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The Pharmaceutical Industry and the AIDS Crisis in Developing Countries

- · Describe the nature of supplying drugs to emerging markets at an affordable price without undermining their profits · Research and analyse in depth the effectiveness of one proposed policy response to this issue. Introduction 1 2001 saw a flurry of events, as highlighted in the excepts of the case study, which caused an awareness by the international community of the inequality between rich and poor nations in the care and treatment of people living with HIV/AIDS. 2 Epitomized by the lawsuit against the South African government, the drug companies "want desperately to be seen helping fight the global AIDS crisis… but the companies also remain unwavering in their defense of patents, even i...   [tags: AIDS Vaccine Drugs Supply Demand]

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The Controversy Over HIV/AIDS Disclosure Law

- Abstract Forty million people worldwide are infected with the HIV virus. About six percent of them will not inform their intimate partners about their health condition. Many efforts that have been made over the past decade towards establishing a HIV/AIDS law, have finally paid off. The act of disclosing the virus was written in 1990. It caused quite a stir among the citizens of the United States. Many people concluded that there were holes in the disclosure law concerning HIV/AIDS because it lacked complete thought....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease HIV AIDS]

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HIV/AIDS Research

- HIV/AIDS Research Every part of African society from teachers to soldiers is under attack from Aids with over 30% of the adult population infected in some countries, the United Nations says in a new report. 80% of the world's deaths from AIDS occur in Africa, which at current rate is estimated to be 34 million people to have been infected with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, since the start of the pandemic and 11.4 million are estimated to have died. This epidemic is creating instability in an already fragile African economy....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]

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The Black Death, Smallpox, Aids, And Aids

- When Plague Strikes- The Black Death, Smallpox, AIDS McKenzie Bowles May 8, 2016 Biology Introduction The book When Plague Strikes, is about 3 deadly diseases. It 's about the Black Death, Smallpox, and AIDS. Each of these diseases can cause a serious outrage of death. The book also tells about how doctors try to come up with treatments, medicines, and antibiotics to try and cure these diseases. All these diseases got the best out of everyone. Some people reacted differently than others with these diseases....   [tags: Black Death, Bubonic plague, Plague]

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The Outbreak of AIDS

- In 1981, a disease was discovered that no one knew about before. It caused so much fear that people were scared to talk, hug, or shake hand with those who were affected by the disease. This terrifying disease was AIDS. This paper explains the origin, the symptom, the treatment and the prevention of AIDS. According to Nicoli Nattrass (2013) “Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) originated from cross-species transmission of the simian immunodeficiency virus from primates to humans. When they first saw it in 1981 scientists didn’t know what this new disease was (Nattrass,” 2013)....   [tags: Origin, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention]

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HIV and AIDS

- Desire to have sex is the result of epidemic widespread of infectious diseases such as HIV and AIDS across the globe. The urge to satisfy sexual desires and lust are the core cause for the transmission of HIV/AIDS from one gender to another. In the case of Mexico, men are mostly to blame for the transmission of infectious disease because of their homosexual activities during their work time in the United States. The argument of this book review revolves around the uncontrollable sexual desires of men, and the lack of available reproductive health institution and care for men are in close relation to the spreading of diseases such as HIV and AIDS The book “Fixing Men: Sex, Birth Control and A...   [tags: disease, sexual desire, men, reproductive health]

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Aids and HIV

- Aids and HIV HIV and Aids are sexually transmitted diseases. HIV and Aids can be transmitted several different ways. Some of those ways include sexual intercourse, sharing needles, and bodily fluids. You cannot get Aids or HIV from insect bites, donating blood or casual contact. Aids and HIV were thought to have come from monkeys.HIV can turn into Aids if you don’t know you have it.HIV takes about ten years to turn into AIDS. That is why it is important to get tested for the disease. HIV is what causes AIDS....   [tags: disease, medical, medicine]

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AIDs in Zimbabwe

- The prevalence of AIDs in the African countries has come to be more apparent as the rates of those who have AIDs has increased over the past few years. Zimbabwe is a third world country where many facilities are not available as well as health oriented programs, many people are living under deplorable conditions which also contributes to their risk of infection. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDs caused by HIV, is a disease that is caused by sexual intercourse with those of who are infected with it, AIDs can also be caused by prenatal transmission, and if the mother were to have AIDs then the child would also be infected....   [tags: social issues, african countries]

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AIDS in Africa

- “It all started as a rumour...Then we found we were dealing with a disease. Then we realised that it was an epidemic. And, now we have accepted it as a tragedy”- Chief Epidemiologist in Kampala, Uganda. Aids has been a tragic epidemic throughout Africa since 1982. More than one million adults and children die every year from HIV/AIDS in Africa alone. Although a cure for the problem has yet to be discovered, an abundant amount of organizations are helping to alleviate the problem of aids today all over the world in hopes to develop an aids free future....   [tags: history, uganda, epidemic, uganda]

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AIDS and HIV

- HIV, or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus which damages and kills cells of the immune system. It attacks the T-cells, key cells of the immune system, and uses them to make copies of itself. After being infected with the virus it progressively interferes and eventually destroys the immune system's ability to fight the anti-genes. HIV may develop into the syndrome AIDS, the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV is an STD - a sexually transmitted disease - and therefore most commonly it is spread through sexual contact, and the virus mainly enters the body through the penis, mouth, lining of the vagina or vulva during sexual activity....   [tags: health, inmune system]

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Hijras and AIDS

- What are Hijras. Are they male or female. Hijras believe that they are neither male nor female (Patel, 2010). Hijras struggle with their social status, some are accepted and some are excluded, it depends on the location (Patel, 2010). Because of the struggle with social status, some Hijras go into sex work, which brings into play HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infection’s. According to Abdullah, Hijras are a major source of spreading various STIs (Abdullah, et al., 2012). In 1999, there were somewhere between 2.5 and three million people with HIV or AIDS in India (Patel, 2010)....   [tags: Transgenders, Social Status]

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HIV/AIDS

- HIV/AIDS No one can be certain about how or when the AIDS virus emerged. The closest related disease would be a simian immunodeficiency virus. This is where the suggestion arose that this disease was first contracted from a primate. It has also been thought that this once primate-only disease had evolved and somehow became transmitted to people. On June 5, 1981, the first report of AIDS hit the United States. The people weren't quite sure of what they were dealing with, so mistakenly, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention released an article concerning a strange outbreak of pneumonia within the male homosexual community....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

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HIV/AIDS

- With reference to one animal or human disease, explain why its economic consequences can vary spatially. Introduction There are many diseases, which produce economic consequences and which can vary in their effect depending on location. Some are Tuberculosis (TB), Malaria, Ebola Virus and AIDs. Throughout this report I am going to focus on the AIDs virus. HIV is the Human immunodeficiency virus, and AIDs is the Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which it causes. HIV is a slow retrovirus, which means that not only does it take months to show any symptoms and years to develop fully....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]

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The Social Consequences of the AIDS in Africa

- One conflict in Africa that has taken a long time to get suitable media attention, with regards to its brutality, is of the quarrel of ordinary African people against AIDS. AIDS is one of the world's most overwhelming diseases developing from the infection of HIV; killing nearly 1.3 million Africans each year. The social consequences of the AIDS epidemic are widely felt, not only in the health sector but also in education, industry, agriculture, and the economy in broad. The AIDS mass in Africa continues to ravage communities, rolling back decades of development progress....   [tags: somalia, senegal, disease]

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AIDS is Now a Global Pandemic

- AIDS IS NOW A GLOBAL PANDEMIC Millions of people worldwide are affected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The origin of HIV not yet has a theory supported by clear evidence. Nobody knows how many people developed AIDS in the early 70s and also it is unknown for certain where the AIDS virus HIV came from, but it is now generally accepted that the origin of AIDS can be linked back to Africa. Mann J.M. (1992, p. 11) reported that “Extensive worldwide spread of HIV started in the in the mid-to late 1970s....   [tags: HIV, stigmatization and discrimination]

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Impacts of Tuberculosis and AIDS on Society

- Impacts of Tuberculosis and AIDS on Society Some say history repeats itself, and this is evident with the AIDS and Tuberculosis epidemics. AIDS and TB are so closely associated that their relationship is often described as a co-epidemic (The Link). While they seem to be unrelated they are in fact, the same in many aspects; they exhibit similar symptoms, share similar ways of infecting the body, and have been known to be some of the most deadly infectious diseases in history. There is a strong correlation between epidemics and education: through different media platforms, AIDS and TB created a precedent to inform, rather then scare, the public about the effects of terminal viruses....   [tags: white plague, symptoms, death]

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The Devasting Effects of The AIDS

- Many believe AIDS to be a horrific infection, thus AIDS is an infection that does not effect one unless one catches other infections or sicknesses from it. One can still live a normal life, but one has more risks. Also, at risk, thus AIDS is a devastating infection that not only effects people's health, but also their life around them. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (Houle 8). “Acquired” means that the disease is inherited from somebody else who has it (Houle 7). “Immuniodefienciency” means there is an issue with the body's immune system, one's immune system is what cures somebody when they get a cold or any kind of sickness (Houle 8)....   [tags: horrific infection, blood, HIV]

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AIDS and Heterosexuals in the Australian

- Study Overview The study entitled From complacency to panic: AIDS and heterosexuals in the Australian press, July 1986 to June 1988 (Lupton, 1992) reports on the preliminary findings from a content analysis of AIDS news coverage in Australian press from June 1986 to July 1988. When revealing the preliminary varying ideologies in press, Lupton stresses the importance of evaluating how the popular media selects and presents news according to societal interests. Lupton (1992) seeks to point out the common situation in Australia that most people lies on information reported by the media rather than by health professionals....   [tags: homosexual, health, social construction]

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Prevalence of AIDS in African Countries

- The prevalence of AIDs in the African countries has come to be more apparent as the rates of those who have AIDs has increased over the past few years. Zimbabwe is a third world country where many facilities are not available as well as health oriented programs, many people are living under deplorable conditions which also contributes to their risk of infection. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDs caused by HIV, is a disease that is caused by sexual intercourse with those of who are infected with it, AIDs can also be caused by prenatal transmission, and if the mother were to have AIDs then the child would also be infected....   [tags: spread of HIV related diseases]

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The Media Influence of the AIDS Virus

- Few modern health issues have received as much media interest and controversy as the AIDS virus. The AIDS virus was first named in 1981 to explain a collection of diseases that developed as a result of a compromised immune system. Individuals who were young and apparently healthy were showing signs of conditions that were typical of those with a severely depressed immune response. It was also noted, at the time, these conditions were limited to the gay community. As the disease became more prevalent, individuals, groups, and communities responded in fear and hatred toward the population they believed to be responsible for this epidemic, the gay community....   [tags: immune, systen, conditions, gay, prejudice]

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The History of AIDS and HIV

- In 1981, The CDC had made a report of cases pertaining to young gay men and a rare lung infection, pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. By June 5, 1981, two out of the five men infected by the disease had died. This is the first the AIDS epidemic is released. (Multiple) At this time, aids was a new disease, there is nothing new about a novel epidemic, which can actually decimate a population. By the time the report was released, within days doctors from all around the world reported similar cases. Shortly after, the CDC receives reports of cases of a rare form of cancer , Kaposi’s Sarcoma, among a group of gay men in New York and California....   [tags: recently discovered diseases and syndrome]

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HIV and AIDS in the Economy

- Scientists and researchers across the globe have been puzzled ever since AIDS and HIV first made their appearance in the 1980s. This epidemic has been the subject of many arguments and fierce debates throughout recent history, with everything from a promiscuous flight attendant to a suspect vaccine program being blamed. HIV, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus that kills your body’s necessary ‘CD4 cells” (aka T-helper cells), which keep your body healthy and fight off anything that may be threatening to your life....   [tags: Disease]

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Origin and Evolution of the AIDS Virus

- Introduction: A virus is an infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat. It is too small to be seen by light microscopy and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host. One virus that has received global attention over the last thirty years or so is the HIV/AIDS virus. This virus attacks the body’s immune system, which in turn stops the body’s ability to be able to fight off illness. Thus, people who contract HIV/AIDS are susceptible to death by sicknesses that a healthy individual is able to recover from easily....   [tags: cell, HIV, immune system, HIV-1, health, treatment]

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Hiv / Aids Is A Global Problem

- HIV/AIDS is a global problem. Although 85 percent of HIV/AIDS cases are located in in region of Africa and South Asia, modern transportation and technology foster the rapid spread of people and their products throughout the world (How, Guadamuz, Wei, Chan, & Koe, 2012). Consequently the virus break up without regard for geographic or civil boundaries. The United Nations estimates there are closely 35 million people living with HIV and over 70 percent of the viral infection occur through sex between men and men and men and women and men (CDC, 2012)....   [tags: Homosexuality, LGBT, Sexual intercourse]

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Hiv / Hiv And Aids

- Finally, HIV/AIDS positive individuals experience much higher rates of discrimination in the health care system as well as other areas. HIV/AIDS positive individuals have reported being denied services due to their health status. Herek (1999) describes this as AIDS exceptionalism. AIDS exceptionalism makes accessing needed care much more difficult. One study revealed that 13% of Canadians with HIV/AIDS had been denied care by a surgeon based on their HIV/AIDS status and 14% of Canadian medical residents admitted that they would not treat a person with HIV/AIDS if given the choice (Campbell, 2000)....   [tags: Health care, Medicine, Healthcare]

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Improvement of Aids in Uganda

- Aids is a worldwide pandemic, it is affecting people on every continent, and country. However this paper focuses on Africa, within the county of Uganda. In Uganda, AIDS rate has dropped drastically in the last ten years. Whether it is due to deaths, incorrect calculations, change in behavior or a country coming together as one, this country has worked for several years to reduce the rate of people infected with the disease. Although, Uganda has made commendable progress in improving the fight towards AIDS they still lack and are in much more of improvement....   [tags: disease, progress, fight, education, awareness]

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AIDS: The Mystery Behind the Curtain

- Human beings will always obtain viruses that try to attack their immune system, but no other virus is as deadly at doing so as the AIDS virus. AIDS is derived from its earlier version known as HIV, once a healthy body acquires HIV it is prone to advancing towards the more deadly version of the virus, AIDS. Viruses are one of the key divisions of minuscule agents which trigger transferable disease. To be put into simple terms, viruses are organisms which contain an inherited operator that permits them to take control of the regular performance of the cells they infect....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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HIV and the Condition of AIDS

- Introduction HIV has been a major global issue for over 100 years. It is estimated that 1.6 million people died as a result of this virus in 2012 (“Fact sheet”, 2012). Due to statistics such as the one I just cited, I decided to write this review essay on HIV and the condition of AIDS. As an up and coming scientist, I feel it is imperative that we strive to grow in our understanding of diseases, such as AIDS, so that we can do our part in slowing its spread; also, so that more individuals may be inspired to devote their life’s work to producing a cure....   [tags: health, diseases, prevention]

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Problems Associated With Hiv / Aids

- Problems There are many problems that the people living with HIV/AIDS infection face, such as physical problems, social problems, psychological problems and spiritual problems (Nakawesi et al., 2014). Physical problems included management of different health problems. The physical problems seen in HIV are due to early manifestations of age associated disease, opportunistic infection or by the side effect of ART (Ball, 2014). The common health problems seen in people with HIV/AIDS are heart diseases esp....   [tags: Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior]

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Tactical Media and the AIDS Crisis

- When the concept of governance is identified, it is most often associated with states, governments, and large corporations. However, one of the doors that democracy has opened for citizens has led to their ability to influence governance in a method that states, governments, and large corporations are not able to identify with. Concerned citizens and informal project activists have the capacity to motivate and create social change through their use of new media to challenge large issues that are often kept buried by political figures and the state....   [tags: concept of governance]

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The Horror of AIDS Virus

- The Horror of AIDS Virus AIDS is a communicable disease that has the ability to damage the immune system. A communicable disease is a type of disease that can spread from a person to a person. The immune system is a structure that conducts several processes to prevent from getting a disease. “The origins of HIV date back to the late nineteenth or early twentieth century in west-central Africa. AIDS and its cause, HIV, were first identified and recognized in the early 1980s” (What Is AIDS... 1). AIDS is the final stage of the HIV infection....   [tags: communicable disease, immune system]

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HIV and AIDS: The Epidemic

- HIV and AIDS have affected millions of people throughout the world. Since 1981, there have been 25 million deaths due to AIDS involving men, women, and children. Presently there are 40 million people living with HIV and AIDS around the world and two million die each year from AIDS related illnesses. The Center for Disease Control estimates that one-third of the one million Americans living with HIV are not aware that they have it. The earliest known case of HIV was in 1959. It was discovered in a blood sample from a man in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo....   [tags: Disease ]

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AIDS

- Research Paper: AIDS Did you know that in the United States of America the sixth leading cause of death in people from their mid 20’s through their mid 40’s is AIDS (Zuger, 2010). AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and is a disease derived from the virus known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The immune system gets broken down when someone has AIDS and it is basically the highest form of HIV. When a person has HIV, the CD4 cells get infected and start to deteriorate and once the CD4 count is below 200, the person is considered to have AIDS rather than HIV (“Living”, 2005)....   [tags: Medical Conditions]

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Need to Invest in an AIDS Vaccine

- Today, more than 40 million people worldwide live with HIV/AIDS, with 95 percent of the total living in developing countries. Since the beginning of the epidemic in 1981, more than 75 million people have contracted HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, and almost 36 million have died as a result of HIV-related causes. Although currently more people than ever before have access to life-saving antiretroviral therapy for HIV/AIDS, for every person who begins treatment, two or three others become infected with HIV....   [tags: infect, epidemic, technology]

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Life As An HIV/Aids Counselor

- Becoming a Mental Health Counselor for a patient with HIV/Aids is a position of dignity that can be often skewed or unwarranted due to the negative realm our society has placed upon the diagnosis. The main function of the HIV/Aids counselor is to be supportive of his or her infected and affected clients, to listen to their problems and to empower them to solve their problems and better their lives. These abilities can come easy for some; harder for others. I, as an HIV/Aids counselor, will embrace my future clients that seek my services....   [tags: Counseling ]

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The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in China

- China is known as a conservative country where homosexuality, drug use, and premarital sex are not acknowledged as common practices and are not considered problems. However, China is going through a period of rapid social transformation where these practices are becoming visible and being acknowledged by the Chinese. Recently, Chinese officials have recognized and admitted that the country is experiencing a widespread outbreak of HIV/AIDS. Previously, China adopted the position that there was little to no HIV/AIDS in the country, but now officials are admitting that they do in fact have a large population of citizens with HIV/AIDS....   [tags: Epidemics]

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The Hiv / Aids Epidemic

- The HIV/AIDS epidemic was a time of turmoil for the LGBT+ community due to the high transmission risk of HIV/AIDS between homosexuals (Richardson 5). Tension ran high within the community, as different groups experienced different amounts of discrimination for their transmission risk. In particular, scholars found that “tensions between lesbian and bisexual women was much more problematic than tensions between gay and bisexual men” (Udis-Kessler 46). Despite the similarities of lesbian and bisexual women as non-heterosexual women, the two groups are politically divided instead of united....   [tags: LGBT, Homosexuality, Sexual orientation]

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Spread of HIV Aids

- Aids is becoming a very common disease throughout the World. The disease is growing more and more as the years go by. There are many ways to prevent Aids but many choose not too. I will be talking about the facts and figures of Aids. The history behind the disease Aids, and the origins the disease Aids follows. Just over 30 years ago, Aids became one of the leading killing disease worldwide. In the early years of the Aids many people feared it. Aids is common and with lots of money scientist finally found the cure to Aids....   [tags: Disease, Prevention, Facts and Figures]

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AIDS in African American Community

- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). AIDS weakens the immune system hampering the body’s defense mechanisms. AIDS is known to be a deadly disease, especially if it is not treated in a timely manner. AIDS and HIV is an epidemic that is increasing among the African American population with roots tracing back to Africa, AIDS and HIV needs greater exposure and more awareness within the African American community and in the homosexual community....   [tags: HIV, immune system, epidemic]

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Origin and Treatment of AIDS

- History and Introduction: There are different myths and views in relation to the origin of HIV. Some researchers believe that HIV-1 and HIV-2 have originated in non-human primates, particularly from chimpanzee and monkeys, in West-central Africa and were transferred to humans in the early 20th century. (UNAIDS, 2007) Another school-of-thought says that people who went for hunting acquired SIV. After, several individual to individual transmissions of SIV, its mutant form, HIV appeared. Some genetic studies of the virus suggest that the most recent common ancestor of the HIV-1 M group dates back to 1910, linking HIV epidemic to the increasing population of colonial African cities at that tim...   [tags: HIV, primates, prostitution, unsafe sex]

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HIV/Aids in the African Continent

- HIV/AIDS, the latest, contemporary disease that is afflicting and devastating millions, about thirty-five million of the worlds population, a little less than one percent, of which seventy percent inhabits the cotenant of Africa, where a great many developing countries are found. As of the late nineties, researchers have concluded, taken from SIV infected chimpanzees samples, that developed because of a chimpanzee had slaughtered and consumed two other monkeys, infected with their own diseases, and a poacher had shot, cooked, and had eaten the gruesomely infected SIV chimpanzee, only to be infected with a new, severe disease, known as AIDS (Theguardian.com)....   [tags: infected chimpazees, sub-Saharan Africa]

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HDI and HIV AIDS Namibia

- On the rest of the years (2010-2012) the situation is not different from the comparison established between 2005 and 2009. African countries having abysmal gap between them and the European countries. The European level of prevalence does not even reach the one percent while in the African countries, the HIV prevalence is rampant. It is important to note that the correlation calculation for these last three years has just kept increasing: 95% in 2010, 96% in 2011 and 98% for 2012. An utterly strong correlation between HDI and HIV....   [tags: pandemic, namibia africa]

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On-Going Fear of AIDS

- AIDS isn’t a disease people have known about since the 1800s. In fact, it wasn’t even known as AIDS until a couple years after its discovery in the 1980s. Before, it was called Gay Related Immunodeficiency Disease, or GRID (“Natural History of HIV/AIDS”). And because of the fact it wasn’t discovered until the 1980s, people feared the disease and still do to this day. It’s been thirty years and many are still not properly educated about AIDS (Hawkins 16). The fear, stigmatization, and discrimination of people with AIDS and the disease in general have many underlying factors....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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Film: The Age of Aids

- Topic: Origins of AIDS A) One important scene in the film ‘The Age of Aids’ is “Port Au Prince, Haiti”. In this scene it outlines the conditions in Haiti, which were very poor and it turn left the city defenseless against the new disease. In 70’s and 80’s the disease began to be seen by doctors and priests who were being sought after to cure a unseen disease which left the people with the “look of death, [making them] so skinny you could see their bones”. The scene then goes on to take a look at one of the first HIV clinics in Port Au Prince, which was opened in the roughest parts of town....   [tags: port au prince, haiti, poverty]

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The Auxiliary Aids Or Service

- After proof of a disability has been established the institution is then expected to make reasonable accommodations for said disability. These accommodations can be but are not limited to, “medication, medical supplies, equipment, or appliances, low-vision devices (which do not include ordinary eyeglasses or contact lenses), prosthetics including limbs and devices, hearing aids and cochlear implants or other implantable hearing devices, mobility devices, or oxygen therapy equipment and supplies; (II) use of assistive technology; such as (III) reasonable accommodations or auxiliary aids or services; or (IV) learned behavioral or adaptive neurological modifications”(ADAAA)....   [tags: Disability, Mental disorder, Schizophrenia]

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The Immune System: HIV/AIDS

- HIV is a world pandemic that has caused the death of “30 million” (CDC – Statistics Overview – Statistics Center – HIV/AIDS, CDC) innocent lives. HIV is devastating virus that destroys people’s immune systems and leaves them vulnerable to other diseases. HIV is an acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which means that the virus is found only in humans and targets the immune system. The virus kills CD4 cells, cells in the immune system that fight off infections and diseases. HIV has been around since the “1950’s.” (AIDS, 6) About “34.2 million” (CDC – Statistics Overview – Statistics Center – HIV/AIDS, CDC) people are living with HIV today....   [tags: virus, pandemic]

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The Impact of HIV/AIDS

- Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a fatal physical condition that is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The virus damages the human body’s immune system, so that the body cannot protect itself from bacteria, viruses, and prions that cause diseases. With severely lowered defenses, AIDS patients die from common illnesses such as pneumonia, diarrhea, cold, and tuberculosis. The HIV virus does not directly attack its victim; the disease that patients suffer from after receiving the virus is what hurts and kills them....   [tags: sex, households, disease]

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HIV/AIDS Discrimination and Injustice

- Since the first cases of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in 1981, over 36 million people have died from the disease’s progression from HIV to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, scientists generally accept that the HIV virus started in a specific type of chimpanzee in Western Africa. HIV weakens the patient’s immune system by “destroying important cells that fight disease and infection.” After HIV is acquired, progresses, and grows it turns into a much more lethal stage, AIDS....   [tags: health, Samaritan's Purse]

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HIV and AIDS Epidemic

- 1.1 INTRODUCTION There is no doubt that the HIV and AIDS epidemic has had a devastating influence on Africa, especially in my community of Qumbu. The AIDS epidemic has killed more lives than the sum total of all wars, famines and floods, and the ravages of deadly diseases as Malaria. It is destroying families in my community, overwhelming and depleting health care services. The AIDS epidemic influence in my community is significant ways should developed to reduce its effect. (Abdool Karim and Abdool Karim 2010) 1.2 HIV AND AIDS IN MY COMMUNITY A few years ago, a lot would have not estimated the current state of the HIV and AIDS pandemic in society....   [tags: morbidity and mortality, africa]

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South Africa's AIDS Epidemic

- Because of the numerous unethical human experiments performed following the development of the germ theory, distrust in the medical establishment has become shockingly high ("America's Shocking Secret: Pictures that Show How U.S. Experimented on Its Own Disabled Citizens and Prison Inmates"). This distrust is the root cause of 300,000 South Africans dying in the early 2000s due to a phenomenon known as AIDS denial ("The Subterranean War on Science"). In the March 2002 publication entitled Castro Hlongwane, Caravans, Cats, Geese, Foot & Mouth and Statistics, the authors cite numerous sources to help explain why they are suspicious of the field of biomedicine, especially of the details rega...   [tags: HIV, Denial, Lack of Trust]

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AIDS: The Modern Epidemic

- AIDS: The Modern Epidemic When we speak on the taboo subject of AIDS, many questions arise. First of all where did this wretched disease come from, what is it, who has it, and who can contract it. AIDS has terrorized the world for over 20 years and yet there is still no cure. In its short existence it has become one of the most rapidly spreading diseases in the history of mankind. The question regarding AIDS is, “will there ever be a cure?” Scientists may never be able to answer that question....   [tags: HIV, cure, blood]

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AIDS and Philadelphia (1993)

- ... The virus can then enter the bloodstream of the host through perforations in the tissue surface. The risk of this happening is greatest in anal intercourse, either between two men or a man and a woman.” HIV is spread through a direct exchange of blood or blood products. This mode of transmission is most frequent among IV drug users who share injection needles. It includes, as well, hemophiliacs and other persons who receive blood transfusions, and fetuses of mothers who carry the AIDS virus.” AIDS has sparked considerable interest and controversy since the start of the epidemic....   [tags: drug, bllod, international, travel]

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The Stigma of HIV/AIDS

- Erving Goffman, defined Stigma as “a dynamic process of devaluation that significantly discredits’ an individual in the eyes of others” (Sengupta, 2010, p. 1075). PLWHA are subject to stigmatization- that is, to the consequences of being designated as socially deviant (Sandelowski et al, 2009, p.274). In other words, stigma hinders individuals with HIV/AIDS; the stigma of HIV/AIDS is often associated with various groups such as African Americans, women, homosexuals, and intravenous drug users. In addition, people living with “HIV is stigmatized leading to severe social consequences related to their rights, health care services, freedom, self identity, and social interactions” (Mawar et al.,...   [tags: social interactions, deviant behaviors, health]

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The Spreading of HIV/AIDS

- ... However, many problems have also arose together with this influence as there are people who misinterpreted and misused the meaning of freedom. One of the problem rose from this is the outbreak of widespread diseases such as HIV/AIDS. This disease have developed into an international issue as it has been spreading rapidly throughout the world. The government are having difficulties to maintain the development of HIV/AIDS because it is administered through body fluids and this is especially deadly for those who are involved in promiscuity, such as sex workers....   [tags: globalization, promiscuity, sex workers]

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Canadian Aboriginals and HIV/AIDS

- The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and its deriving acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are devastating conditions that currently affect approximately 35.3 million individuals globally (WHO, 2012). In the Canadian context, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS ascended to 71,300 cases in 2011, with 8.9% of the affected individuals being aboriginal peoples (PHAC, 2011). This number not only indicates an overrepresentation of the aboriginal population among the totality of HIV/AIDS cases in the country, but it also illustrates an elevated incidence of 17.3% from the numbers reported in 2008 (PHAC, 2011)....   [tags: canada, public health, virus]

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Act Against AIDS Campaign

- I am choosing to write about the Act Against AIDS campaign. Act Against AIDS is a five year 45 million dollar communications campaign that was launched in 2009 and designed to refocus national attention on the HIV crisis in America. Act Against AIDS raises awareness about HIV and its impact on the lives of all Americans, and fights stigma by showing that persons with HIV are real people. They also feature highly specified campaigns that target high risk groups. These campaigns include Greater Then AIDS, Testing Makes Us Stronger, Lets Stop HIV Together and Take Charge....   [tags: campaign, communication, stigma]

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HIV/AIDS and Group Therapy

- History of HIV/AIDS The first main cases started coming up around the early 1980s from those of homosexual males in New York and California. At the time, AIDS did not even have a name in the United States until later on after the cases were connected. The origin of HIV is believed to be a descendant of a similar disease that affected primates, or Simian Immunodeficiency Virus. This was discovered from a group of researchers at the University of Alabama in 1999 through a ten-year study of the virus....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]

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AIDS Prevention in Africa

- During the last three decades, the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus have taken the lives of many women and men in Africa, as well as infecting their unborn children. Is there enough being done to eradicate this disease in Africa, and will the cost of these treatments limit those who do not have the available income to afford these drugs. Scientist and researchers have worked over the years to find a cure or vaccine for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, but it remains the most incurable infection in the world....   [tags: Africa ]

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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, AIDS

- HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus and is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS. HIV is unlike other viruses in the sense that the human body cannot get rid of HIV, in other words, once you have HIV you have it for life. There are two types of the HIV virus, HIV-1 and HIV-2. AIDS was first recognized in 1981, but the causative virus was not identified until 1983 when a reverse transcriptase containing virus was recovered from the lymph node of a man with persistent lymphadenopathy syndrome at the Pasteur Institute (Levy, 1993)....   [tags: HIV, retrovirus, thrush]

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2194 words | (6.3 pages) | Preview

Fighting the AIDS Prejudice

- Nkosi Johnson was South Africa’s longest surviving kid born with HIV positive. If Gail wasn’t his foster mother then he couldn’t become an icon of aspiration and courage. He always thankful and seek for a better way to live his life. Furthermore, Gail stood behind and supported him to go front of people. They were reliant on each other. They loved each other so much. If there was no faith among them, then their great accomplishments would never happen. In South Africa, Gail was white women who have been against the obnoxious system called apartheid system, which separated people by their races....   [tags: Disease]

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The Origin of HIV/AIDS

- ... During the first 2 weeks to a month after exposure to the HIV infection, most infected individuals with display symptoms of a severe flu. The symptoms include fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, muscle and joint aches and pains, fatigue, and headache. The early period of infection is known as the “acute retroviral syndrome” (Stages, 2013). Once the virus is out of the acute stage it enters into the latency stage where it continues to replicate but no symptoms are shown. As the infection progresses and the immune system becomes seriously damaged then the virus has now developed into AIDS....   [tags: blood, main transmission]

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AIDS and Healthcare Workers

- The case of Doctor David Acer and his HIV infected patients reads as a question of ethical and legal dilemmas as well as a murder mystery. According to authorities, Dr. Acer either knowingly or unknowingly infected five of his patients with the strain of the AIDS virus he himself was infected with (Altman, 1993). Whether or not Dr. Acer was guilty of intentionally infecting his patients is not able to be answered beyond any reasonable doubt, however the ethical questions it presents merit discussion....   [tags: HIV, ethics, homosexuals]

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AIDS In The USA

- AIDS PAPER AIDS has been an issue dealt with in the United States for 20 years. What is usually appalling when told to someone is that the American public contributed to the spread of AIDS. This may be appalling by its true and is not helping the AIDS epidemic. The media has lacked attention to the AIDS epidemic as well and this has also contributed to the spread of AIDS. Some of what caused the American public’s lack of interest in AIDS are prisons, foreign countries, and the U. S. statistics on AIDS....   [tags: essays research papers]

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609 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

No Cure for AIDS

- No Cure for AIDS What is AIDS. How do you cure it. Find out by reading this report on cures and preventions for the AIDS virus. In this report some of the topics covered will be a small report on AIDS, preventions, and possible cures. This report was written to prove if there is a cure for the AIDS virus, and if there are any ways to prevent contracting AIDS. I mean who does AIDS think it is just killing people. AIDS is a virus that kills your immune system. The letters in AIDS stand for Acquired, Immune, Deficiency, Syndrome....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

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1102 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Difficulties of AIDS

- AIDS is a deadly disease that affects people world wide. AIDS is a disease that brings about many social consequences. Many of these consequences result in physical, emotional, and economic problems. AIDS compromises the immune system of the human body, making a person susceptible to many different illnesses and infections. Among these are: unexplained fatigue and weight loss, night sweats and flu-like feelings. These infirmities can interfere with a person’s daily physical tasks. For example, taking a shower, eating, working, excersing, caring for a child, and cooking....   [tags: essays research papers]

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609 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

AIDS Rights

- Alexander the Great once said, “I am dying with the help of too many physicians.” Although not necessarily referring to AIDS, he draws attention to a similar controversy over the epidemic of HIV and AIDS. Because HIV is considered a retrovirus, it does not always appear to be a fully developed disease until years after it has infected its victim. Even though someone does not show symptoms, they can still be highly contagious. Although it is a worldwide tragedy, the HIV/AIDS issue is incredibly vast in Arizona alone....   [tags: Medical Conditions]

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1727 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

AIDS In The USA

- PROBLEM DEVELOPMENT For over thirty years HIV and AIDS have presented historic challenges to the human nature, especially to our planet’s public health, scientific and medical communities. It is estimated that just in the United States between 900.000 and 950.000 persons are living with HIV and about one forth of those infected have not yet been diagnosed and are unaware of their infection. The number of people with AIDS is increasing as effective new drug therapies keep HIV-infected persons healthy longer and dramatically reduce the death rates....   [tags: essays research papers]

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1232 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

AIDS 101

- Aids The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is responsible for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and attacks the T-4 lymphocytes, which are a fundamental part of the immune system of man. As a result, reduces the responsiveness of the organism to cope with opportunistic infections caused by viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi and other microorganisms. At the moment in which the AIDS virus is spreading with frightening speed and very dangerous and that there is a collective concern about AIDS, we must cling to developing our greatest means of defense known so far, which is information....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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2080 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

HIV AIDS

- Today millions of people globally are plagued with HIV/AIDS; some of which were contracted unknowingly through heterosexual sexual contact, others unknowingly through homosexual contact and surprisingly some who set out to contract HIV/AIDS purposefully. Bareback sex refers to intercourse without the use of any barrier protections to prevent the transmission of bodily fluids between participants. This is an extremely high risk behavior given the number of sexually transmitted diseases, and not knowing the status of HIV in them or in their partners....   [tags: Gay Community, Homosexuals]

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How to Stop the Spread of AIDS and HIV

- As we all know, diseases like AIDS and HIV are a growing epidemic amongst society. To counteract the spread of such diseases many foundations have been created to spread awareness of the harm they can do and how they can be contracted. Epstein, an author, writes an article about a foundation called “Lovelife” that advertises the importance of safe sex. There are a vast amount of ways to combat diseases, but the most vital way is spreading knowledge amongst the population. A good approach to this is for parents to build strong tie relationships amongst the youth....   [tags: diseases, awareness, sex, lifelove]

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1396 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Living with HIV/AIDS

- HIV and AIDS are pandemics here in the United States and spread across the world. The disease originated in the 1800's in Western Africa came from a specific kind of chimpanzee. The infected chimpanzee was once hunted and ingested by the people in the area. Since the 1981, approximately 619,000 Americans alone have passed away due to this disease (What is HIV/AIDS?). Also, in addition to the 1.1 million living with the disease already, about 56,000 Americans are infected each year (Going the Distance 6)....   [tags: Disease, History, America]

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The Effects of the HIV and Aids on a Human Being

- ... Viral replication of HIV results in many mutations. Eventually, a mutation may enable the virus to recognize other co-receptors, such as those found on helper T cells Phase I of HIV infections is called the asymptomatic stage because there are few or no symptoms. However, the amount of virus increases due to replication. The immune system begins an attack and plasma cells make antibodies to fight the virus. However, it may take several weeks for the amount of anti-HIV infected people may feel well during phase I but can still infect other people....   [tags: infection, diseases and microorganisms]

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1630 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Case Analysis: HIV/AIDS

- As the world evolved health problems have evolved with it. One of the many health problems that medical professionals deal with today is HIV/AIDS. HIV is a virus spread through body fluids that affects specific cells of the immune system, called CD4 cells, or T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease. When this happens, HIV infection leads to AIDS (www.cdc.gov). Like many other chronic illnesses, HIV/AIDS consist of stages. HIV disease has a well-documented progression....   [tags: social workers ethical issues]

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1237 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Consequences of HIV/AIDS epidemic to Society

- Assignment question: 3. A) What are some of the possible consequences of HIV/AIDS epidemic to: 1. Society 2. The infected individual b) What are some of the Human Rights, confidentiality and criminal law implication of HIV/AIDS. Q1. HIV/AIDS has increasingly taken a toll on the society in a myriad of dimensions which are worth discussing in order to find the best solutions. Due to HIV/AIDS epidemic, the economies of various countries have been badly affected and societies have experienced major losses....   [tags: Health, Diseases]

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2525 words | (7.2 pages) | Preview

ACA and HIV/AIDS

- The government is changing again this time it will affect the medical care and housing that HIV/AIDS patients get. It has been announced that as of January 1, 2014, that the Affordable Care Act (ACA) will come into action (Munar 25). This action will change many people’s lives that live with HIV/AIDS. Their rent will be paid and distributed differently under a new program guidelines through Housing Opportunities for People with AIDS (HOPWA) which is paid through Housing and Urban Development (HUD) (HUD.org)....   [tags: Medical Care, Housing Patients]

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1183 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Legal And Ethical Issues Of Hiv / Aids

- Introduction HIV/AIDS patients are protected by legal and ethical rights. The legal rights of a patient with HIV and the ethical obligations of medical practitioners have not been received with careful attention for quite a long period of time. Issues have been raised regarding confidentiality of patient’s medical records. Additionally, questions have been raised on consent of patients to undergo HIV AIDs testing as well discrimination based on the state of health of employees, especially for those suffering from HIV/AIDS....   [tags: Health care, Health care provider, Patient]

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What is HIV/AIDS?

- What is HIV/AIDS. It is an infected that kills thousands of people all over the world today. and is now the leading cause of death in the black community & all over the world today. Some questions are asked who was the first to catch HIV & how did it spread around the world. The HIV & AIDS virus is a very dangerous disease that sees no race, no color, and no gander. HIV & AIDS don’t even care what age you are or how old you are. It can affect anyone at any time if that put themselves in a situation where they could be at risk of been infected....   [tags: virus, infection, immune system]

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578 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Preventing HIV/ AIDS

- The emergence of HIV/AIDS is viewed globally as one of the most serious health and developmental challenges our society faces today. Being a lentivirus, HIV slowly replicates over time, attacking and wearing down the human immune system subsequently leading to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) at which point the affected individual is exposed to life threatening illnesses and eventual death. Despite the fact that a few instances of this disease have been accounted for in all parts of the world, a high rate of the aforementioned living with HIV are situated in either low or medium wage procuring nations....   [tags: health, prevention, treatment]

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1036 words | (3 pages) | Preview

HIV/AIDS Is No Longer a Death Sentence

- I am positive; the simplest statement suddenly carries a huge weight when the words HIV or AIDS are followed right after. In the 1980’s HIV meant AIDS and AIDS meant a rapid and awful death. Death always seemed to be the end result in a world where we did not understand the disease that seemed to come from nowhere but was killing at an expedited rate. Thirty plus years later there is still no cure but there is now hope. Having HIV or AIDS is no longer an immediate death sentence. People infected with the virus can live a long and relatively normal life (2)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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2145 words | (6.1 pages) | Preview

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS

- 1. Introduction As ravaging effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic spreads, many businesses are realizing that the spread negatively affects their workforce, market and ultimately ability to earn profits (Sithole, 2007). Organizations now realize that HIV/AIDS is not simply a health issue, but a core business issue, as it affects the performance of infected employees and the company’s production and investments (Lisk, 2002; IFC, 2002). In response to this problem, many organizations are setting up on-site HCT facilities at their work places as a strategy to improve knowledge of HIV/AIDS which is critical to both prevention and treatment goals (DoH, 2009) of the debilitating infection....   [tags: Medical Procedure, Health Care Logistics]

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2012 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

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