Aphasia

  • Aphasia

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    Aphasia What is Aphasia? Aphasia is the impairment of spoken or written language caused by injury to the brain. It is also commonly referred to as Dysphasia. There are several different categories and many different types of Aphasia. What causes Aphasia? Aphasia is usually the result of a brain tumor, lesion, stroke, or severe blow to the head. Right-handed people can only acquire Aphasia if they have an injury in the left cerebral hemisphere, whereas left-handed

  • aphasia

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    Aphasia is a language disorder that results from damage to portions of the brain that are responsible for language. For most people, these are parts of the left side (hemisphere) of the brain. Aphasia usually occurs suddenly, often as the result of a stroke or head injury, but it may also develop slowly, as in the case of a brain tumor. The disorder impairs the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing. “Aphasia may co-occur with speech disorders such as dysarthria

  • Aphasia

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    Aphasia In this world, humans and animals alike have come to communicate by using various mechanisms. Humans have advanced themselves beyond other organisms by using language, or a set of codes and symbols, in order to express themselves to others. Language has brought about a means to create new thoughts, to explore, and to analyze our everyday surroundings. It has also enabled us to retain past memories and to look deep into the advances for the future. However, for some individuals, this

  • Aphasia

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    Aphasia Aphasia is classified as a language disorder caused by damage to the temporal lobe or damage higher up in the frontal lobe. It causes problems with receptive and expressive functions. Aphasia

  • Understanding Aphasia

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    Aphasia is an acquired language communication disorder which is a result of localised damage to a part of the brain that is responsible for language. It usually occurs suddenly due to a stroke or head injury, but it can also develop slowly due to brain tumours, infection or dementia. Aphasia is an impairment of any language modality, for example, processing language by reading, writing, comprehension or expression. This may include difficulty in producing or understanding spoken or written language

  • Aphasia Essay

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    The neuroanatomical approach to aphasia relies on the localization of lesions on the brain in addition to clinical observation in order to classify patients according to syndromes. For example, according to the neuroanatomical approach, Broca’s aphasia, which us usually associated with a lesions on the posterior inferior frontal gyrus of the brain, has cardinal features that distinguish is from other fluent and non-fluent aphasias (e.g. poor repetition, poor repetition and poor naming with good auditory

  • Examining for Aphasia

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    Introduction Examining For Aphasia was created in 1954 by John Eisenson in New York (Eisenson, 1954). It was one of the first tests for assessing language impairment (Benson & Ardila, 1996) and provides a guided approach for evaluating language disturbances and other disturbances closely related to language function (Eisenson, 1954). The test was originally developed for use with a group of patients in an army hospital who had aphasia and other related disturbances. Over time, the original inventory

  • Essay On Aphasia

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    Aphasia is an acquired communication disorder that disrupts communication and it can deteriorate a person’s coping potential and quality of life (Parr, 2001) which involve damage to the parts of brain that contain language (ASHA, 2013). Statistics from United States indicated around 25-40% of stroke survivors developed aphasia (National Association of Aphasia, NAA, 2013). Aphasia will affect both the ability to produce or comprehend spoken language and written language while intelligence is left

  • Essay On Aphasia

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    1 Courtney Lucca The two types of aphasia discussed in class is non-fluent aphasia and fluent aphasia. Aphasia can occur when there is damage to the left hemisphere of the brain, which is the language center of the brain. People with non-fluent aphasia will say or sign random words, there will be little or no function words/signs, similar to the telegraphic stage of language development. People with fluent aphasia will be able to produce sentences with function words, but the sentences will

  • Essay On Aphasia

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    the National Aphasia Association, approximately two million people have Aphasia in the United States. Aphasia is a communication disorder that can make any, or all, aspects of communication difficult. More people should be educated about what aphasia is due to the sheer amount of people that have it and what it is. “Aphasia is a communication disorder that results from damage to the parts of the brain that contain language (typically in the left half of the brain).” (Aphasia) Aphasia can be caused

  • Aphasia Essay

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    NEUR/ZOO 5100 Dr. Prather Spring 2014 Broca’s Aphasia • Background Aphasia is defined as the inability to communicate and is caused by damage to areas of the brain responsible for language processing [1]. Strokes are the main cause of aphasia, while tumors, blows to the head, and infections can also be the culprits. Aphasia affects the ability to comprehend and produce language, whether written or verbal. Approximately 80,000 people acquire aphasia each year, with men and women being equally affected

  • Essay On Aphasia

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    According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (2014) aphasia is a neurological disorder that is caused by damage a certain part of the brain that is responsible for language. This signs of this disorder primarily include difficulty in speaking or expressing oneself, difficulty understanding spoken language, and difficulty with reading and witting. Aphasia is most common among adults who have suffered from a stroke, a brain tumor, head injury, infection, or dementia that

  • Examining for Aphasia

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    Introduction Examining For Aphasia was created in 1954 by John Eisenson in New York (Eisenson, 1954). It was one of the first tests for assessing language impairment (Benson & Ardila, 1996) and provides a guided approach for evaluating language disturbances and other disturbances closely related to language function (Eisenson, 1954). The materials and procedures were developed originally for use with a group of patients in an army hospital who had aphasia and related disturbances (Eisenson, 1954

  • Dysarthria and Aphasia

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    Dysarthria and Aphasia Definition Dysarthrias or commonly known as Dysarthria, refers to a group of speech problems where sounds may be slurred, and speech may be slow or effortful. Noticeable changes in pitch, volume, and tempo of speech occur. Speech can become nasal, and the voice can sound either breathy or harsh. Dysarthria occurs in both children and adults. Yorkston, Strand, Miller, Hillel, and Smith (1993) found reduction in speaking rate to be the

  • Aphasia: A Language Disorder

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    Aphasia: A Language Disorder "My most valuable tool is words, the words I can now use only with difficulty. My voice is debilitated - mute, a prisoner of a communication system damaged by a stroke that has robbed me of language," stated A. H. Raskins, one of approximately one million people in the United States who suffer from aphasia (1), a disorder which limits the comprehension and expression of language. It is an acquired impairment due to brain injury in the left cerebral hemisphere. The

  • Aphasia- Speech Disorders

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    speech disorders. Aphasia falls under the speech disorders category. There are two types of aphasia: Broca’s and Wernicke’s (Heilman, 2002, p. 11). √ There are many language symptoms of Broca’s aphasia. The difference between naming objects and using grammatical terms is a trademark of Broca’s apahsia. Mr. Ford was a patient that experienced this type of aphasia. This type of aphasia includes patterns of speech that mostly are made up of content words. Also people with this aphasia convey nouns in

  • Stroke Leads To Aphasia

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    speaking words of eloquence and consistency. Patients with aphasia often experience these effects as results of a stroke. Aphasia is a disorder in the ability to communicate, use, and comprehend language. Each year, approximately 80,000 individuals suffer from stroke -based aphasia. However, what if there were treatments or perhaps a way to reduce the chance of someone acquiring this disorder? Many doctors have looked into strokes leading to aphasia and the results remain mixed and entirely unsure but

  • Taking a Look at Aphasia

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    Aphasia, commonly a result of prevalent strokes, is a language disorder that predominantly affects expressive and receptive communication in adults. The main motivation of Kurland, Pulvermüller, Silva, Burke and Andrianopoulos was to understand what treatments would be most beneficial for individuals with various types of aphasia and utilize effects seen in neurological imaging as a way to categorize types of aphasia based on various neurological lesion affects (2012). A variety of literature is

  • Wernicke's Aphasia Disorder

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    Wernicke’s Aphasia Wernicke’s Aphasia Background Aphasia can be defined as a disorder that is caused by damage to parts of the brain that are responsible for language (“Aphasia” n.p.). Wernicke’s aphasia is a type of fluent aphasia (with the other type being nonfluent). It is named after Carl Wernicke who described the disorder as “an amnesiac disorder characterized by fluent but disordered speech, with a similar disorder in writing, and impaired understanding of oral speech and reading” (“Wernicke’s”

  • Aphasia: A Mental Disease

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    diseases in the world. In this paper we will be talking about a mental disease called Aphasia. We will explore what Aphasia is. We will find out how someone is diagnosed with Aphasia. We will learn the different types and treatments for this type of mental disease. What is Aphasia? Aphasia is present when the patient knoes what he or she wants to say but cannot pronounce it. The patient with sensory aphasia has difficulty understanding language and may articulate words easily but use them inappropriately

  • Causes and Types of Aphasia Disorder

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    Aphasia Aphasia is a disorder resulting from damage to the certain parts of the brain that deal with language. The areas of damage are typically called lesions. This disorder can lead to impairments in reading, writing, producing speech and the ability to understand speech. Aphasia typically takes place suddenly after a head injury or stroke, although, some cases can arise over time; a good example of this is when a brain tumor develops. “Aphasia affects about one million Americans -or 1 in 250

  • Bilingual Aphasia with Parallel Recovery

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    communication difficulties post-brain injury are likely to be bilingual (Ansaldo, Marchotte, Scherer, & Raboyeau, 2008; Centeno, 2009). Bilingual aphasia refers to difficulties in comprehension and/or production of language in one or more modalities in the presence of intact intellect, observed in speakers of two or more languages. The projected incidence of bilingual aphasia is at least 45,000 new cases per year in just the United States (Paradis, 2001). One of the most fascinating aspects of bilingualism

  • Caregiver Burden of Individuals with Aphasia

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    1.0 INTRODUCTION Aphasia is an acquired communication disorder which involves damage to the parts of brain that contain language (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, ASHA, 2013). It disrupts communication and can cause deterioration of a person’s coping potential and quality of life (Parr, 2001) Statistics from United States indicated around 25-40% of stroke survivors develop aphasia (National Association of Aphasia, NAA, 2013). Aphasia affects the ability to produce or comprehend spoken

  • Non Fluent Broca 's Aphasia

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    Non-fluent Broca’s Aphasia is a neuropsychological condition characterized by damage to the left hemisphere of the brain, it caused primarily by lesions to Broadman’s areas 44 and 45 (Girard Lecture, 2015). Damage to the left hemisphere is associated with the inability to produce fluent speech; however, Broca’s aphasics can comprehension speech and intact vocal mechanisms (Elias and Saucier, 2006). Cognitively people non-fluent Broca’s aphasia often fail to use functioning words, such as pronouns

  • The Topic Of My Disease Diary Is Aphasia

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    Aphasia The topic of my disease diary is Aphasia. In the following I will talk about the characteristic of Aphasia, the causes and symptoms, what happens chemically, the treatment of the disorder and how the relationship to other body systems is. Aphasia is a disorder, which affects the part of the brain that is responsible for language and speech. Aphasia affects the ability to communicate, what contains speaking, writing, understanding language, both verbal and written. Most of the people, who

  • Implications of Research on Bilingual and Polyglot Aphasia

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    of Research on Bilingual and Polyglot Aphasia Research conducted on bilingual and polyglot aphasics has brought interest into the field of linguistics mainly because of its contribution to L2 research, especially in providing explanations for the organization of distinct languages in the brain. Since there exists such a variation between individual cases, the most important thing to come out of this research is a set of factors involved in these aphasia cases as well as theories emerging from

  • Aphasia (CILT, And The Constraint-Induced Language Therapy

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    forty percent will acquire aphasia. The National Aphasia Association defines aphasia as “an impairment of language, affecting the production or comprehension of speech and the ability to read or write.” Many of these people suffering from aphasia will undergo therapy at some point in time. Several approaches have been proven effective in lessening the symptoms of aphasia. A recent topic of interest over the last two decades has been the role that intensity plays in aphasia therapy. Several studies

  • Come again? A Look Into Left Hemisphere Aphasia

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    a strange accent, Russian, but no one else is in the room except your loved one. The strange accent seems to be coming from your own mouth. The doctor tells you that there was damage to Broca’s area in your brain and you have suffered aphasia. This specific aphasia is called Foreign Accent Syndrome (FAS). In a recent study Foreign Accent Syndrome was defined as, “a rare disorder characterized by the emergence of new prosodic features that listeners perceive as a foreign accent, is usually due to

  • غغغغغغغغغغغغغ

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    concerned with how human beings produce spoken language. Aphasia is one of the difficulties encountered by some people, especially young. Aphasia is an impairment of language, affecting the production or comprehension of speech and the ability to read and write. It may affect mainly a single aspect of language use , such as the ability to retrieve the names of objects, or the ability to put words together into sentences, or the ability to read. Aphasia is not a disease, but a symptom of brain damage.

  • computer based therapy

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    For many years, research has shown that patients with Aphasia who receive language therapy have seen improvement in their overall functional communication. However, technology has evolved and improved tremendously over the past decade. It has created many pathways for efficiency in daily tasks. This has led many therapists to consider a computer based therapy approach for patients with Aphasia. The efficacy of utilizing various types of computer based therapy approaches will be examined throughout

  • Neurological Disorders

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    the capacities and that it possesses and we do not even realize it. That is why studying neurology and working on the treatment of neurological disorders is so critically important. Through the examination of Huntington’s disease, Bell’s Palsy, and Aphasia, neurologists can work to better the human mind and cure the diseases that attack it, which will infinitely enhance the lives of humans and create a brighter future for us all. The first disease being discussed, Bell’s Palsy, is a disorder resulting

  • What The Method Of Coaching Is A Type Of Typical Counseling

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    is. According to Holland, “life coaching”, as it is called, is considered to be a variant of typical counseling. Coaching is in its early stages (as of 2007), yet it is used in developments and processes that are designed to help individuals with aphasia live their lives to the fullest and improve their quality of life. The work of Goldsmith (an earlier mentioned practitioner) is the author’s main interest. Goldsmith’s approach involves what one may call a “Buddhist” way of thinking; meaning change

  • At a Loss for Words

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    with brain injuries or diseases. Approximately one million people in the United States currently have aphasia, the language disorder that results from damage to portions of the brain responsible for language (1). Some people with aphasia have problems primarily with expressive language often termed Broca’s aphasia, whereas others have problems with receptive language often dubbed Wernicke’s aphasia (3). The two get their names from Paul Broca, a French neurosurgeon, and Carl Wernicke, a German neurologist

  • The Temporal Lobe and its Effects on Language

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    condition related to language problems is known as Wernike’s Aphasia. Aphasia is known as a severe language impairment but with this version the person is still able to speak fluently but are unable to comprehend written and spoken language. (Kalat, 2005) The principal signs of aphasia are impairments in the ability to express oneself when speaking, trouble understanding speech, and difficulty with reading and writing. Aphasia is most often the result of stroke or head injury, but can

  • Studying and Treating the Communicative Dyad

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    Aphasia is a communication disorder that affects not only the communication of the individual but also the communication of the people who interact with the individual on a regular basis. Language intervention, therefore, should include a component of training and educating the caregivers as well as the person with aphasia (Purdy & Hindenlang, 2005). In recent years, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have begun to take more of a social context approach to aphasia intervention, making it more functional

  • Family Member Perspective and Damage to Temporal Lobe

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    loss of the ability to talk, while the left temporal lobe if damaged may result in difficulty recognizing words. (Amens, 2005) In general, the temporal lobe contains an area devoted to auditory processing, and when damaged can lead to aphasia. Aphasia is defined as “a sever impairment of language.”(Kalat, p.443) The Wernicke’s area of the brain is believed to be strongly associated with language. This area is housed with in the left temporal lobe, and include part of the supramarginal

  • Efficacy of Phonological Writing Treatment

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    Introduction Writing treatment for aphasia using phonological training works best when speaking nonsense. Either nonsense or Italian. Six writing treatment studies demonstrate that research for phonological training treatment is at Phase II. Such treatment would be in a Phase III level of evidence if the studies reviewed had quasi-experimental studies or closer examinations of efficacy. Phonological writing treatment is still in Phase II as illustrated by these three similarities in research

  • Analysis Of Cerebrovascular Accidents

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    one side of the brain. The left hemisphere of the brain is mainly responsible for controlling one’s ability to speak and understand language. (Manasco, 2013)Therefore, if the left hemisphere is altered by a stroke, disorders of language, such as aphasia, may result. Individuals who are affected by left CVA often struggle to comprehend spoken and written language and/or control the musculature that assists in swallowing and speaking efficiently. Problems that may ensue depend on the location and severity

  • The Importance Of Language Representation In The Brain

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    cells. Language disorder resulting from brain damage is called aphasia. Areas of damage are called lesions. Such damage causes characteristic problems in speech, as well as in reading and writing. “Aphasia: a disorder of language, including a defect or loss of expressive(production) or receptive (comprehension) aspects of written or spoken language.”Aphasias are generally classified into two groups: Broca’s aphasias and Wernick’s aphasias. In addition to these two basic groups, other aphasic sites were

  • Neurolinguistics Essay

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    brain deals with mathematics and science, it is reasonable that you would have difficulty with understanding numbers and dealing with money. Also, because this side is responsible for language and speech, it causes those types of problems, known as aphasia. The right hemisphere coordinates the left side of the body. It is essential for communicating effectively and for understanding information given to us. It also plays a huge role interpreting visual information and processing it. This side

  • Brain And Its Function Essay

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    language out in a motor manner but it was more involved in the ability to deal with grammar itself, at least the more complex aspect of grammar. Apart from the Broca’s area, there‘s aphasia, the inability to speak, the inability to produce speech is Broca’s aphasia, or expressive aphasia. Someone with this kind of aphasia has little problem understanding speech but when trying to speak themselves are capable of only slow, laborious, and often slurred sequences of words (http://webspace.ship.edu). They

  • Neurolinguistics Essay

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    can affect a person at any age. Damage to the parts of the brain involved in speaking causes the loss or impairment of speech abilities. Acquired apraxia of speech may also occur with dysarthria; muscle weakness which affects speech production or aphasia; language difficulties caused by damage to the nervous system. Developmental apraxia of speech (DAS) is being observed in children and it is an innate disorder. In this kind of apraxia, the child has speech development but this process is more slowly

  • Science or Pseudoscience

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    effectiveness but it can help establish its validity (Fin, Bothe, and Bramlett, 2005, p. 178). Melodic intonation therapy (MIT) is a music therapy treatment used with individuals suffering from aphasia (Chamberline, 2005). According to the American Speech Hearing Association (ASHA) (2014), patients with aphasia generally have brain lesions that affect language production and/or comprehension. The goal of MIT is to utilize the functioning portions of the brain, via music, to facilitate communication

  • Various Learning Disabilities

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    language is known to suffer from aphasia. A sign of a student having aphasia includes the inability to understand or produce spoken language. This learning disability does affect a student’s ability to speak, it affects their ability to retell a story, to speak fluently, as well as understand the meaning of what they are speaking (Kemp, M.A, Smith, M.A and Segal, Ph.D. par 25-29). Aphasia is not considered to be a front runner of children's learning disabilities. Aphasia is caused by damage to one or

  • paper

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    through the study of aphasia by Paul Broca and Carl Wernicke. They found areas such as Broca’s area, which is located in the left inferior frontal cortex and Wernicke’s area located in the posterior portion of the left temporal lobe. Broca’s area found that patients who aphasia, were able to understand when spoken to and did not have any troubles with their motor abilities of the mouth that could hinder their execution of language. The patients who suffer from Broca’s aphasia are incapable of speaking

  • The Role of Broca’s Area in Language Processing

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    offered a new framework for neuropsychological research, it had numerous shortcomings. It was not able to account for the fact that people with Broca’s aphasia (also known as non-fluent, expressive or agrammatic aphasia) had a variety of ostensibly diverse impairments or that some people with focal Broca’s area damage did not show agrammatic aphasia (Bookheimer, 2002). Only with the advance of neuroimaging techniques it has been established that this is due to functional specification. Specific regions

  • Ms. Boarder's Geriatric Assessment

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    felt that she has primary progressive aphasia. A nuclear medicine study was booked at Sunnybrook and she was referred for DriveABLE on a road assessment. On followup in February, it was noted that her language impairment was basically stable. SPECT scan showed subtle decrease in perfusion in the left parietal and temporal regions. DriveABLE has recommended discontinuing driving. It is felt that the SPECT scan findings are confirmatory for primary progressive aphasia. It is recommended that she try a

  • The Biological Basis of Language Development

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    without disturbing the ability to comprehend spoken speech. The aphasias are most commonly divided into three main types: Wernicke’s aphasia which is characterized by a major deficit in comprehension; Broca’s aphasia which is which is characterized by deficit in production; and conduction aphasia which is characterized by a combination of syndromes of both Broca’s aphasia and Wernicke’s aphasia. The lesion in Wernicke’s aphasia is to Wernicke’s area and often extends to the superior portions

  • Nurses are the Eyes and Ears of the Multidisciplinary Team

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    into the brain causing damage and hemorrhagic stroke (Angiopathy, 2013). The cerebral hemorrhage occurred in the left side of the brain which caused a significant bleed and brain damage. She has expressive aphasia and right-side hemiparesis a result of the hemorrhage. The expressive aphasia created a communication barrier. I learned about who the patient was through pictures, family and use of pen, paper and the white board. I learned she worked nights full-time for Walmart, as a freight hauler

  • Alzheimer’s Disease

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    Cognitive (Intellectual) and Psychiatric. The importance of differentiating the two is to prevent misinterpretation of behavioral problems, mixed diagnosis and medication. Cognitive symptoms are broken down into the four As of Alzheimer’s—amnesia, aphasia, apraxia, and agnosia. (“About Alzheimer’s”) Amnesia is the inability to remember facts or events—the loss of memory. There are two types of memory: Short-term, which are immediate recent versus long-term, which consists of our remote memories