must be comparable in other values....   [tags: Archaeology, Culture, Anthropology, Analogy]

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Phytoliths and Archaeology; An Amazing Field That Never Gained Popularity (with good Reason)

- Phytoliths are a durable floral microfossil formed by silica absorbed by a plant during its life. Although the usefulness of phytoliths in archaeology has been known for nearly a century, the field (independently) has not attained much popularity. Despite the fact that the yields of evidence and information from phytoliths are truly amazing, the field itself is at times more tedious than dendrochronology, causing a delay in the development of the use of phytoliths, as well as the lack of recognition....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Why Is A Good Arena?

- B. Why is this Topic important to understand? It is important to study diet in different cultures in anthropology as food is essential in human existence. Food is insufficient commodity and thus offers a good platform for debate and advancing anthropological theories and research methods (Hockett & Haws, 2003). In addition, the study of diet brings about light on societal processes like political economic value creation, social construction of memory as well as symbolic value creation (Dirks & Hunter, 2013)....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Sociology, Archaeology]

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You say Tang, I say Song: A look into Two Chinese Dynasties

- ... Archaeologists and scholars alike are constantly uncovering new facts about the Tang (618-907 CE) and Song (960-1279 CE) Dynasties. These two Dynasties influenced the world in which they lived as well as leaving a lasting imprint on the rest of the world still seen today. Having a career in archaeology enables you to research, discuss, and form new theories about ancient cultures, like the Tang and Song Dynasties. Learning about the technological, as well as cultural, developments that took place during this time will give society a better understanding of who we are and how we came to be....   [tags: prehistoric, human, archaeology ]

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William Mathew Flinders (Flinders Petrie)

- "Flinders Petrie's output was extraordinary, his energy unflagging" a quote by M.S. Drower (1995,xxi) illustrating the adventurous and hardworking life of one of the greatest British archaeologist and Egyptologists. His story begins on the evening of the 3rd June 1853, born William Mathew Flinders more commonly known as simply Flinders Petrie (Drower,1995,p13). He became one of the most significant figures in Archaeology, beginning his research in Egypt in 1880 until "a year or two before his death"(Drower,1995,p.xxi)....   [tags: archaeology, Egypt, excavation, Egyptology]

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The Accuracy And Skill As An Excavator : Was Heinrich Schliemann A Good Archaeologist?

- The second question frequently asked regarding Schliemann’s legacy examines his motives and skill as an excavator: was Heinrich Schliemann a good archaeologist. This question has two sides. First, did Schliemann use the best techniques and technology available to him at time of his first excavation. Second, did he have the same values that other archaeologists have. One area that Schliemann deserves praise in his technique. For the most part, he used the most advanced technology and strategies available to him and pioneered new techniques to catalogue the data he collected....   [tags: Homer, Troy, Archaeology, TROY]

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Economical Inequalities of Gender and Class in the Ancient Society

- Archaeology has a way of inspiring images of exotic times of long ago. Curiosity about the past has excited the hearts and minds of mankind for centuries. Oscar Wilde, a poet and archaeologist, said “[Archaeology] was a means by which they could touch the dry dust of antiquity into the very breath and beauty of life, and fill the new wine of romanticism forms that had been old and outworn” (p54). It’s easy for us to fantasize about a time much different than our own, and often we choose not to see the injustice and inequalities that existed....   [tags: archaeology, mayan, monuments]

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Did the Mayan Civilization Collapse as a Result of Drought?

- Ever since the collapse of the once powerful Maya civilization, people have been trying to find out what caused it. Authors of the article, "“Climate and the Collapse of Maya Civilization”", which include Gerald Haug, Detlef Günther, Larry Peterson, Daniel Sigman, Konrad Hughen, and Beat Aeschlimann propose a theory that the Mayans collapsed because of an extended dry period between 760 and 910 A.D. These scientists set out find the answer as to why the Maya civilization collapsed. This question is fairly popular and is often times answered by an extended drought, but they wanted to find geologic evidence of what the climate was like in the same time period hoping that there is an obv...   [tags: archaeology, world history, anthropology]

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Historical Re-Interpretations: Writing/Re-Writing of Ethnography and Historiography

- “Those who tell the stories also hold the power”-Plato French social theorist Michel Foucault developed a notion of discourse in “The Archaeology of Knowledge” and defined it as “systems of thoughts composed of ideas, attitudes, courses of action, beliefs and practices that systematically constructs the subjects and the worlds of which they speak”. Foucault traces the role of discourse in wider social processes of legitimating and power, emphasizing the construction of current truths, how they are maintained and what power relations they carry with them....   [tags: Michel Foucault, The Archaeology of Knowledge]

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The Fundamental Element Of The Antiquities Market

- Every day people who have a desire to interact with the past purchase ancient artifacts through the antiquities market, a system that has existed for many generations. However, the antiquities market is a system that has always been met with resistance, especially among those within the scholarly community of archaeologists. Many archaeologists and scholars have argued against this market, stating that it turns antiques into a commodity, encourages looting and is therefore a detriment to archaeology....   [tags: Archaeology, Archaeological site, Artifact]

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The Key Takeaway From The Antiquities Market

- The antiquities market is a system that has always been met with resistance, especially among those within the scholarly community of archaeologists. Many archaeologists and scholars have argued against this market, stating that it is a detriment to archaeology. On the other side, those in favor of this market have provided reasons to show why they believe it to be a solid system. Both sides have their merit in regards to this controversial issue. However, when looking at the antiquities market as a whole, it has shown to be an effective system that can actually work hand in hand with the scholarly community, rather than against it....   [tags: Archaeology, Archaeological site, Artifact]

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Bosnian Pyramids: An Infamous Case of Pseudoarchaeology

- The alarm has gone off, and it is time to start your daily routine, first a cup of coffee and the morning paper. As you begin to read the paper you notice an interesting article about a new discovery. Archaeologists have uncovered a lost civilization, or at least the remains of one not far from where you live. At first you are still groggy from hours of rest but as you read further each word intrigues you more. With so many people trusting what is written in the news and with the support of professionals in several fields of study, how could this not be of significance....   [tags: Archaeology]

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Paleoenviroment Reconstruction Using Geoarchaeological Methods

- Introduction: Reconstructed paleoenvironments are important because they allow archaeologists to give a setting for anthropological stories which allows for better understanding of what the people needed and what was available to them to meet these needs. This reconstruction is greatly aided by geoarchaeological methods such as X-Ray Diffraction, stratigraphy, particle size distribution, micro-material studies, micromorphology, Magnetic Susceptibility, and palynologic studies (Alam et al., 2008; Balbo et al....   [tags: Archaeology]

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The Elements Of Popular Culture

- The elements of popular culture discussed above, were mainly produced for mass exposure, profit and entertainment. Products depicting archaeology relies on fantasy, imagination, myths and legends that were visualised and weaved into reality. The depiction of archaeology and archaeologists in popular culture, betray archaeology and send wrong messages that distorts the noble purpose of archaeology. Popular culture depicts archaeology as an adventure and a profession that will endure wealth and fame for its achievers....   [tags: Archaeology, Culture, Excavation, Popular culture]

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The Relationship Between Archaelogy and History

- The relationship between archaeology and history is continually experiencing modifications, by reason of their historical development and altering research objectives. These particular scientific and academic studies are outlined with a high degree of overlap and a mutual dependence upon another (Tabaczynski 1993:1). Archaeology as a rule is created through the continual process of the deposition of artefacts created, transformed and discarded by humans. Archaeological material is the record of human presence and activities and thus a source of information of the social past....   [tags: documents, information, interpretation]

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My Incredible Discovery

- I am an archaeologist, a young one working with my professor. I believe I found with my natural propensity a wondrous, exhilarating, incredible discovery of the past. They indicate ancient people, probably Homo sapiens. The carbon dating I have found indicates they are around 25,000 years old. Specifically, the items I found are a skull, rib bones, and a leg bone. Furthermore I was by fate or destiny able to recover flower petals, a bone necklace, and sharpened flint weapon tips in a dug out hole with the bones....   [tags: Archaeology]

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Cottam Summary Report

- Cottam Summary Report During 1993 an archaeological evaluation was conducted at the Anglian site at Cottam, North Humberside, under the auspices of the York Environs Project, Department of Archaeology, York University. Fieldwalking was carried out in January and February, and Dr J.D.Richards and B.E.Vyner directed limited excavations during July and August. The purpose of this note is to provide an interim summary, in advance of the main publication which will appear in the Yorkshire Archaeological Journal in due course....   [tags: Archaeology Essays]

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The Importance of Archeology

- Archaeology is the field of study that focuses on prehistoric human activity. The importance of archaeology is that this discipline can breach our knowledge gaps of the long forgotten epochs of human existence as well as examine artifacts which can serve as evidence for providing explanations of human life in the past. Culture is important to archaeology because it helps explain how lifestyles originate from the essentials and elements of individuals’ lives. Through archaeological findings and excavation techniques, we can discover artifacts, objects, and clues, such as the stone ax, which date back to certain time periods of human presence....   [tags: culture, changing environment]

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Anglian and Anglo-Scandinavian Settlement at Cottam

- Anglian and Anglo-Scandinavian Settlement at Cottam Excavation of the Anglian and Anglo-Scandinavian settlement at Cottam B (NGR 49754667) continued in July 1995, directed by Dr J.D. Richards for the Department of Archaeology, University of York. Work focused on a possible 10th-century settlement focus, c.200m NE of the 8th/9th-century site investigated in 1993. Two Norse bells, a 10th-century spearhead and a Jellinge-style brooch had been recovered from this area by metal-detector users, and field-walking had yielded Torksey-type ware sherds....   [tags: Medieval Archaeology Essays]

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Thomas Bateman: A Derbyshire Antiquary

- Thomas Bateman: A Derbyshire Antiquary Thomas Bateman was born in 1821 at Rowsley, in the Derbyshire Peak District. His archaeological career, though relatively brief, is noteworthy both for its abundance, and the fact that his barrow-openings in Derbyshire and Staffordshire provide virtually the only evidence for the early Medieval archaeology of the Peak District and the elusive Peak Dwellers. Thomas's father, William Bateman, was an amateur antiquarian and pursued his pastime in accomplishing the excavation of a number of barrows on the family estate at Middleton....   [tags: Medieval Archaeology Essays]

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Tomb 10A

- Tomb 10A was discovered near the Nile River in a region known as Deir el-Bersha (The Secrets of Tomb 10A: Egypt 2000 BC 2009). It is the 4,000 year old resting place of a governor and his wife, both of whom ruled during the 11th or 12th dynasty and are named Djehutynakht. After the tomb was excavated in 1915 by archaeologists from Harvard University and the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston (MFA), it was clear that what they had found was a consummate archetype of traditional Egyptian burial practices....   [tags: Archaeology]

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Talks on Archeology, France and Tutenkhamun

- In the Int 95 lecture this week the Archeology Professor, Stuart Smith, came and spoke to us. He shared with us how when he was in 5th grade he became very interested in the boy king Tutenkhamun and the archeologist who had discovered him, Howard Carter. Smith liked the idea that archeology allowed a person to step back in time, like Howard Carter had. To study archeology Stuart Smith attended Berkley and as an undergrad studied in Egyptian cities such as Luxor, Asyut, and Kom el-Hisn. While doing graduate work at UCLA Smith spent time working in Nubia (Sudan)....   [tags: Archeology, Tutenkhamun, France,]

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Simon Peters House

- Simon Peter's House AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH PAPER Introduction Exciting discoveries in archaeology have helped to substantiate the historicity of the Bible. Prior the 19th century, many facts contained within the historical narratives were verifiable. In other words, there were many people, places, battles and dates that were only found in the bible. Severe attacks on the Bible originated in the 19th century. These attacks state that the writers of the Scriptures resorted to folklore and myth to validate their spiritual teachings....   [tags: Simon Peter Archaeology Research Paper]

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Writing Style Used in Foucault's The Archeology of Knowledge

- My first instinct was to avoid this article like the plague because of the author. I knew that Michel Foucault’s work would be densely packed and intellectually challenging. A review of so prominent a writer can be fraught with risk. And yet, I was intrigued. The title of the work, in Foucault’s terms is an énoncé or statement that could have meaning only within the context of a more general discourse. Foucault was speaking not simply about others, but about himself and his relationship to the vast discourse for which he is the author....   [tags: The Archeology of Knowledge]

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Archeology: Our Own Time Machine

- Archaeology is the closest thing we have to a time machine. It is the only way we can know the unrecorded, and sometimes even the recorded, past. History may be written by the victorious, but archaeology is about the common people. There are archaeological sites ranging in age from thousands-of-years-old prehistoric habitations, to the Egyptian pyramids, to World War II military bases. As a means of obtaining knowledge about our collective past, archaeology has been unsurpassed. It is the literal and figurative digging up of the forgotten past....   [tags: historical puzzle, past civilizations]

Research Papers
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The Dam Was Built There Was Major Impacts On The Culture Of The Invisible People

- 1.When the dam was built there was major impacts on the culture of the Invisible people. The Invisible people’s “world” was becoming smaller every day due to the construction of the dam, in the scene where the chief of the tribe told his people that when he was a young boy the edge of the world was a lot further away was a great example of how the world as the tribe knew it was changing. The chief then went on to tell how as the time passes that edge of the world gets closer and closer to home. The tribe lives in fear that the edge might one day take over where they call home....   [tags: Culture, Indigenous peoples, Archaeology]

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Interactions Between the Vikings and Natives

- Upon first encountering one another, the vikings and the natives of Scotland often experienced violent confrontation. However, through the passage of time they contributed in shaping each other in equal and sometimes opposite measure. There are several hypotheses that describe the details of the first viking-indigenous interactions.1 Out of the many propositions, two theories appear most often. The first asserts that the vikings set up an earldom and thenceforth ruled over the native Scottish population....   [tags: earldom, genocide, archaeology]

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The Departure Of The United States

- Day 1 : The Departure Today we set off for our trip to what was once known as “Planet Earth”. Many stories have been told of this Earth. One site in specific would be a land known as the “U.S.A”. It is said that many years ago, there was great war between all the countries. Bombing left and right, leaving only 30% of the sites remaining. I have been waiting for this day for many years now. When I was a child, my favorite study was History, we learned all about Planet Earth. Since those years I have dreamed of traveling there and learning how the people survived....   [tags: Gun, Cannon, Archaeology, Firearm]

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Studying Taphonomy And Site Formation Processes

- TAPHONOMIC STUDIES Studying taphonomy and site formation processes has really revolutionized the way archaeologists are able to reconstruct the past. A specific interest in taphonomy has led to an increase in preservation and interpretation of the archaeological record (Rick et al., 2006). Rick and colleagues (2006) examined taphonomy and site formation on California’s Channel Islands, a site inhabited by humans for over 12,000 calendar years. California’s Channel Islands contains thousands of archaeological sites with dense shell middens and villages to lithic camps (Rick et al., 2006)....   [tags: Archaeology, Archaeological site]

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Archaeologica Ethics in the World

- Introduction We have been spared the recent memory of global wars, such as the First World War, but armed conflict on a national or regional scale and sectarianism continues uninterrupted by the efforts of international politics and undeterred by legal protections. In March 2003 the United States and a Coalition of nations began the Iraq War (Eck and Gerstenblith 2004:469-470). The Coalition avoided targeting cultural sites and moments, to comply with the 1954 Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, but totally failed to prevent the Iraq National Museum in Baghdad from being looted (Emberling 2008:7)....   [tags: World History, Artifacts, Archaelology]

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The Kennewick Man and NAGPRA

- On July 26, 1996 two individuals were walking along the bank of the Columbia River near Kennewick, Washington, did not expect to find one of the oldest complete skeletal remains in the world. While, Kennewick man has gained considerable notoriety, debates have grown over the application of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) and whether the Native Americans or Archaeologists have the rights to the body. As soon as the body was found it was studied by anthropologist James Chatters and he discovered “that the skull had characteristics unlike those of modern Native Americans” (Native Americans and Archeologists)....   [tags: Native American Archaeology]

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The Significance of Cultural Heritage

- Cultural heritages Limitations and Opportunities There are some limitations and opportunities for cultural heritages in Hamilton Square. The limitations are: • The legal names are limited. The impacts are subjected to national and local planning policies and documents. The historical buildings and monuments and surrounding environment are specific, especially the settings of listed buildings such as Hamilton Square and Birkenhead Park Conservation Areas ( Appendix 4, 2008). • Unspecified Heritage Assets....   [tags: Archaeology, Hamilton, heritages]

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The Debate Over Cultural Properties

- The debate over cultural properties is one that has continued since the beginning of archaeological discovery. Who owns the past, or has the right to preserve cultural remains, are questions that drive this debate and cause controversy among societies. (Messenger) The way that cultural artifacts are obtained have the most uproar among the archaeological society. Collectors and looters are the source of this issue and have been discredited by many archaeological societies. Modern societies and governments have now put more focus on the preservation of cultural property in each region....   [tags: Anthropology, Archaeology, Culture]

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Using bones, teeth and joints for reconstructing activity in past human populations

- During an individual’s lifetime the activities they involve themselves in impact on their many bodily tissues. Markers for these activities are left in the bones, joints and dentition which is useful for anthropologists as only skeletal material is left in the case of most ancient populations. Subsequently much research has been undertaken in this area with varying levels of validity.In this essay I seek to explain what information can be reliably gathered from skeletal material, it will focus on bone density and muscle attachments associated with heavy workloads, joint wear caused by repeated processes such as grinding grain, osteoarthritis and tooth wear associated with tool use....   [tags: Anthropology Archaeology]

Term Papers
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Excavations in the Cotswolds

- The Cotswolds are located in south western England mainly lying in Gloucestershire and Oxfordshire and extending in Wiltshire,Worcestershire and south eastern Warwickshire (Wikipedia,2013). It is said to be a „wonderful place to visit” ( escapetothecotswolds.org.uk, 2013) and „one of the most 'quintessentially English' ” (cotswolds.info, 2013) therefore it is a popular trip destination to tourists. The main feature of the Cotswolds are „gentle hillsides (‘wolds’), sleepy villages”(the-cotswolds.org,2013) and the area which is 25 miles (40 km) across and 90 miles (145 km) long(Wikipedia,2013), almost the size of the greater Tokyo(the-cotswolds.org, 2013)....   [tags: South West England, Archaeology]

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What Question Did Thoreau Ask That Cronon Is Dealing With?

- Question 1: What question did Thoreau ask that Cronon is dealing with. In his journal, Thoreau muses upon twenty years of changes in New England’s land and beasts. He lists the differences in plants and animals, comparing them to past accounts and descriptions. He questions if the growing human presence has resulted in “a maimed and imperfect nature.” Cronon believes that this is an important question to consider. He points out that although changes do happen in nature, it is not so easy to determine how they changed....   [tags: Natural environment, Ecology, Change, Archaeology]

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National Science Foundation

- To National Science Foundation, The existence of extra-terrestrial life was once considered almost impossible. However, as humans delve deeper into space, science, and technology the idea seems to be formulating that perhaps we are not the only intelligent life forms. The thought has changed from a perspective of “if” we will encounter intelligent life outside of our own, but “when” and what will be the outcome. With NASA’s confirmation that there are at least 3000 other galaxies that have been observed with a new telescope it is a hard sell to say that there is no possible way that there could be any other “intelligence” in space besides our own race....   [tags: extra-terrestrial life, planets, archaeology]

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An Enigmatic People and Their Rock Art

- An Enigmatic People and Their Rock Art Archaeologists often rely on material traits to define culture groups. In the Southwest, one such group, the Fremont culture, has to a large degree defied classification. Inhabiting an expansive territory in the northern reaches of the Southwest, the Fremont sometimes look archaeologically very similar to their neighbors, the Anasazi, and to groups living on the Plains and in the Great Basin. The origin and eventual demise of the Fremont culture has been the subject of much debate, as has the question of whether the Fremont even constitute a “culture.” More than any other term “variable” seems to describe the Fremont best....   [tags: Fremont Culture Archaeology Essays]

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Thomas Bateman's Ten Years' Diggings

- Thomas Bateman's Ten Years' Diggings Thomas Bateman at Brushfield, Derbyshire, 1850 On the 3rd of August, we opened a finely shaped barrow near Brushfield, upon Lapwing Hill, overlooking Cressbrook valley, measuring seventeen yards across and four feet high in the centre, composed of earth, with a few stones in the middle, where a shallow grave, about a foot deep, was sunk in the rock. In it lay extended the remains of a human body, so very much decayed as to be almost undistinguishable, but which we ascertained to have been deposited with the head to the west....   [tags: Archaeology Archaeological Essays]

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Thomas Bateman's Ten Years' Diggings

- Thomas Bateman's Ten Years' Diggings Thomas Bateman at Calver Low, Derbyshire in 1860 Having been informed, on the 30th of August, that some skeletons had been discovered the day before, by men baring the rock preparatory to quarrying it, at the verge of the cliff overlooking the limekilns at Calver Low, I immediately went to the place and found that there had been five skeletons buried in a line side by side, a few feet apart, in graves sunk down to the rock which is there about two feet below the turf....   [tags: Archaeology Archaeological Essays]

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Dead Sea Scrolls

- The Dead Sea Scrolls In 1947 in a cave near the Dead sea in the Jordan Desert, a fifteen year old boy chased after one of his goats that wandered off. This boy's name was Muhammad adh-Dhib. While going after his goat, the boy stumbled upon perhaps the greatest religious discovery of the modern era. Inside the cave, he found broken jars that contained scrolls written in a strange language, wrapped in linen cloth and leather. These scrolls would later become known as the Dead Sea Scrolls. This first discovery produced seven scrolls and started an archaeological search that produced thousands of scroll fragments in eleven caves....   [tags: Religion Archaeology Essays Papers]

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Human Origins

- The archeology is the scientific study of past human culture and behavior, from the origins of humans to the present. The archaeology studies past human behavior through the examination of material remains of previous human societies. These remains include the fossils of humans, food remains, the ruins of buildings, and human artifacts items such as tools, pottery, and jewelry. The Origin of Species presents us with a theory of natural selection. This theory is his attempt at an explanation on how the world and its species came to be the way that we know them now....   [tags: Arcaeology Studies, Theories]

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Archeology, by Jennifer Egan

- “Archeology” is a short fiction story written by Jennifer Egan relaying her dreams and aspirations as a child and how they change through adolescence and early adulthood as she learns more about herself and forms her identity. As a child, Egan desires to be a surgeon, then in adolescent years discovers a particular aversion to blood and switches her pursuits to archeology, as that field is very popular at the time. Many pivotal discoveries made the press in the early seventies and inspired her young mind with visions of adventure in exotic places....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Life]

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Human Error in Archeology

- The dangers of human error surround us all, but they cannot be avoided; it is inevitable. As I have gone through my high school career I have thought, though I know realize it is a very elementary thought, that science is one of the most stable curriculum and thus not susceptible to human error. I was very wrong. This week in my science class, Reading and Writing Science, we studied Archeology. Archeology is a field that requires the background information of history and the scientific methods of science....   [tags: science, artifacts, observations]

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Reverse Engineering Used for Good and Bad

- Reverse engineering is a technique that breaks down an object and lets others recreate it. Today many people associate reverse engineering with espionage whether in the government or corporate. In the past people such as farmers would copy tools that seem to be giving other farmers an advantage. Nations or states also use this technique to arm their armies with the best weapons or defenses to defeat approaching forces . Today the technique has been used in many other fields of work that is available for us today, such as archeology, manufacturing, and computer analysis....   [tags: espionage, computers, archeology]

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943 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Rural Settlement in the Neo-Assyrian Empire

- Empires are analysed more often than villages, in the same way that temples are analysed more eagerly than houses – both because they are more impressive, and because they are usually better preserved. This means that what we know about rural settlement is substantially less in comparison to other areas of archaeology, but not that rural settlement is therefore less meaningful. Due to the relations between rural and urban development our understanding of rural settlement in the Neo-Assyrian Empire can contribute to our view of the Neo-Assyrian Empire as a whole....   [tags: Neo-Assyrian Empire, archeology]

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Archeology: Heinrich Schliemann

- Archeology, which is the study of human activity in the past, has many significant names that discovered important sites to the history of art. One of these names is Heinrich Schliemann. Heinrich Schliemann was born on 6th of January, 1822, and died on December 26th, 1890. Schliemann was a businessman who could speak 15 languages, and he was a world traveler. His father used to read for him Homer’s Iliad when he was eight years old, which made his biggest dream is to become archeological and find about the places that Homer talked about....   [tags: troy, Mycenae and Tiryns]

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