Your search returned over 400 essays for "altitude"
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Altitude sickness, or Acute Mountain Sickness

- ... While climbing it is important to: • Drink plenty of fluids • Avoid alcohol • Eat regular meals, high in carbohydrates If left untreated, altitude sickness can become worse and lead to some very serious conditions. One of those conditions is pulmonary edema, or in this case high altitude pulmonary edema. Pulmonary edema is a condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs. High-altitude pulmonary edema symptoms include but are not limited to: • Headache • Insomnia • Extreme shortness of breath or difficulty breathing (dyspnea) that worsens when lying down • A feeling of suffocating or drowning due to Fluid retention • Wheezing or gasping for breath • Anxiety, restlessness or a sense o...   [tags: fatigue, dizziness, symptoms]

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High-Altitude Edema Illnesses Are Real

- High altitude cerebral edema and high altitude pulmonary edema are very real, very lethal sicknesses. They mainly occur with people that experience extreme changes in elevation, at a faster pace that their bodies can get accustomed to. People that are mainly at risk are those who climb mountains to higher elevations, generally above a mile above sea level, and also those who fly after diving at deep depths. These two sicknesses, while potentially lethal, can be easily mitigated with the correct precaution taking, monitoring, and having the correct knowledge....   [tags: flying, oxygen, pressure]

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Altitude Safety

- Changes in altitude have a profound effect on the human body. The body attempts to maintain a state of homeostasis or balance to ensure the optimal operating environment for its complex chemical systems. Any change from this homeostasis is a change away from the optimal operating environment. The body attempts to correct this imbalance. One such imbalance is the effect of increasing altitude on the body’s ability to provide adequate oxygen to be utilized in cellular respiration. With an increase in elevation, a typical occurrence when climbing mountains, the body is forced to respond in various ways to the changes in external environment....   [tags: Human Body Atmospheric Pressure Essays]

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Human Variations in High Altitude Populations

- Human Variations in High Altitude Populations Thesis:The purpose of this paper is to describe the high altitude stresses and the general adaptations made by the Tibetan population in the Himalayas and the Quechua in the Andes.                I Introduction            II Background                     A Quechua People                     B Tibetan People            III General Adaptations                     A Physical                      1 Growth                       2 Development                       3 Core temperature                       4 Extremity temperature                     B Non- Physical                       1 Clothing                      2 Houses                      3...   [tags: Tibet Himalayans Adaptation Essays]

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High Altitude Training

- High Altitude Training For the first mile of my daily run the cows are with me. They seem out of place along this road that winds through mountain pines, but in Arizona cows are everywhere, even at 7,000 feet. They watch incredulously with soft eyes as I run by. They stand as still as statues and only their heads move, slowly and almost imperceptibly, like the heads in paintings of long-dead relatives that gaze right at you, no matter where you stand in the room. I can’t tell if they approve of all this running activity; they are silent....   [tags: Running Athletes Essays]

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The Research and Development of the High Altitude Sleeping System: HASS

- The Research and Development of the High Altitude Sleeping System: HASS Abstract Various negative physiological effects of sleeping at high elevations increase dramatically above 12,000 feet. These effects include dehydration, hypothermia, susceptibility to respiratory tract infection, high altitude sleep apnea, severe fatigue, and other ailments of varying severity. Until now, technology has done very little to address these problems. Working in the University of Colorado at Boulder’s Biological Altitude Testing Laboratory, undergraduate David de la Garza and I developed a High Altitude Sleeping System called HASS....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Ethnographic Studies of Martial Artists

- The traditional view of martial arts for most people comes from the movies, either featuring Bruce Lee or possibly the Karate Kid. With those classic references, the martial arts of today would seem quite alien. What was once obscure has now become the mainstream with millions of martial artists of one degree or another. The violence of this sport is far beyond what boxing, or football could ever accomplish; while those sports often cause concussions and the occasional broken bone, some of the martial arts expect their students to break the bones of their opponents if the fight goes out of control or simply by accident....   [tags: High Altitude Gym]

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The Classifications of Clouds

- There is a difference between cumuliform and stratiform clouds. All clouds are classified according to their altitude and their shape. Stratiform clouds form in layers and their air movement is mainly horizontal. If air movement is generally vertical, clouds grow upward and are cumuliform clouds. Stratiform and cumuliform clouds that appear at altitudes between 2000 and 7000 meters are called altostratus and altocumulus clouds. When they are above 7000 meters, they are called cirrostratus and cirrocumulus clouds....   [tags: formation, altitude, shape]

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Low Oxygen Training in High Altitudes

- Many people have heard of low-oxygen training or high altitude training before, but probably do not know all that much about. This type of training to have an advantage in competitions is very well known amongst endurance athletes, specifically runners. Training in low-oxygen situation for short term will reap benefits for almost any athlete. Training at high altitudes is rewarding for athletes because it forces your body to make changes that will result in positive gains. While training at high altitudes the lack of oxygen causes your body to produce more red blood cells, these changes typically take around a month to occur and will last between 10 and 20 days (Dan Peterson, Live Science...   [tags: athlete, benefit, training]

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Adaptation Seen in Tibetans of the Himalayans

- Adaptation seen in Tibetans of the Himalayas Introduction How do you think the Tibetans in Himalayas survived for centuries, despite the low oxygen and natural resources available. Would you like to know how they have adapted over the years. Tibetans of the Himalayas have adapted in the environment of higher altitudes in the mountains. It is important to observe cultural adaptation. A biological adaptation plays a significant role based on their natural selection. In addition, archaeological aspects are important as it is beneficial to know how long Tibetants have lived in the mountains and how it was identified....   [tags: environment of higher altitudes, culture]

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Renal and Respiratory Pathophysiological Challenges of High Altitudes, Acclimatization and Possible Methods of Treatment with a Minor Focus on Ethanol

- Respiratory System Acclimatization, Prophylaxis, and Treatment Acclimatization The respiratory system acclimatizes for the majority of elevation gain through the incorporation of hyperventilation.8, 16 The hypoxic conditions of Mount Everest stimulate the peripheral chemoreceptors of the carotid body16, resulting in a hypoxic ventilation response (HVR) from messages sent to the brain as seen in Figure 3. This leads to increased ventilation to compensate for the lower oxygen content available for your body to consume during its normal functions....   [tags: respitory system acclimatiaztion, prophylaxis]

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The Origin Of Ethics Is Concerned With Great Uncertainty At Many Altitudes

- The origin of ethics is concerned with great uncertainty at many altitudes. Ethics is a concept that 's subject consists of the underlying issues of sensible decision making, as well as its major concerns, including the nature of ultimate merit and the quality by which an individual 's actions can be judged to be ethical or unethical. A peripatetic scholar named Meng-Tzu, born in 371 B.C.E. was one of the most notable commentators of Confucius. Meng-Tzu attempted to persuade rulers of ancient China during his time, to govern more justly....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Moral relativism, Aesthetics]

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Human Body Function More Effectively at a 98.6F Temperature

- The human body unlike other animals, is designed to function more effectively at a temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Anything above or below, will cause the body to lose some amount of performance. As the body attempts to regulate its core temperature, in an effort to reestablish balance, some unnecessary functions will suffer. for example, if the body temperature is too low a person my become fatigued more easily and suffer a loss in energy. There are many issues to consider when exercising in cold weather conditions....   [tags: training ,body temperature, physical excercise]

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Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressure

- ... How does this law affect us as humans. Well, by considering the available oxygen in the atmosphere is 21%, it must be known that this percentage remains the same regardless of altitude, above or below sea level. Keeping this in mind, you may think that the oxygen available to the human body remains the same, but this could not be any farther from the truth. Truth is, as altitude increases from sea level, the atmospheric pressure decreases, which in turn decreases the amount of oxygen available to the human body....   [tags: respiratory, oxygen, decompression]

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How the Temperature is Controlled Into the Cabin in the Aircraft

- HOW TEMPERATURE IS CONTROLLED INTO THE CABIN IN THE AIRCRAFT AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM (M2): HOW COLD AIR IS PRODUCED FROM THE AIR CYCLE MACHINE The normal mode is based on the pack temperature demand, which corresponds to the lowest zone temperature demand coming from the Zone Controller. The pack controller sets the pack temperature demand to 20°C as default value, that is, if there is no demand signal sent by the zone controller. The limited pack temperature demand is then compared to the actual temperature measured by: • the pack temperature sensor (8), • the pack discharge temperature sensor (10)....   [tags: air cycle machine, air conditioning system]

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Death Factor: An Essay on John Krakauer and His Team

- ... You see, the altitude is such (8000m and up) that the human body cannot acclimate, or adapt to the higher altitude, and external oxygen is required for most climbers (Harris, paragraph 3). This extra oxygen is stored in cylinders and is hooked in to a regulator. As its name suggests, it regulates the flow of oxygen to the wearer from the oxygen tanks. Conserving the supply of oxygen is important because most climbers carry only one tank at a time and the other tanks are at a camp. Surely, with equipment this important, it takes a lot of responsibility to operate it....   [tags: climbing Mr. Everest, tragedies]

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Acute Mountain Sickness

- “Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a syndrome induced by hypoxia in unacclimatized individuals who ascend rapidly to altitudes exceeding 2500m and remain there for more than several hours” (Beidleman, et al., 2003, p. 322). AMS typically occurs when an individual is exposed to reduced air pressures and lower oxygen concentrations, which is most often encountered at high altitudes (Heller, 2009). “Oxygen is critical to normal cellular function because it is an essential part of the electron transport chain for energy production in cells” (West, 2004, p....   [tags: Health]

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Protecting the Ozone Layer

- Orbiting above the Earth, an astronaut can look down on our home and see the thin blue ribbon that rims our planet. That transparent blanket -- our atmosphere -- makes life possible. It provides the air we breathe and regulates our global temperature. And it contains a special ingredient called ozone that filters deadly solar radiation. The Atmosphere The gaseous area surrounding the planet is divided into several spherical strata separated by narrow transition zones which is the atmosphere. (Graedel 1998) The upper boundary at which gases disperse into space lies at an altitude of approximately 1000 kilometers above sea level....   [tags: Papers]

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Spin Training For Pilots: Preventing Aviation Incident

- Imagine spinning towards the ground in your aircraft and not knowing when impact is going to occur. Your mind is racing frantically to decide how to recover, but panic sets in and there’s nothing more you can do. It’s too late. Private pilots who pilot small aircraft should have to go through more extensive spin and stall training. At the onset of a spin the pilot in control should know the exact steps, instinctively, to recover their aircraft. The most important thing to consider when flying an aircraft is safety; not only the safety of yourself, but the safety of your passengers, too....   [tags: private pilot flight, panic]

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Physical Factors and Their Influence on Location of Orchards in Co. Armagh

- Physical Factors and Their Influence on Location of Orchards in Co. Armagh We will be travelling around Armagh to collect information to help answer the question. The infromation we will collect will either be primary or secondary data. Primary data will include: Aspect; This is the measurement of which direction a certain slope is facing. Slope; This is how steep the slope is. We will measure this by using a clinometer. We will place our clipboard on the slope and put the clinometer on it facing either up or down the slope and then release the trigger and take the reading in degress....   [tags: Papers]

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Improving The Running Experience

- Runners are always looking for ways to become faster. An easy way to drop tremendous time and make the entire running experience easier is to improve running form. Culture has a great impact on running form; from African to Mexican tribal runners, to commercialization of strange alternatives to mainstream footwear, culture impacts every one of us. The lower body plays an obvious role in running, with emphasis on the calves, quadriceps and hamstrings. The upper body plays a key role in running as well, although its purpose is not always agreed upon....   [tags: Fitness]

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Meteorology Final Exam

- Meteorology Final Exam 12/13/13 In regions of low pressure, the wind circulates counterclockwise and inward, with convergence at the surface and divergence aloft. Low pressure systems are marked by clouds, precipitation and/or storms. In regions of high pressure, the wind circulates outward and clockwise, with divergence at the surface and convergence aloft. High pressure systems bring fair, calm and dry weather conditions. p. 9, 260 The advantages of infrared satellite image are: 24-hour availability, information about temperatures of clouds, and the surface in clear areas....   [tags: scientific study of the atmosphere]

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Himalayan Herders: The Significance of Latitudinality

- Himalayan Herders: The Significance of Latitudinality Melvyn Goldstein and Donald Messerschmidt, the authors of "The Significance of Latitudinality in Himalayan Mountain Ecosystems" argues that the altitude oriented "mixed mountain agriculture" model where mountain people move to higher altitudes in the summer and lower ones in the summer does not accurately reflect many areas of the Himalayans (Goldstein and Messerschmidt, 117). Instead, latitudinality lies at the core of cultural adaptation to the high altitude mountain ecosystem for many native Nepalese (Goldstein and Messerschmidt, 126)....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays]

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Smokers in Great Britain and the United States

- Introduction Referring to smoking, different countries have different attitudes towards the habit. Some countries have strong negative altitude against smoking while others do not. In both America and United Kingdom, smokers are seen as social pariahs while in Hong Kong, the altitude towards smokers is not strict (Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 2013). However, the only one similar attitude between all the three countries is that they all disapprove smoking. This paper will explore the statement "Smokers in Great Britain and the United States are increasingly treated as social pariahs"....   [tags: lung cancer, secondhand smoking]

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Theories on the Disappearance of Amelia Earhart

- Introduction Throughout the 1920s and 30s, although forming a thirteenth of all aviators, many women played a significant role in flying. (Corn, p 72) Amelia Earhart was one of these women. She was a pioneer in women’s aviation. In 1928, she became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic alongside pilot Wilmer "Bill" Stultz and co-pilot/mechanic Louis E. "Slim" Gordon. Four years later, she became the first woman to fly solo across the same ocean, replicating the record setting flight of Charles Lindbergh....   [tags: messages, strom, island, pilots]

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The Ozone Hole and Petroleum Release

- The Ozone Hole and Petroleum Release Introduction The atmosphere can be divided into four layers based on temperature variations. The closest layer to the Earth is called the troposphere and it extends from Earth's surface up to 7 km (23,000 ft) at the poles, and about 17-18 km (56,000 ft) at the equator. Above this layer is the stratosphere which extends from the top of the troposphere to about 50 km (32 mi; 170,000 ft). The upper boundary between troposphere and stratosphere is known as the tropopause....   [tags: Atmosphere, Climate Science]

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Abnormal Production Of Red Blood Cells

- β-thalassemia major is an inherited form of hemolytic anemia , characterized by abnormal production of red blood cells. It is a worldwide hereditary blood disorder, highly prevalent in Mediterranean countries, Middle East, Central Asia, India, Southern China, and the Far East as well as countries along the north coast of Africa and South America [1, 2]. It has been estimated that % 1.5 of world population are carriers of β-Thalassemia [3]. The manifestations of the disease include myocarditis and iron overload which seem to be involved in the pathogenesis of left and right ventricular dysfunction and enlargement respectively....   [tags: Red blood cell, Hemoglobin, Blood, Anemia]

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The Reason For Seasons And The Sun

- To begin, the reason for seasons is the change in the altitude of the noonday sun over the course of a year due to the fact that the earth is tilted 23 ½ degrees with respect to a line that is perpendicular to the plain of the earth’s orbit. Now, let’s break this concept down into smaller parts to get the full understanding. The change in the altitude of the noonday sun simply means that the altitude at which the sun is shining onto the earth at noon every day is slowly changing every day throughout the year....   [tags: Sun, Earth, Solstice, Equator]

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An Examination Of How The Cac And Aaa Shaped These Key Battles Of World War II

- The World Wars are unquestionably some of the greatest conflicts in human history. With roots in the earliest years of the twentieth century, what is now known as the Army Air Defense Artillery (ADA) branch played an integral role in the Second World War. Initially called the Coast Artillery Corps (CAC), rebranded as the Anti-Aircraft Artillery (AAA), and finally becoming the ADA, the branch maintains a storied history of action through several key battles of World War II. An examination of how the CAC and AAA shaped these key battles introduced the basis for modern Air Defense Artillery technology and operations, and provides insight into how the ADA can overcome current challenges....   [tags: World War II, Anti-aircraft warfare]

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How Fatigue Affects The Body 's Need For Replenishment And Restoration

- Fatigue can be physiological or subjective in nature. The physiological type of fatigue reflects the body’s need for replenishment and restoration which is what the First Officer suffered from in starting several days before the flight. It could have only been satisfied by rest and a sufficient period of sleep. Subjective fatigue is an individual’s perception of how sleep they feel. This perception was not only affected by when the First Officer last slept and how good she slept, but other factors such as degree of motivation for the task ahead (1)....   [tags: Sleep, Circadian rhythm, Jet lag, Chronotype]

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Air Defense Artillery in Middle East Operations

- Our nation has been in conflict with the Middle East for over two and a half decades. Air Defense Artillery has made a huge impact in Middle East conflicts. The threats that make Air Defense Artillery a necessity for these conflicts include a number of aircraft, such as planes, jets and helicopters as well as launched munitions like scud missiles and mortars. Air Defense Artillery is an ever evolving force and has been there for protection of American forces against these threats. Air Defense Artillery is a group of weapons that divide the airspace into two different sectors....   [tags: Military Technology ]

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An Inside Look at TWA Flight 800

- 1.0 Introduction On July 17, 1996, Trans World Airlines flight 800, A Boeing 747-100, exploded and crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near New York 12 minutes after its departure. All 230 people on board died. 1.1 Accident Timeline Although the flight was scheduled to depart from JFK Airport at about 7:00 p.m., it was delayed due to a disabled piece of ground equipment and concerns about a suspected passenger mismatch with baggage. The airplane took off at 8:18 p.m., shortly at 8:25 p.m., Boston air route traffic control center (ARTCC) instructed the pilots to climb and maintain an altitude of 19,000 feet and then lower down to 15,000 feet....   [tags: airline disasters, fuel, ignition source]

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Is Ladakh A High Elevation Cold Desert?

- Abstract: Ladakh is a high-elevation cold desert, which makes it an extraordinary extreme environment. It provides a suitable habitat some wildly adapted microbes. Due to the high elevation a person can experience freezing cold temperatures and the burning nuisance of the sun all the same time. There is an abundance of cold adapted microbes in Ladakh, some which are thought to have application as inoculants and biocontrol agents in crops not only growing at low temperatures but at high elevation as well....   [tags: Bacteria, Archaea, Hot spring, Temperature]

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Big Island Air Flight 58 Crash

- On the 25th of September 1999, Big Island Air Flight 58 Piper Chieftain, crashed on a slope of the Mauna Loa Volcano in Hawaii at approximately 5:30pm. All nine of the passengers on board and the pilot were killed in the crash. The impact sustained by the airplane and the fire that followed the impact completely destroyed the airplane. Big Island Air Flight 58 was operating under CFR Part 135 air taxi operations providing sight seeing tours to tourists and locals. The Piper Chieftain had departed from Keahole – Kona International Airport, Kona Hawaii (KOA) at around 4:22pm....   [tags: Aviation]

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Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay Succeed In Climbing Mt. Everest

- Sir Edmund Hillary With temperatures well below freezing, blistering winds, thin air, and sheer exhaustion, Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay did what no one in the world had ever done. On May 29, 1953 Hillary and Norgay set foot on the highest point on earth (Rosenberg). Many climbers had tried and failed, many lost their lives, but Hillary, the beekeeper from Auckland, New Zealand, and Norgay a Sherpa from Nepal, achieved every climber’s dream which is to stand on top of the world, to stand atop the beautiful Mount Everest....   [tags: alps, expedition, summit]

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Touching the Void by Joe Simpson

- In 1985, two British mountaineers, Joe Simpson, and Simon Yates, set out to climb the nearly 21,000 foot Siula Grande in the Peruvian Andes. They were successful in their ascent of the previously unclimbed West Face, however, disaster struck on the descent when Simpson slipped down an ice cliff, landing awkwardly and crushing his tibia into his knee joint, resulting in a broken right leg. Touching the Void is the 1988 account written by Simpson, whose powerful and well-written tale tells a story filled with adventure, survival, isolation, trust, and friendship....   [tags: climbing Siula Grande recount]

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Race, Hurricane Katrina, and the Aftermath

- “George Bush doesn’t care about black people.” these are the words that Kanye West spoke during a Hurricane Katrina fundraising concert. Not only did the sentiment expressed with those words resonate with many Americans watching the concert that day, but observing the post Hurricane Katrina aftermath some would go a step further and argue that the United States government doesn’t care about black people. Although there were several events in the history of this country that would lead one to the same conclusion it was the disproportionate suffering and devastation experienced by African Americans in New Orleans not only during Hurricane Katrina but long after the storm had passed tha...   [tags: George Bush, African Americans, Katrina]

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Devastating Effects of the Oleoducto de Crudos Pesados

- Devastating Effects of the Oleoducto de Crudos Pesados Although relatively small in size, Ecuador is one of the most biologically diverse nations in the world. A drastic range of altitude and geographical diversity in such a small area has resulted in a high number of diverse climactic regions. Because of their very different climates and altitudes, Ecuador’s four main regions, the lowland Pacific Coast, the Andes Mountains, the Amazon rainforest, and the Galapagos Islands, are each home to a wide variety of plant and animal species....   [tags: Ecuador Environment Biodiversity Essays]

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The Radar System

- ... Mode A interrogations are used for plane identification information and mode C interrogations are used for altitude information. Nevertheless, the SSR does not rely on the transponder for the position of the aircraft. It determines by measuring the time it takes for the energy beam to be reflected back to radar and the direction of the reflection comes back from. All the information will transmits to the air traffic control system where it will displayed an aircraft label. b) Roles the systems plays in air traffic management Airport Surveillance Radar (ASR-11) is an integrated primary and secondary surveillance radar system that detects the position of the aircraft and weather conditions...   [tags: aricraft, radio waves]

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Test Answers to an Advanced Mathematics and Earth Science Test

- Question 1 A function is the mathematical way of describing a relationship between two sets of variables. In usual notation, the set of the independent variables x, is called the domain and the set of the dependent variables y is termed the range. Most commonly encountered functions are The linear function y = x, the quadratic function y = x2, the cubic function y = x3, the exponential function y = ex, the logarithmic function y = log(x), and periodic functions such as y = cos x, y = sin x, the set of the variable quantity x is the domain, and the set of the corresponding values of the variable y constitutes the range....   [tags: functions, carbon dating, topography]

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The atrocities of Dachau, Auschwitz, and Buchenwald

- Lest We Forget Bold, black, capitalized letters seized the top portion of the April 18, 2014 USA Today newspaper; “OUTRAGE AS JEWS TOLD TO REGISTER IN EAST UKRAINE.” The article reported leaflets were handed to Jews as they left their synagogue in the politically unstable Ukraine. The message, reminiscent of another time and another place, caused many to pause and reflect on the German concentration camps of World War II and the Holocaust. The atrocities of Dachau, Auschwitz, and Buchenwald, labor, prisoner of war and death concentration camps implemented under Hitler’s New Order must be deeply etched in memories for fear they be replicated....   [tags: Concentration Camps, World War II, Adolf Hitler]

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Gas Turbine Engines: Tuboprop and Turbofan Engines

- Task 1 (P4) 1. Select two main types of gas turbine engines and state their pros and cons with respect to their operation, construction and installation arrangement Gas turbine engines are broken into four different types, the turbojet engine, the turbofan engine, the turboprop engine, and the turboshaft engine. Turbofan and turboprop engines will only be given detailed study. Turboprop Engine Turboprop engine is almost the same as turbofan since it is also equipped with a fan on the front section of the engine, which is the propeller used as the source of force of the engine being powered by the turbine....   [tags: airflow, exhaust, nozzle]

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Increasing Tb After Deep Convection Decrease Rapidly

- the heights reached by deep convection decrease rapidly, which translates to greater Tb after LMI. Within 30 km of the storm center at LMI, greater Tb offers evidence of eyes with relatively clearer air due to subsidence. 4 Results Based on High Vertical Resolution GPS-RO Data Temperature anomalies inferred from GPS-RO measurements are shown in Figure 3. Anomalies within 600 km of the storm center (as for AMSU) and 24 hours of LMI are shown relative to both the local climatology and far-field background....   [tags: Tropical cyclone, Wind, Thunderstorm, Cyclone]

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History and Future of Military Drones

- What is the future of the military. Many people would argue that drones are the future. Drones have a long history of development tracing back to the America’s Civil War. A large issue that drones had during this time was that they were highly ineffective, this continued until the war in Afghanistan ware started. During the Afghanistan war, the production of the Predator Drone was commissioned. This has been the military’s most successful military asset because of its many different application that the Predator drone has....   [tags: Military, War, History]

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Under Pressure: Flying the Boeing 777

- For many, being a pilot is a very glamorous job. It does sound like a high profile job, but it is by no means an easy feat. I chose to be a pilot because I wanted to be a globetrotter. I knew that being a commercial pilot is an opportunity to travel to many exciting places. To become a professional pilot, I have trained over 2000 hours. After finishing my training I applied for British airways and trained for nearly one year in the flight simulators of the Boeing 777. Finally, to my delight, the day had come when I would be flying my maiden flight for British Airways....   [tags: being a commercial pilot, personal story]

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Hypoxic Training During The Swimming World

- If you could turn off your body’s natural urge to breathe while holding your breath underwater, would you do it. Hypoxic training in shorter terms is breath control training, which requires swimmers to limit the amount of oxygen intake during a particular set. It heightens the feeling of discomfort and requires swimmers to use the little oxygen they obtain more efficiently. Hypoxic training closely ties with hypercapnia, or the body’s natural urge to breathe, by increasing the ability to resist this reflex (McCarthy)....   [tags: Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Apnea]

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The Crossair Flight 3597 Crash

-   TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 2 2. FACTS OF CROSSAIR FLIGHT 3597 CRASH 3 3. CONTRIBUTING FACTORS 4 3.1 CROSSAIR 4 3.2 PILOT ERROR 5 4. CONCLUSION 7 APPENDIX A 8   1. INTRODUCTION This report is on the Crossair flight 3597 crash which happens at Zurich airport on 24th November 2001. Analysis of Crossair flight 3597 will be covered, which includes details such as facts of Crossair flight 3597 crash, and the three contributing factors involved in the air accident. The three contributing factors are mainly Crossair, pilot error and communications with air traffic controllers....   [tags: pilot error, traffic controllers]

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The Ozone Layer

- The Ozone Layer The stratospheric ozone layer exists at altitudes between about 10 and 40km depending on latitude, just above the tropopause. Its existence is crucial for life on earth as we know it, because the ozone layer controls the absorption of a portion of the deadly ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. UV-A rays, including wavelengths between 320 and 400nm, are not affected by ozone. UV-C rays between 200 and 280nm, are absorbed by the other atmospheric constituents besides ozone. It is the UV-B rays, between 280 and 320nm, absorbed only by ozone, that are of the greatest concern....   [tags: Meteorology Atmosphere Research Papers]

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Storm Tracking Technology

- Technology is very important in every stage of a storm. Starting at the beginning and tracking it to the end. In order to do this certain instruments are used. Here are a few instruments that are used to track storms. The observations of a storm will help meteorologists predict the type of storm that is coming and how long it will last. It will also help them to better prepare the public in case of a severe storm. There are instruments used to track the weather before the storm and they are the anemometer, the wind vane, the hygrograph, and the barometer....   [tags: Meteorology Weather Technology]

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Global Positioning System (GPS)

- INTRODUCTION It was developed by US Department of Defense in 1969 for military applications. The system was made available in 1980s for civil use a decade after it was developed. It is also called as NAVSTAR (Navigation System, Timing and Ranging). Orbiting navigational satellites are used in this system for transmitting position and time data to the handheld devices or receivers. The handheld devices or receivers calculates latitude, longitude, altitude and velocity itself based on the orbiting navigational satellites....   [tags: navigation, position, satellites, signals]

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Astronomy Questions and Answers

- 5(a). What is the angle of the ecliptic with respect to the celestial equator. The angle of the ecliptic with the respect to the celestial equator is approximately 23.6 degree. It was measured by finding the intersection between the celestial equator marking and ecliptic marking, then zooming in to make these two marking straight, and finally measuring the angle of intersection by a protractor. 5(b). Explain why this ecliptic path exists. Ecliptic is the apparent path of the Sun’s motion. Because the Earth is circling around the Sun, the path of the sun is observed as circular on Earth....   [tags: planets, equator, stars]

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Disasters and Natural Hazards

- Disasters and Natural Hazards Executive Summary Regina was hit by its first ever tornado on June 30, 1912, but it is still the deadliest tornado in terms of human lives lost to have occurred in all of Canada to date. The tornado was estimated to have been an F4 in magnitude, with wind speeds of 333-418 km/h, and struck without warning to many. It spawned 18 km to the south of Regina and cut northward through the city, passing through it in roughly three minutes. In the event, a total of 28 lives were lost, more than 200 were injured, more than 2500 were left homeless, and $1.2 million of primary monetary losses was incurred at time, which left Regina in debt from reconstruction costs for...   [tags: tornatoes, regina, reconstruction]

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Why to Travel By Plane Instead of Car

- “ A family of five was traveling to Florida for a family vacation when the family was suddenly struck between two semi’s. The EMT’s pronounced the whole family dead at the scene earlier that night. Police have yet to release details on what the cause of the accident was but said it was an unexpected incident”, the local news reported said. Traveling by plane is safer than driving by car for 3 main reasons: pilots go through intensive training, roads have more traffic than the sky, and there are more car crash fatalities per year than deaths caused by plane crashes....   [tags: car crashes, airplane accidents, pilots]

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Geographical Effects on Cooking and Preparation

- Geographical Effects on Cooking and Preparation Abstract: This paper will attempt to show others the differences and similarities in food preparation due to differences in altitudes. Accordingly, this paper will explore the adjustments necessary to cook in different locations and at different elevations. This paper is of interest to me because I live at an elevation of over 10,572 feet. The backs of boxes do not indicate changes of this type. This also interests me because I have a joy for being in the kitchen....   [tags: Research Cooking Geogrpahy Papers]

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The Discovery Of Aurora Borealis

- X When I was young and saw the picture like the figure1, I think it was not real. It cannot happen in the earth. Maybe someone did Photoshop to edit and retouch the colorful colors in that picture. However, it is a natural phenomenon that happened in the earth 's atmosphere. Galileo Galilei named this phenomenon as "Aurora Borealis." I have three areas of information about auroras to advise you: what aurora borealis is, where the aurora borealis typically seen is, and comparison and contrast this information with Witch Child....   [tags: Earth, Solar wind, Earth's magnetic field]

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Physics and the Speed of Sound

- The Speed of "Sound": is actually the speed of transmission of a small disturbance through a medium. The speed of sound (a) is equal to the square root of the ratio of specific heats (g) times the gas constant (R) times the absolute temperature (T). a = sqrt [g * R * T] Sonic Boom Sound generated by airflow has been around and reasearched for a long time. The increased use of fluid machines and engines has led to an increasing level of noise generation, and hence to an increasing interest in this area of research....   [tags: physics sound]

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Reishi Mushroom Benefits

- Reishi mushroom benefits are embraced globally. Due to proven health benefits of reishi mushrooms, as antivirals and immunostimulants, they are used worldwide for everything from cancer to stress. If you're not fond of the mushroom's rubbery, slippery texture, extracts and powders are available. Heart Mender Modern research is verifying the efficacy of herbs almost daily. Although, the most powerful validation of a specific herb's healing power are conclusions of other culture's practitioners over thousands, even millions of years....   [tags: Health, Medical Treatments]

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Controversy of Using Unethically Obtained Nazi Data for Current Research

- Controversy of Using Unethically Obtained Nazi Data for Current Research During World War II, Nazi doctors committed atrocious crimes in the name of research against their Jewish prisoners. This research done in such a way that never can or should be done again, plays an important role in science. We must allow researchers to use Nazi data to add light to their research, however only if it is the only source for the data they need to improve their research or findings. To understand the full breadth of the Nazis' research practices you must examine some of the Nazi research history leading up to the Nuremberg trials of 1946....   [tags: Papers]

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1169 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Environmental Consequences of Nuclear Weapons Use

- Nuclear weapons have a long-lasting and devastating effect on the world for many years after an initial explosion. Fallout from United States atmospheric testing from 1945 to 1963 killed an estimated 70,000 to 800,000 people worldwide. People who have worked in the early nuclear weapons programs have been exposed to significant amounts of radiation (Schwartz 395). When a nuclear weapon goes off, there are four basic types of explosions: air bursts, surface blast, subsurface burst, and high altitude burst....   [tags: Nuclear Weapons Essays]

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2358 words | (6.7 pages) | Preview

Into Thin Air by Jon Krakauer

- Into Thin Air by Jon Krakauer On May 10, 1996, nine people perished on Mt. Everest. Jon Krakauer, a writer from Outside magazine, was there to witness the events and soon after write the book, Into Thin Air, chronicling the disaster. Jon Krakauer is not only the writer and narrator of Into Thin Air but is also one of the main characters. Originally Outside Magazine planned to send Krakauer to Everest in order for him to write a story for the magazine. The climb was completely financed by the magazine with one of the leading Everest guide groups led by Rob Hall, an elite climber....   [tags: Thin Air Krakauer]

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1229 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Crossair Flight 3597

- 1. Introduction 1.1 About the assignment In international air transportation, airline flight operations play a critical part in ensuring passengers and cargo arrive at their destinations safely and on time. Having seen Crossair flight 3597’s crash, the objective of this assignment is to analyse the factual information, causes of the crash and thus learn valuable lessons from the errors committed that led to the crash. 2. Facts of Crossair flight 3597 2.1 About Flight 3597 Crossair Flight 3597 was a scheduled flight from Berlin-Tegel, Germany to Zurich in Switzerland on 24 November 2001....   [tags: air transportation safety]

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Population Density and Distribution

- Population Density and Distribution A Dot Distribution map is able to show the population density of very small areas. They don't show the country as a whole, but show the little regions where people are concentrated. So it is very hard to compare countries to each other. In the other hand, the Population Density maps are maps with countries that are shaded according to their population density as a whole. So, we can compare countries, but can't see the small regions in the country, that have a denser population than the other regions....   [tags: Papers]

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547 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Arctic and Alpine Soils

- Arctic and Alpine Soils Proposal (Ant)arctic (high-latitude) and alpine (mountain) areas are affected by relatively similar climates, as latitude and altitude produce similar meteorologic effects. In these geographic regions where temperature is at such a pronounced extreme, climate would seem to be the leading factor of soil development. It is my goal in this research paper to answer the following question: How do the soils of arctic and alpine areas differ. This idea, taken largely from an abstract by Birkeland (1975), will be explored through the comparison of the soils of these two geographic regions, and an analysis of the soil development factors in those environments....   [tags: Argriculture Research Papers]

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Agriculture in the Himalayas of Nepal

- Agriculture in the Himalayas of Nepal According to some estimates, as much as 90% of Nepal's population relies on agriculture for its sustenance.[1] The significant climactic variations between Nepal's sub-tropical Terai region, hills region, and Himalayan mountain region lead to a variety of different agricultural models. Within the northern Himalayan region, additional variations in agricultural style exist because of changes in the qualities of available soil and quantities of moisture at different altitudes....   [tags: Nepal Farming Essays Papers Ecology]

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The Third Reich

- The Third Reich, created by Adolf Hitler, took place between 1933 and 1945 in Germany. In this period, the Nazis conducted experiments with two purposes: searching the manufacture and improvement of a single race (Aryan) and solve problems encountered during the Second World War. Nazis experimented with communists people, Jews, homosexuals, and Gypsies societies. EXPERIMENT # 1: STERILIZATION The population used: 500 women. The procedure of the experiment: the infiltration of a liquid in the female reproductive organs and wait a day to be sure that there is no a secondary reaction....   [tags: Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, World War II]

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The V-22 Osprey: The Major Challenges, Roles, and Impacts of this Innovative Aircraft

- ... Somehow, design continued. Looking in retrospect, it seems as though the full scale testing of the craft with so many soldiers on board occurred too soon in the Osprey's development. Looking back on this process, it also seems as though the military had so many resources invested on the V-22, that they were possibly over-committed and would not consider project termination, or defeat as the military might view it, even an option. After all, by this time, development of the V-22 program had cost a much higher-than-expected $27 billion when compared to the $2.5 billion originally projected (Baglole)....   [tags: US armed forces, mission, capabilities]

Term Papers
1469 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Stereotypes and Myths About The Use of Placebo in Medical Field

- Nowadays, it is a generally acknowledged fact that most doctors prescribe or use placebo with or without patient’s consent in order to improve the outcome of the treatment. A placebo is a medically inert treatment or substance that is meant to delude the patient so that a physical relief of symptoms and enhancement in the patient’s medical condition can be observed. (Barnhill) Throughout the history, placebo has always been approached with apprehension and suspicion.(Horizon) It is quite a controversial subject in medicine but recent research shows that there is more to placebo than the stereotypes and the myths let on....   [tags: dopamine hormone, parkinson's decease]

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Non-Stop Movie Review: A Ticking Timebomb 40,000 Feet in the Air

- Non-Stop Terror, A ticking time bomb 40,000ft in the air. Making a film about the USA’s most feared terrorist attack and someone trying to prevent it, yea that sounds like a suspenseful two hours. Non-Stop, a suspenseful nonstop thriller witch is absolutely successful in providing an atmosphere of utmost distress and uncertainty. Liam Neeson is the perfect actor for this film; he is great at providing a sense of authority and the “wise man” attitude for any situation. Non-Stop is the perfect title and emphasizes the non-stop terror and calamity portrayed in a commercial airline 40,000ft....   [tags: terrorist, flight, suspense]

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The History of Current Use of Plant Based Medicine in India

- CHAPTER 1 Chapter-1. Introductio 1.1 General Introduction 2-5 1.2 Indian System Medicine 5-11 1.3 Herbal Drug Industry 12-13 1.4 Amaranthus 13-15 1.5 Selection of Plant 15-17 CHAPTER 1 1.1 GENERAL INTRODUCTION: The history of phytotherapy is to trace the history of civilization itself. The discovery of the certain plants for their curative properties must have sprung from instinct. Traditional medicine is an evolutionary process as communities and individuals continue to discover new techniques to heal the aliment that can renovate into medical practices....   [tags: phytotherapy, herbal, health]

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Long Live Lady Lindy: The Fascination of an Airborne Legacy

- Long Live “Lady Lindy”: The Fascination of an Airborne Legacy “Adventure is worthwhile in itself.”-Amelia Earhart. Earhart couldn’t be more right when she said this. From the days of her early childhood as a tomboy to her final disappearance as one of the world’s greatest female pilots, Amelia Earhart led many “adventure[s]” that inspired and intrigued the world. She began as a daring tomboy at a young age and went on to achieve many firsts as a pilot and as a woman in her time. After her tragic disappearance while attempting to fly around the world, what happened to Earhart instantly became the most puzzling mystery the world has ever encountered and still continues to fascinate today....   [tags: Amelia Earhart, notorious women pilots]

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1376 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

An Investigation to Determine if Fig Distribution Drives Bat Distribution

- An investigation to determine if fig distribution drives Bat distribution Introduction: Fig trees (Ficus spp. Moraceae) are groups of species-rich plants that are tropical and subtropical in nature. They are exclusively pollinated by host-tree specific wasps (Compton et al., 1996); figs have been considered to be “keystone plant resources” in many tropical forest habitats for frugivorous animals including fruit bats (Bleher et al., 2003 & Kalko et al., 1996). Fig trees have about 800 species distributed worldwide, having one of the largest genera of woody plants....   [tags: climate, variables, fruit]

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1088 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

For Kenya, Agriculture is a Life or Death Matter

- Most economies in the world depend on commodities. The commodities that assist economies vary from country to country. Most countries use agriculture or natural resources to support their economy. Even though different countries may have different elements to support their economy, the general opinion around the world is that industrialization supports economies in a very efficient way. Even small amounts of industrialization can give a large boost to the economy as compared to the other elements that support the economy....   [tags: developing African countries]

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1641 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Fear of Flight on Our Family Trip to Florida

- It was summer and I was in my room playing games and then my parents came home and yelled “kids come down stairs we have exciting news for you.” My siblings and I came down stairs and heard the news that we're going on a vacation to Florida. I was excited at first because I had never been to Florida,but when I heard that we're going by plane I started to get a little nervous because I'm afraid of heights, and I had never been on an airplane. Later that day we started to pack our luggage and put into the car for tomorrow....   [tags: personal narrative]

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Personal Experience: Developing World Education Through a Charity Organization

- ... And I got excited. I made some money at the young age, but not huge amounts. And I thought “This is a great way to help the village of Bahundada” to take my books to give that gift to the kids. I had this vision on day nine of the trek, and I might have had this vision in the middle of the night; coz I was drinking the local Rockshee, in 15000 feet altitude. And my vision was very simple, it was of one of my heroes Andrew Carnegie. Carnegie, while being known as a greedy capitalist robber baron, also redeemed himself later in life by setting up a network of over 3000 libraries across the US, England and Scotland Carnegie libraries were everywhere....   [tags: corporate career, himalayas, children]

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1567 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Investigating The Factors That Affect The Rate Of Transpiration

- Purpose: The primary purpose of this experiment was to find out what environmental factors if at all affect the rate of transpiration. Transpiration is the process in plants which water taken from the roots are evaporated at the leaves. For the water to be transported through the plant, surface tension, adhesion and cohesion are important as it holds the water together and attached to other surfaces. If transpiration is affected by environmental factors, then increasing the wind and light/temperature will have a direct correlation of transpiration rate; furthermore, wind and light/heat combined will affect the rate larger than just one factor by itself....   [tags: Water, Evaporation, Experiment, Transpiration]

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755 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Shallow Water Blackout : Hypoxic Training 's Secret Killer

- Shallow Water Blackout: Hypoxic Training’s Secret Killer If you could turn off your body’s natural urge to breathe while holding your breath underwater, would you do it. Hypoxic training in shorter terms is breath control training, which requires swimmers to limit the amount of oxygen intake during a particular set. It heightens the feeling of discomfort and requires swimmers to use the little oxygen they obtain more efficiently. Hypoxic training closely ties with hypercapnia, or the body’s natural urge to breathe, by increasing the ability to resist this reflex (McCarthy)....   [tags: Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Apnea]

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1178 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Malaria in Swaziland: Key Factors and Colonial Response

- Malaria has been a major health problem in Swaziland for as long as both historical records and the Swazi themselves have recorded. Colonial records illustrate the problem of malaria from a British perspective, which provides interesting insight into the study and response to the disease. Alan William Pim wrote one such document, titled “Financial and economic situation of Swaziland. Report of the commission appointed by the secretary of state for dominion affairs, January, 1932”. As the title suggests, it details the economic atmosphere of Swaziland, which in turn reveals the relationship between political atmosphere, environment, and health in Swaziland....   [tags: health issues in African countries]

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1479 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Karl Brandt As A Good Or Bad Person

- Throughout medicine, there have been heroes, villains, and people in between. Which category they are put in depends on the beholder. However, whether the person in question is seen as a good or bad person, they still could have contributed to medicine’s history. This is the case with Karl Brandt, a physician who worked under Hitler during World War II. While he may have practiced medicine in an unconventional way, he was a major figure who made an impact. Brandt, a German physician, befriended Hitler through Anni Rehborn, Brandt’s future wife....   [tags: Adolf Hitler, World War II, Nazi Germany, Medicine]

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902 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

The Son Tay Raid in North Vietnam

- In North Vietnam in 1970 several soldiers, sailors and airman were killed, beaten, starved and confined in solitary confinement causing severe mental issues in prisons in North Vietnam. Many of the American Prisoners were pilots for the Army and Air Force shot down during the heavy bombing raids ordered by President Johnson in 1964. 1 For nearly 2,000 days, or six plus years many of these Americans imprisoned in Son Tay about 23 miles west of Hanoi in North Vietnam. After several reports to the Pentagon from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and the National security Agency (NSA), one of the greatest orchestrated prison rescue attempt was coordinated in...   [tags: Vietnam War Essays]

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1558 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Human Alterations, Deforestation, and its Adverse Affects

- Information from the Human Development Index (HDI) regarding life expectancy, education levels, adult literacy, and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) were used for comparison of countries with high deforestation rates. A World Bank database was used to obtain deforestation rates, population growth rates and HDI values. The statistical analyses used were t tests and correlation coefficients to examine correlations between different factors. Scatter plots were used to observe how closely the results mirrored the Kuznets curve; an inverted U- shaped curve predicting deforestation to increase, reach an equilibrium, and then decrease....   [tags: Environment, Deforestation]

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1767 words | (5 pages) | Preview

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