Your search returned over 400 essays for "alienation"
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O’Neill’s The Hairy Ape: Most Representative Play of Early 1900s

- American theatre in the early 1900s highlighted the changes that were occurring in society. Throughout this era, playwrights were making drama new by challenging traditions. Broadway’s establishment caused a rise in theatre that led to new plays and playwrights emerging. Among those emergent playwrights was Eugene O’Neill. O’Neill’s The Hairy Ape encompassed Modern characteristics such as alienation and industrialization, as well as characteristics of Naturalism. Although The Hairy Ape is one of the most representative plays of this era, many other plays are worth noting as influential during the early 1900s....   [tags: american theatre, drama, traditions]

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Exploring the Strange World of Kafka

- Franz Kafka, one of the best known 20th century literary figures, has a unique writing style that has been widely influential and is worthy to emulate. The objective of this paper is to analyze and pull apart the various aspects of Kafka’s style, and concurrently critique my own attempt to imitate Kafka’s style. I will explore the aspects of Kafka’s work (primarily Metamorphosis) from the very basic elements of style to literary techniques, and explain my attempt to utilize these same elements in my own work of short fiction The Infinite Desert....   [tags: The Hunger Artist, Metamorphosis]

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The Relationship Between Worker and Employer

- The relationship between worker and employer has created what is perhaps the most prominent disparity in the capitalist economy. Wage labor is controlled by private owners who manage trade, production, and industry with the goal of making profit. A worker’s labor becomes a marketable instrument used by a proprietor for capital accumulation. Since the laborer works in the service of his employer, the employer has ultimate control over both the wage and assignment of the worker. Karl Marx dubbed the result of this divide, alienation, or Entfremdung, which asserts the supremacy of prolificacy over the well-being of the worker....   [tags: google ventures, wage labor]

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The Existential Concept of Authenticity

- An existentialist believes an individual’s existence is absurd unless he adds meaning to it through his own actions. In the novels The Stranger and The Metamorphosis, the authors, Albert Camus and Franz Kafka, tell their stories from different perspectives. Using points of view, the authors show their characters’, Mersault and Gregor, alienation to convey the existential concept of authenticity. One becomes authentic when he or she lives their life according to how they define themselves. Camus and Kafka both use their own points of view to shape their characters....   [tags: Literary Characters]

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Struggle for Love and Acceptance

- Mary Shelley was born to political parents and eleven days after her birth her mother died. She then became pregnant by a married man and was alienated by her father, as well as her losing her prematurely born daughter. Shelley being shunned by her peers helped influence the plot, setting, and characters development in Frankenstein. During the time period, scientist researched electricity and its effects on dead animals as well as humans. Many grave robberies took place during this time period as well-which inspired Shelley in the original opener of Frankenstein....   [tags: monster, mary shelley, frankenstein]

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Man as Laborer: Karl Marx

- In Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts and several notes excerpted from his other works, Karl Marx offers an interpretation of history based on the socioeconomic dichotomy between rich and poor. He classifies history as a record of the way a society organizes itself in order to satisfy the material needs (food, shelter, clothing etc.) of the people during any given point in time. Furthermore, Marx investigates the relationships among people caused by these material conditions, in order to better understand the effect a government....   [tags: socioeconomic dichotomy, rich, poor]

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An Upclose Look at Marxism

- Contents Introduction 3 Marx’s life and work 3 The materialist theory of history 4 Theory of human-nature: Economical, society and consciousness 5 Diagnosis: Alienation, Capitalism and exploitation 5 Prescription: Revolution and utopia 5 Conclusion 5 My opinion 6 Bibliography 7   Introduction Marx is said to be the greatest theorist of the industrial revolution and the earlier phases of capitalism. Although skeptical about religion, his ideas of human inequality are derived from Christianity....   [tags: socioeconomics, politics]

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The Gender Politics of Work Exposed in The Yellow Wallpaper

- The Gender Politics of Work Exposed in The Yellow Wallpaper      The literature of the nineteenth century cataloged the social, economical and political changes during its period. Through it many new concerns and ideologies were proposed and made their journeys through intellectual spheres that have endured and kept their relevance in our own period today. The literature, sometimes quite overtly, introduced the issues arising with the changes in society specifically due to the industrial revolution....   [tags: Yellow Wallpaper essays]

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The Psychological Dimension of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Birthmark

- The Psychological Dimension of “The Birthmark”               This essay will analyze Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “The Birthmark” in order to demonstrate that it is a “psychological” short story both in its themes and in its emphasis on the moral-psychological aspect of the main characters. There is probably unanimity among literary critics that Hawthorne is a “psychological” writer. Consider some of their statements chosen at random from various critiques of Hawthorne’s literary works: Stanley T. Williams in “Hawthorne’s Puritan Mind” says: What he wrote of New England was ....   [tags: Birthmark, Nathaniel Hawthorne]

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Foucault and Finance Capital

- While Foucault was, I think, correct in leaving out finance capital at the level of practice, I believe it was an error in terms of discourse. To use the figure of the entrepreneur in a highly technological and developed age is not to evoke the figure, to put it in the most general and simplistic terms, of someone who goes to a factory and checks in on their investment from time to time. The entrepreneur, before even the notion of finance capital comes into view for us, is someone already deeply divorced from the production process and our general way of thinking about it....   [tags: Entrepreneurs, Neo-Liberal Era]

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Frankenstein and Faustus

- Frankenstein and Faustus The Alienation of Victor Frankenstein and Dr. John Faustus Victor Frankenstein and John Faustus are two characters that are alienated because of their intellectual curiosity. Faustus’s and Frankenstein’s pursuits of knowledge begin with an inexorable journey to their downfalls as they become alienated. Both characters attempt to exceed human ability and are alienated from God because of their attempts. These men are concerned with the secrets of nature and are ultimately alienated from the world because of their quests which violate nature....   [tags: essays papers]

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Suicide in Bartleby and Life in the Iron Mills

- Suicide in Bartleby and Life in the Iron Mills Life in the Iron Mills and Bartleby are centered on characters who are alienated laborers, looking for means through which they cannot be deprived of their humanity. Hugh Wolfe and Bartleby are both workers who have been victimized by the capitalistic system. As Karl Marx explains, the capitalistic system exploits the laborer and thus robs the laborer of his humanity through alienating the laborer. Both Wolfe and Bartleby become victims of the system, for they are not only alienated and dehumanized....   [tags: Bartleby Scrivener Essays]

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The Theme in The Minister’s Black Veil

- The Theme in “The Minister’s Black Veil”                  Morse Peckham in “The Development of Hawthorne’s Romanticism” explains what he interprets Hawthorne’s main theme to be in his short stories:   This technique, though Hawthorne’s is different from that of European writers, creates analogies between self and not-self, between personality and the worlds. . . .Henceforth Hawthorne’s theme is the redemption of the self through the acceptance and exploitation of what society terms the guilt of the individual but which to the Romantic is society’s guilt (92)....   [tags: Ministers Black Veil Essays]

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Inner Smile - Deconstructing the Heterosexual Matrix

- Inner Smile - Deconstructing the Heterosexual Matrix An issue that is gaining in political and social importance is the issue of homosexuality. Reports of homosexuality and societal responses to homosexuality are brought up again and again in media coverage. These past few decades have seen a large increase in awareness of issues concerning homosexuality. Gender is intricately linked to homosexuality and numerous theorists have explored gender and sexuality under the umbrella term of Gay and Lesbian studies or Queer theory....   [tags: Research Papers Essays]

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Karl Marx

- KARL MARX: HIS WORKS This paper will be about the main elements of Karl Marx’s work, which includes the Paris Manuscripts, which will focus on alienation. The Communist Manifesto, which will focus on Marx’s political and economic theories and Capital Vol. 1., Marx’s final work about how profits are made by the capitalist. Karl Marx was a liberal reformist who believed that capitalism could be reformed and inequality and exploitation of the working classes could be addressed and abolished. (Stones, p.22) ....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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The Rise and Fall of Existentialism

- The Rise and Fall of Existentialism     Existential literature often focuses on the personal journey towards existential awareness. Common themes in existential works, such as alienation and confrontation with death, often lead the "anti-hero" towards a climactic choice that defines whether they have reached true understanding. The themes within existential literature are reflected from the world at large, and the works themselves are a metaphor for a grander shift in Western philosophy.   Intellectualism in post-war Europe had a sort of existential realization of its own, paralleling the experiences of its literary figures....   [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]

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How does Cloud Atlas offer an Interpretation of Marxism in a Highly Technological Society?

- ‘From each according to his ability, to each according to his need’ is a slogan popularised by Karl Marx to illustrate a communist society which will produce an abundance of goods and services to satisfy everyone’s needs. It is important to note the significance of differing time periods – Marx wrote in the 19th century, whilst Cloud Atlas was written in 2004. Whilst Mitchell utilises aspects of Marxist theory in his novel; unlike Marx, he explores how pertinent Marxism is to a modern and technological society....   [tags: marxism, cloud atlas, societies]

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The Protagonists in the Novel 1984 and Film V for Vendetta

- ... Ultimately forcing him to love Big Brother, against his own will. Successfully instilling the sense of future alienation and loss of individuality in the readers. In “V for Vendetta”, the purpose of Evey’s torture was quite simple. V was doing what Evey asked of him: To become fearless against the government. Evey was kidnapped by V after Gordon was killed by government agents for conspiracies against Norsefire (the government), and then placed in a false government facility where Evey believed that she had been taken hostage by the secret agents....   [tags: rebellion, tortured, government]

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Durkheim’s Thesis on Social Solidarity in Different Types of Societies

- Durkheim’s thesis in regards to social solidarity, based upon his views, which explain individuals influenced by social facts. The social facts he outlined and referred to as a “thing” (Ritzer, p 185) are the languages spoken, buildings, and ethics. Durkheim viewed social facts being outside of the individual but yet powerful in shaping the individual. Social facts defined as material and nonmaterial. Material social facts visible such as buildings, while nonmaterial social facts difficult to see but as a society we know they exist....   [tags: sociology, solidarity]

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Clarifying Can You Hear Me Now? by Sherry Turkle

- When reading an article or journal, it can be complex and not fully understood by everyone. Because of this we would have to investigate meanings to be able to understand the full text. Sherry Turkle, a professor and current director of the MIT initiative on Technology and Self, in her 2007 Forbes article “Can You Hear Me Now?” she addresses the topic of technology and discusses society’s growing dependency and alienation as a result of it. Since Turkle wrote the article for an educated, mature and business oriented audience, some terms and ideas may need clarifying for the common reader....   [tags: technology, society dependence]

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Moral Theory and Personal Relationships

- Moral Theory and Personal Relationships In his article "The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories," Michael Stocker argues that mainstream ethical theories, namely consequentialism and deontology, are incompatible with maintaining personal relations of love, friendship, and fellow feeling because they both overemphasise the role of duty, obligation, and rightness, and ignore the role of motivation in morality. Stocker states that the great goods of life, i.e. love, friendship, etc., essentially contain certain motives and preclude others, such as those demanded by mainstream ethics.11 In his paper "Alienation, Consequentialism, and the Demands of Morality," Peter Railton argues that...   [tags: Michael Stocker Ethical Theories Essays]

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growing up and loathing it

- Growing Up and Loathing It Alienation can be interpreted as loneliness caused by the lack of understanding of others, and may be caused by oneself or inflicted upon by another. During teenage years, boys are especially susceptible to the anguish felt as a result of alienation. Jerry Renault, the protagonist of the Chocolate War, is encumbered by both the alienation imposed upon himself, and that which is burdened upon him by a secret society known as the Vigils. The Catcher in the Rye introduces Holden Caufield who has segregated himself from all but a few of those surrounding him, and is deeply troubled by this....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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The Good Women of Setzuan by Bertolt Brecht

- When looking at the story of The Good Woman of Setzuan, written by Bertolt Brecht, it is not easy to tell whether it is a tragedy or a comedy. Although the play has many comedic elements, the general storyline is quite sad and most of the characters end up worse off than they were at the start of the play; although the elements of comedy that Brecht does choose to include are an essential part of the play. Each piece of comedy serves a specific function to broadening the understanding of the message of the play....   [tags: Comendy, Literary Analysis, Tragedy]

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Woman At Point Zero and The Metamorphosis

- Thesis Statement: The absence of mother in the protagonist’s life in Woman At Point Zero and The Metamorphosis contributes greatly to their alienation. ‘All that I am or ever hope to be, I owe to my Mother’ -Abraham Lincoln.’1 Alienation: a withdrawing or separation of a person, or a person’s affections from an object or position of former attachment4. Alienation is a key theme present in Woman at Point Zero2 and The Metamorphosis3 by Nawaal El Saadawi and Franz Kafka respectively which is approached in different ways....   [tags: compare, contrast, comparison]

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Marxist Thoughts and Its Application to Society

- Marxist thought and its application to society has shone much light on Man’s understanding of the role of religion within his society. The roots of Marxism finds its birth from the writings of Karl Marx (1818-83) and Fredrick Engels (1820-95). The publication and writings of Marx and Engels are “highly influential both on the political and theoretical understanding of society and the role of religion within society” (Kunin, 2003: 3). It is important to first underline (briefly and simply) Marx’s main theories which he used to critique religion as a product of Man....   [tags: Sociology, Marx, Engels]

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Marx: The Economic Basis of Human Societies

- Marx: The Economic Basis of Human Societies Introduction Marxism as it is known today states that “actions and human institutions are economically determined, that the class struggle is the basic agency of historical change” (Collins English Dictionary, 1994: 959). In this assignment the worldview of Karl Marx will be discovered and the crux of Marxism will be uncovered. Marx’s Life and Work Karl Marx was born in 1818 in Germany during an oppressive time. His Jewish father who; under the discriminatory laws had to convert to Christianity in order to become a lawyer....   [tags: historical change, materialist theory]

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Look Back in Anger by John Osborne

- RAPID CHANGING WORLD. Britain was bankrupt after the Second World War and it had a negative impact on Britain and its society. The British Empire decreased drastically resulting in many soldiers, generals and civilians returning but Britain was very different after the war due to its cities being severely bombed. This added to the feeling of depression and nostalgia which weighed heavily on people. The play Look Back in Anger by John Osborne is seen as one of the most important plays in modern Britain as it was the first well recognised example of kitchen sick drama....   [tags: modern britain, patriarchal society]

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Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, and Religion

- Karl Marx (1818-1883) was the most influential revolutionary socialist thinker of the 19th century. Marx’s key interests were in establishing a revolutionary party for the working classes and analysing capitalist society in order to find its strengths and weaknesses and so plan its demise. With his friend and colleague, Friedrich Engels (1820-1895), he created “The Communist Manifesto” in which they described the communist society which would be created as a result of the revolutionary overthrow of the capitalists by the working classes....   [tags: Communism vs God]

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Culture Dominated by Males in Literature

- How is the protagonist’s relationship with his/her mother the source of their alienation. ‘All that I am or ever hope to be, I owe to my angel Mother’ -Abraham Lincoln.’1 Alienation: a withdrawing or separation of a person, or a person’s affections from an object or position of former attachment2. Alienation is a key theme present in Woman at Point Zero3 and The Metamorphosis4 by Nawaal El Saadawi and Franz Kafka respectively which is accentuated by both authors to describe what the protagonists go through....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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The Importance of Race in Othello

- Throughout time, writing has evolved such that gender, race and creed have taken on a more pivotal role in fiction. Some people argue that race in William Shakespeare’s tragedy, “Othello,” is hardly an issue. However, to many people, race is everything in “Othello. The challenges that Othello, the lead character, faces are directly attributed to his “Moor” complexion and if he were of a different nationality, the outcome of his situation would have been drastically different. These claims are supported by the articles of “Othello’s Alienation” by Edward Berry and “Race Mattered: Othello in Late Eighteenth-Century England” by Virginia Mason Vaughan that argue that race is a major element in “...   [tags: Discuss the importance of race in Othello]

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William Faulkner's A Rose for Emily

- In William Faulkner’s “A Rose for Emily,” Miss Emily Grierson becomes a lost young woman after the death of her father, the only love she has ever known. She does not know any other type of love other than her father’s, or how to express her love to others. During her older years, Emily meets Homer Barron and never wants to let him go. The night before their wedding, Emily finds out that Homer wants to leave her in order to pursue alternate avenues of love. After learning that he is gay and wants to leave, Emily decides to murder him....   [tags: Summary, Literary Analysis, Imagery, Themes]

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The Metamorphosis Written by Franz Kafka

- The American Heritage Dictionary defines metamorphosis as ‘a marked change in appearance, character, condition, or function.’ This definition helps build a strong foundation for discussing the Marxist theories observed in Franz Kafka’s novella, “The Metamorphosis”. The main idea developed from Marxism is that money is power. This is first sensed through the idea that the main character, Gregor Samsa, is a hard-working travelling salesman who has never missed a day of work in his life. It is stated that Gregor is working to get “the money together to pay off my parent’s debt [to him].” (Kafka 4) Since Gregor is perceived as a consistently hard worker, he is an example of the Proletariat cla...   [tags: transformation, monster, giant bug]

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Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

- ... Currently in today's society we still view those with birth defects as abnormal and do not consider them as part of society because they are not normal. As with Bernard the alphas view him inferiorly, because of this Bernard despises all those in the World State and critizies their motives and desires. Bernard is not similar to the citizens in the World State because he is lovesick for Lenina who sees nothing in him except social gain, he becomes very jealous of men around Lenina making him fiercely angry because he still has sexual desires but does not advance in them....   [tags: exile, alienated, bernard marx]

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Metamorphosis and Heart of Darkness

- It is said no man is an island, no man stands alone. True human existence can not prevail positively or productively without the dynamics of society. In many ways society has put restrictions on man, and has held him back from his surroundings. It can also be said that in today’s society is blinded by the fantasies and stereotypes that surround them. Therefore man remains confined to realms of the world, which in turns cripples humanity. This society has placed man in his own bubble and left him to suffer, and to die if he does not measure up to the prevailing social standings....   [tags: Metamorphosis, Heart of Darkness]

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Pre-Modernism Themes Showcased In Literature

- ... When they do speak to each other it always leads to an argument as seen when he states, “My words are nearly always an offense / I don’t know how to speak of anything / So as to please you.” (48-50). Frost made sure to introduce this theme early in the poem and is clearly seen throughout the rest of the work. Cirillo, 2 Ernest Hemingway, like many veterans of WWI, dealt with disillusionment upon returning home from the war, and which could explain the disillusioned character theme that is seen in many of his works....   [tags: traumatic events, world war I]

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The Effects of Hardiness

- As hardiness is defined as the personality characteristic that allows an individual to remain optimistic and in good health after a stressful life experience, it is important to determine how this can be related to the age of an individual. As evidence of the relationship between age and hardiness comes to the forefront, it can be more easily understood how some cope with stressful life events while others find it harder to cope. Schmied and Lawler, (1986) published a study in order to examine the impact of hardiness, Type A personality and stress on secretarial working women....   [tags: Psychology, Health]

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"The Other" as an Element Found in The Scarlet Letter

- The element of "the other" is strongly found in The Scarlet Letter. This element encompasses alienation, exclusion, and isolation, which can be found in the primary characters of Hester, Pearl, Dimmesdale, and Chillingworth. These people are ostracized because they have "deviate[d] from others' expectations (Williams 3)." In Kesterson's Critical Essays on Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter, he gives a good summarizing description of how the characters in The Scarlet Letter, Hester, Pearl, Dimmesdale, and Chillingworth, are outcasts from society in different ways....   [tags: American Literature]

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Marx's Account of the Relationship Between Technological and Political Change

- Marx's Account of the Relationship Between Technological and Political Change "The windmill will give you a society with the feudal lord, the steam mill a society with the industrial capitalist.[1]" This quote, from Marx’s Poverty of Philosophy, shows us that there is a link in Marx’s writing between technological change, or the methods of production, and political change, or the structure of society. One of the most important concepts used by Marx to show this relationship is his idea of ‘historical materialism’ and all forms of change must be set in the context of this version of history....   [tags: Papers]

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The Theme of Hawthorne’s The Minister's Black Veil

- “The Minister’s Black Veil” – The Theme                In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s tale, “The Minister’s Black Veil,” the dominanat theme is obviously one man’s alienation from society. This essay intends to explore, exemplify and develop this topic.   Hyatt Waggoner in “Nathaniel Hawthorne” states:   Alienation is perhaps the theme he handles with greatest power. “Insulation,” he sometimes called it – which suggests not only isolation but imperviousness. It is the opposite of that “osmosis of being” that Warren has written of, that ability to respond and relate to others and the world....   [tags: Ministers Black Veil Essays]

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Effects of British Colonization on Zimbabwe Women

- The Effects of British Colonization on Zimbabwe Women The British began their colonization of Zimbabwe in 1890 as part of their project of capitalist expansion and world domination. Colonial expansion was a means of complete control of territories and furthered the expansion of their capitalist political economy. Africa provided the British with slaves, minerals, and raw materials to help them in their capitalist development. To help support capitalist expansion, the British asserted colonial discourse of power and superiority over the colonized....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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The Destructive Social Impact of the Internet

- The Destructive Social Impact of the Internet The Advent of Internet communication technology is in and of itself, a positive move toward overall global advancement, but the costly social impact is what concerns Lebanese families and sociologists alike. This fear is further amplified by the anticipated social disintegration that may result....   [tags: Papers]

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Society: the Bane of Human Existence?

- Herbert Spencer made many astute assessments of the way societies work. He created theories to explain the way they grow and change and interact with one another. Spencer viewed society as an organism, and he referred to society as a super-organic system. He believed that, in both organic and super-organic systems, evolution was the result of the system becoming more differentiated. He emphasized three developmental tendencies shared by societies and organisms: 1) growth in size, 2) an increase in structure, and 3) an increase in functions....   [tags: Sociology]

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Native Identity in Welch´s Winter in the Blood, The Heartsonh of Charging Elf, and Alexie´s Flight

- ... Nevertheless, his recollection creates a sense of disorientation that further separates him from obtaining a true identity. His feelings of detachment are further amplified through the memories of First Raise and Moose. As the narrator is overwhelmed with nostalgia, he becomes burdened with grief “for no one but [his] soul” (Winter 146). The continuous pains of his past are what prompt him to discover the story of his grandmother’s youth, and his relationship to the past. In re-telling Moose’s death, he is able to “[cry] for no one in the world to hear” (Winter 146)....   [tags: protagonists, self-knowledge, societies]

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Epic Theater

- Social change is defined as an ‘alteration in the basic structures of a social group or society’. Social change occurs when a group of people change their minds and beliefs on what is socially acceptable, this is usually due to an event or change in public opinion. Brecht’s epic theatre can be used as a vehicle for social change as it is used to convey a message to the audience. Bertolt Brecht was born on the 10th of February 1898 in Augsburg, Germany. As a child he was unpopular, with outspoken views, which were thought to be beyond his years of knowledge....   [tags: Theater ]

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Racism in Literature

- Literature Analysis Most literature authors write stories on different genres like poems, stories, and plays. These works are written using a variety of elements of literature for instance setting, themes, conflict, and characters. The following essay discusses the element of racism as a theme in Margaret Laurence’s short story “The Loons,” Langston Hughes’ poem, I Too, Sing America, and W.E.B Du Bois’ book, “The Souls of Black Folk.” “The Loons” is a short story that was done by Margaret Laurence together with other stories in the sequence “A bird in the House” and was published in 1970....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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“The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” as the Embodiment of the Modern Conscience

- In the early 1900’s, the artistic movement of modernism dominated many facets of aesthetic representation as writers, artists, and musicians abandoned the starched, conventional styles of the Victorian age for a less restrictive form of expression. Artisans, particularly the writers of the period, experimented within their craft by ignoring the traditional narrative and poetic forms in an attempt convey their personal disdain for the social climate of a newly industrialized culture consumed with monetary wealth and the ideals of genteel refinement that attended to its standards....   [tags: Poetry]

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A Theoretical and Historical Comparison Debate Paper on the Beliefs and Perceptions

- Generally, when one hears the word "witchcraft" or "paganism" it is often connected to a negative belief and more times than not to a specific religious belief and practice known as "Satanism". The history associated with witchcraft beliefs and practices is vast, and filled with continuous violence and inequality among different religions and people of different cultures. Those accused of witchcraft were often executed by hanging, burned at the stake or drowned, often without any concrete evidence as noted in the Salem Witch Trials in Massachusetts....   [tags: satanism, religious beliefs, witchcraft, paganism]

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1668 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Feminist Perspective in Anita Desai’s Where Shall We Go This Summer

- Anita Desai is one of the prominent novelists of Indian English fiction. She is not only concerned with the social realities, but also explores the hidden niches of human consciousness and meditates upon the existential question of women and their quest for identity in a complex patriarchal world. Her novel, Where Shall We Go This Summer is a story of a middle- aged, over- sensitive woman, Sita who is trapped in familial relationships and finds herself lonely in her own family. She suffers from identity crisis, but towards the end of the novel discovers her real self and solves the question of her existence....   [tags: Desai, literature, feminism]

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Life is Fractured by Class Struggle in Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosi

- ... He was a tool of the boss, without brains or backbone” (4-5). Gregor’s production is worth more than he gets paid, and the money that he does earn goes straight to his father’s debt. His boss has total control over the “travelling,” the “changing trains,” the “miserable food,” and every other aspect of his job. His only concern is the production of his workers and the profit that he accumulates as a result of that labor. When Gregor did not show up to work, rather than working harder to replace his production, Gregor’s boss came to his home to see why he had not come to work....   [tags: vermin, society, marxist theory]

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A Reflection of Society in Ordinary People, Frankenstein, and Antigone

- In the three chosen works of literature, Ordinary people by Judith Guest, Frankenstein by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley and Antigone by Sophocles, alienation, initiation, journey, suffering and reconciliation are among the themes covered by the these great works of literature. The writers through the various characters in the scripts have clearly brought out the five themes as the main themes. These works of literature act as a reflection of what was happening in the society then. In terms of literature not much has changed and would still expect the same to be happening in the society today....   [tags: grief, ambition, initiation]

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Psychological Battle in JD Salinger´s A Catcher in the Rye

- The psychological battle of Holden Caulfield in the Catcher in the Rye, serves as the basis for the entire novel. Salinger's portrayal of Holden, which includes incidents of depression, a nervous breakdown, impulsive spending, sexual exploration, vulgarity, and other erratic behavior, attributes to the genuine nature of the novel. Salinger creates a real, relatable story by focusing on Holden´s thoughts and impressions of the events described in the novel, rather than the events themselves. The novel shows that the plot of the story isn’t that important in terms of importance, the Catcher in the Rye focuses more on what Holden thinks and how he thinks, creating an interesting, relevant stor...   [tags: Depression, Teenager]

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From An Ontic Community To The Age Of Mobilisation

- Charles Taylor’s argument is based on the theory of secularisation which assumes three premises. First, there is the ground floor which holds the empirical premise according to which there is a retreat of traditional religion. By traditional religion, Taylor means an enchanted world where there is a clear distinction between the sacred and the profane. The traditional religion is characterised by an ontic, hierarchical community who believes in a greater order where everything has its own place....   [tags: Charles Taylor, Theory of Se]

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1025 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

One Night @ the Call Center, by Chetan Bhagat

- Fiction is considered to be an art of creation. Just as God has created the world, the writer also presents a new world of imagination, where things are more comprehensible and beautiful than they ordinarily are. The writer through his works creates a new universe. He is influenced by the conditions of the age in which he works and creates. In the words of David Daiches “it is no doubt largely true that an age is reflected in its literature which reveals the tides of thought, the vagarities of emotions, the springs of actions that animated it men and women” (Dhull 1)....   [tags: one night, chetan bhangat]

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The Modernist Movement in the History of British Literature

- “Suicide Solution”             As a direct result of an artistic rebellion against the edicts of the Romantic Era, the aristocratic hypocrisy of the Victorian Age, and of the horrors of both World War I and World War II, the Modernist movement in the arts was inevitable. Roughly beginning at the close of the 19th century through as late as 1965, Modernism came to the forefront in literature (Rahn).  Defined by the technological changes in the social, political and cultural climate brought about by the aforementioned wars, the discoveries of the Industrial Age, and new schools of psychological theories, Modernism is characterized by themes concerning alienation and disconnection and a loss of...   [tags: artistic rebellion agaisnt Victorian era]

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Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis and James Baldwin's Sonny's Blues

- ... Although the reader does not know what Gregor is specifically transformed into, be it a dung beetle or a bed bug, the metaphor of alienation is still there. It is Kafka’s way of showing a sense of extreme isolation. Kafka in the beginning first shows Gregor as a person we can all relate to. As a working class citizen, he is put in a stressful position of supporting his crisis stricken family. But like a great amount of family members who are old enough to take care of themselves, they have a choice in doing so....   [tags: development of an individual's identity]

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1813 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Fight Club: The Id, the Ego, and the Super-Ego

- ... He seeks his power animal, “No. Don’t deal with it like those dead people do. … the greatest moment of your life and you are off somewhere missing it.” (Palahniuk 114) Durden refuses to neutralize the pain unless our hero willingly accepts he will die one day. The id is imploring the ego to embrace carpe diem for without doing so, the ego, and by their symbiotic relationship, the id cannot truly thrive. Facing that fact is the cornerstone of Tyler’s rhetoric. Fight club encapsulates the Narrator imparts himself nearly useless to homogenized society....   [tags: Chuck Palahniuk, David Fincher]

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Cormac McCarthy's The Road and Michael Bay's The Island

- ... “The man fell back instantly and lay with blood bubbling from the hole in his forehead. The boy was lying in his lap with no expression on his face at all” (McCarthy, pg. 66). In other words, the boy was so shocked by the situation he was in; this caused him to change his attitude towards strangers. In the same manner The Island has important character development that causes the protagonists to change their behaviours. For instance, when Jordan Two Delta and Lincoln Six Echo escaped and went to Tom Lincoln’s house....   [tags: dystopian comparison]

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A Brief Look at the Thoughts of Frantz Fanon

- Frantz Fanon grew up in a well off family in French colonial Martinique. He was schooled in France and became a psychiatrist. After volunteering for the free French army during the Second World War, Fanon spent a number of years in the French colony of Algeria before and during the revolution (Zaidi). Because of his life and education, Fanon had a unique perspective to criticize and deconstruct colonialism and decolonization. Using a Marxist lens, he theorized that because colonies were created and maintained in violence, that a colony could only decolonize through violence....   [tags: similarities with Martin Luther King Jr.]

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On the Free Will Theorem of Karl Marx

- Since his publication of many if his manuscripts in the 1800’s, there has been speculation and dialogue surrounding whether Karl Marx is a determinist or a free will theorist. Though both discourses make prominently valid points and observations, the works of Karl Marx stand alone as free will theories. Many scholars and other observers who claim and state that Marxism is deterministic often refer greatly to Marx’s words on the economy and its surrounding realm. “Determinist Marxism takes the economy to be the element within society that is responsible for the way society is organized, and that the distribution of ownership over the economy influences how change occurs over time in a given...   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Examples of Modernism in Fitzgerald's Great Gatsby

- Great Gatsby Essay The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald shows many examples of modernism. Fitzgerald shows many modernism techniques like loss of control, alienation, corruption of the American Dream, breaking society’s rules and feeling restless. Fitzgerald also shows modernism through the fragmented writing. One example of a modernism technique that Fitzgerald uses is loss of control. The characters often lose control and make bad decisions that have horrible effects....   [tags: literary analysis, english literature]

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Mary Shelley and Flannery O’Connor: Gothic Isolationists

- Gothic fiction is a genre of literature that combines fiction, horror and Romanticism with a particular focus on the mysterious and supernatural aspects. Gothic fiction originated in England during the latter half of the 18th century. This distinctive genre of literature soon developed into a 19th century phenomenon. The success of this dominant genre in England is frequently attributed to Mary Shelley. Despite its success during this time period, gothic fiction ceased to be a dominant genre by the Victorian Era....   [tags: southern ghotic literature]

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1718 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Work, Civilization, and Realization of Humanity

- Karl Marx believes that animals are not distinct from their life activity, and that what distinguishes man from animals is that he, instead of being the same as his life activity, treats his life activity only as an object of his will and consciousness. Yet private ownership of means of production (land, machine, raw material, etc.) leads to alienation of labor, which makes work as a life activity that is anti-human. Thus he advocates communism, which gives an end to alienation of labor by letting every man share the ownership of means of production....   [tags: Marx, philosophy, Freud, ]

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Comparison of Three Views of Sociology

- Each of the three main theorists, Marx, Durkheim, and Weber have significantly different aspects on how society is held together. Some things about their theories are related in few ways. Marx was quoted, “The origins of change are all materialistic, not based on ideas.” This aspect focuses on how material items are the basis of society. Durkheim focused on the dependence of others to make society work. Weber used the focus of religion affecting all aspects of life. This is known as social cohesion....   [tags: Sociology Essays]

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How Chernobyl Became a Scary Word

- Today, Chernobyl is defined as an abandoned city in the northern Ukraine. Pripyat, the city founded in 1970 to house the workers for the nearby Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, is currently described as a ghost town. The population of Chernobyl in 2010 was around 500. Prior to the spring of 1986, the city was inhabited by about 14,000 residents. For $140-$160 U.S. dollars, SoloEast Travel offers guided tours of Chernobyl, but that price does not include the $80 charge for mandatory insurance. Plus, everyone who goes on the tour has to be tested for radiation before leaving the Zone of Alienation, the 19 mile area around the site....   [tags: Ukraine, History, City]

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The Fetishism of Coffee in America

- There are many essentials that are fetishized by Americans; one of those things is coffee. It is no secret that there is a big demand for coffee with many specialty coffee shops springing up, such as Starbucks, Peet’s and Coffee Bean. Oftentimes, the consumer loses sight of where things come from and how they are produced. A key component of production is the producer. The consumer does not pay enough attention to the ethical treatment and wages of the producer. This paper discusses Karl Marx’s premise on Fetishism of Commodities and its direct relation to the production of coffee, focusing on the value of the coffee bean as well as how that directly impacts the farmer and his family....   [tags: Fetishism of Commodities]

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1123 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

A Brief Biography of Ana Sokolow

- Through her cultural influence on dance, as well as her impact on reinventing dance itself, Anna Sokolow has gone down in history as one of the great modern dancers. Her Jewish roots were a huge basis for the dances she would perform and the messages that she would try to get across, which is significant to me and my own similar religious views. It was important for dancers and choreographers to speak up for what they believe in and disseminate their message throughout the world of the arts, and Sokolow was one of those who did this with great success....   [tags: Co-founder of the Actors Studio]

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Analysis of Dostoevsky´s Crime and Punishment

- ... Even when Porfiry suggests that the criminal who murdered the pawnbroker may run away but, "psychologically he won't escape" (287), Raskolnikov becomes infuriated and accuses Porfiry of trying to scare him. However, Raskolnikov fails to understand the meaning behind Porfiry's words perhaps because he still chooses not to rely on his conscience and confess to the crime.While the superiority complex sets him apart from the society in the beginning, his piercing conscience distances him from people later on in the novel....   [tags: murder, theory, redemption, action]

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Romanticism in Scarlet Letter, Minister's Black Veil, and Young Goodman Brown

- American Romanticism in The Scarlet Letter, The Minister's Black Veil, and Young Goodman Brown          Nathaniel Hawthorne took elements of the European romanticism and reshaped them into a new literary form that is called American Romanticism. "The American Romanticists created a form that, at first glance, seems ancient and traditional; they borrowed from classical romance, adapted pastoral themes and incorporated Gothic elements" (Reuben 22). Some of the definable elements of romanticism combined with the Gothic including the crossing of some boundary or a taboo broken (Crow 1), the emotional response of pleasure and pain that the reader experiences and the mixing of good and evil to...   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Comparing Prejudice in Native Son, Black Boy and American Hunger

- Exposing Prejudice in Native Son, Black Boy and American Hunger           There have been many writings based on the mutual prejudice that exists between blacks and whites, especially in the era of slavery and during the Civil Rights movement.  Wright was the first black American author to address such an issue, relating it to ideas of alienation, the separation of blacks and whites in social ideas, communism, and separation from religious ideas.  Wright’s works (his novel Native Son, along with his autobiographies Black Boy and American Hunger) deal with many themes common in American literature, all the while maintaining sight of his intent to expose the unjust prejudice between blacks...   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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2859 words | (8.2 pages) | Preview

Natalie Goldberg’s Long Quiet Highway: Waking Up in America

- Natalie Goldberg’s Long Quiet Highway: Waking Up in America “I don’t think fate is a creature, or a lady, like some people say. It’s a tide of events sweeping us along. But I’m not a Fatalist, because I believe you can swim against it, and sometimes grasp the hands of the clock face and steal a few precious minutes. If you don’t you’re just cartwheeled along. Before you know it, the magic opportunity is lost, and for the rest of your life it lingers on in that part of your mind which dreams the very best dreams—taunting and tantalizing you with what might have been.” (from the film Flirting, 1990) “Every moment is enormous, and it is all we have” (Goldberg xii)....   [tags: Long Quiet Highway]

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Critique and Revolution: The Faces of Karl Marx

- Critique and Revolution: The Faces of Karl Marx “The nobility of man shines upon us from their work hardened bodies.” (Manuscripts, 100)[1]. And according to Karl Marx, that is the bottom line. In Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 and Manifesto of the Communist Party[2], two of his most profound works, Marx outlines both his harsh critique of capitalism and his prophetic theory of impending communist revolution. Although these texts are extremely complex—Manuscripts is described often as the hardest sixty pages of modern philosophy—their main points can be summed up concisely....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Analysis of Paul's Case by Willa Cather

- Analysis of Paul's Case by Willa Cather Willa Cather’s “Paul’s Case” is a story about a young 16 year-old man, Paul, who is motherless and alienated. Paul’s lack of maternal care has led to his alienation. He searches for the aesthetics in life that that he doesn’t get from his yellow wallpaper in his house and his detached, overpowering father figure in his life. Paul doesn’t have any interests in school and his only happiness is in working at Carnegie Hall and dreams of one-day living the luxurious life in New York City....   [tags: Paul's Case Willa Cather Literature Essays]

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1076 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Birthmark: A Psychological Short Story

- “The Birthmark” – a Psychological Short Story          Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “The Birthmark” may require a psychoanalyst to properly interpret because it is indeed a “psychological” short story in its themes and approach to character portrayal - and this essay will amply demonstrate these assertions. Henry Seidel Canby in “A Skeptic Incompatible with His Time and His Past” talks about the value of Hawthorne’s “literary psychology”: This irreverent generation [of the 1950’s] has mocked at Hawthorne’s struggling souls who torture themselves over peccadilloes like adultery and are morally wrecked by obsessions that (so it is assumed) any good psychoanalyst could remove....   [tags: Birthmark Essays]

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3335 words | (9.5 pages) | Preview

Bertolt Brecht - His Alienated World

- German dramatist Bertolt Brecht, through his clash of ideology with the opposing theories of Realism and Naturalism, developed the concepts of "alienation" and "historification" and through these, successfully made an enormous impact on the world of theatre which continues to this very day. Brecht sought a type of theatre in which the audience could concentrate on a play's themes or didactic statements rather than becoming emotionally engaged with its characters. Thus, he developed the revolutionary Epic Theatre using a series of techniques to draw the audience's attention away from the emotion and feeling of the play and direct it towards the philosophy or moral lesson in the performance....   [tags: Artists]

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The Disadvantages of Marx Theory

- According to Karl Marx (2002), religion manifests itself as any other social institution that greatly depends on other social circles of the society like economical and the material benefits. Therefore, religion is greatly intertwined with other social systems and economical factors governing the society. Marx’s analysis and critique of religion is the most famous and controversial subject in the world. From his functionalist point of view the set religious doctrines are mostly dependent on economics making the religious doctrines weak and almost groundless....   [tags: Political Science]

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1467 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Metamorphosis, by Franz Kafka

- How individuals think about their identity and how they respond to others is a person’s self-concept. Various factors in an individual’s life can have a negative or positive affect on their self-concept. Focusing on negative self-concept, we can see reoccurring variables in their social environment that can trigger depressive symptoms. Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, begins when Gregor has awakened from his disturbed dream as a dung beetle. Gregor, the main character and Kafka himself, experienced insecure behavior, alienation and depression in their relationships....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Negative Self-Concept]

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The Masculinity in Fatherless Men

- It is apparent that society has created a sense of alienation for a generation of men who feel like boys that are lost, and unsure about what it really means to be a man. Most of these men have been lacking a parental father figure in their life. Chuck Palahniuk's Fight Club and Pat Barker’s Regeneration provide an analysis of men growing up fatherless and the lifelong effects it has on the male, including the effects of their sense of masculinity. Fight Club and Regeneration are a warning of what happens in a society when there is no father archetype upon men can look up to....   [tags: Fight Club, Regeneration]

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1960 words | (5.6 pages) | Preview

New Media Expands Old Philosophy

- ... Within the short story, Jane is cut off from the rest of the world, locked alone in her room, and not allowed to visit anyone except for her husband and sister-in-law. While feeling unconnected to society, Jane is supposed to clear her mind (Gilman 1-2). This leaves her to pick up interest in her room, especially in the wallpaper. As the story progresses, Jane no longer finds interest in human company, but rather in the company of the wallpaper and its imaginary women (Gilman 5). Jane felt alienated from society because they believed, at that time, that in her condition, she would be unable to fit in with the world....   [tags: existentialism, moden philosphical movements]

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2034 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Can True Happiness be Achieved?

- In society today there is a common understanding that true happiness can never be achieved. Moreover, that the purpose of life is to suffer and to work until death. This thought raises many questions about the steps to take in order to achieve true happiness. The struggle to answer these questions goes above and beyond minds because humans are made so distinctly that the definition varies from person to person. But if true happiness is in fact achievable, it will be attained only when we are one with ourselves, with what we produce, and with the people that surround us....   [tags: Stoicism, philosophy, Epictetus]

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Elements Of Evil In Beowulf

- In times before printed books were common, stories and poems were passed from generation to generation by word of mouth. From such oral traditions come great epics such as England’s heroic epic, Beowulf. In Beowulf, the monster Grendel serves as the evil character acting against the poem’s hero, as shown by his unnatural strength, beast-like qualities, and alienation from society. One of the first responses from a reader of Beowulf is their surprise at Grendel’s unnatural strength, one quality marking him as an evil character....   [tags: Epic of Beowulf Essays]

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702 words | (2 pages) | Preview

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